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AFFIXES

SITI MUSAROKAH

Root is a word or word element (that is. Bound morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that cannot stand alone as a word. or within a root or stem.     after. usually through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. Free morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that can stand alone as a word. .Definition of Affix  An affix is a bound morpheme that is joined before. There are two kinds of free morphemes: content words and function words. a morpheme) from which other words grow. Contrast with bound morpheme. Contrast with free morpheme.

Affix prefix Relationship to root or stem Occurs in the front of a root or stem Example unhappy suffix infix Occurs at the end of a root or stem happiness Occurs inside of a root or Gerigi stem (Indonesian) .

KINDS OF AFFIXES  Inflectional affixes  Derivational affixes .

Inflectional Affix  Inflectional affix is an affix that expresses a grammatical contrast that is obligatory for its stem's word class in some given grammatical context and does not change the word class of its stem.  There are only eight "inflectional affixes" in English .

 -s noun plural (books. tables)  -'s noun possessive (Mira’s bag)  -s verb present tense third person singular (She      dances) -ing verb present participle/gerund (She is working) -ed verb simple past tense (I walked) -en verb past perfect participle (been) -er adjective comparative (bigger) -est adjective superlative (the biggest) .

The derived word is often of a different word class from the original.  It changes the meaning of the base in some important way or changes it into a different word class. A derivational affix is an affix by means of which one word is formed (derived) from another. .  A derivational affix is not part of an obligatory set of affixes.

flowers. ..to healthy alters the meaning of healthy. etc.example  Unhealthy  Gardener The addition of the prefix un. which is a place where plants." The addition of the suffix -er to garden changes the meaning of garden. to a word that refers to 'a person who tends a garden. The resulting word means "not healthy. grow.