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1. Multiple viewpoints
David Hockney quotes these words from Rowley's Principles of Chinese paintings as his focus for his painting Mulhullond Drive: The Road to the Studio "... one might travel through miles of landscape, might scale the mountain peaks, or descend into the depth of the valleys, might follow streams to their source or move with the waterfall to its plunge. How wonderfully our apprehension of nature has been expanded, combining in one picture the delights of many places seen in their most significant aspects." Nichols Canyon David Hockney 1980. David Hockney Cubsim - George Braques, Pablo Picasso Piccadilly 2007 by Clive Head Juan Gris

2. Geometry
Geometry is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space. Artists use aspects of geometry for measurement, line, shape, form, pattern, relative scale, proportion, perspective, symmetry, tessellation, optical illusions, architecture, understanding nature, balance and harmony. Geometry and Art: Symmetry, Balance, Scale. Frank Gehry Fernand Leger Anish Kapoor Theo van Doesburg Piet Mondrian Felice Varini Mark Bradford Charles Sheeler Scott Speck

Rodchenko and Popova Brian Alfred Dan Bayles Reuben Margolin Jaime Gili Boyle Family

3. Contemplative spaces
In this world of urban clatter and fast pace, artists and architects explore structures and spaces which can provide opportunities for meditation, contemplation, observation and inspiration. From Mariko Mori's Temple installations to the paintings of Mark Rothko, the site specific art of Andy Goldsworthy or the windows of Marc Chagall. Transcircle Mariko Mori 2004. Dream Temple Mariko Mori 1999. America Windows Marc Chagall 1977. Broken Pebbles by Andy Goldsworthy. Red on Maroon (Seagram Murals) Mark Rothko 1959. John Piper

4. Inside, Outside, In Between

Rachel Whiteread explores the space between - the space between objects, the space between reality, the space between the unknown. She is known for casting large scale objects and spaces, emphasizing the in between, between inside and outside.

Rachel Whiteread Bo Chrstian Larsson Cornelia Parker Richard Lippold Richard Serra Franz Ackermann Antony Gormley

Yayoi Kusama Roderick Mills

5. Absence and presence (Edward Hopper focus)

Edward Hopper's work has inspired generations of film makers, photographers, writers and artists including Alfred Hitchcock, Francis Ford Coppola, Todd Haynes, William Boyd, Norman Mailer, John Updike, Ed Ruscha, Peter Doig and Luc Tuymans. Victor Burgin writes: "... there is a real sense in which the work of Edward Hopper constitutes a world parallel to our own: a latent presence in the interstices of the present. We need not look for Hopper in order to find him. We may encounter him by chance at random places where his world intersects our own. We might ask whether or not this photograph [Sharon Wild, 2001, from The Valley] by the American documentary photographer Larry Sultan, was taken with Edward Hopper's paintings [Hotel Room, 1931] consciously in mind. But the question is irrelevant. To know Hopper's work is to be predisposed to see the world in his terms, consciously or not.Some years after I first exhibited my work US77, a friend remarked that this image reminded him of Hopper's painting Night Windows. It had not occurred to me until he drew it to my attention." Office at Night Edward Hopper 1940. Office at Night [Yellow], Victor Burgin 1986. Office at Night [Blue newsreader], Victor Burgin 1986. Office at Night [Green], Victor Burgin 1986.

Other possible lines of enquiry are: Edward Hopper and the Decisive Moment. Edward Hopper's Influence. Gauguin's chair Vincent van Gogh 1888. Van Gogh's Chair Vincent van Gogh 1888. Big Electric Chair Andy Warhol 1967. Graffiti art and negative space destruction art Zhang Dali. A Bigger Splash 1967 by David Hockney. Absence J. Meejin Yoon 2003. Your House 2006 by Olafur Eliasson. Marsupial 2006 by Anish Kapoor.