Module PMR

CHAPTER 1 : DIRECTED NUMBER

A. Complete the following multiplication table.
x -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4
-8
-6 36 -12
-4
-2
0 0
2 -16
4 16
B. Solving problems involving Combined Operations.
Example :
-1 + 2 – (- 3)
= -1 + 2 + 3
= 1 + 3
= 4

1) 3 + ( - 3) – ( - 5) 2) -18 – 3 + 5 – ( - 6 )
3) 12 + 34 + (- 25 ) – 15 4) -2– (- 5 )+( -4 )+(- 6 ) 5) -7 + 3 – (- 2) + ( - 2 )
6) -13 – (- 4 )+(-5) – (-3) 7) 30 + 21 – (-34 ) 8) -12 – (-4 ) + 5 +(- 6 )
9) 5+( -3 ) – ( -4 )+ (- 4 ) 10) - 8 - ( -3 ) + ( - 3 ) 11) - 3 + 2 - (-2) + (- 3)
12) 23 + 2 – (- 3 ) + (- 4) 13) 5 + 3 – (- 4 )
14) C C C
0 0 0
5 ) 3 ( 2 + − − −
Directed Numbers
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Module PMR
15) 14 – (- 12) + (- 23) 16)
-100 + (- 234) – ( -34)
17) -2 – (-3) + (-4) + 5
18) -12 + (-23) – (- 3) 19)
4 – ( -3) + (- 6 ) + ( - 2 )
20) -5 + (- 3 ) – ( - 4)
21) 42 – 3(5 + 3 x 4) 22) 45 – 3( 2 + 3 x 5) 23) 45 – 4 ( 2 – 8 ÷ 4 )
24) 36 + 4(3 -2 ÷ 2) 25) -20 + 3( -3 - 4 x 5 ) 26) -45 – 2( -5 + 3 x 3 )
27) ( 4 ÷ 2 – 3) + 3 – 4 28) ( -2 -3 x 4) – 3 + 4 29) ( - 4 – 5 x 3 ) + 4
30) (3 – 2 x 3)4 + 34 31) ( 5 – 6 ÷ 3) 4 – 3 32) (-6 +3x 4)8 + 3 – 7
Directed Numbers
2

Module PMR
Common Errors
No Errors Correct Steps
1 (-2) + (-3)- (-4)
= -2-3-4
=-9
=(-5)+4
= -1
2 (-4)x 9 – (5)
=-36 +5
= -31
-36-5
=-41
3
3
1
+
5
2
x ( -
3
10
)
=
15
5
+
15
6
x (-
13
10
)
=
15
11
x (-
13
10
)
=
39
22
3
1
+
5
2
x ( -
3
10
)
=
3
1
-
13
4
=
39
13
-
39
12
=
39
1
4
-4 +
7
1
= -
7
4
+
7
1
= -
7
3
-3
7
7
+
7
1
= - 3
7
6
5 (-2.07x0.2) + 2.9
= - 0.414 + 2.9
=-0.604
=-0.414+2.9
=2.486
6 (-7) x 8 x (-4)
=(-56) x ( -4)
= -224
= -56 x (-4)
=224
7
(-
7
2
) x (-
6
5
) – (-
3
1
)
= -
21
5
+
3
1
=(-
21
5
) +
21
7
= -
21
2
21
5
+
3
1
=
21
5
+
21
7
=
21
12
Directed Numbers
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Module PMR
Questions based on PMR format
1) Calculate the value
of 6 . 0 − )
2
1
5
3
1 ( − − + and
express the answer as
a decimal.
2) Calculate the value of
-5.2 –(- )
10
1
8
1
+ and
express the answer as
a decimal.

3) Calculate the value of
10
7
÷
]
]
]

− − )
8
5
(
5
3
and
express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest
term.
4) Calculate the value
of ) 25 . 0 (
2
1
3 − + x 4.2
and express the
answer as a decimal.
5) Calculate the value of
( )
3
2
2
2
1
3 − ÷
6
5
1 and
express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest
terms.

6) Calculate the value of
) 2 . 4 (
8
3
4 − + x (-0.6) and
express the answer in
decimal
Directed Numbers
4

Module PMR
7) Calculate the value
of ( )
3
2
1
6
1
2 − x
7
2
1
and express your
answer as a fraction in
its lowest term.
8) Calculate the value of
) 13 . 2 (
4
3
1 − + x (-0.4) and
express your answer in
decimals.
9) Calculate the value of
4
1
1 x )
4
3
5
2
1 ( − and
express your answer as
a fraction in its lowest
term.
10) Calculate the value
of
,
`

.
|
− ×
3
1
1
5
2
1
4
1
1
and
express your answer
as a fraction in its
lowest term.

11) Calculate the value
of
7
5
1
7
4
5
3
1 ÷
,
`

.
|

and
express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest
term.

12) Calculate the value
of
,
`

.
|
× ÷
2
1
4
1
1
4
3
2
and
express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest
term.
Directed Numbers
5

Module PMR
13) Calculate the value
of
4
1
1
8
1
3
8
3
× ÷ and
express your answer
as a fraction in its
lowest terms.
14) Calculate the value
of
,
`

.
|
− ÷
3
2
1
4
1
3
12
5
1
and
express your answer as
a fraction in its lowest
terms.
15) Calculate the value
of -0.25 -
,
`

.
|
+ −
8
1
5
1
and
express the answer as a
decimal in 2 decimal
places.
16) Evaluate
114 – 4 (14 + 54 ÷ 9 )

17) Calculate the value
of
9
4
) 027 . 0 (
8
1
64
3
× − − ÷
and express your
answer as a decimal in
2 decimal places.

18) Calculate the value
of
3
2
1
3
1
1
4
1
3 ÷
,
`

.
|
+
and
express your answer as
a fraction in its lowest
term.
Directed Numbers
6

Module PMR

19) Evaluate
3.6 - [ 0.12 X (-6)]


20) Calculate the value
of 19 – (- 1.2) ÷
8
3


21) Calculate the value
of
,
`

.
|
− ×
3
2
8
7
5
3
1
and
express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest
term.
PMR past year Questions
2004
1. Calculate the value of
5
3
2
5
2
3
1
2 ÷
,
`

.
|

and express the answer as a
fraction in its lowest term.
[2m]
2. Calculate the value of -0.8 -
,
`

.
|
+ −
5
1
2
1
and express the answer as a
decimal.
[2m]
2005
3. Calculate the value of 96 – 3 (12 + 48 ÷ 6 )
[2m]
Directed Numbers
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Module PMR
4. Calculate the value of 4.26 × 0.8 -
,
`

.
|

2
1
1
and express the answer
correct to two decimal places. [2m]
2006
5. Calculate the value of 14 -
( )
3
2
6 . 0 ÷ − [2m]
6. Calculate the value of
,
`

.
|
− ×
3
2
5
4
8
1
1
and express the answer as a fraction
in its lowest term. [2m]
2007
7. Calculate the value of - 24 ÷ 8 - 14 [2m]
8. Calculate the value of
9 . 0
18 . 0 4 ×
[2m]
2008
9. Calculate the value of
,
`

.
|
− ×
3
1
5
3
2
5
and express the answer as a fraction
in its lowest term.
[2m]
Directed Numbers
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Module PMR
CHAPTER 1 : DIRECTED NUMBERS
ANSWERS
B. Solving problems involving Combined operations
Q A Q A Q A Q A
1 5 9 2 17 2 25 -89
2 -10 10 -8 18 -32 26 -53
3 6 11 -2 19 -1 27 -2
4 -7 12 24 20 -4 28 -13
5 -4 13 12 21 -9 29 -15
6 -11 14 6°c 22 -6 30 22
7 85 15 3 23 45 31 9
8 -9 16 -300 24 44 32 44
Questions based on PMR format
Q1 -2.7 Q8 2.602 Q15 -0.18
Q2 -5.175 Q9
16
13
Q16 34
Q3
7
4
Q10 Q17 0.39
Q4 2.45 Q11
5
3
Q18
4
3
2
Q5
11
5
Q12
5
2
4 Q19 4.32
Q6 6.895 Q13
20
3
Q20 22.2
Q7
14
9
Q14
19
17
Q21
3
1
Past year Questions
Q1
39
29
Q4 4.91 Q7 -17
Q2 -0.5 Q5 14.9 Q8 0.8
Q3 36 Q6
20
3
Q9
3
2
Directed Numbers
9
12
1

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