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Sociolinguistics notes.doc

Sociolinguistics notes.doc

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notes on sociolinguistics
notes on sociolinguistics

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Published by: Стефанија Темелковска on Nov 09, 2013
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Sociolinguistics -Language and SocietyWe can define sociolinguistics as the study of language in relation to society, between the users

of the language and the social structures in which the users of language live. The study of society in relation to language defines what is generally called sociology of language. (The weather is a neutral topic that gives you a chance to talk to someone and break the silence. Silence is awkward.) Talking about the weather: neutral topic to start a relationship, i.e. a conversation Two aspects of language behaviour are very important: !. the function of language to establish social relationship" #. the role played by language in conveying information about the speaker. To conclude, there is a close relationship between language and society. $ dialect is a language without an army and a navy. %t lacks &'W(). *ialects change gradually from place to place and that is called geographical dialect continuum. &olitical and cultural factors are very important. The criterion of mutual intelligibility and other purely linguistic criteria are of less importance in the use of the terms language and dialect. (.g. +acedonian and ,ulgarian, Swedish, -orwegian, *utch...There are political and cultural factors, of which the two most important are: autonomy (independence) and heteronomy (dependence). %n fact, a standard variety is a standard dialect. $ll the other non standard varieties are dialects. The standard language is a superposed variety of the language. %t has more prestige. +ore educated people try to use the standard. &urism vs. $uthenticism. .istorically speaking, standard (nglish developed out of (nglish dialects used in and around /ondon by speakers at the court, by scholars and writers, and later on by public schools. The (nglish used in the upper classes gradually came to be regarded as the model for all those who wished to speak and write 0well1. When printing became wide spread it was the form of (nglish most widely used in books 2 the form of (nglish with the highest profile. Within standard (nglish there are number of standard varieties: Standard ,ritish (nglish, Standard %ndian (nglish, Standard $merican (nglish, Standard Scottish (nglish, Standard $ustralian (nglish etc. Standard (nglish has a widely accepted and codified grammar. %t is imposed from above over the range of regional dialects, and it can be called a superposed variety of language. There is no prescribed accent for the standard. -e3t class: )ead about difference between standard vs. )&.

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