# Lecture 20 – Computer Structural Analysis using “STAAD” BACKGROUND

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Structural analysis by hand methods is feasible only for relatively simple structural members such as simply-supported beams and other 2-dimensional statically determinate frames. The real world, however, is much more complex and is composed of structures having multiple stories and supports, trusses, space frames, flat plates, arches, etc. Prior to the advent of digital computers in the 1960s, the analysis of these structures was most likely performed by “approximate” methods (such as moment distribution and portal analysis), or more rigorous exact methods involving applications of matrix and differential math. Originally, computer structural analysis was developed by mechanical and aerospace engineers for the airplane industry to calculate stresses on the wings and fuselage. Over the years, software was further developed and refined for usage by structural engineers to include analysis of structural elements as well as design of these members.

Basics of Computer Structural Analysis:
All computer based structural analysis programs work in a similar manner – the structure is broken into individual joints and members and Hooke’s law is used to determine forces, stresses, deflections and moments from large matrices of the load interactions between the joints and members. Joint

Member

STAAD Pro is one of many commercially available general-purpose structural analysis/design software packages. STAAD is an acronym for STructural Analysis and Design, and was introduced in the early 1980s. It is capable of analyzing the largest 3dimensional projects such as skyscrapers, stadiums, etc., or simple beams, trusses, or any other structural member or system.

Lecture 20 - Page 1 of 13

Y coordinates) and members must be assigned as follows: 2 1 5 1 (0’.0’) 4 Joint No.8’) 2 Member No. 1 2 3 4 5 Start Joint: 1 2 1 3 2 Lecture 20 . Stress = Load Area 9000 Lbs. 5625 lbs. it was determined that the forces in the members are as follows: Member: AB and BC AD and DC BD Force: 7203 lbs. Tension or Compression: Compression Tension Tension Stress: 1372 PSI 1071 PSI 1714 PSI To begin the analysis. By hand-calculations. R1 D 9000 lbs. 5") = 1714 PSI Member No.0’) 3 (20’. and joints must be defined (in X. 10’-0” 10’-0” R2 C R2 = 4500 Lbs.STAAD Truss Analysis Example: The following simple truss will be analyzed using STAAD: ALL members are nominal 2x4 wood (actual 1½” x 3½”) B 8’-0” A R1 = 4500 Lbs.0’) 3 4 (10’. (1.Page 2 of 13 . 9000 lbs. and coordinates End Joint: 2 3 4 4 4 = (10’. a computer model of the truss must be determined.5" x3.

Open the STAAD program by the following: START → PROGRAMS → STAAD Pro Rel. run the analysis and view & print the results: 1.Follow the following steps to input the computer model. Pick the “New Structure” icon (or.1 → STAAD This will open the program and will look like: New Structure Icon 2.3. Lecture 20 .Page 3 of 13 . go to File → New) and the following will appear: Be sure to click “Truss” and put in a title as shown here. Then pick “Next”.

Page 4 of 13 . You are now in the main graphic environment of the program. and the screen will look like the following: STAAD Editor Icon Lecture 20 . Another screen will appear. then pick “Next”. pick “Finish”. 4. The next screen will look like the following: Be sure to click “Foot” and “Pound”.3.

First. you are ready to begin inputting your geometry.5” ZD = Width in “Z” direction = 1.5. Save your work by clicking on the Save icon.Page 5 of 13 .5” Load of -9000 lb in the “Y” direction at Joint 4 (minus = downward force) When finished inputting the information EXACTLY as shown above.0’ Joint 2 coordinates 10’. click the “X” (close) button. The following screen will appear: (See next page) Lecture 20 . The easiest way to do this is by picking the STAAD Editor icon (see above) and input information EXACTLY as shown below: Joint 1 coordinates 0’.8’ Joint 3 … Member 1 is between Joints 1 & 2 Member 2 is between Joints 2 & 3 Member 3 … YD = Depth in “Y” direction = 3. At this point. you must SAVE your work by clicking on the Save icon.

select “Analyze” (see above) and pick “Run Analysis”.Analyze STAAD Output 6. You will then see the following: Be sure to pick “STAAD Analysis” and then hit the “Run Analysis” button Lecture 20 . You are now ready to analyze the structure you just created. From the root menu.Page 6 of 13 .

then follow Steps 5 and 6. you will be informed! Hit the “Done” button. If you get any error messages.Page 7 of 13 . Lecture 20 . BE PATIENT. you can edit your input by hitting the “STAAD Editor” icon (see Step 4 above) to revise tour work. IF you made any mistakes in your input. 7.The next screen should look like the following. DON’T GET s likely you will need to “tweak” your input to get the proper results of your analysis.

You can view your results after you have run your analysis by picking the “STAAD Output” icon (see Step 5 above).8. The following is the STAAD output of your analysis: Print 9. IF YOUR RESULTS ARE CORRECT. Here you will be able to view your results and decide if you need to revise your input.Page 8 of 13 . you can print the output by hitting the “Print” icon (see above). Lecture 20 .

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Lecture 20 .Page 10 of 13 .

Watch Units!!! Support Reactions Lecture 20 .Page 11 of 13 .

Page 12 of 13 .Watch Units!!! Member Forces Lecture 20 .

Watch Units!!! Member Stresses T = Tension C = Compression Lecture 20 .Page 13 of 13 .