. • Enzyme action alone is not enough to cause the breakage – mechanical action is also needed. • Any fibres protruding for the surface of the garment are weakened and exposed and prone to being broken. Either the action of fabric in jet.BIOPOLISHING • Here we use cellulases again to attack and weaken the cellulose fibres. or in tumble drying.


ACID CELLULASES are used .BIOPOLISH • Process to attack the surface of the garment to remove hairiness. pilling • Creates smooth surface Often called  Anti pill wash  De-pill wash  Flat wash  Biopolishing • for BIOPOLISHING WASHING .

Fibrillated cotton cotton Biopolished The effect on the fabric surface .

ACID CELLULASE • Working range pH 4.5 • Strong –medium action attack on cotton (cellulose) fibre – Attacks cotton fibres on surface of jean – Causes surface fibres to break and detach – Creates smooth • Usually in liquid form and un-buffered • Must be “killed” – By alkalinity – Raise temp above 70 ºC .5 – 5.

• Often done after garment dyeing to clean up the garment • Also done to soften up garments • Possible problems Change of shade Loss of fastness Loss of strength Damage to threads/sewings Weakening of seams Bursts. .Commonly known as “flat washing”.

It is also an „Enzymatic singeing‟. • Bio-polishing with acid cellulose effectively reduces fabric fuzz and the pilling on denim materials. A cellulosic treatment gives the fabric a durable improvement of: • Resistance to pilling • A clear lint and fuzz free surface structure • Bio-polished garment looks new even after repeated wear • Bio-polishing permanently enhances fabric look without any chemical coating. • The fabric surface obtains a silky sheen similar to that resulting from traditional mercerisation . • It is the process of improving surface of the material. biopolishing improves drapebility and softness.• Bio-polishing is a finishing process for cellulosic fabrics and garments.

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