Math 210, Exam 2, Spring 2001

Problem 3 Solution
3. a) Find the volume of the solid in the first octant bounded by the planes
x = 0, y = 0, z = 0, x + 2y + z = 6
b) Suppose the solid has density function ρ(x, y, z) = 6 − x. Find an integral to calculate
the mass of the solid. DO NOT EVALUATE.
Solution: a) The region is plotted below.
x
y
z
We use a triple integral to compute the volume. The formula we use is:
V =
___
D
1 dV
The region D is bounded below by the plane z = 0 and above by the plane z = 6−x−2y. The
projection of D onto the xy-plane is the triangular region {(x, y) : 0 ≤ y ≤
6−x
2
, 0 ≤ x ≤ 6}.
The line y =
6−x
2
is the intersection of the plane z = 6 − x − 2y and the plane z = 0.
z = z
0 = 6 − x − 2y
2y = 6 − x
y =
6 − x
2
1
Using the order of integration dz dy dx, the volume is:
V =
___
D
1 dV =
_
6
0
_
(6−x)/2
0
_
6−x−2y
0
1 dz dy dx
=
_
6
0
_
(6−x)/2
0
_
z
_
6−x−2y
0
dy dx
=
_
6
0
_
(6−x)/2
0
(6 − x − 2y) dy dx
=
_
6
0
_
6y − xy − y
2
_
(6−x)/2
0
dx
=
_
6
0
_
6
_
6 − x
2
_
− x
_
6 − x
2
_

_
6 − x
2
_
2
_
dx
=
_
6
0
_
18 − 3x − 3x +
1
2
x
2
− 9 + 3x −
1
4
x
2
_
dx
=
_
6
0
_
1
4
x
2
− 3x + 9
_
dx
=
_
1
12
x
3

3
2
x
2
+ 9x
_
6
0
= 18
b) The formula for the mass of the solid with density function ρ(x, y, z) = 6 − x is:
mass =
___
D
ρ(x, y, z) dV
=
_
6
0
_
(6−x)/2
0
_
6−x−2y
0
(6 − x) dz dy dx
2

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