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THE Guidelines.doc

THE Guidelines.doc

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The Design Report
The design report contains all of the information about the design project in consideration. A formal report is required from the design team at the completion of its design work, while informal reports may be useful for internal use of the design team during the evolution of the design project. The design report documents the details of the designed process, projecting its profitability, and making recommendation to invest or not in the process. The report identifies the key assumptions in the design and their potential impact on the performance of the process and its anticipated profitability. The design team should view its design report as an opportunity to showcase its most creative engineering efforts for management (Seider et al., !!!". I. REPORT ORGANIZATION Typical reports are normally included the following sections# Letter of transmittal: This letter, on professional letterhead, is normally directed to the supervisor who requested that the design work be done. Title page: $n addition to the title the authors and their affiliations are listed, as well as the publication date. Table of contents: All sections of the report should be listed, including the page numbers on which they begin. All pages in the report, without e%ception, should be numbered. Abstract: The abstract is a brief description, in one or two paragraphs, of the design report, its key conclusions, special features, and assumptions. These include projections of the economic measures of profitability and recommendations to management. Summary: The summary is probably the most important part of the report. (&eters and Timmerhaus, !! ". $ts purpose is to give the reader the entire contents of the report in one or two pages. $t covers all phases of the design project, but it does not go into details on any particular phase. All statements must be concise and give a minimum of the general qualitative information. The aim of the summary is to present precise quantitative information and final conclusions with no unnecessary details.

the pressure. the temperature. the principal chemical or physical transformations. several profitability measures are calculated. cooling. e. Profitability analysis: *ased on the results of fi%ed'capital investment and the operating cost estimation. . the composition. The important appro%imations should be discussed. Energy balance and utility requirements: This section discusses the energy requirements of the process. The sources of prices should be identified.2 Chapter 12 Introduction: The introduction states clearly the objectives of the design project. the role of this product in the industry. the net present value. The design team e%pends considerable effort by locating data in the literature or e%tract them from e%perimentation. These sheets provide the design specifications for each of the process units in the process flowsheet. as referred to in the unit description. An e%planation of the choice of the production method. #perating cost: The requirements in raw materials. The fi%ed'capital investment is presented along with the corresponding estimated method. and power demands should be identified. by'products. All the heating. containing the estimated purchased cost of every equipment item in the process flowsheet. $t also contains some or all of the followings# A description of the product to be manufactured. along with the method of satisfying these demands. that is the description of the utilities system. the payback period. and to enable vendors to prepare bids.. or the fussy economic environment. $n any case a sensitivity analysis is useful to reveal the effect of the most uncertain magnitudes on the crucial technical and economical results of the design process. Important considerations: Any important for the process matter not included in the other sections could be included in this section. labor and other are summari)ed in table format and the corresponding cost is estimated. The methods of estimation should be specified. utilities. the return on investment. as well as the resulting uncertainties. production capacity. A survey of the methods used in manufacturing this product.g. showing for each numbered stream the flow rate. giving the raw materials. Specifications sheets are required to guide purchasing agents in locating vendors of desired equipment. the data employed. $n addition. $t comes from the lack of technical information. Unit descriptions and specification sheets: (very process unit in the flowsheet is described in terms of its specifications. the drawing should contain a material balance table. etc. $t describes the function of each important equipment item and discusses the reasons for each particular choice. All of the process units are labeled and all of the steams are numbered. Sensiti"ity analysis: +ncertainty is a crucial characteristic of the design process. Process description: This section provides a description of the proposed process and e%plains the corresponding process flowsheet. plant location etc. and its significance in national and international trade. the design methodologies. including the process being described in this report. Process flow sheet and material balances: The proposed flowsheet is drawn. if possible. Equipment cost and fi ed!capital in"estment: A table is prepared. wastes. The working capital could also be estimated in this section. and any other important properties. identified according to the label on the flowsheet.

proposed by . .aterial and energy balance calculations. . 'ibliography: All literature sources referred to in the report are presented. Appendi : . such as industrial consultants.aroulis and Saravacos (. . Seader <-. so as to be able to check by any engineering supervisor. &lant -esign and (conomics for 9hemical (ngineers. !! . =ewin ->. &eters . &rocess -esign &rinciples. 5ood &rocess -esign. together with their source. should be also presented.//0. Timmerhaus 8-. is summari)ed in Section $1 of this chapter. -etails on any computer software.The Design Report 3 $onclusion and recommendations: The principal conclusions of the design study should be presented. G IDELINES !OR ORAL PRESENTATIONS 2 RE!ERENCES . . Seider . librarians etc. !!!. if used. together with the equipment si)ing calculations.S. The data used in calculations should be summari)ed. Ac%nowledgments: Acknowledges important assistance of others who are not listed as preparing the report. A DESIGN REPORT TEMPLATE 2 III. that is the process mathematical model. &omenclature: All symbols used in the report are listed together with their meaning and units.arcel -ekker. Saravacos 4-. <ohn .//0". 6ew 7ork. II.-. must be presented. A S$STEMATIC PRESENTATION O! PROCESS DESIGN ALGORIT%MS 2 #.aroulis 3*. 6ew 7ork.iley. 6ew 7ork. together with a the recommendations for management. equipment vendors.c4raw':ill. GENERAL R LES AND RECOMMENTATIONS !OR PREPARATION O! "RITTEN REPORTS 2 I#. A systematic presentation of the process design model and the corresponding solution algorithms.

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