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Mathematical Olympiads 19951996 Olympiad Around TheWorld

Mathematical Olympiads 19951996 Olympiad Around TheWorld

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Published by Rahul Gupta

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Published by: Rahul Gupta on Aug 05, 2009
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10/30/2012

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1. How many pairs (x,y) of positive integers withx y satisfy gcd(x,y) =
5! and lcm(x,y) = 50!?

2. Given a finite number of closed intervals of length 1, whose union
is the closed interval [0,50], prove that there exists a subset of the
intervals, any two of whose members are disjoint, whose union has
total length at least 25. (Two intervals with a common endpoint are
not disjoint.)

3. Prove that

1
1999 < 1

2 · 3

4 ····· 1997

1998 < 1

44.

4. Let O be a point inside a parallelogram ABCD such that ∠AOB +
∠COD = π. Prove that ∠OBC =∠ODC.

5. Express the sum

n
k=0

(1)k

k3

+ 9k2

+ 26k + 24

n
k

in the form p(n)/q(n), where p,q are polynomials with integer coef-
ficients.

136

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