NASA TECHNICAL TRANSLATION

NASA TT F-15,946

LOW MOLECULAR ORGANIC ACIDS IN SOD-PODSOL

FOREST SOILS R. A. Gubanova

"Nizkomolekulyarnyye Translation of: organicheskiye kisloty v dernovopodzolistykh pochvakh pod lesom", Dokl. Akad. Nauk Beloruss. SSR, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1970, pp. 264-267

(NASA-TT-F-15946)

LOW MOLECULAR ORGANIC 12 p HC CSCL 07C

N74-33636 N7-33606

ACIDS IN SOD-PODSOL FOREST SOILS

(Scientific Translation Service) $4O0 - 0G3/06

Unclas 50376

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION OCTOBER 1974 WASHINGTON, D. C. 205.46

Report No. acids was higher under spruce forest than under oak. Recipient's Catalog No. 11. 1970. Performing Organization Name and Address NASw-2483 13. quantity of these acids was found in top horizons (0-2. Abstract Fumaric. No. 264-267. CA Nstiona Washington. (of this report) 20. 'amt. No. Security Classif. Unclassified 10 ii . Akad. and tartaric acids were found in sod-podzolic soil up to the depth of. pp. 3. Nauk Beloruss. citric.. of org. Price Unclassified. 6. 2. 2-4 cm). The max. 16. Performing Organization Report No. (of this page) 21. SSR. Report Date NASA TT F-15. 9. The abs. Supplementary Notes 910 20546 Translation Translation 14. Distribution Statement Unclassified - Unlimited 19. oxalic. Sponsoring Aency Name and Address Aeronautics and Space Administration Translation of "Nizkomolekulyarnyye organicheskiye kisloty v dernovopodzolistykh pochvakh pod lesom". Author(s) 8. Gubanova 10. succinic. 15. Security Classif.STANDARD TITLE PAGE 1. 17. Their partition in the soil profile was the same under Spruce or oak forest. A. 3. R. 14.946 4. 5. glucuronic.. of Pages 22. Key Words (Selepted by Author(s)) 18. malonic. Dokl. Work Unit No. Sponsoring Agency Code 12.C. D. 100 cm by means of thin-layer and paper chromatog. Government Accession No. Vol. Contract or Grant No. Title and Subtitle Organiztion Code LOW MOLECULAR ORGANIC ACIDS IN SOD-PODSOLrforming Performing Organization Code October 1974 FOREST SOILS 7. Type of Report and Period Covered SCITRAN dox 5456 Santa Barhnra.

and solod**** Vaytkhid [5] investigated the carbonate loamy composition soil under grass. P. solonets***.3]. [4] determined the total amount of low molecu- lar organic acids in woodland flowers and in the lysimetric waters of podsol and sod-podsol soils of the mid and southern taiga and the subzones of typical chernozems. Numbers in the margin indicate pagination in original foreign text.LOW MOLECULAR ORGANIC ACIDS IN SOD PODSOL FOREST SOILS R. and have shown that the composition of the water soluble organic sub- stance includes low molecular aliphatic and aromatic acids. the sandy composition in a bracken fern pine forest. A degraded solonet . the mobilizing and complexing effect of on hydrates of iron oxide and /264** aqueous extractions of woodland floors the role of this effect examined. Rogobym. Kaurichev et al. Gubanova* Earlier [1 . clay composition with an admixture of fine grain sand in a beech Presented by Academician of the AN BSSR P. in the process of hydrate migration were Different authors have succeeded in identifying certain compounds in the aqueous extractions of woodland leaf beds and soils. A. Translator's note: Translator's note: A strongly alkaline dark soil.

formic. Takiyama [6] found the following acids in them (in order of decreasing amount): acetic. and were analyzed for organic acid content by the methods of silica gel column chromatography and paper chromatography [9]. tract from the forest The aqueous exfrom an oak floor and dark carbonate soil forest and the acid podsol soil and humus formed by the pine needle fall contained succinic. resin.forest and heavy clay soil under currant growth. or whether they are mobile in profile and thus participate in processes in soil formation. and in soils in which the podsol-forming process was most clearly pronounced. propionic. valerianic. and 1968. fumaric. glucuronic vanillic. butylic. Up to now. p-coumaric. p-oxibenzoic. in July. malic. The regions for the investiga- tions were selected in soils that had developed in light clays overlying moraine. and ferulic acids. phosphoric. benzoic. and succinic. lactic. citric. 1967. lactic. Jacquin and Bruckert (aliphatic and phenol) acids in filtrates obtained under leaching conditions as close to natural ones as possible. 2 . and phosphoric acids in pine [8] measured the mineral and organic of shikimic malonic. and sulfuric acids. were Soil samples /267 chosen accordingto their genetic strata. In studying the soils of flooded rice fields. vanylinic. oxalic. it has not been clear whether they merely accumulate on the forest floor and serve only as a substrate for the development of microorganisms. This sutdy presents the results of our investigations in which the low molecular organic acids present in the water-soluble organic substance in sod-podsol soils in a spruce and pine forest were measured (Vitebskaya and Minsk oblast'). oxalic. Muir [7] and a group of authors found the quantitative content quininic. and also aromatic acids salicylic. cinnamic. citric. The author measured the content of p-oxibenzoic. The goal of the study was to determine the quantitative content of low molecular organic acids in a sod-podsol soil profile.

glucuronic. fumaric.2.0 P 0. lactic. 7--17 17--40 40-100 0-2 4. 1967 A0 0-2 16. malonic malic Oxalic. traces of citric. citric. citric. fumaric.AND TRICARBONIC ACIDS IN THE WATER-SOLUBLE ORGANIC SUBSTANCE OF SOILS* ** Q)0Xzo Cr CM Soil H 0t 4-)4) 4 (D)4-)d r:.6 Oxalic. succinic.7 I Oxalic. succinic.5 18.3 9. 5. malic Oxalic.5 Icinic. citric. 50-100 8.85 4.2 11.0 .30 14. Ao succinic J 17. citric. 11. I 2-5 A' 99 5. malic C C1 A.82 18.0 A.4 3. succinic m (Table continued on following page) U3 . Cl) cdO o. malonic. lactic.-fumaric.62 7. lactic. traces of citric. 2. 2-4 24.00 5.65 5. tartaric.2 35. glucuronic. malonic.DI.0 2. malic Oxalic. citric. Orlyak oak.5 3. malic Oxalic.3 457.4 Oxalic. suc- A. Kislichno-chernich spruce. citric. forest (oak.3 4. 0 W Wo 0 o40H d Cdi DX 0 4-o -P 0 o 0 (d Measurable acids o Wo 0) H4-3 i .5 185.65 1. succinic.70 - -1 Sod-podsol developing on a heavy moraine sandy loam in a spruce forest. succinic. citric Oxalic. A.5 Oxalic.7 4. B. 5-23 23-39 3.4 3. succinic B. fumaric.25 I 4.7 4.7 12.7 23. birc1967h).8 5.70 5. glucuronic.6 1. tartaric. fumaric. Sod-podsol developing on a heavy moraine sandy loam in a mixed deciduous birch).5 A.5 5.

4. citric.40 30.0 36. malonic.5 62. succinic.2 oak. citric. 2-4 33. fumaric.0 odo oNd ro 94 O UO 0'N' F-4 Measurable acids 4 Sod-podsol developing on a light moraine clay in a spruce forest. malic. fumaric. fumaric O .45 5. Mossy spruce. 1968 A 0-2 1336 I 25. (Table concluded on following page) C i 0 0 . 36.)-- 4. tartaric.54 274 274 9. succinic. tartaric. glucuronic Oxalic. glucuronic ssy2-4 4. fumaric. oxalic. succinic. malonic. tartaric. Chernichno-orlyakov Ao .9 Oxalic. succinic.7 14.(Table continued) -4 .0 990. traces of citric. citric. malonic. glucuronic.40 5. succinic. ) 0a) C ) PO 0 0 4 Soil Soil c •D CQ4 (cl oF az c.5 Oxalic.85 Oxalic. succinic.- . 20. ~ malonic B.486 A A.7 Oxalic.4 : 70. traces of citric. succinic.98 39.5 malonic. 37 11-27 66--98 178 4. malic. malic. tartaric.2 14.0 Citric.5 5.2 14.2 S-succinic Sod-podsol developing on a light moraine clay in an oak forest. fumaric.0 Oxalic. 6.86 5.6 68. lactic.6 3 17. citric. tartaric. malonic. fumaric.5 23. malic. lactic. malonic B 57-81 0-2 13. glucuronic Oxalic.. A 585 14600. malic.6 5. t malonic . Q dO za MHc 0 c1 V 0 - a -Hz0O cm O*H 0 . citric.

> Measurable acids O4u c O j -Hd O4-) O0'40O d 0 0 0 ' rOdt -H J C 4--) -H Lowland peat bushy country dry. malonic 7.3 Oxalic. W0Q)1 rH r= a: H 4-) r o) 4db OQ Q 0 CO ho . succinic.0 Oxalic.! 0.00 13.05 Oxalic Calculation made for oxalic acid Translator's note: Commas in numbers represent decimal points d t7 to . lactic. malonic sandy loam. citric. succinic. tartaric.-)04-) )0o a4-) 0 Soil *H cd -P 4-) WjtCd aC.4 6. fumaric.95 402.3 .6. 1967 AT.40 16.15. citric. fumaric.(Table concluded) C4 0 x a Q4 0PCDO. B 70-80 80-100 79.0 2. Peat-gley soil overlying light ATr 2--10 63. 390. tartaric. lactic.5 6.

but also as the ones more resistant to microbiological decomposition and other transformations. these acids cover a pathway of 0 . oxalic. tartaric. we find only oxalic.100 cm not only in the greatest amount. the podsol stratum (A 2 ). then in strata A 2 and BI. suconly cinic. dencies of the microbiological processes The character of distribution of the measured compounds is the same for soils strata. in the forest beds and decaying strata. (table) showed floor (stratum more organic acids form that in the same stratum of floor. citric. for example. malonic and fumaric acids. The presence of the latter in the decaying stratum (A 1 ).4 cm). fumaric. one glucuronic. It has already been noted in the literature [10]. varies significantly with respect to finds If. that the uronic acids are easily broken down by humification and enter the composition of the humic acids as structural units. Apparently.A comparison of the results of measurements that in the decomposing part of the spruce forest A' 2 . Differences in the content of acids in soils by years can be explained by the absence of rain in the spring and summer period of 6 . and in certain samples oxalic and citric acids. difference in content by us and mobility of the investigated acids in the forest floors can be explained by the different tenin them. The distribution of acids soil strata. although the oak leaf residue bears a larger The found an oak forest amount of the measured acids than the spruce needle residue. citric. and A' a humus bed consisting of decayed and partly decayed in comparison with the other strata of leaf falls of past years). under both types of trees with respect to the genetic leaf In the forest bed represented by two strata (A 0 - fall. the soil profile. succinic. there is a maximum amount of low molecular organic acids. and malonic acids. and the illuvial (B 1 ) stratum indicates the constancy of their entry into the composition of the water soluble organic substance during washout by melted snow and rain water.

Vol.... 1. and Plant Nutrition. 7. 1955. rend. Ivanova-and Ye. No. C. Soil Comp. I. the latter reached the lluvial stratum which indicates their mobility in the soil profile. and. Bloomfield. P. R. Sci. 1965. Withehead. Kaurichev. Lossaint. consequently. 8. Bown and J. Rep. W. Muir.. p. Y. 1964. and V. F. and Schnitzer. 202. No. Agron. A. REFERENCES Soil Sci. Ann. 10. 17.. 2. Gubanova. p. 1963. 3. 4. 1968. S. D. by the different character of the forest and forest floor. Delong. identification and quantitative determination of the acid product making up the water soluble organic substance in all the genetic strata of sod-podsol soils that develop on moraine clays and sandy loams on a forest floor show the presence of a significant In the form of aqueous soluamount of low molecular organic acids. 49 3 0. 3.. Rothamst. Vol. Nature. exp. the same acids are present as in the forest floors. Vol. 7 . de l'Acad. C. R. 7. A. and Bruckert. 1. tion in concentrations of about 0. Jacquin. to a significant degree. J. Soc. des Sci. Vol. Takijima. J. Nozdrunova. M. Vol. 6. and. Vol. Proc. J.. N. C. In the aqueous extractions of the peat soil of the lowland type. 19. 1959. 15. 2. Hence.. Sta. Pochvovedeniye. p. Morrison. 3. A. 12. DAN BSSR. Kovalev. 9. 5.1967.001 n. I. T. Vol. 1963. Logan. p. 1964. Am. W. 1961. 260. Soil Sci. their participation in soil processes and in the formation of soils.

93108 8 . Box 5 4 5 6.10. K. Shauman. Santa Barbara. by SCITRAN. and I. Doklady VASKHNIIL. O. P. Translated for Nautional Aeronautics and Space Administration under contract No. California. 11. Vol. M. 1965. T. NASw 2483. Gaponenkov.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times