2013: International year for water Cooperation International Year of Quinoa 2012: International Year of Sustainable Energy for

All 27 January – International day for victims of holocaust 4 February – World Cancer Day 13 February – World Radio Day 21 February – International day of language 8 March – International Women‘s Day. 21 March - International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 22 March – World Water Day 7 April - World Health Day 3 May – World Press Freedom Day 5 June – World Environment Day 12 June – World Day against Child Labour 14 June – World Blood Donor Day 20 June – World refugee Day 11 July – World population Day. 18 July – Nelson Mendala Day 28 July - World Hepititis Day 12 August – International Youth Day 8 September – World literacy Day. 15 September – Democracy Day 27 September – World tourism Day 9 October – World Post Day 13 October – International day for disaster reduction. 16 October – World Food Day 24 October – UN Day 20 November – Universal Children Day 29 November – Palestine solidarity Day 1 December- World Aids Day 10 December – Human Rights Day April 6 has just been designated as International day of sport for Development and Peace by UN ………….. 1. Which metal is heavier,? Silver or gold (gold) 2. How many legs do butterflies have? Six 3. 1988 noble peace prize has been awarded to? United Nation 4 the first prime minister of Bangladesh was? MujiburRehman 5. The longest river in the world is ? Nile 6.the length of English canal is? 564km 7.the biggest island of the world is? Greenland 8. the Japanese call their country ? Nippon 9. the world oldest known city is ? Damascus 10. world environment day observed on? 5thjune 11. the national flower of Britain is ? Rose 12. Adolf Hitler was born in? Austria 13. the largest peninsula in the world is? Arabia 14. the white house was painted white to? Hide fire damage 15.the lightest known metal is? lithium 2. ………….. 3. Pakistan became member of UNO on 27th Sep 1947 not on 30th AUG1947. plz make correction. it is requested that post MCQs and other important information which authentic and genuine as it will create embarrassment an d confusion for the candidates.‘‘ 4. ………….. 5. Common Wealth of Nations: Establishment: Statute of Westminster 1931 London Declaration (April 1949) HQ: Marlborough House (London - UK) Head: Queen Elizbeth II (Since 1952) Secretary General: Kamalesh Sharma (India), since 2008. 2012 – Second term. Chairperson in office: Julia Gillard (PM of Australia) Members: 54 Independent States. Common wealth games: 2010 (New Delhi), 2014 (Glasgow-Scotland)

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Developing 8: D8 Establishment: Founded by Necmettin Erbakan, former Turkish Prime Minister (June 1997) Members: (8) Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey. Last Summit: 21 November 2012. Expert Meeting on Joint Investment Fund: 21-22 January 2013, Tehran. Water Cooperation meeting: 21-23 February 2013, Istanbul. BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa): South Africa included in 2010 Last 4th Summit: March 2012, India, New delhi Next 5th summit: March 2013, South Africa, Durban Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) Established: December 1991 Membership: 9 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia, Uzbekistan) 2 Unofficial Member (Ukraine and Turkmenistan) Administrative Centre: Minsk Executive Secretary: Sergei Lebedev Presidency: Belarus Group of Eight G8: Establishment: 1975 Members: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK, USA and also EU. Last Summit (38th): May 2012, Camp David, USA Next Summit (39th): June 2013, UK (Lough Erne, County Fermanagh) G20: Establishment: 1999 Chair: Russia Last Summit (7th): Mexico – June 2012 Next Summit (8th): September 2013 in Russia. African Union Member States: 54 (only state that is excluded is morocco) Establishment: 26th May 2001 in Addis Ababa: launched July 2002 in RSA HQ: Addis Ababa and Midrand Chairperson: Yayi Boni (President of Benin) Commission chairperson: Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma Pan African Parliament: March 2004. International Monetary Fund Headquarters: Washington, D.C. (U S) Managing director: Christine Lagarde Official languages: English, French, and Spanish Formation: Charter Adopted: July 22, 1944 Entered into force: December 27, 1945. Membership: 188 Nations Dominique Strauss Kahn (France) Former director who resigned after rape charges World Bank Headquarters: Washington, D.C. (U S) President: Jim Yong Kim Founded in: 1944 Membership: 188 countries (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) 172 countries (International Development Association) World Trade Organization Formation: January 1, 1995 (Marrakech Declaration) successor organization General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), commenced in 1948 Headquarters: Centre William Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland Membership: 157 member states (China enter in Dec 2001) Official languages: English, French, Spanish Director-General: Pascal Lamy International Atomic Energy Agency Establishment: 29 July 1957 Secretary-General: Yukiya Amano (Japan) Headquarters: Vienna, Austria Membership: 151 member states Signature and ratification of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968) are not preconditions for membership in the IAEA. Asian Development Bank: Establishment: 22 August 1966 Members: 67 Countries Secretariat: Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila, Philippines President: Haruhiko Kuroda

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United Nations: Establishment: 24 October 1945.

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Main organs: 6 main organs (General Assembly, UNSC, Secretariat, UN economic and social council & UN trusteeship council) General Assembly: President: John William Ashe (68). Zafarullah Khan became president in 1962. United Nation Security Council: 5+10 members (China, USA, UK, France & Russia + Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Rwanda, Luxemburg, South Korea, Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan, Togo) ICJ: Hague (15 judges elect on basis of 9 yrs) President: Peter Tomka (Slovakia) ECOSOC (Economic and social Council): 54 members, President: Miloš Koterec (Slovakia) UN trusteeship Council: Inactive from 1994 Secretary General (8th): Ban Ki-moon (South Korea) since January 2007. Deputy Secretary General: Jan Eliasson (Sweden) Security Council President: Masood Khan (Permanent representative of Pakistan in UN) Member states: 193 Official Languages: 6 (English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish) HQ: NY, USA 6. …………. 7. 1. In 1960 capital shifted from karach to Islamabad 2. 11th may is birthday of Budha 3. India tested ist neuclear device in may 11 1974 4. W.H.O was the first organization who had given membership to Pakistan 5. Tiwan is only country who has not membership of U.N.O 6. China shares his border with 14 countries 7. International cort of Justice is situated in Netherland 8. Kazakhstan is the biggest Muslim country 9. Indoneshia is the biggest Muslim country with refernce of population 10. Denmark shares his teratory in with two continents 11. 52% men and 42% women are living in pakistan 12. In 1948 pakistan participated first time in Olympics 13. The largest river of France is Lore 14. W.H.O is located at Geneva 15. W.M.O is located at Geneva 16. In april 1969 Yahya regime announced Labour reforms 17. Largest Museum of Pakistan is national museum Karachi 18. The first postal stamp of Pakistan issued on 9th July, 1948 19. Ppp was founded by Z.A bhutto on 30th nov ,1967 20. The coldest place of Pakistan is Sakardu 8. ……….. Old Name New Name Pipri - Bin Qasim. Lyallapur - Faisalabad. Abyssinia - Ethiopia. Burma - Myanmar. Ceylon- Srilanka. Duch-East-Indies - Indonesia. French Sudan - Mali. Helvetia - Switzerland. Mogyarzaq - Hungry. Mesopotamia - Iraq (The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935) Najd and Hejaz - Saudi Arabia. South Rhodesia - Zimbabwe. South West Africa - Namibia. Constantinople - Istanbul. Christiana - Oslo. Formosa - Taiwan. Leningard - St. Petersburg. Montgomery- Sahiwal. Burma - Myanmar. Peiking- Beijing. Persia - Iran. Rhodesia - Zimbabwe. Salisbury - Harare. Tripoli - Libya. Madras - Chennai. Temasek - Singapore. Stalinabad - Dushanbe. Ray- Isfahan Sankiang - Xinjiang 9. ………… • Saabi is one who changes his religion. • Sidrat-ul-Mantaha means last tree of the Eternity. • Jaabi is one who collects Zakat. • First collection of Ahadith is Sahifah-e-Saadiqa. • Saying of Prophet are called Wahi Ghair Matlloo. • In iman-e-Mufassal essential beliefs are 7 in number. • The most exalted angels are four. • Greatest angel as per Islam is Jibra‘eel. • Each human being is attended permanently by two angels. • Barzakh: time period between death and Day of Judgment. • In 622 A.D Holy Prophet migrated to madina. • Hazrat Adam met with Holy Prophet on the first heaven. • Hazrat Isa and Hazrat Yahya on 2nd.

Where the first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896? (a)* Athens (b) Rome (c) Paris (d) Italy . Which is the biggest district of Pakistan? (a) Bahawalpur (b)* Chaghi (c) Karachi (d) Khuzdar 4. 14. EU won 2012 Nobel peace prize. 9. President Islamic Development Bank . Pakistan & India has become non permanent member of Security Council for 7 times. Qim Gang – China Foreign spokes person 11. 2012. Name the first elected President of Pakistan (a)* General Ayub khan (b) Iskandar Mirza (c) Muhammad Ali Bogra (d) Quaid-e-Azam 5.The headquarters of International Olympic Committee is located at: (a)* Lausanne (Switzerland) (b) Moscow (Russia) (c) Los Angeles (USA) (d) New York (USA) 6. Which gas is used in decoration lighting? (a) Oxigen (b) Hydrogen (c) Nitrogen (d)* Neon 9. 5. Pakistan and India represent Asia-Pacific Group 4 times together. • Hazrat Musa on 6th. 10.N. Name the only Secretary General of UNO who resigned from his post? (a) Mrs Vijay Lakshmi Pandit (b)*Trygve Lie (c) Kofi Annan (d) U. • Hashim was grand father of prophet & brother of Muttalib. Malik 6.Page | 4 • Hazrat Yaqub on 3rd. The University of Al-Karaouine is the oldest university of the world located in (a) Iran (b)*Morocco (c) Egypt (d) France 2. 12. Professor Ghafoor died on 26 December 2012.Dr.Madani. • Hazrat Harron on 5th. 2012 MCQs 1. The Leaning Tower (Pisa Tower) is located in (a) Germany (b)* Rome (Italy) (c) London (UK) (d) Paris (France) 11. Pakistan‘s Goodwill ambassador to eradicate polio Ms. Attorney General Pakistan – Munit A. 8. U. Operation curiosity is a robotic mission for planet Mars (NASA) arrived in Mars at August 6. 1. 2013. • Hazrat Ali Conquered the fort of Qamus. The humanitarian organization built by Bill Gates is Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (formed in 1994). 3. 2. • Hazrat Ibraheem on 7th. Qazi Hussain Ahmed died on 6th January. US Ambassador to Pakistan – Richard Olson. 'Ottawa convention 1997' is related to (a)* Environment protection (b) Preserving wild life (c) Banning landmines (d) Banning chemical weapons 10. approves Palestinian 'observer state' bid on November 30. • Mosque of Zarar was demolished by prophet. 13. • Ume Salma was present at the time of the battle of Khyber. Which is the current capital city of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar? (a) Colombo (b)* Naypyitaw (c)Thampo (d) Rangoon 3. • Hazrat Idrees on 4th. 4. • Lady named Zainab tried to poison the Holy Prophet. Muhammad Ali Al. Which Pakistani prime minister visited china first? (a) Liaqat Ali Khan (b)* Hussain Shaheed Suharwardi (c) Khawaja Nazimuddin (d) Muhammad Ali Bogra 8. • Prophet recited surah Al-Fatha at the conquest of Makkah . US ambassador to Afghanistan – James Cunningham 7. Thant 7. Asifa Benazir Bhutto.

Napoleon is known as ―Man of Destiny‖ and ―Little Corporal‖. fruit and vegetables is called: (a) Green Culture (b) Agriculture (c)* Horticulture (d) Landscaping 14. Next Football World Cup will be played in 2014 in: (a) Korea (b) Japan (c)* Brazil (d) South Africa 20. Tokyo had another old name. 1974 15. ―Temple Tree‖ is the official residence of (a) President of Sri Lanka (b)* Sri Lankan Prime Minister's House (c) President of Belgium (d) British Prime Minister 18. 1972 (b) 9 August. Which wood is used for making cricket bats? (a)* Willow (b) Oak (c) Peak trees (d) date palm Page | 5 . Whose creation is the famous painting ―Mona Liza‖? (a) Romalo (b) Picasso (c)* Leonardo da vinici (d) Richard Leonardo 22. Who is the founder of Wikileaks? (a) Jimmy Wales (b) Rown Descartes (c) Charles Bobbage (d)* Julian Assange (Australian) 13. Who is called the Man of ―Iron and Blood‖? (a)* Prince Bismarck (b) US President Ford (c) Lemin (d) Karl Mark 19. Next Cricket World Cup will be played in: (a) Australia (b) New Zealand (c) Bangladesh (d)* Both a & b 21. Name the palace that is the official residence of the president of France? (a)* Elysee Palace (b) White House (c) French Palace (d) Paris Hall 16. 1975 (d)* 9 August. Twinkle Little Star‖? (a)* Ann and Tane Taylor (b) Emily Dickinson (c) Janne Joylor (d) Ann Taylor 26.Who wrote the poem ―Twinkle. In which year the Noble Prize was first awarded? (a) 1905 (b) 1903 (c)* 1901 (d) 1902 23.Which country's flag is known as Union Jack? (a) France (b) Romania (c)* UK (d) Poland 28.What did Sir Isaac Pitman invent? (a) The typewriter (b) The propelling pencil (c)* A form of shorthand (d) Motor Cycle 24. Richard Nixon was only President of USA who resigned from his post. Who built the ―Rohtas Fort‖ near the Jhelum? (a) Akbar (b)* Sher Shah Suri (c) Humayun (d) Shah Jehan 17. Tsunami' means 'Harbour Waves'. What was it? (a) Sumo (b) Kyodo (c) Yoko (d)* Edo 27.12. When did he resign? (a) 9 August. Art and science of growing flowers. the word is derived from:(a) French (b) German (c)* Japanese (d) Spanish 25. 1973 (c) 9 August.

The world's famous bridge ―Golden Gate‖ is located in:(a) New York (b) Mexico (c)* San Francisco (d) London 30. Who is the founder of Wikipedia? (a)* Jimmy Wales (b) Rowne Descartes (c) Bill Gates (d) None of the above 34. Dome of Rock is located in (a)* Jerusalem (b) Lebanon (c) Jordan (d) Iraq 39. The Magna Carta was signed by King John on (a)* 15th June 1215 (b) 15th August 1225 (c) 15th June 1235 (d) None of above 45. The wonder of the world 'Taj Mahal' (Agra) is situated in the Indian state: (a)* Uttar Pradesh (b) Himachal Pradesh (c) Madhya Pradesh (d) None of them 42. Which gas is used in electric bulb? (a)* Nitrogen (b) Hydrogen (c) Carbon dioxide (d) Cholorine 41. Muslim Students Federation (MSF) was established in 1937 by (a) Abdur Rab Nishtar (b)* Raja Sahib of Mehmud Abad (c) Raja Gazanfir Ali (d) Sir Agha Khan 36.―Diego Garcia‖ is a (a) Airlines of Singapore (b) French Surface to Surface Missile (c)* United States military base in the Indian Ocean (d) Disputed island between Japan and Russia in the Pacific Ocean 31.The term '16 yards hit' is associated with (a) Badminton (b) Baseball (c) Polo (d)* Hockey 32.The number of amendments in Pakistan's constitution are: (a) 13 (b) 14 (c) 17 (d)* 19 44. A mobile phone sends and receives messages through (a) Sound waves (b) Micro waves (c) U/V waves (d)* Radio waves 35. Greenwich Mean Time was established in (a) 1864 (b) 1880 (c)* 1884 (d) 1892 43.29. Name the person who presented 'Chenab Formula' to resolve the Kashmir dispute (a)* Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan (b) Ali Shah Gilani (c) Barrister Sultan Mahmood (d) None of the above 37. SIM stands for: (a) Single in-line Module (b) Single in-line Memory (c)* Subscriber identity Module (d) Subscriber identity Memory 40. The Bolshevik Revolution is associated with (a) France (b) Germany Page | 6 . Who introduced the principle of the Doctrine of Lapse? (a) Clive (b) Cornwallis (c) Hastings (d)* Dalhousie 38.Which of the following animals can hear ultrasonic sound? (a) Cat (b) Rat (c)* Bat (d) Squirrel 33.

The 2012 Olympic Games are scheduled to be held at (a)* London (b) Seoul (c) Sydney (d) Tokyo 62. What is his contribution to Physics? (a) Discovery of atomic particles (b)* Interaction of Elementary Particles and weak forces (c) Discovery of Submaline process (d) None of these 54. Garuda airline is the name of airline of (a) Malaysia (b)* Indonesia (c) America (d) Spain 57. Who first pioneered the idea of a blood bank? (a) Booker T. Name the country through which equator passes: (a)* Indonesia (b) China (c) Malta (d) Pakistan 47. Where Das Man Palace is located? (a) Saudi Arabia (b) Indonesia (c)* Kuwait (d) Sri Kanka 55.(c)* Russia (d) England 46. Which of the following vitamin is produced in human body with the help of sunlight? (a)* D (b) E (c) K (d) C 52. Sher Shah's real name was: (a) Hemu (b) Faizi (c) Bahadur (d)* Farid Khan Page | 7 . After independence the first radio station was established at (a) Lahore (b) Rawalpindi (c)* Karachi (d) Islamabad 53. When Pakistan introduced National Identity cards (NIC)? (a) 1971 (b) 1972 (c) 1973 (d)* 1974 60. Which of the following is the oldest Parliament of world? (a) National congress (b) National Assembly (c) Bondesrat (d)* Althing 51. Martin Cooper is known for his invention of (a) Digital Camera (b) Solar Energy (c) X-Ray (d)* Mobile Phone 56. Washington (b) George Washington Carver (c) Jonas Salk (d)* Charles Drew 48. Which bank provided 80 million loans for making 1st budget of Pakistan? (a) UBL (b) NB (c) MCB (d)* Habib Bank 59. Which of the following countries became the last member of UNO? (a) Kosovo (b) East Timor (c) Montenegro (d)* South Sudan 49. ―Decision Point‖ Book is written by (a) Barack Obama (b)* George W Bush (c) Asif Ali Zardari (d) Al Gore 50. Where is the headquarters of the Amnesty International? (a) New York (b)* London (c) Paris (d) Geneva 61. Abdus Salam was a Pakistani Physicist and Nobel Prize Winner in 1979 in physics. The foundation stone of the sikhism's holiest place ―Golden Temple‖ at Amritsar was laid by (a) Guru Nanak (b) Khawja Ghareb Nawaz (c) Acharya Rakeshprasad (d)* Hazrat Mian Mir 58.

The celebrated novel 'The Godfather' was authored by . Which of the following pass connects Abbotabad and Gilgit? (a)* Babusar Pass (b) Tochi Pass (c) Bolan Pass (d) Dargai Pass 78. When Red Cross was established by Jean Henri Durant? (a) 1860 (b) 1861 (c)* 1864 (d) 1867 80. Which country is called ―Thunderbolt of Asia‖ ? (a)* Bhutan (b) Mongolia (c) China (d) None of these 79. Babar came to India originally from (a)* Ferghana (b) Khiva (c) Khorasan (d) Seistan 77.K. The historic site ―Mehrgarh‖ was discovered on the right bank of the (a) Indus river (b) Kabul river (c)* Bolan river (d) Hub river 76. Name the first woman speaker of US Congress is (a)* Nancy Palosy (b) Condaliza Rice (c) Nancy Pawell (d) Hillery Clinton 72.Which country has received maximum Nobel prizes after its institution? (a) Germany (b) France (c)* USA (d) U. 1776 at: (a) Washington (b) New York (c) Chicago (d)* Philadelphia 71. The Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies was adopted by the Constitutional Congress on July 4.When did Pakistan win gold medal for the first time in Olympics? (a)* 1960 (b) 1961 (c) 1962 (c) 1963 Page | 8 65. Which Sea has no coastline? (a) Japan Sea (b)* Sargasso Sea (c) Tasmanian Sea (d) White Sea 67. 66.63. Mahan Airline belongs to which country? (a)* Iran (b) South Africa (c) India (d) Nepal 73. The Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India was: (a) Iltutmish (b) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (c)* Firoz Shah Tughlaq (d) None of these 70. Helvetia is the old name of: (a)* Switzerland (b) Spain (c) France (d) Thailand 74. 'Latakia' is the seaport of (a)* Syria (b) Libya (c) Jordan (d) Iraq 69. Nightingale Florence (belongs to France) was a (a) Soldier (b)* Nurse (d) Religious reformer (d) None of these 64. Paris is the capital of France situated on the bank of (a)* Seine (b) Po (c) Thane (d) Spree 75. Agoraphobia is a fear of a (a) Wealth (b)* Open places (c) Water (d) None of these 68.

Anjuman-i-Hamayat-Islam was established in subcontinent in (a)* 1884 (b) 1877 (c) 1878 (d) 1892 85. Where was Albert Einstein born? (a) UK (b) USA (c)* Germany (d) Albania 89. Which of following mountains separate Asia from Europe? (a)* Ural Mountains (b) Hindukush Mountains (c) Alps Mountains (d) Atlas Mountains 94. Norway (b) Sweden. (a)* National Aeronautics and Space Administration (b) Natural Aeronautics and Space Administration (c) Natural Administration and Space Administration (d) Natural Administration and Space Agency 87. Mein Kampf. What is the height of Mount Everest according to new survey? (a)* 29035 Feet (8850 m) (b) 29050 Feet (8855 m) (c) 29028 Feet (8848 m) (d) 29044 Feet (8853 m) 91. Flag of Red Cross is the reverse of the flag of (a) Germany (b*) Switzerland (c) England (d) Sweden 84. Which of the following straits separate Malaysia from Singapore? (a) Dover Strait (b)* Johor Strait (c) Sunda Strait (d) Palk Strait 82. 1947 (b) June 20. he was the only American to be praised by Hitler (a)* Henry Ford (b) Gerald Ford (c) Thomas Alva Edison (d) Henry Ford II 86. In fact. 1947 (d) August 25. Which countries are included in ―Benelux‖? (a) Belgium. Belgium.(a) John Milton (b) Victor Hugo (c)* Mario Puzo (d) Harold 81. NASA stands for ________.Which American industrialist was praised by Adlof Hitler in his autobiography. Baglihar Dam is located in Doda district on river: (a) Indus River (b) Jhelum River (c)* Chenab River (d) Ravi River 96. 1947 88. 1947 (c) August 20. Netherlands. Netherlands (c)* Belgium. Who advocated the theory of laissez faire? (a) Marshall (b) Malthus (c)* Adam Smith (d) None of these Page | 9 . The energy generation in stars is due to (a) Fission of heavy nuclei (b)* Fusion of light nuclei (c) Fusion of heavy nuclei (d) None of these 95. World Press Freedom day is observed on (a)* 3rd May (b) 13th May (c) 15th May (d) 18th May 83. When was the Pakistan's first Constituent Assembly constituted? (a)* July 20. Netherlands. Saddat Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan in (a)* 1414 (b) 1412 (c) 1415 (d) 1634 90. Which of the continents has the lowest population growth rate? (a)* Europe (b) North America (c) Africa (d) Asia 92. Luxembourg (d) None of these 93.

Other Big Cities= Hyderabad . My Life's Journey book is written by (a) Mehmood Qasori (b)* Altaf Hussain (c) Dr. Buddhist 6. Mirpur Khas Mirpur Khas.Istanbul. Gas.Khairpur.Hungry. French Sudan .Indonesia. Seraiki. Christiana .Namibia. Peiking. Thar.Religons = Islam.Taiwan. (8 Districts) Hyderabad.Principal Languages = Sindhi. Punjabi 5. Burma .Beijing. Tando Muhammad Khan.Sahiwal. Temasek .914 K.Ethiopia. Karachi(south) .M Capital= Karachi. Kashmore. Sukkur. Area of sindh = 140. What is the portfolio of Syeda Hussain Warsi in UK Cabinet? (a) Minister of industry (b)* Minister without Portfolio (c) Minister of Education (d) Minister of Health 100. Jamshoro.Myanmar.Srilanka.St. Carpets. Duch-East-Indies . Cotton. Sindhri. Burma . Jacoabad.Hyderabad. Baran River. Salisbury .Following are Districts of sindh 1. Sanghar. Shipping .Rivers= Hub River. Petersburg. 4.Iraq (The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935) Najd and Hejaz . Thattha. Adminstrative divisions of sindhi There are five 05 Divisions and 27 Districts and each district is divided into tehsil these division are for adminstrative purpose only. Old Name New Name Pipri . Badin. Abyssinia . vegetable and oil.Larkana. Synthetic Textile.Zimbabwe. Chemical Fertilizer. Matiari.97. Christian. 8. Hindu . Sukkur.Industry = Cotton.Ghotki.Saudi Arabia.Nawabshah. Mesopotamia .Iran. Constantinople .Tando Allhayar. South West Africa . Hyderabad.Karachi Division(5 districts) 1. The first airline of Pakistan is: (a) Pak Airways (b)* Orient Airline (c) PIA (d) Blue Airline 98. Moen-jo-Daro.Dadu.Natural resources= Oil. Chemical and Pharmaceuticals. Rhodesia .Malir Sukkur (5 Districts) Sukkur. Heavy engineering. cigrattes. 3. Kambar-Shahdadkot 5. Nawabshah. Karachi (east). Nawabshah 4.Nousheroferoz. Liari Nadi . Woolen. Electrical goods and Oil refineries etc.Switzerland. Jacoabad. . Tripoli . 3.Mali. Airports:-Karachi.Agriculure = Rice. Lyallapur . Formosa . Muhammad Ahmad (d) Asif Zardari Information about sindh. 9. Wheat. Mogyarzaq . Pashtu. Montgomery. Senate of Pakistan is consisting of members after the 18th amendment: (a) 100 (b) 122 (c)* 104 (d) 112 Page | 10 99. Helvetia . Umerkot. Silk.Bin Qasim. Karachi(Central). Sugar. Cement. Leningard . Shikarpur. 7. Karachi(west).Singapore. Malir Nadi.Chennai. Ceylon.Zimbabwe. Coal. Sugarcane. Urdu.Libya.Faisalabad.Myanmar. sehawan .Oslo.Harare. Parsi. South Rhodesia .Larkana (5 Districts) Larkana. Persia . Madras .

subject of Holy Quran= Human Being is the subject of HOly Quran Largest in Pakistan Airline= Pakistan International Airlines 2.ASR= 4 SUNNAT + 4 FARZ = 8 RAKATS 4.Airport:. Kalimas There are six Kalimas 1. QURAN 2.Largest Division(Adminstrative) Kalat Division 11.Kalima Tayab 2.MAGHRIB= 3 FARZ + 2 SUNNAT+ 2 NAFAL 5.ISHA= 4 SUNNAT+ 4 FARZ+ 2 SUNNAT+ 2NAFL+ 3 WITR + 2 FARZ = 17 SOURCES OF ISLAMIC LAWS 1.years to COmplete Quran= Approximately 23 years 10.Rukoos= 558 Rukoos 11..Dam= Tarbela Dam 8.HADITH 3.Desert= Thar Desert 9.First Reavled surah = Surah Al.QIYAS INFORMATION ABOUT QURAN 1. No of surahas in Quran 114 surahas 2.Kalma Tauheed 5.Kalma Tamjeed 4.Kausar 8.Barrage= Sukkur Barrage 5.Number of Madni Surhas= 27 13.Bakar 7.Tallest buiding= MCB tower II chundrigar Road Karachi 4.Quaid-e-Azam Internationl Airport Karachi 3.Stalinabad .Kalma Rad-e-Kufr Rakats in Namaz 1.Zakat 4.No of Ayats= 6666 4.IJTEHAD 4.Dushanbe. Fajr ( 4 Rakats) 2 Sunnat+ 2 Farz = total =4 2.Last Surah of Quran= Surah-e-Nas 6.Kalma Shahdat 3.City= Karachi 6.Largest Canal= Lloyd Barrage Canal 7.First Surah of Quran = Surah-e-Fatiha 5.fasting/Saum (Roza) 5. Ray.Longest Surah of Quran= Surah-e.NO of Paras in Holy Quran = 30 Paras 3.ALaq 9.Isfahan Sankiang – Xinjiang Islam definaion The word Islam is derived from the Arabic Word "salam" is to obedience or the peace it is named Islam because it commands obedience and submission to the will of Allah. Largest District= Khuzdar Balouchistan 10.Kalma Istighfar 6.Hospital= Nishtar Hospital Multan .Salat (Namaz) 3. [U]Important Articles of Islam[/U Page | 11 There are five fundamentals of Islam namely:1. TOuheed (believe in Oneness of Allah) 2.Hajj.Shortest Surah of Quran= Surah-e.Zuhr= 4 SUNNAT+4 FARZ+2SUNNAT+ 2 NAFL = 12 RAKATS 3.Fort= Rani Kot SIndh 12. Number of Makis Suraha= 87 surahs 12.IJMA 3.

2.River= Indus River 34. 4. PENTAGON= It is the headquarters of US army which is located in Washington (DC) USA. Pakistan= Nishan-e-Haider 6. . United states== Medel OF honour.Prophet Muhammad (P. 7. DARDANELLES= It is a strait between Europe and Turkey in Black Sea.B.Lake(Artificial) = Keenjhar Lake (SIndh) 17.13. Japan= Order of the Rising Sun 5. Greenwhich= It is a town near London through which passes the Meriderian 8. AL-AQSA MOSQUE= This masque in jerusalem.Germany= Knights cross of the iron cross 3. Lake( Natural) = Manchar Lake (sindh) Page | 12 18. 26.Stadium(Cricket) National Stadium Karachi 37. Largest Railway station= Lahore Railway station. CAMP DAVID= It is a place located in USA where Egypt and Israel signed the Camp Accord. HoLLYWOOD= Hollywood is a famous film Industry centre of USA 9. Largest Province by Population= Punjab 30.Largest English Published Newspaper= The News.Shipping Compony= Pakistan National Shipping Corporation 35.Largest Province by Area= Balouchistan 29. AKAL-TAkKHT= It is a place in the Golden Temple of Amritsar 3.Stadium(Hockey) = National Stadium Lahore 38.Mosque= Faisal Masjid 23.Stadium(Atheletics) =Islamabad 36. HONOLULU= It is the capital and an important sea port Hawaii Islands 10. Important places of the world 1.H) stayed here during his miraj Journey. Monument= Minar-e-Pakistan 22.Nuclear Reactor= Karachi Nuclear power Plant 27. Largest Park= Ayoub National Park Rawalpindi 28. • Persons included in Bait -e-Uqba Oola 12 and in Bait-e-Uqba Sani 75.Industerial Unit= Pakistan Steel Mills 14. ABUL SIMBAL= It is a Temple in Egypt.Island= Manora 15.Motorway= Lahore-Islamabad Motorway 24.Jungle= Changa Manga (Kasur) 16.Largest Radio station= Islamabd 32. 6.U. 31. Largest Mine = Khewra Mines (salt Mines) Punjab 21. 5.Largest Tv booster= Tandiani( Islamabad) Largest University= Punjab University Millitary awards of diffrent countries [B] FRANCE= Croix De Guerre 2. India= Param vir Chakra 4.Largest Mausoleum= Quaid-e-Azam Mausolem Karachi 20.Railway workshop= Mughalpura Railway Workshop Lahore 33.Library= The Punjab Public Library Lahore 19. BASTILLE= Sastille was a jail in Paris which was destroyed on 14h July 1789 during the French Revolution.United Kingdom= Victoria Cross 7.Largest Urdu Published Newspaper= Jang 25.

None of these 5. • Hijra took place in 13th Nabvi. presented his constitutional formula to the Constituent Assembly on: b.1266 3. • Imam Shafi‘i is said to have memorized Quran at seven years. • Imam Shafi‘i was greatly influenced by Imam Malik. July14. Shaikh ismail 2. is as high as: . Who initiated the cult of Shivaji against the Muslims of India? A.D Charter of Madina.when Abu ala Maududi was awarded death punishment by military court on‖ Qadiani issue‖? c. Dec31. who first came in Lahore. Who led Simla deputation in 1906? a. 795 Works: Al-Muwatta (the Approved)a 3.Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi 6. • King of Iran tore away the message of Prophet. Who called the‖spiritual guide‖as shopkeepers? b . When Simla Conference was concluded with failure? b.Azad 15.Shah Waliullah 7. • Prophet performed Hajj in 10th Hija. Aug 14. The Jurisprudents 1. 711 Died: Medina. the then P. • Prophet was buried in the hujra of Ayesha. • King of Byzantine in 7th Hijra was Hercules. Imam Malik (Arab) Name: Malik ibn Anas Born: Medina. • Second convent of Al-Aqba arrived at Makkah in 12th Nabvi. Who founded Daulatabad and shifted the capital of Delhi Sultanate? b.M of Pakistan. May 1953 16. Syed Jamal ud Din Afghani 13. A. Feb 1928 11. Shahab-ud-din Shahjahan c.K. 855 Works: Kitabul Iman. None of these 12.When was gas (natural) discovered at Sui Baluchistan? b.2001 19. • Ambassadors sent to Arab& other countries in 7th Hijra. the reformer of second millennium? a .Who first thought of the possibility of a Muslim republic embracing the present Central Asian states in north west of sub-continent? b. 1952 20. Imam Abu Hanifa (Persian) Name: Noman ibn Sabit Zuta ibn Marzuban Born: Kufa. When the congress ministries resigned from their offices? A. (250 miles) • Makkah conquest occurred in 8th year of Hijra. Zaheer-ud-din Babar b. 699 Died: Baghdad.1873 b. When Nadva-tul-Ulema came into being? A. b. the ‗Muwatta‘ of Imam Malik at ten years and became a religiou s judge at fifteen years. None of these (1884) 8.1953 17.1883 c.Ghiyas-ud-din Balban declared himself king of Delhi Sultanate in the year b. 767 Works: Kitabul Asar. • 632 A. Muhammad Ali Bogra.1945 14. after getting passed by both houses of Majlis-e-Shura? c. The Suleman Mountain. • After 8 years of the birth of Prophet Abdul Muttalib died. Aurangzeb Alimgir d.1893 d.when nehru committee was constituted to propose the future constitution of India? b.2003 18. Oct7.who was known in history as Mujaddid Alf Thani. • Medina is 448 Km from Makkah. inaugurated? b. Nov 1927 b. Who negotiated with cabinet mission (1946) on behalf of All India National Congress? c. Feb 1928 c.Page | 13 • Cave of Hira is 3 miles from Makkah. Sir Agha Khan 10. When was the 17th amendment bill ratified by the President. Kitabul Masail and others • Imam Abu Hanifa learnt under the famous Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. 2001. Name the saint. Imam Hanbal (Arab) Name: Abu Abdullah Ahmed ibn Muhammad al-Shaibani Born: Baghdad. 1. Muhammad Tughluq 4. Figh al-Akbar 2. • Prophet was born in 1st Year of Elephant. Imam Shafi‘I (Arab) Name: Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idrees Born: Gaza. • After 6 years of the birth of Holy prophet Bibi Aamna died. 820 Works: Al-Risala. Feb 1929 d. Kitabul Umm 4.Who set up the chain of justice to redress the grievances of oppressed people? a. one of the Western. Bal Ganga dher tilak 9. When was the local government system under the devolution of power plan. 780 Died: Baghdad. 767 Died: Fustat. • Imam Malik is called ‗Imam Darul Hijrat‘ (leader o f the abode of migration).

• Largest oil field is Dhurnal Oil Field. • Largest mine is Salt Mines of Khewra. Lahore. Country Profile: India President: Pranab Mukherjee Vice President: M Hamid Ansari Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (INC) Speaker of the House: Meira Kumar (INC) Defense Ministers: A. Premier: Li Keqiang (7th Premier) Russia President: Vladimir Putin Prime Minister: Dmitry Medvedev Iran Spiritual Leader of Iran: Ali Khamenei President: Hassan Rouhani (7th President of Iran on 3rd August 2013) Iraq President: Jalal Talabani Prime Minister: Nouri al-Maliki Israel Legislation House: Knesset President : Shimon Peres Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu United Kingdom Monarch: Elizabeth II Prime Minister: David Cameron MP (Conservative Party) Deputy PM: Nick Clegg MP (Liberal Democrats) Upper House: House of Lords Lower House: House of Commons Italy President: Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister : Enrico Letta Page | 14 France President: François Hollande (French Socialist Party) Prime Minister: Jean-Marc Ayrault (French Socialist Party) Germany President : Joachim Gauck Chancellor: Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union) Parliament: Bundestag (Lower House) & Bundesrat (Federal Council and Upper House) Canada Monarch: Elizabeth II Governor General: David Johnston . • Largest library is Pujab Public Library. • Largest island is Manora (Karachi) • Largest Jungle is Changa Manga (Kasur). • Largest circulated urdu newspaper is Jang. 3300ft d. • Largest museum is National Meseum. 1100ft b. Afghanistan President: Hamid Karzai Vice President: Mohammed Fahim and Karim Khalili China President: Xi Jinping. Antony Minister for external Affairs: Salman Khurshed Minister for Finance: Chidambaram Palaniappa Minister for Home: Sushilkumar Shinde Army Chief: General Bikram Singh Chief Justice: Altamas Kabir Seats in Lower House (Lok Sabha): 552 Next elections of Lok Sabha will held after 31st May 2014. • Largest industial unit is Pak: Steel Mill • Largest industry is Textile. • Largest desert is Thar. 2200ft c. Bangladesh President: Zillur Rahman Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina Next Elections with due on 26 October 2013 to 24 January 2014. • Largest lake (artificial) is Keenjhar. K. Karachi. 7th president – Fifth Generation Leadership. • Largest nuclear reactor is KANUPP. • Largest motorway is Lahore-Islamabad. None of these • Largest dam is Terbela. • Largest district is Khuzdar (Baluchistan).a. • Largest lake (natural) is Manchar. Enghish is The News. Karachi.

Prime Minister: Stephen Harper Malaysia: King: Abdul Halim PM: Najib Tun Razak Deputy PM: Muhyiddin Yassin US Cabinet: Vice President: Joe Biden US envoy to Afghanistan-Pakistan: James Dobbins (4 May 2013) Special Envoy for Middle East Peace: Ambassador David Hale White House Chief of Staff: Denis McDonough Secretary of State: Senator Jon Kerry Chief of Staff of the Army: GEN Raymond T. Odierno. Secretary of the Treasury: Jacob Lew. Secretary of Defense: Chuck Hagel. Attorney General: Eric Holder. Secretary of the Interior: Ken Salazar. Secretary of Commerce: John Bryson. Secretary of Homeland Security: Janet Napolitano Ambassador to the United Nations: Susan Rice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Gen. Martin Dempsey Director of CIA: John Brennan Japan: Emperor: Akihito Prime minister: Shinzo Abe Egypt Chairmen of Supreme council of armed forces: Abdel Fattah el- Sisi Acting President: Adly Mansour Acting Prime minister: Hazem Al Beblawi Presidential elections: May 2012. Morsi became 5th president of Egypt from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013. Libya President: Mohammed Magariaf Prime minister: Ali Zeidan Qaddafi assassination: 20 October 2011 General National Congress: 7 July 2012 elections. 200 seats (39 United Alliance, 120 Independents) Sri-Lanka President: Mahinda Rajapaksa PM: D. M. Jayaratne Bhutan: King: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck PM: Tshering Tobgay Nepal: President: Ram Baran Yadav. Chairmen of Interim Election Government: Khil Raj Regmi Palestine President: Mahmod Abbas Prime Minister: Salam Fayad On 29 November 2012, the UN General Assembly passed a motion changing Palestine's "entity" status to "non-member state" by a vote of 138 to 9, with 41 abstentio. Quartet on Palestine: Tony Blair (Special Envoy), Russia, USA, EU, UN __________________ -Verily, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says "Be!" - and it is! (Al-Quran PAKISTAN‘S FOREIGN POLICY

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Q. What is the length of common border between India and Pakistan? Ans. 2200 Km. Q. How many wars were fought between India and Pakistan? Ans. Three viz 1948, 1965 and 1971. Q. When Treaty of Tashkent was signed? Ans. 1965. Q. When Simla Pact was signed? Ans. 1972. Q. When SAARC was established? Ans. 1980. Q. When India exploded its first nuclear device? Ans. 1974. Q. What is the length of common border of China and Pakistan? Ans. 600 Km. Q. What is the name of Chinese province to which join the borders of Pakistan? Ans. Sankiang. Q. When Peoples Republic of China was established?

Ans. 1949. Q. When were the common borders of China and Pakistan duly demarcated? Ans. 1965. Q. How much area was gained by Pakistan as a result of his demarcation? Ans. 750 square meters. Q. Did Pakistan supporter China to make her permanent of UNO? And. Yes. Q. How long is Pakistan‘s border with Afghanistan? Ans. 1800 Km. Q. Khyber connects Pakistan with: Ans. Afghanistan. Q. When Russia invaded over Afghanistan? Ans. December 1979. Q. When Russia signed withdrawal agreement? Ans. 1988. Q. When did Russia withdraw its forces from Afghanistan? Ans. 1989. Q. What is the length of common border of Pakistan and Iran? Ans. 900 Km. Q. When R.C.D. was signed? Ans. 1964. Q. When did R.C.D. converted into E.C.O? Ans. 1985. Q. When did Pakistan become the member of U.N.O? Ans. 30 September 1947. Q. When did U.N.O start functioning? Ans. 24 October 1945. Q. What are the important organs of U.N.O? Ans. i. General Assembly. ii. Security Council. iii. Economic and Social Council. iv. Trusteeship Council. v. World Court of Justice. vi. Secretariat. Q. What are the total members of Security Council? Ans. 15 members. Q. When and where did OIC come into being? Ans. 1965, in Morocco. Q. When and where was the Second Islamic Conference held? Ans. 1974, in Lahore. Q. Where atomic explosions were carried out in Pakistan? Ans. Chaghai (Balochistan). Q. When did Pakistan join the Non-aligned Movement? Ans. 1979. Q. What is the Pakistani major export? Ans. cotton. Q. When Munir Report was prepared? Ans. 1953. Q. When Pakistan launched Ghouri Missile? Ans. 6 April 1998. Q. When Pakistan exploded its nuclear device? Ans. 28 May 1998. Q. How many devices were exploded on 30th May 1998? Ans. One device. Q. When did Pakistan rejoin Commonwealth?

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Ans. 1989. Q. When did the State Bank of Pakistan established? Ans. 1st July 1948. Q. When did Quaid-e-Azam die? Ans. 11 September 1948. Q. When did Indian occupy Jundgadh? Ans. 8 November 1948. Q. When did Objective Resolution pass? Ans. 12 March 1949. Q. When National Bank of Pakistan was formed? Ans. 8 November 1949. Q. When did Liaquat Ali khan visit USA? Ans. May 1950. Q. When Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated? Ans. 16 October 1951. Q. When Martial Law was imposed in Lahore? Ans. 6th March 1953. Q. When Muhammad Ali Bogra became Third Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 17 April 1953. Q. When Defense Pact between USA and Pakistan was signed? Ans. May 1954. Q. When constituent assembly was dissolved by Governor General Ghulam Muhammad? Ans. 24th October 1954. Q. When Chaudry Muhammad Ali took over as the 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 11 August 1955. Q. When West Pakistan turned into One Unit? Ans. 14th October 1955. Q. When first constitution of Pakistan was introduced? Ans. 23rd March 1956. Q. When Sikandar Mirza dissolved East Pakistan Cabinet? Ans. 26th May 1956. Q. When H.S. Suhrwardy took over as 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 12th September 1956. Q. When I.I. Chandrigar was appointed 6th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 17th October 1957. Q. When Malik Firuz Khan Noon took over as the 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 16th December 1957. Q. When Noon-Nehru agreement was signed? Ans. 11th September 1958. Q. When Martial Law was imposed in the country? Ans. 7th October 1958. Q. When EBDO was promulgated? Ans. 25 March 1959. Q. When System of Basic Democracies was introduced? Ans. 26th October 1959. Q. When Capital was shifted to Islamabad? Ans. 26th November 1959. Q. When Field Martial Ayyub Khan was elected President by 80,000 Basic Democrates? Ans. 14th February 1960. Q. When Constitution of 1962 was enforced? Ans. 1st March 1962. Q. When Basic Democracy Election was held in East Pakistan? Ans. 10th November 1964. Q. When Ayyub Khan defeated Miss Fatima Jinnah in Presidential Election by 49,951 to 28,691 votes?

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Fazal Elahi was sworn in as the 5th President and Mr. .Ans. 14th March 1977. Q. 26th May 1980. When PNA started country wide movement against Bhutto Government? Ans. Z. When Simla Agreement was signed? Ans. Q. Ch. 1st April 1970. An agreement was reached but could not be implemented? Ans.A. When Awami Party was banned after the assassination of Hayat Sher Pao and on 20th October 1975 Supreme Court upheld this decision? Ans.M.A.Z. Q. Q. When Indian attacked West Pakistan? Ans. Q. When National Assembly Elections held. 6th September 1965. 24th December 1971. 3rd to 15th June 1977. When Six Points of Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman were announced? Ans. When Provincial Assemblies Election held? Ans. Q. Q. When Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman was freed? Ans. Q. 10 January 1966. When Rann of Kuch War between Indian and Pakistan was fought? Ans. When National Assembly declared the Ahmadis as a minority in Pakistan? Ans. 10th February 1979. Q. 5th February 1965. When Constitution of 1973 was enforced. Q. 14th August 1973. 7th September 1974. Q. When Supreme Court announced that Martial Law was legal? Ans. 5th July 1977. 3rd July 1972. When One Unit was cancelled? Ans. Q. Q. When cease-fire in East Pakistan was announced? Ans. When Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission on East Pakistan was appointed? Ans. When Tashkent Declaration was signed? Ans. Bhutto and other leaders were taken in custody? Ans. When General Zia-ul-Haq imposed Martial Law in Pakistan. 25 March 1969. Q.Bhutto took over as the 4th President of Pakistan? Ans. When National Assembly Election held? Ans. When Z. Q. When did Field Martial Ayyub Khan relinquish office of President and General A. Q. Q. Mr. When Wafaqi Shariat Court was established? Ans. 7th December 1970. 7th March 1977. April 1965. 3rd December 1971. PPP won sweeping victory but other parties refused to accept the results? Ans. Page | 18 Q. When Indo-Pakistan was started? Ans.A. 20 December 1971. When State of Emergency was declared? Ans. Q. 23rd November 1971. Q. Q. Q. Q. 17th December 1970. 10th November 1977. When Indian Army attacked East Pakistan? Ans. When Hadood Ordinance was promulgated? Ans. Q. 22nd November 1971. 16th December 1971. Bhutto as the 10th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. When talks between PNA and Bhutto Government held.Yahya Khan imposed Martial Law in Pakistan? Ans. 2nd January 1965. 3rd January 1972. 10th February 1975. Q. Q.

When National Assembly Elections held? Ans. July 1984. Q. Q. May 1983. When Majlis-e-Shoora was formed? Ans. 12th January 1985. Q. When 6th Five-Year Plan was made? Ans. Q. When Nawaz Government and National Assembly was restored. When Presidential Referendums held? Ans. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National and Provincial Assemblies? Ans. Q. 2.Q. When Election Schedule for 1985 elections announced? Ans. When Muhammad Khan Junejo sworn-in as Prime Minster of Pakistan? Ans. 6th November 1990. When Provincial Assembly Elections held? Ans. When President appointed Nazim Hasan Shah as permanent Chief Justice of Pakistan? Ans. 19th December 1984. When Member of National Assembly sworn-in? Ans. When Provincial Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. Q. Q. Supreme Court declared Presidential Order ultra vires Judgment passed? Ans. Mir Balakh S her Mazari was sworn-in as caretaker Prime Minister in 1993? Ans. Q. Q. Page | 19 Q. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly and Nawaz Sharif‘s Government was dismissed. When National Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. 27th April 1993. When Zia-ul-Haq addressed U. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh is Dipu Moni. Q. Q. 27th October 1990. August 1984. When Ramazan Ordinance was promulgated? Ans. Q. Q. 20th June 1980. When Martial Law was lifted and Fundamental rights restored? Ans. February 1983. Q. July 1981. 1st October 1980. When Nizam-e-Salat was introduced? Ans.? Ans.N. When Wafaqi Mohtasib was appointed? Ans. 4th December 1981. When Islamic University was established? Ans. Q. Q. 1. When Interest Free Banking was introduced? Ans. When Zakat and Ushr Ordinance was issued? Ans. Tapaimukh Dam issue is between India & Bangladesh. 10th March 1985. When Mian Nawaz Sharif elected as the 13th Prime Minister of Paksitan? Ans. February 1985. 3rd and 4th November 1990. March 1985. 8th February 1985. When Mian Nawaz Sharif was elected leader of the Parliamentary group? Ans. When Qazi Courts were established? Ans. 24th October 1990. 6th August 1990. Q. Q. December 1985. Q. Q.O. Q. Q. . 19th April 1993. When Zia-ul-Haq nominated Muhammad Khan Junejo as Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 1st November 1990. 26th May 1993. August 1984. Q. 10th November 1980. Q.

Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011. 7. 80. NAM Chairman is President Hussni Mubark of Egypt. US Secretary of State is Hillary Rodham Clinton. China celebrated its 60th Aniversary on 1st Oct: 2009. 38. 9. Michael Jackson died on 25th June. CIA director is Leon Panetta. She died on Sep:5. USA in Sep: 2009. Atomic Energy Agency is Mohammad Alberadi. 71. Interior Minister is Palaniappan Chidambaram. 56. 5th World Water Forum concluded in Istanbul on 22nd March. 61. President of Russia is Dimitri Medwedev. Head of WTO is Pascal Lamy. an Italian businessman. 67. 53. ICC chief is Haroon Lorgat of South Africa. 54. 29. US Secretary of Defence is Robert Gates.India. 2009. took bribes to sale Bofors howitzers to India in 1986. Pakistan Ambassador to UN is Abdullah Hussain Haroon. Michelle Obaman is the wife of Barack Obama. President of Sri Lanka is Mahinda Percy Rajapaksa adn PM is Ratnasiri Wickremanyake. 85. 2009 at the age of 50. 74. Next Olympics will be held in London in 2012. 10. Mother Tressa belonged to Albania and came to India in 1951. Partition. Commander of ISAF forces in Afghanistan is General Stan Mc Crystal. Senator John Kerry and Richard Lugar put forward Kerry-Lugar Bill. India will hold the Common Wealth Games in 2010. Secretary General of SAARC is Sheel Kant Sharma. 4. 19. 12. 5. President of Palestine is Mehmood Abbas. Brazil beats US in Confederation Cup. OPEC chief is Abdullah Salem al-Badri. 86. 44. 11. 2009. Arab League Sectary General is Amr Moosa. He was deported to Costa Rica. 22.Page | 20 3. 60. 19997 and is burried at Kolkata. 13. US Ambassador to Iraq is Christopher Hill. 59. 64. Mao movement is connected with Naxalites. President of Bangladesh is Zillur Rahman. The American Taliban captured in Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh. The Bofors case led to Congress defeat in 1989 Lok Sabha polls. 77. Secretary General of OIC is Ikmalluddin Ihsan Iglo (Turkey). 20. 21. ICJ issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir. Operation Rah-e-Rast began in Sawat in May 2009. 65. First East Timore President is Jose Gusmao. Next Hockey World Cup will be held in India in 2010. 41. Shoe thrower on Bush Muntazer al Zaidi worked for Al-Baghdadi newspaper. President of India is Prathiba Patel. 46. Kadyrov. 76. 2009. 40. 83. 50. Sachin Tendulkar completed 16000 runs in ODIs. Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel belongs to conservative party. G-20 Summit was held at Pittsburg. 35. 79. Mother-in-Law of Obama is Marian Robinson. VP USA. 18. LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed on 18th May. 2009. 24. Black Widow is a rebellious gang in Assam. 42. 15. UEFA president is Michel Platni. 29. 27. 55.C Verma. 81. 63. Shasha Obama (younger) and Malia Obama (elder) are two daughters of Barak Obama. 70. Titanic Museum opened in UK on 31st March. Jill Baden is the wife of Joe Biden. 58. Ahmadinejad defeated Mir Hussain Moussavi in his re-election. US Open 2009 won by Kim Clisjsters of Belgium and Juan Martin del Porto won men's singles titles. 62. 17. Chinese President is Hu Jintao. 33. OECD has 30 members and does ot include China. Egypt. 87. 30. Obama is US's 44th President. The World Athletics Championship was held in Berlin in 2009. President of Mongolia is Tsakhiagin Elbegdorj. 39. 45. 14. Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a military coup. Jacob Zuma won elections in South Africa. 69. Director General of Int. 47. 48. ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation. 73. 2009. Garden of Five Senses is in Delhi. 66. Dal Lake is in occupied Kashmir. 49. Qamar-uz-Zaman Qaira made governer on 15th Sep: 2009. 52. Governor State Bank of Pakistan is Syed Salim Raza. 6. World Bank president is Robert Zoellic. 31. 2009. 32. 8. 75. PM is Viladamir Putin. Abdullah Abdullah contested elections against Hamid Karzai. 28. 16. FIFA President is Joseph Sepp Blatter. Iceland swears its first female PM Johanna Sigurdard Ottir. Operation Rah-e-Nijad conducted in South Waziristan on June 19. President of France is Nicolas Sarkozy. 78. PM of Bangladesh Shaikh Haseena of Awami League elected in December. Danny Boyle is the director of Slum Dog Millionaire. 68. 57. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza is the new Chief Election Commission of Pakistan. RAW chief is K. David Lawrance Convention Centre arranges G-20 Summit. 43. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. The book "Jinnah. US intends to deploy US interceptor Missiles in Poland and radar in Czech Republic to protect Europe from Iranian missiles. __________________ Afghanistan (list of ministers) Zalmai Rassoul 18 January 2010 Albania (list of ministers) Ditmir Bushati 15 September 2013 Algeria Ramtane Lamamra 11 September 2013 Andorra (list of ministers) Gilbert Saboya Sunyé 12 May 2011 Angola (list of ministers) Georges Rebelo Chicoti 26 November 2010 Antigua and Barbuda Baldwin Spencer (prime minister) 6 January 2005 . 23. Prime Minister of Australia is Kavin Rid. 34. 25. 72. The Internaitiona Airport of Washington DC is known as Dulles International Airport. Independence" is written by Jaswant Singh. 26. 88. President of Chechnia is Ramzan A. Next World Cup of Cricket will be held in India. Next Football World Cup is to be held in South Africa in 2010. Foreign Minister of UK is David Miliband. 36. US special representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan is Richard Halbroke. Serena Williams and Roger Federer are Wimbeldon winners this year. President of North Korea is Kim Jong-il. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009 came on Sep:7.2008. 51. 84. Baitullah Mehsud killed on Aug: 5. 37. Mongolia has world's 6% of Uranium reserves. Michael Sleiman has taken over as the President of Lebanon. Ottavio Quattrocchi. 82.

Page | 21 Argentina (list of ministers) Héctor Timerman 22 June 2010 Armenia Eduard Nalbandyan 14 April 2008 Australia (list of ministers) Julie Bishop 18 September 2013 Austria (list of ministers) Michael Spindelegger 2 December 2008 Azerbaijan (list of ministers) Elmar Məmmədyarov 2 April 2004 Bahamas Fred Mitchell 11 May 2012 Bahrain (list of ministers) Sheikh Khalid ibn Ahmad Al Khalifah 26 September 2005 Bangladesh (list of ministers) Dipu Moni 6 January 2009 Barbados (list of ministers) Maxine McClean 24 November 2008 Belarus Vladimir Makei 20 August 2012 Belgium (list of ministers) Didier Reynders 6 December 2011 Belize Wilfred Elrington 12 February 2008 Benin (list of ministers) Nassirou Bako Arifari 28 May 2011 Bhutan (list of ministers) Lyonpo Rinzin Dorje 29 July 2013 Bolivia David Choquehuanca 23 January 2006 Bosnia and Herzegovina Zlatko Lagumdžija 10 February 2012 Botswana Phandu Skelemani 1 April 2008 Brazil Luiz Alberto Figueiredo 28 August 2013 Brunei Prince Mohamed Bolkiah 1 January 1984 Bulgaria Kristian Vigenin 29 May 2013 Burkina Faso Djibril Bassolé 21 April 2011 Burma (list of ministers) Wunna Maung Lwin 30 March 2011 Burundi Laurent Kavakure 7 November 2011 Cambodia Hor Namhong 30 November 1998 Cameroon Pierre Moukoko Mbonjo 11 December 2011 Canada (list of ministers) John Baird 18 May 2011 Cape Verde Jorge Borges 21 March 2011 Central African Republic Léonie Banga-Bothy 13 June 2013 Chad Moussa Faki 23 April 2008 Chile (list of ministers) Alfredo Moreno Charme 11 March 2010 People's Republic of China (list of ministers) Wang Yi 16 March 2013 Colombia (list of ministers) María Ángela Holguín 7 August 2010 Comoros El-Anrif Said Hassane 13 July 2013 Democratic Republic of the Congo (list of ministers) Raymond Tshibanda 26 April 2012 Republic of the Congo Basile Ikouébé 31 May 2007 Costa Rica Enrique Castillo 14 September 2011 Côte d'Ivoire Charles Koffi Diby 22 Novembre 2012 Croatia (list of ministers) Vesna Pusić 23 December 2011 Cuba (list of ministers) Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla 2 March 2009 Cyprus (list of ministers) Ioannis Kasoulidis 1 March 2013 Czech Republic (list of ministers) Jan Kohout 10 July 2013 Denmark (list of ministers) Villy Søvndal 3 October 2011 Djibouti Mahamoud Ali Youssouf 22 May 2005 Dominica Roosevelt Skerrit (prime minister) 4 January 2010 Dominican Republic Carlos Morales Troncoso 16 August 2004 East Timor José Luís Guterres 8 August 2012 Ecuador Ricardo Patiño 28 January 2010 Egypt (list of ministers) Nabil Fahmy 16 July 2013 El Salvador Jaime Miranda 14 August 2013 Equatorial Guinea Agapito Mba Mokuy 22 May 2012 Eritrea Osman Saleh Mohammed 18 April 2007 Estonia (list of ministers) Urmas Paet 13 April 2005 Ethiopia (list of ministers) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus 29 November 2012 Fiji (list of ministers) Ratu Inoke Kubuabola 3 August 2009 Finland (list of ministers) Erkki Tuomioja 22 June 2011 France (list of ministers) Laurent Fabius 16 May 2012 Gabon (list of ministers) Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet 28 February 2012 Gambia Susan Waffa-Ogoo 1 December 2012 Georgia (list of ministers) Maia Panjikidze 25 Octobre 2012 Germany (list of ministers) Guido Westerwelle 28 October 2009 Ghana (list of ministers) Hanna Tetteh 30 January 2013 Greece (list of ministers) Evangelos Venizelos 25 June 2013 Grenada Nickolas Steele 3 March 2013 Guatemala Fernando Carrera 14 January 2013 Guinea François Lonseny Fall 5 October 2012 Guinea-Bissau Fernando Delfim da Silva 6 June 2013 Guyana Carolyn Rodrigues 10 April 2008 Haiti (list of ministers) Pierre Richard Casimir 6 August 2012 Honduras Mireya Agüero de Corrales 2 May 2013 Holy See (list of ministers) Archbishop Dominique Mamberti 15 September 2006 Hungary (list of ministers) János Martonyi 29 May 2010 Iceland (list of ministers) Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson 24 May 2013 India (list of ministers) Salman Khurshid 28 October 2012 Indonesia Marty Natalegawa 22 October 2009 Iran (list of ministers) Mohammad Javad Zarif 15 August 2013 Iraq (list of ministers) Hoshyar Zebari 3 September 2003 Ireland (list of ministers) Eamon Gilmore 9 March 2011 Israel (list of ministers) Benjamin Netanyahu (prime minister) 18 December 2012 Italy (list of ministers) Emma Bonino 28 April 2013 Jamaica Arnold Nicholson 6 January 2012 Japan (list of ministers) Fumio Kishida 26 December 2012 .

L. Robert 14 July 2007 Moldova (list of ministers) Natalia Gherman 31 May 2013 Monaco José Badia 1 January 2011 Mongolia Luvsanvandan Bold 19 August 2012 Montenegro (list of ministers) Igor Lukšić 4 December 2012 Morocco Salaheddine Mezouar 10 October 2013 Mozambique Oldemiro Balói 10 March 2008 Namibia (list of ministers) Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah 4 December 2012 Nauru Baron Waqa (president) 13 June 2013 Nepal Madhav Prasad Ghimire 14 March 2013 Netherlands (list of ministers) Frans Timmermans 5 November 2012 New Zealand (list of ministers) Murray McCully 19 November 2008 Nicaragua Samuel Santos López 11 January 2007 Niger (list of ministers) Mohamed Bazoum 21 April 2011 Nigeria (list of ministers) Viola Onwuliri (acting) 14 September 2013 Norway (list of ministers) Børge Brende 16 October 2013 Oman Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah 18 February 1982 Pakistan (list of ministers) Nawaz Sharif (prime minister) 7 June 2013 Palau Billy Kuartei 31 July 2013 Palestine[1] (list of ministers) Riyad al-Maliki 1 September 2007 Panama Fernando Núñez Fábrega 28 February 2013 Papua New Guinea Rimbink Pato 9 August 2012 Paraguay Eladio Loizaga 15 August 2013 Peru Eda Rivas 15 May 2013 Philippines (list of ministers) Albert del Rosario 2 March 2011 Poland (list of ministers) Radosław Sikorski 16 November 2007 Portugal (list of ministers) Rui Machete 23 July 2013 Qatar Khalid al-Attiyah 26 Juin 2013 Romania (list of ministers) Titus Corlățean 6 August 2012 Russia (list of ministers) Sergey Lavrov 9 March 2004 Rwanda Louise Mushikiwabo 3 December 2009 Saint Kitts and Nevis Patrice Nisbett 5 February 2013 Saint Lucia Alva Baptiste 6 December 2011 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Camillo Gonsalves 16 September 2013 San Marino Pasquale Valentini 5 December 2012 Samoa Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi (prime minister) 23 November 1998 São Tomé and Príncipe (list of ministers) Natália Pedro da Costa Umbelina Neto 12 December 2012 Saudi Arabia (list of ministers) HRH Prince Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud 13 October 1975 Senegal (list of ministers) Mankeur Ndiaye 29 October 2012 Serbia (list of ministers) Ivan Mrkić 27 July 2012 Seychelles (list of ministers) Jean-Paul Adam 8 June 2010 Sierra Leone (list of ministers) Samura Kamara 17 December 2012 Singapore (list of ministers) K. Shanmugam 21 May 2011 Slovakia (list of ministers) Miroslav Lajčák 4 April 2012 Slovenia (list of ministers) Karl Erjavec 10 February 2012 Solomon Islands Clay Forau Soalaoi 28 February 2012 Somalia Foosiya Yuusuf Xaaji Aadan 13 November 2012 South Africa (list of ministers) Maite Nkoana-Mashabane 11 May 2009 South Sudan Barnaba Marial Benjamin 27 July 2013 Spain (list of ministers) José García-Margallo y Marfil 22 December 2011 Sri Lanka (list of ministers) G.Page | 22 Jordan Nasser Judeh 23 February 2009 Kazakhstan (list of ministers) Erlan Idrisov 28 September 2012 Kenya (list of ministers) Amina Mohamed 19 May 2013 Kiribati Anote Tong (president) 4 July 2003 North Korea Pak Ui-chun 18 May 2007 South Korea (list of ministers) Yun Byung-se 11 March 2013 Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah 23 October 2011 Kyrgyzstan Erlan Abdyldayev 5 September 2012 Laos Thongloun Sisoulith 8 June 2006 Latvia Edgars Rinkēvičs 25 October 2011 Lebanon (list of ministers) Adnan Mansour 13 June 2011 Lesotho Mohlabi Tsekoa 2 March 2007 Liberia (list of ministers) Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan 10 February 2012 Libya (list of ministers) Mohammed Abdulaziz 26 November 2012 Liechtenstein Aurelia Frick 25 March 2009 Lithuania (list of ministers) Linas Antanas Linkevičius 13 December 2012 Luxembourg (list of ministers) Jean Asselborn 21 July 2004 Macedonia Nikola Poposki 28 July 2011 Madagascar Ulrich Andriantiana (acting) 4 September 2013 Malaysia Dato' Sri Anifah Aman 10 April 2009 Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi Ephraim Chiume 26 April 2012 Maldives (list of ministers) Mariyam Shakeela (acting) 12 September 2013 Mali Zahabi Ould Sidi Mohamed 8 September 2013 Malta (list of ministers) George William Vella 13 March 2013 Marshall Islands Phillip H. Peiris 23 April 2010 Sudan Ali Karti 16 June 2010 Suriname Winston Lackin 12 August 2010 . Muller 10 January 2012 Mauritius Arvin Boolell 13 September 2008 Mauritania Ahmed Ould Teguedi 17 September 2013 Mexico (list of ministers) José Antonio Meade Kuribreña 1 December 2012 Micronesia Lorin S.

Thein Sein Burundi .Rosen Plevneliev Prime Minister .Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister .Amado Boudou Armenia President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .José Eduardo dos Santos Antigua and Barbuda Queen .Tony Abbott Austria Federal President .Evo Morales Bosnia and Herzegovina High Representative .Sir Colville Young Prime Minister .Perry Christie Bahrain King .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Mikhail Myasnikovich Belgium King .Josep Maria Mauri French Co-Prince .Elio Di Rupo Belize Queen .Antoni Martí Angola President .Quentin Bryce Prime Minister .Abdelmalek Sellal Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince .Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister .Ian Khama Brazil President .Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister .Bujar Nishani Prime Minister .Abdul Hamid Prime Minister .Philippe Prime Minister .Page | 23 Swaziland Mgwagwa Gamedze 4 November 2013 Sweden (list of ministers) Carl Bildt 6 October 2006 Switzerland (list of ministers) Didier Burkhalter 1 January 2012 Syria (list of ministers) Walid Muallem 11 February 2006 Tajikistan Hamrokhon Zarifi 1 December 2006 Tanzania Bernard Membe 11 January 2007 Thailand Surapong Tovichakchaikul 10 August 2011 Togo Robert Dussey 17 September 2013 Tonga Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō (prime minister) 22 December 2010 Trinidad and Tobago Winston Dookeran 22 June 2012 Tunisia (list of ministers) Othman Jerandi 14 March 2013 Turkey (list of ministers) Ahmet Davutoğlu 1 May 2009 Turkmenistan Raşit Meredow 7 July 2001 Tuvalu Taukelina Finikaso 5 August 2013 Uganda Sam Kutesa 13 January 2005 Ukraine (list of ministers) Leonid Kozhara 24 December 2012 United Arab Emirates HH Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan 9 February 2006 United Kingdom (list of ministers) William Hague 11 May 2010 United States (list of ministers) John Kerry 1 February 2013 Uruguay (list of ministers) Luis Almagro 1 March 2010 Uzbekistan (list of ministers) Abdulaziz Komilov 13 January 2012 Vanuatu Edward Natapei 23 March 2013 Venezuela (list of ministers) Elías Jaua 15 January 2013 Vietnam Phạm Bình Minh 3 August 2011 Yemen Abou Bakr al-Kerbi 4 April 2001 Zambia Wilbur Simuusa 13 August 2013 Zimbabwe Simbarashe Mumbengegwi 15 April 2005 Current Presidents and Prime Ministers of the World (2013) Afghanistan President .Hamid Karzai Albania President .Sir Elliott Belgrave Prime Minister .Valentin Inzko Presidency:[1] Željko Komšić (Chairman) Bakir Izetbegović (Member) Nebojša Radmanović (Member) Chairman of the Council of Ministers .Freundel Stuart Belarus President .Werner Faymann Azerbaijan President .Vjekoslav Bevanda Botswana President .İlham Əliyev Prime Minister .Hassanal Bolkiah Bulgaria President .Tshering Tobgay Bolivia President .Luc-Adolphe Tiao Burma President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Dean Barrow Benin President .Tigran Sargsyan Australia Queen .Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister .Plamen Oresharski Burkina Faso President .François Hollande Representative .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Baldwin Spencer Argentina President .Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister .Artur Rəsizade Bahamas Queen .Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister .Dame Louise Lake-Tack Prime Minister .Yayi Boni Bhutan King .Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Acting President .Archbishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicília Representative .Dilma Rousseff Brunei Sultan and Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Sylvie Hubac Head of Government .Edi Rama Algeria President .Heinz Fischer Federal Chancellor .Sheikh Hasina Barbados Queen .Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa Bangladesh President .Sir Arthur Foulkes Prime Minister .

Shimon Peres Prime Minister .Manmohan Singh Indonesia President .Hassan Rouhani Iraq President .Adly Mansour Acting Prime Minister .Idriss Déby Prime Minister .Enda Kenny Israel President .Stephen Harper Cape Verde President .Irakli Garibashvili Germany Federal President .Danilo Medina East Timor President .Jalal Talabani Prime Minister .Denis Sassou Nguesso Costa Rica President .Dame Cécile La Grenade Prime Minister .Michel Djotodia Prime Minister .Ali Bongo Ondimba Prime Minister .Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister .Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister .Alpha Condé Prime Minister .Helle Thorning-Schmidt Djibouti President .Nicolas Tiangaye Chad President .Antonis Samaras Grenada Queen .Zoran Milanović Cuba President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers .Akihito Prime Minister .Rui Duarte de Barros Guyana President .Joachim Gauck Federal Chancellor .Michel Martelly Prime Minister .Ikililou Dhoinine Congo.Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister .Vicente Ehate Tomi Eritrea President .Sebastián Piñera China President .Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Iran Supreme Leader .Viktor Orbán Iceland President .François Hollande Prime Minister .Hazem Al Beblawi El Salvador President .Xanana Gusmão Ecuador President . Republic of the President .Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson India President .Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister .Yahya Jammeh Georgia President .Bidzina Ivanishvili Prime Minister-designate .Jyrki Katainen France President .Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister .Miloš Zeman Prime Minister .Giorgio Napolitano President of the Council of Ministers .Donald Ramotar Prime Minister .Nicos Anastasiades Czech Republic President . Democratic Republic of the President .Roosevelt Skerrit Dominican Republic President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Joseph Kabila Prime Minister .John Dramani Mahama Greece President .Laura Chinchilla Croatia President .Nouri al-Maliki Ireland President .José Maria Neves Central African Republic President .Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister .Shinzō Abe .Benjamin Netanyahu Italy President .Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council .Sir Patrick Allen Prime Minister .Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister .Keith Mitchell Guatemala President .Laurent Lamothe Honduras President .Page | 24 President .Charles Savarin Prime Minister .Ivo Josipović President of the Government .Michael D.Rafael Correa Egypt Acting President .Samdech Hun Sen Cameroon President .Portia Simpson-Miller Japan Emperor .David Johnston Prime Minister .Mohamed Said Fofana Guinea-Bissau Acting President .Jorge Carlos Fonseca Prime Minister .Mauricio Funes Equatorial Guinea President .Li Keqiang Colombia President .Margrethe II Prime Minister .Andrus Ansip Ethiopia President .Enrico Letta Ivory Coast President .János Áder Prime Minister . Higgins Taoiseach .Daniel Kablan Duncan Jamaica Queen .Frank Bainimarama Finland President .Raymond Ndong Sima Gambia.Ayatollah Ali Khamenei President .Sam Hinds Haiti President .Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo Acting Prime Minister .Juan Manuel Santos Comoros President .Porfirio Lobo Sosa Hungary President .Raúl Castro Cyprus President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor General .Philémon Yang Canada Queen .Jiří Rusnok Denmark Queen .Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed Dominica President . The President .Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister .Ratu Epeli Nailatikau Acting Prime Minister .Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister .Jean-Marc Ayrault Gabon President .Augustin Matata Ponyo Congo.Otto Pérez Molina Guinea President .Pierre Nkurunziza Cambodia King .Mikheil Saakashvili President-elect .Alassane Ouattara Prime Minister .Isaias Afewerki Estonia President .Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister .Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister .Hailemariam Desalegn Fiji President .Djimrangar Dadnadji Chile President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Angela Merkel Ghana President .Paul Biya Prime Minister .

Khil Raj Regmi Netherlands King .Ali Zeidan Liechtenstein Prince .Valdis Dombrovskis Lebanon President .Pak Pong-ju Norway King .Abdelilah Benkirane Mozambique President .Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf Mauritius President .Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister .Vladimir Putin Chairman of the Government .Alberto Vaquina Namibia President .Navin Ramgoolam Mexico President .Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister .Ricardo Martinelli Papua New Guinea Queen .Daniel Ortega Niger President .Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani Romania President .Choummaly Sayasone Chairman of the Council of Ministers .Michel Roger Mongolia President .Tammam Salam Lesotho King .Christopher Loeak Mauritania President .Mohammed Waheed Hassan Mali President .Tommy Remengesau Palestine[3] President .Hage Geingob Nauru President .Hereditary Prince Alois Head of Government .Omer Beriziky Malawi President .Albert II Minister of State .Nikola Gruevski Madagascar President of the High Authority of Transition .Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister .Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister .Goodluck Jonathan North Korea Supreme Leader .George Abela Prime Minister .Najib Mikati President-designate of the Council of Ministers .Ram Baran Yadav Chairman of the Council of Ministers .Horacio Cartes Peru President .Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister .Joseph Muscat Marshall Islands President .Iurie Leancă Monaco Prince .Paul Kagame Prime Minister .Bronisław Komorowski Chairman of the Council of Ministers .Qaboos bin Said al Said Pakistan President .Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister .Manny Mori Moldova President .Michel Suleiman President of the Council of Ministers .Armando Guebuza Prime Minister .Joyce Banda Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong .Sir Michael Ogio Prime Minister .Peter O'Neill Paraguay President .Zhantoro Satybaldiyev Laos President .Anote Tong Kuwait Emir .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah Kyrgyzstan President .Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister .Willem-Alexander Prime Minister .Hans-Adam II Regent .Abdullah Ensour Kazakhstan President .Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister .Kim Jong-un[2] Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Yong-nam[2] Premier of the Cabinet .Brigi Rafini Nigeria President .Rami Hamdallah Panama President .Nawaz Sharif Palau President .Serik Akhmetov Kenya President .Andris Bērziņš Prime Minister .Abdullah II Prime Minister .Gjorge Ivanov Prime Minister .Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister .Jean-Claude Juncker Macedonia President .Baron Waqa Nepal President .Sir Jerry Mateparae Prime Minister .Traian Băsescu Prime Minister .Pedro Passos Coelho Qatar Emir .Benigno Aquino III Poland President .Henri Prime Minister .Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Libya Chairman of the General National Congress .Filip Vujanović Prime Minister .Dmitry Medvedev Rwanda President .Mark Rutte New Zealand Queen .Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister .Ollanta Humala President of the Council of Ministers .Nouri Abusahmain Prime Minister .John Key Nicaragua President .Victor Ponta Russia President .Harald V Prime Minister .Andry Rajoelina Prime Minister .Mohammed VI Prime Minister .César Villanueva Philippines President .Nicolae Timofti Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Erna Solberg Oman Sultan and Prime Minister .Algirdas Butkevičius Luxembourg Grand Duke .Thongsing Thammavong Latvia President .Page | 25 Jordan King .Oumar Tatam Ly Malta President .Kailash Purryag Prime Minister .Donald Tusk Portugal President .Adrian Hasler Lithuania President .Uhuru Kenyatta Kiribati President .Tuanku Abdul Halim Prime Minister .Norovyn Altankhuyag Montenegro President .Milo Đukanović Morocco King .Dato' Sri Najib Razak Maldives President .Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister .Hifikepunye Pohamba Prime Minister .Tom Thabane Liberia President .Enrique Peña Nieto Micronesia President .Letsie III Prime Minister .Pierre Habumuremyi .Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister .

Mariano Rajoy Sri Lanka President .Jacob Zuma South Korea President .Moncef Marzouki Prime Minister .Wael Nader Al-Halqi Tajikistan President .Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu Tonga King .Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister .Tomislav Nikolić Prime Minister .Shavkat Mirziyoyev Vanuatu President .Manuel Pinto da Costa Prime Minister .Ernest Bai Koroma Singapore President .Omar al-Bashir Suriname President .James Michel Sierra Leone President .Gabriel Costa Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister .Michael Sata Zimbabwe President .Sir Edmund Lawrence Prime Minister .Yingluck Shinawatra Togo President . Alain Berset Syria President .Dame Pearlette Louisy Prime Minister .Anthony Carmona Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Prime Minister .Abdullah Gül Prime Minister . City of Popes-Rome City of Seven Hills-Rome City of Skyscrapers-New York Cockpit of Europe-Belgium Dark Continent-Africa .Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow Tuvalu Queen .Page | 26 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen .Borut Pahor Prime Minister .Lee Hsien Loong Slovakia President .D.Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum United Kingdom Queen .Tony Tan Prime Minister .Viktor Yanukovych Prime Minister .Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister . M. Jayaratne Sudan President .Abdullah Senegal President . Simonetta Sommaruga.Barack Obama Uruguay President .Kenny Anthony Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen .Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister .Trương Tấn Sang Prime Minister .Sir Iakoba Italeli Prime Minister .Moana Carcasses Kalosil Vatican City Sovereign .Tupou VI Prime Minister .Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime Minister .Amama Mbabazi Ukraine President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General . Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf.Juan Carlos I President of the Government .David Cameron United States President .Sir Frederick Ballantyne Prime Minister .Ivica Dačić Seychelles President .C.Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister .José Mujica Uzbekistan President .Alenka Bratušek Solomon Islands Queen .Tufuga Efi Prime Minister .Aminata Touré Serbia President .Fredrik Reinfeldt Switzerland Federal Council:[4] Ueli Maurer (President).Jung Hong-won South Sudan President .Ali Laarayedh Turkey President .Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi San Marino Captain Regent .Iolu Abil Prime Minister .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Gian Carlo Capicchioni Captain Regent .Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister .Robert Mugabe Britain of the South-New Zealand The Battlefield of Europe-Belgium City of the Golden Gate-San Francisco City of Magnificent Distances-Washington D.Macky Sall Prime Minister . Doris Leuthard.Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister . Johann Schneider-Ammann.Enele Sopoaga Uganda President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Denzil Douglas Saint Lucia Queen .Park Geun-hye Prime Minister .Abdi Farah Shirdon South Africa President .Islam Karimov Prime Minister .Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Turkmenistan President .Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi Prime Minister .Anna Maria Muccioli São Tomé and Príncipe President .Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister .Nicolás Maduro Vietnam President .Dési Bouterse Swaziland King .Pope Francis President of the Governorate .Mizengo Pinda Thailand King .Kamla Persad-Bissessar Tunisia President .Nguyễn Tấn Dũng Yemen President .Ralph Gonsalves Samoa O le Ao o le Malo . Didier Burkhalter.Mohammed Basindawa Zambia President .Sir Frank Kabui Prime Minister .Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister .Robert Fico Slovenia President .Salva Kiir Mayardit Spain King .Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello Venezuela President .Gordon Darcy Lilo Somalia President .Mswati III Prime Minister .Mykola Azarov United Arab Emirates President .Elizabeth II[n 1] Governor-General .Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister .Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini Sweden King .Oqil Oqilov Tanzania President .Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō Trinidad and Tobago President .Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister .

Jatiya Party Nepal=Nepali Communist Party. Jerusalem Granite City-Aberdeen (Scotland) Great white way-Broadway (New York) Gift of Nile-Egypt Gibraltar of the Indian Ocean-Aden Herring Pond-Atlantic Ocean Hermit Kingdom-Korea Holy Land-Palestine Island of Cloves-Madagascar (Malagasy) The Isle of Spring-Jamaica Key to the Mediterranean-Gibraltar Land of Cakes (or Oat Cakes)-Scotland Land of the Golden Fleece-Australia Land of the Golden Pagoda-Myanmar (Burma) Land of Kangaroos-Australia Land of Lilies-Canada Land of the Midnight Sun-Norway Land of Milk and Honey-Canaan Land of Morning Calm-Korea Land of the Rising Sun-Japan Land of a Thousand Lakes-Finland Land of Thunderbolt-Bhutan Land of White Elephants-Thailand Lady of Snow-Canada Little Venice-Venezuela Never. CPM. Russia=Communist Party. National Front. Choice India=India National Congress. Nepali Congress party China=Communist Party of China Sri Lanka=United National Party. TDP Pakistan=Muslim League. RJD. National Party. Union for France Democracy Australia=Liberal Party. Inkatha Freedom Party. United Kingdom=Conservative Party. Awami League. CPI. Pakistan people Party . Italy Forbidden City-Lhasa (Tibet) Garden of England-Kent Gate of Tears-Babel-Mandab. Labour Party Bangladesh=Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Likud Party Hamas Party. Labour Party.Russias. Bharatiya Janata Party. Never Land-Prairies (North Australia) Pearl of Antilles-Cuba Play ground of Europe-Switzerland Pillars of Hercules-Straits of Gibraltar Pearl of the Pacific-Guayaquil Port (Ecuador) Power keg of Europe-Balkans The Promised Land-Canaan Quaker City-Philadelphia Queen of the Arabian Sea-Kochi (India) Queen of the Adriatic-Venice Rich Coast-Costa Rica Rich Port-Puerto Rico Roof of the world-Pamir (Tibet) The Sea of Mountains-British Columbia Sorrow of China-River Hwang Ho The Saw Mill of Europe-Sweden Sick Man of Europe-Turkey Sugar Bowl of the World-Cuba The Storehouse of the World-Mexico The Down Under-Australia Venice of the North-Stockholm Venice of the East-Bangkok (Thailand). Liberal Democratic Party. Liberal Democratic Party. SP. Shas Party France=Socialist Party. Freedom Party South Africa=African National Congress. Kitts City of Arabian Nights-Baghdad Twin City-Budapest The Imperial City-Rome Golden City-Johannesburg The Modern Babylon-London Valley of Kings-Thebes World Political Parties United states of America=Republican Party. LJP. Allepey (India) Yellow River-Hwang Ho (China) White City-Belgrade Windy City-Chicago White Mans Grave-Guinea Coast (West Africa) The Spice Island of the West-Grenada The Mother Colony of the West Indies-St.Page | 27 Dairy of Northern Europe-Denmark Emerald Island-Ireland Empire City-New York Eternal City-Rome. Democratic Party Iraq=Bath Party Israel=Labour Party.

number of President of Pakistan? 4.. 193 3..Real name of Shah Abdul Latif is? 10.The recent country which joined the UN is? and now the total members of UN is? 3.In 15th Nabvi. 12th 4.... What was the Hijra? 15.Total Members of OIC is? 9.World's biggest Palace is? 13.World's biggest graveyard is? 12.. 57 ..Name the last emperor of Mughals? 6.=Congress (house of Representatives and Senate) Turkey=Grand National Assembly Bhutan=Tshogdu Iran=Majlis Bangladesh=Jatiya Sansad Afghanistan=Shora Norway=Storting Isreal=Knesset Spain=Cortes Generales Maldives=Mazlis Australia=Federal Parliament Japan=Diet Myanmar=Pyithu Hluttaw (People‘s Assembly) Canada=Parliament Screening Test Preparation..Capital of Albania is? 17. Indian=Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) Nepa=Rashtriya Panchayat Pakistan=National Assembly Denmark=Folketing Britain=Parliament (House of commons and House of Lords) Russia=Duma and Federal Council Germany=Bundstag (Lower House) and Bundesrat (Upper House) China=National people‘s Congress Switzerland=Federal Assembly France=National Assembly U. 1.. In this way we can learn a lot. Bahadur Shah II 6. Answer these questions. 7.. Amiruddin Kidwai 8.Page | 28 World Famous Parliaments.Quaid e Azam left became the president of Muslim League in? 19.What is Jihad e Akbar and Jihad e Fisabiliallah? 16.. 1. 18th 2.time of duration? 7.Who build red fort? 5.Who was the first King of Saudi Arabia? 20. 8 minutes and 20 seconds.Sun's light touches earth in..S..What is different between Nabvi year and Hijrah year? 14.The biggest city in the world is? 18.Janatul Baki is the graveyard of? 11...A.Who coined the word "Pakistan" and who prepared the map of Pakistan first of all? 8. Shah Jahan 5...Nawaz Sharif is the --------number of PM of Pakistan? 2.Which is the largest planet? All dear Friends it is requested to solve these questions and also share questions and answers. Choudhary Rahmat Ali....Mamnoon Hussain is the .

15.E. 1916 19. 14. Hajj Means effort. Tirana 17. Hanif People who during the time of jahiliyyah rejected the idolatry in their society. King Abdul-Aziz (also known as Ibn Saud) 20. jihad fi sabilillah (struggle in the cause of God) Jihad of the heart (jihad bil qalb/nafs) is concerned with combatting the devil and in the attempt to escape his persuasion to evil. Shanghai 18. 16. These people were in search for the true religion of Prophet Abraham. Hadith Qudsi The Hadith Qudsi are hadith's in which the Prophet says the Allah says so and so. . the final result was to their favor. Ohlsdorf Cemetery 12. The meaning of the these Hadith was revealed to the Prophet but he put them in his own words. unlike the Quran which is the word of Almighty Allah and the Prophet conveyed it exactly as it was revealed to him. Ayat-ul-Kursi It is called the throne of the Quran. in Mina where the first Muslims from Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet in the year 621 C. A similar meeting took place the next year when more Muslims from Yathrib pledged their allegiance to the Prophet. 13.Page | 29 2. Jupiter General Knowledge Questions 01 The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman 02 The longest river in the world is the Nile 03 The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada 04 The longest highway in the world has a length of About 8000 km 05 The highest mountain in the world is the Everest 06 The country that accounts for nearly one third of the total teak production of the world is Myanmar 07 The biggest desert in the world is the Sahara desert 08 The largest coffee growing country in the world is Brazil 09 The country also known as "country of Copper" is Zambia 10 The name given to the border which separates Pakistan and Afghanistan is Durand line 11 The river Volga flows out into the Caspian sea Question : Who was the favourite daughter of Shakespeare's King Lear? Answer : Cordelia Question : Which is the brightest star? Answer: Sirius Question : Which star has collapsed into itself? Answer : Black Hole Question : Which is the heaviest star? Answer : HDE 269810 IN Magellanic Cloud Question : Which Australian city includes the suburbs of Cottesloe and Subiaco? Answer : Perth Question : Who discovered Oxygen in 1774? Answer : Joseph Priestly Question : Name the author of A Town Like Alice Answer : Nevil Shute Question : How many Earth years does it take Pluto to orbit the sun? Answer : 248 Question : What name is given to the central part of a fleshy fruit. The battle took place between the Muslims and the Quraysh of Mecca in the second year of Hijrah (624 CE). 10. 9. Badr The first full military confrontation between the Muslims and the enemies of Allah. Even though the Muslims were outnumbered. 3. containing the seeds? Answer : The core Question: What letter appears to the right of Y on a keyboard? Answer : U Question : What is it that makes soda water fizz? Answer : Carbon Dioxide Question : What disease is the Sabin Vaccine used to prevent? Answer : Polio Aqabah A place just outside of Mecca. Muslims 11. This type of Jihad was regarded as the greater jihad ( al-jihad al-akbar).

Hirah. 644: Conquest of Fars. the Liar. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph. the Holy Prophet's father. within one's self. 627: Battle of the Trench. Muslims all over the world try to learn Arabic so that they may be able to read the Qur'an and understand its meaning. Fall of Jerusalem. 692: The fall of Makkah. 621: First pledge at Aqaba. and Hadramaut. Conquest of the island of Cypress. Armeain and Asia Minor. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah. Year of sorrow. Battle of Buwaib. 682: In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic. Battle of Fahl. 591: The Holy Prophet becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul".Page | 30 545: Birth of Abdullah. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Siege of Constantinople. Raids in Iraq. 628: Truce of Hudaibiya. such as: The Gracious. Conquest of Kabul. or other nationalities. Battle of Babylon in Egypt. Ein at tamr. 683: Death of Yazid. Muslims are not to be confused with Arabs. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt. The All-Knowing. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. They pray in the language of the Qur'an. 594: The Holy Prophet becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadija. 610: The first revelation in the cave at Mt. namely Arabic. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib. is ambushed and killed at Biskra. 695: Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of Qadsiyia. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states. Muslims may be Arabs. 646: Campaigns in Khurasan. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. 662: Khawarij revolts. The Merciful. the grandfather of the Holy Prophet. 659: Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph. Turks. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph. The Creator. Thus Arab Muslims constitute only about twenty percent of the Muslim population of the world. 645: Campaigns in Fats. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain. the root of which is Silm and Salam which means peace. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battle of Jalula. Conquest of Madain. The First. Indians. 651: Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines. Europeans. 637: Conquest of Syria. Salam may also mean greeting one another with peace. approximately ten percent are not Muslims. Americans. 633: Campaigns in Bahrain. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish. Mazar. Battles of Kazima. Pakistanis. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Battle of the Camel. Mukhtar killed. 647: Campaigns in North Africa. Hira. 661: Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. 571: Birth of the Holy Prophet. 623: Nakhla expedition. Battle of Ain ul Wada. While there are one billion Muslims in the world there are about 200 million Arabs. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia. 626: Expedition of Banu Mustaliq. 635: Battle of Bridge. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima. Bukhara becomes a vassal state. 617: Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. 641: Battle of Nihawand. 580: Death of Abdul Muttalib. 680: Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid. and loyalty are to God. 619: Lifting of the boycott. 648: Campaigns against the Byzantines. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal. Battle of Marj Rahat. Battles of Buzakha. Among them. Damascus and Ajnadin. 577: The Holy Prophet visits Madina with his mother. Expedition to Khyber. 640: Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. the Lord of the Universe. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina. Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. allegiance. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. 638: Conquest of Jazirah. 687: Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. The Beneficent. 625: Battle of Uhud. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. 613: Declaration at Mt. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Sara inviting the general public to Islam. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. 616: Second Hijrah to Abysinnia. 670: Advance in North Africa. 636: Battle of Yermuk. Ulleis. and Taif. Islam is a total system of living. and to live in peace with the Creator. Anbar. 614: Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam. However. Indonesians. 630: Conquest of Makkah. hence. 685: Death of Marwan I. Ascension to the heavens. 658: Battle of Nahrawan. An Arab could be a Muslim. the language of the Qur'an (the Holy Book of Islam) is Arabic. 657: Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God. Africans. 595: The Holy Prophet marries Hadrat Khadija. Year of Deputations. One of the beautiful names of God is that He is the Peace. Oman. 691: Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. 642: Battle of Rayy in Persia. Seventh century 605: The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba. 624: Battle of Badr. 656: Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. 634: Battles of Basra. 686: Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa. The Last. 631: Expedition to Tabuk. Second expedition of Badr. Battles of Hunsin. Any person who adopts the Arabic language is called an Arab. a league for the relief of the distressed. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews. Thus. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia. his retreat. Death of Abdullah b Zubair. 622: Second pledge at Aqaba. 586: The Holy Prophet participates in the war of Fijar. Sistan. Accession of Mu'awiyah II. Chinese. with other people and with the environment. It means more than that: submission to the One God. Islam and Muslims The name of this religion is Islam. 629: The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Campaigns in Khurasan. Auras. A Muslim is supposed to live in peace and harmony with all these segments. Mekran and Kharan. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra who foretells of his prophethood. 672: Capture of the island of Rhodes. Malaysians. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. The Lord of the Universe. 674: The Muslims cross the Oxus. 583: The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. Foundation of Fustat. 643: Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Conquest of Egypt. a Muslim is any person anywhere in the world whose obedience. Allah has ninety-nine beautiful names. Conquest of Damascus. Invasion of Makkah by Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen. 666: Raid of Sicily. Persians. 677: Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Death of his mother. a Jew or an atheist. Kerman. Mahrah Yemen. Zafar and Naqra. Battle of the Karun. 632: Death of the Holy Prophet. Allah the One and the Only God Allah is the name of the One and Only God. 684: Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Muslims and Arabs The followers of Islam are called Muslims. and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. Daumatul Jandal and Firaz. Battle of Siffin. Advance into Egypt. a Christian. 615: Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. Expedition to Muta (Romans). and others. 660: Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. The All-Wise. 620: Journey to Taif. Year of the Elephant. Walaja. 652: Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus. Supplications to God could be in any language. 639: Conquest of Khuizistan. . 632: Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.

are to be brought for accounting. Ramadan. G.E. C. Los Angeles. Prayers (Salat): The performance of the five daily prayers is required of Muslims. The rate of crime among Muslims is very minimal. the teachings of Islam do not separate religion from politics. Christians and Jews are called People of the Book. He is the final Messenger of God. Montreal. Hence.He is the Creator of all human beings. Angels and the Day of Judgment: Muslims believe that there are unseen creatures such as angels created by God in the universe for special missions. Vancouver. and others. San Francisco. Muslims in North America are highly educated and they have added to the success of American scientific and technological fields. Celebrations (Eid): Muslims have two celebrations (Eid). poetry. the door of forgiveness through true repentance is always open. Muslims have established academic institutions. The Eid of Sacrifice is in remembrance of the sacrifice to be by Prophet Abraham of his son. (Common Era) in Makkah. Boston. Cedar Rapids (Iowa). Oneness of Messengers and the Message: Muslims believe that God sent different messengers throughout the history of mankind. The Hadith is the report of the sayings. or outside. The whole world is a place of worship. Toledo. Christians and Jews lived peacefully with Muslims throughout centuries in the Middle East and other Asian and African countries. a house. arts. God made us of different colors. A leader (Imam) gives a sermon (Khutba) and leads the congregational prayer. Jacob. They put their trust in Him and they seek His help and His guidance. and Muhammad. while the message is called Islam. Abraham. Ottawa. Oneness of God: He is One and the Only One. reward and punishment. The revelation that he received is called the Qur'an. Fasting (Saum): Fasting is total abstinence from food. chemistry. Holidays: The holy day of the Muslims is Friday. to worship One God. liquids and intimate intercourse (between married couples) from dawn to sunset during the entire month of Ramadan. D. geography. F. It is considered to be sacred and the Day of Judgment will take place on Friday. algebra. an office. originality and totality are intact. etc. nationalities. namely those who received messages. Purifying Tax (Zakat): This is an annual payment of a certain percentage of a Muslim's property which is distributed among the poor or other rightful beneficiaries. It restricts certain items such as pork and its by-products. Muhammad Muhammad was chosen by God to deliver His Message of Peace. Jesus. Muslims believe that there is a Day of Judgment when all people of the world throughout the history of mankind till the last day of life on earth. Diets: Islam allows Muslims to eat everything which is good for the health. Edmonton. He purified the previous messages from adulteration and completed the Message of God for all humanity. the Buddhists. Oneness of mankind: People are created equal in front of the Law of God. This means that Islam rejects the idea of trinity or such a unity of God which implies more than one God in one. economic and social transactions. deeds and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims are asked to call upon the People of the Book for common terms. Moses. Creed (Shahada): The verbal commitment and pledge that there is only One God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Hence. Source of Islam The legal sources of Islam are the Qur'an and the Hadith. physics. Innocence of Man at Birth: Muslim believe that people are born free of sin. Distribution of Muslims in North America: There are approximately five million Muslims in North America and are distributed in its major cities such as New York. B. his wife Hagar and his eldest son Prophet Ishmael. Ismail. Houston. The Prophets of Christianity and Judaism are indeed the Prophets of Islam. However. Toronto. As such. Hajj is in part in memory of the trials and tribulations of Prophet Abraham. the Jews. Winnipeg. Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad in Madinah.E. he/she may pray individually anywhere. He was entrusted with the power of explaining. The Eid of Fast-Breaking comes at the end of the month of fasting. Non-Muslims Muslims are required to respect all those who are faithful and God conscious people. Hence. C. D. community centers and organizations. logarithms. Isaac. the Hindus. It is preferable that Muslims pray in a congregation. The Qur'an is the exact word of God. It depends on piety and righteousness. In Islam there are five pillars. E. No one is responsible for or can take the responsibility for the sins of others. namely. however. namely. Muhammad is the very last Prophet of God to mankind. State and Religion: Muslims believe that Islam is a total and a complete way of life. is considered to be the Creed of Islam. Arabia. It is only God Who knows who is better. languages and beliefs so as to test who is going to be better than others. Some Islamic Principles A. Sears Tower and the John Hancock buildings in Chicago were designed by a Muslim chief architect. navigation. The Seerah is the writings of followers of Muhammad about the life of the Prophet. No one can claim that he is better than others. interpreting and living the teaching of the Qur'an. Jacob. its authenticity. Muslims believe in Noah. They live in peace and harmony among themselves and among other groups of people in the society. It is only after they reach the age of puberty and it is only after they commit sins that they are to be charged for their mistakes. adjacent to the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. The second Caliph Umar. Muslims worship God whose name is Allah. He was sent to those religious people to inform them about the true mission of Jesus. as well as educational and political systems are also part of the teachings of Islam. the Muslims. E. It encompasses all aspects of life. F. Calendar: Islamic practices are based on the lunar calendar. He was born in 570 C. Other Related Aspects A. C. calculus. Windsor. As a matter of fact. the atheists. the Jews and the rest of mankind. the Islamic calendar includes both the common era and the migration (Higra) year of the Prophet of Islam from Makkah to Madinah in the year of 623 C. He was entrusted with the Message of Islam when he was at the age of forty years. state and religion are under the obedience of Allah through the teachings of Islam. They contributed to the Renaissance of Europe and world civilization. mathematics. The Prophet's sayings and deeds are called Sunnah. Practices of Islam God instructed the Muslims to practice what they believe in. Place of Worship: The place of worship is called Mosque or Masjid. There is no superiority for one race over another. David. Isaac. Muslims join together shortly after noon on Friday for the Friday congregational prayer in a Mosque. alcohol and any narcotic or addictive drugs. Eid of Sacrifice and Eid of Fast-Breaking. Detroit. Pilgrimage (Hajj): The performance of pilgrimage to Makkah is required once in a life time if means are available. did not pray in Page | 31 . B. and others. Moses. schools and places of worship. namely Islam. B. All came with the same message and the same teachings. Chicago. and Masjid Aqsa. and to work together for the solutions of the many problems in the society. E. It was the people who misunderstood and misinterpreted them. originally from Bangladesh. The Muslims of the early period of the Islamic era were pioneers in medicine. namely: A. and Abraham. Muhammad is considered to be the summation and the culmination of all the prophets and messengers that came before him. Muslims also use the Gregorian calendar in their daily religious lives. He is not two in one or three in one. Contributions in North America: Muslims are not established in North America. These are: Mosque of Kaaba in Makkah. However. He is the God for the Christians. D. There are three holy places of worship for the Muslims in the world. His message was and is still to the Christians. it is the life history of the Prophet Muhammad which provides examples of daily living for Muslims. Calgary. A Muslim may pray any where in the world whether in a Mosque.

These places were protected by Muslims even during the contemporary crises in the Middle East. The astonishing fact about this book of Allah is that it has remained unchanged even to a dot over the past fourteen hundred years. all men and women from Adam to the last person will be resurrected from the state of death for judgement. we cannot. through the angel Jibraeel (Gabriel). seem SUPERFICIALLY successful and prosperous in this life. synagogues and missionary schools were built within the Muslim neighborhoods. We should have strong faith in Allah and accept whatever He does because our knowledge is limited and our thinking is based on individual consideration. The Purpose of Life A Muslim believe that the purpose of life is to worship Allah. other than man is administered TOTALLY by God-made laws i. No scholar has questioned the fact that the Quran today is the same as it was revealed. happiness. He loves the people who love Him and forgives their sins. Jews fled from Spain during the Inquisition. as they were complete and in their original versions. i. the feelings and sentiments to be kind and humane. Every word of it is the word of Allah. They all asked the people of their time to obey and worship Allah and none other. Allah is Wise. The word Allah in the Arabic language means God. the Patient and the Appreciative. One who believe in life after death is not expected to behave against the Will of Allah. They settled in the heart of the Islamic Caliphate. the Generous. and the Benevolent. The message of all the prophet and messengers is the same. The time of the Day of Judgement is only known to Allah and Allah alone. Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. or more accurately The One and Only Eternal God. Worshipping Allah does not mean we spend our entire lives in constant seclusion and absolute meditation. Allah is not indifferent to this world nor is He neutral to it. Its teachings cover all areas of this life and the life after death. absolute justice will be done to them on the Day of Judgement. Infinite and Mighty. i. Each charged with a certain duty. The real nature of Heaven and Hell are known to Allah only. Articles of Faith Allah. although we may fail sometimes to understand it fully. He is God of all mankind. Revelations were given to guide the people to the right path of Allah and sent down to selected people. He answers their prayers and help them. Everything and every phenomenon in the world. no sons nor was He fathered. they are obedient to God and submissive to His laws i. Moses. the Rich and the Independent the Forgiving and the Clement. human beings. Knowledge and the truth are not entirely confined to sensory knowledge or sensory perception alone. God. Creator and Provider. Messengers and Prophets of God A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and Prophets of God without any discrimination. but they are described by Allah in man's familiar terms in the Quran. God's attributes are mentioned in the Quran. because they are countless. Throughout the Muslim world. It contains principles. The Meaning of Islam ISLAM is derived from the Arabic root "SALEMA": peace. If some people who commit sins. It was revealed over a period of 23 years in the Arabic language. they are in the STATE OF ISLAM.. the Unique and the Protector. God creates in man the mind to understand. together with obedience to His beneficial law. Prophethood and life after death. All messengers were mortals. purity. Moses. endowed with Divine revelations and appointed by God to teach mankind. The theme of the Quran broadly consists of three fundamental ideas: Oneness of Allah. knowledge and success. King of all kings. say. Supreme and Eternal. God is High and Supreme but He is very near to the pious thoughtful believers. Moses. sent down to Muhammad. Most Merciful. Man should think. Submission to the good will of God. and it is to submit to His will and to obey His law. On that day. because He is Needless and Independent.e. to become a Muslim. God is the Loving and the Provider. People with bad records will be fairly punished and cast into Hell. Islam's message has been restored and enforced in the last stage of the religious evolution by God's last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad. None equal to Him. submission and obedience. Lord of all lords. They have no physical desires nor material needs. Allah is protecting it from being lost. doctrines and directions for every sphere of human life. They are brought up on the Day of Judgement. This world as we know it will come to an end and the dead will rise to stand for their final and fair trial. Creator of theUniverse. The success of human beings on this earth and in the life hereafter depends on obedience to the Quranic teaching.e. Abrahim. and as such the key of the Church in Jerusalem is still in the hands of the Muslims. Ishmael. churches. Abrahim. make. They enjoyed positions of power and authority. Qadaa and Qadar A Muslim believes in Qadaa and Qadar which related to the ultimate power of Allah. becoming a Muslim is the best safeguard for man's peace and harmony. The Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims. Jesus and Muhammad. plan and make sound choice. the soul and conscience to be good and righteous. thus he is invited to submit to the good will of God and obey His law ie. If some good deeds are seen not to get full appreciation and credit in this life. intend and think are accounted for and kept in accurate records. Islam dates back to the edge of Adam and its message has been conveyed to man by God's Prophets and Messengers including Abrahim. Man possesses the quality of intelligence and choice.e. MostCompassionate. were sent at different times to bring back straying human being from deviation to Right Course.the church in Jerusalem so as not to give the Muslims an excuse to take it over. People with good records will be generously rewarded and warmly welcomed to Allah's Heaven. God has no father nor mother. God asks us to know Him. but if things do not happen the way he wants. not of a special tribe or race. they will receive full compensation and be widely acknowledged on the Day of Judgement. Everything we do. Just and Loving and whatever He does must have a good motive. In the religious sense. Jesus and Muhammad who were revealed their own book of Allah. to convey it to their fellow men. the prophet and messengers. Angle cannot be seen by the naked eyes. God does not need anything from us. whereas His knowledge is limitless and He plans on a universal basis. It contains 114 Surahs (chapters) and over 6000 verses. neglect Allah and indulge in immoral activities. The Day of Judgement A Muslim believe in the Day of the Judgement. These include Noah. the One and Only God A muslim believes in ONE GOD. The Quran deals with man and his ultimate goal in life. David. peace be upon him. The word Allah to mean God is also used by Arabic speaking Jews and Christians. and they were welcomed by the Muslims. he should not lose faith and surrender himself to mental strains or shattering worries. Jesus and Muhammad. To Page | 32 . He gives them peace. Today. They require no food or drink or sleep. become a Muslim. Revelations and the Quran A Muslim believes in all scriptures and revelations of God. Christians entrusted the Muslims. Merciful and Compassionate. The Holy Quran mentions the names of 25 messengers and prophets and states that there are others. the Creator. corrupted or concealed. Muslims till today memorize the Quran word by word as a whole or in part. to love Him and to enforce His law for our benefit and our own benefit and our own good. the Judge and the Peace. In return for all the great favours and mercy. It implies that everything on this earth originates from the one and only creator who is also the Sustainer and the sole source of guidance. Isaac. has not left man without guidance for the conduct of his life. If we try to count His favours upon us. It is the last book of guidance from Allah. The Quran is unrivalled in its recording and prservation. Qadaa and Qadar means the Timeless Knowledge of Allah and His power to plan and execute His plans. Angels spend their time in the service of Allah. He will always bear in mind that Allah is watching all his actions and the angles are recording them. the Quran is the only authentic and complete book of Allah. The Angels of Allah There are purely spiritual and splendid beings created by Allah. Allah. Their message is the same and it is Islam and it came from One and the Same Source.e.

six days after Ramadan following the Feast Day and a few days of the two months before Ramadan. due credits. some annually and some are required as a minimum of once in a lifetime. wayfarers who are foreigners in need of help.after dawn and before sunrise. to obey His commands. $1400 in 1990) or more in cash or articles of trade. the Friday's noon congregation salah and the funeral salah. from hatred and uneasiness and it fosters instead good-will and warm wishes for the contributors. Islam insures freedom to believe and forbids compulsion in religion (one of the oldest synagogues and one of the oldest churches in the worlds is in Muslim countries). It also purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy. Man is not a condemned race from birth to death. In addition to the prescribed salah. drinking. Obligatory Salah: Five daily salahs. Mid-afternoon . a person must combine faith and action. to the Creator on a daily basis. visiting graveyards and at time of distress and sickness. Especially at times of. 3. Fasting teaches man a creative sense of hope. it is acceptable to do so. When the person reaches the age of maturity and if he is sane.e. Sunset . Man must build his faith on well-grounded convictions beyond any reasonable doubt and above uncertainty. some weekly. Although Islam does not hinder private enterprise or condemn private possession. Every Muslim must preach Islam in words and action. no original sin. Application of Faith God has laid down for a Muslim four major exercises of faith.worship Allah is to live life according to His commands. he become accountable for all his deeds and intentions. The Quran was revealed from Allah on various occasions to answer questions.after the expiration of the sunset salah until dawn. to love Him.after the expiration of the noon salah time until sunset. There is no inherited sin. unity and brotherhood. going to or rising from bed. the new Muslim converts. Times of Obligatory Salah: 1. and actions) are the practical interpretations of the Quran. Offering of salah is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female who is sane. all combined. Allah does not need man's prayer because He is free of all needs. mature and in case of women free from menstruation and confinement due to child birth. riding or driving. they will not be responsible for failing to be Muslim. the Muslim prisoners of war (to liberate them). wise saving. unselfishness. taxes. to ourselves and to our fellow human beings. some monthly. between capitalism and socialism. Muslim in service of research or study or propagation of Islam. he prayed to Allah for pardon and Allah granted Adam pardon. Every person is endowed by Allah with spiritual potential and intellectual inclination that can make him a good Muslim. male or female if he/she mentally and physically fit and not on a journey. Salah is an act of worship. A Muslim believes that the Quran is the word of Allah revealed to prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. not to run away from it. to enforce His laws in every aspect of life. 4. Highly recommended salah: Those accompanying the obligatory salah and the two great festival salahs. Fasting of Ramadan is a worship act which is obligatory on every adult Muslim. the direction of the Ka'bah at Mecca. a Muslim expressed gratitude to God and appreciation of His favours and asks for His mercy all the time. It is a matchless Islamic institution which teaches man the principle of sincere love to God. It is a matchless and unprecedented formula of intellectual meditation and spiritual devotion. the Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (hadits i. devotion. Optional salah: Voluntary salah during the day and night. A Muslim also believes in a clear distinction between the Quran and the Traditions (called Hadits) of the Prophet Muhammad. Obligatory fasting is done once a year for the period of the month of Ramadan. willpower. marriage. Acceptance of Faith A Muslim believes that faith is not complete when it is followed blindly or accepted unquestioningly. it frees society from class welfare. It is memorized by millions. Zakah has a deep humanitarian and social-political value. unless there is a reasonable excuse. between materialism and spiritualism. sayings. belief and practice. purity of the whole body. harvesting. Zakah is paid on the net balance after paying personal expenses. To worship Allah is to know Him. intimate sexual contacts and smoking from the break of dawn till sunset. Recommended fasting every Monday and Thursday of every week. Adam committed the first sin. Noon . Requirements of salah: performing of ablution (Wudu). Man is free from sin until he commits sin. Early Morning . of moral elevation and physical exercise. patience. Man occupies this distinguished position because he alone is gifted with rational faculties and spiritual aspirations as well as powers of action. These exercises of faith are to serve man's spiritual purposes. the Quran is the word of Allah. spirit of social belonging. Status of Human Being A Muslim believes that human being enjoys an especially high ranking status in the hierarchy of all known creatures. Contributor should not seek pride or fame but if disclosing his name and his contribution is likely to encourage others. but a dignified being potentially capable of good and noble achievements. satisfy his human needs and to mark his whole life with a Divine touch. Also employees appointed to collect Zakah. etc. from ill feelings and distrust and from corruption. In salah. starting a journey or entering a city. solve problems. three days in the middle of each Islamic month. must give Zakah at minimum rate of 2. some are daily. Delayed obligatory salah must be made up. settle disputes and to be man's best guide to the truth. dressing properly and having (or declaring) the intention and facing the Qiblah. family expenses. Every Muslim. Salah is for our benefit which are immeasurable and the blessings are beyond imagination. Also. In order to obtain salvation. If people do not know and have no way of knowing about Islam. 2. Taxes paid to government do not substitute for this religious duty. Faith without doing good deeds is as insufficient as doing good deeds without faith. The recipient of Zakah are: the poor. No one can act on behalf of another or intercede between him and Allah. Exception: women during their period of menstruation and while nursing their child and also in case of travel and sickness.: his teachings. a Muslim believes that Allah does not hold any person responsible until he has shown him the Right Way. healthy survival. moderation. A Muslim also believes that every person is born muslim. leaving and returning to his home. 5. discipline. Islam adopts a moderate but positive and effective course between individual and society. for example: childbirth.5%. for example. to serve His cause by doing right and shunning evil and to be just to Him. Charity Giving (Zakah) Charity giving is an act of worship and spiritual investment. it does not tolerate selfish and greedy capitalism. Muslim in debt. is the best way to cultivate in a man a sound personality and to actualize his aspiration. before or after eating or drinking. Fasting Fasting is abstaining completely from eating. Page | 33 . Zakah does not only purifies the property of the contributor but also purifies his heart from selfishness and greed. Salvation A Muslim believes that man must work out his salvation through the guidance of Allah. Every person is born FREE FROM SIN. The lateral meaning of Zakah is purity and it refers to the annual amount in kind or coin which a Muslim with means must distribute among the rightful beneficiaries. These major exercises of faith are: Prayer (Salah) Praying. every muscle of the body joins the soul and the mind in the worship and glory of Allah.immediately after sunset until the red glow in the western horizon disappears. between the citizen and the state. male or female who at the end of the year is in possession of the equivalent of 85 g of gold (approx. The Quran was revealed in Arabic and it is still in its original and complete Arabic version until today. Salah should be offered in its due time. mature adaptability. Both the Quran and the Hadits of Prophet Muhammad are the primary sources of knowledge in Islam. Whereas. Evening .after the sun begins to decline from its zenith until it is about midway on its course to set. the needy. clothes and ground used for prayer. the ninth month of the Islamic year. Every person's birth takes place according to the will of Allah in realization of His plans and in submission to His commands. sound budgeting.

charity giving (zakah). but also of the world of nature. the divine injunctions and commandment. 4. The real owner of things is Allah alone. with one's soul. and good healthy sexual relations within marriage. to the importance of seeing. It is to commemorate the Divine rituals observed by the Prophet Abrahim and his son Ishmael. The visit to the tomb of Prophet Muhammad at Madena is highly recommended but not essential in making the Hajj valid and complete. pilgrimage (hajj). Man comes to this world empty-handed and departs empty-handed. children and aged people are forbidden. It is a fact that during the last 1400 years no man has arisen whose life and works bear even the slightest resemblance to that of a prophet. 3. Islam reveres all of these prophets including not only Abraham..5 million). And it renews and repeats the true beliefs of Jews and Christians whose scriptures are mentioned as divinely revealed books in Islam's own sacred book. Allah has provided. He had to be the guide and the leader for all men and for all ages. one that is most pleasing in God's eyes. from every corner of the globe assemble in Mecca in response to the call of Allah. proper clothing. means at once submission and peace. the quest for knowledge flourished. Islam therefore considers itself to be not an innovation but a reassertion of the universal truth of all revelation which is God's Oneness. Arabic became therefore the language of Islam even for non-Arab Muslims. his family and his companions. The sound of the Quran is the first and last sound that a Muslim hears in this life. the Quran is considered as the guide par excellence for the life of Muslims. contemplating. It is a logical consequences of the finality of his prophethood. Non-Muslim can administer their personal life of marriage. not to worship a man. human status and aim. Perhaps there is no book revered by any human collectivity as much as the Quran is revered by Muslims. That is why wherever the message of the Quran was accepted and understood. 5. 34:28. it has to be replaced. with one another. Still less has there been a man to claim legitimate authority as a law-giver fro mankind. The very name of the religion. as well as of other prophets who brought the universal message of Islam. Islam demands faith in Allah on the basis of knowledge and research and leaves wide open all field of thought before the intellect to penetrate as far it can reach. The unity of the humanity is not only in its origin but also in its ultimate aims. Quran For Muslims. The Quran points to the rich sources of knowledge in the whole universe. Peace is the dominant theme. Other people's interests and right to life. Peace with Allah. Political Life: The sovereignty in the Islamic State belongs to Allah. It is the source of all Islamic doctrines and ethics. was the last of this long line of prophets and Islam is the last religion until the Day of Judgement. the morale code. Both the intellectual aspects of Islam and Islamic Law have their source in the Quran. Under the direction of the Prophet. foods and inheritance according to the Islamic law or to their own religious teachings. and reasoning about the world of creation and its diverse phenomena. During war. It was revealed in the Arabic language as a sonoral revelation which the Prophet repeated to his companions. The Quran refers. It places the gaining of knowledge as the highest religious activity. colour. because: Its universality has been clearly confirmed by the Quran (Surah 7: verse 158. love for truth and humanity for the sake of Allah. The believers must grow under his guidance into an organized community so that Allah's word will prevail over all other words. 7. No superiority on account of class. the Quran. Essentially a religion of the book. Man is simply a trustee. Islam is a Code of Life It is a Muslim belief that Muhammad's mission was for the whole world and for all the time. That is why Muslims call Christians and Jews the "people of the book". It is the largest annual convention of faith on earth (in 1989: 2. the basic ethical teachings contained in the Ten Commandments and above all. To disturb the peace of anyone or any creature in any shape or form is strictly prohibited. the need for other prophets would remain. for Islam shares with the other Abrahamic religions their sacred history. It is the final expression of the Abrahamic tradition. He has to guide the people by explaining to them the implications of the Islamic creed. common law. the verses and chapters were organized in the order known to Muslims to this day. hope and trust in Allah at all times and doing good for the sake of Allah. 81:27). If an administration betrays the trust of Allah and the people. War is only justified if the state security is endangered. Introduction Islam is a religion based upon the surrender to God who is One. al-islam in Arabic. animals and homes. Humanity represents one family springing from the one and the same father and mother. the Quran emphasizes the significance of knowledge and encourages Muslims to learn and to acquire knowledge not only of God's laws and religious injunctions. Throughout all its chapters and verses. because without completeness. The mission of Muhammad. Marriage is a religious duty on all who are capable of meeting its responsibilities. trial marriage. who is the father of the Arabs as well as of the Jews. a complete code which is to be followed. through him. Economical Life: Earning one's living through decent labour is not only a duty but a great virtue as well. The message of Islam concerns God. the Creator. who are the first pilgrim to the house of Allah on earth. in a language rich in its varied terminology. Family Life: A family is a human social group whose members are bound together by the bond of blood ties and/or marital relationship and nothing else (adoption. The Islamic economic system is not based on arithmetical calculations alne but also on moral and principles. Rulers and administrators must be chosen from the best qualified citizens. Nor has anyone presented a book which could be remotely considered a divine communication.The Pilgrimmage (Hajj) It is a pilgrimage to Mecca. at least once in a lifetime and it is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female who is mentally. who in Arabic is called Allah. Islam sees all authentic religions as being associated with a scripture. Earning is man's private possession. There is no royalty but loyalty of all to Allah. Intellectual Life: True knowledge based on clear proof and indisputable evidence acquired by experience or experiment or by both. proper behaviour. origin or wealth. the Quran is the actual Word of God revealed through the archangel Gabriel to the Prophet of Islam during the twenty-three-year period of his prophetic mission. Each member of the family has rights and obligations. and it addresses itself to humanity's most profound nature. 1. or followers of Islam. honour and property are respected as long as the right of Muslim are in tact. There is only one text of the Quran accepted by all schools of Islamic thought and there are no variants. and the form of worship that sustains the whole system. does not end with the announcement of the message. The Quran is the central sacred reality of Islam. It is also to remember the grad assembly of the Day of Judgement when people will stand equal before Allah. 8.etc. They may pay Zakah or a different tax tributes "Jizyah". a healthy diet. fasting. but also Moses and Christ. relations. love for Allah and His Messenger. 2.. Muhammad--may peace and blessings be upon him. destruction of crops. Page | 34 . the father of monotheism. As the direct Word of God and the embodiment of God's Will. Prophets his truth was asserted by the prophets of old and especially by Abraham. Transgression is forbidden. The State is to administer justice and provide security for all citizens. The ruler is only an acting executive chosen by the people to serve them according to Allah's law. killing nonfighting women. They are entitled to full protection and security of the State including freedom of religion.). 6:19. It concerns men and women as they were created by God--not as fallen beings. servants and neighbours. and this in itself supports the concept of finality. mutual alliance. 6. Muslim from all walks of life. physically and financially fit. divorce. The Prophet and Messenger of God. One should in fact properly speak of the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition. The individual is responsible for the prosperity of the state and the state is responsible for the security of the individual. the Ka'bah. International Life: Man has a common origin. the people exercise it by trust from Him to enforce His laws. Spiritual Life: prayer (salah). Personal Life: purity and cleanliness. Social Life: Man is ordained by Allah to extend his utmost help and kindness to other family members. with all living creatures. He has to exemplify the faith so others can pattern their participation in the evolution of Islamic culture and civilization. belief in the One God. Muslims go to Mecca in glory of Allah. for it is in submitting to God's Will that human beings gain peace in their lives in this world and in the hereafter.

Moreover. where he ordered his companion and cousin 'Ali to join him in destroying all the idols. in the 13th century. Persians. and announced that Muhammad is the messenger of God. Africans. Early days of Islam The Makkan period was also one of intense spiritual experience for the Prophet and the noble companions who formed the nucleus of the new religious community which was soon to spread worldwide. However. It was during this period that God ordered the direction of prayers to be changed from Jerusalem to Makkah. D." As for faith according to Islam (al-iman). On the basis of these principles the schools of law which are followed by all Muslims to this day were developed early in Islamic history. a city north of Makkah. witnessing that La ilaha illa'Llah (There is no divinity but Allah) and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah). it means having faith in God. The Sunnah has always remained. learning. It was faith in One God and emphasis upon His Mercy that brought vast numbers of people into the fold of Islam. . Today Islam continues to grow not only in Africa but also in Europe and America where Muslims now comprise a notable minority. seeing in the new religion a grave danger to their economic as well as social domination based upon their control of the Ka'bah. As a result. His angels. Characteristics of Islamic Civilization slam was destined to become a world religion and to create a civilization which stretched from one end of the globe to the other. He was born in 570 A. Finally they were codified in books of Hadith where the authentic were separated from the spurious. in one of the most powerful tribes in the Arabia of that time. To this day Jerusalem remains along with Makkah and Madinah one of the holiest cities of Islam. in Madinah where he was buried in the chamber of his house next to the first mosque of Islam. Besides this emulation of the Prophet in all aspects of life and thought. The spread of Islam From the oasis cities of Makkah and Madinah in the Arabian desert. Islam had spread to three continents. inviting them to abandon idolatry and accept the religion of Oneness. Later. During later centuries the Turks embraced Islam peacefully as did a large number of the people of the Indian subcontinent and the Malay-speaking world. His messengers. The Shari'ah is contained in principle in the Quran as elaborated and complemented by the Sunnah. Several battles took place against the invading Makkans which the Muslims won against great odds. Page | 35 Angel Gabriel When forty years old. Victory at Makkah After many trials and eventually successive victories. and culture into its own world view. for it had guardianship over the Ka'bah in Makkah. the message of Islam went forth with electrifying speed. the Day of Judgment and God's determination of human destiny. race. An orphan brought up by his grandfather and later by his uncle. But the Prophet continued to call the people to Islam and gradually a larger number of men and women began to accept the faith and submit themselves to its teachings. Islamic Religion According to a famous saying of the Prophet Islam consists of five pillars which are as follows: affirmation of the faith (shahadah). There is also the important concept. Sunnah The practices and traditions (Sunnah) of the Prophet which includes his sayings (Hadith) became the guide for Muslims in the understanding of the Quran and the practice of their religion. where a crude form of idolatry was rampant. He followed the Divine Command and left with his followers for that city which henceforth was known as "The City of the Prophet" (Madinat al-nabi) or simply Madinah. which means to worship God as if one sees Him. he is seen as the most perfect of human beings. opposed him violently. Muslims are also commanded to exhort others to perform good acts and to abstain from evil. It was only within Arabia. That is why what people consider to be harsh punishments are so rarely in need of being applied. a religion of the sword nor did it spread primarily by means of war. after the Quran. the spread of Islam was not limited to its miraculous early expansion outside of Arabia. Islamic laws are essentially preventative and are not based on harsh punishment except as a last measure. or language--all of which became subservient to the universal brotherhood and sisterhood of Islam. Islam is not. both Africa and India became great centers of Islamic civilization and soon thereafter Muslim kingdoms were established in the Malay-Indonesian world while Chinese Muslims flourished throughout China. The faith of the Muslim causes him to have respect for the rights of others and Islamic Law is such that it prevents transgression from taking place in most instances. as long as they did not oppose the principles of Islam. was a believer in the One God all of his life and never participated in the idolatrous practices of his tribe. As the Prophet has said. D. Moreover. the cubical structure built originally by Abraham to celebrate the glory of the One God. Global Religion Islam is a religion for all people from whatever race or background they might be. the Prophet established the first Islamic society which has served as the model for all later Islamic societies. making the pilgrimage to Makkah (al-hajj) at least once in a lifetime if one's financial and physical conditions permit it. and paying a 2 1/2% tax (al-zakat) on one's capital which is used for the needs of the community. It is important to understand that the definition of al-iman refers to books and prophets in the plural thus pointing directly to the universality of revelation and respect for other religions emphasized so much in the Quran. But the monotheistic message of Abraham had long become forgotten among the general population of the Arabian peninsula. Soon he fell ill and after three days died in 632 A. Ethics lies at the heart of Islamic teachings and all men and women are expected to act ethically towards each other at all times. A few accepted his call but most Makkans. his sayings were assembled by various scholars. The Prophet Muhammad is not considered to be divine but a human being. His books. especially those of his own tribe. The young Muhammad. In Madinah. then the Persians and later the Turks set about to create classical Islamic civilization. Turks. Indians. while being rooted in the sources of the Islamic revelation. Islamic Law Islam possesses a religious law called al-Shari'ah in Arabic which governs the life of Muslims and which Muslims consider to be the embodiment of the Will of God. "None of you is a believer until you love for your brother what you love for yourself. first the Arabs. the five daily prayers (al-salat) which Muslims perform facing Makkah. the Prophet was ordered by God to migrate to Yathrib. The sense of brotherhood and sisterhood was so much emphasized that it overcame all local attachments to a particular tribe. shining like a jewel among stones. Each ethnic and racial group which embraced Islam made its contribution to the one Islamic civilization to which everyone belonged. Many continued to remain Jews and Christians and to this day important communities of the followers of these faiths are found in Muslim lands. It means to remember God at all times and marks the highest level of being a Muslim. each tribe keeping its own idols at the Ka'bah. The new religion did not coerce people to convert.Prophets of Islam The Prophet of Islam is loved and revered by Muslims precisely because he was chosen by God to reveal His Word to mankind. knowing that even if one does not see Him. that Islam was propagated by warring against those tribes which did not accept the message of God--whereas Christians and Jews were not forced to convert. Chinese and Malays in addition to numerous smaller units embraced Islam and contributed to the building of Islamic civilization. This event was so momentous that the Islamic calendar begins with this migration (hijrah). fasting (al-sawm) from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan. al-ihsan or virtue. however. The Prophet reconstituted the rite of pilgrimage as founded by Abraham. It was upon returning from this last pilgrimage that he delivered his farewell address. Soon more tribes began to join Islam and within a few years most of Arabia had embraced the religion of Islam. For the next thirteen years he preached the Word of God to the Makkans. Islam has spread during the past two centuries even under the mighty power of European colonial rulers. is a living body of law which caters to the needs of Islamic society . Islam was not opposed to learning from the earlier civilizations and incorporating their science. Migration In 622 A. the young Muhammad displayed exceptional virtue as a trustworthy individual whom members of various tribes would invite to act as arbitrator in their disputes. as some imagine in the West. the second source of everything Islamic. Muhammad first saw the archangel Gabriel who revealed God's Word to him. The Quran itself asserts that God has chosen in the Prophet an example for Muslims to follow. The Prophet then returned to Madinah and made another pilgrimage to Makkah. during one of the retreats which he made habitually in a cave on top of a mountain outside Makkah. That is why Islamic civilization is based on a unity which stands completely against any racial or ethnic discrimination. He forgave all his former enemies and marched to the Ka'bah. D. In Africa also. the Quran. Outside of Arabia also the vast lands conquered by the Arab armies in a short period became Muslim not by force of the sword but by the appeal of the new religion. This Law. Within half a century of the Prophet's death. that is. Early Years At that time the Arabs followed a form of idolatry. Such major racial and ethnic groups as the Arabs. persecution of Muslims increased until the Prophet was forced to send some of his companions to Abyssinia where they were protected by the Christian king. the Prophet retumed triumphantly to Makkah where the people embraced Islam at last. Already during the early Muslim caliphates. He sees us.

'Umar was succeeded by 'Uthman who ruled for some twelve years during which time the Islamic expansion continued. Africa As far as Africa is concemed. Ottoman Empire From humble origins the Turks rose to dominate over the whole of Anatolia and even parts of Europe. the Mongol ruler. Persia While the Ottomans were concerned mostly with the westem front of their empire. Persia itself fell into tummoil until Nader Shah. a number of powerful dynasties such as the Fatimids. They were in turn succeeded by Timur and his descendents who made Samarqand their capital and ruled from 1369 to 1500. By the 14th century there were already Muslim sultanates in such areas as Mali. but it played a central role in developing intellectual and cultural life on a scale not seen before. the power of the Ottomans began to wane. The process of the Islamization of Africa did not cease during the colonial period and continues even today with the result that most Africans are now Muslims carrying on a tradition which has had practically as long a history in certain areas of sub-Saharan Africa as Islam itself. The most important event in this area as far as the relation between Islam and the Western world was concerned was the series of Crusades declared by the Pope and espoused by various European kings. While the Abbasids ruled in Baghdad. The sudden rise of Timur delayed the formation and expansion of the Ottoman empire but soon the Ottomans became the dominant power in the Islamic world. During the centuries following the rise of Islam. For some eight hundred years Arabic remained the major intellectual and scientific language of the world. But the rule of the dynasty established by him was short-lived. Page | 36 Malaysia and Indonesia Farther east in the Malay world. The Ottomans conquered much of eastem Europe and nearly the whole of the Arab world. Malaysia. various local dynasties held sway until two powerful Berber dynasties succeeded in uniting much of North Africa and also Spain in the 12th and 13th centuries. Meanwhile in North Africa. In 1453 Mehmet the Conqueror captured Constantinople and put an end to the Byzantine empire. Cordoba was established as the capital and soon became Europe's greatest city not only in population but from the point of view of its cultural and intellectual life. Abbasids The Abbasids. During this time Damascus became the capital of an Islamic world which stretched from the western borders of China to southern France. They reached their zenith of power with Suleyman the Magnificent whose armies reached Hungary and Austria. Syria and Egypt. Although there was at the beginning some success and local European rule was set up in parts of Syria and Palestine. The Afghan invasion of 1736 put an end to Safavid rule and prepared the independence of Afghanistan which occured fommally in the 19th century. The Zand dynasty soon took over to be overthrown by the Qajars in 1779 who made Tehran their capital and ruled until 1921 when they were in turn replaced by the Pahlavis. He established many of the basic practices of Islamic government. Islam entered into East Africa at the very beginning of the Islamic period but remained confined to the coast for some time. and also for his bravery. and is still continuing in islands farther east. Although the civilization was profoundly Islamic. Isfahan. The religion of Islam was itself responsible not only for the creation of a world civilization in which people of many different ethnic backgrounds participated. Soon thereafter Kamal Ataturk gained power in Turkey and abolished the six centuries of rule of the Ottomans in 1924. The same can be said of the Turks and other peoples who embraced Islam. Despite the colonization of the Malay world. West Africa felt the presence of Islam through North African traders who travelled with their camel caravans south of the Sahara. Gradually Islam penetrated both inland and southward. There also appeared major charismatic figures who inspired intense resistance against European domination. But they nevertheless remained a force to be reckoned with until the First World War when they were defeated by the Westem nations. The global civilization created by Islam also succeeded in activating the mind and thought of the people who entered its fold. only Morocco and Mauritania in the West and Yemen. Islam began to spread in the 12th century in northem Sumatra and soon Muslim kingdoms were establishd in Java. the friend of the Prophet and the first adult male to embrace Islam. From the 17th century onward with the rise of Westem European powers and later Russia. Caliphates Umayyad The Umayyad caliphate established in 661 was to last for about a century. With his death the rule of the "rightly guided" caliphs. was outwardly to recapture the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem for Christianity. became one of the most beautiful cities with its blue tiled mosques and exquisite houses. the great Muslim leader. one of the Umayyad princes escaped and made the long journey from there to Spain to found Umayyad rule there. As for Spain itself. even non-Muslim "people of the book" participated in the intellectual activity whose fruits belonged to everyone. Muslim power continued to wane until the last Muslim dynasty was defeated in Granada in 1492 thus bringing nearly eight hundred years of Muslim rule in Spain to an end. Sumatra and mainland Malaysia. Integration of pre Islam Sciences . but the basic social and legal institutions of the newly founded Islamic world were established. the nomadic Arabs became torch-bearers of science and learning. It was 'Umar who marched on foot at the end of the Muslim army into Jerusalem and ordered the protection of Christian sites. As a result of Islam. Their capital. Muslims finally prevailed and in 1187 Saladin.The global civilization thus created by Islam permitted people of diverse ethnic backgrounds to work together in cultivating various arts and sciences. shifted the capital to Baghdad which soon developed into an incomparable center of learning and culture as well as the administrative and political heart of a vast world. although political. After them this area was ruled once again by local dynasties such as the Sharifids of Morocco who still rule in that country. Muslim dynasties ruling in various parts of the Islamic world bore witness to the flowering of Islamic culture and thought. became caliph. The Abbasid caliphate was finally abolished when Hulagu. Central Asia and Transoxiana in the East. the last Oriental conqueror. The Persians who had created a great civilization before the rise of Islam nevertheless produced much more science and learning in the Islamic period than before. captured Baghdad in 1258. The scientific climate was reminiscent of the present situation in America where scientists and men and women of learning from all over the world are active in the advancement of knowledge which belongs to everyone. only the Sudan and Somaliland becoming gradually both Arabized and Islamized. Abu Bakr. Not only did the Islamic conquests continue during this period through North Africa to Spain and France in the West and to Sind. The purpose. destroying much of the city including its incomparable libraries. The Umayyads ruled over two centuries until they weakened and were replaced by local rulers. He was in turn succeeded by 'Ali who is known to this day for his eloquent sermons and letters. Hadramaut and parts of the Arabian peninsula remaining beyond their control. who succeeded the Umayyads. Brief History of Islam Upon the death of the Prophet. Syria and Palestine. thus beginning the golden age of Islam in Spain. Abu Bakr ruled for two years to be succeeded by 'Umar who was caliph for a decade and during whose rule Islam spread extensively east and west conquering the Persian empire. recaptured Jerusalem and defeated the Crusaders. reunited the country and even conquered India. and Timbuctu in West Africa and Harar in East Africa had become seats of Islamic leaming. Ayyubids and Mamluks held power in Egypt. North Africa and Spain When the Abbasids captured Damascus. They ruled for over 500 years but gradually their power waned and they remained only symbolic rulers bestowing legitimacy upon various sultans and princes who wielded actual military power. Islamic History after Mongol Invasion The Mongols devastated the eastern lands of Islam and ruled from the Sinai Desert to India for a century. 'Umar also established the first public treasury and a sophisticated financial administration. who hold a special place of respect in the hearts of Muslims. the southern Phililppines and southern Thailand. In fact this tradition of intellectual activity was eclipsed only at the beginning of modern times as a result of the weakening of faith among Muslims combined with external domination. to the east in Persia a new dynasty called the Safavids came to power in 1502. came to an end. The Safavids established a powerful state of their own which flourished for over two centuries and became known for the flowering of the arts. Islam spread in that area covering present day Indonesia. But they soon converted to Islam and became known as the IlKhanids. He is also known as the caliph who had the definitive text of the Noble Quran copied and sent to the four corners of the Islamic world. And today this activity has begun anew in many parts of the Islamic world now that the Muslims have regained their political independence.

the ancient Near East and especially the Greeks into a synthesis which began to chart a new chapter in the history of astronomy from the 8th century onward. the Elements of Euclid. Ibn al-Haytham solved many optical problems. The first great Muslim mathematician. The very name algebra comes from the first part of the name of the book of al-Khwarazmi. As a result. Number Theory The love for the study of magic squares and amicable numbers led Muslims to develop the theory of numbers. They wielded a great deal of influence upon Western astronomy up to the time of Tycho Brahe. criticized. whose very name in English reveals the Arabic origin of its Latin translation. studied the property of lenses. and explained for the first time why the sun and the moon appear larger on the horizon.+n^3=( 1+2+3+. Once these sciences and philosophies confirmed the principle of Oneness. the ll-Khanid zij of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi observed in Maraghah. entitled Kirah al-jahr wa'l-muqabalah. Al-Khujandi discovered a particular case of Fermat's theorem that "the sum of two cubes cannot be another cube". They therefore set about with a concerted effort to translate the philosophical and scientific works which were available to them from not only Greek and Syriac (which was the language of eastern Christian scholars) but also from Pahlavi. the Persian king. To this day guarismo. al-Khwarazmi. The book on stars of 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi was in fact translated into Spanish by Alfonso X el Sabio and had a deep influence upon stellar toponymy in European languages. Nor did they consider these forms of knowing as "un-lslamic" as long as they confirmed the doctrine of God's Oneness which Islam considers to have been at the heart of every authentic revelation from God. giving a glimpse of what was to become integral calculus. were all rendered into Arabic. like astronomy. Astronomy In astronomy the Muslims integrated the astronomical traditions of the Indians. the Toledan Tables of alZarqali and his associates. the scholarly language of preIslamic Persia. the Muslims considered them as their own. it came face to face with the sciences of antiquity whose heritage had been preserved in centers which now became a part of the Islamic world. The Muslims carried out many fresh observations which were contained in astronomical tables called zij. Medical Sciences Page | 37 . Furthermore. The Muslim mathematicians. Abu'l-Wafa'. The zij of al-Ma'mun observed in Baghdad. Persians. also developed spherical astronomy and applied it to the solution of astronomical problems. mathematics and medicine such as the Almagest of Ptolemy. The critique of Ibn Sina. Algebra As for mathematics proper. The Muslims were in fact the first to create an astronomical observatory as a scientific institution. Alexandria had been a major center of sciences and learning for centuries. studied the structure of the eye. Thirdly there is the field of optics in which the Islamic sciences produced in Ibn al-Haytham (the Latin Alhazen) who lived in the 11th century. Many Muslim mathematicians such as Khayyam and al-Tusi also dealt with the fifth postulate of Euclid and the problems which follow if one tries to prove this postulate within the confines of Eucledian geometry. The Greek leaming cultivated in Alexandria was opposed by the Byzantines who had burned its library long before the advent of Islam. means figure or digit in Spanish while algorithm is still used in English. mathematics itself and much of what is called physics today. Here again Muslims began by integrating Greek and Indian mathematics. He even invited Indian physicians and mathematicians to teach in this major seat of learning. The first was the measurement of specific weights of objects and the study of the balance following upon the work of Archimedes. explained correctly the process of vision. Physics n the field of physics the Muslims made contributions in especially three domains. The tradition of Alexandrian learning did not die. had established Jundishapur in Persia as a second great center of learning matching Antioch.. the most famous being the astrolabe. Ibn Yunus and Ibn al-Haytham. They made them part of their world view and began to cultivate the Islamic sciences based on what they had translated. Egypt. Ibn al-Haytham's main work on optics. reaching its peak with the establishment of the House of Wisdom (Bayt alhikmah) by the caliph al-Ma'mun at the beginning of the 9th century. and others Persians such as Ibn Muqaffa'. analyzed. There existed even mechanical astrolabes perfected by Ibn Samh which must be considered as the ancestor of the mechanical clock. who played a major role in the creation of the new Arabic prose style conducive to the expression of philosophical and scientific writings.As Islam spread northward into Syria. Moreover. Many star names in English such as Aldabaran still recall their Arabic origin. especially Qutb alDin al-Shirazi. Most of the important philosophical and scientific works of Aristotle and his school. especially al-Battani. was also well known in the West as Thesaurus opticus. and the major works of Greek astronomy. and assimilated. It was Qutb al-Din who gave the first correct explanation of the formation of the rainbow. AlKhwarazmi is also the author of the first book on algebra. This science was developed by Muslims on the basis of earlier Greek and Indian works of a rudimentary nature. however. The Muslims did not translate the scientific and philosophical works of other civilizations out of fear of political or economic domination but because the structure of Islam itself is based upon the primacy of knowledge. mathematics and medicine were translated from Pahlavi and Sanskrit.. The result of this extensive effort of the Islamic community to confront the challenge of the presence of the various philosophies and sciences of antiquity and to understand and digest them in its own terms and according to its own world view was the translation of a vast corpus of writings into Arabic. and the zij of Ulugh-Beg from Samarqand are among the most famous Islamic astronomical tables. Many astronomical instruments were developed by Muslims to carry out observation. Geometry The Muslims also excelled in geometry as reflected in their art. much of Plato and the Pythagorean school.+n)^2. rejecting what was not in conformity with the Islamic perspective Mathematical Sciences and Physics The Muslim mind has always been attracted to the mathematical sciences in accordance with the "abstract" character of the doctrine of Oneness which lies at the heart of Islam. the greatest student of optics between Ptolemy and Witelo. The Almagest of Ptolemy. This was indirectly the model for the later European observatories . The mathematical sciences have traditionally included astronomy. Once Muslims established the new Islamic order during the Umayyad period. His interest in optics was carried out two centuries later by Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi and Kamal al-Din al-Farisi. the Kitah al-manazir. In this domain the writings of al-Biruni and al-Khazini stand out. discovered the camera obscura.. The most exact solar calendar existing to this day is the Jalali calendar devised under the direction of 'Umar Khayyam in the 12th century and still in use in Persia and Afghanistan. The brothers Banu Musa who lived in the 9th century may be said to be the first outstanding Muslim geometers while their contemporary Thabit ibn Qurrah used the method of exhaustion. One of the acutest of these observers was al-Battani whose work was followed by numerous others. and the Persian empire. they turned their attention to these centers of learning which had been preserved and sought to acquaint themselves with the knowledge taught and cultivated in them. and even from Sanskrit. Abu Kamil al-Shuja' discussed algebraic equations with five unknowns. Arabic became the most important scientific language of the world for many centuries and the depository of much of the wisdom and the sciences of antiquity. Al-Biruni also dealt with progressions while Ghiyath al-Din Jamshid al-Kashani brought the study of number theory among Muslims to its peak. and the works of Hippocrates and Galen. Trigonometry Another branch of mathematics developed by Muslims is trigonometry which was established as a distinct branch of mathematics by al-Biruni. Shapur I. one of which is named after him. this being the observatory of Maraghah in Persia established by al-Tusi. the Hakimite zij of Cairo. who lived in the 9th century. in addition to the Christian scholars who taught in Syriac as well as the Persians whose medium of instruction was Pahlavi. derived from his name. The Muslims also applied their astronomical knowledge to questions of time-keeping and the calendar. who was also an outstanding physician. while alKaraji analyzed arithmetic and geometric progressions such as: 1^3+2^3+3^3+. The Muslims also observed the heavens carefully and discovered many new stars. in the 13th century. Astronomical observations also had practical applications including not only finding the direction of Makkah for prayers. Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdadi.. Many of the accomplished translators were Christian Arabs such as Hunayn ibn Ishaq. wrote a treatise on arithmetic whose Latin translation brought what is known as Arabic numerals to the West. but also devising almanacs (the word itself being of Arabic origin). The science was further developed by such figures as al-Karaji until it reached its peak with Khayyam who classified by kind and class algebraic equations up to the third degree. important works of astronomy. it received its direct impetus from the Quran not only because of the mathematical structure related to the text of the Sacred Book. It was transferred to Antioch and from there farther east to such cities as Edessa by eastern Christians who stood in sharp opposition to Byzantium and wished to have their own independent centers of learning. Ibn Bajjah and others led to the development of the idea of impetus and momentum and played an important role in the criticism of Aristotelian physics in the West up to the early writings of Galileo. but also because the laws of inheritance delineated in the Quran require rather complicated mathematical solutions. The great movement of translation lasted from the beginning of the 8th to the end of the 9th century. was thoroughly studied and its planetary theory criticized by several astronomers of both the eastern and western lands of Islam leading to the major critique of the theory by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and his students. Secondly they criticized the Aristotelian theory of projectile motion and tried to quantify this type of motion.

To this day certain chemical instruments such as the alembic (al-'anbiq) still bear their original Arabic names and the mercurysulphur theory of Islamic alchemy remains as the foundation of the acid-base theory of chemistry. and for the first time there appeared translations of Chinese medicine and interest in acupuncture among Muslims. themselves. especially herbs. He also wrote the most outstanding Muslim work on mineralogy. especially ophthalmology which reached its peak at the court of al-Hakim. Rhazes Anatomy Smallpox Antiseptic Psychosomatic Medicine The Paradise of Wisdom (Firdaws al-hikmah ) by 'Ali ibn Rabban al-Tabari. and the greatest Muslim figure in surgery. who worked at the court of Roger II in Sicily and who dedicated his famous book. the Kitab al-falahah. moral and even theological dimensions of the study of animals as well as the purely zoological aspects of the subject. was one of the greatest of physicians who emphasized clinical medicine and observation. dividing the earth into the traditional seven climes each of which they studied carefully from both a geographical and climactic point of view. Muslims were able to extend their horizons far beyond the world of Ptolemy. Page | 38 The Canon of Medicine and Meningitis The greatest of all Muslim physicians. and in falcons and other hunting birds. In the Arab world Egypt remained a major center for the study of medicine. This is also true of a whole class of writings on the "wonders of creation" of which the book of Abu Yahya al-Qazwini. Jabir ibn Hayyan (the Latin Geber) who lived in the 8th century. Chemistry The very name alchemy as well as its derivative chemistry come from the Arabic al-kimiya'. It was in fact with the help of Muslim geographers and navigators that Magellan crossed the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean. Hygiene in these hospitals was greatly emphasized and al-Razi had even written a treatise on hygiene in hospitals. describing correctly the sedimentary nature of the Ganges basin. which is the most famous of all medical books in history. At first the great physicians among Muslims were mostly Christian but by the 9th century Islamic medicine. whose Book of Simple Drugs provides the best descriptions of the medical properties of plants known to Muslims. The foremost among Muslim geographers was Abu 'Abdallah al-Idrisi. who synthesized the Hippocratic and Galenic traditions of medicine with those of India and Persia. al-Qanun fi'l tibb (The Canon of Medicine). They also studied the medical effects of many drugs. For example the use of dyes in objects of Islamic art ranging from carpets to miniatures or the making of glass have much to do with this branch of learning which the West learned completely from Islamic sources since alchemy was not studied and practiced in the West before the translation of Arabic texts into Latin in the 11th century. this area was likewise witness to the appearance of outstanding physicians such as Sa'd al-Katib of Cordoba who composed a treatise on gynecology. The Ottomans were also the first to receive the influence of modem European medicine in both medicine and phammacology. produced their greatest alchemist. The Muslims became heir not only to the pharmacological knowledge of the Greeks as contained in the works of Dioscorides. The Muslim geographers starting with alKhwarazmi. Such major natural historians as al-Mas'udi intertwined natural and human history. Islamic medicine combined the use of drugs for medical purposes with dietary considerations and a whole lifestyle derived from the teachings of Islam to create a synthesis which has not died out to this day despite the introduction of modem medicine into most of the Islamic world. as was the case of the Greek natural historians. was written. In mentioning Islamic hospitals it is necessary to mention that all major Islamic cities had hospitals. early in Islamic history Muslims began to cultivate the field of medicine turning once again to all the knowledge that was available to them from Greek. Even after the Mongol invasion. began to study the geography of practically the whole globe minus the Americas. was born with the appearance of the major compendium. One must also mention the Ibn Zuhr family which produced several outstanding physicians and Abu Marwan 'Abd al-Malik who was the Maghrib's most outstanding clinical physician. They also began to draw maps some of which reveal with remarkable accuracy many features such as the origin of the Nile. Geography Likewise in geography. the 12th century Abu'l-Qasim al-Zahrawi (the Latin Albucasis) whose medical masterpiece Kitab al-tasrif was well known in the West as Concessio. His Kitab al-hawi (Continens) is the longest work ever written in Islamic medicine and he was recognized as a medical authority in the West up to the 18th century.The hadiths of the Prophet contain many instructions concerning health including dietary habits. This is also the period when the best known Arabic work on agriculture. Al-Razi's division of materials into animal. It was the final authority in medical matters in Europe for nearly six centuries and is still taught wherever Islamic medicine has survived to this day in such lands as Pakistan and India. plants and animals was assembled from areas as far away as the Malay world and synthesized for the first time by Ibn Sina in his Kitab al-Shifa' (The Book of Healing). to use alcohol as an antiseptic and make medical use of mercury as a purgative. Al-Biruni likewise in his study of India turned to the natural history and even geology of the region. Cairo even had a hospital which specialilzed in patients having insomnia. Botany and Zoology As for botany. one can assert that this art led to much experimentation with various materials and in the hands of Muhammad ibn Zakariyya' al-Razi was converted into the science of chemistry. The greatest contributions in this field came from Maghribi scientists such as Ibn Juljul. the 12th century scientist. however. vegetable and mineral is still prevalent and a vast body of knowledge of materials accumulated by Islamic alchemists and chemists has survived over the centuries in both East and West. the most important treatises were composed in the 12th century in Spain with the appearance of the work of al-Ghafiqi. He was a master of prognosis and psychosomatic medicine and also of anatomy. author of the famous Calendar of Health. His maps are among the great achievements of Islamic science. He synthesized Islamic medicine in his major masterpiece. Nature History and Geography The vast expanse of the Islamic world enabled the Muslims to develop natural history based not only on the Mediterranean world. Pulmonary Circulation After Ibn Sina. properly speaking. Gynecology As for the western lands of Islam including Spain. Technology Islam inherited the millenial experience in various forrns of technology from the peoples who entered the fold of Islam and the nations which became part of Dar al-Islam. not discovered in the West until much later. drugs and diet are combined. Kitab al-rujari (The Book of Roger) to him. who laid the foundation of this science among Muslims in the 9th century. but also wards for patients with psychological ailments. The works of al-Jahiz and al-Damiri are especially famous in the field of zoology and deal with the literary. but also the vast herbal phammacopias of the Persians and Indians. and Ibn Nafis who discovered the lesser or pulmonary circulation of the blood long before Michael Servetus. Persian and Indian sources. Even Columbus made use of their knowledge in his discovery of America. Pharmacology Islamic medical authorities were also always concemed with the significance of pharmacology and many important works such as the Canon have whole books devoted to the subject. Some hospitals also specialized in particular diseases including psychological ones. The Ottoman Turks were especially known for the creation of major hospitals and medical centers. Islamic medicine divided into several branches. Because of the great attention paid in Islam to the need to take care of the body and to hygiene. The Muslims also showed much interest in zoology especially in horses as witnessed by the classical text of al-Jawaliqi. His student. some like those of Baghdad were teaching hospitals while some like the Nasiri hospital of Cairo had thousands of beds for patients with almost any type of illness. Putting the cosmological and symbolic aspects of alchemy aside. . Many Persian doctors such as 'Ayn al-Mulk of Shiraz also travelled to India at this time to usher in the golden age of Islamic medicine in the subcontinent and to plant the seed of the Islamic medical tradition which continues to flourish to this day in the soil of that land. As a result of travel over land and by sea and the facile exchange of ideas made possible by the unified structure of the Islamic world and the hajj which enables pilgrims from all over the Islamic world to gather and exchange ideas in addition to visiting the House of God. Knowledge of minerals. Muhammad ibn Zakariyya' al-Razi (the Latin Rhazes). Ibn al-Salt and the most original of Muslim phammacologists. but also on most of the Eurasian and even African land masses. a vast amount of knowledge of areas from the Pacific to the Atlantic was assembled. The well known Spanish philosophers. He created a system of medicine within which medical practice could be carried out and in which physical and psychological factors. were also outstanding physicians. Ibn Tufayl and Ibn Rushd. These included not only units for the care of the physically ill. was Ibn Sina who was called "the prince of physicians" in the West. He was the first to identify and treat smallpox. the 'Aja'ih al-makhluqat (The Wonders of Creation) is perhaps the most famous. Ibn Sina discovered many drugs and identified and treated several ailments such as meningitis but his greatest contribution was in the philosophy of medicine. al-Ghafiqi. medical studies continued as can be seen in the work of Rashid al-Din Fadlallah. Major Hospitals The Ottoman world was also an arena of great medical activity derived from the heritage of Ibn Sina. Islamic medicine continued in Persia and the other eastern lands of the Islamic world under the influence of Ibn Sina with the appearance of major Persian medical compendia such as the Treasury of Sharaf al-Din al-Jurjani and the commentaries upon the Canon by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi. The Muslims mastered Alexandrian and even certain elements of Chinese alchemy and very early in their history. The Islamic medical tradition was revived in the Safavid period when several diseases such as whooping cough were diagnosed and treated for the first time and much attention was paid to pharmacology. Cairo possessed excellent hospitals which also drew physicians from other lands including Ibn Butlan. who is usually credited with the discovery. these sayings became the foundation of what came to be known later as "Prophetic medicine" (al-tibb al-nabawi).

As European civillization grew and reached the high Middle Ages. As a result of these translations. Architecture One of the major achievements of Islamic civilization is architecture which combines technology Treatises on natural and art. Only Palestine did not become independent but was partitioned in 1948 with the establishment of the state of Israel. in the case of the Ottomans. Africa In Africa also major countries with large or majority Muslim populations such as Nigeria. Muhammad 'Abduh. Likewise Muslims developed new architectural techniques of vaulting. became part and parcel of the technology of the newly founded order. When one views the Notre Dame in Paris or some other Gothic cathedral. Senegal and Tanzania began to gain their independence in the 1950's and 1960's with the result that by the end of the decade of the 60's most parts of the Islamic world were formed into independent national states. others like Jordan were created as a new entity and yet others like Palestine. Reform Organizations Moreover. Rashid Rida. National States While the world of Islam has entered into the modern world in the form of national states. In 1971. Far East Farther east still. as Western influence began to penetrate more deeply into the fiber of Islamic society. In fact it was a vastly superior technology that first impressed the Crusaders in their unsuccessful attempt to capture the Holy Land and much of this technology was brought back by the Crusaders to the rest of Europe. They also wished to assert their own religious and cultural identity. In the Arab world. but in the southwestern United States as well. the two parts of the state broke up. one which was based on intellectual respect despite religious opposition. from the building of water wheels by the Romans to the underground water system by the Persians. however. who hailed from the Arabian peninsula and died there in 1792. But most of the rest of the Islamic world remained under colonial rule. methods of ventilation. to educational movements such as that of Aligarh in India aiming to reeducate Muslims. After the First World War with the breakup of the Ottoman empire. a number of Arab states such as Iraq became independent. This old tradition of Islamic learning influenced the West greatly through Spain. and steel which reveals incredible metallurgical know-how. Among the most famous of these thinkers is Muhammad Iqbal. Islamic learning became in this way part and parcel of Western civilization even if with the advent of the Renaissance. The great masterpieces of Islamic architecture from the Cordoba Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem to the Taj Mahal in India. His student. Syria and Lebanon were either mandated or turned into French colonies. others economics. in the case of Algeria. Syria and Lebanon became independent at the end of the war as did Libya and the shaykdoms around the Gulf and the Arabian Sea by the 1960's. Maximum use was made of natural elements and forces. the West not only turned against its own medieval past but also sought to forget the long relation it had had with the Islamic world. most of the Islamic world was under colonial rule with the exception of a few regions such as the heart of the Ottoman empire. organizations gradually grew up whose goal was to reform society in practice along Islamic lines and prevent its secularization. Among the most important of these is the Muslim World League (Rabitat al-alam al-Islami ) with its headquarters in Makkah. Dutch and Spanish empires that the rest of the Islamic world gained its independence. but also in the creation of institutions dealing with the whole of the Islamic world. Man and Nature In general Islamic civilization emphasized the harmony between man and nature as seen in the traditional design of Islamic cities. Christians and Jews lived for the most part peacefully for many centuries. because of al-Azhar University. In Egypt which. Much of the outstanding medieval facilitate teaching of the architecture of the West is in fact indebted to the techniques of Islamic architecture. each addressing some aspect of Islamic thought. These included Jamal al-Din al-Afghani who hailed originally from Persia but settled in Cairo and who was the great champion of Pan-Islamism. Egypt which had been ruled by the descendents of Muhammad Ali since the l9th century became more independent as a result of the fall of the Ottomans. Arab It was only after the Second World War and the dismemberment of the British. In fact the great medieval European architectural tradition is one of the elements of Western civilization most directly linked with the Islamic world. As for Arabia. while the presence of Islamic architecture ean also be directly experienced in the Moorish style found not only in Spain and Latin America. Islamic thought and through it much of Greek thought became known to the West and Western schools of learning began to flourish. remains to this day central to Islamic learning. With this support Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab was able to spread his teachings not only in Arabia but even beyond its borders to other Islamic lands where his reforms continue to wield influence to this day. Turkey was turned into a secular republic by Ataturk. From the 18th century onward Muslim reformers appeared upon the scene who sought to reassert the teachings of Islam and to reform society on the basis of Islamic teachings. Yemen and certain parts of Arabia. Morocco and Algeria had to fight a difficult and. the Indonesians finally gained their independence from the Dutch and the Malays theirs from Britain. Morocco. which came into being for the sake of Islam and became the most populated Muslim state although many Muslims remained in India. Some were concerned more with law. attest to the exceptional attainment of Muslims in many fields of technology. French. scientists were often display this perfect wedding between the artistic illustrated with detailed principles of Islam and remarkable technological know-how. translations began to be made in the 11th century mostly in Toledo of Islamic works into Latin often through the intermediary of Jewish scholars most of whom knew Arabic and often wrote in Arabic. These included the Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhwan al-muslimin) founded in Egypt and with branches in many Muslim countries. Also of considerable influence was his Syrian student. At first Singapore was part of Malaysia but it separated in 1963 to become an independent state. the outstanding poet and philosopher who is considered as the father of Pakistan. These organizations have been usually peaceful and have sought to Page | 39 . Saudi Arabia has in fact played a pivotal role in the creation and maintenance of such organizations. But even these areas were under foreign influence or. This reformer was supported by Muhammad ibn al-Sa'ud. Aftermath of colonial rule At the height of European colonial expansion in the 19th century. the founder of the first Saudi state. As for other parts of the Islamic world. preparations of dyes. and the Pahlavi dynasty began a new chapter in Persia where its name reverted to its eastern traditional form of Iran. One of the first among this group was Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab. exceptions. The Muslim states in the Soviet Union failed to gain their autonomy or independence. some of which survive to this day. long and protracted war to gain their freedom which did not come until a decade later for Tunisia and Morocco and two decades later for Algeria. Pakistan. Muslims also imported certain kinds of technology from the Far East such as paper which they brought from China and whose technology they later transmitted to the West. There were. an art which goes back to the making of steel several thousand years before on the Iranian plateau. it was at this time that Saudi Arabia became finally consolidated. Even the Islamic educational system was emulated in Europe and to this day the term chair in a university reflects the Arabic kursi (literally seat) upon which a teacher would sit to teach his students in the madrasah (school of higher learning). whether it was literature or architecture. technologies related to irrigation and numerous other forms of technology. where there was not some influence of Islam present. This is seen not only in the meetings of the Muslim heads of state and the establishment of the OIC (Organization of Islamic Countries) with its own secretariat. under constant threat. The same holds true for Sinkiang (called Eastem Turkestan by Muslim geographers) while in Eritrea and the southern Philippines Muslim independence movements still continue. domes which can withstand earthquakes. that is the movement to unite the Islamic world politically as well as religiously. there was hardly a field of learning or form of art.A wide range of technological knowledge. India In India Muslims participated in the freedom movement against British rule along with Hindus and when independence finally came in 1947. Some of the Muslim technological feats such as dams which have survived for over a millenium. continuous attempts are made to create closer cooperation within the Islamic world as a whole and to bring about greater unity. known as the Qarawiyyin. In the 19th century lslamic assertion took several different forms ranging from the Mahdi movement of the Sudan and the Sanusiyyah in North Africa which fought wars against European colonizers. Small colonies still persisted in the area and continued to seek their independence. Revival and Reassertion of Islam Muslims did not wish to gain only their political independence. and the Jama'at-i Islami of Pakistan founded by the influential Mawlana Mawdudi. was also very influential in Islamic theology and thought. They also developed many forms of technology on the basis of earlier existing knowledge such as the metallurgical art of making the famous Damascene swords. the kingdom of Brunei becoming independent as recently as 1984. they were able to create their own homeland. however. who held a position closer to that of 'Abd al-Wahhab and stood for the strict application of the Shari'ah. a number of reformers appear. In this land where Muslims. Influence of Islamic Science and learning on the West The oldest university in the world which is still functioning is the eleven hundred-year-old Islamic university of Fez. Persia. techniques of weaving. East Pakistan becoming Bengladesh. Afghanistan. and yet others the challenges posed by Western civilization with its powerful science and technology. and men built in harmony with. not in opposition to nature. one is reminded of the building techniques which travelled from Muslim Cordoba northward. Gothic arches as well as interior courtyards of so many medieval and Renaissance European structures remind the viewer of the Islamic architectural examples from which they originally drew. who became the rector of al-Azhar. The North African countries of Tunisia.

It‘s estimated that at any one time around 0. 30. 11. 22. 10. Benjamin Franklin was the fifth in a series of the youngest son of the youngest son. 25. causing the shark to explode. The dot over the letter ―i‖ is called a tittle. miners sent their laundry to Honolulu for washing and pressing. 98% of all murders and rapes are by a close family member or friend of the victim. 14. 21. 38. Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history: Spades = David. In any case the widespread desire for Muslims to have the religious law of Islam applied and to reassert their religious values and their own identity must not be equated with exceptional violent eruptions which do exist but which are usually treated sensat ionally and taken out of proportion by the mass media in the West. 17 is considered an unlucky number. 36. The ZIP in ―ZIP code‖ means Zoning Improvement Plan. however. 8. 42. Americans are responsible for about 1/5 of the world‘s garbage annually. Ketchup was sold in the 1830s as medicine. became caliph. Paraskevidekatriaphobia means fear of Friday the 13th (which occurs one to three times a year). A B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building on July 28. During the California gold rush of 1849. you can fracture a rib. Playing cards were issued to British pilots in WWII. The Three Wise Monkeys have names: Mizaru (See no evil). 45. development and stability of the country. Daniel Boone hated coonskin caps. 43. Mikazaru (Hear no evil). 13. 29. and written down by scribes. 15. Not one word of its 114 chapters. Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) was born on and died on days when Halley‘s Comet can be seen. Suras. 3. Quran The Quran is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). so that the Quran is in every detail the unique and miraculous text which was revealed to Muhammad (SAW) fourteen centuries ago. and when pilgrims go there today they say 'At Thy service. 23. Seuss pronounced his name ―soyce‖. 9.000 M&Ms are sold each day in the United States. 40. Diamonds = Caesar. Triskaidekaphobia means fear of the number 13. He was in turn succeeded by 'Ali who is known to this day for his eloquent sermons and letters. 39. 26.000. Chocolate can kill dogs. In ancient Rome. has a unique eye and tongue print along with their finger print. 55. The ―save‖ icon in Microsoft Office programs shows a floppy disk with the shutter on backwards. Page | 40 . Warren Beatty and Shirley McLaine are brother and sister. it directly affects their heart and nervous system. In Italy. During his life he predicted that he would die when it could be seen. __________________ Some more G. The building was constructed of stone on what many believe was the original site of a sanctuary established by Adam. All the chemicals in a human body combined are worth about 6. With his death the rule of the "rightly guided" caliphs. Caliphs Upon the death of the Prophet. 18.K 1. 35. Syria and Egypt. If captured. 31. who hold a special place of respect in the hearts of Muslims. The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp (marijuana) paper.000 in 1987 by taking out an olive from First Class salads. and also for his bravery. Abu Bakr. 'Umar was succeeded by 'Uthman who ruled for some twelve years during which time the Islamic expansion continued. who cross-checked it during his lifetime. Most lipstick contains fish scales. when a man testified in court he would swear on his testicles. 41. 17. in response to Abraham's summons. 46. Clubs = Alexander the Great. 44. 7. This cycle is called ―Solarmax‖. A female ferret will die if it goes into heat and cannot find a mate. 47. O Lord'. India has a Bill of Rights for cows. Kaaba The Ka'ba is the place of worship which God commanded Abraham and Ishmael to build over four thousand years ago. John Wilkes Booth‘s brother once saved the life of Abraham Lincoln‘s son. It was 'Umar who marched on foot at the end of the Muslim army into Jerusalem and ordered the protection of Christian sites. If you try to suppress a sneeze. most of the effort of Islamic movements is spent in making possible the full application of the Shari'ah so that the nation can enjoy prosperity along with the fulfillment of the faith of its people.reestablish an Islamic order through education.25 euro (if sold separately). came to an end. including identical twins. 315 entries in Webster‘s 1996 dictionary were misspelled. 16. 4. that‘s 3 pounds a day per person. some have sought to reject the negative aspects of Western thought and culture and to return to an Islamic society based completely on the application of the Shari 'ah. Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin both married their first cousins (Elsa Lawenthal and Emma Wedgewood respectively). 32. Slugs have four noses. During the last two decades. 34. 37. 1945. In other countries where Islamic Law is not being applied. 28. On average. Abu Bakr ruled for two years to be succeeded by 'Umar who was caliph for a decade and during whose rule Islam spread extensively east and west conquering the Persian empire. A raisin dropped in a glass of fresh champagne will bounce up and down continuously from the bottom of the glass to the top. 12. Dr. Coca-Cola contained Coca (whose active ingredient is cocaine) from 1885 to 1903. the friend of the Prophet and the first adult male to embrace Islam. He established many of the basic practices of Islamic government. Today in every Muslim country there are strong movements to preserve and propagate Islamic teachings. It was memorized by Muhammad (SAW) and then dictated to his Companions. A ―2 by 4‖ is really 1-1/2 by 3-1/2. they could be soaked in water and unfolded to reveal a map for escape. 'Umar also established the first public treasury and a sophisticated financial administration. 27. 4 is considered an unlucky number. 33. On average.7% of the world‘s population is drunk. Camel‘s have three eyelids. 24. US Dollar bills are made out of cotton and linen. 20. and Mazaru (Speak no evil). Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the shark‘s stomach from underneath. Hearts = Charlemagne. If you keep your eyes open by force. 2. 48. In Japan. About 200. Your stomach produces a new layer of mucus every two weeks so that it doesn‘t digest itself. 19. Giraffes and rats can last longer without water than camels. The 57 on the Heinz ketchup bottle represents the number of pickle types the company once had. Every person. He was an albino. the sun‘s magnetic poles switch places. it was deemed more feasible to send their shirts to Hawaii for servicing. The ―spot‖ on the 7-Up logo comes from its inventor who had red eyes. American Airlines saved $40. 5. however. Due to the extremely high costs in California during these boom years. they can pop out. In countries such as Saudi Arabia Islamic Law is already being applied and in fact is the reason for the prosperity. you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die. 12 newborns will be given to the wrong parents every day. Because metal was scarce. He is also known as the caliph who had the definitive text of the Noble Quran copied and sent to the four corners of the Islamic world. God commanded Abraham to summon all mankind to visit this place. the Oscars given out during World War II were made of wood. Over a course of about eleven years. 6. 40% of McDonald‘s profits come from the sales of Happy Meals. has been changed over the centuries. If you sneeze too hard. as a result of the frustration of many Muslims in the face of pressures coming from a secularized outside world.1% of all US prisoners are in prison for drug offenses.

China has more English speakers than the United States. 3. During his entire life. Charlie Chaplin once won third prize in a Charlie Chaplin look-alike contest. 54. 45. 48. worldwide. Apple later made their motto ―Think different‖. 14.979.19 (3 quarters. 20. 2. 11. 16. 33. When the Titanic sank. its 38%. 41. There are 318. There is a 1 in 4 chance that New York will have a white Christmas. The mask used by Michael Myers in the original ―Halloween‖ was actually a Captain Kirk mask painted white. 13. it will instantly go mad and sting itself to death. 20% are worldwide. due to low bud get. About 14% of injecting drug users are HIV positive. Sam‖ in Casablanca. It is a combination of ―marionette‖ and ―puppet. She would stand seven feet two inches tall and have a neck twice the length of a normal human‘s neck. 55. Back in the mid to late ‘80s. One in fourteen women in America is a natural blonde. 7. 56. Only one in sixteen men is. the Sorcerer to whom Mickey played an apprentice was named Yensid (Disney spelled backward). an IBM compatible computer wasn‘t considered 100% compa tible unless it could run Microsoft‘s Flight Simulator. The Olympic was the sister ship of the Titanic. 18. If Barbie were life-size her measurements would be 39-23-33. Upper and lower case letters are named ―upper‖ and ―lower‖ because in the time when all original print had to be set in individual letters. Only 706 survived. 44. 52. The first product Motorola started to develop was a record player for automobiles. The first bomb the Allies dropped on Berlin in WWII killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo. 62. 8. It takes more calories to eat a piece of celery than the celery has in it to begin with. 21. Sherlock Holmes NEVER said ―Elementary. Humphrey Bogart NEVER said ―Play it again. . Thirty-five percent of the people who use personal ads for dating are already married. Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 700 times. and she provided twenty-five years of service. 4 dimes. ―Red Vineyard at Arles‖. 38. but blood flowing through your head. which stated that you couldn‘t beat your wife with anything wider than your thumb. you cannot sink into quicksand. The Guinness Book of Records holds the record for being the book most often stolen from Public Libraries. someone dies due to HIV or AIDS every 10 minutes. One in every 9000 people is an albino. and 4 pennies cannot be divided into a dollar). The electric chair was invented by a dentist. The original name for butterfly was flutterby. Bib. There was never a recorded Wendy before it. IBM‘s motto is ―Think‖. Finnish folklore says that when Santa comes to Finland to deliver gifts. 5. two rats could have over million descendants. A snail can sleep for 3 years. The names of all the continents end with the same letter that they start with (not counting the words ―North‖ and ―South). 10. 28% of Africa is classified as wilderness. People photocopying their buttocks are the cause of 23% of all photocopier faults worldwide. 65. By raising your legs slowly and lying on your back.000 is spent on barbed wire each year in the U. The average raindrop falls at 7 miles per hour. about 127 million adults are overweight or obese. dogs only have about ten. The sound you here when you put a seashell next to your ear is not the ocean.000 possible combinations of the first four moves in Chess. Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from crying. 51. 31. One in ten people live on an island. and they NEVER said ―Beam me up. 28. The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is 672. 51. There are no clocks in Las Vegas gambling casinos. According to Fr ench tradition. almost all of them because of human activity. Our eyes are always the same size from birth but our nose and ears never stop growing. X-ray images have shown that there are 3 other versions under the original. 60. which Motorola got their name from. In North America. Santa Claus has a brother named Bells Nichols. The largest amount of money you can have without having change for a dollar is $1. $203.000. 12. 22. Half of all bank robberies take place on a Friday. In the US. 43. In Disney‘s Fantasia. His name was Bibendum in the company‘s first ads in 1896. Every year 4 people in the UK die putting their trousers on. 1. the upper case letters were stored in the case on top of the case that stored the lower case letters. kayak) is called a ―palindrome‖. 26. The glue on Israeli postage is certified kosher. An old law in Bellingham. 35. 9. More people are afraid of open spaces (kenophobia) than of tight spaces (claustrophobia). That‘s more than sharks. 50. If you put a drop of liquor on a scorpion. You share your birthday with at least 9 million other people in the world. The word ―lethologica‖ describes the state of not being able to remember the word you want. Bruce Lee was so fast that they had to slow the film down so you could see his moves. 50. Jim Henson first coined the word ―Muppet‖. The name Wendy was made up for the book Peter Pan. About 20% of bird species have become extinct in the past 200 years.S. he fills it with cookies and cakes. a nd if a plate is set out for him.‖ 32. 24. He never signed or dated the painting. 4. A word or sentence that is the same front and back (racecar. 49. 40. The Michelin man is known as Mr. 30. In South Africa. 19. 37.564. 25. 53.Page | 41 49. 52. 58. he leaves his sleigh behind and rides on a goat named Ukko instead. 39. 36. 15. Washington. 57. In America. Vincent Van Gogh sold exactly one painting. Sharon Stone was the first Star Search spokes model. Coconuts kill about 150 people each year. 7% of the US eats at McDonald‘s. 46. 59. more money is printed for Monopoly sets than for the U. the most known player on the market was Victrola. Bats always turn left when exiting a cave. 23. Every day. The phrase ―rule of thumb‖ is derived from an old English law. Treasury. Rats multiply so quickly that in 18 months.S. my dear Watson‖. At that time. in the bushes at the base of the Lincoln Memorial. 6. someone is diagnosed with AIDS every 10 minutes. Everyday. Leonardo and Mona had identical bone structures according to the painting. 29. The numbers ―172? can be found on the back of the US 5 dollar bill. 61. who visits homes on New Year‘s Eve after everyone is asleep. Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds. 63. Every US president has worn glasses (just not always in public). 64. 27. In every episode of ―Seinfeld‖ there is a Superman picture or reference somewhere. It took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa. 2228 people were on it. The first CD pressed in the US was Bruce Springsteen‘s ―Born in the USA‖. 34. 17. 750 million are overweight and 300 million more are obese. made it illegal for a woman to take more than 3 steps backwards while dancing. Scotty‖ on Star Trek. 42. In the US. 47. 15% of children in elementary school are overweight.

A pregnant goldfish is called a twit. 86. 90. Rats and horses can‘t vomit. Each year in America there are about 300. ―101 Dalmatians‖ and ―Peter Pan‖ are the only Disney animations in which both of a character‘s parents are present and don‘t die during the movie. Tigers have striped skin. 116. About 500 movies are made in the US and 800 in India annually. An ant always falls over on its right side when intoxicated. Winston Churchill was born in a ladies room during a dance. 60. Two-thirds of the world‘s eggplant is grown in New Jersey. the army abbreviation for General Purpose. A cockroach will live nine days without its head before it starves to death. 125. Page 4/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script 84.A. The last signature came five years later. 62. 95. Eventually any unbranded calf became known as a Maverick. 110.‖ 124. and hazardous. 54. The recordings were done before Quantum changed its name to AOL and the program was known as ―Q-Link. 105. 122. 59. The penguin is the only bird that can‘t fly but can swim. 93. 89. 108. 104. Women blink nearly twice as much as men. The cigarette lighter was invented before the match. if the horse has both front legs in the air. The national anthem of Greece has 158 verses. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes. citizens to have any contact with extraterrestrials or their vehicles. 94. 97. Maine is the only state whose name is just one syllable. 117. An American urologist bought Napoleon‘s penis for $40.200 is the absolute highest amount of money you can win on Jeopardy. 11% of the world is left-handed. the person died of battle wounds. 100. 94% are recaptured. The cruise liner Queen Elizabeth II moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns. Peanuts are one of the ingredients of dynamite. 128. 111. John Hancock and Charles Thomson were the only people to sign the Declaration of independence on July 4th. 65. When it was built in the 1940s the state of Virginia still had segregation laws requiring separate toilet facilities for blacks and whites. Its fur is actually clear. 96.S. 114. 56. 80. No word in the English language rhymes with month. who died at birth. 98. Elwood Edwards did the voice for the AOL sound files (i. An ostrich‘s eye is bigger than its brain. The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and England in 1896. 113. they were created in India. Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are registered blood donors.e. stupendous. 57. 102. 103. 83. Donkeys kill more people than plane crashes. Americans on average eat 18 acres of pizza every day. Los Angeles‘ full name is ―El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reina de los Angeles de Porciuncula‖. A rhinoceros horn is made of compacted hair. . The first novel ever written on a typewriter is Tom Sawyer. 61. 92. 67. Dreamt is the only English word that ends in the letters ―MT‖.‖ 119. the American flag is flying over the Parliament Building. 68. One out of every 43 prisoners escapes from jail. 99. More than 50% of the people in the world have never made or received a telephone call. in honor of his brother. Every time you lick a stamp you consume 1/10 of a calorie. horrendous. 121. Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated. which is why Elvis middle name was spelled Aron. There are 293 ways to make change for a dollar. 115. 78. Lizards can self-amputate their tails for protection. 1776. Arabic numerals are not really Arabic. 123. 64. 55. There are approximately 100 million acts of sexual intercourse each day. but like snow it appears white. the person died in battle. The average chocolate bar has 8 insects‘ legs melt ed into it. 127. 107. 88. A honeybee can fly at fifteen miles per hour. 72. A healthy (non-colorblind) human eye can distinguish between 500 shades of gray. 85. A shark is the only fish that can blink with both eyes. 76. The catfish has over 27000 taste buds (more than any other animal) 91.63% of its size: L. The word ―maverick‖ came into use after Samuel Maverick. $283. 106. or purple. About 55% of all movies are rated R. A cat has 32 muscles in each ear. Right handed people live.000. 82. 101. 109. orange. Elvis had a twin brother named Garon. nine years longer than left handed people do. 126. 112. It can be abbreviated to 3. There is actually no danger in swimming right after you eat. Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations (implemented on July 16. 70. On a Canadian two-dollar bill. Half of all crimes are committed by people under the age of 18. There are a million ants for every person on Earth. Almonds are members of the peach family. on average. Starfish have no brains. It grows back after a few months. if all four of the horse‘s legs are on the ground. A ―jiffy‖ is the scientific name for 1/100th of a second. You are more likely to be killed by a champagne cork than by a poisonous spider. 120. not just striped fur. 81. 79. 77. 87.000 deaths that can be attributed to obesity. For every memorial statue with a person on a horse. 75. 73. 71. Hedenophobic means fear of pleasure. A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out. If you keep a goldfish in the dark room. He is heard about 27 million times a day. 58. Elephants are the only mammals that cannot jump. 66. Shakespeare invented the words ―assassination‖ and ―bump. 69. if the horse has one front leg in the air. the person died of natural causes. The youngest pope ever was 11 years old. The Pentagon in Arlington Virginia has twice as many bathrooms as is necessary. 1969) makes it illegal for U. A polar bears skin is black. though it may feel uncomfortable. 118. The name Jeep comes from ―GP‖. a Texan refused to brand his cattle. All polar bears are left-handed. 74. Ancient Egyptian priests would pluck every hair from their bodies. Butterflies taste with their feet.Page | 42 53. silver. There are only four words in the English language that end in ―-dous‖: tremendous. There are about 2 chickens for every human in the world. 80% of burglaries are committed by people aged 13-21. 63. Title 14. ―You‘ve got Mail!‖). The average child recognizes over 200 company logos by the time he enters first grade. The February of 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon. it will eventually turn white.

49 years.S. 141. In most watch advertisements the time displayed on a watch is 10:10. A jellyfish is 95% water. 148. 165. 162. Mr. and The Lord of the Rings (100million+) 195. 142. the main one was named Pal. They gradually merge and disappear until there are about 206 by age 5. 182. If you yelled for 8 years 7 months and 6 days. In a survey of 200000 ostriches over 80 years. The average person falls asleep in seven minutes. If you fart consistently for 6 years and 9 months. Al Capone‘s business card said he was a used furniture dealer. 153. 178. 188. 194. In the last 4000 years no new animals have been domesticated. The human heart creates enough pressure in the bloodstream to squirt blood 30 feet. People say ―bless you‖ when you sneeze because your heart stops for a millisecond. the most valuable patent in U. Michael Jordan makes more money from Nike annually than every Nike factory worker in Malaysia combined. you would have produced enough sound energy to heat one cup of coffee.2411 trillion. 179. 157. a tiny country on the border between France and Spain. 136. The Toltecs (a 7th century tribe) used wooden swords so they wouldn‘t kill their enemies. 134. the helicopter. 190. a hurricane releases more energy than all the world‘s nuclear weapons combined. 167. Kuwait is about 60% male (highest in the world). 171. 187. On an American one-dollar bill there is a tiny owl in the upper-left-hand corner of the upper-right-hand ―1? and a spider hidden in the front upper -right-hand corner. 140. 191. Rape is reported every six minutes in the U. 161. (the heart is not a muscle) 151.Page | 43 129. to 1. 186. The strongest muscle in the human body is the tongue. One of the reasons marijuana is illegal today is because cotton growers in the ‘30s lobbied against hemp farmers (they saw it as competition). 170. A dime has 118 ridges around the edge. In the 17th century. It was issued to Samuel Hopkins on July 31. 131. 149. the value of pi was known to 35 decimal places. Truck driving is the most dangerous occupation by accidental deaths (799 in 2001). 150. 159. it is almost guaranteed to grow a tree of a different type of apple.000. the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). 164. 156.S. There are 336 dimples on a regulation US golf ball. a ‗Bo Derek‘ is a score of 10. Newborn babies have about 350 bones.50. The first US Patent was for manufacturing potassium carbonate (used in glass and gunpowder). ―Duff‖ is the decaying organic matter found on a forest floor. A shrimp‘s heart is in its head. Cats‘ urine glows under a black light. Rogers was an ordained Presbyterian minister. 163. and Lucifer are the only angels named in the Bible. 145. a Big Mac costs $5. 175. Hannibal Lector (Anthony Hopkins) never blinks. 25% of a human‘s bones are in its feet.000 salary. 100 people choke to death on ballpoint pens every year. 133. Michael. 146. David Sarnoff received the Titanic‘s distress signal and saved hundreds of passengers. and many other present day items. Pearls melt in vinegar.000 citizens and 500. Quotations from the Works of Mao Tse-tung (900million+). Judy Scheindlin (‖Judge Judy‖) has a $25. 138.000 slaves. 240 come from France. At the height of its power in 400 BC. In Iceland. 197.000. The name for Oz in the Wizard of Oz was thought up when the creator Frank Baum looked at his filing cabinet and saw A-N and O-Z. In the U. The only real person to be a PEZ head was Betsy Ross. In 1863. Julius Caesar‘s autograph is worth about $2. 158. has the longest average lifespan of 83. it was discovered that he was convicted of murdering himself. The bestselling books of all time are The Bible (6billion+). His father gave him the nickname ―Tiger‖ in honor of a South . Switzerland is the only country with a square flag. 177. 176. Frisbees outsell footballs. Today. 152. 147. The US has more personal computers than the next 7 countries combined. Gabriel. After 21 years. 183. Paul Hubert of Bordeaux. US gold coins used to say ―In Gold We Trust‖. The characters Bert and Ernie on Sesame Street were named after Bert the cop and Ernie the taxi driver in Frank Capra‘s ―It‘s a Wonderful Life‖. John Lennon‘s first girlfriend was named Thelma Pickles. 139. history. 174. 168.S. 132. Nepal is the only country that doesn‘t have a rectangular flag. 189. 173. 160. 199. A ―quidnunc‖ is a person who is eager to know the latest news and gossip. Tiger Woods‘ real first name is Eldrick. 155. There are about 450 types of cheese in the world. 154. 169. In golf. 196. On average people fear spiders more than they do death. 198. There is no solid proof of who built the Taj Mahal. On average. When the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers plays football at home the stadium becomes Nebraska‘s third largest city. In 10 minutes. 184. Broccoli and cauliflower are the only vegetables that are flowers. 137. You can lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs. not one tried to bury its head in the sand. A quarter has 119.100 salary. The Hawaiian alphabet has only 12 letters. 166. 172. 181. 185. 180. 1970. 200. 192. The microwave was invented after a researcher walked by a radar tube and a chocolate bar melted in his pocket. baseballs and basketballs combined. Page 5/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script 130. There have been over 600 lawsuits against Alexander Grahm Bell over rights to the patent of the telephone. France. 135. enough gas is produced to create the energy of an atomic bomb. In the UK its 330. 143. The tool doctors wrap around a patient‘s arm to measure blood pressure is called a sphygmomanometer.000. Elephants only sleep for two hours each day. There are two credit cards for every person in the United States. Banging your head against a wall uses 150 calories an hour. 144. In ―Silence of the Lambs‖. Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors. Latvia is about 54% female (highest in the world). He later became the head of the first radio network. ―Lassie‖ was played by a group of male dogs. 193. ―Canada‖ is an Indian word meaning ―Big Village‖. ―The sixth sick sheik‘s sixth sheep‘s sick‖ is said to be the toughest tongue twister in English. was sentenced to life in jail for murder. If you plant an apple seed. In America you will see an average of 500 advertisements a day. while Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg has a $190. A dragonfly has a lifespan of 24 hours. the Greek city of Sparta had 25. Andorra. Only one in two billion people will live to be 116 or older.

217. Zimri. 205. 213.7 million millionaires in the world (more than 1/1000th of the population). 241. Don Mac Lean's song "American Pie" was written about Buddy Holly. Richardson (The Big Bopper). Post Office handles 43 percent of the world‘s mail. She gave birth to a boy by caesarean section on May 14. While many treaties have been signed at or near Paris. voice.S. face. Saul. Namco's 1979 arcade game. which is not a dog but more like a ground squirrel. Spanish-American War (1898). The male seahorse carries the eggs until they hatch instead of the female. In the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. One in about eight million people has progeria.000 people airborne over the US at any given moment. Thomas Jefferson. Pope Paul II (1467-1471). 214. both in episodes of Star Trek. Pope John VII (955-964). which is not a cat but more like a prairie dog. Attila the Hun (invader of Europe. 255. There is an average of 61. The youngest mother on record was a Peruvian girl named Lina Medina.S. according to census. Around 2. The name was changed when they realized that vandals could easily scratch out part of the letter "P". 246. 250. Pamela Lee-Anderson was the first to be born in Canada on the centennial anniversary of Canada's independence (7/1/1967). Most household dust is made of dead skin cells. Which is the country with the most people? . Dolphins can look in different directions with each eye. Which metal is heavier. 236. Judas. Pac-Man. 225. Jimmy Carter was the first U. The U. How many legs do butterflies have? 3. President to be born in a hospital. 251. The most popular first name in the world is Muhammad. if a man was not married by age 30. The odds of being born male are about 51. who all died in the same plane crash. its stomach will explode. Nelson Rockefeller (US Vice President.806 different spoken languages in the world today. William Shatner is credited for being the first person on TV to say "hell" as well as to have the first inter-racial kiss (with Nichelle Nichols). 1. Four different people played the part of Darth Vader (body. about 2000) has over 700000 sheep (350 per person). Scotland has more redheads than any other part of the world. The surface of the Earth is about 60% water and 10% ice. Felix Faure (French President. and he was in Buffalo NY when President McKinley was assassinated." 229. Ahithophel. 406-453). Prince Charles and Prince William never travel on the same airplane in case there is a crash. There is about 200 times more gold in the oceans than has been mined throughout history. France (including many after WWI and WWII). Only female mosquitoes bite. starting with "Death of a Gunfighter" (1969). There are about 7. 248. The Falkland Isles (pop. 249. 242. The drummer for ZZ Top (the only one without a beard) is named Frank Beard. 204. and breathing). Saul‘s armor -bearer. There are seven suicides in the Bible: Abimelech. 234. 210. 218. Hummingbirds can't walk. American Revolutionary War (1783). For every 230 cars that are made. The past-tense of the English word "dare" is "durst". they use the pseudonym "Allen Smithee" instead. 1841-1899). union of Bessarabia and Romania (1920). and John Entwistle (The Who's bassist. 1939 (which happened to be Mother's Day). 223. 244. They can sleep with one eye open. 201.000 left-handed people die annually due to improper use of equipment designed only for Page 7/9 PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script right handed people. April 23. 207. 238. seven months and 21 days. Humans and dolphins are the only animals known to have sex for pleasure. Mercury is the only planet whose orbit is coplanar with its equator. Ruth. Abraham Lincoln‘s ghost is said to haunt the White House. The city of Venice stands on about 120 small islands. God is not mentioned once in the book of Esther. Pope John XIII (965-72). 228.P. 209. Samson. 231. 1784-1865). 243. 253. Stephen Hawking was born exactly 300 years after Galileo died. Crimean War (1856). John Adams. and James Monroe died on July 4th. Robert Todd Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln's oldest son) was in Washington DC during his father's assassination as well as during President Garfield's assassination. Shakespeare and Cervantes died on the same day. 252. When movie directors do not want their names to be seen in the credits. 230. 1616. 202. 224. 1 will be stolen. was originally called "Puck Man". 227. 208. Alexander Graham Bell's wife and mother were both deaf. 221. 232. 239. establishment of European Coal and Steel Community (1951). 203. Johnny Appleseed planted apples so that people could use apple cider to make alcohol. 240. Adams last words were "Thomas Jefferson survives. the reverse of how a record works. Lightning strikes the earth about 8 million times a day. 247.Page | 44 Vietnamese soldier his father had fought alongside with during the Vietnam War. Lord Palmerston (British Prime Minister. 216. silver or gold? 2. at the age of five years. The "middle finger" gesture originates back to 423 BC in Aristophanes play "The Clouds". 226. Ritchie Valens and J. 1908-1979). 245. If you feed a seagull Alka-Seltzer. 206. its supply of silver is kept at the Military Academy at West Point. 220. Humans use a total of 72 different muscles in speech. While the US government's supply of gold is kept at Fort Knox. 211. 1944-2002) all died while having sex. 235. The Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Grover Cleveland's baby daughter. 254. Pope Leo VII (936-939). 222. 219. 237. It has been used over 50 times. The ―if‖ and ―then‖ parts of conditional (‖if P then Q‖) statement are called the protasis (P) and apodosis (Q). nine are actually known as the "Treaty of Paris": Seven Years' War (1763). 212. he would not be allowed to vote or watch athletic events involving nude young men. 215. a disease that causes people to grow faster than they age. The most common name (of any type) in the world is Mohammed.2%. The ―countdown‖ (counting down from 10 for an event such as New-Years Day) was first used in a 1929 German silent film called ―Die Frau Im Monde‖ (The Girl in the Moon). Compact discs read from the inside to the outside edge. France vs Sixth Coalition (1814). French-Swede War (1810). Venus and Uranus are the only planets that rotate opposite to the direction of their orbit. NY. A mongoose is not a goose but more like a meercat. Negative emotions such as anxiety and depression can weaken your immune system. Adams and Jefferson died in the same year. Supposedly. Pope Leo VIII (963-965). There are 41. Battle of Waterloo (1815). 233. not Babe Ruth the baseball player.

What is the rhino?s horn made of? Answers 1. Which is the non-contagious disease that is the most common in the world? 11. Which is the smallest ocean in the world? 25.000 on eBay! 18. Arctic Ocean 25. 2. Which was the album the Beatles recorded the last time together? 12. 13. some people paid as much as $100 for a glass of water! 12.000 new insect species are discovered every year. 10. In which country was golf first played? 15. 8. with six times more water than the river above. It is gradually sinking into the water. USA. 2) About 20 to 30 volcanoes erupt each year. Justin Timberlake's half-eaten french toast sold for over $3. Out of all the senses. The first patented condom was meant to be reused! 15. Which is the sport wherein you would use a 'sand iron'? 18. What is the sport in which you could get into a headlock? 14. 7. Yahoo! was originally called 'Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web'. Jamaica 20. Alaska 5. 6) Off the coast of Florida there is an underwater hotel. was artificially created by beaver damming. play? 13. 11) American Roy Sullivan has been struck by lighting a record seven times. A person will burn 7 percent more calories if they walk on hard dirt compared to pavement. The . 13) The oldest living tree is a California bristlecone pine name 'Methuselah'. 10) In 1934. Six 3. 24. 3) A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile. China 4. Marie Curie. Abbey Road 12. King Kong was Adolf Hitler's favorite movie. Which golf player's mother is from Thailand? 9. 12) The desert baobab tree can store up to 1000 litres of water in its trunk. the jazz musician. but true facts for general knowledge. 14. 19th Century 17. 19. What is the largest mammal in the world? 19.p. mostly under the sea. Which instrument did Miles Davis. During the Gold Rush in 1849. Trumpet 13. It is about 4600 years old. Guests have to dive to the entrance. Scotland 15. it's clear. Who was the creator of Jeeves and Wooster? 21. Dolphins nap with one eye open. in Yellowstone Park. Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? 22. Eighty percent of Americans will be the victim of violent crime at least once in their lifetime. Basketball 8. What is Aurora Borealis commonly known as? 10. 5. Tiger Woods 9. 11. After which famous person was the teddy bear named? 24. 7. The Atlantic Ocean is saltier than the Pacific Ocean. Which country has the largest area of land? 6. Polar bear fur is not white. Tooth Decay 11. 9. The volume of the Earth's moon is the same as the volume of the Pacific Ocean. 8) The Ancient Egyptians worshipped a sky goddess called Nut. if a woman watched even one Olympic event. China 7. P. When did baseball originate in the US? 17. Which is the country hosting the 2008 Olympic Games? 7. Which state is the biggest in the US? 5. The state sport of Maryland is Jousting. 5) Beaver Lake . How does a shark find fish? It can hear their hearts beating. 1) In 1783 an Icelandic eruption threw up enough dust to temporarily block out the sun over Europe . Which indoor sport is the most popular in the US? 8.! 17. Hair Some Facts 1. 3. In Ancient Greece. Which is the sport where you could be out 'leg before wicket' or 'hit a six'? 16. she was executed. More steel in the United States is used to make bottle caps than to manufacture automobile bodies. died of radiation poisoning. Wodehouse 21. 21. Michelangelo 22. Cricket 16. A sneeze travels out your mouth at over 100 m. Russia 6. Northern Lights 10. 4) Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana formed in a hollow made by a meteorite. 6. The Yo-Yo originated as a weapon in the Philippine Islands during the sixteenth century. Which is the country where reggae music originated? 20. 22. 20. Who was the writer of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland? 23. 9) The world's windiest place is Commonwealth Bay. the Nobel prize winning scientist who discovered radium.h. It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky. Blue Whale 19. C3PO is the first character to speak in Star Wars. Antartica. smell is most closely linked to memory. a gust of wind reached 371 km/h on Mount Washington in New Hampshire . 7) Venice in Italy is built on 118 sea islets joined by 400 bridges. An egg will float if placed in water in which sugar has been added. Golf 18. that you may or may not have known. Wrestling 14. Lewis Carroll 23.Page | 45 4. Theodore Roosevelt 24. 23. 16. USA. The first song played on Virgin Radio was Born to be wild by INXS! 4.G. Gold 2. Here are some interesting.

. First ascent was made on July 3. • The mountain range in Russia that is regarded as the boundary b/w Europe & Asia is Urals. • Bodpo La pass is highest pass in Tibet (China) with height 19. • Mauna Kea volcano is in Hawaii. 1954. 20) The White Sea. 14) The Antartic notothenia fish has a protein in its blood that acts like antifreeze and stops the fish freezing in icy sea. covers 13 million sq km and has temperatures as low as -70 degrees centigrade.Page | 46 largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia growing in California. It can grow 10 meters a year. They are estimated to be about 400 million years old.470. • Vesuvius is a volcano in Italy.660 ft. • Siachen. has the lowest temperature. East China Sea. • Margalla Hills of Islamabad are extension of Himaliya range. • K2 named Goodwin Austin or Chagori is in Karakoram Range with 28. • Highest mountain system in the world is Himalayas." It is also the World's Highest Battle Ground Ever • Africa is without glaciers. 17) Tibet is the highest country in the world. In the summer its temperature reaches 35. 22) The Antarctic ice sheet is 3-4 km thick.6 degrees centigrade. • Largest sea is South China Sea. First ascent made on July 31. • Mauna kea volcano is in Hawaii • What is the worlds longest mountain range-The Andes • • Black forest is a mountain in Germany. The Persian Gulf is the warmest sea. • Approximately the south west monsoon begins in Pakistan in late July. • Khunjerab Pass is highest pas in Pakistan. 1953. • Prince Charles is mountain range in Antarctica. • Ordovician are oldest rocks. • Youngest mountain system are Himaliya s.. • Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan. • Rocky or Rockies Mountains is the largest mountain system of North America. The fastest growing tree is the eucalyptus. • Shandur Pass is in Pakistan. batoro and chogo lugma glaciers are in Karakorum. • Baltoro gracier is in Karakoram Range. then Atlantic. • Sefid Koh is mountain range in Afghanistan. • Alps are Europe‘s largest mountain system. • Malaspina glacier is in Alaska (US). • Alpine Pass is in USA. • Nanga Parbat is in Himalaya range is known as Killer Mountain with height 26. • Atlas are North Africa‘s mountain range. • • Ayers Rock is the largest single rock in the world. • What is the name of the second highest mountain in Africa-Mount Kenya • In what modern country is mount Ararat -Turkey • Most active volcano Italiana is situated in Hawaii. • Swat valley is in the mountain range of. Indian and then Arctic.Queensland Australia • IMPORTANT MOUNTAIN PASSES • Namni Pass is in Myanmar. Behring Sea Gulf of Mexico. • Broad Peak I is in Karakoram range with height 26. • Siachen glacier is in Karakoram Range. near the bord er with Chile. The Arctic Ocean has about 12 million sq km of floating ice and has the coldest winter temperature of -34 degrees centigrade. Gasohol is a fuel made from sugar cane. Atlas Mountains are in Morocco. • Bolan (Sulaiman range) pass is in Baluchistan. OCEANS • Largest ocean is pacific. 16) The industrial complex of Cubatao in Brazil is known as the Valley of Death because its pollution has destroyed the trees and rivers nearby. • Highest point of Asia is Mount Everest (Nepal-Tibet). Andaman Sea. • Mount Aconcagua. • Kolpur pass is in Baluchistan. • Where are the glasshouse mountains. 18) Some of the oldest mountains in the world are the Highlands in Scotland. • Zardak is the highest peak of Kirthar range. • Ural mountains separate Asia from Europe. Hudso n Bay. only ice on top of sea. • Blue Mountains are in Australia. • Andes Mountains are in South America. only -2 degrees centigrade. India conducted an Operation known as 'Operation Meghdoot‘ to capture Siachen. Sea of Japan.250 ft height.028 feet first ascent made on May 29. then Mediterranean sea. • Oldest mountain system are Araveli. in Russia. then Black sea then Red . It is also the world's Highest Glacier that is why it is refered to as "The Third Pole. 1 953. • Tasman glacier is in New Zealand. • Chogo Lugma is in Karakoram range. then Caribbean Sea. G. • Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world. 21) There is no land at all at the North Pole. 19) Fresh water from the River Amazon can be found up to 180 km out to sea. 23) Over 4 million cars in Brazil are now running on gasohol instead of petrol. • Donner pass is in California (USA) • Hispar & Biafo glacier is in Pakistan. 15) The USA uses 29% of the world's petrol and 33% of the world's electricity. • Karoko tao is a volcano in Indonesia. highest peak in the western hemisphere. It is 84 meters tall and measures 29 meters round the trunk. • April 1984. • Hispar glacier is in Hunza.K objectives for all MOUNTAINS • Mount Olympus is in Greece. hindukash • Saddle peak is highest peak in Anandaman & Nicobar islands. • Khojak tunnel is in Balouchistan.412. • Lowari Pass is in Pakistan. • Ring of Fire are volcanoes in Circum-Pacific Seismic belt. • Mount Everest is in Himalaya range with height 29. • Siachen Glacier is the Worlds Biggest Glacier outside the two Poles. Its average height above sea level is 4500 meters. • Tirich Mir is in Hindu Kush mountain. • The Himalaya mountain range (Asia) is the greatest mountain range in the world. located in the Andes Mountains of western Argentina.

• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and Greenland • • Messina strait separates Italy from Sicily. • Pondicherry is in India south of Chennai. • Latakia is in Syria.. • Phildelphia is in USA. • Sargasso Sea is without a coastline. Iran & Azerbaijan. Russia & Azerbaijan. • Seattle sea pot.Baltic sea • Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean. • Honolulu is in USA. USA • Santos is known as the ―Coffee Port‖ of the world. • Sunda strait separates Sumatra from Java Island. Aral is an inland sea. • Penang is in Malaysia. • Zadar is in Croatia. • Cardiff is in UK. • WORLD RIVERS • Third world comprises of 70% of world population. • Dammam is in Saudi Arabia. • Yokohama is in Japan. • Bass Strait separates Australia from Tasmania. • • Torres Strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea • Bering Strait separates Asia from Africa and joins the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. Turkmensitan. • Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran. • Port Said is in Egypt.. • Caspian Sea is located in Iraq-Azerbaijan. • Tartous is in Syria. It is longest strait in the world. • Dover strait separates England from France. • Rio-de-Janeiro is in Brazil. • Bandar Bushehr is in Iran. • Caspian Sea is the largest salt water lake in the world. Strait of Hormuz • The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz •. • "Haifa" is the seaport of which country? Israel. • Johor strait separates Malaysia from Singapore. • Aqaba is in Jordan. • Sea of Japan is famous for fishing area. • The deepest place in the Indian Ocean is Sunda Trench. • Total seas are 12. • Hambrug is in Germany. • Babel-Mandab strait leads into the Red Sea. • Florida Strait separates Cuba from Florida. • Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. • Bristol is in UK. • What is the world's warmest sea. It joins Atlantic Ocean with Gulf of Mexico. • 40% of world oil passes through. • Marseilles is in France. • Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora. • Port Hercourt is the 2nd largest port of Nigeria. • New Orleans is in USA. • Plymouth is in UK • Le Harve is in France.Black Sea • What sea is directly north of Poland. • Atlantic Ocean is called the ―Herring Pond‖. • In which US state is its highest mountain. • The waters of Caspian Sea are shared by Russia. . • Gibraltar Strait separates Spain and Africa and joins Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic Ocean. • What is the worlds largest sea (in area): South China • Aral Sea is in Central Asia (Kazakhstan). It is b/w Mozambique and Madagascar. • Most important crop of Nile delta is Cotton. • Valparaiso is in Chile. • Bermuda Triange is located in Atlantic Ocean. • FAMOUS SEA PORTS • Abadan is in Iran. • Hochi Minh is in Vietnam. Kazakhstan & Russia. • Malacca (Indonesia) strait separates Sumatra from Malay Peninsula. • Alexandria is in Egypt. • Chalna is in Bangladesh. • Rotterdam is in Netherlands.Alaska – Mount McKinley • Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. • FAMOUS STRAITS • Palk Strait separates India from Sri Lanaka. • Davis Strait separates Greenland from Baffin Island. • Babul Mandab strait separates Arabia from Africa.. • Dardanelles strait (Turkey) joins Marmora sea with Aegean Sea. • Diego Garcia is in Indian Ocean. • Glasgow is in UK.. • Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea. • Which of the following cause ocean currents? Permanent winds • Nether land‘s land is below sea level. • Red sea is b/w Arabia and Africa. • Darwin is the sea port of Australia. • Mozambique strait is the broadest strait in the world. • Antwerp is in Belgium. • Tartus is the seaport of Syria.Page | 47 sea and in the last Baltic sea..The Red Sea • Aegean Sea is located in Atlantic Ocean. • Hamun Mashkel Lake (Baluchistan) is salt water lake. • Pak: is 4th among world‘s largest cotton producers.

• Missouri river flows in USA • Hudson River flows in USA. • Lake Michigan flows in USA. • Don River pours its water into Sea of Azov. • Grand Canal is oldest man made canal for shipping purpose in China. • Baikal Lake is in Siberian desert. • Seine River is in France. • Oxus River (also called Amu Darya) is flowing between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. • Churchill water fall is in Canada. • Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa. • Euphrates flows in Syria and Iraq. The Canal was constructed by a French Engineer. • Golden River flows in Alaska. • Suez Canal is 170 Km long constructed in 1869. • Mississippi river flows in USA. • Mariana trench is the deepest part in the ocean and it lies in Pacific Ocean. 1956. • Jog Falls are the highest waterfalls in India. • The longest river in South Asia is the Brahmputra. It pours into Black sea. • Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin • Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves • Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin • River Darling is in Australia. • Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico. Ferdinand De Lesseps. It is located in North America (USA-Canada). • In which country would you find Lake Disappointment Australia • The Amazon river dolphins are what colour.Pink • Which of the following rivers rises in lake Lan-Ka Tso in Tibet? Sutlej • Volga river pours its water into Caspian Sea it is longest river of Europe. • Amazon River crosses Equator twice. • Victoria Lake is in Africa. • Indus River pours into Arabian Sea. • Huron Lake is in USA-Canada. Mississippi is longest river of America. • The Suez Canal link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. • Shark bay is in Western Australia.Birmingham • Suez Canal was acquired by Britain in 1875 and nationalized by Egypt in 1956. It remains closed 1967-75 after Arab Israel War. • Iberian Peninsula is a part of Europe. • What is the only river that flows bo th north and south of equator . • The largest river in France is Lore • Most populated lake is Lake Eire. • Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. • The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar Plateau. It is located in Siberia. • Panama Canal was opened in 1914. • Panama Canal links Pacific Ocean with Atlantic Ocean. • The Devil Tower present in US is a volcano. • Danube River is in Romania (Europe). • World‘s largest earth filled dam is Tarbela. • Windermere Lake is the largest lake of UK. It is the largest river of central Asia.The Congo • New Zealand is situated in the region of Oceania. • Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in world extending from Peru to Bolivia. • Panama Canal links North America with South America. • Gateway of Pacific is Panama Canal. Nasser on 26th July. It is in Brazil. • An iceberg floating in sea will have one-tenth of its mass above the surface of water. • The Amazon river rises in which country-Peru • Amazon River is largest river in terms of volume. • Lake Victoria is located in Kenya-Tanzania and Uganda.America) is most polluted lake in the world. • Tigris River pours its water into Caspian Sea. • The Suez Canal was constructed in 1869. • River Zambezi flows in Southeast Africa. • Nile River pours its water into Mediterranean Sea. It pours into Atlantic Ocean. • Great Bear Lake is located in Canada. the longest river is Sutlaj in Pakistan. • The Suez Canal was nationalized by Col. • Lake Erie (N. • Hudson Bay is largest bay and is in Northern Canada.Page | 48 • A famous natural bridge is located in Virginia. • Bari Doab is the area lying between River Ravi and River Beas. • Lake Mead is a man-made largest lake in the world.Tigris • What city has the most canals. • Aswan dam is constructed on river Nile. • What is France‘s longest river: Loire • Hundroo (Hundrubagh) Water Falls are in India. • English Channel separates England from France. • The longest and largest river in Asia is Yangtze. • SURMA is the name of a river. . • The largest river in China is The Yangtze River. • Red river is in USA. • Gulf of Sidra is in Libya. • Mesopotamia is the region b/w Tigris & Euphrates. It is also called the deepest seafloor depres sion in the world. • The number of CARS is five. • Eskimos live in North America. • Thames River is in England. • The Volga is Europe longest river what is the second longest Danube • Volga River is in Russia. • Don is a river of Russia. Canada. • Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world.Indonesia • Name the river that flows through Baghdad. • Victoria Lake forms boundary line b/w Tanzania and Uganda. • Which river is in Lebanon? River Latani • Highest salinity is found in the Great Salt Lake in USA. • Lake Mead on the Arizona-Nevada is largest man-made lake in USA. • Height of Islamabad is 2000 ft: above sea level. • Gulf of lion is in France. • After Indus. • Source River Jehlum is Verinag. • Hang He river is in China. • In what country are the Painted Lakes.

• FAMOUS ISLANDS • St. • The Victoria Falls is located in Zimbabwe. • Both the highest and lowest points on the earth are found in Asia. • Highest point of South America is Mount Aconcagua (Argentina) and lowest point is Valdes Peninsula (Argentina). a peak of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and lowest point is Lake Assal (Djibouti). • River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice. China • Indus originates from Tibet near Mansorowar Lake. • Asia is the largest continent and covers about 1/3 of the world‘s total land area.Indies. • Malaqasv (Madagascar) is in Indian Ocean. • Canary Island is in Spain. • Highest Point of North America is Mount Mckinley and the lowest point is Death Valley (Californi a. • Dead sea lying b/w Israel and Jordan. • After Australia. • Highest fall of world Angel Falls is on river Carrao Venezuela. • The lowest point of the North America is the Death Valley located in California. • Ellesmere Island is in Arctic Ocean. • Colorado River forms Grand Canyon. • Honshu Island is in North West Pacific. • Meridan means mid-day. • The world‘s longest river. • Grand Canal is located in People‘s Republic of china. • The largest Island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily. • FAMOUS DESERTS • Thar desert is located in Northwest India and East Pakistan • Dsht-i-Lut desert is in Iran. • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.Page | 49 • Palk Bay lies b/w Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal. • At the equator.. • Highest point of Europe is Mount El‘brus and the lowest point is Caspian Sea. • Danube River flows in Austria. • Victoria River is the chief source of River Nile. the Nile is located in Africa. • ‗Victoria falls‘ is located in Rhodesia. • Panama Canal connects Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean. • Ribbon fall is in North America. • Word Tsunami is of Japanese language. • The world‘s largest desert Sahara is located in Africa. . • Sumatra is in Northest Indian Ocean (Indonesia).country named after it-Namib • Namib Desert is in South-West Africa. • Sumatra is an island in Indonesia. • Paracel Islands are of. • Victoria Island is in Arctic Ocean. • River Rhine is in Western Europe.Murray-Darling • Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico. • Africa is also known as Dark Continent. Helena is in Atlantic Ocean. the largest island is in North Atlantic • New Guinea is world‘s second largest island. • Aswan dam is in Egypt. • Simpson Desert is in Australia. • The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea • River Mekong flows in Vietnam.. • Cathy Pacific is an island. china vs Vietnam • Which country owns the Hen and Chicken islands: North island New Zealand • Indian city Mumbai consists of seven islands. • Dardanelles connects black Sea and Mediterranean. • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan • Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal. • Highest point of Africa is Kibo. • Asia Minor is a geographical expression. It is the highest fall of Africa. • Shale is not a metamorphic rock. • Largest island in Indian Ocean is Madagascar. • Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenland) Island (Denmark). • Baffin is in North Atlantic Ocean (Canadian). South America. • Virgin Island is a group of 100 Island in W. • Silver Strand fall is in North America. • What is the longest river in Australia. • The lowest point of Asia is Dead Sea which is about 397 meter below sea level. • Highest point in Antarctica is Vinson Massif. • World‘s largest Delta is Sunderlands (India). • Niagara fall is in North America b/w America & Canada. • Borneo Island is in Pacific Ocean. (chk) • Greenland is geographically in America but politically in Europe. • The largest island in the world Greenland is located in North America.. • Largest coral reef is in Australia. the equation of the day is 12 hours. • Highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciusko (New South Wales) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre (South Australia). • Great Britain Island is in North Atlantic. • Mt Merapi is located on Java. • Indonesia consists of 1300 islands. • Deccan Plateau is in Asia. • The Victoria Falls in Africa is located on river Zambezi.. • Hydespes River is now called the Jhelum River. USA). • Rub Alkali desert is in Saudi Arabia. • Baffin Island is in Atlantic Ocean. • What is the worlds oldest desert . • Kalhari desert is in South Africa. • The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile. a part to Turkey. • The length of Panama Canal is 50072 miles. • 3. • Black sea is so called because a dense fog prevails there in winter. • Gobi desert is in Mongolia & China. • River Thames flows in Southern England. • Neaw Zealand is in South Pacific Ocean. • Galapagos Islands are in Pacific Ocean.Gorges Dam is in . Europe is the smallest continent.

• Nafud desert is in Saudi Arabia. • Chittagong lies on Karnaphuli. • Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese) discovered Brazil.Bangkok • GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES • Eric the Red discovered Greenland. • G. • On river Siene Paris is located. • Hyderabad (Sindh) lies on Indus. • Agra is on the bank of Jamuna River. • Basra lies on Shatt-al-Arab. • London lies on Thames. • Budapest (Hungary) lies on Danube. WORLD COUNTRIES • Buckingham palace is the residence of British king and Queen is in London. • Cairo lies on Nile. • Berlin lies on Spree. The Siens • Paris is located ont eh bank of Seine river. South Korea • Istana Merdeke is the official residence of President of Indonesia. Wilkins (Australian) flew over the South Pole. • Wazirabad lies on Chenab. • Rohri lies on Indus. • Paris is situated on the river Rhine. • George Lord Anson (English) sailed around the earth. • Rome lies on Tiber. • Elysee palace is the name of t he residence of Franch President. • Kalhari desert is in South Africa. • Mosul lies on Tigris. • Montreal is situated on the bank of river Ottawa • The city of Bonn is situated in Germany • Calcutta is situated on Hoogli River. • Washington lies on Vistula. • On river Danube Budapest is located. • Damascus lies on Barada. • Queen‘s house is the official residence of Sri Lankan president. • CIS are landlocked countries of Asia. • Vescoda gama (Portuguese) discovered sear route from Europe to India. . Rub-al-Khali. • Marco Polo (Italian) reached China through India. • Bonn (Germany) lies on Rhine. • Great Wall of China was built in the reign of Shih Huang -ti • Blue House is the official residence in .. • Rub-el-Khali desert is in South Arabian peninsula. • Sonoran desert is in Arizona to Mexico. Namib. • Belgrade stands on the river Danube..F. • Delhi lies on Jumna. • Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey • Moscow is situated on the bank of river Moscow. • Bahawalpur lies on Sutlej. • Takla Makan desert is in Xinjing (China). Karakum. • What city is at the mouth of the Menam river. • 10 Downing Street is the residence of British PM. • Gibson Desert is in Australia. • Attock lies on River Indus. • What country‘s leader does not have an official residence: Cuba • GENERAL KNOWLEDGE • Ambati Balamyrali is the youngest (17-years old) doctor of Indian origin in the world who received his medical degree from Mount Sinai. Sir Vivian Fuchs and Edmund Hillary (US) first crossing of the Antarctic continent. • Deserts in Asia are: Gobi. • Kavir Dasht Davir desert is in Iran. • Bhawalpur is situated at the bank of Sutlej. Blair (US) made the first solo flight over the Arctic. • River passing through Paris.H. • Brussels (Belgium) lies on Senno. • Baghdad lies on Tigris. • Rome is located beside the river Timber. • Taklimankan is desert in China. • Dhaka lies on Boori Ganga. • Kanpur lies on Ganges. and Sahara. • CITIES ON RIVER BANKS • Venice stands on what river-The Arno • New York is on River Hudson‘s bank. • Deserts in Africa are: Kalhari. Takla makan. • Various (Portugese) discovered Sri Lanka.Page | 50 • Great Victoria Desert is in Australia. • Khartoom lies on Blue and white Nile. • Karakum desert is in Turkmenistan. • Charles A. • Paris lies on Seine. • Tokyo lie on Sumida. • Lahore lies on Ravi. • Budapest is located on the bank of Danube river.Lindberg (American) made first non-stop solo flight across the Atlantic. • Khartoum is situated on the bank of Nile River.. • Sukkur lies on Indus. • Kolkata lies on Hoogli. • Jhelum lies on River Jhelum. • Bedford lies on Danube. • Death Valley desert is in California. • Great Sandy Desert is in Australia. • Arabian Desert is in Egypt. • C. New York.

• Snake is a limbless reptile. • Postal Zone is indicated by the first two digits from left of the Pincode. • Milk is an example of emulsion. sweat and tears. • James Bond is a character in the novels written by Ian Fleming. • Dicky Dolma is the youngest woman climber of Mt. • Pondicherry is the Union Territory of India which has a legislature. • A team of men in opposition to take over the different portfolios in case the party is able to wrest power is known as Shadow Cabinet. This explosion is known as ―Chernobyl Disaster‖.5%. • Chakmas are refugees from Bangladesh settled in India. • Charminar is located in Hyderabad (India). • New Moore Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal. • Borlaug.K during WWII. B. • Baku is famous for the production of petroleum.Page | 51 • Ambedkar. • Pasumpatinath temple is in Nepal. • Exfoliation is a type of weathering common both in the cold and in the hot climate regions. etc as compared with a base year.R is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution. • Euro is the name of New Single European Currency launched on January 1. • • Montesquieu gave the theory of separation of power. • India occupies first position in the world in the production of tea. • Thomas Jefferson authored American Declaration of Independence. • Erasmus was a Dutch writher. • Pierry Cardin is famous fashion designer. Dunant. • Eyes of potato are used for vegetative propagation. • The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Japan. • Pulitzer Prizes are awarded to Americans for excellence in journalism. • Lifeline Express is the world‘s first hospital on r ails operated in India. • Esperanto is an artificial international language created to act as world language. the component corresponding to pendulum of a pendulum clock. it must follow longitude connecting the two joints b/w which travel is to be undertaken. . • Jantar Mantar is an observatory in Delhi constructed in 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber. • Cross-breeding is to be done for achieving quick increase in milk production. etc. • The readings of a Fahrenheit and a Centigrade temperature is the same at -40°. • Kabalega is a National Park of Uganda. • Leningrad is a famous town in Russia situated on the bank of river Neva.‖ • Conditioned Reflex is the term mainly discussed in Psychology. Pea and Soyabean group of seeds are richer in protein than Rice and Maize. He authored Shakukntala. • Parliament of Switzerland is known as Federal Assembly. • Fenugreek seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus by normalizing his blood sugar level. • Elephant‘s tusks are called enlarged cartilaginous bones. • Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.T. Norman Ernest was American agricultural scientist t and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970. Kurein is associated with Dairy Farming. It is a comparative figure showing cost of living. • Gregory Mendel is called the Father of Genetics. • Every Street is paved with Gold was authored by Kim Woo-Chung. • Mother Teresa was born in Albania in 1910. • Quill feathers are on the wing and tail of birds and are helpful during their flight. • LIBOR is the basic interest rate on interbank loans in London. • India has 16% of world‘s population. Debtors are likely to benefit by Inflation. • Gary Kasparov is associated with Chess. • Chris Patten was the last British Governor of Hong Kong. • Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan. • Apsra is the first nuclear reactor of India. Watson is a fictional character created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. He was one of those who laid the groundwork of the Green Revolution. • Powder-type fire extinguisher is used for petroleum fire. • G. • Jain Commission was associated with probing the conspiracy angle of the Rajiv Gandh i assassination. 1999. • The concept of Public Interest Litigation originated in UK. • It is the President and not the PM who presides over the cabinet meetings in France. • Inflation means an increase in the amount of paper money which tends to raise general price level of commodities.A is a terrorist organization in Spain. • ISBN: International Standard Book Numbering is an internation system by which a distinct identifying number is assigned to each book. warmest and lightest wool in the world produced in Uzbekistan. • Blue revolution relates to fish farming. • Exit Poll is a term used to denote a post -election survey of voters regarding the candidate in whose favour they had exercised their franchise. • Prunning is associated with the cultivation of tea. • Photolysis is dissociation of water molecule in the chemical reaction of photosynthesis. • Gram. • Kalidas was the greatest of the Sanskrit daramatist. • Dunkel Draft relates to international trade. Everest. • Saw-scaled viper is the only snake that builds a nest. V. • The average salinity of sea water is 3. • Churchill was PM of U. • Kalinga Prize is awarded for popularization of science each year by UNESCO. • It is summer season in Australia during Christmas. • Desdemona is a character in the Shakespeare‘s play Othello. • Guemica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. • Dr. • If a ship desires to travel the shortest route. • Laos is the only land-locked country in South-East Asia. • Meri Ekyaven Kavitayen is collection of poems of Atal Behari Vajpayee. 1993. • Bhutan is called the ―Land of Thunder Dragon‖. Mendel is known as founder of genetics. • Sigmund Freud founded the technique of pshychoaralysis. • Last Supper is a famous Renaissance painting by Leonardo da Vinci. production prices. • Zero Rate Inflation obtains necessarily in a year where the annual rate of inflation is c onstant in every week of the year.H. • Scenes from a writer‘s life is the autobiography of Ruskin Bond. His Praise of Folly is still read. • Jurassic Park was directed by Steven Spielberg. • A deflector is a technique of adjusting for changes in price level. • Debenture is a certificate issued by a company promising the payment of a specified amount at a fixed rate of interest after a specified period. • Jana-gana-mana is India‘s National Anthem. • Aquaculture refers to fish-farming or fish culture.J. He is known to have said ― I have nothing to offer except blood. • Charar-e-Sharief is the Dargah of Sufi saint Sheikh Nooruddin Wali in Kashmir. • Missionaries of Charity is the religious order established by Mother Teresa. • E. • Crystal oscillator is in electric watch. • Buoy stands for a man serving in any hotel for luggage transportation or as a guide. • Red Cross Movement was launched by J. founder of Daewoo. • Chernobayl is a Russian city having a nuclear power plant where a tank of readioactive waste exploded in April. • Dr. • Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms of area. • Shahtoosh is the finest.

.????? • Karachi Nuclear Power plant is with the help of ... • Wheatstone Bridge is used to measure resistances. the relationship is called Parasitism. combodia's communist party • Statement to combat terrorism by task forces.opportunity zones Recently Pakistan is aided by 200mw by ...... America and France to fight for their liberty. Israel • Cities of Afghanistan border along with Pakistan border. USA.. • When two organisms exit in such a way that only one is benefited by the other.. • The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Belgium. Ethnology • Marco Polo was.. • Eli Whitney of America invented the cotton gin that separates seeds from cotton three hundred times faster that by hand in 1793... • Torah is the sacred book of the Parsis... Indonasia • Silicon valley in California is famous because of Software Industry • In 2008 monarchy ended in a country after 240 years... • Savana grasslands are found in Africa. Hawaii • The term Intifada means. • Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of Aurangzeb....????? • Which city of Afghanistan produces most opium.... • A seed is a ripened ovule. • Large aperture telescopes are used for greater resolution... • • El Nino is associated with world weather... Zollick • Petticoat government is the government by. Afghanistan • Country with which Pakistan is having most of his trade.. Iraq • Country recently elected to IAEA... economy and history. • Lightning is formed when strong opposite charges in different clouds break down the resistance offered by intervening air.... • • Likud and Kaldima parties belong to. • Exbiology is the study of life or its possibility on other planets. Jordan • Madhya Pradesh is the largest state in India (by area). • Universal Product Code (UPC) is adopted against adulteration in eatables. Housing and mortgage problem in USA • African Union President. • United Kingdom consists of England.... UAE • Oldest anthem in the world is.Page | 52 • USA is the world‘s principal producer of Soyabean..... Zardari • A place between the seven wonders.????? • World Bank president is ...No single party has the majority • Country with the largest Kurd population.. • Russia gives oil to Europe through the route of... • Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile...Singapore....all income earn in year • Petra is a new archaelogical place in the country.... Japan • Khmer Rouge was attacked by. etc • Obama's convoy to Middle East.... • Bulgaria and Greece are disputing over the historical Macedonian territory. • The Road Ahead is written by Bill Gates........ Uprising • Hamas was founded by.. Sheikh Ahmad Yasin in 1987.poland and czech republic. SAARC and D8 ... Barack Hussein Obama is America‘s 44th President. Jehangir • Operation cast lead was the name which killed 1400 • Winner of 8-oscar awards movie in 2008.... Kazikhstan • Hemmant Thakare was the..OIC • Tamils are fighting in which are of Srilanka......Buck collaborated..1965 • Oldest organization among OIC.. migration of skilled labour • Russia is worried about the Missile defence system of US in.?????? • US under agreement of partnership with Pakistan will give . Jaffana • Naxalite movement is in .....size of palestinian state • A persons name was written and was asked about the organisation.. • Tape worm has no digestive system because it is a saprophyte... Northern Island. • Historical materialism is a tenet of Marxims.1000kgs • UN spends $8-billion every year on.. Canada • A country closed her station for USA. • Dolby B or Dolby C is printed on tape recorders and other sound systems refers to Noise reduction circuit. • Stromboli is a volcano in Sicily... CNN.. Moammar Gadhafi • Oil company Aramaco is of.. • Qutub Minar made by Iltutmish. scouts. • John Locke published a famous pamphlet known as ‗Right of Mass‘ and urged the people in England.... Helmand • Transit trade agreement b/w pak and afghan in........ Charles Darwin • BIN is the intelligence agency of... India • Teges is the currency of... • The new administrative capital proposed for Myanmar is Pyinmana...... • 200th anniversary of the scientist in 2009. • Pea can fix nitrogen from air..... Chief of Indian Squad during Mumbai drama • The Idea of AESM meeting organization was given by a person of country... Bajur • The word Philately means. John Mitchel • National Income of the country is.. Netherlands • Hung Parliament is.. • In Lawrence of Arabia Nobel Laureate Pearl S.... • In terms of the evolution of organism bat is the most advanced among pigeon. • The framers of the Constitution borrowed the idea of judicial review from the Constitution of USA. Cuba • Pearl Harbor is in the state of USA. Uttar Pardesh (by population) • Sigmund Freud. ECO.. Traveler • East India Company was established during the period of .. shark & vultures. Nepal • Country celebrating 50th anniversary of communist revolution... • The Red Fort was built by Shahjehan. Buland Darwaza made by Akbar and Moti Masjid made by Aurangzeb.approach to study mankind with respect to society... Gol Gumbaz made by Mohammad Adil Shah..??????? • Russian News agency. medical doctor. Ukraine • Khar is in . • Mr..peacekeeping.. red cross.... Saudi Arabia • The country with foreign reserves of above $2 trillion. Woman • Brain Drain is. London • 1-metric ton is equal to. Kyrgyzstan • World economic crisis was due to...... physiologist... • Anton van Leeuwenhoek first time saw bacteria through a microscope made by him in 1683.Itar-Tass • Israel peace process with palestine was stalled...... Stamps collection • Study of Human races...Slum dog Millionaire • Madam Tausand museum is in . Scotland & Wales.. • Sandy soil is dry in comparison to clay due to Capillary action. is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century . psychologist and father of psychoanalysis.

Harvard. • Protectorate state of world is Bhutan. • Intifada means uprising.K Rowling? Harry Potter • Which Railway line connects Pakistan and Iran? The Quetta-Zahedan line connects Pakistan and Iran by railway • In which state of USA Hollywood is located? California.Pinta and Santa Maria • Which leader died in St Helena: Napoleon Bonaparte • What does ring a ring a roses refer to: The Black Death • What would you do with a maris piper :Eat it . • Temple of Tooth(Budha‘s tooth) is at Kandy. • PLO was expelled by Jordon. • India and Pak: are fighting on Siachen since 1984. Princeton. • Sir Hugh Willoighby & Richard Chancellor discovered white sea and ocean route to Russia.What it is called when Stock Exchange is going down? Bearish • Akelman desert is in which country? China • When did Greenwich Meridian Watch start to work? 1884 • What is Evangelicals? • Which monarchy has recently allowed females to rule? • Which was the native town of Babar? Farghana • Who is considered as the Leader of modern Chinese economy? Deng Xiaoping • When did Crusade begin? 1099 • When for the first time 'Doctrine of Necessity" was used in Pakistan? Mulvi Tameez -ud-din case • How many zero'z are in 1 trillion? 12 zero • What Chinese Muslims are called in province ____of China?province= Xinjiang Uygur. • First civil war among Muslims was battle of Jamal. • Gautam Siddharta Buddha was born in Nepal. • How many members were in the UN when it was established? 51 • • • South Pole is in Antactica. • Hamas was formed in 1987. • In 1845 British defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore in the battle of Sabraon. Dartmouth. Jerusalem.C by Octavian. Tongo & Fiji in 1642. • Leif Eriesson reaced North America. • Al-Fateh was established in 1958. • Boston Tea Party event is related to American Independence.it‘s a potato • What is the currency of Austria: Schilling • What is the Islamic equal to the red cross: Red Crescent • What are Munroes: Mountains in Scotland • What does an alopecia sufferer lack Hair • What is a baby rabbit called Kit or Kitten . Corn ell. • All parties Huriyat Conference is a party of 23 parties. • First WW lasted for 4 years. • Confucianism is found in China & Taiwan. • Length of line of control is 720 km.4 • A pariah state is one whose conduct is considered to be out of line with international norms of behavior.82. • Smeary (Dajla & Euphrates). • Afghan ruler at the time of USSR invasion was BArbark Kermal. Columbia. • UAE comprises of 7 states. • Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. Indian/Mohinjodaro. and Yale) that over the years have had common interests in scholarship as well as in athletics. • What is the freezing point of heavy water? Freezing point (°C) 3. begun under Genghis. • Only African country that remained independent during colonial rule was Ethiopia. • Kosovo got indidependence from Yogoslavia. • Which gas company of Russia supplies gas to European states? Gazprom • Which famous character is produced by J. • The term digital divide refers to the gap between peo ple with effective access to digital and information technology and those with very limited or no. • Average temp: on siachen is -40 degree Celcius. • Abel Taman discovered Newzealand. • Shortes ever war fought that lasted for 6 days Arab-Israel war.6% of world population. • Roman Empire was established in 27 B. • % of Muslims in Jammu & Kashmir is 95%. • Which female PM served for the longest period of time in the world? Margret Thature. Sinai Peninsula is the part of Egypt that lies in Asia.Page | 53 and the father of modern psychology. • Which of the Mughal emperor is burried outside the present Pak and India territory? Babur at Bagh -e-Babur (Kabul) (Afghanistan) & Bahadur Shah Zafar (Yangoon). • Asia size is 29. muslims named as = Geys' Mazars • The conquest of China.5% of the world. • Egypet is both in Africa & Asia (Northeastern Africa & Southwestern Asia). • Columbus discovered South America in 1494. • Mughals ruled India for 331 years. Boiling point (°C) 101. Pennsylvania. • What is Ivy league? Ivy League is the name generally applied to eight universities (Brown. • Napoleon was exiled to St: Helena in Mediterranean in 1814-15. • What name is given to the place of 9/11? Ground Zero • Gestapo" was the secret police of which country? Germany. • PLO established in 1964 its HQ is in Rammalah. (Gangies & Sindh) were flourishing at the banks of the mighty rivers. • Which member of Gandhi family died a natural death? None. • Khalil Jibran belonged to which country? Lebanon 79. • Shintoism is in Japan. • Wiiliam Janszoon discovered Australia. • India launched operation Vidhara on Siachen in 1984. • Where can you find London bridge today: USA ( Arizona ) • Which animal lays eggs: Duck billed platypus • What do deciduous trees do Lose their leaves in winter • How many feet in a fathom Six • Christopher Columbus sailed in the Nina . • Germany was defeated by England in a naval fight in 1916 in battle of Jutland. • Taliban regime came into power in 1996. • Tallest tree is Redwood. • Opium war waged from 1839-42 b/w China & Britain. • East Timore got independence from Indonesia. • Jesus Christ was born at Bethalhem. • Yasir Arafat passed away in Paris on 11 Nov: 2004. was completed 65 years later under KUBLAI KHAN. • Asia‘s population is 58. • Second largest ethinc group in Afghanistan is Tajik. • Siachen means place of wild roses. • Hazbullah means Party of God.

was signed in 1954 • Which of the following territories of India was/were invaded by China on November 19.either professional or amateur: Art of Dancing • Whose autobiography was The long walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela • Clyde Tonbaugh discovered what planet in 1930: Pluto • Which chess piece could be a member of the church: Bishop • Which American state is nicknamed The Diamond State: Delaware • What martial arts name means gentle way: Judo • Kimberlite contains what precious item: Diamonds • Which country introduced the worlds first diesel loco in 1912: Germany • What animals name translates as water horse: Hippopotamus • Which two metals are alloyed to make pewter: Tin and Lead • What is the longest river in Italy: Po • Oil seed rape belongs to which plant family: Mustard • Zambia and Zimbabwe used to be called what: Rhodesia • What is the staple food of one third of the worlds population: Rice • What digit does not exist in Roman Numerals: Zero • Who was nicknames The desert Fox (both Names): Erwin Rommel • Which European country is divided into areas called Cantons: Switzerland • Who created Tarzan (all names) in 1914: Edgar Rice Burroughs • Who is the only American president elected unopposed: George Washington • Which countries men use the most deodorant: Japan • What was the first credit card: Diners Club • Which country made the worlds first feature film in 1906: Australia Story of Kelly gang • Where is the worlds largest gold depository: Federal reserve bank Manhattan • What is 6 inches bigger in Summer: Eiffel tower • Which 1956 film caused riots in cinemas: Rock around the clock • From what language does the word alphabet come: Greek -alpha beta • What was the first film made in cinemascope: The robe • A pearmain is what type of fruit: Apple • What did God create on the fifth day (both): Sea creatures and birds • What were the first false teeth made from: Ivory • Which leader lives in the Potola: Dalai Lama • Which country invented the concentration camp: Britain . run: with zero velocity • Humming bird belongs to a category called: Endotherm • PERT is a technique used for which one of the following? Project Management • Han myung has become the first woman prime minister of south korea. • At which international film festival is the ‗Golden Lion‘ awarded to the best film? Venice Film Festival • Which of the following planets takes nearly the same time for a rotation on its own axis as does the Earth? Mars • Who was the founder of the Asiatic Society? William Jones • Fortis Hospitals chain is an enterprise of Ranbaxy • The major natural regions of the world are delineated primarily on the basis of temperature. by which both accepted Panchsheel as the basis of their relations. • The cigarette lighter was invented before the match • Every drop of seawater contains approximately 1 billion gold atoms • The US national anthem actually has three verses.before it was Britain: Albion • What part of a frog do you rub to hypnotise it: Its belly • What was the first gramophone record made from: Tinfoil • which famous person invented the cat flap: Isaac Newton • What was invented by Dr Albert Southwick in 1881: Electric chair • Where would you find line of Mars . It was the fashion in Renaissance Florence to shave them off.Boer war • Scotopic people can do what: See in the dark • What is the most critical thing keeping bananas fresh transport: Temperature not below 13 C 55F • What city has Kogoshima as its airport: Tokyo • What is a baby whale called: Calf • On what is the Mona Lisa painted: Wood • Which bird turns it head upside do wn to eat: Flamingo • Who rode a horse called Bucephalus: Alexander the Great • Who invented popcorn: American Indians • For what is spirits of salt another name: Hydrochloric acid • What flower is the symbol of secrecy: Rose • What is the white trail behind a jet plane made from: Ice Crystals • If you were doing vaccimulgence what doing: Milking a cow • Who was the Greek goddess of love: Aphrodite • What is the only creature that can turn its stomach inside out: Starfish • What is the worlds most popular green vegetable: Lettuce • Which country had the first women MPs 19 in 1907: Finland • Which Mediterranean countries orchestra is bigger than its army Monaco • Where can you buy a copy of Penguin News: Falkland Islands • Which African country was founded by Americans: Liberia • What was Britain called . • The first product to have a bar code was Wrigley's gum.lines in Palmistry . which moves with the velocities comparable wit h the velocity of light. • The total combined weight of the worlds ant population is heavier than the weight of the human population. 1962? Ladakh and NEFA • Deflation is contraction in volume of money or credit that results in a decline of price level • Which one of the following is not allied to Geophysical Sciences? Palaeontology • The conservation of hawks and owls is important to mankind chiefly because these birds eat many harmful rodents • the plane of the earth‘s equator were not inclined to the plane of • In which city was the famous black hole: Calcutta • If you had rubella what would you have caught: German Measles • La Giaconda is better known as what: Mona Lisa • Eric Arthur Blaire was the real name of which autho r: George Orwell • Which country do Sinologists study: China • What is Orchesis .Page | 54 • Which country had The Dauphin as a ruler France • What is a Winston Churchill Cigar • Who or what lives in a formicarium Ants • It‘s a flock of sheep what's a group of owls called Parliament • What animal would you find in a form. but everyone just knows the first one.Hare • John browe minnoch (1941-83) of USA was the heaviest man.Girdle of Venus: Palm . He weighted 635 kgs. • The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. rainfall and cultivated vegeta tion • The agreement between India and China. • Buckingham Palace in England has over six hundred rooms • The winter of 1932 was so cold that Niagara Falls froze completely solid • Butterflies taste with their feet • One of the countries through which equator passes is: Malaysia • Clocks.

and what other country-Canada • What invention was nicknamed the Noisy Serpent in 1902-Vacuum Cleaner .Ashmolian 1679: Oxford • To what family does the hippopotamus belong: Pig • In which city is the worlds oldest tennis court from 1496: Paris • Who said Politics is the art of the possible 11 Aug 1867: Otto Von Bismarck • In which country did Turkeys originate: USA • What colour is worn for funerals in Egypt: Yellow • An Arab horse has less what than other horses: Bones .name it-The Olympic • Halcyon is the poetic name for which bird-Kingfisher • Which country invented French fried potatoes-Belgium • The word bungalow comes from which language -Hindi • What is the Japanese Shinkasen-High speed Train • What is a travelator-Horizontal Escalator • Where was Napoleon born-Ajaccio -Corsican capitol • In the wild what animal pollinates banana plants-Bats • What colour is the Black Box carried in aircraft -Orange • Allium Sativum is better known as what -Garlic • What was Madam Curie's husbands name-Pierre • The USA president lives in the White House .000 rifles to 50.Who Blue House-President South Korea • What does an aronophobe fear -Internet • Which world famous landmark is found on Mount Lee? The Hollywood Sign • The name of which Indian city means Village of Boiled Beans -Bangalore • What county has its map on its flag-Cyprus • Lucknow is a city in India .what does the name mean: Mountain of Light • What was Britain's first colony (annexed in 1583): Newfoundland • A skulk is a group of which animals: Foxes • Who was the Goddess of the rainbow: Iris • Who was the first actor to appear on cover of Time magazine: Charlie Chaplin • In which country did the turnip originate: Greece • Which animals can live longest without water: Rats • Which fruit contains the most protein: Avocado • In sailing ship days who often acted as the ships doctor: Cook • A muster is a group of which birds: Peacocks • Which country grew the first Orange: China • Gossima was the original name of what game: Table Tennis • A kindle is the name for a group of what young animals: Kittens • Minerva is the Goddess of what: Wisdom • One person every 6 seconds dies from what: Contaminated water diseases • The length of what is approximately 1/10th circumference of earth: Great wall of China • USA has most airports which country has second most: Australia • In 1829 Walter Hunt invented what common item: Safety Pin • Who invented punched cards used in early computing 1880s: Herman Hollerith • 1500 paces was what Roman measurement: League • Who gave the UN the land in NY to build their HQ: John D Rockerfeller • Which writer coined the word Cyberspace in 1984: William Gibson –Neuromancer • What is the oldest known infectious disease: Leprosy • What was invented in 1855 45 years later than it was needed: Can Opener • Chogori is better know by what boring name: K2 • Which country has the worlds biggest (on land) National Park: Canada – Wood Buffalo 17300s ml • What was Edison‘s first practical invention: Tick a Tape for stockmarket • Which company invented the transistor radio in 1952: Sony • What metal impurity makes rubies red and emeralds gree n: Chromium • What is dittology: Double meaning • Which country invented the mariners compass: China • How was Alexander the Greats body preserved: In large jar of honey • What was invented 1903 .who rules.one vertebra less • In what country did red onions originate: Italy • What job did Ernest Hemmingway do in WW1: Ambulance Driver • What was the name of the Roman God of sleep-Somnos • What is the name of the four holy books of the Hindus-The Vedas • What animal always gives birth to same sex twins-Armadillo • What colour is named after a battle fought in Italy in 1859-Magenta • What does the name Ghengis Khan mean-Very Mighty Ruler • What is the most common disease in the world-Dental Caries • Which country was the first to make seat belts compulsory-Czechoslovakia • A young what is called an Eyas-Hawk • In a Gynocracy .patented 1906 G C Beilder: Photocopier • What country consumes the most coal each year: China • What does soviet mean: Workers Council • In which city is the worlds oldest museum .Women • What type of animal is a markhor-Wild Goat • What is the last book of the Bible-Revelations • What historical event was referred to as Black 47-Irish Potato Famine • Tempera uses water and what to paint with.Canada • In which country were modern banknotes first used-Sweden • What does the syrinx help a bird to do-Sing • What food item in French literally means twice cooked-Biscuit • The Titanic has a sister ship .Egg Yoke • Which company developed the Laser Printer -Cannon • The name of which countries capital means good air -Argentina – Buenos Aires • Which dictator preferred 50.Page | 55 • What do Ombrophobes fear: Rain • Who landed on Timor Island after being cast adrift: Captain Bligh • A C-Curity was the original name of what common object: Zip Fastener • What does ludo mean (literally): I Play • An elephant has 400000 what in its trunk: Muscles • What colour is cerulean: Deep Blue • What does Zip stand for in the American Zip Code: Zone Improvement Plan • Percy Shaw invented what in 1934: Cats eyes • Which acid was first prepared from distilled red ants: Formic acid • Milton lost which sense: Sight • Eiffel designed the Eiffel tower .000 votes-Benito Mussolini • What country was once named New France.what was his first name: Gustave • The Koh-i-Nor is a famous diamond .

MM • What is the sacred animal of Thailand-White Elephant • We have all heard Hari Krishna .Albania • Reykjavik translates into what -Smoky Bay • What is Christmas Disease-Mild Haemophilia • What US state is the magnolia state-Mississippi • 72% of what country is covered by forest .Ants • The milk of what creature will not curdle.what animal is murine-Mouse or Rat • The Golden Rain is the common name of what tree-Laburnum • What countries nation anthem is Land of Two Rivers-Iraq • Queen Alexandria's is the worlds largest what -Butterfly 1 foot wing • Collective nouns .what does Krishna mean-Dark as a cloud • Feline cats .Finland • On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted.in Sudan • What are young bats called-Pups • What plant has flowers but no leaves-Cactus • Who was the Roman Goddess of peace-Pax • What is a baby squirrel called-Kit or Kitten • If you are born in March what is your Flower-Violet • What is the only word in English that ends in mt -Dreamt • What country has a Bible on its flag-Dominican Republic • What is the only number in English that has letters in alpha order-Forty • What is the name for 100th of a second-A Jiffy • 10% (by weight) of the worlds land animals are what species.Aelurophobia-Cats • If you graduate with a degree in music what colour tassel wear-Pink • In the Bible who built the ancient city of Babylon -Nimrod • What was the first day of the year in the Roman calendar -25th March • What does Karaoke literally mean -Empty Orchestra • In what country did stamp collecting start -France • Where do the White and Blue Niles join-Khartoum .Jesus is second • What is a spermologer interested in.Charlie Chaplain have his first speaking part 1940-The Great Dictator • What Prophet in the Bible had a talking donkey-Balaam • What common word comes from the Latin for who are you -Quiz • Napoleon had a fear of what .Camel • What do cockroaches do every fifteen minutes-Fart • Noah's Ark had two of everything including what feature.what colour is their skin-Stripped • What bird has the most feathers per square inch-Penguin • A dog is canine . Pierre St -Martin and Berger in France-Worlds deep caves • Dallol Ethiopia has what claim to fame-Worlds hottest • average place 94-Where are Bay of Heats and Bay of Dew Sinus Aestuum – Roris-Near side of Moon • What is Canada's oldest city founded in 1608-Quebec • Narcotics comes from the Greek .what is its literal translation-Dried Up • Edward Hunter USA Journalist invented what term Korean war-Brainwashing • • What word in English has the most definitions-Set • Desire for more cows is the translation what Sanskrit word-War .China • What was Socrates wife's name-Xanthippe • What order of insects contains the most species-Beetles • What is Rice Paper made from-A Tree .Trivia • What is 2000 in Roman Numerals.a Cast of what -Falcons • What European countries flag is square-Switzerland • What is an octot hrope-The # symbol • Tigers have stripped fur .a Convocation of what-Eagles • In proportion which animal has the largest eye-Cat • Collective Nouns .what animal is ovine-Sheep • A cat is feline .Hummingbird • In what city 1985 was the worlds first computer museum opened-Boston • Skeleton is derived from Greek .put on foreheads • Siddhartha Gautama became better known as who -Buddha • Where was Ice Cream invented.A train of what -Camels • Who said "The child is the father o f the man"-Wordsworth • Collective nouns .The Rice Paper Tree pith • What is Nelson Mandela's middle name-Rolihlahla • Tenzin Gyatso became what in 1937-Dali Lama • In what country was Mother Theresa born.Windows • The Invisible Empire is better known as what -Klu Klux Klan • The word vinegar come from French meaning what -Sour Wine • In Saudi Arabia by law women may not become what -A Doctor • Most blue eyed cats are what -Deaf • The name of which animal means does not drink-Koala • Collective Nouns .a streak of what-Tigers • There are over 130000 species of what on earth-Butterflies • Azote was the original name of what element -Nitrogen • What animals cannot swim-Gorillas • The UIT govern what sport -International shooting union • There are more telephones than people in what city-Washington USA • If you landed at Arlanda airport where would you be-Stockholm Sweden • What country declared itself first atheist state in 1967-Albania – banned religion • What is the Roman numerals for 3000-MMM • What are Jean Bernard.Page | 56 • What country has a regiment of bicycle mounted soldiers-Switzerland • Which animal has legs but cant walk.Aquiline what -Eagle • What animal is the symbol of long life in Korea-Deer • What animal was the symbol of freedom in ancient Rome-Cat • Time Magazine named what as the Man of the Year 1982-The Computer • What animals teeth were used as knife blades by the Indians-Beaver • If you were studying Iatrology what would you be studying-Science of Medicine • The United Nations in New York were originally where-San Francisco • In what country is the northernmost point of Africa-Tunisia • In what film .Bovine Cows .what it literally mean-Electric eels .Pin Heads • What city used to be known as Bytown-Ottawa • The Red Rose City has what more common name in Jordan-Petra • Who does a Filicide kill-Son or Daughter .same in English • What is the most mentioned name in the Bible-David .

Endangered Species • Who wrote the book .38th Parallel • first American state to enter the union 7 Dec 1787.Philippines • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city.Florence • In what literary work would you find the yahoos.Baltic sea • What is the name of the cranial bone just above your ear Temporal • Who led the Soviets when they invaded Hungary in 1956 Nikita Khruschcev • In astronomy what are rapidly ro tating neutron stars called Pulsars • The word Atom comes from the Greek meaning what Indestructible • What part of the body is most bitten by insects The Foot • 90% of bird species are what Monogamous • countries on 2 continents Russia Turkey (Asia Europe) and Egypt .Herring • What was the name of the first presidential aircraft -Sacred Cow • What flower is the symbol of culture-The Lotus • In what prison did Nelson Mandela spend 19 of 27 years in jail-Robben Island • What is Virga-Rain the don‘t reach ground • A Pullicologist is an expert in what -Fleas • What colour is caffeine.what -Blink • first man to set foot on all five continents.Stupidity • What country is the worlds oldest functioning democracy-Iceland • What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan • If you suffered from pyrexia what have you got-Fever • Nine inches in nautical measure is called what .Queensland Australia • Mesopotamia means.A Span • What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland • Where was volleyball invented-France • What is mosquitoes main food-Nectar from flowers • What killed half the US soldiers in WW1.Farts damage spacesuits • What does a myrmecologist study-Ants • Women do it twice as often as men .in the same day-Mexico • There are 300 distinct different types of what food-Honey • What country has three capital cities Admin Legislate Judicial-South Africa • Countries name means Place where one struggles with God-Israel • Ecuador was named after who / what -The Equator • The Davis Strait lies between Canada and where-Greenland • Children take SATs what does SAT stand for-Standard assessment tasks • A lion and a sword appear on what countries flag -Sri Lanka • What animals are likely to die first from global warming-Polar Bears • In the 19th century what was known as inheritance powder -Arsenic – as poison • What animal has the most taste buds over 27000-Catfish • What is sometimes nicknamed Adams Profession-Gardener • What profession makes regular use of vibrators-Potters .Lucifer • What animals name translate from Arabic as He who walks fast Giraffe – from Xirapha • What is in the Red Data Book.Battle of New Orleans • What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies".Alexander Graham Bell .Page | 57 • What was the first country to recognise the US as independent-Morocco • And what country won it .Sea Horse • In what country is the worlds largest pyramid Mexico – Quetzalcoatl • What city was known as Christiana until 1925.Between two Rivers • Only three Angels are named in Bible Gabriel Michael and who .Delaware Pennsylvania second • old man in The Old Man and the Sea named Santiago • unit of sound named after.1918 Flu Epidemic • What is the opposite of Plenum-Vacuum • Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania • Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright • There is one gallon of water in every cubic mile of what-Fog • What capital city translates as Capital City in the native tongue -Seoul .Newborn Babies • geographical dividing line N/S Korea.South Korea • What food are astronauts prohibited before a mission Beans .Rangoon Burma • What countries name translates as lion mountains .Oslo – Sweden • What sea is directly north of Poland.Barberossa • FIDE govern what game -Chess • The density of what is measured on the Rngelmann scale.Smoke • Who would be scored on the Apgar scale.Sierra Leone • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia.Gulliver's Travels • What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient "-Manilla .Age of horse – it‘s on its teeth • first space probe to land on the moon 13 Sept 1959 Luna 2 • What fish has its head at right angles to its body.Captain Cook • What gives onions their distinctive smell.what Counterfeit British Notes • Kangaroos and Emus can't do what-Walk backwards • What country had three presidents .Glasgow Coma Scale • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed.Sweden • What is the worlds most widely eaten fish.Sulphur .White powder • In what country would you buy Kingfisher lager-India • Name Australia's highest mountain-Mount Kosciusko • What was Napoleons mothers name-Laticia • In what language was The Communist Manifesto written-German • Monology is the study of what .Africa and Asia • What are male crabs known as Jimmies • In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard .remove air from clay • What part of the body ages the fastest -The Hands • What is the word Taxi short for-Taximeter • In medicine what is nicknamed a blue pipe-A Vein • What sport was called The Royal Sport -Cock Fighting • What cities underground has the most stations-New York • Name the Hong Kong stock exchange-Hang Seng • What is a bandy bandy-A Snake • What is the fastest creature raced for sport-Pigeon .Decibel • What nationality was first person in space not US or Russian Czech – Vladimir Remek Soyuz 28 • Inspecting Galvaynes Groove tells you what .Call of the Wild-Jack London • What is the name of the scale measuring depth of coma (GCS) .taken in when growing • What animals name comes from the Sanskrit to steal-Mouse – Musha • What is a Winter Banana -A variety of Apple • Where are the glasshouse mountains.

Persia • Where would you find a Dry Bible :Heart chamber of a Ruminant • Which mammal has the fewest teeth.Son of Kong • What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters • What colour is the number 10 on 10 Downing street-White • What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920 • The average child wears out 730 by age ten 730 what -Crayons • What nation invented the toilet seat .Queen Elizabeth 1st • What city is at the mouth of the Menam river.first 5 all Moses books • What is the literal meaning of the title Viceroy-In place of the King • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable • Men are ten times more likely than women to have what -Colour Blindness • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second -Coffee • What animals evidence is admissib le in US courts-A Bloodhound • Which country in the world produces the most mangos-India . they usually have more .Intravenuspylorigram • What colour is iridium-Steel Grey • What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking • Who was called The Man of Destiny-Napoleon Bonaparte • What word is derived from the Arabic mawsim meaning season Monsoon • Sicily is the traditional source of which element .African Elephant over 50 years • Who was the father of Alexander the Great .DV • In WW1 what were Lucifer's.Tin strip ball can't hit • What is the most redesigned appliance in the world-Telephone Handset • In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders Park • What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894 • What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados • Satan is Lucifer but what does Lucifer mean -The Light Bearer • What does a Grabatologist collect-Ties • What country has two AK47 assault rifles on it's flag -Mozambique • The Arabs call it Al-Maghrib what do we call it-morocco • In what country did tulips originate.Philip II of Macedon • Which country makes the most films per year.A nail biter • Woman's are faster than men's.Invisible ink • The martial art tai quon do translates literally as what Kick Art Way • Who wrote "To err is human to forgive divine" Alexander Pope essay on criticism • What is the capital of Panama.Per Head • What country used the ringgit as currency.Union • Who was the founder of Judaism-Abraham • Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea.Egyptian • What is an onychophagist.Malaysia • On a standard rainbow what colour is on the inside of the curve Violet • What animal stands for the longest period.A Sixteenth • Airman T E Shaw in WW2 was better known as who .Armadillo .Type of Mirage • What is or was the capitol of Hong Kong.Panama • Name the Capital of the Ukraine-Kiev • In Bradshaws you would find information about what -Railways • Which countries leader was an extra in Hollywood-Fidel Castro • BOZ was the penname if which writ er-Charles Dickens • Which spice comes in hands -Ginger • In the Old Testament what is the first book of Moses-Genesis .Kidney Stones.T E Laurence of Arabia • Hydrosis is the medical term for what -Sweating • What does per capita literally mean. • Canaan Banana was the first president of where-Zimbabwe • What hairs are the last to lose their colour with age-Eyelashes • The Black Death came to England from what port -Calais • What is the currency of Egypt-The Pound • The town of Banana in Queensland is named after what -A huge bullock • After English what's the most widely used language on the net -German • Two thirds of the worlds geysers are found where-Yellowstone Park • Where were the worlds first paved streets-Rome 170 bc • The word Angel derives from the Greek meaning what -Messenger • Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year -King Kong .Black Sea • What is a Fata Morgana.Hydrofluoric Acid • What is a half of a half of a half of a half.Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot • Which acid dissolves glass.Brave • In the USA what is Marine One.Matches • In Animal Farm what was the name of the farm.Page | 58 • The New Testament originally written in what language-Greek • What is the only Christian country in Asia-The Philippines • A snake has only one lung.Sulphur • Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch.none • An IVP is used to detect what medical condition.Victoria • What creature can live up to one year without eating ( you? ) Bedbug • The word Sofa comes from the Arabic meaning what Bench • Which plant gets its name from the Persian for turban Tulip • What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet • What are the Roman numerals for 505.Bangkok • Ireland and New Zealand are the only countries that lack what Native Snakes • Who named a city after his horse Bucephalus Alexander the Great • In Hindu philosophy what does Yoga literally mean.Presidents Helicopter • Name the first teddy bear in space.what-Heartbeats • The electric light first available product what's second-Electric Oven • What's the only city today split in two by a wall-Nicosia Cyprus • What is the Latin word for poison-Virus • In medicine what is an Anomaloscope used for-Test for colour blindness • In what sport would you find a Tell Tale-Squash .Italy • Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid: Israeli raid on Entebbe • The cast iron plant is another name for which pot plantn Aspidistra • The word Mongol means what in Mongolian.India • In what does a steganographer write messages.Manor Farm • Where was pizza first invented Milan • In what country did the Sabines live.

Complimentary metalOxide semi-conductor • Which worlds city is known as The Golden City: Prague Czech • Which country contains every type of climate in the world:New Zealand • In what country was the paperclip invented-Norway • Where is the only digital rolex watch in the world :Wimbledon centre court • Where were the original loopholes.Jericho • What does Magna Carta literally mean.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit -Hectare • The word philosophy comes from Greek literally meaning what Love of wisdom • In computing what does EPOS stand for-Electronic Point of Sale • Vanilla is part of which plant family-Orchids • Name woman set up free birth control clinic in Holloway in 1920 Marie Stopes • The Wright brothers made aircraft but what was their other job: Bicycle manufacturers • Which city is the capital of Tuscany-Florence • What is the opposite of nocturnal -Diurnal • What fruit does not ripen after picking-Pineapple • What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-Finland • In the animal kingdom what creatures are in the order—Chiroptera-Bats • What would you do with a wandering sailor-Plant it it‘s a plant • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK Battle of Jutland • Sand.Greek .Chuck • What is the meaning of Ghandi.Great Charter • Who built the worlds first film studio .Sheltered Harbour • Which fruit is the symbol of hospitality.John Milton – capitol of hell • Which companies name translates as abundant fields: Toyota • What is the hole in a pencil sharpener called.Thomas Alva Edison • The word nylon is made up from what .New York – London • What country is coffee originally from.Venice • In WW1 what warning device was on the top of Eiffel Tower: Parrots • What is sometimes referred to as Zulu time.CQD .Greenwich mean time • Nylon was invented in 1934 what product first used it: Toothbrush • Before 1687 clocks never had what .B • What creature is the symbol of medicine.Grocer • What is the most chemically complex food .Lawyer • Which is the oldest walled city in the world.Pineapple • Which city is built on 118 islands.over 300 chemicals Chocolate • Which building material gets its name from Arabic for the brick Adobe • Russia has one but the US has at least six – what: Places called Moscow • What was Helen Keller's first word.Page | 59 • 2.Cabbage • Which English word comes from the French for candle: Chandelier • In which European capitol city is a cannon fired at 1.Lira • What does CMOS stand for in a computer.Brightest in sky • The Afghan Taliban use which colour of flag.00 pm daily Edinburgh • Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter.Executive Mansion • Which is the only middle eastern county without a desert Lebanon • Who invented the word pandemonium .Broccoli • What nationality was Cleopatra.what does-Himalayas • What was the White House formerly known as . Soda and what are the main ingredients of glass-Limestone • What colour are the seats in the House of Lords-Red .Castle walls – arrow firing slits • What religious leaders name means Sign of God: Ayatollah • In which country is the Nokia company based.White • What was Queen Victoria's first name.Snake • Which vegetable is also a flower.Malta • The word Utopia from Greek means what -Nowhere • Which vegetable is 91% water .alcohol is yeast piss • In WW2 in what French city did the Germans surrender Reims • What was Ghandi's profession.Water • Which country consumes the most chicken per capita: Saudi Arabia • What was the distress call before SOS.Minute hands • What was the most bombed place in WW2.None • Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • In the Sikh religion what is kesh-Uncut hair or beard • At Waterloo who commanded the Prussian troops: Marshal Blucher • Which bird is the symbol of the Royal Society Prot ection Birds Avocet • Which microbe produces alcohol-Yeast .come quick Danger • What does Honolulu mean in Hawaiian.Alexandria • In Sanskrit it means House of Snow . smell and dance-Bees • In which country did the study of geometry originate -Egypt • What was the capitol of Russia before Moscow-Saint Petersburg • And who designed it-Michelangelo • What does the DIN number mean on photographic film-Speed of film • In the body what do the Islets of Langerhans do -Secrete Insulin • What capitol is on the slopes of the volcano Pichincha-Quito Ecuador • What is embolia-Hesitations in speech • Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin • What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls • In WW2 what kind of aircraft was a horsa-A glider • A newborn bactrian camel has how many humps.Finland • What is unique about the pistol star.Commons green • If a doctor gave you an Ishihara test what is he testing-for Colour blindness • Only one miracle is mentioned in all four gospels what is it: Feeding of 5000 • What is the official language of Cuba-Spanish • What new invention was shown to Queen Victoria 14 Jan 1878:The telephone • A horses height is measured from the ground to what part :Withers .Ethiopia • What is the currency of Turkey.base of neck crest line • Who was the last Emperor of France-Napoleon III • What country does China have its longest land bo rder with: Mongolia • Where are a whales nipples -On its back • What is measured in units called jnd-Sensitivity Just Noticeable difference • A napiform thing is shaped like what -A turnip • What was the first country in 1824 to legalise Trade Unions-Britain • What is the worlds longest insect -Borneo stick insect • The angel shark has what other name-The monkfish • Which creatures communicate by touch.

1997. 1960.3 queens.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1. • The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest pessenger ship in the world.1906 and first president was Sir Agha Khan.400 US dol lars. • Lousis Braille of France made it possible for the blind to read and write.1 constitutional monarch etc). • Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36. • Asian Development Bank was established on 16th jan. and second world war started in 1939 when germany attacked on poland. • United Nations spends a lion`s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations • A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is known as ―peninsula ".Belinda Mooney • The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: William Gilbert • All of the oxygen that you breathe has been produced by the spl itting of water during __ Oxidative phosphorylation ___.dogs only have about ten • There was once an undersea post office in the Bahamas • There are more chickens than people in the world • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel.a quadrillion 15 zeroes. It has 9 zeroes. • South Africa is the country which has three capitals.1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.1 grand duke. • Radcliff was a lawyer by profession. • According to the Forbcs magazine.each 15` longtitude wide. • Mahavira(founder of jainism)and gautama buddha (founder o f buddism) were contemporaries and flourished in india in the 6th century B. by romolus. There were 311 individual billionaires in the world. • Columbus discovered america on 1492 A. • The great wall of china was completed in 204 B. Etienne Lenoir • The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: Ben Franklin • The scientist who discovered water. it is also considered as Greatest war. • The maximum ever temperature of 136. The Indo-European branch to which english belongs is germanic. • In 1945.It is 151 feet one inch high from the base to torch. • Blue color has shortest wavelength • Protein is a natural polymer • The paper currency first introduce by china • Redwood or Giant Sempervirens is the tallest tree in the world . • The world is divided into 24 time zones.it is 1500 miles long. • Edible part of tomato is whole fruit.these are tombs of khufu. Hiroshima was the first city Atom bomb dropped. Niepce"france in 1822. • The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. • Christopher columbus discovered bahama s on 12 oct 1492 A. • The world famous golden gate bridge is located in San francisco(usa).capital city of Bolivia (south america). • The earth is the densest planet of universe .D. in 1902.D.1 emperor.6093 kms. 108 belonged to USA. carrier"U.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august .out of these.S. • All-india Muslim league was established in 1906 and Quaid-e-azam joined in 1913. similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes.. • A billion contain 1000 million.Engla nd is the starting point and is called the prime meridian. • The cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets. km • The Eifel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel • The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant • The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz • The first Republican President of America was Abraham Lincoln • The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil • The name of Alexander's horse was Beucephalus • Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles • The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson • The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica • The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher • The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Federick Auguste Bartholdi • John F.a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes. • The city rome was founded in 753 B.D.C.It has density of 5.It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide. • Camera(photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. • Sunlight is composed of seven colours • "Braille system" is used for the education of Blind.1958. • The lowest per capita income in the Muslim world is of Somalia. • The present palace of sultan of brunei in the capital city of bandar seri begawan consisting of 1788 rooms is the largest p alace. • One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. • The statue of liberty (newyork) was installed in 1886.1993.situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world.2 sultans. • Gwadar became a part of pakistan on september 9. • Russia invaded afghanistan on dec 27. • Afghanistan got independence on 19th aug 1919. 1999.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187. • The panch pokhri lake situated in the himalaya mountains is the highest lake in the world. • Air conditioner invented by "willis H.D) was the first Muslim dynasty.C. • Out of the 193 sovereign independent nations of the world 147 are republics and other 46 are under p ersonal rules (14 kings.000 miles per second. • Eritrea became an independent state on may 24. • The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world. • Leo Tolstoy was the political guru of Gandhi.D.1979. is situated at an altitude of 3631 metres (12087 feet) from the sea level.4 F was reco rded on september 13.Page | 60 • A university has a campus what does it literally mean:A Field • What does the name Dracula mean in Romanian: Son of the Devil • Whose name translates as Emperor of all-Genghis Khan • Which country was the first to issue parking tickets:France • Name the first war submarine invented by David Bushnell it sank Turtle • In which city was Galileo born.Pisa • The most common name in the world is Mohammed • Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds.14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.7 hereditary sheikhs. • Jericho. • The muslim rule of spain lasted from 711 to 1492 A. • Pakistan-Afghanistan border ' Durand line ' was drawn in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand and Afghanistan`s ruler Abdur rehman khan.44 belonged to germany and 34 were japanese. • First world war was began on 1914 A.515 time that of water. It rises up to a height of 111 metres (366 feets). • The three pyramids of eqypt were built from 2700 to 2500 B.khafra and menkaura.Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harry Oswald • The first British University to admit women for degree courses was London University • The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival • Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus • The title of Desert Fox was give n to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel • The word `Quiz' was coined by Jim Daly Irishman . • Light is the fastest thing in the universe. • La Paz. • The density of population usually measured in person per sq.Its average height is 25 feet and about 12 feet wide at the top. • The original inhabitants of USA are known as Red Indians. • All india mulim league was formulated on december 30. • About half of the world population speaks indo-european languages. • The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 A.C.C. • Hongkong was returned to china on july 1. 366. • One inch is equal to 2. the longitudinal meridian passing through greenwich.

• F. • The term Boxer Rebellion is associated with China. this is included in seven wonder of the world. serious earthquake hit in 1997. • Melbourne is the capital city of Australian city Victoria. Latvia and Estonia. • Greatest number of space walk (10) is held by Alexander Serebrov of Russia. it is in Nepal. • Manchester is the city of Great Britain famous for textile industry. • UAE is the federation of 7 Emirates. • Jaffna is the headquarters of LTTE guerillas in Sri Lanka. • Aleppo is located in Syria. • Goethe was German in origin. • Kobe is a Japanese city and port heavily bombarded in World War-I. • Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. • The Indonesian island Bali is famous for Temples. • Blue Mosque is in Istanbul. • Temple mount is located in Jerusalem. • Kosovo mostly consists of Albanian Muslims. • Akal Takht is a place of confession of Penance in the Golden Temple complex. • Hanging garden of Babylon is situated in Baghdad and was planted in 603 B. • Notre Dom is located in Paris (France). • Philippines comprises of 7000 tropical islands. • Yellow Stone National Park is in USA. which took place between Egypt and Israel. it has been the spiritual and temporal seat of authority of Sikh since 1906. • USA president tenure is of 4 years. • Jordan is an Islamic country which has boundary with many countries. it was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti (246-210) BC. • Newton was of English Origin. • The majority of Japan‘s Population is by religion Shinto. • Leaning tower of Pisa. 986 feet high. • Abu Simbal is the famous temple in Egypt.D Roosevelt was elected as president for three times.C. • George Bush is 44th US president and 15th to be elected twice. 1996. . • Mauna Loa (USA) is the largest active volcano of the world. it is located in Italy. • Lumbin is the birthplace of Gautam Budh. • Buland Darwaza is situated near Agra its height is 176 feet. • Micronesia is located in Asia. • Bermuda is the colony of UK. • Bastille was a jail in Paris. • Golan Heights are located in Syria. His tomb is in the city of Kasur. • Mermaid Statue is in Copenhagen. • Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3. • Namibia is administrated by South Africa. it is famous for its military academy. Madam Tansu Cillar became prime minister of Tukey. It is located in USA. • Berlin was approved as a capital on 20th June 1991. it is famous for its Space Observatory. • Robert Mugabe is the personality of Zimbabwe. • Duke of Wellington was of England. it is also an important sea port. it was destroyed during the French Revolution on 14th July 1789. • Toronto is in North America. • Shakespeare was of Great Britain. it was built in 12th Century. • Firdusi was a Persian poet. • Dehro Dun is located in UP (India). • Bermuda Triangle is in Caribbean region. • Bosnia Herzegovina became independent on Jan 17. • Luther King is associated with the reformation movement. • President Roosevelt of USA delivered his famous Four Freedoms speech in 1941. now used as a winders stations. • Adam‘s bridge is 17 miles long line of rock and sand bank between India and Sri Lanka. it is a church. • Baltic States is the name given to the European countries like L ithuania.USA • Archimedes was born in Sicily • The famous General Motors company was founded by William Durant • The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy • The White House was painted white to Hide fire damage • "History is Bunk"was said by Henry Ford • The term ``astrology' literally means Star Speech • Togo is situated in Africa • The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was Genghis Khan • The first talkie feature film in USA was The Jazz Singer • The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of Parliament in London is called Big Ben • Prado museum is located in Madrid • The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight • `Man is a Tool Making Animal' was said by Benjamin Franklin • The term 'anesthesia'was coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes • Number of schools of thoughts is 52. • Eiffel tower of Paris was built in 1887-89 by Gustav Eiffel. • Japan is an archipelago. • Sao Paulo is the largest city of South America. • Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt. • Farat valley is in Iraq. • Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon. • Camp David is famous for Camp David Accord. • Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.Paris • The earlier name for tomato was Love apple • The famous words `Veni Vidi Vici'were said by Julius Caesar • Disneyland is located in California.Page | 61 • The original meaning of `Quiz' was Trick • Adolf Hitler was born in Austria • In the year 1811. • Indonesia has 3000 islands. • Haroon ur Rashid belonged to Abbasid dynasty. • Olympia is a place with temple of Zeus and Hera. • Spanish is the official language of Argentina. • Jodrell Bank is located in Great Britain. • Aukland and Christ Church are the major cities of New Zealand. • The famous Empire State Building in located in New York. • The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg.Paraguay became independent from Spain • The cross word puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynney • Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan • The famous painting `Mona Lisa'is displayed at Louvre museum. 1990. the total length of the wall is 1684 miles or 6000 kms. • Hague is the city of Holland. • 1993.

1969. Third Reich belongs to Germany. 1991. Germany was divided among 4 major powers. • Mohen jo Daro was founded by Sir John Marshall. • Glorious Revolution in England took place in 1688. 1991. • On July 20.D. • Naval Missile Brahmos Cruise Missile is an Indian Missile. It is the site of ancient archeological excavation. The people r esiding there were traders by profession. • Shogun period (1603-1867) is related to Japan. • Slobodan Milosevic belonged to Yugoslavia. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles. • USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945.Page | 62 • Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and settled in Paris. • The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D. • Han Dynasty was in China. • After the first world war (1914-18) the Allies signed a treaty of Sevres in 1920 with Turkey. • Countries Area wise-Russia-Canada-China-USA-Brazil. • The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal. • Akbar the great ruled the India from 1556-1605 A. on Nov 18th 1989. • Majority of the population of Vietnam comprise of Buddhist. • Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1. they invented magnetic compass during Hun dynasty. Normandy is located in France. • The word Iron Curtain was used by Winston Churchill. • In April 1986 the place named CHERNOBYL gained world fame due to accident in Atomic Re actor. • China‘s population is about 1261 million. • Great Wall of China was built in 204 BC. • The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D. • At the end of Second World War in 1945. Agricultural Adjustment Act is related to Pr esident Roosevelt.C. • There are 5 lending religions in the world. • Alexander died in Babylon in 322 B. It is made of copper. • Michael Keamay of USA graduated at the age of 10 years. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian Architect) over twenty years. • Buddhism is non-theistic religion. • The term ―In Camera‖ is used for the trial of case when case is heard without reporting to public. • Christians faced stiff opposition from Romans. • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988. • A group of Nightingales is called a Watch. • Sumerian Civilization were settled in Euphrates and Tigris regions.D Eisenhower.D. • Hellas is the word appears on the postage stamp of Greece. 1984 occurred in Bhopal (India). the white marble mausoleum built by shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1529. • The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935. • Statue of liberty is 151 feet tall. • Sadam Hussain Became President in 1979. Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon. • Hapsburg dynasty. • Hong Kong was returned to china on 1 July 1997. • In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina. Dec 3. • Federal system has central and provincial government. • Ajmeer is fomous for a sufi saint‘s tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti. • Hanover dynasty belonged to Great Britain. which denotes that people were worshippers of it. • The ancient Chinese were great scientists and invertors. • The original residents of India before the arrival of the Aryan were Dravidians. • After the First World War the Dawes Plan was launched in year 1924. It was dismantled by East German Gov. • Industrial Revolution first started in Britain. • AAA. • After breakup Grobachev became president of USSR. It unveiled in 1886.Value colossus was the first programmable computer of the world. • Imam Ayatullah Khumani Brought about an Islamic revolution in Iran by ousting Shah Reza Shah in the year 1979. • Currently out of the worlds population the Muslims are one fifth. • Iraqi general who brought about military revolution in Iraq by ousting kind Faisal on 14th July 1958 was Abdul Karim Qasim. located in the Liberty Island in New York. also know as mound of dead. • American war of Independence started in 1776 and came to an end in 1783. • Famous Lady Helen Keller belonged to US. • The currency Euro was launched on 1 Jan 1999. • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974.Day landgin during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. • Reconciliation means when third party investigates and suggests a solution to a dispute. • Taxilla is the ancient city of the province of Punjab. Weimer republic. • 250 children born every minute. . A. • Gam of Whales. • The name of American magnate Rockefeller is related to Iron Industry. • Joey is the kid of Kangaroo. • Shah Barendra family was assassinated in Nepal 2 June 2001. • Delhi Sultans were of Lodhi Dynasty. • Aquiline is for eagle. • Bovine is for cattle.C. • Romulus founded the city of Rome in 753 B. • Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865. • Latin term De Jure means by Law. • Berlin Wall kept East and West Germany divided for 28 years. • Northern Europe is known with Scandinavian Region and Nordic Region. • The international customary laws which allow states to punish as offender are known as criminal Juris Gentium. • In Opium war Britain fought against China. There is found of statue of bull. • Young fish is called fingerling. • Cambodian language has 74 Alphabets. • In literacy term the dramatic work with aims at exciting laughter is called Farce. • British rules over India about 90 years. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952. • Doer war fought between South Africa and British. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28. • The Marshal Plan was announced on 5th June 1947 at Harvard. • Taj Mahal is locted in Agra. • Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941. • Worst explosion. • In China the Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966-1969. 2003. • The famous British Naval commander. It was presented by Fr ance to US. • Soviet Union Officially broke up on Dec 26. • Virtue party belongs to Turkey. • People‘s Republic of chine gained its independence in 1949 under the leadership of Mao-Zedong. who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson. • Before Independence East Timor was being ruled by Indonesia. • A French economist named Francois Quesnay proposed the concept of Laissez-Faire in the 18th Century. It was put to use in Dec 1943 in UK. • 1500.

• Duke Wellington won the battle of Waterloo. • Leonine is for cat. • Kabul in the largest city of Afghanistan. • Corvine is for crow. • Vulpine is for fox. • ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway. • Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound. • Croix de Guerre is the highest military award of France. • Simian is for apes. part of Punjab. • Stone Age is also known as Paleolithic period. Iraq occupied Kuwait. • The shape of the baseball is • Karl Marx belonged to Germany. • Fort Monroe is located at Suleiman hills. • Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘. • Khalid bin Waleed had been titled as ‗saif-ullah‘. in the city of Riyadh. • In 1783 Britain acknowledged the independence of USA.u. • Caprine is for goat. • Lupine is for wolves. • Tyranny is the form of government in which one person rules arbitrarily. • Agraphia means inability to write. 1990. • The term cartel refers to Unity of parties. • Psittacine is for parrot. • Changa Manga. • 50 nations are there in Africa. • Machiavelli was born in Florence. Shah is a History. • Mao joined communist party in 1921. • Akbar was died at Agra in 1650. • Holy prophet (p. • Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in America. is associated to textile industry. • Bakhtar is the news agency of Afghanistan. • Pavonine is for peacock. • General secretariat of the European parliament is in Luxemburg. • Aeroflot is Russia‘s airline. • Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988. • Relli is the name of a game. • Hindenburg line is a boundary line between Poland and Germany. • Tax on import and Export is called Tariff.) had been poisoned by a Jewish hostess at the time of the conquest of Khyber. • The US Senate comprises 100 members. • Indus Valley civilization was destroyed by Aryans. • ‗Gita or Vedas‘ are the holy books of Hindus.N. • Gallup poll is the method of assessing public opinion through representative expression of opinion of cross reaction of the population of a country. • Samudar Gupta is called ‗Napoleon of India‘. • The reign of Razia Sultana lasted for 3 years. • ‗National People‘s Assembly‘ belongs to Algeria. • Antwerp is called by the name of key to the common market. • King Faisal is called ―The Islamic Coordinator‖. • In East Jerusalem ‗wailing wall‘ is a sacred place of Jews. • New name of Lyallpur is Faisalabad. • Term the belief in the ―rightness‖ of rule is legitimacy. • Montesquieu was a political sociologist. • The currency of Syria is pound. • Lenin was a Bolshevik leader. • Orangutan means man of the woods. • Ovine is for sheep. . • American‘s parliament is Congress. • Rousseau was born in Geneva. • Intifada denotes Palestinian uprising. • The city of Jerusalem is known as ‗Al Quran‘. • ‗Bear‘ is a symbol of Russia. • The term ‗intifada‘ means uprising. • Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan. by the interve ntion of U. • Popular name of Canada is Land of Maple. monkey. • Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal. • On 2nd August. • Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.Page | 63 • Canine is for dog. • Black Death reaches England in 1348. • 5 June is known as World Environment Day.B. • Equine is for horse. • Hitler‘s theory of the state is known as National Socialism. • Due to buffer system. • Ursine is for bear.b. • 8 furlongs make one mile. • Balloki barrage is located on Ravi. factions or nation in a common cause. • The Labor party believes in Socialism. • Barbers invaded North Africa before Arabs. • Loan to a corporation is ‗debt funding‘. • The theme of the famous play ‗Caesar and Cleopatra‘ by G.4. • Indian city. Ahmedabad. • ‗Tripitak‘ is the holy book of Buddhists. • Headquarter of PLO is in Tunisia. • Som is the currency of Uzbekistan. • Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation. human blood has a ph o f 7. • John Locke advocated basic human rights. • ―Warsak Dam‖ has been built on the River Kabul. • The creator of ―Mona Lisa‖ belonged to Italy. • Derawar fort is located in Cholistan Desert. • Boxing is called ‗noble art of self defence‘. • Bentham is the father of utilitarianism. is famous for Sheesham Timber forest.h. • Caucasus is situated between Caspian and Black Sea. • Feline is for horse. • King Faisal was shot dead by his nephew in 1975. • Nepal is the only Hindu state in the world.

(Compact Disc: James T. • After persistent decay. • Bio-diesel is prepared: From oilcake. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd. • The queen can do no wrong means the queen is immune from the jurisdiction of law. • General Sherman is a living old tree in California State of U. • Nanga Parbat is commonly known as: Killer mountain. • Annual Census in Pakistan is carried out every 10th year. • Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet. • The American president Mr. is located in the State of Arizona. POLO. • Faiz Ahmed Faiz is the only Pakistani poet who got ‗LENIN PRIZE‘. • House of lord is the final court of appeal in England. • During the civil war the supporter of the parliament came to be called Roundheads.S. also known as the mosque of ‗Sultan Ahmad‘. • Big Ben is a clock placed on British parliament. an ancient wonder. • The founder of Falmid dynasty was Al-Mahdi. • Pristine is the capital of Kosovo. is called the MOTHER OF PRESIDENTS. • General sales tax.supporters of OLIVER CROMWELL and the parliamentarians against KING CHARLES 1 during the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR. • The real brother of Hazrat Yousuf A. • In America the residuary powers are vested in the sates. • Grand Canyon National Park in U. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee Fine grains of Iron oxide. • Pakistan's largest oil fields are located in District Badin. • Taliban movement in Afghanistan emerged from Kandhar. • Nubian Monuments are located in Egypt. • World's largest delta is in Bangladesh. 1 988. • General Rommel is called ‗desert fox‘. • ‗Lords‘ is famous a cricket ground in England. •. • The term of a US senator is 6 years. Republicans. • The lower house of France consists of National assembly. • The federal government of the USA came into existence on 30th April. • The American declaration of independence was issued in 1783. one of US states. • Omar bin Abdul Aziz was a caliph of Umayyad dynasty. • Mizzini was known as the ‗the prophet of Italian Unification‘.Page | 64 • Iraq is called the ‗site of ancient civilization‘. Roosevelt was elected for four times. • Kalhora rulers of Sindh were originally Hashmi Sayeds.000 persons per year • Who killed Abu-Jahal? Maaz & Mauz • Pakistan Falls in? Golden Triangle • Major export of Pakistan is? Cotton • On US map Alaska State is on? Away from mainland • British occupied Punjab?. • Aibak died while playing game.S was Bin-Yamin. • The federalists later on assumed new name. and it is situated in Istanbul. • UAE consists of seven independent states. under the constitution 1973 is a Federal subject. Russell. radium wou ld be finally changed into Lead. • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto became first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan on December 2. • Who invented CD. • Waris shah is called the ‗Shakespeare of Punjabi literature‘. Sharjah. • Hieroglyphics is the script of Nile Civilization. Abu Dhabi. • Safety stock of the grains hold by the government is ‗overhead stock‘. • Republican Party was founded by Alexander Hamilton. • Robindranath Tagore was A Bengali novelist. is the only mosque in the world that has six minarets.A. • National game of Switzerland is skiing. • The poetry of Jalal-ud-Din was in Persian language. • Who wrote 'Muslim Sufferings under Congress Rule':Maulvi Fazlul Haq. • Shah Jehan is called the ‗master builder‘. • Mauritius is the part of the world that is known as ‗star and key of the Indian ocean‘. • Insulin drug was discovered by Paul Langerhans. • Buddhism accounts for 100% total population in Bhutan. 1787. • The D-Day operation during IInd World War was launched on the coast of Normandy. • Who was Bismarck: German Politician and statesman. • Shale is not a metamorphic rock. • Marseilles is the seaport of France. • ‗The pharos of Alexandria ‗. • To show the distribution of people of Pakistan we should use ‗Do method‘. 1849 • In English Dictionary Which Word Has Largest Words? S • What are Capital goods? Goods used for further production • Winter rains in Pakistan come from Mediterrenian Sea. • Sindh Sagar is between the rivers of: Indus and Jhelum. was situated in an Island near Alexandria was a light house. • Largest coal deposits have been discovered in which Taluka of Sindh Province: Diplo. • Speed of sound in air is? 1200 KM/Hour • How many planets are is solar system? 8 • Which cell does not have a nucleus? RBC • Abusive Drug Which Cells Of Body Most Effected? Brain • Crime rate is? 1. • Two terms tenure of US parliament was fixed in 1951. • Abdur Rasheed was the first chief Justice was the first chief justice of Pakistan. . • Uqba-bin-Nafah is called ‗Muslim Alexander‘. • The anti federalists later on assumed new name ‗CAVALIERS‘. • All light waves have same frequency. • PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by Sikhs in 1984. Fujaira are three of the seven states. • Tower of silence is Place where dead remains of followers of Zoroastrian are placed after funeral rituals. • Zafarullah khan was the first foreign minister of Pakistan. • ‗Cherie Blaire‘ is the 1st day of England. • Virginia. • ‗Blue mosque‘.S.

1993. • 1480. • Dr. 1911. • Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes. • 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound. • Singapore city is known as ‗lion city‘. • At the equator. • The chemical name of bak ing soda is sodium bicarbonate. • Jamaica was granted full independence on 6th August. • Flying foxes are tropical foxes that can fly. They ruled Egypt for 25 centuries. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years. • Tanzania was formed by the unification of two countries. • Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral. • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453. • The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer. • Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string. • Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata) marine animal. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953. • Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent. • Live Fluke. is found in liver of sheep. • The first European scientist. • Panini was a great scholar of Sanskrit language. • Eritrea gained independence on 24th May. biologically called Fasciola. Tanganyika and Zanziba r. the equation of the day is 12 hours. • Czar is the title used by the ruler of Russia from 1547 to 1721. • Privatization program began in Pakistan is 1991. 00. • Four US presidents are so far assassinated. 1984. • Canada is a leading producer of wood pulp in the world. • Timbola is a kind of lottery. • Flag flown at half mast means national mourning. • NPT came into force on 1970. • Earthworm is a bi-sexual. • During the winter months 90% of fallen lea ves are taken underground by earth worm. • National Institute of Oceanography Karachi was established in 1983. • Pharaoh is the title of the king of ancient Egypt. • Hot money is said for money which moves from one place to another to seek profit or high rate of interest. • Dr. • Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.Page | 65 • Horse is the Chinese name given to the year 2000. • Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • The reduction or elimination of inflation is called creeping inflation. • Zenda vesta is a holy book of parsis. • Czar title was used by the rulers of Russia from 1547 to 1721. • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood. who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe. • After joining congress. . • Wenceslas square is in Prague. • The Bofors scandal occurred in India.Abdussalam was awarded Nobel Prize in 1979. • Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico. • Sinai Peninsula was vacated and returned to Egypt in 1982. • Nixon Doctrine was outlined in July 1969. • Name of a famous mosque in Beijing is Niujie Mosque. 1954. • Liver receives blood fro m the alimentary canal through hepatic portal vein. • Dick Turpin was a highway man. • Incident ‗Boston Tea Party‘ took place in America. Muslim League joined the interim government in October 1946. • Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C. • London carnival was first started in 1964. • Necent state in which atomic state of an element as a result of chemical reaction in which it a more active than in ordinar y molecular state. • Initially. • The first Afro-Asian conference held in April 1955. • Declaration of human rights was adopted on 10th December. • Maginot line divides France from Germany. • Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • Islamic summit Minar is erected in Lahore. • Indira Gandhi was the famous PM who first used the popular slogan ‗gharibi hatao‘. • Christopher Wren designed St. Arab league has seven countries. • Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants. • National anthem of Pakistan was played for the first time on August 13. • Anundsen discovered South Pole in December 14. • Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. • Afghanistan was known as Ariana. 1962. • Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge. • The successful cloning of a sheep was reported by scientist from Roslin Institute Edinburgh (UK) in 1998. • Two boundary commissions were appointed to demarcate the boundaries between two new states. Paul‘s cathedral in London. • A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone. • A pair of scissors is an example of a lever. • Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in water. was Cop ernicus.000 km is the distance from sun to earth. 1929. • King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term. • The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs. • Under an agreement with Italy. Ghana was called ‗Gold Coast‘. • Prior to independence. • The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in Karachi. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. • The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya. • Olive branch is a sign of peace. • After drinking contaminated water you would be most apt to develop symptoms of ‗typhoid fever‘. • Lenin was the founder of the Russian socialist state. • The largest city of South Africa is Cape Town. • Lord Chesterfield quoted ‗idleness is only the refuge of weak minds‘. • Docking means rendezvous and link up of spacecraft. • Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966. • Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990. • Islam was introduced to China in the middle period of the seventh century. • Pair of doors belongs to the second class of lever. Pakistan and India. Vatican city came into being as a sovereign state on 11th February.

• The organisms which are the only living membrane of their group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil. • Seeds are developed from Ovule. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • Male birds are more colorful than females. • Intifada is Palestinian uprising.200 grams are equal to one carat. • Yougoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963. • Oven birds build strong nests. fungi. • Bootleggin is a form of smuggling. • River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice. • Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness. • Mammals cannot be cold blooded. • Weaver birds are called to the birds who build their nests. • Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. and lichens. • Frescois a method of painting on plaster (usually a wall) meaning fresh. • Snake have been evolved from lizard. • Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered seed. • Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. • Smell is the weakest sense in Birds. • Metamorphosis . . • Balfour Declaratoin issued in 2 Nov: 1917. • Printing was invented by Chinese.D means in the year of our Lord. • Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance. • Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water. • Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides. • Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit. Surviving cold condition like this is called hibe rnation. • Vnukovo Airport is located at Moscow. • Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. • Proteins are synthesized by golgi bodies. • Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm. • Hydaspes River is now called the Jhelum River. • Birds bones are hollow. • Cellulose respiration is done by Mitochondrion. • Skin does not excrete oil. • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.> a series of changes. • Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms. • Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast. • Philately is the hobby of stamp collection. • Pan-Islam originated in 1880 in Ottomon Empire was a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations. • Fertilization is fusion of two game tics of different strains. • Oscar Award was introduced by Louis B Mayer of Metro Goldwin-Mayer Academy Award in 1927. • Chlorophyll contains magnesium. • Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. • Mahalanobis model laid great emphasis on development of heavy industries. carry the first American into space lauched on 5th May. • In Nuclear DNA is concentrated in chromatin. • Amphibians were the first vertebrate. • Birds do not fly are penguins. • Male child is born if xy chromosomes are united. • Balfour Declaration was issued in 2 Nov: 1917. • New varieties of organisms can be brought about by hybridization. • Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food. • Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called Xerophytes. • Survive very cold weather or very dry weather by going into a deep sleep. emus. • Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was one of the first to study animal behavior. • Long March was 9600 km journey organized by Mao Tse Tang in the year of 1931-1934. • Religion of Chinese people is Confucianism. • Bootlegging is a form of smuggling. • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz. • Feminism is the belief that women subordination to men should end. • There are three stages of frog. • Paper was invented in 3500 BC by Chinese. • Birds are warm blooded animals. • The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of Stomata. • In cryptograms. • Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal. • Yugoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963. • Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo -Bilogy. • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation. • Unity. Egg-tadpole-adult frog. • Linseed oil is used while oil painting. • 0. • The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds‘ nest to hatch. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil. dry condition is called aestivation. • First black president of South Africa was Nelson Mandela his party was banned in 1961 and he was imprisioned. the sex organs are primitive and hidden. • Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of nomenclature. • Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis. • Amal is radical Lebanese Shi‘ite military force established in 1970 by Musa Sadr. • Mercury Project first manned space programme of USA. • Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic. • A. • Grains swell in water due to imbibitions. It is due to Fluore scence. • Flaps are used as air brakes. • Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits. • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in with tunnel. 1961. faith & discipline was used by Quaid on Dec: 28. • Dyne is a unit of Force. • Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm. • Dinosaur means ―Terrible‖ lizard. • Thallophytia include algae. 1947. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world. Sleeping through hot. • Protoplasm is a colloidal solution. kiwis. ostriches. • Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy.Page | 66 • Eyes of insects are compound.

• Watergate scandal involved President Richard Nixon in 1972. a 9600-km journey in 1934 was undertook by Chinese Communists under Mao De Tong. Balfour announced British s upport to establish Jewish state in Palestine in November 2. • Pentagon was designed by George Burgstrom. in 1989 • The British Secretary of Foreign Affairs A. a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations was started in 1880 in Ottoman Empire. • Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran. • World population was one billion in 1803. • Babylon was on the bank of Euphrates. • Ulster Unionists wanted to retain British rule in Northern Ireland. a secret Arab organization was founded in Basra. Nelson Mandela was released in 1990.380 km. • Al-Azhar University I located in Cairo. • Lens at the end of the compound microscope is called objective. • Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 and rejoined in 1989. • Tartus is the seaport of Syria. • Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest Pyramid built in Egypt. • Dayton Accord was signed to solve the problem of Bosnia. • House of U. • Tour De France is French cycle race. • Blitzkrieg means sudden attack. the Colony of Portugal. • Seatle is the seaport of USA. • After 27 years of imprisonment. Turkey in 1999. • Protoza was first observed in compound microscope. Virginai state. • White House is in Washington DC. • Cathy Pacific is an island. was captured by Indonesia in 1975. Church of Saint Sophia is located in Istanbul. • Mani was the Judge of world court. • Mustafa Kamal Pasha gave 6 Principles of Kemalism. • The Batista regime in Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro in January 1959. • Capital of Tebet is Lhasa.C by Chinese. • Frigid Zone is the area withing the polar circle area around the South Pole. • Resin is sticky liquid that emits from plants. • Ikhwan as Safa. • Alma-Ata (Father of Apples) is the capital of Kazakhstan. Vitus‘s Dance is a disease. • Mobile phones started in 1977. • MI-5 is the secret agency of UK. • Rasko mountain is situated in Baluchistan • Singapore became independent in 1965 • The ‗Aid to Pakistan Consortium‘ meets every year in: Paris . • Guantanamo Bay is in Cuba. • Anti-Semitism means animosity towards Jews. • Eskimos live in Igloo. • Parses follow Zoroastrianism.S Congress in Washington D. • Statue of Liberty was gifted to US by France in 1884 • Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa. • Intifada is Palestinian uprising. • Vnukovo airport is in Moscow. • Soviet Union was replaced by Russian federation in December.C is on Capitol Hill. theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation. • Length of India-China border is 3. • Russian equivalent of Pentagon is Kremlin. • Qutub Minar is in New Delhi. • Silk was made firstly in China. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir. • Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. • Harward University is in USA. • Shah Jahan built Taj Mehl for Mumtaz Mehal is located in Agra. • Fresco is a method of painting on plaster it means fresh. • St. Mr. 1917. • Paper was invented in 3500 B.Page | 67 • The name of heaviest dinosaur was Branchiosaurus. • Turkey and Russia are both in Europe & Asia. • Anti-governmental protests in China by students. • Red Square is in Moscow. • Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest and only survived wonder. Egypt. workers and some government officials took place: Tiananmen Square. • Among the Seven Wonders. • Hanging gardens were in Babylon. • Magna Carta is known as the Bible of English Constitution. • Karl Mark and Engels presented the Communist Manifesto in 1848. • Bear is the symbol of Russia. • Ireland is also called Eire. • Saddam Hussain executed on 30 Dec: 2006. • The idea of SAARC originated in the mind of Zia ur Rehman. • Long March. • Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960. • American Naval Base ―Diego Garcia‖ is in Indian Ocean. • First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. Iraq. • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia. • Christopher Coloumbus belonged to Italy. • Scandinavia constitutes 3 states. • Fortress of Grenada. • Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. 1912 on voyage from Southampton to New York City in North Atlantic. • Capital of ancient Babylonia was Babylon. • Cyprus was divided into Turkish Repbublic of Northern Cypru s and Greek Cyprus in 1974. • Guru (teacher) Nanak was the founder of Sikhism. • Tiwan separated from China in 1949. • Penology is the study. • At Hyde Park London public meetings are assembled. • Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal in 1956. • Pentagon is in Arlington. Cambridge is in UK • Titanic sank on 14 April. • Pan-Islam. • The first tanks were used in 1916 during WW-I by British. Russia & Azerbaijan. • Dragon is the symbol of China. • Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal. • East Timore. 1991. • Francisco Fernandez introduced Tobacco in Europe. • LAIA stands for Latin American Integration Association. known as Alhamra is in Spain. • The Chinese communist party was founded in 1921.

It is famous for the official residence of the British Prime Mi nister. • 49th Parallel Line is the boundary line between Canada and the USA. Nigeria • Smallest by area and population is Vatican City. • Green Line is a demarcation line between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities. Canada 3. China 4. finance and stock exchange market. • Fleet Street is in London where newspaper offices and press agencies are located. • Most sparsely populated territory is Antarctica. • Largest continuous frontier is b/w Canada and USA. Nepal are landlocked countries of Asia. It is the longest street in the world. • China is situated in Eastern part of Asia. • Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt. It was demarcated in 1914. • Monaco has a shortest coastline of 3. • Most densely populated continent is Asia. • Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets. • Wall Street is located in New York. • In which London Street is the US embassy. Brazil 6. it is also an important sea port. Brazil 6. It is famous fo r banking. • Afghanistan. Bangladesh 9. • The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street • • Lombart Street is located in San Francisco. • Durand line is 1300 mile long frontier b/w Pakistan & Afghanistan demarcated in 1893 -95. It was demarcated in 1947 by Sir Cyril Radcliff. Japan 10. • Dead line is a boundary line around a military prison which prisoners are forbidden to cross. Australia 7. Antarctica -89. It is the financial centre in San Francisco. • Hindenburg line separates Germany from Poland. • Dead line is the line or boundary of a military prison. It is frontier between Pakistan and India. • Maginot line is French line of fortification built in WWII along the German border form Switzerland to Belgium. It was named after Sir George Drowning. • 6 people lost lives in the Great Fire of London in 1666. • Second smallest by area is Monaco • Gibraltar is the smallest colony. It is the world‘s shortest street. • Drowning Street No. Sudan By Population 1. • Mc Mohan line is the boundary line between India and China. • Extreme temperature was recorded in Aziziya (Libya) 58° C in 1922. Page | 68 IMPORTANT GEOGRAPHICAL LINES • A Curzon line is the polish-Russian frontier setup in 1945. which prisoners are not allowed to cross. trace winds and westerlies. This street is also called the Crookedest Street. India 8. Mongolia. • 17th parallel line is the boundary line between North Vietnam and the South Vietnam. It is famous for tailoring and jewelry. USA 4. India 3. Russia 2. • The country to adopt gold standard for the first time was UK. • Green line is a painted line in Nicosia (Cyprus) that serves as a demarcation line b/w Greek & Turkis h Cypriot communities. • Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema halls. IMPORTANT STREETS • Bond Street is located in London.49 miles. USA 5. It is regarded as biggest street in the world. • Bofors scandal occurred in India. It divides France from Germany. • • Mannerheim line was defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union. • Greatest snow fall is recorded at Tamarack California (USA) • Planetary winds consist of doldrums. Pakistan 8. • 24th parallel Line lies in Rann of Kutch. • Highest rainfall is recorded at Cherrapunji (India). • Afghanistan is a landlocked country Central Asia (Chk) . Argentina 9. • Lowest temp: was recorded at Vostok. 10 is located at Westminster (England). • Pak-Iran border line was demarcated on 24th Sep: 1872. • Vicolo della virilita is the world‘s narrowest street. • Oder-neisse Line was boundary b/w Germany & Poland during WWII.2° C. • Maginot line divides France from Germany. GENERAL • The country which provides free education at university level is Sri Lanka.• One US barrel is equal to: 159 litres • Ten Largest Nations By Area 1. • Canada is the country with most lakes. Indonesia 5. China 2. • Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). • Canal Street is the widest street in USA. It was built in 1653. • 38th Parallel line is the boundary between North and South Korea. • First system of English short hand was devised in 1602. • The world‘s smallest republic is Nauru. • Roman general Mark Anthony was a poor fisherman. • Plimsoll Lime is a horizontal line on a merchant ship to which a ship the upper limit to which a ship may be legally loaded . • Line of control is b/w Azad Kashmir & Occupied Kashmir. • Radcliff line is the boundary between Pakistan and India. Russia 7. It is the stock exchange market of Mumbai. Bhutan. • Dalal Street is located in Mumbai (India). it has over 200 passes.Grosvener Square. a diplomat under Cromwell and King Charles II. Kazakhstan 10. • Canada has the world‘s longest coastline. • Elgin Street is located in Scotland.

• Temperature inside a refrigerator is 40 deg: F • The laws of reflection were first discovered by a al. • Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zaklariaya belongs to Chistia order. • Sakhalin Islands enriched with oil reserves are claimed by Russia & Japan. • Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced in 1984. • A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone. • 45 Countries are there in Asia. • The oldest barrage on the river Indus at Sukkur was built in 1932. • After Australia. Scandinavia & Alaska are called Peninsula. an English scientist. • The largest district of Punjab by area is Bahawalpurj.66 x 10 power -27 kg • Charge on proton = 1. • Cosmic year: One cosmic year is equal to the time taken by the sun to complete one orb it around the galactic centre. • The richest fishing ground in the world is North Eastern Asia. gave Atomic Theory in 1803 describing atom as the smallest unit of an element • Gas in children‘ s balloon is Helium • Weight of electron = 9.000 cycles/second • Velocity of sound at 0 deg: C is 331. • The length of river Indus is 2880 km. • The total length of railways in Pakistan is 8875 km. A crossing of the International Date Line entails repeating one day when travelling westwards.Hazen . • Equator passes through Brazil. • Which of the following is a characteristic of sedimentary rocks? They are porous • When does the summer solstice occur in the Southern Hemisphere of our globe? 22nd December • Mediterranean climate has the characteristic of ‗dry summers with great sunshine and rainy winters‘ • Precipitation takes place whentemperature of moisture in air sharply decreases • Which of the following processes is related to the formation of Himalayas? Folding • The term ‗Eye‘ in a cyclone refers to circular region of relatively light Winds • Gold Harp bridge of Istanbul connects Asia with Europe. • 193 countries are in world. in 1908 discovered Atomic Nucleus • Speed of sound is faster in hot air than in cold air • Ultrasonic are sound waves of high frequency = 12000 cycles/sec and higher • Sound travels faster in moist air than in dry air • Sound travels more rapidly in solids • Maximum limit of sound beyond which a man can become deaf is 129 decibel • Audible sound is 20-20. • Changa Manga is famous for sisham Timber forests.7 m/s • Echo can only be produces when the distance of the obstacle is at least 17 meters • When we hear a sound. • Arabia.000. • Costa Rica is a Central American country. Europe is the smalle st continent. • A theory of acquired character was given by Lamark. a New Zealander. 1992.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb • Weight of proton = 1. It is knwn as Granite City. • Europe has no desert. • • Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty relating to environmental problems. • Date Line. pictures are projected at the rate of 10 or more/sec • Nuclear Energy is not a source of alternative energy.000 cycles/second • Inaudible sound >20.Page | 69 • Bosnia-Herzegovina joined the UN on May 22. International: International Date Line is an internationally agreed line drawn parallel to the 180° meridian. 18 in Latin America. • Thickness of earth crust 20 miles.C voltage is analogue quantity • Optical fibers work on polarization of electromagnetic waves • Condenser is used to collect the charge • In diesel engine ignition takes place by compression • A radar uses radio waves to detect enemy aircraft • Law of floating bodies was given by Archimedes • Particle with +ve charge but mass equal to electron is positron • Nucleus of an atom has +ve charge. • Cardamom: Karnataka is the largest producer of car¬damom. • Capital of Micronesia is Palikir. • Bosons are Photons and Mesons • There is no neutron in the atom of hydrogen • Quark is an atomic particle. It divides the Pacific Ocean into two equal parts. • When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern longitude then its time will be ahead. • Charles Darwin is famous for his theory of struggle for existence and survival of the fittest. • Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets.1 x 10 power -31 kg • Charge on electron = 1.7 %. • Bermuda triangle extends up to South Florida & Puerto Rico.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb • A proton is 1836 times heavier than an electron • Ordinarily and atom is a neutral particle • Ernest Rutherford. • Arakan Yoma: is the exten¬sion of the Himalayas located in Myanmar. • Monsoon wind reverses seasonlally. • Sigmund Freud is called as the father of modern psychiatry and psychology. • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES • Theory of mutation was propounded by Hygo de Vries. • Sialkot has the highest annual rainfall. • Climograph: is a graphical representation of the differentia-tion between various types of climate. • Frost shattering kind of weather takes place on the valley side above the surface of a glacier. • Aberdeen in Scotland is known for Britain‘s largest granite-exporitng industry. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee fine grains of iron oxide. • Energy stored in stretched spring is Elastic Potential energy • Energy stored in fossil fuels is chemica l energy • Radio waves are Electromagnetic waves • A. • Land occupied by Asia 29. • Alexander (ship) is the name of the ship in which Charles Darwin toured for five years. its impressions remain in our ear for 1/10th of a second • Image persists for about 1/10th of second in our eye • For creating a persistence of vision. • The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is in Malakand. • The longest river in South Asia is Brahmputra. • Max height of cloud 20. Scientists think that proton and neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles calle d quarks • Muttons are particles of atom • John Dalton. India is the largest exporter of cardamom in the world.

• The noble gases have very low boiling points. • Portable gadgets = Mobile phones and portable TVs. Tube is coated with phosphor which glows when UV hits it. • Centigrade and Celsius temperatures are same below freezing point. • Color with shortest wavelength is Blue • Violet have shortest wave length and Red has longest wavelength (vibgyor) • Red light‘s wave length is 11800 waves/cm (< infra red) • Least deviated color in prism is red • Greatest deviated color in prism is indigo (chk violet) • Violet light‘s wave length is 23600 waves/cm (> ultra violet) • Ultraviolet rays are less than 3000 deg: A • Greatest value of wavelength is of infra red • Visible waves are between 400-700 nanometers.what's the softest: Talc • RAYS AND WAVES • Gamma rays are considered the death rays. • Gamma rays travel with the velocity of light • Gamma rays have maximum penetrating power • Shortest wavelength among alpha. • Super conductors are used in very fast computers and also in trains like Maglevs.Page | 70 • 0. • A fluorescent light is a glass tube containing gas which produces UV light when current passed trough it. • A capacitor stores electric charge. • Motor – cross race is for motor cycles. • At room temperature the particles in air travel at around 1800 km/h the same speed as a bullet fires from a rifle. convection and radiation • A concave lens is used for the correction of the Hyperphobia • Silver metal has the highest electrical conductivity. • Some of the chemicals from the recycle of old cells are used by liver to make bile which is stored in gall bladder. • Which is lighter. which is radioactive. • Which one of the following statements regarding sound is true? Its sourc e is always a vibrating material. joined to form proteins. • Derailleur gears are used in Bicycles. • Capacitors are used in filtering circuits like treble and bass in hi-fi • Transistors can be used as logic gates • Energy value of food items is expressed in kilojoules (kj) or thousands of joules. • A gas only becomes liquid at -268. These are used in tennis rackets and racing yacht • Catalytic converter reduce the harmful fumes the engine emits • If you double the voltage you double the current (Ohm‘s law) • What product uses the most silver-Camera Film • The speed of sound depends on the medium through which the waves are passing. • John Bardeen. • Electronic theodolite and range finder measures and distance and angle. • A diode conducts electricity easily in one directio n but resists the flow of electricity in the other. This makes ice less dense than water which causes ice to float. • which instrument is used to measure pressure? Manometer • the velocity of light was first measured by Olaf Roemer • centigrade and fahrenheit scales gives same readings at 32 degrees • The first European scientist who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe was Copernicus. • MOTE = Million Tons of oil equivalent • REM = Roentgen equivalent in man . It was discovered by Michael Faraday. • Derailleur gear are used in bicycles • Cantilever brake is also used in bicycles • Static electricity makes a balloon stick to the wall after you have rubbed it on your hair. gold or plastic? Plastic • Lasers are a special source of light called coherent light this means all the light wa ves are in step with each other and travel in same direction • Laser produce light of one particular wavelength and it is s single. • Speed of light 300. is the linkage b/w N and C • An android is any robot that: has the ability to make decisions and formulate plans • Semaphores were used between sailors for many years to communicate between ships • One of the first long distance communication system invented in 1790 was the semaphores towers • Telegraph was invented in 1821 • Telephone was invented in1876 • Us inventor Samuel More developed the system of dots and dashes of telegraph that was known as Morse Code • Scientist now think that protons and Neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks. • Generators convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. pure color. • Carbon fiber is made by heating textile fibers.200 grams are equal to one carat. • The first hologram was make in 1962 • Laser = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation • Quartz-halogen bulbs are used in overhead projectors and spotlights • Helium is uses to fill airships and balloons • Helium is used to pressurize hydrogen fuel in rockets and the air in diver‘s air tanks • Apart from radon. the noble gases are used in lighting. • Weight of an object put in a satellite orbiting in space around the earth is reduced to zero • Movie camera take pictures at rate of 24 pictures per second • Density of water is 1 • Water expands as it freezes to ice. • Mohr‘s scale hardest substance is diamond . • Mobile phones transmit message using radio -type waves called microwaves • Super conductors are also strong diamagnetic this means they strongly repel magnets. • Engineers use electronic theodolite and range-finder to measure the distance and angle to calibrated staff. • British scientist James Prescott Joule discovered the principle of conservation of energy. • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.9 deg: C • Combustion is a kind of oxidation reaction. The speed of sound in gases depends on what? Density • Two or more molecules of carbohydrates are linked together through glycosidic bond • peptide bond b\w amino acids.000 kilometers per second. • Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank the site for space observatory • Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland and was the first to explain the solar system. • The principle behind the generator is electromagnetic induction. Capacitors are important components for making timers. beta and gamma is of gamma rays • Laser rays are used in micro surgery • Alpha radiations produce burns on human body • Newton proved that sunlight consists of different colors • Beta rays are fast moving electrons. • Liquid helium is the coldest substance. • Heat flows in three ways conduction. Walter Brattain and William Shockley in 1947 used a semiconductor called germanium to make the world‘s first transistor. • Cantilever brake used in Bicycle.

Astronomers use radio telescope to hear them. Green are prime colors. • White light is a mixture of all the colors in the rainbow. • Standard pressure is 760 mm or 14.7 lb/in2 • Gross is equal to 12 dozens • Mach 2 = 500 miles per hour • 1 nautical mile = 1825 meters • Unit of pressure is Pascal • Force is measured in Newton (SI). lux • Unit of crude oil is Barrel • Unit of volume of water is cusec. • Unit of heat is Joule. microwave oven. • UNITS OF MEASUREMENT • 1 horse power is 745. Calorie. • Radar uses microwaves. • Invisible Ultraviolet wave have wavelength shorter than violet light. • Electrical lines of forces are imaginary. • UHF. communication network • Each light color is of different wavelength. • Loud speaker converts electrical energy into sound energy. cubic/sec • Unit of admittance is Mho • Unit of intensity or loudness of sound is bel • Unit of viscosity is Poise • Unit of flight speed is Mach I • Unit of atmospheric pressure is milli bar • Unit of wave length of light is Angstrom • Unit of energy is Electron volt • Unit of brightness is Lambert • Unit of luminous flux is Lumen • Intensity of illumination or unit of luminosity is Lux.6 x 10 power 6 joules • A 100 watt bulb lights for 1 hour uses 100 watt hour of electricity • -273 degree centigrade is called absolute zero temperature. Blue. They are used to kill cancers. • Light coloured clothes are generally worn in summer • The electrical device which transform voltage : transformer • A nuclear reaction in which two or more than two lighter nuclear are fused together to form a rela tively heavier one : nuclear fusion • The three colours combination which produces the sensation of white light : Red green and blue • The clear sky looks blue because of dispersion of light • When light waves travel from air to glass the wavelength and velocity variables are affected. BTU (Board of Trade Unit) • Unit of electric charge is Coulomb • Unit of voltage is volt • Unit of electric resistance is ohm • Unit of capacitance is Farad • Unit of magnetic flux is Weber. • Without exposure to ultraviolet light our bodies would not be able to make vitamin D. ultra high frequency are radio waves used for TV broadcast • Microwaves are used in radar.Page | 71 • Transverse waves can only be produced in solids • Longitudinal waves can be produced in solids. • X-rays have shorter wavelength and more energy than ultraviolet rays.7 watts • 1 horse power = work equal to lifting 550 lbs of weight to one foot for one second • 1 calorie is equal to 4. • Radio waves also come from sun and outer space. BTU (British Thermal Unit) • Radio activity is measured in currie • Rutherford : strength of radioactivity • Torr: pressure • Fermi : length [A unit of length equal to one femtometer (10 -15 meter)] • Sved berg unit:sedimentation rate • Dioptre: power of lense • Mho : conductivity • Henry: inductance • Maxwell: magnetic flux • Becquerel: radioactivity • Kilo watt hour: power • Coulomb: unit of electrical charge . Its f > 20. x-ray can kill bacteria • Violet color of light t ravel thought glass with minimum speed • There is no wavelength of light for color brown. • Waves with a longer wavelength than red light are invisible they are called infrared waves. liquids and gases • On passing thought food stuff. • Gamma rays come from radioactive materials. Candela and Candle power • Unit of magnet ic pole strength is Weber • Unit of RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose) is Gray • Unit of Electric Current is Ampere • Unit of inductance is Henry • Unit of conductance is siemens. • Anything that is warm produces infrared waves including us. mobile phones. • Frequency distinguishes ultrasound from normal audible sound. • Blue has the shortest wavelength and red the longest. • Red light has the longest wavelength while violet light has the shortest. The hotter the thing the more IR. • Infrared waves are used in TV remote control. Dyne (CGS) • At -40 deg F Fahrenheit scale is equal to centigrade scale • Hertz and Angstrom are units of frequency • Units of work and energy are Joule and Erg (CGS) • Diopter is unit of power of lens • Unit is density is kg/m3 • Unit of power is watt. Tesla • Unit of radio activity is Becquerel • Unit of luminous intensity is candle. • Red.2 Joules • 1 barrel is equal to 159 liters • 6 feet = 1 fathom • 1 kwh = 3.000 Hz. • Red + Blue + Green = white • The wavelength of visible light is between 1350-2500 • An object that reflects all the light looks white.

• 8 furlongs make one mile. • Shortsightedness can be corrected with the use of Concave. • In our houses we get 220 V a.1 nanometer. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • The wavelength of the X-rays is of the order of 0. • Sunlight is composed of seven colours • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action • What is a Fata Morgana. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • SI unit of pressure is Pascal. It needs a ‗push‘. Voltage is measured in volts (v). 1 Unit = 1 kw hr = 1000 w hr = 100 x 10 x 1 hr • If the same note is played on a flute and a sitar.Alexander Graham Bell . • 0. • Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. green and blue are known as primary colours. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. • Electricity does not flow through a circuit by itself..Pearls • Unit of electromotive force in Volt.Type of Mirage • • Freon-trademark for any of a number of chemical compounds containing fluorine. • Power is measured in Watts (w). It is commonly used in refrigerator..6093 kms. • One unit of electric power is consumed when 10 A of current flows for 1 hour at 100 V. He discovered that they voltage across a conductor such as a trip of meta l or a wire – and the current following through it always vary in the same proportion. • Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight. because it lets you predict the current you will get for a particular voltage. This is incredibly useful. So if you double the voltage. • Scattering of light ___ the duration of the day (make) • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action • a primary cell can ___ be charged again (not) • When a person can see nearer objects but not the distant ones he is said to be suffering from : nearsightedness (myopia) • ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds. • Resistance was discovered by Girge Ohm in 1826. you double the current. The value of 220 V represents the effective voltage. one can still distirguish b/w them because they differ in quality. • The time period of a pendulum on moon increases. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made..(chk) • What is measured on the Gay-Lussac scale: Alcohol strength • Chronometer is used to measure. • • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation. • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.Page | 72 • Weber: unit of magnetic flux • Tesla: unit of magnetic flux density • Siemen: unit of conductance • Rutherford: unit of rate of decay o f radioactive material • Faraday: unit of electric charge • Angstrom: unit of length. It has 9 zeroes.Sound 192 • What is measured in grains .a qu adrillion 15 zeroes.four grains to a carat. • The German scientist George Ohm (1787-1854) is best remembered for working out ohm‘s law. • One inch is equal to 2. • Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.c. Wind Speed • The clusec is the unit measuring the power of what Vacuum pumps • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz. time • Anemometer is used to measure. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. • The thickness of silk is measured in what . • Curie is a unit of : radioactivity • Pascal Sound Pressure • Torr Pressure • Curie Intensity of radioactivity • Angstrom Unit of length • Light year The distance light travels in a year • Dioptre Lens refractive power • Horse power Unit of Power • Radian Unit of angular measure • Candela Unit of luminous intensity • Mole unit of amount of substance • What is measured in units called phon. or energy. • One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. • An object traveling at Mach 2 is traveling approximately at 500 mph. • A billion contain 1000 million. • Red. and is measured in ohms.Denier • Ohm‘s law does not apply to semiconductors and conductors when there is change in temperature. and often chlorine or bromine. • An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide. • Rectifier converts AC into DC • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. These are colours which cannot be produced by mixing with other colours. • What is the SI unit of illumination -Lux • Gross is equal to 12 dozen. Use: as solvents.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1. in refrigeration. used especially to specify radiation wavelengths • Parsec: unit of astronomical length • Degree: unit of measurement of an angle • Steradian: Unit of solid angle measurement • Dyne is a unit of Force.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit -Hectare • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable • What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados • unit of sound named after.200 grams are equal to one carat. • Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. • Ozone is measured in percent age. as aerosol propellants. • 2. Similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes. to keep it moving.Decibel • The density Smoke is measured on the Rngelmann scale• Unit of electromotive force in Volt. It is due to Fluorescence. • A negatively charged glass rod has always less protons than electrons.. • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte. UNIVERSE • Cheron is the moon of Pluto • Total number of satellites are 31 (chk: 50) • Blue color of sky is due to Tyndal Effect . We call this energy the voltage of the circuit.

09 seconds. 00.25 days • In a leap year there are 29 days in Febrary • Earth is older than moon • Sun light takes 8. • The only planet which rotates on its axis from East to West is Uranus • Uranus is called lopsided planet • Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium • Period of rotation of earth on axis is 1 day or 23 hrs. has largest quantity of CO2 Moon = 0 • Earth is most dense.Page | 73 • Our solar system contains 50 satelites • Total planets in solar system are 8 • Distance of sun from earth is 150 millio n km = 1 a. bios planet. • The temperature of Venus‘ surface is about 430 deg: C • Biggest Comet known to man is kohoutek • Only planet whose day is lo nger than its year is Venus • Brightest visible star is Sirus • Star nearest to earth is Sun • Atmosphere of sun has 3 layers • Sun spots are the cooler areas of sun • In 28 days moon returns to the same position in its orbit • The light coming from stars give the idea of their temperature. largest year moon = 8 • Rank of earth as per size is Fifth • Revolution period of earth is 365.3 min to reach earth or 510 seconds • Time required to moon light to reach earth is 1. • Sun is 109 times bigger than earth. • The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly.3 seconds • Light can circle earth 7 times in a________.u (angstrom unit) • Moon from earth is 385. 56 minutes & 4.Phobos and Deimos • Mars is named after the Roman god of war. with shortest rotation time. smallest and farthest planet Neptune • Asteroids are small planets revolving round the sun • Sun is the brightest star in the universe • A shooting star is called a meteor • Our galaxy is spiral known as Milky Way • Shape of our milky way is spiral • The milky way extends through the distance of 10 power 5 light years . Moon = 1 • This is an instrument used for measuring the altitude of a celestial body: sextant • Mars moon = 2. closest to earth and earth‘s twin in size and mass. • Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena) • • Jupiter is the fastest planet of the solar system • The Asteroid Belt is found between which of the following planets? Mars and Jupiter • The visible part of the Sun is called Photosphere • Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. • 1480. • • Saturn is least dense moon = 56 • Saturn is the second largest planet. • Mercury and Venus are without Satellites. • 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound. with a red spot. smallest day. • 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the earth. • The northern polar lights are called Aurorae Borealis. • Solar eclipse occurs at new moon • Sun is 400 times larger than moon • Lunar eclipse occurs at full moon.5 miles per second. • Weight of earth is 6586x10 power 18 tons • Rings of Saturn were discovered by Galileo in 1610 • Titan. Sun rotate on its axis.000 km • Outer surface of sum is called photosphere • Sun has 90% hydrogen. Uranus gives greenish glow • Neptune is the coldest. slowest. smallest and fastest planet.000 km is the distance from sun to earth. • CHIIRON is the larges comet in the universe. hottest. • Temperature at surface of sun is 6000K and at its center 20 million K • Venus reflects highest percentage of light • Morning star is called to Venus. • The pulsating universe theory explains the evolution of universe. Moon = 0 • Venus is the brightest. • A ‗shooting star‘ is a meteor. 8% helium and 2% other elements. • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of Saturn.46 trillion km • Sun radiated energy equal to 10 trillion of TNT explosion • Mercury is nearest to the sun. • The earth is calculated to b 4540 million years old. the largest moon in solar system is of Saturn • Triton is a satellite of Neptune • Planet referred as Morning Star and Evening Star is Venus • Venus‘ atmosphere is 90 times thicker than earth‘s. • Period of revolution of Earth around Sun is 356 days. • Light travels fastest in vaccum • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of saturn • Coldest. and southern polar lights are called Auror ae Australis. • Planet with maximum number of moons is Saturn • Planet with ring is Saturn • Uranus moon = 12. watery. • At 7050 km per hour. • A light year is equal to 9. • Speed of earth in orbit around sun is 8. • Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C. • Mars is called Red planet • Mars is half the size of earth • Europa is a moon of Mars (chk • Mars contain atmosphere of carbondioxide • Jupiter is largest. • Volume of Earth is 260 billion cubic miles. with largest number of satellites. 9 minutes & 9. Moon = 63 • Jupiter is 11(or 10) times larger than earth • Europa is the moon of Jupiter. 6 hrs.54 seconds.

kilometers.. • Hydra is the largest of the 88 constellations found in the universe.. 4sec • Earth rotates around on axis pointing towards the Polar Star • Revolution period is 365 ¼ days = 365. ¼ is added for leap year • Duration of day at poles is 6 months. He was the first to explain the solar system.Page | 74 • Super Nova is a dying star • Nearest spiral galaxy to Milky Way is Andromeda galaxy • Nearest start to our sun is Alpha Centauri • Biggest star in our galaxy is Proxima Centauri • A collection of galaxies is called cluster • . • Light takes 8 minutes to reach the earth from sun..000 km/sec • Which planet is named after the Roman god of war? Mars • Galaxies are the families of stars. • Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland. • Halley‘s comet was named in his honor though he did not discover it. 56min.515 time that of water. • Joseph von Fraunhofer was the first to explain the presence of dark lines in the sun‘s spectrum. • Chiron is one of several distant asteroids with orbits between Jupiter and Uranus. It is about 500 times greater than the sun. • Closest star is Gienah • Speed of light is 3. • What is the common name for the star Sirius: Dog Star • Pluto (the Planet) was almost called what name-Zeus • When a satellite is closest to Earth its position is called what Perigee • 30 km/s is the approximate mean velocity with which earth moves round the Sun in its orbit.moon is 81 times lighter than earth • Moon has 7% reflection as compared to earth (i. • Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system.e poor reflection) • Moon has 1/6th gravitation as that of earth • Moon‘s 59% surface is visible from earth • Mass of moon is 1/8th to that of the earth • Moon has no atmosphere • Sun is closer to earth in January • At perihelion..Mars • What is the brightest star always in the Northern sky-Vega • The most common element in the universe is Nitrogen. It covers about 3. • Comet is made of ice and dust • Edmond Halley was the first to calculate the path of a comet and pred ict when it would be seen again. earth is nearest tosun • Earth‘s axis is inclined at an angle of 66 ½ deg: to the plane of its orbit around the sun or the axis is inclined at 23 ½ deg: from the vertical • Soros cycle is the largest interval between two total solar eclipses about 18 years • Sun has 27 day rotation period • Moon‘s rotation period is equal to the Earth‘s • Rotation period of earth is 23hrs. • About 80% of galaxies are elliptical and other are spiral • Elliptical galaxies contain very little gas and dust and hardly any new stars are born in them. • Light travels at 3. • Venus‘s atmosphere is 90 times thicker than our. It traps so well that the temperature of Venus‘s surface is about 430 degr ee centigrade. • The M-class supergiant Betelgease with a diametre of 700 million kms is the largest star of the universe.It has density of 5.16 % of the entire sky. • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise. are four large moons of the planet • Mars contain atmosphere of Carbon dioxide and Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium. • The patterns in stars are called constellations.00. • Jupiter‘s volcanic moon is called IO and other moons are Europa. • In 1930. Astronomers call this distance a light year.000 km/s. • First asteroid discovered was Ceres by Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot • What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet • What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters ADVENTURES IN SPACE • First artificial satellite was Sputnik-I sent by Soviet Union on October 4. the speed at which you can round the world seven times in very second. 1957 took a female dog Laika into space • On July 20. • Two planet Earth‘s could fit side by side inside the Great Red Spot of Jupit er.000 million. Ganymede and Callisto. 1969 US Apollo 11 touched down the moon • Skylab was launched in 1973 by US. • Light of sun reaches the earth in. million. 1957 • Sputnik-II on November 3.Brightest in sky • Name the first teddy bear in space. • Europa is the moon of Jupiter • The moon has no atmosphere because its gravitational pull is not strong enou gh to hold an atmosphere • Chondrite meteorites are the oldest rocks in the solar system. • In the Solar system there are 2 Mount Olympus's Greece and where. metal or a mixture of both. • ‗Galileo Satellites‘. which are called con stellations. astronomers finally agreed how to divide the whole sky into 88 areas.what is its other name-Andromeda • The earth is the densest planet of universe . • Closest star is (Gienah) 680. • What is the name of the largest moon of Jupiter-Ganymede • M31 is the nearest galaxy to us . named after their discoverer.25 days. 1996. • Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. • Venus is about the same size as Earth. • The earth‘s reflectivity of solar radiation is termed as albedo. • Equinox means equal days and nights • Sun‘s energy is called Insulation • The visible yellow face of sun is called Photosphere • The gravity of sun is 28 times greater than that of earth • Moon completes 13 circles in a year around earth • Sun is 13 x 10 power 5 times larger than earth • Maximum duration of solar eclipse is 7 min 40 sec • Sun reaches its maximum angular distance from Equator at Solistice • Millions of asteroids orbit the sun in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter • Asteroids (minor planets) are make of rock.499 seconds • Hale-Bopp comet was the most distant comet ever discovered which became visible in December. • What country launched its first space rocket January 1961-Italy • What happened to Laika first dog in space Suffocated no air burned re-entry . • Ceres is the largest asteroid • Chiron is one of several distant asteroids which orbit between Jupiter and Uranus • The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly. • In space light travels 9461 million million km in a year. • Spiral galaxies are disk shaped and usually have clouds of dust and gas where new stars are born. • Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena) • What is unique about the pistol star.00.

He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Spa ce Station. • Apiculture is science of bee keeping • Ornithology is the science of birds • Philology is the science of languages • Oncology is the study of cancer • Exobiology is the study of life in outer space • Numismatics is the study of coins • Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their genes or it refers to Improvement of human race • Ethology is the study of animal behavior • Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and cultural development of mankind • Carpology is the study of fruit s and seeds. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd. 1969. 1990 through Disco very Shuttle • Apollo XI enabled man to step on moon • Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. • Forms and features are studies under the branch of Marphology. • Philately is hobby of stamp collecting.000 km. • • Escape velocity is 24800 miles/hour or 7 miles/sec • First human in space is Yuri Gagrin 1961 on USSR • Appolo crew returned to earth with 382 kg of moon soil • First space scientist was Henry Quendish • Man entered in space on 14 October 1957 • First American shuttle to land on moon named ―Bamini‖ in March. • Ichthyology in the study of fish.Rocks history formation etc • An onomastician studies what . • The branch of zoology. spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter. • Study of earth is geology • Acoustics is the science of sound • Cytology is the study of cell • Entomology is the study of insects. • Mycology is the study of fungi. • Telstar.Turkey • The first person to orbit the earth in space. carried the first American into space on 5th May 1961. • . Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon. • Paleontology is the study of fossils. • Anthropology is the study of man. • Geostationary Orbit is at a height of 36. • Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the physical and chemical nature of heavenly bodies. • First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. John Glenn • Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1. • Yuri Gagarin (Russia) cosmonauts became first traveler in space in 1961. • Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people and their working environment. first artificial satellite was launched on 3 Nov: 1957. • Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank (Site for space observatory). • Cryptology is the study of codes. He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Spa ce Station. • Phycology is the study of Algae. • The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography. • Cartography is the art of making maps and charts. spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter. Russia launched its space station Mir • Hubble telescope launched in April 243. • Vostok I carried first man in space. control and application of low temperatures • Seismology is study of movements inside earth‘s crust • Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands. • What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases • Noologists study what -The Mind . • Pathology deals with diseases • Histology deals with organic tissues • Pedology is the study of soil • Cryogenics deals with the production. which deals with the study of insects is called entomology • The production of generally identical reproduction is called as Cloning • A petrologist studies what . • • • VARIOUS SCIENCES • Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals • Stenography means short hand writing • Psoriasis is a learning disability • Paleontology is study of fossils. • Graphology is the study of handwriting. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd • Russian Cosmonaut valley polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. 1966 • First woman in space was Valentine Khurachoof in 14 June. 2003. 1963 • America launched its first space station in 1973 • In 1979 Sky Lab was destroyed in earth‘s atmosphere • In 1986. • On July 20. first manned space programme of USA. • Pathfinder is robot craft that landed on Mars in 1997.Page | 75 • A Russian space programs name meant East what was it Vostok • What was the first man made object to leave the solar system Pioneer 10 • Voyager I. • Concho logy is the study of shells. • Psychological study of life in artificial environment is called biopsy. • Mercury project. voyager 1 & 2 in 1979 and Galileo in 1995 were missions sent to Jupiter • Astronomers know of over 50 moons orbiting Jupiter. • Sputnik II. A etiology is the study of causes of disease.Names • Thanatology is the study of what Death • The study of human population is called Demography. the world‘s first communication satellite was launched in 1962. • First space vehicle to land on moon was Luna-9 • Voyager I. • Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. • Dendrology is the study of trees. • Pioneer 10 and 11 launched in 1973 and 1974. • What was the first food consumed on the moon in Apollo 11 . • Hematology is the study of blood.

• The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition-Rickets • Celluloses are carbohydrates. finger nails. headache and diahrae • Milk contains 80% water • Milk is a complete food.Wood Engraving • Paleontology is the science of history of life. • Scurvy. • Glucose is the source of energy for human brain. • Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood increase the risk of heart attack. normal reproductive function. • Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi dise ases. • Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex. • Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of soil. hydrogen and oxygen • Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent • Vitamin E helps in fertility process • Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good digestion • Protein found in milk is Casein. • Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cr yo-Bilogy. • Milk contains lactose. it is related to Gastro -intestinal disorder. • Sodium is necessary of nervous system. the rate of photosynthesis may stop altogether • VITAMINS • Deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of skin and night blindness • Skin food is Vitamin C • Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy • Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron • The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is tomato • Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D • Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin • Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging • Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat • Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin • Fats are made of carbon. • Vitamin A is found in Dairy products • Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness. it is related to Gastro -intestinal disorder. • Cheese contains vitamin D. arising due to deficiency of vitamin C. • Meteorology is the study of study of weather. . fruits and vegetable • Pastevurization is the protection of food by heating • Method of preparation of warnish was discovered by Jabir bin Hayaan • If temperature rises gradually up to 40 deg: C. • Vitamin C can not be stored in human body. • Numismatics is the study of coins. • What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing • Ichthyologists study what Fish • What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections • What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars • What does a philologist study. • The process by which plants take food is photosynthesis • Reduction is the removal of oxygen atoms • Oxidation is the combination of oxygen or removal of hydrogen • Horticulture is the cultivation of flowers. • Penology is the study. Vitamin E is for reproduction. • Cheese contains vitamin D.Autograph collecting • Agronomy is the science of soil management. • Orthoepy is the study of what -Word pronunciation • What does a philologist study.Languages • Orthoepy is the study of what -Word pronunciation • A philomath has a love of what .Languages • Chlama domonas is unicellular plant VARIOUS PROCESSES • Chemical union of two or more molecules of the compound to form larger molecules is called Polymerization. • Sodium is necessary of nervous system. • Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret writing. etc are all make of protein • Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular cramps.Forestry • What is Xylography. • Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds • Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12 • Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil • Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs • Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets • Vitamin B1 is available is yeast. • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.Page | 76 • Semiology is the study of what -Signals • What is silviculture.Learning • What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests • What is philography. • Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease • Vitamin C is also called Skin food • Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism. • Vitamin E is for reproduction. • Scury. in beans is Legumes. • Deficiency of Thiamine causes Beri Beri. • Hyetology is the study of rainfall. hoofs. • Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth‘s crust. arising due to deficiency of vitamin C. theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation. • Ground nut has maximum protein • Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification • Hair. in meat is myosin and in eggs is albumin • Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat soluble • Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver • Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants • Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the enzymes helpful in blood clotting • Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization.

• Al-Khwarizimi was first person who used zero. Madhusudan. Dr M. his home country.. • Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid. • Which single winner won the most number of Nobel Prizes? International Committee of the Red Cross. • Max Planck received the noble prize in Physics in 1918 for his discovery of: energy quanta • Climate change campaigner Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have been jointly awarded the Nobe l Peace Prize.Page | 77 • Major component of honey is Glucose • Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates. In what year was he born? Alfred Nobel was born in 183 3 • What did Alfred's father. • Celluloses are carbohydrates. more than 150 years ago. • Buffer state of Asia is called to Afghanistan. but not in Sweden. NOBLE PRIZE • Astronomers cannot be nominat ed for noble prize • Marie curie twice won Noble Prize. • National Emblem of France is Lily.UNHCR. • Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition. FAMOUS EPITHETS • What city is known as The worlds chocolate capital: Hershey Pennsylvania • Which countries name translates as land of the free. Where did he die? Alfred Nobel died in San Remo. • National Emblem of Pakistan is Crescent -Jasmine.. UAEA • NATIONAL EMBLEM • National Emblem of Britain is Rose-Lion. • National Emblem of Iran is Rose.Norway • Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1972-Nobody • Who refused the Nobel Literature prize in 1958-Boris Pasternak • Who was the first American to receive the Nobel Literature prize Sinclair Lewis • Which Nobel Prize is not awarded annually in Stockholm Peace • Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Prize in the field of peace. (Literature in 1931). • Mr Gore won an Oscar for his climate change film An Inconvenient Truth • • The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche • Rabindarnath Tagore won first Nobel Prize from South Asia... • National Emblem of Syria is Eagle. • ―Sandwich Island‖ is called to Hawaii Island. .Thailand • • The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • • Rome is also known as ―City of Seven Hills‖.. • Who awards the Peace Prize? The Norwegian Nobel Committee.. Physics. • Which Nobel category does not yet have a single female laureate? Economics • Who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics? Roentgen. • The New York Times received five Pulitzer prizes of 2009 for investigative. feature photography and criticism.D. • National Emblem of Netherlands is Lion. Finland • Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm. breaking news and international reporting. • Muslim scientist Ali al Tabari is famous for his work on ___ (medical sciences) • Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound. Literature. • Wole Soyinka is a Nobel Prize winner for literature. Peace and Economics. • Penang is called the ―Pearl of East‖. • National Emblem of Egypt is Lotus.in Peace and Chemistry? Linus Pauling • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -. • The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was: Anwar Sadaat of Egypt • Nobel Prize holder UN institutions.C • SCIENTISTS • Ibn baitar was a Botanist • Kitab al Manazar on optical works was written by Ibn al Haitham • Mamoon observatory was established during the reign of Caliph Mamoon • Circulation of blood was described by a muslim scientist name N afis Abdul al-Hasan... Chemistry. • A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange • Vitamin not stored in human body.. • What country awards the Nobel peace prize. • Alfred Nobel never married. Economics • Person getting the nobel peace prize in 2008 was of the country.. • National Emblem of Bangladesh is Water Lily. Italy. • For which category was a Nobel Prize given starting 1969? Economics.in both Physics and Chemistry? Marie Curie • Name the six categories for which the prizes are awarded. Other are vitamins and minerals • Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells • Eating of coconut increases man‘s mental faculties • Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much toadstools. • Detroit is known as the Motor City. • Van‘t Hoff was the first Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. Physiology or Medicine. • Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace Prize 2007 for his campaign against Global Warming. do for a living? Alfred's father was an engineer and inventor. • First Nobel Prizes were awarded on 10 Dec: 1901. • Milk contains lactose • Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth. • Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian/South Asian to win Nobel Prize. • Which field was not included by Alfred Nobel originally. • Britain of south is called to New Zealand. Immanuel. • In what year did the most people decline their Nobel Prize? 1939 • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -. • Who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature? Rabindranath Tagore • Mathematicsis not a valid Nobel Prize category. • A future Nobel Laureate worked for a short period of time as Alfred Nobel's secretary. • Why did Alfred Nobel establish a prize in his will? Alfred Nobel wanted to award the greatest benefits to mankind. He is from Nigeria. Who? Bertha von Suttner • Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896. • A noted Indian wildlife biologist. • National Emblem of Kuwait is Falcon. Sweden. • National Emblem of Sri Lanka is Lion. protein and fats. Director of Nature Conservation Foundation • Four persons have been awarded Nobel Prize twice. • National Emblem of China is Narcissus.

• Turkey means ―Land of Turks‖. • City of golden temple is called to Amritsar. • Crossroad of Western Europe is called to Belgium. • Argentian means ―Like Silver‖.Sierra Leone • What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies". • Zambia is known as "country of Copper" • Albania means the ―Land of Eagles‖. • Land of fertile fields is called to Algeria. • Key to Mediterranean is called to Gibraltar. • Kuwait means ―Fort‖. • Land of pure people is called to Pakistan. • Gateway to Pakistan is called to Karachi. • Brazil means ―Red wood‖. • Windy city is called to Chicago. • City of eternal spring is called to Quito. • Land of Prophets is called to Palestine. • Rose pink city is called to Jaipur. • Manchester of Pakistan is called to Faisalabad. • Gateway to the east is called to Beirut. • Liberia means ―Land of free people‖.Philippines • What countries name translates as lion mountains . • Site of Ancient Civilization is called to Iraq. • Netherlands means ―low land‖. • Land of milk and honey is called to Lebanon. • City of palaces is called to Calcutta. • Bahrain means two seas. • Little Pakistan is called to Bradford. • Land of rising sun is called to Japan. • Gibraltar of the west is said to Quebec. • Flower garden to Europe is called to Netherlands. • Island continent is called to Australia. • Sorrow of china is called to Hawang Hoo. • Emerald Island is called to Ireland. • Sierra Leone means ―Lion Mountains‖. • Land of midnight sun is called to Norway. • City of Golden Gate is called to San Francisco. • Guuatnemala mean ―Land of Eagles‖. • City of colleges is called to Lahore. • City of parks is called to Kiev. • City of cosmonauts is called to Moscow. • Pillars of Hercules is called to Gibraltar. • Hong Kong is called as Pearl of the Orient.Page | 78 • Cockpit of Europe is called t o Belgium. • Yellow River is known as China‘s Sorrow because of devastating floods. • Emerald Island is called to Ireland. • Lusitanian is the alternative name of Portugal. • Horn of Africa is called to Somalia. • Land of free people is called to Thailand.Between two Rivers COUNTRIES WITH CAPITALS & Currencies COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Algeria Algiers Argentina Buenos Aires Australia Canberra Australian Dollar Austria Vienna Azerbaijan Baku Belgium Brussels . • Which country is popularly called ‗The Land of the Maple Leaf‘? Canada • Mistress of the Eastern Seas is epithet referred to Sri Lanka. • Land of Thousand Island is called to Indonesia. • Land of golden fiber is called to Bangladesh. • Whiteman‘s Grave is called to Guinea. • Costa Rica means ―Rich coast‖. • City of pope is called to Rome. • Gift of Nile is called of Egypt. • City of angles is called to Bangkok. • Great Britain of the Pacific is called to Japan. • Pyramid city is called to Cairo. • Nigeria means ―a great river‖. • Forbidden City is called to Lahaska. • Land of contrasts is called to Colombia. • Land of morning calm is called to Korea. • City of peace is called to Baghdad. • Switzerland of Africa is called to Swaziland.Florence • Mesopotamia means. • Singapore means ―city of lions‖. • Land of mighty rivers is called to Nigeria. • City of conference is called to Geneva. • Brasilia of Pakistan is called to Islamabad. • Playground of Europe is called to Switzerland. • Land of white elephant is called to Thailand. • Gateway to India is called to Bombay. • City of space flights is called to Cape Kennedy. • Sudan means ―Land of black people‖. • City of mosques is called to Dhaka. • Gateway to the gulf is called to Abu Dhabi. • City of bazaars is called to Cairo. • Jamaica means ―Good water‖. • Cyprus means ―Land of copper‖. • Remnant of mighty empire is called to Austria. • Which worlds city is known as The Golden City Prague Czech • What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient"-Manilla . • Land of mountain is called to Nepal.

• New Granda Colombia. • Christiana Oslo. • Mesopotamia Iraq. • South West Africa Namibia. • Helvetia Switzerland. • Constantinople Istanbul. • Siam Thailand. • Burma Myanmar. • Ceylon Srilanka. • Persia Iran. • Nippon Japan. • French Sudan Mali. • Najd and Hejaz Saudi Arabia. • Soviet Union Russian Federation. • Duch-East-Indies Indonesia. • Lyallapur Faisalabad.C Uzbekistan Tashkent Vietnam Hanoi Yemen Sanaa Eritrea Asmara Bangladesh Dhaka Taka CHANGED NAMES Old Name New Name • Pipri Bin Qasim. • Mogyarzaq Hungry. • Upper Volta Burkina Faso. • South Rhodesia Zimbabwe. • Urumdi Brumdi.Page | 79 Bhutan Thimphu Bosnia Herzegovina Sarajevo Canada Ottawa China Beijing Yuan Cuba Havana Cyprus Nicosia Denmark Copenhagen Krone Egypt Cairo Pound France Paris Franc Gorgia Tibillsi Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark Greece Athens Hungary Budapest India New Delhi Rupee Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Iran Tehran Riyal Iraq Baghdad Dinar Ireland Dublin Israel Tel Aviv Shekel Italy Rome Pesso Japan Tokyo Yen Jordan Oman Kazakhastan Astana North Korea Pyongyang South Korea Seoul won Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som Lebanon Beirut Libya Tripoli Dinal Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Maldives Male Morocco Rabat Nepal Kathmandu Rupaia Netherlands Amsterdam Guilder New Zealand Wellington Nigeria Abuja Norway Oslo Krone Phillippines Manila Poland Budapest Qatar Doha Russia Moscow Ruble Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal Bulgaria Sofia Singapore Singapore Dollar South Africa Pretoria and Cape Town Rand Spain Madrid Sri Lanka Colombo Sudan Khartoum Sweden Stockholm Krona Switzerland Bern Syria Damascus Pound Taiwan Taipei Tajikistan Dushanbe Thailand Bankok Turkey Istanbul Lira Turkmenistan Ashgabad Ukraine Kiev UAE Abu Dhabi UK London US Washington D. • Turkmenia Turkmenistan. . • Abyssinia Ethiopia. • Greenland Kalaallet Nunaat. • Formosa Taiwan. • Holland Netherlands.

• Stalinabad Dushanbe.Page | 80 • Combodia Kampuchea. • OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States. Lucia). • The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam IMPORTANT ORGANISATIONS & PACTS Name Founded Member Headquarter • ADB.Geneva. • Salisbury Harare. founded at Bangkok.22. • Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd May 1939 at Berlin. Dissolved in 1991. its head quarter is in Lausanne (Switzerland).1981. • Persia Iran. G-8 was originally the G-5 but was expanded when Canada.12• D8.Cairo • ASEAN. • COMECON. 1934. its headquarter is in Geneva (Switzerland ). HQ Turkey. • The international court of justice comprises 15 judges.15 June 1997.53. • Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924.Strasbourg. The coun cil has 54 members elected for the term of 3 years. • United Arab Republic Egypt. • CIS. • Madras Chennai. • SAARC 8. • International Energy Agency was founded in 1974. • In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt. 1928.Jan 1991. • General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges of International Court of Justice. • Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb. • CENTO was signed on 24th Feb. It was estab lished by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.Jeddah established in Rabat (Morocco).1945. 1954 founder at Manila. • North American Free Trade Agreement. • UN has 6 principle organs. Italy and Russia jointed in June 1997. it was signed in Paris.8. • Montgomery Sahiwal. Petersburg.Founded at Turkey. • Council of Europe. • UN‘s resolution 1441about Iraq was passed in No v 2002. • Tripoli Libya. • ICRC.London. • The head quarter of internat ional Red Cross and Red Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland). • Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904. • According to the young plan (1929) announced after the first world war Germany was required to pay 100 million dollars in i nstallments.Jan 1985. • The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945. • Jabal-i-Tariq Gibraltar • Equatorial Africa Chad • Ray Isfahan • Pataliputra Patna • Sankiang Xinjiang • Old name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State. • Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955. its origin lies in the free trade agreement signed by the USA and Canada in 1989. • Organization of American State was founded in 1948. the agreement was signed between England and France. ended in 1977. • The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya. • Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957. • KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th August.56. 1969. • Interpol 1956 Lyon (France) • NAM 1961 • OIC 22 to 25 Sep 1969. its headquarter is in Cairo (Eg ypt).Jakarta. • Rio Summit was held in Rio -de-Janero on 14th 1992. its head quarter is in Paris (France). 1996. • Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July.6.1949. • The organization of Economic Cooperation and Development was founded in 1961. • Edo Tokyo. Its head quarter is in Brussels (Belgium). • The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries was founded in 1968. • Security Council has 5 permanent members.Geneva. • Afghanistan was known as Ariana. • The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935. • Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17 Sep 1978. • SEATO Sep 8.Havana. • Rhodesia Zimbabwe. • Locarno pact signed on 16th October.Philippines • Arab League.Colombo (Srilanka) • Common Wealth. Ghana was called ‗Gold Coast‘.7.9. 1981. • There are 76 countries in WTO.1st July 1951. 1985. 1933 at Paris.34. • OPANAL was formed on 2nd December. • Burma Myanmar. established on 18th June. its headquarter is in Mexico City.Aug 8. . • The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963. • The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating body for the numerous specialized agencies created by the UN. • European Union came in to being on January 1.established at Dhaka. • International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984. • Temasek Singapore.1949 Brussels. • China became the member of the World Trade Organization on 11 December 2001 • OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America. • Peiking Beijing. its head quarter is in Vienna (Austria). 1925. • Leningard St. • ECO. • NATO. • GCC. EU adopted Euro currency in 2001. • RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985.Tehran. • G-8 was established on 22 September 1985.1986. • The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam • Prior to independence. 1967. 1955 in Baghdad.Riyadh • ICJ.1883. • UNO 24 Oct 1945 New York. • Krugn Thep Bangkok. its head quarter is in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). • Amnesty International is an international organization which works for the release of the political prisoners. • Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is 2 years. • The world council of churches was established in 1948 in Amsterdam (Netherlands).1931. • Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was founded in Baghdad in 1960.1951. • Colombo Plan. its heat quarter is in Washington DC (USA).1948. • CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24. 2000.8 Katmandu. • The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St . its head quarter is in Paris (France). signed at Locarno.

• Initially. Arab league has seven countries. which formulated proposals about UN charter. • SAARC was formed in December. • Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919. • Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru.N.Page | 81 • Truman Doctrine-------announced on 12 March 1947 about the security of Greece and Turkey. • The head quarter of World Trade Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). Iraq . • Kofi Anan got noble peace price in 2001. France. • The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference. • Declaration of Human Rig hts was adopted on Dec: 10. • As per SAFTA agreement. these words are said by Thomas A. • CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union known as Commonwealth of Independent States. US president F. Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter on a battle ship. • The head quarter of United Nations Relief and Works Agency is in Vienna (Austria). 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries. • The head quarter of International Maritime Organization is in London (UK). Syria and Yemen are the founder nations of the arab league.. • First city to be placed under UN was Sarajevo. • Asian development bank was established in 1966 with headquarter located at manila(philipine) • The International court of Justice is located in Hague. Edison. . • The head quarter of World Meteorological Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). Scientific and Cultural Organization) is in Paris (France). Russia.. and I will move the earth. 1945 and came into force on October 24. • The UN Industrial Development Organization has its headquarters at Vienna. • The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American delegation visited England. • The head quarter of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is in Geneva (Switzerland). • The head quarter of International Fund for Agricultural Development is in Rome (Italy). Saudi Arab . • On 14th August 1941. first person to call English a nation of shopkeepers. • The UNO originated during the second world war. • The head quarter of International Atomic Energy Agency is in Vienna (Austria). Tito • international headquarter of Transparency International (TI} is located in Berlin. • The head quarter of United Nations Industrial Development Organization is in Vienna (Austria).is half his height. Thant • Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil Guides Movement.N Security Council are China. • In 1971 the people republic of china was given membership of UNO by expelling Taiwan. • UN Charter was signed on June 26. 1945. • New Zealand‘s Don McKinnon is the first secretary general of commonwealth. • The head quarter of International Telecommunication Union is in Geneva (Switzerland).D Roosevelt. Germany. • HEADQUARTERS OF WORLD ORGANISATIONS • The head quarter of Food and Agriculture Organization is in Rome (Italy). • Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most appropriate for extreme disease.Vienna • The Asian development bank established in 1966 with headquarter located at MANILA (philipines). Austria. • Napolean I. • Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773.Britain. • The head quarter of Universal Postal Union is in Berne (Switzerland). Italy. India. Lebanon . UK and US. • The UN observed 1998 as the human rights year with the theme ― All Human Rights for All‖. France. Nasser. • The head quarter of World Intellectual Property Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). • The head quarter of United Nations Educational. • The head quarter of International Monetary Fund is in Washington (USA). • Eqypt . Germany. • Myanmar is not a member of SAARC. • Headquarter of Arab League is located in Cairo. • Leonardo da vinci observed that every man – at three years old. • First Islamic Summit was held at Rabat in 1969. • ICJ has 15 judges. jorden . Pakistan & Sri Lanka have to decrease their custom duties to 0-5% by 2013. • USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955. • The head quarter of United Nation Development Program is in New York (USA). • ICJ has issued the arrest warrant of . • SAARC Human Resource Development Centre is located at Islamabad. Japan and the US.Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June. • Bangladesh is not a member of ASEAN. • First Secretary General of UN was Tregav Lee of Norway. Canada. • Darse Ninamia was introduced in Indo -Pak by Mulla Mizam Ud Din. • Estonia is not a member of CIS. 1948. • Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948. • Interpol was founded in 1923 in what city. • ILO is not an organ of the UN. The founder of the organisation is Peter Eigen • The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: Khatmandu • How many official working languages are recognized by UNO:6 • Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United Nations? U. • 1n 1948 the UN drawn up a charter of civil and political rights. was held in Dec 1944. • The heal quarter of International Civil Aviation Organization is in Montréal (Canada). • Green Peace has no formal structure and Secretariat. • Second Islamic Summit was held at Lahore in 1974. • The term of the judges of the international court of justice is 9 years. • The head quarter of United Nations International Children‘s Emergency Fund is in New York (USA). • Head quarters of WWF are in Vienna.D Roosevelt and British Premier W. 1985. • Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. • Potsdam conference was held in 1945. • Five permanent members of U. • The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was the result of the March of 250000 people organized by Martin Luther king in 1963. • Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is a brain child. • HQ of Universal Postal Union is in Berne. • Kofi Anan is the 7th Secretary General of UNO. • Portuguese is not an official language of UN. • UNO world was coined by F. • The head quarter of World Bank or IBRD is in Washington (USA). Omar al Basher of Sudan • The United States of America has used its veto power more than any other permanent member • G-7 is the group of seven rich industralial nations. • The head quarter of World Health Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). • Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to stand.Holland • WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations. • UN Security Council has five permanent and 10 non-permanent members. • The head quarter of International Labor Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland). Arab League was established on 22nd March 1945. any two of whom cannot be of the same nationality. • What was the first country to leave the United Nations-Indonesia • Don McKinnon is the secretary General of Commonwealth. • Olive Branch is the emblem of the U.

. • African Development Bank was established in 1964. • International Literacy Day is celebrated on September 8. Muhammad Hussain • Gulistan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Hayat-i-Jawid is written by Hali • Javaid Nama is written by Allama Iqbal • Jawab-e-Shikwah is written by Allama Iqbal • Ktab al Shifa is written by Ibn Sina • Mirat ul Aroos is written by Nazir Ahmed • Muqaddamah is written by Ibn Khaldun • Shaer o Shaeri is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Mussaddas-i-Hali is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Naqsh-e-Faryadi is written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz • Payam-e-Mashriq is written by Allama Iqbal • Shahnama is written by Firdausi • Tehzeeb al Ikhlaq is written by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan • Tafhim ul quran is written by Syed Abdul ala Maudoodi. • World Environment Day is observed on June 5. • Kashmir Solidarity Day is observed on 5 Feb. • Quaid –e-Azam Jinnah..(four miles away) • Transparency International is based in Berlin. • Human Rights Day is observed on 10th December every year. • Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam was wr itten by Edward Fitzgeranld. • World food day is observed on 16 October. • United nation‘s day is observed on 24th October. • International day of peace is observed on 3rd Tuesday of September. • World`s teacher day was observed on october 5. • Man who ruled India was written by Philip Woodruff. world press freedom day • World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September • IMPORTANT BOOKS & THEIR AUTHORS • Shahnama-i-Islam was written by Hafeez Jalandri. • Territorial waters traditionally are recognized to extend how far from a state‘s coastline? 12 miles. • What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit -Waterloo . • International day of disabled person is observed on 3 December. • The principal organs of United Nations are Six. Peter Benenson in 1961 • The International court of justice was constituted on 26th June 1945 • The Charter of United Nations consists of 111 articles.Page | 82 • Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer. • The Common Wealth of Australia came into existence in 1901. • Asrar-e-khudi is written by Allama Iqbal • Bal-e-Jibril is written by Allama Iqbal • Bang-e-dara is written by Allma Iqbal • Bostan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Darbar-i-Akbari is written by Azad. • Where is the headquarter of the Amnesty International located: London • Arab Magrib Union consists of Five States. • International Ozone Day is observed on September 16. • World health day is observed on 7th April. • 3rd may. • Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore. The story of a Nation is written by G. • • United Nations spends a lion‘s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations • The UNO originated during the Second World War. • International women‘s day is observed on 8th March. • A state‘s executive economic zone (EEZ) is recognized to extend how far from the coastline? 12 miles • ECOSOC has been established under chapter 10 of the UN charter • United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 Emirates. Switzerland • IMPORTANT DAYS • International Day for the elimination of racial discrimination is observed on 21 March. • Yadgar-i-Galib is written by Hali • Zabur-e-Anjam is written by Dr. • No Smoking Day is observed on April 7. Allama Iqbal • Zarb-e-Kaleem is written by Dr. • Heroes and Hero-Worship was written by Carlyle. • International Literacy day is observed on 8 Sep. • Commonwealth Day is observed on May 24 every year.Allana. • Press day is celebrated on 3rd May. • Day against drug trafficking is observed on 26 June. • World children day is observed on 8th March. • Universal children‘s day is observed on 20 November.. • Human Right Watch dog headquarter is in. • 11th July is known as World Population Day. • Switzerland joined the UN during 2002. • Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948. • World environment day is observed on 5th June. • World Book Day is observed on April 23. • Kashmir solidarity day is celebrat ed all over the country on 5th February. • Human rights day is observed on 10th Dec. 1945 at San Franc isco which was signed by 51 countries. • Human r ights day is observed on 10 December. • Article 55 of the UN Charter promotes international Human Rights. • The year 1998 was observed as the International Year of Ocean. New York • In which city World Economic forum usually holds its meetings? The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-based non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos. • 22 March is celebrated as the world day for water. Its head office is at Bangkok. • World‘s aids day is observed on 1 December. • Foundation of Pakistan was written by Sharif ud din Pirzada. • ESCAP is Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific. 2005 in pakistan. Allama Iqbal • Arabian Nights is written by Sir Richard Buton . Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June. • In France the Bastille Day is celebrated on 14th July. • The book confession was written by Rousseau.

Shakespeare • Ibn Battuta Travels in Asia and Africa is written by Ibn Battuta • Jungle book is written by Rudyard Kipling • Jinnah of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert • Myth of independence is written by Z.H Qureshi.L Stevenson • Tropic of Cancer is written by Henry Miller • Twelfth Night is written by W.W Shaw. Shakespeare • As you like it is written by W. • The spirit of Islam was written by Syed Ameer Ali. Saeed • Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan is written by Ahmad Hasan Dani • Struggle for Pakistan is written by I.M Doughty. Shakespeare • Caesar and Cleopatra is written by G. • ―East and Eden‖ was written by John Steinback. • Pickwick Papers were written by Charles Dickens. • Foust was written by Goethe.H Qureshi • The Emergence of Pakistan is writt en by Mohammad Ali Choudhry • The Making of Pakistan is written by K.E . • Blue Books are the official reports of the British Government. • The poem ―Ancient Mariner‖ is the work of Coleridge. • The poem Shikwah and Jawab-e-Sikwah was written by Allama Iqbal.W Choudhry • Five Thousand Years of Pakistan is written by Wheeler R. • Five Thousand Years of Pakistan was written by REM Wheeler. .K Aziz • Towards Pakistan is written by Whaeed-uz-Zaman • World Politics Since 1945 is written by P. Creator of Pakistan is written by Hecor Bolitho • Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan is written by Abdul Hamid • Pakistan the Formative Phase is written by Lawrence Ziring • Political Syetem in Pakistan is written by Khalid B.B Shaw • East of Aden is written by John Steinbeck • French Revolution is written by Tomas Carlyle • Freedom at Midnight is written by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapiere • Gone with the Wind is written by Margaret Mithche l • Great Expectations is written by Charles Dickens • Gulliver‘s Travels is written by Jonathan Swift • Hamlet is written by W. Saeed • Politics in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. • A farewell to Arms is written by Earnest Hemingway. • White Papers are policy statements published by the British parliament on the sub ject of tremendous public importance. Shakespeare • Daughter of the East is written by Benazir Bhuto • Decline and Fall of Roman Empire is written by Edward Gibbon • Doctor‘s Dilemma is written by G.B Shaw • Comedy of Errors is written by W. • ―Profiles in Courage‖ is written by Henry Kissinger. • Struggle of Pakistan was written by I.M Dostovsky • Communist Manifesto is written by Karl Marx and Eagles • Das Capital is written by Karl Marx • The idiot is written by Dostoevsky • Don Quixoto is written by Miguel De Cervates • The Prince is written by Machiavelli • Constitutional Development of Pakistan is written by G.Page | 83 • An Ideal Husband is written by Oscar Wilde • A woman of No importance is written by Oscar Wild • Animal Farm is written by George Orwell • Anthony Cleopatra is written by W. Shakespeare • A Tale of Two Cities is written by Charles Dickens • Vanity of Human Wishes is written by Samuel Johnson • Wealth of Nation is written by Adam Simith • Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert • Faust is written by Goethe • Mein Kampf is written by Hitler • Divine Comedy is written by Dante • Odyssey (Greek) is written by Homer • Utopia is written by Thomas Mooore • War and Peace is written by Leo Tolstoy • Crime and Punishment is written by F. Calvocrassi • Khusboo is written by Parveen Shakir • Laila Majnoo is written by Amir Khusro • Akbar nama is written by Abu Fazal • Al Qanoon fil Tib is written by Ibne Sina • Green Book is written by Presisdent Moamoor Gadafi • Republic is written by Plato • Revolution and Independence is written by Words Worth • Road to Freedom is written by Bertrand Russel • Romeo and Juliet is written by Shakespeare • Joan of Arc is written by G. • Travel in Arabian Desert was written by C.M • Foreign Policy of Pakistan is written by Zulifkar Ali Bhutto • Jinnah. Churchill • Merchant of Venice is written by Shakerpeare • Muhammad Ali Jinnah is written by M. A Bhutto • World War is written by W.H Saiyid • Much Ado About Nothing is written by Shakespeare • Nine Days Wonder is written by John Masefield • Nineteen Eighty Four is written by George Orwell • Old man and the Sea is written by Ernest Hamingway • Oliver Twist is written by Charles Dickens • Origin Of species is written by Charles Darwin • Paradise Lost is written by John Milton • Pickwick papers is written by Charles Dickens • Pride and Prejudice is written by Jane Austen • Robinson Crusoe is written by Daniel Defoe • Sense and Sensibility is written by Jane Austin • Sohrab and Rustam Mathew Arnold • Social Contact is written by Rousseau • Treasure Island is written by R.

• Life Divine is a book written by Sri Aurobindo. Savarkar. • Green Books are the official reports of the Italian government. • A short history of Pak:=I. • My Last day with Quaid=Ilahi Bux • Outline of a scheme of Indian Federation=Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan. is on the life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. • Edwina and Nehru is written by Catherine Clement. • Oxford History of India=Vincent Smith. • The Indian Musalimans= W.Hunter. • Pak: the Heart of Asia= Liaquat Ali Khan.D. • ‗Rise and Fall of Great Powers‘ is the work of Paul Kennedy.H. • Mother India is a book written by Katherine Mayo. • The Making of Pakistan= Richard Symonds. • 'Freedom' at Midnight= Larry Collins • Hayat-e-Javed was written by Altaf Hussain Hali. • Jinnah as I know him= Abdul Hassan Isphahani. • Birth of Pak: =Dr. • Five Thousand Years of Pak::= R. • Plato wrote ‗the laws‘. • Quaid-i-Azam & Pakistan=Ahmed Hassan Dani. .Call of the Wild-Jack London • Who wrote ―Voyage through History‖? Musarrt Hussain Zuberi • Who is the author of ―Preparing for the Twenty First Century‖? Paul Kennedy • Who wrote ―Supreme Court and Human Rights‖? Tamizuddin • The author of famous book. • Thought on Pakistan= Ambedkar. and Germany. • Friends not Masters=Ayub Khan. • Pak: Nagozeer Tha= Syed Hasan Raza. • Birth of a tragedy= Dr. Mill wrote ‗On liberty‘. • Mohd: Ali Jinnah=G. • Battle of Tarain was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri and Prithvi Raj in 1192 A.Aziz.Allana. • The name of the book which Al-Farabi wrote is ‗Ara Madinatul Fazila‘. • Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘.Qureshi. Wheeler. • Indian War of Independence is a book written by V.P.Aziz. • Emergence of Pak:=Ch: Rahmat Ali.S. • Jinnah:Creator of Pak:=Hector Bolithio.Page | 84 • White Books are the official publications of the countries like Portugal. Sachin. • J. • Muslim Nationalism in India= Malik Hafeez. written by Altaf Hussain Hali. The former won the battle. • The book ―party politics in Pakistan‘ (1947-58) is written by K. • India. Rajenra Parsad. • Quid wrote the preface of ―My Leader‖=Ziauddin Ahmed. • Grey Books are the official policy as well as reports of the Japanese government.D. • Higher than Hopes is biography of Nelson Mandela. • The Cambridge History of the British Empire=H.H. • Al Ghazali is known as Hujatul Islam. • Our Struggle=Mohd: Noman.H. • History of Freedom Movement=I. ―Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy‖ is Henry Kissinger. • Beloved is a novel authored by Toni Morrison. • India Divided is a book written by Dr. • Freedom Behind Bars is a book written by Kiran Bedi.Memon. • Conquest of Happiness was authored by Bertrand Russel. • Lenin wrote ‗the state and revolution‘. • Who wrote Gone with the Wind: Margaret Mitchell • Who wrote "History of God"? Karen Armstrong • Raghuvasma was written by Kalidas. • IMPORTANT BATTLES • Battle of Jhelum was fought b/w Alexandar the Great and Raja Porus in 326 B. • Evolution of Pak: Sharifuddin Pirzada. • Towards Pakistan=Wahiduzaman • Transfer of Power in India=V. • Hayat-e-Jawaid.Qureshi. Women are from Venus is the book written by John Gray. • Who wrote the book . • My Experiments with Truth is autobiography of Mahtma Gandhi. • Aristotle founded ‗the lyceum‘. • Men are from Mars. • Crossing the Threshold of Hope was authored by Pope John Paul II. • The Making of Pakistan=K.W. • Jinnah of Pak: = Stanley Woolpert. • Quaid-e-Azam: The Story of A Nation=G. • The Forgotten Years is an autobiography of from Foreign Minister Sir Zafaru llah Khan. • Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.C. • Orange Books are the official publication of the Netherlands. • Pathway to Pak: = Ch: Khaiquzzaman.D. The latter was defeated.M. • Kubla Khan is a poem by Coleridge. • My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir is written by Jagmohan.AZIZ. • Mission with Mountabatten=Alan Campbell Johnson.Dodwell. • Yellow Books are the official records of France. China. • India wins Freedom= Abdul Kalam Azad. • Alice in Wonderland is a book written by Lewis Carrol. • Unto This Last is written by Ruskin. Tahir Amir. • Mao wrote ‗On contradictions‘.K.E. • Religious Thought of Sayyid Ahmed Khan==Bahir Ahmad Dar. Pakistan & the West=Percival Smith. • Ibn-e-Khaldun retired as a judge. • Witness to surrender=Siddique Saliq. • Incomplete Partition = Alastair Lamb. • The Pakistan Issue= Nazir Yar Jung.K. • Mahumud Ghaznavi invaded on Somnath in 1025 A.Allana. • Gulliver‘s Travel is authored by Jonathan Swift in which there is description of the island of Lilliputs. • Foundation of Pak: = Sharifuddin Pirzada. • ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway. grand-daughter of slain Israili PM Yitzak Rabin. • Grief and Hope is a book written by Noa Ben Artizi-Plossof. • Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom. • Discovery of Pak:= A.

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• First battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur in 1526. Babur won the battle. • Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556. Akbar won the battle. • Third battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marahttas in 1760. Ahmed Shah defeated the latter. • West Bank was occupied in 1967. • Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941. • Israel occupied Golan Heights from Syria. • West Bank is located b/w Isreal & Jordan. • West Bank was occupied in 1967. • Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs. • Sakhalin Island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan. • • Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs. • Sakhalin island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan. • In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore. • Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent. • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453. • Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the intervention of U.N. • The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D.Day landing during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. Norman dy is located in France. • Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941. • In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina. • Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865. • The famous British Naval commander, who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson. • Doer war fought between South Africa and British. • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974. • At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was divided among 4 major power s. • In Opium war Britain fought against China. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991. • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952. • The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D.D Eise nhower. • The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg. • Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3, 1990. • Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990. • USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945. • First World War begun on 1914 A.D. and Second World War started in 1939 when Germany attacked on Pola nd, it is also considered as greatest war. • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK: Battle of Jutland • Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid Israeli raid on Entebbe • In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhar d - what Counterfeit British Notes • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia- Barberossa • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon Burma • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed- Battle of New Orleans • Waterloo is now in... Belgium • The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. • What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit -Waterloo - (four miles away) • The third battle of Panipat was fought between Marathas and Afghans. • In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore. • Iraq occupied Kuwait in August 1990. • Afghan Mujahideen took power in Kabul on April 20,1991 • North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950. • Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941. • Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man. • Darfur conflict is in Sudan. • • HIGHEST MILITARY AWARDS • Highest military award of Britain is Victoria Cross. • Highest military award of Germany is Iron Cross. • Highest military award of India is Pardam Vir Chakra. • Highest military award of Japan is Order of the Rising Sun. • Highest military award of Pakistan is Nishan-i-Haider. • Highest military award of Russia is Order of the Patriotic War. • Highest military award of USA is Victory Medal. • What countries highest award is The Order of the Elephant -Denmark • Order of Honor and Banner is the award of--- USSR • GENERAL INFORMATION • Water vapors are formed due to evaporation • Gas in gobar (cow dung) is ethylene. (chk biogas is natural gas) • GMT was established in 1884 • Radio broad casting started in 1920 • Calorie requirement sedentary is 2500 k.cal, light word is 3000 k.cal, moderate work is 3500 k.cal and heavy work is 4000 k .cal • Water is 830 times heavier than air • Driving mirror is usually convex • Dossier means relevant papers • In deserts clouds do not precipitate due to low humidity • Rain drop is shaped like a peer • Money is made of cotton • 1 liter = 0.9 kg • Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. • Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos. • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy. • Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence • The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation. • If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light. • 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the ear • Linseed oil is used while oil painting. • During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm

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• Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in wind tonnel • Aircrafts are made of alluminium alloys • Flaps are used as air brakes • Darwin visited Galapagos Island before giving his theory of Natural Selection. • Staple food is the basic food • The crops like legumes and beens and clover form their own fertilizer. Farmers grow these crops and plough into soil as fer tilizers. This process is called green manuring. • Scientists have recently discovered a new taste called Umami. • Braille system is named after its inventor the Frenchman Louis Brille. • Isochrones are the lines joining the places of equal labour and transportation costs. • FIRST, LARGEST, BIGEST, LONGEST, OLDEST • What is Europe's largest port -Rotterdam • What was first used at the 1904 St Louis Olympic games-Gold medals silver was first before • Where is the worlds oldest university- Fez Morocco –founded 859 • What is the largest Island in The Greater Antilles- Cuba • What is the worlds most polluted major city- Mexico City • What is the worlds fastest moving insect -Tropical Cockroach • Where is the largest church in the world-Vatican in Rome • What was the first country to use postcards- Austria • Where is the worlds largest Chinese settlement outside Asia San Francisco – Chinatown • Which country has no national monetary unit of it's own Andorra • Which country has the highest % of women in their legislature Cuba • Which country has the most daily newspapers- India • Which city was built in the design of a union flag Khartoum • What was the first country to use TV as a mass info media Germany • In which country is the worlds longest road tunnel Switzerland • Which country has no public toilets- Peru • Bill gates (USA), founder and chairman of Microsoft Corporation, is currently the richest person in the world and Lillian B ettencourt (France) is the richest woman in the world. • Nauru, an island located in western Pacific Ocean, is the smallest republic of the world. • Mount Everest (2759 N 8656 E) is the highest mountain peak which is located on Nepal Tibet border in the Himalayas. • New Cornelia tailings on ten mile wash Arizona USA with a volume of 209500 million cubic meters is the world‘s largest volume dam. • Taipei-I built in Taiwan is world‘s second tallest building.. • The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place of the world and Masynram in Assam (India) is the wettest place in the world. • Canada has the longest coastline which is 151,489 miles in the length and Monaco‘s coastline measures only 3.5 miles in length. • Dalol Danaki depression in Ethiopia with an average annual temperature of 35c (95f) is the hottest place on earth and Plate au station, in Antarctica with an average annual temperature of -56.7c (-71.7f), is the coldest place of the globe. • Grand central terminal of New York is the largest railway station. It covers an area of 48 acres. • The Seikan railway tunnel in Japan is the longest ra ilway tunnel in the world, it s length is 33.50 miles (53.9 km) • Longest road tunnel is St. Goatherd Rd. located in Switzerland 16.3 km long. • The yellow stone national park (USA) is the largest national park. It has an area of 3350 sq miles. • The California University (USA) is the biggest university of the world. • King khalid international airport, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) is the largest airport in the world. • The port of New York and New Jersey (USA) is the largest seaport in the world. • Mandarin (Chinese) is the most spoken language of the world. It is estimated that a total number of 999 million ppl speak it. • The noble prize is the largest prize. Each prize carries an amount of one million dollars. • Shah faisal mosque located in Islamabad (pak) is the largest mosque. • Ostrich is the largest bird in the world. • Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world. • The longest river in Asia is Yangtze • The world‘s largest internet search engine is Google. • After United states, the largest nu mber of inventions in the last two decades belongs to Germany • China has the largest population, Russia has largest land area and Vatican city has smallest population and land area in th e world • Lord Clive was the first and Lord Mountbatten was the last British ruler of India. • Largest continent of the world is "Asia" and smallest is "Australia‖. Largest ocean of the world is "pacific ocean‖ and smallest ocean is "Indian ocean‖. The Sahara is the largest desert of the world. • Kazakhstan is the largest Muslim country in land area in the world. It has an area of 1,049,000 sq.miles. Maldives is the smallest Muslim country in land area of 115 sq. miles. • Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country and Maldives is less populous Muslim country. • Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which is without any regular population. • Seoul (South Korea) is the most populous city of the world. • The lake Baikal of Russia has the maximum depth of 5315 feet. • Turkey is the country having its land in two continents • The world‘s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of England. • Germany is the highest solar energy user in the world. • Inflation means that money falls in value. • The Cambodian Language is the language with most Alphabets. It has a tot al number of 74 alphabets • The Ostrich of North Africa is the biggest bird. Its height is up to 2.7 meters ( 9 feet ) and weight is up to 160 kgs. Whi le the humming bird is smallest bird. It is 5.5-20 cm in length and weight about 16 grams. • Glaciers are found on every continent except Africa. The Lambert Glacier enjoys the distinction of being the largest glacier in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic Territory. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was discovered in 1956-57. • The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of Natural History • The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna Bhaile • The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland • The place known as the Garden of England is Kent • The old name of Taiwan was Formosa • The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada • The largest church in the world is Basilica of St.Peter,Vatican City,Rome • The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland,Volgagrad Russia • The world's loneliest island is the Tristan da cunda • The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain • The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre,Detroit,USA • The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi arabia • The world's tallest office building is t he Sears Tower,Chicago • The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel • The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is USA • The country which built the first powerful long range rockets is Germany • The largest temple in the world is Angkorwat in Kampuchea • The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome,New Orleans,USA • The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait • The largest city of Africa is Cairo • The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman

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• The Cape of Good Hope is located in South Africa • The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega • The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois • The Pentagonian desert is located in Argentina • The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George Cayley • The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu • The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together form the Island of Hisponiola • The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors • The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings • The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was Snow White and Seven Dwarfs • The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris • The first country to issue stamps was Britain • The world's largest car manufacturing company is Gener al Motors,USA • The world's biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero cycles,Ludhiana • The world's oldest underground railway is at London • The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III • The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb • Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt. • K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin, first climbed by Ardito Desio 1956. • Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya (Nepal). • Tensing and Hillary were the first human beings to set foot on the top of Mt. Everest. Tensing belonged to India and Hillary is a native of New Zealand. • K2 is the second highest peak located in Korokoram (Pakistan). • Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest. • Mozambique has the lowest GNP. • The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in Saudi Arabia. • Nauru is the smallest republic of the world. • Capital with highest elevation La Paz. • Largest Dam, Grand Coulee Dam is in USA. • World‘s biggest museum is British Museum. • Volta Lake (Ghana) is the largest artificial lake of the world. • Largest zoo is in South Africa. • Largest Hydroelectric power station is in Brazil. • Largest palace is in Brunei. • Longest railway tunnel is Seikan Railway Tunnel, in Japan. • The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimzu Tunnel, Japan (chk) • Longest underground railway Tunnel is in Moscow. • Grand Central Terminal of New York is the largest railway station of the world. • Biggest Library is Congress Library in USA. • Largest Stadium is in Czech Republic. • Country with largest coast line is Canada. • Country with largest budget is USA. • The highest birth rate is of Malawi. • Peru with lowest birth rate. • Country with most billionaires is USA. • Walt Disney is the man with highest number of Oscars. • The world‘s longest platform is known as the Loop, which is located in USA. • Monaco has the shortest coast line. • The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China. • Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China. • The longest cricket match between England and South Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10 days. • Largest number of school is in China. • Largest fort, Fort George situated in UK. • The largest church of the world is in Rome (Italy). • Largest exhibition centre is in Germany. • Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa. • The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in 1959. • World‘s largest mosque is shah faisal mosque. • Largest capital is Ottawa. • Tibetan Plateau has highest elevation. • Smallest continent is Australia. • Least populated Muslim country is Maldives. • City with largest elevation is Lhasa. • Largest Bay is Bay of Bengal. • Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra and the Ganges. • Largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico. • Largest water reservoir is Own falls (Uganda). • Largest dam by volume is Kiev dam (Ukrain). • Biggest dam is Pati dam (Argentina). • Hottest place is Aziziyah, Libya. • Coldest place is Plateau station (Antartica). • Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile. • Biggest national park is yellow stone national park. • Biggest university is California university (USA). • Largest battle ship is USS Missouri. • Largest sea port is port of Net York and New Jersey (USA). • Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese. • Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque at Islamabad. • Largest church is Chatholic Basilica (Vetican Rome). • Largest university is university of New York USA. • Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia). • Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan). • Largest land mammal is African Elep hant. • Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca. • Tallest animal is Giraffe. • Largest bird is ostrich. • Smallest bird is humming bird. • Largest bank of the world is Dutch Bank of Germany. • The country with most refugees is Iran. • Country with most islands is Indonesia. • First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty. • Highest birth rate is of Malawi (Africa). • Lowest birth rate is of Peru. • Highest death rate is of Peru.

• The largest of oil consumer is USA. • Trans-Siberian railway line is the longest in the world. • Jean Bernard is the deepest cave in France. • What country is the world leader in Cobalt Mining-Zaire • What animal has the best hearing-Bats • What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper not banknotes • Where was the worlds first supermarket built (country) -France • Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil • Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily • Who was the first British monarch to visit America George VI in 1939 • What country consumes the most meat per capita 124 lb-Argentina • What is the worlds largest food company.Page | 88 • Lowest death rate is of Kuwait. • A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth. • Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula. • The largest producer of Steel is USA. • Largest diamond is Cullinan.USA • The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Mississippi • Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut who orbited the earth in the year 1983. • The largest producer of Rice is China. • Largest constellation is Hydra.over 60000 • What animal is mentioned most in the Bible-Sheep . • The largest producer of cotton is USA. It is the first known translation of the h oly Qur'an in Pashto • The first translation of the Quran into a Western language was made into Latin. • The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to steps on the surface of moon on 21 July 1969. • The largest producer of Wheat is USA. • Largest metropolitan is Mexico City. • The biggest delta in the world is the Sunderbans • The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the wo rld is Detroit. • The largest producer of carpet is Iran. India.Nestle • Which of the following is the world‘s largest city in area? Mount Isa (Australia) /N ew York (chk) • Which of the following countries has the largest area of forest? Russia • Where is the world‘s tallest Pagoda located? China • Which of the following is the largest Gulf in the world? Gulf of Mexico • In 1901 who first transmitted radio sig nals across Atlantic: Marconi • Which country has the smallest birth rate: Vatican City • Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions: Germany • Who piloted the first flight across the English channel: Louis Bleriot • What was the first James Bond film: Dr No • Which country set up the world‘s first chemistry lab in 1650: Netherlands • Which country was the first to abolish capitol punishment 1826 -Russia Czar Nicholas -Siberia instead • What country is nearest to the North Pole: Greenland • Who were the first people to measure the year-Babylonians • Who was Canada's first prime minister-Sir John MacDonald • What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism • In what city is the worlds largest carpet manufacturer -Kashmir • What is the worlds largest herb-Banana • What country produces the most tobacco in the world-China • What country has the most elephants-Tanzania • Who was the first woman to receive The Order of Merit 1907-Florence Nightingale • What country has the most Post Offices -India • Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951-London • What country has the worlds largest merchant navy-Liberia • What country consumes the most tea per capita-Ireland • What country has the worlds oldest National Anthem-Netherlands • What city has the worlds biggest taxi fleet-Mexico . • The largest oil field is Ghawar Oil field (Saudi Arabia). • Urengoi (Russia) is the largest natural gas reserved. • Fastest bird is Pregrine Falcon. • The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh. • Tallest Light house ―Steel Marine Tower‖ is in Japan. • The largest producer of cheese is USA. • Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria). • The world‘s leading banking center is Zurich. • Most Spoken Language is Chinese. • Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal. is located in Hawaii (USA). • Largest producer of silver is Mexico. • The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia. • The largest producer of Silk is China. It is located in New Your (United State). • Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 21. • Mariana Trench is the deepest part of Pacific. • Polus Nedostupnostir is the coldest place on earth. • The longest railway station is lo cated in Japan. • The largest producer of Tea is India. • Reticulated python is the longest snake in the world. • The smallest ocean is Arctic Ocean. • Densest population is of Bangladesh. • Busiest airport is O‘Hare International Airport (USA). • Roxy is the biggest cinema house of the e world. • Tallest tower is CN Tower Toronto (Canada). It grows up to 3 feet in 24 hours. • The largest telescope of the world called Keck-I. • Longest big ship canal is Suez Canal. • Biggest park is the wood Buffalo national park. • The largest producer of coffee • The largest producer of tin is Malaysia. • Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari's translation: Printed in 1861. It was carried out by Robertus Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143 • South China Sea is the largest sea. • The largest producer of Sugar is India. • The largest producer of Wool is Australia. • The largest producer of gold is South Africa. Bhopal. • World‘s largest fish catching country is China. • The fastest flying bird in the world is Falcon. • The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate.

Aeroflot • Which city had the world first public bus service. • Longest corridor is Rameshwaram temple corridor.by Zeppelin • Where was the first police force established in 1667-Paris • What is the world tallest horse Shire Horse • What bird lays the largest clutch of eggs The Grey Partridge – up to 16 • The King Cobra is the only snake that does what -Builds a Nest • Worlds oldest existing treaty of 1373 between England and who Portugal • What is considered to be the worlds fastest team game Ice Hockey • What is the worlds largest airline. It produces 98. • Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia). miles. • Largest underground lake is Drachenhauchloch cave (Arizona). • After USA. • Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee.Paris • Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean. • Largest Church is Episcopalian Diocese (New York). • Deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard (France).000 sq.1911) • United State has most TV stations in the world. • Biggest library is Congress Library (USA). • Smallest continent is Australia. • Largest desert is Sahara (Africa) 33. • Shortest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 22nd Dec: • Largest Delta is Sundarbands (Bangladesh). Barbara pearl Jones belonged to USA. • The world‘s poorest country with a lowest per capita income is Rwanda. • USA is the country with 109 nuclear reactors . • World‘s oldest university al-Azhar is in Egypt. • Tokyo is the largest metropolitan city. • Yum located in Arizona (USA) is the sunniest place of the world. • Largest dome is of Astrodome. • Largest country by population is China. • USA is the largest nuclear electric power producing country in the world. • Oldest athlete to win Olympic title in 1920 belongs to USA. Indonesia). • Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached North Pole on 6th April. • Largest Island is Greenland. • Hottest place is Dalol (Ethiopia). India was at the top with 241. japan 51 • Which country grows the most fruit: China • Vicolo della virilita of Italy is the world‘s narrowest street.Moscow • The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium.Prague • The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco • The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib • The first man to reach North Pole was Rear Peary • The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman • The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada • The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap. • Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef (Australia). • Largest bird is Ostrich. • First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in 1978. • Smallest country by area is Vatican City State. • Fastest animal is cheetah. • Highest dam is Rogunsky. • The maximum presentation in the European parliament is held by Germany. • China has most land frontiers with neighboring countries. USA. • In what country was the worlds first wildlife sanctuary set up -Sri Lanka 3rd cent BC • Longest land frontier is of China. • Biggest bell is Great bell at Moscow. It gets sunshine in 91 % possible hours • The longest continuous war was the thirty year war between various European countries from 1618 to 1648. • Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico. • The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada • The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin. • Highest % of land under cultivation is in India. • Smallest bird is Helena‘s humming bird. • Hottest desert is Libyan Sahara. • Saudi Arabia is no. • Largest diamond is Cullinan. Houston (USA). • Wingless bird is Kiwi.Airline . • The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan. • Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa).Page | 89 • What is officially the poorest US state-Mississippi • DELAG was the worlds first what Oct 16 1909. • Youngest Olympic champion. • Highest country is China (Tibet region). • Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona. • Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo. • Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute. • Largest gorge is Grand Canyon. 1909 for the first time in human history. • Smallest continent is Australia. which lasted from 90 am to 9:45 am on 27th august 1896. • Biggest cinema house is Roxy (New York). While the shortest continuous war was between UK and Zanzibar. • Largest country by area is Russia. • Longest canal is the Volga-Baltic.1 oil producing country in the world • Hingol is the largest river in the world.Ronald Amundson • The airplane was used in war for the first time by Italians(14 Oct. • Fastest bird is Indian swift. followed by france 56. • Canal Street is the widest street in USA. • Longest glacier is Lambert (Antarctica). • Highest desert is Atacama (Chile). 20. • Longest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 21st June. • Lightest gas is hydrogen. France is the biggest arms seller in the world. • Largest continent is Asia. • Biggest flower is Rafflesia (Java. • City largest by area is Kiruna (Sweden). • Kilauea situated in Hawaii (US) is the most active volcano of the world • Robert E. .129 secondary schools in 1994. • China had the maximum number (861878) of primary schools.784 MW electricity which is about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the world.

UK. • Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes. • Canada leads in the world in production of asbestos. • Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country. • The largest basins in the face of the earth are oceans. • Rainiest spot is Cherrapunji. • Biggest passenger train is Queen Elizabeth (UK). • Rock temple was built at Jerusalem. • Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph). • Highest melting point is of Tungsten. • Tallest statue is Statue of Liberty (NY). • Tallest Minaret is Qutub Minar (Delhi) 238 feet. • Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world. The plan of the Suez Canal was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps. • Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall. Her name is Luisa Diogo of FELIMO party. • Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet Union which declared itself independent. • Longest river dam is Hirakud Dam India. • Biggest museum is British Museum (London). • Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park. • Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia). 3410° C. USA. • Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles long. • Longest swimming course is English Channel. Tibet (China). • India leads in export of Mica in the world. • Biggest palace is Vatican. NY. • Highest town is Wenchuan. • Biggest Telescope is Astro Physical Observatory. • Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands). • Broadest strait is Mozambique. • Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra. • Largest river in volume is Amazon (Brazil). • Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo. • Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico. • Longest railway line is Trans-Siberian Railway. • Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of world‘s 109 tallest peaks . • Largest suspension bridge is Verazano -Narrows. It jo ins Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea. • Longest non-stop train is Flying Scotman. • New Zealand was the first country to propose Carbon Tax to address global warming. • Driest place is Death Valley (California). • A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea water lagoon is named Atoll. India • Highest plateau is Pamir. • In November 2005. • Longest Optical Fibre is between Singapore and Marseilles. • Water source beneath the earth flowing naturally is called spring. • The thinnest earth layer is Crust. Everest (Himalaya). • In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece. • Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil. • Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. • Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela) • Lowest body of water is Dead Sea. • Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf River with Myanmar. • Largest volcano is Mauna Loa (Hawaii) • Philippines has the greatest number of volcanoes in the world. • Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture. • Tallest tower is CNN Tower. Africa‘s first woman head of state was elected in Mozambique. • Highest mountain peak is Mt. • Largest sea bird is Albatross. Basin is a low land area. • Hottest place is Azizia Libya Africa. • Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China. • Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean. • Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in 15190 to sail round the world and discovered passage to the Pacific fr om the Atlantic. • Largest stadium is Straho Stadium Prague. • Mediterrian sea means ‗sea in the middle of land‘. • Largest man-made reservoir is Angara River Russia. • Coldest place is Verkhoyansk (Russia). Tibet. He proved that the shape of the earth is round. • Longest river is Nile (Egypt). Alberta. • Largest Ginger producing nation is Indonesia. • USA has the largest production of aluminium. • Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world. • Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque. • Longest mountain range is Andes (South America). • Dr. • The country where death rate is lowest in the world is Japan. Namibia. • In 2650 the first Pyramid was built in Egypt. • Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean. • Largest mammal is Blue whale. • Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean. • Saltiest ocean is Mediterranean Ocean.Page | 90 • Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise. • The largest tea producing country is India. • Sundarbans Forests are world‘s largest mangrove forests. . • Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador). • Longest road tunnel is Seikan (Japan). • Largest space centre is Cape Kennedy (USA). • Largest railway station is Grand Central Terminal. He became the first person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone and unsuppor ted. • Cuba is the highest producer of sugarcane in the world. • Longest railway platform is Khargpur. Canada. • Borge Ousland is a Norwegian explorer. • Biggest park is the Wood Buffalo National Park. • The name of the second highest African peak is Mount Kenya. • Largest peninsula is Saudi Arabia. Islamabad. • Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games. • Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to scale Mount Everst. • Longest strait is Malacca. Toronto. Ian Wilmut is credited with first cloned sheep. • Youngest ocean is Atlantic Ocean. • Largest river basin is Amazon River.

Zahir Shah • First person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone was Borge Ousland.4 F was recorded on september 13. • World‘s second most populous city is Mexico city.. • Sudan is the largest country in Africa.. • Arabia is the larges peninsula. • Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter. • Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal.Astronomy • What is the last element – Alphabetically-Zirconium • What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed • What is the fastest swimming ocean fish over 60 mph-Sailfish – Marlin • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.1 km long) bridge and tunnel express-way for motor vehicles across Tokyo Bay. • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world. • Newzealand is close to Int: Date Line. • Aqualine is the world‘s longest under-sea tunnel (15. • Which of the following is the largest sugar producing country in the world? Brazil • World‘s oldest regligionis Hinduism. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir. Turkey in 1999..Son of Kong • What cities underground has the most stations-New York • first man to set foot on all five continents. • The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. • World‘s largest religion is Christianity.Althing (Iceland) • The last King of Afghanistan. • Mumbai is the most populous city. • Most Subways in the country. • The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world. • Largest landlocked country in world is Mangolia. • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of fundy (canada).Captain Cook • Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright • Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania • What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland • What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan • What was the first country to recognise the US as independent -Morocco • On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted. • Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36. • In which city there is the largest stock exchange of the world? New York.000 miles per second.Queen Elizabeth 1st FATHER‘S OF DIFFERENT FIELDS • Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan • Father of botany is Theofrastus • Father of biology is Aristotle • James Hutton is called the father of modern geology.. • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of Fundy (canada). Ostrich • Oldest parliament in the world--. • Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia.Page | 91 • Amazon is the largest river of the world.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187. • The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world.1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129. • The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the ocean trade routes. situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world. • Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia.14 inches rain fell there during the mon th of july 1861. It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide. • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia. • Glasgow is biggest ship building centre. • Europe‘s only Islamic state is Albania. • Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing. • Oldest Search Engine is . • Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation. • Detroit (USA) is famous for car manufacturing. 366.. • Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran). .B • Who built the worlds first film studio .Pin Heads • Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch.D.. • Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis Bleriot • What is the largest state in the USA: Alaska • Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads in the production of oil? Saudi Arabia • Which country grows the most potatoes: Russia • What language has the most words: English • What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania • Paris and What other capital had t he worlds first telephone link-Brussels • What is the largest country in Africa -Sudan • What was the worlds first passenger jet aircraft -Comet • In what city was the worlds first blood bank opened 1940-New York – Richard Charles Drew • What county first used pepper-China • What is the oldest known science. • The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest passenger ship in the world. • Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa. • King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term. 1960. • The Cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets. • The maximum ever temperature of 136.India • What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking • What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894 • Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year -King Kong . Yahoo • Bird largest in size..Thomas Alva Edison • Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls • What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-Finland • Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second -Coffee • Which country makes the most films per year. • Jericho. • First to sail around the world was Ferdinand Magallan • Largest number of Palestinian refuges are in Jordan. • Light is the fastest thing in the universe.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august . USA • What city has the longest metro system: London • USA has most roads what country has second most: India • China started Civil Service Examination first of all in 6 A. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world.400 US dol lars.

• Who is known as The father of English poetry . Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA) • First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. • Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy. • Gas engine by Daimler • Electric fan by wheeler • Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy • Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie • Electric motor by Michael Faraday . Nobel • DNA by Watson Crick • Gene by Johanson • Chromosomes by Waldyar • Electric resistance by Ohm • Electrolysis by Faraday • Electron by J.Eckert and J. • Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History. • Chloroform by Guthrie • Deuterium by Harlod • Dynamite by Alfred B.Mauckly • Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel • Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak. • Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius. Thomson in 1897 • Neutron by Chadwick • Proton by Rutherford • Positron by Anderson • Ozone by Echonbein • Planetary motion by Kepler • Radioactivity by Bacquerel • Radium by Currie • Insulin by Banting & Best • Human heart transplant by Bernard • Vaccine (measles) by Peebles • Vaccine (polio) by Salk • Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur • Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner • Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross • Adding machine invented by Pascal • Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn • Air Brake by George Washington • Air Conditioning by H. • X-ray machine was invented by James Clark • Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.P. • Chadwick discovered Neutron • Telescope was invented by Galileo • Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming • Noble gases discovered by Cavendish • Gun powder was first invented in China • Velocity of light was measured by Michelson • Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies • Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes‘s principle • Dr. • Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann. • • Photography was invented by Mathew Barry • Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral) • Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in 1 869. • Charles babbage is called " Father of computer " • Adam smith is called " Father of economics " • DISCOVERIES AND INVENTIONS • Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth • Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.1340 . Carier • Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers • Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain • Automobile (electric) by William Morrison • Automobile (differential gear) by Benz • Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland • Balloon by Mont Golfer • Barometer by Torricelli • Bicycle (modern) by Starley • Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin • Burner (gas) by Bunsen • Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage • Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Barney B.J. Niepce • Carburetor by Daimler • Cement by Joseph Aspidin • Circuit breaker by Hilliard • Computer (electronic) by J.Page | 92 • Thefrastus is called as father of botany.1400 Geoffrey Chaucer • ‗Aristophanes‘ is called father of comedy. Clark • Barometer was invented by Pascal • Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665 • Aspirin discovered by Dresser • Atomic theory given by Dalton • Atomic number given by Mosley • Bacteria by Leeunhock • Blood circulation by William Harvey • Calculus by Newton • Co2 by Fishcer • Chlorine by K. Scheele • Oxygen by Priestley • Hydrogen by Cavandish • Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize • Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.W.

Page | 93 • Motor A. • Tomas A Edison was American. • Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.C by Tesla • Motor D. Smith • Welding (electric) by E. • Colt‘s invention is pistol. • Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America. • More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we use today. • ECG invented by Einthogen. • Electron was discovered in 1897.L. • Proton was discovered by Goldstein • Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk • Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft • The electric chair was invented by a dentist • Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask • Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941. • In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly. Hadaway • Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler • Electromagnet by William Sturgeon • Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin • Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock • Flying shuttle by Johan Kay • Gun powder by Roger Bacon • Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler • Helicopter by Sikorsky • Interneral combustion engine by Daimler • Jet engine by Frank Whittle • Knitting Machine by William Lee • Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision • Montgoflier invented balloon. • Lamp (mercury) by Hewit • Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould • Laser (operable) by T.S. • Oxygen was discovered in 1774. • Insulin was discovered by Banting.H. • Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October. • X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton. • Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner. . • Talbot invented photographic paper. • Howe was the inventor of sewing machine. Baird • Television (electric) by Fransworth • Thermometer by Galilo • Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit • Tractor by Robert Keeley • Transformer by William Stanley • Transistor by William Shockley • Type writer by Henry Mill • Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher • Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. • Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon. Thomson • Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback • Celcius devised Centrigrade scale • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.Mainman • Machine gun by Gatling • Match (safety) by Pasch • Microphone by Graham Bell • Motion pictures (camera) by Edison • Motor cycle by Daimler • Motor scooter by Bradsha • Parachute by Garnerin • Pen (fountain) by Waterman • Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro • Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster • Piano by Christopher • Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg • Radar by Watson Watt • Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens • Razor safety by Gillette • Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick • Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre • Revolver by Samuel Solt • Rifle by August Kotter • Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning • Rocket Engine by Goddard • Safety pin by Walter Hunt • Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint • Stainless steel by Herry Brearley • Stream boat by Abbans • Submarine by Holland • Tank military by Swinton • Telephone by Graham Bell • Radio by Marconi • Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo • Telescope (refracting) by Newton • Television (mechanical) by J. • Blanchard invented parachute.C by Devin Port • Electric shaver by W. • Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England. • Ramsay discovered inert gas. • Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey. • In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine. • Dickenson invented paper machine.

Dr H. • Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier. • Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.J. Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor. S. • Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988. .—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum theory. he belonged to Sweden. • The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in 1835 by James Lindsay.J 1916. • Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed Farraday in 1841. Etienne Lenoir Pioneers in Science Anderson—Discovered positive electrons. Bessemer—Steel smelting process.N. • Current Electricity was invented by Volta in 1800. • Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish. Baird—Television. invention of the famous Archimedean screw.S . Bose. • Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator to discover and find out about subatomic particles. J. • Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913. • Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600. • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture. • Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard. • Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon. • Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation. Francois Isaac de Rivaz • The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier (Chk) • Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin Hayyan. Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of specific gravity. Shockley discovered transistor. he belonged to Germany. • Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498. • In 1911 Ernest Rutherford. • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. • Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco -de-Gama. • Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766. • Parachute was invented by L. the English Scientist John Dalton described the atom as the smallest unit of an element.Priestly in 1774. • Camera (photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. • Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. • Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane. he belonged to Protugese. He belonged to France. • Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by Coulomb. he belonged to Italy. • Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was discovered by Captain cook in 1770. • Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Irene Curie in 1934. Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro‘s Hypothesis. • Ramsay discovered inert gas. • The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was propounded by J. He discovered that plants have sense and perception.J Thomson discovered electron.Bomb. • In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an American named A. Binet—Intelligence Test.Peray. • Who invented wax paper. Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature.Thomas Edison • Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in 1913.Page | 94 • Zippers were introduced in 1890. a New Zealander living in Britain. • Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900. • Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus. • Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H. Boyle was the greatest scientist of England in his time. • Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. carried out experiment with atomic particles.S Lenormand in 1783. he belonged to Germany. with the equipment discovered the atomic nucleus. in 1902. negative charges.—Invented Crescograph and published many works on plant physiology.C. Bose. • The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified by Robert Brown. • Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble. • Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used to measure radioactivity. • Air conditioner invented by "willis H. • Proton was discovered by Goldstein. Lamarck • What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid • Dr. Boyle—Boyle‘s law. • Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831. • First person to reach North Pole was Robert E.(HCL was also discovered by him) • What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in 1662: Slide Rule • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum o r thermos flask • Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver: Insulin • Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci • In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent -Windscreen Wipers • The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick St epote and Robert Edwards • Sumiton invented Tank.J Thomson in 1897. carrier"U. • Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly. • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. he belonged to English. • Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him ―Boson‖. • Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860. he belonged to Italy. • In 1803. • Discovery of Electron was made by J. • America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany. • Thomson discovered electron. • William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood. • Discovery of Oxygen was made by J. • In 1897 J. • W. Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium. • Otto Hahm invented A.: • Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister. • Ernest Rutherford in 1908. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953. Baron Napier—Logarithms. • Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885. • China was discovered by Marco Polo.B.C Urey in 1932. Niepce"France in 1822. • Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany. he belonged to Poland. • Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de Lesseps in 1869. Bhabha. • Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups. • Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540. • On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by Armunden.

Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis. Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen. Hoe—Rotary Printing Press. Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms. Bell. Planck—Quantum theory. Perkin—‗Mauve dye‘. Euclid—Science of geometry. Faraday—Dynamo.—―Raman Effect‖ on polarisation of light and theories on crystals and diamond formation. Carothers—Nylon plastics. Bushwell—Submarine. Colt—Revolver. discovery of hydro gen (Inflammable Air). J. Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy. Rohmkorff—Induction coil. Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician. Law of Motion.—Discovered electron. Huygens—Pendulum clock.C. Newton—Laws of gravitation. Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory. succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time in 1918.Page | 95 Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure. Graham—Telephone.J. Galileo—Telescope. Mendel—Laws of heredity. Gay Lussac—Law of gases. Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron. Khorana. P. Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code. Lockyer—Helium gas. Braun. liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask. Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light. Arthur C. Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex. Howe—Sewing Machine. Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays. Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water.V. Parsons—Steam turbine. Einstein—Theory of relativity. law of partial pressures. Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory). Volta—Current electricity and electric battery. Kodak—Film and photographic goods. Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties of bodies and their relation to heat. Researches in wireless communications. He was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to draw a train of 31 carriages. Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy. radio. Marconi—Wireless telegraphy. Clarke. Roger Bacon—Gun powder. Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies. Nobel—Dynamite. Berliner—Microphone. James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769). Davy—Miner‘s Safety Lamp. Hertz—Electrical waves. Caxton—Printing Press. Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron. Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay). Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion. the law of multiple proportions. Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone. . Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids. Brequet—Helicopter. Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope. Parkes—Celluloid. laws of chemical combination. Dr Wernher von—space flying. Helium etc. Kelvin. Mandeleev—Periodic Table. Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda. Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind. Raman. Ray. Madame—Discovery of radium. Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit. Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon. Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics. Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye. Guttenburg—Art of Printing. Dewar—Invented cordite. Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre. Herschel. Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand. Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen. Shalimar—Paints. Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries Austin—Motor Car. Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Neon. Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine). Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships beyond which the ships cannot be loaded. Fulton—Stream boat. ‗rare gases‘.—Researches in chemistry. Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission. Origin of Species. Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. Gillette—Safety razor. Daimler—Gas engine. Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements. Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°. Thomson. C. Lord—Dynamical theory of heat. Maria-Montessori—‗Montessori‘ method of teaching children. Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber. Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick‘s Law. William—Discovered the Planet —Uranus. Curie. Dalton—Atomic theory. Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis. Rutherford—Atomic Research.

Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe. Mauser—Magazine of rifle. Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder). Koch—Tubercle Bacillus.—Anti-polio Vaccine. Montgolfier—Balloon (1883) Pascal—Calculating Machine. James—Machine gun Shockley—Transistor.—Safety Matches. • Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure. Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite. Hopkins. J. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903). Camera. Salk. Louis—Treatment of rabies. • For measuring solar radiation we use pyrheliometer. Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity.—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever. Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform. Lord—Antiseptic treatment. Pioneers in Medical Inventions and Discoveries • Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes). Sholes—Typewriter. • The variation in the blood flow can be heard with an instrument called _ stethoscope _ • What is measured by an interferometer-Wavelength of light • Hydrophone is used for measuring sound under water. Robert Watson—Radar. SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS • Hydrometer measures humidity • Barometer measures atmospheric pressure • Purity of milk is measured by lactometer • Fathometer measures t he depth of oceans. Waterman—Fountain pen. • Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure. W. • Manometer measures pressure of gases • Micrometer measures minute distances • Periscope is used for viewing objects above eye level • Cyclotron is used for electromagnetic acceleration of charged atoms • Geiger counter is used for detecting and recording radioactivity. & O. Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination. Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D. • Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light. • The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument known as rain gauge • What is measured with an ombrometer-Rainfall • The instrument used to measure very high temperature: Infrared pyrometers • Mechanical energy into electrical energy: Generator • Heat energy into mechanical energy: Heat engine or steam engine. Puckle. cure of hydrophobia. • Potometer is used to measure the rate of respiration in animal and plants. Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri. • Ammeter is use for measuring current strength. Or Hypsometer is a n instrument for measuring the height above sea level.E. Swinton—Military tank. • Sextant is used for measuring altitude of Sun and other heavenly bodies • Chronometer records accurate time on ships • Algesimeter indicates the degree of sensitiveness of skin • Altimeter measures altitudes • Ammeter measures current • Anemometer records velocity of wind • Cyamometer measures blueness of sky or ocean • Dasymeter measures density of gas • Galvanometer measures small electric current • Hydrometer measures relative density of liquids • Hygrometer measures humidity in atmosphere • Hypsometer measures atmospheric pressure to ascertain elevations by determining boiling point of liquid. Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929). Fleming. Lister. Christian—Replacing the human heart. • Magnometer is an instrument designed to compare the magnetic movement and field. photography. Lainnec—Stethoscope. Macmillan—Bicycle (1842). Pasteur. U. • Electrical energy into mechanical energy: Electrical Motor • Electrical energy into sound energy: Loudspeaker • Sound energy into electrical energy: Microphone . Waksman—Streptomycin. Watt. Barnard. Jonas E. Zeiss—Lenses. Torricelli—Barometer.V broadcast • Viscometer measures viscosity of liquids • Spiro graph records the movement of lungs • Photometer measures rate of transpiration • Scotograph is used for enbling blind to write • Eratosthenes measures distance round the earth • Kaldio-scopes have proved helpful in finding the amount of dampness in soil • Mohr‘s scale measures degree of hardness of minerals • RBC and WBC is bloods are counted by Hemocytometer. Harvey—Circulation of blood. • Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun.M. studied properties of chlorine. Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays. Brahmchari. • Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light. It was invented by Hans Geiger (1882 -1945) • Pyrometer measures high temperatures • Refrectometer measures refractive index of a substance • Seismograph measures intensity of earthquake • Telstar transmits wireless or T. Stephenson—Railway engine.Page | 96 Landstrom. Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides.

Commutator: split ring which forms the main part of a D. Psychrometer: is an instrument for measurement of the humidity of the atmosphere. Kymograph: is an instrument used to record graphically various physiological movements i.s. Microphone: is an instrument used for converting sound waves into electrical vibrations. Microtome: is used for cutting an object into thin parts for microscopic inspection. arterial pulsations become visible. Crescograph: is an instrument for use in recording growth of plants. Hydrometer: is an instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids. Compass needle: for knowing approximately the North-South direction at a place. Dynamo. It depends on the principle of electro-magnetic induction whereby a current is produced on traversing a magnetic field. Hydrophone: is an instrument used for recording sound under water. Seismometer or Seismograph: is an instrument used for recording earthquake shocks. Calorimeter: an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat. fraction of the lowest division of a given scale. • Heliscope is used for viewing the sun. Callipers: a compass with legs for measuring the inside or outside diameter of bodies. Pyrometer: is an instrument for recording high temperatures from a great distance (i. Radiometer: is an instrument for measuring the emission of radiant energy. Audiometer: an instrument to measure intensity of sound. • Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs. Sphygmomanometer: an instrument used for measuring arterial blood-pressure.. Odometer: is an instrument by virtue of which the distance covered by wheeled vehicles is recorded. • What does a potometer measure. • What does a drosomoter measure: Dew • Relative density of an atmosphere is measured by hygrometer. Galvanometer: an instrument for measuring currents of small magnitude. Detection And Range is used to detect the direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio microwaves. Barograph: for continuous recording of atmospheric pressure. are called electroencephalograms or electroencephalographs. Cinematograph: It consists of a series of lenses arranged to throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs. in races and other events. The lens system which forms the image on the screen is termed the focusing lens. Pipette: It is a glass tube with the aid of which a definite volume of liquid may be transferred. • Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun. It is also used for measuring low resistances. Anemometer: is an instrument for measuring the force and velocity of wind.s. Dynamo: The origin of electricity in a Dynamo is the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy. Potentiometer: is used for comparing the e. It is used in breweries.) by making use of the laws of radiation. Stroboscope: is an instrument for viewing objects moving rapidly with a periodic motion and to see them as if they were at rest. Audiophone: is an instrument required for improving imperfect sense of hearing.Page | 97 • The device used to measure radioactivity: Geiger -Muller tube • The device which converts the chemical energy into electrical energy: Battery • The device used to measure radioactivity. It is fitted with a special type of apparatus known as sound box invented by Berliner.e. Telephone: a device by virtue of which two persons at two different places can communicate. . Spectrometer: (1) It is a type of spectroscope suitable for the precise measurements of refractive indices. Sextant: is an instrument invented by John Hadley used for measuring the altitude of the sun and of other inaccessible heavenly bodies.Water intake • Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. Speedometer: is an instrument which indicates speed at which a vehicle is moving. Dip Circle: It is an instrument used to determine the angle between the direction of the resultant intensity of earth‘s field and the horizontal component at a place. Records of the electrical activity of the brain.e. Radar: Radio.f. Fathometer: is an instrument used for measuring depth of the ocean.C. • Ammeter is use for measuring current strength • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte. • Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavio r of vibrating string. It also enables the sailors to observe objects on the other side of an obstacle without exposing themselves. Gyroscope: is an instrument used to illustrate dynamics of rotating bodies. The needle always points north-south. Saccharimeter: is an instrument for determining the amount of sugar in a solution. by virtue of which. Sphygmoscope: an instrument.. Barometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure. Manometer: for determining the pressure of a gas. Cardiograph: is a medical instrument for tracing heart movements. Eudiometer: It is a glass tube for measuring volume changes in chemical reactions between gases. Geiger counter • Hygro meter is instrument used for measuring humidity of air. Bose. G. Stereoscope: It is a special type of binocular. Gramophone: an instrument with which we can reproduce the sound recorded by a suitable recording apparatus. Stop watch: for recording small intervals of time in the laboratory. Gravimeter: is an instrument for recording measurement under water and to determine the presence of oil deposits under water. large potential differences and currents. invented by J. Stethoscope: is an instrument to hear and analyse movements of heart and lungs. • Altimeter: an apparatus used in aircraft for measuring altitudes. Refractometer: is an instrument to measure refractive indices. This particular angle is know as the dip of that place. through which a double photograph snapped from two different angles by a two-lensed camera is viewed in solid relief. Sphygmophone: an instrument.e. the rays of light are twice reflected by means of right-angled prisms.m. Microscope: is an instrument which is used for magnifying minute objects by a lens system. Angle. Ammeter: is used for to measure intensity of sound. of cells. It is a type of spinning wheel fixed to the axle. Electroencephalograph (EEG): It is the technique of recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain. Photometer: is an apparatus used to compare the illuminating power of two sources of light. measurements of the thermal e.f. Drinker‘s apparatus: to help breathing in infantile paralysis. blood pressure. Rain Gauge: is an apparatus for recording of rainfall at a particular place. • The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs.. study of lungs etc in living beings. • The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer. Periscope: It is usually used by the crew of a submarine to survey the ships etc. • Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990. with the help of which a pulse beat makes a sound. Binoculars: is an instrument used for seeing distant objects.m. Counter (Geiger Muller Counter): This special device is used for detecting the presence of radiation and counting certain atomic particles. Phonograph: is an instrument used for reproducing sound. Mariner‘s Compass: is an apparatus which is used to guide the sailors.M. heart beating. Chronometer: is an instrument kept on board the ships for measuring accurate time. on the surface of the sea while the submarine is under water. Epidiascope: for projecting films as well as images of opaque articles on a screen. Tachometer: is an instrument for determining speeds of aeroplanes and motor boats. Lactometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the purity of milk. Hygrometer: is an instrument used for measuring humidity in air. It consists of two main parts (i) a microphone and (ii) a receiver. Carburettor: is an apparatus for charging air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine. Spherometer: is an instrument for measuring curvature of surfaces. commonly known as ―brain waves‖. Micrometer: is an instrument used for converting sound i. Cardiogram: a medical instrument used for tracing the movements of the heart.C. for recording temperature of the sun etc. (2) An instrument for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of radiation. EEG is the common abbreviation for both the technique and the records.

• Mark sensing is another term for OMR. • GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out. the first elec tronic computer in 1946 • In 1968 mainframe was built. • What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford University Network • What does Intel stand for. • World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness Lee. • NOS refer to operating systems for a network. They built ENIAC. • Virtual memory is also known as virtual page. • The first home computer (1977). • Parliament of Bangladesh is Jatiya Saugsad. shift register and transfer register. Viscometer: is an instrument to measure viscosity. • The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made possible using microprocessors. • In 1998 IBM made quantum computer • Super computers uses parallel processing • In 1974. Thermometer: is an apparatus used for measuring temperature. • Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer. • Application of flip-flap are counters. • A collection of bits is called byte.H. Thermostat: It is an instrument used to regulate the temperature to a particular degree. Presper Eckert. Thermocouple: an instrument based on thermo-electricity used for measuring temperatures. • The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel. • FORTRAN stands for formula translator. • Father of the Computer. Telescope: is an apparatus used for observing distant objects.Van Tassel • CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture • URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator • Intel invented RAM chip • Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny side. • The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC. IBM built the computers the Nazis used to manage their death/concentration camps • Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU. • Binary digits are briefed as bit.. • ‗PARAM‘ is a supercomputer. • Parliament of Australia is Federal Parliament. • DVDs hold more information than CDs. the world‘s first commercial computer was designed by John Mauchly and J. There are patches of color on disk to change the reflected laser light • In 1951 Univac – 1. • Free software is also known as public domain software. • Antivirus is also known as vaccines. Theodolite: is an instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles.Complimentary metal Oxide semi-conductor WORLD PARLIAMENTS • Parliament of Afghanistan is Loya Jirga. which was sold in millions of units was Apple II. • PROM is the abbreviat ion of programmable read only memory • • What was the world‘s first high level programming language 1957: IBM FORTRAN • A JPEG is a picture file format . • Parliament of Canada is Parliament. • Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter. • In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed • In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC. • The language of small talk is object oriented.Teleprinter: an instrument which prints automatically messages sent from one place to another. • First apple computer was built in garage. Charles Babbage • What does CMOS stand for in a computer. • Mark-1. • A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors. • In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.W stands for Gate Way • Super Computer was created by J. Page | 98 COMPUTER • Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits • Bit means Binary Digit • 1 byte = 8 bits • 1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes • 1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes • A combination of 16 bits are called word. • Wetware stands for any organic intelligence.what does JPEG stand for: Joint Photographic Experts Group • During World War II. and collossus were initial desktop computers. . They use smaller bumps and have two reflective layers • Recordable CDs do not have bumps. • The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson.e. on telegraph lines. • In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits. computer games were introduced. • A group of character that is termed as a single entity is called word. • Authorization to make multiple software copies is called site licensing.Integrated Electronics • All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input Output System • What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip • In WWW terms what does i. • Bootstrap is associated with computer.Basic G.W. • Clip art is a computer prepared art. • A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes • Our PC belongs to 4th generation • Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus • First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell laboratories • WORM means Write Once Read Many • Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations per Second) • WWW/http: (hypertext transfer proto col) was created by Tim Burner Lee in 1992 • Intel means Integrated Electronics • 1 worksheet contains 256 columns • G. • Shell is an operating environment. Apple-1. mean on a domain name-Ireland • What company introduced the first commercial minicomputer 65 DEC • Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA Mosaic • The world‘s most powerful super computer is called ASCI white.

• Parliament of Iran is Majlis-e-Shoura-e-Islam. • Davis cup is for tennis. • Parliament of Japan is Diet. Uruguay. • Current World cup holder of hockey is Netherlands. • The Swythiling cup is related to Table Tennis. • First word cup football 1930.Page | 99 • Parliament of China is National people‘s congress. • Most Wimbledon single (woman) title won by Martina Navratilova (USA). • Oldest parliament in the world--. • Current heavy weight championship is with L. • First Asian Games were held in New Delhi in 1951. • Natwest trophy is for cricket. . • Rocky Morciono only heavy weight boxer remained unbeaten throughout his career. • First three work cup crickets were played with 60 over. • 15th Asian Games will be held in Qatar in 2006. • Parliament of Germany is Baundesrat. • India won world cup cricket in 1983 by beating West Indies. • 1942 world cup football cup did not hold due to Second World War. • Nigeria is current Olympic footfall champion. • First Asia games were played at New Delhi in 1951. • Parliament of Oman is Consultative Assembly. • First world cup cricket 1975. • Jhangir khan has won world open 6 times. and won by Uruguay. • Lowest total in cricket is 36 by Canada. won by West Indies. • Modern summer Olympic were held in Greece in 1896.Althing (Iceland) • SPORTS • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • First British open squash championship played in 1922. • Bunting is a term in the game of Baseball. • First world squash championship 1976. • Pakistan had won 4 title of world cup hockey so far. • 1st world cup hockey 1971 at Barcelona (Spain). • Peter Marshal is associated with Squash. • Shahid Afridi has made century on 37 balls. • Each team in volleyball consists of 6 players. 1971. • Tennis player steffi graf belongs to Germany.Prince Charles • Who among the following batsmen achieved the feat of hitting six 6s in one over for the first time in international cricket during the World Cup 2007 Herschelle Gibbs • Where were the first winter Olympics held in 1924 -Charmonix France • FINA is the governing body of what amateur sport-Swimming • FITA are the governing body of what sport -Archery • A Lady Paramount judges at what sport . • First One day match bet ween Australia and England in Jan 5. • Highest no of one-days are played at Sharjah Cricket Ground. • Parliament of Iraq is National Assembly. • Baron Pierre de Coubertin was founder of the modern Olympic Games. • South Africa was expelled from ICC in 1970 because of its apartheid policies. • Parliament of India is Parliment. • France and which country contested first ever world cup match Mexico • The number of countries which participated in the first Olympic Games held at Athens was Nine • Who owns The Oval cricket ground. they were started in 1931. • Parliament of Morocco is Majlis al Nuwa b. • Antoly Karpov. • Parliament of France is Parliament. • Lowest test match inning is 26 by New Zealand. • Modern Olympic Games were first held in Athens. • Grand slam is the title associated with Pete Sampras. • Parliament of Qatar is Advisory Council. and Australia open) is called Grand Slam. • Parliament of Egypt is People‘s Assembly. • The champion trophy hockey tournament was introduced by Pakistan in year 1978. • First test mach was played in 1877 between Australia and England. • First modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens. • Thomas cup badminton is for men only. • Parliament of Sweden is Riksdag. • Geoff hunt is associated with Squash. • Iron. • The sports man Kasparvo is associated with Chess. • Hockey world cup held every 4 year. • Grand Master is a term in Chess. • Most Wimbledon single (Men) title are won by Pete Sampras (USA). • Martina Hinges is the youngest woman tennis player to win three major singles title s in one season. • Parliament of Norway is the Storting. • McDowell Cup is associated with football. • Michael Chang (USA) is the youngest to win the title of grand slam. us open. • Wimbledon open tennis was instituted in 1877. • Parliament of Denmark is Folketing. • ICC has 10 members and it was founded in 1965. Lewis. 1904. • Olympic Games were held twice in Paris and London. the world chess player belongs to Russia. Pakistan took part in 1948 in London. • The title ―Oval Hero‖ is with Fazal Muhammad. • First women competed in Olympic games in 1912. • Uber cup is for badminton. • Grand Slam is a term in sports associated with Bridge as well as Lawn Tennis.Archery • First cricket cup was played in England in 1974. • Parliament of Russia is Duma. • FIFA established in Paris on May 21. • Parliament of Greece is Parliment. • Common Wealth game are held every 4 years. • A winner of four competitions (Wimbledon. • Olympic held every 4 years. • Morocco cup is for cricket. French open. • In cricket batsman can be out by 10 ways. From 1954 they were held every four years. • Hockey became Olympic event in 1908. • 10 countries have test status.a sports term is associated with Golf.

President of Russia is Dimitri Medwedev. • National game of Switzerland is skiing. . Mao movement is connected with Naxalites.. 8. took bribes to sale Bofors howitzers to India in 1986. The Bofors case led to Congress defeat in 1989 Lok Sabha polls. 23. • Garunda is an Airline of Indonesia. 2. Sweden. • With which sport is the term ‗butterfly‘ associated? Swimming • Next Football world Cup in 2010 is in. US Open 2009 won by Kim Clisjsters of Belgium and Juan Martin del Porto won men's singles titles. • What is Belgium's national Airline.. • Yankee Stadium is associated with Boxing. 28. 13. • KLM is an airline of Nether land. • The famous airport Dum Dum is located in Mombai (India). 29. 22. 5. 16. Sachin Tendulkar completed 16000 runs in ODIs. • The term ―Stalemate‖ is related to the game of Chess.By the sun in Greece • Martina Navratilova belongs to Czech Republic. USA in Sep: 2009. • Biman is the airline of Bangladesh. 14. 32. 17.. President of Chechnia is Ramzan A. • World‘s oldest sports daily is Gazetta dello Sport of Italy. Danny Boyle is the director of Slum Dog Millionaire. 30. OECD has 30 members and does ot include China. Egypt. • Qantas is an airline of Australia.South Africa • How many rings on the Olympic flag: Five • Who ran the first marathon: Phidipedes • What colour is the cap given to an England cricket player-Blue • What held up a Cricket test Match between England Pakistan-Mouse on pitch • What is the first race in the Grand Prix season-Brazilian • By Olympic rules what must have 14 feathers Badminton Bird • How is the Olympic torch lit. ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation. • LOT is the national airline of what country-Poland • TABSO is the national airline of which country-Bulgaria • Lufthansa is an airlines from Germany • Cathy Pacific is an airline of Hong Kong. PM is Viladamir Putin. Head of WTO is Pascal Lamy. 18. 25. • Tour De France is French cycle race. US Secretary of State is Hillary Rodham Clinton. 24. Atomic Energy Agency is Mohammad Alberadi.K 1. 21. • Al-Hilal was stated in 1912 and closed in 1914. 6. • The Paralympics Games 2008 were held in Beijing. 33. • JAL is an airline of Japan. She died on Sep:5. an Italian businessman. • Qantas is an airline of Australia.. • KLM is the oldest national airline. Ottavio Quattrocchi. 31. President of Mongolia is Tsakhiagin Elbegdorj. PM of Bangladesh Shaikh Haseena of Awami League elected in December. 20. Dal Lake is in occupied Kashmir. 3. • Royal Nepal‘s Airline is the name of Nepal‘s airline. • Al-Italia is the Italian international airlines. 9.2008. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh is Dipu Moni. 11. World Bank president is Robert Zoellic. Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel belongs to conservative party. 26. • Asafa Powell is 100 m sprinter. David Lawrance Convention Centre arranges G-20 Summit. Obama is US's 44th President. • Val Barker Cup is awarded in the Olympic Games in Boxing. Mother Tressa belonged to Albania and came to India in 1951. • Asiana is the airline of . 12. Shoe thrower on Bush Muntazer al Zaidi worked for Al-Baghdadi newspaper.. President of France is Nicolas Sarkozy. 4. 27. 19997 and is burried at Kolkata. • BOAC airline is of Great Britain. 7. 29. • Garada is the airline of Indonesia. • Chaklala airport is situated in Rawalpindi. Black Widow is a rebellious gang in Assam. Garden of Five Senses is in Delhi. Senator John Kerry and Richard Lugar put forward Kerry-Lugar Bill. Mongolia has world's 6% of Uranium reserves. Tapaimukh Dam issue is between India & Bangladesh. • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) • In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders Park • What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920 • FIDE govern what game -Chess. 19.Page | 100 • Paralympics are the games for disabled. G-20 Summit was held at Pittsburg. US intends to deploy US interceptor Missiles in Poland and radar in Czech Republic to protect Europe from Iranian missiles. Director General of Int. US special representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan is Richard Halbroke. and Denmark. • Interfax is the news agency of Russia. Shasha Obama (younger) and Malia Obama (elder) are two daughters of Barak Obama.Sabina • Vnukovo airport is in Moscow. Kadyrov. • Santa Cruz airport is in Mumbai.. 10. it was founded by Abudul Kalam Azad. • Transworld Airway (TWA) belongs to USA. • Scandinavian airlines operate in the countries Norway. 15. CURRENT G. South Korea • IMPORTANT NEWSAGENCIES • Anatolia is the news agency of Turkey. • Uber cup is associated with Badminton. • News agency AIP belongs to Afghanistan. • Footballer Zaidane originally belongs to which country? Algeria • INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES • Aero float is the air line of Russia. • Orly airport is located in Paris. UEFA president is Michel Platni.

Pakistan lift World T20 Cup. Arab League Sectary General is Amr Moosa. 44. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Michael Sleiman has taken over as the President of Lebanon. 52. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza is the new Chief Election Commission of Pakistan. 67. 93. 54. 80. NRO was promulgated on oct 5 2007 and has 7 sections. Next World Cup of Cricket will be held in India.. When kerry lugar bill was passed?Thursday. 90. 81. India will hold the Common Wealth Games in 2010.. 63. The American Taliban captured in Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh.Page | 101 34. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011. 2009. 45. CIA director is Leon Panetta.. President of India is Prathiba Patel. 89. Mother-in-Law of Obama is Marian Robinson. Titanic Museum opened in UK on 31st March. Secretary General of SAARC is Sheel Kant Sharma. 92.C Verma. Jacob Zuma won elections in South Africa. 39. 42. 2009. The Internaitiona Airport of Washington DC is known as Dulles International Airport. The book "Jinnah. 66. 73.2011 96. 78. 43. Operation Rah-e-Nijad conducted in South Waziristan on June 19. 51.5 billion dollars annually 95. President of Bangladesh is Zillur Rahman. 75. NAM Chairman is President Hussni Mubark of Egypt. Brazil beats US in Confederation Cup. Independence" is written by Jaswant Singh. 40. 35.1. Prime Minister of Australia is Kavin Rid. 87. ICC chief is Haroon Lorgat of South Africa. 72. beat Sri Lanka by 8 wkts on 21 June 2009. VP USA.. 2009. Owings & Merrill. Ayesha Jalal __________________ . Sept 24. Operation Rah-e-Rast began in Sawat in May 2009. 76. 37.. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009 came on Sep:7. 59.. Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a military coup. ICJ issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir. 77. Secretary General of OIC is Ikmalluddin Ihsan Iglo (Turkey). 38. 41. 48. Interior Minister is Palaniappan Chidambaram. 85.. President of North Korea is Kim Jong-il. 61. 91. Michael Jackson died on 25th June. The World Athletics Championship was held in Berlin in 2009.717 feet in height and was constructed by Skidmore. Timeline of withdrawal of forces from Iraq by Obama. 56. 46. 828 meters or 2. China celebrated its 60th Aniversary on 1st Oct: 2009.India. 2009. Jill Baden is the wife of Joe Biden.. RAW chief is K. 86. 69. 60. Serena Williams and Roger Federer are Wimbeldon winners this year. Baluchistan Package was announced in joint Sitting of Parliment on 24th November. President of Palestine is Mehmood Abbas. 2009 at the age of 50. Chinese President is Hu Jintao. Governor State Bank of Pakistan is Syed Salim Raza. Iceland swears its first female PM Johanna Sigurdard Ottir. 58. 64. The Way Of The World: A Story Of Truth And Hope In An Age Of Extremism by Ron Suskind 97. 2009 94. Partition. 55. LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed on 18th May. 2009. Foreign Minister of UK is David Miliband. 83. Baitullah Mehsud killed on Aug: 5. 53.. 5th World Water Forum concluded in Istanbul on 22nd March. Next Olympics will be held in London in 2012. 74. OPEC chief is Abdullah Salem al-Badri. 49. Ahmadinejad defeated Mir Hussain Moussavi in his re-election. A book of 2008"A way of hope and extremism. Abdullah Abdullah contested elections against Hamid Karzai. 70. Commander of ISAF forces in Afghanistan is General Stan Mc Crystal. 62. 84. President of Sri Lanka is Mahinda Percy Rajapaksa and PM is Ratnasiri Wickremanyake. Luger Bill will provide Pakistan an aid of. US Secretary of Defence is Robert Gates. Burj Khalifa — The Tallest Building in the World has 162 stories.. FIFA President is Joseph Sepp Blatter. inaugurated on 4th Jan: 2010. 57. Pakistan Ambassador to UN is Abdullah Hussain Haroon. 50. 82. 47. 36. Qamar-uz-Zaman Qaira made governer on 15th Sep: 2009. US Ambassador to Iraq is Christopher Hill. 2009. 65. First East Timore President is Jose Gusmao. 79. Next Football World Cup is to be held in South Africa in 2010. He was deported to Costa Rica. Michelle Obaman is the wife of Barack Obama. 71. Next Hockey World Cup will be held in India in 2010. 68. 88.