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Growing Crisis of Industrial Capitalism and Responses

Brad Teeple

High School

U.S. History and Geography

Class Length: 50 minutes

Average Class Size: 30 students

School Profile: Suburban Middle Income West Michigan School

Thematic Statement Essential Questions: 1. How did the United States’ foreign relations influence their domestic situation? 2. What historical events influenced cultural changes in the United States and why? 3. How did the United States’ global position change throughout time and what caused these changes? 4. What economic motives influenced government decisions in both domestic policy and foreign policy? 5. How did presidential decisions affect the United States in a negative and/or positive way? This unit will help these students grapple with these essential questions in a multitude of ways. The examination of the causes of the Great Depression will include how the United States’ was invested in Europe and how Europe’s economic downturn worsened the Great Depression in the United States due to our foreign investment. In terms of culture, the examination of the “lost generation” will be shown to have been caused by World War One’s massive death tolls and the psychological effects that led to this generation of people who felt nothing truly mattered anymore. Economic motives influencing government decisions domestically will be closely looked at and grappled with in this unit since my class will be able to interpret why the government made the decisions they did in an effort to combat the crippling economic depression. The presidential decisions question will be a main point in this unit as well. For this essential question, students will be able to compare the effects of Hoover’s economic decisions with the effects of FDR’s economic decisions. Unit Goals and Objectives Unit Questions: 1. What historical events influenced such cultural movements as the Harlem Renaissance and the “lost generation”? 2. What effect did cultural movements in the 1920s have in bringing about societal change? 3. Why was there a struggle between “traditional” and “modern” America, and what did both sides push for in debates like the role of women, immigration restrictions, etc.? 4. What were the various political, economic, and social causes of the Great Depression? 5. What sort of toll did the Great Depression have on various groups of people in the United States? 6. What were Hoover’s economic policies, and what sort of effect did these policies have on the Great Depression? 7. What were Roosevelt’s economic policies, and what sort of effect did these policies have on the Great Depression? 8. Why were some groups opposed to the New Deal, and what effect did this have on the program?

9. What long-term consequences arose from Roosevelt’s New Deal Program? Objectives: Students will be able to…  Analyze how historical events influenced the creation of cultural movements in the 20s  Debate how much cultural movements in the 20s brought about societal change  Critique both sides of the “modern” vs. “traditional” America debate  Explain the various causes of the Great Depression  Assess which groups were effected most by the Great Depression and why this was  Argue why Hoover’s experiences led to his economic policies  Compare and contrast the effects of Hoover’s policies on the economy with the effects of Roosevelt’s policies on the economy  Predict what course the Depression would have taken without the New Deal  Debate whether or not the critiques of the New Deal were justified based on Constitutionality  Explain the long term effects of the New Deal on government expansion Overview Calendar of Lessons 1. Growth of Harlem Renaissance and the “lost generation” cultural movements – Lecture  What historical events were these cultural movements influenced by?  Students will be able to analyze how historical events influenced the creation of cultural movements in the 20s  Materials: PowerPoint, note sheets 2. Change Agents: Cultural Movements – video clips and worksheet  What changes did cultural movements bring about in the 20s?  Students will be able to describe societal changes brought about by the movements  Materials: video clips, worksheet 3. The True Effect of Cultural Movements – class discussion  How much effect did these cultural movements truly have and which movements brought about the most change?  Students will be able to debate how much effect these movements had and which had the most influence in bringing about change  Materials: None 4. “Traditional” vs. “Modern” America – lecture, clip of Scopes trial, 15 minute journal on the merits of both sides

Why was there a struggle between “traditional” and “modern” America, and what did both sides push for in debates like the role of women, immigration restrictions, etc.?  Students will be able to critique both sides of the “modern” vs. “traditional” America debate  Materials: PowerPoint, video clip, notebook paper 5. Political Causes of the Great Depression - Lecture  What were the political causes of the Great Depression?  Students will be able to explain the political causes of the Great Depression  Materials: PowerPoint, note sheets 6. Economic Causes of the Great Depression – Lecture and Small Group worksheet  What were the economic causes of the Great Depression?  Students will be able to explain the political causes of the Great Depression  Materials: PowerPoint, note sheets, worksheet 7. Social Causes of the Great Depression – Lecture and Small Group worksheet  What were the social causes of the Great Depression?  Students will be able to explain the social causes of the Great Depression  Materials: PowerPoint, note sheets, worksheet 8. The Effect of the Great Depression throughout the United States – lecture, interpreting pictures, charts  What sort of toll did the Great Depression have on various groups of people in the United States?  Students will be able to assess which groups were effected most by the Great Depression and why this was  Materials: Pictures, Charts 9. Hoover’s Policies – Lecture and Class Discussion  What were Hoover’s economic policies and how did his background influence his decisions regarding the Great Depression?  Students will be able to argue why Hoover’s experiences led to his economic policies  Materials: PowerPoint, Note sheets 10. Effects of Hoover’s Policies - Lecture  What sort of effect did these policies have on the Great Depression?  Students will understand how Hoover’s policies influenced the Great Depression  Materials: PowerPoint, Note sheets 11. Roosevelt’s Economic Policies – Lecture and Small Group assignment  What were Roosevelt’s economic policies, and what sort of effect did these policies have on the Great Depression?

Students will be able to predict what course the Great Depression would have taken without the New Deal  Materials: PowerPoint, Note sheets, worksheet 12. Hoover v. Roosevelt – Small Group Discussion Followed by Class Debate  How did Hoover’s policies affect the Great Depression differently than Roosevelt’s policies?  Students will be able to compare and contrast the effects of Hoover’s policies on the economy with the effects of Roosevelt’s policies on the economy  Materials: None 13. New Deal Opposition – Examine Supreme Court cases on New Deal  Why were some groups opposed to the New Deal, and what effect did this have on the program?  Students will be able to debate whether or not the critiques of the New Deal were justified based on Constitutionality  Materials: Supreme Court documents, clips 14. Long Term Effects of New Deal – Lecture  What long-term consequences arose from Roosevelt’s New Deal program?  Students will be able to explain the long term effects of the New Deal on government expansion  Materials: PowerPoint, note sheets Rationale These lessons will help students gain understanding in many ways. They are not simply memorizing names and dates, but instead the students are thinking historically by examining cause and effect and context. They are also often taking a position on historical issues and critiquing each side. For example, 3 lessons discuss the causes of the Great Depression, and the last lesson examines the long term effects of the New Deal program. In addition, a lesson such as the one on Hoover’s policies encourages students to not look at decisions in a vacuum but instead examine the context surrounding that decision. Finally, students engage in critical thinking by debating historical issues and critiquing each side. This can be seen in lessons 3,4,12, and 13.