KLEPTOMANIA

o From the Greek word “kleptein” (to steal) and “mania” (insanity or madness) (http://www.simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_language) o Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder characterized by a recurrent failure to resist stealing. (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Kleptomania.html#b#ixzz2HSQKQiqg) o Monomia or obsession with the stolen object of insignificant objects or of no exchange value (Paul Lerner, “Consuming Pathologies: Kleptomania, Magazinitis, and the Problem of Female Consumption in Wilhemine and Weimar Germany,” WerkstattGeschichte/Klartext Verlag 42 (2006): 46.) o An “irresistible tendency to theft”, it was by definition not principally a crime but rather a compulsion, an involuntary act – a medical condition. (Patricia O’Brien, “The Kleptomania Diagnosis: Bourgeois Women and Theft in Late Nineteenth -Century France,” Journal of Social History 17, no. 1 (Fall 1983): 70) Kleptomaniacs do not plan to steal items before they steal them Kleptomania is not an excuse to steal, as kleptomaniacs are aware of what they are doing at all times. Kleptomaniacs often feel great remorse over stealing that can disrupt daily life. Stealing is not committed in response to a delusion, hallucination or sense of vengeance A powerful urge to steal that is compulsive in nature Does not happen with planning or forethought

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History
 In 1816, Swiss physician Dr. André Matthey defined kleptomania as a monomania or an obsession with a stolen object of insignificant exchange value. Matthey termed this as “Klopemania” or stealing madness.

“A unique madness characterized by the tendency to steal without the motive and without necessity.”

- Andr Matthey
   In 1840, two French physicians- Jean Etienne Esquirol and C.C Marc coined the term “Kleptomanie” (stealing insanity) to describe the shoplifting characterized as involuntary and irresistible. From Greek words which literally means “craze for stealing”

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