# 2014-1-PEN-JIT SIN

Marking scheme :

1

No

f −1 ( x ) =

D f −1 = [0, ∞) , R f −1

r cos α = 3 , r sin α = 3
r2 = 32 + ( 3 ) 2

3
tan α =
3

π
π

) ≤1

3 cos θ + 3 sin θ = 2 3 cos(θ −
(a) −1 ≤ cos(θ −

6

π
, 2π −

log 2 y
=4
log 2 4

, 2π

6

π

3

π

(b) θ −

θ = 0,

(a) log 2 x −

6

π

6

)

(changing base)

− 2 3 ≤ 2 3 cos(θ − ) ≤ 2 3
6
− 2 3 ≤ 3 cos θ + 3 sin θ ≤ 2 3
Maximum value is 2 3 , Minimum value is − 2 3

6

π

3 cos θ + 3 sin θ = r cos α cos θ + r sin α sin θ

3
= [− , ∞)
4

2 + 9x − x 2
A
B
C
(a)

+
+
(1 + x )(1 − x )2 1 + x 1 − x (1 − x )2
Try to solve for A(−2), B(−1) and C(5) : 2 + 9 −1 = C(1+1)
or 2 − 9 − 1 = A(1 + 1)2 or −1 = A − B or equivalent
2 + 9x − x 2
2
1
5
≡−

+
(1 + x )(1 − x )2
1 + x 1 − x (1 − x ) 2
(b) f is one to one function
Try to find inverse
x2 − 3
4

2

3

x2
= 28
(eliminate log)
y
(2 y + 32) 2 = 256 y (eliminate one of the variables)
y = 16, x = 64
(b) 4x − 1 > 3 − x or 4x − 1 < −(3 − x) (definition)

−1−

Partial
marks
B1
M1

A1
B1
M1
A1
B1B1

B1
M1
M1

M1
A1(both)
M1
A1

M1
M1
M1
A1A1
M1

Total
marks
8

7

5

4

4

x>

4
2
or x < −
5
3

∴ set of values of x = {x | x ∈R, x < −

π

2
4
or x > }
3
5

1 − 2sin2θ > 3sin θ + 2
(2sin θ + 1)(sin θ + 1) < 0
1
1
OR sin θ > −1 , sin θ < −
[allow
− 1 < sin θ < −
2
2
separate inequalities without “and”.]

6

2

π

6

π

0

sin θ > −1 ⇒ − π < θ < π , θ ≠ −
2
1

π
⇒ −
<θ < −
[all correct]
2
6
6
sin θ < −

−π

[can be implied]

π

π
π
π
<θ < − , − <θ < − }
6
2
2
6

5

 1 2 3 3

 2 3 8 4

 3 2 17 1 
1 2 3 3 
R2 − 2 R1 → R2 

→  0 −1 2 − 2

 3 2 17 1 
1 2 3 3 
R3 −3 R1 → R3 

→  0 −1 2 − 2

0 − 4 8 − 8
1 2 3 3 
R3 − 4 R2 → R3 

→ 0 −1 2 − 2

0 0 0 0 
∴ x = −1 − 7t, y = 2t + 2, z = t where t ∈R

∴ the solution set = {θ : −

6

(a) f(y) = y3 − y3 = 0
x − y is a factor of x3 − y3 [factor theorem]
x3 − y3 = (x − y)(x2 + xy + y2)
Putting y = −y

−2−

A1A1

A1

M1
M1

M1

M1

A1

B1

M1

M1

M1

A1

M1
A1
B1

6

5

5

x3 + y3 = (x + y)(x2 − xy + y2)
x6 − y6 = (x3 − y3)(x3 + y3)
x6 − y6 = (x − y)(x + y) (x2 + xy + y2)(x2 − xy + y2)
(b) f(x) = (x − 2)(x2 + kx + 4)
f(x) = 0
(x − 2)(x2 + kx + 4) = 0
x = 2 or x2 + kx + 4 = 0, let q(x) = x2 + kx + 4
f(x) has at least 2 real distinct roots,
x2 + kx + 4 = 0 has two real roots and q(2) ≠ 0
b2 − 4ac ≥ 0 and q(2) ≠ 0
k2 − 4(1)(4) ≥ 0 and 4 + 2k + 4 ≠ 0
k2 ≥ 16 and 2k + 8 ≠ 0
k ≥ 4 and 2k ≠ −8
k ≥ 4, k ≤ −4 and k ≠ −4
∴ the set of values of k = {k | k∈R, k ≥ 4 or k < −4}

−3−

B1
B1

B1

M1

A1A1
A1

5

7

6 − 8 − 3 0
0 
 − 1 2 4   13


 

AB = 3 1 − 2 − 17 − 9 10 = 0 − 3 0 


6 − 7   0
0 − 3 
 1 4 5   11
1 0 0

AB = − 3 0 1 0  = −3I

0 0 1
A−1AB = A−1(−3I)
IB = −3A−1
−3A−1 = B
1
A−1 = − B
3
 − 1 2 4  x   8 

   
 3 1 − 2  y  =  − 1

   
 1 4 5  z   13 
AX = C
A−1AX = A−1C
IX = A−1C
X = A−1C
6 − 8  8 
 x
 13
 
 
1
 y  = −  − 17 − 9 10  − 1
3
 
6 − 7  13 
z
 11
 x  2 
   
 y  =  − 1
   
z  3 
∴ x = 2, y = −1, z = 3
(b) AB = −3I
ABB−1 = −3IB−1
AI = −3B−1
−3B−1 = A
1
B−1 = − A
3
6 − 8  p   − 13 
 13

  

 − 17 − 9 10  q  =  20 

6 − 7  r   − 14 
 11
BY = D
B−1BY = B−1D
IY = B−1D
Y = B−1D
 p
 − 1 2 4  − 13 
 


1
 q  = −  3 1 − 2  20 
3
 


r
 1 4 5  − 14 

−4−

B1

B1

B1

M1

M1

A1

A2, 1, 0

B1

B1

M1

M1

8

8

 p  1 
   
 q  =  − 3
   
r  1 
∴ p = 1, q = −3, r = 1

(a) (3 x )(3)(4 x )(4 2 ) = (52 ) x (5−1 )

−5−

A1

A2,1,0

M1

4

3
}
2

25
( ) x = 240
12
25
x lg( ) = lg 240
12
x = 7.467 (4sf)
(b) f(1) = 0
6 − 7 + a + b − 12 = 0
a + b = 13 … (1)
f(−1) = −50
6 − 7(−1) + a + b(−1) − 12 = −50
a − b = −51 … (2)
a = −19, b = 32
(a) f(−2) = 0 ⇒ x + 2 is a factor of f(x)
(b) f(x) = (x − 1)(x + 2)(6x2 + Ax + 6)
= (x2 + x − 2)(6x2 + Ax + 6)
By long division or comparing coefficients or any valid
methods,
A = −13
f(x) = (x − 1)(x + 2)(2x − 3)(3x − 2)
(c) (x − 1)(x + 2)(2x − 3)(3x − 2) > 0
By graphical or number line method or any valid method,
2
Set of values of x = {x | x∈R, x < −2 or
< x < 1 or
3
x>

−6−

M1

M1

A1

M1

M1

A1(both)

M1A1

M1

M1A1

A1

M1A1

11