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TM 43-0001-28

TECHNICAL MANUAL

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS

ARTILLERY

AMMUNITION

GUNS, HOWITZERS,

MORTARS,

RECOILLESS RIFLES,

GRENADE LAUNCHERS,

AND

ARTILLERY FUZES

(FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

APRIL 1994
TM 43-0001-28
C11

CHANGE ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 11 ) WASHINGTON, DC, 27 October 2003

Army Ammunition Data Sheets


for
Artillery Ammunition
Guns, Howitzers, Mortars, Recoilless Rifles, Grenade
Launchers and Artillery Fuzes
(Federal Supply Class 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.
2. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.
3. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the outer margin of the page.
4. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove Pages Insert Pages

A thru D A thru D
i thru x i thru x
2-24.1 and 2-24.2 None
None 3-74.1 and 3-74.2
None 4-10.1 thru 4-10.4
None 4-14.1 and 4-14.2
None 4-30.1 and 4-30.2
4-106.1 and 4-106.2 4-106.1 and 4-106.2
4-115 thru 4-118 4-115 thru 4-118
None 6-58.1 and 6-58.2
None 7-46.5 and 7-46.6
None 7-96.1 and 7-96.2
8-17 and 8-18 8-17 and 8-18
None 8-56.1 and 8-56.2

0329326

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number (IDN) 340848 requirements for TM 43-
0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C10

CHANGE ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 10 ) WASHINGTON, DC, 28 February 2003

Army Ammunition Data Sheets


for
Artillery Ammunition:
Guns, Howitzers, Mortars, Recoilless Rifles, Grenade
Launchers and Artillery Fuzes
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.
2. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.
3. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the outer margin of the page.
4. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove Pages Insert Pages

A thru D A thru D
i thru iv i thru iv
None 2-114.1 and 2-114.2
None 2-120.1 thru 2-120.3
4-115 and 4-116 4-115 and 4-116
4-119 and 4-120 4-119 and 4-120
B-4.1 and B-4.2 B-4.1 and B-4.2
B-5 and B-6 B-5 and B-6

0304303

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number (IDN) 340848 requirements for TM 43-
0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C9

CHANGE ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 9 ) WASHINGTON, DC, 10 December 2001

Army Ammunition Data Sheets


for
Artillery Ammunition:
Guns, Howitzers, Mortars, Recoilless Rifles, Grenade
Launchers and Artillery Fuzes
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.
2. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.
3. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the outer margin of the page.
4. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove Pages Insert Pages

A thru D A thru D
i and ii i and ii
vii and viii vii and viii
None 2-24.1 and 2-24.2
3-39 and 3-40 3-39 and 3-40
3-77 and 3-78 3-77 and 3-78
None 6-61 and 6-62
7-46.3 and 7-46.4 7-46.3 and 7-46.4
7-147 thru 7-150 7-147 thru 7-150
8-15 and 8-16 8-15 and 8-16
B-3 and B-4 B-3 and B-4
None B-4.1 and B-4.2
B-5 and B-6 B-5 and B-6
B-13 and B-14 B-13 and B-14
C-3 and C-4 C-3 and C-4

0133007

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number (IDN) 340848 requirements for TM 43-
0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C8

CHANGE ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 8 ) WASHINGTON, DC, 30 August 2001

Army Ammunition Data Sheets


for
Artillery Ammunition:
Guns, Howitzers, Mortars, Recoilless Rifles, Grenade
Launchers and Artillery Fuzes
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.
2. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.
3. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the outer margin of the page.
4. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove Pages Insert Pages

A thru D A thru D
iii and iv iii and iv
vii and viii vii and viii
None 3-68.1 thru 3-68.4
3-183 thru 3-186 3-183 and 3-184
None 8-16.1 thru 8-16.4
B-9 thru B-12 B-9 thru B-12

0122704

DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number (IDN) 340848 requirements for TM 43-
0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C7

CHANGE HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 7 Washington, DC, 15 September 2000

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILLESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, dated 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.


2. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the margin of the page.
3. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages


A thru D A thru D
i thru x i thru x
None 4-12.1 and 4-12.2
None 4-106.1 and 4-106.2
4-115 and 4-116 4-115 and 4-116
None 4-119 and 4-120
6-59 and 6-60 6-59 and 6-60
None 7-46.1 thru 7-46.4

File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

0026606

Distribution:

To be distributed in accordance with initial distribution number (IDN) 340848, with requirements for
TM 43-0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C6

CHANGE HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 6 Washington, DC, 15 March 2000

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILLESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, dated 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below.


2. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the margin of the page.
3. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the illustration identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages


A thru D A thru D
7-58.1 and 7-58.2 7-58.1 and 7-58.2

File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

0004606

Distribution:

To be distributed in accordance with initial distribution number (IDN) 340848, with requirements for
TM 43-0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C5

CHANGE HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 5 Washington, DC, 4 January 2000

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILLESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.

TM 43-0001-28, dated 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar In
the margin of the page Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages

A thru D A thru D
i and ii i and ii
v and vi v and vi
3-155 and 3-156 3-155 and 3-156
3-159 and 3-160 3-159 and 3-160
None 6-59 and 6-60
B-3 and B-4 B-3 and B-4
B-5 and B-6 B-5 and B-6
B-9 and B-10 B-9 and B-10

2. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.
TM 43-0001-28
C5

By Order of the Secretary of the Army.

ERIC K. SHINSEKI
General, United States Army
Official. Chief of Staff

SIGN

JOEL B. HUDSON
Administrative Assistant to the
Secretary of the Army
0001206

Distribution

To be distributed in accordance with initial distribution number (IDN) 340848, with requirements for TM 43-0001-28
TM 43-0001-28

TM 43-0001-28
C4

CHANGE HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 4 Washington, DC, 1 March 1999

ARTILLERY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR
GUNS, HOWITZERS, RECOILLESS RIFLES,
GRENADE LAUNCHERS, AND ARTILLERY FUZES

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release;distribution unlimited.

DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of or reconstruction
of the document.

TM43-0001-28, dated 28 April 1994 is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar
in the margin of the page. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the identification
number.

Remove Pages Insert Pages

A thru D A thru D
4-111 and 4-112 4-111 and 4-112
None 4-112.1 and 4-112.2
None 4-117 and 4-118

2. File this change page in front of manual for reference purposes.


TM 43-0001-28

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

DENNIS J. REIMER
General, United States Army
Chief of Staff

Distribution:
To be distributed in accordance with IDN 34-0848, requirements for TM 43-0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C3

Change ) HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
)
Washington, D.C., 31 July 1996
No. 3 )
94

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILLESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310,1315,1320,1390)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release;


distribution is unlimited

TM 43-0001-2828 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. Changed material is indicated by a vertical
bar in the margin of the page. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the
identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages

v and vi v and vi
None 6-57 and 6-58

2. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

DENNIS J. REIMER
General, United States Army
Chief of Staff

Administrative Assistant to the


Secretary of the Army
02471

Distribution:
To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-34-E. Block 0848, requirements for TM 43-0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C2

CHANGE ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
NO. 2 ) Washington, DC, 30 August 1996

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310,1315,1320,1390)

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. Changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the
margin of the page. Added or revised illustrations are indicated by a vertical bar adjacent to the identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages

v thru viii v thru viii


3-75 and 3-76 3-75 and 3-76
3-169 thru 3-172 3-169 thru 3-172
None 4-66.1 and 4-66.2
4-77 and 4-78 4-77 and 4-78
7-33 and 7-34 7-33 and 7-34
7-89 and 7-90 7-89 and 7-90
8-5 thru 8-8 8-5 thru 8-8
B-13 and B-14 B-13 and B-14

2. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

DENNIS J. REIMER
General, United Stares Amy
Official:
Chief of Staff

Administrative Assistant to the


Secretary of the Amy
02284

Distribution:
To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-34-E. Block 0848, requirements for TM 43-0001-28.
TM 43-0001-28
C1

Change ) HEADQUARTERS
) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
No. 1 ) Washington, D, C., 30 May 1995

ARMY AMMUNITION DATA SHEETS


FOR ARTILLERY AMMUNITION:
GUNS, HOWITZERS, MORTARS, RECOILLESS RIFLES, GRENADE
LAUNCHERS AND ARTILLERY FUZES
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

TM 43-0001-28, 28 April 1994, is changed as follows:

1. Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. New or changed material is indicated
by a vertical bar in the margin of the page. New or changed illustrations are indicated by a black bar
adjacent to the identification number.

Remove pages Insert pages

A and B A thru D
i and ii i and ii
vii and viii vii and viii
1-1 and 1-2 1-1 and 1-2
3-5 thru 3-8 3-5 thru 3-8
3-11 and 3-12 3-11 and 3-12
3-17 thru 3-24 3-17 thru 3-24
3-27 and 3-28 3-27 and 3-28
3-31 thru 3-34 3-31 thru 3-34
3-39 thru 3-44 3-39 thru 3-44
3-47 and 3-48 3-47 and 3-48
3-51 and 3-52 3-51 and 3-52
3-55 and 3-56 3-55 and 3-56
3-59 and 3-60 3-59 and 3-60
3-63 and 3-64 3-63 and 3-64
3-67 and 3-68 3-67 and 3-68
3-71 thru 3-74 3-71 thru 3-74
3-77 and 3-78 3-77 and 3-78
3-81 and 3-82 3-81 and 3-82
3-85 and 3-86 3-85 and 3-86
3-89 and 3-90 3-89 and 3-90
3-93 and 3-94 3-93 and 3-94
3-97 and 3-98 3-97 and 3-98
3-101 and 3-102 3-101 and 3-102
3-105 and 3-106 3-105 and 3-106
3-109 thru 3-112 3-109 thru 3-112
3-115 and 3-116 3-115 and 3-116
3-119 and 3-120 3-119 and 3-120
3-125 thru 3-128 3-125 thru 3-128
3-133 thru 3-136 3-133 thru 3-136
3-139 and 3-140 3-139 and 3-140
3-143 and 3-144 3-143 and 3-144
3-147 and 3-148 3-147 and 3-148
3-151 and 3-152 3-151 and 3-152
3-157 and 3-158 3-157 and 3-158
3-161 and 3-162 3-161 and 3-162
TM 43-0001-28
C1

Remove pages Insert pages

3-167 thru 3-170 3-167 thru 3-170


3-175 thru 3-184 3-175 thru 3-184
7-5 and 7-6 7-5 and 7-6
7-9 thru 7-14 7-9 thru 7-14
7-17 thru 7-22 7-17 thru 7-22
7-27 thru 7-36 7-27 thru 7-36
7-39 and 7-40 7-39 and 7-40
7-43 thru 7-48 7-43 thru 7-48
7-51 thru 7-58 7-51 thru 7-58
None 7-58.1 thru 7-58.2
7-59 thru 7-82 7-59 thru 7-82
7-85 and 7-86 7-85 and 7-86
7-89 thru 7-94 7-89 thru 7-94
7-97 and 7-98 7-97 and 7-98
7-101 thru 7-110 7-101 thru 7-110
7-113 thru 7-126 7-113 thru 7-126
7-131 and 7-132 7-131 and 7-132
7-135 and 7-136 7-135 and 7-136
7-139 and 7-140 7-139 and 7-140
7-143 and 7-144 7-143 and 7-144
7-147 thru 7-150 7-147 thru 7-150
B-5 and B-6 B-5 and B-6
B-9 thru B-12 B-9 thru B-12

2. File this change sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

Distribution:
To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-34-E, Block 0848, requirements for TM 43-0001-
28.
TM 43-0001-28

INSERT LATEST CHANGED PAGES. DESTROY SUPERSEDED PAGES.


LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES NOTE The portion of the text affected by the changes is indicated by a
vertical line in the outer margins of the page. Changes to illustrations
are indicated by a vertical line adjacent to the identification number.

Dates of issue for original and changed pages are:

Original. . . . . . . . . . 0 . . . . . . . . . . 28 April 1994 Change . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . 15 March 2000


Change . . . . . . . . . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . 30 May 1995 Change . . . . . . . . . . 7 . . . . . . 15 September 2000
Change . . . . . . . . . . 2 . . . . . . . . 30 August 1996 Change . . . . . . . . . . 8 . . . . . . . . .30 August 2001
Change . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . 31 July 1996 Change . . . . . . . . . . 9 . . . . . . 10 December 2001
Change . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . 1 March 1999 Change . . . . . . . . . 10 . . . . . . . 28 February 2003
Change . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . . 4 January 2000 Change . . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . 27 October 2003

TOTAL NUMBER OF PAGES IN THIS PUBLICATION IS 891, CONSISTING OF THE FOLLOWING:

Page *Change Page *Change Page *Change


Cover ....................................... 0 3-39........................................... 9 3-95 thru 3-97 .......................... 1
A thru C.................................... 11 3-40 and 3-41 ........................... 0 3-98.......................................... 1
D............................................... 8 3-42........................................... 1 3-99 thru 3-101 ........................ 0
i................................................. 11 3-43........................................... 0 3-102........................................ 1
ii ............................................. 10 3-44........................................... 1 3-103 thru 3-105 ...................... 0
iii thru ix................................... 11 3-45 thru 3-47........................... 0 3-106........................................ 1
x................................................ 0 3-48........................................... 1 3-107 thru 3-109 ...................... 0
1-1 ............................................ 0 3-49 and 3-50 ........................... 0 3-110........................................ 1
1-2 ............................................ 1 3-51........................................... 1 3-111........................................ 0
1-3 and 1-4 ............................... 0 3-52 thru 3-54........................... 0 3-112........................................ 1
2-1 thru 2-24............................. 0 3-55........................................... 1 3-113 thru 3-115 ...................... 0
2-25 thru 2-114......................... 0 3-56 thru 3-58........................... 0 3-116........................................ 1
2-114.1 and 2-114.2 ................. 10 3-59........................................... 1 3-117 thru 3-119 ...................... 0
2-115 thru 2-120....................... 0 3-60 thru 3-62........................... 0 3-120........................................ 1
2-120.1 thru 2-120.4................. 10 3-63........................................... 1 3-121 thru 3-125 ...................... 0
2-121 thru 2-164....................... 0 3-64 thru 3-66........................... 0 3-126........................................ 1
3-1 thru 3-5............................... 0 3-67........................................... 1 3-127........................................ 0
3-6 ............................................ 1 3-68 .......................................... 0 3-128........................................ 1
3-7 ............................................ 0 3-68.1 thru 3-68.4..................... 8 3-129 thru 3-132 ...................... 0
3-8 ............................................ 1 3-69 and 70............................... 0 3-133........................................ 1
3-9 and 3-10 ............................. 0 3-71........................................... 1 3-134 and 3-135....................... 0
3-11 .......................................... 1 3-72 and 3-73 ........................... 0 3-136........................................ 1
3-12 thru 3-16........................... 0 3-74........................................... 1 3-137 thru 3-139 ...................... 0
3-17 .......................................... 1 3-74.1 and 3-74.2 ..................... 11 3-140........................................ 1
3-18 and 3-19 ........................... 0 3-75 and 3-76 ........................... 2 3-141 thru 3-143 ...................... 0
3-20 and 3-21 ........................... 1 3-77........................................... 9 3-144........................................ 1
3-22 and 3-23 ........................... 0 3-78........................................... 1 3-145 thru 3-147 ...................... 0
3-24 .......................................... 1 3-79 thru 3-81........................... 0 3-148........................................ 1
3-25 and 3-26 ........................... 0 3-82........................................... 1 3-149 thru 3-151 ...................... 0
3-27 .......................................... 1 3-83 thru 3-85........................... 0 3-152........................................ 1
3-28 thru 3-31........................... 0 3-86........................................... 1 3-153 and 3-154....................... 0
3-32 .......................................... 1 3-87 thru 3-89........................... 0 3-155 and 3-156....................... 5
3-33 .......................................... 0 3-90........................................... 1 3-157........................................ 1
3-34 .......................................... 1 3-91 thru 3-93........................... 0 3-158 ....................................... 0
3-35 thru 3-38........................... 0 3-94........................................... 1 3-159 and 3-160....................... 5

*Zero in this column indicates an original page

Change 11 A
TM 43-0001-28

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES - Continued

Page *Change Page *Change Page *Change


No. No. No. No. No. No.

3-161 ........................................ 1 7-6............................................. 1 7-63.......................................... 0


3-162 thru 3-166....................... 0 7-7 thru 7-9............................... 0 7-64.......................................... 1
3-167 ........................................ 1 7-10 and 7-11 ........................... 1 7-65.......................................... 0
3-168 and 3-169 ....................... 0 7-12........................................... 0 7-66 thru 7-68 .......................... 1
3-170 and 3-171 ....................... 2 7-13........................................... 1 7-69.......................................... 0
3-172 thru 3-175....................... 0 7-14 thru 7-17........................... 0 7-70.......................................... 1
3-176 ........................................ 1 7-18........................................... 1 7-71.......................................... 0
3-177 ........................................ 0 7-19........................................... 0 7-72.......................................... 1
3-178 ........................................ 1 7-20........................................... 1 7-73.......................................... 0
3-179 ........................................ 0 7-21........................................... 0 7-74.......................................... 1
3-180 ........................................ 1 7-22........................................... 1 7-75.......................................... 0
3-181 ........................................ 0 7-23 thru 7-27........................... 0 7-76.......................................... 1
3-182 ........................................ 1 7-28........................................... 1 7-77.......................................... 0
3-183 and 3-184 ....................... 8 7-29........................................... 0 7-78.......................................... 1
3-185 and 3-186 Deleted.......... 8 7-30........................................... 1 7-79.......................................... 0
3-187 and 3-188 ....................... 0 7-31........................................... 0 7-80.......................................... 1
4-1 thru 4-10............................. 0 7-32........................................... 1 7-81.......................................... 0
4-10.1 thru 4-10.4..................... 11 7-33........................................... 0 7-82.......................................... 1
4-11 and 4-12 ........................... 0 7-34........................................... 2 7-83 thru 7-85 .......................... 0
4-12.1 and 4-12.2 ..................... 7 7-35........................................... 0 7-86.......................................... 1
4-13 and 4-14 ........................... 0 7-36........................................... 1 7-87 and 7-88........................... 0
4-14.1 and 4-14.2 ..................... 11 7-37 thru 7-39........................... 0 7-89 and 7-90........................... 2
4-15 thru 4-30........................... 0 7-40........................................... 1 7-91.......................................... 1
4-30.1 and 4-30.2 ..................... 11 7-41 thru 7-43........................... 0 7-92 and 7-93........................... 0
4-31 thru 4-66........................... 0 7-44........................................... 1 7-94.......................................... 1
4-66.1 and 4-66.2 ..................... 2 7-45........................................... 0 7-95 and 7-96........................... 0
4-67 thru 4-76........................... 0 7-46........................................... 1 7-96.1 and 7-96.2..................... 11
4-77 and 4-78 ........................... 2 7-46.1 thru 7-46.2..................... 7 7-97......................................... 0
4-79 thru 4-106......................... 0 7-46.3 and 7-46.4 ..................... 9 7-98.......................................... 1
4-106.1 and 4-106.2 ................. 11 7-46.5 and 7-46.6 ..................... 11 7-99 and 7-100......................... 0
4-107 thru 4-110....................... 0 7-47........................................... 0 7-101........................................ 1
4-111 ........................................ 4 7-48........................................... 1 7-102 and 7-103....................... 0
4-112 ........................................ 2 7-49 thru 7-51........................... 0 7-104 thru 7-106 ...................... 1
4-112.1 and 4-112.2 ................. 4 7-52........................................... 1 7-107........................................ 0
4-113 and 4-114 ....................... 0 7-53........................................... 0 7-108........................................ 1
4-115 thru 4-118 ...................... 11 7-54........................................... 1 7-109........................................ 0
4-119 and 4-120 ....................... 10 7-55........................................... 0 7-110........................................ 1
5-1 thru 5-36............................. 0 7-56........................................... 1 7-111 thru 7-113 ...................... 0
6-1 thru 6-56............................. 0 7-57........................................... 0 7-114........................................ 1
6-57 and 6-58 ........................... 3 7-58........................................... 1 7-115........................................ 0
6-58.1 and 6-58.2 ..................... 11 7-58.1 and 7-58.2 ..................... 6 7-116........................................ 1
6-59 ......................................... 5 7-59........................................... 0 7-117........................................ 0
6-60 .......................................... 7 7-60........................................... 1 7-118........................................ 1
6-61 and 6-62 ........................... 9 7-61........................................... 0 7-119........................................ 0
7-1 thru 7-5............................... 0 7-62........................................... 1 7-120........................................ 1

*Zero in this column indicates an original page

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LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES - Continued

Page *Change Page *Change Page *Change


No. No. No. No. No. No.

7-121 ........................................ 0
7-122 ........................................ 1
7-123 ........................................ 0
7-124 ........................................ 1
7-125 ........................................ 0
7-126 ........................................ 1
7-127 thru 7-131....................... 0
7-132 ........................................ 1
7-133 and 7-134 ....................... 0
7-135 ........................................ 1
7-136 thru 7-138....................... 0
7-139 ........................................ 1
7-140 thru 7-142....................... 0
7-143 ........................................ 1
7-144 thru 7-146....................... 0
7-147 thru 7-150....................... 9
8-1 thru 8-5............................... 0
8-6 ............................................ 2
8-7 ............................................ 0
8-8 ............................................ 2
8-9 thru 8-15............................. 0
8-16 .......................................... 9
8-16.1 thru 8-16.4..................... 8
8-17 .......................................... 11
8-18 thru 8-56........................... 0
8-56.1 and 8-56.2 ..................... 11
8-57 thru 8-82........................... 0
A-1 thru A-4 ............................. 0
B-1 and B-2 .............................. 0
B-3 and B-4 .............................. 9
B-4.1 ........................................ 9
B-4.2......................................... 10
B-5............................................ 10
B-6 thru B-9 ............................. 0
B-10 and B-11 .......................... 8
B-12.......................................... 0
B-13.......................................... 9
B-14.......................................... 0
C-1 thru C-3 ............................. 0
C-4............................................ 9
C-5 and C-6 .............................. 0

*Zero in this column indicates an original page

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D Change 8
TM 43-0001-28

TECHNICAL MANUAL HEADQUARTERS


DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
No. 43-0001-28 Washington, DC, 28 April 1994

Army Ammunition Data Sheets


for Artillery Ammunition:
Guns, Howitzers, Mortars, Recoilless Rifles, Grenade Launchers and
Artillery Fuzes
(Federal Supply Class, 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)

REPORTING ERRORS AND RECOMMENDING IMPROVEMENTS

You can help improve this manual. If you find any mistakes or if you know of a way to improve the
procedures, please let us know. Mail your letter or DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications
and Blank Forms) located in the back of this manual directly to Logistics Support Engineering Division
(AMSTA-AR-WEL-A), U.S. Army TACOM, Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center,
Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000. You may also send in your recommended changes via electronic mail or
by fax. Our e-mail address is LSB@PICA.ARMY.MIL. Our fax number is DSN 880-4633, Commercial
(973) 724-4633. A reply will be furnished to you.

Page

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
1-1 Purpose .......................................................................... 1-1
1-2 Scope .......................................................................... 1-1
1-3 Key to Abbreviations and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1-4 Metric Conversion Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1-5 Quantity-Distance Classes and Storage Compatibility Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3

CHAPTER 2. ARTILLERY AMMUNITION FOR GUNS


Cartridge, 35 Millimeter: TP-T, M968 with Igniter, Electric, M63 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Cartridge, 37 Millimeter: TP, M63, MOD 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: AP-T, M81A1 and M81 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Dummy, M25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Dummy, M851 (For SGT YORK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M822 with Fuze Proximity, M766 (For SGT. YORK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HEI, M811 with Point Detonating Fuze M761 (For SGT YORK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE-T, SD, MK11, MK2, MV2870 and SD, M3 or M3A1, MV2700. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HEI-T, SD, MK11, MK2, MV2890 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: TP, M813 (SGT YORK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: TP-T, M91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: AP-T, M339. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: Blank, M355A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: Canister, M363 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: HE, M352 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M496 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33

Change 11 i
TM 43-0001-28

CHAPTER 2. ARTILLERY AMMUNITION FOR GUNS - Continued


Page
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: HVAP-DS-T, M331A1 and M331A2........................ 2-35
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: HVAP-T, M319 ......................................................... 2-37
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M361A1 or M361 ................................. 2-39
Cartridge, 76 Millimeter: TP-T, M340A1 and M340 ......................................... 2-41
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: AP-T, M77 ................................................................. 2-43
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: AP-T, M318, MV2800; and M318 (T33E7)
or M318A1, MV3000 ....................................................................................... 2-45
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: APC-T, M82 .............................................................. 2-47
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: APERS-T, M580........................................................ 2-49
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Blank, M394 .............................................................. 2-51
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Canister, M336........................................................... 2-53
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Canister, M377........................................................... 2-55
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Dummy, M12, M12B1, and M12B2.......................... 2-57
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: HE-T, M71A1, and HE, M71 .................................... 2-59
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: HEAT, M348A1 (T108E46)
and M348 (T108E40)........................................................................................ 2-61
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M431 (T300E59), M431A1,
and M431A2 ..................................................................................................... 2-63
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: HVAP-T, M332A1 .................................................... 2-65
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M313 and M313C................................. 2-67
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: TP-T, M353 (T22E1), M353A1 (M353E1),
and M353A2 ..................................................................................................... 2-69
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APDS-T, M392A2 and M392.................................. 2-71
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APERS-T, M494...................................................... 2-73
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M900 ................................................... 2-75
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Dummy, M457......................................................... 2-79
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HEP-T, M393A2 and M393A1 ............................... 2-81
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M456 Series............................................. 2-83
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HEAT-T-MP, M456A2 ........................................... 2-85
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Smoke, WP-T, M416 ............................................... 2-87
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TP-T, M467 ............................................................. 2-89
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TP-T, M490 ............................................................. 2-91
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TP-T, M393A1......................................................... 2-93
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TP-T, M490A1......................................................... 2-95
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TPDS-T, M724A1 and M724 .................................. 2-97
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APDS-T, M728 ........................................................ 2-99
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M735 ................................................... 2-101
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M774 ................................................... 2-103
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M833 ................................................... 2-105
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TPCSDS-T, DM128 (Patrone,
105 Millimeter: DM128).................................................................................. 2-107
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M829 ................................................... 2-109
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M829A1............................................... 2-111
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M829A2............................................... 2-113
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: APFSDS-T, M829A3............................................... 2-114.1
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HEAT-MP-T, M830 ................................................ 2-115
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HEAT-MP-T, M830A1 ........................................... 2-117
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HE-OR-T, M908 ...................................................... 2-120.1
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: TP-T, M831 ............................................................. 2-121
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: TP-T, M831A1......................................................... 2-123
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: TPCSDS-T, M865 ................................................... 2-125

ii Change 10
TM 43-0001-28

Page

CHAPTER 2. ARTILLERY AMMUNITION FOR GUNS - Continued


Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: HEAT-T-MP, M409A2, M409A1 and M409 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-131
Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: TP-T, M411 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-135
Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: TP-T, M411A3, M411A2, and M411A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-137
Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: Dummy, M596 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-139
Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: Canister, M625A1 and M625 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-141
Cartridge, 152 Millimeter: HE-T, M657 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-143
Cartridge, 165 Millimeter: HEP, M123A1 and M123 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-145
Cartridge, 165 Millimeter: TP, M623. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-147
Projectile, 120 Millimeter: HE-T, M356 (T15E3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-149
Projectile, 120 Millimeter: Smoke, WP-T, M357 (T16E4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-151
Projectile, 120 Millimeter: AP-T, M358 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-153
Projectile, 120 Millimeter: TP-T, M359E2 (T14E7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-155
Projectile, 120 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M469 (T153E15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-157
Projectile, 175 Millimeter: HE, M437A2 and M437A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-159
Projectile, 175 Millimeter: Dummy, M458 with Charge, Propelling: Dummy, M98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-161
Projectile, 16-inch: HE, MK19, MOD 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-163

CHAPTER 3. AMMUNITION FOR HOWITZERS


Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: Dummy, M19 or M19B1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: HE, M48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: Blank, M337A2 (M337A1E1) M337A1, and M337. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HE, M1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Dummy, M14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M60 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Agent, H or HD, M60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: TP-T, M67 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Smoke H. C., BE, M84 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M662 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Leaflet, M84B1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Illuminating, M314, M314A2, M314A2B1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Illuminating, M314A3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-37
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HEP, HEP-T, M327 (T81E28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-41
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Agent, GB, M360 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-43
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Blank, M395 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-47
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HE, M413 (T337E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-49
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HE, M444 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-53
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: APERS-T, M546 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-57
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HERA, M548. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-61
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HERA, M913. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-65
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HERA, M927. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-68.1
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: Tactical CS, M629. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-69
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HE, M760 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-73
Cartridge, 105 Millimeter: HE, M915 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-74.1
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Dummy, M7 with Charge, Propelling: Dummy, M2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-75
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M107 (Normal and Deep Cavity) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-77

Change 11 iii
TM 43-0001-28

Page

CHAPTER 3. AMMUNITION FOR HOWITZERS - Continued


Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Agent H/HD, M110. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-81
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M110 and M110E1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-85
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Smoke WP, M110A1 (M110E2) M110A2 (M110E3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-89
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Smoke, BE, M116 and M116B1, HC and Colored. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-93
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Smoke, HE, M116A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-97
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Illuminating, M118 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-101
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: VX (Persistent) or GB (Non-Persistent): M121A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-105
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M449 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-109
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M483A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-111
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Illuminating, M485 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-115
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HERA, M549 and M549A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-119
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Tactical CS, XM631 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-123
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: GB2, M687 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-125
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M692 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-127
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Heat Guided, Cannon-Launched, M712 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-131
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: AT, M718 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-135
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: AT, M718A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-139
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M731 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-143
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: AT, M741 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-147
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: M741A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-151
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: HE, M795 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-155
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Practice, M804 and M804A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-159
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Training, M823 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-163
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M825 and M825A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-165
Projectile, 155 Millimeter: Extended Range, DP, M864 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-169
Projectile, 8-Inch: Dummy, M14 with Charge, Propelling: Dummy, M4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-173
Projectile, 8-Inch: HE, M106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-175
Projectile, 8-Inch: HE, M404 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-177
Projectile, 8-Inch: Agent, GB (Non-Persistent) and VX (Persistent), M426 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-179
Projectile, 8-Inch: HE, M509A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-181
Projectile, 8-Inch: HERA, M650 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-183
Projectile, 8-Inch: Dummy, M845 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-187

CHAPTER 4. AMMUNITION FOR MORTARS


Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M49A3 (M49A2E1) and M49A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M49A4 (M49A2E2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M49A5 (M49A4E1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M720 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M720A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10.1
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M768 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10.3
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Illuminating, M721 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Illuminating, IR, M767 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12.1
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Smoke (WP), M722. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Smoke (WP), M722A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14.1
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: HE, M888 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Target Practice, M50A3 (M50A2E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Training, M69 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Illuminating, M83A3, M83A2, and M83A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M302 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23

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CHAPTER 4. AMMUNITION FOR MORTARS - Continued


Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M302A1 (M302E1) and M302A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Mortar Training Device: 60 Millimeter
Sabot (Inert) M3 and 22 Millimeter Subcaliber Practice Cartridge
M744, M745, M746, and M747 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Cartridge, 60 Millimeter: Full Range Practice, M769 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30.1
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Mortar Training Device, 81 Millimeter
Sabot (Inert M1 and 22 Millimeter Subcaliber Practice Cartridge
M744, M745, M746 and M747 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Target Practice, M43A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M43A1 and M43A1B1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M57A1 and M57 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Training, M68 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Illuminating, M301A2 and M301A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Illuminating, M301A3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M362A1 and M362 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-45
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M370 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M374A2 and M374 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-49
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M374A3 (M374A2E1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-53
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M375A2 and M375A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-55
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M375A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-59
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M375 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-61
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Training, M445 (T32E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-65
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Illuminating, Infrared (IR), M816
with Fuze, Mechanical Time Superquick, M776 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-66.1
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Smoke, RP, M819 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-67
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M821 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-69
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Illuminating, M853A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-71
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M889 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-73
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M821E1 with Fuze, Multi-Option M734 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-75
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Target Practice M879 with Fuze, PD M751 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-77
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: Target Practice (SR), M880, with Fuze, PD, M751 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-79
Cartridge, 81 Millimeter: HE, M889E1 with Fuze, PD, M935 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-81
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: Gas, M2A1 and M2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-83
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: Smoke, PWP or WP, M2A1 and M2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-85
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: HE, M3A1 and M3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-87
Cartridge, 4.2 Inch: Smoke, WP, M328A1 and M328 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-89
Cartridge, 4-2 Inch: HE, M329 and M329A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-91
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: HE, M329A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-93
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: HE, M329A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-95
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: Illuminating, M335A1 and M335 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-97
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: Illuminating, M335A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-99
Cartridge, 4.2-Inch: Tactical CS, M630 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-101
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HE, M933 with Fuze, PD: M745 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-103
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HE, M934 with Fuze, Multi-option, M734 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-105
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: HE, M934A1 with Fuze,
Multi-Option: M734A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-106.1
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: M57 with Fuze, PD: M935. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-107
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Smoke (WP), M68 with Fuze, PD: M935 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-109
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Smoke (WP), M929 with Fuze, Point-
Detonating: M745 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-111
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Smoke (WP), M929 with Fuze, Multi-Option: M734A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-112.1

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CHAPTER 4. AMMUNITION FOR MORTARS - Continued


Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Illuminating, M91 with Fuze, Mechanical Time
Superquick: M776 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-113
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Illuminating M930 with Fuze, Mechanical Time
Superquick: M776 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-115
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Full Range Practice, M931 with Fuze, PD, M781 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-117
Cartridge, 120 Millimeter: Illuminating, IR, M983 with Fuze, Mechanical Time
Superquick: M776 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-119

CHAPTER 5. AMMUNITION FOR RECOILLESS RIFLES


Cartridge, 57 Millimeter: TP, M306A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Cartridge, 57 Millimeter: HE, M306A1 and M306 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Cartridge, 57 Millimeter: HEAT, M307A1 and M307. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Cartridge, 57 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M308A1 and M308 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Cartridge, 57 Millimeter: Canister, T25E3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: HE, M309A1 and M309 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: HEAT-T, M310A1 and M310. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: Smoke, WP, M311A1 and M311 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Cartridge, 75 Millimeter: HEP-T, M349 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: HEAT, M371A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Practice, M371 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
Cartridge, 90 Millimeter: Canister, Antipersonnel, M590 (XM590E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25
Cartridge, 106 Millimeter: HEP-T, M346A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27
Cartridge, 106 Millimeter: HEAT, M344A1 and M344. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29
Cartridge, 106 Millimeter: Dummy, M368 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Cartridge, 106 Millimeter: APERS-T, M581 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
Cartridge, 84 Millimeter: M136 (AT4) and Launcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35

CHAPTER 6. AMMUNITION FOR GRENADE LAUNCHERS


Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M381 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M382. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M383 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M384 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M385. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M385A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M386 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M397E1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M397 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: M406 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M407A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HEDP, M430, M430A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HEDP, M433 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M441 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Multiple Projectile, M576 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Parachute, White Star, M583A1: Green Star,
M661; and Red Star, M662 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Cluster, White Star, M585. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Canopy, Yellow Smoke, M676 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE-T, M677 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Canopy, White Smoke, M680 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Canopy, Red Smoke, M682 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45

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Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: HE, M684 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Ground Marker Red Smoke, M713; Green Smoke, M715; and Yellow Smoke, M716 . 6-49
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M781. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Practice, M918. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Dummy, M922 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Dummy, M922A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: High Velocity Canister Cartridge (HVCC), M1001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58.1
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Non-Lethal, M1006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Cartridge, 40 Millimeter: Crowd Dispersal, M1029 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61

CHAPTER 7. FUZES
Fuze, Base Detonating: M58, Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Fuze, Base Detonating: M62 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Fuze, Base Detonating: M68 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
Fuze, Base Detonating: M91 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Fuze, Base Detonating: M534A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Fuze, Base Detonating: M578 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
Fuze, Mechanical Time: M562. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
Fuze, Mechanical Time: XM563 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
Fuze, Mechanical Time: M565. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-19
Fuze, Mechanical Time: M571. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21
Fuze, Mechanical Time: M592 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23
Fuze, Mechanical Time: M711. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M501A1 (or M501) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-27
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M520A1 and M520. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-29
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M548. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-31
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M564. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-33
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M577 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M582 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
Fuze, Mechanical Time and Superquick: M776. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Fuze, Multi-Option: M734 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Fuze, Multi-Option: M734A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46.1
Fuze, Multi-Option Artillery: M782. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46.3
Training Aid, Fuze: PIAFS-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46.5
Fuze, Point Detonating: M8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-47
Fuze, Point Detonating: M9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-49
Fuze, Point Detonating: MK27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-51
Fuze, Point Detonating: M48 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-53
Fuze, Point Detonating: M51A5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-55
Fuze, Point Detonating: M78 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-57
Fuze, Point Detonating: M399 MOD 1 (Mout Fuze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-58.1
Fuze, Point Detonating: M503A2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-59
Fuze, Point Detonating: M508A1 and M508 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-61
Fuze, Point Detonating: M521 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-63
Fuze, Point Detonating: M524 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-65
Fuze, Point Detonating: M525A1 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-67
Fuze, Point Detonating: M526 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-69
Fuze, Point Detonating: M527 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-71
Fuze, Point Detonating: M557 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-73
Fuze, Point Detonating: M567 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-75
Fuze, Point Detonating: M572 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-77

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Fuze, Point Detonating: M716 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-79
Fuze, Point Detonating: M717 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-81
Fuze, Point Detonating: XM719 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-83
Fuze, Point Detonating: M720 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-85
Fuze, Point Detonating: M738 and M739A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-87
Fuze, Point Detonating: M745 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-91
Fuze, Point Detonating: M751 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-93
Fuze, Point Detonating: M761 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-95
Fuze, Point Detonating: M783 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-96.1
Fuze, Point Detonating: M935 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-97
Fuze, Point Initiating: M90A1 or M90 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-99
Fuze, Point Initiating, Base Detonating: M509A1/A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-101
Fuze, Point Initiating, Base Detonating: M530A1 and M530. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-103
Fuze, Point Initiating, Base Detonating: M539A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-105
Fuze, Proximity: M513 and M513B1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-107
Fuze, Proximity: M513A1 and M513A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-109
Fuze, Proximity: M514, M514B1, M514A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-113
Fuze, Proximity: M514A3 (M514A1E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-115
Fuze, Proximity: M517 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-117
Fuze, Proximity: M532 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-119
Fuze, Proximity: M728 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-121
Fuze, Proximity: M732 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-123
Fuze, Proximity (VT), M732A2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-125
Fuze, Proximity: M766 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-127
Fuze, Time: M65A1 or M65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-129
Fuze, Time: M84 and M84A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-131
Fuzes, Inert and Dummy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-133
Fuze, Time: M768 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-135
Fuze, Electronic Time: M587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-137
Fuze, Electronic Time: M724 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-141
Fuze, Electronic Time: Training, M744 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-145
Fuze, Electronic Time (ET): M762 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-147
Fuze, Electronic Time (ET): M767 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-149

CHAPTER 8. MISCELLANEOUS
Cartridge, Ignition: M2, M2A1, and M2A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M3 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M119 (M119A1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M119A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M203 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M203A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M231 (MACS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16.1
Charge, Propelling, 155 Millimeter: M232 (MACS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16.3
Charge, Propelling, 4.2-Inch: M6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17
Charge, Propelling, 4.2-Inch: M36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19
Charge, Propelling, 4.2-Inch: M36A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21
Charge, Propelling, 4.2-Inch: MM36A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
Charge, Propelling, 175 Millimeter: M86 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-25
Charge, Propelling, 175 Millimeter: M124 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
Charge, Propelling, 8-Inch: M1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31
Charge, Propelling, 8-Inch: M2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
Charge, Propelling, 8-Inch: M188. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-35

viii Change 11
TM 43-0001-28

Page

CHAPTER 8. MISCELLANEOUS - Continued


Charge, Propelling, 8-Inch: M188A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37
Supplementary Charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-39
Flash Reducer: M2 (T2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-41
Flash Reducer: M3 (T3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-43
Grenade: General Purpose, M35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-45
Grenade: General Purpose, M36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-47
Grenade: General Purpose, M39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-49
Grenade: General Purpose, M42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-51
Grenade: General Purpose, M43A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-53
Grenade: General Purpose, M46. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-55
Grenade: Dual Purpose ICM, M80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-56.1
Primer, Percussion: MK2A4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-57
Primer, Electric and Percussion: MK15, MODS 2 and 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-59
Primer, Percussion: M82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-61
Plugs, Lifting (Eyebolt Type) for Projectiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-63
Plug, Lifting-Type G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-65
Plug, Lifting-Type C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-67
Plug, Lifting: Energy Absorbing for the 155 Millimeter Projectiles
M549/M549A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-69
Plug, Lifting: Shock Attenuating for 155 Millimeter Projectiles
M549A1 and M795 and the 8pInch Projectile M106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-71
Plug, Lifting: Fusible for 155 Millimeter and 8-Inch Projectiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-73
Plug, Lifting: Universal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-75
Closing Plugs .......................................................................... 8-77
Projectile, 64 Millimeter: CS M742, KE M743 with Launcher M234. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-79

APPENDIX A. REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1


APPENDIX B. CARTRIDGE/PROJECTILE - FUZE COMBINATION CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
APPENDIX C. DODAC LISTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1

Change 11 ix
TM 43-0001-28

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x
TM 43-0001-28

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1. PURPOSE all U.S. use. No U.S. stocks remain. (Foreign
use or stock may remain.)
This manual is a reference handbook pub-
lished as an aid in planning, training, familiari- f. Numerical values, such as weights,
zation and identification of artillery ammuni- dimensions, candlepower, etc., are nominal val-
tion, including guns, howitzers, recoilless rifles, ues, except when specified as maximum or mini-
mortars, 50mm grenade launchers, and artil- mum. Actual items may vary slightly from
lery fuzes. these values. Allowable limits can be obtained
from the drawings indicated in the data sheets.
1-2. S C O P E
1-3.
a. For each item of materiel, there are
illustrations and descriptions together with char-
acteristics and related data. Included in the AP ----------------- Armor piercing
related data are weight, dimensions, perform- APC -------------- Armor piercing capped
ance data, packing, shipping and storage data, APDS ------------ Armor piercing, discarding
type classification, and logistics control code sabot
(LCC). APERS ---------- Antipersonnel
AT ----------------- Antitank
b. Information concerning supply opera- BD ---------------- Base detonating
tion, and maintenance of the items will be BE ---------------- Base ejection
found in the publications referenced for those CS ----------------- A tactical riot control agent
items. A complete listing of these publications DS ----------------- Discarding sabot
is maintained in DA Pam 310 series indexes. GB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonpersistent toxic (casualty)
nerve gas
c. Appendix A and TM 43-0001-28-4 H ------------------ Mustard gas
through TM 43-0001-28-10 list authorized HC ----------------- Hexachloroethane-zinc
Cartridge/Projectile Fuze and Propelling HD ---------------- Distilled mustard gas
Charge Combinations. These lists (i.e., charts) HE ---------------- High explosive
supersede the fuze and propelling charge combi- HT ---------------- Mixture of HD&T
nations referenced on the data sheets. HEAT ------------ High explosive antitank
HEAT-T-MP ---- High explosive antitank with
d. Within this manual, items with the fol- tracer, multipurpose
lowing type classifications are included: HEDP ------------ High explosive dual purpose
HEI --------------- High explosive incendiary
(1) Standard (LCC-A, LCC-B) HEP -------------- High explosive plastic
HERA ------------ High explosive rocket assisted
(2) Contingency (CON) HVAP ------------ Hypervelocity, armor piercing
HVTP ------------ Hypervelocity, target practice
(3) Limited Procurement (LP) ILLUM ---------- Illuminating
LCC --------------- Logistics Control Code (class)
(4) Reclassified obsolete (OBS) for reg- MOD ------------- Modified
ular Army use, but used by National Guard or MK ---------------- Mark
Reserve Units. MP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multipurpose
Mechanical time
(5) Reclassified OBS for all Army MTSQ ------------ Mechanical time and
use, but used by Marine Corps, Air Force, or superquick
Navy MV ---------------- Muzzle velocity
PD ---------------- Point detonating
(6) Reclassified OBS, no users, but PIBD ------------- Point initiating, base
U.S. stocks remain. detonating
PROX ------------ Proximity
Items with the following type classifi- PWP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . plasticized white phosphorous
cation are not included: Reclassified OBS for RAP -------------- Rocket assisted projectile

1-1
TM 43-0001-28

1-4. METRIC CONVERSION CHART


For approximate conversions to/from met-
ric measures see table 1-1.

Table 1-1. Metric Conversion Chart

1-2 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

1-5. QUANTITY-DISTANCE CLASSES Notes:


AND STORAGE COMPATIBILITY
GROUPS

Quantity-Distance (QD) classes and


Storage Compatibility Groups (SCG) listed in ¹/ New QD and SCG’S are compatible with
this manual are changed. For conversion to classes used by NATO nations.
new system see table 1-2.

Table 1-2. Quantity-Distance Classes and ²/ Numbers in parentheses are minimum dis-
Storage Compatibility Groups
tances x 100 feet to protect against specific frag-
ment hazards and vary with items and types of
Quantity-distance Storage compa-
hazard class ¹/ tibility group ¹/³/ ammunition. (Refer to TM 9-1300 -206.)

Old New ²/ Typical - New


³/ There is no simple conversion from old
8 6.1
7 1.1 D SCG’s to new system. The SCG groups listed
6 1.2(18) E in this column are typical for the majority of
5 1.2(12) items in the corresponding listed QD class but
4 1.2(08) F do not apply to every individual item in the
3 1.2(04) G
2 1.3 C class. For SCG of individual items refer to
1 1.4 S TM 9-1300-206.

1-3
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1-4
TM 43-0001-28

CHAPTER 2

ARTILLERY AMMUNITION

FOR

GUNS

2-1
TM 43-0001-28

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2-2
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 35 MILLIMETER: TP-T M968 WITH IGNITOR, ELECTRIC, M63

Type Classification: The closing plug assembly contains approxi-


mately 0.007 ounce (0.198 g) of black powder
LPU, 30 May 88. and is also assembled to the igniter body.
Use: Functioning:
The M968 cartridge and the M63 igniter The TPGID cartridge adaptor is loaded
are assembled to the cartridge adaptor compo- into the 120mm smooth bore cannon in the nor-
nent of the weapon system. See Mauser Tank mal manner. Upon initiation of the M63 igniter
Precision Gunnery Inbore Device (TPGID) in the weapon, gases from the igniter force the
Operator’s Manual for loading sequence. The piston/firing pin mechanism to strike the percus-
M968 cartridge is a target practice round for sion primer of the M968. Functioning of the per-
use in the 35mm TPGID system, which is cussion primer initiates the B3620 propellant.
mounted inside the 120mm smooth bore M256 The resulting gases drive the projectile from
cannon. It is designed to simulate the flight the gun and ignite the tracer. The projectile is
characteristics of the M830 and M831 rounds spin stabilized during its flight to target.
out to 1,800 meters.
Tabulated Data:
Description:
M968 Cartridge.
Cartridge M968. The projectile consists of
a DM1071 projectile jacket, a DM220 dummy Type classification ---------------- LPU, 30 May 88
point-detonating fuze, a tracer, and a press- Complete round:
seated steel rotating band. The projectile is Type -------------------------------- Fixed, TP-T
crimped to a DM1001 steel cartridge case, Length ----------------------------- 15.24 in.
which holds approximately 0.69 pound (0.31 kg) (38.71 Cm)
of B3620 single-base propellant and is fitted Weight ----------------------------- 3.46 lb
with a DM144 percussion primer. (1.57 kg)
Cannon used with ------------- 35mm TPGID
Ignitor M63. The M63 igniter consists of system mounted
a closing plug assembly, an igniter body assem- to 120mm
bly and an ignitor element assembly. The igni- smooth bore
tor element assembly is loaded with approxi- M256 cannon
mately 0.006 ounce (0.17 g) of igniter material Assembly drawing ------------- 12910291
(40% Potassium Chlorate, 32% Lead Color------------------------------- Blue w/white
Thiocynate, 18% Charcoal, and 10% Egyptian marking on
Lacquer) and is assembled to the ignitor body. projectile

2-3
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Packaging:


Firing: Inner packing drawing ------- 8837898
Lower limit -------------------- -25°F (31.7°C) Outer packing drawing ------- 8837897
Upper limit -------------------- *Packing -------------------------- 50 igniters per
(+37.8°C) carton; 9 car-
Storage: tons per box
Lower limit -------------------- -25°F (-31.7ºC) Box container:
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Weight ----------------------------- 75 lb (34 kg)
(+51.7ºC) Dimensions ---------------------- 15 in. L x
Packaging: 9.375 in. W x
Packing and marking 7.44 in. H
drawing ------------------------ 12910292 (38 cm L x
*Packing -------------------------- 2 rounds per 23.813 cm W x
styrofoam 18.9 cm H)
pack; 8 styro- Cube ------------------------------- 0.7 cu ft (0.02
foam packs per cm)
metal container;
10 metal con- * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
tainers per Catalog for complete packing data including
pallet - NSN’s.
Metal container:
Weight (w/ammo) -------------- 99 1b (45 kg) Shipping and Storage Data:
Dimensions ---------------------- 27.1 in. L x 7.8
in. W x 7.8 in. H M968 Cartridge.
(68.9 cm L x
19.8 cm W x UNO serial number -------------- 0339
19.8 cm H) DOT hazard class ----------------- (08) 1.4C
Cube ------------------------------- 0.96 cu ft DOD storage comparability
(0.03 cu m) group ------------------------- C
DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
M63 Ignitor. FOR CANNON
W/SOLID
Type classification ---------------- N/A PROJECTILE,
Complete round: CLASS C
Type -------------------------------- Ignitor, electric EXPLOSIVE
Length ----------------------------- 1.72 in. (4.37 DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B591
cm)
Weight ----------------------------- 1.68 oz (47.63 g) M63 Ignitor.
Cannon used with ------------- 35mm TPGID
system mounted DOT hazard class ----------------- (04) 1.2 C
to 120mn DOD storage compatibility
smooth bore group ------------------------------ G
M256 cannon DOT designation ------------------ CANNON
Assembly drawing------------- 8839497 PRIMER -
Color ------------------------------- Brass with HANDLE
black marking CAREFULLY
Temperature limits: DODAC ------------------------------ 1305-N700
Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -25°F (-31.7°C)
Upper limit -------------------- +100°F
(+37.8°C)
Storage: NOTE
Lower limit -------------------- -25°F (-31.7°C)
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Only the M968 is to be fired
(+51.7°C) from the 35mm TPGID system.

2-4
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 37 MILLIMETER: TP, M63, MOD 1

Type Classification: Functioning:

When the weapon is fired, the firing pin


STD OTCM 37119 dtd 1959. strikes the primer to ignite the propelling
charge. The rotating band engages the barrel
rifling to impart spin to the projectile and pre-
Use: vent escape of pressure past the projectile.
Rapidly expanding gases from the burning pro-
This target practice cartridge is used in pellant drive the projectile through the barrel
subcaliber 37mm guns fitted to larger weapons with the velocity required to reach the target.
for practice firing and training. Upon impact, the base-detonating fuze ignites
the black powder filler in the projectile, simulat-
ing the detonation of a service projectile.
Description:
Tabulated Data:
The cartridge consists of a black powder-
filled steel projectile crimped to a steel car- Complete round:
tridge case and fitted with a base-detonating Type -------------------------------- TP
practice fuze. A rotating band encircles the pro- Weight ----------------------------- 2.01 lb
jectile near the base. The cartridge case is Length ----------------------------- 8.98 in.
loosely filled with propellant and is fitted with a Cannon used with ------------- M12, M13, M14,
percussion primer. M15, M1916

2-5
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


Body material ------------------- Steel fiber container;
Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white 20 containers
markings (and per wooden box
brown band for * Packing box:
later manufac- Weight ----------------------------- 60.5 lb
ture) Dimensions ---------------------- 23-11/16 x
Filler and weight --------------- Black powder, 11-7/16 x 6-
19/32 in.
Fuze -------------------------------- M58 cube ------------------------------- 1 cu ft

Propelling charge: * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Cartridge case ------------------- MK1A2, Catalog for complete packing data including
MK1A2B1 NSN’s.
Propellant ------------------------ M2, 0.56 lb
Primer ----------------------------- M23A2 percus-
sion Shipping and Storage Data:

Performance: Quantity-distance class --------- 4


Maximum range ---------------- 4459 m (4980 Storage compatibility group--- E
yd) DOT shipping class -------------- A
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 328 mps (1100 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
fps) FOR CANNON
WITH EXPLO -
Temperature limits: SIVE PROJEC-
Firing: TILES
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B526
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Drawing number ------------------ 8831141
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-6
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETE: AP-T, M81A1 AND M81

Type Classification: tridge case filled with loose propellant is


crimped to the projectile. The case has an
CONT AMCTC 6418 dtd 1968. extractor rim base, and the base contains a per-
cussion primer consisting of a perforated tube
Use: containing black powder and a percussion ele-
ment.
This fixed ammunition is used in 40mm
gun cannons for firing at armored and other pro-
tected targets. Functioning:

Description: When the firing pin of the weapon strikes


the primer, the black powder in the primer tube
The projectile for the M81A1 cartridge con- is ignited. Sparks flash through the tube perfo-
sists of a hardened steel monobloc slug, crimp- rations to ignite the propelling charge, and the
fitted on the blunt ogival nose with a thin steel, burning propelling charge drives the projectile
streamlined windshield cap to reduce aero- through the barrel with the velocity required to
dynamic drag. A tracer element in the base of reach the target. Upon impact, the thin wind-
the projectile provides a visible trace for approxi- shield crumbles, but the hardened steel slug pen-
mately 12 seconds. In addition, some lots of etrates the armor of the target.
these cartridges are coated on the windshield
with a compound designed to leave a vapor trail Difference Between Models:
for about 1,000 yards. Such lots are intended
for training only and not for use in combat The windshield on the M81 is attached
except for emergency. A rotating band encircles with an adapter rather than by crimping, and a
the projectile near the base. A brass or steel car- different model primer is used.

2-7
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 per fiber con-


tainer; 8 con-
Complete round: tainers per
Type -------------------------------- AP-T wooden box
Weight ------------------------- 4.58 lb *Packing box:
Length ------------------------- 17.6 in. Weight ----------------------------- 59 lb
Cannon used with ------------- M1 series, M2 Dimensions ---------------------- 21-11/16 x
series, MK1 7-31/32 x
(Navy) 12-9/16 in.
Projectile: Cube ------------------------------- 1.3 cu ft
Body material ------------------- Steel
Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
markings * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Components: Catalog for complete packing data including
Tracer and weight ------------- Red, 0.02 lb NSN’s.
Propelling charge:
Cartridge case ------------------- M25, M25B1
Propellant and weight -------- Ml, 0.65 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ----------------------------- M23A2, M38A1,
M38B2 or MK22 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Performance: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Maximum range ---------------- 8779 m (9600 Storage compatibility group --- C
yd) DOT shipping class -------------- B
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 872 mps (2870 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
fps) FOR CANNON
Temperature limits: WITH SOLID
Firing: PROJECTILES
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F DODAC ------------------------------ 1310 -B552
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-140
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +l60°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-8
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M25

Type Classification: an internally threaded socket to fit the base


plug of the cartridge case.
STD OTCM 36841 dtd 1958.
Functioning
Use:
The dummy cartridge is completely inert
This dummy cartridge is used in 40mm and nonfunctioning.
guns to simulate firings and to train personnel
in ammunition handling and loading the Tabulated Data:
weapon.
Complete round:
Description: Type -------------------------------- Dummy
Weight ----------------------------- 4.75 lb
The cartridge consists of a modified serv- Length ----------------------------- 17.6 in.
ice projectile and a modified cartridge case. Cannon used with ------------- M1 series, M2
The projectile is inert and is fitted with a series, MK1
dummy nose fuze. The cartridge case has a (Navy)
base plug in place of a primer, and a copper Projectile:
rivet is centered in the base plug to avoid dam- Body material ------------------- Steel
age to the firing pin of the weapon. The projec- Color:
tile and case are held together by a steel Old -------------------------------- Black w/white
retaining rod extending through the case. One markings
end of the rod is threaded into the tracer cavity New------------------------------- Bronze w/white
in the dummy projectile and the other end has markings

2-9
TM 43-0001-28

Fuze --------------------------------- Dummy, M69 or Shipping and Storage Data:


M69B1
Cartridge case ---------------------- M25B1 modified Quantity-distance class --------- N/A
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 cartridge per Storage compatibility group--- N/A
fiber container; DOT shipping class -------------- N/A
8 containers per DOT designation ------------------DRILL
wooden box CARTRIDGE
*Packing box: (INERT)
Weight ----------------------------- 59 1b DODAC ---------------- 1310-B565
Dimensions ---------------------- 21-1 1/16 x Drawing number ------------------ 72-3-101
7-3 1/32 x
12-9/16 in.
Cube ------------------------------ 1.3 cu ft References:
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-10
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M851


(FOR SGT YORK)

Type Classification: Color ------------------------------- Bronze metal


colored w/white
STD LEC-A MSR 05826003. markings
*Packing box:
Use: Weight ----------------------------- 1500 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 28 in. (71.12
This completely inert round is used to cm) x 56.3 in.
train personnel to load and unload the Sgt York (143 cm) x 43.1
40mm gun M247. in. (109.47 cm)
Cube ------------------------------- 38.9 cu ft (1.08
Description: cu m)

The dummy cartridge is completely inert


and is machined from a solid aluminum alloy * NOTE: See SC for complete packing data
bar. including NSN’s.

Functioning:

The dummy cartridge is nonfunctioning Shipping and Storage Data:


and cannot be fired.
Quantity-distance class --------- N/A
Tabulated Data: Storage compatibility group --- N/A
DOT shipping class -------------- N/A
Complete round: DOT designation ------------------ DRILL
Type -------------------------------- Dummy CARTRIDGE/
Weight ----------------------------- 5.5 lb (2.42 kg) INERT
Length ----------------------------- 21.04 in. (534.4 DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B583
mm) Drawing number ------------------ 12600005

2-11
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2-12
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: HE M822 WITH FUZE PROXIMITY, M766


(FOR SGT YORK)

Type Classification: primer containing black powder and a percus-


sion element. The color of the projectile body is
STD MSR 05826003. painted yellow with black markings. The pro-
jectile nose is threaded to receive the proximity
Use: fuze. The M766 proximity fuze is radar con-
trolled and functions either upon target impact
This cartridge with the proximity fuze is or when in close proximity to the target.
primarily used against low flying aircraft. It is
fired from the Sgt York 40mm gun M247.
Functioning:
Description:
When the firing pin of the weapon strikes
The projectile of this cartridge is made of the percussion primer, the black powder ignites
alloy steel with tungsten pre-fragmented which, in turn, ignites the propellant. This
spheres. It is filled with Octol (120 g). This pro- causes the rapidly expanding gases, generated
jectile is designed to fragment and disburse tung- by the burning propellant, to propel the
sten spheres upon detonation of explosive projectile toward the target. Upon approaching
charge. The cartridge is brass and crimped to or impacting the target, the proximity fuze deto-
the projectile. The cartridge case contains nates the Octol causing the projectile to burst
approximately 500 grams of propellant. The and disburse the tungsten spheres and other
base of the cartridge case contains a percussion fragments.

2-13
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (+71°C)


(for period not
Complete round: more than 4
Type -------------------------------- HE hr/day)
Weight ----------------------------- 5.5 lb (2490 g) *Packing ----------------------------- 192 cartridges
Length ------------------------ 21 in. (534 mm) per box; 48
Cannon used -------------------- M266 clips, 4 rounds
Projectile: per clip
Body material ------------------- Alloy steel *Packing box:
w/tungsten pre- Weight (empty) ----------------- 242 lb
fragmented Weight (loaded)----------------- 1500 lb
spheres Dimensions ---------------------- 56.3 x 43.1 x
Color ------------------------------- Yellow body w/ 28 in.
black markings cube ------------------------------- 39.9 cu ft
Filler and weight --------------- Octol, 120 g
Components:
Tracer ----------------------------- N/A * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Fuze -------------------------------- M766 proximity Catalog for complete packing data including
Cartridge case ------------------- Brass NSN’s.
Propellant and weight -------- Single base, sin-
gle perforated,
515 g Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ----------------------------- MK22
Performance: UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1100 mps Quantity-distance class --------- (0.4) 1.2
Temperature limits: Storage compatibility group --- E
Firing: DOT shipping class -------------- A
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-40°C) DOT description ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +140°F (+60°C) FOR CANNON
Storage: WITH
Lower limit -------------------- -80 0F (-62°C) EXPLOSIVE
(for period not PROJECTILE
more than 3 DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B518
days) Drawing number ------------------ 12600002

2-14
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: HEI M811 WITH POINT-DETONATING FUZE M761


(FOR SGT YORK)

Type Classification: Functioning:


STD MSR 05826003. When the firing pin of the weapon strikes
the percussion primer, the black powder ignites
which, in turn, ignites the propellant. The rap-
Use: idly expanding gases generated by the burning
propellant propels the projectile. Upon impact,
This cartridge is used against low flying the target fuze detonates the high-explosive
aircraft and also ground targets. It is fired incendiary charge of the projectile.
from the Sgt York 40mm gun 247.
Tabulated Data:
Description:
Complete round:
The projectile of this cartridge is high- Type -------------------------------- HEI
explosive incendiary with a point-detonating Weight ----------------------------- 5.5 lb (2490 g)
delay action fuze. The projectile is alloy steel Length ----------------------------- 21 in. (534 mm)
filled with Octol (165 g). The projectile nose is Cannon used -------------------- M266
threaded to receive the fuze. The cartridge Projectile:
case is brass and crimped rigidly to the projec- Body material ------------------- Alloy steel
tile. The cartridge case contains approximately Color ------------------------------- Yellow body
500 grams of propellant. The base of the car- w/black
tridge case contains a percussion primer consist- markings; 1
ing of a perforated tube containing black light red band
powder and a percussion element. The color of Filler and weight --------------- Octol, 165 g
the projectile body is painted yellow with black Components:
markings and a light red band. The M761D Tracer ----------------------------- N/A
point-detonating fuze has a delay action mod- Faze -------------------------------- M761 PD
ule, is graze sensitive, and is self-destructing. (delay)

2-15
TM 43-0001-28

Components (cont): *Packing box:


Cartridge case ------------------- Brass Weight (emply)----------------- 242 lb
Propellant and weight -------- Single base, sin- Weight (loaded) ----------------- 1500 lb
gle perforated, Dimensions ---------------------- 56.3 x 43.1 x
500 g 28 in.
Performance: cube ------------------------------- 38.9 cu ft
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1100 mps
Temperature limits:
Firing: * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-40°C) Catalog for complete packing data including
Upper limit -------------------- +140°F (+60°C) NSN’s.
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62°C)
(for period not Shipping and Storage Data:
more than 3
days) UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (+71°C) Quantity-distance class --------- (04) 1.2
(for period not Storage compatibility group--- E
more than 4 DOT shipping class -------------- A
hr/day) DOT description ------------------ AMMUNITION
*Packing ----------------------------- 192 cartridges FOR CANNON
per metal ship- WITH
ping container; EXPLOSIVES
48 clips, 4 DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B517
rounds per clip Drawing number ------------------ 12600009

2-16
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: HE-T, SD, MK11, MK2, MV2870 AND SD, M3


OR M3A1, MV2700

Type Classification: Functioning:


STD OTCM 36841 dtd 1958 (MK2 only, When the percussion primer is struck by
CON MSR 11756003). the firing pin of the weapon, the black powder
in the primer tube is ignited. Sparks from the
Use: black powder ignite the propellant, which, in
turn, imparts velocity to the projectile and
This cartridge is used in 40mm gun can- ignites the tracer. The high-explosive bursting
nons for firing against materiel. charge is detonated by either the fuze function-
ing or the tracer relay igniting charge, depend-
ing upon whether contact with a target or the
Description burning out of the tracer occurs first. The
tracer composition burns with a visible trace
The thin-walled projectile contains a TNT for 8 to 10 seconds.
bursting charge, a point-detonating fuze, and a
self-destroying tracer. The projectile nose is Difference Between Models:
internally threaded to receive the fuze. The
boat-tailed base has a self-destroying tracer The MV2700 is similar except the tracer is
assembly threaded internally. The assembly M3 or M3A1 and the projectile is loaded with
protruding approximately 0.6 inch from the tetryl.
base, contains an igniting charge, a tracer com-
position, and a relay igniting charge of black Tabulated Data:
powder. The projectile is assembled with either a
brass or steel cartridge case containing a percus- Complete round:
sion primer that is crimped to the projectile by Type -------------------------------- HE-T, SD
means of a 360° crimp. This cartridge provides Weight ----------------------------- 4.75 lb
a muzzle velocity of 2,870 feet per second. Length ----------------------------- 17.6 in.

2-17
TM 43-0001-28

Complete round (cont): Upper limit -------------------- + 160°F (for


period not more
Cannon used with ------------- M1 series, M2 than 4 hr/day)
series or MK1 *Packing (Navy )------------------- 4 cartridges per
(Navy) charger clip; 4
Projectile: clips (16 car-
Body material ------------------- Steel tridges) per
Color: metal box
Army mfg---------------------- Olive drab *Packing box (Navy):
w/yellow Weight ----------------------------- 110 lb
markings Dimensions ---------------------- 22 x 11-3/4 x
Navy mfg ---------------------- Green w/white 11-3/4 in.
markings and Cube ------------------------------- 1.7 cu ft
green tip fuze *Packing (Army) ------------------ 1 round per
Filler and weight --------------- TNT or Tetryl, fiber container;
0.14 lb 8 containers per
Components: wooden box
Cartridge case ------------------- M25, M25B1 *Packing box (Army):
Propelling charge -------------- M1 propellant, Weight ----------------------------- 59 lb
0.72 lb Dimensions ---------------------- 21-11/15 x
Primer ----------------------------- M38, M38B2 or 12-9/16 x
MK2 7-31/32 in.
Tracer ----------------------------- MK11, MK11 Cube ------------------------------- 1.3 cu ft
Mod 2; M3,
M3A1-Red * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Bursting charge ---------------- Pressed TNT Catalog for complete packing data including
Faze -------------------------------- PD-MK27 (M3 NSN’s.
or M3A1) M27,
M71 (MK11, Shipping and Storage Data:
MK11 Mod 2)
UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Performance: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Maximum range ---------------- SD, MK2 (2870 Storage compatibility group --- E
fps): 4300 yd DOT shippng class -------------- A
(tracer burn- DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
out); SD, MK2 FOR CANNON
(2700 fps): 5700 WITH
yd (tracer burn- EXPLOSIVE
out) PROJECTILES
Temperature limits: DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B562
Firing: Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-166
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F References:
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period AMC-P 700-3-3
not more an 3 SB 700-20
days) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-18
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: HEI-T, SD, MK11, MK2, MV2890

Type Classification: Functioning:


STD OTCM 37119 dtd 1959 (MK2 only, When the firing pin of the weapon strikes
CON MSR 11756003). the percussion primer, the black powder in the
primer tube is ignited. Sparks from the black
powder ignite the propellant charge to impart
Use: velocity to the projectile and to ignite the
tracer. The high-explosive bursting charge is
This fixed ammunition is used in 40mm detonated either by the fuze upon contact with
gun cannons for firing against materiel. the target or by the tracer relay igniting
charge. The tracer composition burns with a vis-
ible trace for 8 to 10 seconds.
Description:
Difference Between Models:
The relatively thin-walled projectile con-
tains a burster charge, an incendiary charge, a Cartridges manufactured by the Navy
point-detonating fuze, and a self-destroying may be distinguished by the painting on the
(SD) tracer. The projectile nose is threaded to fuzes. The fuze for the Navy HEI-T cartridge is
receive the fuze. The SD tracer assembly is con- painted red and white (red tip on fuze).
tained in the boat-tailed base of the projectile,
which is internally threaded, and it extends
approximately 0.6 inch beyond the base. The Tabulated Data:
SD tracer consists of an igniting charge, a red
tracer composition, and a relay igniting charge. Complete round:
The cartridge case, either brass or steel, is Type -------------------------------- HEI-T, SD
crimped rigidly to the projectile by means of a Weight ----------------------------- 4.75 lb
360° crimp. The base of the cartridge case con- Length ----------------------------- 17.6 in.
tains a percussion primer consisting of a Cannon used with ------------- M1 series, M2
perforated tube containing black powder and a series, MK1
percussion element. (Navy)

2-19
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing (Navy)------------------- 4 cartridges in


Body material ------------------- Steel charger clip; 4
Color: charger clips in
Army mfg---------------------- Olive drab metal box
w/yellow *Packing box:
marking Weight ----------------------------- 110 lb
Navy mfg ---------------------- Green w/black Dimensions ---------------------- 22 x 11.75 x
band 11.75 in.
Filler and weight --------------- TNT, 0.14 lb Cube ------------------------------ 1.7 cu ft
(tracer incen-
diary charge, *Packing (Army) ------------------ 1 cartridge in
36 gr) fiber container;
Components: 8 containers in
Cartridge case ------------------- MK2, MK2 wooden box
Mod, or MK3 *Packing box:
Tracer ----------------------------- MK11, MK11 Weight ----------------------------- 59 lb
Mods D i m e n s i o n s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 - 1 1 / 1 6 x
Tracer charge ------------------- Igniting charge, 7-31/32 x
a red tracer 12-9/16 in.
composition, Cube ------------------------------- I.3 cu ft
and a relay
igniting charge
of black powder *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Faze -------------------------------- PD, MK27 Catalog for complete packing data including
Propelling charge -------------- M1 propellant, NSN’s.
0.72 lb
Primer ----------------------------- MK22, M38A1,
M38B2 Shipping and Storage Data:
Burster charge ------------------ TNT powder
and incendiary UNO serial number -------------- 0321
charge Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Performance: Storage compatibility group --- E
Maximum range ---------------- 3932 m (4300 DOT shipping class -------------- A
yd) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Muzzle velocity -------------- 879 mps (2890 FOR CANNON
fps) WITH
Temperature limits: EXPLOSIVE
Firing: PROJECTILES
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F DODAC ---------------- 1310-B559
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-166
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit --------------- +160°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-20
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE; 40 MILLIMETER: TP, M813 (SGT YORK)

Type Classification:
causes rapidly expanding gases, generated by
STD MSR 05826003. the burning propellant, to propel the projectile
toward the target. The inert projectile does not
Use: detonate on impact.

This fixed cartridge is used for target prac-


tice in the Sgt York 40mm gun M247. Tabulated Data:

Description: Complete round:


Type -------------------------TP
The projectile is filled with inert material Weight -------------------------- 5.5 lb (2490 g)
and simulates the DIVAD combat round (HE Length -----------------------------21 in (534 mm)
M811). A rotating band encircles the projectile Cannon used ------------------------ M266
near the base where the projectile is assembled Projectile:
into the cartridge case. The projectile is Body material ---------------- Carbon steel
painted blue with white markings. The car- Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
tridge case is brass and crimped to the projec- markings
tile. The cartridge case contains approximately Filler ------------------------------- Inert material
515 grams of propellant. The base of the case Components:
forms an extractor rim and contains a percus- Tracer ---------------------------- N/A
sion primer. Fuze -------------------------------- N/A
Cartridge case ------------------- Brass
Functioning: propellant and weight -------- Single base, sin-
gle perforated,
When the firing pin of the weapon strikes 515 g
the percussion primer, the black powder ignites Primer ----------------------------- MK22
which, in turn, ignites the propellant. This Performance:
Muzzle velocity ------------------------ 1100 mps

2-21
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Weight (loaded) ----------------- 1500 lb


Firing: Dimensions ---------------------- 56.3 x 43.1 x
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-40°C) 28 in.
Upper limit -------------------- +140°F (+60°C) Cube ------------------------------- 38.9 cu ft
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62°C) * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
(for period not Catalog for complete packing data including
more than 3 NSN’s.
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (+71°C) Shipping and Storage Data:
(for period not
more than 4 UNO serial number -------------- 0417
hr/day) Quantity-distance class --------- (02) 1.3
Storage compatibility group--- C
*Packing ----------------------------- 192 cartridges DOT shipping class -------------- B
per box, 16 DOT description ------------------ AMMUNITION
rounds per FOR CANNON
layer; 48 clips, 4 WITH EMPTY
rounds per clip PROJECTILE
*Packing Box: DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B511
Weight (empty) ----------------- 242 lb Drawing number ------------------ 12600003

2-22
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: TP-T, M91

Type Classification: Functioning:


CONT OTCM 37119 dtd 1959. When the firing pin of the weapon strikes
the percussion primer, the black powder in the
Use: primer tube is ignited. Sparks from the black
powder ignite the propellant. The burning pro-
This fixed ammunition resembles the pellant generates rapidly expanding gases to pro-
40mm HE-T cartridge MK2 and is used for tar- pel the projectile through the barrel to the veloc-
get practice in 40mm gun cannons. ity required to reach the target. The tracer
composition burns for approximately 12 sec-
Description: onds, providing visibility of the trajectory The
inert projectile does not detonate on impact.
The projectile, filled with an inert mate-
rial, simulates the high-explosive service round.
The base is fitted with a tracer, and an inert or Tabulated Data:
dummy point-detonating fuze forms the nose.
A rotating band encircles the projectile near the
base where the projectile is assembled into the Complete round:
cartridge case. The cartridge case is crimped to Type -------------------------------- TP-T
the projectile and is filled with loose propellant. Weight ----------------------------- 4.72 lb
The base of the case forms an extractor rim and Length ----------------------------- 17.6 in.
it contains a percussion primer which consists Cannon used with ------------- Ml series, M2
of a perforated tube containing black powder series, MK1
and a percussion element. (Navy)

2-23
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing box (Navy):


Body material ------------------- Steel Weight ---------------------------- 111 lb
Color: Dimensions ---------------------- 22 x 11.75 x
Old ----------------------------- Blue or black 11.75 in.
w/white mark- c u b - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.7 cu ft
ings *Packing (Army) ------------------ 1 round per
New---------------------------- Blue w/brown fiber container;
band and white 2 containers per
markings wooden box
Filler ------------------------------- Inert material *Packing box (Army):
Components: Weight ------------------------ 59 lb
Tracer and weight ------------- Red, 0.02 lb Dimensions ---------------------- 21-11/16 x
Fuzes ------------------------------ Dummy, M69 or 7-31/32 x
M69B1 Inert, 12-9/16 in.
M71 or MK27 cube ------------------------------- 1.3 cu ft
Propelling charge:
Cartridge case ------------------- M25, M25B1 * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Propellant and weight -------- M1, 0.721b Catalog for complete packing data including
Primer --------------------------- M38A1, M38B2, NSN’s.
MK22
Performance:
Maximum range ---------------- 10,058 m Shipping and Storage Data:
(l1,000 yd)
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 872 mps (2870 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
fps) Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Temperature limits: Storage compatibility group--- C
Firing: DOT shipping class -------------- B
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F FOR CANNON
Storage: WITH INERT
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period LOADED
not more than 3 PROJECTILES
days) DODAC ------------------------------ 1310-B564
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-173
period not more
than 4 hr/day) References:
*Packing (Navy)------------------- 4 cartridge per
charger clip; 4 AMC-P 700-3-3
clips in metal SB 700-20
box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-24
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 40 MILLIMETER: HIGH VELOCITY CANISTER CARTRIDGE (HVCC),


M1001

Type Classification: sabot body. The force of the gas acting on the valve
plate pushes it forward against a spring and opens the
STD. 9 April 2001. plenum chamber. Propelling gas ignites the expul-
sion charge located in the plenum chamber and
Use: expulsion charge gas pushes the valve plate closed
and pushes the pusher cup forward. The pusher cup
Cartridge, 40mm: High Velocity Canister Car-
is loaded with a quantity of 113 flechettes. The for-
tridge (also known as HVCC or the 40mm Canister
ward motion of the pusher cup and the flechettes
Cartridge) is used against personnel out to 100 meters
releases the nosecap. Once the nosecap is released,
from the weapon. It is used with the Mk19 MOD 3
the pusher cup and flechettes are free to deploy. No
Grenade Machine Gun (GMG).
parts of the canister projectile are left in the bore of
Description: the Mk19 MOD 3 GMG after firing.

The cartridge is a fixed round of ammunition Tabulated Data:


consisting of a projectile assembly and a cartridge
NSN ............................................ 1310-01-464-4117
case assembly. The projectile has an aluminum sabot
(USA)
body with 113 steel flechettes, an aluminum nosecap,
............................................ 1310-01-464-4121
a pusher cap, valve plate, spring, bore rider retaining
(USMC)
disk, rubber pad, obturator and an expulsion charge.
DODAC ....................................... 1310-BA11
The cartridge case is aluminum with a high pressure
and a low pressure chamber and a percussion primer.
Complete round:
Functioning: Type......................................... Canister
Weight ..................................... 0.75 lb
When the firing pin of the Mk19 MOD 3 GMG Length ..................................... 4.392 in.
strikes the percussion primer, propellant gases in the Weapons used with.................. 40mm Mk19
high-pressure chamber blow through vent holes into MOD 3 Grenade
the low-pressure chamber to propel the projectile for- Machine Gun
ward. Propellant gas is bled into the base of the can-
ister projectile through a hole in the bottom of the

Change 9 2-24.1
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing Box:


Body material .......................... Aluminum Weight ....................................... 42 lb
Color ........................................ Olive Drab Dimensions ............................... 18.76 x10.39 x
Filler and weight...................... 113 steel 6.36 in.
felchettes Cube .......................................... 0.72 cu ft
Fuze ......................................... None
* NOTE: See Dod Consolidated Ammunition Cat-
Propelling charge: alog for complete packing data including NSN’s.
Cartridge case .......................... M169
Propellant.................................M2 Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ...................................... Percussion, FED
215 UNO serial number ...................... 0321
Expulsion charge ..................... WC231 Ball pow- Hazardclass/divisionandstoragecompatibilitygroup
der DOT class .................................... 1.2E
Performance: DOT marking ............................... CAR-
Maximum range.......................100 m TRIDGES FOR
Muzzle velocity .......................790 fps WEAPONS
DODAC ....................................... 1310-BA11
Temperature limits:
Cartridge drawing number ........... 1225707
Firing: Packing drawing number ............. 12928042
Lower limit ................................-50oF
Upper limit.................................+120oF
References:
Storage:
Lower limit ................................ -65oF SB 700-20
Upper limit................................. +165oF TM 9-1010-230-10
Packing .........................................32 rounds per TM 9-1300-251-20&P
PA120 metal con- TM 9-1300-251-34&P
tainer

2-24.2 Change 9
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: AP-T, M339

Type Classification: Functioning:


OBS MSR 11756003. When the weapon is fired, a flash from the
primer ignites the propellant. Gases from the
Use: burning propellant ignite the tracer and force
the projectile from the gun barrel. The tracer
This fixed cartridge is designed for use in provides a luminous red trace. Upon impact,
76mm guns against armored targets. the windshield breaks up and the tungsten car-
bide shot penetrates the armored target.
Description:

The solid tungsten carbide projectile is fit- Tabulated Data:


ted with a lightweight windshield to provide a
better ballistic shape. A tracer is located at the Complete round:
base of the projectile. The cartridge case, fitted Type -------------------------------- AP-T
with percussion primer and containing a triple- Weight ----------------------------- 27.32 lb
base propellant, is crimped to the projectile. A Length ----------------------------- 32.89 in.
distinguishing characteristic of these rounds is Cannon used with ------------- M32 or M48
the case-over-band construction. The specially Projectile:
designed rotating band has a crimping groove Body material ------------------- Steel/tungsten
which permits the cartridge case to be assem- carbide
bled over the rotating ban and rigidly crimped Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
to it. markings

2-25
TM 43-0001-28

Components: *Packing box:


Cartridge case ------------------- M88 (brass); Weight ----------------------------- 88 lb
M88B1 (steel) Dimensions ---------------------- 38-5/8 x 11-1/6
Propelling charge -------------- M30, 5.6 lb x 7-5/32 in.
Primer ---------------------------- M58 percussion cube ------------------------------- 1.8 cu ft
(400 gr black
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 Catalog for complete packing data including
Performance: NSN’s.
Maximum range ---------------- 14,704 m
(16,419 yd) Shipping and Storage Data:
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 954 mps (3200
fps) UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Temperature limits: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Firing: Storage compatibility group--- C
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F DOT shipping class -------------- B
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Storage: FOR CANNON
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period WITH SOLID
not more than 3 PROJECTILES
days) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C120
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for Drawing number ------------------ 8886612
period not more
than 4 hr/day) References:
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; AMC-P 700-3-3
2 containers per SB 700-20
wooden box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-26
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: BLANK, M355A2

Type Classification: a bagged charge of potassium nitrate black pow-


der.
OBS MSR 11756003.
Functioning:
Use:
When the primer is initiated by the firing
This cartridge is used for salutes and simu- pin of the weapon, the black powder charge is
lated fire in 76mm guns. ignited producing a flash, smoke, and loud
report.
Description:
Tabulated Data:
The cartridge contains a charge of sodium
nitrate black powder, loosely assembled in a Complete round:
primed brass or steel cartridge case. Slightly Type -------------------------------- Blank
recessed in the mouth of the cartridge case is a Weight ----------------------------- 4.33 lb
plastic closing cup which retains the loose Length ----------------------------- 6.627 in.
charge. Earlier models of this cartridge contain Cannon used with ------------- M32, M48

2-27
TM 43-0001-28

Components Dimensions ---------------------- 22-1/4 x 11-1/8


Body material ------------------- Brass or steel x 10 in.
Color --------------------------- Blue or black Cube ---------------------------------- 1.43 cu ft
w/white mark-
ing * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Filler and weight --------------- BP, 1 lb Catalog for complete packing data including
Cartridge case ------------------- M101 (brass); NSN’s.
M101B1 (steel)
Primer ----------------------------- M70percussion Shipping and Storage Data:
Temperature limits:
Firing: UNO serial number -------------- 0327
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F Quantity-distance class --------- 1.3
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Storage compatibility group--- C
Storage: DOT shipping class -------------- B
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
not more than 3 FOR CANNON
days) WITHOUT
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for PROJECTILES
period not more DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C131
than 4 hr/day) Drawing number ------------------ 7549267
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
8 containers per
wooden box AMC-P 700-3-3
*Packing box: SB 700-20
Weight ----------------------------- 58 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-28
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: CANISTER, M363

Type Classification: rotating band has a crimping groove which per-


mits the cartridge case to be assembled over the
OBS MSR 11756003. rotating band and rigidly crimped to it.

Use: Functioning:

This fixed cartridge is intended for use in When the weapon is fired, a flash from the
76mm gun cannons against personnel at close primer ignites the propellant. Gases from the
range. burning propellant force the projectile out of
the gun barrel. Immediately after leaving the
Description: gun barrel, the air pressure on the closing cup
and the centrifugal force action on the body
The canister has a heavy steel base and a and balls cause the canister to break at the
lightweight body and is loaded with steel balls. slits, dispersing the balls in a cone-shaped pat-
The forward end is sealed with a closing cup. tern along the line of flight.
The canister body is distinguished by four
equally spaced longitudinal slits in the light- Tabulated Data:
weight body construction. The canister body is
assembled to a brass or steel cartridge case, Complete round:
loaded with a single-base propellant, and fitted Type -------------------------------- Antipersonnel
with a percussion primer. A distinguishing phys- Weight ----------------------------- 27.18 lb
ical characteristic of these rounds is the case- Length ----------------------------- 32.07 in.
over-band construction. The specially designed Cannon used with ------------- M32 or M48

2-29
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


Body material ------------------- Steel fiber container;
Color: 2 containers per
Old------------------------------- Black w/white wooden box
marking *Packing box:
New ----------------------------- Olive drab Weight ----------------------------- 88 lb
w/white mark- Dimensions ---------------------- 37-5/16 x 11 x
ing 7-5/32 in.
Filler and weight --------------- Steel balls, 9 lb Cube ------------------------------- 1.7 cu ft

*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Components: Catalog for complete packing data including
Cartridge case ------------------- M88B1, M88 NSN’s.
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 5 lb
Primer ----------------------------- M62, percussion Shipping and Storage Data:

Performance: UNO serial number -------------- 0328


Maximum range ---------------- 155 m (192 yd) Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 716 mps (2400 Storage compatibility group--- C
fps) DOT shipping class -------------- B
DOT designation ------------------- Ammunition
Temperature limits: FOR CANNON
Firing: WITH SOLID
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F PROJECTILE
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C121
Storage: Drawing number ------------------ 9204458
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-30
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: HE, M352

Type Classification: case to be assembled over the rotating band


and rigidly crimped to it.
OBS MSR 11756003.
Functioning:
Use:
When the weapon is fired, a flash from the
This fixed cartridge is intended for frag- primer ignites the propellant. Gases created by
mentation, blast, or mining effect and is used in the burning propellant force the projectile from
76mm guns against light materiel and person- the gun barrel. U on impact, fuze functioning
nel. detonates the explosive charge creating blast
and fragmentation.
Description:
Tabulated Data:
The projectile is a thin walled, forged steel
casing with an explosive charge cavity, filled Complete round:
with Composition B, extending almost the full Type -------------------------------- HE
length of the body. The projectile is assembled Weight ----------------------------- 25.52 lb
with a nose fuze. A brass or steel cartridge Length ----------------------------- 34.06 in.
case, containing a single-base propellant and a Cannon used with ------------- M32 or M48
percussion primer, is crimped to the projectile. Projectile:
A distinguishing characteristic of these rounds Body material ------------------- Steel
is the cartridge case-over-band construction. Color ------------------------------- Olive drab w/
The specially designed rotating band has a yellow marking
crimping groove which permits the cartridge Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 1.46 lb

2-31
TM 43-0001-28

Components: Dimensions ---------------------- 39.15/16 x


Cartridge case ------------------- M88B1 (steel); 10-15/16 x
M88 (brass) 7-3132 in.
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 3.64 lb Cube ---------------------------- 1.8 cu ft
Primer ----------------------------- M58 or M68
percussion
Fuze ---------------------------- PD or MTSQ *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Performance: Catalog for complete packing data including
Maximum range ---------------- 14,338 m NSN’s.
(16,010 yd)
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 716 mps (2400 Shipping and Storage Data:
fps)
Temperature limits: UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Firing: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F Storage compatibility group--- E
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DOT shipping class -------------- A
Storage: DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period FOR CANNON
not more than 3 WITH
days) EXPLOSIVE
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for PROJECTILES
period not more DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C122
than 4 hr/day) Drawing number ------------------ 75.1-293
* Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
2 containers per
wooden box AMC-P 700-3-3
*Packing box: SB 700-20
Weight ----------------------------- 86 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-32
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: HEAT-T, M496

U
AR 199859

Type Classification: element in the standoff spike initiates function-


ing of the PIBD fuze. The fuze detonates the
OBS MSR 11756003. explosive charge and causes the copper cone to
collapse, creating a high velocity shock wave
Use: and a jet of metal particles which penetrate the
target.
This fixed ammunition cartridge is used
in 76mm gun cannons against heavily armored
targets. Tabulated Data:
Description: Complete round:
Type -------------------------------- HEAT-T
The projectile is a hollow, steel shell Weight ----------------------------- 25.83 lb
tapered at the rear and fitted on the nose with Length ----------------------------- 31.8 in.
a standoff spike containing a piezoelectric ele- Cannon used with ------------- M32 or M48
ment. The shell is filled with high explosive fit- Projectile:
ted around an internal copper cone. The apex Body material ------------------- Steel
of the cone is to the rear, thus shaping the Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
charge. The base of the projectile is closed by markings and
an adapter which also provides a seat for the yellow band
fuze. A boom and fin assembly is assembled to Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 1.1 lb
the adapter (for stabilization in flight) and a Components:
tracer element is located in the fin assembly. A Cartridge case ------------------- M171A1
point-initiating, base-detonating (PIBD) fuze is Propelling charge -------------- M6, 5.06 lb
located in the adapter. A brass cartridge case Primer ----------------------------- M81, percussion
containing a single-base propellant and a percus- Tracer ----------------------------- M13
sion primer is crimped to the projectile. A Fuze -------------------------------- PIBD-509A1
distinguishing characteristic of these rounds is Performance:
the cartridge case-over-band construction. The Maximum range ---------------- 7488 m (8360
specially designed rotating band has a crimping yd)
groove which permits the cartridge case to be Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1060 mps (3550
assembled over the rotating band and rigidly fps)
crimped to it. Temperature limits:
Firing:
Functioning: Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
When the weapon is fired, flash from the Storage:
primer ignites the propellant. The burning pro- Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
pellant ignites the tracer and generates gas to not more than 3
propel the projectile from the gun barrel. The days)
boom and fin assembly provides stability in Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for
flight and the tracer provides a visible trace of period not more
the trajectory. Upon impact, the piezoelectric than 4 hr/day)

2-33
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per Storage compatibility group --- E


fiber container; DOT shipping class -------------- A
2 containers per DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
wooden box FOR CANNON
*Packing box: WITH
Weight ----------------------------- 72.5 lb EXPLOSIVE
Dimensions ---------------------- 37-1/16 X11X PROJECTILES
7-5/32 in DODAC ------------------------------ l315-C110
Cube ------------------------------- 1.7 cu ft Drawing number ------------------ 8848863

* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s. References:

Shipping and Storage Data:


AMC-P 700-3-3
UNO serial number -------------- 0321 SB 700-20
Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2 TM 9-1300-251-20

2-34
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: HVAP-DS-T, M331A1 AND M331A2

U
AR 199855

AR 199854

Type Classification: Functioning:

OBS MSR 11756003. When the cartridge is fired, a setback ring


moves rearward opening the release spider.
Use: Setback holds the sabot and core together until
exit from the gun, at which time centrifugal
This fixed ammunition is intended for use force separates the sabot from the core. The
in 76mm gun cannons against armor. tracer, ignited by the propellant, provides a vis-
ible trace during the first few seconds of flight.
Description: Upon impact, the projectile sheath crumples
and the tungsten carbide core penetrates the tar-
The projectile consists of’ a dense core of get.
tungsten carbide steel, covered with a steel
sheath, and a base and sleeve assembly called a Difference Between Models:
sabot. The core is held in place inside the sabot
by a sheet steel release spider. The projectile is See Tabulated Data for difference in car-
inert, except for a tracer contained in the base. tridge cases and tracer assemblies.
It is assembled to a steel cartridge case, which
is loaded with a triple-base propellant and has a Tabulated Data:
percussion primer. A distinguishing characteris-
tic of these rounds is the cartridge case-over- Complete round:
band construction. The specially designed rotat- Type -------------------------------- HVAP-DS-T
ing band has a crimping groove which permits Weight ----------------------------- 20.7 lb
the cartridge case to be assembled over the rotat- Length ----------------------------- 30.88 in.
ing band and rigidly crimped to it. Cannon used with ------------- M32, M48

2-35
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing box:


Body material ------------------- Tungsten car- Weight ---------------------------- 71 lb
bide steel and Dimensions--------------------------- 36-3/4 x 11-1/16
aluminum x 7-5/32 in.
Color ------------------------------- Black w/white Cube ------------------------------- 1.68 cu ft
marking
Components: * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Cartridge case ------------------- M331A2: Catalog for complete packing data including
M88B1; NSN’S.
M331A1: M88
Propelling charge -------------- M17, 5.57 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ----------------------------- M58 percussion
Tracer ----------------------------- M5 (M331A1); UNO serial number -------------- 0328
M5A3 (M331A2) Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Performance: Storage compatibility group--- C
Maximum range ---------------- 21,607 m DOT shipping class -------------- B
(24,127 yd) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1231 mps (4125 FOR CANNON
fps) WITH SOLID
Temperature limits: PROJECTILES
Firing: DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C125
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-308
Upperlimit -------------------- +125°F
Storage: Limitations:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 The danger area from the discarded sabot
days) extends downrange approximately 750 meters
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for along the path of trajectory and spreads out to
period not more 45 meters on either side of the trajectory at
than 4 hr/day) that range.

References:
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; AMC-P 700-3-3
2 containers per SB 700-20
wooden box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-36
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: HVAP-T, M319

U
AR 199853

U
AR 199852

Type Classification: The tracer provides a luminous trace during


the early stages of flight. Upon impact, the
C & T AMCTC 6267 dtd 1968. windshield breaks up and the tungsten carbide
core penetrates the target by kinetic energy.
Use:

This fixed ammunition is a high velocity Tabulated Data:


cartridge intended for use in 76mm gun can-
nons against armor. Complete round:
Type -------------------------------- HVAP-T
Description: Weight ----------------------------- 19.04 lb
Length ----------------------------- 32.6 in
The projectile consists of a core of tung- Cannon used with ------------- M32, M48
sten carbide housed in an aluminum body fitted Projectile:
with an aluminum windshield, and it contains a Body material ------------------- Aluminum alloy
tracer assembly in the base. The brass or steel Core -------------------------------- Tungsten car-
cartridge case contains a single-base propellant bide
and a percussion primer, and is crimped to the Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
projectile. A distinguishing characteristic of markings
these rounds is the cartridge case-over-band con- Components:
struction. The specially designed rotating band Cartridge case ------------------- M88B1, M88
has a crimping groove which permits the car- Propelling charge -------------- M6, 5.03 lb
tridge case to be assembled over the rotating Primer ----------------------------- M62, M58 per-
band and rigidly crimped to it. cussion
Tracer ----------------------------- M5A1B1 or
Functioning: M5A1
Performance:
When the weapon is tired, the flash from Maximum range ---------------- 9885 m (11,038
the primer ignites the propellant. The burning yd)
propellant ignites the tracer and creates gases Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1234 mps (4135
which propel the projectile from the gun barrel. fps)

2-37
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Shipping and Storage Data:


Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Storage: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period Storage compatibility group--- C
not more than 3 DOT shipping class -------------- B
days) DOT description ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for FOR CANNON
period not more WITH SOLID
than 4 hr/day) PROJECTILES
* Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per DODAC ------------------ 1315-C124
fiber container; Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-295
2 containers per
wooden box
*Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 66.75 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 37-3/16 x 11-1/6
x 7-5/32 in. References:
Cube ------------------------------- 1.7 cu ft

*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3


Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’S. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-38
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: SMOKE, WP, M361A1 OR M361

U
AR 199851

PRIMER TRACER BURSTER INITIATOR

U
AR 199850

Type Classification: a crimping groove which permits the cartridge


case to be assembled over the rotating band
OBS MSR 11756003. and rigidly crimped to it.

Use: Functioning:

This fixed ammunition is used in 76mm When the weapon is fired, the primer
guns for screening and spotting tire. The car- flashes igniting the propellant. Gases created
tridge also has a slight incendiary effect. by the burning propellant force the projectile
from the gun barrel. Upon impact, the burster
Description: initiator, activated by the point-detonating
fuze, detonates the burster charge. This rup-
The projectile body is a thin walled, forged tures the projectile casing and expells the WP
steel casing. The point-detonating fuzed projec- filler. Upon contact with the air, the WP ignites
tile contains a white phosphorous (WP) filler creating a dense white smoke.
and a combination one-piece aluminum burster
casing and adapter. The burster casing houses Difference Between Models:
a projectile burster and a burster initiator
loaded with tetrytol. The brass or steel car- The M361 is similar to the M361A1 except
tridge case assembled to the projectile contains that the burster is contained in a two-piece
a single-base propellant and a percussion steel casing and the adapter is a separate compo-
primer. A distinguishing characteristic of these nent. Also, the M361A1 includes a tracer assem-
rounds is the cartridge case-over-band construc- bly in the base of the projectile. See Tabulated
tion. The specially designed rotating band has Data for cartridge case and fuze differences.

2-39
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


fiber container;
2 containers per
Complete round: wooden box
Type -------------------------------- Smoke WP *Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 25.82 lb Weight ----------------------------- 86 lb
Length ------------------ 34.06 in. Dimensions ---------------------- 39-15/16 x
Cannon used with ------------- M32, M48 10-15/16 x
Projectile: 7-3/32 in.
Body material ------------------- Forged steel Cube ------------------------------- 1.8 cu ft
Color:
Old------------------------------- Gray w/yellow *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
band and yellow Catalog for complete packing data including
marking NSN’s.
New ----------------------------- Light green
w/yellow band Shipping and Storage Data:
and red mark-
ing UNO serial number -------------- 0245
Filler and weight --------------- WP, 1.38 lb Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Burster ---------------------------- M28, 1.2 oz Storage compatibility group--- H
tetrytol DOT shipping class -------------- A
Burster initiator ---------------- M2 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Component: FOR CANNON
Cartridge case ------------------- M361A1: WITH SMOKE
M88B1; M361: PROJECTILES
M88 DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C128
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 3.64 lb Drawing number ------------------ P85133
Primer ----------------------------- M68, M58 per-
cussion Limitations:
Fuze -------------------------------- PD: M521
(M361A1); Since the burster in this ammunition is
M48A3 (M361) loaded with tetrytol, it is not to be stored or
Performance: fired at temperatures exceeding +125°F.
Maximum range ---------------- 14,594 m
(16,296 yd) Store and transport rounds at tempera-
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 713 mps (2400 tures below 111.4°F (melting point of WP). If
fps) impractical, store rounds on bases so that if WP
Temperature limits: melts it will resolidify with void space in the
Firing: nose of the projectile, Erratic performance may
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F occur if voids exist inside the WP filler.
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
Storage: References:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 AMC-P 700-3-3
days) SB 700-20
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F TM 9-1300-251-20

2-40
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 76 MILLIMETER: TP-T, M340A1 AND M340

U
AR 199857

U
AR 199856

Type Classification: Functioning:

OBS MSR 11756003. When the weapon is fired, the primer


flashes igniting the propellant and tracer.
Use: Gases created by the burning propellant force
the projectile from the gun barrel. The tracer
This cartridge is intended for target prac- burns with a visible trace for approximately
tice. three seconds of projectile flight. Upon impact,
there is little penetration of the target because
Description: the round lacks armor-piercing capability.

The projectile consists of a steel body with Difference Between Models:


a gilding metal rotating band and an aluminum
windshield. A tracer is threaded into the base See Tabulated Data for difference in car-
of the projectile. The brass or steel cartridge tridge cases and tracer assemblies.
case is loaded with a triple-base propellant and
fitted with a percussion primer. A dis- Tabulated Data:
tinguishing characteristic of these rounds is the
cartridge case-over-band construction. The spe- Complete round:
cially designed rotating band has a crimping -------------------------------- TP-T
groove which permits the cartridge case to be Weight ----------------------------- 27.32 lb
assembled over the rotating band and rigidly Length ----------------------------- 32.89 in
crimped to it. Cannon used with ------------- M32, M48

2-41
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


Body material ------------------- Steel fiber container;
Color: 2 containers per
Old------------------------------- Blue or black wooden box
w/white mark- *Packing box:
ing Weight ----------------------------- 88 lb
New ----------------------------- Blue w/white Dimensions ---------------------- 38-5/8 x 11-1/16
marking x 7-5/32 in.
Components: Cube ------------------------------- 1.8 cu ft
Cartridge case ------------------- M340A1:
M88B1: M340: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
M88 Catalog for complete packing data including
Propelling charge -------------- M30, 5.6 lb NSN's.
Primer ----------------------------- M58, percussion
Tracer ----------------------------- M5A2B1
(M340); M13 Shipping and Storage Data:
(M340A1)
Performance: UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Maximum range ---------------- 14,704 m Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
(16,419 yd) Storage compatibility group--- C
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 955 mps (3200 DOT shipping class -------------- B
fps) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Temperature limits: FOR CANNON
Firing: WITH SOLID
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F PROJECTILES
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C127
Storage: Drawing number ------------------ 8857345
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-42
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: AP-T, M77

U
AR 199832

Type Classification: projectile is designed to penetrate the target


solely by kinetic energy.
OBS MSR 11756003.

Use: Tabulated Data:

This cartridge is an obsolescent armor- Complete round:


piercing model currently used for training pur- Type -------------------------------- AP-T
poses in 90mm guns. Weight ----------------------------- 42.04 lb
Length ----------------------------- 32.75 in.
Description: Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
M54
The projectile is a hardened steel mono- Projectile:
bloc slug and has no windshield. The projectile Body material ------------------- Steel
base is threaded to receive a tracer. The brass Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
or steel cartridge case is loosely packed with pro- marking
pellant and is fitted with a percussion primer in Components:
the base. Cartridge case ------------------- M19, M19B1
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 7.31 lb
Functioning: Primer ----------------------------- M28A2, M28B1
Tracer ----------------------------- M3
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro- Performance:
pellant ignites the tracer and creates gases. Maximum range ---------------- 11,270 m
The gases propel the projectile out of the gun (12,325 yd)
tube and ignite the tracer which burns for a min- Muzzle velocity ----------------- 821 mps (2700
imum of three seconds of projectile flight. The fps)

2-43
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Shipping and Storage Data:


Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F UNO serial number --------------
Storage: Quantity-distance class --------- 5
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period Storage compatibility group--- E
not more than 3 DOT shipping class -------------- B
days) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for FOR CANNON
period not more WITH SOLID
than 4 hr/day) PROJECTILES
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C259
fiber container; Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-136
2 containers per
wooden box
*Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 43-5/8 x 13 x
8-5/32 in. References:
Cube ------------------------------- 2.69 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM9-1300-251-20

2-44
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: AP-T, M318, MV2800; AND M318 (T33E7)


OR M318A1, MV3000

Type Classification: tile out of the gun tube and ignite the tracer
which burns for a minimum of three seconds of
STD OTCM 36841 dtd 1958 (M318). projectile flight. The projectile is designed to
STD OTCM 37119 dtd 1959 (M318A1). penetrate the target solely by kinetic energy.

Use:
Difference Between Models:
This armor-piercing cartridge is for use in
90mm guns against armored materiel. See Tabulated Data.

Description: Tabulated Data:

The body of the projectile is made of hard- Complete round:


ened steel, has a flat base, and has a nose that M318
is shaped to a relatively short ogive. A light- (T33E7)
weight aluminum windshield is welded to the M318 or M318A1
projectile. The base of the projectile is
threaded to receive a tracer. The cartridge case Type ------------------- AP-T AP-T
is loosely packed with propellant, and the base Weight ---------------- 43.98 lb 43.91 lb
is fitted with a percussion primer. An igniter to Length ---------------- 37.43 in. 37.11 in.
assist uniform propellant ignition is fitted
below the closing disk. Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
M54
Functioning: Projectile:
Body material ------------------- Steel
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro- Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
pellant creates gases which propel the projec- marking

2-45
TM 43-0001-28

Components: *Packing box:


M318 Weight ----------------------------- 130.47 lb
(T33E7) Dimensions ---------------------- 44 x 12-7/8 x
M318 or M318A1 8-1/32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 2.7 cu ft
Cartridge case -------- M19, M108,
M19B1 M108B1 * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Propelling charge--- M6, M17, M30, Catalog for complete packing data including
8.6 lb 8.6 lb NSN’S.
Primer ------------------ M49 (T33)
M58
Tracer ------------------ (Red) M5A2B1,
M5A2B1, M5A2 o r Shipping and Storage Data:
M5A2, M13,
0.1 lb 7.5 g UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Performance: Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Maximum range ---- 19,570 m 21,031 m Storage compatibility group--- C
(20,400 yd) (23,000 yd) DOT shipping class -------------- B
Muzzle velocity ------ DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
(2800 fps) (3000 fps) FOR CANNON
WITH SOLID
Temperature limits: PROJECTILES
Firing: DODAC ---------------- 1315-C285
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (MV3000);
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F 1315-C259
Storage: (MV2800)
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-358
not more than 3 (M318);
days) 9207966
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for (M318A1)
period not more
than 4 hr/day) References:
*Packing ----------------------------- l round per
fiber container; AMC-P 700-3-3
2 containers per SB 700-20
wooden box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-46
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: APC-T, M82

Type Classification: Functioning:

OBS MSR 11756003. When the weapon is fired, the resultant


burning propellant creates gases which propel
the projectile out of the gun tube and ignite the
Use: tracer which burns for a minimum of three sec-
onds of projectile flight. The armor plate of the
This cartridge is fired from 90mm guns target is penetrated by the hardened face of the
and is designed for use against face-hardened armor-piercing cap solely by kinetic energy.
armored materiel. The softer core protects the hardened point of
the projectile body by distribution of stresses.
The base-detonating fuze, a simple inertia type,
Description: functions with delay action detonating the explo-
sive tiller after projectile penetration.
The hardened steel projectile has a flat
base and a nose shaped to a relatively short
ogive. It is fitted with an armor-piercing cap. Tabulated Data:
A small cavity in the rear portion of the body
holds a small explosive charge and is threaded Complete round:
to receive a delayed-action base-detonating fuze Type -------------------------------- APC-T
with tracer. The cartridge is loaded with one of Weight ----------------------------- 42.75 or 43.87 lb
two different primers and a varying amount of Length ----------------------------- 38.24 in.
propellant, with or without an igniter charge Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
depending on the velocity desired. M54

2-47
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


Body material ------------------- Steel fiber container;
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab 2 containers per
w/black band wooden box
and yellow * Packing box:
marking Weight ----------------------------- 136.5 lb
Filler and weight --------------- Expl D, 0.31 lb Dimensions ---------------------- 44-21/32 x 13 x
Components: 7-3/8 in.
Cartridge case ------------------- M19 Cube ------------------------------- 2.75 cu ft
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 7.31 to
8.06 lb * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Primer ----------------------------- M28A1, M49 Catalog for complete packing data including
Tracer ----------------------------- Integral with NSN’s.
fuze (red)
Fuze -------------------------------- BD, M68 or Shipping and Storage Data:
M68A1
Performance: UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Maximum range ---------------- 19,570 m Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
(21,400 yd) Storage compatibility group--- E
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 790 mps (2600 DOT shipping class -------------- A
fps); 851 mps DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
(2800 fps) FOR CANNON
Temperature limits: WITH
Firing: EXPLOSIVE
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F PROJECTILES
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C260
Storage: Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-145
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 References:
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-48
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: APERS-T, M580

U
AR 199847

AR 199846

MUZZLE ACTION AR 199883

Type Classification: Description:


STD AMCTC 9575 dtd 1972. The projectile consists of an aluminum for-
ward body, a steel connector, and a hollow steel
base. Threaded to the forward body is an alumi-
Use: num fuze adapter containing four radially ori-
ented detonators and an axially oriented flash
This fixed cartridge is fired from 90mm tube, relay and detonator. The central steel
guns and is for antipersonnel use at both close flash tube connects the projectile base to the det-
and long ranges. The cartridge is particularly onator in the fuze adapter. The body is loaded
effective against personnel in dense foliage. with flechettes and also contains a yellow dye

2-49
TM 43-0001-28

mixture that serves as a spotting charge. A plas- Base charge ---------------------- M9, 25 gr
tic bag of flake propellant is located in the hol- Faze -------------------------------- MT, M711
low base. A mechnical-time fuze is assembled Performance:
to the fuze adapter, and a tracer is attached to Maximum range ---------------- 4389 m (4800
the base of the projectile. The projectile is yd)
crimped to a cartridge case loosely filled with Muzzle velocity ----------------- 914.4 mps (3000
propellant and fitted with a percussion primer. fps)
Maximum effective
Functioning: range (from point of fuze
functioning) ------------------- 300 m (328 yd)
When the weapon is fired, the primer Temperature limits:
ignites the propellant. The burning propellant Firing:
ignites the tracer and creates gases which pro- Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
pel the projectile from the gun tube. The fuze Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
will arm immediately and will function accord- Storage:
ing to the time setting. The fuze functions as Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
soon as the projectile leaves the weapon if set not more than 3
for muzzle action. If set for range, the fuze will days)
function 75 to 100 meters short of set range. Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for
This built-in standoff is designed to assure maxi- period not more
mum application of the dispersion pattern to than 4 hr/day)
the target. Concurrently with fuze functioning, *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
the four radially oriented detonators and the axi- fiber container;
ally oriented detonator and relay in the fuze 2 containers per
adapter are exploded. Detonation of the radi- wooden box
ally oriented detonators rips open the forward *Packing box:
skin of the projectile ogive, permitting the Weight ----------------------------- 128 lb
flechettes in the forward section to be acted Dimensions ---------------------- 44-13/16 x
upon by centrifugal force. The axially oriented 13-3/16 x
detonator and relay flash through the tube to 8-7/16 in.
ignite the base charge. Pressure from the burn- Cube ------------------------------- 2.8 cu ft
ing charge forces the flechettes and spotting
charge forward and out of the projectile. The * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
combination of forward and centrifugal forces Catalog for complete packing data including
results in a conical dispersal pattern. The spot- NSN’S.
ting charge marks the approximate fuze func-
tioning point, allowing adjustment of fire for Shipping and Storage Data:
maximum effect.
UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Tabulated Data: Storage compatibility group --- E
DOT shipping class -------------- A
Complete round: DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Type -------------------------------- APERS-T FOR CANNON
Weight ----------------------------- 41.25 lb WITH
Length ----------------------------- 38.071 in. EXPLOSIVE
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or PROJECTILES
M54 DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C275
Projectile: Drawing number ------------------ 9216454
Body material ------------------- Steel/
aluminum
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab Limitations:
w/white mark-
ing and white Before firing, clear friendly personnel
diamonds from dispersion cone area. Firing over the
Filler and weight --------------- 4200, 8 gr, heads of friendly troops is prohibited.
flechettes, 4.5 lb
Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M200 References:
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 9 lb
Primer ----------------------------- M58 percussion AMC-P 700-3-3
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 red, SB 700-20
0.13 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-50
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: BLANK, M394

AR 199778

AR 199779

Type Classification: Components:


Body material ------------------- Brass or alumi-
STD OTCM 38091 dtd 1962. num
Filler and weight --------------- Black powder
Use: and potassium
nitrate, 1.75 lb
This blank cartridge is provided for salut- Cartridge case ------------------- M27, M27B1
ing purposes and simulated firing in 90mm Primer ----------------------------- M1A2
guns. Temperature limits:
Firing:
0
Description: Lower limit -------------------- -40 F
Upper limit -------------------- + 125°F
The cartridge consists of a cartridge case, Storage: 0
a primer, and a charge of black powder. A poly- Lower limit -------------------- -80 F (for period
styrene closing cup is used to seal the charge not more than 3
inside the case. days)
0
Upper limit -------------------- + 160 F (for
period not more
Functioning: than 4 hr/day)
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 cartridge in
After the primer is initiated by the firing fiber container;
pin of the weapon, the black powder charge is 8 containers per
ignited producing a loud report and flash. wooden box
*Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 98.6 lb
Tabulated Data: Dimensions ------------------- -- 25-13/16 x
12-15/16 x
Complete round: 10-23/32 in.
Type -------------------------------- Blank Cube ------------------------------- 2.12 cu ft
Weight ----------------------------- 8.23 lb
Length ----------------------------- 7.27 in. * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or Catalog for complete packing data including
M54 NSN’S.

2-51
TM 43-0001-28

Shipping and Storage Data: Limitations:


UNO serial number -------------- 0327 Closure debris from blank ammunition
Quantity-distance class --------- 1.3 can be expelled a distance of 300 feet forward of
Storage compatibility group--- C the weapon muzzle.
DOT shipping class -------------- B
DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON References:
WITHOUT
PROJECTILES AMC-P 700-3-3
DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C261 SB 700-20
Drawing number ------------------ 7549210 TM 9-1300-251-20

2-52
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: CANISTER, M336

Type Classification: body and pellets cause the canister to break at


the four slits on the body with resultant conical
CON MSR 11756003. dispersion of the pellets. The round has an effec-
tive range of 0 to 183 meters. The minimum
Use: angle of dispersion is approximately 9°.

This cartridge is fired from 90mm guns Tabulated Data:


and is intended primarily for antipersonnel use
at close range. Complete round:
Type -------------------------------- Canister
Description: Weight ----------------------------- 41.6 lb
Length ----------------------------- 33.8 in.
The canister consists of a thin steel cylin- Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41, M54
drical body welded to a heavy steel cup-shaped Projectile:
base, A gilding metal rotating band is assem- Body material ------------------- Steel
bled to the base. The body has four equally Color -------------------------------Olive drab
spaced axial slits extending from the forward w/white mark-
end of the canister for approximately half the ing
canister length. The canister body is filled with Filler and weight --------------- 1281 slugs, 14.9
approximately 1,281 stacked steel cylindrical pel- lb
lets held in place by a soldered closing disk. A Propelling charge:
percussion primed cartridge case containing pro- Cartridge case ------------------- M108B1
pellant is crimped to the projectile. Propellant ------------------------ M2, 8 lb
Primer ----------------------------- M58 percussion
Functioning: Performance:
Minimum effective range ---- 0 m
Immediately after the canister leaves the Maximum effective range --- 183111 (200 yd)
muzzle of the gun, the air pressure on the clos- Muzzle velocity ----------------- 858 mps (2870
ing disk and the centrifugal force acting on the fps)

2-53
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Shipping and Storage Data:


Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Storage: Storage compatibility group--- C
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period DOT shipping class -------------- B
not more than 3 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
days) FOR CANNON
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for WITH SOLID
period not more PROJECTILES
than 4 hr/day) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C262
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per Drawing number ------------------ 9214203
fiber container;
2 containers per Limitations:
wooden box
*Packingbox: Cartridge may not be fired over the heads
Weight ----------------------------- 111 lb of friendly troops.
Dimensions ---------------------- 40-1/16 x 12-7/8
x 8-1/32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft References:
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-54
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: CANISTER, M377

U
AR 199043

U
AR 199842

Type Classification: Functioning:

CON MSR 11756003. When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
pellant creates gases which propel the canister
out of the gun tube. Immediately after the canis-
ter leaves the muzzle of the gun, the air pres-
This cartridge is fired from 90mm guns sure on the closing cup and the centrifugal
and is intended primarily for antipersonnel use force acting on the body and flechettes cause
at close range. The cartridge is effective in the canister to break at the four grooves on the
dense foliage. body resulting in conical dispersion of the
flechettes. The conical angle of dispersion is
Description: approximately 14°.

The canister consists of a thin steel cylin-


drical body welded to a heavy steel cup-shaped Tabulated Data:
base assembly with a gilding metal rotating
band. The body has four equally spaced axial
grooves extending from the forward end of the Complete round:
canister for approximately half the canister Type -------------------------------- Canister
length. The canister body is filled with Weight ----------------------------- 39.3 lb
flechettes held in place by a crimped closing Length ----------------------------- 34.07 in.
cup. A percussion primed cartridge case filled Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
with propellant is crimped to the projectile. M54

2-55
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: Dimensions --------------------- 40-5/16 x


Body material ------------------- Steel 12-15/16 x
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab 8-5/32 in.
w/white mark- Cube ------------------------------- 2.5 cu ft
ing and white
diamonds * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Filler and weight --------------- 5600, 8 gr Catalog for complete packing data including
flechettes, 6.8 lb NSN’s.
Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M108B1
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 9 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ----------------------------- M58 percussion
Performance: UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Minimum range ---------------- 0 m Quantity -distance class -------- (08) 1.2
Maximum range ---------------- 402 m (440 yd) Storage compatibility group--- C
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 851 mps (2950 DOT shipping class -------------- B
fps) DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Temperature limits: FOR CANNON
Firing: WITH SOLID
Lower limit ------------------- -40°F PROJECTILES
Upper limit ------------------- +125°F DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C601
Storage: Drawing number ----------------- 9214706
Lower limit ------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3 Limitations:
days)
Upper
- . limit ------------------- +160°F (for Before firing, clear friendly personnel
period not more from dispersion cone area. Firing over the
than 4 hr/day) heads of friendly troops is prohibited.
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
2 containers per
wooden box AMC-P 700-3-3
*Packing box: SB 700-20
Weight ---------------------------- 118 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-56
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M12, M12B1 AND M12B2

Type Classification: Functioning:

CON MSR 11756003. The dummy cartridge is completely inert


and is nonfunctioning.
Use:
This dummy cartridge is used for training Tabulated Data:
in handling and loading ammunition for 90mm
guns. Complete round:
Type-------------------------------- Dummy
Description: Weight ----------------------------- 42.04-44.00 lb
Length ----------------------------- 37.44 in.
The dummy cartridge simulates a high- Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
explosive loaded round of 90mm ammunition in M54
size, weight, and center of gravity. A com- Projectile:
pletely inert bronze (M12), malleable iron Body material ------------------- Manganese
(M12B1), or manganese bronze (M12B2) body bronze
is fitted with a bronze or steel base. The nose Color ------------------------------- Bronze w/white
of the cartridge may be fitted with a dummy or marking
an inert fuze or it may be unfuzed. Faze -------------------------------- Dummy M80

2-57
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ------------------------- 1 round per Shipping and Storage Data:


fiber container;
2 containers per Quantity-distance class --------- N/A
wooden box Storage compatibility group --- N/A
*Packing box: DOT shipping class -------------- N/A
Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb DOT designation ------------------ None
Dimensions ---------------------- 43-5/8 x 13 x DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C263
8-5/32 in. Drawing number ------------------ 72-3-76
Cube ------------------------------- 2.69 cu ft
References:
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-58
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: HE-T, M71A1, AND HE, M71

U
AR 199839

U
AR 199838

Type Classification: to the projectile. Loaded projectile weights fall


into one of three weight zones.
STD OTCM 37436 dtd 1960 (M71A1).
CON MSR 11756003 (M71). Functioning:

Use: When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-


pellant ignites the tracer and creates gases
This cartridge is used in 90mm guns which propel the projectile out of the gun tube.
against personnel and materiel, producing blast The tracer burns for a minimum of three sec-
and fragmentation at the target. onds. Upon impact, the fuze functions on super-
quick or delay, as preset, and detonates the
Description: high-explosive filler producing Mast and frag-
mentation.
The hollow steel forged projectile has a
boat-tailed base and a streamlined ogive. Fuze
cavity may be a normal or a deep cavity type. Difference Between Models:
The projectile is loaded with 2.15 pounds
(1.68 lb, deep cavity) of Composition B or TNT. M71A1 has a tracer; M71 does not.
A tracer is threaded into the projectile base M71A1 has M1 propellant resulting in lower
(M71A1). A point-detonating fuze is assembled velocity; M71 has M6 or M15 propellant.

2-59
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Storage:


Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
Complete round: not more than 3
M71A1 M71 days)
Upper limit -------------------- + 160°F (for
Type ------------- HE-T period not more
Weight ----------- 38.8-39.54 lb 4l.19-41.93 lb than 4 hr/day)
Length ----------------------------- 37.46 in. *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or fiber container;
M54 2 containers per
wooden box
Projectile: *Packing box:
Body material ------------------- Steel Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab Dimensions ---------------------- 43-5/8 x 13 x
w/yellow mark- 8-5/32 in.
ing Cube ------------------------------- 2.69 cu ft
Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 2.15 lb
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Component: Catalog for complete packing data including
Cartridge case ------------------- M19, M19B1 NSN’s.
Propelling charge -------------- M1 5.33 lb
(M71A1); M6 or
M15, 7.31 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
(M71)
Primer ----------------------------- M28B2, M28A2 UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Tracer ----------------------------- XM10 (M71A1) Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Fuze -------------------------------- PD, M51A5, Storage compatibility group--- E
M557; MTSQ, DOT shipping class -------------- A
M520 Series, DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
M564 FOR CANNON
WITH
Performance: EXPLOSIVE
Maximum range ---------------- 15,800 m PROJECTILE
(17,300 yd) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C280
(M71A1); (M71A1); 1315-
17,800 m C265 (M71);
(19,475 yd) 1315-C266
(M71) (M71); 1315-
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 730 mps C267 (M71)
(2400 fps) Drawing number ------------------ 8849017-1
(M71A1); (M71A1);
823 mps 75-1-157 (M71)
(2700 fps)
(M71)
References:
Temperature limits:
Firing: AMC-P 700-3-3
Lower limit -------------------- -400F SB 700-20
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F TM 9-1300-251-20

2-60
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: HEAT, M348A1 (T108E46) AND M348 (T108E40)

U
AR 199520

U
AR 199519

Type Classification: base of the assembly, and the igniter tube is


closed with a threaded retainer containing
OBS AMCTC 6267 dtd 1968. approximately 20 grains of black powder. The
percussion primer is, in turn, threaded into the
Use: retainer, flush with the base of the cartridge
case, and contains seven grains of black powder.
This cartridge is fired from 90mm gun can- The interior of the cartridge case is fitted with
nons against armored targets. guided rails for the projectile fins. A filling
plug is threaded into the base of the cartridge
Description: case for filling the case with the propelling
charge after cartridge assembly.
The cartridge consists of a fin-stabilized
steel projectile containing a high-explosive Functioning:
shaped charge and a brass cartridge case
loosely filled with propellant. An inverted cop- When the primer is struck by the firing
per cone liner in the front of the projectile pin of the weapon, the black powder is ignited
serves to shape the Composition B charge, and through primer, retainer, and igniter to flash
a streamlined windshield houses a piezoelectric through the igniter perforations and ignite the
element to initiate the point-initiating, base- propelling charge. Rapidly expanding gases
detonating fuze in the base. An obturator band from the burning propellant force the projectile
encircles the projectile above the lip of the car- through the gun barrel with a velocity of 2,800
tridge case. An igniter and fin assembly is feet per second. The obturator expands to pre-
threaded into the base of the projectile and vent escape of gas pressure past the projectile
extends the length of the cartridge case while it is in the barrel, and the fins stabilize
through the propelling charge. The igniter is a the projectile in flight. Upon impact with the
perforated shaft filled with 400 grains of black target, distortion of the piezoelectric unit gener-
powder. The four fixed fins are attached to the ates an electric current to initiate the fuze and

2-61
TM 43-0001-28

detonate the explosive charge. As the copper Temperature limits:


cone is crushed, the detonation results in an Firing:
intensely focused high velocity shock wave Lower limit -------------------- -40°F -40°C)
which causes failure of the target armor, and a Upper limit -------------------- +125°F (+52°C)
jet of molten metal penetrates the target inte- Storage:
rior. Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62.2° C)
(for period not
more than 3
days)
Difference Between Models: Upper limit -------------------- + 160°F
(+71.1°C) (for
The M348 has a cone tube extension period not more
which is not present in the M348A1. The fin than 4 hr/day)
cross-section of the M348 is rectangular while *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
that of the M348A1 is T-shaped. fiber container;
2 containers per
wooden box
*Packing box:
Tabulated Data: Weight ----------------------------- 115.7 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 39-15/16 x 13 x
Complete round: 8-5/32 in.
Type -------------------------------- HEAT Cube ------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft
Weight ----------------------------- 34.79 lb
Length ----------------------------- 33.74 in. * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Cannon used with ------------- M3, M36, T132, Catalog for complete packing data including
T133 NSN’s.
Projectile:
Body material ------------------- Steel forging Shipping and Storage Data:
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab
w/black mark- UNO serial number -------------- 0321
ings Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 1.56 lb Storage compatibility group --- E
Components: DOT shipping class -------------- A
Cartridge case ------------------- T27E2 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Propelling charge -------------- M6 (80 OZ); M1 FOR CANNON
(87 oz) WITH
Primer ----------------------------- T69 EXPLOSIVE
Igniter, fin assembly ---------- T33E2 PROJECTILES
Faze -------------------------------- PIBD, M509A1 DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C268
Performance: Assembly drawing number ---- 75-1-359
Maximum range ---------------- 11,650 m
(13,010 yd) References:
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 832 mps (2800
fps) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-62
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: HEAT-T M431 (T300E59), M431A1 AND M431A2

U
AR 199836

Type Classification: base is fitted with a threaded loading plug and


a percussion primer.
STD AMCTC 8823 dtd 1971.
Functioning:
Use: When the weapon is fired, the primer
ignites the propelling charge. The burning pro-
This cartridge is intended for use in pellant generates gases to propel the projectile
90mm guns against armored targets. out of the gun tube and ignites the tracer,
which burns for a minimum of 2,500 yards.
The projectile is detonated upon impact by fuze
Description: functioning. Upon detonation, the cone col-
lapses creating an intensely focused high veloc-
The projectile consists of a steel body, a ity shock wave and a jet of metal particles that
threaded stand-off spike assembly an alumi- penetrates the target.
num chamber, and a fin and boom assembly. A
funnel-shaped liner contained in the body Difference Between Models:
shapes the high-explosive charge. The chamber
adapts the fin and boom assembly to the body The M431A1 is similar to the M431 except
and contains the base-detonating fuze. The pro- that the cartridge case contains a wax-
jectile is fitted with a plastic obturator band. impregnated titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) liner
The nose cap, containing a piezoelectric ele- designed to reduce gun wear. A TiO2 additive
ment, is fitted to the spike assembly. The liner with high melt wax and a mylar barrier is
tracer is threaded to the fin. The cartridge case used on the M431A2.

2-63
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per


fiber container;
2 containers per
Complete round: wooden box
Type -------------------------------- HEAT-T *Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 33 lb Weight ----------------------------- 106 lb
Length ----------------------------- 36 in. Dimensions ---------------------- 40-1/2 x 12.3/8 x
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or 6-5/8 in.
M54 Cube ------------------------------- 1.9 cu ft
Projectile:
Body material ------------------- Steel *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Color ------------------------------- Black w/yellow Catalog for complete packing data including
marking NSN’S.
Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 1.2 lb
Components: - Shipping and Storage Data:
Cartridge case ------------------- M114A1
Propelling charge ------------- M30, 8.25 lb UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Primer ----------------------------- M79 Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 Storage compatibility group --- E
Faze -------------------------------- PIBD-M509A1 DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Performance: FOR CANNON
Maximum range ---------------- 8138 m (8900 WITH
yd) EXPLOSIVE
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1216 mps (4000 PROJECTILES
fps) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C294
Drawing number ------------------ 8822481
Temperature limits:
Firing: Limitations:
Lower limit -------------------- -40 0F
Upper limit -------------------- +125 0F (M431 Because of the low melting point of the
and M431A1); waxin M431A1 cartridges, tank-
+140°F transported cartridges that are exposed to tem-
(M431A2) peratures above +1200F shall not be fired.
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -65°F References:
Upper limit -------------------- +125 0F (M431
and M431A1); AMC-P 700-3-3
+145°F
(M431A2) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-64
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: HVAP- M332A1

AR 199823

U
AR 199822

Type Classification: out of the gun tube and ignite the tracer which
burns for a minimum of three seconds of projec-
CON MSR 11756003. tile flight. Upon impact, the outer shell crum
ples and the tungsten carbide core penetrates
Use: the target solely by kinetic energy.

This high velocity armor-piercing car-


tridge is designed for use in 90mm guns against Tabulated Data:
armored targets.

Description: Complete round:


Type -------------------------------- HVAP
The projectile contains a hard armor- Weight ----------------------------- 32.3 lb
piercing core of tungsten carbide steel in an alu- Length ----------------------------- 35.92 in.
minum alloy outer body. The outer body is fit- Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
ted with two sintered-iron rotating bands, a M54
steel bourrelet, and an aluminum alloy wind-
shield. The base of the body is skirted and Projectile:
contains a tracer. Modifications of the projec- Body material ------------------- Tungsten car-
tile are assembled with a sprayed base or steel bide and alumi-
base shield to counteract erosion. The car- num alloy
tridge case is loosely packed with propellant Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
and is fitted with a percussion primer in the marking
base.
Components:
Functioning: Cartridge case ------------------- M19, M19B1
Propelling charge -------------- M17
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro- Primer ----------------------------- M49
pellant creates gases which propel the projectile Tracer ----------------------------- M5A2B1

2-65
TM 43-0001-28

Performance: Shipping and Storage Data:


Maximum range ---------------- 14,456 m
(15,700 yd)
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1165 mps (3875 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
fps) Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Temperature limits: Storage compatibility group--- C
Firing: DOT shipping class -------------- B
Lower limit -------------------- +40°F DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F FOR CANNON
Storage: WITH SOLID
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period PROJECTILES
not more than 3 DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C270
days) Drawing number ------------------ 75-1-310
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for
period not more
than 4 hr/day) Limitations:
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container;
2 containers per This cartridge is not to be fired at tempera-
wooden box tures below +400F when loaded with M17 pro-
*Packing box: pellant.
Weight ----------------------------- 119 lb
Dimension ------------------------ 42-7/16 x
12-15/16 x
8-3/32 in. References:
Cube ------------------------------- 2.6 cu ft

* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3


Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-66
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: SMOKE, WP, M313 AND M313C

U
AR 199829

U
AR 199828

Type Classification: vides a tight seal for the charge of white phos-
phorous (WP).
STD OTCM 37119 dtd 1959 (M313).
STD OTCM 37619 dtd 1960 (M313C). Functioning:

Use: When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-


pellant creates gases which propel the projectile
This cartridge is used in 90mm guns for out of the gun tube. Upon impact, the point-
spotting and screening purposes and has a lim- detonating fuze functions igniting the burster
ited incendiary effect. initiator and detonating the burster charge.
The projectile casing ruptures, dispersing the
Description: filler. WP ignites upon contact with the air, pro-
ducing a dense white smoke and flaming par-
The projectile consists of a hollow steel ticles.
forging with a boat-tailed base and streamlined
ogive. The projectile nose is threaded to receive
an adapter for the point-detonating fuze and to Difference Between Models:
provide a seat for the burster casing assembly.
The burster casing assembly a thin-walled steel The M313C is identical to the M313
tube containing the burster charge and burster except for a different propellant charge which
initiator, extends from the adapter to the rear gives a lower muzzle velocity and a resultant
of the projectile cavity. The burster tube pro- reduction in gun wear.

2-67
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Storage:


Lower limit -------------------- -65°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
Complete round: *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container;
M313 M313C 2 containers per
wooden box
Type ---------------------- Smoke Smoke *Packing box:
(WP) (WP) Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb
Weight ------------------ 42.52 lb 40.52 lb Dimensions ---------------------- 43-5/8 x 13 x
Length ------------------ 37.44 in. 37.46 in. 8-5/32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 2.69 cu ft
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
M54 * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Projectile: Catalog for complete packing data including
Body material------------------- Steel NSN’S.
C o l o r------------------------------- Gray w/yellow
band and mark- Shipping and Storage Data:
ing (green wired
marking for UNO serial number -------------- 0245
later manufac- Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
ture) Storage compatibility group --- H
Filler and weight --------------- WP, 1.97 lb DOT shipping class -------------- A
Components: DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Cartridge case ------------------- M19, M19B1 FOR CANNON
Propelling charge -------------- (M313) M15, WITH SMOKE
M6, 7.31 lb; PROJECTILES
(M313C) M1, DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C258
5.33 lb Drawing number ------------------ 8858640
Primer ----------------------------- M49, M28B2
Burster ---------------------------- M24, Tetrytol, Limitations:
2.33 oz
Burster initiator ---------------- M2 Since the burster in this ammunition is
Fuze -------------------------------- PD, M48A3, loaded with tetrytol, it is not to be stored or
M57; MTSQ, fired at temperatures exceeding + 125°F.
M501 series
Performance: Store and transport WP rounds at tempera-
Maximum range ---------------- (M313) 17,717 tures below 111.4°F (melting point of WP). If
m (19.375 yd): impractical, store rounds on bases so that if WP
(M313C) 15,362 melts it will resolidify with void space in nor-
m (16,800 yd) mal position in nose of projectile. Erratic per-
Muzzle velocity ----------------- (M313) 821 mps formance may occur if voids exist inside the WP
(2700 fps); filler.
(M313C) 730
mps (2400 fps) References:
Temperature limits:
Firing: AMC-P 700-3-3
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F SB 700-20
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F TM 9-1300-251-20

2-68
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 90 MILLIMETER: TP-T M353 (T22E1), M353A1 (M353E1) AND M353A2

U
AR 199827

U
AR 199826

Type Classification: burns for a minimum of three seconds of projec-


tile flight. Since it is a practice round, the pro-
OBS OTCM 37344 (M353). jectile-lacks the penetrating capability of a
STD AMCTC 4634 dtd 1966 (M353A1). service round.
STD AMCTC 4634 dtd 1966 (M353A2).
Difference Between Models:
Use:
M353 does not contain a cartridge case
This cartridge is used in 90mm guns for liner.
training and marksmanship practice. M353A1 contains TiO2 liner with low tem-
perature melt wax.
Description: M353A2 contains TiO2 liner with high tem-
perature melt wax.
The projectile is ballistically matched to
AP-T Cartridge M318. The body is steel with Tabulated Data
an integral bourrelet and a gilding metal rotat-
ing band. The flat base is fitted with a tracer. Complete round:
An aluminum windshield is threaded to the Type -------------------------------- TP-T
nose. A percussion primer is fitted in the car- Weight ----------------------------- 43.9 lb
tridge base. Length ----------------------------- 36.95 in.
Cannon used with ------------- M36, M41 or
Functioning: M54
Projectile:
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro- Body material ------------------- Steel
pellant creates gases which propel the projectile Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
out of the gun tube and ignite the tracer which marking

2-69
TM 43-0001-28

Components: Shipping and Storage Data:


Cartridge case ------------------- M108, M108B1
Propelling charge -------------- M30 (T36), 8.6
UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Primer ----------------------------- M58 Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Tracer ----------------------------- M5A2, M5A2B1, Storage compatibility group--- C
M13 DOT shipping class -------------- B
Performance: DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Maximum range ---------------- 21,031 m FOR CANNON
(23,000 yd) WITH SOLID
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 914 mps (3000 PROJECTILES
fps) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C290
Temperature limits: Drawing number ------------------ 8861603
Firing:
Lowerlimit -------------------- -65°F
Upper limit -------------------- +120°F
Storage: Limitations:
Lower limit -------------------- -65°F
Upper limit -------------------- +120°F
*Packing ----------------------------- l round per Do not fire M353A1 rounds which have
fiber container; been tank transported at temperatures in
2 containers per excess of 120°F.
wooden box
*Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 129 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 44 x 12-7/8 x
8-1/8 in. References:
Cube ------------------------------- 2.64 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-70
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: APDS-T, M392A2 AND M392

U
AR 199819-A

U
AR 199818-A

Type Classification: igniter tube of the electric primer extends


almost the entire length of the propellant
STD MSR 02787001 (M392A2). loosely packed in the cartridge case.
STD OTCM 38116 dtd 1961 (M392).
Functioning:
Use:
The electrically initiated primer ignites
This cartridge is a hypervelocity armor- the propelling charge. Gases produced by the
piercing type with discarding sabot, intended burning propellant propel the projectile from
for use in 105mm guns against armored targets. the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
minimum of 2.5 seconds. Setback, centrifugal,
Description: and air pressure forces cause the sabot to dis-
card upon leaving the gun tube. The sheathed
The projectile consists of a sheathed tung- core is spin stabilized and penetrates the target
sten carbide core with tracer and a sabot. The solely by kinetic energy.
core, which is the armor-piercing element, is car-
ried within the sheath with the sabot assem- Difference Between Models:
bled on the exterior surface. A plastic band is
positioned on the outside diameter of the sabot The M392 is of United Kingdom manufac-
at the forward end. A fiber rotating band and a ture and bears the U.K. designation of L36A1.
rubber obturator are assembled on the outside The M392 is fitted with U.K. L4A1 or L4A2
diameter near the base of the sabot. The primer.

2-71
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Dimensions ---------------------- 39-7/8 x 14-1/8 x


8-23/32 in.
Complete round: Cube ------------------------------- 2.8 cu ft
Type -------------------------------- APDS-T
Weight ----------------------------- 41 lb * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Length ----------------------------- 33 in. Catalog for complete packing data including
Cannon used with ------------- M68 NSN’s.
Projectile:
Body material ------------------- Tungsten car- Shipping and Storage Data:
bide core
Color ------------------------------- Black w/white UNO serial number -------------- 0328
marking Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Components: Storage compatibility group--- C
Cartridge case ------------------- M115, M115B1 DOT shipping class -------------- B
Propelling charge -------------- M30 (T36) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Primer ----------------------------- M80A1 FOR CANNON
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 WITH SOLID
Performance: PROJECTILES
Maximum range ---------------- 36,745 m DODAC ------------------ 1315-C505,
(40,162 yd) C506
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1478 mps (4850 Drawing number ------------------ 8863427
fps)
Temperature limits:
Firing: Limitations:
Lowerlimit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F United Kingdom L28A1 cartridge, similar
Storage: to the M392 except for its primer (L1A2, L1A3,
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period or L1A4), is not to be fired in 105mm gun M68
not more than 3 except under combat emergency conditions.
days) The clip will remain on the cartridge case at all
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for times until the cartridge is partially cham-
period not more bered.
than 4 hr/day)
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
2 containers per
wooden box AMC-P 700-3-3
*Packing box: SB 700-20
Weight ----------------------------- 126 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-72
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: APERS-T, M494

U
AR 199821-A

U
AR 199882

Type Classification: enemy personnel, There is a secondary capabil-


ity against light armor and low-flying aircraft.
STD AMCTC 9575 dtd 1972
Description:
Use:
The projectile casing consists of’ a forward
This fixed cartridge is fired from 105mm aluminum body and a rear steel base. A fuze
gun cannon M68. The cartridge is designed for adapter containing four detonators, a relay and
close-in defense against massed infantry detonator assembly, and a flash tube is fitted to
assaults and for offensive tire against exposed the forward end of the body. The flash tube

2-73
TM 43-0001-28

extends from the fuze adapter to the projectile Performance:


base. Flechettes and a yellow dye marker are Maximum range ---------------- 4400 m (4840
contained in the body of the projectile. The yd)
base of the projectile contains an expelling Muzzle velocity ----------------- 821 mps (2700
charge and a tracer. The cartridge case, fitted fps)
at the base with an electric primer, is crimped Flechette range from
to the projectile. A mechnical-time fuze with point of fuze function ------ 300 m (330 yd)
muzzle action capability is used with this car- Temperature limits:
tridge. Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -400F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
Functioning: Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -65°F
The electrically initiated primer ignites Upper limit -------------------- +145°F
the propelling charge and tracer. Gases pro- *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
duced by the burning propellant propel the pro- fiber container;
jectile from the gun. Concurrently with fuze 2 containers per
functioning, the fuze detonator ignites the wooden box
relay and the four detonators in the projectile. *Packing box:
Upon functioning of the detonators, the for- Weight ----------------------------- 140 lb
ward portion of the projectile is ruptured Dimensions ---------------------- 46-1/4 x 14-3/16
releasing the flechettes and dye marker. x 8-11/16 in.
Detonator flash follows the flash tube to ignite Cube ------------------------------- 3.3 cu ft
the expelling charge, and detonation of the
expelling charge ejects the flechettes in the * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
lower portion of the projectile. Flechettes are Catalog for complete packing data including
dispersed in a cone-shaped pattern, resulting NSN’S.
from the forward force of the expelling charge
and centrifugal force from projectile spin. Shipping and Storage Data:

UNO serial number -------------- 0321


Tabulated Data: Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Storage compatibility group --- E
Complete round: DOT shipping class -------------- A
Type -------------------------------- APERS-T DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Weight ----------------------------- 55 lb FOR CANNON
Length ----------------------------- 39.17 in. WITH
Cannon used with ------------- M68 EXPLOSIVE
Projectile: PROJECTILES
Body material ------------------- Aluminum and DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C519
steel Drawing number ------------------ 9229962
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab
w/yellow band, Limitations:
white marking
and white dia- Firing the ammunition over the heads of
monds exposed friendly troops is prohibited. When fir-
Filler and weight --------------- Flechettes, 9.2 ing muzzle action, assure that personnel clear
lb dispersion cone area and take cover.
Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M150B1 References:
Propelling charge -------------- M6, 9.2 lb
Primer ----------------------------- M86 electric AMC-P 700-3-3
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 SB 700-20
Faze -------------------------------- MT-M571 TM 9-1300-251-20

2-74
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: APFSD-T, M900

U
AR4815

Type Classification: Initiation of the electric primer ignites the pro-


pelling charge generating gases which drive the
TC LRP Dec 1989. projectile from the gun and ignite the tracer.
The silicone seal at the rear of the sabot pre-
Use: vents gas leakage between the sabot segments
and the driving forces (gas) propelling the sub-
This is a kinetic energy, armor-piercing projectile downbore. Upon leaving the gun,
antitank round intended for use with the aerodynamic forces cause the sabot to separate
105mm, M68 series gun mounted on M1 tanks from the subprojectile allowing the subprojec-
only. tile to continue on a true course to target while
the sabot segments fall quickly to earth. Target
Description: penetration is effected strictly by the high
kinetic energy of the subprojectile impacting
The M900 is a U.S. designed and devel- the target.
oped 105mm APFSDS-T cartridge. The com-
plete round contains a propulsion system con-
sisting of an M148A1B1 steel cartridge case, an Tabulated Data:
M43 LOVA propellant, an M128 primer, and a
gun tube wear-reducing titanium dioxide liner Complete round:
which is assembled to the interior wall of the Type -------------------------------- Fixed,
cartridge case. The projectile portion of the APFSDS-T
round consists of a subprojectile and a sabot. Weight ----------------------------- 40.8 lb (18.5 kg)
The subprojectile is made up of monolithic Length ----------------------------- 39.5 in.
depleted uranium core, which is fitted with an (100.4 cm)
aluminum windshield, a steel tip, and an alumi- Assembly drawing ------------- 12910111
num fin assembly. The sabot is comprised of Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
three 120° aluminum sections which are assem- markings
bled around the subprojectile. A steel bour- Projectile weight as fired ---- 15.1 lb (6.86 kg)
relet, containing three shear cuts, is screwed to Propellant ------------------------ 13.5 lb
the sabot forward face. A nylon obturator and Temperature limits:
polypropylene seal is assembled around the Firing:
sabot, and a silicone rubber seal is applied over Lower Limit ------------------ -200F (-28.90C)
the rear face of the sabot. An M13 tracer is Upper Limit ------------------ +120°F
assembled to the fin and is held in place by a (+48.90C)
threaded plug and disc assembly. Storage:
Lower Limit ------------------ -35°F (-37.2°C)
Functioning: Upper Limit ------------------ +145°F
(+62.8 0C)
The M900 is loaded and fired from the Performance: ----------------------- 75 KSI @ 700F
M68 series, 105mm gun in the normal manner. Velocity ------------------------------- 1505 MPS

2-75
TM 43-0001-28

Packaging (light weight container): The M900 is a full service round which
Inner pack drawing ----------- N/A may only be fired during war emergency. All
Outer pack drawing ----------- 12561500 peacetime firings are prohibited except on
Weight (empty) ----------------- 17 lb ranges which a r e Nuclear Regulator
Dimensions ---------------------- 6.84 x 6.84 x Commission (NCR) approved and/or have host
44.5 in. nation agreement. The M900 will not be fired
Cube (ft) -------------------------- 1.2 cu ft over the heads of friendly troops unless troops
*Packing -------------------------- one round per are protected by adequate cover. Troops may
light weight be struck by the discarded sabot.
metal container:
30 containers
per metal pallet
Pallet (w/30 containers):
Weight (empty) ----------------- 1033 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 44-1/2 x 42 x 39
in. WARNING
Cube ------------------------------- 42.2 cu ft

* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Catalog for complete packing data including ● THE M900 IS AUTHORIZED
NSNs. FOR USE IN M1 TANKS ONLY.
FIRING THE M900 FROM ANY
Shipping and Storage Data: OTHER 105MM TANK SYSTEM
MAY RESULT IN THE FAIL-
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 URE OF THE GUN MOUNT.
Quantity-distance class --------- (04) 1.2 FIRING THE M900 IN UN-
Storage compatibility group --- C AUTHORIZED GUN MOUNTS
DOT shipping class -------------- A WILL RESULT IN FAILURE OF
THE RECOIL MECHANISM
NOTE: Some quantities of M900 primers are HYDRAULIC SEALS.
marked “XM128”. The “X” marking is to be dis-
regarded, XM128 primers are the same as type
classified M128 primers.
● DO NOT FIRE THE M900
DOT container marking -------- CARTRIDGES FROM 105MM, M68 SERIES
FOR CANNON EQUIPPED WITH
WEAPONS, BREECHES HAVING SERIAL
INERT PRO- NUMBERS LOWER THAN
JECTILE AND 4804. BREECHES WITH
DOT E-9649 SERIAL NUMBERS LOWER
DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C543 THAN 4804 CAN FAIL
NSN----------------------------------- 1315-01-324- CATASTROPHICALLY WITH-
6633 OUT WARNING. INITIAL
Drawing number ------------------ 12910111 QUANTITIES MAY BE STEN-
CILED WITH A NOTE INDI-
Limitations: CATING A CUTOFF POINT
FOR THE BREECHES AT
Projectile is not to be disposed of by burn- SERIAL NUMBER 6000. THIS
ing or detonation. NUMBER SHOULD NO LON-
GER BE CONSIDERED VALID.

NOTE

Loss or unauthorized firings of ● DO NOT FIRE M900


the M900 must be reported to CARTRIDGES WHERE THE
the HQ, AMCCOM RPO within PROJECTILE IS LOOSE
24 hours of the discovery. WITHIN THE CARTRIDGE
Report to: CASE; I. E., ROTATING, WOB-
BLING, RATTLING, OR ANY
CDR USA AMCCOM OTHER UNSECURED MAN-
ATTN: AMSMC-SF (RPO) NER. THIS CONDITION MAY
Rock Island, IL 61299-6000 RESULT IN EXCESSIVE
DSN: 793-2969/2964/2965/2966 PRESSURE WHILE FIRING
Commercial: (309)782-2961/2965 RESULTING IN CATASTRO-
782-2964/2966 PHIC BREECH FAILURE.

2-76
TM 43-0001-28

● HATCHES MUST REMAIN


CLOSED AND THE TURRET
VENT BLOWER MUST
REMAIN ON WHEN FIRING
TO PREVENT BUILDUP OF
TOXIC GAS (CARBON MON-
OXIDE). CREW MEMBERS
ARE REQUIRED TO WEAR
SINGLE HEARING PROTEC-
TION (COMBAT CREWMEN
HELMET) DURING ALL M900
FIRING. OBSERVERS ON
THE GROUND SHOULD STAY
BEHIND THE TANK AND
WEAR DOUBLE HEARING
PROTECTION DURING MAIN
TANK WEAPON FIRING.

2-77
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2-78
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M457

U
AR 199809

U
AR 199808

Type Classification: Functioning:


The cartridge is completely inert and does
STD AMCTC 639 dtd 1962. not function.

Use: Tabulated Data:


Complete round:
This dummy cartridge is used as a drill Type -------------------------------- Dummy
round to train tank crews in handling ammuni- Weight ----------------------------- 44 lb
tion and loading the 105mm gun cannon. Length ----------------------------- 37 in.
Cannon used with ------------- M68
Projectile:
Description: Body material ------------------- Steel
Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
marking
The cartridge simulates a loaded round of (unpainted on
105mm high-explosive plastic ammunition in bronze body for
size, weight, and center of gravity. The projec- later manufac-
tile is of steel, and is secured to the cartridge turer)
case by crimping. A steel weight is assembled Components:
to the rear of the projectile and is held in place Cartridge case ------------------- M148A1B1
with a spring pin. Propelling charge -------------- N/A
Primer ----------------------------- N/A

2-79
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ----------------------------- l round per Shipping and Storage Data:


fiber container;
2 containers per Quantity-distance class --------- N/A
wooden box Storage compatibility group --- N/A
DOT shipping class -------------- N/A
*Packing box: DOT designation ------------------ NON-
Weight ----------------------------- 137 lb EXPLOSIVE
Dimensions ---------------------- 43-1/2 x 14 x AMMUNITION
8-1/2 in. DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C514
Cube ------------------------------- 3 cu ft Drawing number ------------------ 10534154
References:
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMD-P 700-3-3
Catalog for complete packing data including SB 700-20
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-80
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: HEP-T, M393A2 AND M393A1

AR 101985

Type Classification: Tabulated Data:


STD AMCTC 3325 dtd 1965. Complete round:
Type -------------------------------- HEP-T
Use: Weight ----------------------------- 45 lb
Length ----------------------------- 37 in
This cartridge is designed for use against
armored targets, light materiel, and personnel. Projectile:
Filler ------------------------------- M68
Description: Explosive (393A2) ------------- Comp A, 6.6 lb
Explosive (393A1) ------------- Comp A, 6.3 lb
The cartridge carries a payload of 6.6 Body materiel ------------------ Steel
pounds of Composition A3, a high-explosive plas- Color ------------------------------- Olive drab w/
tic composition. The projectile is a thin-walled yellow markings
cylinder with a relatively short ogive and a flat and black band
base. The base of the projectile is fitted with a
base-detonating (BD) fuze and a tracer. The pro- Components:
jectile is assembled to a brass (or steel) car- Cartridge case ------------------- M150B1 (steel);
tridge case fitted with an electric primer and M150 (brass)
containing a bagged propelling charge. Propellant ---------------------------- Ml, 5.9 lb
Primer (electric) ---------------- M86
Tracer ----------------------------- M12
Functioning:
Performance:
When the weapon is fired, the electrically Maximum range ---------------- 9510 m (10,400
initiated primer ignites the propelling charge. yd)
The burning propellant ignites the tracer and Muzzle velocity ----------------- 2400 m (731.5
creates gases which force the projectile out of mps )
the gun tube and propels it to the target. Upon
impact, the fuze functions initiating the explo- Temperature limits:
sive filler. Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
Difference Between Models: Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period
The M393A1 differs from the M393A2 in not more than 3
that the M393A1 employs the BD fuze M534 days)
while the M392A2 employs the BD fuze M578. Upper limit -------------------- + 160°F (for
The filler weight on the M393A1 is 0.3 pounds period not more
less. than 4 hr/day)

2-81
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ------------------------------- 1 round per Storage compatibility group --- E


fiber container; DOT shipping class -------------- A
2 containers per DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
wooden box FOR CANNON
*Packing box: WITH
Weight (w/2 ctgs )--------------- 137 lb EXPLOSIVE
Dimensions OD------------------- 43-1/2 X 14 x PROJECTILE
8-1/2 in. DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C429;
Cube ---------------------------------- 3 cu ft 1315-C518
Drawing number ------------------ M393A2
* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition 8886470
Catalog for complete packing data including M393A1-
NSN’s. 8853735
Shipping and Storage Data: References:

UNO serial number -------------- 0006 AMC-P 700-3-3


Quantity-distance class --------- 1.1 SB 700-20

2-82
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: HEAT-1; M456 SERIES

FIN AND BOOM ASSY AR 5797

Type Classification: Functioning:

STD AMCTC 4677 dtd 1966 (M456A1), The electrically initiated primer ignites
OBS MSR 11756003 (M456). the propelling charge. Gases produced by the
burning propellant propel the projectile from
the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
Use: minimum of 2.5 seconds. Upon impact, fuze
functioning detonates the projectile and the
This cartridge is a high-explosive antitank cone collapses, creating a high velocity focused
cartridge and is intended for use in 105mm shock wave and a jet of metal particles that pen-
guns against armored targets. etrates the target.

Difference Between Models:


Description:
The three models in the M456 series differ
in the use of cartridge case liners. The M456.41
The steel body projectile is fitted with a has a cloth liner coated on one side with a wax-
plastic obturator, a threaded standoff spike titanium dioxide admixture covered with mylar
assembly, a fin and boom assembly, and a point- film. The M456E1 has a similar liner without
initiating point-detonating fuze. A funnel- the mylar film. The M456 has no liner. The
shaped copper liner within the body shapes the M456A1 also differs from other models in the
explosive charge of Composition B. A piezoelec- series in that all projectile bodies manufactured
tric element retained in a nose cap is fitted to after August 1967 entirely enclose the fuze.
the spike assembly, and is connected to the base- Earlier M456A1 production, as well as all
detonating fuze in the body, The fin is M456E1 and M456 models, are assembled with
threaded to receive a tracer. an aluminum chamber.

2-83
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing box:


Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 45-13/16 x
Complete round: 14-3/16 x
Type-------------------------------- HEAT-T 8-25/32 in.
Weight ----------------------------- 48lb Cube ------------------------------- 3.3 cu ft
Length ----------------------------- 39.6in.
Cannon used with ------------- M68 *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Projectile: Catalog for complete packing data including
Body material ------------------- Steel NSN’s.
Color ------------------------------- Black w/white
markings and Shipping and Storage Data:
yellow band
Filler and weight --------------- CompB, 2.14 lb UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Components: Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Cartridge case ------------------- M148A1B1 Storage compatibility group --- E
Propellant ------------------------ M30 DOT shipping class -------------- A
Primer ----------------------------- M83 DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 FOR CANNON
Fuze -------------------------------- PIBD-M509A1 WITH
Performance: EXPLOSIVE
Maximum range---------------- 8200 m (8975 PROJECTILES
yd) DODAC ------------------ 1315-C508
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1173 mps (3850 Drawing number ------------------ 8861065
fps)
Temperature limits: Limitations:
Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F Do not fire M456El cartridges which have
Upper limit -------------------- +140 0F been tank transported at temperatures above
Storage: 120°F
Lower limit -------------------- -65°F
Upper limit -------------------- +145°F References:
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; AMC-P 700-3-3
2 containers per SB 700-20
wooden box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-84
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: HEAT-T-ME M456A2

Type Classification: retained by the impact switch assembly is fitted


to the spike assembly, and is connected to the
Recommended STD by General Offcers base-detonating fuze in the body.. The addition
Review, 3 June 1980. of the impact switch assembly provides for a
higher functioning reliability in that initiation
Use: can occur upon contact with any part of the
standoff spike assembly, i.e., improved perform-
This cartridge is a high-explosive antitank ance on irregular surfaces and graze function-
cartridge and is intended for use on 105mm ing. The fin is threaded to receive a tracer.
guns M68 against armored targets.
Functioning:
Description:
The electrically initiated primer ignites
The steel body of the projectile is fitted the propelling charge. Gases produced by the
with a plastic obturator and seal, a threaded burning propellant propel the projectile from
standoff spike assembly covered by an impact the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
switch assembly (held in place with a collar), a minimum of 2.5 seconds. Upon impact, fuze
tin and boom assembly and a point-initiating functioning detonates the projectile and the
point-detonating fuze. A funnel-shaped copper cone collapses, creating a high velocity focused
liner within the body shapes the explosive shock wave and a jet of metal particles that pen-
charge of Composition B. A power supply etrate the target.

2-85
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: Temperature limits:


Firing:
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-400C)
M456 M456E1 M456A1 M456A2 Upper limit -------------------- +125°F
(+52.O°C)
No car- Cartridge Cartridge Same as Storage:
tridge case liner case liner M456A1 Lower limit -------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
case with wax with wax Upper limit -------------------- +145°F (+63°C)
liner titanium titanium *Packing ----------------------------- l round per
dioxide dioxide fiber container;
on one covered 2 containers per
side with wooden box
mylar *Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 141 lb
Alumi- Aluminum Early pro- Collar Dimensions ---------------------- 45-13/16 x
num chamber duction ring to 13-15/16 x
chamber (base of and alum- retain 8-7/16 in.
projectile imun cham- impact Cube ------------------------------- 3.1 cu ft
projectile body) ber body switch
body) (After Aug assembly * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
67 enclose) (FFAIS - Catalog for complete packing data including
Full NSN’S.
Frontal
Area Shipping and Storage Data:
Impact
Switch) UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Storage compatibility group--- E
DOT shipping class -------------- A
Tabulated Data: DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON
Complete round: WITH
Type -------------------------------- HEAT-T EXPLOSIVE
Weight ----------------------------- 49 lb PROJECTILES
Length ----------------------------- 39.6 in. DODAC ----------------------------- 1315 -C508
Cannon used with ------------- M68 Drawing number ----------------- 9312816
Projectile:
Body material ------------------- Steel Limitations:
Color ------------------------------- Black w/yellow
markings Firing this cartridge over the heads of
Filler and weight --------------- Comp B, 2.14 lb friendly troops is prohibited, unless troops are
Components: protected by adequate cover. This limitation is
Cartridge case ------------------- M148A1B1 based upon the possibility of an airburst down-
Propellant ------------------------ M30 range.
Primer ----------------------------- M83
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 References:
Fuze -------------------------------- PIBD-M509Al
Performance: AMC-P 700-3-3
Maximum range ---------------- 8200 m (8975 SB 700-20
yd) TM 9-1300-250
Muzzle velocity ----------------- l173mps (3850 TM 9-1300-251-20
fps) TM 9-1300-251-34

2-86
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: SMOKE, W-T, M416

U
AR 199815-A

AR1W814

Type Classification: cartridge case contains bagged propellant and is


equipped with an electric primer.
STD AMCTC 2173 dtd 1964.
Functioning:
Use:
The electrically initiated primer ignites
This cartridge is intended for screening the propelling charge. Gases produced by the
and spotting fire from 105mm gun cannons. burning propellant propel the projectile from
There is some limited incendiary effect. the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
minimum of six seconds. Upon impact, the
Description: fuze functions and detomates the burster charge
which ruptures the projectile and clisperses the
The thin walled projectile is cylindrical in WP filler. Upon contact with the air, WP
shape with a relatively short ogive and is fitted ignites producing a dense cloud of smoke.
with two gilding metal rotating bands. The pro-
jectile is loaded with white phosphorous (WP), Tabulated Data:
and has a base-detonating fuze and an extended
tracer. The shell contains a centrally oriented Complete round:
burster of Composition B. To increase in flight Type ------------------------------- Smoke WP-T
stability at temperatures above + 110°F the Weight ---------------------------- 45.5 lb
burster casing is machined with a six-bladed Length ---------------------------- 37 in.
impeller which extends into the WP filler. The Cannon used with ------------- M68

2-87
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: Dimensions ---------------------- 43-1/2 x 14 x


Body material ------------------- Steel 8-1/2 in.
------------------------------- Light green Cube ------------------- 3 cu ft
w/yellow band
and light red *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
markings Catalog for complete packing data including
Filler and weight --------------- WP, 6 lb NSN’s.
Components: Shipping and Storage Data:
Cartridge case ------------------- M150B1, M150
Propellant ------------------------ Ml UNO serial number -------------- 0245
Primer ----------------------------- M86 Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Tracer ----------------------------- M12 Storage compatibility group--- H
Burster ---------------------------- M48 DOT shipping class -------------- A
Fuze ------------------------------- BD,M534 DOT designayion ------------------ AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON
Performance: WITH SMOKE
Maximum range ---------------- 9150 m (10,000 PROJECTILES
yd) DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C512
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 730 mps (2400 Drawing number ------------------ 8886487
fps)
Limitations:
Temperature limits:
Firing: Store and transport WP rounds at tempera-
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F tures below 111.4°F (melting point of WP). If
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F impractical, store rounds on bases so that if WP
Storage: melts it will resolidify with void space in nor-
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period mal position in the nose of the projectile.
not more than3 Erratic performance may occur if voids exist
days) inside the WP filler.
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for
period not more References:
than 4hr/day)
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per AMC-P 700-3-3
fiber container; SB 700-20
2 containers per TM 9-1015-203-12
wooden box TM 9-1015-234-10
*Packing box: TM 9-1300-251-20
Weight ----------------------------- 137 lb TM 9-2350-311-10

2-88
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: TP-T, M467

AR199911

PROPELLING CHARGE

ELECTRIC PRIMER
TRACER

AR1981O

Type Classification: Tabulated Data:

STD MSR 0173625 dtd 1973,


Complete round:
Use: Type ------------------------------- TP-T
Weight ---------------------------- 45 lb
This cartridge is for use in 105mm gun can- Length ---------------------------- 37 in.
nons for training in marksmanship. Cannon used with ------------- M68

Description: Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Steel
The cartridge is similar in appearance and Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white
ballistically similar to high-explosive plastic serv- marking
ice rounds. The projectile consists of a steel
body and it fitted with a tracer. The cartridge Components:
case contains bagged propellant and is equipped Cartridge case ------------------ M150B1, M150
with an electric primer. Propelling charge ------------- Ml
Primer ---------------------------- M86
Functioning: Tracer ---------------------------- M12

The electrically initiated primer ignites Performance:


the propelling charge. Gases produced by the Maximum range --------------- 9510 m
burning propellant propel the projectile from (10,400 yd)
the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a Muzzle velocity ---------------- 730 mps (2400
minimum of 2,5 seconds. fps)

2-89
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature limits: Dimensions ---------------------- 43-1/2 x 14 x


8-1/2 in.
Firing: Cube ------------------------------- 3 cu ft
Lower limit -------------------- 400F (-400C)
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F * NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
(+52.0°C) Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
Storage:
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) Shipping and Storage Data:
(for period not
more than 3 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
days) Quantity-distance class --------- (08) 1.2
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F Storage compatibility group --- C
(-71.1°C) (for DOT shipping class --------------
period not more DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
than 4 hr/day FOR CANNON
WITH EMPTY
PROJECTILES
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C510
fiber container; Drawing number ------------------ 8863618
2 containers per
wooden box References:

AMC-P 700-3-3
*Packing box: SB 700-20
Weight ----------------------------- 137 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

2-90
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: TM490

U
AR 199813

AR 199612

Type Classification: burning propellant propel the projectile from


the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
STD AMCTC 1103 dtd 1963. minimum of 2.5 seconds.

Use:
Tabulated Data:
This cartridge is for use in 105mm gun can-
nons for training in marksmanship.
Complete round:
Description: Type -------------------------------- TP-T
Weight ----------------------------- 45 lb
The cartridge is similar in external appear- Length ----------------------------- 39 in.
ance and ballistically similar to HEAT-T car- Cannon used with ------------- M68
tridge M456 series. The projectile consists of a Projectile:
steel body, an aluminum standoff spike, and a Body material ------------------- Steel
boom and fin assembly with tracer. The car- Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
tridge case is filled with loosely packed marking
propellant and is fitted with an electric primer. Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M148A1B1,
Functioning: M148A1
Propelling charge -------------- M30
The electrically initiated primer ignites ----------------------------- M83
the propelling charge. Gases produced by the Tracer ----------------------------- M13

2-91
TM 43-0001-28

Performance: Shipping and Storage Data:


Maximum range ---------------- 8207 m (8975
yd)
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1170 mps (3850 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
fps) Quantity-distance class --------- (04) 1.2
Temperature limits: Storage compatibility group --- C
Firing: DOT shipping class -------------- B
Lower limit -------------------- -400F (-40°C) DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F FOR CANNON
(+52.O°C) WITH EMPTY
Storage: PROJECTILES
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) DODAC ------------------------------ 1815-C511
(for period not Drawing number ------------------ 8865533
more than 30
days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (71.1°C) Limitations:
(for period not
more than 4
hr/day) M490 cartridges manufactured prior to
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per January 1967 have a cartridge case liner which
fiber container; utilizes a low-melt wax. Do not fire cartridges
2 containers per which have been tank transported at tempera-
wooden box tures above + 1200F (+490C).
*Packing box:
Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 45-7/8 x 14-1/4
x 8-3/4 in. References:
Cube ------------------------------- 3.3 cu ft

* NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition AMC-P 700-3-3


Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s. TM 9-1300-251-20

2-92
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: TP-T, M393A1

Type Classification: Functioning:


STD. When the weapon is fired, the electrically
initiated primer ignites the propelling charge.
Gases produced by the burning propellant pro-
Use: pel the projectile from the gun and ignite the
tracer, enabling the gunner in tracking the tar-
This cartridge is for use in 105mm gun can- get.
nons for training in marksmanship.

Tabulated Data:
Description:
Complete round:
The cartridge is similar in appearance and Type -------------------------------- TP-T
is ballistically matched to the high-explosive Weight ----------------------------- 45 lb
plastic round M393A1 and M393A2. The projec- Length ----------------------------- 37 in.
tile is filled with inert material and has a tracer Cannon used with ------------- M68
at the base. The projectile is assembled to a Projectile:
steel cartridge case fitted with the same model Type of filler --------------------- E (inert)
(M86) electric primer as the service round and Body material ------------------- Steel
contains the same type bagged propelling Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
charge. markings

2-93
TM 43-0001-28

Components: *Packing box:


Cartridge case ------------------- M150B1 (steel) Weight (w/2 ctgs)----------------------- 137 lb
Propellant ----------------------------- Ml (5.9 lb) Dimensions OD------------------------ 43-1/2 x 14 x
Primer (electric) ---------------- M86 8-1/2 in.
Tracer ----------------------------- M12 Cube ------------------------------- 3 cu ft

Performance: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Maximum range ---------------- 9510 m Catalog for complete packing data including
(10,400 yd) NSN’s.
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 731.5 mps
(2400 fps) Shipping and Storage Data:

Temperature limits: UNO serial number -------------- 0328


Firing: Quantity-distanceclass ---------------- (08) 12
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F Storage compatibility group ---- C
Upper limit -------------------- +125°F DOT shipping class -------------- A
Storage: DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (for period FOR CANNON
not more than 3 WITH INERT
days) LOADED
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F (for PROJECTILE
period not more DODAC ----------------------------------- 1315-C503
than 4 hr/day) Drawing number ------------------------ 9335943
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
2 containers
per wooden box SB 700-20

2-94
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: TP-T, M490A1

Type Classification: Tabulated Data:


STD MSR 06846011. Complete round:
Type -------------------------------- TP.T
Weight ----------------------------- 45.81 lb
Use: Length ----------------------------- 39.34 in.
Cannon used with ------------- M68
This cartridge is for use in 105mm tank Projectile:
cannon M68 for training in marksmanship. Body material ------------------- Steel
Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
markings
Description: Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M148A1B1,
The cartridge is the same in external M148A2B1*
appearance as the basic M490. However, inter- Propelling charge -------------- M14
nally it differs from the M490 in that the projec- Primer ----------------------------- M80A1
tile has no fin assembly and is static stabilized. Tracer ----------------------------- M13
The projectile body is one inch longer. Some Fuze -------------------------------- N/A
M490A1’s may be assembled with the spiral- Performance:
wrapped cartridge case. The standoff spike is Maximum range ---------------- 8975 yd
steel, not aluminum, and the obturator has no Average velocity ---------------- 3850 fps
seal. Temperature limits:
Firing:
The propellant in the cartridge case is the Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
M14 and not the M30 as in the M490 cartridge. Upper limit -------------------- +125°F (+52°C)
The cartridge case is fitted with the electric Storage:
primer M80A1 instead of the M83. Lower limit -------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C)
(for period not
more than 3
Functioning: days)
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F
The electrically initiated primer ignites (+71.0°C) (for
the propelling charge. Gases produced by the period not more
burning propellant propel the projectile from than 4 hr/day)
the gun and ignite the tracer which burns for a
minimum of 2.5 seconds. * M148A2B1 uses spiral-wrapped cartridge case.

2-95
TM 43-0001-28

**Packing --------------------------- l round per Storage compatibility group --- C


fiber container; DOT shipping class -------------- B
2 containers per DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION
wooden box FOR CANNON
**Packing box: WITH EMPTY
Weight ----------------------------- 132 lb PROJECTILES
Dimensions ---------------------- 45-13/16 x Drawing number ------------------ 9343009
14-13/16 x 12935040***
8-25/32 in. DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C511
Cube ------------------------------- 3.3 cu ft
*** This drawing shows the M490Al assembled
**NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition with the spiral-wrapped cartridge case.
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
References:
Shipping and Storage Data:
AMC-P 700-3-3
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 TM 9-1300-251-20
Quantity-distance class --------- (04) 1.2 TM 9-1300-251-34

2-96
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: TPDS-T, M724A1 AND M724

AR 199807

U
AR 199806-A

Type Classification: Functioning:


STD MSR 05746014 dtd 1974. The electrically initiated primer ignites
the propelling charge and tracer. Cases pro-
Use: duced by the burning propellant propel the pro-
jectile from the gun. The tracer burns for a min-
This cartridge is used for gunnery train- imum of 2.5 seconds. The sabot is discarded
ing in tank-mounted 105mm gun cannons. after leaving the muzzle of the weapon as a
result of setback , centrifugal, and air pressure
Description: forces. The solid core of the projectile contin-
ues to the target. Since it is a practice round,
The discarding sabot round is similar in the projectile lacks the penetrating capability of
external appearance and is ballistically similar a service round.
to 2,000 meters with the APDS-T cartridge
M392A2. There is a tracer located in the base
of the projectile. A plastic band encircles the Difference Between Models:
sabot at the forward end. A fiber rotating band
and rubber obturating band are mounted The M724 cartridge is a United Kingdom
toward the base of the sabot. The igniter tube manufactured L45A1 round, modified by replac-
of the electric primer extends almost the entire ing the U.K. L1A4 conductive-cap primer with
length of the propellant packed loosely in the the U.S. M80A1 bridge-wire primer. T h e
cartridge case. Some M724A1’s may be assem- M724.A1 is a United States manufactured car-
bled with the spiral-wrapped cartridge case.

2-97
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: **Packing --------------------------- 1 round per


fiber container;
Complete round: 2 containers per
Type -------------------------------- TPDS-T wooden box
Weight ----------------------------- 321b **Packing box:
Length ----------------------------- 33in. Weight ----------------------------- 107 lb
Cannon used with ------------- M68 Dimensions --------------------- 39-7/8 x 14-1/8 x
8-23/32 in.
Projectile: Cube ------------------------------- 2.8cu ft
Body material ------------------- Steel
Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white * M1 15B1A1 uses spiral-wrapped cartridge case.
markings ** NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
Components: NSN’s.
Cartridge case ------------------- M115B1,
M115B1A1*
Propelling charge -------------- M1 Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer --------------------------------- M80A1
Tracer ----------------------------- M13 UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Quantity-distance class --------- (04) 1.2
Performance: Storage compatibility group--- C
Maximum range ---------------- 16,739 m DOT shipping class -------------- B
(18,450 yd) DOT decimation ------------------ AMMUNITION
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 1539 mps (5080 FOR CANNON
fps) WITH SOLID
PROJECTILES
Temperature limits: DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C520
Firing: Drawing number ------------------ 9278500
Lower limit -------------------- -40°F (-400C) 12935041***
Upper limit -------------------- +1250F (+520C)
Storage: *** This drawing shows the M724A1 assembled
Lower limit -------------------- -800F (-62.20°C) with the spiral-wrapped cartridge case.
(for period not
more than 3
days) References:
Upper limit -------------------- +160°F
(+71.1°C) (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1300-251-20

2-98
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: APDS-T, M728

AR199806

Type Classification: Functioning:

Std MSR 02787001. The primer is electrically initiated to


ignite the propelling charge. Gases produced by
Use: the burning propellant propel the projectile
from the gun and ignite the tracer which burns
This cartridge is a high velocity, flat trajec- for a minimum of 2.5 seconds. The sabot dis-
tory, discarding sabot round used in 105-mm cards upon leaving the gun tube by setback, cen-
gun cannons against armored targets. trifugal, and air pressure forces. The spin stabi-
lized projectile sheathed core penetrates the
Description: target solely by kinetic energy.

The projectile consists of a tungsten, Tabulated Data:


nickel, copper penetrator seated in a steel base
with tracer and aluminum forward sheath, Complete round:
These components are encased in an aluminum Type ------------------------------- APDS-T
and magnesium sabot. A plastic centering band Weight ---------------------------- 41.70 lb
encircles the sabot at the forward end, fiber Length ---------------------------- 33.0 in.
rotating band and rubber obturator a r e Cannon used with ------------- M68
mounted toward the base of the sabot. The car- Projectile:
tridge case contains a polyurethane laminar Body material ------------------ Sabot-
additive liner over the forward end of the propel- magnesium/
lant. The case is loosely packed with propellant, aluminum pene-
and is fitted with an electric primer. trator tungsten/
nickel/copper

2-99
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: (cont.) cub -------------------- 2,8 cu ft


Color ------------------------------ Black w/white-
marking *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Components: Catalog for complete packing data including
Cartridge case ------------------ M115B1 NSN’s.
Propelling charge ------------- M30
Primer ---------------------------- M80A1
Tracer ---------------------------- M13 Shipping and Storage Data:
Performance:
Effective range ----------------- 5,000 m UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Maximum range --------------- 50,879 m Storage class/SCG ---------------(08) 1.2C
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 4,680 fps DOT shipping class --------------B
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Temperature Limits: FOR CANNON
WITH SOLID
Firing: PROJECTILES
Lower limit ---------------------- DODAC ---------------- 1315-C494
Upper limit ---------------------- Drawing number ----------------- 9276810
Storage: Limitations:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C) None.
*Packing ---------------------------- l round per
fiber container; References:
2 containers per
wooden box SB 700-20
*Packing Box: AMC-P 700-3-3
Weight ---------------------------- 126 lb TM 9-1300-251-20
Dimensions --------------------- 39-7/8 x 14-1/8 x
8-23/32 in.

2-100
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: APFSDS-T M735

Type Classification: assembly. The aluminum sabot, composed of’


three 120 degree sections, is assembled around
Cartridge, 105-mm, APFSDS-T, M735. the subprojectile. A steel hourrelet, containing
three shear cuts, is screwed to the sabot for-
Use: ward face. A nylon obturator and polypropyl-
ene seal is assembled around the sabot, and a
This cartridge is a high velocity, flat trajec- urethane seal is applied over the rear face of
tory, discarding sabot round used in 105-mm the sabot. An M13 tracer is assembled in the
gun cannons against armored targets. fin and held in place by a threaded plug and
disc assembly. The projectile is crimped to an
Description: M148A1B1 cartridge case, which holds approxi-
mately 12.5 lb of M30 propellant, and is fitted
The projectile consists of a subprojectile with an M120 electric primer. A gun tube wear-
and sabot. The sub subprojectile consists of a steel- reducing titanium-dioxide liner is assembled to
nickel body, which houses a tungsten core and the interior wall of the cartridge case.
is fitted with an aluminum windshield and fin

2-101
TM 43-0001-28

Functioning: Performance:

The M735 is loaded and fired in the tank Chamber pressure --------------- 60,000 psi @
gun in the normal manner. Upon firing, the + 7 00 F
sabot with its subprojectile is propelled from
the gun and the tracer is ignited. The subprojec- Packaging:
tile is in a low friction bearing surface within
the sabot and is free to rotate and so does not Inner pack drawing ------------- 9293481
pick up the high rotation rate the gun rifling Outer pack drawing ------------- 9293479
normally imparts to a projectile. Upon leaving Weight ------------------------------- 132.0 lb
the gun, centrifugal and aerodynamic forces Cube --------------------------------- 3.4 ft
cause the sabot to separate from the subprojec-
tile and it quickly falls to earth. The fin- *Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
stabilized subprojectile continues on a true fiber container;
course to the target at high velocity. Target pen- 2 containers per
etration is effected strictly by the high kinetic wirebound box
energy of subprojectile’s high density core *Packing Box:
when it impacts: Weight ---------------------------- 124.0 lb
Dimensions --------------------- 47-7/16 x 13-
5/16 x 7-1/16 in.
Tabulated Data: Cube ------------------------------- 2.5 cu ft

Complete round: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Type ------------------------------- Fixed Catalog for complete packing data including
Weight ---------------------------- 39.50 lb NSN’s.
Length ---------------------------- 37.94 in.
Assembly drawing number - 9296707 Shipping and Storage Data:
Color ------------------------------ Black w/white
markings UNO serial number -------------- 0328
Storage class/SCG ----------------------- (08) 1.2 C
Temperature Limits: DOT shipping class -------------------- B
DOT classification ---------------------- AMMUNITION
Firing: FOR CANNON
Lower limit ---------------------- -25°F (-32°C) WITH SOLID
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F (+52°C) PROJECTILES
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C521
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C) References:
Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F
(+71.l°C) TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34

2-102
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILL1METER: APFSDS-T, M774

Type Classification: tic seal under the obturator reduces the coeffi-
cient of friction, producing approximately 80 per-
LCCA Oct 1980. cent slippage. The core penetrates the target
solely by kinetic energy.
Use:
Tabulated Data:
This cartridge is an armor-piercing anti-
tank cartridge and is intended for use in 105- NOTE
mm, M68 gun against armored targets.
Classified tabulated data has
Description: not been included in this
manual.
The projectile consists of a subprojectile
and sabot. The subprojectile consists of a mono-
lithic staballoy (depleted uranium) core, which
is fitted with an aluminum windshield with Complete round:
steel tip to eliminate aerodynamic heating and Type ------------------------------- APFSDS-T
an aluminum fin assembly. The aluminum Weight ---------------------------- 37.8 lb
sabot, composed of three 120 degree sections, is Length ---------------------------- 35.75 in.
assembled around the subprojectile. A steel Cannon used with ------------- M68
bourrelet, containing three shear cuts, is Projectile:
screwed to the sabot forward face. A nylon obtu- Subprojectile material ------- Depleted ura-
rator and polypropylene seal is assembled nium
around the sabot, and a silicone rubber seal is Sabot ------------------------------ Aluminum
applied over the rear face of the sabot. An M13 Color ------------------------------ Black w/white
Tracer is assembled to the fin and is held in markings
place by a threaded plug and disc assembly. The Components:
projectile is crimped to an M148A1B1 Cartridge Cartridge case ------------------ M148A1B1
Case, which holds approximately 13 pounds of Propellant ----------------------- M30
M30 propellant, and is fitted with an M120 elec- Primer ---------------------------- M120
tric primer. A gun tube wear-reducing titaniun- Tracer ---------------------------- M13
dioxide liner is assembled to the interior wall of’
the cartridge case. Temperature Limits:
Functioning: Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -35°F (-37.20C)
During projectile flight, the tracer burns Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F
for a minimum of 2.5 seconds. The sabot dis- (+52.0 0C )
cards upon leaving the gun tube by aero- Storage:
dynamic and centrifugal forces. The projectile Lower limit ---------------------- -70°F (-57.0°C)
is fin-stabilized in flight. In order that only min- Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F
imal spin is imparted to the projectile when the (+71.1°C)
obturator engages the gun tube rifling, the plas-

2-103
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per NOTE


fiber container;
2 containers per Loss or unauthorized firings of
wooden box the M774 must be reported to
*Packing Box: HQ, AMCCOM within 24 hours
Weight ---------------------------- 140 lb of the discovery. Telephone
Dimensions --------------------- 47-7/16 x 13- reports should be followed with
5/16 x 7-1/16 in. a written report to:
Volume --------------------------- 3.4 cu ft Commander
USA AMCCOM
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition ATTN: AMSMC-SF
Catalog for complete packing data including Radiological Protection Officer (RPO)
NSN’s. Rock Island, IL 61229-6000
Autovon: 793-2969/296412965/ 2966
Commercial: (309) 782-2969/2964/
Shipping and Storage Data: 2965/2966
Non-duty hours, call Staff Duty Oflicer:
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 Autovon: 793-1110
Storage class/SCG --------------- (08) 1.2C Commercial: (309) 782-1110
DOT shipping class -------------- B
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION All transmissions regarding incidents of
FOR CANNON this nature must be classified at least
WITH SOLID CONFIDENTIAL.
PROJECTILES
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C523 The possession of the source material (De-
Drawing number ----------------- 9329513 pleted Uranium) is licensed to HQ, AMCCOM,
in accordance with Federal Law, Title 10, Code
of Federal Regulations. The AMCCOM Com-
Limitations: mander (RPO) is responsible for the license conl-
pliance and personally accountable for the
Projectile is not to be disposed of by burn- source material. Violations of this law may
ing or detonation. result in a personal fine or imprisonment.
Failure to report a non-compliance is also pun-
The M774 is a full service round which ishable under Federal Law.
may only be fired during war emergency. All
peace time firings are prohibited except at References:
times of NRC license and host nation agree-
ment. SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34
TM 9-1300-250
TM 9-2350-253-10
TM 9-2350-255-10-1
TM 9-2350-257-10-3

2-104
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: APFSDS-T, M833

Type Classification: Functioning

TC Std 7 Apr 83 by DA Letter. During projectile flight, the tracer burns


for a minimum of 2.5 seconds. The sabot dis-
Use: cards upon leaving the gun tube by aero-
dynamic and centrifugal forces. The projectile
This cartridge is an armor-piercing anti- is fin stabilized in flight. In order that only min-
tank cartridge and is intented for use on 105- imal spin is imparted to the projectile when the
mm guns M68 cannon, against armored targets. obturator engages the gun tube rifling, the plas-
tic seal under the obturator reduces the coeffi-
Description: cient of friction, producing approximately 80 per-
cent slippage. The core penetrates the target
The projectile consists of a subprojectile solely by kinetic energy.
and sabot. The subprojectile consists of a mono-
lithic staballoy (depleted uranium) core, and is Tabulated Data:
fitted with an aluminum windshield with steel
tip to eliminate aerodynamic heating and an alu- NOTE
minum fin assembly. The aluminum sabot is
composed of three 120 degree sections, which Classified tabulated data has
transfer m o m e n t u m t o the subprojectile not been included in this
through a series of mating buttress grooves. manual.
The sabot is an adaptation of the M736/M774
technology differing in design by the use of gus- Complete round:
sets in the sabot segments to retain strength Type -------------------------------- APFSDS-T
and rigidity and reduce the weight. A steel hour- Weight ---------------------------- 38.2 lb (17.3 kg)
relet, containing three shear cuts, is screwed to Length ----------------------------- 39.32 in
the sabot forward face. A two piece nylon obtu- Cannon used with ------------- M68
rator and polypropylene seal is assembled Projectile:
around the sabot, and a silicone rubber seal is Sabot ------------------------------- Aluminum
applied over the rear face of the sabot. An M13 Subprojectile:
Tracer is assembled to the fin and is held in Body material ------------------- Depleted
place by a threaded plug and disc assembly. uranium
The projectile is crimped to an M148A1B1 Color-- ----------------------------- Black w/white
Cartridge Case, which holds approximately 12.8 markings
pounds of M30 propellant, and is fitted with an Components:
M120 electric primer. A gun tube wear- Cartridge case ------------------ M148A1B1
reducing titanium-dioxide liner is assembled to Propellant ------------------------ M30
the interior wall of the cartridge case. Primer ---------------------------- M120
Tracer ---------------------------- M13

2-105
TM 43-0001-28

The XM833 is a full service round which


may only be fired during war emergency. All
Temperature Limits: peacetime firings are prohibited except at times
of NRC license and host nation agreement.
Firing: Firing the M833 at ammunition tempera-
Lower limit ---------------------- -35°F (-37.2°C) tures above +125°F (+52.0°C) may result in
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F excessive chamber pressures. Firing the M833
(+52.0°C) at ammunition temperatures below -35°F
Storage: (-37.2°C) may result in weapon damage.
Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F NOTE
(+62.8°C)
*Packing: Loss or unauthorized firings of
Alternate ------------------------ 1 round per the M833 must be reported to
fiber container, HQ, AMCCOM RPO within 24
2 containers per hours of the discovery.
wooden box Telephone reports should be fol-
Standard ------------------------- 1 round per lowed with a written report to:
metal container, Commander
30 containers to USA AMCCOM
a pallet ATTN: AMSMC-SF
*Packing Box: Radiological Protection Officer (RPO)
Weight ---------------------------- 124 lb Rock Island, IL 61229-6000
Dimensions --------------------- 48-3/4 x 14-1/16 Autovon: 793-2969/2964/2965/2966
x 8-9/16 in. Commercial: (309) 782-2969/2964/
Volume --------------------------- 3.3 cu ft 2965/2966
Non-duty hours, call Staff Duty Officer:
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Autovon: 793-1110
Catalog for complete packing data including Commercial: (309) 782-1110
NSN’s.
All transmissions regarding incidents of
Metal Container: this nature must be classified at least
CONFIDENTIAL. The possession of the
Weight ------------------------------ 0.671b source material (Depleted Uranium) is licensed
Dimensions ----------------------- 45.67 x 7.13 x to HQ, AMCCOM, in accordance with Federal
7.13 in. Law, Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations.
Volume ------------------------------ 0.9 cu ft The AMCCOM Commander (Radiological
Protection Officer) is responsible for the license
Shipping & Storage Data: compliance and personally accountable for the
source material. Violations of this law may
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 result in a personal fine or imprisonment.
Storage class/SCG ---------------------
(08) 1.2 Failure to report a non-compliance is also pun-
DOT shipping class -------------- B ishable under Federal Law.
DOT designation ---------------- AMMUNITON
FOR CANNON References:
WITH SOLID
PROJECTILES SB 700-20
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C524 AMC-P 700-3-3
Drawing number ---------------- 9342932 TM 9-1300-250
TM 9-1300-251-20
Limitations: TM 9-1300-251-34
TM 9-2350-255-10-1
Projectile is not to be disposed of by burn- TM 9-2350-257-10-3
ing or detonation.

2-106
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: TPCSDS-T, DM128 (PATRONE, 105-MILLIMETER,


DM128)

ARD 2765

Type-Classification: is assembled to the interior wall of the car-


tridge case.
STD-15 July 86
Functioning:
Use:
The DM128 is loaded and fired from the
This cartridge is a kinetic energy, target 105-mm tank gun in the normal manner. Upon
practice round for use in the 105-mm, M68 can- initiation of the electric primer in the breech of
non. It is designed to provide duplication of the the weapon, the resulting flash ignites the pro-
service rounds (M735, M774 and M833) charac- pelling charge generating gases which drive the
teristics at reduced maximum ranges to allow projectile from the gun and ignites the tracer.
practice firings on short-range proving grounds The rear seal of the sabot prevents gas leakage
and training areas. This cartridge was devel- between the sabot segments and the driving
oped and is produced by West Germany and forces (gases) propelling the subprojectile down-
procured by the United States on a limited bore. Upon leaving the gun, aerodynamic
basis. forces cause the sabot to separate from the sub-
projectile allowing the subprojectile to continue
Description: to target while the sabot segments fall quickly
to earth. The tail cone segment of the subprojec-
The projectile consists of a subprojectile tile, due to the nine hole arrangement, causes
and sabot. The subprojectile is made up of a aerodynamic slowing of the subprojectile to
one piece steel core with an aluminum tail cone limit its range to 7500 m.
assembly which is assembled to the sabot by
means of threads. The tail cone has nine holes Tabulated Data:
and in conjunction with the cone provides stabi-
lization. The tail cone assembly also contains a Complete round:
tracer. The aluminum sabot is comprised of Type -------------------------------Fixed, TPCSDS-
three 120 degree noninterchangeable segments T
with internal screw threads which match those Weight-----------------------------------36.6 lb (16.6 kg)
on the outer diameter of the subprojectile. The Length ---------------------------- 36.4 in. (923.6
sabot has a silicon rubber seal at the rear to pre- mm)
vent gas leakage. The projectile is crimped to a Cannon used with ------------- M68
DM60 brass cartridge case, which holds approxi- Assembly drawing ------------ 1300705
mately 13.2 pounds of LV-1900B propellant, Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white
and is fitted with a DM82A1 electric primer. A markings on
gun tube wear-reducing titanium-dioxide liner projectile

2-107
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature Limits: CARDED SABOT.


Firing: CAUTION
Lower limit ---------------------- -25°F (-31.6°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F EVEN THOUGH THIS IS A
(+51.7°C) TARGET PRACTICE ROUND,
Storage: THE CORE CAN CAUSE
Lower limit --------------------- -35°F (-37.2°C) DAMAGE AND PENETRATE
Upper limit --------------------- +125°F LIGHTLY ARMORED
(+51.7°C) VEHICLES.
Performance:
NOTE
Chamber pressure --------------- 64,000 psi
@70°F The identification markings
found on each cartridge, fiber
Packaging: container, and wooden box are
in German. The following is the
Inner pack drawing ------------- 8140-48-1050K- German marking w i t h t h e
85040 English translation:
Outer pack drawing ------------- 8140-58-1050K-
85041 GERMAN MARKING
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
fiber container; Wooden Box: 1315-12-306-9245-CP43 (C533)
2 containers per 2 PATRONE, UEBUNG, 105MM
wooden box, 12 X 617, DM128
boxes per pallet. Treibkafiggescho Bnarchbildung
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.

Packing Box: Fiber Container: C533


PATRONE, UEBUNG,
Weight ------------------------------- 130 lb 105MM X 617 DM128
Dimensions ----------------------- 46.94 in. x 14.37 Treibkafiggescho
in. x 10.83 in. Bnarchbildung
Cube --------------------------------- 4.23 cu ft -T
Skipping and Storage Data:

DOD hazard class (subject Cartridge: 105K LOS


to change) ------------------------ (08) 1.2 UEBT
Storage compatibility group DM128 105k DM128 LOS
(subject to change) ------------- C
DOT shipping class GERMAN
(subject to change) ------------- B
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION PATRONE, UEBUNG
FOR CANNON Treibkafiggescho Bnarchbildung
WITH SOLID -T
PROJECTILES LOS
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C533 GEF
WARNING ENGLISH (Meaning)
DO NOT FIRE OVER THE TARGET PRACTICE ROUND
HEADS OF FRIENDLY Sabot Simulation
TROOPS, UNLESS Tracer
TROOPS HAVE ADEQUATE Lot
COVER. TROOPS MAY BE Loader
STRUCK BY THE DIS-

2-108
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: APFSDS-T, M829

U
AR 6252

Type Classification: ling charge and combustible case generating


gases which drive the projectile from the gun
STD - Dec 84. and ignite the tracer. The rear seal of the sabot
prevents gas leakage between the sabot seg-
Use: ments and the driving forces (gas) propelling
the subprojectile down-bore. Upon leaving the
This cartridge is a kinetic energy, armor- gun, aerodynamic forces cause the sabot to sepa-
piercing antitank round intended for use with rate from the subprojectile allowing the subpro-
the 120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. jectile to continue on a true course to target
while the sabot segments fall quickly to earth.
Description: Target penetration is affected strictly by the
high kinetic energy of the subprojectile’s high
The M829 is the United States design devel- density core when it impacts.
oped 120-mm APFSDS-T cartridge. The com-
plete round contains a propulsion system con- Tabulated Data:
sisting of a metal cartridge case base with
combustible sidewall, granular propellant Complete round:
within a containment device to prevent spill- Type ------------------------------- Fixed,
age, and M125 primer. The projectile consists of APFSDS-T
the subprojectile and aluminum sabot. The DU Weight --------------------------- 41.2 lb
penetrator is a one-piece design which is assem- Length ---------------------------- 36.8 in.
bled into the sabot by means of grooves. There Assembly drawing ------------ 12525600
is a six-bladed aluminum fin with tracer assem- Color ----------------------------- Black w/white
bly fitted to the rear of the subprojectile and a markings
windshield fitted to the front. The aluminum
sabot is composed of four 90 degree non- Temperature Limits:
interchangeable segments with internal
grooves matching those on the outer diameter *Firing:
of the subprojectile. The sabot has a silicone rub- Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46°C)
ber seal at the rear to prevent leakage of gas. Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C)
*Storage:
Functioning: Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C)
The M829 is loaded and fired from the 120-mm
tank gun in the normal manner, Upon initia- *NOTE: The M829 maybe fired at these tem-
tion of the electric primer in the breech of the peratures; however, performance degradation
weapon, the resulting flash ignites the propel- may occur.

2-109
TM 43-0001-28

Performance: DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C786


Drawing number ----------------- 12525600
Chamber pressure --------------- 73.950 psi
@70°F
5100 bars Limitations:
@21°C
Velocity (nominal) --------------- 5510 ft/sec Projectile is not to be disposed of by burn-
ing or detonation.
Packaging (metal container): The M829 is a full service round which
may only be fired during war emergency. All
Packing and marking peace-time firings are prohibited except on
drawing --------------------------- 12630717 ranges which are NRC (Nuclear Regulator
Dimensions ------------------------- 44.5 x 7.75 x Commission) approved and/or have host nation
7.75 in. agreement. The M829 will not be fired over the
Cube ---------------------------------- 1.5 cu ft heads of friendly troops, unless troops are pro-
Weight (w/cartridge) ------------- 63.2 lb tected by adequate cover. Troops may be struck
Total explosive weight ----------- 17.95 lb by the discarded sabot.

** Packing -------------------------- 1 round per


metal container;
30 metal con-
tainers per NOTE
pallet.
Loss or unauthorized firings of
**NOTE: the M829 must be reported to
∗ See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Catalog HQ, AMCCOM RPO within 24
for complete packing data including NSN’s. hours of the discovery. Tele-
∗ M8Z9 ammunition will be stored with other phone reports should be fol-
ammunition except SCGG (pyrotechnics and lowed by a written report to:
incendiaries).

Shipping and Storage Data: Commander


AMCCOM
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 ATTN: AMSMC-SF
Quantity-distance class -------- (08) 1.2 Radiological Protection Officer (RPO)
Storage compatibility group -- C Rock Island, IL 61229-6000
Field storage category ----------- A AV 793-2965/2966/2969/2964
DOT shipping class --------- B Commercial(309)782-2965/2966/2969/
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION 2964
FOR CANNON Non-duty hours, c a l l S t a f f D u t y
WITH SOLID Officer: AV 793-1110,
PROJECTILES Commercial (309) 782-1110

2-110
TM 43-0001-28

AR 4021

Type Classification: Initiation of the electric primer ignites the pro-


pelling charge and combustible case, generating
STD, Classified. gases which drive the projectile from the gun
and ignite the tracer. The silicone seal at the
Use: rear of the sabot prevents gas leakage between
the sabot segments and the driving forces (gas)
This cartridge is a kinetic energy, armor propelling the subprojectile down-bore. Upon
piercing antitank round intended for use with leaving the gun, aerodynamic forces cause the
the 120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. sabot to separate from the subprojectile allow-
ing the subprojectile to continue on a true
Description: course to target while the sabot segments fall
quickly to earth. Target penetration is effected
The M829A1 is a U.S. design developed strictly by the high kinetic energy of the subpro-
120-mm APFSDS-T cartridge. The complete jectile impacting the target.
round contains a propulsion system consisting
of a metal cartridge case base with combustible Tabulated Data:
sidewall, granular propellant within a contain-
ment device to prevent spillage, and M129 Complete round:
primer, while the projectile consists of the sub- Type ------------------------------- Fixed,
projectile and aluminum sabot. The depleted APFSDS-T
uranium penetrator is a one-piece design which Weight ---------------------------- 46.22 lb
is assembled into the sabot by means of but- (20.97 kg)
tress grooves. There is a six bladed aluminum Length ---------------------------- 38.75 in.
fin with tracer assembly fitted to the rear of the (98.43 cm)
subprojectile and a windshield and tip fitted to Assembly drawing ------------ 12527400
the front. The aluminum sabot is composed of Color ------------------------------ Black w/white
three 120 degree noninterchangeable segments markings
with internal grooves matching those on the
outer surface of the penetrator. The sabot has Temperature Limits:
a silicone rubber seal at the rear to prevent leak-
age of propellant gases. Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -25°F (-32°C)
Functioning: Upper limit ---------------------- +120°F (+49°C)
Storage:
The M829A1 is loaded and fired from the Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46°C)
M256, 120-mm in the normal manner. Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C)

2-111
TM 43-0001-28

Performance: DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C380

Chamber pressure ---------------- 96000 psi Limitations:


(661,920 kPa) @
120°F and Projectiles are not to be disposed of by
82650 psi @ burning or detonation.
70°F The M829A1 is a full-service round which
Velocity (nominal) ---------------- 5150 ft/sec may only be fired during war emergency. All
peace-time firings are prohibited except at loca-
*Packaging: tions having a Nuclear Regulatory (NRC)
Packing and marking license and host nation agreement.
drawing ------------------------ 12526435 WARNING
Weight (w/cartridge) ---------- 67.44 lb (30.59
kg) THE DAMAGED CARTRIDGE
Total explosive weight -------- 17.5 lb SHALL BE PLACED IN A
Dimensions ---------------------- 44.5 x 7.75 x CONTAINER AND SHALL BE
7.75 in. RETURNED IN A SEALED
Cube ------------------------------- 1.55 cu ft CONTAINER TO THE APPRO-
(0.04 cu m) PRIATE ASP FOR DISPOSITION.
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
light weight
metal contain- NOTE
er; 30 contain-
ers per pallet Loss or unauthorized firing of
the M829A1 must be reported
to the HQ, AMCCOM RPO
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition within 24 hours of the dis-
Catalog for complete packaging data including covery Telephone reports
NSN’s. should be followed by a written
report to:

Shipping and Storage Data: Commander,


AMCCOM
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 ATTN: AMSMC-SF
Quantity-distance class: ------- (08) 1.2 Radiological Protection Officer (RPO)
Storage compatibility group --- C Rock Island, IL 61229-6000
DOT shipping class -------------- B AV 793-2965/2966/2969/2964
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION Commercial (309) 782-2965/2966/2969/
FOR CANNON 2964
WITH SOLID Non-duty hours, call Staff Duty
PROJECTILES Officer: AV 793-1110
Commercial (309) 782-1110

2-112
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120 MILLIMETER: APFSDS-T, M829A2

Type Classification: aluminum fin and tracer assembly fitted to the


rear. The projectile consists of the subprojectile
STD - 29 Sep 92. combined with a sabot, an obturator and a sili-
cone seal. The sabot is composed of three 120
Use: degree noninterchangeable segments with inter-
nal grooves matching those on the outer sur-
The M829A2 cartridge is a kinetic energy, face of the penetrator. The sabot has a silicone
armor-piercing, fin-stabilized, discarding sabot, rubber seal at the rear to prevent leakage of pro-
fixed round with tracer (APFSDS-T). This anti- pellant gases. A nylon obturator is used to pre-
tank round is intended for use in the M256 vent propellant gases from leaking around the
smooth bore gun and is designed to provide ter- outside of the sabot.
minal effectiveness over the M829A1 cartridge.
Functioning:
Description:
The M829A2 is loaded and fired from the
The M829A2 is a U.S. design developed M256, 1 2 0 m m i n t h e n o r m a l manner.
120mm APFSDS-T cartridge. The complete Initiation of the electric primer ignites the pro-
round contains a propulsion/ignition system pelling charge and combustible case, generating
and an inert projectile which is similar to the gases which drive the projectile from the gun
M829A1. The propulsion/ignition system con- and ignite the tracer. The silicone seal at the
sists of a combustible cartridge case with a rear of the sabot prevents gas leakage between
metal cartridge case base, granular and stick the sabot segments and the driving forces (gas)
propellant, and an M129 electric primer. The propelling the subprojectile downbore. Upon
subprojectile assembly consists of a depleted ura- leaving the gun, aerodynamic forces cause the
nium penetrator, with windshield and wind- sabot to separate from the subprojectile allow-
shield tip fitted to the front, and a six-bladed ing the subprojectile to continue on a true

2-113
TM 43-0001-28

course to target while the sabot segments fall Limitations:


quickly to earth. Target penetration is effected
strictly by the high kinetic energy of the subpro- Projectiles are not to be disposed of by
jectile impacting the target. burning or detonation.
The M829A2 is a full-service round which
Tabulated Data: may only be fired during war emergency. All
peace-time firings are prohibited except at loca-
M829A2 Cartridge. tions having a Nuclear Regulatory (NRC)
Complete round: license and host nation agreement.
Type -------------------------------- Fixed, APFSDS-
T
Weight ----------------------------- 4.88 lb (20.36
kg)
Length ----------------------------- 38.74 in. (984
mm) WARNING
Assembly drawing ------------- 12944255
------------------------------ Black w/white
markings IF THE CARTRIDGE IS DAM-
Temperature limits: AGED TO THE POINT WHERE
Firing: THE INTERNAL PROJECTILE
Lower limit -------------------- -25°F (-32°C) COMPONENTS ARE VISIBLE,
Upper limit -------------------- +120°F (+49°C) THE ITEM SHALL BE TREATED
Storage: AS CONFIDENTIAL, THE DAM-
Lower limit -------------------- -45°F (-43°C) AGED CARTRIDGE SHALL BE
Upper limit -------------------- +145°F (+63°C) PLACED IN A CONTAINER OR
Performance: OTHERWISE COVERED TO PRE-
Chamber pressure ------------- 84000 psi @ VENT EXPOSURE. THE CAR-
70°F 5800 bars TRIDGE SHALL BE RETURNED
@ 21°C IN A SEALED CONTAINER (AS A
Velocity (normal)--------------- 5512 ft/sec CLASSIFIED ITEM) TO THE
(-1680 m/sec) APPROPRIATE ASP FOR DIS-
Packaging (metal container): POSITION. SHOULD IT BE
Packing and marking DETERMINED THAT THE CLASSI-
drawing ------------------------ 12944283 FIED COMPONENTS WERE OB-
Dimensions ---------------------- 7.75 x 7.75 x SERVED BY ANYONE WITHOUT A
44.5 in. CLEARANCE, THE INDIVID-
Cube ------------------------------- 1.55 cu ft UAL(S) MUST BE DEBRIEFED AS
Total weight (w/ SOON AS POSSIBLE.
cartridge) ---------------------- 66.1 lb (29.98
kg)
Total explosive weight -------- 16-20 lb (7-9 kg)
*Packing -------------------------- One round per
metal container;
30 metal con- NOTE
tainers per pal-
let
Loss or unauthorized firing of
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition the M829A2 must be reported
Catalog for complete packing data including to the HQ, AMCCOM RPO
NSN’s. within 24 hours of the dis-
covery. Report to:
Shipping and Storage Data:
Commander, AMCCOM, ATTN:
UNO serial number -------------- 0328 AMSMC-SF, Radiological Pro-
DOD hazard class ----------------- (08) 1.2 tection officer (RPO), Rock
Storage compatibility Island, IL 61299-6000, DSN
C
group ------------------------------ 793-2964/2965/2966, Commer-
Field storage category ----------- A cial (309) 782-2964/2965/2966.
DOT shipping class -------------- B During non-duty hours call
DOT designation ------------------ AMMUNITION staff duty officer: DSN 793-
FOR CANNON 1110, Commercial (309) 782-
WITH SOLID 1110.
PROJECTILES
DODAC ------------------------------ TBD

2-114
TM 43-0001-28
CARTRIDGE, 120 MILLIMETER: APFSDS-T, M829A3

Type Classification: rear. The projectile consists of the subprojectile com-


bined with a composite material sabot, nylon obturator,
TC - STD (Feb 2003). rear retaining ring and a molded JRTV seal. The sabot
is composed of three 120 degree non-interchangeable
Use: segments with internal grooves matching those on the
outer surface of the penetrator. The sabot has a silicone
The M829A3 cartridge is a Kinetic Energy (KE), rubber (JRTV) seal at the rear to prevent leakage of
armor piercing, fin stabilized, discarding sabot, fixed propellant gases and a front ring to prevent sabot split-
round with tracer (APFSDS-T). This antitank round is ting upon muzzle exit. A nylon obturator is used to
intended for use in the M256 smooth bore gun and is prevent propellant gases from leaking around the out-
designed to provide terminal effectiveness over the side of the sabot.
M829A2 cartridge.
Functioning:
Description:
The M829A3 is loaded and fired from the M256,
120mm in the normal manner. Initiation of the electric
The M829A3 is a U.S. design/developed 120mm:
primer ignites the propelling charge and combustible
APFSDS-T cartridge. The complete round contains a
case, generating gases which drive the projectile from
propulsion/ignition system and inert projectile which is the gun and ignite the tracer. The silicone seal at the
similar to the M829A2. The propulsion/ignition sys- rear of the sabot prevents gas leakage between the
tem consists of combustible cartridge case with a metal sabot segments and the driving forces (gas) propelling
cartridge case base, the RPD-380 propellant consisting the subprojectile downbore. Upon leaving the gun,
of 19-perforated stick, 7-perforated stick, and 43 perfo- aerodynamic forces cause the sabot to separate from
rated hexagonal stick, and M123A1 electric primer the subprojectile allowing the subprojectile to continue
containing black powder base charge. The subprojec- on a true course to target while the sabot segments fall
tile assembly consists of depleted uranium (DU) pene- quickly to earth. Target penetration is effected strictly
trator with steel windshield fitted to the front and a six by the high kinetic energy of the subprojectile impact-
bladed aluminum fin and tracer assembly fitted to the ing the target.
Change 10 2-114.1
TM 43-0001-28
Tabulated Data: Shipping and Storage Data:
DOD hazard class....................... (08) 1.3
Complete Round: Storage compatibility group ....... C
Type......................................... Fixed, APFSDS-T Field storage category ................ A
Weight ..................................... 49.12 lb (22.28 kg) UN serial number ....................... 0328
Length ..................................... 38.74 in. (984 mm) DOT shipping class .................... B
Assembly drawing .................. 12990772 DOT designation ........................ Cartridges for
Color ....................................... Black w/white Weapons, Inert
markings Projectile
DODAC...................................... 1315-CA26
Components:
NSN ............................................ 1315-01-489-1143
Propellant ................................ RPD-380 19-perfo-
rated stick, 7-perfo- Limitations:
rated stick and 43 Projectiles are not to be disposed of by burning or
perforated hexago- detonation.
nal stick
The M829A3 is a full-service round which may
Primer...................................... M123A1 electric only be fired during war emergency. All peace-time
primer firings are prohibited except at locations having a
Tracer ...................................... Tracer, plug and Nuclear Regulatory (NRC) license and host nation
disc assembly, PN agreement.
12525133
WARNING
IF THE CARTRIDGE IS DAMAGED TO
Performance:
THE POINT WHERE THE INTERNAL
PROJECTILE COMPONENTS ARE
Breach pressure .......................... 6010 bars VISIBLE, THE ITEM SHALL BE
Chamber pressure ....................... 5660 bars TREATED AS CONFIDENTIAL. THE
Velocity (normal)........................ 1555 m/sec DAMAGED CARTRIDGE SHALL BE
PLACED IN A CONTAINER OR OTH-
Temperature Limits: ERWISE COVERED TO PREVENT
EXPOSURE. THE CARTRIDGE
Firing: SHALL BE RETURNED IN A SEALED
Lower limit.............................. -25°F (-32°C) CONTAINER (AS A CLASSIFIED
Upper limit .............................. +120°F (+49°C) ITEM) TO THE APPROPRIATE ASP
Storage: FOR DISPOSITION. SHOULD IT BE
Lower limit.............................. -45°F (-43°C) DETERMINED THAT THE CLASSI-
FIED COMPONENTS WERE
Upper limit .............................. +145°F (+63°C)
OBSERVED BY ANYONE WITHOUT A
CLEARANCE, THE INDIVIDUAL(S)
Packing Data: MUST BE DEBRIEFED AS SOON AS
POSSIBLE.
Packaging (Metal Container):
Container................................. 12990755 NOTE
Packing and marking Loss or unauthorized firing of the M829A3
drawing No. ........................ 12990737 must be reported to the HQ, U.S. Army
Packing material...................... 12990738 Joint Munitions Command, Safety/Radio-
Dimensions ............................. 7.75 x 7.75 x 44.5 active Waste Office within 24 hours of the
in. discovery. Report to:
Cube ........................................ 1.55 cu ft Commander, U.S. Army Joint Munitions
Total weight (with cartridge)... 72 lb (33 kg) Command, ATTN: AMSJM-SF,
Total explosive weight ............ 17-20 lb (7.7-9.1 Safety/Radioactive Waste Office, Rock
kg) Island, IL 61299-6000; DSN 793-
Packing.................................... One round per metal 2113/0338/2969, Commercial 309-782-
container, 30 metal 2113/0338/2969. Non-duty hours call staff
containers per pallet duty officer: DSN 793-1110, Commercial
309-782-1110.
2-114.2 Change 10
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: HEAT-MP-T, M830

ARD 83-0667-A

Type Classification: The weight of the complete cartridge is


approximately 53.4 pounds (24.2 kg) with the
December 1984. approximate weight of the projectile being 30
pounds (13.1 kg).
Use:
Functioning:
This cartridge is a high explosive multi-
purpose cartridge which has antiarmor and anti- The M830 is loaded and fired in the nor-
personnel capabilities. The cartridge is fired mal manner from the 120-mm M256 smooth
from the 120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. bore tank gun. When the electric primer in the
breech of the weapon is initiated, the resulting
Description: flash ignites the propelling charge and combus-
tible case. This generates gases which drive the
The M830 HEAT-MP-T, 120-mm cartridge projectile from the gun and ignite the tracer ele-
is a direct translation of the German DM12A1 ment. Upon impact, one of the fuze sensors is
round with the exception that a United States initiated. The fuze then detonates the high
design fuze system and explosive (Composition explosive-shaped charge which collapses the
A3, Type 11) is used. cone assembly creating a high velocity focused
The 120-mm HEAT-MP-T M830 is a high shock wave and a jet of metal particles that pen-
explosive round having both antiarmor and anti- e t r a t e t h e t a r g e t . Antipersonnel capability
personnel capabilities. The round consists of a results from fragmentation of the projectile
steel body loaded with explosives surrounding a body sidewall.
copper shaped charge liner and wave shaper.
The projectile embodies a steel spike with a Tabulated Data:
shoulder and nose switching mechanism for full
frontal area functioning and graze impact
which initiates a base detonating fuze. The fuze Complete round:
is located at the rear of the projectile body. The Type ------------------------------- Fixed, High
projectile body has a copper obturator, boom Explosive
and fin assembly for flight stabilization. The fin Antitank
contains a tracer for projectile to target visual Multipurpose
tracking. w/Tracer
The propellant system utilizes a metal car- Weight ---------------------------- 53.4 lb (24.2 kg)
tridge case base with a rubber obturator at the Length ---------------------------- 38.6 in. (981 cm)
stub case mouth, M123A1 Primer, and a combus- Assembly drawing -------------- 12526622
tible wall which encapsulates stick propellant Color ------------------------------ Black w/yellow
within six containment devices to prevent spill- markings
age should breakage or separation occur.

2-115
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature Limits: Packing, Metal Container:


Firing: Weight --------------------------------
Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C) Dimensions ------------------------ 44.5 in. x 7.75
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F in. x 7.75 in.
(+63.0°C) Cube --------------------------------- 1.5 cu ft
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C) *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F Catalog for complete packing data including
(+63.0°C) NSN’s.

Performance: Shipping and Storage Data:


Chamber pressure (peak) ------ @69,600 psi UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Velocity (nominal) --------------- 3740 ft/sec DOD hazard class ---------------- (08) 1.2
Storage compatibility group -- E
Packaging: DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Inner pack drawing ------------- 12561229-1 FOR CANNON
Outer pack drawing ------------- 9386833 WITH
Weight ------------------------------- 23 lb EXPLOSIVE
C u b e --------------------------------- 1.5 cu ft PROJECTILES
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C787
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
metal container, Limitations:
30 metal con-
tainers per The M830 will not be fired over the heads
pallet of friendly troops, unless troops have adequate
protection. M830 may prematurely detonate
downrange.

2-116
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: HEAT-MP-T, M830A1

Type Classification: aluminum sabot. The subcaliber projectile com-


bines a fuzing system and a chemical energy
STD -29 Sep 92. warhead (Composition A3 Type II). The three
segment sabot is secured to the warhead body
by a nylon obturator and a steel retaining ring.
Used: The fuzing system includes: M774 base ele-
ment, flexible communication circuit, Frontal
This cartridge is a high explosive antitank Impact Switch Assembly (FISA) and M74
and air defense multipurpose, tactical service Proximity Switch. The conical nose of the pro-
round with tracer. The M830A1 is used in the jectile consists of the FISA coupled to the
120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. warhead body and the M74 Proximity Switch
coupled to the FISA. The FISA is a secondary
Description: switch which closes upon impact against
ground target. The M74 Proximity Switch (pri-
The cartridge; 120-mm, HEAT-MP-T, mary switch) contains two parallel “switches,”
M830A1 is a high explosive antitank, multi- either of which, when closed, will complete the
purpose, tactical service round with tracer. The M774 firing circuit. One switch closes upon
M830A1 is used in the 120-mm, M256 smooth direct impact with a target. The other is an elec-
bore tank cannon and is a fin-stabilized round tronic switch (a transistor) which “closes” when
with a discarding sabot. The baseline design the proximity switch senses the presence of an
contains a propulsion system consisting of a air target. For all modes, a flexible electrical
metal case base, a combustible cartridge case, cable provides a path between the switches and
case adapter, nineteen perforated hexagonal JA- M774 base element. In any of the functioning
2 propellant, a propellant containment device modes of the M830Al fuzing system, the J1 con-
(cloth bag), and an M129 primer (all are cur- nector of the M774 fuze is returned to "ground
rently used on the M829A1). The projectile con- potential" which completes the fuze firing cir-
sists of a subcaliber projectile and three piece cuit.

2-117
TM 43-0001-28

The M774 base element is a dual environ- function to maintain projectile inbore centering
ment safe and arm (S&A) device. The M774 and integrity.
receives an electric firing pulse from either the U p o n m u z z l e exit, the air resistance
FISA or the proximity switch which then trig- against the front of the sabot breaks the retain-
gers the base element electronics to fire the ing ring and when the obturating hand around
M69 electric detonator. The M69 detonator is the sabot breaks, the sabot falls away in three
contained in the rotor which provides a physi- pieces leaving only the subprojectile to travel to
cal separation of the M69 detonator from the the target. The fin assembly with six equally
fuze electronics until the subprojectile has trav- spaced fins, imparts spin to the subprojectile,
eled a safe distance downrange. The first thereby stabilizing its flight aerodynamics.
safety feature of the mechanical S&A lock con- The acceleration of the projectile in the
sists of three leafs and a spring, oriented so as gun tube allows the release mechanism to
to release the rotor upon forward acceleration. release the rotor from the first safe position.
The second safety feature is a drag weight As the projectile travels downbore, the accelera-
which senses the decelerating force/drag of the tion forces decrease until the rotor can
projectile as it leaves the muzzle. As the drag overcome the forces and start its rotation to the
weight senses drag, it moves out of the way of armed position. The inbore acceleration of the
the rotor allowing the rotor to rotate to the fuze allows the setback voltage generator to
armed position as designed. charge up the firing capacitor. As the projectile
Once the M774 base element is armed and leaves the gun muzzle, the drag weight senses
receives an electrical firing pulse to trigger the the increased drag forces and moves out of the
detonator, the detonator, lead, booster, and war- rotor’s way, allowing it to arm.
head explosives initiate in sequence destroying Upon direct impact with a target or when
the target. The explosive train located in front the proximity switch senses the presence of an
of the base element consists of the lead cup, air target, a firing signal is sent to the M774
booster, and Comp A3 explosive. The warhead base element. The base element’s firing capaci-
explosive is contained in the body with a tor provides the necessary current to initiate
shaped copper liner, in front of the booster, the M69 detonator, which initiates the lead,
The liner provides the penetration capability booster, and warhead explosives in sequence. A
for the system. copper jet is formed by the detonation of the
An aluminum fin assembly with tracer is warhead. This copper jet provides the capacity
attached to the aft end of the subprojectile by to defeat the ground target.
way of an aluminum fin adapter. The fin has
beveled leading edges and T-tabs on the outside Tabulated Data:
diameter to increase the effective fin area.
Spin, which is induced by a twist in the fin Complete round:
blade, provides the subcaliber projectile with Type ------------------------------- Fixed, High Ex-
greater in-flight stability and accuracy. plosive Antitank
Antihelicopter
multipurpose w/
Functioning: tracer
Weight ---------------------------- 50.1 lb (22.7 kg)
The operational characteristics of the Length ---------------------------- 38.74 in.
M830A1 test cartridges is basically the same as (984 mm)
that which is utilized for all HEAT-T tank Assembly drawing ------------ 12912208
ammunition. After setting the proximity sen-
sor to the designated target and cambering Temperature Limits:
the cartridge, a voltage is applied to the primer.
As current flows through the primer, the Firing:
igniter charge is initiated which, in turn, initi- Lower limit ---------------------- -25°F (-32°C)
ates the benite strands. The burning benite, Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F (+52°C)
which is evenly distributed within the primer Storage:
body initiates the propellant charge. The Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C)
expanding gases generated by the burning pro- Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F
pellant expel the projectile into the gun barrel (+63.0°C)
leaving only the metal case base and primer
body behind. During the propellant burn, the Performance:
tracer element in the fin assembly is ignited
which provides the projectile with tracking visi- Chamber pressure (peak) ------ (66620 psi @
bility. The silicone rubber seal and obturator 49°C; 6700 bars
band at the base of the projectile prevent blow- @ 125°F
by of propellant gas during travel in the barrel. Velocity (nominal) --------------- 4626 ft/sec
The obturating band and retaining ring also (1410 m/sec

2-118
TM 43-0001-28

Packing (Metal Container): Shipping and Storage Data:

Packing and marking UNO serial number -------------- 0321


drawing --------------------------- 12912370 DOD hazard class ---------------- (08)1.2
Dimensions ------------------------ 44.5 in. x 7.75 Storage compatibility group -- E
in. x 7.75 in. Field storage category ----------- A
Cube --------------------------------- 1.5 cu ft DOT shipping class -------------- A
Total weight (with cartridge) - 72.1 lb DOT Designation ---------------- AMMUNITION
Total explosive weight ----------- 18.69 lb FOR CANNON
*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per WITH
metal container, EXPLOSIVE
30 metal con- PROJECTILES
tainers per DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C791
.pallet
-
Limitations:
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including The M830A1 is a full-service round which
NSN’s. may only be fired during war emergency.

2-119
TM 43-0001-28

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2-120
TM 43-0001-28
CARTRIDGE, 120 MILLIMETER, HE-OR-T, M908

Type Classification: metal case base and seal assembly (all are currently
used on the M829A1). The projectile consists of a
TC - STD, 7 Feb 2003. (M908) subcaliber projectile and three piece aluminum sabot.
The subcaliber projectile combines a fuzing system
Urgent fielding to the Eighth U.S. Army in and a chemical energy warhead (Composition A3
Korea, 29 Aug 1997. (XM908) Type II). The three segment sabot is secured to the
warhead body by a nylon obturator and a steel retain-
NOTE
ing ring. The fuzing system includes: M774 base
element, flexible communication circuit, and frontal
Ammunition marked with XM908 impact switch assembly (FISA). The conical nose of
is identical to M908. the projectile consists of the FISA coupled to the war-
head body and a steel nose coupled to the FISA,
Use: which closes upon impact with a ground target. A
flexible electrical cable carries the signal of FISA
This cartridge is a high explosive, obstacle reduc- closure to the M774 base element. An inertial switch
tion, tactical service round with tracer. The M908 is in the M774 base element act as a backup to the
used in the 120mm, smooth bore M256 cannon. FISA. Either switch will delay the function of the
warhead beyond the point of impact with the target.
Description: This delayed functioning is ideal for the reduction of
concrete ground targets.
The Cartridge; 120mm, HE-OR-T, M908 is a
high explosive, obstacle reduction, tactical service The M774 base element is a dual environment
round with tracer. The M908 is used in the 120mm, safe and arm (S&A) device. The M774 receives an
M256 smooth bore tank and is a fin stabilized round electric firing pulse from the FISA which then trig-
with a discarding sabot. The baseline design contains gers the base element electronics to fire the M69 elec-
a propulsion system consisting of a combustible car- tric detonator. The M69 detonator is contained in the
tridge case, case adaptor, nineteen-perforated hexago- rotor which provides a physical separation of the
nal JA-2 propellant, a propellant containment device M69 detonator from the fuze electronics until the
(cloth bag), and an M129 primer assembled to a subprojectile has traveled a safe distance down-
range. The first safety feature of the mechanical

Change 10 2.120.1
TM 43-0001-28

S&A lock consists of three leafs and a spring, Upon muzzle exit, the air resistance against the
originated so as to release the rotor upon forward front of the sabot breaks the retaining ring and when
acceleration. The second safety feature is a drag the obturating band around the sabot breaks, the sabot
weight which senses the decelerating force/drag of falls away in three pieces leaving only the subprojec-
the projectile as it leaves the muzzle. As the drag tile to travel to the target. The fin assembly with six
weight senses drag, it moves out of the way of the equally spaced fins, imparts spin to the subprojectile,
rotor allowing the rotor to rotate to the armed position thereby stabilizing its flight aerodynamics.
as designed.
The accelerating of the projectile in the gun tube
Once the M774 base element is armed and allows the release mechanism to release the rotor
receives an electrical firing pulse to trigger the deto- from the first safe position. As the projectile travels
nator, the detonator, lead, booster, and warhead downbore the acceleration forces decrease until the
explosives initiate in sequence destroying the target. rotor can overcome the forces and start its rotation to
The explosive train located in front of the base ele- the armed position. The inbore acceleration of the
ment consists of the lead cup, booster, and Comp A3 fuze allows the setback voltage generator to charge
explosive. The warhead explosive is contained in the up the firing capacitor. As the projectile leave the
body with a shaped copper liner, in front of the gun muzzle, the drag weight senses the increased
booster. The liner provides the penetration capability drag forces and moves out of the rotor’s way, allow-
for the system. ing it to arm.

An aluminum fin assembly with tracer is Upon direct impact with a target, a firing signal is
attached to the aft end of the subprojectile by way of sent to the M774 base element. The base element’s
an aluminum fin adaptor. The fin has beveled leading firing capacitor provides the necessary current to ini-
edges and T-tabs on the outside diameter to increase tiate the M609 detonator, which initiates the lead,
the effective fin area. Spin, which is inducted by a booster, and warhead explosives in sequence.
twist in the fin blade, provides the subcaliber projec-
tile with greater in-flight stability and accuracy. Tabulated Data:

Functioning: Complete round:


Type......................................... Fixed, High Explo-
The operational characteristics of the M908 car- sive Obstacle
tridges is basically the same as that which is utilized Reduction w/tracer
for all HEAT-T tank ammunition. After the chamber- Weight ..................................... 50.1 lb (22.7 kg)
ing the cartridge, a voltage is applied to the primer. Length ..................................... 38.74 in.
As current flows through the primer, the igniter (984mm)
charge is initiated which in turn initiates the benite Assembly drawing................... 12984600
strands. The burning benite, which is evenly distrib-
uted within the primer body, initiates the propellant Temperature limits:
charge. The expanding gases generated by the burn-
ing propellant expel the projectile into the gun barrel Firing:
leaving only the metal case base and primer body Lower limit ............................... -25oF (-32°C)
behind. During the propellant burn, the tracer ele- Upper limit ................................ +120oF (+49°C)
ment in the fin assembly ignited which provides the
projectile with tracking visibility. The silicone rubber Storage:
seal and obturator band at the base of the projectile Lower limit ............................... -50oF (-46.0°C)
prevent blow-by of propelling gas during travel in the Upper limit ................................ +145oF (+63°C)
barrel. The obturating band and retaining ring also
function to maintain projectile in-bore entering and Performance:
integrity. Chamber pressure (peak) ........ 66620 psi @
49°C (6700 bars
@ 125°F
Velocity (nominal.................... 4626 ft/sec (1410
m/sec)
Projectile weight as fired
(approx) .............................. 24.4 lb, 11.1 kg
2-120.2 Change 10
TM 43-0001-28

Packaging (Metal Container): Shipping and Storage Data:

Packing and marking DOD hazard class/Division ......... (08) 1.2


Drawing...............................12984589 Storage compatibility
Dimensions ..............................44.5 x 7.75 x 7.75 group................................... E
in. Field storage category .................. A
DOT hazard class......................... 1.2E
Cube.........................................1.5 cu ft DOT/UN Proper Shipping
Total weight (with Name ....................................... CARTRIDGES
cartridge) .............................72.1 lb FOR WEAP-
Total explosive weight.............20.19 lb ONS
Packing ....................................1 round per metal DODAC ....................................... 1315-CA05
container; NSN ............................................ 1315-01-444-
30 metal contain- 6506
ers per pallet
Limitations:

The M908 is not an anti-tank/armor and anti-


helicopter round. It is authorized for use in 120mm
gun M256.

Change 10 2-120.3
TM 43-0001-28

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2-120.4 Change 10
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: TP-T, M831

Type Classification: tible case. This generates gases which drive the
projectile from the gun and ignites the tracer ele-
STD - Dec 84. ment. The flight characteristics simulate those
of the service round, but does not result in an
Use: explosion or penetration upon target impact.
This cartridge is a target practice round to Tabulated Data:
simulate the ballistics of the M830 High
Explosive Antitank Multipurpose with Tracer Complete round:
ammunition. The cartridge is fired from the Type ------------------------------- Fixed, target
120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. practice
Weight ---------------------------- 53.4 lb (24.2 kg)
Description: Length ---------------------------- 38.6 in.
(981 mm)
The M831 cartridge external appearance Assembly drawing ------------ 12527100
is identical to that of the M830 HEAT-MP-T Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white
service round. Internally the round does not markings
contain any explosives, shaped charge liner
base fuze or nose cap. The round consists of a Temperature Limits:
steel body with aluminum spike and plastic obtu-
rator, in addition to a fin and boom assembly Firing:
with tracer. The complete round propellant sys- Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C)
tem comprises a stub metal case with combus- Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F
tible sidewall and M123 primer. The propellant (+63.0°C)
is a single perforated stick propellant both Storage:
bagged and unbagged with additional segments Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C)
fitted over each fin. Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F
(+63.0°C)
Functioning:
Performance:
The M831 is loaded and fired in the nor-
mal manner from the 120-mm M256 smooth Chamber pressure (peak) ------ 73,950 psi @
bore tank gun. When the electric primer in the 70°F
breech of the weapon is initiated, the resulting Velocity (nominal) --------------- 3740 ft/sec
flash ignites the propelling charge and combus-

2-121
TM 43-0001-28

Packaging: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Catalog for complete packing data including
Inner pack drawing -------------- 12527220 NSN’s.
Outer pack drawing -------------- 12527240
Weight:------------------------------- 36 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
Cube -------------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per UNO serial number -------------- 0328
fiber container; DOD hazard class ---------------- (08) 1.2
1 container per Storage compatibility group -- C
wooden box; 20 DOT shipping class -------------- B
boxes per pallet DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
*Packing box: FOR CANNON
Weight ----------------------------- 89 lb WITH EMPTY
Dimensions ---------------------- 45.6 in. x 9.02 PROJECTILES
in. x 10.24 in. DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C784
Cube ------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft

2-122
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: TP-T, M831A1

U
AR 4709-A

Type Classification: tible case cap, case base and seal assembly are
the same components used on the presently
STD - April 23, 1993. fielded M830 and M831 cartridges. The inter-
nal propulsion system for the M831A1 consists
Use: of M125 primer, M14 propellant, and tracer.

The M831A1 cartridge is a fixed 120-mm Functioning:


target practice round with tracer (TP-T) which
simulates the ballistics of the High Explo- The M831A1 is loaded and fired in the nor-
sive Antitank Multipurpose with tracer (HEAT- mal manner from the 120-mm M256 smooth
MP-T) M830 cartridge. The M831A1 cartridge bore tank gun. Initiation of the electric primer
with inert projectile is intended for use in the ignites the propelling charge and combustible
120-mm smooth bore M256 cannon. case, generating gases which drive the projec-
tile from the gun and ignite the tracer. The sili-
Description: cone rubber seal and nylon obturating band as
well as the case base and seal assembly prevent
The external appearance of the M831A1 gas leakage during the projectile travel in the
cartridge is similar to the M831 training round barrel. The obturating band and bourrelet also
as well as the M830 service round. The function to maintain projectile inbore centering
M831A1 round consists of an inert projectile and integrity. The stabilizer provides spin for
composed of a steel spike, aluminum body, ring, flight aerodynamics. The flight characteristics
stabilizer and nylon obturating band. The fin simulate those of the service round, but do not
and boom on the present M831 have been result in an explosion or penetration upon tar-
replaced by a stabilizer with six equally spaced get impact.
slots which impart spin to the M831A1 projec-
tile. The combustible cartridge case, combus-

2-123
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Dimensions ------------------------- 44.5 x 7.75 x


7.75 in.
Complete round: Cube --------------------------------- 1.5 cu ft
Type ------------------------------- Fixed, TP-T Total weight (with cartridge) - 73 lb
Weight ---------------------------- 50.5 1b (22.9 kg) Total explosive weight ----------- 15.5 lb
Length ----------------- 38.62 in. *Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
(981mm) metal container;
Assembly drawing ------------ 12944397 30 metal con-
tainers per pal-
let
Temperature Limits:
Firing: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Lower limit ---------------------- -25°F (-32°C) Catalog for complete packing data including
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F (+52°C) NSN’s.
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F Shipping and Storage Data:
(+63.0°C)
DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.3
Storage compatibility group -- C
Performance: Field storage category ----------- A
DOT shipping class -------------- B
Chamber pressure --------------- 55,000 psi @ DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
70°F 73,000 psi FOR CANNON
@ 145°F WITH EMPTY
Velocity (nominal) --------------- l140 m/sec PROJECTILE
(3740 ft/sec) UNO serial number -------------- 0417
DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C784
Packaging:

Packing and marking


drawing (metal container) -- 12521674

2-124
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 120-MILLIMETER: TPCSDS-T, M865

U
AR 0668-A

Type Classification: Functioning:

STD June 84. The M865 is loaded and fired from the
120-mm tank gun in the normal manner. Upon
Use: initiation of the electric primer in the breech of
the weapon, the resulting flash ignites the pro-
This cartridge is a kinetic energy, target pelling charge and combustible case generating
practice round for use with the 120-mm smooth gases which drive the projectile from the gun
bore M256 cannon. It is designed to simulate and ignites the tracer. The rear seal of the
the service round characteristics at reduced max- sabot prevents gas leakage between the sabot
imum ranges to allow practice firings on short segments and the driving forces (gases) propel-
range proving grounds and training areas. ling the subprojectile down bore. Upon leaving
the gun, aerodynamic forces cause the sabot to
Description: separate from the subprojectile allowing the sub-
projectile to continue to target, while the sabot
The cartridge, 120-mm: TPCSDS-T, M865 segments fall quickly to earth. The tail cone seg-
contains a propulsion system consisting of a ment of the subprojectile, due to the nine hole
stub metal case with combustible sidewall, gran- (old design) or six slot arrangement, causes aero-
ular propellant, and electric M125 primer, while dynamic slowing of the subprojectile to limit its
the projectile consists of subprojectile and alumi- range to 8000 meters.
num sabot. The core is a one-piece steel design
with a tail cone assembly which is assembled Tabulated Data:
into the sabot by means of threads. The tail
cone contains nine holes, or six slots, which in Complete round:
conjunction with the conical shape provide stabi- Type ------------------------------- Fixed,
lization. Reduced range is achieved by the TPCSDS-T
aerodynamic blocking effect of the holes, or Weight ---------------------------- 41.9 lb (19.0 kg)
slots. The tail cone assembly also contains a Length ---------------------------- 34.7 in. max
tracer. The aluminum sabot is composed of Assembly drawing:
three 120° noninterchangeable segments with Standard Sabot (old) ---------- 12525000
internal screw threads matching those on the l-Inch shorter sabot ---------- 12525000
outer diameter of the subprojectile. The sabot New Alliant F3 design -------- 28251796
has a silicone rubber seal at the rear to prevent New Olin F3 design ------------ 700062
gas leakage. Color ----------------------------- Blue w/white
The weight of the complete cartridge is markings
approximately 19.0 kg (41.9 lb) and the weight
of the subprojectile is approximately 3.2 kg (7.1
lb).

2-125
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature Limits: Shipping and Storage Data:

Firing: UNO serial number -------------- 0328


Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C) DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.3 (Wood Box)
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (08) 1.2 (Metal
(+63.0°C) Can)
Storage: Storage compatibility group -- C
Lower limit ---------------------- -50°F (-46.0°C) DOT shipping class -------------- B
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
(+63.0°C) FOR CANNON
WITH SOLID
Performance; Breech Pressure @ 21°C* PROJECTILES
DODAC ----------------------------- 13315-C785
Standard sabot (with LKL
propellant) ----------------------- 4800 bars WARNING
Short sabot (with LKL
propellant) ----------------------- 4600 bars DO NOT FIRE OVER THE
Alliant (short sabot, with HEADS OF FRIENDLY
LKL propellant) ---------------- 4600 bars TROOPS, UNLESS
Olin (short sabot, with TROOPS HAVE ADEQUATE
M14 propellant) ---------------- 4950 bars COVER. TROOPS MAY BE
STRUCK BY THE
“NOTE: Expected average breech pressure DISCARDED SABOT.
values at 8.9 cm from rear face of tube.

Packaging (Wooden Box): CAUTION


EVEN THOUGH THIS IS A
Inner pack drawing ------------- 12527220 TARGET PRACTICE ROUND.
Outer pack drawing ------------- 12527240 THE CORE CAN CAUSE
Dimensions ------------------------- 45.6 in. x 9.02 DAMAGE AND PENETRATE
in. x 10.24 in. ARMORED VEHICLES.
Weight (with cartridge) -------- 77.9 lb
Cube --------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft
Explosive weight Differences Between NSN’s:
(Propellant) --------------------- 19.03 lb
**Packing --------------------------- 1 round per 1315-01-165-6488
fiber container;
1 container per 9 hole cone
wooden box, 20
boxes per pallet.
Standard sabot
Packaging (Metal Container): Marking located on sabot midsection (3 lines of
12-mm letters)
Packing and Marking:
Standard sabot ----------------- 12561273 Sabot with nylon holding ring on bourrelet (see
Short Cabot ----------------------- 12912175 Fig. 2)
Alliant F3 design --------------- 12913175
Olin F3design ------------------- 12913175 Wood box/fiber container
Dimensions ------------------------- 44.5 in. x 7.75
in. x 7.75 in. 1315-01-242-4796
Cube ---------------------------------- 1.55 cu ft
Total weight (with cartridge) - 63.2 lb 9 hole cone
Total explosive weight ----------- 19.03 lb (LKL
propellant) Standard sabot
16.28 lb (M14
propellant) Marking located on sabot midsection (3 lines of
**Packing --------------------------- 1 round per 12-mm letters)
metal container,
30 metal con- Sabot with nylon holding ring on bourrelete.
tainers per
pallet
Metal Container (PA116)
**NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.

2-126
TM 43-0001-28

Differences Between NSN’s: (cont. ) Eliminated the inner ring and access holes in
case cover.
1315-01-288-5545*
Metal container (PA116)
6 hole cone
1315-01-288-5545*
l-inch shorter sabot
6 slot cone (Olin)
Marking located on front bourrelet or with
reduced - letter height (6.35-mm) and two lines l-inch shorter sabot
on sabot midsection
Marking located on front bourrelet or with
Sabot without nylon holding ring bourrelet reduced letter height (6.35-mm) and two lines
on sabot midsection
Metal container (PA116)
The propulsion system uses M14 propellant
Markings: Typical markings for the projectile rather than LKL propellant used in the current
are shown in figure 1. A difference in location M865. Eliminated the inner ring, subprojectile
and size (fig. 2) will distinguish the M865 with break groove and access holes in case cover.
the slotted cone and reduced sabot size, NSN
1315-01-288-5545 from the 9 hole cone and stan- Metal container (PA116)
dard length sabot as follows:
*NOTE: Cartridges of this NSN must be
1315-01-288-5545* replaced in metal containers of the same lot
number due to the shortened sabot requiring a
6 slot cone (Alliant) different internal container support.

l-inch shorter sabot a. Marking for 9 hole cone/standard


sabot: l/2-inch letters (12-mm ± 1) in 3 lines
Marking located on front bourrelet or with on sabot midsection.
reduced letter height (6.35-mm) and two lines
on sabot midsection b. Marking for 6 cone/reduced length
sabot: l/4-inch letters (6-mm ± 1) in 2 lines on
The case cover is glued to the rear of the sabot sabot midsection or bourrelet.
as opposed to being attached by screws.

2-127
TM 43-0001-28

Figure 1. Typical marking for 120-mm gun cartridges, M865

2-128
TM 43-0001-28

SHORTER SABOT (NEW)

HOLDING RING NOTE: All dimensions shown


are in millimeters.
STANDARD SABOT (OLD)
U
AR 5092
Figure 2. Differences between standard and shorter sabot for 120mm gun cartridge, M865.
Army-Authorized Ammunition for Guns. The 1300-251-20 and TM 9-1300-251-34 should be
authorization with the introduction of the slot- annotated respectively as follows:
ted cone/reduced length sabot M865 (including
the Alliant F3 design round and the Olin F3 SMR code ---------------------------- XB000
design round) does not change, but it should be Part number ------------------------ 12913178
noted that cartridges with NSN 1315-01-288- Federal supply code for mfg --- 19200
5545 must be replaced in metal containers of Description ------------------------- Container
the same lot number due to the shortened sabot Ammunition
requiring a different internal container support. Metal PA 116
for cartridge,
Repair Parts List. The introduction of the slot- 120-mm,
t e d cone/reduced length sabot M865 will TPCSDS-T,
require the addition of a second container for M865
specific use with these rounds (NSN 1315-01- Unit of measure ------------------- each
288-5545). The Repair Parts List for TM 9- Quantity incorporated in
unit --------------------------------- 1

2-129
TM 43-0001-28

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2-130
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: HEAT-T-M, M409A2, M409A1 AND M409

Type Classification: Use:

M409A2 ------- Std DA Letter 1976 This cartridge is fired from 152-mm gun-
M409A1 ------- Std AMCTC 8865 launchers primarily as an armor-defeating
M409 ----------- C&T AMCTC 8965 round with additional antipersonnel capability.

2-131
TM 43-0001-28

Description: Difference Between Models:

The projectile consists of a forged steel The M409A2 model has the improved
body fitted with a steel windshield and a fluted M509A1 PIBD fuze and has the full frontal
copper cone liner to shape the high explosive area impact switch enabling the projectile to be
charge. The liner is held in place by a steel lock- effective on all areas of the ogive.
ing ring. The windshield is threaded to the lock-
ing ring and houses an insulator and wire eye- Tabulated Data:
let connector assembly. The wire connector
assembly connects the fuze with the control Complete round:
power supply housed in a two-piece windshield Type ------------------------------- HEAT-T-MP
cap. The control power supply provides the Weight ---------------------------- 48.5 lb
point-initiating, base-detonating fuze with elec- M4WIA2, 50.5 lb
trical energy The projectile is loaded with Length ---------------------------- 27.0 in.
Composition B, and the fuze is fitted in a cavity Cannon used with ------------- M81 series,
of the explosive charge. The tracer is contained M162
in the base plug and is assembled to a steel fuze
locking cup in the base of the projectile. A sin- Projectile:
tered iron rotating band, forward of the base, Body material ------------------ Forged steel
provides spin and obturation. Cartridge Case Color (Old) ---------------------- Black w/yellow
M205 used in M409A2 and M409A1 is a two- markings
piece assembly of base and body made of high- (New) -------------------------- Black w/white
density felted nitrocellulose, inert fibers, and markings and
resin. The body, containing a bagged propelling yellow band
charge, is attached to the projectile by a steel Filler and weight -------------- Comp, B, 6.3 lb
mounting ring and aluminum case locking ring.
The base houses the electric ignition system Components: M409A2 M409A1 M409
and is cemented to the body with a special nitro-
cellulose lacquer. Cartridge Case M157 used in Cartridge
Cartridge M409 is similar to the M205 in shape case M205 M205 M157
and function, but is of a different non-metallic Propelling
flammable material. The M157 case is more vul- charge M189 M189 M189
nerable to fracture on impact than the M205, Primer M91 Electric M91
and the igniter primer is of a different design, Tracer M13 M13 M13
The body is attached to the projectile by epoxy Fuze M539A1 PIBD- XM539E1
resin and a case locking ring. M539
Performance:
Functioning: Maximum range ---------------- 9900 yd
(9000 m)
Electric current from the firing mecha- Muzzle velocity ---------------- 2240 fps
nism of the weapon initiates the ignition ele- (683 reps)
ment/initiator. The resulting flash ignites the Temperature Limits:
propellant, and the burning propellant gener-
ates gases to force the projectile from the gun Firing:
tube and concurrently ignite the tracer. When Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
the round is used against armor; electrical Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F
energy from the control power supply in the (+ 52.0°C)
nose of the projectile is fed to the fuze on Storage:
impact. Functioning of the fuze detonates the Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C)
shaped explosive charge of Composition B to col- (for period not
lapse the copper cone and create a high-velocity more than 3
focused shock wave. The intensity of the shock- days)
wave causes failure of the target armor, and a Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F
jet of metal particles penetrates the interior of (+71.1°C) (for
the target. For antipersonnel use, the round is period not more
fired so the fuze will function on graze or direct than 4 hr/day)
impact on target. Blast and fragmentation cre- * Packing ---------------------------- 1 cartridge per
ated by detonation of’ the explosive charge fiber container;
inflicts casualties. 1 container per
wooden box

2-132
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing Box: Operational Characteristics:


Weight ---------------------------- 97.5 lb
Dimensions --------------------- 42-1/8 x 12-9/16 Do not remove barrier bag until round is
x 13-11/32 in. being chambered. Unprotected cartridge cases
Cube --------------------------------- 4.0 cu ft where barrier bags have been removed are flam-
mable and can be ignited accidentally by burn-
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition ing cigarettes, smoldering residue embers, and
Catalog for complete packing data including open flames, etc. Neoprene barrier bags may
NSN’s. be difficult to remove at -25°F or below.
Shipping and Storage Data: Limitations:

UNO serial number -------------- 0006 Probe adapter will not be used when fir-
DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.1 ing rounds assembled with Cartridge Case
Storage compatibility ----------- E M205.
DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION References:
FOR CANNON
WITH SB 700-20
EXPLOSIVE AMC-P 700-3-3
PROJECTILE TM 9-2350-230-12
DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D381 TM 9-2350-232-10
Drawing number (M409) ------- 9204196 TM 9-1300-251-20
(M409A1) --------------------- 9257471
(M409A2) ---------------------- 9323952

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TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2-134
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: TP-T, M411

Type Classification: Tabulated Data:

C&T, AMCTC 9103 dtd 1972. Complete round:


Type ------------------------------- Target Practice
Use: Weight ---------------------------- 48.8 lb
Length ---------------------------- 26.7 in.
This cartridge is designed for training in Cannon used with ------------- M81 series,
gunnery and fire control with 152-mm gun M162
launchers. Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Steel
Description: Color ------------------------------- Blue w/white
markings and
The M411 cartridge has an M557 PD fuze yellow band
and a supplementary charge for spotting pur- Filler and weight -------------- TNT 0.30 lb
poses in the aluminum spike; otherwise, the pro- Components:
jectile is hollow. A tracer is in the base of the Cartridge case ------------------ XM157
projectile for observation of the trajectory The Propelling charge ------------- M189
hollow projectile is secured to a cartridge case Primer --------------------------- M91
of combustible material. The case is filled with Tracer ---------------------------- M13
bagged propellant and equipped with an electri- Fuze ------------------------------- M557
cal ignition element.
Temperature Limits:
Functioning
Firing:
Electric current from the firing mecha- Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F
nism initiates the ignition element/primer and Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F
the resulting flash ignites the propellant. The Storage:
burning propellant generates gases which force Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period
the projectile from the gun tube and concur- not more than 3
rently ignite the tracer. This cartridge has a days)
functioning fuze and spotting charge. Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for
period not more
than 4 hr/day)

2-135
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing: DOT shipping class -------------- A


M411 ------------------------------ 1 round per DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
fiber container; FOR CANNON
1 container per WITH
wooden box EXPLOSIVE
*Packing Box: PROJECTILE
Weight ---------------------------- 97.5 1b DODAC ---------------------------- 1320-D380
Dimensions --------------------- 10-15/32 x Drawing number ---------------- 9210425
10-15/32 x
36-1/8 in. Limitations:
Cube ------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft
None.
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including References:
NSN's.
SB 700-20
Shipping and Storage Data: AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-2350-230-12
UNO serial number -------------- 0321 TM 9-2350-232-10
DOD hazard class ----------------- (12) 1.2 TM 9-1300-251-20
Storage compatibility ----------- E

2-136
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: TP-T, M411A3, M411A2, AND M411A1

Type Classification: Functioning:

M411A3 ----- Std AMCTC 9103 dtd 1972. Electric current from the firing mechanism initi-
M411A2 ----- Std AMCTC 9103 dtd 1972. ates the ignition element/primer and the result-
M411A1 ------ C&T, AMCTC 9103 dtd 1972. ing flash ignites the propellant. The burning
propellant generates gases which force the pro-
Use: jectile from the gun tube and concurrently
ignite the tracer. Except for the tracer, which
This cartridge is designed for training in marks the flight of the projectile, Cartridges
gunnery and fire control with 152-mm gun M411A3, M411A2, and M411A1 are non-
launchers. functioning.

Description: Tabulated Data:

Cartridges of the M411 series consist of a Complete round:


hollow projectile secured to a cartridge case of Type ------------------------------- Target Practice
combustible material, and simulate for practice Weight:
purposes the 152-mm, HEAT-T-MP, M409 M411A3 ----------------------- 48.8 lb
series. Model M411A3 (XM411E7) is inert M411A2 ---------------------- 49.8 lb
except for a tracer in the base of the projectile M411A1 ----------------------- 49.8 lb
for observation of the trajectory. The M205 car- Length:
tridge case is filled with bagged propellant and M411A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27.0 in.
is equipped with an electrical ignition element, M411A2 ----------------------- 27.1 in.
Model M411A2 is identical with M411A3 except M411A1 ----------------------- 26.9 in.
for use of the older M157 cartridge case and Cannon used with ------------- M81 series.
M91 electrical primer. M411A1 has a multipiece M162
projectile including steel body, aluminum spike,
and steel windshield.

2-137
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: (cont.) *Packing Box:


Weight ---------------------------- 97.5 lb
Projectile: Metal Container (M411A3):
Body material ------------------- Steel Weight ---------------------------- 87.0 lb
Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white Dimensions --------------------- 10-15/32 x
marking and 10-15/32 x
yellow band 36-1/8 in.
Filler and weight: Cube ------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft
M411A3 ----------------------- N/A
M411A2 ----------------------- N/A *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
M411A1 ------------------------ N/A Catalog for complete packing data including
Components: NSN’s.
Cartridge case:
M411A3 ---------------------- M205 Shipping and Storage Data:
M411A2 ---------------------- M157
M411A1 ------------------------ M157 UNO serial number -------------- 0242
Propelling charge -------------- M189 DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.3
Primer: Storage compatibility ----------- C
M411A3 ---------------------- N/A DOT shipping class -------------- B
M411A2 ----------------------- M91 DOTdesignation ------------ AMMUNITION
M411A1 --------------------- M91
FOR CANNON
Tracer: --------------------------- M13 WITH INERT
Fuze: LOADED
M411A3 ---------------------- N/A PROJECTILE.
M411A2 ---------------------- N/A (M411): AM-
M411A1 ----------------------- N/A MUNITION
Performance: FOR CANNON
Maximum range --------------- 9000 m WITH
Muzzle velocity --------------- 2,240 fps EXPLOSIVE
PROJECTILE
Temperature Limits: DODAC---------------------1320-D383
(M411A3,
Firing: M411A2, and
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F M411A1)
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F Drawing number ---------------- 9266944,
Storage: (M411A3);
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period 9242430,
not more than 3 (M411A2);
days) 9233376.
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for (M411A1)
period not more Limitations:
than 4 hr/day)
*Packing: None.
M411A1, M411A2 ------------- 1 round per
fiber container; References:
1 container
per wooden box SB 700-20
M411A3 -------------------------- 1 round per AMC-P 700-3-3
metal container TM 9-2350-230-12
TM 9-2350-232-10
‘I’M 9-1300-251-20

2-138
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M596

Type Classification: Tabulated Data:

Std AMCTC 5909 dtd 1968. Complete round:


Type ------------------------------- Dummy
Use: Weight ---------------------------- 51.0 lb
Length ---------------------------- 26.60 in.
This dummy cartridge is used as a drill Cannon used with ------------- M81
round to train troops in handling ammunition
and loading the 152-nun, M81 gun-launcher. Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Aluminum alloy
Description: Color:
(Old) ---------------------------- Black or blue
This cartridge simulates a loaded round of w/white mark-
152-mm ammunition in size, weight, and center ing
of gravity. The cartridge is a one-piece alloy cast- (New) -------------------------- Bronze w/white
ing with a protective hard anodized coating and markings
has a life expectancy of 75,000 loadings. The *Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per
material results in negligible wear to the gun wooden box
tube. The hollowed-out base provides a handle *Packing Box:
for removal of the round after practice loading. Weight ---------------------------- 69.0 lb
Dimensions ------------------- 29-7/8 x 8-1/8 x
Functioning: 8-29/32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 1.3 cu ft
Projectile is completely inert and does not
function. *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN's.

2-139
TM 43-0001-28

Shipping and Storage Data: Limitations:


UNO serial number -------------- N/A None.
DOD hazard class ---------------- N/A
Storage compatibility ----------- N/A References:
DOT shipping class -------------- C
DOT designation ----------------- NON- SB 700-20
EXPLOSIVE AMC-P 700-3-3
AMMUNITION TM 9-2350-230-12
DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D500 TM 9-2350-232-10
Drawing number ----------------- 8430306 TM 9-1300-251-20

2-140
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: CANISTER, M625A1 AND M625

Type Classification: tate breakup. The cartridge case is a two-piece


assembly of base and body made of high-density
M625A1---- Std AMCTC 8966 dtd 1972. felt nitrocellulose, inert fibers, and resin. The
M625 ------- C&T, MSR 11756003. cylindrical body of the M205 case containing a
bagged propelling charge is attached to the pro-
Use: jectile by a steel mounting ring and aluminum
locking ring. The base houses the electrical igni-
These canister cartridges are used in 152- tion element and is cemented to the body with
mm gun-launchers and are intended primarily a special nitrocellulose lacquer.
for antipersonnel use at close range. The car-
tridges are effective in dense foliage. Functioning:

Description: Electrical current from the firing mecha-


nism of the weapon initiates the ignition ele-
The canister-type projectile for M625 and ment/initiator. The resultant flash ignites the
M625A1 cartridges consists of an aluminum propellant and the burning propellant gener-
base and body threaded together. Four axial ates gases that force the canister projectile
grooves, 90 degrees apart, extend from the for- from the gun tube. Immediately after the projec-
ward end of the body for approximately 3/4 of tile leaves the gun tube, centrifugal force and
its length. The body contains steel flechettes internal pressure from the propellant gases
loaded in five separate bays. The bay assem- split the canister at grooves releasing the
blies are secured by a closing cup crimped over flechettes. The flechettes disperse forward in a
the forward end of the body. A bleed hole in the conical pattern as a result of the combination of
base of the projectile allows propellant gases to forward and centrifugal forces.
build up internal pressure in the body to facili-

2-141
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: *Packing Box:


Weight ---------------------------- 97.5 lb
Canister M625A1 and M625 are identical Dimensions --------------------- 39-1/2 x 12-1/2 x
except for the cartridge case, which is more vul- 13-3/16 in.
nerable to fracture on impact in M625. M625 Cube ------------------------------- 4.0 cu ft
has a different ignition element and the method
of attachment of the cartridge case to the projec- *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
tile is not the same. Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
Tabulated Data:
Shipping and Storage Data:
Complete round:
Type ------------------------------- Canister UNO serial number ------------- 0242
Weight ---------------------------- 48.5 lb DOD hazard class --------------- 1.3
Length ---------------------------- 19.2 in. Storage compatibility ----------- E
Cannon used with ------------- M81 series, DOT shipping class -------------- B
M162 DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON
Projectile: WITH SOLID
Body material ------------------ Aluminum PROJECTILE
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D390
w/white dia- Drawing number ----------------- 9219469,
monds and (M625);
white marking 9257471,
Filler and weight -------------- Flechettes- (M625A1)
10,000, 15.2 lb
Operational Characteristics:
Components: M625A1 M625
Because they are flammable, unprotected
Cartridge case ------------ M205 M157 cartridge cases, those from which barrier bags
Propelling charge ------ M189 M189 have been removed can be ignited accidenally
Primer --------------------- Electrical M91 by burning cigarettes, smoldering residue,
Performance: embers, open flame, etc. Do not remove ballis-
Maximum effective range -- 400 m tic protective cover until round is removed from
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 2,260 fp stowage rack for firing. Do not remove barrier
bag until round is being chambered. Neoprene
Temperature Limits: barrier bags may be difficult to remove at -25°F
or below.
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F Limitations:
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F
Storage: Overhead firing of canister cartridge is pro-
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period hibited. Do not use probe adapter when firing
not more than 3 rounds assembled with Cartridge Case M205.
days)
Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (for References:
period not more
than 4 hr/day) SB 700-20
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 cartridge per AMC-P 700-3-3
fiber container; TM 9-2350-230-12
1 container per TM 9-2350-232-10
wooden box TM 9-1300-251-20

2-142
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 152-MILLIMETER: HE-T, M657

Type Classification: manufactured from nitrocellulose and rela-


tively vulnerable to fracture from impact. The
C&T AMCTC 9193 dtd 1972. cylindrical body, containing the bagged propel-
ling charge, is attached to the projectile by
Use: epoxy resin and a case locking ring, secured by
the projectile base adapter. The base of the car-
This fixed ammunition cartridge is a high- tridge case houses the electric primer initiator.
explosive round for 152-mm gun launchers, The primer tube is of nitrocellulose and con-
employed against light materiel and personnel. tains a black powder charge.

Description: Functioning:

The complete round consists of a one- Electric current from the firing mecha-
piece, forged steel projectile loaded with high nism of the weapon initiates the ignition ele-
explosive assembled to a nonmetallic cartridge ment/initiator. The resultant flash through the
case. The projectile is fitted at the nose with a primer tube ignites the propellant, and the burn-
point-detonating (PD) fuze and at the base with ing propellant generates gases which ignite the
a tracer adapter. The adapter is threaded to tracer and force the projectile from the gun
the projectile base, and is designed to secure t u b e . The superquick point-detonating fuze
the projectile to the cartridge case as well as to functions on impact with the target or on graze.
hold the tracer. A gilding metal rotating hand Functioning of the fuze detonates the explosive
encircles the projectile 1-3/4 inches f’orward of charge which creates blast and fragmentation.
the base. Cartridge Case M157 used with this
round is a two-piece assembly of base and body,

2-143
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Dimensions --------------------- 39-1/2 x 12-1/2


x 13-3/16 in.
Complete round: Cube ------------------------------- 4.0 cu ft
Type ------------------------------- HE-T
Weight ---------------------------- 48.5 lb *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Length ---------------------------- 24.6 in. Catalog for complete packing data including
Cannon used with ------------- M81 NSN's.
Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Shipping and Storage Data:
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab
w/yellow mark- UNO serial number -------------- 0321
ing DOD hazard class ---------------- (12) 1.2
Filler and weight -------------- TNT, 9.5 lb Storage compatibility ----------- E
Components: DOT shipping class -------------- A
Cartridge case ------------------ M157 DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Propelling charge ------------- M190 FOR CANNON
Primer ------------------------ M117 WITH
Tracer ---------------------------- M13 EXPLOSIVE
Fuze ------------------------------- PD, M720 or PROJECTILE
XM720 DODAC ----------------- 1320-D592
Performance: Drawing number ----------------- 9223763
Maximum Range -------------- 9000 m
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 2240 fps Operational Characteristics:
Temperature Limits: Because they are flammable, unprotected
cartridge cases, those from which barrier bags
Firing: have been removed, can be ignited accidentally
Lower limit ---------------------- +40°F by burning cigarettes, smoldering residue,
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F embers, open fire, etc. Do not remove ballistic
Storage: protective cover until round is removed from
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period stowage rack for firing. Do not remove barrier
not more than 3 bag until round is being chambered. Neoprene
days) barrier bags may be difficult to remove at -25°F
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for or below.
period not more
than 4 hr/day) References:
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 cartridge per
fiber container; SB 700-20
1 container per AMC-P 700-3-3
wooden box TM 9-2350-230-12
*Packing Box: TM 9-2350-232-10
Weight ---------------------------- 97.5 1b TM 9-1300-251-20

2-144
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 165-MILLIMETER: HEP, M123A1 AND M123

Type Classification: with a quick-release mechanism which permits


its removal after the round is loaded into the
Std AMCTC 4266 dtd 1966. weapon.

Use: Functioning:

This cartridge is a chemical energy round In firing an electric current transmitted


designed for demolition. It is capable of damag- by the firing mechanism in the weapon acti-
ing or destroying the type of structures (log vates the primer, which ignites the propellant.
walls, concrete bunkers, etc.) and equipment The propellant gases, escaping through perfora-
(abandoned vehicles etc.) encountered on a bat- tions in the cartridge case, force the cartridge
tlefield. It is also effective as an antipersonnel out of the gun tube and propel it to the target.
round. Unlike other types of fixed ammunition, the car-
tridge case remains fixed after firing and leaves
Description: the weapon with the projectile. The cartridge
is spin stabilized in flight. Upon impact, the
The M123A1 projectile is made of drawn functioning of the fuze detonates the explosive.
plate steel with a blunt ogive. A copper rotat-
ing band encircles the projectile just forward of Difference Between Models:
the base. The projectile is cast loaded with a
filler of approximately 35 pounds of Composi- The M123 differs from the M123A1 in the
tion A3. A pressed felt washer and disk are posi- following design aspects, The handle assembly
tioned between the explosive charge and the requires 4 or 5 turns to release, in lieu of one-
base of the projectile to buffer the explosive quarter turn; the base plug is aluminum
from the shock of the setback, The base of the instead of steel, and the cartridge case is a
projectile is fitted with a base-detonating fuze three-piece welded design with a plastic liner.
and sealed with a steel plug. It is threaded The projectile is loaded with a filler of
externally for attachment to the mouth of the Composition A3.
cartridge case. The cartridge case contains the
propelling charge and a bagged supplementary Tabulated Data:
igniter charge of 220 grains of black powder,
heat-sealed in a olyethylene liner, which pro- Complete round:
vides an improved moisture barrier over that in Type ------------------------------- HEP
the M123. An electric primer is fitted to the Weight ---------------------------- 67.60 lb
base of the cartridge case, The handle assem- Length ---------------------------- 27.62 in.
bly attached to the base of the primer is fitted Cannon used with ------------- M135

2-145
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: (cont.) *Packing ---------------------------- 1 round per


fiber container:
Projectile: 1 container per
Explosive filler ----------------- 35 lb, Comp A3 wooden box
Body material ------------------ Steel *Packing box:
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab Weight w/ctg -------------------- 94.0 lb
w/yellow mark- Dimensions --------------------- 34-13/16 x 8-3/4
ings and black x 9-13/16 in.
band cube ------------------------------- 1.7 cu ft
Cartridge case ------------------ M104
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
This is a two-piece welded steel perforated Catalog for complete packing data including
basket type. The mouth is threaded for attach- NSN’s.
ment to the projectile, a well in the base accom-
modates the primer. Shipping and Storage Data:
Length ---------------------------- Approx 4 in. UNO serial number -------------- 0167
Diameter ------------------------- 6.5 in. DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.1
Primer ---------------------------- M73 Storage compatibility group -- F
Fuze BD -------------------------- M62A2 DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Ballistics: FOR CANNON
WITH
Maximum range ------------------ 1000 yd (914 m) EXPLOSIVE
Muzzle velocity ------------------- 850 fps (259.08 PROJECTILES
reps) DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D570
Drawing number ----------------- 8845043
Temperature Limits:
Limitations:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C) Functional reliability will be degraded
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F when impacting soft targets such as marshy,
(+52.0 °C) sandy, clay, mud, or snow covered terrain.
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F(-62.2°C) References:
(for period not
more than 3 TM 9-2350-222 -10-1
days) TM 9-2350 -222-10-2
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F TM 9-2350-222-10-3
(+71.l°C) (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day)

2-146
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 165-MILLIMETER: TP, M623

Type Classification: the weapon with the projectile. The cartridge


is spin stabilized in flight.
Std AMCTC 8415 dtd July 1971.
Tabulated Data:
Use:
Complete round:
This cartridge is similar in appearance to Type ------------------------------- Target Practice
Cartridge HEP M123A1 and is used for target Weight ---------------------------- 67.6 lb
practice with the M135 gun cannon. Length --------------------------- 27.62 in.
Cannon used with ------------ M135
Description: Projectile:
Inert filler ----------------------- 35 lb
Except for the projectile and fuze, the tar- Body material ------------------ Steel
get practice cartridge is assembled with the Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white
same components as the HEP cartridge. The markings
primary difference between the two rounds is Cartridge case ------------------ M104
that the TP projectile contains an inert filler in
lieu of explosive, and is fitted with either a solid This is a two-piece welded steel perforated
base plug or a dummy fuze assembled to the basket type. The mouth is threaded for attach-
standard M123A1 base plug. The handle assem- ment to the projectile, a well in the base accom-
bly attached to the base of the primer, is fitted modates the primer.
with a quick-release mechanism which permits
its removal after the round is loaded into the Length ---------------------------- Approx 4 in.
weapon. Diameter ------------------------- 6.5 in.
Propellant ----------------------- M2 (2.12 lb)
Functioning: Primer ---------------------------- M73
Fuze ------------------------------- Inert or solid
In firing, an electric current transmitted base plug
by the firing mechanism in the weapon acti-
vates the primer, which ignites the propellant. Ballistics:
The propellant gases, escaping through perfora-
tions in the cartridge case, force the cartridge Maximum range ------------------ 1000 yd
out of the gun tube and propel it to the target. (914 m)
Unlike other types of fixed ammunition, the car- Muzzle velocity ------------------- 850 fps
tridge case remains fixed after firing and leaves (259.08 mps)

2-147
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature Limits: Dimensions --------------------- 30-1/16 x


7-3/8 x
Firing: 7-7/16 in.
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F (+52°C) *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Storage: Catalog for complete packing data including
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) NSN’s.
(for period not
more than 3 Shipping and Storage Data:
days)
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F UNO serial number -------------- 0328
(+71.1°C) (for DOD hazard class ---------------- (08) 1.2
period not more Storage compatibility group -- C
than 4 hr/day) DOT shipping class -------------- B
*Packing ----------------------------- l round per DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
fiber container; FOR CANNON
l container per W/INERT
wooden box LOADED
*Packing Box: PROJECTILE
Weight w/cartridge ------------ 94.0 lb DODAC ----------------------------- 1320 -D590
Drawing number ------------------ 9219045

2-148
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 120-MILIMETER: HE-T, M356 (T15E3)

Type Classification: Description:


Std OTCM 36841 dtd 1958. The complete round consists of a projec-
tile, a propelling charge assembly, and a point-
Use: detonating (PD) fuze. The exterior of the projec-
tile body has two gilding metal rotating bands
This separated round is used in 120-mm and a boss on the base. A tracer is screwed into
tank gun Cannon M58 for fragmentation, blast, the boss. The propelling charge is contained in
or mining effect. a brass cartridge case. The propellant is in a

2-149
TM 43-0001-28

silk bag, held in place in the cartridge case by Temperature Limits:


distance wadding. The cartridge case is closed
with a closing plug. Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- + l25°F (+52°C)
Functioning; Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C)
When the primer is struck by the firing (for period not
pin of the weapon, the resulting flash ignites more than 3
the propelling charge. The burning propelling days)
charge generates gases that drive the projectile Upper limit ---------------------- + l60°F
from the gun bore and ignites the tracer. The (+ 71.1°C)(for
burning tracer provides a visible red trace for period not more
approximately 3 seconds. Upon impact, the fuze than 4 hr/day)
functions to detonate the Composition B explo- *Packing ---------------------------- Projectile and
sive causing blast and fragmentation of the pro- propelling
jectile at the target. charge in
separate fiber
containers; 2
fiber containers
Tabulated Data: (1 round) per
wooden box
Projectile w/fuze: *Packing Box:
Type ------------------------------- HE-T Weight ---------------------------- 142.65 lb
Weight ---------------------------- 50.41 lb Dimensions --------------------- 41 x 10-27/32 x
Length ---------------------------- 24.02 in. 15-9/16 in.
Cannon used with ------------- M58 Cube ------------------------------ 3.9 cu ft.
Body material ------------------ Steel
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
w/yellow mark- Catalog for complete packing data including
ing NSN’s.
Filler and weight -------------- Composition B,
7.84 lb Shipping and Storage Data:
Propelling charge
assembly weight ------------ 38,75 lb UNO serial number -------------- 0321
Components: DOD hazard class ----------------- (18) 1.2
Cartridge case ------------------ M109 (T25) Storage compatibility group -- E
(brass) DOT shipping class -------------- A
Propelling charge DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
assembly ---------------------- M45 (T21E1) FOR CANNON
Propellant ----------------------- M31 WITH
Primer ---------------------------- M67, percussion EXPLOSIVE
electric PROJECTILE
Closing plug --------------------- M6 DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-CS00
Tracer ---------------------------- M5 series Drawing number ----------------- 8822495
Fuze ------------------------------- PD-M557, M572
Performance: Limitations:
Maximum range --------------- 18,206 m
(19,910 yd) None.
Muzzle Velocity ---------------- 760 mps (2,500
fps) References.

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

2-150
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 120-MILLIMETER: SMOKE, WP-T, M357 (T16E4)

Type Classification: in a silk bag. Distance wadding is used to hold


the silk bag in place, and a plastic closing plug
Std OTCM 37741 dtd 1961. is used to close the mouth of the cartridge case.
An electric percussion primer is installed in the
Use: base of the cartridge case.
This round is used in 120-mm tank guns Functioning:
for target marking and smoke screening. It also
has a limited incendiary action. When the electric percussion primer is ini-
tiated in the breech of the weapon, the result-
Description: ing flash ignites the propelling charge. The burn-
ing propelling charge generates gases that drive
The complete round consists of projectile the projectile from the gun bore and ignite the
and propelling charge. The projectile is a forged tracer. The tracer provides a visible red trace
steel body fuzed with a point-detonating (PD) during the first three seconds of’ projectile
fuze. Assembled to the projectile are two gild- flight. The PD fuze functions on impact, detonat-
ing metal rotating bands forward of the base. A ing the burster charge. Explosion of the burster
boss containing a tracer is threaded into the charge shatters the projectile body and dis-
base. A burster casing is press-fitted into the perses the white phosphorous. Upon contact
projectile nose with the other end seated in a with the air, white phosphorous spontaneously
well at the base of the projectile. A burster ignites and burns, producing a dense white
charge of tetrytol is contained in the burster cas- smoke and flaming particles.
ing. The propelling charge consists of a brass
cartridge case containing the propelling charge

2-151
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ---------------------------- Projectile and


propelling
Projectile w/fuze: charge assembly
Type ------------------------------- Smoke WP-T in separate fiber
Weight ---------------------------- 50.41 lb containers; 2
Length ---------------------------- 24.02 in. fiber containers
Cannon used with ------------- M58 (1 round) per
Projectile: wooden box
Body material ------------------ Steel *Packing Box:
Color ------------------------------ Light green Weight ---------------------------- 142.65 lb
w/yellow band Dimensions --------------------- 41 x 10-27/32 x
and light red 15-9/16 in.
marking Cube ------------------------------- 3.9 cu ft
Filler and weight -------------- White phospho-
rous (WP) 7.5 lb *: NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Components: Catalog for complete packing data including
Propelling charge assembly- M45 (T21E1) NSN’s.
Cartridge case ------------------- M109 (T25)
Propellant ----------------------- M31 Shipping and Storage Data:
Primer ---------------------------- M67 (T85E3)
Tracer ---------------------------- M7 UNO serial number -------------- 0245
Burster casing ------------------ T20 DOD hazard class ----------------- (12) 1.2
Burster charge ----------------- M41 (T18) Storage class/SCG --------------- H
(1700 grains DOT shipping class -------------- A
tetrytol) DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Fuze ------------------------------- PD-M557, FOR CANNON
M520 series, WITH
M564, M572 EXPLOSIVE
Performance: PROJECTILE
Maximum range --------------- 18,206 m DODAC ----------------------------- l315-C806
(19,910 yd) Drawing number ----------------- 8826688
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 760 mps (2,500
fps) Limitations:
Temperature Limits: Since the burster in the ammunition is
loaded with tetrytol, it should not be stored or
Firing: fired at temperatures exceeding +125°F.
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C) Store and transport WP rounds at tempera-
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F tures below 111.4°F (melting point of WP). If
(+52.0°C) impractial, store rounds on bases, so that if
Storage: WP melts, it will resolidify with void space in
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) normal position in the nose of the projectile.
(for period not Erratic performance may occur if voids exist
more than 3 inside of WP filler.
days)
Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F (+52°C) References:

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

2-152
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 120-MILLIMETER: AP-T, M358

Type Classification: Description:

Std. OTCM 36841 dtd 1958. The complete round consists of a steel pro-
jectile and a propelling charge assembly. The
projectile body is a monobloc slug with a blunt
Use: ogive and hardened face. A forged aluminum
windshield is attached to the front of the solid
This armor piercing round has a high veloc- projectile body and two separate gilding metal
ity projectile designed for use in 120-mm tank rotating bands are located near the base of the
guns against armored targets. body. A tracer is threaded into the base. The
propelling charge assembly consists of a car-
tridge case, propellant, and a percussion primer.

2-153
TM 43-0001-28

Functioning: Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for


period not more
When the primer is struck by the firing than 4 hr/day)
pin of the weapon, the resulting flash ignites *Packing ---------------------------- Projectile and
the propelling charge. The burning propelling propelling
charge generates gases that drive the projectile charge assemhly
from the gun bore and ignite the tracer. The in separate fiber
tracer provides a visible trace during the first 3 containers; 2
seconds of flight or a range of approximately fiber containers
3,500 yards, Upon impact, the windshield (1 round) per
spreads over the surface of the target, and the wooden box
hard core projectile body penetrates the target *Packing Box:
by means of kinetic energy. Weight ---------------------------- 152.011>
Dimensions --------------------- 41 x 10-27/32 x
Tabulated Data: 15-9/16 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 3.9 cu ft
Complete round:
Type ------------------------------- AP-T *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Weight ---------------------------- 50.85 lb Catalog for complete packing data including
Length ---------------------------- 17.82 in. NSN’s.
Cannon used with ------------- M58
Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Steel and alumi- Shipping and Storage Data:
num
Color ------------------------------ Black w/white UNO serial number -------------- 0242
marking DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.3
Components: Storage compatibility ----------- C
Propelling charge assembly- M46 (T38E1) DOT shipping class -------------- B
Cartridge case ------------------ M109 DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Propellant ----------------------- M17 FOR CANNON
Primer ---------------------------- M67 WITH SOLID
Tracer ---------------------------- M5 series PROJECTILE
Performance: DODAC ----------------------------- 1315 -C802
Maximum range --------------- 23,683 m Drawing number ----------------- 7548465
(25,290 yd)
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 1,064 mps Limitations:
(3,500 fps)
None.
Temperature Limits:
References:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F SB 700-20
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F AMC-P 700-3-3
Storage: TM 9-1300-251-20
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period
not more than 3
days)

2-154
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE 1209 MILLIMETERS: TP-T, M359E2 (T14E7)

Type Classificatin: consisting of a cartridge case, propellant, and


percussion primer.
Std. OTCM 36841 dtd 1958.
Functioning
Use:
When the primer is struck by the firing
This separated ammunition is a target pin of the weapon, the resulting flash ignites
practice projectile designed for training in the propelling charge. The burning propellant
marksmanship with 120-mm tank gun cannons. ignites the tracer and generates rapidly expand -
ing gases to drive the projectile through the br-
Description: rel with the velocity required to reach the tar-
get. The rotating bands engage the barrel
The complete round consists of a solid pro- rifling to impart spin to the projectile for stabil-
jectile and a propelling charge assembly. The ity in flight. The burning tracer provides visibil-
projectile body is a steel monobloc design with a ity of the trajectory for a minimum of three sec-
tracer threaded into the base. A streamlined onds. Since the projectile is inert and unfuzed,
steel nose cone is fitted to the solid slug to the only function at the target is the effect of
improve the ballistic shape. Two gilding metal impact.
rotating bands encircle the projectile near the
base. The propelling charge assembly is M46,

2-155
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ---------------------------- Projectile and


propelling
Projectile: charge assembly
Type ------------------------------- TP-T in separate fiber
Weight ---------------------------- 50.85 lb containers; 2
Length ---------------------------- 17.82 in. fiber containers
Cannon used with ------------- M58 (1 round) per
Body material ------------------ Low-strength wooden box
carbon steel *Packing Box:
Color ------------------------------ Blue w/white Weight ---------------------------- 152.0 lb
marking Dimensions --------------------- 41 x 10.27/32 x
15-9/16 in.
Components: Cube ------------------------------- 3.9 cu ft
Propelling charge assembly- M46 (T38E1)
Cartridge case ------------------ M109 *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Propellant ----------------------- M17 Catalog for complete packing data inducting
Primer ------------------------------- M67 NSN’s.
Tracer ---------------------------------- M5 series
Performance: Shipping and Storage Data:
Maximum range --------------- 23683 m
(25,290 yd) UNO serial number -------------- 0242
Muzzle velocity ---------------- l,064 mps DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.3
(3,500 fps) Storage compatibility ----------- C
DOT shipping class -------------- B
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
Temperature Limits: FOR CANNON
WITH SOLID
Firing: PROJECTILE
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C804
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F Drawing number ----------------- 7548465
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period Limitations:
not more than 3
days) None.
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for
period not more References:
than 4 hr/day)
SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

2-156
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 120-MILLIMETER: HEAT-T, M469 (T153E15)

Type Classification: case filled with propellant and a primer. The tri-
ple-base propellant is packed loose in the
Std. OTCM 38009 dtd 1962. cartridge case and held in place with distance
wadding. A plastic plug is used to seal the
Use: mouth of the cartridge case.

This separated round includes a high veloc- Functioning:


ity projectile designed for use in 120-mm tank
guns against armored targets. When the percussion primer is struck by
the firing pin of the weapon, the resulting flash
Description: ignites the propelling charge. The burning pro-
pelling charge generates gases that drive the
The complete round consists of a project- fin-stabilized projectile from the gun bore and
tile and separated cartridge case. The projectile ignite the tracer. The tracer provides a visible
contains a shaped charge, a spike and cone and trace for approximately three seconds or to
assembly, a fin assembly, and a point initiating, a range of’ 3,500 yards. Upon impact, the spike
base-detonating fuze. A piezoelectric assembly, nose is crushed causing the fuze to function.
contained in the nose spike, acts as a power Fuze functioning detonates the high-explosive
source for the fuze. Threaded to the projectile shaped-charge which collapses the cone assem-
base is the boom with a rubber obturator, six bly and creates a high velocity focused shock
fins, and a tracer. A plug and disk assembly in wave. The intensity of the shock wave causes
the aft end of the boom hold the tracer. The pro- failure of the target armor and a jet of metal par-
pelling charge assembly consists of a cartridge ticles penetrates the interior of the target.

2-157
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Packing ---------------------------- Projectile and


propelling
Projectile w/fuze: charge assembly
Type ------------------------------- HEAT-T in separate fiber
Weight ---------------------------- 31.11 lb containers; 2
Length ---------------------------- 28.96 in. fiber containers
Cannon used with ------------- M58 (1 round) per
Projectile: wooden box
Body material ------------------ Steel *Packing Box:
Color ------------------------------ Black w/yellow Weight ---------------------------- 115 lb
marking Dimensions --------------------- 35-1/2 x
Filler and weight -------------- Comp B, 4.51 lb 10-27/32 x 15-
Components: 3/16 in.
Propelling charge assembly- M99 (T42E1) Cube ------------------------------- 3.4 cu ft
Cartridge case ------------------- Mill
Propellant ----------------------- M6 (221b) *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Primer ---------------------------- M96, percussion Catalog for complete packing data including
Tracer ---------------------------- M13 series NSN’s.
Fuze ------------------------------- PIBD-M509A1
Performance: Shipping and Storage Data:
Maximum range --------------- 23,683 m
(25,290 yd) UNO serial number -------------- 0006
Muzzle velocity ---------------- 1,140 mps DOD hazard class ---------------- 1.1
(3,750 fps) Storage compatibility ----------- E
DOT shipping class -------------- A
Temperature Limits: DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON
Firing: WITH
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F EXPLOSIVE
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F PROJECTILE
Storage: DODAC ----------------------------- 1315-C807
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period Drawing number ----------------- 8840529
not more than 3
days) Limitations:
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F (for
period not more None.
than 4 hr/day)
References:

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

2-158
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILES, 175-MILLIMETER: HE, M437A2 AND M437A1

Type Classification: contain a supplementary charge in the fuze cav-


ity. A cardboard spacer is placed in the fuze cav-
M437A2 ------- Std AMCTC 3089 dtd 1965. ity between the supplementary charge and the
M437A1 -------- Std AMCTC 3089 dtd 1965. lifting plug to limit movement of the supplemen-
tary charge during shipping and handling. The
Use: rotating band is protected by a removable grom-
met. The loaded projectile is zoned into one of
These 175-mm HE Projectiles M437A2 four weight zones ranging from 142.75 to
and M437A1 are high explosive rounds for the 147.23 pounds. The weight zone of the project-
175-mm Gun Cannon M113 used for fragmenta- ile is indicated by the number of prick punch
tion, blast, and mining in support of ground marks on the ogive of the projectile.
troops and armored columns.
Functioning:
Description:
The projectile consists of a hollow steel When the weapon is fired, Primer M82
forging with a boattailed base, a streamlined ignites the igniter pad of the propelling charge.
ogive, a gilding metal rotating band, and a The burning pad ignites the black powder in
nylon obturating band. A base cover is welded the core assembly Sparks and flame flash
to the base of the projectile for added protection through perforations in the igniter core tubes
against the entrance of hot gases from the pro- in a pattern designed to assure uniform igni-
pelling charge during firing. The nose of the tion of the propellant increments. Bore wear in
projectile is fitted with a threaded eyebolt lift- the gun is reduced by an additive jacket assem-
ing plug to facilitate handling and provide a clo- bled to Increment 3 when firing at full charge.
sure for the fuze cavity. The projectile is made Gases generated by the burning propellant
with a deep fuze cavity and may be loaded with force the projectile through the gun tube with
TNT or Composition B. Deep cavity projectiles the velocity required to reach the target. The

2-159
TM 43-0001-28

rotating band engages the barrel rifling to Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F
impart spin for stabilization in flight. The obtu- (+71.1°C) (for
rating band expands to prevent leakage of gas period not more
pressure past the projectile, and is discarded on than 4 hr/day)
leaving the weapon. Depending upon the type *Packing ---------------------------- 6 projectiles per
fuze employed, the projectile is detonated pallet
either on impact or on approach to the target. *Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 948 lb
Difference Between Models: Dimensions --------------------- 42-3/16 x 25-5/8
x 17-1/8 in.
Model M437A2 is filled with Comp B. Cube ------------------------------- 10.6 cu ft
Model M437A1 is filled with TNT.
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Tabulated Data: Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
Projectile:
Type ------------------------------- HE Shipping and Storage Data:
Weight Zone Information: UNO serial number -------------- 0168
WEIGHT ZONE DOD hazard class ---------------- (21) 1.1
LOADED PROJECTILE (W/O FUZE) Storage compatibility group -- D
DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
PROJECTILE
DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D572
(M437A2,
M437A1) w/sup-
plementary
charge; 1320-
Length: D591 (M437A1,
W/U lifting plug ---------------- 34.14 in. M437A2 w/o
W/lifting plug ------------------- 37.23 in. (max) supplementary
Cannon (weapon) used with -- M113, M113A1 charge)
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Assembly drawing number --- 8837902
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab
w/yellow mark- Ballistics: (M113 and M113A1 Cannons)
ings
Filler and weight:
M437A2 -------------------------- Comp B, 31 lb;
Supp Chg, 0.30
lb TNT
M437A1 -------------------------- TNT, 30 lb;
Supp Chg, 0.30
lb TNT
Components:
Propelling charge ------------- M86 series
Primer ---------------------------- M82
Fuzes ------------------------------ PD, M572; *When firing M86 series Propelling Charge at
M739, MTSQ, Zone 1 in a cold weapon, expect the muzzle
M582 prox, velocity to exceed the service velocity (1,675
M728, M732 fps) by up to 100 fps resulting in extended
range.
Temperature Limits:
References:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C) AMC-P 700-3-3
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F TM 9-2300-216-10
(+52.0°C) TM 9-1300-206
Storage: TM 9-1300-251-20
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) TM 9-1300-251-34
(for period not TM 9-1300-250
more than 3
days)

2-160
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 175-MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M458 WITH CHARGE, PROPELLING:

Type Classification: Use:

Std AMCTC 2819 dtd 1964. Dummy Projectile M458 is used with
Dummy Propelling Charge M98. Both compo-
nents are inert and are used as a drill round to
train troops in handling the ammunition and
loading the weapon.

2-161
TM 43-0001-28

Description: Assembly drawing number:


M458 ------------------------------- 11.5656
Dummy Projectile M458 simulates the pro- M98 ------------------------------- 9205873
jectile M437A2 or M437A1 in exterior shape, Color --------------------------------- Old mfg: black
weight and center of gravity Dummy or blue.
Propelling Charge M98 likewise simulates serv- New mfg:
ice propelling charge M86. The round is bronze
employed with Dummy Projectile Extractor M7
for removal of the dummy projectile after ram- Temperature Limits:
ming, The extractor tool is an 18-foot, 8-inch
aluminum pipe fitted with a hook at one end Not Applicable.
and handles at the other. The base of the
dummy projectile contains a lubricated spring- *Packing:
loaded plunger to loosen the projectile in the M458 ------------------------------ 6 projectiles on
forcing cone of the barrel after ramming, The pallet
projectile exterior is fitted with front and rear M98 ------------------------------ 1 dummy
bands for engagement with the barrel rifling, charge and
and the front band is covered with a protective expended
grommet to be removed before loading. The primer in metal
nose of the projectile has an inert supplemen- container; 6
tary charge, a spacer, and a threaded lifting containers in
plug in the fuze cavity. Dummy Propelling wooden box
Charge M98 consists of 3 increments filled with *Pallet:
wood blocks, weighted with lead to equal the Weight ---------------------------- 948 lb
weight of the service charge. Dimensions --------------------- 42-3/16 x 25-5/8
x 17-1/8 in.
Functioning: Cube ------------------------------- 10.6 cu ft
*Packing Box:
The complete round is inert and does not Weight ---------------------------- 114 lb
function. During ramming of the projectile, the Dimensions --------------------- 55 x 9- 13/16 x
internal plunger is driven forward against the 8-7/32 in.
plunger spring. On rebound, the plunger Cube ------------------------------- 3.45 cu ft
impacts the base to loosen the tight fit in the
forcing cone which resulted from ramming. The *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
purpose of the mechanism is to ease the extrac- Catalog for complete packing data including
tion of the projectile. Actual extraction is accom- NSN’S.
plished by manual pulling, using Extractor M7
from the breech of the weapon to engage the
base of the projectile. Shipping and Storage Data:

Tabulated Data: UNO serial number -------------- N/A
DOD hazard class --------------- N/A
Type ---------------------------------- Dummy Storage compatibility group -- N/A
Weight: DOT shipping class -------------- N/A
M458 ------------------------------ 148, 7 lb DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
M98 -------------------------------- 57 lb NON-EXPLO-
Length: SIVE
M458 w/lifting plug ----------- 37.23 in. max. DODAC:
M458 W/O lifting plug -------- 34.11 in. max. M458 ------------------------------ 1320-D709
M98 -------------------------------- 49,5 in. max. M98 -------------------------------- 1320-D535
Diameter:
M458 at forward band ------- 6.885 in. max. Ballistics:
M458 at rear band ------------ 7,103 in.
M98 -------------------------------- 8 in. max Not Applicable.
Cannon used with --------------- M113, M113A1
Body material --------------------- Steel References:
Material, M98 --------------------- Lead weighted,
fabric covered SB 700-20
wooden blocks AMC-P 700-3-3
Primer ------------------------------ Expended TM 9-2300-216-10
service primer
M82

2-162
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 16-INCH: HE, MK19 MOD 0

Type Classification: in the nose to accept an MT fuze and expulsion


charge. The expulsion charge consists of 400
Std grams of M9 mortar propellant. The MT fuze
and shims are shipped separately. A base plug
Use: is press-fitted and pinned into the rear end of
the projectile body. The projectile cavity con-
This projectile is for Naval use only. It is tains 400 optimum fragmentation M43 gre-
designed for use against personnel on the beach nades, which are held in place by the base plug.
or inland, delivering a concentration of gre- The grenades are arranged in 20 layers of 20 gre-
nades at 16-inch gun range. nades each. The grenades are seated in the
cavity behind a pusher plate with a separator
Description: dividing each layer. The grenades are wedge
shaped submissiles, each containing 21.2 grams
This projectile is of the separate loading of explosive Composition A5. With installation
type. The projectile is shipped to and stored at of the MT fuze, the projectile is ready to fire util-
depot level with a nose protective cap installed. izing the standard 16-inch propelling charge
The projectile body is a hollow one-piece steel loaded behind the projectile, and a suitable can-
forging with a streamlined ogive and gilding non primer in the breech block of the weapon.
metal rotating band. The projectile is threaded

2-163
TM 43-0001-28

Functioning: Weight:
Service ------------------------- 660 lb
The cannon primer is initiated, igniting Reduced ----------------------- 315 lb
the propelling charge. The expanding propel- Primer ------------------------- Standard, 16-in.
lant gases propel the projectile forward. The Performance:
rotating band around the projectile engages the Maximum range --------------- 36,576 m
rifling m the barrel, imparting spin and obtura- (40,000 yd)
tion to the projectile. The expanding propellant Muzzle velocity ---------------- 822.96 mps
gases force the projectile through the barrel (2700 fps)
with the velocity required to reach the target
area. The fuze timer is initiated when the projec- Temperature Limits:
tile is fired. After the set time in flight, the
fuze functions initiating the expelling charge. Firing:
The force from the expelling charge detonation Lower limit ---------------------- -29°C (-20°F)
pushes the grenade load against the base plug, Upper limit ---------------------- +54.4°C
which shears the pins and ejects the grenades (+130°F)
into the air stream. Centrifugal force disperses Storage:
the grenades radially from the projectile line of Lower limit ---------------------- -29°C (-20°F)
flight. When each grenade impacts the target Upper limit ---------------------- + 54.4°C
area, an ejection charge functions the grenade 4 (+130°F)
to 6 feet above the impact surface. The grenade *Packing:
explodes in an air burst designed to inflict per- Pallet of 2 projectiles --------- MK 3 MOD 0
sonnel casualties in the target area Pallet adapter ------------------ MK 88 MOD 0
Tabulated Data: *Pallet:
Weight (pallet and
Complete round: 2 projectiles) ----------------- 4,100 lb
Type ------------------------------- HE Dimensions --------------------- 69.0 x 41.0 x
Weight ---------------------------- 1,880 lb 26.0 in.
Length ---------------------------- 65.6 in. Cube ------------------------------- 42.5 cu ft
Cannon used with ------------- Naval Rifle,
16-inch/50 *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Projectile: Catalog for complete packing data including
Body material ------------------ Forged steel NSN’s.
Color------------------------------ Olive drab
w/yellow dia- Shipping and Storage Data:
monds and yel-
low markings UNO serial number -------------- 0169
Filler and weight -------------- Explosive DOD hazard class ---------------- (18) 1.2
Comp A5, 19 lb Storage compatibility group -- D
Fuze ------------------------------- MT, M565E1 DOT shipping class -------------- A
Propelling charge: DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
Type ------------------------------- SPD PROJECTILE
DODAC ----------------------------- 1320-D875
Drawing number ----------------- 9235148

2-164
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CHAPTER 3

AMMUNITION FOR HOWITZERS

3-1
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-2
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 75-MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M19 OR M19B1

Type Classification: Functioning:

Obsolete OTCM 37119 dtd 1959. The cartridge is inert and nonfunctioning.

Use: Tabulated Data:

Cartridge M19 or the alternative M19B1 Complete round:


is a dummy cartridge used for training pur- Type -------------------------------- Dummy
poses. The cartridge is used with 75-mm pack Weight ----------------------------- 18.24 lb
Howitzer M1A1. Length ----------------------------- 23.48 in.
Cannon used with -------------- M1A1
Description: Projectile:
Body material:
The Cartridge M19 consists of a malleable M19------------------------------ Iron
iron body simulating a service round with projec- M19B1 -------------------------- Bronze
tile, cartridge case and a steel base; all assem- Color:
bled with a dummy fuze. The alternate dummy Old mfg. ------------------------ Black or blue
Cartridge M19B1 has a bronze body. The car- w/white mark-
tridge base has a plug simulating a primer. The ings
dummy fuze simulates the weight and contour New mfg. ------------------------ Bronze w/white
of a PD service fuze. markings
Fuze -------------------------------- Dummy M59

3-3
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round per Shipping and Storage Data:


fiber container;
2 fiber contain- DOT desiccation ------------------ DRILL
ers in wooden CARTRIDGES
box INERT
*Packing Box: DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C033
Weight ----------------------------- 48 lb Drawing number ------------------ 72-3-8
Dimensions ----------------------- 28-11/16 x
9-11/16 x References:
6-15/32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 1.04 cu ft SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition TM 9-1300-251-20
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.

3-4
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 75-MILLIMETER HE, M48

3-5
TM 43-0001-28

Operational Characteristic

References:
SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

3-6 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 75-MILLIMETER: BLANK, M337A2 (M337A1E1), M337A1 AND M337

3-7
TM 43-0001-28

References:

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20

3-8 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HE, M1

Type Classification: cavity of projectiles having deep cavities.


Projectiles with shallow cavities or deep cavities
Std AMCTC 4181 dtd 1966. containing a supplementary charge use only
short intrusion fuzes, PD, or MT. Those with
Use: deep cavities will accept the long intrusion prox-
imity fuze after removing the supplementary
The projectile of this cartridge contains charge. Projectiles may be shipped with a PD or
high explosive and is used for fragmentation, MTSQ fuze or with a closing plug. When
blast, and mining in support of ground troops shipped with a closing plug, a chip board spacer
and armored columns. is assembled between the supplementary
charge and plug to limit movement of the for-
Description: mer during transportation and handling.
The projectile consists of a hollow steel The cartridge case contains a percussion
forging with a boattail base, a streamlined primer assembly and seven individually bagged
ogive, and gilding metal rotating band. A base and numbered propelling charge increments.
cover is welded to the base of the projectile for The base of the cartridge case is drilled and the
added protection against the entrance of hot primer assembly is pressed into the base. The
gases from the propelling charge during firing. percussion primer assembly consists of a percus-
The high explosive (HE) filler within the projec- sion ignition element and a perforated flash
tile may be either cast TNT or Composition B. tube containing black powder. The seven num-
A fuze cavity is either drilled or formed in the bered increment bags are tied together, in
filler at the nose end of the projectile. This cav- numerical order, with acrylic cord. These are
ity may be either shallow or deep. A cavity assembled into the cartridge case, around the
liner, to preclude dusting of HE during transpor- primer flash tube, with Increment 1 at the base
tation and handling, is seated in the cavity and of the cartridge case and Increment 7 toward
expanded into the lower projectile fuze threads. the mouth of the cartridge case.
A supplementary charge is placed in the fuze

3-9
TM 43-0001-28

Functioning: NOTE: Comp B filled projectiles fall in weight


zone 2-1/2 Cartridge Case:
If the projectile is unfuzed, the closing
plug is removed and a fuze assembled to the pro- Model Matl Wt (lb) (approx)
jectile prior to adjusting the charge and loading
the cartridge into the weapon. Impact of the M14 Brass 5.9
weapon firing pin results in the initiation of the M14B1 Steel, Drawn 5.4
percussion primer which, in turn, ignites the M14B3 Steel, 5 pc
black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube spiral wrap 4.7
provides for uniform ignition of the propelling M14B4 Steel, 3 pc
charge producing a rapid expansion of the pro- spiral wrap 4.7
pellant gas which propels the projectile out of
the weapon tube. Engagement of the projectile Propelling charge:
rotating band with the rifling of the weapon Model------------------------------M67
tube imparts spin to the projectile providing
inflight stability. Projectile functioning is Components:
dependent upon the fuze used and may func-
tion on impact (instantaneous or delay), Incre-
function above ground either at a predeter- ment Prop Comp Web Size Wt. oz.
mined height based upon time of flight or func- No. & Type in. approx Approx
tion in proximity with the target area. Fuze
function detonates the HE projectile filler result- 1 M1, Type H 0.014 8.6 Single
ing in projectile fragmentation and blast. Perf
2 M1, Type II 0.014 1.4 Single
Tabulated Data: Perf
3 M1, Type I 0.026 2.5 Multi
Complete round: Perf
Type -------------------------------- HE 4 M1, Type I 0.026 3.8 Multi
Weight ----------------------------- 39.92 lb Perf
Length ----------------------------- W/closing plug 5 M1, Type I 0.026 5.8 Multi
28.60 in. max Perf
Cannon (weapon) used 6 M1, Type I 0,026 8.8 Multi
with ------------------------------ M49 (M52, Perf
M52A1), M2A1, 7 M1, Type I 0.026 14.3 Multi
M2A2 (M101, Perf
M101A1), M103,
(M108), M137 Weight, Total Incre-
(M102) ments 1-7 ---------------------- 2.83 lb
Projectile:
Body Material ------------------- Forged steel Percussion primer assembly:
Color ------------------------------- Olive drab
w/yellow mark- M28A2 M28B2
ing Primer M61 M61
Filler weight: Black
Comp B: powder Cl 1, Spec Cl 1, Spec
Normal cavity ---------------- 5.08 lb MIL-P-223 MIL-P-223
Deep cavity -------------------- 4.60 lb (Note B) (Note B)
Weight (lb)
TNT: (primer) 0.00014 0.00014
Normal cavity ---------------- 4.80 lb (BP) 0.043 0.043
Deep cavity ------------------- 4.25 lb Body Brass, Steel.
Weight Zone: Type 1 Type 2

Loaded Shell up to & Fuzes ------------------------------- PD: M557 M78,


W/Suppl Charge Over Incl Series; M739
(without fuze) lb Zones Marking Series; MTSQ:
M582 Series;
M564; prox:
M513 series,
M728, M732
series, ET:
M767

3-1o
TM 43-0001-28

Shipping and Storage Data

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

Change 1 3-11
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-12
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M14

Type Classification: a sash chain to two eyebolts screwed into the


base. The six additional increments are secured
Std. OTCM 36841. to the base charge by twine or snaps on a sash
chain.
Use:
Functioning:
This cartridge is completely inert, and is
used for training gun crews in handling and This dummy cartridge is completely inert
loading 105-mm howitzers. and non-functional.
Description: Tabulated Data:
The cartridge consists of a hollow dummy Complete round:
projectile loosely seated in a manganese bronze Type -------------------------------- Inert
sleeve fitted at the mouth of a dummy cartridge Weight ----------------------------- 42.06 lb
case. The projectile is hollow malleable iron or Length w/fuze ------------------- 31.07 in.
bronze. A dummy PD fuze is screwed into the Cannon used with -------------- M2A1, M2A2,
internal threading at the nose of the projectile. M49, M101,
The projectile has an open base to facilitate M101A, M52,
extraction from the weapon. The cartridge case M52A1, M103
is a cadmium plated steel tube with a female (M108), M137
thread in the base. A steel or malleable iron (M102)
base containing an inert primer is threaded Projectile:
into the base of the cartridge case. The car- Body material ------------------- Malleable iron
tridge case contains a dummy propelling charge or bronze cast-
consisting of a base charge and six increments. ing
The base charge is secured by twine or snaps on

3-13
TM 43-0001-28

Color: Dimensions ----------------------- 37-1/4 x 11-


Old ---------------------------------- Black or blue 15/16 x 7-19/32
w/white mark- in.
ings Cube -------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft
New--------------------------------- Bronze w/white
markings *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Faze ----------------------------------- PD, Dummy Catalog for complete packing data including
M59 NSN’s.
Components:
Cartridge case ------------------- M14 series Shipping and Storage Data:
Propelling charge -------------- M3, dummy
Primer ----------------------------- M1B1, inert DOT designation ------------------ DRILL
CARTRIDGE
Temperature Limits: INERT
DODAC ------------------ 1315-C458
None Drawing number ------------------ 72-3-78

*Packing ----------------------------- 1 round in fiber References:


container; 2
containers in SB 700-20
wooden box AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
*Packing Box: TM 9-1015-234-10
Weight ----------------------------- 120 lb TM 9-1300-251-20

3-14
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: SMOKE, WP, M60 SERIES

e Classification: ments. The base of the cartridge case is drilled


and the primer assembly pressed into the base.
Std AMCTC 9102 dtd 1972 (M60A2, The percussion primer assembly consists of a
M60A1) CON MSR 11756003 (M60). percussion ignition element and a perforated
flash tube containing black powder. The seven
Use: numbered increment bags are tied together, in
numerical order, with acrylic cord. These are
The projectile of this cartridge contains assembled into the cartridge case around the
white phosphorous (WP) which is dispersed primer flash tube with Increment 1 at the base
over the target area for screening purposes. of the cartridge case and Increment 7 toward
The WP also has a limited incendiary effect. the mouth of the cartridge case.

Description: Functioning:

The projectile consists of a hollow steel If the projectile is unfuzed, the closing
forging with a boattail base, a streamlined plug is removed, and a fuze is assembled to the
ogive, and gilding metal rotating band. The pro- projectile prior to adjusting the charge and load-
jectile cavity is filled with cast WP. A steel nose ing the cartridge into the weapon. Impact of the
adapter, having a female fuze thread, with a weapon firing pin results in the initiation of the
press fitted burster casing, is threaded into the percussion primer which, in turn, ignites the
nose of the projectile providing a seal for the black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube
filler. A burster charge is placed inside the provides for uniform ignition of the propelling
burster casing and a fuze is threaded into the charge producing a rapid expansion of the pro-
adapter. The cartridge case contains a percus- pellant gas which propels the projectile out of
sion primer assembly and seven individually the weapon tube. Engagement of the projectile
bagged and numbered propelling charge incre-

3-15
TM 43-0001-28

rotating band with the rifling of the weapon WEIGHT ZONES


tube imparts spin to the projectile providing Loaded Projectile (w/o fuze or plug)
inflight stability. Projectile functioning is
dependent upon the fuze used and may func-
tion on impact, or function above ground at a
predetermined height based upon time of flight.
The fuze detonates the burster charge, ruptur-
ing the projectile, and dispersing the WP filler.
White phosphorous burns on contact with air,
producing a dense white cloud of smoke used
for ground cover or spotting.

Differences Between Models:


Fuze -------------------------------- PD, M557 or
Burster Burster Burster
Casing M739
Model Expl Cartridge case:
Model Material No. Comp Fuze Model Matl Wt (1b) (approx)
M60 Steel M5 Tetrytol PD M557 M14 Brass 5.9
M60A1 High M14B1 Steel, Drawn 5.4
M53 Comp PD M557,
strength M14B3 Steel, 5 pc spiral wrap 4.7
B MTSQ M14B4 Steel, 3 pc spiral wrap 4.7
aluminum M564,
M582, Propelling charge:
ET M767 Model ------------------------------ M67
M60A2 High M53A1 Comp PD M557, Components:
strength (XM53E1) B5 MTSQ
aluminum M564,
Increment
M582, No. Prop Comp Web Size Wt oz Perf
ET M767 in.Approx Approx Approx
& Type

Tabulated Data 1 M1,Type II 0.014 8.6 Single


2 M1,Type II 0.014 1.4 Single
Complete round: 3 M1,Type I 0.026 2.5 Multi
4 M1,Type I 0.026 3.8 Multi
Type -------------------------------- Smoke, WP
Weight ----------------------------- 42.92 lb 5 M1,Type I 0.026 5.8 Multi
Length ----------------------------- 31.10 in. 6 M1,Type I 0.026 8.8 Multi
Cannon (weapon) 7 M1,Type I 0.026 14.3 Multi
used with ----------------------- M49 (M52, Weight, Total
M52A1), M2A1, Increments 1-7------------------ 2.83 lb
M2A2 (101,
M101A1, M103 Percussion Primer Assembly:
(M108), M137
(M102) M28A2
Projectile: M28B2
Body material -------------------Forged steel
Color: Primer M61 M61
Old mfg---------------------------- Gray w/yellow
Black powder C1 1,Spec C1 1,Spec
markings MIL-P-223
New mfg -------------------------- Light green MIL-P-223
w/yellow bands (Note B) (Note B)
and light red
markings
Filler and weight --------------- WP, 3.86 lb

3-16
TM 43-0001-28

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

Change 1 3-17
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-18
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER AGENT, H OR HD, M60

3-19
TM 43-0001-28

3-20 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations: References:

The burster in this ammunition is loaded AMC-P 700-3-3


with tetrytol and may not be stored or fired at SB 700-20
temperatures exceeding + 125°F. TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

Change 1 3-21
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-22
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER TP-T, M67

Type Classification: ment. The base of the cartridge case is drilled


and the primer assembly is pressed into the
CONT AMCTC 8650, dtd 1971. base. The percussion primer assembly consists
of a percussion ignition element and a perfo-
Use: rated flash tube containing black powder. The
single increment bag is assembled into the car-
This cartridge is used for training in tridge case around the primer assembly.
marksmanship.
Functioning:
Description.
The weapon firing pin strikes the percus-
The projectile consists of a boattailed steel sion primer which ignites the black powder in
body fitted with a steel windshield and gilding the primer. The primer ignites the propelling
metal rotating band, The windshield is a hollow charge uniformly through the perforations in
steel cone fitted to the front of a steel adapter. the primer tube and also ignites the tracer. The
The adapter is threaded into the front end of rotating metal band around the projectile
the projectile, and retains a copper conical liner engages the rifling in the barrel to impart spin
in the projectile cavity. The projectile cavity con- to the projectile for in-flight stablilty.
tains an inert filler instead of a shaped HE expanding gases from the propelling charge
charge as in the service projectile. An empty force the projectile through the barrel with the
fuze body with a live tracer is threaded into the velocity required to reach the target. The tracer
base of the projectile. The complete projectile burns for a minimum of 3 seconds during projec-
assembly is a free fit in the cartridge case. The tile flight. The projectile is non-functional,
cartridge case contains a percussion primer because it is an inert practice round lacking the
assembly and a single propelling charge incre- penetrating capability of a service round.

3-23
TM 43-0001-28

AMC-P 700-3-3
SB 700-20
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

3-24 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: SMOKE HC, BE, M84 SERIES

Type Classification: core is a first-fire mix which serves to initiate


the smoke mix. The smoke mix surrounds the
Std AMCTC 7621, dtd 1970 (M84A1, first-fire mix and when initiated, generates a
M84B1) CON MSR 11756003 (Red, Green, and white (HC) or, in the cases of the M84 and
Yellow Colored Smoke). M84B1, HC or other colored smoke. The car-
tridge c a s e c o n t a i n s a p e r c u s s i o n p r i m e r
Use: assembly and seven individually bagged and
numbered propelling charge increments. The
The projectile of this cartridge contains a base of the cartridge case is drilled and the
smoke mixture which, when ignited and primer assembly is press fitted in the base. T h e
ejected, serves as a signal, a screen, or to spot a percussion primer assembly consists of a percus-
target. sion ignition element and a perforated flash
tube containing black powder. The seven num-
Description: bered increment bags are tied together, in
numerical order, with acrylic cord. These are
The projectile body consists of a hollow assembled into the cartridge case, around the
steel forging with a boattail base, a streamlined primer flash tube, with Increment 1 at the base
ogive, gilding metal rotating band, and base of the cartridge case and Increment 7 toward
plug. A black powder expelling charge is assem- the mouth of the cartridge case.
bled into the projectile at the nose end. Next, a
steel baffle (pusher) plate, with a central hole, Functioning:
is assembled behind the expelling charge fol-
lowed by three smoke canisters, alternating Adjust the propelling charge, if required,
spacers, fillers, and the base plug. The spacers prior to loading the cartridge into the weapon.
are assembled between canisters, as well as at Impact of the weapon firing pin results in the
the base, to insure a tight canister pack. An initiation of the percussion primer which, in
MTSQ or MT fuze is assembled to the nose of turn, ignites the black powder in the flash tube.
the projectile. The canisters are metal cylinders The flash tube provides for uniform ignition of
with a central igniter core. Around the igniter the propelling charge producing a rapid expan-

3-25
TM 43-0001-28

sion of the propellant gas which propels the pro- Filler and weight --------------- HC 12.3 lb
jectile out of the weapon tube. Engagement of
the projectile rotating band with the rifling of Components:
the weapon tube imparts spin to the projectile Cartridge case ------------------- M14B4 (3 pc
providing in-flight stability. The projectile func- spiral steel) or
tions above ground at a predetermined height M14B1 (drawn
based upon time of flight. The fuze initiates the steel)
black powder in the expelling charge which Propelling charge -------------- M67, 2.83 lb
flashes through the center hole of the baffle
plate initiating the first-fire mix in the canis- Chg Wt in Oz Approx Type Web Approx
ters. The burning black powder generates gas
pressure against the baffle plate which, 8.6 II 0.014
through the canisters, causes the base plate 1.4 II 0.014
and canisters to leave the projectile. The first- 22.5 I 0.026
fire mix initiates the smoke charge. The canis- 3.8 I 0.026
ters burn for 40 to 90 seconds. 5.8 I 0.026
8.8 I 0.026
Difference Between Models: 14.3 I 0.026
M84 M84B1 M84A1 Primer ----------------------------- M28B2, M28A2
Body forging T r a n s o m T r a n s o m N o Performance:
below below transom Using M52, M52A1 and M101/M101Al howit-
Fuze Thd Fuze Thd zers:

Expelling BP in BP plastic BP in Charge Muzzle Velocity Maximum range


charge cloth bag cup encased plastic (fps) (reps) (yd)
cylinder
1 6 50 198.1 3510 3840
Nose Thd 1.7 x 14 1.7x 14 2 x 12 2 710 216.4 4110 4495
TPI TPI TPI 3 780 237.7 4860 5315
4 875 266.7 5950 6505
Fuze MTSQ MTSQ MTSQ, 5 1020 310.9 7650 8370
M501 M501 M577, 6 1235 376.4 9380 10,260
M501A1 M501A1 M548; 7 1550 472.4 11,270 12,330
MT, M565;
ET, M762 Maximum range ---------------- 11,270 m
(12,330 yd)
Spacers Chipboard Chipboard Aluminum Muzzle velocity ----------------- 472.4 mps
(1550 fps)
Filler Chipboard Chipboard Felt
Using M102 and M108 howitzers:
Colors HC, red, HC, red, HC, red,
available yellow, yellow, yellow,
green green green

1 673 205 3700 4040


Tabulated Data: 2 732 223 4300 4700
3 810 247 5200 5690
Complete round: 4 912 278 6300 6890
Type -------------------------------- Smoke, HC 5 1066 325 8100 8500
6 1289 393 9600 10,500
Weight ----------------------------- 41.96 lb 7 1621 494 11,500 12,590
Length ----------------------------- 30.49 in.
Cannon used with -------------- M2A2, M103 or Maximum range ---------------- 11,500 m
M137 (12,590 yd)
Projectile: Muzzle velocity ----------------- 494 mps
Body material ------------------- Steel forging (1621 fps)
Color ------------------------------- Light green
w/black mark-
ings

3-26
TM 43-0001-28

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

Change 1 3-27
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-28
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HEAT-T, M662

Type Classification: sion primer, an igniter pad and 57 ounces of


M30 propellant.
Std-MSR 06786019.
Functioning:
Use:
Impact of the weapon firing pin ignites
This cartridge is a fixed high-explosive anti- the percussion primer resulting in ignition of
tank round for utilization with 105mm howit- the igniter pad and M30 propellant producing a
zers for an expanded capability in a direct-fire rapid expansion of propellant gas which pro-
mode against armor and hard targets. pels the projectile out of the weapon tube. The
projectile is tin stabilized in flight with only a
Description: minimal spin imparted to the projectile when
the plastic obturator engages the weapon tube
The projectile configuration is that of a rifling. The hot propellant gases also ignite the
steel body cylinder having a plastic obturating tracer which burns for a minimum of 2.5 sec
band and M509A1 point initiating base detonat- and provides visual observance of the projectile
ing (PIBD) fuze with a standoff spike assembly trajectory. On impact, fuze functioning deto-
threaded to the front and a tin and boom assem- nates the explosive filler, causing collapse and
bly threaded to the rear. The loading of the pro- inversion of the copper cone, creating a high
jectile consists of a Comp B shaped charge velocity focused shock wave and jet of metal par-
formed by a funnel-shaped copper liner within ticles with which to penetrate the target.
the body A piezoelectric element is fitted to the
spike assembly and connected to the M509A1 Tabulated Data:
PIBD fuze in the body. The fin assembly is
threaded to receive an M13 tracer assembly. The Complete round:
cartridge is of the fixed type, i.e., the M201 car- Type ------------------------------- HEAT-T
tridge case is crimped to the projectile and Weight ---------------------------- 32.1 lb
requires a minimum bullet pull of 3,000 pounds. Length ---------------------------- 29.67 in.
Cannon used with ------------- M2A1, M2A2,
The cartridge case is of the two-piece spi-
ral design and contains an M1OO MOD percus-

3-29
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: *Packing ------------------------ 1 round per


Body material ------------------ Steel bar fiber container
Color ----------------------------------- Black w/yellow 2 fiber contain-
markings ers per wooden
Filler ------------------------------ Comp B box
Weight of filler ----------------- 2.14 lb *Packing Box:
Components: Weight ---------------------------- 110 lb
Cartridge case ------------------ M201 Dimensions ---------------------- 38-1/8 x 12 x 7-
Propellant ----------------------- M30 (57 oz) 21/32 in.
Primer ---------------------------- M100 Mod Cube ------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft
Tracer ----------------------------- M13
Fuze ------------------------------- PIBD M509A1 *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Performance: Catalog for complete packing data including
Maximum range --------------- classified NSN’s.
Muzzle velocity ----------------- classified
Shipping and Storage Data:
Temperature Limits:
Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Firing: Storage compatibility group --- E
Lower limit ---------------------- -45ºF (-41.8ºC) DOT shipping class -------------- A
Upper limit ---------------------- 45°F DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
(+62.8°C) FOR CANNON
Storage: WITH
Lower limit ---------------------- -80ºF (62.2ºC) EXPLOSIVE
(for periods not PROJECTILES
exceeding 3 DODAC ---------------- 1315-C472
days) Drawing number ----------------- 9282517
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F
(+71.1°C) (for
periods not References:
exceeding 4
hr/day) AMC-P 700-3-3

3-30
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: LEAFLET, M84B1

Type Classification
OBS MSR 11756003.

The projectile of this cartridge is filled


with printed instructional or propaganda mate-
rial in the form of leaflets for distribution to
enemy troops and for civilians.
Description

The projectile body consists of a hollow


steel forging with a boattail base, a streamlined
ogive, gilding metal rotating band, and steel
base lug threaded into the base of the projec-
tile. A plastic encased black powder expelling
charge is assembled to the projectile at the nose
end. Next, a steel baffle plate is assembled
behind the expelling charge followed by a 3/4-
inch diameter wooden dowel, spacers, and the
base plug. The leaflets are furnished later, to
meet the mission requirements, and assembled
in the projectile around the wooden dowel just
prior to firing,
The cartridge case contains a percussion

3-31
TM 43-0001-28

References:
SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

3-32 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER ILLUMINATING, M314, M314A2, M314A2B1

3-33
TM 43-0001-28

3-34 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations: References:

SB 700-20
The M501/M501Al fuze is not dropsafe. AMC-P 700-3-3
Dropping or rough handling of a projectile TM 9-1015-203-12
assembled with fuze MTSQ M501/M501A1 can TM 9-1015-234-10
and has resulted in fuze functioning and expul- TM 9-1300-251-20
sion of projectile base plate and contents. TM 9-1300-251-34

3-35
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-36
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: ILLUMINATING, M314A3

AR 199730-A

Type Classification: ing at the base of the projectile and held in


place by three shear pins and three twist pins.
Std AMCTC 7467, dtd 1970. The complete projectile assembly is free fitted
to a cartridge case. The cartridge case contains
Use: a percussion primer assembly and seven indi-
vidually bagged and numbered propelling
This cartridge is intended for signaling or charge increments. The base of the cartridge
for illuminating a designated area. case is drilled and the primer assembly is
pressed into the base. The percussion primer
Description: assembly consists of a percussion ignition ele-
ment and a perforated flash tube containing
The projectile is a hollow steel forging black powder. The seven numbered increment
with a streamlined ogive, a gilding metal rotat- bags are tied together, in numerical order, with
ing band, and a pinned base plug. The projectile acrylic cord. These are assembled into the car-
is assembled with an MT or MTSQ fuze tridge case, around the primer flash tube, with
screwed into the nose. The projectile cavity con- Increment 1 at the base of the cartridge case
tains an expelling charge, illuminating canister, and Increment 7 toward the mouth of the car-
and parachute assembly. The expelling charge tridge case.
consists of 0.18 lb of black powder contained in
a sealed plastic holder. The illuminating canis- Functioning:
ter body contains the illuminant and 0.15 lb of
first fire composition. If the projectile is unfuzed, the closing
plug is removed and a fuze assembled to the pro-
The illuminating canister body is fitted jectile prior to adjusting the charge and loading
with anti-rotational brakes. The parachute the cartridge into the weapon. Impact of’ the
assembly is attached to the illuminating canis- weapon firing pin results in the initiation of the
ter body. The base plug is inserted into the open- percussion primer which, in turn, ignites the

3-37
TM 43-0001-28

black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube


provides for uniform ignition of the propelling Performance:
charge producing a rapid expansion of the pro-
pellant gas which repels the projectile out of Using M52 M52A1 and M101/M101A1
the weapon tube. Engagement of the projectile
rotating band with th e rifling of the weapon
tube imparts spin to the projectile providing Muzzle Velocity Maximum Range
inflight stability. The MT fuze functions and Charge (fps) (reps) (m) yd
ignites the expelling charge, in turn, igniting
the first-fire composition in the illuminant canis- 1 650 198.1 3510 3840
t e r . The expelling charge also ejects the 2 710 216.4 4110 4495
illumination canister and parachute assembly 3 780 237.7 4860 5315
from the base of the projectile by blowing out 4 875 266.7 5950 6505
the base plug. Concurrently, the parachute 5 1020 310.9 7650 8370
deploys and inflates. The canister body rotation 6 1235 376.4 9380 10.260
or spin is rapidly decreased by the anti- 7 1550 472.4 11,270 12,330
rotational brakes which open to the airstream
when the canister is ejected, and the illuminant Maximum Range -------------- 11,270 m
is ignited by the first-fire composition. Average (12,330 yd)
luminosity is 450,000 candlepower with a static Muzzle velocity ----------------- 472.4 mps
burning time of 60 seconds. (1550 fps)
Tabulated Data: Using M102 and M108 howitzers:
Complete round: Muzzle Velocity Maximum Range
Type ------------------------------- Illuminating Charge (fps) (reps) (m) (yd)
Weight ---------------------------- 46.43 lb
Length ---------------------------- 32.17 in. 1 673 205 3700 4040
Cannon (weapon) used with M49 (M52, 2 732 223 4300 4700
M52A1), M2A1, 3 810 247 5200 5690
M2A2 (M101, 4 912 278 6300 6890
M101A1), M103 5 1066 325 8100 8500
(M108), M137 6 1289 393 9600 10,500
(M102) 7 1621 494 11,500 12,590
Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Maximum range ---------------- 11,500 m
Color ------------------------------ White w/black (12,590 yd)
markings Muzzle velocity ---------------- 494 mps
Expelling charge --------------- Black powder, (1621 fps)
0.18 lb
Filler and weight -------------- Illum, 1.97 lb Temperature Limits:
Fuze ------------------------------- MT. M565 or
548, MTSQ, Firing:
M577A1, ET Lower limit ---------------------- -40ºF (-40ºC)
M762 Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C)
Propelling charge: Storage:
Cartridge case ------------------ M14 series Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53 8°C)
M14 -------------------------------- Brass. 5.9 lb Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F (+63°C)
(approx)
M14B4 ---------------------------- Steel, 3 pc spiral *Packing ----------------------------- 1 round in fiber
wrap, 4.7 lb container; 2
(approx) containers in
Propellant M67, wooden box
2.83 lb *Packing Box:
Weight --------------------------- 114 lb
Percussion primer assembly: Dimensions ------------------------- 37-1/4 x 11-
15/16 x 7-19/32
M28A2 M28B2
Primer M61, 0.00014 lb M61, 0.00014 lb Cube ------------------------------------ 2 cu ft
Black Cl 1, MIL-P-223 Cl 1, MIL-P-223
Powder (Note B), (Note B),
0.043 lb 0.043 lb *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
Body Brass, Type 1 Steel, Type 2 NSN’s.

3-38
TM 43-0001-28

Alternate with M577 A1 Fuze DOT designation .......................... AMMUNITION


............................................ FOR CANNON
*Packing ...................................... 1 round in fiber ............................................ WITH ILLUMI-
........................................... container; 1 ............................................ NATING
........................................... container in ............................................ PROJECTILES
........................................... metal container **DODAC.................................... 1315-C449
UNO serial number ......................0171
*Metal Container: UNO proper shipping name ......... Ammunition,
Weight....................................... 67.5 lb ............................................ illuminating
Dimensions............................... 44-1/2 x 6-7/8 x Drawing number........................... 9206821
........................................... 6-7/8 in.
Cube.......................................... 1.2 cu ft **NOTE: Some M314A3 are issued w/o fuze
(DODAC-1315-C542).

*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition References:


Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s. SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
Shipping and Storage Data: TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
Storage class/SCG ....................... (08) 1.2G TM 9-1300-251-20&P
DOT shipping class...................... A TM 9-1300-251-34&P

Change 9 3-39
TM 43-0001-28

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3-40
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HEP, HEP-T, M327 (T81E28)

M91 fuze, the tracer is also ignited by the burn-


ing propellant and burns during the early
Std OTCM 36841, dtd 1958. stages of flight). On impact, the functioning of
the fuze detonates the explosive.
Use:
Tabulated Data:
This cartridge is used for both anti-tank
and anti-personnel purposes. Complete round:
Type ------------------------------- HEP
Description: Weight ---------------------------- 33.45 lb
Length ---------------------------- 29.08 in.
The projectile is a thin walled steel cylin- Cannon used with ------------- M2A1, M2A2,
der with a relatively short ogive and a flat base. M49, M103,
A gilding metal rotating band encircles the pro- M137
jectile slightly forward of the base. The base is Projectile:
fitted with a threaded adapter which accommo- Explosive filler ----------------- 7.6 lb Comp- A3
dates a base detonating fuze which may or may Body materiel ------------------- Steel
not have an integral tracer, depending on the Color ------------------------------ Olive drab
model. Rounds with tracers are classified as w/yellow mark-
HEP-T. The projectile is loaded with 7.6 pounds ings and black
of Composition A3. An M14 series cartridge bands
case, containing a non-adjustable bagged Cartridge case ------------------ M14 (brass)
charge of single granulation propellant, is loose- M14B1 (steel)
fitted over the base of the projectile. A percus- Propellant:
sion primer is press fitted into the base of the Type ------------------------------- M6
cartridge case. Weight ---------------------------- 3.9 lb
Primer ---------------------------- M28A2, M28B2
Functioning: Tracer (when used) ----------- Integral w/fuze
Fuze BD --------------------------- M91
When the weapon is fired, the primer (a
percussion type initiated by the firing pin) Ballistics:
ignites the propelling charge. The burning pro-
pellant creates gasses which force the spin stabi- Maximum range ------------------ 9,500 yd; 8,685
lized projectile out of the gun tube and propels m
it to the target. (If the round is fitted with the Muzzle velocity ------------------- 2050 fps

3-41
TM 43-0001-28

AMC-P 700-3-3
SB 700-20
TM 9-1300-251-20&P

3-42 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETE: AGENT, GB, M360

Type Classification numerical order, with acrylic cord. These are


assembled into the cartridge case, around the
Std OTCM 37119, dtd 1959. primer flash tube, with Increment 1 at the base
of the cartridge case and Increment 7 toward
Use: the mouth of the cartridge case.

This cartridge is used as a casualty produc-


ing round against personnel. Functioning

Description If the projectile is unfuzed, the closing


plug is removed and a fuze assembled to the pro-
This cartridge is similar in external appear- jectile prior to adjusting the char e and loading
ance to Cartridge HE M1. The projectile con- the cartridge into the weapon. Impact of the
sists of a hollow one-piece steel forging, press- weapon firing pin results in the initiation of the
fitted with an M16 burster casing containing an percussion primer, which in turn, ignites the
M40 tetrytol burster charge, or M40A1 black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube
Composition B4 charge. The hollow projectile provides for uniform ignition of the propelling
cavity is filled with a GB non-persistent liquid charge producing a rapid expansion of the pro-
chemical agent. The projectile has a boattailed pellant gas which propels the projectile out of
base with stream-lined ogive and a gilding the weapon tube. Engagement of the projectile
metal rotating band. A PD fuze is threaded into rotating band with the rifling of the weapon
the nose of the projectile. The complete projec- tube imparts s in to the projectile, providing
tile assembly is free fitted into a cartridge case. flight stability. Projectile functioning is depend-
The cartridge case contains a percussion primer ent upon the fuze used and may function on
assembly and seven individually bagged and impact, instantaneous or delay. It can function
numbered propelling charge increments. The above ground either at a predetermined height
base of the cartridge case is drilled and the based upon time of flight or function in proxim-
primer assembly is pressed into the base. The ity with the target area. Fuze function deto-
percussion primer assembly consists of a percus- nates the burster charge, resulting in projectile
sion ignition element and a perforated flash rupture and dispersal of the chemical agent.
tube containing black powder. The seven num- The liquid agent evaporates, forming a non-
bered increment bags are tied together, in persistent gas to envelope the area.

3-43
TM 43-0001-28

3-44 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations: References:
Do not fire or store Cartridge M360 assem- SB 700-20
bled with Burster M40 (loaded with tetrytol) at AMC-P 700-3-3
temperatures exceeding +125°F (+52°C). This TM 9-1015-203-12
restriction is not applicable to Burster M40A1. TM 9-1015-234-10
Cartridges assembled with Burster M40A1 TM 9-1300-251-20
(M40E1) are authorized for use in all 105mm
howitzer cannons. Cartridges assembled with
Burster M40 are authorized for use in all
105mm howitzers except M108 and M102.

3-45
TM 43-0001-28

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3-46
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER BLANK, M395

3-47
TM 43-0001-28

References:
SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

3-48 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HE, M413 (T377E1)

Type Classification: and are not interchangeable with unmodified


fuzes of the same model. The cartridge case con-
OBS MSR 11756003. tains a percussion primer and a propelling
charge divided in increments to permit adjust-
Use: ment for the desired firing charge. The lip of
the cartridge case is a free fit over the base of
This cartridge is used to deliver a concen- the projectile.
tration of antipersonnel grenades.
Functioning:
Description:
When the primer is detonated by the tir-
The complete round consists of a projec- ing pin of the weapon, the flash from the
tile, a modified fuze, and a cartridge case, The primer ignites the propelling charge producing
projectile contains six layers of grenades with gases which propel the projectile from the bar-
three grenades in each layer. Three of the gre- rel of the weapon. The rifling in the barrel
nades in each projectile contain a bag of yellow imparts spin to the projectile, stabilizing it in
dye for spotting the burst. The grenades are con- flight. The fuze, having been set to function at
tained by a base plug attached to the projectile a predetermined time in flight, initiates the
with three shear pins. expulsion charge ejecting the entire grenade
load from the rear of the projectile. Centrifugal
A mechanical time superquick fuze incorpo- force disperses the grenades radially from the
rating an expulsion charge is installed in the projectile line-of-flight, The M35 grenade is a
nose of the projectile, and may be set to func- ground-burst submissive which explodes on
tion at any time between 2 and 75 seconds. The impact.
modified fuzes incorporate an expulsion charge

3-49
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Performance:


Complete round: Using M52, M52A1 and M101/M101A1
Type ------------------------------- HE howitzers:
Weight ---------------------------- 42.0 lb
Length ---------------------------- 31.04 in. Charge Muzzle Velocity Maximum Range
Cannon used with ------------- M2A1, M2A2, fps mps m yd
and M49
Projectile: 1 650 198.1 3510 3840
Body material ------------------ Forged steel 2 710 216.4 4110 4495
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab 3 780 237.7 4860 5315
w/yellow mark- 4 875 266.7 5950 6505
ings 5 1020 310.9 7650 8370
Filler and weight: 6 1235 376.4 9380 10,260
Number of grenades, M35 -- 18 7 1550 472.4 11,270 12,330
Explosive, Comp B, each
grenade ------------------------- 28 grams Maximum range --------------- 11,270 m,
Explosive, Comp, B, 12,330 yd
each projectile --------------- 1.1 lb Muzzle velocity ----------------- 472.4 mps,
Fuze ------------------------------- MTSQ, M554 1550 fps
(Modified)
Cartridge Case: Using M102 and M108 howitzers:
Model Mat'l Wt. (lb) (approx)
M14 Brass 5.9
M14B1 Steel, Drawn 5.4
M14B3 Steel, 5 pc
spiral wrap 4.7
M14B4 Steel, 3 pc
spiral wrap 4.7

Propelling charge:
Model------------------------------ M67
Components:

Incre- Prop Comp Web Size Wt Oz


ment &Type in. Approx Approx Perf

1 M1, Type II 0.014 8.6 Single


2 M1, Type II 0.014 1.4 Single
3 M1, Type I 0.026 2.5 Multi
4 M1, Type I 0.026 3.8 Multi
5 M1, Type I 0.026 5.8 Multi
6 M1, Type I 0.026 8.8 Multi
7 M1, Type I 0.026 14.3 Multi
Weight, Total Increments 1-7- 2.83 lb

Percussion mimer assembly:


M28A2 M28B2
Primer M61 M61
Black powder Cl 1, Spec Cl 1, Spec
MIL-P-223 MIL-P-223
(Note B) (Note B)
Weight (lb)
(primer) 0.00014 0.00014
(BP) 0.043 0.043
Body Brass, Steel, *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Type 1 Type 2 Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN's.

3-50
TM 43-0001-28

Shipping and Storage Data DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C469


Cartridge drawing number ---- XP97090
Hazard class/division and Storage Packing drawing number ------ 7549072
Compatibility Group --------- (18) 1.2E
References:
DOT class Class A
--------------------------
Explosive SB 700-20
DOT marking ---------------------- AMMUNITION AMC-P700-3-3
FOR CANNON TM 9-1015-203-12
WITH TM 9-1015-234-10
EXPLOSIVE TM 9-1300-251-20
PROJECTILES TM 9-1300-251-34

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TM 43-0001-28

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3-52
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HE, M444

Type Classification: cartridge case contains a percussion primer and


a propelling charge divided in increments to per-
Std OTCM 37803 dtd 1961. mit adjustment for the desired firing charge.
The lip of the cartridge case is a free fit over
Use: the base of the projectile.

This cartridge is used to deliver a concen- Functioning:


tration of antipersonnel grenades.
When the primer is detonated by the fir-
Description: ing pin of the weapon, the flash from the
primer ignites the propelling charge, producing
The complete round consists of a projec- gases which propel the projectile from the bar-
tile, a modified fuze, MTSQ, M548 or MT, rel of the weapon. The rifling in the barrel
M565, and a cartridge case, The projectile con- imparts spin to the projectile, stabilizing it in
tains six layers of grenades with three grenades flight. The fuze, having been set to function at
in each layer. The grenades are contained by a a predetermined time in flight, initiates the
base plug attached to the projectile with three expulslon charge, ejecting the entire grenade
shear pins. A modified mechanical time and load from the rear of the projectile. Centrifugal
superquick or mechanical time fuze is installed force disperses the grenades radially from the
in the nose of the projectile, and may be set to projectile line-of-flight. The M39 grenade is an
function at any time between 2 and 100 sec- airburst submissive which is expelled from its
onds. The modified fuzes incorporate an housing on impact and projected upward to
expulsion charge and are not interchangeable burst at 4 to 6 feet above the ground.
with unmodified fuzes of the same model. The

3-53
TM 43-0001-28

3-54
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing Box: DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C462


Weight w/cartridge ------------ 120 lb UNO serial number ------------- 0321
Dimensions ---------------------- 37-1/4 x 11- UNO proper shipping name --- Cartridges for
15/16 x 7-19/32 weapons
in. Cartridge drawing number ---- 8864930
Cube ------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft Packing drawing number ------ 7549072
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Limitations:
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s. Expect a higher submunition dud rate
when fired at charges 6 and 7 for Cannons
Shipping and Storage Data: M103, M137 and L28A1.
Hazard class/division and Storage
Compatibility Group ------------ (18) 1.2E References:
DOT class -------------------------- Class A
Explosive SB 700-20
DOT marking ---------------------- AMMUNITION AMC-P700-3-3
FOR CANNON TM 9-1015-203-12
WITH TM 9-1015-234-10
EXPLOSIVE TM 9-1300-251-20
PROJECTILES TM 9-1300-251-34

Change 1 3-55
TM 43-0001-28

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3-56
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: APERS-T, M546

Type Classification: Description:


Std MSR 09736030, dtd 1973. The projectile body is an assembly of four
pieces: base with sintered iron rotating band
Use: and M13 Tracer, connector, forward body and
fuze adapter. Inside the base of the projectile is a
This cartridge is designed for use against base charge. Forward of the base charge are
personnel in direct fire, muzzle action, and in a
direct fire mission with a time setting other assembled the tiers of flechettes, the centers of
which form a flash tube. The fuze adapter is
than muzzle action. assembled forward of the first tier of’
flechettes, The fuze adapter contains an M87

3-57
TM 43-0001-28

detonator, M7 relay, four radially oriented M86 it will function within three meters of the can-
detonators and a pyrotechnic composition non muzzle. If set for time, i.e., 1/2-100
smoke marker pellet. The MT Fuze M563 seconds, the fuze will function 75 meters prior
series is assembled into the fuze adapter. The to set time for optimum palyload dispersal. The
cartridge case contains a percussion primer payload pattern of dispersal is shown in Figure
assembly and two individually bagged propel- AR 199740. The tracer provides visual tracking
ling charge increments, one numbered Zone 6 of projectile trajectory.
and the second, Zone 7. The base of the car-
tridge case is drilled and the primer assembly Tabulated Data:
is pressed into the base. The percussion primer
assembly consists of a percussion ignition ele- Complete round:
ment and perforated flash tube containing Type ------------------------------- APERS-T
benite. The two increment bags are tied Weight ----------------------------- 38.25 lb
together with acrylic cord. The 6th increment Length ---------------------------- 34.153 in. (max)
is assembled around the primer flash tube at Cannon (weapon) used with M2A1, M2A2,
the base end of the cartridge case. The 7th (M101,
increment is assembled around the flash tube M101A1), M137
toward the mouth of the cartridge case. The (M102) (L20A1
fuze may be set for muzzle action, for function- (Ml19)
ing at a minimum of 1/2 second or in tenths of Projectile:
a second up to 100 seconds after firing. Body material ------------------ Aluminum/
Steel
Functioning: Color ------------------------------ Olive drab
wlyellow band,
Prior to loading, the propelling charge is white markings
adjusted by cutting the cord and removing Zone and a row of
7 if Zone 6 is to be fired. If Zone 7 is to be fired, white diamonds
the charge is not touched. Also, if other than Filler and weight -------------- 8,000-8 gr
muzzle action is desired, the fuze is set. The car- flechettes. 9.145
tridge is then loaded into the chamber of the lb
cannon. Impact of the weapon firing pin Components:
results in the initiation of the percussion Cartridge case ------------------ M14B4
primer which, in turn, ignites the black powder Propelling charge -------------- XM121
in the flash tube. The flash tube provides for Increment loading assy ------ 6.2 oz propel-
uniform ignition of the propelling charge produc- lant, M30A1
ing a rapid expansion of the propellant gas single perfora-
which propels the projectile out of the weapon tion, type II,
tube and initiates the M13 Tracer. Engagement 0.019 Web. 27.4
of the projectile rotating band with the rifling oz propellant
of the weapon tube imparts spin to the projec- M30A1, multi
tile providing inflight stability. When the fuze perforation,
functions, it initiates the pyrotechnic composi- type I, 0.039
tion smoke marker, the four radial M86 detona- Web. Charge,
tors, and M7 relay simultaneously. The four Propelling for
detonators break the forward body into four lon- Ctg. APERS
gitudinal pieces and projectile spin disperses M546
the first four tiers of flechettes. Projectile for- Primer ---------------------------- M90
ward velocity is imparted to the flechettes. The Benite strands ------------------ 380+/-grains
M7 relay initiates the M87 detonator which Percussion primer drawing - 7645339
flashes through the flash tube formed by the Tracer ----------------------------- M13
tiers initiating the base charge. The base 1.7 grains igniter composition
charge then propels the last five tiers of projec- 5.5 grains tracer composition
tiles from the connector and spin disperses the Fuze ------------------------------- MT-M563-E1,
flechettes. If the fuze is set for muzzle action, -E2, -E3, -E4

3-58
TM 43-0001-28

Dimensions ---------------------- 44-3/4 x 12-1/16


x 7-9/16 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 2.3 cu ft

*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’S,

Shipping and Storage Data

Quantity-distance class ---------


Storage compatibility group --
DOT shipping class --------------
DOT designation -----------------

DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C513


UNO serial number -------------- 0321
UNO proper shipping name --- Cartridges for
weapons
Drawing number ----------------- 9211669
Limitations:
Cartridge M546 is not to be fired over the
heads of friendly troops and is restricted to fir-
ing at Zone 7 only, however, when engaging sta-
tionary targets at ranges between 275 and 400
meters, Zone 6 firings with a fuze setting of 0.5
second is permitted.
References:

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1015-203-12
TM 9-1015-234-10
TM 9-1300-251-20

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TM 43-0001-28

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3-60
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HERA, M548

Type Classification: primer assembly is pressed into the base. The


percussion primer assembly consists of a percus-
Std AMCTC 8414, dtd 1971. sion ignition element and a perforated flash
tube containing benite. The five numbered
Use: increment bags are tied together, in numerical
This cartridge is a high explosive, rocket order, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 with acrylic cord. These
assisted round with extended range capability are assembled into the cartridge case, around
used for fragmentation, blast and mining in sup- the primer flash tube, with Increment 3 at the
port of ground troops and armored columns. base of the cartridge case and Increment 7
toward the mouth of the cartridge case.
Description:
Functioning:
The projectile consists of two pieces, a
streamlined warhead and rocket motor body of Rocket “OFF-MODE” — If the projectile is
boattail design. The nose of the warhead is unfuzed, the closing plug is removed and a fuze
threaded for a fuze and the warhead is filled assembled to the projectile, and if required, is
with cast Composition B having a deep cavity set. The cartridge is loaded into the weapon.
and supplementary charge. The rocket motor Upon firing, impact of the weapon firing pin
body contains the rocket grain and rocket igni- results in the initiation of the percussion
tion system, contained in a spike at the rear of primer which, in turn, ignites the benite in the
the body. The spike housing ignition system is flash tube. The flash tube provides for uniform
fitted with a cap. A sintered iron rotating band ignition of the propelling charge producing a
is swaged to the rocket motor body and the rapid expansion of the propellant gas which pro-
body threaded to the warhead to complete the pels the projectile out of the weapon tube.
projectile assembly The cartridge case contains Engagement of the projectile rotating band
a primer and five individually bagged and num- with the rifling of the weapon tube imparts
bered propelling charge increments. The base spin to the projectile providing in-flight stabil-
of the cartridge case is drilled and a percussion ity. Projectile functioning is dependent upon
the fuze used and may function on impact

3-61
TM 43-0001-28

(instantaneous or delay), function above Propelling charge -------------- M176, 2.84 lb


ground either at a predetermined height based Percussion primer
upon time of flight, or function in proximity assembly ----------------------- M108
with target area. Fuze function detonates the Primer ----------------------------- Dwg No.
HE projectile filler resulting in projectile frag- 9212386
mentation and blast. Benite (BP) ---------------------- 210 grains
Motor body ---------------------- Steel alloy forg-
Rocket “ON-MODE” — The fuse is assem- ing
bled to the projectile as in the Rocket “OFF- Rocket propellant grain ----- XM33 propel-
MODE”. The rocket cap, on the spike of the pro-
jectile, is removed and the cartridge case with Nitrocellulose
propellant is slipped over the projectile and the base 1.06 lb
cartridge loaded into the weapon. After firing,
the burning propellant gases initiate the igni-
tion composition which, in turn, ignites the Delay assembly:
delay composition. Approximately 16 seconds
later (the projectile has left the tube and is trav-
eling down-range), the balance of the rocket
motor ignition system ignites the rocket motor.
The rocket motor burns for 2 seconds boosting
the projectile velocity resulting in a greater pro-
jectile range. Fuze initiation, as described for Flash composition:
Rocket “OFF-MODE”, detonates the projectile
HE filler resulting m projectile fragmentation Constituent Parts by wt
and blast.
Zirconium ---------------------- 58 ± 1.0
Tabulated Data: Chromium oxide ------------- 16 ± 1.0
Molybdenum trioxide ------ 25 ± 1.0
Vinyl alcohol
Acetate resin (solids) ------- 1.0 ± 0.1

Igniter composition:

Constituent Parts by wt

Zirconium ----------------------- 65 ± 1.0


Iron oxide ----------------------- 25 ± 1.0
Diatomaceous earth ---------- 10 ± 1.0
Vinyl alcohol
Acetate resin (solids) --------- 1 ± 0.1

Delay composition:
Constituent Parts by wt

Tungsten ------------------------ 42.5 ± 5


Barium chromate ------------- 45 ± 5
Potassium perchlorate ------ 12.5 ± 0.25
Vinyl alcohol
Acetate resin (solids) --------- 1 ± 0.1

Rocket propellant grain igniter:


Type 1 Class 3 boron potassium nitrate
pellets 5.0 grains (approx)

Performance:

Maximum range --------------- 16,404 yd


(15,000 m)
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 548.64 mps
(1,800 fps)

3-62
TM 43-0001-28

Temperature Limits: Shipping and Storage Data:


Firing Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C) Storage compatibility group --- E
Upper limit ---------------------- + 145°F (+63C°) DOT shipping class -------------- A
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C) WITH
Upper limit ---------------------- + 150°F EXPLOSIVE
(+65.6°C) PROJECTILE
DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C463
UNO serial number -------------- 0321
*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round in fiber UNO proper shipping name --- Cartridges for
container; 2 weapons
containers in Drawing number ----------------- 9212376
wooden box
Limitations:
*Packing Box: Charge 7 is authorized for firing in both
Weight ---------------------------- 122 lb Rocket-On and Rocket-Off modes. Charges 3,
4, 5, and 6 are authorized for Rocket-Off Mode
Dimensions ---------------------- 45-19/32 x 11- firing only under emergency combat conditions.
13/16 X 7-11/16
in. Reference:
Cube ------------------------------- 2.4 cu ft
SB 700-20
AMC-P700-3-3
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition TM 9-1015-203-12
Catalog for complete packing data including TM 9-1015-234-10
NSN’S. TM 9-1300-251-20

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TM 43-0001-28

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3-64
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HERA, M913

Type Classification: percussion primer assembly consists of a percus-


sion ignition element and a perforated flash
Std AMCTC dtd 1990. tube containing black powder.
Use: Functioning:
This cartridge is a high explosive, rocket- Rocket “OFF-MODE” — If the projectile is
assisted round with extended range capability unfuzed, the closing plug is removed and a fuze
used for fragmentation, blast and mining sup- is assembled to the projectile and, if required, is
port of ground troops and armored columns. set. The cartridge is loaded into the weapon.
Description: Upon firing, impact of the weapon firing pin
results in the initiation of the percussion
The projectile consists of two pieces, a primer which, in turn, ignites the black powder
streamlined warhead and rocket motor body of in the flash tube. The flash tube provides for
boattail design. The nose of the warhead is uniform ignition of the propelling charge produc-
threaded for a fuze and the warhead is filled ing a rapid expansion of the propelling gas
with TNT having a deep cavity and supplemen- which propels the projectile out of the weapon
tary charge. The rocket motor body contains tube. Engagement of the projectile rotating
the rocket grain and delay ignition system, con- band with the rifling of the weapon tube
tained at the rear of the body. The delay igni- imparts spin to the projectile providing in-flight
tion system is fitted with a cap. A copper stability. Projectile functioning is dependent
rotating band is welded to the rocket motor upon the fuze used and may function on impact
body. The body is threaded to the warhead to (instantaneous or delay), function above
complete the projectile assembly The cartridge ground either at a predetermined height based
case contains a primer and a single bag propel- upon time of flight, or function in proximity
ling charge with a flash reducer. The base of with target area. Fuze function detonates the
the cartridge case is drilled and a percussion HE projectile filler resulting in projectile frag-
primer assembly is pressed into the base. The mentation and blast.

3-65
TM 43-0001-28

Rocket “ON-MODE” — The fuze is assem- Delay Composition:


bled to the projectile as in the rocket “OFF-
MODE”. The cap on the delay igniter is Constituent Parts by Weight
removed, The cartridge is loaded into the
weapon. Upon firing, the burning propellant Potassium Perchlorate ---------- 14.5 ± 0.25
gases initiate the delay ignition system. Tungsten ---------------------------- 45.0 ± 5.0
Approximately 16 seconds later (the projectile Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
has left the tube and is traveling down-range), Resins (solids) ---------------------- 1.0 ± 0.1
the delay ignition system ignites the rocket Barium Chromate ----------------- 40.5 ± 5.0
motor. The rocket motor burns for 2 seconds
boosting the projectile velocity resulting in a
greater projectile range. Fuze initiation, as Igniter Composition:
described for Rocket “OFF-MODE”, detonates
the projectile HE filler resulting in projectile Constituent Parts by Weight
fragmentation and blast.
Diatomaceous Earth ------------- 10.0 ± 1.0
Zirconium --------------------------- 65.0 ± 1.0
Tabulated Data: Iron Oxide --------------------------- 25.0 ± 1.0
Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
Resins (solids) ---------------------- 2.0 ± 0.1

Flash composition:

Constituent Parts by Weight

Zirconium --------------------------- 58.0 ± 1.0


Chromium Oxide ------------------ 16.0 ± 1.0
Molybdenum Trioxide ----------- 25.0 ± 1.0
Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
Resins (solids) ---------------------- 1.0 ± 0.1

Rocket propellant:
Grain ------------------------------- HTPB
Weight ----------------------------- 2.2 lb

Temperature Limits:

Firing:
Lower limit ----------------------- -50°F (-45.5°C)
Upper limit ----------------------- 145°F (63°C)
Storage:
Lower limit ----------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
Upper limit ----------------------- 160°F (71.1°C)

Performance with the Ml19 Howitzer:

Maximum range ------------------- 19.5 km


Muzzle velocity -------------------- 625 mps
(2100 fps)
Chamber pressure at 70°F ----- 45000 psi
Chamber pressure at 145°F---- 54000 psi

3-66
TM 43-0001-28

References:

SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34

Change 1 3-67
TM 43-0001-28

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3-68
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105 MILLIMETER: HERA, M927

Type Classification: Functioning:

Std AMCTC dtd Oct 94. Rocket "OFF-MODE" - If the projectile is unfuzed,
the closing plug is removed and a fuze is assembled
Use: to the projectile and, if required, is set. The car-
tridge is loaded into the weapon. Upon firing,
This cartridge is a high explosive, rocket-assisted impact of the weapon firing pin results in the initia-
round with extended range capability used for frag- tion of the percussion primer which, in turn, ignites
mentation, blast and mining support of ground the black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube
troops and armored columns provides for uniform ignition of the propelling
. charge producing a rapid expansion of the propel-
Description: ling gas which propels the projectile out of the
weapon tube. Engagement of the projectile rotating
The projectile consists of two pieces, a streamlined band with the rifling of the weapon tube imparts
warhead and rocket motor body of boattail design. spin to the projectile providing in-flight stability.
The nose of the warhead is threaded for a fuze and Projectile functioning is dependent upon the fuze
the warhead is filled with TNT having a deep cavity used and may function on impact (instantaneous or
and supplementary charge. The rocket motor body delay), function above ground either at a predeter-
contains the rocket grain and delay ignition system, mined height based upon time of flight, or function
contained at the rear of the body. The delay ignition in proximity with target area. Fuze function deto-
system is fitted with a cap. A copper rotating band nates the HE projectile filler resulting in projectile
is welded to the rocket motor body. The body is fragmentation and blast.
threaded to the warhead to complete the projectile
assembly. The cartridge case contains a primer and
seven individually bagged and numbered propel-
ling charge increments. The base of the cartridge
case is drilled and a percussion primer assembly is
pressed into the base. The percussion primer
assembly consists of a percussion ignition element
and a perforated flash tube containing black pow-
der.

Change 8 3-68.1
TM 43-0001-28

Rocket "ON-MODE" - The fuze is assembled to the Primer .................................... Dwg No.
projectile as in the rocket "OFF-MODE". The cap 8838130
on the delay igniter is removed. The cartridge is Black powder ......................... 300 grains
loaded into the weapon. Upon firing, the burning
propellant gases initiate the delay ignition system. Pyrotechnic Delay Assembly:
Approximately 16 seconds later (the projectile has
left the tube and is traveling down-range), the delay
ignition system ignites the rocket motor. The rocket No. Increments Weight Composition
motor burns for 2 seconds boosting the projectile
velocity resulting in a greater projectile range. Fuze 7 1000 mg (ea) Delay
initiation, as described for Rocket "OFF-MODE", 1 275 mg Igniter
detonates the projectile HE filler resulting in projec- 1 300 mg Flash
tile fragmentation and blast.
Delay Composition:
Tabulated Data:
Constituent Parts by Weight
Complete round:
Type .......................................... HERA Potassium Perchlorate .................. 14.5 ± 0.25
Weight....................................... 37.2 lb Tungsten ....................................... 50.0 ± 5.0
Length....................................... 32.3 in. Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
Cannon (weapon) used with ..... M119, Resins (solids)........................... 1.0 ± 0.1
M101A1, Barium Chromate ......................... 35.5 ± 5.0
M102
Igniter Composition:
Projectile:
Warhead body material............. High fragmen- Constituent Parts by Weight
tation (HF1)
steel forging Diatomaceous Earth ..................... 10.0 ± 1.0
Color ......................................... Olive drab Zirconium ..................................... 65.0 ± 1.0
w/yellow mark- Iron Oxide .................................... 25.0 ± 1.0
ings Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
Filler and weight....................... TNT, 5.8 lb Resins (solids)........................... 1.0 ± 0.1
Fuzes......................................... PD M557,
M739 SER, Flash composition:
PROX
M732A2, Constituent Parts by Weight
MTSQ M582
SER, ET M767 Zirconium ..................................... 58.0 ± 1.0
Supplemental charge ................ Dwg No. Chromium Oxide.......................... 16.0 ± 1.0
8797090 Molybdenum Trioxide.................. 25.0 ± 1.0
Rocket grain ............................. HTPB Base2.2 Vinyl Alcohol-Acetate
lb Resins (solids)........................... 1.0 ± 0.1
Rocket motor body ................... Steel alloy forg-
ing Temperature Limits:

Propelling charge: Firing:


Cartridge Case: Lower limit................................ -50×F (-
M14B1................................... Steel, Dwg No. 45.5×C)
7548025 Upper limit ................................ 145×F (63×C)
M14B4................................... Steel, 3 pc spi- Storage:
ral wrap, Dwg. Lower limit................................ -65×F (-
No. 8595386 53.8×C)
Propelling charge .................. M67, 2.83 lb Upper limit ................................ 160×F
Percussion primer assembly.. M28B2 (71.1×C)

3-68.2 Change 8
TM 43-0001-28

Performance at 70°F Using M102 Howitzer: DOT shipping class ...................... CLASS A
EXPLOSIVE
Charge 7: DOT designation .......................... CARTRIDGES
Maximum range ....................... 11,760 m, FOR WEAP-
13,067 yd ONS WITH
Muzzle velocity ........................ 1,604 FPS, EXPLOSIVE
486 MPS PROJECTILE
Charge 7R: DODAC........................................ 1315-C544
Maximum range ....................... 16,620 m, Drawing number........................... 9391033
18,467 yd
Muzzle velocity ........................ 1,604 FPS, Limitations:
486 MPS
Firing restricted to zone 7 "ROCKET-ON" and
*Packaging: zone 7 "ROCKET-OFF" modes. In accordance
with AR 385-63, the following is recommended:
Packing ........................................ 1 round in fiber
container; 1 a. Do not fire overhead of unprotected troops
container in during training.
metal container
Fiber container ............................. PA111, Dwg b. For "ROCKET-ON" Mode: The safety
No. 12624495 zone is no shorter than the "ROCKET-OFF" range
Metal container ............................ PA117, Dwg
at the same elevation.
No. 9378166
Total weight .............................. 66.1 lb
Dimensions............................... 44-1/2 x 6-7/8 x c. For "ROCKET-OFF" Mode: The safety
6-7/8 in. zone beyond the target is no shorter than the
Cube.......................................... 1.2 cu ft "ROCKET-ON" range at the same elevation (how-
ever, 5000 meters beyond target is advised).
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Catalog
for complete packing data including NSN’s. References:
Shipping and Storage Data:
SB 700-20
AMC-P 700-3-3
UNO serial number...................... 0321 TM 9-1300-251-20&P
DOD hazard class ........................ 1.2 TM 9-1300-251-34&P
DOD storage compatibility
group......................................... E

Change 8 3-68.3
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3-68.4 Change 8
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: TACTICAL CS, M629

Type Classification: perforated flash tube. The baseplug is held in


place by three shear pins and three twist pins.
CONT MSR 03736119, dtd 1973. The complete projectile assembly is free-fitted
to a steel cartridge case. The cartridge case con-
Use: tains a percussion primer assembly and seven
individually bagged and numbered propelling
This cartridge contains a CS riot control charge increments. The base of the cartridge
agent which emits irritating fumes intended to case is drilled and the primer assembly is
harass personnel. pressed into the base. The percussion primer
assembly consists of a percussion ignition ele-
Description: ment and a perforated flash tube containing
black powder. The seven numbered inclement
This cartridge is similar in external con- bags are tied together, in numerical order. with
figuration to Illuminating Cartridge acrylic cord. These are assembled into the car-
M314A2E1. The projectile consists of a hollow tridge case around the primer flash tube with
steel forging with streamlined ogive, gilding Increment 1 at the base of the cartridge case
metal rotating band, and pinned steel base and Increment 7 toward the mouth of the car-
plug. An MT or MTSQ fuze is internally tridge case.
threaded into the nose of the projectile. The pro-
jectile cavity contains an expelling charge and Functioning:
four CS pyrotechnic-filled canisters. The expel-
ling charge consists of 1.78 oz of black powder If the projectile is unfuzed, the closing
in a plastic container. It is assembled to the plug is removed and a fuze assembled to the
rear of the fuze and separated from the CS canis- projectile prior to adjusting the charge and load-
ters by an aluminum baffle plate with flash ing the cartridge into the weapon. Impact of the
hole. Each CS canister contains 0.825 lb of CS weapon firing pin results in the initiation of
pyrotechnic mix and 0.81 oz of starter mix. the percussion primer which, in turn, ignites
Located in the center of each (CS canister is a the black powder in the flash tube. The flash

3-69
TM 43-0001-28

tube provides for uniform ignition of the propel-


ling charge producing a rapid expansion of the
pro propellant gas which propels the projectile out
the weapon tube. Engagement of the projec-
tile rotating band with the rifling of the weapon
tube imparts spin to the projectile providing in-
flight stability. Projectile functioning is depend-
ent upon the fuze used and may function on
impact (instantaneous or delay), function
above ground either at a predetermined height
based upon time of flight, or function in proxim-
ity with the target area. The fuze functions and
ignites the black powder in the expelling Performance:
charge. The flash from the expelling charge
ignites the four CS canisters through the perfo-
rations in the flash tubes. Concurrently, the
pressure from the ignition of the expelling
charge shears the retaining pins, blows out the
base plug and expels the burning canisters into
the airstream. The CS pyrotechnic mixture in
the canisters burns and emits irritating fumes
for approximately 60 seconds.

Tabulated Data:

Temperature Limits:

3-70
TM 43-0001-28

*Packing ---------------------------- 1 round in fiber DODAC ------------------------------ 1315-C468


container; 2 UNO serial number -------------- 0018
containers in UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
wooden box tear-producing
*Packing Box: Drawing number ----------------- 9220225
Weight ---------------------------- 120 1b
Dimensions ---------------------- 37-1/4 x 11-
15/16 x 7-19/32 Limitations:
in.
Cube ------------------------------- 2.0 cu ft Do not fire this cartridge with the fuze set
on the "S" shipping mark as issued, because
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition fuze functioning after approximately 2 seconds
Catalog for complete packing data including may be anticipated, Do not attempt to reset
NSN’s. the fuze until just before firing. Fuzes reset for
firing, but not fired, should be reset on the “S”
Shipping and Storage Data: setting.
Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Storage compatibility group --- G
DOT shipping class -------------- B
DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION References
FOR CANNON
WITH CS SB 700-20
PROJECTILES AMC-P 700-3-3
CLASS B DOT TM 9-1015-203-12
SPECIAL PER- TM 9-1015-234-10
MIT NO. 5208 TM 9-1300-251-20

Change 1 3-71
TM 43-0001-28

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3-72
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105-MILLIMETER: HE, M760

Type Classification: pelling charge M200 is a single bag charge con-


sisting of 4.25 lb (1.93 kg) of M30 propellant,
Std, MSR 09786043. The bag charge has a hole through the center
for fitting around the primer in the cartridge
Use: case. The M200 propelling charge is for
extended range firing (Charge 8) for 105mm,
This cartridge is a high explosive round ini- Howitzer M119 use only.
tially developed for use with the Howitzer,
Light Towed, 105mm: Soft Recoil, M204, The cartridge case used is the M14B4 (3-
Currently, the M760 Cartridge is only author- piece spiral-wrapped steel). The mouth of the
ized for use with the Howitzer, Light, Towed, case can expand slightly by uncoiling, This
105mm: M119. makes it easier to insert the projectile in the
mouth of the case, However, if the loader is not
Description: careful to grasp the projectile at its center of bal-
ance, the lip of the mouth of the cartridge may
The projectile of this cartridge consists of protrude enough to catch on the lip of the lower
hollow steel forging and is similar to the projec- extractor recess, making it impossible to cham-
tile in the M1 cartridge. The projectile is ber the round, The cartridge case may be manu-
loaded with approximately 4.6 lb (2.1 kg) of ally rotated and seated with no adverse effect
Type 1 TNT only. "Composition B" cannot be on the ammunition, The primer used is the
loaded with cartridge M760 as it is too sensitive M28B2 percussion primer (300 grains of black
for use with propelling charge M200. The pro- powder).

3-73
TM 43-0001-28

Functioning: Temperature Limits:


The weapon firing pin strikes the percus- Firing:
sion primer of the cartridge case igniting the Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-54°C)
black powder of the primer tube which ignites Upper limit ---------------------- + 145°F (+63°C)
the propelling charge. The pressure build-up Storage:
from propellant burning propels the projectile. Lower limit ---------------------- -65 °F (-54°C)
As the projectile is propelled through the Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (+71°C)
weapon tube, the rotating band engages with Performance:
the rifling, imparting spin to stabilize the projec- Maximum range --------------- 14.000m
tile. Projectile functioning is dependent upon (45,932 ft) at
the fuze used and may function on impact 70°F (21°C)
(instantaneous or delay) function above ground Muzzle velocity ----------------- 2020 ft/sec
either at a predetermined height based upon (616 reps) at
time of flight or function in proximity with the 70°F (21°C)
target area. Fuze function detonates the supple- Chamber pressure ------------ 41,000 psi
mentary charge, and the supplementary charge 282,695 kPa
detonates the high explosive projectile filler at 70°F
resulting in projectile fragmentation and blast. (21°C)
54,000 psi
372,330 kPa
Tabulated Data: at 145°F
(63°C)
M760 Cartridge: *Packaging:
Container ------------------------ 7549072
Complete round: Weight ---------------------------- 120 lb (54 kg)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HE. TNT loaded Dimensions ---------------------- 37-1/4 x
Weight ---------------------------- 39.92 lb 11-15/16 x
(18.11 kg) 7-19/32 in.
Length ---------------------------- 28.60 in. (94.62 x
(72.64 cm) 30.33 x 19.28
Cannon (weapon) cm)
used with --------------------- Howitzer, light, Cube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ft (0.61 m)
towed, 105mm:
M119 *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
Projectile: NSN’s.
Body material ------------------ Forged steel
Color ----------------------------- Olive drab Shipping and Storage Data:
w/yellow mark-
ings Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Filler: Storage compatibility group -- E
Type ------------------------------ TNT DOT shipping class -------------- A
Weight ---------------------------- 4.6 lb (2,1 kg) DOT designation ----------------- AMMUNITION
FOR CANNON
Propelling charge: W/EXPLOSIVE
Model ----------------------------- M200 PROJECTILE
Type ----------------------------- Single base Drawing number ----------------- 9289185
bag UNO serial number ------------- 0321
Propellant ---------------------- M30 (triple UNO shipping name ------------- Cartridges for
base)
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.25 lb (1.93 kg) DODAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1315-C473

Primer: Limitations:
Model ----------------------------- M28B2
Type ------------------------------- Percussion This cartridge M760 can only be fired in
Filler and weight -------------- Black powder. the Howitzer, light, towed, 105mm: M119.
300 grains
Fuze ------------------------------ PD:M739/ References:
M739A1:
MTSQ: M582 SB 700-20
series, Prox: AMC-P 700-3-3
M732 TM 9-1015-252-10

3-74 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

CARTRIDGE, 105MM: HE, M915

TYPE CLASSIFICATION: battery and an electro-explosive device (EED). An M762


ET or M577A1 MTSQ Fuze is installed in the projectile
Std MSR (TBD). nose. The cartridge case has drawn steel or brass construc-
tion, and contains the primer assembly and propelling
USE: charge.

This cartridge is used by light artillery divisions to provide a FUNCTIONING:


concentration of (dual purpose) light armor defeating and
antipersonnel grenades. Before loading, fuze functioning time is set. When the
weapon is fired, the percussion cap ignites the primer, which
DESCRIPTION: ignites the propelling charge. The resulting gas pressure
drives the projectile downrange. When the fuze functions,
The projectile has a steel body and removable base plug. A the pressure created will shear the threads of the projectile
copper rotating band is welded to the body. The projectile base plug and drive the grenades into the airstream. The
contains six rows of M80 grenades, having seven grenades safing mechanisms are quickly dislodged. The slide will
per row. The M80 has a shaped main charge and the M234 move to the armed position, and the reserve battery will acti-
grenade fuze. Each grenade fuze contains a primary vate. Being armed, the grenade can detonate upon impact.
mechanical arming assembly and an electronic self-destruct Otherwise, when the battery has been activated for approxi-
feature. The self-destruct feature contains a small reserve mately three minutes, the grenade will detonate in the self-
destruct mode.

Change 11 3-74.1
TM 43-0001-28

TABULATED DATA: DRAWINGS:

Complete Round: M80 .............................................. 938810


Type ............................................. HE, DPICM M915 ................................ 9388099
Weight.......................................... 43.7 lb
Length .......................................... 36.6 in. UNIT OF ISSUE:
Weapon used with ........................ M119A2
Projectile: Packing............................................ 1 round in fiber con-
Weight.......................................... 3.7 lb tainer, 1 container in
Length .......................................... 24.5 in. metal container
Body material............................... Forged steel
Color ............................................ Olive drab w/yellow *PACKING DATA:
markings
Filler and Weight: Metal Container:
Number of grenades, M80 ........... 42 Total weight. ............................... 70.2 lb
Explosive, Comp PAX-2A: Dimensions.................................. 44-1/2 x 6-7/8
Each grenade ............................ 15.9 g x 6-7/8 in.
Each projectile.......................... 668 g (1.47 lb) Cube ............................................ 1.2 cu ft
Primary detonator ........................ M55
Electro-explosive device *See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Catalog for complete packing
data including NSNs.
battery ....................................... Lithium, reserve
Fuze .............................................. M762 ET, M577A1
SHIPPING AND STORAGE DATA:
MTSQ
Integral expelling charge,
DOD hazard class/division ............. (18) 1.2
M10 propellant............................. 45g
DOD storage compatibility
Cartridge case.................................. M217A1/M217B1
group ........................................... E
Loaded weight ............................. 10.0 lb
UN identification number. .............. 0321
Length .......................................... 14.6 in.
Proper shipping name ..................... CARTRIDGES FOR
Material........................................ Brass, or deep drawn
WEAPONS
steel
DODAC w/M762............................ 1315-CA11
Propelling charge ......................... M200
DODAC w/M577A1....................... 1315-CA12
Type ............................................. Single bag, zone 8
M30 propellant............................. 4.25 lb
LIMITATIONS:
Percussion Primer:
Assembly ..................................... M28A2/M28B2
To be determined.
Black powder ............................... 300 grains
Primer .......................................... M61
REFERENCES:
PERFORMANCE:
SC1305/30-IL
SB 700-20
Maximum range .............................. 14.1 km
DARCOM-P 700-3-3
Muzzle velocity ............................... 640 mps
TM 9-1015-252-10
Chamber pressure at 70°F ............... 39,000 psi
TM 9-1300-251-20&P
Chamber pressure at 145°F ............. 46,000 psi
TM 9-1300-251-34&P
TEMPERATURE LIMITS:

Firing:
Lower limit .................................. -50°F (-45°C)
Upper limit................................... +145°F (+63°C)
Storage:
Lower limit .................................. -65°F (-53.8°C)
Upper limit................................... +160°F (+71.1°C)

3-74.2 Change 11
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: DUMMY, M7 AND M7B1 WITH CHARGE, PROPELLING:


DUMMY, M2

AR199662

dummy propelling charge is also inert and simulates a


Type Classification: service charge in size and weight.

Std OTCM 36841 dtd 1958. Functioning:


Since both projectile and propelling charge are:
Use: inert, the only functioning involved is the action of the
internal plunger in the projectile. When the round is
This dummy projectile and dummy propelling rammed into the forcing cone of the cannon barrel, the
charge are inert and are used for training troops in han- plunger is pushed forward against the plunger spring. On
dling ammunition and loading weapons. rebound, the plunger strikes the internal base to loosen
the projectile in the forcing cone and assist in extraction
Description: through the breech.

The dummy projectile has a bronze cap, a steel Difference Among Models:
body, a bronze forward hand (to simulate a bourrelet)
and a bronze rear hand (simulating a rotating band). In M7 projectiles are to be used for training with gun
configuration, weight and center of gravity, the projectile cannons only. However, M7B1 projectiles are also suit-
resembles a service round. The body is hollow and con- able for loading in howitzers. Roth projectiles are iden-
tains a spring-loadd impact plunger to assist in extrac- tical except that the M7 cap is made of bronze and the
tion from the weapon. Exterior markings indicate weap- M7B1 cap is made of malleable iron.
ons with which the dummy projectile may he used. The

Change 2 3-75
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: for complete packing data including NSNs.


Complete round: Shipping and Storage Data.
Type ------------------------------------- Inert
Cannon used with ------------------ Howitzers M1, Quantity-distance class ------------- 00
M1A1,M45,M126, Storage compatibility group ------ N/A
M126A1,M185, DOT shipping class ---------------- 00
M199,M284 DOT designation -------------------- PROJECTILE
Guns M2, M2A1, NON-EXPLOSIVE
M46 DODAC:
Dummy Projectile --------------- 1320-D553
Projectile: Dummy Propelling Charge ----- 1320-D539
Body material --------------------- Cast steel Assembly Dwg No:
Weight------------------------------ 95 lb Dummy Projectile --------------- 72-l-69
Length ------------------------------ 27.56 in. Dummy Propelling Charge ----- 72-2-54
Color:
Old mfg ---------------------------- Blue or black Limitations:
w/white markings
New mfg --------------------------- Bronze w/white
markings References
Propelling charge:
Weight ---------------------------- 7.371 SB 700-2
Length ------------------------------ 11.0 in. AMC-P 700-3-3
Primer ----------------------------- Expended M82 or
MK2A4 depending
on weapon used
with
Fuze -------------------------------- None
*Packing--------------------------- 1 projectile in
wooden crate; 2
propelling charges
M2 per metal con-
tainer M13A2
*Crate:
Weight ---------------------------- 106 lb

Dimensions -------------------------33-3/8 x 10-1/8 x


10-1/8 in.
Cube -------------------------------- 1.98 cu ft

*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition Catalog

3-76 Change 2
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: HE, M107 (NORMAL AND DEEP CAVITY)

Type Classification: (base cover) is welded over the base to prevent entry
of hot propellant gases into the projectile interior.
Deep Cavity: Std OTCM 36841, dtd 1958.
Normal Cavity: Std OTCM 36841, dtd 1958. Functioning:
Use When the weapon is fired, the burning propellant
charge generates rapidly expanding gases to propel
This projectile is fired from 155mm howitzers
the projectile through the barrel with the velocity
and is used for blast effect, fragmentation, and min-
required to reach the target. The soft alloy rotating
ing.
band engages the barrel rifling to impart spin to the
Description: projectile for stability in flight. If a point detonating
fuze or time fuze is employed, the fuze detonates the
The projectile is a hollow steel shell filled with supplementary charge on impact (PD) or after the
14.6 pounds of TNT or 15.4 pounds of Composition preset time (MT), and the supplementary charge deto-
B. The shape is ogival with a boat-tail for aerody- nates the projectile filler. When a proximity fuze is
namic efficiency. A supplementary charge of 0.3 lb used, detonation occurs on approach to the target
TNT is contained in an aluminum liner in the deep (proximity action). The proximity fuze contains its
fuze cavity. A threaded lifting plug closes the fuze own booster element to initiate the warhead filler.
cavity at the nose of the projectile for handling and
storage. Point detonating, time or proximity fuzes Difference Between Models:
may be used with this projectile. A rotating band
155mm HE Projectile M107 (Normal Cavity) has
encircles the shell casing near the base and is pro-
a shallower fuze receptacle.
tected by a grommet before loading. A steel plate

Change 9 3-77
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (for


periods not
more than 4
hr/day)
*Packing ------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
*Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 797 lb
Dimensions ---------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
*NOTE See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
Complete round: Shipping and Storage Data:
Type ------------------------------- HE
Length w/lifting plug --------- 26.93 in. max
Length w/o lifting plug ------ 23.89 in. Quantity-distance class --------- (18) 1.1
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1. Storage compatibility group -- D
M1A2, M45, DOT shipping class -------------- A
M126, M126A1, DOT designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .EXPLOSIVE
M185, XM199 PROJECTILES
Projectile: DODAC:
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Deep cavity ---------------------- 1320-D544
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab Normal cavity ------------------ 1320-D571
w/yellow mark- Assembly Dwg No.
ings Deep cavity ------------------- 9216352
Filler and weight: UNO serial number -------------- 0168
TNT ------------------------------- 14.6 lb UNO proper shipping name --- Projectiles
Comp B --------------------------- 15.4 lb
Primers: Ballistics:
For cannon:
M45, M126, M126A1,
M199, and M185 --------------- M82
M1, M1A1 ------------------------ MK2A4
Propelling charges ------------ M3, M3A1,
M4A1, M4A2,
M119/M119A1
Fuzes ------------------------------ PD: M557, M78
series; M739
series; MK399
MOD 1; MTSQ:
M564, M582
series; Prox:
M728, M732
series, ET:
M767
Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F
Upper limit ---------------------- +145°F
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for peri-
ods not more
than 3 days)

3-78 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Ballistics: (cont.)

References:

3-79
TM 43-0001-28

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3-80
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: AGENT H/HD, M110

Type Classification: pel the projectile through the barrel with the
velocity required to reach the target. The soft
Std OTCM 36841 dtd 1958. alloy of the rotating band engages the barrel
Use: rifling to impart spin to the projectile for stabil-
ity in flight, The rotating band also forms a
This projectile is fired from 155mm howit- seal to prevent escape of gas pressure past the
zers to produce a toxic effect on personnel and projectile, The PD fuze functions on impact to
to contaminate habitable areas. explode the burster. The burster ruptures the
projectile case and disperses the agent.
Description:
The projectile is a hollow steel casing con- Tabulated Data:
taining a burster extending through the center.
The burster tube is loaded with tetrytol and the
remaining space within the projectile is filled
with 11.7 lb of Agent H or Agent HD. A lifting
plug is installed in the nose fuze cavity for use
in shipping and handling, A rotating band encir-
cles the projectile case near the base and is pro-
tected by a grommet to be removed before
loading the projectile in the weapon. A PD fuze
is normally used with the projectile, The ballis-
tics are the same as the HE, M107 projectile.
Functioning:
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
pellant generates rapidly expanding gases to pro-

3-81
TM 43-0001-28

Projectile: Shipping and Storage Data:


Type ------------------------------- H/HD agent
Weight w/lifting Quantity-distance class . . . . . . . . . (12) 1.2
plug ------------------------------- 94.59 lb Storage compatibility group -- K
Length w/lifting DOT shipping class . . . . . . . . . . . . . A
plug ------------------------------- 26.78 in. DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
Cannon used with . . . . . . . . . . . . M1, M1A1, PROJECTILES
M1A2, M45, DODAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1320-D543
M126, M126A1, UNO serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0020
M185, M199 UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
Body Material ------------------- Steel toxic
*Color: Assembly Dwg. NO . . . . . . . . . . . . 75-14-317
Old mfg ------------------------ Gray w/green
markings and Ballistics:
two green bands
New mfg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue-gray
w/green mark--
kings, two green
bands and one
yellow band
Filler and weight:
H or HD -------------------------- 11.7 lb
Primers --------------------------- M82 (M126,
M126A1, M199,
M185 cannon)
MK2A4 (M1,
M1A1, M1A2,
M45 cannon)
Fazes --------------------------------- PD M557; M739
MTSQ, M564,
M582 series, ET
M767
*NOTE: Renovated or newly manufactured
(Post 1976) projectiles will be marked with one
colored green marking and, if burstered, one
yellow band,
Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F
(+52.0°C)
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C)
for not more
than 3 days
Upper limit ---------------------- +125°F
(+52.0°C) for
not more than 4
hr/day
**Packing --------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
**Pallet:
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797 lb
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
32 in.
Cube -------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft

**NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition


Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.

3-82 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations:

This ammunition is not tobe fired or


stored at temperatures higher than 125°F
because of the tetrytol burster.

References:

3-83
TM 43-0001-28

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3-84
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: SMOKE, WP, M110 AND M110E1

Type Classification: and handling, The grommet is to be removed


before loading the projectile in the weapon. A
Std. PD fuze is normally used with these projectiles.
Except for the WP contents, these projectiles
Use: are exactly the same as the projectile H/HD.
M110, and the ballistics and configuration are
These projectiles are fired from 155mm the same as the HE, M107 projectile.
howitzers to produce screening smoke. The pro-
jectiles also have a slight incendiary effect. Functioning:
Description: When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
pellant charge generates rapidly expanding
The 155mm Smoke WP, M110, and gases to propel the projectile through the barrel
M110E1 projectiles consist essentially of a steel and to the velocity required to reach the target.
shell (casing) containing an M6 burster loaded The rotating band engages the barrel rotating
with tetrytol running through the center of the band also provides a seal to prevent leakage of
shell, and an explosive filler of 15. 6 lb WP gas pressure past the projectile. When the fuze
(white phosphorous). An adapter in the nose of functions, the burster is detonated to rupture
the projectile is threaded to receive the fuze. the projectile case and disperse the contents.
For shipping and handling, a lifting plug is White phosphorous ignites spontaneously upon
installed in the nose fuze cavity. A rotating contact with air and produces a dense white
band encircles the projectile case near the base smoke.
and is protected by a grommet for shipment

3-85
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Dimensions ---------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x


32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catolog for complete packing data including
NSN's

Shipping and Storage Data:


Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
Storage compatibility group -- H
DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
PROJECTILES
DODAC ------------------------------ 1320 -D550
Complete round: UNO serial number -------------- 0245
Type ------------------------------- Smok WP UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition
Weight w/lifting plug --------- 98.49 lb nomi- smoke, white
phosphorus
Length w/lifting Assembly Dwg. No. -------------- 9210424
plug ----------------------------- 26.78 in. max
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1,
M1A2, M45,
M126, M126A1, Ballistics:
M185, M199
Filler weight -------------------- 15.6 lb WP
Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Steel
Color ------------------------------ Light green
w/yellow band
and light red
markings
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series,
M119/M119A1
Primers ---------------------------- MK2A4 (M1,
M1A1, M1A2,
M45 cannon)
M82, (M126;
M126A1, M185,
M199 cannon)
Fuze ------------------------------- PD M557:
M739, MTSQ:
M564, M582,
ET: M767
Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F -40°C
Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F +52.0°C
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F--62.2°C
for not more
than 3 days
Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F +52.0°C
for not more
than 4 hr/day
*Packing ---------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
*Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 830 lb

3-86 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations:
This ammunition is not to be fired or
stored at temperatures above +125°F because
of the terytol burster. When temperatures are
above 111°F, the WP in the ammunition will
melt and become liquid. If the temperature
drops, it will solidify. If the WP solidifies in
munitions stacked on their sides, the ballistics
of the rounds will be changed; therefore, it is
required that the WP munitions will be stacked
in an upright position at all times.

References:

AMC-P 700-3-3
SB 700-20
TM 9-1025 -200-12&P
TM 9-1025-211-10
TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-2350-311-10
TM 9-2350-314-10

3-87
TM 43-0001-28

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3-88
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: SMOKE WP, M110A1 (M110E2) M110A2 (M110E3)

Type Classification: ing plug is installed in the fuze cavity. A rotat-


ing band encircles the projectile near the base
Std AMCTC, 9019 dtd 1972. and is protected by a grommet to be removed
before loading the projectile in the weapon. A
Use: PD fuze is normally used with this projectile,
although an MTSQ fuze may also be employed.
This projectile is fired from 155mm howit- Except for the WP contents, this projectile is
zers to provide screening smoke. The projectile the same as the projectile H/HD M110, and the
also has a slight incendiary effect. ballistics are the same as the HE M107 projec-
tile.
Description:
Functioning:
The projectile is essentially a steel shell
filled with 15.6 lb of white phosphorous (WP) When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
with an M54A1 burster extending through the pellant charge generates rapidly expanding
center, and an adapter in the nose of the projec- gases to propel the projectile through the barrel
tile is threaded to receive the fuze. The burster to the velocity required to reach the target.
tube is made from high strength aluminum The rotating band engages the barrel rifling to
alloy and is filled with Composition B5. The impart spin to the projectile for stability in
M110A2 has an aluminum plug which seals the flight. The fuze normally installed functions on
base of the tube. The M110A1 (the earlier impact and detonates the burster. The burster
model) has a plastic plug sealing the base of ruptures the projectile case and disperses the
the tube. The tube is secured in the projectile WP filler. White phosphorous ignites spontane-
well by a threaded cap assembled below the ously upon contact with air and produces a
fuze well cup. For shipment and handling, a lift- dense white smoke.

3-89
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: Storage:


Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-64.5°C)
The M110A1 and M110A2 projectiles both (for not more
contain a comp B5 burster providing greater than 3 days)
high temperature tolerance than the tetrytol Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F
bursters used in previous models of the M110 ( +73.0°C) for
series WP projectiles. The M110A2 contains a not more than 4
burster tube assembly with an aluminum plug hr/day)
sealing the base of the tube while the M110A1 *Packing ---------------------------- 8 projectiles on
contains a plastic plug, pallet
*Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 830 lb
Tabulated Data: Dimensions ---------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
32 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.

Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2


Storage compatibility group -- H
DOT shipping class -------------- A
DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
PROJECTILES
DODAC ------------------------------ 1320 -D550
UNO serial number -------------- 0245
Complete round: UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
Type ------------------------------- Smoke WP smoke, white
Weight w/lifting plug --------- 98.49 lb nomi- phosphorus
nal Assembly Dwg. No. -------------- 9217030
Length w/lifting lug --------- 26.93 in. max
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1,
M1A2, M45,
M126, M126A1,
M185, M199
Projectile:
Body material ------------------ Steel
Color ------------------------------ Light green
w/yellow band
and light red
markings
Filler and weight -------------- White phospho-
rous, 15.6 lb
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series,
Ml19/Ml19A1
Primer ---------------------------- MK2A4 (M1A1,
M1A2, M45 can-
non) M82
(M126, M126A1,
M195 cannon)
Fuze ------------------------------- PD:M557,
M739, MTSQ
M564, M582,
ET: M767

Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
Upper limit ---------------------- + 145°F (+63°C)

3-90 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Limitations:

When temperatures are above 111 degrees


F, the WP in the ammunition will melt and
become liquid. If the temperature drops, it will
solidify. If the WP solidifies in munitions
stacked on their sides, the ballistics of the
rounds will be changed; therefore, it is required
that the WP munitions will be stacked in an
upright position at all times.

References:

3-91
TM 43-0001-28

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3-92
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: SMOKE BE, M116 AND M116B1, HC AND


COLORED

Type Classification: A baffle plate with a central hole near the flash
tube separates the expelling charge from the
Std OTCM 36841 dtd 1958. first smoke canister. A rotating band with a pro-
tective grommet for shipment and handling
encircles the projectile near the base. The base
is closed with a metal closure disk and threaded
The projectile is fired from 155mm howit- plug.
zers and is used for screening, spotting, or sig-
nalling. Functioning:
Description: When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
pelling charge generates rapidly expanding
This base-ejection type projectile is a hol- gases to propel the projectile through the barrel
low steel shell containing four canisters of chem- with the velocity required to reach the target.
ical smoke compound. The canister filler may The rotating band engages the barrel rifling to
be either hexachloroethane-zinc (HC) or a impart spin to the projectile, The rotating band
smoke mixture in colors of green, red or yellow, also forms a seal to prevent leakage of gas pres-
The canisters are stacked within the projectile sure past the projectile. Functioning of the
and each has a perforated central tube so that fuze ignites the expelling charge. The expelling
in the stack a flash tube is continuous through charge flashes through the central tube to
the contents. The front canister is cone-shaped ignite the smoke canisters, blow off the base,
to conform to the curvature of the projectile and expel the canisters. An effective smoke
case. An expelling charge of black powder is cloud is produced within 30 seconds, and maxi-
contained in the nose of the projectile under mum smoke emission occurs in about one
the fuze cavity The fuze cavity is fitted with a minute.
lifting ring plug for shipment and handling.

3-93
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: Temperature Limits:


The expelling charge in Model M116B1 Firing:
(0.34 lb of black powder) is contained in a poly- Lower limit ----------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
ethylene cup instead of m a cloth bag as in Upper limit ----------------------- +125°F
M116 (0.29 lb of black powder), Also, the cop- (+ 52.0°C)
per closure disk used in Model Ml16 has been Storage:
replaced with a steel disk in the newer model. Lower limit ----------------------- -80°F for peri-
ods not more
Tabulated Data: than 3 days
(-62.2°C)
Upper limit ----------------------- + 160°F for peri-
ods not more
than 4 hr/day
(+71.l°C)
*Packing ----------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
*Pallet:
Colored HC
Smoke Loaded
Weight 727 lb 802 lb
Dimensions 27-1/8 X 27-1/8x
13-5/8 X 13-5/8x
Weight Zone applies to HC canister loaded pro- 32 in. 32 in.
jectiles without fuze, lifting plug, gasket and Cube 6.8 cu ft 6.8 cu ft
grommet.
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Complete round: Catalog for complete packing data including
Type ------------------------------- Smoke HC or NSN’s.
colored
Weight as fired: Shipping and Storage Data:
HC --------------------------------- 94.80 lb
Colored --------------------------- 86.23 lb Quantity-distance class --------- 1.3
Length w/lifting plug --------- 26.41 in. nomi- Storage compatibility group -- G
nal DOT shipping class -------------- B
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1, DOT decimation ----------------- SPECIAL
M1A2, M45. FIREWORKS,
M126, M126A1, HANDLE
M185 CAREFULLY
Projectile: KEEP FIRE
Body material ------------------ Forged steel AWAY
Color ----------------------------- Newer-Light DODAC:
green w/black HC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1320-D548
markings Red --------------------------------- 1320-D549
(Colored smoke Yellow ----------------------------- 1320-D551
- Color indicated Green ----------------------------- 1320-D547
by a series of 3 Violet ------------------------------ 1320-D554
C’s) Older - Assembly Dwg No. ------------ 9227998
Gray w/yellow UNO serial number -------------- 0016
markings UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
Filler and weight -------------- HC: 25,84 lb smoke
Colored smoke:
17.19 lb Ballistics:
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series,
M119 Cannon M1, M1A1, M45:
Primers --------------------------- MK2A4 (M1,
M1A1, M1A2,
M45 cannon)
M82 (M126,
M126A1, M185,
cannon)
Fuzes ------------------------------- MTSQ, M501
series

3-94 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

References:

3-95
TM 43-0001-28

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3-96
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: SMOKE, HC, M116A1

Type Classification: stacked canister. The fuze cavity will accommo-


date MT or MTSQ fuzes. For shipment and han-
Std MSR 04786002. dling, the cavity has a lifting ring plug
installed. A rotating band with a protective
Use: grommet for shipment and handling encircles
the projectile near the base. The base is closed
This projectile is tired from 155mm howit- with a metal closure disk and a threaded base
zers and is used for screening, spotting, and sig- plug.
nalling.
Functioning:
Description:
When the weapon is fired, the rotating
This base-ejection type projectile is basi- band engages the barrel rifling to impart spin
cally similar to Models M116 and M116B1, but to the projectile. The rotating band also forms
with some design changes to improve reliability. a seal to prevent leakage of gas pressure past
The projectile is a hollow steel casing contain- the projectile. The burning propellant charge
ning four canisters of chemical smoke compound. generates rapidly expanding gases to propel the
The canister filler is HC (white smoke). The can- projectile through the barrel with the velocity
isters are stacked within the projectile and required to reach the target. Functioning of
separated by aluminum spacers. A metal ring the fuze ignites the expelling charge which
supports the expelling charge of 0.34 lb of black flashes through the central tube to ignite the
powder in the nose of the projectile under the smoke canisters. The expelling charge also
fuze cavity. Each canister has a perforated tube blows off the base and expels the canisters. An
through the center. A baffle plate, between the effective smoke cloud is produced within 30 sec-
top canister, and the expelling charge, has a cen- onds, and maximum smoke emission occurs in
tral hole. A flash tube is thus formed from the about one minute.
expelling charge through the length of the

3-97
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: Storage:


Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for peri-
Models M116 and M116B1 have card- ods not more
board canister separators and a smaller fuze cav- than 3 days)
ity. The size of the cavity limits choice of fuzes. Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (for
periods not
Tabulated Data: more than
4 hr/day)
WEIGHT ZONES *Packing ------------------------- 8 projectiles on
Pounds pallet
Zone Over Up To & Incl Marking *Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 814 lb
1 88.9 90.2 Dimensions ---------------------- 27.1/8 x 13.5/8 x
31-1/2 in.
2 90.0 91.3 Cube ------------------------------- 6,8 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
3 91.1 92.4 Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
4 92.0 93.7
Shipping and Storage Data:
5 93,3 94.6
Quantity-distance class --------- 1.3
6 94.4 95.7 Storage compatibility group -- G
DOT shipping class -------------- B
7 95.5 96.8 DOT designation ------------------ SPECIAL
FIREWORKS,
Complete round: HANDLE
Type ------------------------------ Smoke, HC or CAREFULLY,
KEEP FIRE
Weight with lifting plug ----- 97.0 lb AWAY
Length with lifting plug ----- 26.72 in. nomi- DODAC:
nal HC M116A1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1320-D506
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1, HC M116, M116B1 ----------- 1320-D548
M1A2, M45, UNO serial number -------------- 0016
M126, M126A1, UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
M185, M199 smoke
Projectile: Assembly drawing number ---- 8885162
Body material ------------------ Steel
Color ------------------------------ Light green Ballistics:
w/black mark-
ings (Color indi-
cated by a series
of 3C’s in color
of smoke)
Filler and weight --------------- HC 5.45 lb
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series,
M119, M119A1
Primers --------------------------- MK2A4 (M1,
M1A1, M1A2
cannon) M82
(M126, M126A1,
M185, M199
cannon)
Fuzes ------------------------------ MT, M565;
MTSQ, M577;
ET,M762

Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F
Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F

3-98 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

References:

3-99
TM 43-0001-28

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

3-100
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: ILLUMINATING, M118 SERIES

Type Classification: Functioning:


Std CONT AMCTC 6558 dtd 1969. When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
pellant charge generates rapidly expanding
Use: gases to propel the projectile through the barrel
to the velocity required to reach the function
This projectile is fired from 155mm howit- point. The rotating band engages the barrel
zers for battlefield illumination at night or dur- rifling to impact spin to the projectile for sta-
ing other conditions of reduced visibility. bility in flight and provides a seal to prevent
leakage of gas pressure past the projectile.
Description: Functioning of the fuze detonates the ejection
charge. The ejection charge ignites the first fire
The projectile is a hollow steel shell con- charge and the illuminant while blowing out
taining an illuminant canister, an ejection the base plug to eject the parachute and the illu-
charge in the nose, and a parachute in the base. minant canister, The parachute does not open
A threaded nose cavity is provided for an until the burning illuminant has melted the sol-
MTSQ fuze, and a lifting plug in installed in dered center wire from the release sleeve.
the fuze cavity for shipment and handling. The Release of the center wire frees the parachute
base of the projectile is closed with a steel plug risers, permitting the parachute to open fully.
retained by twist and shear pins. A center wire This delay permits the canister and parachute
connecting the parachute suspension lines and to decelerate to a safe deployment speed.
the illuminant canister runs through the illumi- Suspended from the parachute, the illuminant
nant charge within a tube and is secured at the burns for approximately 60 seconds with a max-
forward end by solder attachment to a release imum of 400, 000 candlepower.
sleeve. The release sleeve is imbedded in the for-
ward end of the illuminant assembly behind a
first fire charge. A rotating band encircles the
projectile near the base and is protected by a
grommet for shipment and handling.

3-101
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: DOT designation ----------------- SPECIAL


FIREWORKS,
Complete round: HANDLE
Type ------------------------------- Illuminum CAREFULLY,
Weight w/o fuze ---------------- 102 lb KEEP FIRE
Length w/lifting plug --------- 23.40 in, max AWAY
Cannon used with ------------- Ml, MlAl, DODAC ------------------------------ 1320-D545
M45, M126, UNO serial number ------------- 0254
M126A1 UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
Projectile: illuminating
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Assembly Dwg No ---------------- 75-14-480
Color ----------------------------- Gray w/white
markings (Later Ballistics:
manufacture-
d w/white
markings and a
white band)
Filler and weight -------------- Illuminum com-
position, 4,30 lb
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series
Primer ---------------------------- MK2A4 (M1,
MlAl, M1A2,
M45 cannon)
M82 (M126,
M126A1 can-
non) M185,
M199
Fuze ------------------------------- MTSQ, M501
series”
Temperature Limits:
Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F
Upper limit ---------------------- + 145°F
Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for peri-
ods not more
than 3 days)
Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (for
periods not
more than 4
hrs/day)
*Packing ------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
*Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 866 lb
Dimensions --------------------- 29-1/8 X 14-5/8 x
28-1/2 in.
Cube ------------------------------- 7.0 cu ft
*NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data including
NSN’s.
Shipping and Storage Data:
Quantity-distance class --------- 1.3
Storage compatibility group -- G
DOT shipping class -------------- B

3-102 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Cannon M199: (cont.) 6, M4A2,


white bag 482.0 12400 758.4
Muzzle Max 7, M4A2,
Charge Velocity Range Elevation white bag 574.3 14800 760.3
(m/s) (m) (mil) 8, M119/
M119A1 684.3 18100 781.5
3, M4A2,
white bag 296.5 7200 734.9 References:
4, M4A2,
white bag 340.9 8900 736.8 AMC-P 700-3-3
5,M4A2, SB 700-20
white bag 398.0 10300 756.1 TM 9-1025-200-12&P
TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-2350-311-10

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3-104
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: VX (Persistent) or GB (Non-Persistent): M121A1

Type Classification: installed in the fuze cavity. A point-detonating


or proximity fuze is installed before loading the
Std OTCM 37870 dtd 1961, weapon. When a proximity fuze is used, the
supplementary charge is removed. A rotating
Use: band encircles the projectile near the base and
is protected by a grommet during shipment
This projectile is used in 155mm howit- and handling.
zers to produce casualties. Projectiles filled
with VX agent may also be used to contaminate Functioning:
habitable areas.
When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-
Description: pellant generates rapidly expanding gases to pro-
pel the projectile through the barrel with the
The projectile is a hollow, deep-cavity steel velocity required to reach the target. The soft
shell containing essentially a supplementary alloy of the rotating band engages the barrel
charge, burster, and gas filler VX or GB. rifling to impart spin to the projectile for stabil-
Burster M71 is a thin metal cylinder filled with ity in flight. The rotating band also forms a seal
Composition B extending through the center of to prevent escape of gas pressure past the projec-
Burster Casing M15. The remainder of the inte- tile. When a PD fuze is used, the fuze deto-
rior s ace of the projectile is filled with lique- nates the supplementary charge on impact. The
fied VX or GB agent, The neck of the burster supplementary charge detonates the burster
tube seals the agent cavity, The nose of the which ruptures the projectile case and heats
steel projectile is closed with a threaded the agent so that dispersal is in the gaseous
adapter to seal in the burster tube and supple- state, When a proximity fuze is employed, deto-
mentary TNT charge (0.3 lb), and also to nation of the burster tube results directly from
provide a fuze receptacle, For shipment and action of the fuze booster and occurs on
handling, an adapter-type lifting plug is approach to the target.

3-105
TM 43-0001-28

Difference Between Models: Filler and weight -------------- VX 6.0 lb or GB,


6.5 lb
Payload may be either 6.0 lb of VX or 6.5 Propelling charges ------------ M3 or M4 series
lb of GB agent; type is specified in external Primers --------------------------- M82 or Mk2A4
marking. (depending on
cannon model)
Tabulated Data: Fuzes ------------------------------ PD M557, M739
PROX: M728,
WEIGHT ZONES M732
Loaded Projectile Without Fuze,
Lifting Plug And Grommet “NOTE: Renovated or newly manufactured
projectiles (Post 1976) will be marked with one
Over Up To & Incl green band and, if burstered, one yellow band.
Z o n e P o u n d s P o u n d s Marks ___
2 90.0 91.3 Temperature Limits:
3 91.1 92.4 Firing:
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
4 92.0 93.7 Upper limit ---------------------- + 125°F
(+52.0°C)
5 93.3 94.6 Storage:
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (for period
6 94.4 95.7 not more than 3
days) (-62.2°C)
7 95.5 96.8 Upper limit ---------------------- + 160°F (for
period not more
8 96.6 97.9 than 4 hr/day)
(+71.l°C)
9 97.7 99.0 *Packing ---------------------------- 8 projectiles on
pallet
10 98.8 100.1 *Pallet:
Weight ---------------------------- 831 lb
Dimensions --------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
Complete round: 32 in.
Type ------------------------------- Agent VX (per- Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
sistent) or GB
(non-persistent) *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Catalog for complete packing data inducting
Projectile: NSN’s.
Weight ---------------------------- 98.9 lb
Length w/lifting plug --------- 26.93 in. max
Cannon used with ------------- M1,M1A1, M45,
M126, M126A1, Quantity-distance class --------- (12) 1.2
M185, Ml99 Storage compatibility group -- K
Body material ------------------ Steel DOT shipping class -------------- A
*Color: DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
GB loading -------------------- Gray w/green PROJECTILES
markings and DODAC:
one green band VX --------------------------------- 1320-D568
(Later manufac- GB --------------------------------- 1320-D542
ture - three UNO serial number -------------- 0020
green bands). UNO proper shipping name --- Ammunition,
VX loading toxic
------------------------------ Gray w/green Assembly Dwg. No.:
markings and VX filling assembly ----------- 8861031
two green bands GB filling assembly ----------- 8861030
New -------------------------------- Three green and Loading assembly, VX
one yellow band or GB --------------------------- 8861029

3-106 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

3-107
TM 43-0001-28

Limitation: References:
When contingency plans so require, these SB 700-20
projectiles may be transported fully assembled AMC-P 700-3-3
with explosive components. Otherwise, assem- TM 9-1025-200-12&P
bly is prohibited except for storage and use. TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-2350-311-10
TM 9-2350-314-10

3-108
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: IIE, M449 SERIES

Type Classification: and separated from the grenades by a pusher


plate. The metal rotating band near the base of
Std AMCTC 3982. the projectile is protected during storage and
handling by a removable grommet.
Use:
Functioning
This projectile is used to deliver a concern-
tration of antipersonnel grenades. When the primer is detonated, the flash
ignites the propelling charge producing gases
Description: which force the spin-stabilized projectile out of
the gun tube and propel it to the target. The
This projectile is of the separate loading fuze, having been set to function at a pre-
type. The fuze, propelling charge, and primer determined time in flight, initiates the expul-
are handled and loaded separately. The projec- sion charge ejecting the entire grenade load
tile is provided with an eyebolt lifting plug in from the time in flight, initiates the expulsion
place of a fuze for handling. The plug must be charge ejecting the entire grenade load from
replaced by a fuze before the projectile is the rear of the projectile. Centrifugal force dis-
loaded. The projectile contains 10 layers of gre- perses the grenades from the projectile line-of-
nades with six grenades in each layer. The gre- flight. The M43 grenade is an airburst submis-
nades are contained by a base plug attached to sile which is expelled from its housing on
the projectile with shear pins. An expulsion impact and projected upward to burst at 4-to-6
charge is contained in the nose of the projectile feet above the ground.

3-109
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: Performance (full charge):


Maximum range ---------------- 14,600 m
Projectile: Muzzle velocity ----------------- 563.0 mps
Type ------------------------------- HE
Weigh as fired: Temperature Limits:
M449 ------------------------------ 95,0 lb
M449E1 -------------------------- 95.0 lb Firing:
M449A1 Lower limit ----------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
(M449E2) ----------------------- 93.5 lb Upper limit ----------------------- + 125° F
Length: (+52.0°C)
W/fuze ---------------------------- 27.5 in. Storage:
W/lifting plug ------------------- 26.9 in. Lower limit ----------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
Body material ------------------ Forged steel Upper limit ----------------------- + 165°F
Color ------------------------------ Olive drab (+73.9°C)
w/yellow dia- *Packing— -------------------------- Pallet of 8 pro-
monds and jectiles
markings *Pallet:
Filler and weight: Weight (loaded):
Number of M449 or M449E1 ------------ 804 lb
grenades ----------------------- 60 (M449E2) ---------------------- 793 lb
Explosive, Comp A5, Dimensions ----------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
each grenade ----------------- 21.25 gr 32.0 in.
Explosive, Comp A5, Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
each projectile -------------- 2.80 lb
Type of grenades: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
------------------------------ M43 Catalog for complete packing data including
M449E1 -------------------------- M43E1 NSN’s.
M449A1 (M449E2) ------------ M43A1,
(M43E2) Shipping and Storage Data
Expulsion charge -------------- M10 propellant,
30 grams Storage class/SCG ---------------- (18) 1.2
DOT shipping class -------------- D
Components: DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE
Propelling charge: PROJECTILES
M3, M3A1 --------------------- Propellant M1, DODAC:
5.0 lb (Zones 1- M449 and M449E1 ------------ 1320-D561
5) M449A1, M449E2 -------------- 1320-D562
M4, M4A1 --------------------- Propellant Ml, UNO serial number -------------- 0169
13,5 lb (Zones 3- UNO proper shipping name --- Projectiles
7) Projectile drawing number ----- 8875850
Ml19/Ml19A1 --------------- Propellant M6, Packing drawing number ------- 7549275
20.5 lb (Zone 8)
Primer ------------------------- M82, MK2A4 or References:
MK15
Fuze ---------------------------- MT, M565; TM 9-1025-200-12&P
MTSQ, M577; TM 9-1300-251-20
ET, M762 TM 9-1300-251-34
Cannon used with ---------- M1, M1A1, SB 700-20
M1A2, M45, AMC-P 700-3-3
M126, M126E1, TM 9-2350-311-10
M185 and M199 TM 9-2350-314-10

3-110 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: HE, M483A1

Type Classification: expulsion charge may be replaced by a spotting


charge designated to detonate the entire projec-
Std A 10756043 dtd 1975. tile as if it were a bulk-loaded HE projectile.
The metal rotating band near the base of the
projectile is protected during storage and han-
dling by a removable plastic grommet. The
This projectile is used to deliver submis- M46 Grenades have stronger bodies to carry
siles dual purpose armor defeating and anti- the load at the rear setback when fired.
personnel grenades.
Functioning
Description
When the primer is detonated, the flash
This projectile is of the separate loading ignites the propelling charge producing gases
type. The fuze, propelling charge, and primer which force the spin-stabilized projectile out of
are handled and loaded separately. The projec- the gun and propels it to the target. The fuze,
tile is provided with a fusible lifting plug in having been set to function at a pre-determined
place of a fuze for handling. The lifting plug time in flight, initiates the expulsion charge
may be the yellow fusible type or the universal ejecting the entire grenade load from the rear
type. The plug must be replaced by a fuze of the projectile. Centrifugal force disperses
before the projectile is loaded. The projectile con- the grenades radially from the projectile line-of-
tains a total of 88 dual-purpose grenades (64 flight. The M42 and M46 grenades are ground-
M42 and 24 M46). The grenades are contained burst submissiles which explode on impact.
by a base plug, with a left-hand thread which is With the alternate loading of the spotting
screwed into the base of the projectile. For nor- charge instead of the expulsion charge, the func-
mal usage, the expulsion charge is contained in tioning of the fuze detonates the entire projec-
a cavity in the nose of the projectile to eject the tile over the target, permitting observation of
grenades. The expulsion charge can be a bagged the projectile fuze functioning in relation to the
expulsion charge assembly or the cylindrical target.
plastic expulsion charge type. If desired, this

3-111
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data Temperature Limits:


M483A1 Projectile: Firing:
Projectile: Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
Type ---------------------------- HE Upper limit ----------------------- + 125°F
Weight -------------------------- 102.6 lb (46,5 k) (+52.0°C)
Length w/fuze --------------- 35.4 in. Storage:
(89.9 cm) Lower limit ---------------------- -65°F (-53.8°C)
Body material ---------------- Forged steel/alu- Upper limit ---------------------- + 165°F
minum (+73.9°C)
Color ---------------------------- Olive drab *Packing ------------------------- Pallet of 8 pro-
w/yellow dia- jectiles
monds and *Pallet:
markings Weight (loaded) ---------------- 874 lb (396 kg)
Filler and weight:
Number of grenades, M42 -- 64
Number of grenades, M46 -- 24 Dimensions ---------------------- 39-3/8 x 29 x 14-
Explosive, Comp A5, 1/2 in (100.01 --
each grenade ------------------ 30.5 g (1.08 oz) 73.66 X 36.83
Explosive, Comp A5, cm)
each projectile ---------------- 6.25 lb (2.84 kg) Cube ------------------------------- 9,7 cu ft
Expulsion charge -------------- M10 propellant, (0.3 cu m)
58 g (2.05 oz)
Components: *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Propelling charge M3 -------- Propellant M1, Catalog for complete packing data including
5.0 lb (2.3 kg) NSN’s.
(Zones 1 -5)
Propelling charge M4A2 ---- Propellant Shipping and Storage Data
M1,13.5 lb
(Zones 3 -7) Hazard class/division and
Primer ---------------------------- M82 Storage Compatibility
Fuze ------------------------------- MTSQ, M577; Group ----------------------------- (18) 1.1D
ET, M762 DOT class --------------------------- Class A
Explosive
DOT marking --------------------- EXPLOSIVE
PROJECTILES
HOWITZER CANNON DODAC ------------------------------ 1320-D563
USED WITH UNO serial number ------------- 0168
UNO proper shipping name --- Projectiles
M109 M126A Drawing number ----------------- 9215220
M109A1 M185 Top packing drawing
M109A1B M185 number -------------------------- 8837839
M109A2 M185
M109A3 M185 Shipping and Storage Data For:
M198 M199
M114A2 M1A2 Charge, Spotting, Projectile:
Hazard class/division and
Storage Compatibility
Performance (full charge): Group ----------------------------- 1.1D
Maximum range --------------- 14,586 m DOT class --------------------------- Class A
(15,951 yd) Explosive
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 560,2 mps DOT marking --------------------- Class A
(1837.9 fps) SUPPLE-
Propelling charge MENTARY
M119 ------------------------------ Special Single CHARGE
Zone (8) for use (EXPLOSIVE)
with the HANDLE
M109A1 only CAREFULLY
Performance: DODAC ------------------------------ 1320-D003
Maximum range --------------- 17,740 m (19400 UNO serial number -------------- 0060
yd) Drawing number ----------------- 9272016
Muzzle velocity ----------------- 650 mps (2132,5 Payment drawing
fps) number --------------------------- 9273539

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3-114
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: ILLUMINATING, M485 SERIES

Type Classification: tic obturating band encircle the projectile near


the base and are protected by a grommet dur-
M485A2: Std AMCTC dtd 1970 M485A1: ing shipment and handling. The projectile uses
Std AMCTC dtd 1970 M485: C & T AMCTC dtd an MT type fuze. The fuze cavity is fitted with
a lifting ring plug for shipment and handling.
Use: Functioning.
This projectile is fired from 155mm howit- When the weapon is fired, the rotating
zers and is used to illuminate the battlefield at band engages the barrel rifling to impart spin
night or during other conditions of reduced visi- to the projectile for stability in flight. The obtu-
bility. rator band expands to prevent leakage of gas
pressure past the projectile. The burning pro-
Description pellant charge reduces rapidly expanding
gases to propel t Re projectile through the bar-
The projectile is a hollow steel shell con- rel with the velocity required to reach the
taining an illuminant canister, a canister expel- desired point of function. When the fuze func-
ling charge in the nose, and a drogue parachute tions, the primary expelling charge ignites forc-
in the base. The illuminant canister contains ing the drogue parachute and canister assembly
the main parachute and lines, the illuminant against the base plate, rupturing the base pins
candle assembly, a secondary expelling charge and expelling the canister and parachute. The
and a delay element holder. The outer shell of drogue parachute then deploys, and the canis-
the canister is fitted with four longitudinal ter fins extend. These actions combine to
fins. The fins extend under spin forces when decelerate the canister and stop rotation, The
the canister is ejected from the projectile. The expelling charge also ignites the delay element
base of the projectile is closed with a press- in the canister nose, The delay element ignites
fitted steel plug retained by shear and twist the secondary expelling charge within the canis-
pins. A gilding metal rotating band and a plas- ter after 8 seconds when velocity has been

3-115
TM 43-0001-28

3-116 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Cannon M126A1: Cannon M199:

Muzzle Max Range Eleva- Fuze Muzzle Max Range Elevation


Charge Velocity to Function tion setting Charge Velocity to Function
(mps) (m) (mil) (sec) (mps) (m) (mils)
1, M3A1, 1. M3A1.
green bag 211.4 2949 931.0 24.5 green bag 212.8 4000 673.6
2, M3A1, 2, M3A1,
green bag 239.1 3923 924.6 29.2 green bag 239.8 5000 722.4
3, M3A1, 3, M3A1,
green bag 282.6 5587 920.3 36.0 green bag 280.8 6500 690.4
4, M3A1, 4. M3A1.
green bag 324.7 7236 852.7 39.0 green bag 322.9 8300 760.9
5, M3A1, 5, M3A1,
green bag 385.6 8816 856.6 44.1 green bag 380.1 9800 717.2
3, M4A2, 3, M4A2,
white bag 275.0 5293 921.4 34.9 white bag 296.5 7200 734.9
4, M4A2, 4. M4A2.
white bag 320.7 7057 898.8 40.4 white bag 340.9 8900 736.8
5, M4A2, 5, M4A2,
white bag 380.0 8635 898.7 45.7 white bag 398.0 10300 756.1
6, M4A2, 6, M4A2;
white bag 473.6 10,993 855.0 50.7 white bag 482.0 12400 758.4
7, M4A2, 7, M4A2,
white bag 576.5 13,586 879.2 59.7 white bag 574.3 14800 760.3
8, M119/
Cannon M185: M119A1 684.3 18100 7 8 1 . 5

Muzzle Max Range Eleva- Fuze


Charge Velocity to Function tion Setting
(mps) (m) (mil) (sec) Limitations:

*1, M3A1, Reliability of projectiles M485A1 and


green bag 213.6 2970 995.1 26.8 M485A2 degrades rapidly when firing at Zones
2, M3A1, 6 and 7 with fuze settings of 10 seconds or less.
green bag 240.3 3933 954.7 30.3 Model M485 is restricted to firing at Zones 1
3, M3A1, through 6. Model M485 is also restricted to a fir-
green bag 281.0 5569 874.2 34.0 ing temperature range of 40°F to 145°F.
4, M3A1,
green bag 323.3 7155 896.4 40.7 When firing the 155mm illuminating pro-
5. M3A1. jectile at Zone 1 from the M114A1 howitzer,
green bag 381.7 8721 865.6 44.3 effective illumination times less than 90 sec-
3, M4A2, onds should be expected.
white bag 309.8 6746 865.1 37.9
4, M4A2,
white bag 353.2 7949 906.3 43.9 References:
5, M4A2,
white bag 408.4 9317 870.0 46.4 AMC-P 700-3-3
6, M4A2, SB 700-20
white bag 488.9 11,304 885.5 53.4 TM 9-1025-200-12&P
7, M4A2, TM 9-1300-251-20
white bag 576.5 13,586 878.5 59.7 TM 9-2350-311-10
8, M119/ TM 9-2350-314-10
M119A1 696.7 17,086 856.5 68.0

*NOTE: Charge 1 is restricted to emergency


combat use on ly.

3-117
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3-118
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILES, 155-MILLIMETER: HERA, M549 AND M549A1

Type Classification: the assembled projectile near the base. A rocket


cap is threaded into the base. The cap is
M549: Std AMCTC 8753, dtd 1971. removed prior to firing to allow ignition of the
M549A1: Std. rocket motor for extended range. The rocket
motor body contains seven pounds of solid
Use: rocket propellant arranged in two segmented
grains. Each of the three segments of the for-
Fragmentation and blast effect against per- ward grain contains an ignition pellet. The
sonnel and materiel. Also extends the range motor nozzle is recessed in the center of the
and improves effectiveness of 155mm M109 and boat tail rocket motor base of the projectile,
M109A1/A2/A3 self propelled and M114A2 and and thrust is along the longitudinal axis.
M198 Towed Howitzers.
The M549/M549A1 projectiles have a lift-
Description: ing plug designed to protect the projectile fuze
area against accidental damage. The new plug
These projectiles consist of two major com- has an oversized (3-3/4 in.) flange. If this protec-
ponents, a warhead filled with 16 pounds of tive lifting plug is broken at the neck area, the
Composition B high explosive (M549) or 15 threaded portion of the plug will remain in the
pounds of TNT high explosive (M549A1), and a projectile and the projectile cannot be fuzed.
solid propellant rocket motor. These compo- No attempt should be made to extract any por-
nents are threaded together so that the outer tion of a broken plug from a projectile; the
steel shells of both form a stremlined ogive. A projectile is not to be used and should be
supplementary charge is installed in the deep returned to supply point.
cavity of the nose. A rotating hand encircles

3-119
TM 43-0001-28

3-120 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Ballistics: Use of the M119 propelling charge with


the M549/M549A1 is prohibited. Rocket motor
Muzzle Maximum ignition failures resulting in short rounds will
Propelling Velocity Range occur.
Howitzer Charge Charge (m/s)
A 6000 meter safety zone is required short
M114A2 M4A2 7 560.8 19,300 of the target because of the possibility of rocket
M109 M4A2 7 560.8 19,300 motor non-ignition.
(M109A1
M109A2) M4A2 567.5 19,500 M549:
M109A3) M119A1,
A2 8,7 678.2 23,500 The M549 model cannot be fired with the
M198 M4A2 7 567.5 19,500 M203 propelling charge.
M119A1,
A2 8,7 678.2 23,500 References:
M203 8 826.0 30,100

Limitations:

M549 and M549A:

The M549/M549A1 cannot be fired if the


obturating band is missing or broken.

There are no firing tables for rocket off fir-


ings of the M549/M549A1. The M549/M549A1
will be fired rocket-on only (rocket cap
removal).

The M549/M549A1 cannot be fired in the


M199 cannon if origin wear in the cannon
exceeds 0.093 inches.

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3-122
TM 43-0001-28

PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: TACTICAL CS, XM631

AR 199684

Type Classification: and handling, a lifting plug is installed in the


fuze cavity. A gilding metal rotating band and a
Use: plastic obturating band encircle the projectile
near the base, and are protected by a grommet
This projectile is fired from 155mm howit- for shipment and handling.
zers and is used to harass personnel by emit-
ting CS irritant fumes. Functioning:

Description: When the weapon is fired, the burning pro-


pellant charge generates rapidly expanding
The base-ejecting type projectile is a hol- gases to propel the projectile through the barrel
low steel shell containing five stacked canisters. and to the velocity required to reach the target.
Each canister is filled with approximately two The rotating band engages the barrel rifling to
pounds of CS-Pyrotechnic mix and 0.81 ounce impart spin to the projectile. The obturating
of starter mix. An expelling charge of 3.36 band expands, forming a seal to prevent leak-
ounces of black powder in a plastic container is age of gas pressure past the projectile.
located in the nose of the projectile below the Functioning of the fuze ignites the expelling
fuze cavity. A baffle plate with a central hole charge. The expelling charge flashes through
separates the expelling charge from the top can- the flash tube to ignite the CS canisters, blow
ister. A central perforated tube runs through off the base, and expel the burning canisters.
each canister to form a flash tube extending the The average canister burning time is 90 sec-
length of the stack from the expelling charge to onds. The effect of the CS agent on personnel
the base of the projectile. The base is a steel is burning off the eyes, coughing, and difficulty
plug secured by three shear pins. An MTSQ in breathing.
fuze is used with this projectile. For shipment

3-123
TM 43-0001-28

Tabulated Data: *Pallet:


Weight ---------------------------- 782 lb
Complete round: Dimensions --------------------------- 27-1/8 x 13-5/8 x
Type ------------------------------- Tactical CS 32 in.
Weight with fuze --------------- 96.75 lb Cube ------------------------------- 6.8 cu ft
(approx)
Length w/o lifling plug ------ 23.79 in. *NOTE: See DOD Consolidated Ammunition
Cannon used with ------------- M1, M1A1, Catalog for complete packing data including
M45, M126, NSN's.
M126A1, M185
Projectile: Shipping and Storage Data:
Body material ------------------ Steel
Color ------------------------------ Gray wired Quantity-distance class --------- 4
bands and red Storage compatibility group --- A
markings DOT shipping class -------------- B
Filler and weight -------------- CS, 14.05 lb DOT designation ----------------- TACTICAL CS
Propelling charge -------------- M3/M4 series PROJECTILES
Primers --------------------------- M82, MK2A4 CLASS
Fuze ------------------------------- MTSQ M548 SPECIAL
PERMIT NO.
Temperature Limits: 5208
DODAC ------------------------------ 1320-D581
Firing: Assembly Dwg. No. -------------- 9220382
Lower limit ---------------------- -40°F (-40°C)
Upperlimit ---------------------- +125°F Limitations:
(+52.0°C)
Storage: Do not fire with fuze set as issued. If
Lower limit ---------------------- -80°F (-62.2°C) impact detonation is intended instead of time
(for period not functioning, set the fuze for 90 seconds.
more than 3
days) References:
Upper limit ---------------------- +160°F
(+71.1°C) (for AMC-P 700-3-3
period not more SB 700-20
than 4 hr/day) TM 9-1025-200-12&P
*Packing ------------------------- 8 projectiles on TM 9-1300-251-20
pallet TM 9-2350-311-10

3-124
TM 43-0001-28

3-125
TM 43-0001-28

3-126 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

3-127
TM 43-0001-28

3-128 Change 1
3TM 43-0001-28

Howitzer, Self-Propelled, M109: (cont.) Howitzer-M198 (M199 Cannon):

Muzzle Max Muzzle Max


Charge Velocity Range Charge Velocity Range
(m/s) (m) (m/s) (m)
5, M4A2, Propelling Charge-Green Bag
white bag 363.5 9420
6, M4A2, M3A1 M3
white bag 445.0 11730 3G 261.9 257.9 5852
7, M4A2, 4G 303.6 301.6 7450
white bag 535.2 14320 5G 358.1 356.1 9167

Propelling Charge-White Bag


Howitzer, Self-Propelled, M109A1/M109A2
(M185 Cannon): M4A2
3W 285.2 7230
Muzzle Max 4W 326.5 324.5 8630
Charge Velocity Range 5W 381.3 378.3 10080
(m/s) (m) 6W 460.7 455.7 12150
7W 546.2 543.2 14650
*1, M3A1,
green bag 180.9 2980 Propelling Charge-M119/M119A1
*2, M3A1,
green bag 216.0 4220 8 655.8 17740
3, M3A1,
green bag 263.0 5940 Propelling Charge-M119A2
4, M3A1,
green bag 304.1 7500 7R 660.0 17740
5, M3A1,
green bag 358.3 9330 Howitzer, Towed, M114A2
3, M4A2, Firing Tables not compiled at this time
white bag 297.5 7230
4, M4A2, Weapons fired from:
white bag 337.0 8630
5, M4A2, M109, M109A1, M109A2, M114A2, M198
white bag 386.0 10080
6, M4A2, Weapon/Propelling Charge/Prmer/
white bag 460.0 12150 Combinations:
7, M4A2,
white bag 546.5 14650 M109/M3A1. M4A2/M82
8, M119/ M109A1/M3A1, M4A2, M119, M119A1,
M119A1 — 650.0 17740 M119A2/M82
M114A2/M3A1, M4A2/MK2A4, MK15
*Firing Below Charge 3 may result in stickers M198/M3A1, M4A2, M119, M119A1/M119A2,
when tired in M185 and M199 Cannons. M82

References:

TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34
TM 9-2350-311-10
TM 9-2350-314-10

For classified data pertaining to this item refer


to TM 43-0001-28-1(C).

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3-130
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PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: HEAT GUIDED, CANNON-LAUNCHED, M712

Type Classification: located in the forward end of the seeker head


assembly and six shock wave sensors (SWS)
Standard, MSR 11796005. located strategically throughout the guidance
section. Also, there are five screwdriver-set
Use: switches located in the forward bourrelet.
These switches, identified as code and time
Cannon Launched Guided Projectile; switches, are set by the howitzer crew just prior
M712, Copperhead, is a 155mm, separate load- to loading and firing the projectile.
ing, laser-guided, high-explosive, projectile. It is
intended to be used against tanks, armored vehi- The warhead section is classified as high
cles, and other moving or stationary hardened explosive antitank warhead. The housing is a
targets. The M712 projectile is designed for use cylindrical steel shell with a cone-shaped liner
with M109A1/A2/A3, M198, and M114A2 howit- located at the forward end and a fuze conpart-
zers. ment located at the aft end. The explosive
filler, consisting of 14.75 pounds of Composition
Description: B, is cast into the space between the liner and
the fuze compartment. A cylindrical shaped
The M712 projectile consists of three fuze assembly (module) fits into the fuze com-
main sections: a forward section (guidance sec- partment. The fuze module consists of a dual-
tion), a center section (warhead or payload sec- channel safety and arming (S&A) device, two
tion), and an aft section (control section). detonators, two explosive actuators, two explo-
sive leads, and a single booster charge, Except
The guidance section consists of two for the booster, the fuze is a dual-channel redun-
major assemblies: the seeker head assembly dant system where both channels are totally
and the electronics assembly. The laser detec- independent of one another and where initia-
tor, decoding circuits, gyro, and all of the tion of either channel will cause normal
electronic circuits that stabilize and control the functioning of the warhead explosive charge.
flight of the projectile to the target are con-
tained in this section. Also, there are several The control section contains a battery
components of the fuzing system physically that provides electrical power, a high-pressure
located in the guidance section. These include gas bottle that provides pneumatic power, four
a dual section direct impact sensor (DIS) fins, four wings, and the mechanism to extend

3-131
TM 43-0001-28

and actuate these control surfaces during forces initiate the mechanical arming portion of
flight. The housing for the control section is a the fuze S&A. These forces also cause the fins
cylindrical steel shell. The forward end is to unlatch and a portion of the battery to acti-
designed to mate with the warhead section by vate. On leaving the tube, the fins snap out by
means of an internal-fitting splice ring. The aft centrifugal force, and lock in the extended posi-
end is designed to receive a screw-on aft closure tion. After the time delay set in by the code
(base) with a rotating plastic obturator. The and time switches has expired, the main por-
obturator is retained between the aft closure tion of the battery will activate, providing elec-
and the control section housing. It is designed trical power to all of the electronic circuits in
to not only seal off propelling charge gases but the projectile. At the approximate midpoint of
the rotating feature of the obturator reduces the trajectory, the wings will be deployed and
the spin of the projectile to approximately 10 the roll control and guidance functions will
revolutions per second. This spin rate is suffi- take over the flight of the projectile. When the
cient to deploy the fins, but slow enough to projectile receives and decodes the laser energy
allow the control surfaces to stabilize the projec- reflected from the target, the projectile will
tile through the entire flight. The base of the steer onto a gliding intercept course to the tar-
M712 projectile is designed to receive an extrac- get. At the same time, the fuze will become
tor device used to unload the projectile from electrically armed. When the projectile hits
the gun tube. the target, either the direct impact sensors or
the shock wave sensors will trigger the fuze deto-
The projectile is shipped and stored in a nators and the warhead will function.
sealed metal container. The container is a top-
opening design which provides full environ- Tabulated Data:
mental protection during normal handling and
storage operations. Containerized projectiles Type ---------------------------------- HEAT
are normally stored and transported on pallets Weight ------------------------------- 138 lb
designed to be compatible with standard Army Length ------------------------------- 54 in.
storage and transporting facilities and equip- Weapon used with ---------------- M198,
ment. M109A1/A2/A3
M114A2 howit-
Functioning: zers
Body material --------------------- Steel
The M712 projectile is designed for indi- Projective ogive (nose cone)
rect firing operations only. However, the projec- material -------------------------- Plastic
tile trajectory can be programmed for either of Color --------------------------------- Black w/yellow
two modes. In the ballistic mode, the projectile markings
is fired on a high trajectory. Just past the apex Filler and weight ----------------- Comp, B
of the trajectory, the projectile sees the target 14.75 lb
through reflected laser energy and steers on a Propelling charge ---------------- M3A1, M4A2,
steep path to the target. The second mode is M119,
the glide mode. The trajectory for the glide M119A1,
mode is generally flatter than the ballistic mode M119A2
so that the projectile can fly under and out of Primer ------------------------------- M82
cloud ceilings. In this mode, the guidance sec- Container:
tion applies different glide characteristics to the Weight (without projectile) - 67.5 lb
projectile control surfaces, allowing it to fly a rel- (with projectile) ------------- 205.5 lb)
atively low flat trajectory. Either mode is Length ---------------------------- 61 in.
selected by specific settings of the switches. Height ---------------------------- 11.375 in.
Width ------------------------------ 11 in.
Except for the trajectory differences for Cube ------------------------------- 4.4 cu ft
the ballistic and glide modes, the projectile func- Color ------------------------------ Forest green
tions in the same manner for all firings. Before w/yellow mark-
the projectile is loaded in the tube, the code ings
and time switches located in the forward bour- Packaging:
relet are set to a five digit command originating Quantity ------------------------- 6 projectiles per
from the Fire Direction Center. The five switch pallet
settings will program a time delay based on the Pallet weight -------------------- 1358 lb
duration of the flight, will set up the projectile Dimensions:
for a ballistic or glide flight, and will key the pro- Length ---------------------------- 61 in.
jectile’s code detector to match the pulse code Height ---------------------------- 27.5 in.
of the laser designator used by the Forward Width ------------------------------ 33 in.
Observer calling for the fire mission. When the Cube ------------------------------- 32 cu ft
round is fired, the setback and acceleration

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TM 43-0001-28

Shipping and Storage Data: M4A2


Quantity distance hazard Charge 4 278 5,800 6.60
------------------------------- class 1.1 Charge 5 323 7,000 10.00
Storage compatibility Charge 6 396 8,500 15.90
------------------------------ Group D Charge 7 468 9,900 27.50
DOT shipping class -------------- Class A
DOT designation ----------------- EXPLOSIVE M119*
PROJECTILE
DODAC ------------------------------ 1320-D510
UNO serial number -------------- 0168
UNO proper shipping name --- Projectiles
Assembly drawing number: *Not used with M109A1
Projectile ------------------------- 9305300
Container ------------------------- 9300440
Limitations:
Ballistics:
Maximum safe limit for a hot M712 projectile in
Howitzer M109A1/A2/A3 and M198: a hot tube is 1 minute.
References:
TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34
M3A1 TM 9-1025-211-10
TM 9-2350-311-10
Charge 4 257 5,200 9.46 TM 9-1025-200-12&P
Charge 5 313 6,700 14.50 TM 9-2350-314-10

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PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER AT, M718

Type Classification: round to the target area. The MTSQ fuze func-
tions at its pre-set time setting, initiating the
Standard with Logistic Control Code “A,” expulsion charge, which ejects the mines from
MSR 02786003, dtd 18 Jan 78. the projectile. The mines (having been sub-
jected to the required set-back, rotational, and
Use: set-forward forces) are armed soon after ground
impact. Upon sensing the proximity of tanks,
These projectiles are used to deliver anti- the mines initiate. If the mines are not initi-
tank mines in front of enemy armored forces to ated during their intended life span, a circuit is
deny/delay access to a particular area for a spe- activated causing the mines to self-destruct. A
cific time period. The "L" means "Long" for long percentage of the mines in each projectile have
time until mine self-destructs (over 24 hours). anti-disturbance mechanisms to discourage
attempts at mine field clearing.
Description:
Tabulated Data:
The projectiles are of the separate loading
type (the fuzes, propelling charges, and primers Projectile:
are handled separately). The projectiles are Type ------------------------------- Antitank (AT)
shipped from the loading plant with fusible lift- Weight ---------------------------- 103 lb (47 kg)
ing plugs to facilitate handling, and as a safety with fuze
measure, The lifting plug may be the yellow fus- Length (w/lifting plug) ------- 33.9 in.
ible type or the universal type. Before firing, (86.1 cm)
the lifting plugs must be replaced with M577 Body material ------------------ Forged steel
MTSQ fuzes. The projectiles contain a payload Color ------------------------------ Olive drab
of anti-tank mines that are ejected during projec- w/yellow mark-
tile flight by an expulsion charge. The ings
expulsion charge can be a bagged expulsion Marking drawing -------------- 9277852
charge assembly or the cylindrical plastic expul-
sion charge type. The rotating bands are pro- Filler and Weight:
tected from damage during transportation and Number of mines -------------- 9
handling by plastic grommets. Explosive ------------------------- PBX 0280 (95%
RDX, 5%
Functioning: Estane)
Explosive Wt/mine ------------ 1.26 lb (0.57 kg)
When the projectile is fired, the primer Expulsion charge -------------- M10 Propellant
ignites the propelling charge which propels the (58.0 ± 1 gr)

3-135
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3-136 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Weapons fired from: References:

M109, M109A1, M109A2, M114A2, M198


TM 9-1300-251-20
Weapon/Propelling Charge/Primer/Combina- TM 9-1300-251-34
tions: TM 9-2350-311-10
TM 9-2350-314-10
M109/M3A1, M4A2/M82, M109A1/M3A1, M4A2,
M119, M119A1/M119A2/M82, M109A2/M3A1,
M4A2, M119, M119A1/M82, M114A2/M3A1,
M4A2/MK2A4, MK15, M119A2, M198/M3A1,
M4A2, M119, M119A1/M119A2/M82

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3-138
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PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER AT, M718A1

Type Classification: tions at its pre-set time setting, initiating the


expulsion charge, which ejects the mines from
Std, Logistics Control Code A MSR the projectile. The mines (having been sub-
04866010, jected to the required set-back, rotational, and
set-forward forces) are armed instantly after
Use: coming to rest on the ground. When sensing
the proximity of tanks, the mines initiate. If
These projectiles are used to deliver anti- the mines are not initiated during their
tank mines in front of or upon enemy armored intended life span, a circuit is activated causing
formations to deny/delay access to a particular the mines to self-destruct. A percentage of the
area for a specific time period, The "L" means mines in each projectile have anti-disturbance
"Long" for long time until mine self-destructs mechanisms to discourage attempts at mine
(over 24 hours). field clearing.
Description Tabulated Data:
The projectiles are of the separate loading
type (the fuzes, propelling charges, and primers
are handled separately). The projectiles are
shipped from the loading plant with fusible lift-
ing plugs to facilitate handling and as a safety
measure. The lifting plug may be the yellow fus-
ible type or the universal type. Before firing,
the lifting plugs must be replaced with M577
Series MTSQ fuzes. The projectiles contain a
payload of antitank mines that are ejected dur-
ing projectile flight by an expulsion charge.
The expulsion charge can be a bagged expulsion
charge, or the cylindrical plastic expulsion
charge type, The rotating bands are protected
from damage during transportation and han-
dling by plastic grommets.
Functioning
When the projectile is fired, the primer
ignites the propelling charge which propels the
round to the target area. The MTSQ fuze func-

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3-140 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Ballistics: Propelling Charge - M119/M119A1


Howitzer, M198 (M199 Cannon): 8 655.8 17740
Charge Muzzle Velocity Max Range Propelling Charge - M119A2
(mps) (m)
Propelling Charge - Green Bag M3A1 7R 660.0 17740

References:
M3A1 M3
3G 261.9 257.9 5852 TM 9-1300-251-20
4G 303.6 301.6 7450 TM 9-1300-251-34
5G 358.1 356.1 9167 TM 9-2350-311-10
TM 9-1025-200-12&P
Propelling Charge - White Bag M4A2 TM 9-1025-211-10
TM 9-2350-314-10
M4A2 M4A1
3W 285.2 285.2 7230
4W 326.5 324.5 8630
5W 381.3 378.3 10080
6W 460.7 455.7 12150
7W 546.2 543.2 14650

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PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER. HE, M731

Type Classification: tected during storage and handling by a


removable plastic grommet.
Std 01766014.
Functioning
Use:
When the primer is detonated, the flash
This projectile is used to deliver submis- ignites the propelling charge producing gases
siled antipersonnel mines fired from a 155mm which force the spin-stabilized projectile out of
howitzer and is called Area Denial Artillery the gun tube and propels it to the target, The
Munitions (ADAM). M577 fuze, having been set to function at a pre-
determined time in flight, initiates the expul-
Description: sion charge ejecting the mines from the rear of
the projectile. Centrifugal force disperses the
This projectile is of the separate loading mines radially from the projectile line-of-flight.
type. The fuze, propelling charge, and primer The mines are completely armed a short time
are handled separate] . The projectile is pro- after ground impact. A self-destruct mechanism
vialed with a fusible lifting plug in place of a is activated which initiates the mine after a pre-
fuze for handling. The lifting plug may be the determined time if the munition is not
yellow fusible type or the universal type. The functioned by trip wire or disturbance.
plug must be replaced by a fuze before the pro-
jectile is loaded. The projectile contains a num- Tabulated Data:
ber of antipersonnel mines. The mines are
contained by a base lug, with a left hand
thread, which is screwed into the base of the pro-
jectile. An expulsion charge is contained in a
cavity in the nose of the projectile to eject the
mines. The expulsion charge can be a bagged
expulsion charge assembly or the cylindrical
plastic expulsion charge type. The metal rotat-
ing band near the base of the projectile is pro-

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3-144 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

Howitzer, Self-Propelled, M109A1/M109A2 Propelling Charge - White Bag


(M185 Cannon):
Muzzle Max
Velocity Range
Charge (reps) (m)

2980
4220
5940
7500
9330 Howitzer, Towed, M114A2
white bag 297.5 7230 Firing Tables not compiled at this time.
4, M4A2,
white bag 337.0 8630
5, M4A2, Weapons fired from:
white bag 386.0 10080
6, M4A2, M109, M109A1, M114A2, M198
white bag 460.0 12150
7. M4A2.
white bag 546.5 14650 Weapon/Propelling Charge/Primer/Combina-
8, M119/ tions:
M119A1 650.0 17740
M109/M3Al, M4A2/M82
*Firing below charge 3 with M185 and M199 M109A1/M3A1, M4A2 M119, M119A1,
Cannons may result in stickers. M119A2/M82
M114A2/M3A1, M4A2/MK2A4, MK15
Howitzer - M198: M198/M3A1, M4A2, M119, M119A1/M119A2,
M82
Charge Muzzle Velocity Max Range
(mps) (m) References:
Propelling Charge - Green Bag TM 9-1300-251-20
TM 9-1300-251-34
_M3A1 M3 TM 9-2350-311-10
3G 261.9 257.9 5852 TM 9-2350-314-10
4G 303.6 301.6 7450
5G 358.1 356.1 9167

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PROJECTILE, 155 MILLIMETER: AT, M741

Type Classification: tions at its pre-set time setting, initiating the


expulsion charge, which ejects the mines from
Standard with Logistic Control Code "A," the projectile. The mines (having been sub-
MSR 01786003, dtd 18 Jan 78. jected to the required set-back, rotational, and
set-forward forces) are armed soon after ground
Use: impact. Upon sensing the proximity of tanks,
the mines initiate. If the mines are not initi-
These projectiles are used to deliver anti- ated during their intended life span, a circuit is
tank mines in front of enemy armored forces to activated causing the mines to self-destruct. A
deny/delay access to a particular area for a speci- percentage of the mines in each projectile have
fic time period. The "S" means "Short" for short anti-disturbance mechanisms to discourage
time until mine self-destructs (under 24 hours). attempts at mine field clearing.
Description: Tabulated Data:
The projectiles are of the separate loading
type (the fuzes, propelling charges, and primers
are handled separately), The projectiles are
shipped from the loading plant with fusible lift-
ing plugs to facilitate handling, and as a safety
measure. The lifting plug may be the yellow fus-
ible type or the universal type. Before tiring,
the lifting plugs must be replaced with M577
MTSQ fuzes. The projectiles contain a payload
of antitank mines that are ejected during projec-
tile flight by an expulsion charge. The expul-
sion charge can be a bagged expulsion charge
assembly or the cylindrical plastic expulsion Filler and Weight:
charge type. The rotating bands are protected
from damage during transportation and han-
dling by plastic grommets.
Functioning:
When the projectile is fired, the primer
ignites the propelling char e which propels the
round to the target area. The MTSQ fuze func-

3-147
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3-148 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

References:

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3-150
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3-151
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3-152 Change 1
TM 43-0001-28

References:

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3-154
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PROJECTILE, 155-MILLIMETER: HE, M795

Type Classification: should be made to extract any portion of a broken plug


from a projectile; the projectile is not to be used and
STD MSR 07856004. should be returned to supply point.

Use: Functioning:

This projectile is part of the new family of ballistically When the weapon is fired, the rotating band engages the
similar 155mm Howitzer ammunition. It will eventually barrel rifling to impart spin to the projectile for stability in
replace the 155mm HE M107 projectile. The M795 flight. The obturator behind the rotating band forms a
projectile will be utilized to provide conventional support seal to prevent leakage of gas pressure past the
fires for division/corps elements projectile. Rapidly expanding gases from the burning
propellant charge propel the projectile through the barrel
Description: with the velocity necessary to reach the target. At the
target, the warhead filler is detonated by the fuze. The
The configuration of the M795 projectile will be similar to fuze mode can be either impact, preset time, or proximity
the M483A1 externally, except that it is two inches depending on fuze selection.
shorter. The M795 projectile consists of 23.8 pounds of
TNT explosive loaded into a 78.1 pound body assembly. Tabulated Data:
A gilding metal rotating band encircles the high
fragmentation steel HF-1 body near its base. The WEIGHT ZONES
obturator is plastic. The projectile is fitted with a Loaded Projectile (w/o fuze, w/o plug)
protective lifting plug at the nose and a flexible rotating
band cover which protects the rotating band during
shipping and handling The projectile uses impact,
mechanical time, and short intrusion proximity fuzes.
The M795 projectile has a supplementary charge which
should not be removed since firing long intrusion
proximity fuzes is not authorized The projectiles have a
lifting plug designed to protect the projectile nose area
against accidental damage. The new plug has an
oversized (3-3/4 in.) flange If this protective lifting plug is
broken at the neck area, the threaded portion of the plug
will remain in the projectile and the projectile can not be
fuzed. No attempt

Change 5 3-155
TM 43-0001-28

Complete Round: Trilateral


Type....................................High explosive Cartridge 3
Approx weight ......................103.4 lb - 46.90 kg (Zone 8) 2630 fps 802 mps
Length.................................33.2 in. (84.33 cm)
Cannons used......................M185, M199, Weapon/Ammunition Combinations for M795 Projectile:
M1A2, M126A1
Projectile: WEAPON FUZES PROP CHARGE
Body material.......................Steel, HF-1
Color ...................................Olive drab w/yel- M198, FH70, PD-M739 M3A1, M4A2,
low markings SP70 Series M557 M119 Series,
Filler and weight ...................TNT 23.8 lb MTSQ - M203, *Trilater-
Components: M582 Series al Cartridge 1,2,3
Propelling charge .................M3A1, M4A2, Prox - M732,
M119A2, M203, ETM767
M203A1
*Trilateral cartridges .............1, 2, 3 M109A1/A2/ Same as M3A1, M4A2,
Primer A3/A4 above M 119 Series,
M82.....................................for M185, M199, *Trilateral Car-
M284 Cannons tridge 1 and 2
Fuze (PD)............................M557, M739 M109A5/A6 Same as M3A1, M4A2,
Series, MK399 above M119 Series,
MOD 1 M203A
(MTSQ)................................M564, M582
Series *NOTE: These Trilateral