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Understanding the nature of kleptomaniacs

Understanding the nature of kleptomaniacs

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Published by gbatidio
What is Kleptomania and a bit of laws and articles
What is Kleptomania and a bit of laws and articles

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Published by: gbatidio on Nov 08, 2013
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Understanding the nature of kleptomaniacs

Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder characterized by a recurrent failure to resist stealing. You might have experienced living in a dormitory wherein people will always complain about things getting lost. You might have encountered losing money when you’re in school or even inside the house. This is caused by kleptomaniacs who can’t fight the urge of getting something that is not theirs. Unlike shop lifters, kleptomaniacs are sometimes unaware of what they are doing. It is often seen in patients who have a co-existing disorder like bulimia nervosa, anxiety disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

The cause of kleptomania is unknown however there is a possibility that this disorder is inherited. Wrong upbringing, unstable relationships and depressions can also cause this. Kleptomaniacs usually steal items that they do not really need. They get items that they can afford like sunglasses, wallet, earphones and so much more. Usually, they are not aware that they steal and are often surprised when they see things in their room that are not theirs. These items are disposed by them, given to someone else or secretly handed back to the rightful owner. The people with this disorder feel tension before stealing. They do the act out of anger, anxiety, depression or remorse but are guilty after stealing.

People with this disorder can take anti depressants. It is still better to ask help from a psychiatrist first before taking any medicines. they are still human. Tell him that there are available medications that can help reduce the addiction 3. If someone close to you have this disorder. Even though it is very hard to accept people like this in our society. Instead. Medications are available or psychotherapy. Tell him that you understand that it is hard to resist and that you’re willing to help him 4. Feeling of guilt after stealing Ways to help a loved one who is a kleptomaniac 1. Feels tension before stealing 3. it is best that you talk to them and convince them to seek help because it will only get worse if not treated immediately. we . you can advise him to seek help. We should not hate them because they are sick and they are different. Repeated theft of objects that they do not really need 2.SYMPTOMS 1. mood stabilizers or addiction medications. Do not scare him. Feels satisfied after stealing 4. Tell him that you care so much and you still accept them for who they are Treatment Kleptomania is very difficult to handle on your own that is why when you know of someone who has this disorder. Tell him that you care for his health 2.

The individual repeatedly fails to resist the impulse to steal items that are not needed for personal use or monetary value. mental retardation. personal use and "just for the thrill of it. supporting a drug habit. alcohol intoxication. sister or companion. some studies have provided biological clues. There are many reasons for shoplifting: resale. While shoplifting has been a problem for centuries. Psychiatrists continue to debate whether kleptomania is a distinct mental illness or a manifestation of some other psychological disorder. and many kleptomaniacs are first discovered in the act of shoplifting. kleptomania was first described as a psychological disorder in the early 1800s and has been only intermittently recognized by the American Psychiatric Article System Association as a type of mental illness since the 1950s." However. revenge. delusions. 2. 5. The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) has outlined the following criteria for a diagnosis: 1.should show them how much we care for them and that we will still love them for who they are. The theft is not due to anger. the best way to show how much you love them is to help them and encourage them to seek help from a doctor. When we are with them. but not kleptomania. and some have attempted pharmacological treatment of this condition. The individual's tension is relieved or gratified by the act of the theft. Other psychological disorders can't account for the individual's stealing behavior (like manic episodes and antisocial behaviors). Professional thieves do some of the damage. but amateur shoplifters do the most. most of these reasons fit stealing. The individual experiences tension before stealing. drug intoxication). 3. Most amateur shoplifters steal for personal use rather than resale. \ . An addiction to stealing items not for personal use or monetary gain characterizes a behavior known as kleptomania. hallucinations or impaired judgment (dementia. 4. but a small percentage feels a compulsive need to steal. Shoplifting in the United States costs retailers approximately $10 billion annually [source: Grant]. it is best to be mindful of our belongings and as a good friend. Kleptomania is characterized by an impulsive need to steal. Although there has been little research on the neurobiology of kleptomania.

and (6) the property was taken on the occasion of fire. (2) that said property belongs to another. typhoon. with her as the payee. mail matter or large cattle.85 from said joint account using the pre-signed checks. then withdrew a total of P797. which if considered. xxx We find no cogent reason to disturb the above findings of the trial court which were affirmed by the CA and fully supported by the evidence on record. the bank account was merely the instrument through which petitioner stole from her employer VCCI. are as a general rule. conclusive upon this Court in the absence of any showing of grave abuse of discretion. She deposited the said checks to the joint account maintained by VCCI and Jefferson Tan. or 10 11 any other calamity. In other words. having heard the witnesses in person and observed their deportment and manner of testifying during the trial. Absent any showing that the lower courts overlooked substantial facts and circumstances. (3) the property stolen is either a motor vehicle. (4) that the taking be done without the consent of the owner. volcanic eruption. The Court gives weight and respect to the trial court’s findings in criminal prosecution because the latter is in a better position to decide the question. vehicular accident or civil disturbance.The elements of the crime of theft as provided for in Article 308 of theRevised Penal 9 Code are as follows: (1) that there be taking of personal property. would change the result of the case. the prosecution was able to prove beyond reasonable doubt that the amount of P797. and (5) that the taking be accomplished without the use of violence against or intimidation of persons or force upon things. 12 Here. In this case. none of the exceptions to the general rule on conclusiveness of said findings of facts are applicable. (5) the property stolen is fish taken from a fishpond or fishery. as affirmed in toto by the CA. The prosecution’s evidence proved that petitioner was entrusted with checks payable to VCCI or Viva by virtue of her position as accountant and bookkeeper. 13 14 15 . earthquake. Time and again. Theft becomes qualified when any of the following circumstances under Article 310 is present: (1) the theft is committed by a domestic servant.187. this Court gives deference to the trial court’s appreciation of the facts and of the credibility of witnesses.187. the Court has held that the facts found by the trial court. (4) the property stolen consists of coconuts taken from the premises of a plantation.85 taken does not belong to petitioner but to VCCI and that petitioner took it without VCCI’s consent and with grave abuse of confidence by taking advantage of her position as accountant and bookkeeper. (2) the theft is committed with grave abuse of confidence. (3) that the taking be done with intent to gain.

00. Mercado is instructive. As thepenalty for qualified theft is two degrees higher. The end result is that 77 years should be added to the basic penalty. Kleptomania is also known as ―compulsive theft behavior disorder‖ or simply ―pathological stealing. Hence. Since the value exceeds P22. it is immaterial whether said offender stole it from the owner. W e seem to have this habit of calling everyone and anyone who steals a ―klepto.85 in this case.00. the total imposable penalty for simple theft should not exceed 20 years. we agree with the CA when it gave short shrift to petitioner’s argument that full ownership of the thing stolen needed to be established first before she could be convicted of qualified theft.00 is deducted fromP797. February 13. the factual findings of the courts a quo as to the ownership of the amount petitioner stole is conclusive upon this Court. in the determination of the penalty for qualified theft. These are normal ―adjustments‖ to make our lives familiar and . eight (8) years. 16 However.000. as well as the appellate court.85. note is taken of the value of the property stolen. This amount is then divided by P10. superstitions. not for economic benefit. Neither politicians/government officials who steal nor shoplifting teenagers are kleptomaniacs. the trial court. the penalty would be 20 years of reclusion temporal. that is. or even a thief of the property.187. the amount ofP22. the finding being adequately supported by the evidence on record. the basic penalty is prision mayor in its minimum and medium periods to be imposed in the maximum period. which is P797.187. 2010. As correctly held by the CA. And while the legal consequence of being caught stealing is the same for all thieves.000.‖ It is a manifestation of a larger psychiatric entity called obsessive -compulsive disorder. 17 To determine the additional years of imprisonment to be added to the basic penalty. eight (8) months and one (1) day to ten (10) years of prision mayor. disregarding any amount less thanP10.000. the motive of a kleptomaniac is gratification in the act of stealing. a mere possessor. People v.85. as long as the property taken does not belong to the accused who has a valid claim thereover. which yields a remainder of P775. and daily habits.Moreover.‖ But this is irresponsible.000. However. had petitioner committed simple theft. Pursuant to said case.00. Thus. a modification is called for as regards the imposable penalty. textbook kleptomania (Greek for ―craze for stealing‖) is rare. In any event. JOSE S. as stated above. PUJALTE JR. notwithstanding the correctness of the finding of petitioner’s guilt. should have imposed the penalty of reclusion perpetua." Understanding kleptomania By DR. Obsessive-compulsive disorder.187. On the imposition of the correct penalty. the subject of the crime of theft is any personal property belonging to another. We all have our little rituals. 9:02pm Let's make it clear that indubitable.

impulses‖ that occur over and over to a point that the person feels out of control. Professional shoplifters. * Pleasure. even pleasurable. None of them are kleptomaniacs. Once these behaviors become uncontrollable and seem to take over one’s thoughts. the bible of mental health professionals. it is necessary to see a psychologist or a psychiatrist. * Stealing is not committed to express anger or vengeance and is not in response to a delusion or hallucination.manageable. he usually says. unstable personality. states that the symptoms of kleptomania are * Recurrent failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not needed for personal use or for their monetary value. usually teenagers. Pujalte is an orthopedic surgeon. Obviously. Indeed. just after a handcuffed thief in the police precinct is mauled by his victims. Treatment. the therapist aims to end a current episode of OCD. Dr. Shoplifters. Compulsions are intimately connected to obsessions because these are the acts performed to make obsessions go away. But there’s a limit. It is NOT a person’s fault OR the result of a weak. Investigators are proving that in OCD. information processing in the brain suffers as the communication between parts of the brain (cortex and basal ganglia) fails. will admit that peers had dared them. Two effective treatments have evolved: CBT or cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy and medication with SRIs or serotonin reuptake inhibitors. the alternative list for kleptomania starts with criminal behavior. You will still get fat on ―low fat‖ food if you eat too much of it. OCD is a waxing and waning disorder and so response to treatment may be hard to gauge. the ones with passport pictures posted on store walls. Serotonin. there is reason to suspect a brain malfunction called obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). and paroxetine (Paxil). Fact/Factoid. sertraline (Zoloft). patients are kept on medication for at least one year and if OCD episodes are noted to be few and far between. the goal is to prevent or minimize further OCD occurrences. the medicine is tapered off. feelings – one’s life in fact. What’s significant is that there is recognition that these obsessions are a nuis ance and do not make sense.‖ and so on. psychotherapy and medication. In the maintenance phase. * Increasing sense of tension immediately before committing the theft.orthopedicspujalte. images. While family members and loved ones can form a strong support group.com.UO6KkmHRDQ4 Kleptomania: No Universal Cure Found . gratification. spineless. These may be accomplished through education (of both patient and family members). However. E-mail jspujalte@yahoo. a neurotransmitter or chemical messenger in the brain. do it for profit. Criteria. Consequently. Malingering is pretending to have kleptomania when arrested for theft but that’s very hard to prove when you’ve been caught stealing cellphones and not underwear. ―I was hungry‖ or ―My son is sick.mb.ph/node/243408/under#. In fact. most thieves don’t exhibit any of these. all others are just plain thieves.com http://www. the person is disturbed and overwhelmed. 4th ed (DSM-IV). There is always a mot ive for stealing. Now that we know the strict criteria for kleptomania. or relief at the time of committing the theft. Some examples of these drugs are fluoxetine (Prozac). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. is insufficient in OCD patients. Obsessions are ―thoughts. In the acute treatment phase.com webpage –http://www.

Placebo But the results leave open the possibility that some medications. nonblinded open-label phase of the kleptomania study. which will be published in the March issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. conducted as a double-blind. the guilt-ridden. placebo-controlled trial. . placebo. the benefit was not seen. including the one in the trial. may still be an effective treatment for certain patients. according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.Mar. 19. The medication in the trial was escitalopram. and earlier studies have suggested that SSRIs can be effective in treating some impulse control disorders.2 million people in the United States are thought to suffer from kleptomania. impulsive stealing of inexpensive and unneeded items. More than 1." said Lorrin Koran. MD. Share This: Related Ads:     Drug Treatment Cure Depression Mental Health ADHD Medication See Also: Mind & Brain       Depression Behavior Mental Health Psychiatry Addiction Anger Management Reference     Double blind Hyperactivity Placebo effect Nocebo . professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and first author of the study. In an earlier. "When we randomized people to drug vs. In the second phase of the study. The condition differs from shoplifting. when trial participants were aware that they were taking escitalopram and not a placebo. suggesting that it was really a placebo response in the initial phase of the study. 78 percent of the patients responded to the drug. 2007 — A small clinical trial of a medication to treat kleptomania has failed to find any conclusive benefit for patients with the impulsive stealing disorder. in which the action is usually planned and motivated by need or monetary gain. The drug belongs to a class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. the same proportion of people relapsed on drug as relapsed on placebo. People suffering from kleptomania often fail to seek treatment for fear of legal repercussions. marketed as Lexapro. such as skin picking.

For both groups. clinical research manager. he said. For others. was also a co-author on the study. perhaps in combination with medication. clinical assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and director of Stanford's Impulse Control Clinic.In the double-blind trial." he said. "For some people. the relapse rates were effectively the same. and some people may be helped by therapy involving medication. "People with this disorder should definitely seek treatment. MD. compared with four of eight on the placebo. Koran emphasized that the results of the clinical trial are not definitive. And for others. Nona Gamel. with three of seven patients on the drug relapsing." This study was funded by Forest Laboratories. but until you have large studies you can't tease that out. Koran has served as a paid speaker for Forest Laboratories. But regardless. may prove most effective. I think these drugs really do work. which makes and markets Lexapro. receiving psychological treatment. Koran says that the small number of subjects in the study makes it impossible to know with certainty whether the results of the trial are really indicative of the effectiveness of escitalopram. as has second author Elais Aboujaoude. . maybe not. 15 subjects were assigned to receive either a placebo or escitalopram.

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