I am reading a book now.

He is walking at the moment.
We are just working in the garden.
al vostru, a voastra, ai
ale voastre, alai dumitale, dum-
neavoastra
al nostru, a noastra, ai  
ale noastre
- alaI, ai/ale lor
mama mea
copilul meu
florile mele
casa mea my house
my mother
my child
my flowers
Se pentru a descriem 0 activitate care se petrece in momentul vorbirii:
Pronumele posesiv in limba engleza are forma pentru toate genurile nu-
merele.
her al ei/sau, a ei/sa, ai ei/sai,
ale ei/sale
his al lui/sau, a lui/sa, ai their
lui/sai, ale lui/sale
its a/aI, ai/ale lui, sale, ei
(pentru obiecte, notiuni
abstracte, animale)
your - a ta, al tau, ai tai, ale tale, your
a/al dumitale,
dumneavoastra
my al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale our
mele
2. Present Continuous Tense (timpul prezent continuu):
1. Pronumele posesiv:
REZUMAT
- 1 -
I
farfurie
fureul ila
paine praj ita
I'arfurioara
lingma

pahar pentru oua
gratar pentru rrajit
paine
ou
sare (ele bucfltarie)
solnita
> legj
> [sr u:n]
> [IiEpkin!
>kgkapj
> Isn: ItI
> lIt lustl
> II'o:rk I
> lr leit ]
plate
LECTIA 13. - PARTEA INTAI
,
- 2-
fork
Azi va invitam la micul dejun. Toatc cuvintelc noi se refera la aceasta
tema:
napkin
egg
Exersati     cuvinte, dar In alta ordine:
salt-cellar
spoon
toaster
toast
salt
egg-cup
saucer
toast > : tOil .... t j p{line priljita
salt > IS,): It i
sare (de bucatarie)
fork > r1'0: I kI
furculita
egg-cup >
leg karl pahar rentru oua
napkin > [nErkin]
saucer > lsu: S{I "J farfurioarii
egg
> leg] OLI
salt-cellar > rso:lt
self,r
j solnitii
spoon > I spll:nj lingura
plate > 111kil! farfurie
toaster > ! \oll,L,'!
gratar pentru priijit
paine
Completati propozi}iile in Iimba englcza, utilizand cuvintele noi:
Observati felul in care folosim cuvintele noi in prapozitii. Cititi prapozitii1e eu voce tare
fili atenti la pranuntie.
Aceste pahare pentru ou5
sum foartc frumoase.
Imi place painea prajita la
miCLd dejun.
A\ em acasa  
.',)

Pot sa iau aceasta lingllra?
Pune p,linca in prajitorul
de paine!
Pori sa-mi aduci 0
farfurJoari"l')
Ei trebuie sa ellmpere 0
solnita.
Adu citteva fureu lite.
Cate oua ai mancat la
mil'ld dejun?
?'\oi toemai am cumparat
far furi i Illari.
. Acasa nu avem sare.
How many >platcs have you bought?
Have you already eatcn your >l,lash ,)
r usually cat one xgg every day.
Bring the , pleasc.
Do you like :>salt '!
These .Y>pO()IlS are too big.
We have brought these from
England.
Which >fnrb do you want to buy'?
The -;.;all-cellar is full.
Thc >napk ill is under your chair.
- I must have >:.1 toaster in the kitchen.
- 3 -
>lhh. lI i: rcd nEpkllh f·t
houlll J
>1 !d"n iu: 1111: ,'I
, r
,0: S:I ]
>!lli: 1\1:\ dpst t"u la:'dj
pieilS]
>rkFn ai te/k [J/ is spu:n]
>[[)/ei Illast hai a sO'lt
\cla i I
" r
>[ al b\ toush t,l:
brckl11stj
>rlli: uount hE\ so:l! Et
houlll]
Am adus aceste pahare pcntru oua din
Anglia.
Aduce-ti, va rag, farfurioarcle.
!"t-at miincat deja piiimle prajtte'!
De obicei mananc un au in fiecare zi.
Cite farfurii ai cumparat?
Trebuie sa am un prajitor de paine in
bucatarie.
Care furculi(e vrei sa Ie cumperi?
Solnita este plina.
Aceste linguri sunt prea mario
iti place sarea?
$ervetelul estc sub scaunul trlU.
Put the bread into the toaster. >lput O/a bred intu [)/i"l
toust:/I
/ r
These egg-cups arc very nice. >lD i:z eg kaps a: \ crJ
nais]
Have we red napkins at
home?
I 100e toasts for breakfast.
Bring a few forks.
Can r take this spoon?
Can you bring me a saucer?
They must buy a salt-cellar.
We don't have salt at home.
We have just bought large
plates.
How many eggs did you cat >Ihau mcni cgl UIU iu: i:t
for breakfast? ["oJ brt'klast]
Aceasta este mea.
Casa noastra este mare.
al ei/sau, a ei/sa, ai ei/sai, ale ei/sale
lui, sale, ei (pentm obiecte, notiuni
abstracte, animale)
al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale mele
al tau, a ta, ai'tai, ale tale, aI, a, ai, ale
dumitale, dumneavoastra
al lui/sau, a lui/sa, ai lui/sai, ale lui/sale
> some toasts
> lwcI'liC toasters
> forty-three salt-cellars
> nincty-ninc platcs
> thirtcen napkins
> a hundred eggs
> twcI1ly-thrcc spoons
> sixty-two
> onc saucer or salt
> sc\cntccn forks
-4-
>
Ihi/1
>
lila:
r
/1
>
[Its]
> rIII   in I
> I io
J
/]
his
its
hers
mine
yours
This is my car.
Our house is large.
cateva paini prajite
Ali relinut desigur ea, in limba engfeza, pronumele posesiv se ajla de, obieei, inaintea
subsantivului:
Sunt insa situalii in care pronumele posesiv sta singur, ca un pronume independent $i nu este
urmat de substantiv. in aeest caz se sehimba $i forma pronumelui, pe care il numim pronume
posesiv independent. De exemplu:
23 de Iinguri
62 de pahare de oua
o farfurioara de sare
17 furculite
12 griitare pentm prajit paine
43 de solnite
99 de farfurii
13
100 de oua
In mod sigur v-ati   foarte bine cuvintele noi. Sa Ie reluam aHituri de numere. Traduceti
In Iimba engleza:
Sa exersam, in propozitii, situatiile in care trebuie sa folosim pronumele posesiv:
r
al nostru, a noastra, ai ours >Ia\\az]
ale noastre
yours
>LIO.IZ] al vostru, a voastra, ai
v01,itri, ale voastre
theirs >![)\'/1;1 al/a/ai/ale lor
empty
> rcmptl] gol
delicious
> [dlli,;>Chl delicios, savuros
fried > [I'j ,,/(.1] fript, pdijit
fat
> [tEt] gras, plin de gdisime
in a hurry
> 1111 CI
hall'
in graba, la repezeala
Aceasta este ma1,iina mea.
Aceasta este a
mea.
Nu lua stiloul lui!
Ia-I pe al tau!
- Ace1,itia sunt banii lor.
  bani sunt ai lor.
Is it > hcr car?
Those cups are> yours.
These desks are> thclrs .
They are> our cats.
They are> my shoes.
This clock is > 1m .
This is >!11" bicycle.
- Is this book >YUUIS?
These pens are > his .
That coat is > hel s .
These are> OUI apples.
Are these cigarettes> J ours?
Is this salt-cellar> thclrs ?
-5-
> j dounl lC/k hi! pen]
r
> [tc/k 10. z]
> [f)"is iz n/c/ mam]
I I r
> [D IS manl II [) CI z1
r
> [It II l1Iai ka. I
/ r
>: [) IS LI' II main]
Aceste stilouri sunt ale lui.
Acea haina este a ei.
Urmeaza din nou cateva cuvinte noi:
Aceasta carte este a ta?
Aceste tigari sunt ale tale?
AceasHi solnita este a lor?
Acest ceasomic este ale lui.
Este ma1,iina ei?
Acele sunt ale tale.
Aceste birouri sunt ale lor.
Sunt pisicile noastre.
Sunt pantofii mei.
Acestea sunt merele noastre.
in exercitiul urmator, completati propozitiile:
Aceasta este bicicleta mea.
It is my car.
This car is mine.
Don't take his pen.
Take yours.
This is their money.
This money is theirs.
Ma grabesc.
Ei se grabeau.
Nu manca in graba!
Lui ii plac cartofii prajiti.
ta este goaHi.
Aceasta pisica este foarte
grasa.
Aceste sunt
delicioase.
Is her plate> c'mpt\ ?
This > [,j l man eats too much.
Are you> ill <1 hu:ry?
I like> h'led fish.
This cheese is > lkiiciollS.
> CIl1!1t\
I .
> ill :1 hurry
-6-
" r I' . 1
> 110: ",ap 1/ cmplll
> i delicios, savuros
> rill Cl hari] In graba, la repezeala
> [lraiJ I fript, prajit
> [rmpti] gol
> [ fEll gras, piin de grasime
> [hi: laiks fraid pClte;tnllz]
> [dOlillt i:t ill [I hari I
Retineti urmatoarea expresie: to be in a hurry. De exemplu:
I am in a hurry.
They were in a hurry.
He likes fried potatoes.
Your cup is empty.
Don't eat in a hurry.
Pentru exersare traduceti cuvintele noi:
Briinza aceasta este delicioasa.
Acest barbat gras maniinca prea mult.
gol
Farfuria ei este goala?
fmi place prajit.
Te  
gras
Folositi cuvintele noi in urmatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:
in graM
This cat is very fat.
delicios
lar acum cititi cu atentie propozitiile de mai jos In care am indus cuvintele noi:
These tomatoes are delicious. > [D/i:/ r{lll1a:l,lC:/ :1.
empty
fat
prajit
in a hurry
fried
Exersati cuvinte, dar in alta ordine:
delicious
-7-
Urmari{i stuctura propozi(iei:
to you tomorrow.
a letter today.
Diseara voi fi acasa.
Ei vor locui Intotdeauna
aici.
Maine la vor lua ei
micul dejun.
Tatal meu va merge
maine in Anglia.
EI 0 va vizita pe mama sa
sapUimana viitoare.
Te vom pana la
ora trci.
We >'.\1]; ,,1.\,1\, hc together.
Next week we > \\ I! 1 I '.1\ for the car.
1>'\111 ,\"l,' to him tomorrow.
Tomorrow we > \\ ill kl\ ,-' dinner in the
garden.
Next week we > \\ II: g" to London.
We > \\ ill \ \, It our parents in two days.
Tomorrow evening we >" ill Ih
'
,:11 t,)
the radio.
1I
> 1,1/ Ii hi b hlHl1ll 111
/. I '-!)
D I I \ !l!1l - I
> Ill!. lid II
CII
I'll I Ill" t d
r'fl :Iklokl
> [[)/'-I IIJi o.llI'-'I/ 11\ 111:1 I
> I f)/C! L1 1l hl.\ hil'L',-"t I!
,t'\ 11 t{lInnrnll]
/ I 'I
> [mal fa:!) a 'II til
illglflild tflIlHHOU\
La persoana a-I-a singular plural (I, we) in locullui will se poate folosi
verbul auxiliar shall.
In limbajul uzual Insi'!, se mai des verbul auxiliar will.
Maine vom eina In gradina.
Vom [1 intotdeauna 'impreuna.
Saptamana viitoare vom plati  
Maine 'ii voi scrie lui.
Sapti'!mana viitoare vom merge la Londra.
Peste doua zile ii vom vizita pe parintii   -
Maine seara vom asculta radiou!'
I will be at home in the
evening.
My father will go to
England tomorrow.
They will always live here.
In exercitiul urmator completati propozitiile cu expresia corespunzatoare la tIlnpul viitor:
We will wait for you till
three o'clock.
They will have breakfast at
seven tomorrow.
He will visit his mother next> [hi. lid \ i/l! hl/ 111:11)/:1
1
week. 11-: k'! II I k I
Pronumele + verbul auxiliar + foma I-a a +
personal will verbului principal
I will come
She will write
Complementele de timp se plaseaza la inceputul sau la s[anjitlll propozi(iei. Complementele
de timp, care in cazul altar timpuri se alla la mijlocul propozitiei, la acest timp tree inaintea
verbului principal.
Urmeaza ciiteva exemp1e eu viitorul simplu:
in cele ce urmeaza ne vom ocupa de exprimarea ac{iunilor care se vor petrece in viitor. in
limba engleza in acest scop se folose!jte timpul Simple Future Tense r,imp1   IClh I'
Formarea lui este simpla: verbul auxiliar willi "i1] urmat de forma I-a a verbului principal,
infinitivul.
-8-
Exersati cuvinte, intr-o alta ordine:
They> \\ i II go for a walk in the
morning.
She> wi II never see it.
I > will hl' at work at five.
> Ollr parents wi II cOll1e to liS tornorrO\\'.
> Next weeK I will try to make a bookcase.
> The slin \\ill tomorrow.
> Father \\ ill gj\C 111C the on
\Vednesd;l) .
> Wc will get olT at the third stop.
> We will go to London ill March.
> 1 will be therc tomorrow rnorl1lng.
> Thev will wait for liS.
> i \\ili talk with him about this novel.
to leave > [tu h:\] a parasi, a pleca
to boil > [Ill boilj a fierbe, a clocoti
to use > [tu iLL!:l a folosi, a utiliza, a intrebuinta
Illl
r
a tuma, a varsa to pour > po:1
to pass > [lll pa:sJ - a pasa, a da
to tell > [tll tel] a spune
to hang [tu
(n)
a atama, a agata > hl:n '" ]
to translate > [tu trEllslcit 1 a traduce
to boil > Itll boil] a fierbe, a clocoti
to pass > [tu pa:s] a pasa, ada
to use > [tu i\lJ 1 a folosi, a utiliza, a intrebuinta
to tell > [tll tell a spune
to hang > [I\I
hI'n()!.)
a atama, a agata
to translate > [ t \I IrEn,;!cil] a traduce
to pour >
It \I
po rI a tuma, a varsa
to leave >
rI \I Ii \ I
a parasi, a pleca
Parintii vor veni maine la noi.
Saptamana viitoare voi incerca sa fac 0
biblioteca.
Vom cobori la a treia statie.
Vom merge la Londra in martie.
Maine dimineata voi fi acolo.
Ei ne vor  
Voi vorbi cu el despre acest roman.
Tata imi va da miercuri  
Iar acum yom invata cateva verbe. Cititi cuvintele cu voce tare fiti atenti la pronuntia lor
corecta:
Maine va straluci soarele.
Ea nu va vedea asta niciodata.
Voi fi la servici la cinci.
Vor merge la plimbare dimineata.
Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:
Cateva dintre verbele noi sunt neregulate. Sa ne cele trei forme ale acestor verbe:
In exercitiul urmiitOf, completati propozitiile 'in limba engleza cu forma corespunzatoare a
verbului:
Voi fierbe apa.
Nu putem folosi azi
lui Petre.
Ei au plecat deja.
Am tradus deja aceasta
scrisoare.
Vreau sa atam aceasta
pictura deasupra canapelei.
Ii voi spune lui despre
asta.
- Oa-mi sarea.
- Toama-mi, te rag,
ceai.
Yesterday I > hung the curtains.
So far I > h;1\ l' trallslalL'd two books.
I'm >pourillg you coffee.
I >wilJ nc\cr tell him about it.
Have you> boilcd eggs?
We will> Ica\ c for Bucharest in a week.
- Can you> pass the sugar?
- You can > lhC his telephone.
-9-
> Ipli:z po:r mi: sam ti:]
> [pa:s mi: IJza so:ltJ
> lUi: ka:nl ill:z pi:li/z ka
J
ladei]
. 1I . (t>:) z·
> !at Olll tll hLn D IS
'k _r _I' 0/- . 1
pI Oll\a ascII:
> [ai lI ij leI him i'lballl it]
> [Ozci hFv o:lredi left]
Retineti ca expresia to leave for se traduce prin: a pleca,
a caIatori undeva.
Pana acum am tradus doua ciini.
Ai fiert oua?
Poti folosi telefonul lui.
Iti tom cafea.
leri am atamat perdelele.
Nu-i voi spune lui despre asta niciodata.
Poti sa dai zaharul?
Peste 0 saptamana vom pleca la  
Pass me the salt.
We can't use Peter's car
today.
I will boil the water.
Please, pour me some tea.
lar acum sa vedem cum se folosesc verbele noi In propozitii:
I have already translated this> [ai hEv o:lredi
letter. trEnsleitid f)/is leU{]
I will tell him about it.
I want to hang this picture
over the settee.
forma a-I-a forma a-II-a forma a-III-a
leave >[li:v] left >[lcfi] left > Ilcn]
tell > [tel] told >ltouldJ told >[touldl
hang
> [hEn(g)]
hung
> lhan(gi
hung
> [han(g)]
They have already left.
He > says he doesn't like my sister.
> Say something about your work.
He has> s,lid the sky is blue.
I've already> told you about it.
He hasn't> told me about it yet.
When do you want to > Il'l I your wife
about this car?
Mi-a povestit despre carte.
iti va spune despre fratele meu.
A spus catcva cuvinte dcspre acest
roman.
Ei spun ca avem 0 casa frumoasa.
> We will hang this picture in the hedroom.
> ]011111ITO\\ I \\ill bu) pLtlL'S and saucers.
> This car is mine aIIII tbt is his.
> Don't take my spoon. take yours.
> This fried fish is lklicioliS.
> Tell me where the n,lpkins ,Ire.
> \A/hen do VIlll W,lIlt to Iea\ eli))'
 
> Our children will cOllle til liS on '-;aturdav.
> I can't hclil tile eggs ntlw'
> \\hcre call I klllg my coat'.'
> I 11111'1 this hook hy February.
-10-
Acest prajit este delicios.
Vom atama acest tablou in donnitor.
Maine voi cumpara farfurii farfurioare.
Cate paini prajite poti manea?
Nu lua Iingura mea, ia-o pe- a tal
Unde pot sa-mi agar haina?
Copiii vor veni la noi sambata.
Spune-mi unde sunt
Aceasta este a mea, aceea este a
lui.
He's said a few words about this noveL
Nu pot fierbe ouale acum!
Trebuie sa traduc aceasta carte pana in
februarie.
Cand vrei sa pleci Ia
He's told me about the book.
She will tell you about my brother.
Unneaza ultimul exerci!iu al acestei parti a lectiei. Traduce!i propozi!iile in Iimba englcza:
They say we have a nice house.
Ti-am vorbit deja despre asta.
EI spune ca nu-i place sora mea.
Spune ceva despre munca tao
EI a spus ca cerul este albastru.
Inca nu mi-a spus despre asta.
Cand vrei sa-i spui nevestei tale despre
aceasta
Sa incerciim sa folosim cele invatate. Utilizati forma corespunzatoare a verbului "to say" sau
"to tell" in unnatoarele propozi!ii:
Cu ajutorul verbului say, spunem, exprimam ceva:
Tell/say
Ambele verbe au inteles, dar Ie folosim in contexte di/erite:
""" Cu ajutorul verbului tell spunem cuiva ceva (to tell about·· a povesti, a spline):
LECTIA 13. - PARTEA A DODA
Incepem lectia invatand cuvinte noi. Cititi-Ic cu voce tare incercati
sa Ie retineti:
arm > [a:tm]
- brat
knee > [ni:] -
genunchi
toe > [tou] - deget de la picior
nail > [neil] - unghie
finger > [Hng!i"] -
deget
belly > [bcli] -
burta, stomac
chest > 1 piept
elbow > [clbou] -
cot
wrist > Irist] -
ineheietura mainii
wrist-watch > [rist   ceas de mana
back >
[bEk] spate, spinare
shoulders
:::-'>
  umen
Repetati cuvinte dar in alta ordine:
wrist-watch >
Irist   eeas de mana
elbow > [clbou] - cot
finger > [l1ngf/] - deget
knee > Ini:] -
genunehi
shoulders > houldarz] -
umen
wrist > [rist] - incheietura mainii
chest > I   - piept
nail > [neil] - unghie
arm > [aJm]
- brat
back > [hEk] - spate, spinare
toe > [tou] -
deget de la picior
belly > [hcli] - burta, stomac
- II -
> ,11111
> klll'L'
> bcll\
>t(IL'
>
Ai un spate bronzat.
Barbatii au de obicei par
pe piept.
Acest ceas de mana este
al ei.
Cotul meu este bine acum.
Incheietura mainii tale es-
te bine acum?
Omul acela are 0 burta
Unghiile tale sunt prea
lungi.
mare.
Fiecare om are zece
degete la mana zece la
picior.
Ea In genunchi.
Ai bra!e lungi.
picior
- Ea are 0 pe umeri.
6. piept
8. brat
9. stomac
10. genunchi
7. deget de la mana > llI1!' l')
/ '
II. deget de la

I I
,ll d
- 12-
r
>1,1
)Oli/crl1/j
)
> i II II)' rlSt (I I 1";111 ILilll
. [)I 1I I - r ]
> t IS   II );1 I
> [Ill hh :1 hraun bLkj
> [mal clhou II (\:1 1",111 1l:1lI]
> !mclJ III jU:Iil hi
Oil ))/:1   i
> 11/1.1 mEn hE! :1 big
bl'll i
> [cvrl I11I'n hEI tcn
t1nga
1
z /--.nd tCIl (oU/I
(,,) I
> [/U: hl'\ Ion - a. IIlll
I. spate
5. unghie
2. umar
4. incheietura > \\ I I,t
mainii
3. cot
Is your wrist all right now?
Traduceti in limba engleza denumirea unnatoarelor paTti ale corpului:
You have a brown back.
My elbow is all right now.
Men usually have hair on
the chest.
Your nails are too long.
She has a shawl on her
shoulders.
This wrist-watch is hers.
That man has a big belly.
Every man has ten fingers
and ten toes.
You have long anns.
She was on her knees.
Citi!i cu atentie propozi!iile de mai jos, in care veri intalni cuvintele noi:
Tradueeti urmatoarele propozitii interogative in limba engleza:
Raspunsurile afirmative se fiJrmeaza CII ajutoru! cuvdntului yes, a pronumelui personal. $i a
verbului auxiliar will:
Completari pronumele personal verbul auxiliar eorespunzator in urmatoarele raspunsuri
scurte:
Va merge ea maine
la
VOl' traduce
aceasta scrisoare?
>[ies D/ei lIi\]
>[ies ai lIil ]
>[ies   lI il ]
Yes, >he will .
Yes, >she will
Yes, >1 will.
Yes, >she will
Yes, >he will .
> \Vill you work tOl11orrow?
> Will they take the children to England?
> Will he show us his roOIll'.!
> Will they hang ten picturcs in their
living-room?
> Will mother tell them about this boy')
> Wil! they try to do it tOI1l0IT()\V'.)
> Will he usc his car next month'!
> Will he sing this song')
> Will we leave for England tomorrow')
> Will they corne to us next week?
> Will you buy me this coat')
> [ui!   gou tu
bukarcst tiimornu]
- 13 -
Yes, they will.
Yes, I will.
Yes, she will.
Will she go to
Bucharest
tomorrow?
Will they translate > [ll il J)/ei trEns leit
this letter? D/is leta
r
]
Will he write to you?
Will she cut the trees tomorrow?
Will you thank them for the book?
Will she wait for us?
Will your brother come to you next month?
Will they make a bookcase tomorrow?
Will you ask him this question?
Will she visit her brother next week?
Lmi vei cumpara aceasta haina?
Va canta el acest e:intee?
Ei vor lua eopiii in Anglia?
Vei luera maine?
VOl' Inecrca sa faca asta maine?
Next week they will come to us.
Mother will tell them about this boy.
Ne va arata cl camera lui?
He will use his father's car next month.
We will leave for England tomorrow.
They will translate
this letter.
Transformati urmatoarcle enunturi in propozitii interogative:
They will hang ten pictures in their
living-room,
She will go to
Bucharest tomorrow.
intrebarile la timpu! Simple Future se jorrneazii prin inversarea ordinii verbului allxiliar will
$i a substantivullli sau a pronl,lmelui personal.
Acum ne vom intoarce la timpul Simple Future !ii vom invii{a cum se formeazii interogativul
$i raspllnsllrile corespunziitoare.
Formulati raspunsul negativ la urmatoarele intrebiiri:
Struetura negativii will not/won't 0 putem folosi in propozitii integri:

Dnde vor cina?
Cand vei veni?
Nu voi imbraca aceasta
haina.
Nu vor cumpara aceasta
casa.
Sora mea nu va preda in
aceasta  
> [noll hi: "il Ilot]
> [noll hi: lIounl ]
- Cine va face asta?
> [noLI ai lIi! Ilot I
> [noLI ai lIo11nl J
No, >hc \\ on"1 .
No, >she won"t .
No, >Ihey won'l .
No, >11C won't.
> Whcn wi II yOli go to work.'!
> Whal lime wi II you get UF lomorrow')
> Who wi II look fiJr the dog'!
>Whal car \vill you dri\c 10 London'!
> \Vherc will YlHI hallg thc tclephonc'!
No, he will not.
No, he won't.
No, they will not. > [noll n/ci lIi1 not]
No, they won't. > [noLI D/ei lIo11nt ]
No, I will not.
No, I won't.
Dnde vei agata telefonul?
Cfmd vei merge la lucru?
Cine va cauta ciiinele?
- 14-
La ce ora te vei scula maine?
When will you come? > [lien lI i1 ill: kam]
Who will do it? > Ihu: llil du: it]
Ce vei conduce la Londra?
Will he send this letter?
Will Peter show you the suit?
Will he use this chair?
Will they talk to you?
Will she tell me about this man?
Will your parents visit you tomorrow?
Will you pay for dinner?
Traduceti urmatoarele intrebari in limba engleza:
They won't buy this house. > lI\Hlllt hai f)/is
halls]
My sister won't teach in this> [mai sistii'" uOUll1 in
school. D/ ISS kU:I]
I won't put on this coat. > [ai lI 01l1l1 rUI Oil lY!is
kOUl J
Negatia se formeaza eu ajutorul negatiea no pronumelui personala, verbului auxi/iar will,
a euvdntului not. Construetia will not se poate preseurta astfel: won't>[u
ounl
I :
Propozitii/e interogative la care raspundem eu propozitii intregi :'ii nu Ilumai eu cuvintele
"sa" sau "nu" sunt propozitii interogative partiale. Acestea se formeazii ell ajlltorlll unui
pronume interogativ, inaintea verbului auxiliar:
flamand, infometat
dulce
numai, doar
obosit
electric
- insetat
- sens concret, biologic
- sens figurat
- sens propriu
- sens figurat
- 15 -
> [hangri]
> [ounli]
> [taiil\J]
> [ilektrik[
imi este foame.
Sunt infometat dupa ...
Imi este sete.
Sunt insetat (de). Doresc
l.
2.
1.
2.
[ am hungry - eu semnificatia de:
Retineti expresiile urmatoare:
[ am thirsty - cu semnificatia de:
Exersati     cuvinte dar in alta ordine:
thirsty
only > [ounlil numai, doar
hungry > [hangri 1 flamand, infometat
electric > [ilektrik] electric
tired > [taiCI rd1 obosit
thirsty > [T'a:\ti] insetat
sweet >
[s u
i
:
t
]
dulce
hungry
Voi vorbi cu tine despre acest magazin. > We will tcll you about this shop.
sweet
Vei traduce aceasta scrisoare? > \Vill vou translate this Icttcr')
Unde ne vom opri? > Whcrc wII! \\C stop')
tired
lata cateva cuvinte noi:
only
Cine te va     > Who will wait for you')
electric
Peste doua saptamani nu yom avea de lucru. > \'/c WOI1'( havc \\ork in two wceks.
Mama mea va merge maine la spital. > My mothcr will go to hospital tOl1lornw..
in urmator   in limba engleza:
Nu voi fi niciodata dactilograra. > I will nc\cr bc a typist.
Este singurul meu frate.
Azi rna simt foarte bine.
Trebuie sa prind trenul
dimineata devrerne.
Vara incepe intotdeauna
in iunie.
Este singura planta in
aceasta camera.
Ai gustat deja  
Ciind ai construit aceasta
casa?
- Frunzele cad de pe copaci.
> Have they electric took)
> I was very tired and ycsterday.
> Where did you huy thcse 'iwcct apples')
> I am thirsty.
> They have sent me only one letter.
- 16-
dju:nJ
> [ai mast k [)/ a (rein
aJli in [)7
a
mo:rnin(g)j
> [t[ldei ai fi:l veri glld]
> [hEv ill: o:lredi teistid
OZa
> [07
a
li:vI a:
r
fo:lin(g)
from [/a tri:2]
> [uen did ill: hild [)I'is
hallS]
> [its Ol'j ounli pla:nt In
Ol'is ru:m]
> [hi:z mai ounli bra0
7
i/j
When did you build this
house?
Summer always begins in
June.
Today I feel very good.
Have you already tasted the
fish?
Acum sa facem cu diteva verbe noi:
The leaves are falling from
the trees.
to taste > [tll teist] a gusta
to feel > [tll fi:l] - a simti, a atinge, a pipai
to begin > [tll bigin] a incepe, a se apuca de
to build > [tll bild] a c1adi, a construi
to catch > [tll - a prinde, a apuca, a
retine, a sc imbolnavi de
to fall > [tll 1'0:1] a cadea, a se
lata cum folosim aceste verbe in propozitii:
Intelesul expresiei "only" se schimba in cazul in care este precedat de un
articol hotariit. Semnificatia expresiei the only este: singurul, unicuI.
Articolul hotarit "the" poate fi inlocuit cu un pronume posesiv.
It's the only plant in this
room.
De exemplu:
He is my only brother.
I must catch the train early
in the morning.
Au instrumente electrice?
leri am fost foarte obosit infometat.
Unde ai cumparat aceste mere dulci?
Mi-e sete.
In mod sigur v-ati deja cuvintele noi. Traduceti propozitiile in limba engleza!
Mi-au trimis numai 0 scrisoare.
Cateva verbe noi sunt neregulate. Vom invata formele acestora:
The cat has just> caught a bird.
- How did you > feci when he told you
about It?
I > fell on the floor yesterday.
- They haven't> bUIlt this house yet.
When will you> hegln to read it?
> He has he \\ on't he a drl\ er.
> I \\ on't go hy an empty bus.
> rhls dinner \\ as dclICIUllS.
> ! Ie rassed me the salt
> Till'} \vill ne\el translate thiS hook
> ! ClII't hang rlcturc
> Yesterday \\ e heuan to hu dd a shed In
the garden.
> I'm nut hungl}
> \\ hen WIll you look for my dog')
> 1'111 not takIng l11y car today. I \\ til take
hers
> ! \\ III go to thc shop and huy plates and

- 17-
Nu pot agata acest tablou.
El mi-a dat sarea.
Nu vor traduce niciodata aceasta carte.
Nu voi merge eu un autobuz gol.
EI a spus ca nu va fi
In continuare completati propozitiilc cu forma corespunzatoare a verbului:
Ai mancat vreodata oua?
Cate unghii are un caine?
Cand imi vei eauta cainele?
Cina aeeasta a fast delieioasa.
Spune-mi unde este fratele tau.
Ieri am inceput sa eladim un in
gradina.
Azi nu iau mea. a voi lua pe a ei.
Voi merge la magazin voi cumpara
farfurii
Jeri am cazut pe podea.
Nu mi-e foame.
Pisica tocmai a prins 0 pasare.
Ei nu au construit inca aceasta casa.
Iar acum yom recapitula intregul material al lectiei. Traduceti propozitiile in limba engleza:
Cand vei incepe sa asta?
Forma a I-a Forma a II-a Forma a III-a
feel > [ti'lj felt
> [kit]
felt
> [kit)
begin > [hlgin] began > [hlgEn]
begun
> [hlgan]
catch > caught > rko:t] caught
>  
build > !blld] built > [llIIl]
built
> [biltj
fall > [hi] fell > [fell fallen > : fo: In]
Cum te-ai simtit cand ti-a vorbit despre
asta?
- 18 -
> I will give you my watch.
> I dOIl't want to drink but I am thirsty.
La lectiei iata   exercitiu de pronuntie. Repetati cuvintele:
Nu vreau sa beau, dar mi-c sete.
Iti voi da ccasul mcu.
[1I] [ci] [0: J [oil [ail
book taste pour boy fried
look plate floor boil bright
put late door why
good date sky
19 -
13.1. Pronumele posesiv
13. RECAPITULARE
to you tomorrow.
a letter today.
come
verb principal +
fonna a-I-a (infinitiv)
write
- Aceasta cartc este a mea.
- Aceste ma$ini sunt ale ei.
al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale mele
al tau, a ta, ai tai, ale tale, alla/ai/ale
dumitale, dumneavoastra
a1 lui/sau, a lui/sa, ai lui/sai, ale lui/sale
a1 ci/sau, a ei/sa, ai ei/sai, ale ei/sale
lui, sale, ci (pentru obiecte, notiuni
abstracte, animale)
- al nostru, a noastra, ai nO$tri, ale noastre
- al vostru, a voastra, ai ale voastre
-- al/a/ai/ale lor
will
will
> [hiz]
> [haJz]
> [its]
> [auih]
> [io:rz]
> [Dzc/z]
Pronume + verbul auxiliar +
personal
She
yours
theirs
ours
This book is mine.
These cars are hcrs.
3. La persoana I-a singular $i plural (,,1, we"), verbul auxiliar "will"
"shall"   se pot folosi in cgala masura.Verbul auxiliar "will" se
folosqte insa mai des.
Complementele de timp stau la inceputul sau la propozi!iei.
Acele eomplemente de timp care in cazul altor timpuri se afla la
mijlocul propozitiei, la acest timp trec inaintea verbului principal.
2. Fom1area lui este simpla: verbului auxiliar "will" ii adaugam fonna I-a
a verbului principal, infinitivul.
Structura propozi!iei:
1. Pentru descricrea tuturor aqiunilor, evenimentelor obi$nuite sau unice
care se petrec in viitor folosim timpul Simple Futurc.
his
hers
its
Sunt insa situatii in care pronumele posesiv apare singur, ca un pronume propriu
$i nu este urmat de substantiv. in acest caz se schimba $i fonna lui. $i se nume$te
pronume posesiv propnu:
mille > [main]
yours > [ioJzj
Pronumele posesiv sta de obicei inaintea substantivului:
This is my car. - Aceasta este ma$ina mea.
Our housc is large. Casa noastra este mare.
13.2. Timpul viitor simplu - Simple Future Tense
13.2.1. Acest timp se astfeI:
- 20-
2. Am nevoie de (necesitate sufleteasca)
::-
Ei spun ca avem 0 casa frumoasa.
EI a spus diteva cuvinte despre acest
roman.
- Mi-a povestit despre carte.
Semnificatia propozitiei ,,1 am hungry":
2. Sunt insetat de. Doresc .. , (necesitate sufleteascii)
Raspunsul afirmativ se formeaza cu ajutorul cuvantului "yes", a pronumelui
personal, :;;i a verbului auxiliar "will".
Will they make a bookcase - Yes, they will.
tomorrow?
Structura negativa "will not/won't" poate fi folosita ~ i in propozitii complete:
I won't put on this coat. - Nu voi imbraca aceasta haina.
(to tell about - "a povesti, a spune")
He told me about the book.
*tell - "a spune cuiva ceva":
I. Imi este foame. (necesitate fiziologica)
Raspunsul negativ se fonneaza cu ajutorul cuvantului "no", a pronumelui
personal, a verbului auxiliar "will" :;;i a cuvantului de negatie "not", Constructia
"will not" poate fi prescurtata "won't",
Interogativul la timpul Simple Future se formeaza prin inversarea ordinii
verbului auxiliar "will" :;;i a pronumelui personal sau a substantivului.
She will go to Bucharest - Will she go to Bucharest tomorrow?
tomorrow.
He said a few words about this
novel.
*say - "a spune, a zice ceva":
Semnificatia propozitiei ,,1 am thirsty":
I. Imi este sete. (necesitate biologica)
Ambele verbe au   e e ~ i semnificatie dar se folosesc in contexte diferite:
They say we have a nice house.
Semnificatia cuvantului "only" se schimbii in cazul in care este precedat de un
articol hotarat. "The only" are semnificatia de "singurul", "unicul". Articolul hotarat
.,the" poate fi inlocuit cu un pronume posesiv.
13.2.3. Raspunsurile
13.2.2. Intcrogativul
13.4. "Hungry" ~ i "thirsty"
13.5 "Only" ~ i "the only"
13.3. Verbele "say" ~ i "tell"
13. TEMA. PENTRU ACASA
A. Traduceti propozitiile in limba romana:
I. I haven't caught your cat but theirs.
2. Why are you in a hurry?
3 Who will never build a school?
4. Where won't you go in March?
5. How many pictures has he hung on the wall in the bedroom?
6. I am very hungry.
B. Traduceti propozitiile In limba engleza:
1. Peste 0 saptamana voi merge in Anglia.
2. Miiine nu vom lucra deorecc trebuie sa cumparam ciiteva lucruri.
3. Poti sa-mi dai furculita aceea?
4. Nu Ie spune cine a Iacut asta.
5. Trebuie sa spunem ca noi nu am vazut asta.
6. Pot sa folosesc mai;)ina ta?
C. Corectati grei;)elile din propozitiile urmatoare:
I. I will be sleep tomorrow.
2. Have they already translate this letter?
3. This is my plate and that is your.
4. She has already leaved for London.
5. He can't fell in the street.
6. Mary is my the only sister.
- 21 -
LECTIA 14. - PARTEA INTAI
,
Sa incepem lectia, ca de obicei, cu invatarea cuvintelor noi. Cititi-le
cu voce tare fiti atenti la pronuntie:
platform
> [pIEtfoJm]
peron, rampa
glass > [gla:s]
sticla, pahar
accident
> [Eksidallt]
accidcnt
ashtray >
scrumiera
hammer
> [hEma
r
]
ciocan
vegetables > [vedjitablz]
legume
key > [ki:]
chcie
story > [sto:ri]
povcste, povestire
meat > [mi:t]
came
news > [niu:z]
  noutati, vqti
wood
> [lI ud]
padure, !emn
Repetati cuvintc, dar intr-o alta ordine:
vegetables > [vedj itiib lz1
legume
accident > [Eksidallt]
accident
news > [niu:z]
  noutati,
key > [ki:]
cheie
platform
> [pi Etfo:rm]
- peron, rampa
hammer > [h Ema
r
]
ciocan
story > [sto:ri]
- poveste, povestire
meat > [mi:t]
came
ashtray >
scrumicra
wood
> [lI ud]
padurc. lemn
glass >Igla:s] sticla, pahar

I
- 23-
"There was an accident in the shed."
Nu avem acasa scrumiera.
Sunt multe paduri in Ang-
lia.
Este 0 multime de stieHi
pe podea.
Au folosit lemn bun
pentru confeqionarea
scaunelor.
Vrei doar legume la cina?
Cine ti-a spus aceasta
poveste?
EI a baut un pahar cu apa.
Maine vei manca carne?
A fost un accident in
strada.
Ai auzit noutatile?
Erau multi oameni pe pe-
ron.
Nu uita sa iei cheile!
Adu-mi ciocanul acela
mare!
> a
J
I11cni lI udr III
inglfllJd]
> Idu ill: lI ont ollllii
r r
ved.iit[lblz 1'0: diner ]
> [lI i : dounl hEv FI
hOllm]
> [0/ci iU:l:d gild llud IU
meik DEC!
> [f/<"[/ iz [I lot 0\ glas
/ r
on 0 a no: j
I t' II r .
> lDea a: melll pi:[1i on
D
I
[I [11 Ett'o:rlll ]
Do you want only
vegetables for dinner?
There are many woods in
England.
They used good wood to
make the chairs.
We don't have ashtrays at
home.
Who has told you this story? > [hu: hEI tould iu: [)/is
s(o:riJ
There is a lot of glass on
the floor.
There was an accident in the> [l/e,'{ lin/' an Eksidant
street. in [/;1 st ri:! J
Will you eat meat tomorrow? > Illi] iu: i:t Il1I'l l[llllorllll]
He drank a glass of water. > [hi:   [\ glas ll\
li II: t[l r]
Have you heard the news?
There were many people on
the platform.
lata cum se folosesc cuvintele noi in propozitii :
Bring me that big hammer. > Ibrin
tg
) mi: D/EI big
hEl1la
r
]
Don't forget to take the keys. > [doun! forget tu leik 0
/
[1
ki:l]
- 24-
Va mai amintiti cuvintele noi? Daca da, atunci folositi-le in urmatoarele propozitii:
Ea are 0 casa a ei proprie.
Folosesc uneltele mele
proprii.
El are camera lui proprie.
Am 0 gradina a mea
proprie.
Give him one > of milk.
The> lumll1Cl fell on the floor.
It will be a long> S\OJ .
Have you> III \\" about the> "celdcnl ?
I have put the> kcy on the table.
Take a little> 111C"t .
[ want to live next to a> \\ (hld.
The train leaves from > 111 two.
> are cheap in the summer.
Can you pass me the > av?
> I J <'\ C
\ II 1I : 0 1I:
• l \\ q '> I tl\ " \ l III .1 hookedSl' 0 t
t1t)O!\Llt....,C)
'.Utll
()I\ 11 )
> \1\ blOlhcl hll ... 1,
,,,
>
\1, bn'lhcl has ,1 Ih)lll ,)1
'''\ I
!1l '"
0\\ Ii
> :"1
111' 0\\ 11 dug > \ Iud ,: dog oj 111\ (1\\ 1,
She has a house of her own. > [S! hLI C1 Il<lllS 0\ h:t
Ollll]
Cele doua strueturi se pot inloeui reeiproe.
sticIa > I   peron >
m
accident > accldcllt cheie > Kn
ciocan > h,,111 111 cr
came
>
povestire > t 01 ;- padure > \\ ood
lemn > \\
> IlC\\ "
scrumiera > ,I "IHI d) poveste > slon
legume > \ cgcLlblcs noutati > Ile\\ s
Ai biblioteca personala?
Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii folosind cele doua expresii ale cuvantului "own":
Fratele meu are hotelul lui
propriu.
Am avut diinele meu
(propriu).
Urmari{i utilizarea euvantului own [(lllll]. Poale sta atat inaintea substantivului, eal in
urma lUI, dar in aeest eaz se leaga de el prin prepozitia of. De exemplu:
In exercitiul urmator dati corespondentul englezesc al cuvintelor
1 use my own tools. > [,'I III / Il1dl (lUll ttl III
He has his own room. > [Ill hlz oun ru 1111
1 have a garden of my own. > [,II hb :1 ga:1dll 0\ 1ll,1I
Ollllj
Da-i un pahar de lapte!
Ciocanul a cazut pe podea.
Va fi 0 poveste lunga.
Ai despre accident?
Am pus cheile pe masa.
la putina came!
Vreau sa locuiesc langa 0 padure.
Trenul de pe peronul doi.
Vara legumele sunt ieftine.
Poti sa-mi dai scrumiera?
Cateva dintre aceste verbe sunt neregulate. Invatati formele acestora:
Sa exersam folosirea verbelor in propozitii. Cititi propozitiile cu voce tare fiti atenti la
pronuntia corecta:
forma a-I-a forma a-II-a forma a-lII-a
sell
> [scI]
sold
> [sould]
sold
> [sould]
find
> [faind]
found
> [faund]
found
> [faund]
hurt > [ha:rt] hurt
> lha:!t]
hurt
> [ha:!t]
Ti-ai curatat deja camera?
Ai stins ieri lampa?
Iti vei vinde casa?
Ei au vandut azi
 
M-a ajutat sa scriu
aceasta scrisoare
sapUimana trecuta.
j va curata pantofii
(proprii).
Unde ai gasit biletele?
te rog, prajitorul
de paine.
a aprinde (lumina)
a stinge (lumina)
II doare bratul.
a curiita
a ajuta
a vinde
- a gasi
a rani, a j igni, a durea
- 25-
> fUjI iu: sci io:'" haw;]
. I r
> [hlz a: m h{l: IS]
> helpt mi: Iu rait D/is
leta
'
la:sl lI i:k]
> [Ia:st nait ai h[j:'"t mai ni:] - Noaptea treeuta mam
ranit la genunchi.
> [O/ci hEv sou1d SC\11
ka:'"z ([Idci]
> [hEv iu: kli:nd 10: ru:m
iel]
> [liCar did ill: faind D/[j
tikits]
> [Ill help]
> [Ill sel]
> rIll kli:n]
> [IU faind]
I
> [Ill ha: I]
ll· 'J
> [tll S on
lI. tl
> [III s 0
His arm hurts.
Last night I hurt my knee.
He wI'11 clean hl's OWll shoes. > [hI'·. lIl'l kl' I' J
I:n lIZ oun ;;;U:Z
Have you cleaned your
room yet?
Did you switch off the lamp > [did iu: of l/a
yesterday? tEmp icsU/lki]
Will you sell your house?
Where did you find the
tickets?
They have sold seven cars
today.
S
. h hi>[ lI. 7 r
Wltc on t e toaster, pease. s on 0 a tOUSt[1
pli:z]
to switch off
to hurt
She helped me to write this
letter last week.
to switch on
to find
to clean
to help
to sell
lata ciHeva verbe noi:
- 26-
Exersati cuvinte intr-o alta ordine:
He has just> hurt his wrist.
Have you > many books?
Yesterday I > fOUlld this hammer.
Mary is just> S\\ Itchll1g nil the radio.
We must> elean the house by Friday.
> Sv" Itch oft the TV set.
a vinde >lO scll > sold >  
a rani >tn hurt > hurt > hUI t
a curata >ro clean > cJcdllUl > clcdlled
a aprinde (lumina) > to on > S\\ ItLhcd on > S\\ I tehed Oil
a gasi >to fIlld > fUllild > fdUI1d
a ajuta > to help > helped > hel]1cd
a stinge (lumina) > tl)
'\\Itch oC! > S\\ Itchcd nrl > Itched off
old > [ould I in varsta, vechi, batran
new > [Il/U I nou
everything
(\1)
> IC\l 11 1n " J tot, toate
everybody > [('vllbodll fiecare, toti, toata lumea
clean > [kl i. n] curat, neted
nobody > InoubodJ I nimeni
nothing >
" (,,)
nimic [naT In " ]
American > [ClmcIIUn] american
everybody > [c\nbodl] fiecare, toti, toata lumea
clean > [kiI·n] curat, neted
American > [:lllH.'llkJllJ american
nothing >
s (,)
nimic Illaf Ill" 1
nobody > [lloubociIJ nimeni
new > [Il/u·l nou
everything
,S (l!)
> [c\rIl In" tot, toate
old > [ouldj in varsta, vechi, batran
Va amintiti desigur cele trei fonne ale verbelor noi. Traduceti unnatoarele verbe in limba
engleza, cele trei forme ale verbelor:
Acum unneaza ciiteva cuvinte noi. Cititi-le cu voce tare tJti atenti la pronuntia corecta:
£1 tocmai ranit incheietura mainii.
Ai vandut multe carti?
Ieri am gasit acest ciocan.
Maria tocmai deschide radioul.
Trebuie sa curatam casa pana vineri.
Inchide televizorul!
In exercitiul unnator completati propozitiile cu fonna corespunzatoare a verbului:
Sora ei i-a ajutat des. Her sister often> helr,xi them.
- 27-
Traduceti in limba engleza propozitiile de mai jos:
in exercitiul urmiitor eompletati propozitiile eu cuvintele corespunzatoare:
Ea este 0 americanca.
EI a uitat totu\.
Geamurile sunt curate?
Nu era nimeni in camera.
Am cumparat un costum
nou.
Aceasta este 0 revista
veche.
Toata lumea 0
- Nu este nimic in
serumiera.
Nu am vazut pe nimeni in strada.
Pana acum el nu a facut nimic.
> New books are expensive.
I can do > nothing for you.
Who is this> old man?
I will tell> c\crybody about it.
> !:vcrythint! is ready.
I will help> nobody.
These plates are not> clean.
> Amcrican cars are expensive.
> [O/e/ lI oz noubodi in
D/a nun]
> [ai hb ho:t {I niu: su:t]
> hi: iz an {lIl1crikrll1!
r
> lc\'ribodi nou/' hfi: ]
> [Olear iz naT'in(gl in
O/i  
[
r 0
/
- 1I. d L I' J
> a: a 111 OUI t\. I:n
> [Ozis iz an ould
mEgazi:n]
He has forgotten everything. > [hi: hEz forgotn
cniT'in(g)j
Cartile noi sunt scumpe.
Nu pot face nimic pentru tine.
Cine este acest om batran?
Voi spune asta la toata lumea.
Totul este gata.
Nu voi ajuta pe nimeni.
Aceste farfurii nu sunt curate.
americane sunt seumpe.
I saw nobody in the street.
So far he has done nothing.
Are the windows clean?
There was nobody in the
room.
Nu pot vorbi cu nimeni. > I can talk to nobody.
Iti plac cantecele americane? > Do you like Amcrican songs"
Tocmai am cumparat 0 noua. > I havc just bought a Ih:W car.
Toata lumea vrea sa lucreze in aceasta > Everybody wants tu work in this :>chool.
Trebuie sa vand aceste tablouri vechi. > I must sell these old pictures.
Camera este curata acum. > The mum is clean Il(m.
Nimic nu este > "othlng is casy
Iti voi da totul. > I \\ill gl\<:' vou ,,;vc'lything.
I have bought a new suit.
Legat de complementul circumstantial never, am inviitat deja cii in limba englezii. nu existii
negafie dublii. Aceastii regulii este valabita pentru cuvintele nobody, nothing, de exemplu:
She is an American.
Everybody knows her.
This is an old magazine.
lata cuvintele noi in propozitii:
There is nothing in the
ashtray.
yesterday at five.
their room all day
yesterday.
Soarele stralulcea in timp
ce ne plimbam.
Noi ascultam radioul in
timp ce tatal nostru citea
ziarul.
walking
cleaning
verb principal +
-ing
+
- 28-
LI ( ,,)
> I D a sal1 oz ,;>:1111111 e-
LI LI   r II (g)
ail I. d. () kll1 ]
> Illi. L1
a
J lisnm(g) tu D/a
rciulOu llail aUJ
I
fa: r/:l
l
L1
0z
ri:dll1(g) :1
niu:zpclpa
r
]
were
was
verb auxiliar +
Retineti ca pronumele everybody ("fiecare, toti, toata lumea") se afla
intotdeauna la persoana a-HI-a singular.
We were listening to the
radio, while our father was
reading a newspaper.
The sun was shining while
we were walking.
Conjunctia while [lIad] - pe cfmd, in timp ce, se folose?te des eu timpul Past Continuous,
exprimii simultanii a doua actiuni.
Pronumele
personal
I
They
La construirea propozitiei folosim pronumele personal sau substantlvul, forma
corespunziitoare de trecut a verbului to be (was/were) verbul principal cu sufixul -ing.
in lectiile anterioare amfacut deja Cll tlmpul Present Continuous, pe care-l tolosim
pentru exprimarea actiunitor care se in momentul vorbirii. Dacii vrem sii descriem
o actiune din trecut, care s-a la moment dat sau intr-o anumitii perioada. atunci
folosim timpul Past Continuous Tense [pa 'st kontil1luas tCl1s]. Perioda se indicii printr-un
complement de timp, sau cu ajutorul unei propozitli la timpul trecut simplu. dar poale
din context.
rar acum sa exersam timpul trecutul cantinuu. Traduceti in limba engleza propozitiile
urmatoare:
Riispunsurile afirmative se formeaza eu ajl/toru! cuvantu!ui yes, a pronumelui personal $i a
verbului auxiliar. La formu!area nega/iei folosim cuvantul no, pronumele personal, verbul
auxiliar was/were $i cuvantu! de nega(ie not (jorma prescurtata: wasn't, weren't).
No, he was not.
No, he wasn't.
No, they were not.
No, they weren't.
M-au de la unu la
trei.
Vantul a suflat ieri toata
ZlUa.
In urma cu doua zile fiul
sau lucra la
- Cinam dnd a venit John.
£1 ea bere dnd l-ai vazut?
Unde mergea cand am venit eu?
- Te plimbai in parc ieri la trei?
'>
> ·\1 fl\l' \,',kllL" I 1\'\', \1 lltlng d k'ttL'r
> fhl .Iii d,l) )CSICltIJ),
> \\'!lIk I I 11\ chlldrcn \ICIT
> \\ il'!l- I ".Is ,1",\ Ill)! i1;,.. ,dr I S\I\\ 111\
  1:1 111,_' "llc·:t
> \\ l1c:n I L',I! Iii' It 1-II'Jlng,
> I \\:h Il'(,klnL Illi \!'I' !w'lk In'l11 11\ l' {(1
Yes, he was.
Yes, they were.
- 29-
>[,\1 lim hE\ in(g) dina'
lI cn <lInn kClmJ
/ II 1I (" I
> I]) i\ 111<.1 oz blollll1 "
u:l (kl Ibt:l' dCI]
>1111/ 11(l/ lIi\,l
k'
!lig) 1-'1
tll: dcu [1t!f)1I]
/ lI_ r II ,,(12,) r
> II) CI a, l'ltll1 I'll:
1111: from [\lln III T'n: I
Were they doing it all day yesterday?
Was he driving home at six yesterday?
leri la ora cinci am scris 0 scrisoare.
Soarele a stralucit ieri toata ziua.
in timp ce am Iaceam curat copiii mei
stateau in griidina.
In timp ce conduceam am vazut-o
pe sora mea pe strada.
Ploua dnd m-am trezit.
Am cautat aceasta carte de la cinci la
Alte exemple pentru utilizarea timpului Past Continuous:
Were you walking in the park at three
yesterday?
Was he drinking beer when you saw him?
Where was he going when I came?
His son was working at six
two days ago.
The wind was blowing all
day yesterday.
They were waiting for me
from one to three,
lnterogativul la timpu! Past Continuous se formeaza prin inversarea ordinii subieetului $i a
verbului auxiliar. in cazul intrebarilor complexe. inaintea verbului auxiliar se pune un pronume
interogativ:
I was having dinner when
John came.
Nu uitati ca, in casul folosirii sufixului -ing, precum $i a verbelor care nu au forma continua,
sunt valabile regulile invatate la timpul Present Continuous,
Timpul Past Continuous se folose$te $i atunci eand vrem sa exprimam ea in timpul
unei ac/iuni a inceput 0 alta ac/iune. Aceasta ac/iune din lfrma se exprima prin timpul Simple
Past.
Acum tradueeti urmiHoarele propozilii in limba engleza:
Ei nu curalau easa lunea
treeuta la
Ea nu scria cand am venit
in camera.
> Help me to find the keys.
> We \\ III listen to the ne\\'" at cight
> Yesterday llJl1ll1l1lg only ten people wcrc
worklllg.
> Will you buy me thiS watch'?
> What time \I,h thiS aCCident"
> I \Iant til h,1\C ,111 clectnc car
> floll :ue yOll feeling today'?
> Yesterday e\elllllg the) I\Cle stlil
buildlllg the house
> Whdt \\ere yOU dOlllg thiS time
yesteludy"!
> Whell 1 am tlfed I ah\ a) s go fiJr a short
\\ alk.
> Peter IS the ollly man III OUI lamliy
> I'm 110t hUllgl) but \Ci\ t!lust\
> I \\ as lookmg for the keys all day
yesterday.
> My mother lIas cookmg the dinnel \Ihen
I el1tered the house.
> We \1 el e c1eanll1g the room 1\ hlie father
\\,lS \\orklllg 111 the garden
> Vv here \\ ere you gOlllg at I1me yesterday?
> At five the tialll \\as Iem IIlg hom pldt-
form three.
> \\ hell I was ill Bucharest It \\ dS snowing
all the tnne
- 30 -
> [D/el Ua.f
nt
kJi nln(g)
D/a hallS Et se\ n la.st
mandel]
U (l.!) U
>   oznt rallm en al
kelm intll D"a rll.m]
Imi vei cumpara acest ceas?
La opt vom asculta
Ma doare spatele.
Petre este singurul barbat din familia
noastn1.
Vreau sa am 0 electnca.
Ajuta-ma sa gasesc cheile.
Ieri dimineata lucrau doar zece oameni.
Cand a fost acest aCCident?
Unde te-ai dus ieri la noua?
Mama mea gatea clna cand am intrat in
casa.
Noi curatam camera in timp ce tata lucra in
griidina.
Nu mi-e foame, insa ml-e foarte sete
Cum te simti azi?
Cand am fost la Bucurqti, a nins tot timpul.
Cand sunt oboslt merg intotdeauna la 0
plimbare scurta.
len seara inca mal construiau casa.
Trenul a plecat la clnci de pc peronul trei.
Ce Iaceai leri la aceasta ora?
She wasn't writing when I
came into the room.
Toata ziua am cautati eri cheile.
Structura negativa se folose$te 'Ii in propozi{ii intregi'
They weren't cleaning the
house at seven last Monday.
- 31 -
lata exercitiul pentru exersarea pronuntiei in limba engleza! Repeta!i cuvintcle:
U1:
I
] [i:] [ou}   1
hurt clean toaster find
bird been go smile
work green know kind
church seen own I
> Hc told me the story of his life.
> What were you duing when I sa\\ vou in
the window')
> Nobody wants to lalk with ynu.
> We have already suld a hundred glasses.
> I have already said everything.
> I have nUlhint'.
> Wc were walking in the wood all day
yesterday.
> At which platform is Ullr train')
> Do you like .'\Il1Crlcan cal's')
> We will go to the shop and buy
vegelables.
Am spus deja totuI.
Am vfmdut deja 0 suta de pahare.
Pe care peron este trenul nostru?
hi plac americane?
Nimeni nu vrea sa vorbeascii cu tine.
Nu am nimic.
Toata ziua nc-am plimbat ieri in padure.
Mi-a spus povestea vietii lui.
Ce Iaceai cand te-am viizut in geam?
Vom merge la magazin yom cumpara
legume.
LECTIA 14. - PARTEA A DODA
,
Cititi cu atentie dialogul unniHor. Repetati acest exercitlU pfma va convingeti de faptul ca
v-ati pe deplin pronuntia intonatia. Cuvintele si labele accentuate sunt tiparite cu
Iitere  
Do you have eggs for breakfast?
I usually don't have eggs for breakfast.
What do you want for breakfast then?
I want toasts and butter.
Do you like salt on your toast?
No, thank you. Salt makes me thirsty and it is not good for me.
Your toast will be ready in a minute. I use my electric toaster.
Put the napkins near the plates.
Yes, I do it that way. But don't eat III a hurry. It's not good.
I bought an old car last week.
Why did you buy an old car?
Because I didn't have much money, and I have never had a car of my own.
- 32-
John, what have you done all day today?
I have been at work today and now I am thirsty.
Why? Haven't you drunk all day today?
Yes, I have, but I am always thirsty after a long day of work.
What do you want to drink.
I want to have a glass of beer.
Do you want your beer in a tall glass?
Yes, please. I like tall glasses.
And then do you want to listen to the radio?
No. This evening I want to go to the cinema together with you.
I heard sad news yesterday.
What was it about?
It was about a man who left his wife and children and went to America.
What did he do in America?
There he began to build a house but he didn't have money.
And what was the sad news?
He hurt his fingers when he used a hammer.
I saw an accident yesterday.
Was it in Station Street?
Yes, it was. I was buying vegetables when I saw it.
How many people were hurt?
Ten people hurt their arms and legs. The doctors took these people to the
hospital.
Mary:
John:
Mary:
John:
Mary:
John:
Mary:
John:
Mary:
John:
Barbara:
Peter:
Barbara:
Peter:
Barbara:
Peter:
Barbara:
Peter:
Barbara:
John:
Mary:
John:
Peter:
Mary:
Peter:
Mary:
Peter:
Barbara:
Tom:
Barbara:
Tom:
Barbara:
Tom:
Barbara:
Jar acum sa exersam materialul invatat in cele doua lectii. Traduceti propozitiile in limba
engleza:
Trebuie sa cumparam farfurii farfurioare
noi.
Vei manca oua paine prajita la micul
dejun?
Ai curatat deja gratarul pentru prajit paine?
Tatal tau are mai multi bani decat al meu.
Camea prajita este adesea unsuroasa.
Nu face asta in graba.
Ei nu ne vor ajuta.
Vei vorbi surorii tale despre acest om?
Parintii mei tocmai pleaca la Londra.
Maine nu voi traduce multe scrisori.
Poti sa-mi tomi 0 de cafea?
Miercurea trecuta au agatat toata ziua
tablouri in dormitor.
Vrei sa spui ca nu ai citit aceasta carte?
Unde pot gasi acest gratar pentru prajit
paine?
Unicul lor copil tocmai a plecat in Anglia.
Aceasta paine prajita este a ta?
Ma grabesc deoarece la cinci trebuie sa fiu
acasa.
Yom face totdeauna mobila buna.
Cand cautam ciocanul am gasit aceasta
scrisoare veche.
Nu-mi vorbi despre acest om.
Unde vei duce copiii anul viitor?
Ieri la noua au plecat in Anglia.
Spune ca nu obosit.
Nimeni nu mi-a spus despre asta.
> We Illust buv new plates and sauccrs.
> Will you cal eggs and fiJr
break  
> Ila\'c: vou ckanecl the toaster yet"
> Your 1:lther has more money than mine,
> Fried meat is oneil faL
> DOll't do it in a hurry,
> They WOll't help we.
> Will you tell your sister about this mall"
> My parents have just left for London,
> I won'! translate many Idters tomorrow,
> Can you pour mc a cup of eofte"
> Last WedJ1l'sday the'y were hanging
pictures in the bedroom all day,
> Do you want to VOLI hal Cl1,t read
this hook')
> \Vhcrc call I find this toaster')
> Their only child has just Idt for England,
> Is this toast yours')
> I alll in a hurry bccluse 1 must be at
hl)l11l' at !I\ e,
> Wl' \\ ill make good furniture,
> When I was look ing for the hammer I
found this old letter.
> Don't tell me about this man.
> Where will you tilke the c:hildren Ilex\
year"
> at 11 i111' th,'\ II ell' leal ill,!! f()r
EIl,!!land,
- 33 -
- 34-
14.4.2. Structura propozitiei:
El are camera proprie.
Am 0 griidina proprie. (Am gradiuamea.)
Ea are 0 casa proprie.
Nu am vazut pe nimeni in starda.
Pana acum e1 nu a Iacut nimic.
- Toata lumea vrea putin ceai.
Pronume + verb auxiliar + verb principal + ...
personal + -ing
I was walking yesterday at five.
They were cleaning theIr rooms all day
yesterday.
Everybody wants some tea.
Ce1e doua expresii se pot inlocui reciproc.
14.4.4. De asemenea timpul Past Continuous se atunci dnd 0 actiune din
trecut a fost intrerupta de 0 alta actiune. (Aceasta ultima actiune este 1a timpu1
Simple Past).
I was having dinner when John - Cinam dnd a venit John.
came.
Acest timp se pentru descrierea actiunilor care s-au     intr-un
anumit moment sau intr-o anumita perioada din trecut.
14.4.3. Conjunetia "while" [lIaI! J- "pe cand, in timp ce" se des cu timpu1
Past Continuous exprima faptul ca doua actiuni se       in     timp:
We were listening to the radio Noi ascultam radioul in timp ce tatal
while our father was reading a nostru citea ziarul.
newspaper.
He has his own room.
I have a garden of my own.
She has a house of her own.
Cuvfmtu1 "own" !, 'lIll; poate figura in doua expresii. Sta inainte sau dupa un
substantiv, impreuna cu pronumele posesiv. Dacii sta dupa substantiv, atunci se
leaga de acesta cu prepozitia "of'. De exemp1u:
I use my own tools. Fo1osesc propriile instrumente.
1 saw nobody in the street.
So far he has done nothing.
14.4.1. Utilizarea timpu1ui:
14.4. Timpu1 trecut continuu - The Past Continuous Tense
14.2. Alaturi de pronume1e "nobody" "nothing" nu se alta negatie. In limba
engleza nu exista negatie dubla.
14.3. Pronumele "everybody" ("fiecare, toti, toata lumea") se afla intotdeauna la persoana
a III-a singular.
14.1. "My own/of my own"
14. RECAPITULARE
- 35-
14.4.5. Propozitii interogative raspunsurile la acestea.
Were they doing it all day yesterday?
- Yes they were. - No, they weren't.
- No, he wasn't.
Was he driving home at six yesterday?
- Yes, he was.
2. Raspunsurile afinnative se fonneaza cu ajutorul cuvantului "yes", al pronumelui
personal a verbului auxiliar "was/were". La formularea raspunsului negativ
folosim cuvantul de negatie "no", pronumele personal, verbul auxiliar
"was/were" cuvantul "not". ("was/were not" se poate prescurta astfel "wasn't"
"weren't".)
3. Structura negativa 0 putem folosi in propozitii complete:
They weren't cleaning the house Ei nu au curatat casa lunea trecuta la
at seven last Monday.  
1. Propozitiile interogative la timpul Past Continuous se fonneaza prin inversarea
ordinii subiectului a verbului auxiliar. In cazul 'intrebarilor eomplexe 'inaintea
verbului auxiliar se   un pronume interogativ.
Were you walking in the park at Te plimbati in pare ieri la trei?
three yesterday?
Where was he going when I came? - Unde mergea dnd am venit eu?
14. TEMA PENTRU ACASA
A Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba romana:
My train is at platform seven.
2. It will be a house of my own.
3. I will tell nobody about this accident.
4. While they were buying vegetables Peter was looking for the keys.
5. Will you help me to clean the house?
6. He has just found his old purse.
B. Traduceti propozitiile in limba engleza:
1. Cand taiam paine mi-am taiat degetul.
2. Nu voi merge la  
3. Pentru el nimic nu este greu.
4. Aici totul este al tau.
5. In timp ce 0 ajutam sa traduca aceasta scrisoare copiii mei se plimbau in gradina.
6. Vreau sa am un apartament al meu.
C. Corectati din propozitiile de mai jos:
I. She willn't visit her old mother today.
2. I didn't see nobody in the square.
3. They want to have a big house of my own.
4. I looked for my book all day yesterday.
5. Have you already selled that new watch?
6. I will give you every thing.
- 36-
LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE DIN LECTIILE 13. SI 14.
forma I-a
begin > [bigin]
build >[bild]
catch > [kEt';;]
fall > [to:11
feel > [11:1]
find > [faindJ
hang
> [hEn
l
!!)]
hurt
> [ha:"]
leave > [Ii:v]
sell > [sci]
tell > [tel]
forma a II-a
began > [bigEn]
built > [bilt]
caught > [ko:t]
fell > [fell
felt > Ifelt]
found > [faund]
hung
(,,)
> [han =,]
hurt > [ha:'t]
left > [lcrt]
sold > [sollld]
told > [touJd]
- 37 -
forma a -III-a
begun > fbigan]
built > [bilt]
caught > [ko:tJ
fallen > [fo:lnj
felt > [felt]
found > [t:lUnd I
hung
In)
> [han ]
hurt > [ha:'t]
left > [lcrt]
sold > [s(\LildJ
told > [tould]
VOCABULARUL LECTIILOR 13. Sf 14.
accident > [Ebidiint] accldcnt
American > [amCl lkim] amencan
t
brat arm > [a. 111]
ashtray > scrumiera
back > [bH] spate, spmare
to begin > [tu hlginl d incepe, a sc apuca de
belly > !bc I! I burta, stomac
to boil > [tu boil] a fierbe, a clocotl
to build >
[tu bJld]
a cladl, a construi
to catch > itu Hh] a prinde, a apuca
chest > plept
clean > [k II :n]
curat ingrIJ it
to clean > [tu kll n]
a curata
delicious > [ delIcios, say uros
egg
.> [eg: I au
egg-cup > leg: kap] pahar pentru oua
elba\'.. > [c1 bou I cot
electric > !llektllk! electne
empty > iem})t!i gal, neoeupat, hbel
everybody > I c'vllbdllI; fiecare, toti. toata 1umea
everything
s (»
tot toate(Jucrurile) > [C\ rlT III "" ]
to fall > Itu 1'0'1] a C{idea, a
fat > I1'r t] gras, unsuros
to feel > [tu fl:l] a sllnti
to find > [tu fallld] a gasi
finger > [fing/j deoet
b
fork
'> [fa \1 furclilita
fried > [frald] prajjt, fhpt
glass > [gla's] stlela, pahar
hammer >
[hEmarJ
cioean
to hang > [IU
h Fn(g)J
a atama, a 19a1a
to help >
[tu help j a
his > [ill/ j al IUI;s{lU: 1111 sa; aI
  ale lUI sale
hers
'> Ihill/
I
al a elisa: dJ el'sal:
ale eiisdle
hungry > [hangn I flamfl11d. infometat
in a hurry > lin il han I in grabiL la repezeala
- 38 -
to be 111 a hurry >
Itu bl: 111 a hanl
a se grabl, a-I da zor
to hurt I tll
r
a rani, a lovi, a jigni > !la. t]
its > [its] lui, sal.::, ei (pentru
obieete, notiuni abstracte,
animalc)
key
>
[kl: J
cheie
knee > [ni: I genunchi
to leave > 111I 11 \ I
a parasi, a pleca, a pleca
la ..
to leave for >
rt1I
I] \ l·u.
l
] a lasa (ceva pentru). a se
mula de 13 ., .Ia. a
schimba ... eu
meat >
[ml Ii
carne
mIne >
IIlUIll J
al meu, a mea, al mei, ale
mele
nail >
[ne"]
unghie
napkin >
[nEpkin]
new >
[niu:]
nOli
news >
[niu:zl
noutate, veste sau
noutati, vqti
nobody >
[1l11llh,di I
nilTIe11l
nothing >
' (u)
I1lITIIC
[naT In " I
old >
[ould] in viirsta, e), batriin
only > [OUIl!] ] numai, doar
the only > [P/IOlll1lt] singuruL unieul
ours > :   I L] al nostru, a noastra, ai
ale noastre
own > [tHIIl] propriu. personal
to pass > Ilu p,LS I a pasa. a da
plate > [plcit] farfurie
platform
r
peron, rampa >
IplElro: III I
>
I
a tuma, a varsa to pour [tu pll. I
salt > 1st): 11 j sarc (de bU;::iHarie)
salt-cellar >
It   solnila
saucer > I j farfurioara, suport pcntru
pahar
to sell >
[tll scI]
a \ inde. a desface
shall >
hl:l]
verb auxJlwr pentru
fonnarea viitorului la
  1-,] singular
plural
shoulders >
I
umcri
hOllld:! I I
spoon >
I,pu n I
lingura
- 39
story > rI] povestire, relatare
sweet > I 1I, II
dulce
to switch on
1I
on] a aprinde (lumina), a pune > [tu " Ib
in (functione un aparat
electric)
to switch off
1I
a stinge (lumina), a scoate > IlU s on
din (functione un aparat
electric)
to taste > Itu tClstl a gusta
to tell > [tu tcl] a spune
theirs > [D/dz] alia/ai/ale lor
thirsty > [Tsa \tl] insetat
tired > [taliI1d] obosit, ostenit
toast > [toust] paine prajita


toaster > [tollstar] gratar pentru prajit piiinea
toe > [tOll] deget de la picior
to translate > [t II trr nslelt 1 a traduce
to use > [t II III /1 a folosi, a utiliza, a
intrebuinta
vegetables > [\ Cdjlt{lb,/]
legume
while
III
<III i pe ciind, in timp ce >
I
wood >
[dud!
padure, codru, lemn
will >
[l'il1
verb auxiliar pentru
forrnarea viitorului
wrist > IrIst] incheietura mainii
wrist-watch
1I
ceas de mii::la > [rIst  
1
al tau, a ta, ai tai, ale tale,

...,
yours > [10' z]
alia/ai/ale dumitale sau
dumneavoastra, al vostru,
a voastra, ai ale
voastre
- 40-

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