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Critical Realism is a project of emancipation, as Bhaskar has stated, “a total project to demolish the ideologies standing in the way of human freedom”. If this is the project of Critical Realism, then it is also a search for truth or a search for the Alethic truth, again Bhasker, “This is the level of truth in which when we talk about truth of something we are talking about the reality which grounds, explains or causes it”. Alethic Coaching takes many of the structural frameworks of Critical Realism and applies them in a systemic way to the demolishing of ideologies, and the search for Alethic truth which becomes the prime directive; to empower the Alethic Coaching client to experience, embody, encounter, and enact their own freedom.
At the heart of Alethic Coaching lies the Four Rs Framework, which derives it structure from the RRRE inquiry of Critical Realism (1) ; in this essay, it is my aim to show how the structures of 4R come together to form the foundation of Alethic Coaching. A client comes to Alethic Coaching because they have found themselves in a TINA Formation; it appears to the client that There Is No or few Alternatives to how they deal with a personal, relational, or work related dissonance they are encountering. However they try to explain the dissonance they find themselves right back at the centre of the dissonance and the TINA Formation. A TINA Formation forms when something we believe to be true is built on a false premise or theory. No matter how much we try to change the belief, we will not feel truly free until we recognise that our evidence for the belief being in place is false. To break the TINA Formation, Alethic Coaching uses a process known as Explanatory Critique, which when applied though a Mutual Supportive Alliance (MSA), becomes an empowering tool to help the client recognise the false evidence claim they are making which keeps the TINA Formation in place, and to create the framework for the Explanatory Critique the 4R structure is used.
and how might it be that this feeling is creating the experience of sinking”. The Spiritual traditions call this recognition non-duality. as if I have lost the ability to survive” “If sinking is linked to survival. and growth that can come about when the non-duality under-labours for the client’s freedom. what might you be trying to survive” “The criticism of my mother telling me I am not good enough” . Recalling also that the dissonance is stratified. and lost. So we have: “It feels like I am sinking”. recognising the actual reality of how things are. and working to support the client in awakening to the experience of the authentic change. “I wonder if you could say a little more about the “it” feeling. and more about the experience. that is the casual effect of the dissonance may come from an earlier stage of the clients development. and in what embodied form the dissonance takes. To avoid the epistemic fallacy or explanation by experience it is important to explore any 3rd Person response so as to support a growing awareness of how the client is encountering their dissonance. Working towards any freedom means to let go of the demi-reality created by the ego.As much as this statement might sound overly spiritual to some. Re-Solution and Re-Description The first stage of Alethic Coaching is called Re-Solution this is the process by which the dissonance is broken into it component parts. During this stage. The task is to locate how the dissonance is experiences. where we awaken to the awareness that our freedom comes from releasing the block or occlusion that we are separate from the rest of reality. such as “It feels like I am sinking”. this explains little about the feeling. how it shows up when the client encounters other people. with the aim of creating some clarity around the dissonance. how they enact the dissonance. and creating a meaningful recognition of a wider sense of an ego free reality or metaReality. Alethic Coaching places emphasis on the coach maintaining non-dual awareness. what might the feeling be. the MSA does not work effectively unless there is recognition of the importance placed on moving beyond the ego awareness of both the coach and client. The awakening that we are not separate from reality but that we are reality is the Alethic truth that sustains Alethic Coaching. it is important to support the client to avoid 3rd Personal descriptions. “I feel abandoned.
the feeling of dissonance is Re-Introduced as the experience of “sinking into”. Therefore using Re-Introduction we are beginning to move towards a much clearer view of the dissonance. the feeling of not being good enough becomes overwhelming. leading to a shared understanding of the dissonance that is being experienced. the coach and client bring a greater degree of 1st Person awareness to the dissonance.“And when you feel not good enough you feel like you are sinking. Once the dissonance has been Re-Describe. “And when you feel not good enough you feel like you are sinking. “From the voice of my mother” “And yet is it possible to say that the voice of your mother is inside you”. Re-Integration . Although. and the only way in which I can deal with the feeling is to go inside myself” “And you go inside yourself for what reason”. and how it came into existence. in which through the mutual alliance. “Yes”. the MSA can move to Re-Introduction. I have used an example from a personal dissonance the process is applicable to a dissonance that arises within work or relationships The important point here is helping the client with the Re-Description stage. In this case. “To protect myself” “Who or what are you protecting yourself from”. What might you be sinking into” “I now see that I am sinking into myself. What might you be sinking into” This process also helps the client to bring awareness to what the ontological signifier might be in the metaphors used. Re-Introduction Re-Introduction is the Alethic Coaching stage process where the newly discovered awareness of the dissonance is check to see if all the data generated so far supports a new understanding. though the developed 1st Personal awareness as to how the dissonance might have come into being.
more and more freedom is encountered. “Yes that’s right. not hold you back”. but I am the one who has the power to not sink. in which it is possible to see that what is developing is a dialectic in which is held the constructed reality of the client as a true but a demi-reality. leading to the synthesis of a new reality in which the client is empowered to move forward free from the dissonant block.We are now able to move to the final Alethic Coaching stage. and this in turn enables the client to enact within the world with a greater sense of personal freedom. Re-Integration. “Yes I can see that now.” “Yes and it might always be there”. As the client works through the 4R process dialectic. and ask that she will always look out for you. and this is what the voice is telling you. that’s right. but you now need to tell the voice of mother that you are all grown up now. “I see what I need to do now I need to step out into the world knowing that I am looked after”. At this stage. I agree it is a risk to step out. At this point. the use of the above dialogue is a composite of the sort of work that has been successfully carried out in over 500 hours of Alethic Coaching. I see that the feeling of sinking is there. and a deeper loosening of blocks takes place. keeping you safe. In some way the voice gives you permission to not enact your potential” “Yes. not to feel overwhelmed” “And I think you need to hold onto the feeling of sinking because it tells you to be careful. “So you have a past voice telling you how to act in the present. the voice of mother is there to protect you and keep you safe. but it is doing its job too well”. “Yes. I wonder if in some way you hold on to the past voice because it protects you from stepping out. I have also used the composite to demonstrate in a linear way how the 4R structure works. it is doing its job. there is possible danger that needs to be navigated”. without losing the connection to the original structure that became associated with the dissonance. we have moved through the Alethic Coaching stages of 4R. Whilst through the MSA an actual possible reality is explored by freeing the client from their demi-real explanation. I let the voice take over. it’s a risk to step out”. whilst finding release from the block or occlusion that pre-supposed the dissonance. “What is important now is to recognise that. the MSA moves to freeing up the contraction to the dissonance and looks at creating practical ways that the client can integrate the dissonant feeling. and thank her for looking out for you. . Of course. or moving on.
In the article. which is true. which moves the client to a more integral view of themselves. is to use RRREI(C). and empowers them to see that there are alternatives. The client comes to Alethic Coaching because they have created an ontology that supported the TINA formation. the more I began to see how the human condition is an open system with multiple stream of casual structures and mechanisms. is to create a robust system of inquiry for the social sciences. but only in the light of basic critical realism. there was a process of reintroduction in which the client could check the efficacy of their narrative in light of new understanding. All social science takes place within open systems. This would then lead to Re-Integration. (I)dentification and (C)orection. How then can alethic coaching support a client in developing a greater understanding of their own ontology realism. As the model stands it was found to be lacking two further elements that complete the model. Along with being the macro framework of the entire journey the mutual alliance takes in supporting the client to find an expression of freedom. Therefore. However. It is worth noting that the change of E to R in RRRR came about because I did not feel that the model held an adequate conclusion to the investigation.In an actual session. Through the MSA. It seemed to me that during the retrodiction stage (the third R in RRRE). identification of the true or alethic causal structure or mechanisms leads to a correction of data. The more I investigated critical realism and its application to personal change. but this ontology although holding some truth. and taking the Explanatory Critique methodology of 4R. One way. when there may be multiplicity of causes and tendencies. This makes the model much more robust. through the process of recognition of absence and the absenting of demi-real narrative. the coach and client create a new ontology. it has been my experience that the 4R can be both the macro framework of the session and the micro framework of a moment of the session. and rounds out the full dialectal process. is partial and restricts how the client makes sense of their world. I refer to the model as RRRE. a social science investigation into causal structures and mechanisms is challenged by not being able to work within the closed system of the laboratory. which forms the main purpose of the MELD . and I am simplifying and stripping down the approach. Footnote (1) One of the aims of Critical Naturalism. seen as one part of basic critical realism. through the absenting of bad data. how then can a social science hold an investigation. which leads to the client creating new beliefs. creating more awareness of their epistemological relativism and making better informed choices about their judgmental rationality.
org/metareality/) During the process of Re-Integration. but this is another story.alethic-coaching.alethic-coaching. identification and correction take place. (You can find a little more on MELD at http://www. I am able to maintain legitimacy in line with RRREI(C) and keep the model authentic to the alethic coaching approach I am growing. In this way.org . Gary Hawke www.scheme of critical realism.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?