2013: International year for water Cooperation International Year of Quinoa 2012: International Year of Sustainable Energy for

All 27 January – International day for victims of holocaust 4 February – World Cancer Day 13 February – World Radio Day 21 February – International day of language 8 March – International Women‘s Day. 21 March - International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 22 March – World Water Day 7 April - World Health Day 3 May – World Press Freedom Day 5 June – World Environment Day 12 June – World Day against Child Labour 14 June – World Blood Donor Day 20 June – World refugee Day 11 July – World population Day. 18 July – Nelson Mendala Day 28 July - World Hepititis Day 12 August – International Youth Day 8 September – World literacy Day. 15 September – Democracy Day 27 September – World tourism Day 9 October – World Post Day 13 October – International day for disaster reduction. 16 October – World Food Day 24 October – UN Day 20 November – Universal Children Day 29 November – Palestine solidarity Day 1 December- World Aids Day 10 December – Human Rights Day April 6 has just been designated as International day of sport for Development and Peace by UN ………….. 1. Which metal is heavier,? Silver or gold (gold) 2. How many legs do butterflies have? Six 3. 1988 noble peace prize has been awarded to? United Nation 4 the first prime minister of Bangladesh was? MujiburRehman 5. The longest river in the world is ? Nile

6.the length of English canal is? 564km 7.the biggest island of the world is? Greenland 8. the Japanese call their country ? Nippon 9. the world oldest known city is ? Damascus 10. world environment day observed on? 5thjune 11. the national flower of Britain is ? Rose 12. Adolf Hitler was born in? Austria 13. the largest peninsula in the world is? Arabia 14. the white house was painted white to? Hide fire damage 15.the lightest known metal is? lithium 2. ………….. 3. Pakistan became member of UNO on 27th Sep 1947 not on 30th AUG1947. plz make correction. it is requested that post MCQs and other important information which authentic and genuine as it will create embarrassment and confusion for the candidates.‘‘ 4. ………….. 5. Common Wealth of Nations: Establishment: Statute of Westminster 1931 London Declaration (April 1949) HQ: Marlborough House (London - UK) Head: Queen Elizbeth II (Since 1952) Secretary General: Kamalesh Sharma (India), since 2008. 2012 – Second term. Chairperson in office: Julia Gillard (PM of Australia) Members: 54 Independent States. Common wealth games: 2010 (New Delhi), 2014 (Glasgow-Scotland) Developing 8: D8 Establishment: Founded by Necmettin Erbakan, former Turkish Prime Minister (June 1997) Members: (8) Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey. Last Summit: 21 November 2012. Expert Meeting on Joint Investment Fund: 21-22 January 2013, Tehran. Water Cooperation meeting: 21-23 February 2013, Istanbul. BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa):

South Africa included in 2010 Last 4th Summit: March 2012, India, New delhi Next 5th summit: March 2013, South Africa, Durban Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) Established: December 1991 Membership: 9 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia, Uzbekistan) 2 Unofficial Member (Ukraine and Turkmenistan) Administrative Centre: Minsk Executive Secretary: Sergei Lebedev Presidency: Belarus Group of Eight G8: Establishment: 1975 Members: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK, USA and also EU. Last Summit (38th): May 2012, Camp David, USA Next Summit (39th): June 2013, UK (Lough Erne, County Fermanagh) G20: Establishment: 1999 Chair: Russia Last Summit (7th): Mexico – June 2012 Next Summit (8th): September 2013 in Russia. African Union Member States: 54 (only state that is excluded is morocco) Establishment: 26th May 2001 in Addis Ababa: launched July 2002 in RSA HQ: Addis Ababa and Midrand Chairperson: Yayi Boni (President of Benin) Commission chairperson: Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma Pan African Parliament: March 2004. International Monetary Fund Headquarters: Washington, D.C. (U S) Managing director: Christine Lagarde Official languages: English, French, and Spanish Formation: Charter Adopted: July 22, 1944 Entered into force: December 27, 1945. Membership: 188 Nations Dominique Strauss Kahn (France) Former director who resigned after rape charges World Bank Headquarters: Washington, D.C. (U S) President: Jim Yong Kim Founded in: 1944

Membership: 188 countries (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) 172 countries (International Development Association) World Trade Organization Formation: January 1, 1995 (Marrakech Declaration) successor organization General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), commenced in 1948 Headquarters: Centre William Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland Membership: 157 member states (China enter in Dec 2001) Official languages: English, French, Spanish Director-General: Pascal Lamy International Atomic Energy Agency Establishment: 29 July 1957 Secretary-General: Yukiya Amano (Japan) Headquarters: Vienna, Austria Membership: 151 member states Signature and ratification of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968) are not preconditions for membership in the IAEA. Asian Development Bank: Establishment: 22 August 1966 Members: 67 Countries Secretariat: Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila, Philippines President: Haruhiko Kuroda

United Nations: Establishment: 24 October 1945. Main organs: 6 main organs (General Assembly, UNSC, Secretariat, UN economic and social council & UN trusteeship council) General Assembly: President: John William Ashe (68). Zafarullah Khan became president in 1962. United Nation Security Council: 5+10 members (China, USA, UK, France & Russia + Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Rwanda, Luxemburg, South Korea, Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan, Togo) ICJ: Hague (15 judges elect on basis of 9 yrs) President: Peter Tomka (Slovakia) ECOSOC (Economic and social Council): 54 members, President: Miloš Koterec (Slovakia) UN trusteeship Council: Inactive from 1994 Secretary General (8th): Ban Ki-moon (South Korea) since January 2007. Deputy Secretary General: Jan Eliasson (Sweden) Security Council President: Masood Khan (Permanent representative of Pakistan in UN) Member states: 193 Official Languages: 6 (English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish) HQ: NY, USA

Mali. Mogyarzaq . Burma .Oslo. W. . India tested ist neuclear device in may 11 1974 4. Tiwan is only country who has not membership of U. Montgomery. In 1948 pakistan participated first time in Olympics 13.O is located at Geneva 16. Petersburg.A bhutto on 30th nov . The coldest place of Pakistan is Sakardu 8.Namibia.Saudi Arabia.1967 20.Hungry. Largest Museum of Pakistan is national museum Karachi 18.Switzerland.Sahiwal. Lyallapur . 1948 19.St. The first postal stamp of Pakistan issued on 9th July. French Sudan .H.6. South Rhodesia . In april 1969 Yahya regime announced Labour reforms 17. ……….Istanbul. Old Name New Name Pipri .Iraq (The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935) Najd and Hejaz . In 1960 capital shifted from karach to Islamabad 2. 52% men and 42% women are living in pakistan 12.Iran. W.Myanmar.Indonesia. Formosa . Leningard . China shares his border with 14 countries 7. Burma . Denmark shares his teratory in with two continents 11. …………. Constantinople .H. Helvetia . Ppp was founded by Z.O was the first organization who had given membership to Pakistan 5. 1.Taiwan. Duch-East-Indies . W.Faisalabad. Abyssinia .O 6. The largest river of France is Lore 14..N.O is located at Geneva 15. Peiking. South West Africa . 11th may is birthday of Budha 3. Indoneshia is the biggest Muslim country with refernce of population 10.Myanmar. Rhodesia .Bin Qasim. International cort of Justice is situated in Netherland 8. Kazakhstan is the biggest Muslim country 9.Beijing.M. 7.Ethiopia.Zimbabwe. Mesopotamia .Srilanka. Christiana . Persia .Zimbabwe. Ceylon.

• Saying of Prophet are called Wahi Ghair Matlloo. US Ambassador to Pakistan – Richard Olson. Madras . • Hazrat Harron on 5th. • First collection of Ahadith is Sahifah-e-Saadiqa. The humanitarian organization built by Bill Gates is Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (formed in 1994). Stalinabad . • Greatest angel as per Islam is Jibra‘eel. 4. • Barzakh: time period between death and Day of Judgment. • The most exalted angels are four. Temasek . • Hazrat Isa and Hazrat Yahya on 2nd. Professor Ghafoor died on 26 December 2012. Asifa . 3.Xinjiang 9.Salisbury . Pakistan‘s Goodwill ambassador to eradicate polio Ms.Singapore. • Hashim was grand father of prophet & brother of Muttalib. Ray. US ambassador to Afghanistan – James Cunningham 7. 2013. • Each human being is attended permanently by two angels. Tripoli . • In 622 A. • Lady named Zainab tried to poison the Holy Prophet. • Prophet recited surah Al -Fatha at the conquest of Makkah . 8. 2.Libya. Attorney General Pakistan – Munit A. Qazi Hussain Ahmed died on 6th January. 1. • Hazrat Idrees on 4th.Chennai. ………… • Saabi is one who changes his religion. • Hazrat Ibraheem on 7th. Malik 6. • Hazrat Ali Conquered the fort of Qamus. • Mosque of Zarar was demolished by prophet.Isfahan Sankiang . 5. • Hazrat Adam met with Holy Prophet on the first heaven. • Hazrat Musa on 6th. • Ume Salma was present at the time of the battle of Khyber.D Holy Prophet migrated to madina.Dushanbe. Operation curiosity is a robotic mission for planet Mars (NASA) arrived in Mars at August 6. 2012. • Jaabi is one who collects Zakat. • Hazrat Yaqub on 3rd.Harare. • In iman-e-Mufassal essential beliefs are 7 in number. • Sidrat-ul-Mantaha means last tree of the Eternity.

Name the first elected President of Pakistan (a)* General Ayub khan (b) Iskandar Mirza (c) Muhammad Ali Bogra (d) Quaid-e-Azam 5. The University of Al-Karaouine is the oldest university of the world located in (a) Iran (b)*Morocco (c) Egypt (d) France 2. President Islamic Development Bank . approves Palestinian 'observer state' bid on November 30. 14. Pakistan and India represent Asia-Pacific Group 4 times together. Qim Gang – China Foreign spokes person 11.N. Pakistan & India has become non permanent member of Security Council for 7 times.The headquarters of International Olympic Committee is . 12. EU won 2012 Nobel peace prize. Which is the biggest district of Pakistan? (a) Bahawalpur (b)* Chaghi (c) Karachi (d) Khuzdar 4. Muhammad Ali Al. Which is the current capital city of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar? (a) Colombo (b)* Naypyitaw (c)Thampo (d) Rangoon 3.Dr. U.Benazir Bhutto. 13.Madani. 9. 2012 MCQs 1. 10.

Which gas is used in decoration lighting? (a) Oxigen (b) Hydrogen (c) Nitrogen (d)* Neon 9. 'Ottawa convention 1997' is related to (a)* Environment protection (b) Preserving wild life (c) Banning landmines (d) Banning chemical weapons 10. The Leaning Tower (Pisa Tower) is located in (a) Germany (b)* Rome (Italy) (c) London (UK) (d) Paris (France) 11. Which Pakistani prime minister visited china first? (a) Liaqat Ali Khan (b)* Hussain Shaheed Suharwardi (c) Khawaja Nazimuddin (d) Muhammad Ali Bogra 8. Name the only Secretary General of UNO who resigned from his post? (a) Mrs Vijay Lakshmi Pandit (b)*Trygve Lie (c) Kofi Annan (d) U. Thant 7.located at: (a)* Lausanne (Switzerland) (b) Moscow (Russia) (c) Los Angeles (USA) (d) New York (USA) 6. Where the first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896? .

When did he resign? (a) 9 August. 1973 (c) 9 August. 1974 15. 1972 (b) 9 August.(a)* Athens (b) Rome (c) Paris (d) Italy 12. ―Temple Tree‖ is the official residence of (a) President of Sri Lanka (b)* Sri Lankan Prime Minister's House (c) President of Belgium . fruit and vegetables is called: (a) Green Culture (b) Agriculture (c)* Horticulture (d) Landscaping 14. Name the palace that is the official residence of the president of France? (a)* Elysee Palace (b) White House (c) French Palace (d) Paris Hall 16. Art and science of growing flowers. 1975 (d)* 9 August. Richard Nixon was only President of USA who resigned from his post. Who is the founder of Wikileaks? (a) Jimmy Wales (b) Rown Descartes (c) Charles Bobbage (d)* Julian Assange (Australian) 13. Who built the ―Rohtas Fort‖ near the Jhelum? (a) Akbar (b)* Sher Shah Suri (c) Humayun (d) Shah Jehan 17.

Whose creation is the famous painting ―Mona Liza‖? (a) Romalo (b) Picasso (c)* Leonardo da vinici (d) Richard Leonardo 22.(d) British Prime Minister 18. In which year the Noble Prize was first awarded? (a) 1905 (b) 1903 (c)* 1901 (d) 1902 23. the word is derived from:- . Tsunami' means 'Harbour Waves'. Next Cricket World Cup will be played in: (a) Australia (b) New Zealand (c) Bangladesh (d)* Both a & b 21.What did Sir Isaac Pitman invent? (a) The typewriter (b) The propelling pencil (c)* A form of shorthand (d) Motor Cycle 24. Who is called the Man of ―Iron and Blood‖? (a)* Prince Bismarck (b) US President Ford (c) Lemin (d) Karl Mark 19. Napoleon is known as ―Man of Destiny‖ and ―Little Corporal‖. Next Football World Cup will be played in 2014 in: (a) Korea (b) Japan (c)* Brazil (d) South Africa 20.

What was it? (a) Sumo (b) Kyodo (c) Yoko (d)* Edo 27.―Diego Garcia‖ is a (a) Airlines of Singapore (b) French Surface to Surface Missile (c)* United States military base in the Indian Ocean (d) Disputed island between Japan and Russia in the Pacific Ocean 31. Twinkle Little Star‖? (a)* Ann and Tane Taylor (b) Emily Dickinson (c) Janne Joylor (d) Ann Taylor 26.The term '16 yards hit' is associated with (a) Badminton (b) Baseball .Who wrote the poem ―Twinkle. The world's famous bridge ―Golden Gate‖ is located in:(a) New York (b) Mexico (c)* San Francisco (d) London 30.Which country's flag is known as Union Jack? (a) France (b) Romania (c)* UK (d) Poland 28. Tokyo had another old name. Which wood is used for making cricket bats? (a)* Willow (b) Oak (c) Peak trees (d) date palm 29.(a) French (b) German (c)* Japanese (d) Spanish 25.

Which of the following animals can hear ultrasonic sound? (a) Cat (b) Rat (c)* Bat (d) Squirrel 33. Name the person who presented 'Chenab Formula' to resolve the Kashmir dispute (a)* Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan (b) Ali Shah Gilani (c) Barrister Sultan Mahmood (d) None of the above 37. Who introduced the principle of the Doctrine of Lapse? (a) Clive (b) Cornwallis (c) Hastings (d)* Dalhousie . Muslim Students Federation (MSF) was established in 1937 by (a) Abdur Rab Nishtar (b)* Raja Sahib of Mehmud Abad (c) Raja Gazanfir Ali (d) Sir Agha Khan 36.(c) Polo (d)* Hockey 32. Who is the founder of Wikipedia? (a)* Jimmy Wales (b) Rowne Descartes (c) Bill Gates (d) None of the above 34. A mobile phone sends and receives messages through (a) Sound waves (b) Micro waves (c) U/V waves (d)* Radio waves 35.

Greenwich Mean Time was established in (a) 1864 (b) 1880 (c)* 1884 (d) 1892 43. SIM stands for: (a) Single in-line Module (b) Single in-line Memory (c)* Subscriber identity Module (d) Subscriber identity Memory 40.38.The number of amendments in Pakistan's constitution are: (a) 13 (b) 14 (c) 17 (d)* 19 44. Dome of Rock is located in (a)* Jerusalem (b) Lebanon (c) Jordan (d) Iraq 39. Which gas is used in electric bulb? (a)* Nitrogen (b) Hydrogen (c) Carbon dioxide (d) Cholorine 41. The wonder of the world 'Taj Mahal' (Agra) is situated in the Indian state: (a)* Uttar Pradesh (b) Himachal Pradesh (c) Madhya Pradesh (d) None of them 42. The Magna Carta was signed by King John on (a)* 15th June 1215 (b) 15th August 1225 (c) 15th June 1235 (d) None of above .

―Decision Point‖ Book is written by (a) Barack Obama (b)* George W Bush (c) Asif Ali Zardari (d) Al Gore 50.45. Which of the following countries became the last member of UNO? (a) Kosovo (b) East Timor (c) Montenegro (d)* South Sudan 49. Name the country through which equator passes: (a)* Indonesia (b) China (c) Malta (d) Pakistan 47. Who first pioneered the idea of a blood bank? (a) Booker T. Which of the following is the oldest Parliament of world? (a) National congress (b) National Assembly (c) Bondesrat (d)* Althing 51. Washington (b) George Washington Carver (c) Jonas Salk (d)* Charles Drew 48. Which of the following vitamin is produced in human body with the help of sunlight? . The Bolshevik Revolution is associated with (a) France (b) Germany (c)* Russia (d) England 46.

Where Das Man Palace is located? (a) Saudi Arabia (b) Indonesia (c)* Kuwait (d) Sri Kanka 55. Martin Cooper is known for his invention of (a) Digital Camera (b) Solar Energy (c) X-Ray (d)* Mobile Phone 56. What is his contribution to Physics? (a) Discovery of atomic particles (b)* Interaction of Elementary Particles and weak forces (c) Discovery of Submaline process (d) None of these 54. Abdus Salam was a Pakistani Physicist and Nobel Prize Winner in 1979 in physics. The foundation stone of the sikhism's holiest place ―Golden Temple‖ at Amritsar was laid by (a) Guru Nanak (b) Khawja Ghareb Nawaz (c) Acharya Rakeshprasad (d)* Hazrat Mian Mir . After independence the first radio station was established at (a) Lahore (b) Rawalpindi (c)* Karachi (d) Islamabad 53.(a)* D (b) E (c) K (d) C 52. Garuda airline is the name of airline of (a) Malaysia (b)* Indonesia (c) America (d) Spain 57.

When did Pakistan win gold medal for the first time in Olympics? (a)* 1960 (b) 1961 (c) 1962 (c) 1963 65. Which bank provided 80 million loans for making 1st budget of Pakistan? (a) UBL (b) NB (c) MCB (d)* Habib Bank 59. When Pakistan introduced National Identity cards (NIC)? (a) 1971 (b) 1972 (c) 1973 (d)* 1974 60. The 2012 Olympic Games are scheduled to be held at (a)* London (b) Seoul (c) Sydney (d) Tokyo 62. Nightingale Florence (belongs to France) was a (a) Soldier (b)* Nurse (d) Religious reformer (d) None of these 64.58. Sher Shah's real name was: (a) Hemu (b) Faizi (c) Bahadur (d)* Farid Khan 63.Which country has received maximum Nobel prizes after its . Where is the headquarters of the Amnesty International? (a) New York (b)* London (c) Paris (d) Geneva 61.

1776 at: (a) Washington (b) New York (c) Chicago (d)* Philadelphia 71. The Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies was adopted by the Constitutional Congress on July 4. Agoraphobia is a fear of a (a) Wealth (b)* Open places (c) Water (d) None of these 68. 66. Name the first woman speaker of US Congress is (a)* Nancy Palosy (b) Condaliza Rice .institution? (a) Germany (b) France (c)* USA (d) U.K. Which Sea has no coastline? (a) Japan Sea (b)* Sargasso Sea (c) Tasmanian Sea (d) White Sea 67. The Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India was: (a) Iltutmish (b) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (c)* Firoz Shah Tughlaq (d) None of these 70. 'Latakia' is the seaport of (a)* Syria (b) Libya (c) Jordan (d) Iraq 69.

(c) Nancy Pawell (d) Hillery Clinton 72. Paris is the capital of France situated on the bank of (a)* Seine (b) Po (c) Thane (d) Spree 75. The historic site ―Mehrgarh‖ was discovered on the right bank of the (a) Indus river (b) Kabul river (c)* Bolan river (d) Hub river 76. Babar came to India originally from (a)* Ferghana (b) Khiva (c) Khorasan (d) Seistan 77. Which country is called ―Thunderbolt of Asia‖? (a)* Bhutan (b) Mongolia (c) China . Helvetia is the old name of: (a)* Switzerland (b) Spain (c) France (d) Thailand 74. Mahan Airline belongs to which country? (a)* Iran (b) South Africa (c) India (d) Nepal 73. Which of the following pass connects Abbotabad and Gilgit? (a)* Babusar Pass (b) Tochi Pass (c) Bolan Pass (d) Dargai Pass 78.

Which American industrialist was praised by Adlof Hitler in his autobiography. The celebrated novel 'The Godfather' was authored by (a) John Milton (b) Victor Hugo (c)* Mario Puzo (d) Harold 81. he was the only American to be praised by Hitler (a)* Henry Ford (b) Gerald Ford (c) Thomas Alva Edison . When Red Cross was established by Jean Henri Durant? (a) 1860 (b) 1861 (c)* 1864 (d) 1867 80.(d) None of these 79. Which of the following straits separate Malaysia from Singapore? (a) Dover Strait (b)* Johor Strait (c) Sunda Strait (d) Palk Strait 82. World Press Freedom day is observed on (a)* 3rd May (b) 13th May (c) 15th May (d) 18th May 83. In fact. Mein Kampf. Anjuman-i-Hamayat-Islam was established in subcontinent in (a)* 1884 (b) 1877 (c) 1878 (d) 1892 85. Flag of Red Cross is the reverse of the flag of (a) Germany (b*) Switzerland (c) England (d) Sweden 84.

When was the Pakistan's first Constituent Assembly constituted? (a)* July 20. 1947 (b) June 20. Saddat Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan in (a)* 1414 (b) 1412 (c) 1415 (d) 1634 90. 1947 (c) August 20. Which of the continents has the lowest population growth rate? (a)* Europe (b) North America (c) Africa (d) Asia . Where was Albert Einstein born? (a) UK (b) USA (c)* Germany (d) Albania 89. What is the height of Mount Everest according to new survey? (a)* 29035 Feet (8850 m) (b) 29050 Feet (8855 m) (c) 29028 Feet (8848 m) (d) 29044 Feet (8853 m) 91. 1947 88.(d) Henry Ford II 86. NASA stands for ________. (a)* National Aeronautics and Space Administration (b) Natural Aeronautics and Space Administration (c) Natural Administration and Space Administration (d) Natural Administration and Space Agency 87. 1947 (d) August 25.

Netherlands.92. Which of following mountains separate Asia from Europe? (a)* Ural Mountains (b) Hindukush Mountains (c) Alps Mountains (d) Atlas Mountains 94. Belgium. Baglihar Dam is located in Doda district on river: (a) Indus River (b) Jhelum River (c)* Chenab River (d) Ravi River 96. Netherlands (c)* Belgium. Who advocated the theory of laissez faire? (a) Marshall (b) Malthus (c)* Adam Smith (d) None of these 97. The first airline of Pakistan is: (a) Pak Airways (b)* Orient Airline (c) PIA (d) Blue Airline 98. Which countries are included in ―Benelux‖? (a) Belgium. Senate of Pakistan is consisting of members after the 18th . Luxembourg (d) None of these 93. Netherlands. The energy generation in stars is due to (a) Fission of heavy nuclei (b)* Fusion of light nuclei (c) Fusion of heavy nuclei (d) None of these 95. Norway (b) Sweden.

vegetable and oil.amendment: (a) 100 (b) 122 (c)* 104 (d) 112 99. Parsi.Larkana. Muhammad Ahmad (d) Asif Zardari Information about sindh.Khairpur. Woolen. Carpets. Airports:-Karachi. Buddhist 6. Moen-joDaro. Area of sindh = 140. Gas. Hindu . Christian.Agriculure = Rice.Malir Sukkur (5 Districts) Sukkur. Hyderabad. 7.Nawabshah.Industry = Cotton. Nawabshah 4. Cotton. Sugarcane. Karachi(Central). Malir Nadi. Sindhri.M Capital= Karachi.Other Big Cities= Hyderabad . sehawan . What is the portfolio of Syeda Hussain Warsi in UK Cabinet? (a) Minister of industry (b)* Minister without Portfolio (c) Minister of Education (d) Minister of Health 100.914 K. Coal.Nousheroferoz. cigrattes.Rivers= Hub River. Karachi (east). Silk. 3. Seraiki.Ghotki. Sukkur. Adminstrative divisions of sindhi There are five 05 Divisions and 27 Districts and each district is divided into tehsil these division are for adminstrative purpose only. My Life's Journey book is written by (a) Mehmood Qasori (b)* Altaf Hussain (c) Dr. Karachi(south) .Following are Districts of sindh 1. Heavy engineering. Urdu.Natural resources= Oil.Religons = Islam. Karachi(west). Electrical goods and Oil refineries etc. Shipping . Chemical Fertilizer. Pashtu. . Synthetic Textile. Jacoabad. Punjabi 5. Liari Nadi .Principal Languages = Sindhi. 8. Chemical and Pharmaceuticals. 9. Baran River.Karachi Division(5 districts) 1. Wheat. Cement. Sugar. Sukkur. Nawabshah.

Formosa . Leningard . Shikarpur. Ray.Saudi Arabia.Libya. Lyallapur . Abyssinia .Myanmar. Helvetia . South West Africa .Bin Qasim. Tripoli . Umerkot.Hyderabad.Mali. Old Name New Name Pipri .Sahiwal.Switzerland. Madras . 4. Thattha.Indonesia.Larkana (5 Districts) Larkana. Badin. Burma .Isfahan Sankiang – Xinjiang . Ceylon.Namibia. Thar. Constantinople . Burma . Kambar-Shahdadkot 5.Harare. Duch-East-Indies . (8 Districts) Hyderabad.Iraq (The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935) Najd and Hejaz . French Sudan . Montgomery.Tando Allhayar.Dushanbe.Beijing. Mesopotamia .Faisalabad.Myanmar. South Rhodesia . Temasek .Dadu.Iran. Peiking.Hungry. Rhodesia .Zimbabwe. Jacoabad.Chennai. Jamshoro.St. Christiana . Matiari.3. Tando Muhammad Khan.Singapore.Istanbul.Oslo. Kashmore.Ethiopia. Mogyarzaq . Petersburg. Persia . Stalinabad .Srilanka. Sanghar. Mirpur Khas Mirpur Khas. Salisbury .Zimbabwe.Taiwan.

QIYAS INFORMATION ABOUT QURAN 1. Kalimas There are six Kalimas 1.Kalima Tayab 2.IJTEHAD 4.Islam definaion The word Islam is derived from the Arabic Word "salam" is to obedience or the peace it is named Islam because it commands obedience and submission to the will of Allah.ISHA= 4 SUNNAT+ 4 FARZ+ 2 SUNNAT+ 2NAFL+ 3 WITR + 2 FARZ = 17 SOURCES OF ISLAMIC LAWS 1.Zakat 4.Last Surah of Quran= Surah-e-Nas 6.Kalma Istighfar 6. QURAN 2.Zuhr= 4 SUNNAT+4 FARZ+2SUNNAT+ 2 NAFL = 12 RAKATS 3.Hajj.Bakar 7.MAGHRIB= 3 FARZ + 2 SUNNAT+ 2 NAFAL 5.Kalma Rad-e-Kufr Rakats in Namaz 1.Salat (Namaz) 3.Longest Surah of Quran= Surah-e.ASR= 4 SUNNAT + 4 FARZ = 8 RAKATS 4.fasting/Saum (Roza) 5.First Surah of Quran = Surah-e-Fatiha 5.Kalma Tamjeed 4.HADITH 3. Fajr ( 4 Rakats) 2 Sunnat+ 2 Farz = total =4 2.Kalma Shahdat 3.IJMA 3.NO of Paras in Holy Quran = 30 Paras 3. No of surahas in Quran 114 surahas 2.No of Ayats= 6666 4.Kalma Tauheed 5.Kausar .Shortest Surah of Quran= Surah-e. TOuheed (believe in Oneness of Allah) 2. [U]Important Articles of Islam[/U There are five fundamentals of Islam namely:1..

Fort= Rani Kot SIndh 12. Largest District= Khuzdar Balouchistan 10.Dam= Tarbela Dam 8.Largest Division(Adminstrative) Kalat Division 11. Number of Makis Suraha= 87 surahs 12.8. Largest Mine = Khewra Mines (salt Mines) Punjab . Lake( Natural) = Manchar Lake (sindh) 18.Hospital= Nishtar Hospital Multan 13.City= Karachi 6.Largest Canal= Lloyd Barrage Canal 7.years to COmplete Quran= Approximately 23 years 10.ALaq 9.Tallest buiding= MCB tower II chundrigar Road Karachi 4.Island= Manora 15.Lake(Artificial) = Keenjhar Lake (SIndh) 17.First Reavled surah = Surah Al.Desert= Thar Desert 9.Industerial Unit= Pakistan Steel Mills 14.Airport:.Largest Mausoleum= Quaid-e-Azam Mausolem Karachi 20. subject of Holy Quran= Human Being is the subject of HOly Quran Largest in Pakistan Airline= Pakistan International Airlines 2.Rukoos= 558 Rukoos 11.Library= The Punjab Public Library Lahore 19.Jungle= Changa Manga (Kasur) 16.Number of Madni Surhas= 27 13.Barrage= Sukkur Barrage 5.Quaid-e-Azam Internationl Airport Karachi 3.

Mosque= Faisal Masjid 23.Largest Urdu Published Newspaper= Jang 25.Largest Province by Area= Balouchistan 29. Largest Province by Population= Punjab 30. United states== Medel OF honour. 31.Motorway= Lahore-Islamabad Motorway 24. Largest Railway station= Lahore Railway station.Largest Radio station= Islamabd 32.Shipping Compony= Pakistan National Shipping Corporation 35. 26.Germany= Knights cross of the iron cross 3.Stadium(Hockey) = National Stadium Lahore 38.United Kingdom= Victoria Cross 7.Nuclear Reactor= Karachi Nuclear power Plant 27.Largest Tv booster= Tandiani( Islamabad) Largest University= Punjab University Millitary awards of diffrent countries [B] FRANCE= Croix De Guerre 2.Stadium(Cricket) National Stadium Karachi 37.Railway workshop= Mughalpura Railway Workshop Lahore 33.Stadium(Atheletics) =Islamabad 36.River= Indus River 34.Largest English Published Newspaper= The News. Pakistan= Nishan-e-Haider 6. . Monument= Minar-e-Pakistan 22. Japan= Order of the Rising Sun 5.21. Largest Park= Ayoub National Park Rawalpindi 28. India= Param vir Chakra 4.

6. 767 Works: Kitabul Asar. 795 . • Persons included in Bait-e-Uqba Oola 12 and in Bait-e-Uqba Sani 75. 4. 7. AKAL-TAkKHT= It is a place in the Golden Temple of Amritsar 3. • Cave of Hira is 3 miles from Makkah. • After 6 years of the birth of Holy prophet Bibi Aamna died.Prophet Muhammad (P. • Ambassadors sent to Arab& other countries in 7th Hijra. • Prophet was buried in the hujra of Ayesha. • Second convent of Al-Aqba arrived at Makkah in 12th Nabvi. 711 Died: Medina. The Jurisprudents 1. (250 miles) • Makkah conquest occurred in 8th year of Hijra. • Hijra took place in 13th Nabvi. CAMP DAVID= It is a place located in USA where Egypt and Israel signed the Camp Accord. • Prophet performed Hajj in 10th Hija. HONOLULU= It is the capital and an important sea port Hawaii Islands 10. Greenwhich= It is a town near London through which passes the Meriderian 8. BASTILLE= Sastille was a jail in Paris which was destroyed on 14h July 1789 during the French Revolution. Imam Abu Hanifa (Persian) Name: Noman ibn Sabit Zuta ibn Marzuban Born: Kufa.H) stayed here during his miraj Journey. • After 8 years of the birth of Prophet Abdul Muttalib died. • 632 A.D Charter of Madina. 2. • Prophet was born in 1st Year of Elephant. ABUL SIMBAL= It is a Temple in Egypt. Figh al-Akbar 2.Important places of the world 1. HoLLYWOOD= Hollywood is a famous film Industry centre of USA 9. DARDANELLES= It is a strait between Europe and Turkey in Black Sea. 699 Died: Baghdad. • Medina is 448 Km from Makkah. • King of Byzantine in 7th Hijra was Hercules. PENTAGON= It is the headquarters of US army which is located in Washington (DC) USA. AL-AQSA MOSQUE= This masque in jerusalem. Imam Malik (Arab) Name: Malik ibn Anas Born: Medina.B.U. 5. • King of Iran tore away the message of Prophet.

Aurangzeb Alimgir d. When Nadva-tul-Ulema came into being? A. None of these (1884) 8. None of these 12. 1.1893 d. 767 Died: Fustat. Sir Agha Khan 10. Zaheer-ud-din Babar b.1873 b. Muhammad Tughluq 4.Ghiyas-ud-din Balban declared himself king of Delhi Sultanate in the year b. Syed Jamal ud Din Afghani . Who initiated the cult of Shivaji against the Muslims of India? A.1266 3. Imam Hanbal (Arab) Name: Abu Abdullah Ahmed ibn Muhammad al-Shaibani Born: Baghdad. • Imam Shafi‘i was greatly influenced by Imam Malik. None of these 5.when nehru committee was constituted to propose the future constitution of India? b. 855 Works: Kitabul Iman.1883 c.Shah Waliullah 7.who was known in history as Mujaddid Alf Thani. who first came in Lahore. Who founded Daulatabad and shifted the capital of Delhi Sultanate? b. Feb 1928 c.Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi 6. Name the saint. Bal Ganga dher tilak 9. Kitabul Umm 4. Shahab-ud-din Shahjahan c. Imam Shafi‘I (Arab) Name: Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idrees Born: Gaza. Feb 1928 11. 820 Works: Al-Risala. Kitabul Masail and others • Imam Abu Hanifa learnt under the famous Imam Jafar al -Sadiq. 780 Died: Baghdad.Works: Al-Muwatta (the Approved)a 3. When the congress ministries resigned from their offices? A. Nov 1927 b. Who called the‖spiritual guide‖as shopkeepers? b . the ‗Muwatta‘ of Imam Malik at ten years and became a religious judge at fifteen years.Who first thought of the possibility of a Muslim republic embracing the present Central Asian states in north west of sub-continent? b. b. Who led Simla deputation in 1906? a.Who set up the chain of justice to redress the grievances of oppressed people? a. • Imam Shafi‘i is said to have memorized Quran at seven years. Shaikh ismail 2. Feb 1929 d. • Imam Malik is called ‗Imam Darul Hijrat‘ (leader of the abode of migration). the reformer of second millennium? a .

Enghish is The News. presented his constitutional formula to the Constituent Assembly on: b. oil field is Dhurnal Oil Field. after getting passed by both houses of Majlis-e-Shura? c. one of the Western.when Abu ala Maududi was awarded death punishment by military court on‖ Qadiani issue‖? c. island is Manora (Karachi) Jungle is Changa Manga (Kasur).2003 18. district is Khuzdar (Baluchistan). When was the local government system under the devolution of power plan. lake (natural) is Manchar. When Simla Conference was concluded with failure? b. inaugurated? b. K. Antony Minister for external Affairs: Salman Khurshed . Karachi. Muhammad Ali Bogra. industial unit is Pak: Steel Mill industry is Textile. May 1953 16. Lahore. When was the 17th amendment bill ratified by the President. is as high as: a. The Suleman Mountain. mine is Salt Mines of Khewra. July14. desert is Thar.M of Pakistan. nuclear reactor is KANUPP.1945 14. Karachi. Oct7. 2001. 1952 20.1953 17. the then P. Dec31. library is Pujab Public Library. Country Profile: India President: Pranab Mukherjee Vice President: M Hamid Ansari Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (INC) Speaker of the House: Meira Kumar (INC) Defense Ministers: A. motorway is Lahore-Islamabad. lake (artificial) is Keenjhar.K. A. Aug 14.13.When was gas (natural) discovered at Sui Baluchistan? b.Azad 15. None of these • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest Largest dam is Terbela. museum is National Meseum. 2200ft c. Who negotiated with cabinet mission (1946) on behalf of All India National Congress? c. circulated urdu newspaper is Jang.2001 19. 3300ft d. 1100ft b.

Minister for Finance: Chidambaram Palaniappa Minister for Home: Sushilkumar Shinde Army Chief: General Bikram Singh Chief Justice: Altamas Kabir Seats in Lower House (Lok Sabha): 552 Next elections of Lok Sabha will held after 31st May 2014. 7th president– Fifth Generation Leadership. Premier: Li Keqiang (7th Premier) Russia President: Vladimir Putin Prime Minister: Dmitry Medvedev Iran Spiritual Leader of Iran: Ali Khamenei President: Hassan Rouhani (7th President of Iran on 3rd August 2013) Iraq President: Jalal Talabani Prime Minister: Nouri al-Maliki Israel Legislation House: Knesset President : Shimon Peres Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu United Kingdom Monarch: Elizabeth II Prime Minister: David Cameron MP (Conservative Party) Deputy PM: Nick Clegg MP (Liberal Democrats) Upper House: House of Lords Lower House: House of Commons Italy President: Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister : Enrico Letta France President: François Hollande (French Socialist Party) Prime Minister: Jean-Marc Ayrault (French Socialist Party) . Bangladesh President: Zillur Rahman Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina Next Elections with due on 26 October 2013 to 24 January 2014. Afghanistan President: Hamid Karzai Vice President: Mohammed Fahim and Karim Khalili China President: Xi Jinping.

120 Independents) Sri-Lanka President: Mahinda Rajapaksa PM: D. 200 seats (39 United Alliance.Germany President : Joachim Gauck Chancellor: Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union) Parliament: Bundestag (Lower House) & Bundesrat (Federal Council and Upper House) Canada Monarch: Elizabeth II Governor General: David Johnston Prime Minister: Stephen Harper Malaysia: King: Abdul Halim PM: Najib Tun Razak Deputy PM: Muhyiddin Yassin US Cabinet: Vice President: Joe Biden US envoy to Afghanistan-Pakistan: James Dobbins (4 May 2013) Special Envoy for Middle East Peace: Ambassador David Hale White House Chief of Staff: Denis McDonough Secretary of State: Senator Jon Kerry Chief of Staff of the Army: GEN Raymond T. Secretary of Commerce: John Bryson.Sisi Acting President: Adly Mansour Acting Prime minister: Hazem Al Beblawi Presidential elections: May 2012. Martin Dempsey Director of CIA: John Brennan Japan: Emperor: Akihito Prime minister: Shinzo Abe Egypt Chairmen of Supreme council of armed forces: Abdel Fattah el. Secretary of Homeland Security: Janet Napolitano Ambassador to the United Nations: Susan Rice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Gen. M. Jayaratne . Secretary of the Interior: Ken Salazar. Secretary of Defense: Chuck Hagel. Morsi became 5th president of Egypt from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013. Attorney General: Eric Holder. Odierno. Libya President: Mohammed Magariaf Prime minister: Ali Zeidan Qaddafi assassination: 20 October 2011 General National Congress: 7 July 2012 elections. Secretary of the Treasury: Jacob Lew.

Q.Bhutan: King: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck PM: Tshering Tobgay Nepal: President: Ram Baran Yadav. How many wars were fought between India and Pakistan? Ans. 1980. What is the length of common border between India and Pakistan? Ans. the UN General Assembly passed a motion changing Palestine's "entity" status to "non-member state" by a vote of 138 to 9. with 41 abstentio. USA.and it is! (AlQuran PAKISTAN‘S FOREIGN POLICY Q. 1965. His command. Chairmen of Interim Election Government: Khil Raj Regmi Palestine President: Mahmod Abbas Prime Minister: Salam Fayad On 29 November 2012. is only that He says "Be!" . Q. When Treaty of Tashkent was signed? Ans. UN __________________ -Verily. 1965 and 1971. Three viz 1948. Q. when He intends a thing. Sankiang. What is the name of Chinese province to which join the borders of Pakistan? Ans. Q. When SAARC was established? Ans. EU. When India exploded its first nuclear device? Ans. Q. Q. Q. When Simla Pact was signed? Ans. . When Peoples Republic of China was established? Ans. 600 Km. 2200 Km. What is the length of common border of China and Pakistan? Ans. 1974. Quartet on Palestine: Tony Blair (Special Envoy). Russia. 1949. Q. 1972.

How much area was gained by Pakistan as a result of his demarcation? Ans.O start functioning? Ans. 30 September 1947. 1965. Yes. Q. Economic and Social Council. . iv. When Russia signed withdrawal agreement? Ans.C. Did Pakistan supporter China to make her permanent of UNO? And. December 1979. was signed? Ans. Q. 1964. 750 square meters. 1988. Q. When were the common borders of China and Pakistan duly demarcated? Ans. Q.O? Ans.O? Ans. Afghanistan.O? Ans.C. Trusteeship Council. 1989. When did R. Q. Q. When did U. Khyber connects Pakistan with: Ans. Q.N.D. Q. When did Pakistan become the member of U. General Assembly. How long is Pakistan‘s border with Afghanistan? Ans. What are the important organs of U. Q. When did Russia withdraw its forces from Afghanistan? Ans. ii. iii.Q. What is the length of common border of Pakistan and Iran? Ans. Security Council. When Russia invaded over Afghanistan? Ans. Q. Q.C. 1985. Q. 900 Km. 24 October 1945. converted into E.N.N. Q. i. When R. 1800 Km.D.

When Pakistan launched Ghouri Missile? Ans. Secretariat. When did Indian occupy Jundgadh? Ans. World Court of Justice. Q.v. 1st July 1948. When did Pakistan join the Non-aligned Movement? Ans. Q. 1965. Where atomic explosions were carried out in Pakistan? Ans. 11 September 1948. Q. Q. 28 May 1998. in Morocco. in Lahore. 8 November 1948. 1953. 6 April 1998. When and where was the Second Islamic Conference held? Ans. How many devices were exploded on 30th May 1998? Ans. Q. When Pakistan exploded its nuclear device? Ans. Q. Q. When did Quaid-e-Azam die? Ans. Q. When and where did OIC come into being? Ans. What is the Pakistani major export? Ans. Q. When Munir Report was prepared? Ans. 1974. Q. When did the State Bank of Pakistan established? Ans. cotton. Q. 1979. When did Objective Resolution pass? . When did Pakistan rejoin Commonwealth? Ans. Q. Q. vi. Q. One device. What are the total members of Security Council? Ans. 15 members. Chaghai (Balochistan). 1989. Q.

When Defense Pact between USA and Pakistan was signed? Ans. 24th October 1954. When Martial Law was imposed in Lahore? Ans. Q. 26th May 1956. 17th October 1957.I. Q. Suhrwardy took over as 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. When constituent assembly was dissolved by Governor General Ghulam Muhammad? Ans. When Chaudry Muhammad Ali took over as the 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. When first constitution of Pakistan was introduced? Ans. When Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated? Ans.Ans. Q. Q. May 1950. When Muhammad Ali Bogra became Third Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 16th December 1957.S. 14th October 1955. 6th March 1953. 11 August 1955. 12 March 1949. Chandrigar was appointed 6th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. When National Bank of Pakistan was formed? Ans. When did Liaquat Ali khan visit USA? Ans. 17 April 1953. 12th September 1956. Q. When West Pakistan turned into One Unit? Ans. 16 October 1951. When Malik Firuz Khan Noon took over as the 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. Q. May 1954. 8 November 1949. Q. Q. Q. Q. When H. When Noon-Nehru agreement was signed? . When Sikandar Mirza dissolved East Pakistan Cabinet? Ans. Q. When I. 23rd March 1956. Q. Q. Q. Q.

M. . Q. Q. 5th February 1965. Q. Q. 25 March 1969. Q. Q. April 1965. When Basic Democracy Election was held in East Pakistan? Ans. When Rann of Kuch War between Indian and Pakistan was fought? Ans. 26th October 1959. 1st March 1962. Q. 10 January 1966.Ans. When Six Points of Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman were announced? Ans. 10th November 1964.691 votes? Ans.000 Basic Democrates? Ans. When System of Basic Democracies was introduced? Ans. 25 March 1959. 1st April 1970. Q.951 to 28. 11th September 1958. 6th September 1965. 2nd January 1965. 26th November 1959. When Field Martial Ayyub Khan was elected President by 80. 14th February 1960. Q.Yahya Khan imposed Martial Law in Pakistan? Ans. Q. When One Unit was cancelled? Ans. When Martial Law was imposed in the country? Ans. 7th October 1958. When EBDO was promulgated? Ans. When Ayyub Khan defeated Miss Fatima Jinnah in Presidential Election by 49. When Tashkent Declaration was signed? Ans. When Capital was shifted to Islamabad? Ans. Q. When Constitution of 1962 was enforced? Ans. Q. When Indo-Pakistan was started? Ans. Q. Q. When did Field Martial Ayyub Khan relinquish office of President and General A.

PPP won sweeping victory but other parties refused to accept the results? Ans. 22nd November 1971. 20 December 1971. When Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman was freed? Ans. When State of Emergency was declared? Ans. 3rd January 1972. When National Assembly declared the Ahmadis as a minority in Pakistan? Ans. When Constitution of 1973 was enforced. Ch. Q. 10th February 1975. 7th December 1970. 3rd December 1971. Q. Q. Q. Q. 7th September 1974.A. Q.Bhutto took over as the 4th President of Pakistan? Ans. Q.Q. When Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission on East Pakistan was appointed? Ans. When National Assembly Election held? Ans. 17th December 1970. 7th March 1977. Q. When Simla Agreement was signed? Ans. When cease-fire in East Pakistan was announced? Ans. Q. 16th December 1971. When Indian attacked West Pakistan? Ans. Bhutto as the 10th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. Q. When Indian Army attacked East Pakistan? Ans. . 14th August 1973. 3rd July 1972.Z. 23rd November 1971. When Provincial Assemblies Election held? Ans. Q. Q. When Z.A. Fazal Elahi was sworn in as the 5th President and Mr. When Awami Party was banned after the assassination of Hayat Sher Pao and on 20th October 1975 Supreme Court upheld this decision? Ans. 24th December 1971. Q. When National Assembly Elections held.

Q. Q. February 1983. Q. Z. When Zia-ul-Haq addressed U.? Ans. Q. Bhutto and other leaders were taken in custody? Ans. When Zakat and Ushr Ordinance was issued? Ans. When Hadood Ordinance was promulgated? Ans. Q. When Interest Free Banking was introduced? . 14th March 1977. 5th July 1977. When 6th Five-Year Plan was made? Ans. When General Zia-ul-Haq imposed Martial Law in Pakistan. An agreement was reached but could not be implemented? Ans. May 1983. When Islamic University was established? Ans. Q. 3rd to 15th June 1977. 10th November 1980. 26th May 1980. 1st October 1980. 10th February 1979. Q. July 1981. When talks between PNA and Bhutto Government held. Mr. When Supreme Court announced that Martial Law was legal? Ans. August 1984.N. When Wafaqi Shariat Court was established? Ans. When Wafaqi Mohtasib was appointed? Ans. When PNA started country wide movement against Bhutto Government? Ans. When Qazi Courts were established? Ans. Q. Q.O. 10th November 1977. 4th December 1981. Q. Q. When Majlis-e-Shoora was formed? Ans. 20th June 1980.Q. Q. Q. When Ramazan Ordinance was promulgated? Ans.A. Q.

1st November 1990. 3rd and 4th November 1990. When Muhammad Khan Junejo sworn-in as Prime Minster of Pakistan? Ans. Q. 27th October 1990. December 1985. 24th October 1990. Q. When Zia-ul-Haq nominated Muhammad Khan Junejo as Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. March 1985. 10th March 1985. Q. When Mian Nawaz Sharif elected as the 13th Prime Minister of Paksitan? Ans. 8th February 1985. When Presidential Referendums held? Ans. When Martial Law was lifted and Fundamental rights restored? Ans. Q. When National Assembly Elections held? Ans. Q. . When Election Schedule for 1985 elections announced? Ans. 19th December 1984. July 1984. Q. When Provincial Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. Q. Q. 6th November 1990. When National Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. When Member of National Assembly sworn-in? Ans. Q. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National and Provincial Assemblies? Ans. When Nizam-e-Salat was introduced? Ans. Q. 6th August 1990. Q. Q. When Mian Nawaz Sharif was elected leader of the Parliamentary group? Ans. 12th January 1985.Ans. August 1984. Q. Q. When Provincial Assembly Elections held? Ans. February 1985.

Head of WTO is Pascal Lamy. Q. David Lawrance Convention Centre arranges G-20 Summit. 29. Egypt. President of Russia is Dimitri Medwedev. Shoe thrower on Bush Muntazer al Zaidi worked for Al-Baghdadi newspaper. 19. OECD has 30 members and does ot include China. 10. The Bofors case led to Congress defeat in 1989 Lok Sabha polls. 3. World Bank president is Robert Zoellic. President of France is Nicolas Sarkozy. 19997 and is burried at Kolkata. Mother Tressa belonged to Albania and came to India in 1951. When President appointed Nazim Hasan Shah as permanent Chief Justice of Pakistan? Ans. 30. USA in Sep: 2009. Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel belongs to conservative party. 21. Garden of Five Senses is in Delhi. Atomic Energy Agency is Mohammad Alberadi. 13. 34. US Secretary of State is Hillary Rodham Clinton. 26. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly and Nawaz Sharif‘s Government was dismissed. Director General of Int. 19th April 1993. 11. Tapaimukh Dam issue is between India & Bangladesh. 28. 23. Sachin Tendulkar completed 16000 runs in ODIs. President of Mongolia is Tsakhiagin Elbegdorj. Obama is US's 44th President. 27th April 1993. 20. Mongolia has world's 6% of Uranium reserves. 14. took bribes to sale Bofors howitzers to India in 1986. 5. 16. President of Chechnia is Ramzan A. 27. Mir Balakh Sher Mazari was sworn -in as caretaker Prime Minister in 1993? Ans. 4. Black Widow is a rebellious gang in Assam. Supreme Court declared Presidential Order ultra vires Judgment passed? Ans. Mao movement is connected with Naxalites. 24. US Open 2009 won by Kim Clisjsters of Belgium and Juan Martin del Porto won men's singles titles. 15.Q. When Nawaz Government and National Assembly was restored. UEFA president is Michel Platni. Kadyrov. US intends to deploy US interceptor Missiles in Poland and radar in Czech Republic to protect Europe from Iranian missiles. 8. Danny Boyle is the director of Slum Dog Millionaire. 2. PM of Bangladesh Shaikh Haseena of Awami League elected in December. 9. 29. Dal Lake is in occupied Kashmir. 33. 7. 25. US special representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan is Richard Halbroke. Shasha Obama (younger) and Malia Obama (elder) are two daughters of Barak Obama. Q. G-20 Summit was held at Pittsburg. 17. 22. 12. Senator John Kerry and Richard Lugar put forward Kerry-Lugar Bill. PM is Viladamir Putin. Ottavio Quattrocchi. ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation. Ahmadinejad defeated Mir Hussain Moussavi in his re-election. She died on Sep:5. 26th May 1993. 32. 18. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh is Dipu Moni. 1. an Italian businessman. 6.2008. . 31.

Partition. Next Olympics will be held in London in 2012. 39. ICJ issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir. 52. 2009. President of India is Prathiba Patel. 58. 36. The book "Jinnah. Prime Minister of Australia is Kavin Rid. The World Athletics Championship was held in Berlin in 2009. 40. RAW chief is K. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Baitullah Mehsud killed on Aug: 5. Pakistan Ambassador to UN is Abdullah Hussain Haroon.35.India. Mother-in-Law of Obama is Marian Robinson. CIA director is Leon Panetta. 68. Qamar-uz-Zaman Qaira made governer on 15th Sep: 2009. The American Taliban captured in Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh. LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed on 18th May. The Internaitiona Airport of Washington DC is known as Dulles International Airport. 78. Operation Rah-e-Nijad conducted in South Waziristan on June 19. 80. 37. 38. Governor State Bank of Pakistan is Syed Salim Raza. NAM Chairman is President Hussni Mubark of Egypt. Commander of ISAF forces in Afghanistan is General Stan Mc Crystal. Chinese President is Hu Jintao. 59. President of Bangladesh is Zillur Rahman. 56. 79. 69. 2009. 43. Arab League Sectary General is Amr Moosa. 2009 at the age of 50. Jacob Zuma won elections in South Africa. Michelle Obaman is the wife of Barack Obama. 48. ICC chief is Haroon Lorgat of South Africa. Michael Sleiman has taken over as the President of Lebanon. 62. Operation Rah-e-Rast began in Sawat in May 2009. 49. Iceland swears its first female PM Johanna Sigurdard Ottir. VP USA. 55. Interior Minister is Palaniappan Chidambaram. 66. Foreign Minister of UK is David Miliband. 51. OPEC chief is Abdullah Salem al-Badri. President of Palestine is Mehmood Abbas. Titanic Museum opened in UK on 31st March. 54. Michael Jackson died on 25th June. China celebrated its 60th Aniversary on 1st Oct: 2009. 47. 2009. India will hold the Common Wealth Games in 2010. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009 came on Sep:7. Secretary General of SAARC is Sheel Kant Sharma. 75. 41. 71. 83.C Verma. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza is the new Chief Election Commission of Pakistan. 60. First East Timore President is Jose Gusmao. 74. . Independence" is written by Jaswant Singh. 82. US Secretary of Defence is Robert Gates. 45. Secretary General of OIC is Ikmalluddin Ihsan Iglo (Turkey). 81. 2009. 61. 2009. 67. Brazil beats US in Confederation Cup. 85. He was deported to Costa Rica. 44. 73. 77. 42. 46. Abdullah Abdullah contested elections against Hamid Karzai. Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a military coup. Serena Williams and Roger Federer are Wimbeldon winners this year. 65. 72. Jill Baden is the wife of Joe Biden. President of North Korea is Kim Jong-il. President of Sri Lanka is Mahinda Percy Rajapaksa adn PM is Ratnasiri Wickremanyake. 76. 5th World Water Forum concluded in Istanbul on 22nd March. 84. FIFA President is Joseph Sepp Blatter. 53. 63. 50. US Ambassador to Iraq is Christopher Hill. 2009. 57. 70. 64.

Next World Cup of Cricket will be held in India. __________________ Afghanistan (list of ministers) Zalmai Rassoul 18 January 2010 Albania (list of ministers) Ditmir Bushati 15 September 2013 Algeria Ramtane Lamamra 11 September 2013 Andorra (list of ministers) Gilbert Saboya Sunyé 12 May 2011 Angola (list of ministers) Georges Rebelo Chicoti 26 November 2010 Antigua and Barbuda Baldwin Spencer (prime minister) 6 January 2005 Argentina (list of ministers) Héctor Timerman 22 June 2010 Armenia Eduard Nalbandyan 14 April 2008 Australia (list of ministers) Julie Bishop 18 September 2013 Austria (list of ministers) Michael Spindelegger 2 December 2008 Azerbaijan (list of ministers) Elmar Məmmədyarov 2 April 2004 Bahamas Fred Mitchell 11 May 2012 Bahrain (list of ministers) Sheikh Khalid ibn Ahmad Al Khalifah 26 September 2005 Bangladesh (list of ministers) Dipu Moni 6 January 2009 Barbados (list of ministers) Maxine McClean 24 November 2008 Belarus Vladimir Makei 20 August 2012 Belgium (list of ministers) Didier Reynders 6 December 2011 Belize Wilfred Elrington 12 February 2008 Benin (list of ministers) Nassirou Bako Arifari 28 May 2011 Bhutan (list of ministers) Lyonpo Rinzin Dorje 29 July 2013 Bolivia David Choquehuanca 23 January 2006 Bosnia and Herzegovina Zlatko Lagumdžija 10 February 2012 Botswana Phandu Skelemani 1 April 2008 Brazil Luiz Alberto Figueiredo 28 August 2013 Brunei Prince Mohamed Bolkiah 1 January 1984 Bulgaria Kristian Vigenin 29 May 2013 Burkina Faso Djibril Bassolé 21 April 2011 Burma (list of ministers) Wunna Maung Lwin 30 March 2011 Burundi Laurent Kavakure 7 November 2011 Cambodia Hor Namhong 30 November 1998 Cameroon Pierre Moukoko Mbonjo 11 December 2011 Canada (list of ministers) John Baird 18 May 2011 Cape Verde Jorge Borges 21 March 2011 Central African Republic Léonie Banga-Bothy 13 June 2013 Chad Moussa Faki 23 April 2008 Chile (list of ministers) Alfredo Moreno Charme 11 March 2010 People's Republic of China (list of ministers) Wang Yi 16 March 2013 Colombia (list of ministers) María Ángela Holguín 7 August 2010 Comoros El-Anrif Said Hassane 13 July 2013 Democratic Republic of the Congo (list of ministers) Raymond Tshibanda 26 April 2012 Republic of the Congo Basile Ikouébé 31 May 2007 Costa Rica Enrique Castillo 14 September 2011 . 87. Next Football World Cup is to be held in South Africa in 2010. 88. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011.86. Next Hockey World Cup will be held in India in 2010.

Côte d'Ivoire Charles Koffi Diby 22 Novembre 2012 Croatia (list of ministers) Vesna Pusić 23 December 2011 Cuba (list of ministers) Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla 2 March 2009 Cyprus (list of ministers) Ioannis Kasoulidis 1 March 2013 Czech Republic (list of ministers) Jan Kohout 10 July 2013 Denmark (list of ministers) Villy Søvndal 3 October 2011 Djibouti Mahamoud Ali Youssouf 22 May 2005 Dominica Roosevelt Skerrit (prime minister) 4 January 2010 Dominican Republic Carlos Morales Troncoso 16 August 2004 East Timor José Luís Guterres 8 August 2012 Ecuador Ricardo Patiño 28 January 2010 Egypt (list of ministers) Nabil Fahmy 16 July 2013 El Salvador Jaime Miranda 14 August 2013 Equatorial Guinea Agapito Mba Mokuy 22 May 2012 Eritrea Osman Saleh Mohammed 18 April 2007 Estonia (list of ministers) Urmas Paet 13 April 2005 Ethiopia (list of ministers) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus 29 November 2012 Fiji (list of ministers) Ratu Inoke Kubuabola 3 August 2009 Finland (list of ministers) Erkki Tuomioja 22 June 2011 France (list of ministers) Laurent Fabius 16 May 2012 Gabon (list of ministers) Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet 28 February 2012 Gambia Susan Waffa-Ogoo 1 December 2012 Georgia (list of ministers) Maia Panjikidze 25 Octobre 2012 Germany (list of ministers) Guido Westerwelle 28 October 2009 Ghana (list of ministers) Hanna Tetteh 30 January 2013 Greece (list of ministers) Evangelos Venizelos 25 June 2013 Grenada Nickolas Steele 3 March 2013 Guatemala Fernando Carrera 14 January 2013 Guinea François Lonseny Fall 5 October 2012 Guinea-Bissau Fernando Delfim da Silva 6 June 2013 Guyana Carolyn Rodrigues 10 April 2008 Haiti (list of ministers) Pierre Richard Casimir 6 August 2012 Honduras Mireya Agüero de Corrales 2 May 2013 Holy See (list of ministers) Archbishop Dominique Mamberti 15 September 2006 Hungary (list of ministers) János Martonyi 29 May 2010 Iceland (list of ministers) Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson 24 May 2013 India (list of ministers) Salman Khurshid 28 October 2012 Indonesia Marty Natalegawa 22 October 2009 Iran (list of ministers) Mohammad Javad Zarif 15 August 2013 Iraq (list of ministers) Hoshyar Zebari 3 September 2003 Ireland (list of ministers) Eamon Gilmore 9 March 2011 Israel (list of ministers) Benjamin Netanyahu (prime minister) 18 December 2012 Italy (list of ministers) Emma Bonino 28 April 2013 Jamaica Arnold Nicholson 6 January 2012 Japan (list of ministers) Fumio Kishida 26 December 2012 Jordan Nasser Judeh 23 February 2009 .

Kazakhstan (list of ministers) Erlan Idrisov 28 September 2012 Kenya (list of ministers) Amina Mohamed 19 May 2013 Kiribati Anote Tong (president) 4 July 2003 North Korea Pak Ui-chun 18 May 2007 South Korea (list of ministers) Yun Byung-se 11 March 2013 Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah 23 October 2011 Kyrgyzstan Erlan Abdyldayev 5 September 2012 Laos Thongloun Sisoulith 8 June 2006 Latvia Edgars Rinkēvičs 25 October 2011 Lebanon (list of ministers) Adnan Mansour 13 June 2011 Lesotho Mohlabi Tsekoa 2 March 2007 Liberia (list of ministers) Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan 10 February 2012 Libya (list of ministers) Mohammed Abdulaziz 26 November 2012 Liechtenstein Aurelia Frick 25 March 2009 Lithuania (list of ministers) Linas Antanas Linkevičius 13 December 2012 Luxembourg (list of ministers) Jean Asselborn 21 July 2004 Macedonia Nikola Poposki 28 July 2011 Madagascar Ulrich Andriantiana (acting) 4 September 2013 Malaysia Dato' Sri Anifah Aman 10 April 2009 Flag of Malawi. Muller 10 January 2012 Mauritius Arvin Boolell 13 September 2008 Mauritania Ahmed Ould Teguedi 17 September 2013 Mexico (list of ministers) José Antonio Meade Kuribreña 1 December 2012 Micronesia Lorin S.svg Malawi Ephraim Chiume 26 April 2012 Maldives (list of ministers) Mariyam Shakeela (acting) 12 September 2013 Mali Zahabi Ould Sidi Mohamed 8 September 2013 Malta (list of ministers) George William Vella 13 March 2013 Marshall Islands Phillip H. Robert 14 July 2007 Moldova (list of ministers) Natalia Gherman 31 May 2013 Monaco José Badia 1 January 2011 Mongolia Luvsanvandan Bold 19 August 2012 Montenegro (list of ministers) Igor Lukšić 4 December 2012 Morocco Salaheddine Mezouar 10 October 2013 Mozambique Oldemiro Balói 10 March 2008 Namibia (list of ministers) Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah 4 December 2012 Nauru Baron Waqa (president) 13 June 2013 Nepal Madhav Prasad Ghimire 14 March 2013 Netherlands (list of ministers) Frans Timmermans 5 November 2012 New Zealand (list of ministers) Murray McCully 19 November 2008 Nicaragua Samuel Santos López 11 January 2007 Niger (list of ministers) Mohamed Bazoum 21 April 2011 Nigeria (list of ministers) Viola Onwuliri (acting) 14 September 2013 Norway (list of ministers) Børge Brende 16 October 2013 Oman Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah 18 February 1982 Pakistan (list of ministers) Nawaz Sharif (prime minister) 7 June 2013 Palau Billy Kuartei 31 July 2013 .

Peiris 23 April 2010 Sudan Ali Karti 16 June 2010 Suriname Winston Lackin 12 August 2010 Swaziland Mgwagwa Gamedze 4 November 2013 Sweden (list of ministers) Carl Bildt 6 October 2006 Switzerland (list of ministers) Didier Burkhalter 1 January 2012 Syria (list of ministers) Walid Muallem 11 February 2006 Tajikistan Hamrokhon Zarifi 1 December 2006 Tanzania Bernard Membe 11 January 2007 Thailand Surapong Tovichakchaikul 10 August 2011 Togo Robert Dussey 17 September 2013 Tonga Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō (prime minister) 22 December 2010 Trinidad and Tobago Winston Dookeran 22 June 2012 . Shanmugam 21 May 2011 Slovakia (list of ministers) Miroslav Lajčák 4 April 2012 Slovenia (list of ministers) Karl Erjavec 10 February 2012 Solomon Islands Clay Forau Soalaoi 28 February 2012 Somalia Foosiya Yuusuf Xaaji Aadan 13 November 2012 South Africa (list of ministers) Maite Nkoana-Mashabane 11 May 2009 South Sudan Barnaba Marial Benjamin 27 July 2013 Spain (list of ministers) José García-Margallo y Marfil 22 December 2011 Sri Lanka (list of ministers) G.Palestine[1] (list of ministers) Riyad al-Maliki 1 September 2007 Panama Fernando Núñez Fábrega 28 February 2013 Papua New Guinea Rimbink Pato 9 August 2012 Paraguay Eladio Loizaga 15 August 2013 Peru Eda Rivas 15 May 2013 Philippines (list of ministers) Albert del Rosario 2 March 2011 Poland (list of ministers) Radosław Sikorski 16 November 2007 Portugal (list of ministers) Rui Machete 23 July 2013 Qatar Khalid al-Attiyah 26 Juin 2013 Romania (list of ministers) Titus Corlățean 6 August 2012 Russia (list of ministers) Sergey Lavrov 9 March 2004 Rwanda Louise Mushikiwabo 3 December 2009 Saint Kitts and Nevis Patrice Nisbett 5 February 2013 Saint Lucia Alva Baptiste 6 December 2011 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Camillo Gonsalves 16 September 2013 San Marino Pasquale Valentini 5 December 2012 Samoa Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi (prime minister) 23 November 1998 São Tomé and Príncipe (list of ministers) Natália Pedro da Costa Umbelina Neto 12 December 2012 Saudi Arabia (list of ministers) HRH Prince Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud 13 October 1975 Senegal (list of ministers) Mankeur Ndiaye 29 October 2012 Serbia (list of ministers) Ivan Mrkić 27 July 2012 Seychelles (list of ministers) Jean-Paul Adam 8 June 2010 Sierra Leone (list of ministers) Samura Kamara 17 December 2012 Singapore (list of ministers) K. L.

Sheikh Hasina Barbados Queen .Abdelmalek Sellal Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince .Amado Boudou Armenia President .İlham Əliyev Prime Minister .Heinz Fischer Federal Chancellor .Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister .Tigran Sargsyan Australia Queen .Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa Bangladesh President .Sir Elliott Belgrave Prime Minister .Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Acting President .Antoni Martí Angola President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Freundel Stuart .Werner Faymann Azerbaijan President .Quentin Bryce Prime Minister .Tony Abbott Austria Federal President .Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister .Perry Christie Bahrain King .Baldwin Spencer Argentina President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Sylvie Hubac Head of Government .Edi Rama Algeria President .Artur Rəsizade Bahamas Queen .Abdul Hamid Prime Minister .José Eduardo dos Santos Antigua and Barbuda Queen .Sir Arthur Foulkes Prime Minister .Dame Louise Lake-Tack Prime Minister .Josep Maria Mauri French Co-Prince .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Tunisia (list of ministers) Othman Jerandi 14 March 2013 Turkey (list of ministers) Ahmet Davutoğlu 1 May 2009 Turkmenistan Raşit Meredow 7 July 2001 Tuvalu Taukelina Finikaso 5 August 2013 Uganda Sam Kutesa 13 January 2005 Ukraine (list of ministers) Leonid Kozhara 24 December 2012 United Arab Emirates HH Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan 9 February 2006 United Kingdom (list of ministers) William Hague 11 May 2010 United States (list of ministers) John Kerry 1 February 2013 Uruguay (list of ministers) Luis Almagro 1 March 2010 Uzbekistan (list of ministers) Abdulaziz Komilov 13 January 2012 Vanuatu Edward Natapei 23 March 2013 Venezuela (list of ministers) Elías Jaua 15 January 2013 Vietnam Phạm Bình Minh 3 August 2011 Yemen Abou Bakr al-Kerbi 4 April 2001 Zambia Wilbur Simuusa 13 August 2013 Zimbabwe Simbarashe Mumbengegwi 15 April 2005 Current Presidents and Prime Ministers of the World (2013) Afghanistan President .Hamid Karzai Albania President .Bujar Nishani Prime Minister .Archbishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicília Representative .François Hollande Representative .Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister .

Djimrangar Dadnadji Chile President . Republic of the President .Paul Biya Prime Minister .Idriss Déby Prime Minister .Li Keqiang Colombia President .Pierre Nkurunziza Cambodia King .Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister .Michel Djotodia Prime Minister .Belarus President .Rosen Plevneliev Prime Minister .Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Ikililou Dhoinine Congo.Elio Di Rupo Belize Queen .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor General .Ian Khama Brazil President .Thein Sein Burundi President .Dean Barrow Benin President .Juan Manuel Santos Comoros President . Democratic Republic of the President .Joseph Kabila Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo Congo.Evo Morales Bosnia and Herzegovina High Representative .Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister .Hassanal Bolkiah Bulgaria President .Dilma Rousseff Brunei Sultan and Prime Minister .Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister .Nicolas Tiangaye Chad President .Philémon Yang Canada Queen .Yayi Boni Bhutan King .Stephen Harper Cape Verde President .Valentin Inzko Presidency:[1] Željko Komšić (Chairman) Bakir Izetbegović (Member) Nebojša Radmanović (Member) Chairman of the Council of Ministers .José Maria Neves Central African Republic President .Samdech Hun Sen Cameroon President .Mikhail Myasnikovich Belgium King .Denis Sassou Nguesso .Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council .Sir Colville Young Prime Minister .Philippe Prime Minister .Sebastián Piñera China President .Plamen Oresharski Burkina Faso President .Luc-Adolphe Tiao Burma President .Tshering Tobgay Bolivia President .David Johnston Prime Minister .Jorge Carlos Fonseca Prime Minister .Vjekoslav Bevanda Botswana President .

Ivo Josipović President of the Government .Keith Mitchell Guatemala President .Margrethe II Prime Minister .Nicos Anastasiades Czech Republic President .Hailemariam Desalegn Fiji President .Frank Bainimarama Finland President .Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo Acting Prime Minister .Alpha Condé Prime Minister .Rui .John Dramani Mahama Greece President .Charles Savarin Prime Minister .Jean-Marc Ayrault Gabon President .Jiří Rusnok Denmark Queen .Jyrki Katainen France President .Laura Chinchilla Croatia President .Ratu Epeli Nailatikau Acting Prime Minister .Andrus Ansip Ethiopia President .Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister Vicente Ehate Tomi Eritrea President .Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister .Dame Cécile La Grenade Prime Minister .Irakli Garibashvili Germany Federal President .Joachim Gauck Federal Chancellor .Roosevelt Skerrit Dominican Republic President .Rafael Correa Egypt Acting President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Hazem Al Beblawi El Salvador President .Zoran Milanović Cuba President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers .Danilo Medina East Timor President .Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister .Adly Mansour Acting Prime Minister .Xanana Gusmão Ecuador President .Raúl Castro Cyprus President . The President .Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister .François Hollande Prime Minister .Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed Dominica President .Antonis Samaras Grenada Queen .Helle Thorning-Schmidt Djibouti President .Mikheil Saakashvili President-elect .Mohamed Said Fofana Guinea-Bissau Acting President .Angela Merkel Ghana President .Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister .Yahya Jammeh Georgia President .Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister .Costa Rica President .Isaias Afewerki Estonia President .Ali Bongo Ondimba Prime Minister .Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister .Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister .Bidzina Ivanishvili Prime Minister-designate .Mauricio Funes Equatorial Guinea President .Otto Pérez Molina Guinea President .Miloš Zeman Prime Minister .Raymond Ndong Sima Gambia.

Duarte de Barros Guyana President .Ali Zeidan Liechtenstein Prince .Nouri Abusahmain Prime Minister .Alassane Ouattara Prime Minister .Benjamin Netanyahu Italy President .Hereditary Prince Alois Head of Government .Ayatollah Ali Khamenei President .Michel Suleiman President of the Council of Ministers .Hassan Rouhani Iraq President .Letsie III Prime Minister .Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah Kyrgyzstan President .Abdullah Ensour Kazakhstan President . Higgins Taoiseach .Michael D.Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister .János Áder Prime Minister .Porfirio Lobo Sosa Hungary President .Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson India President .Algirdas Butkevičius .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Portia Simpson-Miller Japan Emperor .Daniel Kablan Duncan Jamaica Queen .Najib Mikati President-designate of the Council of Ministers .Nouri al-Maliki Ireland President .Tammam Salam Lesotho King .Manmohan Singh Indonesia President .Serik Akhmetov Kenya President .Michel Martelly Prime Minister .Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister .Shinzō Abe Jordan King .Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister .Zhantoro Satybaldiyev Laos President .Sir Patrick Allen Prime Minister .Anote Tong Kuwait Emir .Enrico Letta Ivory Coast President .Sam Hinds Haiti President .Abdullah II Prime Minister .Tom Thabane Liberia President .Hans-Adam II Regent .Valdis Dombrovskis Lebanon President .Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister .Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Iran Supreme Leader .Giorgio Napolitano President of the Council of Ministers .Donald Ramotar Prime Minister .Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister .Akihito Prime Minister .Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Libya Chairman of the General National Congress .Choummaly Sayasone Chairman of the Council of Ministers Thongsing Thammavong Latvia President .Jalal Talabani Prime Minister .Viktor Orbán Iceland President .Shimon Peres Prime Minister .Andris Bērziņš Prime Minister .Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister .Uhuru Kenyatta Kiribati President .Adrian Hasler Lithuania President .Laurent Lamothe Honduras President .Enda Kenny Israel President .

Enrique Peña Nieto Micronesia President .Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf Mauritius President .Ram Baran Yadav Chairman of the Council of Ministers .Manny Mori Moldova President .Alberto Vaquina Namibia President .Omer Beriziky Malawi President .Iurie Leancă Monaco Prince .Willem-Alexander Prime Minister .Navin Ramgoolam Mexico President .Daniel Ortega Niger President .Nicolae Timofti Prime Minister .Jean-Claude Juncker Macedonia President .Dato' Sri Najib Razak Maldives President .Norovyn Altankhuyag Montenegro President .Pak Pong-ju Norway King .Khil Raj Regmi Netherlands King .Erna Solberg Oman .Tuanku Abdul Halim Prime Minister .Brigi Rafini Nigeria President .Joseph Muscat Marshall Islands President .Filip Vujanović Prime Minister .Gjorge Ivanov Prime Minister .George Abela Prime Minister .Mohammed Waheed Hassan Mali President .Mark Rutte New Zealand Queen .Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Kailash Purryag Prime Minister .Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister .Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister .Oumar Tatam Ly Malta President .Harald V Prime Minister .Milo Đukanović Morocco King .Albert II Minister of State .Henri Prime Minister .Luxembourg Grand Duke .Hage Geingob Nauru President .Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister .Sir Jerry Mateparae Prime Minister .Abdelilah Benkirane Mozambique President .Hifikepunye Pohamba Prime Minister .Nikola Gruevski Madagascar President of the High Authority of Transition .Mohammed VI Prime Minister .Michel Roger Mongolia President .John Key Nicaragua President .Baron Waqa Nepal President .Armando Guebuza Prime Minister .Kim Jong-un[2] Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Yong-nam[2] Premier of the Cabinet .Christopher Loeak Mauritania President .Joyce Banda Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong .Andry Rajoelina Prime Minister .Goodluck Jonathan North Korea Supreme Leader .

Victor Ponta Russia President .Manuel Pinto da Costa Prime Minister .Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister .César Villanueva Philippines President .Denzil Douglas Saint Lucia Queen .Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani Romania President .Tony Tan Prime Minister .Sir Edmund Lawrence Prime Minister .Pedro Passos Coelho Qatar Emir .Rami Hamdallah Panama President .Tufuga Efi Prime Minister .Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister .Anna Maria Muccioli São Tomé and Príncipe President .Robert Fico .Sultan and Prime Minister .Bronisław Komorowski Chairman of the Council of Ministers Donald Tusk Portugal President .Dame Pearlette Louisy Prime Minister .Paul Kagame Prime Minister .Dmitry Medvedev Rwanda President .Sir Frederick Ballantyne Prime Minister .Ivica Dačić Seychelles President .Vladimir Putin Chairman of the Government .Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi San Marino Captain Regent .Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister .Gabriel Costa Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister .Ernest Bai Koroma Singapore President .Pierre Habumuremyi Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen .Abdullah Senegal President .Ollanta Humala President of the Council of Ministers .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister .Ricardo Martinelli Papua New Guinea Queen .Ralph Gonsalves Samoa O le Ao o le Malo .Peter O'Neill Paraguay President .Qaboos bin Said al Said Pakistan President .Aminata Touré Serbia President .Sir Michael Ogio Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Traian Băsescu Prime Minister .Macky Sall Prime Minister .Lee Hsien Loong Slovakia President .Tomislav Nikolić Prime Minister .Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister .Gian Carlo Capicchioni Captain Regent .James Michel Sierra Leone President .Nawaz Sharif Palau President .Benigno Aquino III Poland President .Tommy Remengesau Palestine[3] President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Horacio Cartes Peru President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Kenny Anthony Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen .

Moncef Marzouki Prime Minister .Enele Sopoaga Uganda President .Sir Iakoba Italeli Prime Minister .Mswati III Prime Minister .Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Turkmenistan President .Gordon Darcy Lilo Somalia President .Jung Hong-won South Sudan President .Alenka Bratušek Solomon Islands Queen .Iolu Abil Prime Minister .Shavkat Mirziyoyev Vanuatu President .Jacob Zuma South Korea President . Doris Leuthard.Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini Sweden King .Tupou VI Prime Minister .Mizengo Pinda Thailand King .Mykola Azarov United Arab Emirates President . Johann Schneider-Ammann.Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General . Simonetta Sommaruga.Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister .Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister .D.Oqil Oqilov Tanzania President .Juan Carlos I President of the Government .Yingluck Shinawatra Togo President .Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister .Dési Bouterse Swaziland King .Ali Laarayedh Turkey President . Alain Berset Syria President .Anthony Carmona Prime Minister .Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow Tuvalu Queen .Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu Tonga King .Barack Obama Uruguay President .Kamla PersadBissessar Tunisia President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Prime Minister .Slovenia President .Fredrik Reinfeldt Switzerland Federal Council:[4] Ueli Maurer (President).José Mujica Uzbekistan President . Didier Burkhalter. Jayaratne Sudan President .Islam Karimov Prime Minister .David Cameron United States President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō Trinidad and Tobago President . Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf.Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum United Kingdom Queen .Wael Nader Al-Halqi Tajikistan President .Amama Mbabazi Ukraine President .Abdullah Gül Prime Minister .Mariano Rajoy Sri Lanka President .Omar al-Bashir Suriname President .Abdi Farah Shirdon South Africa President .Park Geun-hye Prime Minister .Salva Kiir Mayardit Spain King .Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime Minister .Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister .Moana Carcasses Kalosil .Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister .Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister .Borut Pahor Prime Minister .Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister .Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister .Viktor Yanukovych Prime Minister . M.Sir Frank Kabui Prime Minister .

Nguyễn Tấn Dũng Yemen President . Jerusalem Granite City-Aberdeen (Scotland) Great white way-Broadway (New York) Gift of Nile-Egypt Gibraltar of the Indian Ocean-Aden Herring Pond-Atlantic Ocean Hermit Kingdom-Korea Holy Land-Palestine Island of Cloves-Madagascar (Malagasy) The Isle of Spring-Jamaica Key to the Mediterranean-Gibraltar Land of Cakes (or Oat Cakes)-Scotland Land of the Golden Fleece-Australia Land of the Golden Pagoda-Myanmar (Burma) Land of Kangaroos-Australia Land of Lilies-Canada Land of the Midnight Sun-Norway Land of Milk and Honey-Canaan Land of Morning Calm-Korea Land of the Rising Sun-Japan Land of a Thousand Lakes-Finland .Robert Mugabe Britain of the South-New Zealand The Battlefield of Europe-Belgium City of the Golden Gate-San Francisco City of Magnificent Distances-Washington D.Vatican City Sovereign .Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi Prime Minister .Michael Sata Zimbabwe President .C.Nicolás Maduro Vietnam President .Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello Venezuela President .Pope Francis President of the Governorate .Trương Tấn Sang Prime Minister . City of Popes-Rome City of Seven Hills-Rome City of Skyscrapers-New York Cockpit of Europe-Belgium Dark Continent-Africa Dairy of Northern Europe-Denmark Emerald Island-Ireland Empire City-New York Eternal City-Rome. Italy Forbidden City-Lhasa (Tibet) Garden of England-Kent Gate of Tears-Babel-Mandab.Mohammed Basindawa Zambia President .

National Front. Shas Party France=Socialist Party. Union for France Democracy Australia=Liberal Party. Likud Party Hamas Party.Land of Thunderbolt-Bhutan Land of White Elephants-Thailand Lady of Snow-Canada Little Venice-Venezuela Never. Democratic Party Iraq=Bath Party Israel=Labour Party. Awami League. Never Land-Prairies (North Australia) Pearl of Antilles-Cuba Play ground of Europe-Switzerland Pillars of Hercules-Straits of Gibraltar Pearl of the Pacific-Guayaquil Port (Ecuador) Power keg of Europe-Balkans The Promised Land-Canaan Quaker City-Philadelphia Queen of the Arabian Sea-Kochi (India) Queen of the Adriatic-Venice Rich Coast-Costa Rica Rich Port-Puerto Rico Roof of the world-Pamir (Tibet) The Sea of Mountains-British Columbia Sorrow of China-River Hwang Ho The Saw Mill of Europe-Sweden Sick Man of Europe-Turkey Sugar Bowl of the World-Cuba The Storehouse of the World-Mexico The Down Under-Australia Venice of the North-Stockholm Venice of the East-Bangkok (Thailand). Kitts City of Arabian Nights-Baghdad Twin City-Budapest The Imperial City-Rome Golden City-Johannesburg The Modern Babylon-London Valley of Kings-Thebes World Political Parties United states of America=Republican Party. Labour Party Bangladesh=Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Allepey (India) Yellow River-Hwang Ho (China) White City-Belgrade Windy City-Chicago White Mans Grave-Guinea Coast (West Africa) The Spice Island of the West-Grenada The Mother Colony of the West Indies-St. Jatiya Party .

Liberal Democratic Party.=Congress (house of Representatives and Senate) Turkey=Grand National Assembly Bhutan=Tshogdu Iran=Majlis Bangladesh=Jatiya Sansad Afghanistan=Shora Norway=Storting Isreal=Knesset Spain=Cortes Generales Maldives=Mazlis Australia=Federal Parliament Japan=Diet Myanmar=Pyithu Hluttaw (People‘s Assembly) Canada=Parliament Screening Test Preparation. Labour Party. Inkatha Freedom Party.. TDP Pakistan=Muslim League..Nepal=Nepali Communist Party.The recent country which joined the UN is? and now the total members of UN is? 3. Freedom Party South Africa=African National Congress.. 1. National Party..Nawaz Sharif is the --------number of PM of Pakistan? 2.. CPM. United Kingdom=Conservative Party. Bharatiya Janata Party. RJD.Who build red fort? .A. Choice India=India National Congress.Russias... Pakistan people Party World Famous Parliaments.. Nepali Congress party China=Communist Party of China Sri Lanka=United National Party. Indian=Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) Nepa=Rashtriya Panchayat Pakistan=National Assembly Denmark=Folketing Britain=Parliament (House of commons and House of Lords) Russia=Duma and Federal Council Germany=Bundstag (Lower House) and Bundesrat (Upper House) China=National people‘s Congress Switzerland=Federal Assembly France=National Assembly U..Mamnoon Hussain is the .S. Answer these questions.. Liberal Democratic Party. SP. Russia=Communist Party. CPI.number of President of Pakistan? 4. LJP.

. What was the Hijra? 15. 1.What is Jihad e Akbar and Jihad e Fisabiliallah? 16..Janatul Baki is the graveyard of? 11.Name the last emperor of Mughals? 6. Choudhary Rahmat Ali.World's biggest Palace is? 13. 10.. In this way we can learn a lot. 57 9..5.Quaid e Azam left became the president of Muslim League in? 19.World's biggest graveyard is? 12.Capital of Albania is? 17.What is different between Nabvi year and Hijrah year? 14..Which is the largest planet? All dear Friends it is requested to solve these questions and also share questions and answers.time of duration? 7.. 193 3.Sun's light touches earth in. 8 minutes and 20 seconds.Total Members of OIC is? 9.Real name of Shah Abdul Latif is? 10. 7.In 15th Nabvi.The biggest city in the world is? 18. Shah Jahan 5.Who was the first King of Saudi Arabia? 20.. 12th 4... 18th 2.Who coined the word "Pakistan" and who prepared the map of Pakistan first of all? 8.. Bahadur Shah II 6. Amiruddin Kidwai 8. Muslims .

16. 13. Tirana 17. jihad fi sabilillah (struggle in the cause of God) Jihad of the heart (jihad bil qalb/nafs) is concerned with combatting the devil and in the attempt to escape his persuasion to evil.11. General Knowledge Questions 01 The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman 02 The longest river in the world is the Nile 03 The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada 04 The longest highway in the world has a length of About 8000 km 05 The highest mountain in the world is the Everest 06 The country that accounts for nearly one third of the total teak production of the world is Myanmar 07 The biggest desert in the world is the Sahara desert 08 The largest coffee growing country in the world is Brazil 09 The country also known as "country of Copper" is Zambia 10 The name given to the border which separates Pakistan and Afghanistan is Durand line 11 The river Volga flows out into the Caspian sea Question : Who was the favourite daughter of Shakespeare's King Lear? Answer : Cordelia Question : Which is the brightest star? Answer: Sirius Question : Which star has collapsed into itself? Answer : Black Hole Question : Which is the heaviest star? Answer : HDE 269810 IN Magellanic Cloud Question : Which Australian city includes the suburbs of Cottesloe and Subiaco? Answer : Perth Question : Who discovered Oxygen in 1774? . Jupiter 2. 1916 19. 15. Ohlsdorf Cemetery 12. 14. King Abdul-Aziz (also known as Ibn Saud) 20. This type of Jihad was regarded as the greater jihad (al-jihad al-akbar). Shanghai 18.

These people were in search for the true religion of Prophet Abraham. The battle took place between the Muslims and the Quraysh of Mecca in the second year of Hijrah (624 CE). Even though the Muslims were outnumbered. 545: Birth of Abdullah. The meaning of the these Hadith was revealed to the Prophet but he put them in his own words. Hadith Qudsi The Hadith Qudsi are hadith's in which the Prophet says the Allah says so and so. the Holy Prophet's father. in Mina where the first Muslims from Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet in the year 621 C. 571: Birth of the Holy Prophet. Hajj Means effort. A similar meeting took place the next year when more Muslims from Yathrib pledged their allegiance to the Prophet. Hanif People who during the time of jahiliyyah rejected the idolatry in their society.E. Ayat-ul-Kursi It is called the throne of the Quran.Answer : Joseph Priestly Question : Name the author of A Town Like Alice Answer : Nevil Shute Question : How many Earth years does it take Pluto to orbit the sun? Answer : 248 Question : What name is given to the central part of a fleshy fruit. Badr The first full military confrontation between the Muslims and the enemies of Allah. unlike the Quran which is the word of Almighty Allah and the Prophet conveyed it exactly as it was revealed to him. containing the seeds? Answer : The core Question: What letter appears to the right of Y on a keyboard? Answer : U Question : What is it that makes soda water fizz? Answer : Carbon Dioxide Question : What disease is the Sabin Vaccine used to prevent? Answer : Polio 3. Invasion of Makkah by . the final result was to their favor. Aqabah A place just outside of Mecca. Year of the Elephant.

624: Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina. Hirah. and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back. Conquest of Damascus. Second expedition of Badr. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia. 580: Death of Abdul Muttalib. Mahrah Yemen. 628: Truce of Hudaibiya. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Battle of Buwaib. Ascension to the heavens. 621: First pledge at Aqaba. 583: The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra who foretells of his prophethood. Ein at tamr. Walaja. 615: Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. 613: Declaration at Mt. 630: Conquest of Makkah. 625: Battle of Uhud. Auras. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states. 634: Battles of Basra. Expedition to Muta (Romans). Usamah leads expedition to Syria. 631: Expedition to Tabuk. and Hadramaut. Oman. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib. 632: Death of the Holy Prophet. Battle of Fahl. 622: Second pledge at Aqaba. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima. Battle of Jalula. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Expedition to Khyber. Battle of Qadsiyia. his retreat. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah. Seventh century 605: The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba. 617: Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. Conquest of Madain. Damascus and Ajnadin. 614: Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam. 577: The Holy Prophet visits Madina with his mother. 620: Journey to Taif. 610: The first revelation in the cave at Mt.Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. 616: Second Hijrah to Abysinnia. Daumatul Jandal and Firaz. 594: The Holy Prophet becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadija. Ulleis. 595: The Holy Prophet marries Hadrat Khadija. 632: Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah. Fall of Jerusalem. . 626: Expedition of Banu Mustaliq. Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. 586: The Holy Prophet participates in the war of Fijar. Battles of Kazima. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia. 627: Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews. Mazar. Battles of Hunsin. 629: The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. a league for the relief of the distressed. 635: Battle of Bridge. Year of Deputations. Year of sorrow. the grandfather of the Holy Prophet. and Taif. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God. Raids in Iraq. 637: Conquest of Syria. Sara inviting the general public to Islam. 633: Campaigns in Bahrain. Anbar. Hira. Death of his mother. the Liar. 623: Nakhla expedition. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Zafar and Naqra. Battles of Buzakha. 636: Battle of Yermuk. 591: The Holy Prophet becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul". 619: Lifting of the boycott.

The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish. 680: Death of Muawiyah. Conquest of the island of Cypress. 644: Conquest of Fars. Accession of Mu'awiyah II. Islam and Muslims The name of this religion is Islam. Battle of the Camel. Sistan. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph. Armeain and Asia Minor. Battle of Siffin. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa. Battle of the Karun.638: Conquest of Jazirah. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. 685: Death of Marwan I. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. Kerman. Advance into Egypt. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph. 682: In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic. 677: Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. 692: The fall of Makkah. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain. 691: Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. 656: Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. 683: Death of Yazid. 659: Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah. 666: Raid of Sicily. 674: The Muslims cross the Oxus. 651: Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines. 661: Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. the root of which is Silm and Salam which . 686: Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. 641: Battle of Nihawand. Mekran and Kharan. 645: Campaigns in Fats. Accession of Yazid. 660: Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. 658: Battle of Nahrawan. Conquest of Kabul. 640: Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. 687: Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. 684: Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph. 695: Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Mukhtar killed. Foundation of Fustat. Battle of Ain ul Wada. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik. 652: Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman. Campaigns in Khurasan. 670: Advance in North Africa. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. 643: Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia). Siege of Constantinople. 647: Campaigns in North Africa. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. 646: Campaigns in Khurasan. Death of Abdullah b Zubair. 657: Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. 639: Conquest of Khuizistan. Conquest of Egypt. is ambushed and killed at Biskra. Battle of Babylon in Egypt. 662: Khawarij revolts. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. 642: Battle of Rayy in Persia. 648: Campaigns against the Byzantines. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state. Battle of Marj Rahat. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt. 672: Capture of the island of Rhodes.

They put their trust in Him and they seek His help and His guidance. Arabia. Malaysians. namely Arabic. Jacob. He was entrusted with the Message of Islam when he was at the age of forty years. The All-Wise. originality and totality are intact. While there are one billion Muslims in the world there are about 200 million Arabs. Supplications to God could be in any language. the Buddhists. He was born in 570 C. the Jews. Any person who adopts the Arabic language is called an Arab. Persians. allegiance. (Common Era) in Makkah. Chinese. Europeans. The Last.means peace. Allah has ninety-nine beautiful names. His message was and is still to the Christians. Pakistanis. a Christian. or other nationalities. the Hindus. The All-Knowing. Thus. Muslims are not to be confused with Arabs. the language of the Qur'an (the Holy Book of Islam) is Arabic. and Abraham. Muhammad Muhammad was chosen by God to deliver His Message of Peace. the Jews and the rest of mankind. He was sent to those religious people to inform them about the true mission of Jesus. approximately ten percent are not Muslims. The Lord of the Universe. The Hadith is the . They pray in the language of the Qur'an. A Muslim is supposed to live in peace and harmony with all these segments. Turks.E. Allah the One and the Only God Allah is the name of the One and Only God. such as: The Gracious. and loyalty are to God. The Merciful. Among them. He purified the previous messages from adulteration and completed the Message of God for all humanity. hence. Americans. Islam is a total system of living. and others. One of the beautiful names of God is that He is the Peace. The Creator. Source of Islam The legal sources of Islam are the Qur'an and the Hadith. Muhammad is the very last Prophet of God to mankind. Indonesians. He was entrusted with the power of explaining. Indians. He is the Creator of all human beings. Muslims may be Arabs. the Lord of the Universe. while the message is called Islam. Thus Arab Muslims constitute only about twenty percent of the Muslim population of the world. Salam may also mean greeting one another with peace. However. the Muslims. Africans. The revelation that he received is called the Qur'an. namely Islam. with other people and with the environment. the atheists. its authenticity. Muhammad is considered to be the summation and the culmination of all the prophets and messengers that came before him. The First. and others. Muslims all over the world try to learn Arabic so that they may be able to read the Qur'an and understand its meaning. Muslims worship God whose name is Allah. interpreting and living the teaching of the Qur'an. Muslims and Arabs The followers of Islam are called Muslims. He is the final Messenger of God. He is the God for the Christians. within one's self. The Beneficent. a Jew or an atheist. An Arab could be a Muslim. It means more than that: submission to the One God. Moses. a Muslim is any person anywhere in the world whose obedience. Isaac. The Qur'an is the exact word of God. and to live in peace with the Creator.

reward and punishment. Muslims believe that there is a Day of Judgment when all people of the world throughout the history of mankind till the last day of life on earth. It depends on piety and righteousness. God made us of different colors. Oneness of Messengers and the Message: Muslims believe that God sent different messengers throughout the history of mankind. David. Muslims believe in Noah. Abraham. Practices of Islam God instructed the Muslims to practice what they believe in. the teachings of Islam do not separate religion from politics. nationalities. . The Prophet's sayings and deeds are called Sunnah. B. Jacob. Some Islamic Principles A. F. Oneness of mankind: People are created equal in front of the Law of God. The Seerah is the writings of followers of Muhammad about the life of the Prophet. All came with the same message and the same teachings. Isaac. E. deeds and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad. As such. economic and social transactions. B. state and religion are under the obedience of Allah through the teachings of Islam. In Islam there are five pillars. Creed (Shahada): The verbal commitment and pledge that there is only One God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Prayers (Salat): The performance of the five daily prayers is required of Muslims. Ismail. It is only after they reach the age of puberty and it is only after they commit sins that they are to be charged for their mistakes. and Muhammad. Jesus. However. Oneness of God: He is One and the Only One. as well as educational and political systems are also part of the teachings of Islam. Hence. No one is responsible for or can take the responsibility for the sins of others. The Prophets of Christianity and Judaism are indeed the Prophets of Islam. This means that Islam rejects the idea of trinity or such a unity of God which implies more than one God in one. it is the life history of the Prophet Muhammad which provides examples of daily living for Muslims. C. languages and beliefs so as to test who is going to be better than others. It was the people who misunderstood and misinterpreted them. He is not two in one or three in one. is considered to be the Creed of Islam. Angels and the Day of Judgment: Muslims believe that there are unseen creatures such as angels created by God in the universe for special missions. D. It encompasses all aspects of life. the door of forgiveness through true repentance is always open. As a matter of fact. State and Religion: Muslims believe that Islam is a total and a complete way of life. Innocence of Man at Birth: Muslim believe that people are born free of sin. Moses. No one can claim that he is better than others.report of the sayings. namely: A. are to be brought for accounting. There is no superiority for one race over another. It is only God Who knows who is better. Hence.

Boston. G. E. a house. B. Contributions in North America: Muslims are not established in North America. A leader (Imam) gives a sermon (Khutba) and leads the congregational prayer. an office. Fasting (Saum): Fasting is total abstinence from food. Celebrations (Eid): Muslims have two celebrations (Eid). and Masjid Aqsa. The Eid of Sacrifice is in remembrance of the sacrifice to be by Prophet Abraham of his son. liquids and intimate intercourse (between married couples) from dawn to sunset during the entire month of Ramadan. Other Related Aspects A. It is considered to be sacred and the Day of Judgment will take place on Friday. Toronto. C. Vancouver. However. and others. Pilgrimage (Hajj): The performance of pilgrimage to Makkah is required once in a life time if means are available. Muslims have established academic institutions. D. E. Detroit. Windsor. F. schools and places of worship. The whole world is a place of worship. Calendar: Islamic practices are based on the lunar calendar. Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad in Madinah. Chicago. however. or outside. Houston. There are three holy places of worship for the Muslims in the world. his wife Hagar and his eldest son Prophet Ishmael. the Islamic calendar includes both the common era and the migration (Higra) year of the Prophet of Islam from Makkah to Madinah in the year of 623 C. The Eid of Fast-Breaking comes at the end of the month of fasting. These are: Mosque of Kaaba in Makkah. The rate of crime among Muslims is very . San Francisco. Distribution of Muslims in North America: There are approximately five million Muslims in North America and are distributed in its major cities such as New York. It restricts certain items such as pork and its by-products. Edmonton. adjacent to the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. alcohol and any narcotic or addictive drugs. Toledo. Hajj is in part in memory of the trials and tribulations of Prophet Abraham. Ottawa. Purifying Tax (Zakat): This is an annual payment of a certain percentage of a Muslim's property which is distributed among the poor or other rightful beneficiaries. Calgary. Eid of Sacrifice and Eid of Fast-Breaking. Montreal.C. community centers and organizations. Muslims also use the Gregorian calendar in their daily religious lives. Holidays: The holy day of the Muslims is Friday. Winnipeg. They live in peace and harmony among themselves and among other groups of people in the society. Place of Worship: The place of worship is called Mosque or Masjid. Cedar Rapids (Iowa). Diets: Islam allows Muslims to eat everything which is good for the health. D. Muslims join together shortly after noon on Friday for the Friday congregational prayer in a Mosque. Ramadan.E. Sears Tower and the John Hancock buildings in Chicago were designed by a Muslim chief architect. Hence. namely. originally from Bangladesh. he/she may pray individually anywhere. A Muslim may pray any where in the world whether in a Mosque. It is preferable that Muslims pray in a congregation. Los Angeles.

Lord of all lords. together with obedience to His beneficial law. Throughout the Muslim world.e. Muslims in North America are highly educated and they have added to the success of American scientific and technological fields. Islam's message has been restored and enforced in the last stage of the religious evolution by God's last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad. Man possesses the quality of intelligence and choice. thus he is invited to submit to the good will of God and obey His law ie. These places were protected by Muslims even during the contemporary crises in the Middle East. King of all kings. The second Caliph Umar. algebra. calculus. namely. physics. i. navigation. Most Merciful. Islam dates back to the edge of Adam and its message has been conveyed to man by God's Prophets and Messengers including Abrahim. The Muslims of the early period of the Islamic era were pioneers in medicine. mathematics. Everything and every phenomenon in the world. The Meaning of Islam ISLAM is derived from the Arabic root "SALEMA": peace. arts. chemistry. Moses. Articles of Faith . churches. They enjoyed positions of power and authority. namely those who received messages. Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. They settled in the heart of the Islamic Caliphate. Christians and Jews lived peacefully with Muslims throughout centuries in the Middle East and other Asian and African countries. to worship One God. or more accurately The One and Only Eternal God. geography. becoming a Muslim is the best safeguard for man's peace and harmony. poetry. they are in the STATE OF ISLAM. Jews fled from Spain during the Inquisition.e. and as such the key of the Church in Jerusalem is still in the hands of the Muslims.e. submission and obedience. Submission to the good will of God. The word Allah in the Arabic language means God.minimal. The word Allah to mean God is also used by Arabic speaking Jews and Christians. purity. Jesus and Muhammad. etc. logarithms. They contributed to the Renaissance of Europe and world civilization. Christians and Jews are called People of the Book. they are obedient to God and submissive to His laws i. and to work together for the solutions of the many problems in the society. synagogues and missionary schools were built within the Muslim neighborhoods. other than man is administered TOTALLY by God-made laws i. become a Muslim. Creator of theUniverse. and they were welcomed by the Muslims. Christians entrusted the Muslims. MostCompassionate. Non-Muslims Muslims are required to respect all those who are faithful and God conscious people. did not pray in the church in Jerusalem so as not to give the Muslims an excuse to take it over. Muslims are asked to call upon the People of the Book for common terms. In the religious sense.

the Unique and the Protector. endowed with Divine revelations and appointed by God to teach mankind. The message of all the prophet and messengers is the same. He is God of all mankind. All messengers were mortals. These include Noah. God has no father nor mother. the feelings and sentiments to be kind and humane. God asks us to know Him. the Rich and the Independent the Forgiving and the Clement. It contains 114 Surahs (chapters) and over 6000 verses. has not left man without guidance for the conduct of his life. the Generous. and the Benevolent. David. God creates in man the mind to understand. not of a special tribe or race. Ishmael. the Judge and the Peace. human beings. The Quran deals with man and his ultimate goal in life. It is the last book of guidance from Allah. Merciful and Compassionate. peace be upon him. Jesus and Muhammad who were revealed their own book of Allah. The Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims. He loves the people who love Him and forgives their sins. as they were complete and in their original versions. Allah. Every word of it is the word of Allah. He gives them peace. The Holy Quran mentions the names of 25 messengers and prophets and states that there are others. knowledge and success. If we try to count His favours upon us. sent down to Muhammad. It was revealed over a period of 23 years in the Arabic language. because they are countless. He answers their prayers and help them.. doctrines and . the One and Only God A muslim believes in ONE GOD. God is the Loving and the Provider. Abrahim. no sons nor was He fathered.e. to convey it to their fellow men. Isaac. God is High and Supreme but He is very near to the pious thoughtful believers. through the angel Jibraeel (Gabriel). Their message is the same and it is Islam and it came from One and the Same Source. to love Him and to enforce His law for our benefit and our own benefit and our own good. and it is to submit to His will and to obey His law. Abrahim. to become a Muslim. the Patient and the Appreciative. God. the Creator. It contains principles. because He is Needless and Independent. Creator and Provider. None equal to Him. were sent at different times to bring back straying human being from deviation to Right Course. They all asked the people of their time to obey and worship Allah and none other. we cannot. the prophet and messengers. Its teachings cover all areas of this life and the life after death. Infinite and Mighty. In return for all the great favours and mercy. Supreme and Eternal. God's attributes are mentioned in the Quran. Moses. i. Messengers and Prophets of God A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and Prophets of God without any discrimination. the soul and conscience to be good and righteous.Allah. God does not need anything from us. Revelations and the Quran A Muslim believes in all scriptures and revelations of God. Moses. Revelations were given to guide the people to the right path of Allah and sent down to selected people. Jesus and Muhammad. happiness.

It implies that everything on this earth originates from the one and only creator who is also the Sustainer and the sole source of guidance. People with bad records will be fairly punished and cast into Hell. One who believe in life after death is not expected to behave against the Will of Allah. Knowledge and the truth are not entirely confined to sensory knowledge or sensory perception alone. We should have strong faith in Allah and accept whatever He does because our knowledge is limited and . Allah is protecting it from being lost.directions for every sphere of human life. This world as we know it will come to an end and the dead will rise to stand for their final and fair trial. Everything we do. although we may fail sometimes to understand it fully. seem SUPERFICIALLY successful and prosperous in this life. Allah is Wise. The theme of the Quran broadly consists of three fundamental ideas: Oneness of Allah. Angle cannot be seen by the naked eyes. Qadaa and Qadar A Muslim believes in Qadaa and Qadar which related to the ultimate power of Allah. corrupted or concealed. say. Angels spend their time in the service of Allah. The time of the Day of Judgement is only known to Allah and Allah alone. People with good records will be generously rewarded and warmly welcomed to Allah's Heaven. neglect Allah and indulge in immoral activities. They are brought up on the Day of Judgement. Prophethood and life after death. They require no food or drink or sleep. On that day. The Quran is unrivalled in its recording and prservation. make. intend and think are accounted for and kept in accurate records. He will always bear in mind that Allah is watching all his actions and the angles are recording them. they will receive full compensation and be widely acknowledged on the Day of Judgement. The real nature of Heaven and Hell are known to Allah only. the Quran is the only authentic and complete book of Allah. Muslims till today memorize the Quran word by word as a whole or in part. The success of human beings on this earth and in the life hereafter depends on obedience to the Quranic teaching. but they are described by Allah in man's familiar terms in the Quran. Qadaa and Qadar means the Timeless Knowledge of Allah and His power to plan and execute His plans. Allah is not indifferent to this world nor is He neutral to it. The Angels of Allah There are purely spiritual and splendid beings created by Allah. Just and Loving and whatever He does must have a good motive. The astonishing fact about this book of Allah is that it has remained unchanged even to a dot over the past fourteen hundred years. Today. They have no physical desires nor material needs. If some good deeds are seen not to get full appreciation and credit in this life. Each charged with a certain duty. If some people who commit sins. No scholar has questioned the fact that the Quran today is the same as it was revealed. all men and women from Adam to the last person will be resurrected from the state of death for judgement. absolute justice will be done to them on the Day of Judgement. The Day of Judgement A Muslim believe in the Day of the Judgement.

our thinking is based on individual consideration, whereas His knowledge is limitless and He plans on a universal basis. Man should think, plan and make sound choice, but if things do not happen the way he wants, he should not lose faith and surrender himself to mental strains or shattering worries. The Purpose of Life A Muslim believe that the purpose of life is to worship Allah. Worshipping Allah does not mean we spend our entire lives in constant seclusion and absolute meditation. To worship Allah is to live life according to His commands, not to run away from it. To worship Allah is to know Him, to love Him, to obey His commands, to enforce His laws in every aspect of life, to serve His cause by doing right and shunning evil and to be just to Him, to ourselves and to our fellow human beings. Status of Human Being A Muslim believes that human being enjoys an especially high ranking status in the hierarchy of all known creatures. Man occupies this distinguished position because he alone is gifted with rational faculties and spiritual aspirations as well as powers of action. Man is not a condemned race from birth to death, but a dignified being potentially capable of good and noble achievements. A Muslim also believes that every person is born muslim. Every person is endowed by Allah with spiritual potential and intellectual inclination that can make him a good Muslim. Every person's birth takes place according to the will of Allah in realization of His plans and in submission to His commands. Every person is born FREE FROM SIN. When the person reaches the age of maturity and if he is sane, he become accountable for all his deeds and intentions. Man is free from sin until he commits sin. There is no inherited sin, no original sin. Adam committed the first sin, he prayed to Allah for pardon and Allah granted Adam pardon. Salvation A Muslim believes that man must work out his salvation through the guidance of Allah. No one can act on behalf of another or intercede between him and Allah. In order to obtain salvation, a person must combine faith and action, belief and practice. Faith without doing good deeds is as insufficient as doing good deeds without faith. Also, a Muslim believes that Allah does not hold any person responsible until he has shown him the Right Way. If people do not know and have no way of knowing about Islam, they will not be responsible for failing to be Muslim. Every Muslim must preach Islam in words and action. Acceptance of Faith A Muslim believes that faith is not complete when it is followed blindly or accepted unquestioningly. Man must build his faith on well-grounded convictions beyond any reasonable doubt and above uncertainty. Islam insures freedom to believe and forbids compulsion in religion (one of the oldest synagogues and one of the oldest churches in the worlds is in Muslim countries). A Muslim believes that the Quran is the word of Allah revealed to prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. The Quran was revealed from Allah on various occasions to answer questions, solve problems, settle disputes and to be

man's best guide to the truth. The Quran was revealed in Arabic and it is still in its original and complete Arabic version until today. It is memorized by millions. A Muslim also believes in a clear distinction between the Quran and the Traditions (called Hadits) of the Prophet Muhammad. Whereas, the Quran is the word of Allah, the Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (hadits i.e.: his teachings, sayings, and actions) are the practical interpretations of the Quran. Both the Quran and the Hadits of Prophet Muhammad are the primary sources of knowledge in Islam. Application of Faith God has laid down for a Muslim four major exercises of faith, some are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some annually and some are required as a minimum of once in a lifetime. These exercises of faith are to serve man's spiritual purposes, satisfy his human needs and to mark his whole life with a Divine touch. These major exercises of faith are: Prayer (Salah) Praying, to the Creator on a daily basis, is the best way to cultivate in a man a sound personality and to actualize his aspiration. Allah does not need man's prayer because He is free of all needs. Salah is for our benefit which are immeasurable and the blessings are beyond imagination. In salah, every muscle of the body joins the soul and the mind in the worship and glory of Allah. Salah is an act of worship. It is a matchless and unprecedented formula of intellectual meditation and spiritual devotion, of moral elevation and physical exercise, all combined. Offering of salah is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female who is sane, mature and in case of women free from menstruation and confinement due to child birth. Requirements of salah: performing of ablution (Wudu), purity of the whole body, clothes and ground used for prayer, dressing properly and having (or declaring) the intention and facing the Qiblah; the direction of the Ka'bah at Mecca. Obligatory Salah: Five daily salahs, the Friday's noon congregation salah and the funeral salah. Highly recommended salah: Those accompanying the obligatory salah and the two great festival salahs. Optional salah: Voluntary salah during the day and night. Times of Obligatory Salah: 1. Early Morning - after dawn and before sunrise. 2. Noon - after the sun begins to decline from its zenith until it is about midway on its course to set. 3. Mid-afternoon - after the expiration of the noon salah time until sunset. 4. Sunset - immediately after sunset until the red glow in the western horizon disappears. 5. Evening - after the expiration of the sunset salah until dawn. Salah should be offered in its due time, unless there is a reasonable excuse. Delayed obligatory salah must be made up. In addition to the prescribed salah, a Muslim expressed gratitude to God and appreciation of His favours and asks for

His mercy all the time. Especially at times of, for example: childbirth, marriage, going to or rising from bed, leaving and returning to his home, starting a journey or entering a city, riding or driving, before or after eating or drinking, harvesting, visiting graveyards and at time of distress and sickness. Fasting Fasting is abstaining completely from eating, drinking, intimate sexual contacts and smoking from the break of dawn till sunset. It is a matchless Islamic institution which teaches man the principle of sincere love to God. Fasting teaches man a creative sense of hope, devotion, patience, unselfishness, moderation, willpower, wise saving, sound budgeting, mature adaptability, healthy survival, discipline, spirit of social belonging, unity and brotherhood. Obligatory fasting is done once a year for the period of the month of Ramadan; the ninth month of the Islamic year. Recommended fasting every Monday and Thursday of every week, three days in the middle of each Islamic month, six days after Ramadan following the Feast Day and a few days of the two months before Ramadan. Fasting of Ramadan is a worship act which is obligatory on every adult Muslim, male or female if he/she mentally and physically fit and not on a journey. Exception: women during their period of menstruation and while nursing their child and also in case of travel and sickness. Charity Giving (Zakah) Charity giving is an act of worship and spiritual investment. The lateral meaning of Zakah is purity and it refers to the annual amount in kind or coin which a Muslim with means must distribute among the rightful beneficiaries. Zakah does not only purifies the property of the contributor but also purifies his heart from selfishness and greed. It also purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy, from hatred and uneasiness and it fosters instead good-will and warm wishes for the contributors. Zakah has a deep humanitarian and social-political value; for example, it frees society from class welfare, from ill feelings and distrust and from corruption. Although Islam does not hinder private enterprise or condemn private possession, it does not tolerate selfish and greedy capitalism. Islam adopts a moderate but positive and effective course between individual and society, between the citizen and the state, between capitalism and socialism, between materialism and spiritualism. Zakah is paid on the net balance after paying personal expenses, family expenses, due credits, taxes, etc. Every Muslim, male or female who at the end of the year is in possession of the equivalent of 85 g of gold (approx. $1400 in 1990) or more in cash or articles of trade, must give Zakah at minimum rate of 2.5%. Taxes paid to government do not substitute for this religious duty. Contributor should not seek pride or fame but if disclosing his name and his contribution is likely to encourage others, it is acceptable to do so. The recipient of Zakah are: the poor, the needy, the new Muslim converts, the Muslim prisoners of war (to liberate them), Muslim in debt. Also employees appointed to collect Zakah, Muslim in service of research or study or propagation of Islam, wayfarers who are foreigners in need of help. The Pilgrimmage (Hajj)

It is a pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in a lifetime and it is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female who is mentally, physically and financially fit. It is the largest annual convention of faith on earth (in 1989: 2.5 million). Peace is the dominant theme. Peace with Allah, with one's soul, with one another, with all living creatures. To disturb the peace of anyone or any creature in any shape or form is strictly prohibited. Muslim from all walks of life, from every corner of the globe assemble in Mecca in response to the call of Allah. There is no royalty but loyalty of all to Allah, the Creator. It is to commemorate the Divine rituals observed by the Prophet Abrahim and his son Ishmael, who are the first pilgrim to the house of Allah on earth; the Ka'bah. It is also to remember the grad assembly of the Day of Judgement when people will stand equal before Allah. Muslims go to Mecca in glory of Allah, not to worship a man. The visit to the tomb of Prophet Muhammad at Madena is highly recommended but not essential in making the Hajj valid and complete. Islam is a Code of Life It is a Muslim belief that Muhammad's mission was for the whole world and for all the time; because: Its universality has been clearly confirmed by the Quran (Surah 7: verse 158, 6:19, 34:28, 81:27). It is a logical consequences of the finality of his prophethood. He had to be the guide and the leader for all men and for all ages. Allah has provided, through him, a complete code which is to be followed, and this in itself supports the concept of finality, because without completeness, the need for other prophets would remain. It is a fact that during the last 1400 years no man has arisen whose life and works bear even the slightest resemblance to that of a prophet. Nor has anyone presented a book which could be remotely considered a divine communication. Still less has there been a man to claim legitimate authority as a law-giver fro mankind. The mission of Muhammad, as well as of other prophets who brought the universal message of Islam, does not end with the announcement of the message. He has to guide the people by explaining to them the implications of the Islamic creed, the morale code, the divine injunctions and commandment, and the form of worship that sustains the whole system. He has to exemplify the faith so others can pattern their participation in the evolution of Islamic culture and civilization. The believers must grow under his guidance into an organized community so that Allah's word will prevail over all other words. 1. Spiritual Life: prayer (salah), fasting, charity giving (zakah), pilgrimage (hajj), love for Allah and His Messenger, love for truth and humanity for the sake of Allah, hope and trust in Allah at all times and doing good for the sake of Allah. 2. Intellectual Life: True knowledge based on clear proof and indisputable evidence acquired by experience or experiment or by both. The Quran points to

They are entitled to full protection and security of the State including freedom of religion. Social Life: Man is ordained by Allah to extend his utmost help and kindness to other family members. proper clothing. The message of Islam concerns God. divorce. it has to be replaced. Economical Life: Earning one's living through decent labour is not only a duty but a great virtue as well. for it is in submitting to God's Will that human beings gain peace in their lives in this world and in the hereafter. 4. 6. Introduction Islam is a religion based upon the surrender to God who is One. Islam demands faith in Allah on the basis of knowledge and research and leaves wide open all field of thought before the intellect to penetrate as far it can reach. relations. means at once submission and peace. animals and homes. The Islamic economic system is not based on arithmetical calculations alne but also on moral and principles. 7. trial marriage. The State is to administer justice and provide security for all citizens. common law. The very name of the religion. and good healthy sexual relations within marriage. servants and neighbours. Man comes to this world empty-handed and departs empty-handed. proper behaviour.). 5. Earning is man's private possession. It concerns men and women as they were created by God--not as fallen beings. Man is simply a trustee. destruction of crops. 3. War is only justified if the state security is endangered. mutual alliance. killing non-fighting women. Transgression is forbidden. If an administration betrays the trust of Allah and the people. Rulers and administrators must be chosen from the best qualified citizens. Other people's interests and right to life. honour and property are respected as long as the right of Muslim are in tact. International Life: Man has a common origin.the rich sources of knowledge in the whole universe... Political Life: The sovereignty in the Islamic State belongs to Allah. They may pay Zakah or a different tax tributes "Jizyah". who in Arabic is called Allah. al-islam in Arabic. Non-Muslim can administer their personal life of marriage. The individual is responsible for the prosperity of the state and the state is responsible for the security of the individual. Humanity represents one family springing from the one and the same father and mother. During war. Each member of the family has rights and obligations. . children and aged people are forbidden. Marriage is a religious duty on all who are capable of meeting its responsibilities. colour. a healthy diet. Personal Life: purity and cleanliness. 8. The ruler is only an acting executive chosen by the people to serve them according to Allah's law. and it addresses itself to humanity's most profound nature.etc. human status and aim. Family Life: A family is a human social group whose members are bound together by the bond of blood ties and/or marital relationship and nothing else (adoption. foods and inheritance according to the Islamic law or to their own religious teachings. No superiority on account of class. the people exercise it by trust from Him to enforce His laws. The real owner of things is Allah alone. origin or wealth. The unity of the humanity is not only in its origin but also in its ultimate aims. Islam therefore considers itself to be not an innovation but a reassertion of the universal truth of all revelation which is God's Oneness.

He was born in 570 A. one that is most pleasing in God's eyes. the father of monotheism. However. One should in fact properly speak of the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition. the Quran. but also Moses and Christ. but also of the world of nature. to the importance of seeing. As the direct Word of God and the embodiment of God's Will. Throughout all its chapters and verses. The sound of the Quran is the first and last sound that a Muslim hears in this life. the quest for knowledge flourished. Quran For Muslims. and reasoning about the world of creation and its diverse phenomena. Arabic became therefore the language of Islam even for non-Arab Muslims. The Prophet and Messenger of God. Perhaps there is no book revered by any human collectivity as much as the Quran is revered by Muslims. That is why Muslims call Christians and Jews the "people of the book". There is only one text of the Quran accepted by all schools of Islamic thought and there are no variants. or followers of Islam. belief in the One God. Islam sees all authentic religions as being associated with a scripture. Muhammad--may peace and blessings be upon him. Both the intellectual aspects of Islam and Islamic Law have their source in the Quran. Under the direction of the Prophet. The Prophet Muhammad is not considered to be divine but a human being. Prophets of Islam The Prophet of Islam is loved and revered by Muslims precisely because he was chosen by God to reveal His Word to mankind. for it had guardianship over the Ka'bah in Makkah. The Quran is the central sacred reality of Islam. It was revealed in the Arabic language as a sonoral revelation which the Prophet repeated to his companions. It is the source of all Islamic doctrines and ethics. That is why wherever the message of the Quran was accepted and understood. Essentially a religion of the book. shining like a jewel among stones. he is seen as the most perfect of human beings. for Islam shares with the other Abrahamic religions their sacred history. An orphan brought up by his grandfather and later by his uncle. in a language rich in its varied terminology. his family and his companions. the Quran emphasizes the significance of knowledge and encourages Muslims to learn and to acquire knowledge not only of God's laws and religious injunctions. The Quran refers. the basic ethical teachings contained in the Ten Commandments and above all.Prophets his truth was asserted by the prophets of old and especially by Abraham. And it renews and repeats the true beliefs of Jews and Christians whose scriptures are mentioned as divinely revealed books in Islam's own sacred book. the Quran is considered as the guide par excellence for the life of Muslims. in one of the most powerful tribes in the Arabia of that time. the verses and chapters were organized in the order known to Muslims to this day. the young Muhammad displayed exceptional virtue as a trustworthy individual whom members of various tribes would invite . contemplating. who is the father of the Arabs as well as of the Jews. D. Islam reveres all of these prophets including not only Abraham. was the last of this long line of prophets and Islam is the last religion until the Day of Judgement. the Quran is the actual Word of God revealed through the archangel Gabriel to the Prophet of Islam during the twenty-threeyear period of his prophetic mission. It is the final expression of the Abrahamic tradition. It places the gaining of knowledge as the highest religious activity.

He followed the Divine Command and left with his followers for that city which henceforth was known as "The City of the Prophet" (Madinat al-nabi) or simply Madinah. Early Years At that time the Arabs followed a form of idolatry. The young Muhammad. especially those of his own tribe. during one of the retreats which he made habitually in a cave on top of a mountain outside Makkah. was a believer in the One God all of his life and never participated in the idolatrous practices of his tribe. seeing in the new religion a grave danger to their economic as well as social domination based upon their control of the Ka'bah. the Quran. But the monotheistic message of Abraham had long become forgotten among the general population of the Arabian peninsula. Migration In 622 A. persecution of Muslims increased until the Prophet was forced to send some of his companions to Abyssinia where they were protected by the Christian king. Several battles took place against the invading Makkans which the Muslims won against great odds. D. He forgave all his former enemies and marched to the Ka'bah. As a result. But the Prophet continued to call the people to Islam and gradually a larger number of men and women began to accept the faith and submit themselves to its teachings. Victory at Makkah After many trials and eventually successive victories. For the next thirteen years he preached the Word of God to the Makkans. The Prophet then returned to Madinah and made another pilgrimage to Makkah.to act as arbitrator in their disputes. and announced that Muhammad is the messenger of God. inviting them to abandon idolatry and accept the religion of Oneness. In Madinah. To this day Jerusalem remains along with Makkah and Madinah one of the holiest cities of Islam. where he ordered his companion and cousin 'Ali to join him in destroying all the idols. the Prophet established the first Islamic society which has served as the model for all later Islamic societies. Soon more tribes began to join Islam and within a few years most of Arabia had embraced the religion of Islam. Muhammad first saw the archangel Gabriel who revealed God's Word to him. The Prophet reconstituted the rite of pilgrimage as founded by Abraham. a city north of Makkah. Early days of Islam The Makkan period was also one of intense spiritual experience for the Prophet and the noble companions who formed the nucleus of the new religious community which was soon to spread worldwide. A few accepted his call but most Makkans. Angel Gabriel When forty years old. It was upon returning from . This event was so momentous that the Islamic calendar begins with this migration (hijrah). It was during this period that God ordered the direction of prayers to be changed from Jerusalem to Makkah. the Prophet was ordered by God to migrate to Yathrib. each tribe keeping its own idols at the Ka'bah. the Prophet retumed triumphantly to Makkah where the people embraced Islam at last. however. opposed him violently. the cubical structure built originally by Abraham to celebrate the glory of the One God.

On the basis of these principles the schools of law which are followed by all Muslims to this day were developed early in Islamic history. Muslims are also commanded to exhort others to perform good acts and to abstain from evil. knowing that even if one does not see Him. There is also the important concept. the Day of Judgment and God's determination of human destiny. . making the pilgrimage to Makkah (al-hajj) at least once in a lifetime if one's financial and physical conditions permit it. Islamic Law Islam possesses a religious law called al-Shari'ah in Arabic which governs the life of Muslims and which Muslims consider to be the embodiment of the Will of God. and paying a 2 1/2% tax (al-zakat) on one's capital which is used for the needs of the community. al-ihsan or virtue. it means having faith in God. which means to worship God as if one sees Him. while being rooted in the sources of the Islamic revelation. Islamic Religion According to a famous saying of the Prophet Islam consists of five pillars which are as follows: affirmation of the faith (shahadah). after the Quran. that is. Sunnah The practices and traditions (Sunnah) of the Prophet which includes his sayings (Hadith) became the guide for Muslims in the understanding of the Quran and the practice of their religion. That is why what people consider to be harsh punishments are so rarely in need of being applied. in Madinah where he was buried in the chamber of his house next to the first mosque of Islam." As for faith according to Islam (al-iman). His books. It means to remember God at all times and marks the highest level of being a Muslim. D. His messengers. His angels. the five daily prayers (al-salat) which Muslims perform facing Makkah. The Shari'ah is contained in principle in the Quran as elaborated and complemented by the Sunnah. This Law. He sees us. Besides this emulation of the Prophet in all aspects of life and thought. is a living body of law which caters to the needs of Islamic society . It is important to understand that the definition of al-iman refers to books and prophets in the plural thus pointing directly to the universality of revelation and respect for other religions emphasized so much in the Quran. Soon he fell ill and after three days died in 632 A. As the Prophet has said. Islamic laws are essentially preventative and are not based on harsh punishment except as a last measure. The Sunnah has always remained. the second source of everything Islamic. fasting (al-sawm) from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan. Ethics lies at the heart of Islamic teachings and all men and women are expected to act ethically towards each other at all times. The Quran itself asserts that God has chosen in the Prophet an example for Muslims to follow. The faith of the Muslim causes him to have respect for the rights of others and Islamic Law is such that it prevents transgression from taking place in most instances. witnessing that La ilaha illa'Llah (There is no divinity but Allah) and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah). Finally they were codified in books of Hadith where the authentic were separated from the spurious. "None of you is a believer until you love for your brother what you love for yourself.this last pilgrimage that he delivered his farewell address. his sayings were assembled by various scholars.

Characteristics of Islamic Civilization slam was destined to become a world religion and to create a civilization which stretched from one end of the globe to the other. Chinese and Malays in addition to numerous smaller units embraced Islam and contributed to the building of Islamic civilization. In Africa also. then the Persians and later the Turks set about to create classical Islamic civilization. The scientific climate was reminiscent of the present situation in America where . the spread of Islam was not limited to its miraculous early expansion outside of Arabia. Each ethnic and racial group which embraced Islam made its contribution to the one Islamic civilization to which everyone belonged. as some imagine in the West. Many continued to remain Jews and Christians and to this day important communities of the followers of these faiths are found in Muslim lands. Islam was not opposed to learning from the earlier civilizations and incorporating their science. both Africa and India became great centers of Islamic civilization and soon thereafter Muslim kingdoms were established in the Malay-Indonesian world while Chinese Muslims flourished throughout China. Such major racial and ethnic groups as the Arabs. Moreover. the message of Islam went forth with electrifying speed. Within half a century of the Prophet's death. The sense of brotherhood and sisterhood was so much emphasized that it overcame all local attachments to a particular tribe. learning. race. Indians. Persians. Today Islam continues to grow not only in Africa but also in Europe and America where Muslims now comprise a notable minority. The global civilization thus created by Islam permitted people of diverse ethnic backgrounds to work together in cultivating various arts and sciences. The new religion did not coerce people to convert. During later centuries the Turks embraced Islam peacefully as did a large number of the people of the Indian subcontinent and the Malayspeaking world. Outside of Arabia also the vast lands conquered by the Arab armies in a short period became Muslim not by force of the sword but by the appeal of the new religion. Already during the early Muslim caliphates.The spread of Islam From the oasis cities of Makkah and Madinah in the Arabian desert. that Islam was propagated by warring against those tribes which did not accept the message of God--whereas Christians and Jews were not forced to convert. where a crude form of idolatry was rampant. Africans. Islam had spread to three continents. Although the civilization was profoundly Islamic. in the 13th century. It was faith in One God and emphasis upon His Mercy that brought vast numbers of people into the fold of Islam. Islam has spread during the past two centuries even under the mighty power of European colonial rulers. Turks. and culture into its own world view. Islam is not. That is why Islamic civilization is based on a unity which stands completely against any racial or ethnic discrimination. even non-Muslim "people of the book" participated in the intellectual activity whose fruits belonged to everyone. It was only within Arabia. or language--all of which became subservient to the universal brotherhood and sisterhood of Islam. Later. Moreover. first the Arabs. as long as they did not oppose the principles of Islam. Global Religion Islam is a religion for all people from whatever race or background they might be. a religion of the sword nor did it spread primarily by means of war.

The Persians who had created a great civilization before the rise of Islam nevertheless produced much more science and learning in the Islamic period than before. the friend of the Prophet and the first adult male to embrace Islam. As a result of Islam. who hold a special place of respect in the hearts of Muslims. Abbasids The Abbasids. but the basic social and legal institutions of the newly founded Islamic world were established.scientists and men and women of learning from all over the world are active in the advancement of knowledge which belongs to everyone. Abu Bakr. It was 'Umar who marched on foot at the end of the Muslim army into Jerusalem and ordered the protection of Christian sites. He is also known as the caliph who had the definitive text of the Noble Quran copied and sent to the four corners of the Islamic world. The global civilization created by Islam also succeeded in activating the mind and thought of the people who entered its fold. and also for his bravery. shifted the capital to Baghdad which soon developed into an incomparable center of learning and culture as well as the administrative and political heart of a vast world. . who succeeded the Umayyads. became caliph. He established many of the basic practices of Islamic government. Central Asia and Transoxiana in the East. During the centuries following the rise of Islam. The religion of Islam was itself responsible not only for the creation of a world civilization in which people of many different ethnic backgrounds participated. During this time Damascus became the capital of an Islamic world which stretched from the western borders of China to southern France. Brief History of Islam Upon the death of the Prophet. For some eight hundred years Arabic remained the major intellectual and scientific language of the world. came to an end. He was in turn succeeded by 'Ali who is known to this day for his eloquent sermons and letters. Syria and Egypt. the nomadic Arabs became torch-bearers of science and learning. Abu Bakr ruled for two years to be succeeded by 'Umar who was caliph for a decade and during whose rule Islam spread extensively east and west conquering the Persian empire. In fact this tradition of intellectual activity was eclipsed only at the beginning of modern times as a result of the weakening of faith among Muslims combined with external domination. Caliphates Umayyad The Umayyad caliphate established in 661 was to last for about a century. but it played a central role in developing intellectual and cultural life on a scale not seen before. And today this activity has begun anew in many parts of the Islamic world now that the Muslims have regained their political independence. With his death the rule of the "rightly guided" caliphs. Muslim dynasties ruling in various parts of the Islamic world bore witness to the flowering of Islamic culture and thought. 'Umar also established the first public treasury and a sophisticated financial administration. Not only did the Islamic conquests continue during this period through North Africa to Spain and France in the West and to Sind. The same can be said of the Turks and other peoples who embraced Islam. 'Umar was succeeded by 'Uthman who ruled for some twelve years during which time the Islamic expansion continued.

They ruled for over 500 years but gradually their power waned and they remained only symbolic rulers bestowing legitimacy upon various sultans and princes who wielded actual military power. The most important event in this area as far as the relation between Islam and the Western world was concerned was the series of Crusades declared by the Pope and espoused by various European kings. was outwardly to recapture the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem for Christianity. only Morocco and Mauritania in the West and Yemen. Ottoman Empire From humble origins the Turks rose to dominate over the whole of Anatolia and even parts of Europe. The sudden rise of Timur delayed the formation and expansion of the Ottoman empire but soon the Ottomans became the dominant power in the Islamic world. Meanwhile in North Africa. They were in turn succeeded by Timur and his descendents who made Samarqand their capital and ruled from 1369 to 1500. one of the Umayyad princes escaped and made the long journey from there to Spain to found Umayyad rule there. various local dynasties held sway until two powerful Berber dynasties succeeded in uniting much of North Africa and also Spain in the 12th and 13th centuries. thus beginning the golden age of Islam in Spain. Although there was at the beginning some success and local European rule was set up in parts of Syria and Palestine. The Abbasid caliphate was finally abolished when Hulagu. While the Abbasids ruled in Baghdad. North Africa and Spain When the Abbasids captured Damascus. destroying much of the city including its incomparable libraries. a number of powerful dynasties such as the Fatimids. recaptured Jerusalem and defeated the Crusaders. the great Muslim leader. Ayyubids and Mamluks held power in Egypt. In 1453 Mehmet the Conqueror captured Constantinople and put an end to the Byzantine empire. As for Spain itself. Cordoba was established as the capital and soon became Europe's greatest city not only in population but from the point of view of its cultural and intellectual life. captured Baghdad in 1258. But they soon converted to Islam and became known as the Il-Khanids. From the 17th century onward with the rise of Westem European powers and later Russia. the Mongol ruler. But they nevertheless remained a force to be reckoned with until the First World War when they were defeated by the Westem nations. They reached their zenith of power with Suleyman the Magnificent whose armies reached Hungary and Austria. Syria and Palestine. The purpose. The Ottomans conquered much of eastem Europe and nearly the whole of the Arab world. Hadramaut and parts of the Arabian peninsula remaining beyond their control. Muslim power continued to wane until the last Muslim dynasty was defeated in Granada in 1492 thus bringing nearly eight hundred years of Muslim rule in Spain to an end. Islamic History after Mongol Invasion The Mongols devastated the eastern lands of Islam and ruled from the Sinai Desert to India for a century. Muslims finally prevailed and in 1187 Saladin. the power of the Ottomans began to wane. The Umayyads ruled over two centuries until they weakened and were replaced by local rulers. After them this area was ruled once again by local dynasties such as the Sharifids of Morocco who still rule in that country. Soon thereafter Kamal Ataturk gained power in Turkey and . although political.

Integration of pre Islam Sciences As Islam spread northward into Syria. Malaysia. had established Jundishapur in Persia as a second great center of learning matching Antioch. It was transferred to Antioch and from there farther east to such cities as Edessa by eastern Christians who stood in sharp opposition to Byzantium and wished to have their own independent centers of learning. and is still continuing in islands farther east. Islam spread in that area covering present day Indonesia. it came face to face with the sciences of antiquity whose heritage had been preserved in centers which now became a part of the Islamic world. The process of the Islamization of Africa did not cease during the colonial period and continues even today with the result that most Africans are now Muslims carrying on a tradition which has had practically as long a history in certain areas of sub-Saharan Africa as Islam itself. West Africa felt the presence of Islam through North African traders who travelled with their camel caravans south of the Sahara. But the rule of the dynasty established by him was short-lived. The Zand dynasty soon took over to be overthrown by the Qajars in 1779 who made Tehran their capital and ruled until 1921 when they were in turn replaced by the Pahlavis. Alexandria had been a major center of sciences and learning for centuries. The Greek leaming cultivated in Alexandria was opposed by the Byzantines who had burned its library long before the advent of Islam. Persia While the Ottomans were concerned mostly with the westem front of their empire. There also appeared major charismatic figures who inspired intense resistance against European domination. Islam began to spread in the 12th century in northem Sumatra and soon Muslim kingdoms were establishd in Java. became one of the most beautiful cities with its blue tiled mosques and exquisite houses. Malaysia and Indonesia Farther east in the Malay world. Moreover. in addition to the Christian scholars who . Sumatra and mainland Malaysia. the southern Phililppines and southern Thailand. Isfahan. Despite the colonization of the Malay world. Persia itself fell into tummoil until Nader Shah. Gradually Islam penetrated both inland and southward. only the Sudan and Somaliland becoming gradually both Arabized and Islamized. The tradition of Alexandrian learning did not die. the Persian king. Egypt. however. the last Oriental conqueror. By the 14th century there were already Muslim sultanates in such areas as Mali. reunited the country and even conquered India. The Safavids established a powerful state of their own which flourished for over two centuries and became known for the flowering of the arts. to the east in Persia a new dynasty called the Safavids came to power in 1502. Their capital.abolished the six centuries of rule of the Ottomans in 1924. Africa As far as Africa is concemed. Shapur I. and the Persian empire. and Timbuctu in West Africa and Harar in East Africa had become seats of Islamic leaming. Islam entered into East Africa at the very beginning of the Islamic period but remained confined to the coast for some time. He even invited Indian physicians and mathematicians to teach in this major seat of learning. The Afghan invasion of 1736 put an end to Safavid rule and prepared the independence of Afghanistan which occured fommally in the 19th century.

who was also an outstanding physician. and the major works of Greek astronomy. rejecting what was not in conformity with the Islamic perspective Mathematical Sciences and Physics The Muslim mind has always been attracted to the mathematical sciences in accordance with the "abstract" character of the doctrine of Oneness which lies at the heart of Islam. They made them part of their world view and began to cultivate the Islamic sciences based on what they had translated. reaching its peak with the establishment of the House of Wisdom (Bayt alhikmah) by the caliph al-Ma'mun at the beginning of the 9th century. The Almagest of Ptolemy. was thoroughly studied and its planetary theory . Furthermore. analyzed. The result of this extensive effort of the Islamic community to confront the challenge of the presence of the various philosophies and sciences of antiquity and to understand and digest them in its own terms and according to its own world view was the translation of a vast corpus of writings into Arabic. and the works of Hippocrates and Galen. Most of the important philosophical and scientific works of Aristotle and his school. the Muslims considered them as their own. Astronomy In astronomy the Muslims integrated the astronomical traditions of the Indians. Once these sciences and philosophies confirmed the principle of Oneness. the ancient Near East and especially the Greeks into a synthesis which began to chart a new chapter in the history of astronomy from the 8th century onward. As a result. The Muslims did not translate the scientific and philosophical works of other civilizations out of fear of political or economic domination but because the structure of Islam itself is based upon the primacy of knowledge. mathematics itself and much of what is called physics today. The great movement of translation lasted from the beginning of the 8th to the end of the 9th century. were all rendered into Arabic. Once Muslims established the new Islamic order during the Umayyad period.taught in Syriac as well as the Persians whose medium of instruction was Pahlavi. Many of the accomplished translators were Christian Arabs such as Hunayn ibn Ishaq. who played a major role in the creation of the new Arabic prose style conducive to the expression of philosophical and scientific writings. and assimilated. mathematics and medicine such as the Almagest of Ptolemy. and others Persians such as Ibn Muqaffa'. criticized. Persians. Nor did they consider these forms of knowing as "un-lslamic" as long as they confirmed the doctrine of God's Oneness which Islam considers to have been at the heart of every authentic revelation from God. the Elements of Euclid. mathematics and medicine were translated from Pahlavi and Sanskrit. the scholarly language of pre-Islamic Persia. much of Plato and the Pythagorean school. Arabic became the most important scientific language of the world for many centuries and the depository of much of the wisdom and the sciences of antiquity. and even from Sanskrit. important works of astronomy. They therefore set about with a concerted effort to translate the philosophical and scientific works which were available to them from not only Greek and Syriac (which was the language of eastern Christian scholars) but also from Pahlavi. whose very name in English reveals the Arabic origin of its Latin translation. they turned their attention to these centers of learning which had been preserved and sought to acquaint themselves with the knowledge taught and cultivated in them. The mathematical sciences have traditionally included astronomy.

The zij of alMa'mun observed in Baghdad. The first great Muslim mathematician. The Muslims also observed the heavens carefully and discovered many new stars. wrote a treatise on arithmetic whose Latin translation brought what is known as Arabic numerals to the West. Many star names in English such as Aldabaran still recall their Arabic origin. Algebra As for mathematics proper. The book on stars of 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi was in fact translated into Spanish by Alfonso X el Sabio and had a deep influence upon stellar toponymy in European languages. like astronomy. They wielded a great deal of influence upon Western astronomy up to the time of Tycho Brahe. To this day guarismo. al-Khwarazmi. this being the observatory of Maraghah in Persia established by al-Tusi. There existed even mechanical astrolabes perfected by Ibn Samh which must be considered as the ancestor of the mechanical clock. The Muslims also applied their astronomical knowledge to questions of time-keeping and the calendar. especially Qutb alDin al-Shirazi. Many astronomical instruments were developed by Muslims to carry out observation. Many Muslim mathematicians such as Khayyam and al-Tusi also dealt with the fifth . Abu Kamil al-Shuja' discussed algebraic equations with five unknowns. Here again Muslims began by integrating Greek and Indian mathematics. and the zij of Ulugh-Beg from Samarqand are among the most famous Islamic astronomical tables. but also devising almanacs (the word itself being of Arabic origin). in the 13th century. The brothers Banu Musa who lived in the 9th century may be said to be the first outstanding Muslim geometers while their contemporary Thabit ibn Qurrah used the method of exhaustion. The Muslims carried out many fresh observations which were contained in astronomical tables called zij. This science was developed by Muslims on the basis of earlier Greek and Indian works of a rudimentary nature.criticized by several astronomers of both the eastern and western lands of Islam leading to the major critique of the theory by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and his students. The Muslims were in fact the first to create an astronomical observatory as a scientific institution. the ll-Khanid zij of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi observed in Maraghah. entitled Kirah al-jahr wa'lmuqabalah. The most exact solar calendar existing to this day is the Jalali calendar devised under the direction of 'Umar Khayyam in the 12th century and still in use in Persia and Afghanistan. Al-Khwarazmi is also the author of the first book on algebra. the most famous being the astrolabe. This was indirectly the model for the later European observatories . The science was further developed by such figures as al-Karaji until it reached its peak with Khayyam who classified by kind and class algebraic equations up to the third degree. Geometry The Muslims also excelled in geometry as reflected in their art. The very name algebra comes from the first part of the name of the book of al-Khwarazmi. it received its direct impetus from the Quran not only because of the mathematical structure related to the text of the Sacred Book. giving a glimpse of what was to become integral calculus. but also because the laws of inheritance delineated in the Quran require rather complicated mathematical solutions. the Toledan Tables of alZarqali and his associates. Astronomical observations also had practical applications including not only finding the direction of Makkah for prayers. the Hakimite zij of Cairo. means figure or digit in Spanish while algorithm is still used in English. derived from his name. who lived in the 9th century. One of the acutest of these observers was al-Battani whose work was followed by numerous others.

Al-Khujandi discovered a particular case of Fermat's theorem that "the sum of two cubes cannot be another cube". Ibn al-Haytham's main work on optics. these sayings became the foundation of what came to be known later as "Prophetic medicine" (al-tibb al-nabawi). one of which is named after him. Number Theory The love for the study of magic squares and amicable numbers led Muslims to develop the theory of numbers. properly speaking. Thirdly there is the field of optics in which the Islamic sciences produced in Ibn alHaytham (the Latin Alhazen) who lived in the 11th century. studied the property of lenses. and explained for the first time why the sun and the moon appear larger on the horizon. early in Islamic history Muslims began to cultivate the field of medicine turning once again to all the knowledge that was available to them from Greek. Ibn Yunus and Ibn alHaytham. Medical Sciences The hadiths of the Prophet contain many instructions concerning health including dietary habits. Persian and Indian sources. Secondly they criticized the Aristotelian theory of projectile motion and tried to quantify this type of motion.. Ibn Bajjah and others led to the development of the idea of impetus and momentum and played an important role in the criticism of Aristotelian physics in the West up to the early writings of Galileo. His interest in optics was carried out two centuries later by Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi and Kamal alDin al-Farisi. while alKaraji analyzed arithmetic and geometric progressions such as: 1^3+2^3+3^3+. was born with the appearance of the major compendium. especially al-Battani. Al-Biruni also dealt with progressions while Ghiyath al-Din Jamshid al-Kashani brought the study of number theory among Muslims to its peak.postulate of Euclid and the problems which follow if one tries to prove this postulate within the confines of Eucledian geometry. Rhazes Anatomy Smallpox Antiseptic Psychosomatic Medicine . explained correctly the process of vision.+n)^2.. the Kitah al-manazir. The critique of Ibn Sina. The Muslim mathematicians. studied the structure of the eye. Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdadi. discovered the camera obscura... also developed spherical astronomy and applied it to the solution of astronomical problems. In this domain the writings of alBiruni and al-Khazini stand out. Ibn alHaytham solved many optical problems. Trigonometry Another branch of mathematics developed by Muslims is trigonometry which was established as a distinct branch of mathematics by al-Biruni.+n^3=( 1+2+3+. At first the great physicians among Muslims were mostly Christian but by the 9th century Islamic medicine. Physics n the field of physics the Muslims made contributions in especially three domains. was also well known in the West as Thesaurus opticus. Abu'l-Wafa'. Because of the great attention paid in Islam to the need to take care of the body and to hygiene. the greatest student of optics between Ptolemy and Witelo. The first was the measurement of specific weights of objects and the study of the balance following upon the work of Archimedes. It was Qutb al-Din who gave the first correct explanation of the formation of the rainbow.

who is usually credited with the discovery.The Paradise of Wisdom (Firdaws al-hikmah ) by 'Ali ibn Rabban al-Tabari. One must also mention the Ibn Zuhr family which produced several outstanding physicians and Abu Marwan 'Abd al-Malik who was the Maghrib's most outstanding clinical physician. He synthesized Islamic medicine in his major masterpiece. was one of the greatest of physicians who emphasized clinical medicine and observation. Many Persian doctors such as 'Ayn al-Mulk of Shiraz also travelled to India at this time to usher in the golden age of Islamic . His Kitab al-hawi (Continens) is the longest work ever written in Islamic medicine and he was recognized as a medical authority in the West up to the 18th century. The Canon of Medicine and Meningitis The greatest of all Muslim physicians. medical studies continued as can be seen in the work of Rashid al-Din Fadlallah. Islamic medicine continued in Persia and the other eastern lands of the Islamic world under the influence of Ibn Sina with the appearance of major Persian medical compendia such as the Treasury of Sharaf al-Din al-Jurjani and the commentaries upon the Canon by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi. was Ibn Sina who was called "the prince of physicians" in the West. who synthesized the Hippocratic and Galenic traditions of medicine with those of India and Persia. Islamic medicine divided into several branches. He was the first to identify and treat smallpox. In the Arab world Egypt remained a major center for the study of medicine. It was the final authority in medical matters in Europe for nearly six centuries and is still taught wherever Islamic medicine has survived to this day in such lands as Pakistan and India. the 12th century Abu'l-Qasim al-Zahrawi (the Latin Albucasis) whose medical masterpiece Kitab al-tasrif was well known in the West as Concessio. Pulmonary Circulation After Ibn Sina. and the greatest Muslim figure in surgery. were also outstanding physicians. Even after the Mongol invasion. He created a system of medicine within which medical practice could be carried out and in which physical and psychological factors. Gynecology As for the western lands of Islam including Spain. Ibn Sina discovered many drugs and identified and treated several ailments such as meningitis but his greatest contribution was in the philosophy of medicine. this area was likewise witness to the appearance of outstanding physicians such as Sa'd al-Katib of Cordoba who composed a treatise on gynecology. Muhammad ibn Zakariyya' al-Razi (the Latin Rhazes). His student. The well known Spanish philosophers. especially ophthalmology which reached its peak at the court of al-Hakim. author of the famous Calendar of Health. Cairo possessed excellent hospitals which also drew physicians from other lands including Ibn Butlan. al-Qanun fi'l tibb (The Canon of Medicine). and for the first time there appeared translations of Chinese medicine and interest in acupuncture among Muslims. however. The Islamic medical tradition was revived in the Safavid period when several diseases such as whooping cough were diagnosed and treated for the first time and much attention was paid to pharmacology. drugs and diet are combined. Ibn Tufayl and Ibn Rushd. which is the most famous of all medical books in history. to use alcohol as an antiseptic and make medical use of mercury as a purgative. and Ibn Nafis who discovered the lesser or pulmonary circulation of the blood long before Michael Servetus. He was a master of prognosis and psychosomatic medicine and also of anatomy.

but also the vast herbal phammacopias of the Persians and Indians. Botany and Zoology As for botany. especially herbs. Hygiene in these hospitals was greatly emphasized and al-Razi had even written a treatise on hygiene in hospitals.medicine in the subcontinent and to plant the seed of the Islamic medical tradition which continues to flourish to this day in the soil of that land. Such major natural historians as al-Mas'udi intertwined natural and human history. Nature History and Geography The vast expanse of the Islamic world enabled the Muslims to develop natural history based not only on the Mediterranean world. plants and animals was assembled from areas as far away as the Malay world and synthesized for the first time by Ibn Sina in his Kitab al-Shifa' (The Book of Healing). the most important treatises were composed in the 12th century in Spain with the appearance of the work of al-Ghafiqi. The Muslims became heir not only to the pharmacological knowledge of the Greeks as contained in the works of Dioscorides. Some hospitals also specialized in particular diseases including psychological ones. Cairo even had a hospital which specialilzed in patients having insomnia. The Muslims also showed much interest in zoology especially in horses as witnessed by the classical text of al-Jawaliqi. Pharmacology Islamic medical authorities were also always concemed with the significance of pharmacology and many important works such as the Canon have whole books devoted to the subject. the 12th century scientist. The works of al-Jahiz and al-Damiri are especially famous in the field of zoology and . and in falcons and other hunting birds. Ibn alSalt and the most original of Muslim phammacologists. the Kitab al-falahah. whose Book of Simple Drugs provides the best descriptions of the medical properties of plants known to Muslims. some like those of Baghdad were teaching hospitals while some like the Nasiri hospital of Cairo had thousands of beds for patients with almost any type of illness. The greatest contributions in this field came from Maghribi scientists such as Ibn Juljul. The Ottoman Turks were especially known for the creation of major hospitals and medical centers. In mentioning Islamic hospitals it is necessary to mention that all major Islamic cities had hospitals. Al-Biruni likewise in his study of India turned to the natural history and even geology of the region. al-Ghafiqi. themselves. He also wrote the most outstanding Muslim work on mineralogy. Islamic medicine combined the use of drugs for medical purposes with dietary considerations and a whole lifestyle derived from the teachings of Islam to create a synthesis which has not died out to this day despite the introduction of modem medicine into most of the Islamic world. as was the case of the Greek natural historians. They also studied the medical effects of many drugs. but also on most of the Eurasian and even African land masses. Major Hospitals The Ottoman world was also an arena of great medical activity derived from the heritage of Ibn Sina. describing correctly the sedimentary nature of the Ganges basin. This is also the period when the best known Arabic work on agriculture. was written. The Ottomans were also the first to receive the influence of modem European medicine in both medicine and phammacology. Knowledge of minerals. These included not only units for the care of the physically ill. but also wards for patients with psychological ailments.

The Muslims mastered Alexandrian and even certain elements of Chinese alchemy and very early in their history. who worked at the court of Roger II in Sicily and who dedicated his famous book. Al-Razi's division of materials into animal. They also began to draw maps some of which reveal with remarkable accuracy many features such as the origin of the Nile. produced their greatest alchemist. As a result of travel over land and by sea and the facile exchange of ideas made possible by the unified structure of the Islamic world and the hajj which enables pilgrims from all over the Islamic world to gather and exchange ideas in addition to visiting the House of God. Muslims were able to extend their horizons far beyond the world of Ptolemy. not discovered in the West until much later. Kitab al-rujari (The Book of Roger) to him. A wide range of technological knowledge. who laid the foundation of this science among Muslims in the 9th century. The Muslim geographers starting with al-Khwarazmi. Chemistry The very name alchemy as well as its derivative chemistry come from the Arabic al-kimiya'. moral and even theological dimensions of the study of animals as well as the purely zoological aspects of the subject. His maps are among the great achievements of Islamic science. vegetable and mineral is still prevalent and a vast body of knowledge of materials accumulated by Islamic alchemists and chemists has survived over the centuries in both East and West. Jabir ibn Hayyan (the Latin Geber) who lived in the 8th century. It was in fact with the help of Muslim geographers and navigators that Magellan crossed the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean. from the building of water wheels by the Romans to the underground water system by the Persians. Geography Likewise in geography. Muslims also imported certain kinds of technology from the Far East such as paper which they . Putting the cosmological and symbolic aspects of alchemy aside. To this day certain chemical instruments such as the alembic (al-'anbiq) still bear their original Arabic names and the mercury-sulphur theory of Islamic alchemy remains as the foundation of the acid-base theory of chemistry. Technology Islam inherited the millenial experience in various forrns of technology from the peoples who entered the fold of Islam and the nations which became part of Dar al-Islam. dividing the earth into the traditional seven climes each of which they studied carefully from both a geographical and climactic point of view. a vast amount of knowledge of areas from the Pacific to the Atlantic was assembled. This is also true of a whole class of writings on the "wonders of creation" of which the book of Abu Yahya al-Qazwini. the 'Aja'ih al-makhluqat (The Wonders of Creation) is perhaps the most famous.deal with the literary. one can assert that this art led to much experimentation with various materials and in the hands of Muhammad ibn Zakariyya' al-Razi was converted into the science of chemistry. Even Columbus made use of their knowledge in his discovery of America. began to study the geography of practically the whole globe minus the Americas. became part and parcel of the technology of the newly founded order. For example the use of dyes in objects of Islamic art ranging from carpets to miniatures or the making of glass have much to do with this branch of learning which the West learned completely from Islamic sources since alchemy was not studied and practiced in the West before the translation of Arabic texts into Latin in the 11th century. The foremost among Muslim geographers was Abu 'Abdallah al-Idrisi.

methods of ventilation. known as the Qarawiyyin.brought from China and whose technology they later transmitted to the West. As . In fact it was a vastly superior technology that first impressed the Crusaders in their unsuccessful attempt to capture the Holy Land and much of this technology was brought back by the Crusaders to the rest of Europe. Likewise Muslims developed new architectural techniques of vaulting. When one views the Notre Dame in Paris or some other Gothic cathedral. In fact the great medieval European architectural tradition is one of the elements of Western civilization most directly linked with the Islamic world. some of which survive to this day. and men built in harmony with. Some of the Muslim technological feats such as dams which have survived for over a millenium. technologies related to irrigation and numerous other forms of technology. Architecture One of the major achievements of Islamic civilization is architecture which combines technology Treatises on natural and art. translations began to be made in the 11th century mostly in Toledo of Islamic works into Latin often through the intermediary of Jewish scholars most of whom knew Arabic and often wrote in Arabic. scientists were often display this perfect wedding between the artistic illustrated with detailed principles of Islam and remarkable technological know-how. an art which goes back to the making of steel several thousand years before on the Iranian plateau. not in opposition to nature. one is reminded of the building techniques which travelled from Muslim Cordoba northward. Even the Islamic educational system was emulated in Europe and to this day the term chair in a university reflects the Arabic kursi (literally seat) upon which a teacher would sit to teach his students in the madrasah (school of higher learning). As a result of these translations. but in the southwestern United States as well. and steel which reveals incredible metallurgical know-how. Gothic arches as well as interior courtyards of so many medieval and Renaissance European structures remind the viewer of the Islamic architectural examples from which they originally drew. Christians and Jews lived for the most part peacefully for many centuries. Man and Nature In general Islamic civilization emphasized the harmony between man and nature as seen in the traditional design of Islamic cities. domes which can withstand earthquakes. This old tradition of Islamic learning influenced the West greatly through Spain. Islamic thought and through it much of Greek thought became known to the West and Western schools of learning began to flourish. Morocco. Maximum use was made of natural elements and forces. preparations of dyes. In this land where Muslims. Influence of Islamic Science and learning on the West The oldest university in the world which is still functioning is the eleven hundredyear-old Islamic university of Fez. The great masterpieces of Islamic architecture from the Cordoba Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem to the Taj Mahal in India. while the presence of Islamic architecture ean also be directly experienced in the Moorish style found not only in Spain and Latin America. They also developed many forms of technology on the basis of earlier existing knowledge such as the metallurgical art of making the famous Damascene swords. attest to the exceptional attainment of Muslims in many fields of technology. techniques of weaving. Much of the outstanding medieval facilitate teaching of the architecture of the West is in fact indebted to the techniques of Islamic architecture.

Arab It was only after the Second World War and the dismemberment of the British. where there was not some influence of Islam present. most of the Islamic world was under colonial rule with the exception of a few regions such as the heart of the Ottoman empire. Persia. In the Arab world. The North African countries of Tunisia. Islamic learning became in this way part and parcel of Western civilization even if with the advent of the Renaissance. it was at this time that Saudi Arabia became finally consolidated. Egypt which had been ruled by the descendents of Muhammad Ali since the l9th century became more independent as a result of the fall of the Ottomans. the West not only turned against its own medieval past but also sought to forget the long relation it had had with the Islamic world. East Pakistan becoming Bengladesh. however. In 1971. After the First World War with the breakup of the Ottoman empire. As for Arabia. Dutch and Spanish empires that the rest of the Islamic world gained its independence. the kingdom of Brunei becoming independent as recently as 1984. one which was based on intellectual respect despite religious opposition. they were able to create their own homeland. Pakistan. India In India Muslims participated in the freedom movement against British rule along with Hindus and when independence finally came in 1947. At first Singapore was part of Malaysia but it separated in 1963 to become an independent state. Yemen and certain parts of Arabia. others like Jordan were created as a new entity and yet others like Palestine. Afghanistan. French. But most of the rest of the Islamic world remained under colonial rule. Far East Farther east still. in the case of the Ottomans. Syria and Lebanon became independent at the end of the war as did Libya and the shaykdoms around the Gulf and the Arabian Sea by the 1960's. which came into being for the sake of Islam and became the most populated Muslim state although many Muslims remained in India.European civillization grew and reached the high Middle Ages. Syria and Lebanon were either mandated or turned into French colonies. Small colonies still persisted in the area and continued to seek their independence. the two parts of the state broke up. Africa In Africa also major countries with large or majority Muslim populations such as . As for other parts of the Islamic world. there was hardly a field of learning or form of art. a number of Arab states such as Iraq became independent. in the case of Algeria. Aftermath of colonial rule At the height of European colonial expansion in the 19th century. Morocco and Algeria had to fight a difficult and. the Indonesians finally gained their independence from the Dutch and the Malays theirs from Britain. and the Pahlavi dynasty began a new chapter in Persia where its name reverted to its eastern traditional form of Iran. long and protracted war to gain their freedom which did not come until a decade later for Tunisia and Morocco and two decades later for Algeria. Turkey was turned into a secular republic by Ataturk. under constant threat. But even these areas were under foreign influence or. whether it was literature or architecture. Only Palestine did not become independent but was partitioned in 1948 with the establishment of the state of Israel.

The Muslim states in the Soviet Union failed to gain their autonomy or independence. Among the most important of these is the Muslim World League (Rabitat al-alam al-Islami ) with its headquarters in Makkah.Nigeria. who became the rector of al-Azhar. Among the most famous of these thinkers is Muhammad Iqbal. the outstanding poet and philosopher who is considered as the father of Pakistan. Senegal and Tanzania began to gain their independence in the 1950's and 1960's with the result that by the end of the decade of the 60's most parts of the Islamic world were formed into independent national states. This reformer was supported by Muhammad ibn al-Sa'ud. These included Jamal al-Din al-Afghani who hailed originally from Persia but settled in Cairo and who was the great champion of Pan-Islamism. In the 19th century lslamic assertion took several different forms ranging from the Mahdi movement of the Sudan and the Sanusiyyah in North Africa which fought wars against European colonizers. who hailed from the Arabian peninsula and died there in 1792. Muhammad 'Abduh. a number of reformers appear. as Western influence began to penetrate more deeply into the fiber of Islamic society. Rashid Rida. the founder of the first Saudi state. others economics. and yet others the challenges posed by Western civilization with its powerful science and technology. was also very influential in Islamic theology and thought. to educational movements such as that of Aligarh in India aiming to reeducate Muslims. exceptions. Some were concerned more with law. The same holds true for Sinkiang (called Eastem Turkestan by Muslim geographers) while in Eritrea and the southern Philippines Muslim independence movements still continue. because of alAzhar University. From the 18th century onward Muslim reformers appeared upon the scene who sought to reassert the teachings of Islam and to reform society on the basis of Islamic teachings. however. but also in the creation of institutions dealing with the whole of the Islamic world. remains to this day central to Islamic learning. Revival and Reassertion of Islam Muslims did not wish to gain only their political independence. One of the first among this group was Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab. With this support Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab was able to spread his teachings not only in Arabia but even beyond its borders to other Islamic lands where his reforms continue to wield influence to this day. Saudi Arabia has in fact played a pivotal role in the creation and maintenance of such organizations. each addressing some aspect of Islamic thought. In Egypt which. continuous attempts are made to create closer cooperation within the Islamic world as a whole and to bring about greater unity. who held a position closer to that of 'Abd al-Wahhab and stood for the strict application of the Shari'ah. There were. Reform Organizations Moreover. They also wished to assert their own religious and cultural identity. organizations gradually grew up whose goal was to reform society in practice along Islamic lines and prevent its secularization. that is the movement to unite the Islamic world politically as well as religiously. His student. Also of considerable influence was his Syrian student. These included the Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhwan al-muslimin) founded in Egypt and with . National States While the world of Islam has entered into the modern world in the form of national states. This is seen not only in the meetings of the Muslim heads of state and the establishment of the OIC (Organization of Islamic Countries) with its own secretariat.

and when pilgrims go there today they say 'At Thy service. With his death the rule of the "rightly guided" caliphs. Syria and Egypt. It was 'Umar who marched on foot at the end of the Muslim army into Jerusalem and ordered the protection of Christian sites. During the last two decades. Caliphs Upon the death of the Prophet. Today in every Muslim country there are strong movements to preserve and propagate Islamic teachings. In any case the widespread desire for Muslims to have the religious law of Islam applied and to reassert their religious values and their own identity must not be equated with exceptional violent eruptions which do exist but which are usually treated sensationally and taken out of proportion by the mass media in the West. in response to Abraham's summons. Abu Bakr. Suras. He established many of the basic practices of Islamic government. became caliph. The building was constructed of stone on what many believe was the original site of a sanctuary established by Adam. . It was memorized by Muhammad (SAW) and then dictated to his Companions. however. has been changed over the centuries. God commanded Abraham to summon all mankind to visit this place. Not one word of its 114 chapters. He is also known as the caliph who had the definitive text of the Noble Quran copied and sent to the four corners of the Islamic world. as a result of the frustration of many Muslims in the face of pressures coming from a secularized outside world. the friend of the Prophet and the first adult male to embrace Islam. and the Jama'at-i Islami of Pakistan founded by the influential Mawlana Mawdudi. These organizations have been usually peaceful and have sought to reestablish an Islamic order through education. 'Umar was succeeded by 'Uthman who ruled for some twelve years during which time the Islamic expansion continued. development and stability of the country. Quran The Quran is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). 'Umar also established the first public treasury and a sophisticated financial administration. who hold a special place of respect in the hearts of Muslims. came to an end. so that the Quran is in every detail the unique and miraculous text which was revealed to Muhammad (SAW) fourteen centuries ago. and also for his bravery. however. who cross-checked it during his lifetime. Kaaba The Ka'ba is the place of worship which God commanded Abraham and Ishmael to build over four thousand years ago. Abu Bakr ruled for two years to be succeeded by 'Umar who was caliph for a decade and during whose rule Islam spread extensively east and west conquering the Persian empire. O Lord'. and written down by scribes. In countries such as Saudi Arabia Islamic Law is already being applied and in fact is the reason for the prosperity. He was in turn succeeded by 'Ali who is known to this day for his eloquent sermons and letters. some have sought to reject the negative aspects of Western thought and culture and to return to an Islamic society based completely on the application of the Shari 'ah. most of the effort of Islamic movements is spent in making possible the full application of the Shari'ah so that the nation can enjoy prosperity along with the fulfillment of the faith of its people.branches in many Muslim countries. In other countries where Islamic Law is not being applied.

He was an albino. when a man testified in court he would swear on his testicles. 17. Camel‘s have three eyelids. Benjamin Franklin was the fifth in a series of the youngest son of the youngest son. 14. Triskaidekaphobia means fear of the number 13.25 euro (if sold separately). Diamonds = Caesar. 3. The ―spot‖ on the 7-Up logo comes from its inventor who had red eyes. 11. 21. 23. All the chemicals in a human body combined are worth about 6. 17 is considered an unlucky number. Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin both married their first cousins (Elsa Lawenthal and Emma Wedgewood respectively). In ancient Rome. 7. Your stomach produces a new layer of mucus every two weeks so that it doesn‘t digest itself. A ―2 by 4‖ is really 1-1/2 by 3-1/2. The dot over the letter ―i‖ is called a tittle.__________________ Some more G.7% of the world‘s population is drunk. A B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building on July 28. 12. . Every person. Clubs = Alexander the Great. 4. In Japan. 8. 28. John Wilkes Booth‘s brother once saved the life of Abraham Lincoln‘s son. 5. 16. Paraskevidekatriaphobia means fear of Friday the 13th (which occurs one to three times a year). Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) was born on and died on days when Halley‘s Comet can be seen. A raisin dropped in a glass of fresh champagne will bounce up and down continuously from the bottom of the glass to the top. 29. that‘s 3 pounds a day per person.K 1. In Italy. 24. Coca-Cola contained Coca (whose active ingredient is cocaine) from 1885 to 1903. The ZIP in ―ZIP code‖ means Zoning Improvement Plan. The 57 on the Heinz ketchup bottle represents the number of pickle types the company once had. 12 newborns will be given to the wrong parents every day. On average. 98% of all murders and rapes are by a close family member or friend of the victim. has a unique eye and tongue print along with their finger print. On average. Giraffes and rats can last longer without water than camels. 6. 1945. 13. 2. US Dollar bills are made out of cotton and linen. The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp (marijuana) paper. 4 is considered an unlucky number. 25. The ―save‖ icon in Microsoft Office programs shows a floppy disk with the shutter on backwards. It‘s estimated that at any one time around 0. A female ferret will die if it goes into heat and cannot find a mate. 26. Hearts = Charlemagne. 315 entries in Webster‘s 1996 dictionary were misspelled. Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history: Spades = David. 22. 10. 27. 9. Americans are responsible for about 1/5 of the world‘s garbage annually. 15. 19. 20. During his life he predicted that he would die when it could be seen. including identical twins. 40% of McDonald‘s profits come from the sales of Happy Me als. 30. 18.

About 200. Daniel Boone hated coonskin caps. the upper case letters were stored in the case on top of the case that stored the lower case letters. 53. It took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa. 55. 39. The name Wendy was made up for the book Peter Pan. There are no clocks in Las Vegas gambling casinos. you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die. causing the shark to explode. There are 318. If you sneeze too hard. 58. The first bomb the Allies dropped on Berlin in WWII killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo. The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is 672. 36. Upper and lower case letters are named ―upper‖ and ―lower‖ because in the time when all original print had to be set in individual letters.000. it was deemed more feasible to send their shirts to Hawaii for servicing. The average raindrop falls at 7 miles per hour. 32. they could be soaked in water and unfolded to reveal a map for escape. Slugs have four noses. Coconuts kill about 150 people each year. If you keep your eyes open by force. 38. Playing cards were issued to British pilots in WWII.979. and Mazaru (Speak no evil).000 M&Ms are sold each day in the United States. If captured.564. in the bushes at the base of the Lincoln Memorial. Most lipstick contains fish scales. That‘s more than sharks. Half of all bank robberies take place on a Friday. 35. 34. Ketchup was sold in the 1830s as medicine. He never signed or dated the . the Oscars given out during World War II were made of wood. 57. 55. 48. Dr. 41. 45. 46.000 in 1987 by taking out an olive from First Class salads. If you try to suppress a sneeze. Chocolate can kill dogs. The Three Wise Monkeys have names: Mizaru (See no evil).31. you can fracture a rib. Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the shark‘s stomach from underneath. 40. Because metal was scarce. they can pop out. 44. miners sent their laundry to Honolulu for washing and pressing. 49. The numbers ―172? can be found on the back of the US 5 dollar bill. 37. 56. Over a course of about eleven years. 59. 54. 43. This cycle is called ―Solarmax‖. 47. 52.1% of all US prisoners are in prison for drug offenses. During the California gold rush of 1849. it directly affects their heart and nervous system. Warren Beatty and Shirley McLaine are brother and sister. the sun‘s magnetic poles switch places. There was never a recorded Wendy before it. India has a Bill of Rights for cows. 51. American Airlines saved $40. Mikazaru (Hear no evil). 50.000 possible combinations of the first four moves in Chess. Seuss pronounced his name ―soyce‖. Due to the extremely high costs in California during these boom years. 42. 33.

12. In the US.19 (3 quarters. The first product Motorola started to develop was a record player for automobiles. 17. In Disney‘s Fantasia. 16. and 4 pennies cannot be divided into a dollar). due to low budget. When the Titanic sank. IBM‘s motto is ―Think‖. Sam‖ in Casablanca. and they NEVER said ―Beam me up. 61. It takes more calories to eat a piece of celery than the celery has in it to begin with. made it illegal for a woman to take more than 3 steps backwards while dancing. someone is diagnosed with AIDS every 10 minutes. and she provided twenty-five years of service. 15. Bruce Lee was so fast that they had to slow the film down so you could see his moves. Sherlock Holmes NEVER said ―Elementary. 6. 62. 14. During his entire life. The mask used by Michael Myers in the original ―Halloween‖ was actual ly a Captain Kirk mask painted white. The largest amount of money you can have without having change for a dollar is $1. Apple later made their motto ―Think different‖. 2. you cannot sink into quicksand. but . 20. Only one in sixteen men is. Vincent Van Gogh sold exactly one painting. Charlie Chaplin once won third prize in a Charlie Chaplin look-alike contest.painting. The phrase ―rule of thumb‖ is derived from an old English law. In South Africa. Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from crying. its 38%. Humphrey Bogart NEVER said ―Play it again. If you put a drop of liquor on a scorpion. my dear Watson‖. 9. which Motorola got their name from. In North America. The sound you here when you put a seashell next to your ear is not the ocean. 4. One in fourteen women in America is a natural blonde. Only 706 survived. 28% of Africa is classified as wilderness. At that time. 15% of children in elementary school are overweight. Scotty‖ on Star Trek. the most known player on the market was Victrola. 7% of the US eats at McDonald‘s. it will instantly go mad and sting itself to death. X-ray images have shown that there are 3 other versions under the original. An old law in Bellingham. the Sorcerer to whom Mickey played an apprentice was named Yensid (Disney spelled backward). 8. The Olympic was the sister ship of the Titanic. 2228 people were on it. By raising your legs slowly and lying on your back. Sharon Stone was the first Star Search spokes model. which stated that you couldn‘t beat your wife with anything wider than your thumb. worldwide. 10. 20% are worldwide. 13. Washington. The original name for butterfly was flutterby. 65. about 127 million adults are overweight or obese. 1. The first CD pressed in the US was Bruce Springsteen‘s ―Born in the USA‖. 19. 21. 64. Every day. someone dies due to HIV or AIDS every 10 minutes. One in ten people live on an island. 63. ―Red Vineyard at Arles‖. 60. In America. Leonardo and Mona had identical bone structures according to the painting. In the US. 750 million are overweight and 300 million more are obese. 7. 4 dimes. 18. 11. 5. 3.

She would stand seven feet two inches tall and have a neck twice the length of a normal human‘s neck. If Barbie were life-size her measurements would be 39-23-33. 47.000 is spent on barbed wire each year in the U. 45. almost all of them because of human activity. One in every 9000 people is an albino. A word or sentence that is the same front and back (racecar.000.S. Jim Henson first coined the word ―Muppet‖. His name was Bibendum in the company‘s first ads in 1896. an IBM compatible computer wasn‘t considered 100% compatible unless it could run Microsoft‘s Flight Simulator. two rats could have over million . Everyday. Treasury. 35. dogs only have about ten. 27. 28. 33. 25. 38. $203. People photocopying their buttocks are the cause of 23% of all photocopier faults worldwide.‖ 32.S.blood flowing through your head. You share your birthday with at least 9 million other people in the world. 39. 37. About 20% of bird species have become extinct in the past 200 years. The electric chair was invented by a dentist. About 14% of injecting drug users are HIV positive. The word ―lethologica‖ describes the state of not being able to remember the word you want. The Michelin man is known as Mr. More people are afraid of open spaces (kenophobia) than of tight spaces (claustrophobia). Every US president has worn glasses (just not always in public). 29. 42. 43. 24. Every year 4 people in the UK die putting their trousers on. It is a combination of ―marionette‖ and ―puppet. 36. Back in the mid to late ‘80s. 40. 49. Rats multiply so quickly that in 18 months. A snail can sleep for 3 years. Thirty-five percent of the people who use personal ads for dating are already married. Finnish folklore says that when Santa comes to Finland to deliver gifts. Santa Claus has a brother named Bells Nichols. There is a 1 in 4 chance that New York will have a white Christmas. In every episode of ―Seinfeld‖ there is a Superman picture or reference somewhere. more money is printed for Monopoly sets than for the U. The Guinness Book of Records holds the record for being the book most often stolen from Public Libraries. 30. 23. and if a plate is set out for him. 31. 48. The glue on Israeli postage is certified kosher. Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds. Our eyes are always the same size from birth but our nose and ears never stop growing. The names of all the continents end with the same letter that they start with (not counting the words ―North‖ and ―South). who visits homes on New Year‘s Eve after everyone is asleep. Bats always turn left when exiting a cave. 51. China has more English speakers than the United States. 22. 34. 26. 46. kayak) is called a ―palindrome‖. he leaves his sleigh behind and rides on a goat named Ukko instead. According to French tradition. 44. Bib. 50. he fills it with cookies and cakes. 41.

citizens to have any contact with extraterrestrials or their vehicles. 65. stupendous. 53. Two-thirds of the world‘s eggplant is grown in New Jersey. 77. 63. 81. Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations (implemented on July 16. 80. 56. 52.S. Title 14. 64. 74. 71. 82. horrendous. Each year in America there are about 300. Rats and horses can‘t vomit. You are more likely to be killed by a champagne cork than by a poisonous spider. 58. 61. 78. ―101 Dalmatians‖ and ―Peter Pan‖ are the only Disney animations in which both of a character‘s parents are present and don‘t die during the movie. About 500 movies are made in the US and 800 in India annually. The cruise liner Queen Elizabeth II moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns. 55. Dreamt is the only English word that ends in the letters ―MT‖. 83. 72. Eventually any unbranded calf became known as a Maverick. 79.descendants.000 deaths that can be attributed to obesity. though it may feel uncomfortable. The February of 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon. silver. a Texan refused to bran d his cattle. the American flag is flying over the Parliament Building. 62. 67. 76. Maine is the only state whose name is just one syllable. For every memorial statue with a person on a horse. Winston Churchill was born in a ladies room during a dance. 60.000. 57. There are about 2 chickens for every human in the world. 66. No word in the English language rhymes with month. and hazardous.200 is the absolute highest amount of money you can win on Jeopardy. There are approximately 100 million acts of sexual intercourse each day. When it was built in the 1940s the state of Virginia still had segregation laws requiring separate toilet facilities for blacks and whites. The Pentagon in Arlington Virginia has twice as many bathrooms as is necessary. $283. 75. There are only four words in the English language that end in ―-dous‖: tremendous. 68. they were created in India. A shark is the only fish that can blink with both eyes. the person died in battle. Almonds are members of the peach family. About 55% of all movies are rated R. 73. The penguin is the only bird that can‘t fly but can swim. the person died of battle wounds. or purple. An American urologist bought Napoleon‘s penis for $40. if the horse has one front leg in the air. Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 700 times. There is actually no danger in swimming right after you eat. 70. if all four of the horse‘s legs are on the ground. 1969) makes it illegal for U. On a Canadian two-dollar bill. More than 50% of the people in the world have never made or received a telephone call. Page 4/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script . Every time you lick a stamp you consume 1/10 of a calorie. 59. Americans on average eat 18 acres of pizza every day. the person died of natural causes. Arabic numerals are not really Arabic. 69. if the horse has both front legs in the air. orange. 54. The word ―maverick‖ came into use after Samuel Maverick.

90. Its fur is actually clear. Lizards can self-amputate their tails for protection. who died at birth. Elwood Edwards did the voice for the AOL sound files (i. A cockroach will live nine days without its head before it starves to death. A polar bears skin is black. 101. The recordings were done before Quantum changed its name to AOL and the program was known as ―Q-Link. 97. The cigarette lighter was invented before the match. 89.e. Tigers have striped skin. 111. Elvis had a twin brother named Garon. John Hancock and Charles Thomson were the only people to sign the Declaration of independence on July 4th. 112. 99. in honor of his brother. The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and England in 1896. 106. It can be abbreviated to 3. The last signature came five years later. A cat has 32 muscles in each ear. One out of every 43 prisoners escapes from jail. 120. Los Angeles‘ full name is ―El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora l a Reina de los Angeles de Porciuncula‖. Peanuts are one of the ingredients of dynamite. 88. Half of all crimes are committed by people under the age of 18. 85. 116. A honeybee can fly at fifteen miles per hour. 80% of burglaries are committed by people aged 13-21. 104. ―You‘ve got Mail!‖). 98. 108. 94% are recaptured. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes. not just striped fur. Elephants are the only mammals that cannot jump. but like snow it appears white. A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out. An ant always falls over on its right side when intoxicated. An ostrich‘s eye is bigger than its brain. 102. 95. A ―jiffy‖ is the scientific name for 1/100th of a second. Butterflies taste with their feet. 115.A. There are 293 ways to make change for a dollar.63% of its size: L.84. The national anthem of Greece has 158 verses. The first novel ever written on a typewriter is Tom Sawyer. He is heard about 27 million times a day. All polar bears are left-handed. 107. 117. 87. A pregnant goldfish is called a twit.‖ 119. . Hedenophobic means fear of pleasure. 114. 118. It grows back after a few months. A rhinoceros horn is made of compacted hair. The average chocolate bar has 8 insects‘ legs melted into it. which is why Elvis middle name was spelled Aron. 103. 110. 94. 86. A healthy (non-colorblind) human eye can distinguish between 500 shades of gray. 93. The catfish has over 27000 taste buds (more than any other animal) 91. 100. Ancient Egyptian priests would pluck every hair from their bodies. 1776. 121. 96. 113. Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated. 105. The youngest pope ever was 11 years old. Starfish have no brains. Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are registered blood donors. 11% of the world is left-handed. 109. The average child recognizes over 200 company logos by the time he enters first grade. 92.

149. 127. The name Jeep comes from ―GP‖. Al Capone‘s business card said he was a used furniture dealer. 152.‖ 124. 125. 129. ―Canada‖ is an Indian word meaning ―Big Village‖. Rape is reported every six minutes in the U. David Sarnoff received the Titanic‘s distress signal and saved hundreds of passeng ers. A ―quidnunc‖ is a person who is eager to know the latest news and gossip.S. 148. Only one in two billion people will live to be 116 or older. Michael Jordan makes more money from Nike annually than every Nike factory worker in Malaysia combined. 147. the helicopter. Banging your head against a wall uses 150 calories an hour. enough gas is produced to create the energy of an atomic bomb. 146. On average. 155. 100 people choke to death on ballpoint pens every year. The first US Patent was for manufacturing potassium carbonate (used in glass and gunpowder). 145. 126. Cats‘ urine glows under a black light. 128. (the heart is not a muscle) 151. Elephants only sleep for two hours each day. There are about 450 types of cheese in the world. If you fart consistently for 6 years and 9 months. 144. 136. There are two credit cards for every person in the United States. 135. A jellyfish is 95% water.122. 154. On average people fear spiders more than they do death. Right handed people live. 25% of a human‘s bones are in its feet. Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors.S. 143. 134. Donkeys kill more people than plane crashes. and many other present day items. If you yelled for 8 years 7 months and 6 days. It was issued to Samuel Hopkins on July 31. The human heart creates enough pressure in the bloodstream to squirt blood 30 feet. In golf. 137. 158. In most watch advertisements the time displayed on a watch is 10:10. Truck driving is the most dangerous occupation by accidental deaths (799 in 2001). 157. 1970. the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). 141. In the last 4000 years no new animals have been domesticated. 240 come from France. 123. 153. 156. it is almost guaranteed to grow a tree of a different type of apple. Shakespeare invented the words ―assassination‖ and ―bump. on average. In the U. 131. 142. the army abbreviation for General Purpose. One of the reasons marijuana is illegal today is because cotton growers in the ‘30s lobbied against hemp farmers (they saw it as competition). There are a million ants for every person on Earth. 132. you would have produced enough sound energy to heat one cup of coffee. If you plant an apple seed. it will eventually turn white. Women blink nearly twice as much as men. 139. He later became the head of the first radio network. Page 5/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script 130. The only real person to be a PEZ head was Betsy Ross. baseballs and basketballs combined. 140. 138. 133. The strongest muscle in the human body is the tongue. 150. Frisbees outsell footballs. When the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers plays football at home the stadium . nine years longer than left handed people do. a ‗Bo Derek‘ is a score of 10. If you keep a goldfish in the dark room.

while Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg has a $190. The average person falls asleep in seven minutes. 166. You can lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs.49 years. 172. 159. Rogers was an ordained Presbyterian minister. There are 336 dimples on a regulation US golf ball.000 salary. 181. In a survey of 200000 ostriches over 80 years.50. 169.S. history. 180. The characters Bert and Ernie on Sesame Street were named after Bert the cop and Ernie the taxi driver in Frank Capra‘s ―It‘s a Wonderful Life‖. the most valuable patent in U. A quarter has 119. Broccoli and cauliflower are the only vegetables that are flowers. A dime has 118 ridges around the edge. 175. A dragonfly has a lifespan of 24 hours. a Big Mac costs $5. the Greek city of Sparta had 25. a tiny country on the border between France and Spain. 162. 176. The Hawaiian alphabet has only 12 letters.000 slaves. a hurricane releases more energy than all the world‘s nuclear wea pons combined. 178. 163. 182. 185.000. 165. The name for Oz in the Wizard of Oz was thought up when the creator Frank Baum looked at his filing cabinet and saw A-N and O-Z. 188. Julius Caesar‘s autograph is worth about $2. There is no solid proof of who built the Taj Mahal. The tool doctors wrap around a patient‘s arm to measure blood pressure is called a . 167. Judy Scheindlin (‖Judge Judy‖) has a $25. 174. The US has more personal computers than the next 7 countries combined. 171. 160. 179. John Lennon‘s first girlfriend was named Thelma Pickles. At the height of its power in 400 BC. The microwave was invented after a researcher walked by a radar tube and a chocolate bar melted in his pocket.100 salary. 183. Newborn babies have about 350 bones. ―The sixth sick sheik‘s sixth sheep‘s sick‖ is said to be the toughest tongue twister in English.000 citizens and 500. Andorra. In the UK its 330. 173. 164. In America you will see an average of 500 advertisements a day. 186. Kuwait is about 60% male (highest in the world). Latvia is about 54% female (highest in the world). 168. They gradually merge and disappear until there are about 206 by age 5. 170. In 10 minutes. There have been over 600 lawsuits against Alexander Grahm Bell over rights to the patent of the telephone.000. On an American one-dollar bill there is a tiny owl in the upper-left-hand corner of the upper-right-hand ―1? and a spider hidden in the front upper-right-hand corner. 187. In Iceland.000. ―Duff‖ is the decaying organic matter found on a forest floor. 161. 184. has the longest average lifespan of 83. not one tried to bury its head in the sand.becomes Nebraska‘s third largest city. The Toltecs (a 7th century tribe) used wooden swords so they wouldn‘t kill their enemies. 177. Mr.

S. Most household dust is made of dead skin cells. the main one was named Pal.000 left-handed people die annually due to improper use of equipment designed only for Page 7/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script right handed people. Only female mosquitoes bite. 218. 211. For every 230 cars that are made.sphygmomanometer. 212. Abraham Lincoln‘s ghost is said to haunt the White House. After 21 years. The surface of the Earth is about 60% water and 10% ice. The most popular first name in the world is Muhammad. Switzerland is the only country with a square flag.2%.2411 trillion. Hannibal Lector (Anthony Hopkins) never blinks. His father gave him the nickname ―Tiger‖ in honor of a South Vietnamese soldier his father had fought alongside with during the Vietnam War. Today. 202. In the 17th century. Nepal is the only country that doesn‘t have a rectangular flag. 210. Prince Charles and Prince William never travel on the same airplane in case there is a crash. to 1. The bestselling books of all time are The Bible (6billion+). according to census. US gold coins used to say ―In Gold We Trust‖. . Jimmy Carter was the first U. One in about eight million people has progeria.S. Johnny Appleseed planted apples so that people could use apple cider to make alcohol. Lightning strikes the earth about 8 million times a day. In 1863. 193. 196. the value of pi was known to 35 decimal places. 192. Scotland has more redheads than any other part of the world. Humans use a total of 72 different muscles in speech. 216. God is not mentioned once in the book of Esther. 214. 205. 197. Paul Hubert of Bordeaux. President to be born in a hospital. 207. 203. 199. 204. 191. 206. A shrimp‘s heart is in its head. 201. 220. Gabriel. 215.000 people airborne over the US at any given moment. France. The U. People say ―bless you‖ when you sneeze because your heart stops for a millisecond. 200. Tiger Woods‘ real first name is Eldrick. If you feed a seagull Alka-Seltzer. There is an average of 61. 198. 190. it was discovered that he was convicted of murdering himself. Around 2. Pearls melt in vinegar. 1 will be stolen. Post Office handles 43 percent of the world‘s mail. 209. and The Lord of the Rings (100million+) 195. 219. 194. ―Lassie‖ was played by a group of male dogs. 213. The most common name (of any type) in the world is Mohammed. In ―Silence of the Lambs‖. 208. Michael. The ―if‖ and ―then‖ parts of conditional (‖if P then Q‖) statement are called the protasis (P) and apodosis (Q). Quotations from the Works of Mao Tse-tung (900million+). 217. its stomach will explode. was sentenced to life in jail for murder. 189. a disease that causes people to grow faster than they age. The odds of being born male are about 51. and Lucifer are the only angels named in the Bible.

When movie directors do not want their names to be seen in the credits. Thomas Jefferson. American Revolutionary War (1783). . Four different people played the part of Darth Vader (body. The past-tense of the English word "dare" is "durst". France (including many after WWI and WWII). nine are actually known as the "Treaty of Paris": Seven Years' War (1763). The city of Venice stands on about 120 small islands. Saul. The Falkland Isles (pop. 224. not Babe Ruth the baseball player. The male seahorse carries the eggs until they hatch instead of the female. France vs Sixth Coalition (1814). Robert Todd Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln's oldest son) was in Washington DC during his father's assassination as well as during President Garfield's assassination. 241. Venus and Uranus are the only planets that rotate opposite to the direction of their orbit. 223. They can sleep with one eye open. 222. 227. Crimean War (1856). Negative emotions such as anxiety and depression can weaken your immune system. Mercury is the only planet whose orbit is coplanar with its equator. which is not a dog but more like a ground squirrel. There are 41. establishment of European Coal and Steel Community (1951). 238. Zimri. Hummingbirds can't walk. Battle of Waterloo (1815). Dolphins can look in different directions with each eye. Supposedly. 235. Ahithophel. Ritchie Valens and J. Samson. 240. A mongoose is not a goose but more like a meercat. union of Bessarabia and Romania (1920). The Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Grover Cleveland's baby daughter. and James Monroe died on July 4th. 233. 230. 231. Richardson (The Big Bopper). and he was in Buffalo NY when President McKinley was assassinated. 236. voice. who all died in the same plane crash. Judas. Ruth. Don Mac Lean's song "American Pie" was written about Buddy Holly. 239.P. Adams last words were "Thomas Jefferson survives. Adams and Jefferson died in the same year.806 different spoken languages in the world today. John Adams. 225. face. 232. There are seven suicides in the Bible: Abimelech. Spanish-American War (1898). Saul‘s armor -bearer. The ―countdown‖ (counting down from 10 for an event such as New -Years Day) was first used in a 1929 German silent film called ―Die Frau Im Monde‖ (The Girl in the Moon). 237. starting with "Death of a Gunfighter" (1969). which is not a cat but more like a prairie dog. and breathing). The drummer for ZZ Top (the only one without a beard) is named Frank Beard.221. they use the pseudonym "Allen Smithee" instead." 229. 226. 228. French-Swede War (1810). 234. It has been used over 50 times. about 2000) has over 700000 sheep (350 per person). While many treaties have been signed at or near Paris. Stephen Hawking was born exactly 300 years after Galileo died.

Namco's 1979 arcade game. Pope Leo VIII (963-965). the reverse of how a record works. and John Entwistle (The Who's bassist. Pac-Man. Which is the non-contagious disease that is the most common in the world? 11. Shakespeare and Cervantes died on the same day. 1944-2002) all died while having sex. Which state is the biggest in the US? 5. Pope Paul II (1467-1471). 249. 243. Which metal is heavier. How many legs do butterflies have? 3. Compact discs read from the inside to the outside edge. 246. April 23. She gave birth to a boy by caesarean section on May 14. Alexander Graham Bell's wife and mother were both deaf. Pope Leo VII (936-939). at the age of five years. Attila the Hun (invader of Europe. Which golf player's mother is from Thailand? 9. was originally called "Puck Man". 18411899). 247. 255. In the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. 253. Pope John VII (955-964). Which is the country with the most people? 4. its supply of silver is kept at the Military Academy at West Point. What is Aurora Borealis commonly known as? 10. There is about 200 times more gold in the oceans than has been mined throughout history. if a man was not married by age 30.242. Pope John XIII (965-72). Which indoor sport is the most popular in the US? 8. 252. Which country has the largest area of land? 6. The name was changed when they realized that vandals could easily scratch out part of the letter "P". Which is the country hosting the 2008 Olympic Games? 7. 1. both in episodes of Star Trek. 245. Pamela Lee-Anderson was the first to be born in Canada on the centennial anniversary of Canada's independence (7/1/1967). There are about 7. 1939 (which happened to be Mother's Day). 248. 406-453). 254. William Shatner is credited for being the first person on TV to say "hell" as well as to have the first inter-racial kiss (with Nichelle Nichols). The youngest mother on record was a Peruvian girl named Lina Medina. 1908-1979). 244. silver or gold? 2. 250. Lord Palmerston (British Prime Minister.7 million millionaires in the world (more than 1/1000th of the population). While the US government's supply of gold is kept at Fort Knox. Humans and dolphins are the only animals known to have sex for pleasure. he would not be allowed to vote or watch athletic events involving nude young men. Felix Faure (French President. 1784-1865). Nelson Rockefeller (US Vice President. seven months and 21 days. Which was the album the Beatles recorded the last time together? . NY. The "middle finger" gesture originates back to 423 BC in Aristophanes play "The Clouds". 1616. 251.

Theodore Roosevelt 24. 16. Polar bear fur is not white. Northern Lights 10. Hair Some Facts 1. play? What is the sport in which you could get into a headlock? In which country was golf first played? Which is the sport where you could be out 'leg before wicket' or 'hit a six'? When did baseball originate in the US? Which is the sport wherein you would use a 'sand iron'? What is the largest mammal in the world? Which is the country where reggae music originated? Who was the creator of Jeeves and Wooster? Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? Who was the writer of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland? After which famous person was the teddy bear named? Which is the smallest ocean in the world? What is the rhino?s horn made of? Answers 1.12. 23. Cricket 16. the Nobel prize winning scientist who discovered radium.G. Alaska 5. A person will burn 7 percent more calories if they walk on hard dirt compared to pavement. Abbey Road 12. 14. Arctic Ocean 25. Basketball 8. 19. P. 18. Yahoo! was originally called 'Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web'. Marie Curie. 6. 15. Wodehouse 21. Wrestling 14. died of radiation poisoning. China 4. China 7. 20. Which instrument did Miles Davis. Blue Whale 19. Tiger Woods 9. . Russia 6. 3. 25. 13. Gold 2. 7. Lewis Carroll 23. Six 3. It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky. Scotland 15. The volume of the Earth's moon is the same as the volume of the Pacific Ocean. 24. The first song played on Virgin Radio was Born to be wild by INXS! 4. 2. 21. Golf 18. the jazz musician. 17. 5. Jamaica 20. Trumpet 13. Tooth Decay 11. 19th Century 17. Michelangelo 22. it's clear. 22.

9. in Yellowstone Park. 2) About 20 to 30 volcanoes erupt each year. USA. 1) In 1783 an Icelandic eruption threw up enough dust to temporarily block out the sun over Europe . Out of all the senses. 6) Off the coast of Florida there is an underwater hotel. 11. if a woman watched even one Olympic event. some people paid as much as $100 for a glass of water! 12. 20. Justin Timberlake's half-eaten french toast sold for over $3. Antartica.000 new insect species are discovered every year. 5) Beaver Lake . 14. she was executed. The first patented condom was meant to be reused! 15. 24. During the Gold Rush in 1849. How does a shark find fish? It can hear their hearts beating. 14) The Antartic notothenia fish has a protein in its blood that acts like antifreeze and stops the fish freezing in icy sea. The Yo-Yo originated as a weapon in the Philippine Islands during the sixteenth century. 7. 10.8. USA. A sneeze travels out your mouth at over 100 m.! 17. 23. 13) The oldest living tree is a California bristlecone pine name 'Methuselah'. The fastest growing tree is the eucalyptus. It can grow 10 meters a year. 8) The Ancient Egyptians worshipped a sky goddess called Nut. with six times more water than the river above. It is about 4600 years old. 3) A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile. Eighty percent of Americans will be the victim of violent crime at least once in their lifetime. C3PO is the first character to speak in Star Wars. 13. mostly under the sea. 15) The USA uses 29% of the world's petrol and 33% of the world's electricity. The largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia growing in California. 9) The world's windiest place is Commonwealth Bay. It is gradually sinking into the water.000 on eBay! 18.p. but true facts for general knowledge. Dolphins nap with one eye open. 22. 11) American Roy Sullivan has been struck by lighting a record seven times. An egg will float if placed in water in which sugar has been added. was artificially created by beaver damming. Guests have to dive to the entrance. 10) In 1934. In Ancient Greece. 7) Venice in Italy is built on 118 sea islets joined by 400 bridges. Here are some interesting. 19. 16. Its average height above sea level is 4500 . 4) Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana formed in a hollow made by a meteorite. a gust of wind reached 371 km/h on Mount Washington in New Hampshire . 16) The industrial complex of Cubatao in Brazil is known as the Valley of Death because its pollution has destroyed the trees and rivers nearby. The Atlantic Ocean is saltier than the Pacific Ocean. The state sport of Maryland is Jousting. More steel in the United States is used to make bottle caps than to manufacture automobile bodies. 17) Tibet is the highest country in the world. that you may or may not have known. 21.h. smell is most closely linked to memory. 12) The desert baobab tree can store up to 1000 litres of water in its trunk. It is 84 meters tall and measures 29 meters round the trunk. King Kong was Adolf Hitler's favorite movie.

19) Fresh water from the River Amazon can be found up to 180 km out to sea. • Sefid Koh is mountain range in Afghanistan. • Mauna Kea volcano is in Hawaii. • Alps are Europe‘s largest mountain system. G.660 ft. only -2 degrees centigrade. • Mount Everest is in Himalaya range with height 29.028 feet first ascent made on May 29. • Ural mountains separate Asia from Europe. 1954. • The Himalaya mountain range (Asia) is the greatest mountain range in the world.6 degrees centigrade. • Ordovician are oldest rocks. • Margalla Hills of Islamabad are extension of Himaliya range. First ascent made on July 31.250 ft height. Atlas Mountains are in Morocco. only ice on top of sea. • What is the name of the second highest mountain in Africa-Mount Kenya • In what modern country is mount Ararat-Turkey • Most active volcano Italiana is situated in Hawaii. • Blue Mountains are in Australia. in Russia. • Rocky or Rockies Mountains is the largest mountain system of North America. 23) Over 4 million cars in Brazil are now running on gasohol instead of petrol. The Arctic Ocean has about 12 million sq km of floating ice and has the coldest winter temperature of -34 degrees centigrade. • Nanga Parbat is in Himalaya range is known as Killer Mountain with height 26. They are estimated to be about 400 million years old. 18) Some of the oldest mountains in the world are the Highlands in Scotland. has the lowest temperature. 21) There is no land at all at the North Pole. • Andes Mountains are in South America. Gasohol is a fuel made from sugar cane. covers 13 million sq km and has temperatures as low as -70 degrees centigrade. • • Ayers Rock is the largest single rock in the world. 1953. • Oldest mountain system are Araveli. In the summer its temperature reaches 35. • Ring of Fire are volcanoes in Circum-Pacific Seismic belt. 20) The White Sea. • Youngest mountain system are Himaliyas. • Atlas are North Africa‘s mountain range.meters. First . • K2 named Goodwin Austin or Chagori is in Karakoram Range with 28. 22) The Antarctic ice sheet is 3-4 km thick. • Highest mountain system in the world is Himalayas.K objectives for all MOUNTAINS • Mount Olympus is in Greece. • Mauna kea volcano is in Hawaii • What is the worlds longest mountain range-The Andes • • Black forest is a mountain in Germany. • Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan. • The mountain range in Russia that is regarded as the boundary b/w Europe & Asia is Urals. The Persian Gulf is the warmest sea.

• Broad Peak I is in Karakoram range with height 26. • Khojak tunnel is in Balouchistan. • Largest sea is South China Sea.Queensland Australia • IMPORTANT MOUNTAIN PASSES • Namni Pass is in Myanmar. . • Caspian Sea is located in Iraq-Azerbaijan. • Alpine Pass is in USA. • Sea of Japan is famous for fishing area. • Bolan (Sulaiman range) pass is in Baluchistan. batoro and chogo lugma glaciers are in Karakorum. • Karoko tao is a volcano in Indonesia. • Donner pass is in California (USA) • Hispar & Biafo glacier is in Pakistan. • Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world. • Vesuvius is a volcano in Italy.. Turkmensitan. • Hispar glacier is in Hunza. East China Sea. OCEANS • Largest ocean is pacific. Sea of Japan. • Baltoro gracier is in Karakoram Range.ascent was made on July 3. • Zardak is the highest peak of Kirthar range. • Diego Garcia is in Indian Ocean. • Total seas are 12." It is also the World's Highest Battle Ground Ever • Africa is without glaciers. then Caribbean Sea. • Where are the glasshouse mountains. then Atlantic. • Highest point of Asia is Mount Everest (Nepal -Tibet). • Approximately the south west monsoon begins in Pakistan in late July. Kazakhstan & Russia. Andaman Sea. highest peak in the western hemisphere. • Tasman glacier is in New Zealand. 1953. • Malaspina glacier is in Alaska (US).470.412. • The deepest place in the Indian Ocean is Sunda Trench. near the border with Chile. • Siachen Glacier is the Worlds Biggest Glacier outside the two Poles. • Mount Aconcagua. • Kolpur pass is in Baluchistan. • Bermuda Triange is located in Atlantic Ocean. It is also the world's Highest Glacier that is why it is refered to as "The Third Pole. then Black sea then Red sea and in the last Baltic sea. Hudson Bay. • Swat valley is in the mountain range of. • Siachen.. hindukash • Saddle peak is highest peak in Anandaman & Nicobar islands. • April 1984. • Lowari Pass is in Pakistan. located in the Andes Mountains of western Argentina. • Prince Charles is mountain range in Antarctica. • Shandur Pass is in Pakistan. Behring Sea Gulf of Mexico. Indian and then Arctic. • Khunjerab Pass is highest pas in Pakistan. • Tirich Mir is in Hindu Kush mountain. then Mediterranean sea. India conducted an Operation known as 'Operation Meghdoot‘ to capture Siachen. • Bodpo La pass is highest pass in Tibet (China) with height 19. • Chogo Lugma is in Karakoram range. • Siachen glacier is in Karakoram Range.

• Yokohama is in Japan. • Penang is in Malaysia. • Pondicherry is in India south of Chennai. • Alexandria is in Egypt. • Honolulu is in USA. What is the world's warmest sea. • Hambrug is in Germany. Atlantic Ocean is called the ―Herring Pond‖..Black Sea What sea is directly north of Poland. • In which US state is its highest mountain. . • Rio-de-Janeiro is in Brazil. • Darwin is the sea port of Australia. • Antwerp is in Belgium. Sargasso Sea is without a coastline. • Port Said is in Egypt. • Port Hercourt is the 2nd largest port of Nigeria. • Valparaiso is in Chile. • Aqaba is in Jordan. USA • Santos is known as the ―Coffee Port‖ of the world.. • Glasgow is in UK. Russia & Azerbaijan.Alaska – Mount McKinley • Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. The waters of Caspian Sea are shared by Russia. • Tartous is in Syria. • Dammam is in Saudi Arabia. • Rotterdam is in Netherlands. • Zadar is in Croatia.Baltic sea Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean. Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. • Phildelphia is in USA. Iran & Azerbaijan. • Hochi Minh is in Vietnam. • Marseilles is in France. • Latakia is in Syria. FAMOUS SEA PORTS • Abadan is in Iran. • New Orleans is in USA. What is the worlds largest sea (in area): South China Aral Sea is in Central Asia (Kazakhstan). • Plymouth is in UK • Le Harve is in France.The Red Sea Aegean Sea is located in Atlantic Ocean. • Chalna is in Bangladesh. • Cardiff is in UK. Aral is an inland sea. • "Haifa" is the seaport of which country? Israel. • Seattle sea pot. Which of the following cause ocean currents? Permanent winds Nether land‘s land is below sea level. Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran. Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Caspian Sea is the largest salt water lake in the world.. • Bandar Bushehr is in Iran. • Bristol is in UK.

• A famous natural bridge is located in Virginia. Strait of Hormuz • The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz •. • Grand Canal is oldest man made canal for shipping purpose in China. • Red river is in USA. • Gulf of lion is in France. • Sunda strait separates Sumatra from Java Island. • Pak: is 4th among world‘s largest cotton producers. • Bass Strait separates Australia from Tasmania. • Dover strait separates England from France. It is b/w Mozambique and Madagascar. • Most important crop of Nile delta is Cotton.• Tartus is the seaport of Syria. • Height of Islamabad is 2000 ft: above sea level. • The Volga is Europe longest river what is the second longest Danube .. It pours into Black sea. • Mozambique strait is the broadest strait in the world. • Churchill water fall is in Canada. • Gibraltar Strait separates Spain and Africa and joins Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic Ocean. • Malacca (Indonesia) strait separates Sumatra from Malay Peninsula. • The Davis Strait lies between Canada and Greenland • • Messina strait separates Italy from Sicily. • Babel-Mandab strait leads into the Red Sea. It joins Atlantic Ocean with Gulf of Mexico. • • Torres Strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea • Bering Strait separates Asia from Africa and joins the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. • 40% of world oil passes through. • Florida Strait separates Cuba from Florida. • The Devil Tower present in US is a volcano. • Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico. • Babul Mandab strait separates Arabia from Africa. • WORLD RIVERS • Third world comprises of 70% of world population. • The number of CARS is five. • Red sea is b/w Arabia and Africa. It is longest strait in the world. • Hudson Bay is largest bay and is in Northern Canada. • Danube River is in Romania (Europe). • Eskimos live in North America.. • English Channel separates England from France. • Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora. • Davis Strait separates Greenland from Baffin Island. • Gulf of Sidra is in Libya. • Hamun Mashkel Lake (Baluchistan) is salt water lake. • FAMOUS STRAITS • Palk Strait separates India from Sri Lanaka. • Dardanelles strait (Turkey) joins Marmora sea with Aegean Sea. • Johor strait separates Malaysia from Singapore. • Shark bay is in Western Australia. • Iberian Peninsula is a part of Europe.

• SURMA is the name of a river. • Panama Canal was opened in 1914. • The Amazon river rises in which country-Peru • Amazon River is largest river in terms of volume. • The Suez Canal link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. • Lake Mead is a man-made largest lake in the world. • Suez Canal is 170 Km long constructed in 1869. .The Congo • New Zealand is situated in the region of Oceania. the longest river is Sutlaj in Pakistan. • Mariana trench is the deepest part in the ocean and it lies in Pacific Ocean. • After Indus. • Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in world extendi ng from Peru to Bolivia. Nasser on 26th July. • Don River pours its water into Sea of Azov. • Panama Canal links North America with South America. • Mesopotamia is the region b/w Tigris & Euphrates. • Gateway of Pacific is Panama Canal. • Bari Doab is the area lying between River Ravi and River Beas. It pours into Atlantic Ocean. • Tigris River pours its water into Caspian Sea. • The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar Plateau. • Oxus River (also called Amu Darya) is flowing between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. • Aswan dam is constructed on river Nile. • Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa. Ferdinand De Lesseps.• Volga River is in Russia. • The largest river in China is The Yangtze River. It is located in Siberia. 1956. • Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin • Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves • Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin • River Darling is in Australia. It is also called the deepest seafloor depression in the world. • Nile River pours its water into Mediterranean Sea. • Panama Canal links Pacific Ocean with Atlantic Ocean. • Indus River pours into Arabian Sea. • Euphrates flows in Syria and Iraq. It is in Brazil. • An iceberg floating in sea will have one-tenth of its mass above the surface of water. • Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. • The longest and largest river in Asia is Yangtze. • The largest river in France is Lore • Most populated lake is Lake Eire. • Amazon River crosses Equator twice. • The Suez Canal was constructed in 1869. • Which river is in Lebanon? River Latani • Highest salinity is found in the Great Salt Lake in USA. • The longest river in South Asia is the Brahmputra. The Canal was constructed by a French Engineer. • What is the only river that flows both north and south of equator . • River Zambezi flows in Southeast Africa. • The Suez Canal was nationalized by Col. • Windermere Lake is the largest lake of UK. • What is France‘s longest river: Loire • Hundroo (Hundrubagh) Water Falls are in India. • World‘s largest earth filled dam is Tarbela. It is the largest river of central Asia. • Jog Falls are the highest waterfalls in India.

. It remains closed 1967-75 after Arab Israel War. • ‗Victoria falls‘ is located in Rhodesia.Gorges Dam is in . Canada. • The Victoria Falls is located in Zimbabwe. • Palk Bay lies b/w Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal. China • Indus originates from Tibet near Mansorowar Lake. It is located in North America (USA-Canada). • Victoria Lake forms boundary line b/w Tanzania and Uganda. • Hang He river is in China. • Lake Mead on the Arizona-Nevada is largest man-made lake in USA. • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.Indonesia • Name the river that flows through Baghdad. It is the highest fall of Africa.• Mississippi river flows in USA. • Golden River flows in Alaska.Pink • Which of the following rivers rises in lake Lan-Ka Tso in Tibet? Sutlej • Volga river pours its water into Caspian Sea it is longest river of Europe. • Aswan dam is in Egypt. • Lake Michigan flows in USA. • Deccan Plateau is in Asia. . • Thames River is in England. • Ribbon fall is in North America. • Source River Jehlum is Verinag. • Lake Erie (N. • Grand Canal is located in People‘s Republic of china. • Missouri river flows in USA • Hudson River flows in USA.Birmingham • Suez Canal was acquired by Britain in 1875 and nationalized by Egypt in 1956. • Word Tsunami is of Japanese language. • Seine River is in France. • What is the longest river in Australia. • After Australia. • Victoria Lake is in Africa. • Panama Canal connects Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean.Murray-Darling • Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico. Europe is the smallest continent. • Asia is the largest continent and covers about 1/3 of the world‘s total land area.America) is most polluted lake in the world. • Mt Merapi is located on Java. • In what country are the Painted Lakes. • River Rhine is in Western Europe. • In which country would you find Lake Disappointment Australia • The Amazon river dolphins are what colour. • Lake Victoria is located in Kenya-Tanzania and Uganda. • Silver Strand fall is in North America. Mississippi is longest river of America. • Great Bear Lake is located in Canada. • Niagara fall is in North America b/w America & Canada. • The Victoria Falls in Africa is located on river Zambezi. • Largest coral reef is in Australia. • Highest fall of world Angel Falls is on river Carrao Venezuela. • 3.Tigris • What city has the most canals. • Colorado River forms Grand Canyon. • Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. • Don is a river of Russia. • Huron Lake is in USA-Canada. • Baikal Lake is in Siberian desert.

• Asia Minor is a geographical expression. • Victoria Island is in Arctic Ocean. • The world‘s longest river. Helena is in Atlantic Ocean. • The lowest point of the North America is the Death Valley located in California. USA). • Galapagos Islands are in Pacific Ocean. the Nile is located in Africa. • The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea • River Mekong flows in Vietnam. • At the equator. • Sumatra is an island in Indonesia. • Meridan means mid-day. • Baffin Island is in Atlantic Ocean. the largest island is in North Atlantic • New Guinea is world‘s second largest island. • River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice. • Dardanelles connects black Sea and Mediterranean. • Africa is also known as Dark Continent. • Highest point of South America is Mount Aconcagua (Argentina) and lowest point is Valdes Peninsula (Argentina). • Highest point in Antarctica is Vinson Massif. . • The length of Panama Canal is 50072 miles. • Canary Island is in Spain. • Hydespes River is now called the Jhelum River. • Virgin Island is a group of 100 Island in W. • Malaqasv (Madagascar) is in Indian Ocean. (chk) • Greenland is geographically in America but politically in Europe. • Danube River flows in Austria. • Great Britain Island is in North Atlantic. • Highest point of Africa is Kibo. • Shale is not a metamorphic rock. • The lowest point of Asia is Dead Sea which is about 397 meter below sea level. • Highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciusko (New South Wales) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre (South Australia). • Ellesmere Island is in Arctic Ocean. the equation of the day is 12 hours. a part to Turkey. • Black sea is so called because a dense fog prevails there in winter. • Highest point of Europe is Mount El‘brus and the lowest point is Caspian Sea. • Baffin is in North Atlantic Ocean (Canadian).• Both the highest and lowest points on the earth are found in Asia. • Highest Point of North America is Mount Mckinley and the lowest point is Death Valley (California. • The largest island in the world Greenland is located in North America. • Neaw Zealand is in South Pacific Ocean. • Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenland) Island (Denmark). • The largest Island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily. • Honshu Island is in North West Pacific.Indies. • Dead sea lying b/w Israel and Jordan. • Borneo Island is in Pacific Ocean. • FAMOUS ISLANDS • St. • Victoria River is the chief source of River Nile. • River Thames flows in Southern England. • Sumatra is in Northest Indian Ocean (Indonesia). a peak of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and lowe st point is Lake Assal (Djibouti). • Largest island in Indian Ocean is Madagascar.

• Simpson Desert is in Australia. • Takla Makan desert is in Xinjing (China).country named after it-Namib • Namib Desert is in South-West Africa.. • Karakum desert is in Turkmenistan. • Deserts in Asia are: Gobi. Takla makan. . • Sonoran desert is in Arizona to Mexico. Rub-al-Khali. china vs Vietnam • Which country owns the Hen and Chicken islands: North island New Zealand • Indian city Mumbai consists of seven islands. • The world‘s largest desert Sahara is located in Africa. • Rub-el-Khali desert is in South Arabian peninsula. • Budapest is located on the bank of Danube river. • Kavir Dasht Davir desert is in Iran. • Deserts in Africa are: Kalhari. • CITIES ON RIVER BANKS • Venice stands on what river-The Arno • New York is on River Hudson‘s bank.. Karakum. • Agra is on the bank of Jamuna River.. • Arabian Desert is in Egypt. • Attock lies on River Indus. • What is the worlds oldest desert . • Great Sandy Desert is in Australia. South America. • Baghdad lies on Tigris. • Nafud desert is in Saudi Arabia. • Paracel Islands are of. • FAMOUS DESERTS • Thar desert is located in Northwest India and East Pakistan • Dsht-i-Lut desert is in Iran. • On river Siene Paris is located. • World‘s largest Delta is Sunderlands (India). • Gibson Desert is in Australia. • Belgrade stands on the river Danube. • On river Danube Budapest is located. • Taklimankan is desert in China. • The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile.• Indonesia consists of 1300 islands. • Gobi desert is in Mongolia & China. • Kalhari desert is in South Africa. The Siens • Paris is located ont eh bank of Seine river.. • Paris is situated on the river Rhine. • Montreal is situated on the bank of river Ottawa • The city of Bonn is situated in Germany • Calcutta is situated on Hoogli River. • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Ma nhattan • Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal. Namib. • Cathy Pacific is an island. • Great Victoria Desert is in Australia. • Rub Alkali desert is in Saudi Arabia.. • Rome is located beside the river Timber. • River passing through Paris. • Death Valley desert is in California. and Sahara. • Kalhari desert is in South Africa.

Jhelum lies on River Jhelum.H. • Vescoda gama (Portuguese) discovered sear route from Europe to India. Bhawalpur is situated at the bank of Sutlej. Kolkata lies on Hoogli. Paris lies on Seine. Lahore lies on Ravi. Cairo lies on Nile. Damascus lies on Barada. Sir Vivian Fuchs and Edmund Hillary (US) first crossing of the Antarctic continent. Sukkur lies on Indus. Khartoom lies on Blue and white Nile. • G. WORLD COUNTRIES • Buckingham palace is the residence of British king and Queen is in London. Berlin lies on Spree. Kanpur lies on Ganges. Mosul lies on Tigris. Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey Moscow is situated on the bank of river Moscow. London lies on Thames. • Various (Portugese) discovered Sri Lanka. Rohri lies on Indus. What city is at the mouth of the Menam river. Dhaka lies on Boori Ganga. Bonn (Germany) lies on Rhine.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bahawalpur lies on Sutlej. Delhi lies on Jumna. Wazirabad lies on Chenab. Rome lies on Tiber. Brussels (Belgium) lies on Senno. Bedford lies on Danube. • George Lord Anson (English) sailed around the earth. • C.F. Washington lies on Vistula. Khartoum is situated on the bank of Nile River. • Charles A. Chittagong lies on Karnaphuli.Lindberg (American) made first non -stop solo flight across the Atlantic. • Marco Polo (Italian) reached China through India. • CIS are landlocked countries of Asia. Budapest (Hungary) lies on Danube. Hyderabad (Sindh) lies on Indus. . • 10 Downing Street is the residence of British PM.Bangkok GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES • Eric the Red discovered Greenland. • Queen‘s house is the official residence of Sri Lankan president. Basra lies on Shatt-al-Arab. • Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese) discovered Brazil. Blair (US) made the first solo flight over the Arctic. Wilkins (Australian) flew over the South Pole. Tokyo lie on Sumida.

• Exfoliation is a type of weathering common both in the cold and in the hot climate regions. • What country‘s leader does not have an official residenc e: Cuba • GENERAL KNOWLEDGE • Ambati Balamyrali is the youngest (17-years old) doctor of Indian origin in the world who received his medical degree from Mount Sinai. South Korea • Istana Merdeke is the official residence of President of Indonesia. • Aquaculture refers to fish-farming or fish culture. • Elysee palace is the name of the residence of Franch President. 1993. • Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan. • Cross-breeding is to be done for achieving quick increase in milk production. • Exit Poll is a term used to denote a post-election survey of voters regarding the candidate in whose favour they had exercised their franchise. the component corresponding to pendulum of a pendulum clock. • Elephant‘s tusks are called enlarged cartilaginous bones. • Dicky Dolma is the youngest woman climber of Mt. • Charar-e-Sharief is the Dargah of Sufi saint Sheikh Nooruddin Wali in Kashmir.R is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution.• Great Wall of China was built in the reign of Shih Huan g-ti • Blue House is the official residence in . • Borlaug. New York. • Chernobayl is a Russian city having a nuclear power plant where a tank of readioactive waste exploded in April. • Esperanto is an artificial international language created to act as world language. • Fenugreek seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus by normalizing his blood sugar level. • Charminar is located in Hyderabad (India). • Gregory Mendel is called the Father of Genetics. • Desdemona is a character in the Shakespeare‘s play Othello. . • A deflector is a technique of adjusting for changes in price level. • Erasmus was a Dutch writher. B.T. Norman Ernest was American agricultural scientist t and winn er of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970. • Euro is the name of New Single European Currency launched on January 1. • The readings of a Fahrenheit and a Centigrade temperature is the same at -40°. • The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Japan. • Blue revolution relates to fish farming. • Churchill was PM of U. • Every Street is paved with Gold was authored by Kim Woo-Chung. • It is summer season in Australia during Christmas. • Ambedkar.A is a terrorist organization in Spain. • Chris Patten was the last British Governor of Hong Kong.‖ • Conditioned Reflex is the term mainly discussed in Psychology. • Dunkel Draft relates to international trade. • Buoy stands for a man serving in any hotel for luggage transportation or as a guide. • Crystal oscillator is in electric watch. This explosi on is known as ―Chernobyl Disaster‖. Watson is a fictional character created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. He is known to have said ― I have nothing to offer except blood. • Dr.. • Chakmas are refugees from Bangladesh settled in India. He was one of those who laid the groundwork of the Green Revolution. • Debenture is a certificate issued by a company promising the payment of a specified amount at a fixed rate of interest after a specified period. 1999.K during WWII. Everest. founder of Daewoo. • Baku is famous for the production of petroleum. sweat and tears. • E. • Apsra is the first nuclear reactor of India. His Praise of Folly is still read.

• Sigmund Freud founded the technique of pshychoaralysis. • The concept of Public Interest Litigation originated in UK. • Thomas Jefferson authored American Declaration of Independence. • Parliament of Switzerland is known as Federal Assembly. • Bhutan is called the ―Land of Thunder Dragon‖. • Meri Ekyaven Kavitayen is collection of poems of Atal Behari Vajpayee. • Milk is an example of emulsion. • Pulitzer Prizes are awarded to Americans for excellence in journalism.J. • Guemica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. • Pierry Cardin is famous fashion designer. etc as compared with a base year. • ISBN: International Standard Book Numbering is an internation system by which a distinct identifying number is assigned to each book. • G. He authored Shakukntala. • Jain Commission was associated with probing the conspiracy angle of the Rajiv Gandhi assassination. • Kalinga Prize is awarded for popularization of science each year by UNESCO. • Postal Zone is indicated by the first two digits from left of the Pincode. Debtors are likely to benefit by Inflation. • Leningrad is a famous town in Russia situated on the bank of river Neva. • Quill feathers are on the wing and tail of birds and are helpful during their flight. • Laos is the only land-locked country in South-East Asia. V. • Dr. • India has 16% of world‘s population. • Eyes of potato are used for vegetative propagation. It is a comparative figure showing cost of living.H. • LIBOR is the basic interest rate on interbank loans in London. • New Moore Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal. • Zero Rate Inflation obtains necessarily in a year where the annual rate of inflation is constant in every week of the year. • Mother Teresa was born in Albania in 1910. • Gary Kasparov is associated with Chess. • India occupies first position in the world in the production of tea. • Last Supper is a famous Renaissance painting by Leonardo da Vinci. • Pondicherry is the Union Territory of India which has a legislature. .• Powder-type fire extinguisher is used for petroleum fire. • Photolysis is dissociation of water molecule in the chemical reaction of photosynthesis. • James Bond is a character in the novels written by Ian Fleming. • It is the President and not the PM who presides over the cabinet meetings in France. Dunant. • Jurassic Park was directed by Steven Spielberg. • Jana-gana-mana is India‘s National Anthem. Kurein is associated with Dairy Farming. • Pasumpatinath temple is in Nepal. • Lifeline Express is the world‘s first hospital on rails operated in India. etc. • Kabalega is a National Park of Uganda. • Red Cross Movement was launched by J. • • Montesquieu gave the theory of separation of power. • Prunning is associated with the cultivation of tea. • Kalidas was the greatest of the Sanskrit daramatist. Mendel is known as founder of genetics. • Jantar Mantar is an observatory in Delhi constructed in 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber. • Inflation means an increase in the amount of paper money which tends to raise general price level of commodities. • Missionaries of Charity is the religious order established by Mother Teresa. production prices. • Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.

• A team of men in opposition to take over the different portfolios in case the party is able to wrest power is known as Shadow Cabinet. • Wheatstone Bridge is used to measure resistances. Northern Island. • Stromboli is a volcano in Sicily. economy and history. • When two organisms exit in such a way that only one is benefited by the other. • The average salinity of sea water is 3. • Eli Whitney of America invented the cotton gin that separates seeds from cotton three hundred times faster that by hand in 1793. • Anton van Leeuwenhoek first time saw bacteria through a microscope made by him in 1683. Buland Darwaza made by Akbar and Moti Masjid made by Aurangzeb. • Qutub Minar made by Iltutmish. • Tape worm has no digestive system because it is a saprophyte. shark & vultures. • John Locke published a famous pamphlet known as ‗Right of Mass‘ and urged the people in England. • The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Belgium. • A seed is a ripened ovule. • The framers of the Constitution borrowed the idea of judicial review from the Constitution of USA. America and France to fight for their liberty. • Shahtoosh is the finest.5%. • In Lawrence of Arabia Nobel Laureate Pearl S. the relationship is called Parasitism. Barack Hussein Obama is America‘s 44th President. • The Road Ahead is written by Bill Gates. • Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms o f area. • Savana grasslands are found in Africa. • Bulgaria and Greece are disputing over the historical Macedonian territory. • Exbiology is the study of life or its possibility on other planets. • Scenes from a writer‘s life is the autobiography of Ruskin Bond. • Mr. • In terms of the evolution of organism bat is the most advanced among pigeon. it must follow longitude connecting the two joints b/w which travel is to be undertaken.Buck collaborated. • Sandy soil is dry in comparison to clay due to Capillary action. • Universal Product Code (UPC) is adopted against adulteration in eatables. • Torah is the sacred book of the Parsis. • The new administrative capital proposed for Myanmar is Pyinmana. • Pea can fix nitrogen from air. • United Kingdom consists of England. • Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of Aurangzeb. • USA is the world‘s principal producer of Soyabean. • If a ship desires to travel the shortest route. • Dolby B or Dolby C is printed on tape recorders and other sound systems refers to Noise reduction circuit. • Gram. • . • Lightning is formed when strong opposite charges in different clouds break down the resistance offered by intervening air. • Large aperture telescopes are used for greater resolution. Pea and Soyabean group of seeds are richer in protein than Rice and Maize.• Saw-scaled viper is the only snake that builds a nest. • Snake is a limbless reptile.approach to study mankind with respect to society. Scotland & Wales. • Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile. • Historical materialism is a tenet of Marxims. warmest and lightest wool in the world produced in Uzbekistan. Gol Gumbaz made by Mohammad Adil Shah.

..... • The Red Fort was built by Shahjehan.. Iraq • Country recently elected to IAEA.... India • Teges is the currency of.. SAARC and D8 .. combodia's communist party • Statement to combat terrorism by task forces.. Helmand • Transit trade agreement b/w pak and afghan in. Uprising • Hamas was founded by. • • Likud and Kaldima parties belong to. Indonasia • Silicon valley in California is famous because of Software Industry • In 2008 monarchy ended in a country after 240 years....... Traveler • East India Company was established during the period of ....... Stamps collection • Study of Human races....... UAE • Oldest anthem in the world is...... Jaffana • Naxalite movement is in ... Kazikhstan • Hemmant Thakare was the. Housing and mortgage problem in USA • African Union President.... Nepal • Country celebrating 50th anniversary of communist revoluti on...... Chief of Indian Squad during Mumbai drama • The Idea of AESM meeting organization was given by a person of country.... USA. Hawaii • The term Intifada means... Jehangir • Operation cast lead was the name which killed 1400 • Winner of 8-oscar awards movie in 2008....OIC • Tamils are fighting in which are of Srilanka.. • Russia gives oil to Europe through the route of. Saudi Arabia • The country with foreign reserves of above $2 trillion.peacekeeping....... Charles Darwin • BIN is the intelligence agency of......... Israel • Cities of Afghanistan border along with Pakistan border........ Netherlands • Hung Parliament is.????? • World Bank president is ........opportunity zones Recently Pakistan is aided by 200mw by.????? • Karachi Nuclear Power plant is with the help of . Cuba • Pearl Harbor is in the state of USA..????? • Which city of Afghanistan produces most opium..?????? • US under agreement of partnership with Pakistan will give . migration of skilled labour • Russia is worried about the Missile defence system of US in.• El Nino is associated with world weather.. Zollick • Petticoat government is the government by... Moammar Gadhafi • Oil company Aramaco is of...... Japan • Khmer Rouge was attacked by..... Canada • A country closed her station for USA.. Afghanistan • Country with which Pakistan is having most of his trade.. Zardari .........1000kgs • UN spends $8-billion every year on.. Kyrgyzstan • World economic crisis was due to... Bajur • The word Philately means. Woman • Brain Drain is..... London • 1-metric ton is equal to....poland and czech republic...Slum dog Millionaire • Madam Tausand museum is in ..1965 • Oldest organization among OIC.Singapore.. • 200th anniversary of the scientist in 2009.. ECO.....No single party has the majority • Country with the largest Kurd population. Ethnology • Marco Polo was.. Sheikh Ahmad Yasin in 1987. Ukraine • Khar is in ..

Boiling point (°C) 101.siz e of palestinian state • A persons name was written and was asked about the organisation.all income earn in year • Petra is a new archaelogical place in the country. • The term digital divide refers to the gap between people with effective access to digital and information technology and those with very limited or no.. Indian/Mohinjodaro.. Harvard. is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century and the father of modern psychology.... physiologist.82... John Mitchel • National Income of the country is. begun under Genghis.. was completed 65 years later under KUBLAI KHAN. • Smeary (Dajla & Euphrates).. Cornell.... • Which member of Gandhi family died a natural death? None. • What is the freezing point of heavy water? Freezing point (°C) 3. etc • Obama's convoy to Middle East. Princeton. CNN. • Which gas company of Russia supplies gas to European states? Gazprom • Which famous character is produced by J.What it is called when Stock Exchange is going down? Bearish • Akelman desert is in which country? China • When did Greenwich Meridian Watch start to work? 1884 • What is Evangelicals? • Which monarchy has recently allowed females to rule? • Which was the native town of Babar? Farghana • Who is considered as the Leader of modern Chinese economy? Deng Xiaoping • When did Crusade begin? 1099 • When for the first time 'Doctrine of Necessity" was used in Pakistan? Mulvi Tameez-ud-din case • How many zero'z are in 1 trillion? 12 zero • What Chinese Muslims are called in province ____of China?province= Xinjiang Uygur. scouts..Itar-Tass • Israel peace process with palestine was stalled. Dartmouth. Columbia. • What is Ivy league? Ivy League is the name generally applied to eight universities (Brown... medical doctor. • How many members were in the UN when it was established? 51 • • . Uttar Pardesh (by population) • Sigmund Freud. (Gangies & Sindh) were flourishing at the banks of the mighty rivers.. red cross.. psychologist and father of psychoanalysis. • Khalil Jibran belonged to which country? Lebanon 79. • Which of the Mughal emperor is burried outside the present Pak and India territory? Babur at Bagh-e-Babur (Kabul) (Afghanistan) & Bahadur Shah Zafar (Yangoon). Jordan • Madhya Pradesh is the largest state in India (by area). • Which female PM served for the longest period of time in the world? Margret Thature...K Rowling? Harry Potter • Which Railway line connects Pakistan and Iran? The Quetta-Zahedan line connects Pakistan and Iran by railway • In which state of USA Hollywood is located? California. and Yale) that over the years have had common interests in scholarship as well as in athletics. Pennsylvania. muslims named as = Geys' Mazars • The conquest of China.• A place between the seven wonders. • What name is given to the place of 9/11? Ground Zero • Gestapo" was the secret police of which country? Germany.4 • A pariah state is one whose conduct is considered to be out of line with international norms of behavior.??????? • Russian News agency.

• South Pole is in Antactica. • Tallest tree is Redwood. • East Timore got independence from Indonesia. • Kosovo got indidependence from Yogoslavia. • Asia‘s population is 58.6% of world population. • Asia size is 29.5% of the world. • Average temp: on siachen is -40 degree Celcius. • Siachen means place of wild roses. • India and Pak: are fighting on Siachen since 1984. • India launched operation Vidhara on Siachen in 1984. • Length of line of control is 720 km. • All parties Huriyat Conference is a party of 23 parties. • % of Muslims in Jammu & Kashmir is 95%. • Afghan ruler at the time of USSR invasion was BArbark Kermal. • Taliban regime came into power in 1996. • Second largest ethinc group in Afghanistan is Tajik. • Intifada means uprising. • PLO established in 1964 its HQ is in Rammalah. • Al-Fateh was established in 1958. • PLO was expelled by Jordon. • Hazbullah means Party of God. • Yasir Arafat passed away in Paris on 11 Nov: 2004. • Hamas was formed in 1987. • Egypet is both in Africa & Asia (Northeastern Africa & Southwestern Asia). Sinai Peninsula is the part of Egypt that lies in Asia. • Only African country that remained independent during colonial rule was Ethiopia. • UAE comprises of 7 states. • Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. • Protectorate state of world is Bhutan. • Temple of Tooth(Budha‘s tooth) is at Kandy. • Napoleon was exiled to St: Helena in Mediterranean in 1814-15. • Leif Eriesson reaced North America. • Columbus discovered South America in 1494. • Sir Hugh Willoighby & Richard Chancellor discovered white sea and ocean route to Russia. • Wiiliam Janszoon discovered Australia. • Abel Taman discovered Newzealand, Tongo & Fiji in 1642. • Confucianism is found in China & Taiwan. • Jesus Christ was born at Bethalhem, Jerusalem. • Gautam Siddharta Buddha was born in Nepal. • Shintoism is in Japan. • Roman Empire was established in 27 B.C by Octavian. • Mughals ruled India for 331 years. • Opium war waged from 1839-42 b/w China & Britain. • Boston Tea Party event is related to American Independence. • First WW lasted for 4 years. • Germany was defeated by England in a naval fight in 1916 in battle of Jutland. • Shortes ever war fought that lasted for 6 days Arab-Israel war. • First civil war among Muslims was battle of Jamal. • In 1845 British defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore in the battle of Sabraon. • Where can you find London bridge today: USA ( Arizona ) • Which animal lays eggs: Duck billed platypus • What do deciduous trees do Lose their leaves in winter • How many feet in a fathom Six

• Christopher Columbus sailed in the Nina - Pinta and Santa Maria • Which leader died in St Helena: Napoleon Bonaparte • What does ring a ring a roses refer to: The Black Death • What would you do with a maris piper :Eat it - it‘s a potato • What is the currency of Austria: Schilling • What is the Islamic equal to the red cross: Red Crescent • What are Munroes: Mountains in Scotland • What does an alopecia sufferer lack Hair • What is a baby rabbit called Kit or Kitten • Which country had The Dauphin as a ruler France • What is a Winston Churchill Cigar • Who or what lives in a formicarium Ants • It‘s a flock of sheep what's a group of owls called Parliament • What animal would you find in a form- Hare • John browe minnoch (1941-83) of USA was the heaviest man. He weighted 635 kgs. • The first product to have a bar code was Wrigley's gum. • The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. It was the fashion in Renaissance Florence to shave them off. • The cigarette lighter was invented before the match • Every drop of seawater contains approximately 1 billion gold atoms • The US national anthem actually has three verses, but everyone just knows the first one. • The total combined weight of the worlds ant population is heavier than the weight of the human population. • Buckingham Palace in England has over six hundred rooms • The winter of 1932 was so cold that Niagara Falls froze compl etely solid • Butterflies taste with their feet • One of the countries through which equator passes is: Malaysia • Clocks, which moves with the velocities comparable with the velocity of light, run: with zero velocity • Humming bird belongs to a category called: Endotherm • PERT is a technique used for which one of the following? Project Management • Han myung has become the first woman prime minister of south korea. • At which international film festival is the ‗Golden Lion‘ awarded to the best film? Veni ce Film Festival • Which of the following planets takes nearly the same time for a rotation on its own axis as does the Earth? Mars • Who was the founder of the Asiatic Society? William Jones • Fortis Hospitals chain is an enterprise of Ranbaxy • The major natural regions of the world are delineated primarily on the basis of temperature, rainfall and cultivated vegetation • The agreement between India and China, by which both accepted Panchsheel as the basis of their relations, was signed in 1954 • Which of the following territories of India was/were invaded by China on November 19, 1962? Ladakh and NEFA • Deflation is contraction in volume of money or credit that results in a decline of price level • Which one of the following is not allied to Geophysical S ciences? Palaeontology • The conservation of hawks and owls is important to mankind chiefly because these birds eat many harmful rodents • the plane of the earth‘s equator were not inclined to the plane of • In which city was the famous black hole: Calcutta • If you had rubella what would you have caught: German Measles • La Giaconda is better known as what: Mona Lisa • Eric Arthur Blaire was the real name of which author: George Orwell

• Which country do Sinologists study: China • What is Orchesis - either professional or amateur: Art of Dancing • Whose autobiography was The long walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela • Clyde Tonbaugh discovered what planet in 1930: Pluto • Which chess piece could be a member of the church: Bishop • Which American state is nicknamed The Diamond State: Delaware • What martial arts name means gentle way: Judo • Kimberlite contains what precious item: Diamonds • Which country introduced the worlds first diesel loco in 1912: Germany • What animals name translates as water horse: Hippopotamus • Which two metals are alloyed to make pewter: Tin and Lead • What is the longest river in Italy: Po • Oil seed rape belongs to which plant family: Mustard • Zambia and Zimbabwe used to be called what: Rhodesia • What is the staple food of one third of the worlds population: Rice • What digit does not exist in Roman Numerals: Zero • Who was nicknames The desert Fox (both Names): Erwin Rommel • Which European country is divided into areas called Cantons: Switzerland • Who created Tarzan (all names) in 1914: Edgar Rice Burroughs • Who is the only American president elected unopposed: George Washington • Which countries men use the most deodorant: Japan • What was the first credit card: Diners Club • Which country made the worlds first feature film in 1906: Australia Story of Kelly gang • Where is the worlds largest gold depository: Federal reserve bank Manhattan • What is 6 inches bigger in Summer: Eiffel tower • Which 1956 film caused riots in cinemas: Rock around the clock • From what language does the word alphabet come: Greek -alpha beta • What was the first film made in cinemascope: The robe • A pearmain is what type of fruit: Apple • What did God create on the fifth day (both): Sea creatures and birds • What were the first false teeth made from: Ivory • Which leader lives in the Potola: Dalai Lama • Which country invented the concentration camp: Britain - Boer war • Scotopic people can do what: See in the dark • What is the most critical thing keeping bananas fresh transport: Temperature not below 13 C 55F • What city has Kogoshima as its airport: Tokyo • What is a baby whale called: Calf • On what is the Mona Lisa painted: Wood • Which bird turns it head upside down to eat: Flamingo • Who rode a horse called Bucephalus: Alexander the Great • Who invented popcorn: American Indians • For what is spirits of salt another name: Hydrochloric acid • What flower is the symbol of secrecy: Rose • What is the white trail behind a jet plane made from: Ice Crystals • If you were doing vaccimulgence what doing: Milking a cow • Who was the Greek goddess of love: Aphrodite • What is the only creature that can turn its stomach inside out: Starfish • What is the worlds most popular green vegetable: Lettuce • Which country had the first women MPs 19 in 1907: Finland • Which Mediterranean countries orchestra is bigger than its army Monaco • Where can you buy a copy of Penguin News: Falkland Islands • Which African country was founded by Americans: Liberia

• What was Britain called - before it was Britain: Albion • What part of a frog do you rub to hypnotise it: Its belly • What was the first gramophone record made from: Tinfoil • which famous person invented the cat flap: Isaac Newton • What was invented by Dr Albert Southwick in 1881: Electric chair • Where would you find line of Mars - Girdle of Venus: Palm - lines in Palmistry • What do Ombrophobes fear: Rain • Who landed on Timor Island after being cast adrift: Captain Bligh • A C-Curity was the original name of what common object: Zip Fastener • What does ludo mean (literally): I Play • An elephant has 400000 what in its trunk: Muscles • What colour is cerulean: Deep Blue • What does Zip stand for in the American Zip Code: Zone Improvement Plan • Percy Shaw invented what in 1934: Cats eyes • Which acid was first prepared from distilled red ants: Formic acid • Milton lost which sense: Sight • Eiffel designed the Eiffel tower - what was his first name: Gustave • The Koh-i-Nor is a famous diamond - what does the name mean: Mountain of Light • What was Britain's first colony (annexed in 1583): Newfoundland • A skulk is a group of which animals: Foxes • Who was the Goddess of the rainbow: Iris • Who was the first actor to appear on cover of Time magazine: Charlie Chaplin • In which country did the turnip originate: Greece • Which animals can live longest without water: Rats • Which fruit contains the most protein: Avocado • In sailing ship days who often acted as the ships doctor: Cook • A muster is a group of which birds: Peacocks • Which country grew the first Orange: China • Gossima was the original name of what game: Table Tennis • A kindle is the name for a group of what young animals: Kittens • Minerva is the Goddess of what: Wisdom • One person every 6 seconds dies from what: Contaminated water diseases • The length of what is approximately 1/10th circumference of earth: Great wall of China • USA has most airports which country has second most: Australia • In 1829 Walter Hunt invented what common item: Safety Pin • Who invented punched cards used in early computing 1880s: Herman Hollerith • 1500 paces was what Roman measurement: League • Who gave the UN the land in NY to build their HQ: John D Rockerfeller • Which writer coined the word Cyberspace in 1984: William Gibson –Neuromancer • What is the oldest known infectious di sease: Leprosy • What was invented in 1855 45 years later than it was needed: Can Opener • Chogori is better know by what boring name: K2 • Which country has the worlds biggest (on land) National Park: Canada – Wood Buffalo 17300s ml • What was Edison‘s first practical invention: Tick a Tape for stockmarket • Which company invented the transistor radio in 1952: Sony • What metal impurity makes rubies red and emeralds green: Chromium • What is dittology: Double meaning • Which country invented the mariners compass: China • How was Alexander the Greats body preserved: In large jar of honey • What was invented 1903 - patented 1906 G C Beilder: Photocopier • What country consumes the most coal each year: China • What does soviet mean: Workers Council

Ashmolian 1679: Oxford To what family does the hippopotamus belong: Pig In which city is the worlds oldest tennis court from 1496: Paris Who said Politics is the art of the possible 11 Aug 1867: Otto Von Bismarck In which country did Turkeys originate: USA What colour is worn for funerals in Egypt: Yellow An Arab horse has less what than other horses: Bones .who rules.Women What type of animal is a markhor-Wild Goat What is the last book of the Bible-Revelations What historical event was referred to as Black 47-Irish Potato Famine Tempera uses water and what to paint with.Who Blue House-President South Korea What does an aronophobe fear -Internet Which world famous landmark is found on Mount Lee? The Hollywood Sign The name of which Indian city means Village of Boiled Beans -Bangalore What county has its map on its flag-Cyprus Lucknow is a city in India .000 votes-Benito Mussolini What country was once named New France.one vertebra less In what country did red onions originate: Italy What job did Ernest Hemmingway do in WW1: Ambulance Driver What was the name of the Roman God of sleep-Somnos What is the name of the four holy books of the Hindus-The Vedas What animal always gives birth to same sex twins-Armadillo What colour is named after a battle fought in Italy in 1859-Magenta What does the name Ghengis Khan mean-Very Mighty Ruler What is the most common disease in the world-Dental Caries Which country was the first to make seat belts compulsory-Czechoslovakia A young what is called an Eyas-Hawk In a Gynocracy .and what other country-Canada What invention was nicknamed the Noisy Serpent in 1902-Vacuum Cleaner What country has a regiment of bicycle mounted soldiers-Switzerland Which animal has legs but cant walk.what is its literal translation-Dried Up Edward Hunter USA Journalist invented what term Korean war-Brainwashing .000 rifles to 50.Hummingbird In what city 1985 was the worlds first computer museum opened -Boston Skeleton is derived from Greek .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • In which city is the worlds oldest museum .Canada In which country were modern banknotes first used-Sweden What does the syrinx help a bird to do-Sing What food item in French literally means twice cooked-Biscuit The Titanic has a sister ship .Egg Yoke Which company developed the Laser Printer -Cannon The name of which countries capital means good air-Argentina – Buenos Aires Which dictator preferred 50.name it-The Olympic Halcyon is the poetic name for which bi rd-Kingfisher Which country invented French fried potatoes-Belgium The word bungalow comes from which language-Hindi What is the Japanese Shinkasen-High speed Train What is a travelator-Horizontal Escalator Where was Napoleon born-Ajaccio -Corsican capitol In the wild what animal pollinates banana plants-Bats What colour is the Black Box carried in aircraft-Orange Allium Sativum is better known as what-Garlic What was Madam Curie's husbands name-Pierre The USA president lives in the White House .

Charlie Chaplain have his first speaking part 1940-The Great Dictator What Prophet in the Bible had a talking donkey-Balaam What common word comes from the Latin for who are you -Quiz Napoleon had a fear of what .Jesus is second What is a spermologer interested in.what animal is murine-Mouse or Rat The Golden Rain is the common name of what tree-Laburnum .a Cast of what -Falcons What European countries flag is square-Switzerland What is an octothrope-The # symbol Tigers have stripped fur .MM What is the sacred animal of Thailand-White Elephant We have all heard Hari Krishna .in Sudan What are young bats called-Pups What plant has flowers but no leaves-Cactus Who was the Roman Goddess of peace-Pax What is a baby squirrel called-Kit or Kitten If you are born in March what is your Flower-Violet What is the only word in English that ends in mt-Dreamt What country has a Bible on its flag-Dominican Republic What is the only number in English that has letters in alpha order-Forty What is the name for 100th of a second-A Jiffy 10% (by weight) of the worlds land animals are what species.what animal is ovine-Sheep A cat is feline .Camel What do cockroaches do every fifteen minutes-Fart Noah's Ark had two of everything including what feature.Bovine Cows .Ants The milk of what creature will not curdle.same in English What is the most mentioned name in the Bible-David .Aquiline what -Eagle What animal is the symbol of long life in Korea-Deer What animal was the symbol of freedom in ancient Rome-Cat Time Magazine named what as the Man of the Year 1982-The Computer What animals teeth were used as knife blades by the Indians-Beaver If you were studying Iatrology what would you be studying-Science of Medicine The United Nations in New York were originally where-San Francisco In what country is the northernmost point of Africa-Tunisia In what film .Trivia What is 2000 in Roman Numerals.Aelurophobia-Cats If you graduate with a degree in music what colour tassel wear-Pink In the Bible who built the ancient city of Babylon-Nimrod What was the first day of the year in the Roman calendar-25th March What does Karaoke literally mean -Empty Orchestra In what country did stamp collecting start -France Where do the White and Blue Niles join-Khartoum .what does Krishna mean-Dark as a cloud Feline cats .what colour is their skin-Stripped What bird has the most feathers per square inch-Penguin A dog is canine .a Convocation of what-Eagles In proportion which animal has the largest eye-Cat Collective Nouns .Windows The Invisible Empire is better known as what-Klu Klux Klan The word vinegar come from French meaning what-Sour Wine In Saudi Arabia by law women may not become what-A Doctor Most blue eyed cats are what-Deaf The name of which animal means does not drink-Koala Collective Nouns .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • What word in English has the most definitions-Set Desire for more cows is the translation what Sanskrit word -War .

• What countries nation anthem is Land of Two Rivers-Iraq • Queen Alexandria's is the worlds largest what -Butterfly 1 foot wing • Collective nouns .Herring • What was the name of the first presidential aircraft -Sacred Cow • What flower is the symbol of culture-The Lotus • In what prison did Nelson Mandela spend 19 of 27 years in jail -Robben Island • What is Virga-Rain the don‘t reach ground • A Pullicologist is an expert in what-Fleas • What colour is caffeine. Pierre St-Martin and Berger in France-Worlds deep caves • Dallol Ethiopia has what claim to fame-Worlds hottest • average place 94-Where are Bay of Heats and Bay of Dew Sinus Aestuum – Roris-Near side of Moon • What is Canada's oldest city founded in 1608-Quebec • Narcotics comes from the Greek .China • What was Socrates wife's name-Xanthippe • What order of insects contains the most species-Beetles • What is Rice Paper made from-A Tree .The Rice Paper Tree pith • What is Nelson Mandela's middle name-Rolihlahla • Tenzin Gyatso became what in 1937-Dali Lama • In what country was Mother Theresa born.a streak of what-Tigers • There are over 130000 species of what on earth-Butterflies • Azote was the original name of what element-Nitrogen • What animals cannot swim-Gorillas • The UIT govern what sport-International shooting union • There are more telephones than people in what city-Washington USA • If you landed at Arlanda airport where would you be-Stockholm Sweden • What country declared itself first atheist state in 1967-Albania – banned religion • What is the Roman numerals for 3000-MMM • What are Jean Bernard.Stupidity • What country is the worlds oldest functioning democracy-Iceland • What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan • If you suffered from pyrexia what have you got-Fever • Nine inches in nautical measure is called what.A Span .Pin Heads • What city used to be known as Bytown-Ottawa • The Red Rose City has what more common name in Jordan-Petra • Who does a Filicide kill -Son or Daughter • What was the first country to recognise the US as independent -Morocco • And what country won it.what it literally mean-Electric eels .put on foreheads • Siddhartha Gautama became better known as who-Buddha • Where was Ice Cream invented.Albania • Reykjavik translates into what-Smoky Bay • What is Christmas Disease-Mild Haemophilia • What US state is the magnolia state-Mississippi • 72% of what country is covered by forest.A train of what -Camels • Who said "The child is the father of the man"-Wordsworth • Collective nouns .Sweden • What is the worlds most widely eaten fish.Finland • On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted.White powder • In what country would you buy Kingfisher lager-India • Name Australia's highest mountain-Mount Kosciusko • What was Napoleons mothers name-Laticia • In what language was The Communist Manifesto written-German • Monology is the study of what.

South Korea • What food are astronauts prohibited before a mission Beans .1918 Flu Epidemic • What is the opposite of Plenum-Vacuum • Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania • Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright • There is one gallon of water in every cubic mile of what -Fog • What capital city translates as Capital City in the native tongue-Seoul .Oslo – Sweden • What sea is directly north of Poland.taken in when growing • What animals name comes from the Sanskrit to steal -Mouse – Musha • What is a Winter Banana -A variety of Apple • Where are the glasshouse mountains.Endangered Species • Who wrote the book .Gulliver's Travels • What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient"-Manilla .Baltic sea • What is the name of the cranial bone just above your ear Temporal • Who led the Soviets when they invaded Hungary in 1956 Nikita Khruschcev • In astronomy what are rapidly rotating neutron stars called Pulsars • The word Atom comes from the Greek meaning what Indestructible • What part of the body is most bitten by insects The Foot • 90% of bird species are what Monogamous • countries on 2 continents Russia Turkey (Asia Europe) and Egypt .Sierra Leone • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia .Between two Rivers • Only three Angels are named in Bible Gabriel Michael and who.Alexander Graham Bell .Farts damage spacesuits • What does a myrmecologist study-Ants • Women do it twice as often as men .38th Parallel • first American state to enter the union 7 Dec 1787.Lucifer • What animals name translate from Arabic as He who walks fast Giraffe – from Xirapha • What is in the Red Data Book.Decibel • What nationality was first person in space not US or Russian Czech – Vladimir Remek Soyuz 28 • Inspecting Galvaynes Groove tells you what.what -Blink • first man to set foot on all five continents.Barberossa • FIDE govern what game -Chess • The density of what is measured on the Rngelmann scale.Sea Horse • In what country is the worlds largest pyramid Mexico – Quetzalcoatl • What city was known as Christiana until 1925.Sulphur .Battle of New Orleans • What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies".Smoke • Who would be scored on the Apgar scale.Africa and Asia • What are male crabs known as Jimmies .• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland • Where was volleyball invented-France • What is mosquitoes main food-Nectar from flowers • What killed half the US soldiers in WW1.Newborn Babies • geographical dividing line N/S Korea.Delaware Pennsylvania second • old man in The Old Man and the Sea named Santiago • unit of sound named after.Glasgow Coma Scale • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed .Rangoon Burma • What countries name translates as lion mountains.Captain Cook • What gives onions their distinctive smell .Age of horse – it‘s on its teeth • first space probe to land on the moon 13 Sept 1959 Luna 2 • What fish has its head at right angles to its body.Florence • In what literary work would you find the yahoos.Queensland Australia • Mesopotamia means.Philippines • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city.Call of the Wild-Jack London • What is the name of the scale measuring depth of coma (GCS).

Son of Kong What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters What colour is the number 10 on 10 Downing street-White What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920 The average child wears out 730 by age ten 730 what-Crayons What nation invented the toilet seat.in the same day-Mexico There are 300 distinct different types of what food-Honey What country has three capital cities Admin Legislate Judicial-South Africa Countries name means Place where one struggles with God -Israel Ecuador was named after who / what-The Equator The Davis Strait lies between Canada and where-Greenland Children take SATs what does SAT stand for-Standard assessment tasks A lion and a sword appear on what countries flag-Sri Lanka What animals are likely to die first from global warming-Polar Bears In the 19th century what was known as inheritance powder-Arsenic – as poison What animal has the most taste buds over 27000-Catfish What is sometimes nicknamed Adams Profession-Gardener What profession makes regular use of vibrators-Potters .A nail biter Woman's are faster than men's.what-Heartbeats The electric light first available product what's second-Electric Oven What's the only city today split in two by a wall -Nicosia Cyprus What is the Latin word for poison-Virus In medicine what is an Anomaloscope used for-Test for colour blindness In what sport would you find a Tell Tale-Squash .remove air from clay What part of the body ages the fastest-The Hands What is the word Taxi short for-Taximeter In medicine what is nicknamed a blue pipe-A Vein What sport was called The Royal Sport-Cock Fighting What cities underground has the most stations-New York Name the Hong Kong stock exchange-Hang Seng What is a bandy bandy-A Snake What is the fastest creature raced for sport-Pigeon The New Testament originally written in what language-Greek What is the only Christian country in Asia-The Philippines A snake has only one lung.Tin strip ball can't hit What is the most redesigned appliance in the world-Telephone Handset In Tennis where is the Australian Open played -Flinders Park What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894 What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados Satan is Lucifer but what does Lucifer mean -The Light Bearer .what Counterfeit British Notes Kangaroos and Emus can't do what-Walk backwards What country had three presidents . Canaan Banana was the first president of where-Zimbabwe What hairs are the last to lose their colour with age-Eyelashes The Black Death came to England from what port-Calais What is the currency of Egypt-The Pound The town of Banana in Queensland is named after what -A huge bullock After English what's the most widely used language on the net-German Two thirds of the worlds geysers are found where-Yellowstone Park Where were the worlds first paved streets-Rome 170 bc The word Angel derives from the Greek meaning what -Messenger Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year-King Kong .Egyptian What is an onychophagist.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard . they usually have more .

India • In what does a steganographer write messages.Intravenuspylorigram • What colour is iridium-Steel Grey • What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking • Who was called The Man of Destiny-Napoleon Bonaparte • What word is derived from the Arabic mawsim meaning season Monsoon • Sicily is the traditional source of which element.Hydrofluoric Acid • What is a half of a half of a half of a half.Persia • Where would you find a Dry Bible :Heart chamber of a Ruminant • Which mammal has the fewest teeth.Malaysia • On a standard rainbow what colour is on the inside of the curve Violet • What animal stands for the longest period.Victoria • What creature can live up to one year without eating ( you? ) Bedbug • The word Sofa comes from the Arabic meaning what Bench • Which plant gets its name from the Persian for turban Tulip • What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet • What are the Roman numerals for 505.Italy • Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid: Israeli raid on Entebbe • The cast iron plant is another name for which pot plantn Aspidistra • The word Mongol means what in Mongolian.Armadillo .Presidents Helicopter • Name the first teddy bear in space.Type of Mirage • What is or was the capitol of Hong Kong.A Sixteenth • Airman T E Shaw in WW2 was better known as who.none • An IVP is used to detect what medical condition.Invisible ink • The martial art tai quon do translates literally as what Kick Art Way • Who wrote "To err is human to forgive divine" Alexander Pope essay on criticism • What is the capital of Panama.Philip II of Macedon • Which country makes the most films per year.• What does a Grabatologist collect-Ties • What country has two AK47 assault rifles on it's flag -Mozambique • The Arabs call it Al-Maghrib what do we call it-morocco • In what country did tulips originate.Brave • In the USA what is Marine One.Kidney Stones.Panama • Name the Capital of the Ukraine-Kiev • In Bradshaws you would find information about what -Railways • Which countries leader was an extra in Hollywood-Fidel Castro .Sulphur • Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch .Matches • In Animal Farm what was the name of the farm.Per Head • What country used the ringgit as currency.Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot • Which acid dissolves glass.DV • In WW1 what were Lucifer's.Union • Who was the founder of Judaism-Abraham • Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea .Queen Elizabeth 1st • What city is at the mouth of the Menam river.Manor Farm • Where was pizza first invented Milan • In what country did the Sabines live.T E Laurence of Arabia • Hydrosis is the medical term for what -Sweating • What does per capita literally mean.Bangkok • Ireland and New Zealand are the only countries that lack what Native Snakes • Who named a city after his horse Bucephalus Alexander the Great • In Hindu philosophy what does Yoga literally mean.African Elephant over 50 years • Who was the father of Alexander the Great.Black Sea • What is a Fata Morgana.

smell and dance-Bees • In which country did the study of geometry originate -Egypt • What was the capitol of Russia before Moscow-Saint Petersburg • And who designed it-Michelangelo • What does the DIN number mean on photographic film-Speed of film • In the body what do the Islets of Langerhans do-Secrete Insulin • What capitol is on the slopes of the volcano Pichincha -Quito Ecuador • What is embolia-Hesitations in speech • Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin • What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls • In WW2 what kind of aircraft was a horsa-A glider • A newborn bactrian camel has how many humps.None • Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • In the Sikh religion what is kesh-Uncut hair or beard . Soda and what are the main ingredients of glass-Limestone • What colour are the seats in the House of Lords-Red .first 5 all Moses books • What is the literal meaning of the title Viceroy-In place of the King • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable • Men are ten times more likely than women to have what-Colour Blindness • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second -Coffee • What animals evidence is admissible in US courts-A Bloodhound • Which country in the world produces the most mangos-India • 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare • The word philosophy comes from Greek literally meaning what Love of wisdom • In computing what does EPOS stand for-Electronic Point of Sale • Vanilla is part of which plant family-Orchids • Name woman set up free birth control clinic in Holloway in 1920 Marie Stopes • The Wright brothers made aircraft but what was their other job: Bicycle manufacturers • Which city is the capital of Tuscany-Florence • What is the opposite of nocturnal -Diurnal • What fruit does not ripen after picking-Pineapple • What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb -Finland • In the animal kingdom what creatures are in the order—Chiroptera-Bats • What would you do with a wandering sailor-Plant it it‘s a plant • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK Battle of Jutland • Sand.• BOZ was the penname if which writer-Charles Dickens • Which spice comes in hands -Ginger • In the Old Testament what is the first book of Moses-Genesis .base of neck crest line • Who was the last Emperor of France-Napoleon III • What country does China have its longest land border with: Mongolia • Where are a whales nipples -On its back • What is measured in units called jnd-Sensitivity Just Noticeable difference • A napiform thing is shaped like what-A turnip • What was the first country in 1824 to legalise Trade Unions-Britain • What is the worlds longest insect-Borneo stick insect • The angel shark has what other name-The monkfish • Which creatures communicate by touch.Commons green • If a doctor gave you an Ishihara test what is he testing-for Colour blindness • Only one miracle is mentioned in all four gospels what is it: Feeding of 5000 • What is the official language of Cuba-Spanish • What new invention was shown to Queen Victoria 14 Jan 1878:The telephone • A horses height is measured from the ground to what part :Withers .

John Milton – capitol of hell Which companies name translates as abundant fields: Toyota What is the hole in a pencil sharpener called.Great Charter Who built the worlds first film studio.Brightest in sky The Afghan Taliban use which colour of flag.Broccoli What nationality was Cleopatra.New York – London What country is coffee originally from.Minute hands What was the most bombed place in WW2.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • At Waterloo who commanded the Prussian troops: Marshal Blucher Which bird is the symbol of the Royal Society Protection Birds Avocet Which microbe produces alcohol-Yeast .Lawyer Which is the oldest walled city in the world.00 pm daily Edinburgh Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter.White What was Queen Victoria's first name.come quick Danger What does Honolulu mean in Hawaiian.Castle walls – arrow firing slits What religious leaders name means Sign of God: Ayatollah In which country is the Nokia company based .Finland What is unique about the pistol star.Thomas Alva Edison The word nylon is made up from what.alcohol is yeast piss In WW2 in what French city did the Germans surrender Reims What was Ghandi's profession.Ethiopia What is the currency of Turkey.Malta The word Utopia from Greek means what-Nowhere Which vegetable is 91% water .what does-Himalayas What was the White House formerly known as .Greenwich mean time Nylon was invented in 1934 what product first used it: Toothbrush Before 1687 clocks never had what.Jericho What does Magna Carta literally mean.Sheltered Harbour Which fruit is the symbol of hospitality.Venice In WW1 what warning device was on the top of Eiffel Tower: Parrots What is sometimes referred to as Zulu time.Grocer What is the most chemically complex food .Cabbage Which English word comes from the French for candle: Chandelier In which European capitol city is a cannon fired at 1.CQD .Lira What does CMOS stand for in a computer.Complimentary metalOxide semi-conductor Which worlds city is known as The Golden City: Prague Czech Which country contains every type of climate in the world:New Zealand In what country was the paperclip invented-Norway Where is the only digital rolex watch in the world :Wimbledon centre court Where were the original loopholes.Executive Mansion Which is the only middle eastern county without a desert Lebanon Who invented the word pandemonium .Alexandria In Sanskrit it means House of Snow .Pineapple Which city is built on 118 islands.over 300 chemicals Chocolate Which building material gets its name from Arabic for the brick Adobe Russia has one but the US has at least six – what: Places called Moscow What was Helen Keller's first word.Chuck What is the meaning of Ghandi.B What creature is the symbol of medicine.Greek A university has a campus what does it literally mean:A Field What does the name Dracula mean in Romanian: Son of the Devil .Water Which country consumes the most chicken per capita: Saudi Arabia What was the distress call before SOS.Snake Which vegetable is also a flower.

108 belonged to USA.C.capital city of Bolivia (south america). • The present palace of sultan of brunei in the capital city of bandar seri begawan consisting of 1788 rooms is the largest palace.It is 151 feet one inch high from the base to torch.000 miles per second. • Light is the fastest thing in the universe.14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.515 time that of water.It has density of 5. • The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world. • Edible part of tomato is whole fruit. • The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 A.Belinda Mooney • The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: William Gilbert • All of the oxygen that you breathe has been produced by the splitting of water during __ Oxidative phosphorylation ___. • The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest pessenger ship in the world.D) was the first Muslim dynasty.D. it is also considered as Greatest war.Its average height is 25 feet and about 12 feet wide at the top. • The maximum ever temperature of 136.44 belonged to germany and 34 were japanese.400 US dollars. • Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36. 1960. • One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. and second world war started in 1939 when germany attacked on poland. • The earth is the densest planet of universe .dogs only have about ten • There was once an undersea post office in the Bahamas • There are more chickens than people in the world • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel.these are tombs of khufu. There were 311 individual billionaires in the world.out of these.Pisa • The most common name in the world is Mohammed • Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds. Etienne Lenoir • The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: Ben Franklin • The scientist who discovered water.• Whose name translates as Emperor of all -Genghis Khan • Which country was the first to issue parking tickets:France • Name the first war submarine invented by David Bushnell it sank Turtle • In which city was Galileo born. • The great wall of china was completed in 204 B.D.. • La Paz. • Jericho.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187. • The statue of liberty (newyork) was installed in 1886. • According to the Forbcs magazine.khafra and menkaura. • The three pyramids of eqypt were built from 2700 to 2500 B. .C. • The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. • Columbus discovered america on 1492 A. • The panch pokhri lake situated in the himalaya mountains is the highest lake in the world. • The city rome was founded in 753 B.1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129. by romolus. 366.4 F was recorded on september 13.It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august .D. • First world war was began on 1914 A. • The muslim rule of spain lasted from 711 to 1492 A.C.C. • Mahavira(founder of jainism)and gautama buddha (founder of buddism) were contemporaries and flourished in india in the 6th century B. • The cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets.it is 1500 miles long.situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world. is situated at an altitude of 3631 metres (12087 feet) from the sea level.

1993. Hiroshima was the first city Atom bomb dropped.1958.1906 and first president was Sir Agha Khan.2 sultans.a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes. • The world famous golden gate bridge is located in San francisco(usa). It has 9 zeroes.7 hereditary sheikhs. The Indo-European branch to which english belongs is germanic. • United Nations spends a lion`s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations • A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is known as ―peninsula ". • The lowest per capita income in the Muslim world is of Somalia. • Eritrea became an independent state on may 24. It rises up to a height of 111 metres (366 feets). • South Africa is the country which has three capitals. • Out of the 193 sovereign independent nations of the world 147 are republics and other 46 are under personal rules (14 kings. 1999. carrier"U. • About half of the world population speaks indo-european languages.D. • The density of population usually measured in person per sq. • All-india Muslim league was established in 1906 and Quaid-e-azam joined in 1913. • Asian Development Bank was established on 16th jan.1 grand duke.S.6093 kms.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1.1 emperor. • In 1945. • The original inhabitants of USA are known as Red Indians. • Air conditioner invented by "willis H.• The world is divided into 24 time zones. • Camera(photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N.3 queens. similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes. • Blue color has shortest wavelength • Protein is a natural polymer • The paper currency first introduce by china • Redwood or Giant Sempervirens is the tallest tree in the world . • Hongkong was returned to china on july 1. km • The Eifel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel • The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant • The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz • The first Republican President of America was Abraham Lincoln • The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil • The name of Alexander's horse was Beucephalus • Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles • The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson • The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica • The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher . • Sunlight is composed of seven colours • "Braille system" is used for the education of Blind.1 constitutional monarch etc). • Gwadar became a part of pakistan on september 9. the longitudinal meridian passing through greenwich. in 1902.each 15` long titude wide. Niepce"france in 1822. • Lousis Braille of France made it possible for the blind to read and write. • Radcliff was a lawyer by profession. • All india mulim league was formulated on december 30. • Afghanistan got independence on 19th aug 1919. • Leo Tolstoy was the political guru of Gandhi. • Christopher columbus discovered bahamas on 12 oct 1492 A. • Russia invaded afghanistan on dec 27.England is the starting point and is called the prime meridian. • A billion contain 1000 million.a quadrillion 15 zeroes.1979. • One inch is equal to 2. • Pakistan-Afghanistan border ' Durand line ' was drawn in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand and Afghanistan`s ruler Abdur rehman khan.1997.

• The famous Empire State Building in located in New York.USA • Archimedes was born in Sicily • The famous General Motors company was founded by William Durant • The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy • The White House was painted white to Hide fire damage • "History is Bunk"was said by Henry Ford • The term ``astrology' literally means Star Speech • Togo is situated in Africa • The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was Genghis Khan • The first talkie feature film in USA was The Jazz Singer • The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of Parliament in London is called Big Ben • Prado museum is located in Madrid • The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight • `Man is a Tool Making Animal' was said by Benjamin Franklin • The term 'anesthesia'was coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes • Number of schools of thoughts is 52. • Bastille was a jail in Paris. • Bermuda is the colony of UK. it is famous for its Space Observatory. • Akal Takht is a place of confession of Penance in the Golden Temple complex. • Aleppo is located in Syria. it has been the spiritual and temporal seat of authority of Sikh since 1906. it was destroyed during the French Revolution on 14th July 1789.Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harry Oswald • The first British University to admit women for degree courses was London University • The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival • Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus • The title of Desert Fox was given to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel • The word `Quiz' was coined by Jim Daly Irishman • The original meaning of `Quiz' was Trick • Adolf Hitler was born in Austria • In the year 1811. it was built in 12th Century. • Notre Dom is located in Paris (France).C. It is located in USA. • Jaffna is the headquarters of LTTE guerillas in Sri Lanka. • Micronesia is located in Asia. • Bermuda Triangle is in Caribbean region. . • Leaning tower of Pisa. • Blue Mosque is in Istanbul. • Farat valley is in Iraq. • Hanging garden of Babylon is situated in Baghdad and was planted in 603 B. • Jodrell Bank is located in Great Britain. • Camp David is famous for Camp David Accord.Paraguay became independent from Spain • The cross word puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynney • Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan • The famous painting `Mona Lisa'is displayed at Louvre museum. it is a church.• The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Federick Auguste Bartholdi • John F. it is located in Italy. this is included in seven wonder of the world. which took place between Egypt and Israel.Paris • The earlier name for tomato was Love apple • The famous words `Veni Vidi Vici'were said by Julius Caesar • Disneyland is located in California.

• Temple mount is located in Jerusalem. • Lumbin is the birthplace of Gautam Budh. • Philippines comprises of 7000 tropical islands. it is in Nepal. . • USA president tenure is of 4 years. • Jordan is an Islamic country which has boundary with many countries. • Bosnia Herzegovina became independent on Jan 17. 1990. • Sao Paulo is the largest city of South America. it was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti (246-210) BC. • The majority of Japan‘s Population is by religion Shinto. • Japan is an archipelago. • Melbourne is the capital city of Australian city Victoria. • Yellow Stone National Park is in USA. • Manchester is the city of Great Britain famous for textile industry. • Goethe was German in origin. • The Indonesian island Bali is famous for Temples. His tomb is in the city of Kasur. • Abu Simbal is the famous temple in Egypt. • Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3. • Baltic States is the name given to the European countries like Lithuania. • Newton was of English Origin. • Haroon ur Rashid belonged to Abbasid dynasty. serious earthquake hit in 1997. • Robert Mugabe is the personality of Zimbabwe. • Olympia is a place with temple of Zeus and Hera. • Dehro Dun is located in UP (India). it is famous for its military academy. • Golan Heights are located in Syria. 1996. • Kobe is a Japanese city and port heavily bombarded in World War-I. • Buland Darwaza is situated near Agra its height is 176 feet. • Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon. • Indonesia has 3000 islands. • The term Boxer Rebellion is associated with China. • Adam‘s bridge is 17 miles long line of rock and sand bank between India and Sri Lanka. Latvia and Estonia. 986 feet high. • George Bush is 44th US president and 15th to be elected twice. • Toronto is in North America. • Spanish is the official language of Argentina. • Berlin was approved as a capital on 20th June 1991. • Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. • Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt. • Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990. • Mauna Loa (USA) is the largest active volcano of the world. • Mermaid Statue is in Copenhagen. • Hague is the city of Holland. • Namibia is administrated by South Africa. • Greatest number of space walk (10) is held by Alexander Serebrov of Russia. the total length of the wall is 1684 miles or 6000 kms. now used as a winders stations. • Kosovo mostly consists of Albanian Muslims. • The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg. • Firdusi was a Persian poet. it is also an important sea port.• Eiffel tower of Paris was built in 1887-89 by Gustav Eiffel. • Shakespeare was of Great Britain. • UAE is the federation of 7 Emirates. • Aukland and Christ Church are the major cities of New Zealand.

• In China the Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966 -1969. • On July 20.• President Roosevelt of USA delivered his famous Four Freedoms speech in 1941. • Sumerian Civilization were settled in Euphrates and Tigris regions.D. • Doer war fought between South Africa and British. • British rules over India about 90 years. • Worst explosion. • Glorious Revolution in England took place in 1688. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles. • Imam Ayatullah Khumani Brought about an Isl amic revolution in Iran by ousting Shah Reza Shah in the year 1979. • The ancient Chinese were great scientists and invertors. who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson. It was put to use in Dec 1943 in UK. • Soviet Union Officially broke up on Dec 26. • Hapsburg dynasty. • People‘s Republic of chine gained its independence in 1949 under the leadership of Mao Zedong. they invented magnetic compass during Hun dynasty. • Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and settled in Paris. • The famous British Naval commander. 1991. Dec 3. • Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865. 2003. • USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945. • 1993.D Roosevelt was elected as president for three times. • Hong Kong was returned to china on 1 July 1997.D Eisenhower. • Shah Barendra family was assassinated in Nepal 2 June 2001. • There are 5 lending religions in the world. • Luther King is associated with the reformation movement. • The name of American magnate Rockefeller is related to Iron Industry. • Before Independence East Timor was being ruled by Indonesia. • Akbar the great ruled the India from 1556-1605 A. • Han Dynasty was in China. • F. • Christians faced stiff opposition from Romans. 1984 occurred in Bhopal (India). • Famous Lady Helen Keller belonged to US. • Great Wall of China was built in 204 BC. • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974. Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon. A. • Delhi Sultans were of Lodhi Dynasty. • 1500. Weimer republic. • Michael Keamay of USA graduated at the age of 10 years.Value colossus was the first programmable computer of the world. Madam Tansu Cillar became prime minister of Tukey. • In Opium war Britain fought against China. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28. • Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1. Third Reich belongs to Germany.D. • Shogun period (1603-1867) is related to Japan. • Ajmeer is fomous for a sufi saint‘s tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti. . 1991. • Slobodan Milosevic belonged to Yugoslavia. • The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D. • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988. 1969. Germany was divided among 4 major powers. • Hanover dynasty belonged to Great Britain. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952. • Duke of Wellington was of England. • At the end of Second World War in 1945.

• In April 1986 the place named CHERNOBYL gained world fame due to accident in Atomic Reactor.C. • The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D. • Virtue party belongs to Turkey. • Majority of the population of Vietnam comprise of Buddhist. • Statue of liberty is 151 feet tall. • Mohen jo Daro was founded by Sir John Marshall. • Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941. It is the site of ancient archeological excavation. located in the Liberty Island in New York. • Naval Missile Brahmos Cruise Missile is an Indian Missile. • The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal. • Industrial Revolution first started in Britain.• Iraqi general who brought about military revolution in Iraq by ousting kind Faisal on 14th July 1958 was Abdul Karim Qasim. the white marble mausoleum built by shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1529. Normandy is located in France. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian Architect) over twenty years. • Taj Mahal is locted in Agra. It is made of copper. • Cambodian language has 74 Alphabets. • Buddhism is non-theistic religion. Agricultural Adjustment Act is related to President Roosevelt. • AAA. It unveiled in 1886. . • Countries Area wise-Russia-Canada-China-USA-Brazil. • China‘s population is about 1261 million. • Romulus founded the city of Rome in 753 B. It was presented by France to US. It was dismantled by East German Gov. • In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina. • The currency Euro was launched on 1 Jan 1999. • The original residents of India before the arrival of the Aryan were Dravidians.C. • Young fish is called fingerling. • After the First World War the Dawes Plan was launched in year 1924. • The Marshal Plan was announced on 5th June 1947 at Ha rvard. • A group of Nightingales is called a Watch. • Alexander died in Babylon in 322 B. • Taxilla is the ancient city of the province of Punjab. • The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935. • A French economist named Francois Quesnay proposed the concept of Laissez -Faire in the 18th Century. which denotes that people were worshippers of it. on Nov 18th 1989. • American war of Independence started in 1776 and came to an end in 1783. There is found of statue of bull. also know as mound of dead. • Hellas is the word appears on the postage stamp of Greece. • Federal system has central and provincial government. • 250 children born every minute. • Berlin Wall kept East and West Germany divided for 28 years. The people residing there were traders by profession. • Northern Europe is known with Scandinavian Region and Nordic Region. • Joey is the kid of Kangaroo. • After breakup Grobachev became president of USSR. • Currently out of the worlds population the Muslims are one fifth. • After the first world war (1914-18) the Allies signed a treaty of Sevres in 1920 with Turkey. • Gam of Whales.Day landgin during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. • Sadam Hussain Became President in 1979.

. • Latin term De Jure means by Law. • The term cartel refers to Unity of parties. • King Faisal is called ―The Islamic Coordinator‖. • The creator of ―Mona Lisa‖ belonged to Italy. • Akbar was died at Agra in 1650. • ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway. • Equine is for horse. • Reconciliation means when third party investigates and suggests a solution to a dispute. • Agraphia means inability to write. • In 1783 Britain acknowledged the independence of USA. • Caucasus is situated between Caspian and Black Sea. • Barbers invaded North Africa before Arabs. factions or nation in a common cause. • Caprine is for goat. • Canine is for dog. • The Labor party believes in Socialism. • Pavonine is for peacock. • Term the belief in the ―rightness‖ of rule is legitimacy. monkey. • Simian is for apes. is associated to textile industry. • Feline is for horse. • Gallup poll is the method of assessing public opinion through representative expression of opinion of cross reaction of the population of a country. • Aquiline is for eagle. • Ursine is for bear. • Black Death reaches England in 1348. • Antwerp is called by the name of key to the common market. • The term ―In Camera‖ is used for the trial of case when case is heard without reporting to public. • Lupine is for wolves. • In literacy term the dramatic work with aims at exciting laughter is called Farce. • Corvine is for crow. • Leonine is for cat. • Orangutan means man of the woods. • The word Iron Curtain was used by Winston Churchill. • Stone Age is also known as Paleolithic period. Ahmedabad. • Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation. • Bovine is for cattle. • Tax on import and Export is called Tariff. • American‘s parliament is Congress. • Ovine is for sheep. • Psittacine is for parrot. • Kabul in the largest city of Afghanistan. • New name of Lyallpur is Faisalabad. • Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal. • ―Warsak Dam‖ has been built on the River Kabul. • Vulpine is for fox. • Indian city. • Tyranny is the form of government in which one person rules arbitrarily.• The international customary laws which allow states to punish as offender are known as criminal Juris Gentium. • Intifada denotes Palestinian uprising. • 5 June is known as World Environment Day. • The US Senate comprises 100 members. • Popular name of Canada is Land of Maple.

• Croix de Guerre is the highest military award of France. • King Faisal was shot dead by his nephew in 1975. • Montesquieu was a political sociologist. • Due to buffer system. • The city of Jerusalem is known as ‗Al Quran‘.4. Shah is a History. • Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound. • Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘. • The currency of Syria is pound. • Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in America. • Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom. • The shape of the baseball is • Karl Marx belonged to Germany. • Mao joined communist party in 1921.b. • Machiavelli was born in Florence. • Khalid bin Waleed had been titled as ‗saif-ullah‘. • Holy prophet (p. • Iraq is called the ‗site of ancient civilization‘. .• ‗National People‘s Assembly‘ belongs to Algeria. • Duke Wellington won the battle of Waterloo. Iraq occupied Kuwait.B. • Lenin was a Bolshevik leader. • Derawar fort is located in Cholistan Desert. by the intervention of U. • Som is the currency of Uzbekistan. • The term ‗intifada‘ means uprising. • Fort Monroe is located at Suleiman hills. • Boxing is called ‗noble art of self defence‘. • Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988. • Balloki barrage is located on Ravi. • Loan to a corporation is ‗debt funding‘. • 8 furlongs make one mile. • Hitler‘s theory of the state is known as National Socialism. 1990. • Bentham is the father of utilitarianism. human blood has a ph of 7. • Relli is the name of a game. • Aeroflot is Russia‘s airline. • Headquarter of PLO is in Tunisia. • The theme of the famous play ‗Caesar and Cleopatra‘ by G. • ‗Bear‘ is a symbol of Russia. • On 2nd August. in the city of Riyadh. • ‗Gita or Vedas‘ are the holy books of Hindus. • ‗Tripitak‘ is the holy book of Buddhists. • John Locke advocated basic human rights. • Hindenburg line is a boundary line between Poland and Germany. • Rousseau was born in Geneva. part of Punjab. • In East Jerusalem ‗wailing wall‘ is a sacred place of Jews. • Bakhtar is the news agency of Afghanistan.u. • Samudar Gupta is called ‗Napoleon of India‘. • Changa Manga. • The reign of Razia Sultana lasted for 3 years. is famous for Sheesham Timber forest. • Nepal is the only Hindu state in the world. • Indus Valley civilization was destroyed by Aryans.) had been poisoned by a Jewish hostess at the time of the conquest of Khyber. • General secretariat of the European parliament is in Luxemburg. • Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.h.N. • 50 nations are there in Africa.

• The lower house of France consists of National assembly. • UAE consists of seven independent states. . also known as the mosque of ‗Sultan Ahmad‘. • Aibak died while playing game. • Zafarullah khan was the first foreign minister of Pakistan. • The poetry of Jalal-ud-Din was in Persian language. • Tower of silence is Place where dead remains of followers of Zoroastrian are placed after funeral rituals. • • • • • • Shale is not a metamorphic rock. • National game of Switzerland is skiing. • Omar bin Abdul Aziz was a caliph of Umayyad dynasty. one of US states. • Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet. • Safety stock of the grains hold by the government is ‗overhead stock‘. • Virginia. To show the distribution of people of Pakistan we should use ‗Do method‘. • General Rommel is called ‗desert fox‘. • In America the residuary powers are vested in the sates. an ancient wonder. • Buddhism accounts for 100% total population in Bhutan. • The American president Mr. • ‗Cherie Blaire‘ is the 1st day of England. Fujaira are three of the seven states. and it is situated in Istanbul. Pristine is the capital of Kosovo. Roosevelt was elected for four times. • The federal government of the USA came into existence on 30th April. under the constitution 1973 is a Federal subject. • Waris shah is called the ‗Shakespeare of Punjabi literature‘. • The term of a US senator is 6 years. Hieroglyphics is the script of Nile Civilization. • Two terms tenure of US parliament was fixed in 1951. Abu Dhabi. • PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by Sikhs in 1984. Shah Jehan is called the ‗master builder‘. • ‗Lords‘ is famous a cricket ground in England. • The federalists later on assumed new name. • ‗The pharos of Alexandria ‗. Republicans. • The anti federalists later on assumed new name ‗CAVALIERS‘. • ‗Blue mosque‘. was situated in an Island near Alexandria was a light house. • Faiz Ahmed Faiz is the only Pakistani poet who got ‗LENIN PRIZE‘. is called the MOTHER OF PRESIDENTS. •. is the only mosqu e in the world that has six minarets. • House of lord is the final court of appeal in England. • Mizzini was known as the ‗the prophet of Italian Unification‘. • General sales tax. • Mauritius is the part of the world that is known as ‗star and key of the Indian ocean‘. 1787. • The queen can do no wrong means the queen is immune fr om the jurisdiction of law. • All light waves have same frequency. • The American declaration of independence was issued in 178 3. • Abdur Rasheed was the first chief Justice was the first chief justice of Pakistan.• Uqba-bin-Nafah is called ‗Muslim Alexander‘. Big Ben is a clock placed on British parliament. • During the civil war the supporter of the parliament came to be called Roundheads supporters of OLIVER CROMWELL and the parliamentarians against KING CHARLES 1 during the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR. • Who was Bismarck: German Politician and statesman. POLO. Sharjah. • Republican Party was founded by Alexander Hamilton.

• Who wrote 'Muslim Sufferings under Congress Rule':Maulvi Fazlul Haq. • Nubian Monuments are located in Egypt. • Annual Census in Pakistan is carried out every 10th year. • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338 -1453. • The D-Day operation during IInd World War was launched on the coast of Normandy.• General Sherman is a living old tree in California State of U. • Bio-diesel is prepared: From oilcake. • After persistent decay. • Insulin drug was discovered by Paul Langerhans. 1849 • In English Dictionary Which Word Has Largest Words? S • What are Capital goods? Goods used for further production • Winter rains in Pakistan come from Mediterrenian Sea. • The real brother of Hazrat Yousuf A. • The founder of Falmid dynasty was Al -Mahdi. • Grand Canyon National Park in U. 1988. • World's largest delta is in Bangladesh. • Taliban movement in Afghanistan emerged from Kandhar. • Pakistan's largest oil fields are located in District Badin. . (Compact Disc: James T. • Kalhora rulers of Sindh were originally Hashmi Sayeds. • Marseilles is the seaport of France.S. radium would be finally changed into Lead.S. • Panini was a great scholar of Sanskrit language. • Who invented CD. is located in the State of Arizona. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee Fine grains of Iron oxide.S was Bin-Yamin. • Robindranath Tagore was A Bengali novelist. • Speed of sound in air is? 1200 KM/Hour • How many planets are is solar system? 8 • Which cell does not have a nucleus? RBC • Abusive Drug Which Cells Of Body Most Effected? Brain • Crime rate is? 1. • Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx. • Wenceslas square is in Prague. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd. • Nanga Parbat is commonly known as: Killer mountain. Russell. • Largest coal deposits have been discovered in which Taluka of Sindh Province: Diplo. • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto became first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan on December 2. • Sindh Sagar is between the rivers of: Indus and Jhelum.000 persons per year • Who killed Abu-Jahal? Maaz & Mauz • Pakistan Falls in? Golden Triangle • Major export of Pakistan is? Cotton • On US map Alaska State is on? Away from mainland • British occupied Punjab?.A. • After drinking contaminated water you would be most apt to develop symptoms of ‗typhoid fever‘. • Horse is the Chinese name given to the year 2000.

• Incident ‗Boston Tea Party‘ took place in America. • Czar title was used by the rulers of Russia from 1547 to 1721. • National Institute of Oceanography Karachi was established in 1983. • Flying foxes are tropical foxes that can fly. • Pharaoh is the title of the king of ancient Egypt. • Sinai Peninsula was vacated and returned to Egypt in 1982. • Hot money is said for money which moves from one place to another to seek profit or high rate of interest. • Lord Chesterfield quoted ‗idleness is only the refuge of weak minds‘. • The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya. • Zenda vesta is a holy book of parsis. • Two boundary commissions were appointed to demarcate the boundaries between two new states. • The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer. • Timbola is a kind of lottery. • Singapore city is known as ‗lion city‘. • Liver receives blood from the alimentary canal through hepatic portal vein. • Canada is a leading producer of wood pulp in the world. • King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term. 1962. • A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone. • Under an agreement with Italy. • The successful cloning of a sheep was reported by scientist from Roslin Institute Edinburgh (UK) in 1998. • Dr.• The first Afro-Asian conference held in April 1955. • Eritrea gained independence on 24th May. • Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990. Pakistan and India. 1993. • After joining congress. Vatican city came into being as a sovereign state on 11th February. • A pair of scissors is an example of a lever. • NPT came into force on 1970. 1929. • Czar is the title used by the ruler of Russia from 1547 to 1721. • The chemical name of baking soda is sodium bicarbonate. • Dick Turpin was a highway man. • Jamaica was granted full independence on 6th August. • Pair of doors belongs to the second class of lever. • Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • At the equator. • Four US presidents are so far assassinated. • Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string. • The Bofors scandal occurred in India. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953. . • The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs. • Dr. • Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • Indira Gandhi was the famous PM who first used the popular slogan ‗gharibi hatao‘. Muslim League joined the interim government in October 1946. • The reduction or elimination of inflation is called creeping inflation. They ruled Egypt for 25 centuries.Abdussalam was awarded Nobel Prize in 1979. the equation of the day is 12 hours. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent. • The largest city of South Africa is Cape Town. Arab league has seven countries. • Initially. • Nixon Doctrine was outlined in July 1969. • London carnival was first started in 1964. • During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm. • Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico.

• Earthworm is a bi-sexual. • Necent state in which atomic state of an element as a resu lt of chemical reaction in which it a more active than in ordinary molecular state. is found in liver of sheep. • Lenin was the founder of the Russian socialist state. Paul‘s cathedral in London. It is due to Fluorescence. • Declaration of human rights was adopted on 10th December. • Privatization program began in Pakistan is 1991. • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood. • The first European scientist. was Copernicus. • Live Fluke. • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature i s called regulation. biologically called Fasciola. • Tanzania was formed by the unification of two countries. • Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in water. • Flag flown at half mast means national mourning. • Eyes of insects are compound. • Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966. • Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. Tanganyika and Zanzibar. who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe. • Maginot line divides France from Germany. • Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic. • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes. 1984. • Docking means rendezvous and link up of spacecraft. . • Afghanistan was known as Ariana. • Skin does not excrete oil. • Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.• Islamic summit Minar is erected in Lahore. • Name of a famous mosque in Beijing is Niujie Mosque. • 1480. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. Ghana was called ‗Gold Coast‘. • The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in Karachi. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. • Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm. • Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs. • Christopher Wren designed St.000 km is the distance from sun to earth. • Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple. • Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral. • Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge. • National anthem of Pakistan was played for the first time on August 13. 00. • Anundsen discovered South Pole in December 14. • New varieties of organisms can be brought about by hybridization. • Prior to independence. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. 1911. • Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata) marine animal. • Olive branch is a sign of peace. • Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called Xerophytes. • Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C. • Islam was introduced to China in the middle period of the seventh century. 1954. • 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound.

• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast. • Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy. • Cellulose respiration is done by Mitochondrion. kiwis. • Oven birds build strong nests. • Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of nomenclature. • Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides. • Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits. • Male birds are more colorful than females. • 0. • Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy. • Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness. • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissoci ation of electrolyte. • Fertilization is fusion of two game tics of different strains. • Smell is the weakest sense in Birds. • Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. fungi. • Protoplasm is a colloidal solution. the sex organs are primitive and hidden. • Dyne is a unit of Force.• Male child is born if xy chromosomes are united. • Flaps are used as air brakes. • Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm. • Birds bones are hollow. • Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered seed. • Amphibians were the first vertebrate. • Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis. • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz. • Birds do not fly are penguins. ostriches. • Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms. • Chlorophyll contains magnesium. • Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. . • Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food. • Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water. • The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of Stomata. • Mahalanobis model laid great emphasis on development of heavy industries. • Snake have been evolved from lizard. • Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance. • The organisms which are the only living membrane of their group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil. • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in with tunnel. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world. • Proteins are synthesized by golgi bodies. • The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds‘ nest to hatch. • Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit. • In Nuclear DNA is concentrated in chromatin. • Grains swell in water due to imbibiti ons. • Linseed oil is used while oil painting. • Thallophytia include algae. • Weaver birds are called to the birds who build their nests. emus. • Birds are warm blooded animals. and lichens. • Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight. • In cryptograms.200 grams are equal to one carat. • Mammals cannot be cold blooded. • Seeds are developed from Ovule.

• Yougoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963. a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations was started in 1880 in Ottoman Empire. • Frescois a method of painting on plaster (usually a wall) meaning fresh. • Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was one of the first to study animal behavior. • A. Egg-tadpole-adult frog.> a series of changes.D means in the year of our Lord. • Long March was 9600 km journey organized by Mao Tse Tang in the year of 1931 -1934. carry the first American into space lauched on 5th May. • Dinosaur means ―Terrible‖ lizard. • Balfour Declaration was issued in 2 Nov: 1917. • Oscar Award was introduced by Louis B Mayer of Metro Goldwin -Mayer Academy Award in 1927. • Bootlegging is a form of smuggling. • Paper was invented in 3500 BC by Chinese. • Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal. • Amal is radical Lebanese Shi‘ite military force established in 1970 by Musa Sadr. • Printing was invented by Chinese. a secret Arab organization was founded in Basra. 1961. • Mercury Project first manned space programme of USA. • First black president of South Africa was Nelson Mandela his party was banned in 1961 and he was imprisioned. • Paper was invented in 3500 B. • Guru (teacher) Nanak was the founder of Sikhism. • The name of heaviest dinosaur was Branchiosaurus.• There are three stages of frog. • Resin is sticky liquid that emits from plants. Sleeping through hot. • Unity. • Balfour Declaratoin issued in 2 Nov: 1917. • Religion of Chinese people is Confucianism. • Vnukovo Airport is located at Moscow. • Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal. • River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice. • Vnukovo airport is in Moscow. • Pan-Islam. • Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest and only survived wonder. Vitus‘s Dance is a disease. • Bootleggin is a form of smuggling. • Philately is the hobby of stamp collection. • Intifada is Palestinian uprising. dry condition is called aestivation. • Fresco is a method of painting on plaster it means fresh. a 9600-km journey in 1934 was undertook by Chinese Communists under Mao De Tong. • Metamorphosis . • Long March. faith & discipline was used by Quaid on Dec: 28. • Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest Pyramid built in Egypt.C by Chinese. • Ikhwan as Safa. Surviving cold condition like this is called hibernation. • St. Iraq. • Intifada is Palestinian uprising. 1947. • Pan-Islam originated in 1880 in Ottomon Empire was a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations. • Yugoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963. • Hydaspes River is now called the Jhelum River. • Silk was made firstly in China. • Survive very cold weather or very dry weather by going into a deep sleep. . • Feminism is the belief that women subordination to men should end.

• Mobile phones started in 1977. • Penology is the study. • Harward University is in USA. • The first tanks were used in 1916 during WW-I by British. • Among the Seven Wonders. • Fortress of Grenada. • Lens at the end of the comp ound microscope is called objective. • Turkey and Russia are both in Europe & Asia. • Blitzkrieg means sudden attack. • Babylon was on the bank of Euphrates. • Hanging gardens were in Babylon. • Dragon is the symbol of China. • Shah Jahan built Taj Mehl for Mumtaz Mehal is located in Agra. • Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960. • First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. • Parses follow Zoroastrianism. • Red Square is in Moscow. • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia. • At Hyde Park London public meetings are assembled.• Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. • Bear is the symbol of Russia. Egypt. • Pentagon is in Arlington. Russia & Azerbaijan. • Ulster Unionists wanted to retain British rule in Northern Ireland. • Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran. • Length of India-China border is 3. . • Eskimos live in Igloo. • Capital of Tebet is Lhasa. • Watergate scandal involved President Richard Nixon in 1972. known as Alhamra is in Spain. • Christopher Coloumbus belonged to Italy. • Francisco Fernandez introduced Tobacco in Europe. Virginai state. the Colony of Portugal. • East Timore. Turkey in 1999. • American Naval Base ―Diego Garcia‖ is in Indian Ocean. • Capital of ancient Babylonia was Babylon. • Protoza was first observed in compound microscope. • Tour De France is French cycle race. • Pentagon was designed by George Burgstrom. • Ireland is also called Eire. • Cyprus was divided into Turkish Repbublic of Northern Cyprus and Greek Cyprus in 1974.380 km. • Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. • Cathy Pacific is an island. • Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal in 1956. Church of Saint Sophia is located in Istanbul. • Seatle is the seaport of USA. • Qutub Minar is in New Delhi. • Russian equivalent of Pentagon is Kremlin. • Tiwan separated from China in 1949. theory and practice of prison management & criminal reha bilitation. Cambridge is in UK • Titanic sank on 14 April. • Al-Azhar University I located in Cairo. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir. • White House is in Washington DC. was captured by Indonesia in 1975. • Alma-Ata (Father of Apples) is the capital of Kazakhstan. • Anti-Semitism means animosity towards Jews. • Magna Carta is known as the Bible of English Constitution. 1912 on voyage from Southampton to New York City in North Atlantic.

Argentina 9. • Scandinavia constitutes 3 states. • Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 and rejoined in 1989. Brazil 6. Balfour announced British support to establish Jewish state in Palestine in November 2. • The Batista regime in Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro in January 1959. Pakistan 8. USA 4. China 2. Australia 7. Russia 7.• Frigid Zone is the area withing the polar circle area around the South Pole. Indonesia 5. • Mustafa Kamal Pasha gave 6 Principles of Kemalism. Brazil 6. • MI-5 is the secret agency of UK. • Guantanamo Bay is in Cuba. Mr. • Saddam Hussain executed on 30 Dec: 2006. 1991. • Mani was the Judge of world court. USA 5. • After 27 years of imprisonment.C is on Capitol Hill. • House of U. 1917. Bangladesh 9. • Anti-governmental protests in China by students. Japan . • LAIA stands for Latin American Integration Association. • Tartus is the seaport of Syria. India 3. Canada 3. • World population was one billion in 1803. workers and some government officials took place: Tiananmen Square. • Statue of Liberty was gifted to US by France in 1884 • Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa. in 1989 • The British Secretary of Foreign Affairs A. • Karl Mark and Engels presented the Communist Manifesto in 1848. India 8. • The Chinese communist party was founded in 1921. • Rasko mountain is situated in Baluchistan • Singapore became independent in 1965 • The ‗Aid to Pakistan Consortium‘ meets every year in: Paris • One US barrel is equal to: 159 litres • Ten Largest Nations By Area 1. China 4. Russia 2. • Soviet Union was replaced by Russian federation in December. Kazakhstan 10. • Dayton Accord was signed to solve the problem of Bosnia. Sudan By Population 1.S Congress in Washington D. • The idea of SAARC originated in the mind of Zia ur Rehman. Nelson Mandela was released in 1990.

• Mc Mohan line is the boundary line between India and China. • Extreme temperature was recorded in Aziziya (Libya) 58° C in 1922. • Maginot line is French line of fortification built in WWII along the German border form Switzerland to Belgium. • Largest continuous frontier is b/w Canada and USA. • Greatest snow fall is recorded at Tamarack California (USA) • Planetary winds consist of doldrums. • Radcliff line is the boundary between Pakistan and India. • Green Line is a demarcation line between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities.2° C. • Durand line is 1300 mile long frontier b/w Paki stan & Afghanistan demarcated in 1893-95. • 24th parallel Line lies in Rann of Kutch. it is also an important sea port. • Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt. • Dead line is a boundary line around a military prison which prisoners are forbidden to cross.10. • Hindenburg line separates Germany from Poland. • Canada has the world‘s longest coastline. • The world‘s smallest republic is Nauru. • 49th Parallel Line is the boundary line between Canada and the USA. • Canada is the country with most lakes. • Dead line is the line or boundary of a military prison. • Maginot line divides France from Germany. • 17th parallel line is the boundary line between North Vietnam and the South Vietnam. Nigeria • Smallest by area and population is Vatican City. It was demarcated in 1914. . • Most densely populated continent is Asia. • 38th Parallel line is the boundary between North and South Korea.49 miles. Nepal are landlocked countries of Asia. • • Mannerheim line was defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union. Bhutan. It is frontier between Pakistan and India. • Oder-neisse Line was boundary b/w Germany & Poland during WWII. IMPORTANT GEOGRAPHICAL LINES • A Curzon line is the polish-Russian frontier setup in 1945. it has over 200 passes. • Most sparsely populated territory is Antarctica. It divides France from Germany. • Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets. • Monaco has a shortest coastline of 3. • Plimsoll Lime is a horizontal line on a merchant ship to which a ship the upper limit to which a ship may be legally loaded. • Afghanistan. trace winds and westerlies. • Highest rainfall is recorded at Cherrapunji (India). • Pak-Iran border line was demarcated on 24th Sep: 1872. IMPORTANT STREETS • Bond Street is located in London. • Green line is a painted line in Nicosia (Cyprus) that serves as a demarcation line b/w Greek & Turkish Cypriot communities. It was demarcated in 1947 by Sir Cyril Radcliff. • Second smallest by area is Monaco • Gibraltar is the smallest colony. which prisoners are not allowed to cross. • Line of control is b/w Azad Kashmir & Occupied Kashmir. Antarctica -89. • Lowest temp: was recorded at Vostok. It is famous for tailoring and jewelry. Mongolia.

finance and stock exchange market. • Sialkot has the highest annual rainfall. • • Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty relating to environmental problems. • Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zaklariaya belongs to Chistia order. • Wall Street is located in New York. It is the longest street in the world. Scandinavia & Alaska are called Peninsula. • The total length of railways in Pakistan is 8875 km. • Elgin Street is located in Scotland. It is the stock exchange market of Mumbai. It was named after Sir George Drowning. • The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is in Malakand. • Equator passes through Brazil.• Dalal Street is located in Mumbai (India). • After Australia. • Canal Street is the widest street in USA. a diplomat under Cromwell and King Charles II. It is regarded as biggest street in the world. • The country to adopt gold standard for the first time was UK. Europe is the smallest continent. • Monsoon wind reverses seasonlally. • The longest river in South Asia is Brahmputra. • Arabia. 1992. This street is also called the Crookedest Street.Grosvener Square. It is the financial centre in San Francisco. • The richest fishing ground in the world is North Eastern Asia. • Costa Rica is a Central American country. • The length of river Indus is 2880 km. • Sakhalin Islands enriched with oil reserves are claimed by Russia & Jap an. It was built in 1653. 10 is located at Westminster (England). • The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street • • Lombart Street is located in San Francisco. GENERAL • The country which provides free education at university level is Sri Lanka. • China is situated in Eastern part of Asia. • Frost shattering kind of weather takes place on the valley side above the surface of a glacier. • Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema halls. • First system of English short hand was devised in 1602. • When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern longitude then its time will be ahead. • Afghanistan is a landlocked country Central Asia (Chk) • Bosnia-Herzegovina joined the UN on May 22. • Fleet Street is in London where newspaper offices and press agencies are located. • Europe has no desert. • Capital of Micronesia is Palikir. • Roman general Mark Anthony was a poor fisherman. • Changa Manga is famous for sisham Timber forests. • Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). • 6 people lost lives in the Great Fire of London in 1666. It is famous for banking. • Drowning Street No. • Bermuda triangle extends up to South Florida & Puerto Rico. • Vicolo della virilita is the world‘s narrowest street. It is famous for the official residence of the British Prime Minister. . • In which London Street is the US embassy. • Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced in 1984. • The largest district of Punjab by area is Bahawalpurj. • The oldest barrage on the river Indus at Sukkur was built in 1932. • Bofors scandal occurred in India. It is the world‘s shortest street.

It is knwn as Granite City. • Cosmic year: One cosmic year is equal to the time taken by the sun to complete one orbit around the galactic centre. International: International Date Line is an internationally agreed line drawn parallel to the 180° meridian. gave Atomic Theory in 1803 describing atom as the smallest unit of an element . • Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets. • Energy stored in stretched spring is Elastic Potential energy • Energy stored in fossil fuels is chemical energy • Radio waves are Electromagnetic waves • A. • 193 countries are in world. India is the largest exporter of cardamom in the world. • Max height of cloud 20. • Thickness of earth crust 20 miles. • Aberdeen in Scotland is known for Britain‘s largest granite-exporitng industry. 18 in Latin America.000. • Bosons are Photons and Mesons • There is no neutron in the atom of hydrogen • Quark is an atomic particle. • Charles Darwin is famous for his theory of struggle for existence and survival of the fittest. • A theory of acquired character was given by Lamark.C voltage is analogue quantity • Optical fibers work on polarization of electromagnetic waves • Condenser is used to collect the charge • In diesel engine ignition takes place by compression • A radar uses radio waves to detect enemy aircraft • Law of floating bodies was given by Archimedes • Particle with +ve charge but mass equal to electron is positron • Nucleus of an atom has +ve charge. A crossing of the International Date Line entails repeating one day when travelling westwards. Scientists think that proton and neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks • Muttons are particles of atom • John Dalton.7 %. • Alexander (ship) is the name of the ship in which Charles Darwin toured for five years. • Climograph: is a graphical representation of the differentia-tion between various types of climate. • Land occupied by Asia 29. It divides the Pacific Ocean into two equal parts. • Which of the following is a characteristic of sedimentary rocks? They are porous • When does the summer solstice occur in the Southern Hemisphere of our globe? 22nd December • Mediterranean climate has the characteristic of ‗dry summers with great sunshine and rainy winters‘ • Precipitation takes place whentemperature of moisture in air sharply decr eases • Which of the following processes is related to the formation of Himalayas? Folding • The term ‗Eye‘ in a cyclone refers to circular region of relatively light Winds • Gold Harp bridge of Istanbul connects Asia with Europe. • 45 Countries are there in Asia. an English scientist. • Cardamom: Karnataka is the largest producer of car¬damom. • Sigmund Freud is called as the father of modern psychiatry and psychology. • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES • Theory of mutation was propounded by Hygo de Vries. • A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone. • Date Line.• Arakan Yoma: is the exten¬sion of the Himalayas located in Myanmar.

66 x 10 power -27 kg • Charge on proton = 1. • Cantilever brake used in Bicycle. a New Zealander.000 cycles/second • Inaudible sound >20.000 cycles/second • Velocity of sound at 0 deg: C is 331. • Temperature inside a refrigerator is 40 deg: F • The laws of reflection were first discovered by a al . • Portable gadgets = Mobile phones and portable TVs. . • Motor – cross race is for motor cycles. The speed of sound in gases depends on what? Density • Two or more molecules of carbohydrates are linked together through glycosidic bond • peptide bond b\w amino acids.• Gas in children‘ s balloon is Helium • Weight of electron = 9. • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz. These are used in tennis rackets and racin g yacht • Catalytic converter reduce the harmful fumes the engine emits • If you double the voltage you double the current (Ohm‘s law) • What product uses the most silver-Camera Film • The speed of sound depends on the medium through which the waves are pa ssing.000 kilometers per second. joined to form proteins.200 grams are equal to one carat. • Derailleur gears are used in Bicycles. • Carbon fiber is made by heating textile fibers.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb • A proton is 1836 times heavier than an electron • Ordinarily and atom is a neutral particle • Ernest Rutherford. is the linkage b/w N and C • An android is any robot that: has the ability to make decisions and formulate plans • Semaphores were used between sailors for many years to communicate between ships • One of the first long distance communication system invented in 1790 was the semaphores towers • Telegraph was invented in 1821 • Telephone was invented in1876 • Us inventor Samuel More developed the system of dots and dashes of telegraph that was known as Morse Code • Scientist now think that protons and Neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee fine grains of iron oxide.Hazen • 0. in 1908 discovered Atomic Nucleus • Speed of sound is faster in hot air than in cold air • Ultrasonic are sound waves of high frequency = 12000 cycles/sec and higher • Sound travels faster in moist air than in dry air • Sound travels more rapidly in solids • Maximum limit of sound beyond which a man can become deaf is 129 decibel • Audible sound is 20-20. • Engineers use electroni c theodolite and range-finder to measure the distance and angle to calibrated staff.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb • Weight of proton = 1. pictures are projected at the rate of 10 or more/sec • Nuclear Energy is not a source of alternative energy.7 m/s • Echo can only be produces when the distance of the obstacle is at least 17 meters • When we hear a sound. • Speed of light 300. its impressions remain in our ear for 1/10th of a second • Image persists for about 1/10th of second in our eye • For creating a persistence of vision.1 x 10 power -31 kg • Charge on electron = 1.

• Liquid helium is the coldest substance. It was discovered by Michael Faraday. • The noble gases have very low boiling points.9 deg: C • Combustion is a kind of oxidation reaction. Capacitors are important components for making timers. • The first hologram was make in 1962 • Laser = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation • Quartz-halogen bulbs are used in overhead projectors and spotlights • Helium is uses to fill airships and balloons • Helium is used to pressurize hydrogen fuel in rockets and the air in diver‘s air tanks • Apart from radon. • A fluorescent light is a glass tube containing gas which produces UV light when current passed trough it. • A capacitor stores electric charge. • Some of the chemicals from the recycle of old cells are used by liver to make bi le which is stored in gall bladder. • Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank the site for space observatory • Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland and was the first to explain the solar system. • At room temperature the particles in air travel at around 1800 km/h the same speed as a bullet fires from a rifle. • Which one of the following statements regarding sound is true? Its source is always a vibrating material. • Generators convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. • Super conductors are used in very fast computers and also in trains like Maglevs. • A diode conducts electricity easily in one direction but resists the flow of electricity in the other. the noble gases are used in lighting. • Derailleur gear are used in bicycles • Cantilever brake is also used in bicycles • Static electricity makes a balloon stick to the wall after you have rubbed it on your hair. pure color. • British scientist James Prescott Joule discovered the principle of conservation of energy. • The principle behind the generator is electromagnetic induction. gold or plastic? Plastic • Lasers are a special source of light called coherent light this means all the light waves are in step with each other and travel in same direction • Laser produce light of one particular wavelength and it is s single. which is radioactive. • John Bardeen.• • • • Centigrade and Celsius temperatures are same below freezing point. • Which is lighter. • A gas only becomes liquid at -268. . which instrument is used to measure pressure? Manometer the velocity of light was first measured by Olaf Roemer centigrade and fahrenheit scales gives same readings at 32 degrees • The first European scientist who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe was Copernicus. • Electronic theodolite and range finder measures and distance and angle. • Capacitors are used in filtering circuits like treble and bass in hi -fi • Transistors can be used as logic gates • Energy value of food items is expressed in kilojoules (kj) or thousands of joules . Tube is coated with phosphor which glows when UV hits it. • Mobile phones transmit message using radio-type waves called microwaves • Super conductors are also strong diamagnetic this means they strongly repel magnets. Walter Brattain and William Shockley in 1947 used a semiconductor called germanium to make the world‘s first transistor.

• Without exposure to ultraviolet light our bodies would not be able to make vitamin D. They are used to kill cancers. • Waves with a longer wavelength than red light are invisible they are called infrared waves. x-ray can kill bacteria • Violet color of light t ravel thought glass with minimum speed • There is no wavelength of light for color brown.• Weight of an object put in a satellite orbiting in space around the earth is reduced to zero • Movie camera take pictures at rate of 24 pictures per second • Density of water is 1 • Water expands as it freezes to ice. • Invisible Ultraviolet wave have wavelength shorter than violet light. • Mohr‘s scale hardest substance is diamond . • Blue has the shortest wavelength and red the longest. beta and gamma is of gamma rays • Laser rays are used in micro surgery • Alpha radiations produce burns on human body • Newton proved that sunlight consists of different colors • Beta rays are fast moving electrons. • Gamma rays travel with the velocity of light • Gamma rays have maximum penetrating power • Shortest wavelength among alpha. ultra high frequency are radio waves used for TV broadcast • Microwaves are used in radar. • MOTE = Million Tons of oil equivalent • REM = Roentgen equivalent in man • Transverse waves can only be produced in solids • Longitudinal waves can be produced in solids. Astronomers use radio telescope to hear them. convection and radiation • A concave lens is used for the correction of the Hyperphobia • Silver metal has the highest electrical conductivity. • Radar uses microwaves. liquids and gases • On passing thought food stuff. • Anything that is warm produces infrared waves including us. • Color with shortest wavelength is Blue • Violet have shortest wave length and Red has longest wavelength (vibgyor) • Red light‘s wave length is 11800 waves/cm (< infra red) • Least deviated color in prism is red • Greatest deviated color in prism is indigo (chk violet) • Violet light‘s wave length is 23600 waves/cm (> ultra violet) • Ultraviolet rays are less than 3000 deg: A • Greatest value of wavelength is of infra red • Visible waves are between 400-700 nanometers. • Radio waves also come from sun and outer space. • Red light has the longest wavelength while violet light has the shortest. Blue. This makes ice less dense than water which causes ice to float. • Heat flows in three ways conduction. • Infrared waves are used in TV remote control. mobile phones. communication network • Each light color is of different wavelength. . • UHF. microwave oven. • White light is a mixture of all the colors in the rainbow. • Gamma rays come from radioactive materials. • X-rays have shorter wavelength and more energy than ultraviolet rays. • Red. Green are prime colors. The hotter the thin g the more IR.what's the softest: Talc • RAYS AND WAVES • Gamma rays are considered the death rays.

• Standard pressure is 760 mm or 14. • Frequency distinguishes ultrasound from normal audible sound. • Loud speaker converts electrical energy into sound energy. lux • Unit of crude oil is Barrel • Unit of volume of water is cusec. Tesla • Unit of radio activity is Becquerel • Unit of luminous intensity is candle.• Red + Blue + Green = white • The wavelength of visible light is between 1350-2500 • An object that reflects all the light looks white. BTU (Board of Trade Unit) • Unit of electric charge is Coulomb • Unit of voltage is volt • Unit of electric resistance is ohm • Unit of capacitance is Farad • Unit of magnetic flux is Weber. • UNITS OF MEASUREMENT • 1 horse power is 745. Dyne (CGS) • At -40 deg F Fahrenheit scale is equal to centigrade scale • Hertz and Angstrom are units of frequency • Units of work and energy are Joule and Erg (CGS) • Diopter is unit of power of lens • Unit is density is kg/m3 • Unit of power is watt.7 watts • 1 horse power = work equal to lifting 550 lbs of weight to one foot for one second • 1 calorie is equal to 4.7 lb/in2 • Gross is equal to 12 dozens • Mach 2 = 500 miles per hour • 1 nautical mile = 1825 meters • Unit of pressure is Pascal • Force is measured in Newton (SI).6 x 10 power 6 joules • A 100 watt bulb lights for 1 hour uses 100 watt hour of electricity • -273 degree centigrade is called absolute zero temperature.000 Hz. • Electrical lines of forces are imaginary. cubic/sec • Unit of admittance is Mho • Unit of intensity or loudness of sound is bel • Unit of viscosity is Poise • Unit of flight speed is Mach I • Unit of atmospheric pressure is milli bar • Unit of wave length of light is Angstrom . • Light coloured clothes are generally worn in summer • The electrical device which transform voltage : transformer • A nuclear reaction in which two or more than two lighter nuclear are fused together to form a relatively heavier one : nuclear fusion • The three colours combination which produces the sensation of white light : Red green and blue • The clear sky looks blue because of dispersion of light • When light waves travel from air to glass the wavelength and velocity variables are affected.2 Joules • 1 barrel is equal to 159 liters • 6 feet = 1 fathom • 1 kwh = 3. Its f > 20.

.Sound 192 What is measured in grains .(chk) What is measured on the Gay-Lussac scale: Alcohol strength Chronometer is used to measure.. What is the SI unit of illumination -Lux Gross is equal to 12 dozen.four grains to a carat. BTU (British Thermal Unit) Radio activity is measured in currie Rutherford : strength of radioactivity Torr: pressure Fermi : length [A unit of length equal to one femtometer (10-15 meter)] Sved berg unit:sedimentation rate Dioptre: power of lense Mho : conductivity Henry: inductance Maxwell: magnetic flux Becquerel: radioactivity Kilo watt hour: power Coulomb: unit of electrical charge Weber: unit of magnetic flux Tesla: unit of magnetic flux density Siemen: unit of conductance Rutherford: unit of rate of decay of radioactive material Faraday: unit of electric charge Angstrom: unit of length. used especially to specify radiation wavelengths Parsec: unit of astronomical length Degree: unit of measurement of an angle Steradian: Unit of solid angle measurement Dyne is a unit of Force.Pearls Unit of electromotive force in Volt. Unit of heat is Joule. An object traveling at Mach 2 is traveling approximately at 500 mph. SI unit of pressure is Pascal. Candela and Candle power Unit of magnetic pole strength is Weber Unit of RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose) is Gray Unit of Electric Current is Ampere Unit of inductance is Henry Unit of conductance is siemens. Ozone is measured in percent age. Calorie. time .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Unit of energy is Electron volt Unit of brightness is Lambert Unit of luminous flux is Lumen Intensity of illumination or unit of luminosity is Lux. Curie is a unit of : radioactivity Pascal Sound Pressure Torr Pressure Curie Intensity of radioactivity Angstrom Unit of length Light year The distance light travels in a year Dioptre Lens refractive power Horse power Unit of Power Radian Unit of angular measure Candela Unit of luminous intensity Mole unit of amount of substance What is measured in units called phon.

• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. • 0. • Rectifier converts AC into DC • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. . This is incredibly useful. Similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. Voltage is measured in volts (v). • One unit of electric power is consumed when 10 A of current flows for 1 hour at 100 V. • 8 furlongs make one mile. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. • The German scientist George Ohm (1787-1854) is best remembered for working out ohm‘s law. It has 9 zeroes.. 1 Unit = 1 kw hr = 1000 w hr = 100 x 10 x 1 hr • If the same note is played on a flute and a sitar. He discovered that they voltage across a conductor such as a trip of metal or a wire – and the current following through it always vary in the same proportion.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable • What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados • unit of sound named after.200 grams are equal to one carat. These are colours which cannot be produced by mixing with other colours. to keep it moving. • An example of inorganic compound is carb on monoxide. • 2.c. • The wavelength of the X-rays is of the order of 0. • A billion contain 1000 million. Wind Speed • The clusec is the unit measuring the power of what Vacuum pumps • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz. • Electricity does not flow through a circuit by itself. • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood. • The time period of a pendulum on moon increases.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1. • In our houses we get 220 V a. • One inch is equal to 2. • Red.6093 kms. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. one can still distirguish b/w them because they differ in quality.Alexander Graham Bell . The value of 220 V represents the effective voltage. So if you double the voltage. • Resistance was discovered by Girge Ohm in 1826. • Shortsightedness can be corrected with the use of Concave.a quadrillion 15 zeroes. because it lets you predict the current you will get for a particular voltage. • Power is measured in Watts (w).Decibel • The density Smoke is measured on the Rngelmann scale• Unit of electromotive force in Volt. and is measured in ohms. or energy. green and blue are known as primary colours. • A negatively charged glass rod has always less protons than electrons. you double the current. • Scattering of light ___ the duration of the day (make) • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action • a primary cell can ___ be charged again (not) • When a person can see nearer objects but not the distant ones he is said to be suffering from : nearsightedness (myopia) • ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds. • The thickness of silk is measured in what. It needs a ‗push‘. • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.1 nanometer.• Anemometer is used to measure. It is due to Fluorescence.Denier • Ohm‘s law does not apply to semiconductors and conductors when there is change in temperature. • One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. We call this energy the voltage of the circuit.a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes..

Type of Mirage • • Freon-trademark for any of a number of chemical compounds containing fluorine. and often chlorine or bromine. • Temperature at surface of sun is 6000K and at its center 20 million K • Venus reflects highest percentage of light • Morning star is called to Venus.u (angstrom unit) • Moon from earth is 385. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. 8% helium and 2% other elements. • The temperature of Venus‘ surface is about 430 deg: C • Biggest Comet known to man is kohoutek • Only planet whose day is longer than its year is Venus • Brightest visible star is Sirus • Star nearest to earth is Sun • Atmosphere of sun has 3 layers • Sun spots are the cooler areas of sun • In 28 days moon returns to the same position in its orbit . • Volume of Earth is 260 billion cubic miles. • Light energy is stored in the form of chemi cal energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.• • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation. 6 hrs. It is commonly used in refrigerator. Use: as solvents.5 miles per second. • Sunlight is composed of seven colours • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action • What is a Fata Morgana. • Weight of earth is 6586x10 power 18 tons • Rings of Saturn were discovered by Galileo in 1610 • Titan. • The only planet which rotates on its axis from East to West is Uranus • Uranus is called lopsided planet • Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium • Period of rotation of earth on axis is 1 day or 23 hrs. the largest moon in solar system is of Saturn • Triton is a satellite of Neptune • Planet referred as Morning Star and Evening Star is Venus • Venus‘ atmosphere is 90 times thicker than earth‘s. 56 minutes & 4.09 seconds. in refrigeration. as aerosol propellants. • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of Saturn. 9 minutes & 9. • Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight.000 km • Outer surface of sum is called photosphere • Sun has 90% hydrogen. • Period of revolution of Earth around Sun is 356 days. • Speed of earth in orbit around sun is 8. UNIVERSE • Cheron is the moon of Pluto • Total number of satellites are 31 (chk: 50) • Blue color of sky is due to Tyndal Effect • Our solar system contains 50 satelites • Total planets in solar system are 8 • Distance of sun from earth is 150 million km = 1 a.54 seconds. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.

Uranus gives greenish glow • Neptune is the coldest.000 km is the distance from sun to earth. • Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenom enon of ___ (optical phenomena) • • Jupiter is the fastest planet of the solar system • The Asteroid Belt is found between which of the following planets? Mars and Jupiter • The visible part of the Sun is called Photosphere • Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. • The northern polar lights are called Aurorae Borealis. Moon = 63 • Jupiter is 11(or 10) times larger than earth • Europa is the moon of Jupiter.• The light coming from stars give the idea of their temperature. largest year moon = 8 • Rank of earth as per size is Fifth • Revolution period of earth is 365. • Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C.46 trillion km • Sun radiated energy equal to 10 trillion of TNT explosion • Mercury is nearest to the sun. slowest. • • Saturn is least dense moon = 56 • Saturn is the second largest planet. and southern polar lights are called Aurorae Australis. bios planet. • At 7050 km per hour. hottest. Moon = 0 • Venus is the brightest. Sun rotate on its axis. Moon = 1 • This is an instrument used for measuring the altitude of a celestial body: sextant • Mars moon = 2.Phobos and Deimos • Mars is named after the Roman god of war. • 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the earth. • Mercury and Venus are without Satellites. • A light year is equal to 9. • CHIIRON is the larges comet in the universe. • Planet with maximum number of moons is Saturn • Planet with ring is Saturn • Uranus moon = 12. watery. • 1480. • A ‗shooting star‘ is a meteor. • The pulsating universe theory explains the evolution of universe. • The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly. with a red spot. • The earth is calculated to b 4540 million years old. has largest quantity of CO2 Moon = 0 • Earth is most dense. with shortest rotation time. with largest number of satellites. closest to earth and earth‘s twin in size and mass. • 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound. 00. smallest and fastest planet. • Solar eclipse occurs at new moon • Sun is 400 times larger than moon • Lunar eclipse occurs at full moon.25 days • In a leap year there are 29 days in Febrary • Earth is older than moon . smallest day. • Mars is called Red planet • Mars is half the size of earth • Europa is a moon of Mars (chk • Mars contain atmosphere of carbondioxide • Jupiter is largest.

e poor reflection) • Moon has 1/6th gravitation as that of earth • Moon‘s 59% surface is visible from earth • Mass of moon is 1/8th to that of the earth • Moon has no atmosphere • Sun is closer to earth in January • At perihelion.3 seconds • Light can circle earth 7 times in a________. ¼ is added for leap year • Duration of day at poles is 6 months. • Equinox means equal days and nights • Sun‘s energy is called Insulation • The visible yellow face of sun is called Photosphere • The gravity of sun is 28 times greater than that of earth • Moon completes 13 circles in a year around earth • Sun is 13 x 10 power 5 times larger than earth • Maximum duration of solar eclipse is 7 min 40 sec • Sun reaches its maximum angular distance from Equator at Solistice • Millions of asteroids orbit the sun in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter • Asteroids (minor planets) are make of rock.3 min to reach earth or 510 seconds • Time required to moon light to reach earth is 1.• Sun light takes 8. smallest and farthest planet Neptune • Asteroids are small planets revolving round the sun • Sun is the brightest star in the universe • A shooting star is called a meteor • Our galaxy is spiral known as Milky Way • Shape of our milky way is spiral • The milky way extends through the distance of 10 power 5 light years • Super Nova is a dying star • Nearest spiral galaxy to Milky Way is Andromeda galaxy • Nearest start to our sun is Alpha Centauri • Biggest star in our galaxy is Proxima Centauri • A collection of galaxies is called cluster • . • Ceres is the largest asteroid • Chiron is one of several distant asteroids which orbit between Jupiter and Uranus • The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly. • Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. • First asteroid discovered was Ceres by Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801. 4sec • Earth rotates around on axis pointing towards the Polar Star • Revolution period is 365 ¼ days = 365. earth is nearest tosun • Earth‘s axis is inclined at an angle of 66 ½ deg: to the plane of its orbit around the sun or the axis is inclined at 23 ½ deg: from the vertical • Soros cycle is the largest interval between two total solar eclipses about 18 years • Sun has 27 day rotation period • Moon‘s rotation period is equal to the Earth‘s • Rotation period of earth is 23hrs. 56min. • Sun is 109 times bigger than earth. . • Light travels fastest in vaccum • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of saturn • Coldest. metal or a mixture of both.moon is 81 times lighter than earth • Moon has 7% reflection as compared to earth (i.25 days. • Comet is made of ice and dust • Edmond Halley was the first to calculate the path of a comet and predict when it would be seen again.

• Light of sun reaches the earth in.000 km/s. It traps so well that the temperature of Venus‘s surface is about 430 degree centigrade. • Europa is the moon of Jupiter • The moon has no atmosphere because its gravitational pull is not strong enough to hold an atmosphere • Chondrite meteorites are the oldest rocks in the solar system. the speed at which you can round the world seven times in very second. • Closest star is Gienah • Speed of light is 3. Astronomers call this distance a light year. are four large moons of the planet • Mars contain atmosphere of Carbon dioxide and Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium. • In space light travels 9461 million million km in a year. • Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system.00.. astronomers finally agreed how to divide the whole sky into 88 areas. • In 1930. • Spiral galaxies are disk shaped and usually have clouds of dust and gas where new stars are born. million. • What is the common name for the star Sirius: Dog Star • Pluto (the Planet) was almost called what name-Zeus • When a satellite is closest to Earth its position is called what Perigee • 30 km/s is the approximate mean velocity with which earth moves round the Sun in its orbit. It is about 500 times greater than the sun. He was the first to explain the solar system. • Venus‘s atmosphere is 90 times thicker than our. • In the Solar system there are 2 Mount Olympus's Greece and where. • Venus is about the same size as Earth.. • The patterns in stars are called constellations. • Joseph von Fraunhofer was the first to explain the presence of dark lines in the sun‘s spectrum. which are called constellations. Ganymede and Callisto. • Closest star is (Gienah) 680.499 seconds • Hale-Bopp comet was the most distant comet ever discovered which became visible in . • Jupiter‘s volcanic moon is called IO and other moons are Europa.00.. • The M-class supergiant Betelgease with a diametre of 700 million kms is the largest star of the universe.Mars • What is the brightest star always in the Northern sky-Vega • The most common element in the universe is Nitrogen.000 km/sec • Which planet is named after the Roman god of war? Mars • Galaxies are the families of stars. • Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland. • Two planet Earth‘s could fit side by side inside the Great Red Spot of Jupiter.• Halley‘s comet was named in his honor though he did not discover it. • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise.000 million. • The earth‘s reflectivity of solar radiation is termed as albedo. • Light takes 8 minutes to reach the earth from sun. • Hydra is the largest of the 88 constellations found in the universe. • About 80% of galaxies are elliptical and other are spiral • Elliptical galaxies contain very little gas and dust and hardly any new stars are born in them.16 % of the entire sky. • Chiron is one of several distant asteroids with orbits between Jupiter and Uranus. • ‗Galileo Satellites‘.. It covers about 3. named after their discoverer. kilometers. • Light travels at 3.

spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter. • Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena) • What is unique about the pistol star. 1966 • First woman in space was Valentine Khurachoof in 14 June.Brightest in sky • Name the first teddy bear in space. • Sputnik II.515 time that of water.It has density of 5. first artificial satellite was launched on 3 Nov: 1957. 1963 • America launched its first space station in 1973 • In 1979 Sky Lab was destroyed in earth‘s atmosphere • In 1986. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd. spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter. • What was the first food consumed on the moon in Apollo 11 . He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Space Station.Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot • What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet • What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters ADVENTURES IN SPACE • First artificial satellite was Sputnik-I sent by Soviet Union on October 4. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd • Russian Cosmonaut valley polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. voyager 1 & 2 in 1979 and Galileo in 1995 were missions sent to Jupiter • Astronomers know of over 50 moons orbiting Jupiter. the world‘s first communication satellite was launched in 1962. carried the first American into space on 5th May 1961. • • Escape velocity is 24800 miles/hour or 7 miles/sec • First human in space is Yuri Gagrin 1961 on USSR • Appolo crew returned to earth with 382 kg of moon soil • First space scientist was Henry Quendish • Man entered in space on 14 October 1957 • First American shuttle to land on moon named ―Bamini‖ in March. Russia launched its space station Mir • Hubble telescope launched in April 243. 1990 through Discovery Shuttle • Apollo XI enabled man to step on moon • Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. • Yuri Gagarin (Russia) cosmonauts became first traveler in space in 1961. • Mercury project. 1957 took a female dog Laika into space • On July 20. John Glenn . • Telstar. first manned space programme of USA.Turkey • The first person to orbit the earth in space. He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Space Station.what is its other name-Andromeda • The earth is the densest planet of universe . • What country launched its first space rocket January 1961-Italy • What happened to Laika first dog in space Suffocated no air burned re -entry • A Russian space programs name meant East what was it Vostok • What was the first man made object to leave the solar system Pioneer 10 • Voyager I. 1957 • Sputnik-II on November 3. • Pioneer 10 and 11 launched in 1973 and 1974. 1996. • First space vehicle to land on moon was Luna-9 • Voyager I. • Vostok I carried first man in space. • Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank (Site for space observatory). • What is the name of the largest moon of Jupiter-Ganymede • M31 is the nearest galaxy to us .December. 1969 US Apollo 11 touched down the moon • Skylab was launched in 1973 by US.

• Paleontology is the study of fossils. Pathfinder is robot craft that landed on Mars in 1997. • Anthropology is the study of man. A etiology is the study of causes of disease. First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. • VARIOUS SCIENCES • Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals • Stenography means short hand writing • Psoriasis is a learning disability • Paleontology is study of fossils. Geostationary Orbit is at a height of 36. • Psychological study of life in artificial environment is called biopsy. • Concho logy is the study of shells. • The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography. • Apiculture is science of bee keeping • Ornithology is the science of birds • Philology is the science of languages • Oncology is the study of cancer • Exobiology is the study of life in outer space • Numismatics is the study of coins • Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their genes or it refers to Improvement of human race • Ethology is the study of animal behavior • Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and cultural development of mankind • Carpology is the study of fruits and seeds. • Cryptology is the study of codes. On July 20. 2003. control and application of low temperatures • Seismology is study of movements inside earth‘s crust • Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands. • Phycology is the study of Algae. Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon. • Dendrology is the study of trees. . • Forms and features are studies under the branch of Marphology. Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. • Graphology is the study of handwriting. • Mycology is the study of fungi. • Ichthyology in the study of fish. • Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the physical and chemical nature of heavenly bodies.• • • • • • • • Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1. • . • Pathology deals with diseases • Histology deals with organic tissues • Pedology is the study of soil • Cryogenics deals with the production. • Hematology is the study of blood. 1969. • Study of earth is geology • Acoustics is the science of sound • Cytology is the study of cell • Entomology is the study of insects. • Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people and their working environment.000 km.

Languages Chlama domonas is unicellular plant VARIOUS PROCESSES • Chemical union of two or more molecules of the compound to form larger molecules is called Polymerization.Autograph collecting Agronomy is the science of soil management. • The process by which plants take food is photosynthesis • Reduction is the removal of oxygen atoms • Oxidation is the combination of oxygen or removal of hydrogen • Horticulture is the cultivation of flowers. Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret writing.Forestry What is Xylography. Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth‘s crust. Philately is hobby of stamp collecting. Meteorology is the study of study of weather.Names Thanatology is the study of what Death The study of human population is called Demography. Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi diseases.Languages Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation A philomath has a love of what. Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of soil. What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases Noologists study what-The Mind Semiology is the study of what-Signals What is silviculture. Penology is the study. What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing Ichthyologists study what Fish What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars What does a philologist study. Hyetology is the study of rainfall. The branch of zoology. Numismatics is the study of coins. which deals with the study of insects is called entomology The production of generally identical reproduction is called as Cloning A petrologist studies what. Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.Rocks history formation etc An onomastician studies what . the rate of photosynthesis may stop altogether • VITAMINS • Deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of skin and night blindness .Learning What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests What is philography. Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation What does a philologist study.Wood Engraving Paleontology is the science of history of life. Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex. fruits and vegetable • Pastevurization is the protection of food by heating • Method of preparation of warnish was discovered by Jabir bin Hayaan • If temperature rises gradually up to 40 deg: C.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Cartography is the art of making maps and charts. theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation.

• Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease • Vitamin C is also called Skin food • Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metaboli sm. • Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood increase the risk of heart attack. • Vitamin C can not be stored in human body. • Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds • Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12 • Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil • Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs • Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets • Vitamin B1 is available is yeast. etc are all make of protein • Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular cramps. in meat is myosin and in eggs is albumin • Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat soluble • Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver • Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants • Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the enzymes helpful in blood clotting • Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization. headache and diahrae • Milk contains 80% water • Milk is a complete food. • Scurvy. normal reproductive function. in beans is Legumes.• Skin food is Vitamin C • Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy • Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron • The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is tomato • Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D • Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin • Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging • Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat • Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin • Fats are made of carbon. • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism. Vitamin E is for reproduction. • Sodium is necessary of nervous system. • Sodium is necessary of nervous system. hydrogen and oxygen • Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent • Vitamin E helps in fertility process • Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good digestion • Protein found in milk is Casein. . • Vitamin E is for reproduction. • Vitamin A is found in Dairy products • Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness. • Scury. arising due to deficiency of vitamin C. • Cheese contains vitamin D. • The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition -Rickets • Celluloses are carbohydrates. • Milk contains lactose. arising due to deficiency of vitamin C. • Ground nut has maximum protein • Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification • Hair. it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder. it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder. • Cheese contains vitamin D. hoofs. • Deficiency of Thiamine causes Beri Beri. finger nails.

NOBLE PRIZE • Astronomers cannot be nominated for noble prize • Marie curie twice won Noble Prize. Italy. • First Nobel Prizes were awarded on 10 Dec: 1901..C • SCIENTISTS • Ibn baitar was a Botanist • Kitab al Manazar on optical works was written by Ibn al Haitham • Mamoon observatory was established during the reign of Caliph Mamoon • Circulation of blood was described by a muslim scientist name Nafis Abdul al -Hasan. more than 150 years ago. • Major component of honey is Glucose • Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates. • Muslim scientist Ali al Tabari is famous for his work on ___ (medical sciences) • Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound. • A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange • Vitamin not stored in human body. his home country... . feature photography and criticism..D. • Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid. Other are vitamins and minerals • Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells • Eating of coconut increases man‘s mental faculties • Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much toadstools.• Glucose is the source of energy for human brain. Who? Bertha von Suttner • Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896.Norway • Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1972-Nobody • Who refused the Nobel Literature prize in 1958-Boris Pasternak • Who was the first American to receive the Nobel Literature prize S inclair Lewis • Which Nobel Prize is not awarded annually in Stockholm Peace • Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Prize in the field of peace. • Al-Khwarizimi was first person who used zero. Dr M. • A noted Indian wildlife biologist. He is from Nigeria. Sweden. • Alfred Nobel never married. breaking news and international reporting.. protein and fats. Where did he die? Alfred Nobel died in San Remo. Immanuel. • What country awards the Nobel peace prize. Madhusudan. In what year was he born? Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 • What did Alfred's father. • Which field was not included by Alfred Nobel originally. • The New York Times received five Pulitzer prizes of 2009 for investigative. • Celluloses are carbohydrates. • A future Nobel Laureate worked for a short period of time as Alfred Nobel's secretary. • Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition. but not in Sweden. • Wole Soyinka is a Nobel Prize winner for literature. • Why did Alfred Nobel establish a prize in his will? Alfred Nobel wanted to award the greatest benefits to mankind. Economics • Person getting the nobel peace prize in 2008 was of the country. • Milk contains lactose • Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth. Finland • Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm. • Van‘t Hoff was the first Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.. Director of Nature Conservation Foundation • Four persons have been awarded Nobel Prize twice. do for a living? Alfred's father was an engineer and inventor.

. • Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace Prize 2007 for his campaign against Global Warming. Iran is Rose. Syria is Eagle. Kuwait is Falcon. Sri Lanka is Lion.. Netherlands is Lion. • Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian/South Asian to win Nobel Pr ize. Pakistan is Crescent-Jasmine. Ph ysics. • Who awards the Peace Prize? The Norwegian Nobel Committee. China is Narcissus. • Max Planck received the noble prize in Physics in 1918 for his discovery of: energy quanta • Climate change campaigner Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Egypt is Lotus. Physiology or Medicine. UAEA • NATIONAL EMBLEM • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of • National Emblem of Britain is Rose-Lion. • In what year did the most people decline their Nobel Prize? 1939 • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -..in both Physics and Chemistry? Marie Curie • Name the six categories for which the prizes are awarded. • Mr Gore won an Oscar for his climate change film An Inconvenient Truth • • The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche • Rabindarnath Tagore won first Nobel Prize from South Asia. • The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was: Anwar Sadaat of Egypt • Nobel Prize holder UN institutions. Literature.UNHCR. Bangladesh is Water Lily. Peace and Economics.. • ―Sandwich Island‖ is called to Hawaii Island. France is Lily. • Which single winner won the most number of Nobel Prizes? International Committee of the Red Cross.in Peace and Chemistry? Linus Pauling • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -. (Literature in 1931)..Thailand • • The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • • Rome is also known as ―City of Seven Hills‖. • For which category was a Nobel Prize given starting 1969? Economics. • Penang is called the ―Pearl of East‖. FAMOUS EPITHETS • What city is known as The worlds chocolate capital: Hershey Pennsylvan ia • Which countries name translates as land of the free. Chemistry.• Which Nobel category does not yet have a single female laureate? Economics • Who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics? Roentgen. • Who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature? Rabindranath Tagore • Mathematicsis not a valid Nobel Prize category.

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Detroit is known as the Motor City. Britain of south is called to New Zealand. Buffer state of Asia is called to Afghanistan. Cockpit of Europe is called to Belgium. Crossroad of Western Europe is called to Belgium. Emerald Island is called to Ireland. Flower garden to Europe is called to Netherlands. Gift of Nile is called of Egypt. Great Britain of the Pacific is called to Japan. Island continent is called to Australia. Horn of Africa is called to Somalia. Key to Mediterranean is called to Gibraltar. Land of contrasts is called to Colombia. Land of free people is called to Thailand. Land of fertile fields is called to Algeria. Land of golden fiber is called to Bangladesh. Land of midnight sun is called to Norway. Land of milk and honey is called to Lebanon. Land of morning calm is called to Korea. Land of mighty rivers is called to Nigeria. Land of mountain is called to Nepal. Land of rising sun is called to Japan. Land of Thousand Island is called to Indonesia. Land of pure people is called to Pakistan. Land of white elephant is called to Thailand. Pillars of Hercules is called to Gibraltar. Playground of Europe is called to Switzerland. Remnant of mighty empire is called to Austria. Sorrow of china is called to Hawang Hoo. Switzerland of Africa is called to Swaziland. Site of Ancient Civilization is called to Iraq. Whiteman‘s Grave is called to Guinea. Brasilia of Pakistan is called to Islamabad. City of angles is called to Bangkok. City of bazaars is called to Cairo. City of colleges is called to Lahore. City of conference is called to Geneva. City of cosmonauts is called to Moscow. City of eternal spring is called to Quito. City of golden temple is called to Amritsar. City of Golden Gate is called to San Francisco. City of mosques is called to Dhaka. City of parks is called to Kiev. City of palaces is called to Calcutta. City of pope is called to Rome. City of space flights is called to Cape Kennedy. City of peace is called to Baghdad. Forbidden City is called to Lahaska. Gateway to the east is called to Beirut. Gateway to the gulf is called to Abu Dhabi. Gateway to India is called to Bombay. Gateway to Pakistan is called to Karachi. Little Pakistan is called to Bradford.

• Manchester of Pakistan is called to Faisalabad. • Pyramid city is called to Cairo. • Rose pink city is called to Jaipur. • Windy city is called to Chicago. • Lusitanian is the alternative name of Portugal. • Emerald Island is called to Ireland. • Land of Prophets is called to Palestine. • Yellow River is known as China‘s Sorrow because of devastating floods. • Gibraltar of the west is said to Quebec. • Zambia is known as "country of Copper" • Albania means the ―Land of Eagles‖. • Argentian means ―Like Silver‖. • Bahrain means two seas. • Brazil means ―Red wood‖. • Costa Rica means ―Rich coast‖. • Cyprus means ―Land of copper‖. • Guuatnemala mean ―Land of Eagles‖. • Jamaica means ―Good water‖. • Kuwait means ―Fort‖. • Liberia means ―Land of free people‖. • Netherlands means ―low land‖. • Nigeria means ―a great river‖. • Sierra Leone means ―Lion Mountains‖. • Singapore means ―city of lions‖. • Sudan means ―Land of black people‖. • Turkey means ―Land of Turks‖. • Which country is popularly called ‗The Land of the Maple Leaf‘? Canada • Mistress of the Eastern Seas is epithet referred to Sri Lanka. • Hong Kong is called as Pearl of the Orient. • Which worlds city is known as The Golden City Prague Czech • What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient"-Manilla - Philippines • What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra Leone • What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies"- Florence • Mesopotamia means- Between two Rivers COUNTRIES WITH CAPITALS & Currencies COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Algeria Algiers Argentina Buenos Aires Australia Canberra Australian Dollar Austria Vienna Azerbaijan Baku Belgium Brussels Bhutan Thimphu Bosnia Herzegovina Sarajevo Canada Ottawa China Beijing Yuan Cuba Havana Cyprus Nicosia Denmark Copenhagen Krone Egypt Cairo Pound France Paris Franc Gorgia Tibillsi

Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark Greece Athens Hungary Budapest India New Delhi Rupee Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Iran Tehran Riyal Iraq Baghdad Dinar Ireland Dublin Israel Tel Aviv Shekel Italy Rome Pesso Japan Tokyo Yen Jordan Oman Kazakhastan Astana North Korea Pyongyang South Korea Seoul won Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som Lebanon Beirut Libya Tripoli Dinal Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Maldives Male Morocco Rabat Nepal Kathmandu Rupaia Netherlands Amsterdam Guilder New Zealand Wellington Nigeria Abuja Norway Oslo Krone Phillippines Manila Poland Budapest Qatar Doha Russia Moscow Ruble Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal Bulgaria Sofia Singapore Singapore Dollar South Africa Pretoria and Cape Town Rand Spain Madrid Sri Lanka Colombo Sudan Khartoum Sweden Stockholm Krona Switzerland Bern Syria Damascus Pound Taiwan Taipei Tajikistan Dushanbe Thailand Bankok Turkey Istanbul Lira Turkmenistan Ashgabad Ukraine Kiev UAE Abu Dhabi UK London US Washington D.C Uzbekistan Tashkent Vietnam Hanoi Yemen Sanaa Eritrea Asmara

Bangladesh Dhaka Taka CHANGED NAMES Old Name New Name • Pipri Bin Qasim. • Lyallapur Faisalabad. • Abyssinia Ethiopia. • Burma Myanmar. • Ceylon Srilanka. • Duch-East-Indies Indonesia. • French Sudan Mali. • Helvetia Switzerland. • Mogyarzaq Hungry. • Mesopotamia Iraq. • Najd and Hejaz Saudi Arabia. • New Granda Colombia. • Nippon Japan. • Persia Iran. • Siam Thailand. • South Rhodesia Zimbabwe. • South West Africa Namibia. • Soviet Union Russian Federation. • Turkmenia Turkmenistan. • Upper Volta Burkina Faso. • Urumdi Brumdi. • Constantinople Istanbul. • Christiana Oslo. • Formosa Taiwan. • Greenland Kalaallet Nunaat. • Holland Netherlands. • Combodia Kampuchea. • Krugn Thep Bangkok. • Leningard St. Petersburg. • Montgomery Sahiwal. • Burma Myanmar. • Peiking Beijing. • Persia Iran. • Rhodesia Zimbabwe. • Salisbury Harare. • Tripoli Libya. • Madras Chennai. • Edo Tokyo. • Temasek Singapore. • Stalinabad Dushanbe. • United Arab Republic Egypt. • Jabal-i-Tariq Gibraltar • Equatorial Africa Chad • Ray Isfahan • Pataliputra Patna • Sankiang Xinjiang • Old name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State. • The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam • Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‗Gold Coast‘.

56. • Council of Europe.53.Jan 1985. • The organization of Economic Cooperation and Development was founded in 1961. Italy and Russia jointed in June 1997.8. • The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries was founded in 1968. • RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985. EU adopted Euro currency in 2001. Dissolved in 1991. its headquarter is in Cairo (Egypt). 1985. • The head quarter of international Red Cross and Red Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland).established at Dhaka. its heat quarter is in Washington DC .1986. • Organization of American State was founded in 1948. The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya. 1967. • UNO 24 Oct 1945 New York.1945.1949 Brussels.Havana. • NATO.22. The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935.1931.15 June 1997.Strasbourg. G-8 was originally the G-5 but was expanded when Canada. Its head quarter is in Brussels (Belgium). • The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963. its headquarter is in Geneva (Switzerland). • G-8 was established on 22 September 1985.6. 1954 founder at Manila. HQ Turkey.London. • North American Free Trade Agreement.1948. its head quarter is in Vienna (Austria). • SEATO Sep 8. • Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is 2 years. • Interpol 1956 Lyon (France) • NAM 1961 • OIC 22 to 25 Sep 1969. • International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984.Cairo • ASEAN.1951. • Colombo Plan. The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam IMPORTANT ORGANISATIONS & PACTS Name Founded Member Headquarter • ADB. • GCC. • Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955.1981. • European Union came in to being on January 1.Geneva. • ICRC. founded at Bangkok. • ECO.Jakarta.8 Katmandu. • General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges of International Court of Justice. • International Energy Agency was founded in 1974.34.12• D8. 2000. • CIS.Colombo (Srilanka) • Common Wealth. its head quarter is in Lausanne (Switzerland). its head quarter is in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).1949. its head quarter is in Paris (France). • SAARC 8.Philippines • Arab League.Jan 1991.7.Jeddah established in Rabat (Morocco). ended in 1977.Tehran. its origin lies in the free trade agreement signed by the USA and Canada in 1989.Aug 8.9.• • • • Afghanistan was known as Ariana. • The world council of churches was established in 1948 in Amsterdam (Netherlands).1st July 1951.Founded at Turkey.Geneva. • Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was founded in Baghdad in 1960. its head quarter is in Paris (France).Riyadh • ICJ.1883. • COMECON.

Edison. • Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773. first person to call English a nation of shopkeepers. • According to the young plan (1929) announced after the first world war Germany was required to pay 100 million dollars in installments. signed at Locarno. • CENTO was signed on 24th Feb. • CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24. • Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb. . • China became the member of the World Trade Organization on 11 December 2001 • OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America. • KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th August. US president F. • Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904. 1934. • Napolean I. • Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924. • Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to stand. • Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919. established on 18th June. which formulated proposals about UN charter. • Locarno pact signed on 16th October.(USA). • The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference. The council has 54 members elected for the term of 3 years. • On 14th August 1941. Lucia). • Potsdam conference was held in 1945. • OPANAL was formed on 2nd December. • Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is a brain child. • Amnesty International is an international organization which works for th e release of the political prisoners. • There are 76 countries in WTO. • UN has 6 principle organs. • Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July. • The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945. • The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St. 1928. it was signed in Paris. • USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955. Churchill signe d the Atlantic Charter on a battle ship. • Rio Summit was held in Rio-de-Janero on 14th 1992. 1981. was held in Dec 1944. 1925. • OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States. • In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt. It was established by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.D Roosevelt and British Premier W. • The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American delegation visited England. • The international court of justice comprises 15 judges. its headquarter is in Mexico City. these words are said by Thomas A. • UN‘s resolution 1441about Iraq was passed in Nov 2002. 1969. • Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. • Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17 Sep 1978. • Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957. 1996. • Security Council has 5 permanent members. • Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd May 1939 at Berlin. 1933 at Paris. 1955 in Baghdad. the agreement was signed between England and France. • Truman Doctrine-------announced on 12 March 1947 about the security of Greece and Turkey. • Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most appropriate for extreme disease. • The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was the result of the March of 250000 people organized by Martin Luther king in 1963. and I will move the earth. • The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating body for the numerous specialized agencies created by the UN.

.Holland • WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations. • The head quarter of United Nations Educational. The founder of the organisation is Peter Eigen • The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: Khatmandu • How many official working languages are recognized by UNO:6 • Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United Nations? U. 1948. • The head quarter of United Nation Development Program is i n New York (USA). • Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on Dec: 10. • Asian development bank was established in 1966 with headquarter located at manila(philipine) • The International court of Justice is located in Hague. • SAARC was formed in December. • The head quarter of International Telecommunication Union is in Geneva (Switzerland). • Head quarters of WWF are in Vienna. • The head quarter of United Nations Relief and Works Agency is in Vienna (Austria). • The head quarter of World Bank or IBRD is in Washington (USA). • The head quarter of International Atomic Energy Agency is in Vienna (Austria). • The head quarter of International Maritime Organization is in London (UK).• Leonardo da vinci observed that every man – at three years old. Thant • Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil Guides Movemen t. 1985. • The head quarter of World Health Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). • The head quarter of International Labor Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). • The head quarter of World Trade Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). Germany. • The head quarter of World Intellectual Property Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). • Darse Ninamia was introduced in Indo-Pak by Mulla Mizam Ud Din. • The head quarter of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is in Geneva (Switzerland). • Green Peace has no formal structure and Secreta riat. Syria and Yemen are the founder nations of the arab league. Scientific and Cultural Organization) is in Paris (France). • The head quarter of International Fund for Agricultural Development is in Rome (Italy). • The head quarter of International Monetary Fund is in Washington (USA).Vienna • The Asian development bank established in 1966 with headquarter located at MANILA (philipines). Tito • international headquarter of Transparency International (TI} is located in Berlin. • The head quarter of United Nations Industrial Development Organization is in Vienna (Austria). • The head quarter of United Nations International Children‘s Emergency Fund is in New York (USA). • Interpol was founded in 1923 in what city. Lebanon . Nasser. • The head quarter of Universal Postal Union is in Berne (Switzerland).is half his height. • The head quarter of World Meteorological Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). jorden . • Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non -Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru. Saudi Arab . Iraq . • HEADQUARTERS OF WORLD ORGANISATIONS • The head quarter of Food and Agriculture Organization is in Rome (Italy). • Eqypt . Austria. • CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union known as Commonwealth of Independent States. • The heal quarter of International Civil Aviation Organization is in Montréal (Canada).

1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries. • Territorial waters traditionally are recognized to extend how far from a state‘s coastline? 12 miles. any two of whom cannot be of the same nationality.N Security Council are China. • New Zealand‘s Don McKinnon is the first secretary general of commonwealth. • As per SAFTA agreement. • Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer. • Five permanent members of U. • Estonia is not a member of CIS. • Second Islamic Summit was held at Lahore in 1974. • Olive Branch is the emblem of the U. • ICJ has issued the arrest warrant of . India. Peter Benenson i n 1961 • The International court of justice was constituted on 26th June 1945 • The Charter of United Nations consists of 111 articles. 1945. • Portuguese is not an official language of UN. Arab league has seven countries. • Headquarter of Arab League is located in Cairo. • First Islamic Summit was held at Rabat in 1969. • First Secretary General of UN was Tregav Lee of Norway. UK and US. • In 1971 the people republic of china was given membership of UNO by expelling Taiwan. Russia. • UN Charter was signed on June 26. Omar al Basher of Sudan • The United States of America has used its veto power more than any other permanent member • G-7 is the group of seven rich industralial nations. • Bangladesh is not a member of ASEAN.. France.Britain.D Roosevelt. • Article 55 of the UN Charter promotes international Huma n Rights. Italy. • UNO world was coined by F. Japan and the US. Germany. • Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948. • Kofi Anan got noble peace price in 2001. • ICJ has 15 judges. . • Kofi Anan is the 7th Secretary General of UNO. 1945 and came into force on October 24. • The term of the judges of the international court of justice is 9 years. Pakistan & Sri Lanka have to decrease their custom duties to 0-5% by 2013. • Initially.. • The UN Industrial Development Organization has its headquarters at Vienna. • The Common Wealth of Australia came into existence in 1901. • Myanmar is not a member of SAARC. • 1n 1948 the UN drawn up a charter of civil and political rights. • A state‘s executive economic zone (EEZ) is recognized to extend how far from the coastline? 12 miles • ECOSOC has been established under chapter 10 of the UN charter • United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 Emirates.Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June. Arab League was established on 22nd March 1945. France. • The UNO originated during the second world war. Canada.N. • The UN observed 1998 as the human rights year with the theme ― Al l Human Rights for All‖. • What was the first country to leave the United Nations-Indonesia • Don McKinnon is the secretary General of Commonwealth. • First city to be placed under UN was Sarajevo. • UN Security Council has five permanent and 10 non-permanent members. • HQ of Universal Postal Union is in Berne.• SAARC Human Resource Development Centre is located at Islamabad. • ILO is not an organ of the UN.

Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June. • World`s teacher day was observed on october 5. • Universal children‘s day is observed on 20 November. • The year 1998 was observed as the International Year of Ocean. Its head office is at Bangkok. • Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948. • • United Nations spends a lion‘s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations • The UNO originated during the Second World War. • International Literacy day is observed on 8 Sep. • 3rd may. • African Development Bank was established in 1964. • United nation‘s day is observed on 24th October. • Human rights day is observed on 10 December. • The principal organs of United Nations are Six. • World children day is observed on 8th March. • In France the Bastille Day is celebrated on 14th July. • Human rights day is observed on 10th Dec. world press freedom day • World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September . • World health day is observed on 7th April. 2005 in pakistan. • Kashmir solidarity day is celebrated all over the country on 5th February. • International day of disabled person is observed on 3 December. • World Environment Day is observed on June 5.. • Commonwealth Day is observed on May 24 every year. • Kashmir Solidarity Day is observed on 5 Feb. • 11th July is known as World Population Day. • ESCAP is Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific. • International women‘s day is observed on 8th March.(four miles away) • Transparency International is based in Berlin.• Switzerland joined the UN during 2002. • International Literacy Day is celebrated on September 8. • World environment day is observed on 5th June. • Day against drug trafficking is observed on 26 June. New York • In which city World Economic forum usually holds its meetings? The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-based non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos. 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries. • World‘s aids day is observed on 1 December. • No Smoking Day is observed on April 7. • Human Right Watch dog headquarter is in. Switzerland • IMPORTANT DAYS • International Day for the elimination of racial discrimination is observed on 21 March. • World Book Day is observed on April 23.. • International day of peace is observed on 3rd Tuesday of September. • 22 March is celebrated as the world day for water. • What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo . • Press day is celebrated on 3rd May. • Human Rights Day is observed on 10th December every year. • World food day is observed on 16 October.. • International Ozone Day is observed on September 16. • Where is the headquarter of the Amnesty International located: London • Arab Magrib Union consists of Five States.

• Heroes and Hero-Worship was written by Carlyle. Shakespeare • Caesar and Cleopatra is written by G.Allana.B Shaw • East of Aden is written by John Steinbeck • French Revolution is written by Tomas Carlyle • Freedom at Midnight is written by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapiere • Gone with the Wind is written by Margaret Mithchel • Great Expectations is written by Charles Dickens • Gulliver‘s Travels is written by Jonathan Swift • Hamlet is written by W. Allama Iqbal • Arabian Nights is written by Sir Richard Buton • An Ideal Husband is written by Oscar Wilde • A woman of No importance is written by Oscar Wild • Animal Farm is written by George Orwell • Anthony Cleopatra is written by W. • Man who ruled India was written by Philip Woodruff. • Quaid –e-Azam Jinnah.B Shaw • Comedy of Errors is written by W. Allama Iqbal • Zarb-e-Kaleem is written by Dr. The story of a Nation is written by G. Shakespeare • Daughter of the East is written by Benazir Bhuto • Decline and Fall of Roman Empire is written by Edward Gibbon • Doctor‘s Dilemma is written by G. Muhammad Hussain • Gulistan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Hayat-i-Jawid is written by Hali • Javaid Nama is written by Allama Iqbal • Jawab-e-Shikwah is written by Allama Iqbal • Ktab al Shifa is written by Ibn Sina • Mirat ul Aroos is written by Nazir Ahmed • Muqaddamah is written by Ibn Khaldun • Shaer o Shaeri is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Mussaddas-i-Hali is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Naqsh-e-Faryadi is written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz • Payam-e-Mashriq is written by Allama Iqbal • Shahnama is written by Firdausi • Tehzeeb al Ikhlaq is written by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan • Tafhim ul quran is written by Syed Abdul ala Maudoodi.Shakespeare • Ibn Battuta Travels in Asia and Africa is written by Ibn Battuta • Jungle book is written by Rudyard Kipling . • Yadgar-i-Galib is written by Hali • Zabur-e-Anjam is written by Dr. • Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore. • Foundation of Pakistan was written by Sharif ud din Pirzada.• IMPORTANT BOOKS & THEIR AUTHORS • Shahnama-i-Islam was written by Hafeez Jalandri. • Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam was written by Edward Fitzgeranld. Shakespeare • As you like it is written by W. • Asrar-e-khudi is written by Allama Iqbal • Bal-e-Jibril is written by Allama Iqbal • Bang-e-dara is written by Allma Iqbal • Bostan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Darbar-i-Akbari is written by Azad. • The book confession was written by Rousseau.

Calvocrassi Khusboo is written by Parveen Shakir Laila Majnoo is written by Amir Khusro .W Choudhry Five Thousand Years of Pakistan is written by Wheeler R.E. A Bhutto World War is written by W.M Dostovsky Communist Manifesto is written by Karl Marx and Eagles Das Capital is written by Karl Marx The idiot is written by Dostoevsky Don Quixoto is written by Miguel De Cervates The Prince is written by Machiavelli Constitutional Development of Pakistan is written by G. Creator of Pakistan is written by Hecor Bolitho Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan is written by Abdul Hamid Pakistan the Formative Phase is written by Lawrence Ziring Political Syetem in Pakistan is written by Khalid B.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jinnah of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert Myth of independence is written by Z.L Stevenson Tropic of Cancer is written by Henry Miller Twelfth Night is written by W. Saeed Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan is written by Ahmad Hasan Dani Struggle for Pakistan is written by I. Shakespeare A Tale of Two Cities is written by Charles Dickens Vanity of Human Wishes is written by Samuel Johnson Wealth of Nation is written by Adam Simith Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert Faust is written by Goethe Mein Kampf is written by Hitler Divine Comedy is written by Dante Odyssey (Greek) is written by Homer Utopia is written by Thomas Mooore War and Peace is written by Leo Tolstoy Crime and Punishment is written by F. Churchill Merchant of Venice is written by Shakerpeare Muhammad Ali Jinnah is written by M.H Saiyid Much Ado About Nothing is written by Shakespeare Nine Days Wonder is written by John Masefield Nineteen Eighty Four is written by George Orwell Old man and the Sea is written by Ernest Hamingway Oliver Twist is written by Charles Dickens Origin Of species is written by Charles Darwin Paradise Lost is written by John Milton Pickwick papers is written by Charles Dickens Pride and Prejudice is written by Jane Austen Robinson Crusoe is written by Daniel Defoe Sense and Sensibility is written by Jane Austin Sohrab and Rustam Mathew Arnold Social Contact is written by Rousseau Treasure Island is written by R. Saeed Politics in Pakistan is written by Khalid B.H Qureshi The Emergence of Pakistan is written by Mohammad Ali Choudhry The Making of Pakistan is written by K.M Foreign Policy of Pakistan is written by Zulifkar Ali Bhutto Jinnah.K Aziz Towards Pakistan is written by Whaeed-uz-Zaman World Politics Since 1945 is written by P.

Qureshi.Allana. • Lenin wrote ‗the state and revolution‘. • Yellow Books are the official records of France. • Pickwick Papers were written by Charles Dickens. • Mao wrote ‗On contradictions‘. • Emergence of Pak:=Ch: Rahmat Ali. • White Papers are policy statements published by the British parliament on the subject of tremendous public importance. • J. • Discovery of Pak:= A. • Aristotle founded ‗the lyceum‘. • Foust was written by Goethe. • History of Freedom Movement=I. • Pak: Nagozeer Tha= Syed Hasan Raza. • Al Ghazali is known as Hujatul Islam.S. • Green Books are the official reports of the Italian government. • Jinnah of Pak: = Stanley Woolpert. • Jinnah as I know him= Abdul Hassan Isphahani. • Blue Books are the official reports of the British Government. • ―Profiles in Courage‖ is written by Henry Kissinger.W Shaw.K. • Five Thousand Years of Pak::= R. • The poem ―Ancient Mariner‖ is the work of Coleridge. Mill wrote ‗On liberty‘. • Travel in Arabian Desert was written by C. • Witness to surrender=Siddique Saliq. . • A short history of Pak:=I.H.Memon.H. • Plato wrote ‗the laws‘. • India wins Freedom= Abdul Kalam Azad.H Qureshi. • Orange Books are the official publication of the Netherlands.E. • Towards Pakistan=Wahiduzaman • Transfer of Power in India=V. • The Making of Pakistan=K.M. • Quaid-e-Azam: The Story of A Nation=G.Aziz.• Akbar nama is written by Abu Fazal • Al Qanoon fil Tib is written by Ibne Sina • Green Book is written by Presisdent Moamoor Gadafi • Republic is written by Plato • Revolution and Independence is written by Words Worth • Road to Freedom is written by Bertrand Russel • Romeo and Juliet is written by Shakespeare • Joan of Arc is written by G. • Foundation of Pak: = Sharifuddin Pirzada. • Ibn-e-Khaldun retired as a judge. • Jinnah:Creator of Pak:=Hector Bolithio.M Doughty. • ―East and Eden‖ was written by John Steinback. and Germany. Wheeler.Aziz.P. • The poem Shikwah and Jawab-e-Sikwah was written by Allama Iqbal. • Grey Books are the official policy as well as reports of the Japanese government. • White Books are the official publications of the countries like Portugal. • Five Thousand Years of Pakistan was written by REM Wheeler. • The spirit of Islam was written by Syed Ameer Ali. China. • The Making of Pakistan= Richard Symonds. • The name of the book which Al-Farabi wrote is ‗Ara Madinatul Fazila‘. • Struggle of Pakistan was written by I.Qureshi. • A farewell to Arms is written by Earnest Hemingway.

Dodwell. written by Altaf Hussain Hali. • The Cambridge History of the British Empire=H. • Hayat-e-Jawaid. • My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir is written by Jagmohan. • My Last day with Quaid=Ilahi Bux • Outline of a scheme of Indian Federation=Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan. • Incomplete Partition = Alastair Lamb. • India Divided is a book written by Dr. • ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway. • The Indian Musalimans= W. grand-daughter of slain Israili PM Yitzak Rabin. • India. • Thought on Pakistan= Ambedkar. • Mission with Mountabatten=Alan Campbell Johnson. • Birth of Pak: =Dr. . • Mother India is a book written by Katherine Mayo. • Quid wrote the preface of ―My Leader‖=Ziauddin Ahmed. Tahir Amir.W. Rajenra Parsad. • Pak: the Heart of Asia= Liaquat Ali Khan. • Oxford History of India=Vincent Smith.AZIZ. • Alice in Wonderland is a book written by Lewis Carrol. Women are from Venus is the book written by John Gray. • Conquest of Happiness was authored by Bertrand Russel. • Freedom Behind Bars is a book written by Kiran Bedi.D.H. • Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom. • Friends not Masters=Ayub Khan. • Religious Thought of Sayyid Ahmed Khan==Bahir Ahmad Dar. • Birth of a tragedy= Dr. • Unto This Last is written by Ruskin.K. • Higher than Hopes is biography of Nelson Mandela. • The Pakistan Issue= Nazir Yar Jung. • Gulliver‘s Travel is authored by Jonathan Swift in which there is description of the island of Lilliputs. • Life Divine is a book written by Sri Aurobindo. • Pathway to Pak: = Ch: Khaiquzzaman. • Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘. • Evolution of Pak: Sharifuddin Pirzada. • Mohd: Ali Jinnah=G. • Men are from Mars. • Edwina and Nehru is written by Catherine Clement. Pakistan & the West=Percival Smith.Allana. • Grief and Hope is a book written by Noa Ben Artizi-Plossof. • Indian War of Independence is a book written by V. • Kubla Khan is a poem by Coleridge. Sachin.• Quaid-i-Azam & Pakistan=Ahmed Hassan Dani. • The Forgotten Years is an autobiography of from Foreign Minister Sir Zafarullah Khan. • Our Struggle=Mohd: Noman. • Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan. Savarkar. • 'Freedom' at Midnight= Larry Collins • Hayat-e-Javed was written by Altaf Hussain Hali. • The book ―party politics in Pakistan‘ (1947-58) is written by K. • Crossing the Threshold of Hope was authored by Pope John Paul II. • Muslim Nationalism in India= Malik Hafeez. • Who wrote Gone with the Wind: Margaret Mitchell • Who wrote "History of God"? Karen Armstrong • Raghuvasma was written by Kalidas. is on the life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. • Beloved is a novel authored by Toni Morrison.Hunter.

Akbar won the battle. .N. • West Bank is located b/w Isreal & Jordan. • Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556. • Mahumud Ghaznavi invaded on Somnath in 1025 A.D. • The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D. • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988. • Sakhalin Island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan.D. • West Bank was occupied in 1967. • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338 -1453. Greater & lesser Tunbs. • In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina. • First battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur in 1526. • The famous British Naval commander.C. 1991. • In Battle of Sabroan. Normandy is located in France. • • Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands. Babur won the battle. • ‗Rise and Fall of Great Powers‘ is the work of Paul Kennedy. • Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941. • West Bank was occupied in 1967. • In Opium war Britain fought against China. • Israel occupied Golan Heights from Syria. The latter was defeated. • Battle of Tarain was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri and Prithvi Raj in 1192 A.• Who wrote the book . Greater & lesser Tunbs. • Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles. • My Experiments with Truth is autobiography of Mahtma Gandhi. The former won the battle. • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974. by the intervention of U. • IMPORTANT BATTLES • Battle of Jhelum was fought b/w Alexandar the Great and Raja Porus in 326 B. who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson. • Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28.Call of the Wild-Jack London • Who wrote ―Voyage through History‖? Musarrt Hussain Zuberi • Who is the author of ―Preparing for the Twenty First Century‖? Paul Kennedy • Who wrote ―Supreme Court and Human Rights‖? Tamizuddin • The author of famous book.D Eisenhower. • Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man. • The American general who acted as the supreme comm ander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D. • At the end of Second World War in 1945. Ahmed Shah defeated the latter. • Third battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marahttas in 1760. Germany was divided among 4 major powers.Day landing during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent. • Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988. ―Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy‖ is Henry Kissinger. • Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941. English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore. • Sakhalin island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan. • Doer war fought between South Africa and British.

• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg. • Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man. 1990. • In Battle of Sabroan. • Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3.cal. • What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo . moderate work is 3500 k.Battle of New Orleans • Waterloo is now in. • Highest military award of Pakistan is Nishan-i-Haider. • First World War begun on 1914 A. English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore.(four miles away) • The third battle of Panipat was fought between Marathas and Afghans. it is also considered as greatest war.. Belgium • The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Bat tle of Waterloo in 1815. • Highest military award of Russia is Order of the Patriotic War. light word is 3000 k.. • Iraq occupied Kuwait in August 1990.Rangoon Burma • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed .D. • Highest military award of USA is Victory Medal.cal and heavy work is 4000 k. • Highest military award of Japan is Order of the Rising Sun.Barberossa • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city. • USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945. • What countries highest award is The Order of the Elephant-Denmark • Order of Honor and Banner is the award of--. • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK: Battle of Jutland • Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid Israeli raid on Entebbe • In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard . • Highest military award of Germany is Iron Cross.USSR • GENERAL INFORMATION • Water vapors are formed due to evaporation • Gas in gobar (cow dung) is ethylene.cal • Water is 830 times heavier than air • Driving mirror is usually convex • Dossier means relevant papers • In deserts clouds do not precipitate due to low humidity • Rain drop is shaped like a peer • Money is made of cotton • 1 liter = 0. • Highest military award of India is Pardam Vir Chakra.what Counterfeit British Notes • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasi on of Russia.cal. and Second World War started in 1939 when Germany attacked on Poland. • • HIGHEST MILITARY AWARDS • Highest military award of Britain is Victoria Cross.1991 • North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950.9 kg • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood. • Afghan Mujahideen took power in Kabul on April 20. . • Darfur conflict is in Sudan. (chk biogas is natural gas) • GMT was established in 1884 • Radio broad casting started in 1920 • Calorie requirement sedentary is 2500 k. • Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941. • Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.

• Scientists have recently discovered a new taste called Umami. • Braille system is named after its inventor the Frenchman Louis Brille. • Nauru. • 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the ear • Linseed oil is used while oil painting. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. OLDEST • What is Europe's largest port-Rotterdam • What was first used at the 1904 St Louis Olympic games-Gold medals silver was first before • Where is the worlds oldest university.. is currently the richest person in the world and Lillian Bettencourt (France) is the richest woman in the world. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • New Cornelia tailings on ten mile wash Arizona USA with a volume of 209500 million cubic meters is the world‘s largest volume dam. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place of the world and Masynram in Assam (India) is the wettest place in the world. an island located in western Pacific Ocean. • During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm • Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in wind tonnel • Aircrafts are made of alluminium alloys • Flaps are used as air brakes • Darwin visited Galapagos Island before giving his theory of Natural Sel ection. . LARGEST.Austria • Where is the worlds largest Chinese settlement outside Asia San Francisco – Chinatown • Which country has no national monetary unit of it's own Andorra • Which country has the highest % of women in their legislature Cuba • Which country has the most daily newspapers. founder and chairman of Microsoft Corporation. It is due to Fluorescence • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.Mexico City • What is the worlds fastest moving insect-Tropical Cockroach • Where is the largest church in the world-Vatican in Rome • What was the first country to use postcards. • FIRST. • Staple food is the basic food • The crops like legumes and beens and clover form their own fertilizer.Peru • Bill gates (USA). is the smallest republic of the world.Cuba • What is the worlds most polluted major city. • Taipei-I built in Taiwan is world‘s second tallest building.• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.India • Which city was built in the design of a union flag Khartoum • What was the first country to use TV as a mass info media Germany • In which country is the worlds longest road tunnel Switzerland • Which country has no public toilets. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. Farmers grow these crops and plough into soil as fertilizers. • Mount Everest (2759 N 8656 E) is the highest mountain peak which is located on Nepal Tibet border in the Himalayas.Fez Morocco –founded 859 • What is the largest Island in The Greater Antilles. • Isochrones are the lines joining the places of equal labour and transportation costs. LONGEST. This process is called green manuring. BIGEST.

located in Switzerland 16. Its height is up to 2. It has a total number of 74 alphabets • The Ostrich of North Africa is the biggest bird.miles.3 km long. • The longest river in Asia is Yangtze • The world‘s largest internet search engine is Google. • Glaciers are found on every continent except Africa. Largest ocean of the world is "pacific ocean‖ and smallest ocean is "Indian ocean‖. Russia has largest land area and Vatican city has smallest population and land area in the world • Lord Clive was the first and Lord Mountbatten was the last British ruler of India. While the humming bird is smallest bird. in Antarctica with an average annual temperature of -56. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was discovered in 1956-57. • Shah faisal mosque located in Islamabad (pak) is the largest mosque.9 km) • Longest road tunnel is St. • The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of Natural History • The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna Bhaile . • The noble prize is the largest prize. is the coldest place of the globe. It has an area of 3350 sq miles. • The lake Baikal of Russia has the maximum depth of 5315 feet. It is 5.• Canada has the longest coastline which is 151. Goatherd Rd.7c (-71. Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) is the largest airport in the world. • Largest continent of the world is "Asia" and smallest is "Australia‖. Maldives is the smallest Muslim country in land area of 115 sq. • The Cambodian Language is the language with most Alphabets.50 miles (53. • Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country and Maldives is less populous Muslim country. • Kazakhstan is the largest Muslim country in land area in the world. • Dalol Danaki depression in Ethiopia with an average annual temperature of 35c (95f) is the hottest place on earth and Plateau station.000 sq. • Grand central terminal of New York is the largest railway station. It has an area of 1. • The California University (USA) is the biggest university of the world. miles.7f). • Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world. • The yellow stone national park (USA) is the largest national park. • Turkey is the country having its land in two continents • The world‘s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of England.489 miles in the length and Monaco‘s coastline measures only 3. • King khalid international airport. • Inflation means that money falls in value. • The port of New York and New Jersey (USA) is the largest seaport in the world. • The Seikan railway tunnel in Japan is the longest railway tunnel in the world. • Mandarin (Chinese) is the most spoken language of the world. • Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which is without any regular population. The Lambert Glacier enjoys the distinction of being the largest glacier in the world. it s length is 33. • Germany is the highest solar energy user in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic Territory. It covers an area of 48 acres.5 miles in length. Each prize carries an amount of one million dollars.7 meters ( 9 feet ) and weight is up to 160 kgs. • After United states.049. • Seoul (South Korea) is the most populous city of the world. the largest number of inventions in the last two decades belongs to Germany • China has the largest population.5-20 cm in length and weight about 16 grams. The Sahara is the largest desert of the world. • Ostrich is the largest bird in the world. It is estimated that a total number of 999 million ppl speak it.

USA • The world's biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero cycles. • Largest Dam. • Capital with highest elevation La Paz. Tensing belonged to India and Hillary is a native of New Zealand.Detroit.000 golf courses is USA • The country which built the first powerful long range rockets is Germany • The largest temple in the world is Angkorwat in Kampuchea • The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome.Volgagrad Russia • The world's loneliest island is the Tristan da cunda • The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain • The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre.USA • The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi arabia • The world's tallest office building is the Sears Tower.New Orleans. • K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin. • Nauru is the smallest republic of the world. first climbed by Ardito Desio 1956. • World‘s biggest museum is British Museum. • Mozambique has the lowest GNP. • The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in Saudi Arabia. Canada • The largest church in the world is Basilica of St.Ludhian a • The world's oldest underground railway is at London • The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III • The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb • Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt.Rome • The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland. • Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest. Grand Coulee Dam is in USA. • K2 is the second highest peak located in Korokoram (Pakistan). . • Volta Lake (Ghana) is the largest artificial lake of the world.Vatican City. • Largest palace is in Brunei.• The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland • The place known as the Garden of England is Kent • The old name of Taiwan was Formosa • The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay.Chicago • The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel • The country which has more than 10. • Largest zoo is in South Africa. • Tensing and Hillary were the first human beings to set foot on the top of Mt. • Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya (Nepal).USA • The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait • The largest city of Africa is Cairo • The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman • The Cape of Good Hope is located in South Africa • The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega • The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois • The Pentagonian desert is located in Argentina • The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George Cayley • The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu • The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together form the Island of Hisponiola • The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors • The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings • The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was Snow White and Seven Dw arfs • The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris • The first country to issue stamps was Britain • The world's largest car manufacturing company is General Motors.Peter. • Largest Hydroelectric power station is in Brazil. Everest.

• Country with largest coast line is Canada. • The largest church of the world is in Rome (Italy). • Country with most billionaires is USA. • Country with largest budget is USA. • Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile. • Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque at Islamabad. • Largest capital is Ottawa. • Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan). • The world‘s longest platform is known as the Loop. • Least populated Muslim country is Maldives. • Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia). • Largest dam by volume is Kiev dam (Ukrain). • City with largest elevation is Lhasa. • Largest Bay is Bay of Bengal. • Biggest Library is Congress Library in USA. • Largest exhibition centre is in Germany. • Smallest continent is Australia. • Tallest animal is Giraffe. • Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra and the Ganges. • Largest battle ship is USS Missouri. • Walt Disney is the man with highest number of Oscars. • Tibetan Plateau has highest elevation.• Longest railway tunnel is Seikan Railway Tunnel. • The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China. • Largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico. • Largest university is university of New York USA. • Largest fort. Fort George situated in UK. • Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese. Japan (chk) • Longest underground railway Tunnel is i n Moscow. • The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in 1959. • Largest Stadium is in Czech Republic. • Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca. • The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimzu Tunnel. • Largest bird is ostrich. Libya. • The longest cricket match between England and South Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10 days. • Largest number of school is in China. which is located in USA. • The highest birth rate is of Malawi. • Biggest university is California university (USA). • World‘s largest mosque is shah faisal mosque. • Largest sea port is port of Net York and New Jersey (USA). • Biggest national park is yellow stone national park. • Monaco has the shortest coast line. • Largest land mammal is African Elephant. • Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa. • Biggest dam is Pati dam (Argentina). • Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China. • Largest water reservoir is Own falls (Uganda). • Hottest place is Aziziyah. • Peru with lowest birth rate. • Coldest place is Plateau station (Antartica). • Largest church is Chatholic Basilica (Vetican Rome). • Grand Central Terminal of New York is the largest railway station of the world. in Japan. .

It is located in New Your (United State). • Largest metropolitan is Mexico City. • Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal. • The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to steps on the surface of moon on 21 July 1969. • Polus Nedostupnostir is the coldest place on earth. • The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate. • The largest producer of Silk is China. • The biggest delta in the world is the Sunderbans • The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is Detroit. • The largest producer of carpet is Iran. • The largest telescope of the world called Keck -I. • Lowest death rate is of Kuwait. • The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh. • The fastest flying bird in the world is Falcon. • The largest of oil consumer is USA. • Largest bank of the world is Dutch Bank of Germany. • The largest producer of Rice is China. • The smallest ocean is Arctic Ocean. • Highest birth rate is of Malawi (Africa).USA • The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Mississippi • Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut who orbited the earth in the year 1983. • Largest diamond is Cullinan. . • Highest death rate is of Peru. • Country with most islands is Indonesia. • Trans-Siberian railway line is the longest in the world. • Fastest bird is Pregrine Falcon. • Largest producer of silver is Mexico. • The country with most refugees is Iran. • Largest constellation is Hydra.• Smallest bird is humming bird. • Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula. It grows up to 3 feet in 24 hours. • A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth. • Tallest tower is CN Tower Toronto (Canada). • The longest railway station is located in Japan. • Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 21. • Lowest birth rate is of Peru. • Busiest airport is O‘Hare International Airport (USA). • The largest producer of cotton is USA. • The largest oil field is Ghawar Oil field (Saudi Arabia). • First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty. • Jean Bernard is the deepest cave in France. • Urengoi (Russia) is the largest natural gas reserved. • Reticulated python is the longest snake in the world. • The largest producer of cheese is USA. is located in Hawaii (USA). • Tallest Light house ―Steel Marine Tower‖ is in Japan. • Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria). • Mariana Trench is the deepest part of Pacific. • Biggest park is the wood Buffalo national park. • Roxy is the biggest cinema house of the e world. • Longest big ship canal is Suez Canal. • Densest population is of Bangladesh.

It is the first known translation of the holy Qur'an in Pashto • The first translation of the Quran into a Western language was made into Latin. Bhopal. • The largest producer of Sugar is India. India. • Most Spoken Language is Chinese. • The largest producer of coffee • The largest producer of tin is Malaysia. • The world‘s leading banking center is Zurich. • World‘s largest fish catching country is China.Nestle • Which of the following is the world‘s largest city in area? Mount Isa (Australia) /New York (chk) • Which of the following countries has the largest area of forest? Ru ssia • Where is the world‘s tallest Pagoda located? China • Which of the following is the largest Gulf in the world? Gulf of Mexico • In 1901 who first transmitted radio signals across Atlantic: Marconi • Which country has the smallest birth rate: Vatican City • Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions: Germany • Who piloted the first flight across the English channel: Louis Bleriot • What was the first James Bond film: Dr No • Which country set up the world‘s first chemistry lab in 1650: Netherlands • Which country was the first to abolish capitol punishment 1826-Russia Czar Nicholas Siberia instead • What country is nearest to the North Pole: Greenland • Who were the first people to measure the year-Babylonians • Who was Canada's first prime minister-Sir John MacDonald • What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism • In what city is the worlds largest carpet manufacturer-Kashmir • What is the worlds largest herb-Banana • What country produces the most tobacco in the world-China • What country has the most elephants-Tanzania • Who was the first woman to receive The Order of Merit 1907 -Florence Nightingale • What country has the most Post Offices -India • Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951-London • What country has the worlds largest merchant navy-Liberia • What country consumes the most tea per capita-Ireland • What country has the worlds oldest National Anthem -Netherlands . • The largest producer of Wheat is USA. • The largest producer of Wool is Australia. It was carried out by Robertus Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143 • South China Sea is the largest sea. • The largest producer of gold is South Africa. • The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia. • What country is the world leader in Cobalt Mining-Zaire • What animal has the best hearing-Bats • What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper not banknotes • Where was the worlds first supermarket built (country)-France • Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil • Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily • Who was the first British monarch to visit America George VI in 1939 • What country consumes the most meat per capita 124 lb-Argentina • What is the worlds largest food company. • The largest producer of Tea is India.• The largest producer of Steel is USA. • Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari's translation: Printed in 1861.

.784 MW electricity which is about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the world. • Tokyo is the largest metropolitan city. • Oldest athlete to win Olympic title in 1920 belongs to USA.1911) • United State has most TV stations in the world.over 60000 • What animal is mentioned most in the Bible-Sheep • What is officially the poorest US state-Mississippi • DELAG was the worlds first what Oct 16 1909. • In what country was the worlds first wildlife sanctuary set up -Sri Lanka 3rd cent BC • Longest land frontier is of China.Moscow • The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium. • Highest % of land under cultivation is in India. • Kilauea situated in Hawaii (US) is the most active volcano of the world • Robert E. • Saudi Arabia is no. While the shortest continuous war was between UK and Zanzibar. • Smallest continent is Australia. India was at the top wit h 241. • The maximum presentation in the European parliament is held by Germany.1 oil producing country in the world • Hingol is the largest river in the world. It produces 98. • USA is the largest nuclear electric p ower producing country in the world. • After USA.Airline . • China has most land frontiers with neighboring countries. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached North Pole on 6th April. which lasted from 90 am to 9:45 am on 27th august 1896. • Youngest Olympic champion. • The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan. • The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada • The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin.Prague • The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco • The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib • The first man to reach North Pole was R ear Peary • The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman • The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada • The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap.• What city has the worlds biggest taxi fleet-Mexico . • World‘s oldest university al-Azhar is in Egypt. France is the biggest arms seller in the world.Paris • Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean. Barbara pearl Jones belonged to USA. • First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in 1978.Ronald Amundson • The airplane was used in war for the first time by Itali ans(14 Oct.Aeroflot • Which city had the world first public bus service. • Yum located in Arizona (USA) is the sunniest place of the world.129 secondary schools in 1994.by Zeppelin • Where was the first police force established in 1667-Paris • What is the world tallest horse Shire Horse • What bird lays the largest clutch of eggs The Grey Partridge – up to 16 • The King Cobra is the only snake that does what-Builds a Nest • Worlds oldest existing treaty of 1373 between England and who Portugal • What is considered to be the worlds fastest team game Ice Hockey • What is the worlds largest airline. 1909 for the first time in human history. • The world‘s poorest country with a lowest per capita income is Rwanda. • China had the maximum number (861878) of primary schools. It gets sunshine in 91 % possible hours • The longest continuous war was the thirty year war b etween various European countries from 1618 to 1648.

Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute.000 sq. Shortest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 22nd Dec: Largest Delta is Sundarbands (Bangladesh). Longest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 21st June. Longest corridor is Rameshwaram temple corridor. Largest desert is Sahara (Africa) 33. Hottest desert is Libyan Sahara. Largest bird is Ostrich. Largest country by area is Russia. Largest dome is of Astrodome. Biggest library is Congress Library (USA). Longest canal is the Volga-Baltic.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • USA is the country with 109 nuclear reactors . Fastest animal is cheetah. Biggest bell is Great bell at Moscow. Smallest country by area is Vatican City State. 20. Highest melting point is of Tungsten. Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia). Largest diamond is Cullinan. Lightest gas is hydrogen. Smallest bird is Helena‘s humming bird. Smallest continent is Australia. Wingless bird is Kiwi. Biggest cinema house is Roxy (New York). Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa). Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona. Hottest place is Dalol (Ethiopia). Largest mammal is Blue whale. Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico. Largest country by population is China. Largest continent is Asia. Islamabad. Highest country is China (Tibet region). followed by france 56. Largest Island is Greenland. Largest underground lake is Drachenhauchloch cave (Arizona). City largest by area is Kiruna (Sweden). Longest glacier is Lambert (Antarctica). miles. japan 51 Which country grows the most fruit: China Vicolo della virilita of Italy is the world‘s narrowest street. Deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard (France). 3410° C. Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise. Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee. Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo. Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Tallest Minaret is Qutub Minar (Delhi) 238 feet. USA. Highest desert is Atacama (Chile). Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo. Canal Street is the widest street in USA. Largest Church is Episcopalian Diocese (New York). Highest dam is Rogunsky. Houston (USA). Largest gorge is Grand Canyon. Fastest bird is Indian swift. Indonesia). . Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque. Biggest flower is Rafflesia (Java.

Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia). Alberta. Everest (Himalaya). Largest volcano is Mauna Loa (Hawaii) Philippines has the greatest number of volcanoes in the world. Largest river in volume is Amazon (Brazil). Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador). Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela) Lowest body of water is Dead Sea.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Highest mountain peak is Mt. Longest river dam is Hirakud Dam India. Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes. Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean. Biggest museum is British Museum (London). Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph). Canada. In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece. Longest non-stop train is Flying Scotman. Largest railway station is Grand Central Terminal. Toronto. Largest sea bird is Albatross. Largest suspension bridge is Verazano-Narrows. Biggest park is the Wood Buffalo National Park. India Highest plateau is Pamir. Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands). Largest space centre is Cape Kennedy (USA). In 2650 the first Pyramid was built in Egypt. Tibet. Longest railway line is Trans-Siberian Railway. Largest river basin is Amazon River. Largest man-made reservoir is Angara River Russia. Broadest strait is Mozambique. Biggest Telescope is Astro Physical Observatory. Highest town is Wenchuan. Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles long. Namibia. USA. Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean. Rainiest spot is Cherrapunji. Biggest passenger train is Queen Elizabeth (UK). . Longest railway platform is Khargpur. NY. Tallest tower is CNN Tower. Tallest statue is Statue of Liberty (NY). Coldest place is Verkhoyansk (Russia). Mediterrian sea means ‗sea in the middle of land‘. Saltiest ocean is Mediterranean Ocean. Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra. Longest river is Nile (Egypt). Largest peninsula is Saudi Arabia. UK. Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of world‘s 109 tallest peaks. Driest place is Death Valley (California). Hottest place is Azizia Libya Africa. Longest mountain range is Andes (South America). Biggest palace is Vatican. Longest road tunnel is Seikan (Japan). Tibet (China). Longest strait is Malacca. Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park. Largest stadium is Straho Stadium Prague. Longest swimming course is English Channel. Youngest ocean is Atlantic Ocean.

• Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture. • Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico.. • Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil. • Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall. • Dr. • The largest basins in the face of the earth are oceans. • Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. • The largest tea producing country is India. It joins Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea. USA • What city has the longest metro system: London • USA has most roads what country has second most: India • China started Civil Service Examination first of all in 6 A. • Most Subways in the country. He became the first person to wal k across the Antarctic continent alone and unsupported. • Rock temple was built at Jerusalem. • World‘s second most populous city is Mexico city. • In November 2005. • Borge Ousland is a Norwegian explorer. • India leads in export of Mica in the world. . • Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country. • The country where death rate is lowest in the world is Japan. • First to sail around the world was Ferdinand Magallan • Largest number of Palestinian refuges are in Jordan. • Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo. • Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world. Basin is a low land area. • Which of the following is the largest sugar producing country in the world? Brazil • World‘s oldest regligionis Hinduism. • Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf River with Myanmar. Ian Wilmut is credited with first cloned sheep. • A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea water lagoon is named Atoll. • Amazon is the largest river of the world. • Cuba is the highest producer of sugarcane in the world. • Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to scale Mount Everst.D. • The name of the second highest African peak is Mount Kenya. • Canada leads in the world in production of asbestos. • USA has the largest production of aluminium. Africa‘s first woman head of state was elected in Mozambique. • Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China. • Sundarbans Forests are world‘s largest mangrove forests. The plan of the Suez Canal was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps. • World‘s largest religion is Christianity. • Largest Ginger producing nation is Indonesia. • Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world.• Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games. He proved that the shape of the earth is round. • Longest Optical Fibre is between Singapore and Marseilles. • Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet Union which declared itself independent. • The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the ocean trade routes. • Water source beneath the earth flowing naturally is called spring. • New Zealand was the first country to propose Carbon Tax to address global warming. • Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean. • Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in 15190 to sail round the world and discovered passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic. Her name is Luisa Diogo of FELIMO party. • The thinnest earth layer is Crust.

Ostrich • Oldest parliament in the world--.• Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia. • Detroit (USA) is famous for car manufacturing. • Sudan is the largest country in Africa.1 km long) bridge and tunnel express-way for motor vehicles across Tokyo Bay. Turkey in 1999. Zahir Shah • First person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone was Borge Ousland.. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir. • Newzealand is close to Int: Date Line. • Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia. • Europe‘s only Islamic state is Albania.. • Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation. • Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing. • Light is the fastest thing in the universe. • The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the wor ld.14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.. • Aqualine is the world‘s longest under-sea tunnel (15. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world.Althing (Iceland) • The last King of Afghanistan. 366. • King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term. • Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis Bleriot • What is the largest state in the USA: Alaska • Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads in the production of oil? Saudi Arabia • Which country grows the most potatoes: Russia • What language has the most words: English • What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania • Paris and What other capital had the worlds first telephone link-Brussels • What is the largest country in Africa -Sudan • What was the worlds first passenger jet aircraft-Comet • In what city was the worlds first blood bank opened 1940-New York – Richard Charles Drew • What county first used pepper-China • What is the oldest known science. • Oldest Search Engine is . • Mumbai is the most populous city. • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of Fundy (canada). • Glasgow is biggest ship building centre. Yahoo • Bird largest in size. • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of fundy (canada). • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.Astronomy • What is the last element – Alphabetically-Zirconium • What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed • What is the fastest swimming ocean fish over 60 mph -Sailfish – Marlin • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.000 miles per second. .It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187. • The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje.. • Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran). • Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa. • Largest landlocked country in world is Mangolia.. • In which city there is the largest stock exchange of the world? New York. • Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal. • Arabia is the larges peninsula..

• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world. • The maximum ever temperature of 136. • Charles babbage is called " Father of computer " • Adam smith is called " Father of economics " • DISCOVERIES AND INVENTIONS • Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth • Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.4 F was recorded on september 13. • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world. • Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History. • Jericho.1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.• Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36. It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august .1400 Geoffrey Chaucer • ‗Aristophanes‘ is called father of comedy.B • Who built the worlds first film studio. • • Photography was invented by Mathew Barry • Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral) • Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in .Pin Heads • Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch . 1960. • Thefrastus is called as father of botany. • The Cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets.Son of Kong • What cities underground has the most stations-New York • first man to set foot on all five continents. • Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter.1340 . • Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy. • Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann.400 US dollars. • The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the larg est passenger ship in the world.India • What's the worlds longest rail journey made no trai n change Moscow Peking • What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894 • Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year-King Kong . situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world.Captain Cook • Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright • Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania • What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland • What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan • What was the first country to recognise the US as independent -Morocco • On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted.Queen Elizabeth 1st FATHER‘S OF DIFFERENT FIELDS • Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan • Father of botany is Theofrastus • Father of biology is Aristotle • James Hutton is called the father of modern geology. • Who is known as The father of English poetry .Thomas Alva Edison • Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls • What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb -Finland • Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second -Coffee • Which country makes the most films per year. • Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius.

Scheele • Oxygen by Priestley • Hydrogen by Cavandish • Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize • Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. Nobel • DNA by Watson Crick • Gene by Johanson • Chromosomes by Waldyar • Electric resistance by Ohm • Electrolysis by Faraday • Electron by J. • X-ray machine was invented by James Clark • Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.J. Thomson in 1897 • Neutron by Chadwick • Proton by Rutherford • Positron by Anderson • Ozone by Echonbein • Planetary motion by Kepler • Radioactivity by Bacquerel • Radium by Currie • Insulin by Banting & Best • Human heart transplant by Bernard • Vaccine (measles) by Peebles • Vaccine (polio) by Salk • Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur • Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner • Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross • Adding machine invented by Pascal • Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn • Air Brake by George Washington . Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA) • First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. • Chadwick discovered Neutron • Telescope was invented by Galileo • Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming • Noble gases discovered by Cavendish • Gun powder was first invented in China • Velocity of light was measured by Michelson • Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies • Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes‘s principle • Dr.1869. Cl ark • Barometer was invented by Pascal • Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665 • Aspirin discovered by Dresser • Atomic theory given by Dalton • Atomic number given by Mosley • Bacteria by Leeunhock • Blood circulation by William Harvey • Calculus by Newton • Co2 by Fishcer • Chlorine by K. • Chloroform by Guthrie • Deuterium by Harlod • Dynamite by Alfred B. Barney B.

Eckert and J. Niepce Carburetor by Daimler Cement by Joseph Aspidin Circuit breaker by Hilliard Computer (electronic) by J.Mauckly Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak. Hadaway Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler Electromagnet by William Sturgeon Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock Flying shuttle by Johan Kay Gun powder by Roger Bacon Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler Helicopter by Sikorsky Interneral combustion engine by Daimler Jet engine by Frank Whittle Knitting Machine by William Lee Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision Montgoflier invented balloon. Gas engine by Daimler Electric fan by wheeler Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie Electric motor by Michael Faraday Motor A.P.C by Tesla Motor D.W.C by Devin Port Electric shaver by W.Mainman Machine gun by Gatling Match (safety) by Pasch Microphone by Graham Bell Motion pictures (camera) by Edison Motor cycle by Daimler . Blanchard invented parachute. Talbot invented photographic paper.S. Lamp (mercury) by Hewit Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould Laser (operable) by T. Carier Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain Automobile (electric) by William Morrison Automobile (differential gear) by Benz Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland Balloon by Mont Golfer Barometer by Torricelli Bicycle (modern) by Starley Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin Burner (gas) by Bunsen Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Howe was the inventor of sewing machine. Colt‘s invention is pistol.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Air Conditioning by H.H. Dickenson invented paper machine.

Electron was discovered in 1897. Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg. Proton was discovered by Goldstein Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft The electric chair was invented by a dentist Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941. Smith Welding (electric) by E. . Oxygen was discovered in 1774.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Motor scooter by Bradsha Parachute by Garnerin Pen (fountain) by Waterman Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster Piano by Christopher Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg Radar by Watson Watt Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens Razor safety by Gillette Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre Revolver by Samuel Solt Rifle by August Kotter Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning Rocket Engine by Goddard Safety pin by Walter Hunt Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint Stainless steel by Herry Brearley Stream boat by Abbans Submarine by Holland Tank military by Swinton Telephone by Graham Bell Radio by Marconi Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo Telescope (refracting) by Newton Television (mechanical) by J. X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.L. Thomson Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback Celcius devised Centrigrade scale Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture. Tomas A Edison was American. Ramsay discovered inert gas. Baird Television (electric) by Fransworth Thermometer by Galilo Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit Tractor by Robert Keeley Transformer by William Stanley Transistor by William Shockley Type writer by Henry Mill Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E.

• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon.Peray. • Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885. He belonged to France. • More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we use today. he belonged to Germany. . • Parachute was invented by L. • Discovery of Oxygen was made by J. • Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Irene Curie in 1934. he belonged to Poland. • Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.S Lenormand in 1783.J 1916. • Discovery of Electron was made by J. • Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540.C Urey in 1932. • Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed Farraday in 1841. • Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860. • In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly. • Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey. • First person to reach North Pole was Robert E. • Current Electricity was invented by Volta i n 1800. • Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900. • Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly. • Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was discovered by Captain cook in 1770. • Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon. he belonged to Sweden. • Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de Lesseps in 1869. • Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier. • Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by Coulomb.• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner. • Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832.Bomb. he belonged to Italy. • Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard. • Zippers were introduced in 1890. • Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803. • Box Camera was invented by G. • Who invented wax paper. he belonged to Protugese. • Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H. • Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October. • Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble. • America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. he belonged to Germany. • China was discovered by Marco Polo. • Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.Thomas Edison • Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in 1913. • Otto Hahm invented A. • Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England. he belonged to English.J Thomson in 1897. • Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498.Priestly in 1774. he belonged to Italy.Eastman in 1988. • ECG invented by Einthogen.: • Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister. • Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600. • Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831. • Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766. • Insulin was discovered by Banting. • In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an American named A. • Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913. • In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine. • On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by Armunden. • Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.

• The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified by Robert Brown. carrier"U. with the equipment discovered the atomic nucleus. • In 1803. Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium. • Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation. Etienne Lenoir Pioneers in Science Anderson—Discovered positive electrons. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953. • Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator to discover and find out about subatomic particles. in 1902. Shockley discovered transistor. • In 1911 Ernest Rutherford. Lamarck • What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid • Dr. • Proton was discovered by Goldstein.• Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane. invention of the famous Archimedean screw. a New Zealander living in Britain. • In 1897 J.S. • W. • William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood. Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of specific gravity. • The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in 1835 by James Lindsay. • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. • Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus. Niepce"France in 1822. • Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany. • Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish. • Ernest Rutherford in 1908. Francois Isaac de Rivaz • The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier (Chk) • Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin Hayyan. Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro‘s Hypothesis. the English Scientist John Dalton described the atom as the smallest unit of an element.(HCL was also discovered by him) • What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in 1662: Slide Rule • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask • Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver: Insulin • Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci • In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent-Windscreen Wipers • The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick Stepote and Robert Edwards • Sumiton invented Tank. carried out experiment with atomic particles. • Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used to measure radioactivity. • Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture. • Ramsay discovered inert gas. . • Camera (photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. negative charges. • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. • The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was propounded by J. Baron Napier—Logarithms. • Thomson discovered electron.B.J Thomson discovered electron. Baird—Television. • Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups. • Air conditioner invented by "willis H.

Bose. Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda. Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany.—Invented Crescograph and published many works on plant physiology. Gay Lussac—Law of gases. Binet—Intelligence Test. Dalton—Atomic theory. Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies. Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy. Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements. ‗rare gases‘. Origin of Species. Dr Wernher von—space flying. Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics. Khorana. radio. Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution. Dewar—Invented cordite. Lockyer—Helium gas. Madame—Discovery of radium. Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind. Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis. Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye. Herschel. William—Discovered the Planet—Uranus.J. Clarke. Bessemer—Steel smelting process. He discovered that plants have sense and perception. Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis. Kodak—Film and photographic goods. Marconi—Wireless telegraphy. discovery of hydrogen (Inflammable Air). Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope. Einstein—Theory of relativity.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit. laws of chemical combination. Boyle was the greatest scientist of England in his time. . S. law of partial pressures. Kelvin.—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum theory. Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber. Lord—Dynamical theory of heat. Hertz—Electrical waves. Carothers—Nylon plastics. Maria-Montessori—‗Montessori‘ method of teaching children. liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask. Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor. Bhabha. Mendel—Laws of heredity.C. Mandeleev—Periodic Table. Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure. Braun. Arthur C. Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature. the law of multiple proportions. Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy. Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light. Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory). Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°.N. Curie. Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms. Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water. Bose. Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron. Euclid—Science of geometry. Boyle—Boyle‘s law. Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code. Dr H. J.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him ―Boson‖.

Rutherford—Atomic Research. Parkes—Celluloid. Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties of bodies and their relation to heat. Fulton—Stream boat. Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay).—Discovered electron. Bushwell—Submarine. Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids. Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone. Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen. Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon. Brequet—Helicopter. Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission. Roger Bacon—Gun powder. Helium etc. Planck—Quantum theory. J. Faraday—Dynamo. Daimler—Gas engine. Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick‘s Law. Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen. Colt—Revolver. Neon.Newton—Laws of gravitation.J. Shalimar—Paints. He was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to draw a train of 31 carriages.—Researches in chemistry. Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries Austin—Motor Car. Ray. P.—―Raman Effect‖ on polarisation of light and theories on crystals and diamond formation. Guttenburg—Art of Printing. Parsons—Steam turbine. Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Raman. Berliner—Microphone. Law of Motion. Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory. Davy—Miner‘s Safety Lamp. succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time in 1918. Thomson. Rohmkorff—Induction coil. Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre. Galileo—Telescope. Bell.V. Researches in wireless communications. Volta—Current electricity and electric battery. C. Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician. Nobel—Dynamite. Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand. Perkin—‗Mauve dye‘.C. Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion. . Caxton—Printing Press. Gillette—Safety razor. Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays. Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships beyond which the ships cannot be loaded. Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex. Graham—Telephone. Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine).

W. Landstrom. Sholes—Typewriter.E. SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS • Hydrometer measures humidity • Barometer measures atmospheric pressure • Purity of milk is measured by lactometer • Fathometer measures the depth of oceans. Torricelli—Barometer. Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri. Salk. Watt. Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity. & O.—Anti-polio Vaccine. Jonas E. Brahmchari. Waksman—Streptomycin. Hopkins. Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform. Lister. Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays. Christian—Replacing the human heart. Lainnec—Stethoscope. Koch—Tubercle Bacillus. cure of hydrophobia. James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769). Huygens—Pendulum clock. Pasteur. J. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903). Waterman—Fountain pen. Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929). U. Montgolfier—Balloon (1883) Pascal—Calculating Machine. Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination. • Sextant is used for measuring altitude of Sun and other heaven ly bodies • Chronometer records accurate time on ships • Algesimeter indicates the degree of sensitiveness of skin • Altimeter measures altitudes • Ammeter measures current .—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever.Hoe—Rotary Printing Press. Mauser—Magazine of rifle. Stephenson—Railway engine. Camera. Robert Watson—Radar. Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite. James—Machine gun Shockley—Transistor. Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides. Howe—Sewing Machine. Macmillan—Bicycle (1842). Zeiss—Lenses. Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D. Puckle.—Safety Matches. Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder). Louis—Treatment of rabies. studied properties of chlorine. Lord—Antiseptic treatment.M. Swinton—Military tank. Barnard. Pioneers in Medical Inventions and Discoveries • Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes). Harvey—Circulation of blood. Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe. Fleming. photography.

• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure. • Potometer is used to measure the rate of respiration in animal and plants. • Manometer measures pressure of gases • Micrometer measures minute distances • Periscope is used for viewing objects above eye level • Cyclotron is used for electromagnetic acceleration of charged atoms • Geiger counter is used for detecting and recording radioactivity.• Anemometer records velocity of wind • Cyamometer measures blueness of sky or ocean • Dasymeter measures density of gas • Galvanometer measures small electric current • Hydrometer measures relative density of liquids • Hygrometer measures humidity in atmosphere • Hypsometer measures atmospheric pressure to ascertain elevations by determ ining boiling point of liquid. . • Ammeter is use for measuring current strength. • Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun. • The variation in the blood flow can be heard with an instrument called _ stethoscope _ • What is measured by an interferometer-Wavelength of light • Hydrophone is used for measuring sound under water. • Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light. • Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure.Water intake • Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. • Electrical energy into mechanical energy: Electrical Motor • Electrical energy into sound energy: Loudspeaker • Sound energy into electrical energy: Microphone • The device used to measure radioactivity: Geiger-Muller tube • The device which converts the chemical energy into electrical energy: Battery • The device used to measure radioactivity. • Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light. Geiger counter • Hygrometer is instrument used for measuring humidity of air. Or Hypsometer is an instrument for measuring the height above sea level.V broadcast • Viscometer measures viscosity of liquids • Spiro graph records the movement of lungs • Photometer measures rate of transpiration • Scotograph is used for enbling blind to write • Eratosthenes measures distance round the earth • Kaldio-scopes have proved helpful in finding the amount of dampness in soil • Mohr‘s scale measures degree of hardness of minerals • RBC and WBC is bloods are counted by Hemocytometer. • Heliscope is used for viewing the sun. • For measuring solar radiation we use pyrheliometer. It was invented by Hans Geiger (1882-1945) • Pyrometer measures high temperatures • Refrectometer measures refractive index of a substan ce • Seismograph measures intensity of earthquake • Telstar transmits wireless or T. • The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument known as rain gauge • What is measured with an ombrometer-Rainfall • The instrument used to measure very high temperature: Infrared pyrometers • Mechanical energy into electrical energy: Generator • Heat energy into mechanical energy: Heat engine or steam engine. • What does a potometer measure. • Magnometer is an instrument designed to compare the magnetic movement and field.

Audiometer: an instrument to measure intensity of sound. Crescograph: is an instrument for use in recording growth of plants.M. Carburettor: is an apparatus for charging air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine. What does a drosomoter measure: Dew Relative density of an atmosphere is measured by hygrometer. Dip Circle: It is an instrument used to determine the angle between the direction of the resultant intensity of earth‘s field and the horizontal component at a place. The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs. Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990. Chronometer: is an instrument kept on board the ships for measuring accurate time. The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer. Counter (Geiger Muller Counter): This special device is used for detecting the presence of radiation and counting certain atomic particles. Dynamo. This particular angle is know as the dip of that place. Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string. Dynamo: The origin of electricity in a Dynamo is the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy. Bose. G. Calorimeter: an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat. Altimeter: an apparatus used in aircraft for measuring altitudes. Ammeter is use for measuring current strength Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte. Audiophone: is an instrument required for improving imperfect sense of hearing. are called electroencephalograms or electroencephalographs. Epidiascope: for projecting films as well as images of opaque articles on a screen. EEG is the common abbreviation for both the technique and the records. Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs. Galvanometer: an instrument for measuring currents of small magnitude. Commutator: split ring which forms the main part of a D. Ammeter: is used for to measure intensity of sound. Eudiometer: It is a glass tube for measuring volume changes in chemical reactions between gases. The lens system which forms the image on the screen is termed the focusing lens. Callipers: a compass with legs for measuring the inside or outside diameter of bodies. Records of the electrical activity of the brain. commonly known as ―brain waves‖. Fathometer: is an instrument used for measuring depth of the ocean.C. Barograph: for continuous recording of atmospheric pressure. It depends on the principle of electro-magnetic induction whereby a current is produced on traversing a magnetic field. Cardiogram: a medical instrument used for tracing the movements of the heart. Drinker‘s apparatus: to help breathing in infantile paralysis. invented by J.• • • • • • • • • • • Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun. the rays of light are twice reflected by means of right-angled prisms. Cinematograph: It consists of a series of lenses arranged to throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs. Cardiograph: is a medical instrument for tracing heart movements. Barometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure. Compass needle: for knowing approximately the North-South direction at a place.C. . Anemometer: is an instrument for measuring the force and velocity of wind. Binoculars: is an instrument used for seeing distant objects. Electroencephalograph (EEG): It is the technique of recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain.

Microtome: is used for cutting an object into thin parts for microscopic inspection. Microscope: is an instrument which is used for magnifying minute objects by a lens system. Saccharimeter: is an instrument for determining the amount of sugar in a solution. fraction of the lowest division of a given scale. . Gravimeter: is an instrument for recording measurement under water and to determine the presence of oil deposits under water. Manometer: for determining the pressure of a gas.s. Pipette: It is a glass tube with the aid of which a definite volume of liquid may be transferred. blood pressure. It is used in breweries. measurements of the thermal e. Psychrometer: is an instrument for measurement of the humidity of the atmosphere. with the help of which a pulse beat makes a sound. Sphygmomanometer: an instrument used for measuring arterial blood-pressure.m. Gyroscope: is an instrument used to illustrate dynamics of rotating bodies. for recording temperature of the sun etc. Kymograph: is an instrument used to record graphically various physiological movements i. Hygrometer: is an instrument used for measuring humidity in air.Gramophone: an instrument with which we can reproduce the sound recorded by a suitable recording apparatus. Photometer: is an apparatus used to compare the illuminating power of two sources of light. Radiometer: is an instrument for measuring the emission of radiant energy. (2) An instrument for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of radiation. large potential differences and currents. It is also used for measuring low resistances. on the surface of the sea while the submarine is under water. Sphygmophone: an instrument. It is a type of spinning wheel fixed to the axle.f.. Lactometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the purity of milk. heart beating. Rain Gauge: is an apparatus for recording of rainfall at a particular place. Hydrophone: is an instrument used for recording sound under water.. Refractometer: is an instrument to measure refractive indices. The needle always points north-south.s. Hydrometer: is an instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids. Pyrometer: is an instrument for recording high temperatures from a great distance (i. Spectrometer: (1) It is a type of spectroscope suitable for the precise measurements of refractive indices. Speedometer: is an instrument which indicates speed at which a vehicle is moving. Mariner‘s Compass: is an apparatus which is used to guide the sailors. It also enables the sailors to observe objects on the other side of an obstacle without exposing themselves. Seismometer or Seismograph: is an instrument used for recording earthquake shocks. Periscope: It is usually used by the crew of a submarine to survey the ships etc. Phonograph: is an instrument used for reproducing sound. Radar: Radio. Spherometer: is an instrument for measuring curvature of surfaces. study of lungs etc in living beings.f..e.) by making use of the laws of radiation. Detection And Range is used to detect the direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio microwaves. Odometer: is an instrument by virtue of which the distance covered by wheeled vehicles is recorded. Micrometer: is an instrument used for converting sound i. of cells. Angle.m.e.e. Sextant: is an instrument invented by John Hadley used for measuring the altitude of the sun and of other inaccessible heavenly bodies. It is fitted with a special type of apparatus known as sound box invented by Berliner. Potentiometer: is used for comparing the e. Microphone: is an instrument used for converting sound waves into electrical vibrations.

They built ENIAC. • A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes • Our PC belongs to 4th generation • Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus • First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell laboratories • WORM means Write Once Read Many • Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations per Second) • WWW/http: (hypertext transfer protocol) was created by Tim Burner Lee in 1992 • Intel means Integrated Electronics • 1 worksheet contains 256 columns • G. • DVDs hold more information than CDs. Thermostat: It is an instrument used to regulate the temperature to a particular degree. on telegraph lines.W stands for Gate Way • Super Computer was created by J. COMPUTER • Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits • Bit means Binary Digit • 1 byte = 8 bits • 1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes • 1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes • A combination of 16 bits are called word. • In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed • In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC. Telephone: a device by virtue of which two persons at two different places can communicate. It consists of two main parts (i) a microphone and (ii) a receiver. Stethoscope: is an instrument to hear and analyse movements of heart and lungs. They use smaller bumps and have two reflective layers • Recordable CDs do not have bumps.Basic G. in races and other events. by virtue of which. Tachometer: is an instrument for determining speeds of aeroplanes and motor boats. the world‘s first commercial computer was designed by John Mauchly and J. the first electronic computer in 1946 • In 1968 mainframe was built. Viscometer: is an instrument to measure viscosity. Teleprinter: an instrument which prints automatically messages sent from one place to another. through which a double photograph snapped from two different angles by a two-lensed camera is viewed in solid relief.Van Tassel • CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture • URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator • Intel invented RAM chip • Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny side. Stereoscope: It is a special type of binocular. Thermometer: is an apparatus used for measuring temperature. Presper Eckert. Telescope: is an apparatus used for observing distant objects. Thermocouple: an instrument based on thermo-electricity used for measuring temperatures.W. . There are patches of color on disk to change the reflected laser light • In 1951 Univac – 1. Stroboscope: is an instrument for viewing objects moving rapidly with a periodic motion and to see them as if they were at rest. Stop watch: for recording small intervals of time in the laboratory. arterial pulsations become visible.H. Theodolite: is an instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles.Sphygmoscope: an instrument.

• Bootstrap is associated with computer. • First apple computer was built in garage.what does JPEG stand for: Joint Photographic Experts Group • During World War II. • NOS refer to operating systems for a network. • The first home computer (1977). • Virtual memory is also known as virtual page. • The language of small talk is object oriented. • Mark-1. • GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out. • ‗PARAM‘ is a supercomputer. which was sold in millions of units was Apple II. • What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford University Network • What does Intel stand for. • Binary digits are briefed as bit. • Father of the Computer. Charles Babbage • What does CMOS stand for in a computer. Apple-1.Integrated Electronics • All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input Output System • What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip • In WWW terms what does i. • The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC.e. • Application of flip-flap are counters. • Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer. • A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors. • Mark sensing is another term for OMR. • Free software is also known as public domain software. • PROM is the abbreviation of programmable read only memory • • What was the world‘s first high level programming language 1957: IBM FORTRAN • A JPEG is a picture file format . and collossus were initial desktop computers. • In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.Complimentary metal Oxide semi-conductor . • Shell is an operating environment. • In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits. IBM built the computers the Nazis used to manage their death/concentration camps • Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU. • World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness Lee. • Wetware stands for any organic intelligence. • FORTRAN stands for formula translator. • Clip art is a computer prepared art. • Authorization to make multiple software copies is called site licensing. • The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel. • The transformation from heavy computers t o PCs was made possible using microprocessors. • A collection of bits is called byte. • The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson. • Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter. shift register and transfer register.. computer games were introduced.• In 1998 IBM made quantum computer • Super computers uses parallel processing • In 1974. • A group of character that is termed as a single entity is called word. mean on a domain name-Ireland • What company introduced the first commercial minicomputer 65 DEC • Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA Mosaic • The world‘s most powerful super computer is called ASCI white. • Antivirus is also known as vaccines.

WORLD PARLIAMENTS • Parliament of Afghanistan is Loya Jirga. • Parliament of Australia is Federal Parliament. • Parliament of Bangladesh is Jatiya Saugsad. • Parliament of Canada is Parliament. • Parliament of China is National people‘s congress. • Parliament of Denmark is Folketing. • Parliament of Egypt is People‘s Assembly. • Parliament of France is Parliament. • Parliament of Germany is Baundesrat. • Parliament of Greece is Parliment. • Parliament of India is Parliment. • Parliament of Iran is Majlis-e-Shoura-e-Islam. • Parliament of Iraq is National Assembly. • Parliament of Japan is Diet. • Parliament of Morocco is Majlis al Nuwab. • Parliament of Oman is Consultative Assembly. • Parliament of Qatar is Advisory Council. • Parliament of Russia is Duma. • Parliament of Norway is the Storting. • Parliament of Sweden is Riksdag. • Oldest parliament in the world--- Althing (Iceland) • SPORTS • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • First British open squash championship played in 1922. • First world squash championship 1976. • Jhangir khan has won world open 6 times. • Wimbledon open tennis was instituted in 1877. • A winner of four competitions (Wimbledon, French open, us open, and Australia open) is called Grand Slam. • Most Wimbledon single (Men) title are won by Pete Sampras (USA). • Most Wimbledon single (woman) title won by Martina Navratilova (USA). • Common Wealth game are held every 4 years, they were started in 1931. • First Asia games were played at New Delhi in 1951. • 15th Asian Games will be held in Qatar in 2006. • Current World cup holder of hockey is Netherlands. • FIFA established in Paris on May 21, 1904. • Grand slam is the title associated with Pete Sampras. • Michael Chang (USA) is the youngest to win the title of grand slam. • Shahid Afridi has made century on 37 balls. • The title ―Oval Hero‖ is with Fazal Muhammad. • The sports man Kasparvo is associated with Chess. • Modern summer Olympic were held in Greece in 1896. • Olympic held every 4 years. • Hockey became Olympic event in 1908. Pakistan took part in 1948 in London. • 1st world cup hockey 1971 at Barcelona (Spain). • Hockey world cup held every 4 year. • First world cup cricket 1975, won by West Indies. • India won world cup cricket in 1983 by beating West Indies. • 10 countries have test status. • First test mach was played in 1877 between Australia and England. • First One day match between Australia and England in Jan 5, 1971.

• First word cup football 1930, Uruguay, and won by Uruguay. • 1942 world cup football cup did not hold due to Second World War. • Nigeria is current Olympic footfall champion. • Geoff hunt is associated with Squash. • South Africa was expelled from ICC in 1970 because of its apartheid policies. • Current heavy weight championship is with L. Lewis. • In cricket batsman can be out by 10 ways. • Peter Marshal is associated with Squash. • Pakistan had won 4 title of world cup hockey so far. • First three work cup crickets were played with 60 over. • Rocky Morciono only heavy weight boxer remained unbeaten throughout his career. • Lowest test match inning is 26 by New Zealand. • Highest no of one-days are played at Sharjah Cricket Ground. • The champion trophy hockey tournament was introduced by Pakist an in year 1978. • Davis cup is for tennis. • Thomas cup badminton is for men only. • Uber cup is for badminton. • Each team in volleyball consists of 6 players. • Antoly Karpov, the world chess player belongs to Russia. • Modern Olympic Games were first held in Athens. • ICC has 10 members and it was founded in 1965. • Lowest total in cricket is 36 by Canada. • Tennis player steffi graf belongs to Germany. • Natwest trophy is for cricket. • The Swythiling cup is related to Table Tennis. • Morocco cup is for cricket. • First modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens. • First women competed in Olympic games in 1912. • France and which country contested first ever world cup match Mexico • The number of countries which participated in the first Olympic Games held at Athens was Nine • Who owns The Oval cricket ground- Prince Charles • Who among the following batsmen achieved the feat of hitting six 6s in one over for the first time in international cricket during the World Cup 2007 Herschelle Gibbs • Where were the first winter Olympics held in 1924 -Charmonix France • FINA is the governing body of what amateur sport-Swimming • FITA are the governing body of what sport-Archery • A Lady Paramount judges at what sport- Archery • First cricket cup was played in England in 1974. • First Asian Games were held in New Delhi in 1951. From 1954 they were held every four years. • Baron Pierre de Coubertin was founder of the modern Olympic Games. • Bunting is a term in the game of Baseball. • Grand Master is a term in Chess. • Grand Slam is a term in sports associated with Bridge as well as Lawn Tennis. • Martina Hinges is the youngest woman tennis player to win three major singles titles in one season. • Iron- a sports term is associated with Golf. • McDowell Cup is associated with football. • Olympic Games were held twice in Paris and London. • Paralympics are the games for disabled. • Uber cup is associated with Badminton. • Yankee Stadium is associated with Boxing.

• World‘s oldest sports daily is Gazetta dello Sport of Italy. • Val Barker Cup is awarded in the Olympic Games in Boxing. • The Paralympics Games 2008 were held in Beijing. • Asafa Powell is 100 m sprinter. • The term ―Stalemate‖ is related to the game of Chess. • With which sport is the term ‗butterfly‘ associated? Swimming • Next Football world Cup in 2010 is in.....South Africa • How many rings on the Olympic flag: Five • Who ran the first marathon: Phidipedes • What colour is the cap given to an England cricket player-Blue • What held up a Cricket test Match between England Pakistan-Mouse on pitch • What is the first race in the Grand Prix season -Brazilian • By Olympic rules what must have 14 feathers Badminton Bird • How is the Olympic torch lit- By the sun in Greece • Martina Navratilova belongs to Czech Republic. • Tour De France is French cycle race. • National game of Switzerland is skiing. • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • In Tennis where is the Australian Open played -Flinders Park • What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920 • FIDE govern what game -Chess. • Footballer Zaidane originally belongs to which country? Algeria • INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES • Aero float is the airline of Russia. • Al-Italia is the Italian international airlines. • Royal Nepal‘s Airline is the name of Nepal‘s airline. • Transworld Airway (TWA) belongs to USA. • Scandinavian airlines operate in the countries Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. • KLM is the oldest national airline. • JAL is an airline of Japan. • BOAC airline is of Great Britain. • Garada is the airline of Indonesia. • Qantas is an airline of Australia. • The famous airport Dum Dum is located in Mombai (India). • Chaklala airport is situated in Rawalpindi. • Orly airport is located in Paris. • Santa Cruz airport is in Mumbai. • KLM is an airline of Nether land. • LOT is the national airline of what country-Poland • TABSO is the national airline of which country-Bulgaria • Lufthansa is an airlines from Germany • Cathy Pacific is an airline of Hong Kong. • What is Belgium's national Airline- Sabina • Vnukovo airport is in Moscow. • Biman is the airline of Bangladesh. • Qantas is an airline of Australia. • Garunda is an Airline of Indonesia. • Asiana is the airline of ... South Korea • IMPORTANT NEWSAGENCIES • Anatolia is the news agency of Turkey. • News agency AIP belongs to Afghanistan.

• Interfax is the news agency of Russia. • Al-Hilal was stated in 1912 and closed in 1914, it was founded by Abudul Kalam Azad. CURRENT G.K 1. Tapaimukh Dam issue is between India & Bangladesh. 2. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh is Dipu Moni. 3. PM of Bangladesh Shaikh Haseena of Awami League elected in December, 29,2008. 4. Mongolia has world's 6% of Uranium reserves. 5. The Bofors case led to Congress defeat in 1989 Lok Sabha polls. Ottavio Quattrocchi, an Italian businessman, took bribes to sale Bofors howitzers to India in 1986. 6. Mao movement is connected with Naxalites. 7. Black Widow is a rebellious gang in Assam. 8. US intends to deploy US interceptor Missiles in Poland and radar in Czech Republic to protect Europe from Iranian missiles. 9. Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel belongs to conservative party. 10. OECD has 30 members and does ot include China. 11. US special representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan is Richard Halbroke. 12. Senator John Kerry and Richard Lugar put forward Kerry-Lugar Bill. 13. G-20 Summit was held at Pittsburg, USA in Sep: 2009. 14. David Lawrance Convention Centre arranges G-20 Summit. 15. ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation. 16. President of Mongolia is Tsakhiagin Elbegdorj. 17. Director General of Int. Atomic Energy Agency is Mohammad Alberadi. 18. US Open 2009 won by Kim Clisjsters of Belgium and Juan Martin del Porto won men's singles titles. 19. UEFA president is Michel Platni. 20. Dal Lake is in occupied Kashmir. 21. Shoe thrower on Bush Muntazer al Zaidi worked for Al-Baghdadi newspaper, Egypt. 22. President of France is Nicolas Sarkozy. 23. Mother Tressa belonged to Albania and came to India in 1951. She died on Sep:5, 19997 and is burried at Kolkata. 24. Sachin Tendulkar completed 16000 runs in ODIs. 25. President of Russia is Dimitri Medwedev. PM is Viladamir Putin. 26. World Bank president is Robert Zoellic. 27. US Secretary of State is Hillary Rodham Clinton. 28. Head of WTO is Pascal Lamy. 29. Garden of Five Senses is in Delhi. 30. Obama is US's 44th President. 31. Danny Boyle is the director of Slum Dog Millionaire. 32. President of Chechnia is Ramzan A. Kadyrov. 33. Shasha Obama (younger) and Malia Obama (elder) are two daughters of Barak Obama. 34. Ahmadinejad defeated Mir Hussain Moussavi in his re-election. 35. Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a military coup. He was deported to Costa Rica. 36. Brazil beats US in Confederation Cup. 37. Iceland swears its first female PM Johanna Sigurdard Ottir. 38. Baitullah Mehsud killed on Aug: 5, 2009. 39. Serena Williams and Roger Federer are Wimbeldon winners this year. 40. ICJ issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir. 41. President of North Korea is Kim Jong-il. 42. Jacob Zuma won elections in South Africa. 43. Abdullah Abdullah contested elections against Hamid Karzai. 44. Chinese President is Hu Jintao.

Secretary General of OIC is Ikmalluddin Ihsan Iglo (Turkey). Next Football World Cup is to be held in South Africa in 2010. RAW chief is K. 2009. 88. 76. When kerry lugar bill was passed?Thursday. 52. 75. 50. The World Athletics Championship was held in Berlin in 2009. Sept 24. LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed on 18th May. FIFA President is Joseph Sepp Blatter. 73. Next World Cup of Cricket will be held in India. Arab League Sectary General is Amr Moosa. 69. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011. Commander of ISAF forces in Afghanistan is General Stan Mc Crystal. 79. 46.India. 47. 65. Secretary General of SAARC is Sheel Kant Sharma. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009 came on Sep:7. 58. 92. Michelle Obaman is the wife of Barack Obama. 2009. 78. President of India is Prathiba Patel. 2009. 71.. The Internaitiona Airport of Washington DC is known as Dulles International Airport. 2009 94. Pakistan lift World T20 Cup. Michael Jackson died on 25th June. Foreign Minister of UK is David Miliband. 64. 85. First East Timore President is Jose Gusmao. President of Sri Lanka is Mahinda Percy Rajapaksa and PM is Ratnasiri Wickremanyake. 90.. 74. China celebrated its 60th Aniversary on 1st Oct: 2009. 72. 57. NAM Chairman is President Hussni Mubark of Egypt. CIA director is Leon Panetta. Qamar-uz-Zaman Qaira made governer on 15th Sep: 2009. President of Palestine is Mehmood Abbas. Partition. Governor State Bank of Pakistan is Syed Salim Raza. 51.. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Operation Rah-e-Nijad conducted in South Waziristan on June 19. Prime Minister of Australia is Kavin Rid. 56. ICC chief is Haroon Lorgat of South Africa. India will hold the Common Wealth Games in 2010. Luger Bill will provide Pakistan an aid of. Operation Rah-e-Rast began in Sawat in May 2009.1. 48. 81. 68. 59. Burj Khalifa — The Tallest Building in the World has 162 stories.45. Jill Baden is the wife of Joe Biden.717 feet in height and was constructed by Skidmore. Interior Minister is Palaniappan Chidambaram. 5th World Water Forum concluded in Istanbul on 22nd March. Independence" is written by Jaswant Singh. 60. 828 meters or 2. 55. 2009 at the age of 50. Michael Sleiman has taken over as the President of Lebanon. beat Sri Lanka by 8 wkts on 21 June 2009. Next Hockey World Cup will be held in India in 2010. 80. 63. inaugurated on 4th Jan: 2010. 54. US Secretary of Defence is Robert Gates. Pakistan Ambassador to UN is Abdullah Hussain Haroon. 84. 82. Owings & Merrill. VP USA. Mother-in-Law of Obama is Marian Robinson. 2009. OPEC chief is Abdullah Salem al-Badri. 61. 83. 89. President of Bangladesh is Zillur Rahman. Titanic Museum opened in UK on 31st March. 86. 62. 87. 93. 66. 49. The book "Jinnah. The American Taliban captured in Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh. 91. NRO was promulgated on oct 5 2007 and has 7 sections. 67. 70. 53. Next Olympics will be held in London in 2012. US Ambassador to Iraq is Christopher Hill. Baluchistan Package was announced in joint Sitting of Parliment on 24th November. 2009. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza is the new Chief Election Commission of Pakistan.C Verma. 77.5 billion dollars annually .

. Timeline of withdrawal of forces from Iraq by Obama...... A book of 2008"A way of hope and extremism. Ayesha Jalal __________________ .95. The Way Of The World: A Story Of Truth And Hope In An Age Of Extremism by Ron Suskind 97..2011 96.