Collective exercise of

management copyright and

is

the

related

rights by organizations acting in the interest and on behalf of the owners of rights.

2

Most of the time an author is not materially capable of monitoring all uses of his works; he cannot for instance contact every single radio works. or television station to negotiate licenses and remuneration for the use of his

3

Conversely, it is not practical for a broadcasting organization to seek specific permission from every author for the use of every copyrighted work.

4

Therefore, the role of Collective management organizations is to bridge the gap between the owner of rights and the user.

5

Collective management organizations are an important link between creators and users of copyrighted works (such as radio stations) because they ensure that, as owners of rights, creators receive payment for the use of their works

6

Collective

management

organizations

most commonly take care of the following rights
■ The right of public performance ■ The right of broadcasting ■ The mechanical reproduction rights in

musical works
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■ The performing rights in dramatic works ■ The right of reprographic reproduction

of literary and musical works

8

How does it work?
► There are various kinds of collective

management organization or groups of such organizations, depending on the category of works involved (music, dramatic works, "multimedia" productions, etc.) that will collectively manage different kinds of right.

9

►"Traditional"

collective

management

organizations, acting on behalf of their members, negotiate rates and terms of use with users, issue licenses authorizing uses, collect and distribute royalties.
► The individual owner of rights does not

become directly involved in any of these steps.
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