Date Performed : Date Submitted : “A”-“Not A” Test

Introduction “A”-“Not A” test is a sequential paired difference or a sequential simple difference test. This test is used when the experiment cannot make formulation which has exactly the same color, shape or size, yet this attributes are not relevant to the object of the study. Trained panellists in this test are not used. The samples that are used are samples that differences are subtle and only be obvious when they are presented simultaneously. Result of this test indicates whether the judges could significantly discriminate between the sample. In this test the judge receives and evaluates the first sample the sample is then removed. The judge is then given the second sample and is asked to evaluate it. The judge is then asked to indicate whether the two samples are similar or different. But since the judge does not have the samples simultaneously, they must mentally compare the two samples. The objective of this exercise is to introduce the student to the set-up and techniques involved in a A-not-A test.

Results and Discussion The judges were first given samples “A” and “Not A” which were Eden and Cheeze brands respectively. Samples to be evaluated were presented to the judges and they were asked to indicate whether the sample presented was “A” or “Not A.” Result of the conducted test is shown bellow. Table 2. Results of “A”-“Not A” test A Not A A 23 1 Not A 1 23 Total 24 24

Table 1. Format of table 2 A Not A A A B Not A C D Total E F

Total G H N

Total 24 24 48

To interpret the data gathered from the test the chi squared test was used. If Chi squared tabulated is greater than the Chi squared calculated then the samples are not significantly different. But if Chi squared tabulated is less than or equal to Chi squared calculated then the samples are significantly different. The formula used for Chi squared is shown below: NA E C

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