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FESTAC '77 Source: The Black Perspective in Music, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Spring, 1977), pp. 104-117 Published by: Foundation for Research in the Afro-American Creative Arts Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1214362 . Accessed: 08/05/2013 17:42
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Nigeria had stated that the "heart" of the Festival would be the Colloquium. ballet. beginning as early as 9:00 a. For two weeks. lectures. the national stadium. drama. 65 [January 1977]. which were enacted in four "venues"-the new national theater. 17-30January. Called FESTAC. These included such diverse activities as concerts. the Festival included numerous exhibitions of painting and sculpture. The principle objectives of the Festival were to provide a forum for the focusing of attention on the enormous richness and diversity of African contributions to world culture and the "opportunity for recounting the achievements of [their] ancestors" (quoted from Lt. performed in northern Nigeria at Kaduna by 400 or more horsemen and camel riders.53 on Wed. No. Head of the Federal Military Government and Patron of FESTAC. and warriors on Victoria Lake in Lagos-and a two-day Durbar. During the intervening years since 1966. (4) Historical Awareness. In addition. most of black Africa had freed itself from the shackles of colonialism. and this proved to be true. poetry readings. The essential thing is This content downloaded from 134. writers. Tafawa Balewa Square. boatmen. (2) Languages and Literature. and fashion shows. this Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture followed upon the first-which was staged in Dakar. each day brought a continuous round of events.-General Olusegun Obasanjo.193. science and technology.In Retrospect: FESTAC '77 Tr HOUSANDS OF AFRICANS and persons of African descent con- verged upon Lagos. and prepare reports on the following themes: (1) Arts and Pedagogy. and each of the proud African nations sent to Lagos its best artists. there to perform and to interact with one another and with those of the Africa Diaspora. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . of books. and scholars.m. etc. and Lagos City Hall. films. in Africa. After the spectacular opening-day ceremonies. during the period 15 January12 February 1977 to participate in a mammoth festival of arts and culture. Senegal-by eleven years. and lasting until midnight or later. Among the spectacular attractions were the three-day Regatta-involving more than 200 boats and hundreds of dancers. engage in debate. "There is now renewed hope. 6 FESTAC). p. more than 200 of the leading black scholars of the world gathered each day to read papers. and (5) Science and Technology. (3) Philosophy and Religion.117. Nigeria. Certainly the Festival attained its goals! One observer said. crafts.
Paul Kavya (University of Nairobi. Toronaiko Arnault (Director. Nigeria). [Editor] This content downloaded from 134. instrumentalists. the highlights of FESTAC '77 were the numerous concerts and a music meeting held on 29 January 1977 under the leadership of Akin Euba (University of Ife. and given us the opportunity to design a functional agenda for finishing up the century. both on the continent and of the Diaspora.117. and graduate students of music. Mwesa Mapoma (University of Zambia). J. USA). entertainment.193. singers. Uganda). Dakar. according to a press release. Director of Music Events for Nigeria's participation in FESTAC. Ian Hall (University of London). Nigeria spent over three billion dollars to stage the festival and to provide for its guests lodging." Nigeria left no stone unturned to insure that the celebration should be a success. Nigeria). Nigeria). Madagascar). Simultaneous translation into French/English was provided for the benefit of those present who spoke only one language. and all were "guests" of the government. representing some sixty nations. After calling the meeting to order and explaining its purpose. and hotels were taken over for the scholars and visiting dignitaries. Kwabena Nketia (University of Ghana). Abdourahmane Diop (Conservatory of Music and Art. food. Professor Euba asked Professor Nketia to serve as chairman. Mosunmola Omibiyi (University of Lagos. no one will leave here and not think seriously about important questions.53 on Wed. public school teachers. Mbari Katana (Makere University. Ministry of Art and Culture. and every other conceivable comfort. For more than two hours the international gathering of musicians and musicologists discussed matters of mutual concern and explored ways of improving musical activities among Africans. Senegal). Others present included Fotu Denton (Director. S. Lagos State Ministry of Education-Art and Culture). There were about 1700 participants. For musicians. Among the university professors of music present were Samuel Akpobot (University of Lagos. transportation. Jean Joseph Rang (University of Abidjan. Kenya). This cultural festival has made us aware. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . Ivory Coast). and Eileen Southern (Harvard University. Special "festival villages" were built in Lagos and Kaduna to house the performers.FESTAC'77 105 that black people have been brought together.
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9 P.-2 9-12 NOON THEATRE NATIONAL II HALL AI CINEMA HALL CINEMA 4. 4-7P.-12 4-6 P.-12 4-6 P. ) HAND IN THE GATE IN THE AS ADAM EARLY MORNING) US POPULAR DRESSING/MUSIC 25 This content downloaded from 134.53 on Wed.-12 88 CINEMA CINEMA MUSIC DANCE MUSIC DANCE DRAMA CINEMA CINEMA DISCIPLINES DRAMA MUSIC LECOMBATDEMBOMBE (GABON) ENSEMBLE NATIONAL CONCERT (NIGERIA) THEATRE NATIONAL HALL CONFERENCE COL COL FLOOD (2) AND THE (1) UJIMA:MODUPE CHURCH SAYAMEN THE (3) LET (4) (1) (2) GREENLIGHT GHADAMES (LYBIA) THEATRE NATIONAL I HALL CINEMA (1) NSOMBOMALIMBA (2) MAKISHI (3) OF AMBER (SUDAN) (4) DISLOCATION HIGH(USA) (2) CLASSUNDER A (1) COOLEY C (3) CERTIFICATE ORCHESTRA SYLI (GUINEA) (1) (2) DANC CLYDE MORGANCONTEMPORARY DANCE(GHAN GHANA CONTEMPORARY BALEWA TAFAWA ~SQUARE SQUARE NATIONAL STADIUM BASKETBALL LAGOSCITYHALL ORCHESTRE NATIONAL CENTRAFRICAIN (CE (1) (1) (2) TRADITIONAL DANCE(UPPER VOLTA) 8-11 P.7 P.M.M.M.M. 4-6R.M.M.117.M. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .M 8-11 P.M. P. 9P. 8-11 P.193.SUNDAY23 JANUARY1977 VENUES THEATRE NATIONAL MAINHALL HOURS 4-6 P.M.M. STADIUM NATIONAL HALL SPORTS 8 P.M.M.M. 8-11 P.M. 4-7 P.
9 P.AU PIEDDU MONT NIMBA(GUINEA) LECORPS ETL'ESPRIT (CONGO) NATIONAL THEATRE CINEMAHALLI 345- SWAZILAND NIGER.117.M.C. .LESMAITRESARTISANS DEGUINEE 2.12 TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE MU2 DANCE MUSIC DANCE DRAMA 1 . .LESSEGATIERS (MAURITIUS) ORCHESTRE NATIONAL CONGOLAIS (CONGO) 4-6 P.M. 33 This content downloaded from 134. 9 P.M.12 CINEMA CINEMA LITERATURE CINEMA CINEMA DISCIPLINE DRAMA DANCE BETRAYAL IN THECITY(KENYA) TIT 1 .M. 8-11 P.M.193.M.MONDAY 31ST JANUARY 1977 VENUES NATIONAL THEATRE NATIONAL MAIN MAIN HALL HALL HOURS 4-6 P.M. 4-6P.LOU NATIONAL STADIUM SPORTSHALL 8 P.12 9-12 NOON NATIONAL THEATRE CINEMAHALLII 4-7P.M.TRADITIONNELLES DANSES (IVORY COAST) 2 3 .53 on Wed.M.M. 8-11 P. GHAN 1 .M.12 BALLET (BARBADOS) 2-DANCE GROUP(JAMAICA DAHOMEY'S DANCE (USA) NATIONAL STADIM BASKET-BALL 8-11 P.M. EDEA(CAMEROUN) .ANNE MARIEN'ZIE (CAMEROUN) 2-ART 3 ..ETHIOPIA RISES (ETHIOPIA) 2 . 4-7 P. .UP TOWN SATURDAY NIGHT (USA) 1 CHORAL E. 8 P. CANADA. NIGERIA.THE NEW 1.P. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .GHANA FESTIVAL DANCE COMPANY (GHAN NATIONAL THEATRE CONFERENCE HALL COLLOQU COLLOQ 1 .
53 on Wed. 1977 at 8.117.m.110 IN MUSIC THE BLACKPERSPECTIVE ESTAC '77 a z Concert of Fuitrian in ilusic Gdiom ?ontemporari ON Sunday. January 23. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . This content downloaded from 134.193.00 p.
117.193.53 on Wed.FESTAC '77 111 GENERAL COLLOQU NATIONAL THEATRE IGANMU LAGOSNIGERIA PROGRAM This content downloaded from 134. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .
The Reportingsessions of each workingparty will take 7 hours 30 mins. 8 This content downloaded from 134. The Closing Session will be preparedin 3 hours 30 mins.193. details of which will be made available at Registration on Sunday 16th January. A full day will be devoted to the preparation of a final Report. and will last2 hours. 1977. These 10 groups will be divided into 5 Working Parties. In addition there will be 11 public lectures on ColloquiumThemeand Sub-themes. thus: Working Party I II III IV V Sub-theme Arts and Pedagogy Languages and Literature Philosophy and Religion Historical Awareness & African Governments Science and Technology and Mass Media Venue Venue I (Conference Hall) Venue II Venue III Venue IV Venue V Time-Table Each Working Partywill have a total of 21 hours 30 mins.117.112 THE BLACK PERSPECTIVE IN MUSIC STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE FESTIVAL COLLOQUIUM Organizationof the ColloquiumActivities: The Colloquiumwill be divided into plenary sessions and discussion groups. This Reportwill be discussed in Plenary Session in 7 hours. The Discussions of the Reportsin plenary Sessions will take 11 hours. for its working sessions. a Working Party to 2 Sub-themes. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . There will be a total of 10 groups corresponding to the 10 Sub-themesof the Colloquium.53 on Wed.
M.00. 1977 10. 1977 TIME 15. GRAH(IVORY COAST)8 B MOORE (LIBERIA) 4. A. T. GOTOAS-NOUZON (C.18. SAWYERR (TANZANIA) (SIERRA-LEONE) 12.30. KAMANGA (ZAMBIA) K. 0.D.VALLANDARES MAZINCA. F. K. MWAMZI (KENYA) S. C.18.00 .P. MBUAGAW (CAMERDIUN) 7. E. ISHUMI (TANZANIA) 3.N. ESHIR(SUDAN) 2. H. E. ADEDEJI(NIGERIA) 2. FAFUNWA (NKGEIA) 3. A.FESTAC '77 113 DETAILED TIME-TABLE I: BLACK THEARTSAND PEDAGOGY GROUP WORKING CIVILIZATION. S. KAMERA 11. .00.00 .D. NZEWI (NIGERIA) 8 E. T. -doFinal Preparalion of the WorkingGroup I Report Adoption of the WorkingGroup I Report Sunday 23 Jan. M. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . T.18.18.KAIXANWIO)Lo(UGANDA) 3. E. MARTIN 'USA) S.N. 15. FOUCHE (CANADA) 4. OLABIUTAN (NIGERIA) B D. S. SEMITIANI.00. Procedures and implementation. M. B GOORDYAL (MAURITIUS) 2. TAiWO (NIGERtIA) 1. AfricranArt and African ucanion for Saturday 22 Ian.30 - 18. A.18.G. POFANA. Thursday20 Ian.17. YEAKEY (USA) B. Preparation of Group workring I Report.30 Venue I Y.for all Group I 10. F. 5.00 Venue I 4. C.00 9. 1977 15. 1977 15. FAJANA(NIGERIA)7. 1977 16.193. INDIRE (KENYA) 9.13.LE. 68001 (ZAIRA) 1.B.DATE Tuesday 18 Ian.00 '/enue I 15. GADAMUA (UGANDA) (ETHIOPIA) 2. NWOKEI (NIGERIA) (BRAZIL) WOLDE 6.P.30 Venue I Curriculum Development: Theory. KAVYU (KENYA) SYMPOSIUM for all working group I Aesthetics and History of Art. KALEMBA-VITA 4.AKA. 1977 10'30 . MATSHOKO. S. N. GWETE NEMWINE.30. A.13.00 Conf. H. COS COAST) 2. KIOLELENGE(ZAIRE) 6. P. A. F. QUARCCO (GHANA) TOPIC Black Civilization and the Arts in general Wednesday 19 Ian. BAKER (UK) 2. Hall PLENARY SESSION 13 This content downloaded from 134. SOUTHERN (USA) Problems con cering the African Artist.30 VENUE Venue I SPEAKERS AND COUNTRY 1. AH (GAMBIA) 10. P. 1. EKWUEME (NIGERIA) 3. MITCHELL ki-AIA) 5. C. 1977 S"Wime I SYMPOSIUM.117.) 6 W. MSARI-KATANA (UGANDA) SYMPOSIUM for all WorkingGroup I 5. MAMBA (SWAZILAND) 3.00 Venue I Rapporteurand Moderatorsof working Group I the fukwe. SIFUNA(KENYA) Traditional Education 10.. L. A.00.30 . NAMSENE. G. 13.S(ETHIOPIA) 1.C.A. TAPE.30.30 Venue I S. KUFIMBA. M.UM. A. (ZAIRA) 4.30 Venue I Africanisation of Ihe School System 10. NWOSU (NIGERIA) 6. E. HENRIES (UBERIA) 6. ULA(NIGERIA) 7.13.00 Venue I Problemf of Modern Education Friday 21 Ian. N'DA(IVORY 1.00 Venue I Venue I -do-do- Monday 24 Jan.M. EMp.G. KAKOOZA 1. MENSAH Misic and the (GHANA) 7.13. GALEVO (GHANA) 3.53 on Wed. J. T. JONES(SIEMA-LEOINE) 4. G.
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193.117.53 on Wed. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .FESTAC'77 115 The New National Theater Tafawa Balewa Square with FESTAC decorations This content downloaded from 134.
193. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .USA Buildings This content downloaded from 134.53 on Wed.117.116 THE BLACK PERSPECTIVE IN MUSIC Festival Village .
53 on Wed.117.193. 8 May 2013 17:42:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .FESTAC'77 117 FESTAC Chauffeur and Bus Eko Hotel This content downloaded from 134.