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This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

•6–1. Determine the force in each member of the truss, and state if the members are in tension or compression.

600 N

D

2m 900 N E C

2m A 2m B

401

06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 401

6/12/09 8:48:31 AM

© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

6–2. The truss, used to support a balcony, is subjected to the loading shown. Approximate each joint as a pin and determine the force in each member. State whether the in tension tension or or compression. compression.Set SetP P = 600 3 kN, members are in lb, 11 = kN.lb. P2 = =2400

P1

P2 B 45Њ 45Њ

A

C

4m ft 1

E D 1 4m ft 1 4m ft

**Joint A: +↑ΣFy = 0; FAD sin 45° – 3 = 0 FAD = 4.2426 = 4.24 kN (C)
**

+ → ΣFx

Ans

3 kN

= 0;

FAB – 4.2426 cos 45° = 0 FAB = 3 kN (T) Ans

**Joint B: +↑ΣFy = 0; FBD – 2 = 0 FBD = 2 kN (C)
**

+ → ΣFx

2 kN

Ans

3 kN

= 0;

FBC – 3 = 0 FBC = 3 kN (T) Ans

**Joint D: +↑ΣFy = 0; FDC sin 45° – 2 – 4.2426 sin 45° = 0 FDC = 7.0711 kN = 7.07 kN (T)
**

+ → ΣFx

Ans

= 0;

4.2426 cos 45° + 7.0711 cos 45° – FDE = 0 FDE = 8.00 kN (C) Ans

3 kN 4.2426 kN

402

06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 402

6/12/09 8:48:33 AM

© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

6–3. The truss, used to support a balcony, is subjected to the loading shown. Approximate each joint as a pin and determine the force in each member. State whether the members are in in tension tension or or compression. compression. Set Set P P = 800 4 kN, lb, 11 = P2 =0. 0. 2=

P1

P2 B 45Њ 45Њ

A

C

4m ft 1

E D 1 4m ft 1 4m ft

**Joint A: +↑ΣFy = 0; FAD sin 45° – 4 = 0 FAD = 5.657 kN = 5.66 kN (C)
**

+ → ΣFx

Ans

4 kN

= 0;

FAB – 5.657 cos 45° = 0 FAB = 4.00 kN (T) Ans

**Joint B: +↑ΣFy = 0; FBD – 0 = 0 FBD = 0
**

+ → ΣFx

Ans

= 0;

**FBC – 4 = 0 FBC = 4 kN (T) Ans
**

4 kN

**Joint D: +↑ΣFy = 0; FDC sin 45° – 0 – 5.657 sin 45° = 0 FDC = 5.657 kN = 5.66 kN (T)
**

+ → ΣFx

Ans

5.657 kN

= 0;

5.657 cos 45° + 5.657 cos 45° – FDE = 0 FDE = 8.00 kN (C) Ans

403

06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 403

6/12/09 8:48:36 AM

© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*6–4. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. Assume each joint as a pin. Set P = 4 kN.

A

2P P B C P

4m E

D 4m 4m

404

06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 404

6/12/09 8:48:38 AM

in any form or by any means. determine the force in each member.indd 405 6/12/09 8:48:39 AM . Assume that each member of the truss is made of steel having a mass per length of 4 kg/m. Set P = 0. without permission in writing from the publisher. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Neglect the weight of the gusset plates and assume each joint is a pin. NJ. •6–5. Upper Saddle River.© 2010 Pearson Education. No portion of this material may be reproduced. half of which is applied at the end of each member. All rights reserved. and indicate if the members are in tension or compression. Inc.. 2P P B A C P 4m E D 4m 4m 405 06a Ch06a 401-445. Solve the problem by assuming the weight of each member can be represented as a vertical force.

This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.. NJ. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. All rights reserved. Set P1 = 2 kN and P2 = 1. in any form or by any means.5 kN.indd 406 6/12/09 8:48:40 AM . 6–6. without permission in writing from the publisher. A B 30Њ E 3m P1 D 30Њ C 3m P2 406 06a Ch06a 401-445. Inc.© 2010 Pearson Education. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Upper Saddle River.

Set P1 = P2 = 4 kN. All rights reserved. Inc. in any form or by any means.indd 407 6/12/09 8:48:42 AM . without permission in writing from the publisher. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. 6–7. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. Upper Saddle River.. No portion of this material may be reproduced. NJ. A B 30Њ E 3m P1 D 30Њ C 3m P2 407 06a Ch06a 401-445.© 2010 Pearson Education.

5 kN FFE = 10. Joint A: From the free – body diagram in Fig.0 kN (C) Ans. = 0. + → ΣFx FCD = 0 17.192 kN (C) + → ΣFx Ans. 5. a.657 kN (T) + → ΣFx 2. Joint E: From the free – body diagram in Fig. Ans. Ans.657 sin 45° = 0 FFE = 10. Joint C: From the free – body diagram in Fig. FFB cos 45° – 5. FEB = 0 2.. + → ΣFx = 0.192 kN FBC = 17.5 = 0 FFB = 9. without permission in writing from the publisher.indd 408 6/12/09 8:48:42 AM . Method of Joints: We will analyze the equilibrium of the joints in the following sequence: A ⇒ F ⇒ E ⇒ B ⇒ C. NJ.192 sin 45° = 0 FBD = 9. FFE – 9.50 = 0 FED = 10. b. = 0. in any form or by any means. FBD sin 45° – 9. All rights reserved. *6–8.0 kN FAB = 4 kN 408 06a Ch06a 401-445. lb. Inc.657 cos 45° – FAB = 0 FAB = 4 kN (C) Joint F: From the free – body diagram in Fig.192 cos 45° – FBC = 0 FBC = 17. d.192 sin 45° – 5. Upper Saddle River.192 cos 45° + 9.657 cos 45° – 2.50 kN (T) Ans. c. FED – 10. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Joint B: From the free – body diagram in Fig.50 kN FAF = 5.50 kN (T) Ans.657 kN 4 kN FFB = 9.© 2010 Pearson Education. Ans. FAF sin 45° – 4 = 0 FAF = 5. +↑ΣFy = 0. e. = 0. +↑ΣFy = 0. +↑ΣFy = 0. and state if the members are in tension or compression.0 – NC = 0 NC = 17. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Determine the force in each member of the truss.5 kN 500 lb 3m ft 1 F 3m ft 1 E 3m ft 1 D 3m ft 1 A B P C Ans. Ans. 4 + 9.192 kN (T) + → ΣFx = 0. Set P= =4 800 kN. +↑ΣFy = 0. +↑ΣFy = 0.0 kN Ans.

NJ.5-kN force and then determine the •6–9.© 2010 Pearson Education. No portion of this material may be reproduced. 2. without permission in writing from the publisher. • 6–9. All rights reserved. 800 lb in tension or compression.. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Upper Saddle River. Inc. 500-lb force greatest force P that can be applied to the truss so that none of the members are subjected to a force exceeding either 4 kN in tension or 3 600 kN lb in in compression. in any form or by any means.indd 409 6/12/09 8:48:44 AM .5 kN 500 lb 1 3m ft F 1 3m ft E 1 3m ft D 1 3m ft A B P C 2P = 4 kN 3P = 3 kN P = 2 kN P = 1 kN 409 06a Ch06a 401-445. Remove the 2.

No portion of this material may be reproduced. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. in any form or by any means. All rights reserved.33 kN (C) 4 kN 3. kN.33 kN (C) Ans Ans 410 06a Ch06a 401-445. Set P1 = =4800 = 0.lb P. 6–10..5 m E A G F 4=0 3. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.indd 410 6/12/09 8:48:45 AM .© 2010 Pearson Education.2P =20. without permission in writing from the publisher. Inc.33 kN (C) 3. 1 ft m 4 1 ft m 4 P1 C B 1 4m ft 1 4m ft P2 D 6 ft 1. Upper Saddle River. NJ.

without permission in writing from the publisher.13 kN (C) Ans = 0..6667 cos 73.67 kN (T) Ans 3 kN FBC cos 36.2P =22= kN. All rights reserved. P1 = kN.74° = 0 FBC = FBA = 3.indd 411 ↑ FBG = 0 FBC = FBA Ans Ans Ans 2 kN = 0. Upper Saddle River.13° – 2 = 0 FPC = FFE = 1. FFC = 1.87° – 3 – 1.lb P. FGA = 0 ↑ ↑ FFE sin 53.13° = 0 FFE = FFC ΣFy = 0. FGC sin = 0 FGC = 0 + → ΣFx Joint D: + ΣFx = 0. FDE – FDC = 0 FDE = FDC + ΣFy = 0.87° – FDC cos 36. Inc.6667 = 1.87° + 1.6667 sin 73. in any form or by any means.67 kN 411 6/12/09 8:48:47 AM . FDF – 2 = 0 FDF = 2 kN (C) Joint F: + ΣFx = 0.© 2010 Pearson Education. ↑ Joint G: +↑ΣFy = 0. ΣFy = 0. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression.5 m 6 ft E A G F Joint B: + + ΣFy = 0. No portion of this material may be reproduced.13° – FFC sin 53. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. + → ΣFy 06a Ch06a 401-445. 2 F cos 53. NJ. 6–11.54 kN (C) Ans FDC = FDE = 4.74° = 0 FBC sin 36. 1 4m ft 1 4m ft 14m ft P1 C 14m ft P2 B D 1. Ans FDF = 2 kN ↑ + ↑ Joint C: +↑ΣFx = 0.87° + FDC sin 36. Set =3600 400 lb.

*6–12. Upper Saddle River. No portion of this material may be reproduced.indd 412 6/12/09 8:48:48 AM . Set N. without permission in writing from the publisher.© 2010 Pearson Education. in any form or by any means. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Inc.55m ft C D P1 P2 B 3. 5 FBD – 500 = 0 13 1200 N FBD = 1300 N (C) Ans + → ΣFx = 0. P22 = P1 = =1200 240 lb =500 100 lb.. All rights reserved. 1. 5 FBC – 1300 = 0 13 FBC = 500 N (T) Ans FBD = 1300 N 412 06a Ch06a 401-445. NJ. Joint B: +↑ΣFy = 0.. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. 12 1200 – FCD + 1300 = 0 13 FCD = 2400 N (T) Ans 500 N Joint A: +↑ΣFy = 0.6 m 12 ft A Joint D: +↑ΣFy = 0. P N. + → ΣFy FAC = 0 FAB = 0 Ans Ans = 0.

in any form or by any means. P2 = 0.673 kN Ans 413 06a Ch06a 401-445.75 = 2.5 5m ft C D P1 P2 B 12 3.© 2010 Pearson Education. NJ.75 kN (C). Take 0.5 kN (T)or or350 1.04 kN Maximum compression member is DB : 1. Upper Saddle River.673 kN The member DB reaches the critical value first. All rights reserved. 500 lb (T) lb (C). 1= 1. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 = 2.60 P2 P2 = 0.indd 413 6/12/09 8:48:50 AM .40 P2 P2 = 1. Determine the largest load P2 that can be applied to the truss so that the force in any member does not exceed 2. •6–13. without permission in writing from the publisher.6ft m A Maximum tension member is DC : 2. Take P1P= 0. Inc. No portion of this material may be reproduced..

Ans.25 kN FCG = 8. +↑ΣFy = 0. Inc. P= =12. + → ΣFx = 0. Support Reactions: Applying the moment equation of equilibrium about point A to the free – body diagram of the truss.8389 kN = 8. Joint C: From the free – body diagram in Fig. without permission in writing from the publisher. c.5 2500 lb. Ans. Set kN.25 kN (C) FEF = FCG = 8. NJ.5 kN (T) Ans. Upper Saddle River.8389 kN = 8. and state if the members are in tension or compression. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 kN 2m 6 kN 6 kN NB = 12. d.25 – 6 – FCG sin 45° = 0 FCG = 8. No portion of this material may be reproduced. 8. FAE = FBC = 12. a. and then that of joints C and G. FCD – 8. Determine the force in each member of the truss. FFD = FGD = 8. = 0.8389 sin 45° – FGF = 0 FGF = 12.8389 sin 45° + 8.84 kN (T) Ans.25 kN (C) Ans. + ΣMA = 0.25 kN FBC = 12.8389 kN 414 6/12/09 8:48:50 AM . Ans. Due to the symmetry of the system and the loading.25 kN G 30Њ B Method of Joints: We will begin by analyzing the equilibrium of joint B. b.8389 cos 45° – FGD cos 45° = 0 FGD = 8. Ans.25 kN FAF = FBG = 0 FED = FCD = 6.5 (2) = 0 NB = 12.indd 414 ۍ NB (2 + 2) – 6 (2 + 2) – 12. FBG = 0 12. Joint B: From the free – body diagram in Fig.84 kN (C) Ans..84 kN (T) + → ΣFx Ans. in any form or by any means. Fig.25 kN (C) Joint G: From the free – body diagram in Fig. +↑ΣFy = 0.8389 cos 45° = 0 FCD = 6. 6–14.25 – FBC = 0 FBC = 12. 6 kN 2m 12. +↑ΣFy = 0.84 kN (C) + → ΣFx = 0. 1200 lb 6 kN 1 4m ft E 1 4m ft F 30Њ A 1 4m ft P 1 4m ft D 1200 6 kNlb 1 4m ft C 06a Ch06a 401-445. All rights reserved.© 2010 Pearson Education. 8. 12. Ans. Ans.8389 kN = 8.8389 kN = 8.

6 kN 1200 lb 1 4m ft E 1 4m ft F 30Њ A 1 4m ft P 1 4m ft D 6 kN 1200 lb 1 4m ft C 06a Ch06a 401-445. in any form or by any means.. All rights reserved. No portion of this material may be reproduced.5 P G 30Њ B 0. Inc. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Support Reactions: Applying the moment equation of equilibrium about point A to the free – body diagram of the truss.indd 415 ۍ NB (2 + 2) – P (2) = 0 NB = 0.6067 kN 2m 2m 415 6/12/09 8:48:53 AM . + ΣMA = 0.5 kN in 2000 lb in orcompression. without permission in writing from the publisher. Remove the the6-kN 1200-lb forces and determine the force P that can be applied to the truss so thatso none the greatest force P that can be applied to the truss thatof none members are subjected to a force either 10 either kN in of the members are subjected to exceeding a force exceeding tension or tension 7. 1500 lb in compression. a.© 2010 Pearson Education. NJ. Fig. forces and determine the greatest 6–15.5 P = 10 kN P = 10.7071P = 7. Upper Saddle River.

All rights reserved.© 2010 Pearson Education. and state if the members are in tension or compression. Upper Saddle River. D E 1. Determine the force in each member of the truss. in any form or by any means. without permission in writing from the publisher..5 m P 2m B 2m 416 06a Ch06a 401-445. Inc. NJ.5 m 1.5 m A C 1. No portion of this material may be reproduced. *6–16. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Set P = 5 kN.indd 416 6/12/09 8:48:54 AM .

in any form or by any means. No portion of this material may be reproduced. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 m 1.5 m A C 1. Determine the greatest force P that can be applied to the truss so that none of the members are subjected to a force exceeding either 2. Upper Saddle River. NJ. Inc.5 kN in tension or 2 kN in compression.5 m P 2m B 2m 417 06a Ch06a 401-445. •6–17. All rights reserved. D E 1. without permission in writing from the publisher.indd 417 6/12/09 8:48:56 AM .© 2010 Pearson Education..

(check) 3 3 6. Ans. and state if the members are in tension or compression.2 m 3 kN 600 lb 4 ft 1.25 – 6 = 0 5 5 FDC = 1.0 kN (T) FBD = 0 Joint D: From the free – body diagram in Fig. Ans. 4. 4 4 7. in any form or by any means.5 kN 900 lb 4 ft 1. No portion of this material may be reproduced.2) – NA (1.5 kN (C) + → ΣFx Joint B: From the free – body diagram in Fig. + → ΣFx = 0. 6–18.2 m 1. Ans.2 m 7.5 = 0 5 FFE = 6.0 kN (C) Ans.© 2010 Pearson Education. = 0.25 – 7. 1. 3 4 8.2) + 4. d.25 – 1.2 + 1. Ans. 4 4 FDC + 6.0 – FBC = 0 FBC = 1.5 kN 3 kN 6 kN 1. FFA – 4.25 kN 418 6/12/09 8:48:57 AM .0 kN (C) 4. Joint F: From the free – body diagram in Fig.25 kN (T) Ans.25 kN (C) + → ΣFx Note The equilibrium analysis of joint C must be used to determine the components of the support reaction at C. Upper Saddle River. + ΣMC = 0. b. All rights reserved. = 0. Ans. +↑ΣFy = 0.50 – FAD = 0 5 5 FAD = 6. FED – 6.5 kN 1.2 m Ans. e. +↑ΣFy = 0.25 kN 6. +↑ΣFy = 0. +↑ΣFy = 0.50 – 6. + → ΣFx Joint E: From the free – body diagram in Fig. Fig. NJ.0 kN (T) Ans. without permission in writing from the publisher.2 + 1. 4 FFE – 7. 3 +↑ΣFy = 0. c. a.indd 418 ۍ 3 (1.0 = 0 FED = 6. + → ΣFx = 0. Determine the force in each member of the truss. f. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.9 m 3 ft E 4 ft 1.25 kN C A B Method of Joints: We will analyze the equilibrium of the joints in the following sequence: F → E → A → B → D. Inc.2 + 1.50 kN 3 kN 1 kN 8.. FEA = 0 Joint A: From the free – body diagram in Fig.25 – FAB = 0 5 5 FAB = 1.25 – 3 = 0 5 5 = 0.2) = 0 NA = 8.5 = 0 5 FFA = 7.2 m D 06a Ch06a 401-445.2 m F 0. Support Reactions: Applying the moment equation of equilibrium about point C to the free – body diagram of the truss.5 (1. 4.

27 kN FE = 0. FFE = 0.2 + 0.33 kN FE = FB = 0. + ΣMC = 0. f. + → ΣFx NA = 1. 4 4 + 0. FAB = 0.33 = 0 FBD = 0. Ans. + → ΣFx = 0. Fig.38 kN FBD – 0.36 kN (T) FEA – 0.33 – 0. Remove weight of 0.2 m F 0.2 + 0.9 = 0. without permission in writing from the publisher. 1. c..51 (1. 3 +↑ΣFy = 0.33 kN (T) Ans. Joint E: From the free – body diagram in Fig. 3 3 +↑ΣFy = 0. FEA = 0. a.2 + 1.33 kN Ans. + → ΣFx = 0.45 = 0 5 FFE = 0.33 (1.© 2010 Pearson Education.2 = 0.5 + 1.36 = 0 FED = 0.27 (1. 5 5 FDC = 0.475 – 0.665 kN = 0.9 m FA = 0.38 kN 0.45 kN +↑ΣFy = 0.9 FA = FD = 0.33 kN (C) Ans.665 kN 0.2) + 0. d.5 + 1. Joint D: From the free – body diagram in Fig.2 + 1.475 kN = 0.38 kN = 0.45 kN (C) + → ΣFx 0.36 – FDC = 0 → ΣFx = 0.38 = 0 FBC = 0. b.925 kN (C) Ans. NJ.51 kN FB = 0.2 m 4 ft 3 kN 600 lb 4 ft 1.2 + 1.2 m 1. 0.51 – 0.5 kN 900 lb 4 ft 1.2 = 0. FFA – 0.33 kN 6/12/09 8:48:59 AM .51 kN Ans.2 m 1. State whether the members are in tension or compression.475 kN (C) +↑ΣFy = 0.27 kN 2 1.45 – FAD = 0 5 5 FAD = 0. Inc.2 m 0.33 = 0 FEA = 0. 4 FFE – 0. Removethe the external external forces forces from from the truss.51 kN 2 Support Reactions: Applying the moment equation of equilibrium about point C to the free – body diagram of the truss. 6–19.2 + 1.27 kN 06a Ch06a 401-445.33 (1. The truss is fabricated using members having a 10 lb > ft.27 kN Method of Joints: We will analyze the equilibrium of the joints in the following sequence: F → E → A → B → D. FFA = 0.2) = 0 NA = 1.51 kN 1.2) + 0.5 FC = FF = 0.2 m D C A B FF = 0. in any form or by any means.33 kN FD = 0.36 kN = 0.2 kN/m.2) + 0.925 kN = 0.2) + 0. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.33 kN 0.36 kN (T) FED – 0.9 m 3 ft E 1. Joint F: From the free – body diagram in Fig. Ans.2 + 1.925 – 0.33 = 0 5 5 FAD = 0. No portion of this material may be reproduced.33 kN FC = 0. 3 3 0. 4. 4 4 FAB + 0.33 kN Joint B: From the free – body diagram in Fig.925 kN (check) 419 FBD = 0. Assume that the total force acting on a joint is the sum of half of the weight of every member connected to the joint.2) – NA (1.2 + 1. All rights reserved.2 2 1.27 = 0 5 FFA = 0.51 kN FED = 0. Ans.indd 419 ۍ 0. Ans.51 (1.51 – 0.36 kN +↑ΣFy = 0. and determine the force in each member due to the weight of the members. Upper Saddle River. Joint Loadings: 1.925 + 0.925 = 0 5 5 FAB = 0. e. Joint A: From the free – body diagram in Fig.38 kN (T) FBC – 0.2 + 1.665 – 0.45 – 0.

All rights reserved.© 2010 Pearson Education.5 m F C G B 2. in any form or by any means.5 m 0. NJ. Upper Saddle River. *6–20. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. D E 3.indd 420 6/12/09 8:49:02 AM . without permission in writing from the publisher. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Inc. The load has a mass of 40 kg.1 m A 6m 420 06a Ch06a 401-445. No portion of this material may be reproduced..

5 m 0. without permission in writing from the publisher.5 m F C G B 2.. D E 3.© 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Determine the largest mass m of the suspended block so that the force in any member does not exceed 30 kN (T) or 25 kN (C). •6–21. in any form or by any means. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. All rights reserved. NJ.1 m A 6m 421 06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 421 6/12/09 8:49:03 AM . Upper Saddle River. No portion of this material may be reproduced.

without permission in writing from the publisher. No portion of this material may be reproduced.indd 422 6/12/09 8:49:04 AM .. 6–22. Determine the force in each member of the truss. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Upper Saddle River.© 2010 Pearson Education. 400 N E 600 N D A 45Њ 45Њ B 45Њ 45Њ C 2m 2m 422 06a Ch06a 401-445. Inc. All rights reserved. in any form or by any means. NJ. and state if the members are in tension or compression.

6–23. Remove the external forces from the truss. Assume that the total force acting on a joint is the sum of half of the weight of every member connected to the joint.© 2010 Pearson Education.. All rights reserved. NJ.indd 423 6/12/09 8:49:06 AM . in any form or by any means. and determine the force in each member due to the weight of the truss. without permission in writing from the publisher. Upper Saddle River. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. 400 N E 600 N D A 45Њ 45Њ B 45Њ 45Њ C 2m 2m 423 06a Ch06a 401-445. Inc. No portion of this material may be reproduced. State whether the members are in tension or compression. The truss is fabricated using uniform members having a mass of 5 kg> m.

and state if the members are in tension or compression. *6–24. in any form or by any means. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Set P = 4 kN. All rights reserved. Determine the force in each member of the truss. Inc.. Upper Saddle River. A P 3m F 3m E 3m 3m B C D P 424 06a Ch06a 401-445. without permission in writing from the publisher.© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. NJ.indd 424 6/12/09 8:49:07 AM .

No portion of this material may be reproduced. Determine the greatest force P that can be applied to the truss so that none of the members are subjected to a force exceeding either 1. in any form or by any means.5 kN in tension or 1 kN in compression. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. A P 3m F 3m E 3m 3m B C D P 425 06a Ch06a 401-445.indd 425 6/12/09 8:49:09 AM . All rights reserved. without permission in writing from the publisher.. NJ. Inc. •6–25. Upper Saddle River.© 2010 Pearson Education.

24° = 0 3.6 m D A 45Њ 1. 1. without permission in writing from the publisher.5 m 5 ft 1. FDB = 0 Ans ↓ Joint B: + → ΣFx +↑ΣFy = 0. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. 6–26.60 kN 426 6/12/09 8:49:10 AM .. Inc.90 kN (C) Ans +↑ΣFy = 0. A sign is subjected to a wind loading that exerts forces of 1. No portion of this material may be reproduced. in any form or by any means.5 kN Joint C: + → ΣFx = 0. Upper Saddle River.9 m 1. 06a Ch06a 401-445.60 – FBA sin 45° – FBE cos 45. 300 lb 1. Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. NJ.5 kNlb on joints horizontal forces 300 on jointsB Band andC C of of one one of the side supporting trusses.6 12 m ft 13 ft 3.9 m 13 ft E 12 ft 3.indd 426 ↓ 3. All rights reserved.5 kN 300 lb B 3.5 kN FCB = 3.© 2010 Pearson Education.60 kN (T) Ans FCD = 3.90 kN (C) Ans = 0.5 – FCD sin 22.485 kN (T) FBA = 3.90 kN Joint D: + + ΣFx = 0.90 – FDE = 0 FDE = 3.90 cos 22.5 kN C 3.612 kN (T) Ans Ans 1. ΣFy = 0.24° = 0 FBE = 1. 1. –FCB + 3.62° = 0 FCD = 3.5 – FBA cos 45° + FBE sin 45.62° = 0 FCB = 3.

© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.indd 427 6/12/09 8:49:12 AM . No portion of this material may be reproduced. All rights reserved. Upper Saddle River. 6–27.. without permission in writing from the publisher. B C L/3 A L/3 P E L/3 P F L/3 D 427 06a Ch06a 401-445. NJ. Determine the force in each member of the double scissors truss in terms of the load P and state if the members are in tension or compression. in any form or by any means. Inc.

without permission in writing from the publisher.indd 428 6/12/09 8:49:13 AM . NJ. Inc. Determine the force in each member of the truss in terms of the load P. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. No portion of this material may be reproduced. *6–28. and indicate whether the members are in tension or compression. P B d A F D d C E d d/2 d/2 d 428 06a Ch06a 401-445.© 2010 Pearson Education.. Upper Saddle River.

without permission in writing from the publisher.. NJ.indd 429 6/12/09 8:49:14 AM . in any form or by any means. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. A P B d C F D d E d d/2 d/2 d 429 06a Ch06a 401-445. All rights reserved. Upper Saddle River. Take d = 1 m. •6–29.© 2010 Pearson Education. If the maximum force that any member can support is 4 kN in tension and 3 kN in compression. No portion of this material may be reproduced. determine the maximum force P that can be applied at joint B. Inc.

indd 430 6/12/09 8:49:15 AM . No portion of this material may be reproduced.4 (1) (2) Ans Ans (2) 1.5 cos – 2 sin For AB required: –1 ≤ 2.870° – cos 2 sin 36. B Joint A: + → ΣFx 0.5 C +↑ΣFy = 0. 200 (C).5 sin 1 FAC = –1. Upper Saddle River.870°] – 2 [sin 2 cos 36.9 3 ftm = 0.. (1) and (2) simultaneously.870°.5 cos (2 – 36.5 kN 1. NJ.5 cos + FAC + FAB = 0 5 3 –1.870°] = –1.5 [cos 2 cos 36.870 4 Then FAB = 2.2 m 4 ft 300kN lb 1.5 kN.20 cos 2 = –2.50 sin 2 Thus.870° + sin 2 sin 36.5 sin FAC = –1.90 sin 2 – 1. 6–30.870°) = –1. Inc. 127° ≤ – 196° 336° ≤ – 347° Possible hand solution: 3 2 = 1 + tan–1 = 1 + 36.© 2010 Pearson Education.20 cos 2 – 0. The two-member truss is subjected to the force of 1.870°) – 2 sin (2 – 36. 4 1.5 sin + FAB = 0 5 A u 1. Determine the range of for application the load 300 lb. in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.60 sin 2 + 1.5 cos – 2 sin ≤ 2 – 4 ≤ 3 cos + 4 sin ≤ 2 Solving Eqs. the range of acceptable values for = 1 is 127° ≤ ≤ 196° 336° ≤ ≤ 347° Ans Ans 430 06a Ch06a 401-445.5 sin ≤ 2 –2 ≤ 5 sin ≤ 4 For AC required: –1 ≤ –1. without permission in writing from the publisher. we require –2 ≤ 5 sin 1 ≤ 4 – 4 ≤ 5 sin 2 ≤ 2 or or –0.8 ≤ sin 2 ≤ 0.8 –0. Determine the range of u for application of of the load so so that force in either member does exceed (T) that thethe force in either member does not not exceed 400 2 lbkN (T) or or 1 lb kN (C). Thus. FAB = 2.5 kN (1) Since 1 = 2 – 36.4 ≤ sin 1 ≤ 0.

06a Ch06a 401-445.8) + 300 (0.8 m 2 ft 80 lb 400 N C 0. and state if the members are in tension or compression.6 m 300 N 200 N 431 6/12/09 8:49:16 AM . Determine the force in members BC. 900 – FBH sin 45° = 0 FBH = 1273 N (T) Ans 0. The internal drag truss for the wing of a light airplane is subjected to the forces shown.8 m 0.8 m 0.8) + 200 (1. J I H G F 2 ft 0.6 m 300 N 200 N + ΣMB = 0. and HC. BH.8 m +↑ΣFy = 0. in any form or by any means. Upper Saddle River. 0. 6–31.5 m ft 40 lb 200 N 60 lb 300 N 0. No portion of this material may be reproduced. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. All rights reserved.6 1.8 m E A 0.8 m 2 ft 80 lb 400 N D 0.8 m 400 N 0.. 400 + 300 + 200 – FHC = 0 FHC = 900 N (C) Ans. NJ.8 m 400 N 0.© 2010 Pearson Education.indd 431 ۍ –FBC (0.8 m 2 ft B 0. without permission in writing from the publisher.4) = 0 FBC = 650 N (T) Ans Section 2: +↑ΣFy = 0. Inc.

30 kN 20 kN J I 20 kN H 40 kN G F 4m A B C 16 m. *6–32. All rights reserved. and state if the members are in tension or compression. Inc. in any form or by any means..© 2010 Pearson Education. 4@4m D E 432 06a Ch06a 401-445. and GD. Determine the force in members HD. NJ. No portion of this material may be reproduced. The Howe bridge truss is subjected to the loading shown. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. CD. without permission in writing from the publisher.indd 432 6/12/09 8:49:17 AM . Upper Saddle River.

and BC. Inc. Determine the force in members HI. and state if the members are in tension or compression.. without permission in writing from the publisher. No portion of this material may be reproduced. The Howe bridge truss is subjected to the loading shown. •6–33. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. HB. NJ. in any form or by any means. Upper Saddle River.indd 433 6/12/09 8:49:18 AM . 30 kN 20 kN J I 20 kN H 40 kN G F 4m A B C 16 m.© 2010 Pearson Education. 4@4m D E 433 06a Ch06a 401-445.

This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. Upper Saddle River. Determine the force in members JK. All rights reserved.© 2010 Pearson Education. No portion of this material may be reproduced. and CD of the truss.. K 3m A B 2m 2m C 2m L J I H G D 2m E 2m F 2m 4 kN 5 kN 8 kN 6 kN 434 06a Ch06a 401-445. without permission in writing from the publisher. CJ. in any form or by any means.indd 434 6/12/09 8:49:19 AM . 6–34. Inc. NJ. and state if the members are in tension or compression.

All rights reserved. and state if the members are in tension or compression. without permission in writing from the publisher. and EF of the truss. Inc. FI. 6–35. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Determine the force in members HI.indd 435 6/12/09 8:49:21 AM . in any form or by any means.© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. NJ. Upper Saddle River. K 3m A B 2m 2m C 2m L J I H G D 2m E 2m F 2m 4 kN 5 kN 8 kN 6 kN 435 06a Ch06a 401-445..

Determine the force in members CD. All rights reserved.indd 436 6/12/09 8:49:23 AM .© 2010 Pearson Education. *6–36. Determine the force in members BC. 3m A 3m B C 3m D 3m E G 3m 6 kN 3m 8 kN F 3m 436 06a Ch06a 401-445. CF. and GF of the Warren truss.. Upper Saddle River. in any form or by any means. No portion of this material may be reproduced. 3m A 3m B C 3m D 3m E G 3m 6 kN 3m 8 kN F 3m •6–37. CG. Indicate if the members are in tension or compression. Inc. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. NJ. without permission in writing from the publisher. and FG of the Warren truss. Indicate if the members are in tension or compression.

. All rights reserved. in any form or by any means. No portion of this material may be reproduced.5 m F G H I C 30 kN 1. Determine the force in members DC. and state if the members are in tension or compression. 40 kN 2m E 2m 50 kN 2m D 1. HC.5 m 40 kN 1. without permission in writing from the publisher. Inc.5 m B A 437 06a Ch06a 401-445. 6–38. Upper Saddle River. NJ.© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.indd 437 6/12/09 8:49:25 AM . and HI of the truss.

Inc. Determine the force in members ED. 40 kN 2m E 2m 50 kN 2m D 1. No portion of this material may be reproduced.5 m F G H I C 30 kN 1. EH. and state if the members are in tension or compression. Upper Saddle River.5 m B A 438 06a Ch06a 401-445. NJ. 6–39. without permission in writing from the publisher. in any form or by any means.5 m 40 kN 1. All rights reserved. and GH of the truss.. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.indd 438 6/12/09 8:49:26 AM .© 2010 Pearson Education.

*6–40.9 H G 1. –1200 (2. Determine the force in members GF.2) + 500 (0.9 m 1.04° (1.4) – FGD sin 36.2 m 4 ft G 1.4) + FBG sin 36.2) 13 5 – (1300) (0.9 F 1.2 m 4 ft E D 260 lb 1300 N 13 5 12 Entire truss: + ΣMG = 0.2 m 4 ft 1. and CD of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression.2 m 1300 N FGF = 2100 N (C) Ans + ΣMG = 0. BC. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. C B 4 ft m 1.8) = 0 FBG = 1000 N (C) Ans Ax = 500 N 2. C B 1.9) – 1300 (1.8) = 0 13 FGD = 1000 N (C) Ans 06a Ch06a 401-445.4) – FBC cos 14.4) – (1300) (2.2 4 ft m A 3 ft m 0.4 m 1.04° (1.2 m 439 6/12/09 8:49:28 AM .2 m 4 ft 3 ft m 0.2 A 3 ft m 0.2) – 1300 (2.4) = 0 13 FCD = 2473.2 m 4 ft 3 ft m 0. without permission in writing from the publisher. 1200 (2. NJ.9 m 1.2 m 0.4) = 0 13 Ay = 1200 N + → ΣFx 1. 5 Ax – (1300) = 0 13 Ax = 500 N 2.4 m 2. No portion of this material may be reproduced.2 m 2.2 m 4 ft E D 260 lb 1300 N 13 12 5 + ΣMO = 0.indd 439 ۍ ۍ ۍ ۍ ۍ ۍ ۍ + ΣMD = 0.2 m 4 ft = 0.87° (4.4 m Section: + ΣMO = 0.2 m 1. 12 FCD cos 14. 12 1300 (2. 12 Ay (2.9 F 1.© 2010 Pearson Education. in any form or by any means. Determine the force in members BG. Inc. Upper Saddle River. 12 FGF (0. GD. All rights reserved.9 H 1.2 m Ay = 1200 N 1.2 m 4 ft 1300 N 1.9 N (T) + ΣMB = 0. Ans 1200 (1.9) – FHG (0.4 m •6–41.2) = 0 FBC = 2473.87° (4.9 N (T) Ans 0.9) = 0 13 1..9) = 0 FHG = 2100 N (C) Ans + ΣMG = 0. and HG of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression.

NJ. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.. indicate all zero-force members.5 m 6 kN F 1. Determine the force in members IC and CG of the truss and state if these members are in tension or compression. in any form or by any means.5 m 6 kN F 1.5 m E 6–43. Determine the force in members JE and GF of the truss and state if these members are in tension or compression.5 m E 440 06a Ch06a 401-445. Also. Also.5 m 1.5 m 1. All rights reserved. 6–42. indicate all zero-force members.indd 440 6/12/09 8:49:29 AM .© 2010 Pearson Education.5 m 6 kN G 1. Inc. B C D 2m I J 2m A H 1. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Upper Saddle River. without permission in writing from the publisher. B C D 2m I J 2m A H 1.5 m 6 kN G 1.

+ → ΣFx = 0.5 m 5m Gx = 4.828 sin 45° = 0 FHE = 2.5 m 2. b. in any form or by any means. and JE of the truss.5 (7.5 kN 1500 lb 5 kN lb 5 kN lb 1000 1000 4. 7. Fig.5 m 2. + → ΣFx 7. without permission in writing from the publisher..5) = 0 FEF = 2.828 kN (T) Ans.5 m B M C D E F H G K J I = 0. Fig. Support Reactions: Applying the equations of equilibrium to the free – body diagram of the truss.0 kN (T) 7. 4.5 m 5m 2.5 m 2.5) – 4.5 (7.5 kN 5 kN Ans.385 kN (C) + ΣMI = 0.© 2010 Pearson Education.5 m 06a Ch06a 401-445. 5 kN 4. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. a.15) = 0 FJI = 18.indd 441 ۍ ۍ ۍ 5 (5) + 7.5 kN + ΣMA = 0. Fig. Ans. and state if the members are in tension or compression. 11 (5) – 4.5 kN 900 lb L 2.5 – FEI = 0 FEI = 6.5 kN 2. *6–44. Inc. Upper Saddle River. Method of Joints: From the free – body diagram of joint E.5 m 2. 11 (2. No portion of this material may be reproduced. Using the above results and writing the force equation of equilibrium along the x axis.5) + 5 (10) + 4. EF.5 – Gx = 0 Gx = 4. NJ.5 m 2.5 m 8 ft 2.5 m 8 ft 8 ft 2. + ΣME = 0.5 kN 2.5 m 2.828 cos 45° – 4.5 m 2.5 (5) – FJI sin 45° (2.5) – Gy (15) = 0 Gy = 11 kN Method of Sections: Using the right portion of the free – body diagram. Determine the force in members JI.5 kN FEF = 2.828 kN 441 6/12/09 8:49:31 AM .5 (5) – FEF cos 45° (2.5 kN (T) Ans.385 cos 45° – 2. 18.5 m 2. All rights reserved. c. +↑ΣFy = 0.5 m N A 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 2. FJE – 2. EI.5 m Gy = 11 kN FEI = 6.

8 ft 2. and KL of the truss.5 kN 4.0) + 7.5 m 8 ft A B 7. Ans. 5 kN 7.5 (7. NJ.5 m K J I Support Reactions: Applying the equation of equilibrium about point G to the free – body diagram of the truss.5 m 2. Ans.5) – NA (15) = 0 NA = 6.5 kN 2. 6.5 m 8 ft 2.5 m 442 6/12/09 8:49:33 AM .. FKL (2.5 m 2.5 m N 2. + ΣMD = 0. •6–45. FCD (2. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 – 5 – FLD sin 45° = 0 FLD = 2.5) + 5 (10.5) – 4.5 (7.5 m 2. + ΣMG = 0.5 m 2.5 (2. without permission in writing from the publisher.121 kN (T) Ans.indd 442 ۍ ۍ ۍ 5 (5.5 m 2.5 kN 5 kN 5 kN 4. Fig.5 m 5m 2.5) – 6.5 m 2.5) – 6. b.5 m 7. Fig.0) – 4.5) + 5 (2. Determine the force in members CD. LD.5 kN 1500 lb 5 kNlb 5 kN lb 1000 1000 4.5 (5) = 0 FCD = 13 kN (T) +↑ΣFy = 0. No portion of this material may be reproduced. in any form or by any means.© 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.5) = 0 FKL = 19 kN (C) + ΣML = 0.5 kN 2. All rights reserved.5 m 5m 5m NA = 6.5 (7. and state if the members are in tension or compression. Upper Saddle River.5 kN 900 lb L M C D E F H G 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 2. 06a Ch06a 401-445. a.5 kN Method of Sections: Using the left portion of the free – body diagram.

Inc.. NJ. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 kN 2m F 1m D 1.5 m B E 443 06a Ch06a 401-445.© 2010 Pearson Education. Determine the force developed in members BC and CH of the roof truss and state if the members are in tension or compression.indd 443 6/12/09 8:49:35 AM . C 2 kN 0. in any form or by any means. 6–46. No portion of this material may be reproduced. All rights reserved.8 m A H 1m 2m G 1. Upper Saddle River. without permission in writing from the publisher.

C 2 kN 0. Also indicate all zero-force members.8 m A H 1m 2m G 1. NJ.© 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.5 kN 2m F 1m D 1. without permission in writing from the publisher. Determine the force in members CD and GF of the truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. No portion of this material may be reproduced. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 m B E 444 06a Ch06a 401-445. Upper Saddle River. 6–47.indd 444 6/12/09 8:49:37 AM . All rights reserved. in any form or by any means..

NJ. EJ. 5 kN 3 kN 4m A B 2m L 6 kN 5 kN J K I H 2 kN G C 2m D 2m E 2m F 2m 2m 4 kN 4 kN 445 06a Ch06a 401-445. No portion of this material may be reproduced. and CD of the Howe truss. Inc..indd 445 6/12/09 8:49:38 AM . Upper Saddle River. *6–48. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. in any form or by any means. without permission in writing from the publisher. and state if the members are in tension or compression. All rights reserved.© 2010 Pearson Education. Determine the force in members IJ.

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