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ANGUTA (Inuit/Eskimo) Gatherer of the dead. Anguta carries the dead down to the underworld, where they must sleep with him for a year.
ANINGAN (Inuit/Eskimo) The moon, brother to the sun whom Moon chases across the sky. Aningan has a great igloo in the sky where he rests. Irdlirvirissong, his demon cousin, lives there as well. The moon is a great hunter, and his sledge is always piled high with seal skins and meat.
ASGAYA GIGAGEI (Cherokee) The Red Man or Woman evoked in spells to cure the ill. Asgaya Gigagei is either male or female, depending on the sex of the patient.
ATIRA (Pawnee) The Earth, Sacred Mother of every living creature. The Pawnee were hunters. When told to abandon hunting and settle down to farming, their priest replied: "You ask me to plow the ground! Shall I take a knife and tear my mother's bosom? Then when I die she will not take me to her bosom to rest. You ask me to dig for stone! Shall I dig under her skin for her bones? Then when I die I cannot enter her body to be born again. You ask me to cut grass and make hay and sell it, and be rich like white men! But how dare I cut off my mother's hair? It is a bad law and my people cannot obey it."
AWONAWILONA (Pueblo Indians) "The One Who Contains Everything." The Supreme God, the Creator of All. Before the creation there was only Awonawilona; all else was darkness and emptiness. Both male and female, Awonawilona created everything from himself and taking form became the maker of light, the Sun.
Coyote pleaded to be allowed to carry the box. The dead appeared. They find men very tasty. DEOHAKO (Iroquois/Seneca) Spirits of maize. not like the plants which die in winter and are green again in a season. Every night an old woman would swallow the moon and the dead would appear in the meeting lodge. Coyote and Eagle then killed the old woman. When Coyote vomited up the moon. but Eagle had place the box outside the exit. The infant Estanatlehi grew to adulthood in four days. Giand heads without bodies which fly about in storms. COYOTE (Southwestern Indians. causing trouble and playing pranks. Coyote is a hero who set forth the laws by which men may live in peace. after the old woman had vomited up the moon and the dead had disappeared. Searching for dew. Like Loki. a clown. she gave birth to the Twin Brothers who after many adventures slew the monsters. Coyote built a huge wooden box and placed in it leaves of every kind of plant. and ever since she has remained in the cornfields until the corn is ripe. Coyote swallowed the moon. The Montana Sioux say that Coyote created the horse. Making love with the Sun. beans and gourds who live together in a single hill. The next day. The creator and teacher of men. Recognizing their wives among the spirits of the dead. ESTANATLEHI (Navajo) First Woman's adopted daughter. and Eagle gave it to him. The Pomo Indians maintain that Coyote created the human race and stole the sun to keep them warm. and made the Milky Way. So it is that people must die forever. When the virtuous die. and took her in. The spirits of the dead rose up like a cloud and disappeared to the west. The Chinook tell how Coyote and Eagle went to the land of the dead to bring back their dead wives. To the Zunis. they follow the Milky Way to a glorious city in the western sky. On reaching the land of the dead. Sun rescued her. When the time came. and Coyote donned her clothes. To punish mankind for pride. the maize spirit Onatha was captured by the evil spirit Hahgwehdaetgah who took her off to the underworld. the two gods devised a plan. The time came when First Woman repented of the evils she and First Man had visited upon men. BREATHMAKER (Seminole) Breathmaker taught men to fish and dig wells. But Coyote couldn't waitto see his wife and opened the box. and she sought a means for their deliverance. First Man and First Woman sent a plague of monsters to kill and devour them.BIG HEADS (Iroquois) Demon gods. they found a meeting lodge lit only by the moon which lay on the floor. First Woman discovered the infant Estanatlehi lying on the ground near First Woman's mountain. but known in other areas as well) A trickster. . the dead filed out and were trapped in the box. Coyote is always lurking about.
Gluskap drove away monsters. HINO (Iroquois) Thunder god. taught hunting and farming to men. Their exact number is not known. leading the people through trials and tribulations into the surface world which became their home. Hino destroys evil beings. First Woman and Coyote gathered up glittering stones and placed them in the sky to serve as stars. Deciding that the sky was too empty with only Sun and Moon. KACHINAS (Hopi) Nature spirits which inhabit and control everything -. GLUSKAP (Algonquin) The Creator. His work done. spirits of natural resources such as wind. Sometimes Irdlirvirissong comes out into the sky to dance and clown and make the people laugh. but at least five hundred appear in the mythologies of the different villages. the creator force. The Rainbow is his consort. who made rocks. FIRST MAN AND FIRST WOMAN (Navajo) In the beginning. In the ritual dances of the Chiricahua Apache masked dancers painted a different color for each point of the compass represent all the Gahe except the Grey One. With his fire arrows. they are worshipped. GAHE Also GA'AN (Apache) Supernatural beings who dwell inside mountains.EVENING STAR (Pawnee) An evil star who drives the sun down out of the sky and send his daughter to hinder Morning Star from the sun back up again. First Man. Some day he may return. the food plants. spirits of departed ancestors. The Grey One. Gluskap paddled towards the sunrise in a birch bark canoe. or more exactly. and gave names to the stars. thickets and poisonous animals. god of the sky. His rival was his wolf brother Malsum. . rain and thunder. though he appears as a clown. the people must restrain themselves or the demon clown will dry them up and eat their intestines.animal spirits. but often whimsical. The can sometimes be heard dancing and beating drums. IRDLIRVIRISISSONG (Inuit/Eskimo) The demon cousin of the moon. But if anyone is nearby. After a long struggle Gluskap killed Malsum and drove his evil magic under the earth. Generally benevolent. is really the mightiest of all the Gahe. Gluskap created the plains. Because they can heal and drive away disease. First Man and First Woman ascended from the underworld together with Coyote. fought stone giants. the animals and the human race from the body of the Mother Earth.
" The Sacred Earth Mother. He lives with his wife Selu ("Corn") in the east where the sun rises. Michabo drives away cannibal spirits. OCASTA (Cherokee) "Stonecoat. The men cremated the dying Ocasta." The name comes from his coat which was made of pieces of flint. A soldier god. In the House of Dawn. Ocasta was one of the Creator's helpers. Creator of men. the earth. NESARU (Arikara) Sky spirit. feeding them succulent fruits and fish. A shape-shifter. pinning him to the ground with a stick through his heart. Equally good and evil. Nesaru sent the Corn Mother for their deliverance. deer. Beneficiant and venerated. A trickster. Nesaru had charge over all creation. who while burning on his funeral pyre taught . the Supreme Being. MORNING STAR (Pawnee) A protector who leads the sun upward into the sky. The Uncreated." Sometimes called First Man. In the beginning. Ocasta created witches and drifted from village to village stirring up turmoil. Displeased with a race of giants in the underworld who would not respect his authority. NOKOMIS (Algonquin) "Grandmother. Nesaru sent a new race to the underworld to replace them and sent a flood which destroyed the giants without destroying the new men. MICHABO (Algonquin) The Great Hare. water and fish. the Father of Life. Michabo is host to the souls of good men. The Great Spirit is present in some way in nearly every North American Indian mythology. NORTH STAR (Pawnee) A creator god.KANATI (Cherokee) "The Lucky Hunter. KITCKI MANITOU (Algonquin) The Great Spirit. When the new men cried out to be released from the underworld. God of the Winds. live in the west. Nokomis nurtures all living things. Some women trapped Ocasta. and their sons. NAGENATZANI (Navajo) Elder Twin Brother. the Twin Thunder Boys.
the opposite of North Star. a trickster god. To return he must cross another abyss on a bridge as narrow as a knife edge. RAVEN (Northwestern tribes) Another trickster god. but she was young and beautiful when her father threw her in the sea as a sacrifice. Through a sly trick. killed her when they spied upon her and decided she was a witch. This lasted until the sun went down or the stakes ripped out of the brave's flesh. The Pawnee performed their famous Sun Dance for Shakura's sake.them songs and dances for hunting. Selu created corn in secret by rubbing her belly or by defecating. Olelbis set two vultures to the task of building a ladder to Olelpanti for men to ascend. the Twin Thunder Boys. fighting wars and healing. Some of the men were granted great power and became the first medicine men. but Coyote persuaded them to stop work. they were to climb to heaven and join Olelbis in paradise. Her sons. Pacific Coast) The Creator who lived in Olelpanti (Heaven) with two old women. A frightfull old hag. Raven stole the moon from a miser and placed it in the sky. RABBIT (Southeastern tribes) Like Coyote and Michabo. When the first people destroyed the world with fire. The young brave would then support his entire weight with the hide ropes as he slowly circled the pole following the sun's movement in the sky. Magical and feared. forever seeking food. SEDNA (Inuit/Eskimo) Goddess of the sea and the creatures of the sea. SHAKURA (Pawnee) Sun god. Very greedy. The stakes were driven through the skin and flesh on the chest. A one-eyed giant. Olelbis sent wind and rain to quench the flames. . SELU (Cherokee) "Corn." Sometimes known as First Woman. OLELBIS (Wintun. and repaired the earth. Rabbit brought fire to man. Olelbis intended men to live forever. A sorcerer wishing to visit Sedna must pass through the realms of death and then cross an abyss where a wheel of ice spins eternally and a cauldron of seal meat stews endlessly. Young warriors attached themselves to tall poles with strips of hide which were tied to sharp stakes. Kanati's wife. SOUTH STAR (Pawnee) God of the underworld. When they grew old.
the Mother of All Things in the west. After the gods had raised dry land from the watery chaos.SUN (Cherokee) A goddess. Thoume' sent the trickster god Kutnahin to teach medicine and food preparation to men. she will devour their livers. the moon. The world was ever dark. At last the Cherokee sent their young men and women to heal Sun's grief. So the human race was made. The planet Jupiter is the mother of the sun and very dangerous to magicians. Sun hid herself in grief. The Morning Star he set to guard the east. and they gave birth to a daughter. All would have been well if Coyote had not stolen a sack of storms from Lightening. Tirawa Atius told Sun and Moon to make love. Kutnahin traveled through the world disguised as a derelict covered with buzzard dung. THOBADESTCHIN (Navajo) Youngest Twin Brother. When Sun's daughter was bitten by a snake and taken to the Ghost Country. TIRAWA-ATIUS (Pawnee) The Power Above. TEKKEITSERKTOCK (Inuit/Eskimo) The earth god. Shakura the Sun was assigned to provide light and heat. Pah the Moon was assigned the night. and Tirwara-Atius placed the Evening Star. After making the moon and the sun. and they gave birth to a son. THOUME' (Chitimacha) Thoume' taught the people to make clothing and fire. representing everything in nature good and helpful to man. If they are careless. Coyote loosed the storms and so brought death into the world. master of hunting to whom all deer belong. . creator of the heavens and the earth. and Sun's tears became a flood. He then told Evening and Morning Star to make love. TORNGASAK (Inuit/Eskimo) The good spirit. and how to make love. In the beginning Tirawa-Atius called the gods together to announce his plan to create the human race and promised the gods a share of power for their help. which they did with singing and dancing. SUN (Inuit/Eskimo) A beautiful young maiden carrying a torch who is chased through the sky by her brother Aningan. Opening the sack.
.TWIN THUNDER BOYS (Cherokee) The sons of Kanati and Selu. strength and courage. When thunder sounds. Symbol of long life. WACHABE (Sioux/Osage) Black Bear. the Twin Thunder Boys live in the west. the boys are playing ball. Kanati and Selu live in the east. A guardian.
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