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PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. Page : R0 : 1
Uhde India Limited
CONTENTS Page 0.0 Cover Sheet List of illustrations 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 General Key Words Bund Area to Contain Spillage Tank Details Pump Location in Tankfarm Piping Arrangement 1 2 3-4 4 4-5 5 5 6
Applicable Revision: Prepared:
Date: First Edition: R0 Prepared: AKB
Date: Checked: TNG
Date: Approved: RUD
Date: File Name:
PUNE: KUMUS 207
Date: VKO: KUMUS 209
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. Page : R0 : 2
Uhde India Limited
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 TFP1 TFP2 TFP3 TFP4 TFP5 TFP6 TFP7 TFP8 TFP9 TFP10 TFP11 TFP12 TFP13 TFP14 TFP15 TFP16 TFP17 TFP18 TFP19 TFP20 TFP21 TFP22 TFP23
TYPICAL TYPE OF DYKES DRAINAGE FROM DYKE TYPICAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE TANK (BULLET) TYPICAL VERTICAL TANK DETAILS VALVE ACCESS CATWALKS TYPICAL TANK HEATERS TYPICAL FLOATING ROOF TANK ACCESS LOW TEMPERATURE TANK FOUNDATION WITH ELEVATED CONCRETE BASE COMPACTED FILL TANK PAD TYPICAL RING WALL FOUNDATION PUMPS INSIDE DYKED AREA PUMPS OUTSIDE DYKED AREA PUMPS INSIDE CONCRETE DYKED AREA DYKE-PENETRATION SEAL FLEXIBLE DYKE SEAL ALTERNATE PIPING LAYOUTS TANK PIPING LAYOUT CROSS SECTION OF PIPE WAY AND PUMPING BULLET-TANK PIPING LAYOUT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TANK LAYOUT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TANK LAYOUT TYPICAL FIRE WATER SYSTEM IN TANKAGE AREA PROTECTION BERM
Page : R0 : 3 Uhde India Limited 1. Tanks containing hydrocarbons should be separated according to the flash point.0 1. oil viz. Pumps location outside dyke area .PIPING PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING DOC No.1 1. CCE classification for space planning. Storage tanks may contain acids. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. Layout of the storage facility shall be based on the following considerations and systematic approach. Normally. fuel oil or benzene etc.TRAINING MANUAL.fire Statutory distance Requirement of Dykewall or curbing Dykewall height or curb height calculation Location of Pumps . alkalis. HAZOP study Valve access platform / ladders at the piping outlet nozzles of tank. naptha. the storage shall be either input raw material or output products or intermediate chemicals storage. Access to top of tanks and interconnecting walkway Piping on sleepers or piperack inside dyke area.4 Tanks should be grouped or segregated according to the contents. alkali are usually stored in vertical storage tanks designed as per API 650. OSHA.3 Storage tanks located in a safe area and grouped according to the contents are called tankfarm. acid.2 GENERAL The study of the tankfarm consisting of a group of tanks shall be carried out keeping the following basic points in consideration.Sump and pump Road around tankfarm Fire hydrant / monitor requirement Underground system connected to specific system of treatment / disposal 1. dykewall and its height requirement. Statutory Regulations viz. Oil. CCE TAC/NFPA recommendations Safety requirements as per OISD.inside dyke area outside dyke area toxic explosive corrosive bulk handling loading unloading Approach to tank nozzles with valve Approach to tank roof Drainage of dyke area . petrol. in chemical plants. Grouping of tanks. Capacity of tanks Nature of hazard . diesel. Specification of the content. 1.
safety arrangements and overall aesthetics.Sleepers are steel or concrete supports usually located within 450mm of grade of piping systems commonly found in offsites. Foam . It uses natural terrain to direct liquids to the sump area.5 psig.A double wall storage tank has an inner wall to contain a liquid. conforming to the natural terrain around the tank. Sleeper .In the event of lightning or another source of vapour ignition. solid masonary or steel. Dyke .It is a spherical vessel used for storage of high pressure liquid and gases. maintenance facility.This is provided as a measure to protect the tank against collapse due to sudden creation of vacuum inside the tank during suction by pumps.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING DOC No.TFP3) Cone-roof tank . Foot valve . During regular operation. foot valve remains open.TFP7) Double-wall storage tank .1 BUND AREA TO CONTAIN SPILLAGE The risk of failure of storage tanks and the primary piping systems is reduced to certain extent.This is a low pressure vertical storage tank with a roof welded to the shell irrespective of roof design or method of support. a flame arrester in the vent line of a storage tank prevents flames from flashing to the vapour inside the tank. Flame arrester . (Refer Fig. (Refer Fig. It is used to form a blanket over dangerous vapours and reduce the risk of explosion.A dyke is a barrier designed to contain liquid in the tank in case of emergency within the area for safety reasons.0 Key Words Atmospheric tank .This is a barrier designed to divert spillage from other storage tanks. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.The tank that operates at pressure levels ranging from atmospheric pressure to 0. 3.This is a low-pressure vertical storage tank with a cone-shaped fixed roof. 3. Floating roof tank . if the fluid is contained within the bund wall and is not allowed to spread throughout the area resulting in various hazards like fire.TRAINING MANUAL. circular or irregular in shape. It may be square.2 .5 The practical objective to prepare a most economical plot plan and piping arrangement for a tankfarm should be to keep provisions of operational ease. pollution problem etc.This is a high pressure horizontal storage vessel shaped like a bullet (Refer Fig. Fixed roof tank . an annulus space usually filled with insulation and outerwall for containment of spillage. concrete. Bullet . The tankfarm shall also have provisions for efficient drainage and disposal facility as required for various kinds of fluid storage. 2.This is a solution with a density lower than that of oil and water. Horton sphere . security gates depending on the tank storage capacity or the type of hazards posed by the nature of contents. The tankfarm should be secured against unauthorised entry by fencing. Breather valve .A floating roof tank design is adopted to conserve vapour loss and minimise fire hazard.This valve is provided at the bottom of a riser in a tank where a submersible pump can be installed.0 3. The dyke may be constructed of earth. Sump .This is the low point basin within an area used for collection of liquid waste for disposal.TFP1) Diversion dyke . toxic spread. Page : R0 : 4 Uhde India Limited 1. rectangular.
6 The free volume of the bund area is sized to contain the contents of one largest tank plus a margin of 10 percent. Page : R0 : 5 Uhde India Limited 3.TFP8 A tank located on compacted granular fill is illustrated in Fig. The rules of CCE can be followed for other hazardous / inflammable products as good guidelines of safety.4 TANK DETAILS A typical illustration on the top of a vertical storage tank is given in Fig.5 consistent with the angle of repose of earth.TFP7) are illustrated as typical examples.TFP11 and TFP13 illustrates the location of pump within the dyke area with the curb wall height of approx.TFP12. 5. even though the product is not classified as petroleum product.8m and with width of dyke on top to be about 600mm.1 4. All drains from the dyke area should be equipped with a valve outside the dyke regardless of whether the drainage goes to disposal pit or sewer system.3 4.5 3.TFP10. In congested area or where space is limited. 400-500mm. Tank heater installation (Fig. Fig. 5.TFP 5). usually concrete dyke is made with varying height for different containment capacity. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. 3. CCE rules are applicable to the fluids of petroleum and petroleum products classified as class A. 3. These valves should be kept closed and blanked off except when withdrawing water. Tank outlet piping can either penetrate the dyke or pass over the dyke in case the minimum liquid level in the tank do cause cavitation in the pump.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING DOC No. . The piping outside the dyke may run on a piperack or sleepers.3 The containment dyke for tankfarm under the purview of chief controller of explosives (CCE) shall be planned according to the CCE rules and regulations.0 5. This design protects the pump from minor spillage within the dyke and enable the discharge piping to exit the dyke over the wall and there is no need to have dyke penetration seals.7 Access to the dyke area is usually provided by making vehicular ramp at one end and a stepped entry at the other end (Refer Fig. The slope on the surface of dyke is usually 1:1. This prevents liquid spillage from entering the sewer or released from the dyke area.TFP6).2 The pumps located outside the dyke area are illustrated in Fig.TRAINING MANUAL. 3. the potential hazards and client preferrence shall be considered.TFP4 Valve access catwalk (Fig.2 4.0 4. A low temperature tank foundation with elevated concrete base is illustrated in Fig.TFP9 and a tank on the ring wall foundation is illustrated in Fig. The contamination of spillage with the natural rain water or wash water needs this drainage to be treated before disposal.4 One common method of dyke construction is by earth upto a height of 1. Floating Roof Tank access (Fig. 5.3 Adequate maintenance area around the pump shall be the prime consideration for planning the piping arrangement at suction as well as discharge. the valve can be used for diverting either to storm water system or to the Effluent Treatment Plant.1 PUMP LOCATION IN TANKFARM To determiine the optimum location of pumps. TFP2) 4. Depending on the contamination. B or C according to its flash point characteristics.
monitors are used for protection against fire in the tankfarm areas. The foam piping shall be arranged with the quick-coupling to the line supply to the foam chamber at the edge of the roof of the tank. Liquid outlet piping to the suction of Pump shall allow for differential settlement and the flexibility of the piping.CCE.5 In addition to the provisions for mobile fire-fighting equipment. 6.TFP19.TFP18 illustrates a cross-section of piping.2 6.TRAINING MANUAL.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANKFARM PIPING DOC No. Tanks are installed at the lowest possible elevation to satisfy the pump head requirements.0 6. dykes and a primary pipeway in a typical tankfarm. 6. The operation platform. 6. Fig.8 .TFP20 and TFP21.1 PIPING ARRANGEMENT The Optimum piping arrangement in a tankfarm is the most direct route between two points allowing for normal line expansion and stresses.7 6. The coupling shall be located outside the dyke wall.TFP16 illustrates between tanks and pumps. regulations viz. The roof is steel and domed. Submersible pumps are located at the bottom of the pump shaft. piping and jib crane structure are supported on the concrete containment wall. Fig. 6. A catwalk is usually located across all the tanks in a row to provide access to the operating valves and instruments. There is heavy cryogenic insulation between primary and secondary containers. The secondary containment is a steel lined concrete structure.6 When high pressure bullet tanks are located close to the process unit.TFP17 shows how to accommodate line expansion between tank nozzles and a manifold header.3 Fig. NFPA shall be consulted to finalise the safety requirement of the tankfarm. TAC. Expansion loops may be added at the sleeper level. Fig. Page : R0 : 6 Uhde India Limited 6. The berm length shall be slightly longer than the width of the tank area and the berm height will be equal to the height of tanks. These berms are provisions for protection against explosion. The codes. 6. pumps. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.TFP23) is normally used.TFP22 shows a typical arrangement of firewater hydrants and monitors in a tankfarm. A bullet tank piping arrangement is shown in Fig. permanent hydrants. The fire water piping around the tankfarm area shall be provided with supply from two different sources. a protection berm (Refer Fig. The sump and sump pump shall be provided for disposal of water accumulation due to rain or firefighting.4 A typical layout of liquefied natural gas (LNG) tanks is shown in Fig. This is normally done by installation of an firewater pump with diesel engine drive in addition to the electric motor driven pumps.
NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING TYPICAL TYPE OF DYKES DOC NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. VARIES W 3'-6'/900-1800 ABOVE INTERIOR GRADE H EARTHEN DYKE AS REQUIRED CONCRETE DYKE CONCRETE CONTAINMENT EARTHEN CONTAINMENT DOUBLE CONTAINMENT DYKING METHOD CONCRETE DYKE EARTHEN DYKE 25'/7. : TFP1 Uhde India Limited Page W : H = 1 1/2 : 1 TOE OF DYKE 2'/600 MIN. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.TRAINING MANUAL .6 EARTHEN AND CONCRETE COMBINATION DYKE .
: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : TFP2 Uhde India Limited Page SUMP (TYP) DIVERSION CANAL TO REMOTE AREA VALVES USUALLY CLOSED DIVERSION CANAL CONCRETE DIVERSION CANAL C L PLANT ROAD VEHICULAR RAMP STAIRWAY PUMP AREA VEHICULAR AND PERSONNEL ACCESS . : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.TRAINING MANUAL . NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DRAINAGE FROM DYKE DOC NO.
PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : TFP3 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE TANK (BULLET) SLOPE OUTLET .
: TFP4 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL VERTICAL TANK DETAILS MAINTENANCE ACCESS FOR CLEAN-OUT DOOR R DE LAD C L ALTERNATE ACCESS PROVIDE HANDRAIL ON BOTH SIDE OF ROOF ACCESS AREA C L LEVEL GAUGE TANK ROOF MAINTENANCE ACCESS PROVIDE HANDRAIL ON BOTH SIDE OF ROOF ACCESS AREA STAIRWAY ENTRANCE AT GRADE PRIMARY TRANSFER PIPING .PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.
: TFP5 Uhde India Limited Page VALVE ACCESS CATWALKS TANK CATWALK VALVE EXTENSION STEM CATWALK ELEVATION PLAN .TRAINING MANUAL . NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP6 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL TANK HEATERS STEAM IN FINNED TUBES STEAM IN FINNED TUBES CONDENSATE OUT CONDENSATE OUT . NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP7 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL FLOATING ROOF TANK ACCESS ROOF ACCESS STAIRWAY STRAIGHT STAIRWAY CIRCULAR STAIRWAY NOT RECOMMENDED FOR TANKS LESS THAN 15'-6" IN DIAMETER .
TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : TFP8 Uhde India Limited Page LOW TEMPERATURE TANK FOUNDATION WITH ELEVATED CONCRETE BASE PRIMARY CONTAINER SECONDARY CONTAINER CONCRETE SLAB COLUMNS 12"/300 MINIMUM SPREAD FOOTING .
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 : R0 TANK FARM PIPING : 1 OF 1 : TFP9 COMPACTED FILL TANK PAD 3'-0" 900 1".THICK ASPHALTIC CONCRETE C L OF TANK TANK BOTTOM HIGH POINT 12"/300 VARIES COMPACTED GRANULAR FILL POINT OF SUPPORT .
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP10 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL RING WALL FOUNDATION TANK BOTTOM POINT OF SUPPORT 12"/300 6"/150± RING WALL GRANULAR CLASS I COMPACTED STRUCTURAL FILL 12"/300 . NO.
TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP11 Uhde India Limited Page PUMPS INSIDE DYKED AREA 15"-18"/380-460 CURB DYKE CURBED AREA PIPE RACK OR SLEEPERS .PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.
: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : TFP12 Uhde India Limited Page PUMPS OUTSIDE DYKED AREA ALTERNATE ROUTING DYKE PIPE RACK PIPE RACK ALTERNATE LOCATION SLEEPERS .TRAINING MANUAL .
NO. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : TFP13 Uhde India Limited Page PUMPS INSIDE CONCRETE DYKED AREA 18"/450 18"/450 CONCRETE DYKE .TRAINING MANUAL .
TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.PENETRATION SEAL DYKE WALL PIPE SLEEVE SEAL PRODUCT LINE . : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : TFP14 Uhde India Limited Page DYKE.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO.
PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . NO. : TFP15 Uhde India Limited Page FLEXIBLE DYKE SEAL INSIDE DYKE WALL STEEL STRAP PRODUCT LINE FLEXIBLE SEAL INSULATION PIPE SLEEVE . : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.
NO.TRAINING MANUAL .PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : TFP16 Uhde India Limited Page ALTERNATE PIPING LAYOUTS PREFERRED LAYOUT TANK NOZZLE (TYPICAL) LAYOUT FOR FLEXIBILITY (TYPICAL ALTERNATIVES) ALTERNATIVE PUMPING . : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.
: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP17 Uhde India Limited Page TANK PIPING LAYOUT SLEEPER ELEVATION OPTIONAL TANK A B C SLEEPERS (TYP) (SEE VALVE ACCESS CATWALK TFP5) EXPANSION LOOPS HEADERS PLAN . NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 : R0 TANK FARM PIPING : 1 OF 1 : TFP18 CROSS SECTION OF PIPE WAY AND PUMPING PIPE BRIDGE ALTERNATIVE DYKE PUMPING DEPRESSED SLEEPER ROADWAY PUMPING DYKE TANKS TANKS ACCESS BURIED PUMP DISCHARGE PRIMARY TANK PIPE WAY .
: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : TFP19 Uhde India Limited Page BULLET-TANK PIPING LAYOUT RELIFE VALVE TO ATMOSPHERE CATWALK RELIFE VALVE CATWALK LIQUID OUTLET ELEVATION PRODUCT OUTLET C L PUMPS PLAN .TRAINING MANUAL .
: 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.) ACCESS ROAD EARTHEN EMBANKMENT JIB CRANE OPERATIONS PLATFORM PIPE TRESTLE STAIRWAY . NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP20 Uhde India Limited Page LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TANK LAYOUT MAINTENANCE ACCESS VENT CATWALK RELIEF PRESSURE TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTS (TYP) VALVE VACUUM BREAKERS CATWALK TANK ROOF C L PUMPS (4 NOS. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO.
PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP21 Uhde India Limited Page LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS TANK JIB CRANE STEEL ROOF OPERATIONS PLATFORM TRESTLE UTILITY PIPING PIPE BRIDGE SUPPORT PROCESS PIPING PUMP SHAFT STEEL INNER TANK STEEL LINER EARTHEN EMBANKMENT PUMP FOOT VALVE INSULATION CONCRETE CONTAINMENT . NO.
TRAINING MANUAL . : TFP22 Uhde India Limited Page TYPICAL FIRE WATER SYSTEM IN TANKAGE AREA FIRE WATER SUPPLY ROAD ROAD ROAD FIRE MONITOR FIRE HYDRANT ROAD . : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. NO.
TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1007 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY TANK FARM PIPING DOC NO. : TFP23 Uhde India Limited Page PROTECTION BERM BULLETS BERM PLAN BERM BULLET TANK SLOPE ELEVATION .
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