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Root is a word or word element (that is. Contrast with bound morpheme. usually through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. Bound morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that cannot stand alone as a word.Definition of Affix An affix is a bound morpheme that is joined before. Contrast with free morpheme. a morpheme) from which other words grow. There are two kinds of free morphemes: content words and function words. after. or within a root or stem. . Free morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that can stand alone as a word.
Affix prefix Relationship to root or stem Occurs in the front of a root or stem Example unhappy suffix infix Occurs at the end of a root or stem happiness Occurs inside of a root or Gerigi stem (Indonesian) .
KINDS OF AFFIXES Inflectional affixes Derivational affixes .
There are only eight "inflectional affixes" in English .Inflectional Affix Inflectional affix is an affix that expresses a grammatical contrast that is obligatory for its stem's word class in some given grammatical context and does not change the word class of its stem.
-s noun plural (books. tables) -'s noun possessive (Mira’s bag) -s verb present tense third person singular (She dances) -ing verb present participle/gerund (She is working) -ed verb simple past tense (I walked) -en verb past perfect participle (been) -er adjective comparative (bigger) -est adjective superlative (the biggest) .
The derived word is often of a different word class from the original. A derivational affix is not part of an obligatory set of affixes. . A derivational affix is an affix by means of which one word is formed (derived) from another. It changes the meaning of the base in some important way or changes it into a different word class.
" The addition of the suffix -er to garden changes the meaning of garden.example Unhealthy Gardener The addition of the prefix un. flowers. . grow.to healthy alters the meaning of healthy. to a word that refers to 'a person who tends a garden. which is a place where plants. The resulting word means "not healthy.. etc.