short - circuit current calculation

1- Isc at secondary terminas of a HV/LV distribution transformer
I sc = In / Usc
where
Isc

:

short circuit Fault current In Amps .
Usc In %

Usc :

Short-Circuit Impedance Voltage Of Transformer In %

KVA
50 - 630
800-2500

In

:

Nominal current In Amps .

In

:

Nominal current In Amps .

In = P ( KVA )*1000 / U20
U20 : Secondary Volts At Open Circuit.

transfomer rated power (KVA)
transfomer current Ir (A)
oil - immersed transformer Isc (KA)
cast - resin transformer Isc (KA)

Psc = 250 MVA
Psc = 500 MVA
Psc = 250 MVA
Psc = 500 MVA

50
69
1.71
1.71
1.14
1.14

100
137
3.40
3.42
2.28
2.28

tables H1-33 : Isc at the LV terminals of 3-phase HV/LV transformers supplied from a HV system w
* Note
the case of several transformers in parallel feeding a busbar

the value of Isc can be estimated as the sum of the Isc from each transformer calculated

Data Must Be Known
Power

Usc

Rated Voltage

In KVA

In %

in volt

1000

6

420

RESULTS
Rated Current In Amps

In

Short Circuit Fault Current In Amps

1375

Isc =

22.91

3 - phase short - circuit (Isc) at any point within a LV installation
in a 3-phase installation Isc at any point is given by
Isc = U20/ √ ZT

U20 = phase -to-phase voltage of the open circuited secondary , windings of the power s
ZT = total impedance per phase of the installation upstream of the fault loctin (in ohms)
________________________________________________________________________
method of caculating ZT
Each component of an installation (HV network,transformer, cable,circuit breaker,busbar,

ZT = √ RT2 +XT2
________________________________________________________________________
determination of the impedance of the HV network
Zs = U0²/Psc

Zs = impedance of the HV voltage network,expressed in milli-o
Uo = phase-to-phase no load LV voltage, expressed in volts.
Ra is generally found to be negligible compared with Xa
for accurate calculation Ra = 0.15 Xa

Psc
250 MVA
500 MVA

Uo (V)
420
420

tables H1-36 : the impedance of the HV network referred to the LV side of the HV/LV transformer
circuit brakers

while the resistance is neglected , Rc.b= 0 , Xc.b = 0.15 m Ω per circuit break
busbars

while the resistance is neglected , Rb.b= 0 , Xb.b = 0.15 m Ω per meter length
circuit conductors
Rc = ρ x L / S where

Note
for c.s.a of less than 50 mm² reactance may be ignored

ρ = 22.5 m Ω .mm ² /
ρ = 36 m Ω .mm ² / m

Xc =0.08 m Ω / m
Xc =0.096 m Ω /

for prefabricated bus-trunking and similar pre-wired ducting systems, the manfacturer should

R
HV network
Psc = 500 MVA
transformer
20 KV/420V , Pn = 1000 KVA
Usc = 6 % , Pcu = 13.3 x 10³ watts
single-core cables
5m copper
4 x 240 mm² / phase
main
circuit breaker
busbar
10 meter
three-core cable
100 m
95 mm² copper
three-core cable
20 m
10 mm² copper

R (mΩ)

X (mΩ)

0.053

0.353

2.35

10.34

Rc = (22.5/4) x (5/240)
= 0.12

Xc = 0.08 x 5
= 0.40

RD = 0

XD = 0.15

RB = 0

XB = 1.5

Rc = 22.5 x (100/95)
= 23.68

Xc = 100x 0.08
=8

Rc = 22.5 x (20/10)
=45

Xc = 20x 0.08
= 1.6

5 x (20/10) = 45 xc = 20x 0.6 table H1-39 : example of short-circuit current calculations for a LV installation supplied at 400 V (nom .final circuits three-core cable 20 m 10 mm² copper final circuits Rc = 22.08 = 1.

.

1 11.5 plied from a HV system with a 3-phase faults level of 500 MVA.4 16.5 26.or 250 MVA at 420 V no load voltage ch transformer calculated separately .5 10.9 14.1 800 1100 17.4 27.9 1000 1375 21.45 3.38 8.9 17.5 8.63 5.0 13.4 17.68 315 433 10.8 11.49 5.41 5.2 21.65 Cast-Resin 6 6 250 344 8.07 7.04 500 687 16.5 22.ulation sformer Usc In % oil 4 6 160 220 5.3 630 866 20.14 400 550 13.63 3.2 1250 1718 26.4 27.4 17.7 7.4 21.2 13.93 9.5 22.

busbar. and so on …. e compared with Xa .91 KA windings of the power supply transformers the fault loctin (in ohms) ___________________________________ e.expressed in milli-ohms tage. expressed in volts. ) ___________________________________ etwork.circuit breaker.22.

15 mΩ / meter 26.08 71.08 mΩ / meter RD = 0 XD = 0.08 m Ω / m for 50 HZ system Xc =0.15 m Ω per meter length ρ = 22.523 11.15 Per Circuit Breaker XD = 0.Rtr ² avec Ztr = ( U² 2o/Pn ) * ( Usc / 10 Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0.5 C 2.08 mΩ / meter Xc = 100x 0.75 Isc3 = 7.353 10.15 Xa 0.5 m Ω .24 KA Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0.106 0. the manfacturer should be consulted .15 XB = 1.34 Xc = 0.08 mΩ / meter Isc4 = 3.35 .mm ² / m for aluminium Xc =0.6 KA RB = 0 XB = 0.08 Xc = 20x 0.Ra (m-ohm) 0.096 m Ω / m for 60 HZ system s.2 22.353 the HV/LV transformer .24 KA Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0.75 Isc2 = 18.3 KA Rtr = Pcu x 10³ / 3 In² Xa = √ Ztr ² .1 Isc1 = 21.523 12.71 0. Ra = 0.15 m Ω per circuit breaker 0.08 x 5 2.053 Xa ( m-ohm) 0.mm ² / m for copper = 36 m Ω .2 20. X (mΩ) RT (mΩ) XT (mΩ) Isc = 420 / √3 * √ ( RT² + XT² ) Zs = Uo² / Psc .

2 22.24 KA xc = 20x 0.35 Isc4 = 3.71.35 Isc4 = 3.08 on supplied at 400 V (nominal) from a 1000 KVA HV/LV transformer Rc = often negligible for S ≥ 200 m R=ρL/S Xc = 0.2 22.24 KA 71.08 mΩ / meter .

.

0 2500 3437 49.1 34.9 49.1 34.1600 2199 33.8 33.1 52.0 40.8 no load voltage 2000 2749 40.9 .4 43.1 52.4 43.

.

COMMENT Zs = Uo² / Psc .08 mΩ / meter where ρ = 22. where ρ = 36 milli-ohms x mm² for aluminium . Rtr = Pcu x 10³ / 3 In² Rtr = is often negligible compared to Xtr for trn ≥ 100 KVA Xa = √ Ztr ² . . where ρ = 22. RD = 0 XD = 0.Rtr ² avec Ztr = ( U² 2o/Pn ) * ( Usc / 100 ) or Isc = In x100/Usc Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0. Ra = 0.5 milli-ohms x mm² for copper .load LV in volts Psc = HV 3-phase short-circuit fault level in KVA . where ρ = 36 milli-ohms x mm² for aluminium .15 mΩ / meter Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0.08 mΩ / meter Rc = ρ L / S Xc = 0.ohm Uo = phase-to-phase no.08 mΩ / meter where ρ = 22.15 Xa Zs = HV impedance in milli .5 milli-ohms x mm² for copper .15 Per Circuit Breaker RB = 0 XB = 0.5 milli-ohms x mm² for copper .

where ρ = 36 milli-ohms x mm² for aluminium .B1 B. Rc = often negligible for S ≥ 200 mm² in the formula below R=ρL/S Xc = 0.08 mΩ / meter B.B2 Uo (V) 230 230 230 230 230 230 .

230 230 230 230 .

.

.

58 (2) quick estimation .(1) determination of the impedance of DATA Psc 500 300 RESULTS Uo 420 400 X(mΩ) 0.357 0.17 10.048 Z(mΩ) 0.47 10.22 Z(mΩ) 3.3 X(mΩ) 2.353 0.1 R(mΩ) 1.324 (2) determination of Isc at secondary terminals of a HV/L DATA TRN1 TRN2 Pn(KVA) 1000 1000 Uo(V) 230 420 Usc(%) 6 6 RESULTS Pcu(W) 15 13.99 3.053 0.320 R(mΩ) 0.

B1 B.15 0.5 0.5 0.81 0.69 X(mΩ) 2.17 0.14 2.47 0.8 0.99 2.5 R(mΩ) 0.15 4.15 0 0 0 4.14 2.80 4.14 2.15 0.14 6.5 22.80 (4) determination of Isc for circuit bre DATA N (n) 1 1 1 1 CB1 CB2 CB3 CB4 RESULTS R(mΩ) 0.15 1.99 0.(2) quick estimation DATA RESULTS P(KVA) Usc(%) Uo(V) 1000 6 230 In (A) Isc(KA) 2510.83 .16 0 1.00 0.00 0.15 1.75 DATA Uo (V) 230 230 230 230 230 230 NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 Item transformer cable (1) circuit breaker (1) busbar (1) circuit breaker (2) cable (2) RESULTS R(mΩ) 1.15 (5) determination of Isc for busba DATA L (m) 10 5 B.00 Uo(V) 0 0 0 0 X(mΩ) 0.00 0.69 9.00 0.5 22.15 4 Z(mΩ) 3.50 0.15 0.00 Uo(V) 0 0 X(mΩ) 1.15 6.84 Usc = 6 % Usc = 4 % for 800 to 630 KVA for 50 to 2500 KVA (3) determination of Isc for low voltage DATA CABLE1 CABLE2 CABLE3 L (m) 10 50 10 S (mm²) 300 120 25 RESULTS Uo(V) 230 230 230 N (n) 5 2 1 ρ 22.00 X(mΩ) 0.00 0.3 41.B2 RESULTS R(mΩ) 0.

83 15.00 0.83 6.04 6.230 230 230 230 7 8 9 10 circuit breaker (3) busbar (2) circuit breaker (4) cable (3) 0 0 0.75 0.80 0.15 9.15 0.15 0.00 9.15 0.83 .75 0.83 6.

.

.

Usc = sc impedance voltage in % .84 22.91 For roughly estimation Isc = In/Usc In= nominal current in amp. 400 v . for rated load 400v .on of the impedance of the HV network ULTS COMMENT Isc 679. 380 v X.29 1374.68 ) quick estimation Isc(KA) 41.74 713.R.Z in milli ohm (mΩ) and Isc in KA dary terminals of a HV/LV distribution transformer RESULTS COMMENT In(A) 2510.72 Psc 500/250 MVA Uo = 420 v .

14 2.47 3.00 0.75 COMMENT Isc(KA) 0.a of cable in mm² ρ :22.04 5.92 5.00 0.55 14.16 9.90 24.96 32.07 9.14 6.15 0.50 11.27 3.81 6.15 0.50 0.92 5.s.04 COMMENT Isc(KA) 163.14 2.) quick estimation COMMENT Usc = 6 % Usc = 4 % for 800 to 630 KVA for 50 to 2500 KVA on of Isc for low voltage cables RESULTS Z(mΩ) 0.15 0.07 COMMENT Rt(mΩ) 1.74 24.35 Isc(KA) 41.00 N : no of pole Rd = 0 ( negligible ) Xd = 0.00 0.12 11.70 L : length of cable in meter S : c.91 4.00 0.84 33.99 2.17 3.00 L : length of busbar in meter Rb = 0 ( negligible ) Xb = 0.15 mΩ / pole mination of Isc for busbars RESULTS Z(mΩ) 1.47 3.15 mΩ / m RESULTS 0 2.15 COMMENT Isc(KA) 0.5 / 36 mΩxmm²/m for copper / alumimuim N : no.27 3.37 5.42 4. of conductor /phase ation of Isc for circuit breaker RESULTS Z(mΩ) 0.70 .14 2.83 Xt(mΩ) 2.07 9.07 Zt(mΩ) 3.15 21.42 4.

91 .21 19.92 6.9.12 10.83 6.23 11.57 10.92 11.47 12.83 6.22 9.88 6.09 12.12 10.22 9.97 10.83 9.83 15.97 10.99 10.

CABLE AND BREAKER SIZE TABLE ACCORDING TO SCECO
connected Amp Range

Minimum (cu)
Cable Size

Maximum (cu)
Cable Size

GT

LE

mm2

mm2

1

30

4x25

4x25

30

72

4x35

4x35

72

130

4x35

4x50

130

198

4x70

4x95

198

250

4x95

4x120

250

350

4x150

4x185

350

400

4x240

4x240

400

500

4x240

2x4x240

500

600

2x4x240

2x4x300

600

700

2x4x300

2x4x300

700

800

2x4x300

2x4x300

800

1000

3x4x240

3x4x240

1000

1250

7x1x630

7x1x630

1250

1600

7x1x630

7x1x630

1600

2000

11x1x630

11x1x630

2000

2500

14x1x630

14x1x630

2500

3000

14x1x630

14x1x630

NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION (T-1)
127/220 V
RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS ( T-1 )
COVERED AREA
SQ METER

TOTAL
CONNECTED
LOAD (KVA)

UNIT A/C
CONNECTED
LOAD (KVA)

CONTRACTED LOAD
C.B RATING
(KVA)
(Amps)

KWH Meter

25
50
74

4
8
11

2.5
5
7.4

30

11.43

3x25 (100)

75
100
125
150
174

12
16
20
24
27

7.5
10
12.5
15
17.4

60

22.86

3x25 (100)

175
200
225
250
275
300
324

28
32
36
40
43
46
49

17.5
20
22.5
25
27.5
30
32.4

100

38.11

3x25 (100)

325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
524

50
53
56
60
63
66
70
73
75

32.5
35
37.5
40
42.5
45
47.5
50
52.4

150

57.16

3x40 (160)

525
550
575
600
625
650
674

76
80
83
86
90
93
95

52.5
55
57.5
60
62
65
67.4

200

76.21

C.T.

Size (Amps)

NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION
127/220 V
RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS ( T-1 )
675
700
725
750
775
800
825
850
875
900
925
950

96
100
103
106
110
113
116
120
123
126
130
133

67.5
70
72.5
75
77.5
80
82.5
85
87.5
90
92.5
95

300

114.32

C.T.

951
975
1000
1025
1050
1075
1100

134
136
140
143
146
150
152

95.1
97.5
100
102.5
105
107.5
110

400

152.42

C.T.

1101
1125
1150
1175
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1658

153
156
160
163
166
180
193
206
220
228

110.1
112.5
115
117.5
120
130
140
150
160
165.8

500

190.53

C.T.

1659
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2236

229
233
246
260
273
286
300
305

165.9
170
180
190
200
210
220
223.6

800

304.84

C.T.

11 3x25 (100) 231 250 275 300 325 350 50 54 59 64 70 75 27.1 45 48 51 53.1 18 21 24 27 27. 450 475 500 525 550 575 96 102 107 112 118 123 54 57 60 63 66 69 300 114.B RATING (KVA) (Amps) KWH Meter 25 50 55 6 10 11 3 6 6.NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION 127/220 V COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS ( T-2 ) COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) CONTRACTED LOAD C.3 C.43 3x25 (100) 56 75 100 125 12 16 22 27 6.86 3x25 (100) 126 150 175 200 225 230 28 32 36 40 43 49 15.T.6 100 38.7 9 12 15 60 22.T.6 30 11.9 200 76. Size (Amps) .21 C.15 3x40 (160) 351 375 400 425 449 76 80 86 91 95 42.7 30 33 36 39 42 150 57.

3 712 725 750 775 800 825 850 875 900 925 950 975 1000 1025 1050 1069 153 155 160 166 171 176 182 187 192 198 203 208 214 219 224 228 85.300 600 624 128 133 114.4 129 132 135 138 141 144 156 168 171.3 C.T. 190.5 CONTRACTED LOAD C.T. .4 C.8 C. 72 74.T.4 87 90 93 96 99 102 105 108 111 114 117 120 123 126 128 1070 1075 1100 1125 1150 1175 1200 1300 1400 1429 229 230 235 240 246 250 256 278 299 305 128.5 78 81 84 85.B RATING (KVA) (Amps) 400 500 800 KWH Meter Size (Amps) 152. 304.9 NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION 127/220 V COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS ( T-2 ) COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) 625 650 675 700 711 134 139 144 150 152 75.5 C.T.

B RATING (KVA) (Amps) KWH Meter 25 50 75 100 124 4 8 12 16 19 2.5 80 82.48 3x25 (100) 313 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 599 48 50 53 56 60 63 66 70 73 76 80 83 85 31.5 5 7.74 3x25 (100) 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 312 20 24 28 32 36 40 43 46 47 12.5 45 47.5 75 77.5 40 42.5 35 37.5 150 98.9 100 65.NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS 220/380 V ( T-3 ) COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) CONTRACTED LOAD C.5 10 12.7 3x40 (160) Size (Amps) .3 32.8 3x25 (100) 600 625 650 675 700 725 750 775 800 825 86 90 93 96 100 103 106 110 113 116 60 62.5 70 72.5 15 17.2 60 39.5 25 27.5 20 22.5 50 52.5 65 67.5 30 31.5 59.4 30 19.5 55 57.

3 400 263.5 115 117.9 120 130 140 150 160 167.6 500 329 C.7 800 526.5 110 112. 1924 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 2916 264 273 286 300 313 326 340 353 366 380 393 395 192. 2917 396 291.6 C.5 90 93 NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS 220/380 V ( T-3 ) COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) CONTRACTED LOAD C.T.8 200 131.T.4 C.850 875 900 930 120 123 126 130 85 87.5 118.4 C.T.T. 1189 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1679 165 166 180 193 206 220 230 118.B RATING (KVA) (Amps) KWH Meter 931 950 975 1000 1025 1050 1075 1100 1125 1150 1175 1188 131 133 136 140 143 146 150 152 156 160 163 164 93.9 300 197.1 95 97 100 102.2 C.5 105 107.T.4 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 291. Size (Amps) . 1680 1700 1800 1900 1923 231 233 246 260 263 168 170 180 190 192.

Size (Amps) .2 12 15 18 21 24 26.48 3x25 (100) 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 399 48 54 59 64 70 75 80 85 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 47.8 3x25 (100) 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 611 86 91 96 102 107 112 118 123 128 130 48 51 54 57 60 63 66 69 72 73.3000 3890 406 526 800 300 389 526.B RATING (KVA) (Amps) KWH Meter 25 50 75 92 6 10 16 19 3 6 9 11 30 19.74 3x25 (100) 93 100 125 150 175 200 224 20 22 27 32 38 43 47 11.3 150 98. NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS 220/380 V ( T-4 ) COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) CONTRACTED LOAD C.9 60 39.7 3x40 (160) 612 625 650 675 700 725 131 134 139 144 150 155 73.T.4 C.9 100 65.4 75 78 81 84 87 200 131.6 C.T.

T.4 C.1 132 135 138 141 144 148 1234 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1852 264 278 299 320 342 363 384 395 148. 800 526. .T.T.4 228 240 252 264 276 288 295.T.T.4 C.B RATING (KVA) (Amps) KWH Meter Size (Amps) 300 197. 500 329 C. 90 92.200 750 772 160 164 131.1 156 168 180 192 204 216 222.2 1853 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2465 396 405 427 448 469 491 512 526 222.6 NEW MINISTRY GUIDELINES FOR CUSTOMER LOAD ESTIMATION COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS 220/380 V COVERED AREA SQ METER TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) UNIT A/C CONNECTED LOAD (KVA) 773 775 800 825 850 875 900 925 950 975 1000 1025 1050 1075 165 166 171 176 182 187 192 198 203 208 214 219 224 230 92.2 C.6 C.8 ( T-4 ) CONTRACTED LOAD C. 400 263.8 93 96 99 102 105 108 111 114 117 120 123 126 129 1076 1100 1125 1150 1175 1200 1233 231 235 240 246 250 256 263 129.

25 0.2 ___ ___ 10 APPLIANCES USED FOR SEVICES 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.6 5 FANS/BLOWERS 0.75 ___ 18 MISCELLANEOUS ( NOT COVERED ABOVE ) 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 ___ 7 WATER HEATERS 0. ____ 0.25 ___ ____ ____ 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2 ___ 11 EQUIPMENT USED IN OFFICE/LABS ____ 0.2 0.FARMS 1 CENTRAL A/CS 1 1 1 1 2 WINDOW TYPE A/CS 0.2 0.2 ___ 8 LAUNDARY EQUIPMENT 0.15 ___ 13 ELECTRIC MOTORS USED FOR CRAFTS.2 0.2 0.2 0. FLUCTUATING OR MULTIPLE PRODUCTION 15 ELECTRIC MOTORS USED FOR CONTINOUS .7 3 LIGHTING ( INTERIOR / EXTERIOR ) 1 1 1 1 4 REFRIGERATION / COOLING 0.6 ___ 16 PROCESS HEATING USING OVENS ____ ____ 0.1 WORKSHOPS & SERVICE CENTERS 14 ELECTRIC MOTORS USED FOR BATCH WORKS.2 ___ 9 APPLIANCES USED FOR RECREATION 0.1 0.5 ) CONTRACTED LOAD S/N TYPE OF LOAD RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL INDUSTRIAL AGR.2 0.INDIVIDUAL EQUIPMENT DEMAND FACTORS ( TABLE .15 0.4 PROCESS AND MASS PRODUCTION ____ ____ 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.2 6 EQUIPMENT USED IN KITCKENS 0.2 0.2 ___ 12 WELDING EQUIPMENT ____ 0.6 0.35 ___ 17 PROCESS HEATING USING FURNACES ____ ____ 0.6 0.2 0.

6 ) NO OF CUSTOMERS APPLICABLE NO OF CUSTOMERS APPLICABLE IN THE GROUP ( N) DIVERSITY FACTOR ( DVF) IN THE GROUP ( N) DIVERSITY FACTOR ( DVF) 1 1 9 1.25/(0.712 6 1.8 DVF = 1.67+(.497 16--20 1.33/√N )) CF = (0.33/√N )) / 1.798 8 1.615 3 1.59 ABOVE 100 1.745 7 1.529 21--30 1.572 50--100 1.553 31--50 1.681 5 1.383 10 1.603 2 1.67+(.25 DVF = DIVERSITY FACTOR CF = COVERAGE FACTOR .DIVERSITY FACTORS ( TABLE .656 4 1.453 11--15 1.

B. 1 30 4x25 4x25 30 30 72 4x35 4x35 60 72 130 4x35 4x50 100 130 198 4x50 4x50 150 198 250 4x95 4x120 200 250 350 4x150 4x185 300 350 400 4x240 4x240 400 400 500 4x240 2x4x240 500 500 600 2x4x240 2x4x300 600 600 700 2x4x300 2x4x300 700 700 800 2x4x300 2x4x300 800 800 1000 3x4x240 3x4x240 1000 1000 1250 7x1x630 7x1x630 1250 1250 1600 7x1x630 7x1x630 1600 1600 2000 11x1x630 11x1x630 2000 2000 2500 14x1x630 14x1x630 2500 2500 3000 14x1x630 14x1x630 3000 .CABLE AND BREAKER SIZE TABLE ACCORDING TO SCECO connected Amp Range Minimum (cu) Maximum (cu) Maximum Cable Size Cable Size C. Size GT LE mm2 mm2 Amp.

25 0.92 0.04 1.00 0.94 1.94 0.95 0.10 1.00 0.93 0.97 0.09 1.07 1.96 0.85 0.00 0.60 0.80 0.05 1.95 0.13 1.00 0.95 0.93 0.98 0.90 0.Derating factors for low voltage cable ( Sauidi cable company ) Table 15 Derating factors for variation in ground temprature Ground temperature ( C ) 25 30 35 40 45 50 XLPE Insul.85 PVC ( rated 85 C ) cable 1.92 1.89 .97 0.84 PVC ( rated 70 C ) cable 1.76 Table 16 Derating factors for variation in depth of burial ( to centre of the trefoil group of cables ) Depth of laying ( Meter ) 600/1000 volt cable _________________________________________________________ up to 70 mm2 to Above 50 mm2 300 mm2 300 mm2 0.89 0.99 0.cable 1.

95 0.88 PVC ( rated 70 C ) cable 1.00 0.00 0.82 Table 18 Derating factors for variation in air temprature Ground temperature ( C ) Table 19 Group derating factors for multicore cables in flat formation Spacing _______________________________________________________ .15 1.12 1.00 Rating factor 1.89 0.07 1.22 1.84 25 30 35 40 45 50 XLPE Insul.86 2.75 0.05 1.9 0.94 0.05 1.14 1.89 PVC ( rated 85 C ) cable 1.08 1.87 1.20 1.1.89 0.50 0.90 1.00 0.00 0.m/w ) 0.11 1.50 2.91 0.cable 1.91 0.88 0.15 1.93 0.80 0.00 0.10 1.92 0.17 1.85 Table 17 Derating factors for variation in thermal resistivity of soil Thermal resistivity of soil ( k.00 1.

88 3 0.84 4 0.15 m 0.83 0.71 Current Carrying Capacity .59 0.73 5 0.61 0.78 0.53 0.66 0.30 m 2 0.68 0.56 0.79 4 0.55 0.15 m 0.73 0.81 0.81 5 0.61 0.68 0.64 0.77 Table 20 Group derating factors for three single core cables in trefoil formation Spacing _______________________________________________________ No of cables in group Touching 0.78 6 0.70 0.No of cables in group Touching 0.87 0.63 0.74 0.73 6 0.70 0.78 0.91 3 0.30 m 2 0.

5 30 22 22 19 2. Amps. Amps. 1. Amps.5 39 29 29 24 4 50 38 38 32 6 63 47 49 40 10 83 63 66 54 16 107 82 88 70 25 137 105 116 92 35 165 127 143 112 50 195 151 175 134 70 238 187 222 168 95 286 225 274 205 120 327 258 326 237 150 363 290 367 269 185 410 330 425 308 240 474 382 505 361 300 532 431 583 411 .Table 7 Current Carrying Capacity Single core cables with copper conductor XLPE insulated and PVC sheathed Cross Section mm2 In ground In air _____________________________________________________________________ Direct laid In duct Free In Pipe ______________________________________________________________________________________________ Amps.

Amps. 1.5 35 29 - 29 4 45 37 46 38 6 56 46 57 48 10 76 62 76 67 16 98 80 98 88 . Amps.400 600 489 676 469 500 673 550 779 533 630 752 615 900 603 Table 7 Current Carrying Capacity Three and four core cables with copper conductor XLPE insulated and PVC sheathed Cross In ground In air Section _____________________________________________________________________________ Unarmoured Armoured Unarmoured ________________________________________________________________________________ Direct laid In duct Direct laid Free mm2 Amps. Amps.5 27 22 - 22 2.

UNARMOURED ON CABLE TRAY TEMP 50 C CHECK THE AMPACITY AFTER DERATING .16 98 80 98 88 25 128 104 128 118 35 157 125 158 142 50 187 149 188 175 70 229 183 229 220 95 276 220 274 272 120 313 251 310 316 150 350 283 346 363 185 395 321 387 418 240 458 372 444 496 300 516 420 494 571 400 584 478 549 665 500 655 538 597 760 EXAMPLE ACTUAL ( MADINA PROJECT ) 1000 AMP. FEEDER 3 X ( 3X300+150 ) MM2 . FOR A/C PANEL .

85 ) X 6 = 1868 AMP. TABLES 20.60 DERATING AMPACITY = 516 X ( 0. FEEDER 6 X ( 3X300+150 ) MM2 . DIRECT LAID UNARMOURED CABLE CHECK THE AMPACITY AFTER DERATING AMPACITY FROM TABLE 7 FOR THE MENTION CABLE .85 ) = 0.78 X 0. 50 C .71 X 0. .69 DERATING AMPACITY = 571 X ( 0. DERATING FACTOR ACC TO 3 CABLE IN GROUP AND TEMP. ( 571 ) AMP. EXAMPLE ACTUAL ( MADINA PROJECT ) 2500 AMP. DERATING FACTOR ACC TO 6 CABLE IN GROUP AND GROUND TEMP. FOR MDP PANEL .71 X 0. TABLES 20.89 ) X 3 = 1189 AMP.78 X 0. ( 516 ) AMP. DERATING AMPACITY = 516 X ( 0.AMPACITY FROM TABLE 7 FOR THE MENTION CABLE .85 ) X 6 = 1868 AMP. 50 C .89 ) X 3 = 1189 AMP. DERATING AMPACITY = 571 X ( 0.78 X 0.89 ) = 0.15 DERATING FACTORS = ( 0.18 DERATING FACTORS = ( 0.71 X 0.

AMPACITY FOR MULTICORE CABLES 1.73 X 0.EXAMPLE ACTUAL ( MADINA PROJECT ) 2500 AMP. DERATING FACTOR ACC TO 4 CABLE IN GROUP AND GROUND TEMP.85 ) = 0.7 LOAD KW voltage mm2 380 16 25 .73 X 0. FACTOR GROUP FACTOR (A) K1 K2 K3 88 1 1 0. 50 C .62 DERATING AMPACITY = 752 X ( 0. TABLES 20.15 DERATING FACTORS = ( 0.73 X 0.UNBUIRED CABLES DATA OF CABLES SHOULD BE KNOWN rated CABLE SIZE AMPACITY INSTALLATION FACTOR TEMP. FOR MDP PANEL . ( 752 ) AMP.85 ) X 4 = 1866 AMP. DERATING AMPACITY = 752 X ( 0. FEEDER 14 X ( 1X630 ) MM2 .85 ) X 4 = 1866 AMP. DIRECT LAID UNARMOURED 1 PH CABLE CHECK THE AMPACITY AFTER DERATING AMPACITY FROM TABLE 6 FOR THE MENTION CABLE .

CIRCUIT CURRENT Iz (A) RATED CURRENT Ib (A) CIRCUIT BREAKER In (A) COMMENTS DERATED AMPACITY FOR CIRCUIT BRAKER 47.380 16 25 88 1 1 0.48 62 62 Ib ≤ In ≤ Iz .7 RESULT MAX.

.

50 55 0.80 0.84 0.76 0.65 .77 0.85 0.

88 0.82 0.00 2.82 0.89 0.77 50 55 0.2.84 0.71 .84 0.00 0.

.

____________ In Pipe ____________ Amps. 19 24 32 40 54 70 92 112 134 168 205 237 269 308 361 411 .

22 18 - 29 24 - 38 31 39 48 39 50 67 52 67 88 68 89 . Amps. Amps.469 533 603 In air ___________________________________________________ Unarmoured Armoured ________________________________________________ Free In Pipe Free Amps.

50 C 88 68 89 118 90 120 142 107 149 175 129 182 220 161 229 272 196 280 316 226 322 363 258 368 418 295 420 496 346 491 571 394 557 665 454 636 760 515 705 .

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7 Data for K2 from above table no 18 Data for K3 from above table no 19 .GROUP FACTOR COMMENT K3 K1 Type of installation for cable tray = 1 Data from table H1-13 Page 235 schnieder 0.

7 Data for K3 from above table no 19 COMMENTS R CIRCUIT BRAKER Ib ≤ In ≤ Iz .0.

34 300 0.3 70 0. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal area of conductor Copper conductor Aluminium conductor mv / amp / m mv / amp / m 1.Approximate voltage drop at 60 hz for single core stranded plain copper / aluminium conductors XLPE insulation .9 - 10 3.1 1.3 3.61 0.42 240 0.84 1.6 - 16 2.8 50 0.22 0.5 2.5 22.71 120 0.22 630 0.95 95 0.16 0.58 150 0.19 .9 - 2.25 0.39 0.25 500 0.4 35 1.29 400 0.5 185 0.5 14.19 0.34 0.17 0.47 0.8 - 6 5.29 0.1 - 4 8.7 25 1.

data for single phase cable must be known length of cable rated current rated voltage in meter in amp in volt 14 11.4 220 % voltage drop in percentage 0.64 single phase cable the percentage voltage drop = .

nium conductors .

ble must be known Parallel Case mv/amp/m Number of Cable from above table 1 8.80 hase cable 0.64 % .

31 185 0.20 400 0. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal area of conductor Copper conductor Aluminium conductor mv / amp / m mv / amp / m 1.5 16 2.9 10 3.23 300 0.8 2.5 14 4 8.58 95 0.15 .2 25 1.7 6 5.5 35 1.44 120 0.Approximate voltage drop at 60 hz for three and four core stranded plain copper / aluminium XLPE insulation .18 500 0.27 240 0.5 22.81 70 0.1 50 0.37 150 0.

13 three phase cable the percentage voltage drop = .data for three phase cable must be length of cable rated current rated voltage in meter in amp in volt 100 100 380 % voltage drop in percentage 2.

39 0.68 0.7 2.7 1.re stranded plain copper / aluminium conductors Aluminium conductor mv / amp / m 3.27 0.20 .92 0.4 1.23 0.56 0.3 0.47 0.32 0.

81 three phase cable ntage voltage drop = 2.three phase cable must be known rated voltage (Parralel Case) mv/amp/m in volt Number of cable from above table 380 1 0.13 % .

Single Core THHN Wires ( 600 V ) Copper Conductor PVC Insulated NAYLON Jacketed THHN / THWN Wires UL 83.37 5.82 ~ 1 2.4 10 5. Overall Diameter AWG mm² Comment mm 18 0. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal Overall Area Diameter mm² mm 1x1.08 ~ 2 2.Copper Conductors XLPE insulation .Copper Conductors XLPE insulation .1581 Equiv.6 Single Core Unarmoured Cable .26 ~ 6 4.5 7 1x4 7 1x6 8 1x10 9 1x16 10 1x25 11 1x35 13 1x50 14 1x70 16 1x95 18 1x120 20 1x150 22 1x185 24 1x240 27 1x300 30 1x400 34 1x500 37 1x630 42 Comment Two Core Unarmoured Cable .3 16 1.31 ~ 1.5 14 2. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal Overall Comment .5 2.31 ~ 4 3.9 12 3.3 8 8.5 6 1x2.

5 3x6 15.5 13 4x2.5 13 2x4 14 2x6 16 2x10 17 2x16 19 2x25 23 2x35 25 Comment Three Core Unarmoured Cable .5 12.5 Comment four Core Unarmoured Cable .5 13 2x2.5 15 4x4 16 4x6 17 4x10 20 4x16 22 4x25 26 4x35 26 4x50 30 Comment .Copper Conductors XLPE insulation .Nominal Overall Area Diameter mm² mm 2x1. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal Overall Area Diameter mm² mm 3x1.5 3x10 19 3x16 21. PVC sheath 600/1000 volts Nominal Overall Area Diameter mm² mm 4x1.5 3x4 13.5 11 3x2.Copper Conductors XLPE insulation .

6 0.1 6 15.5 0 RESULT INSIDE PIPE AREA mm2 CABLE AREA mm2 FILLING FACTOR 823.23 .4x50 30 4x70 34 4x95 38 4x120 43 4x150 47 4x185 52 4x240 58 4x300 64 4x400 73 4x500 80 DATA OF CABLES SHOULD BE KNOWN PIPES PIPES CABLE CONDUCTOR EARTHING SIZE INCH SIZE INCH SIZE mm2 DIAMETER mm DIAMETER mm 1.3 188.5 38.

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No.Of Wire 1 FILLING FACTOR 0.Of Cables No.23 .

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