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ANGUTA (Inuit/Eskimo) Gatherer of the dead. Anguta carries the dead down to the underworld, where they must sleep with him for a year.
ANINGAN (Inuit/Eskimo) The moon, brother to the sun whom Moon chases across the sky. Aningan has a great igloo in the sky where he rests. Irdlirvirissong, his demon cousin, lives there as well. The moon is a great hunter, and his sledge is always piled high with seal skins and meat.
ASGAYA GIGAGEI (Cherokee) The Red Man or Woman evoked in spells to cure the ill. Asgaya Gigagei is either male or female, depending on the sex of the patient.
ATIRA (Pawnee) The Earth, Sacred Mother of every living creature. The Pawnee were hunters. When told to abandon hunting and settle down to farming, their priest replied: "You ask me to plow the ground! Shall I take a knife and tear my mother's bosom? Then when I die she will not take me to her bosom to rest. You ask me to dig for stone! Shall I dig under her skin for her bones? Then when I die I cannot enter her body to be born again. You ask me to cut grass and make hay and sell it, and be rich like white men! But how dare I cut off my mother's hair? It is a bad law and my people cannot obey it."
AWONAWILONA (Pueblo Indians) "The One Who Contains Everything." The Supreme God, the Creator of All. Before the creation there was only Awonawilona; all else was darkness and emptiness. Both male and female, Awonawilona created everything from himself and taking form became the maker of light, the Sun.
First Man and First Woman sent a plague of monsters to kill and devour them. When the virtuous die. When the time came. the maize spirit Onatha was captured by the evil spirit Hahgwehdaetgah who took her off to the underworld. causing trouble and playing pranks. But Coyote couldn't waitto see his wife and opened the box. Giand heads without bodies which fly about in storms. The infant Estanatlehi grew to adulthood in four days. Coyote is a hero who set forth the laws by which men may live in peace. Coyote and Eagle then killed the old woman. a clown. Every night an old woman would swallow the moon and the dead would appear in the meeting lodge. The Chinook tell how Coyote and Eagle went to the land of the dead to bring back their dead wives. The time came when First Woman repented of the evils she and First Man had visited upon men. they found a meeting lodge lit only by the moon which lay on the floor. First Woman discovered the infant Estanatlehi lying on the ground near First Woman's mountain. and made the Milky Way. they follow the Milky Way to a glorious city in the western sky. When Coyote vomited up the moon. The dead appeared. Searching for dew. They find men very tasty. beans and gourds who live together in a single hill. but known in other areas as well) A trickster. ESTANATLEHI (Navajo) First Woman's adopted daughter. To the Zunis. The spirits of the dead rose up like a cloud and disappeared to the west. and Eagle gave it to him. So it is that people must die forever. The next day. Like Loki. but Eagle had place the box outside the exit. after the old woman had vomited up the moon and the dead had disappeared. To punish mankind for pride. . Making love with the Sun. Coyote pleaded to be allowed to carry the box. The creator and teacher of men. the dead filed out and were trapped in the box. Coyote swallowed the moon. and ever since she has remained in the cornfields until the corn is ripe. COYOTE (Southwestern Indians. she gave birth to the Twin Brothers who after many adventures slew the monsters. DEOHAKO (Iroquois/Seneca) Spirits of maize. Coyote is always lurking about. Sun rescued her. On reaching the land of the dead. not like the plants which die in winter and are green again in a season. Recognizing their wives among the spirits of the dead. The Montana Sioux say that Coyote created the horse. and she sought a means for their deliverance.BIG HEADS (Iroquois) Demon gods. the two gods devised a plan. The Pomo Indians maintain that Coyote created the human race and stole the sun to keep them warm. and Coyote donned her clothes. BREATHMAKER (Seminole) Breathmaker taught men to fish and dig wells. and took her in. Coyote built a huge wooden box and placed in it leaves of every kind of plant.
Gluskap drove away monsters. rain and thunder. the animals and the human race from the body of the Mother Earth. The Grey One. After a long struggle Gluskap killed Malsum and drove his evil magic under the earth. the creator force. but often whimsical. The Rainbow is his consort. FIRST MAN AND FIRST WOMAN (Navajo) In the beginning. Deciding that the sky was too empty with only Sun and Moon. Generally benevolent. spirits of departed ancestors. and gave names to the stars. . god of the sky. fought stone giants. His work done. leading the people through trials and tribulations into the surface world which became their home. First Man and First Woman ascended from the underworld together with Coyote. His rival was his wolf brother Malsum. Because they can heal and drive away disease. HINO (Iroquois) Thunder god. The can sometimes be heard dancing and beating drums. is really the mightiest of all the Gahe. GLUSKAP (Algonquin) The Creator. but at least five hundred appear in the mythologies of the different villages.animal spirits. taught hunting and farming to men. or more exactly. though he appears as a clown. who made rocks. GAHE Also GA'AN (Apache) Supernatural beings who dwell inside mountains. IRDLIRVIRISISSONG (Inuit/Eskimo) The demon cousin of the moon. the food plants. First Woman and Coyote gathered up glittering stones and placed them in the sky to serve as stars. the people must restrain themselves or the demon clown will dry them up and eat their intestines.EVENING STAR (Pawnee) An evil star who drives the sun down out of the sky and send his daughter to hinder Morning Star from the sun back up again. With his fire arrows. Their exact number is not known. spirits of natural resources such as wind. Sometimes Irdlirvirissong comes out into the sky to dance and clown and make the people laugh. Gluskap created the plains. thickets and poisonous animals. KACHINAS (Hopi) Nature spirits which inhabit and control everything -. First Man. But if anyone is nearby. Gluskap paddled towards the sunrise in a birch bark canoe. they are worshipped. Some day he may return. Hino destroys evil beings. In the ritual dances of the Chiricahua Apache masked dancers painted a different color for each point of the compass represent all the Gahe except the Grey One.
" The Sacred Earth Mother. Michabo is host to the souls of good men. Beneficiant and venerated. water and fish. Nesaru sent a new race to the underworld to replace them and sent a flood which destroyed the giants without destroying the new men. A shape-shifter. The Great Spirit is present in some way in nearly every North American Indian mythology. deer. live in the west. Equally good and evil. the Supreme Being. NAGENATZANI (Navajo) Elder Twin Brother. A soldier god. feeding them succulent fruits and fish. the earth. MORNING STAR (Pawnee) A protector who leads the sun upward into the sky. OCASTA (Cherokee) "Stonecoat.KANATI (Cherokee) "The Lucky Hunter. Nokomis nurtures all living things. In the House of Dawn." The name comes from his coat which was made of pieces of flint. Displeased with a race of giants in the underworld who would not respect his authority. NOKOMIS (Algonquin) "Grandmother. NESARU (Arikara) Sky spirit. Ocasta was one of the Creator's helpers. Some women trapped Ocasta. God of the Winds. pinning him to the ground with a stick through his heart. A trickster." Sometimes called First Man. Ocasta created witches and drifted from village to village stirring up turmoil. Creator of men. Michabo drives away cannibal spirits. When the new men cried out to be released from the underworld. NORTH STAR (Pawnee) A creator god. The men cremated the dying Ocasta. the Twin Thunder Boys. KITCKI MANITOU (Algonquin) The Great Spirit. Nesaru sent the Corn Mother for their deliverance. and their sons. MICHABO (Algonquin) The Great Hare. The Uncreated. In the beginning. He lives with his wife Selu ("Corn") in the east where the sun rises. the Father of Life. Nesaru had charge over all creation. who while burning on his funeral pyre taught .
SELU (Cherokee) "Corn. but she was young and beautiful when her father threw her in the sea as a sacrifice. a trickster god. SHAKURA (Pawnee) Sun god. RABBIT (Southeastern tribes) Like Coyote and Michabo. When the first people destroyed the world with fire. Kanati's wife. A sorcerer wishing to visit Sedna must pass through the realms of death and then cross an abyss where a wheel of ice spins eternally and a cauldron of seal meat stews endlessly. The young brave would then support his entire weight with the hide ropes as he slowly circled the pole following the sun's movement in the sky. Olelbis sent wind and rain to quench the flames. the opposite of North Star. This lasted until the sun went down or the stakes ripped out of the brave's flesh. A frightfull old hag. RAVEN (Northwestern tribes) Another trickster god. but Coyote persuaded them to stop work. SOUTH STAR (Pawnee) God of the underworld. When they grew old. Raven stole the moon from a miser and placed it in the sky. Pacific Coast) The Creator who lived in Olelpanti (Heaven) with two old women. SEDNA (Inuit/Eskimo) Goddess of the sea and the creatures of the sea. The stakes were driven through the skin and flesh on the chest. they were to climb to heaven and join Olelbis in paradise. Magical and feared. Olelbis intended men to live forever. The Pawnee performed their famous Sun Dance for Shakura's sake. Through a sly trick. OLELBIS (Wintun. and repaired the earth. Very greedy. Olelbis set two vultures to the task of building a ladder to Olelpanti for men to ascend. the Twin Thunder Boys. To return he must cross another abyss on a bridge as narrow as a knife edge. Selu created corn in secret by rubbing her belly or by defecating. A one-eyed giant. Young warriors attached themselves to tall poles with strips of hide which were tied to sharp stakes." Sometimes known as First Woman. Some of the men were granted great power and became the first medicine men. forever seeking food.them songs and dances for hunting. Her sons. Rabbit brought fire to man. . killed her when they spied upon her and decided she was a witch. fighting wars and healing.
the Mother of All Things in the west. When Sun's daughter was bitten by a snake and taken to the Ghost Country. Pah the Moon was assigned the night. creator of the heavens and the earth. master of hunting to whom all deer belong. Tirawa Atius told Sun and Moon to make love. which they did with singing and dancing. THOUME' (Chitimacha) Thoume' taught the people to make clothing and fire. . Coyote loosed the storms and so brought death into the world. Kutnahin traveled through the world disguised as a derelict covered with buzzard dung. and how to make love. If they are careless. TIRAWA-ATIUS (Pawnee) The Power Above. Shakura the Sun was assigned to provide light and heat. TORNGASAK (Inuit/Eskimo) The good spirit. TEKKEITSERKTOCK (Inuit/Eskimo) The earth god. The planet Jupiter is the mother of the sun and very dangerous to magicians. she will devour their livers. and they gave birth to a son. All would have been well if Coyote had not stolen a sack of storms from Lightening. Opening the sack. THOBADESTCHIN (Navajo) Youngest Twin Brother. The Morning Star he set to guard the east. At last the Cherokee sent their young men and women to heal Sun's grief. After the gods had raised dry land from the watery chaos. He then told Evening and Morning Star to make love. SUN (Inuit/Eskimo) A beautiful young maiden carrying a torch who is chased through the sky by her brother Aningan. and they gave birth to a daughter.SUN (Cherokee) A goddess. Thoume' sent the trickster god Kutnahin to teach medicine and food preparation to men. representing everything in nature good and helpful to man. The world was ever dark. and Tirwara-Atius placed the Evening Star. Sun hid herself in grief. In the beginning Tirawa-Atius called the gods together to announce his plan to create the human race and promised the gods a share of power for their help. So the human race was made. After making the moon and the sun. the moon. and Sun's tears became a flood.
When thunder sounds. strength and courage. Symbol of long life. WACHABE (Sioux/Osage) Black Bear. the Twin Thunder Boys live in the west. . Kanati and Selu live in the east.TWIN THUNDER BOYS (Cherokee) The sons of Kanati and Selu. the boys are playing ball. A guardian.
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