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• Lathe has been used since mid-seventeenth century.Metal Cutting • Process where a stronger metal is used to cut a softer metal. • One of the most popular and commonly used manufacturing processes. • Metal cutting also includes methods of machining such as: .
• With modern machine it can be very economical • Disadvantages – Higher cost of labor and tools – Scrap metal results – Longer cycle time . mirrored surface etc. sharp corners • Desired texture .• Parts after heat treatment are usually distorted and hence need machining • Accurate dimension.such as shiny finish.
type of process.Mechanics of Chip Formation • Most important factors in all machining process: – Geometry of cutting tool – Machining conditions: • • • • Speed of tool Speed of workpiece Hardness of workpiece Hardness of tool – Work holding and fixtures – Coolant.such as stiffness . – Machine condition . accuracy issues. etc.
Indirect effect • • • • Type of chips formed Temperature rise Surface finish Tool wear etc .