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Conservation of Plants and Animals.pdf

Conservation of Plants and Animals.pdf

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Grade 8 Conservation of Plants and Animals

1. Deforestation Deforestation is the process of removal of vegetation from areas for industrial, agricultural, and other purposes. Causes of deforestation (a) Natural causes Forest fire Severe droughts (b) Man-made causes Using land for agriculture Rapid urbanization Procurement of wood for fuel and furniture Consequences of deforestation Increase in the level of carbon dioxide in atmosphere, which leads to global warming Lowering of ground water levels Increase in pollution levels and temperature Decrease in fertility of soil and amount of rainfall Increase in frequency of droughts and floods Conversion of fertile land into deserts (desertification) 2. Conservation process of forests and wildlife Forests are important bio resources and home to rich biodiversity. Forests help in maintaining the delicate balance of nature. Animals living in forests are called wild animals. The plants found in a particular area are known as flora of that area. The animals found in a particular area constitute fauna of that area. Those species of plants and animals, which are found only in a particular area, are called endemic species.

and the traditional life of the tribals living in the area. etc. 3. The flora and fauna of a particular habitat can be protected through special protected areas. It keeps a track record of various endangered species of plants and animals. (c) Biosphere reserves These are large areas of protected land for conservation of wild life. Migration by birds every year is caused by (a) change in climatic conditions in their original habitat . sandpipers. whose numbers are diminishing to a level that they might face extinction. and elephants Project tiger was launched to protect endangered tigers in their natural habitat. For example: Madhumalai wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. are called endangered animals. plant and animals resources. Numerous migratory birds including ducks. For example: Ranthambore national park in Rajasthan. For example: Panchmerhi Biosphere reserve and Nilgiri Biosphere reserve in India  Red Data Book It is the source book maintained by international union for conservation of nature and natural resources. lion. and cranes fly to India every year. etc. Migration It is the movement of birds and animals from their original habitat to other places at a particular time every year. geese. (b) National parks These are the areas reserved for wildlife where they can freely use the habitats and natural resources.The animals. These protected areas are of three types. Kanha national park in Madhya Pradesh. For example: tiger. Chilika bird sanctuary in Orissa. (a) Wildlife sanctuary It is the place where wild animals are protected from hunting and damage to their habitat.

It prevents the release of harmful chemicals (used during paper manufacturing) in nature. Papers should be recycled and reused to prevent cutting of trees. 5. and we’ll add it to this note under your name! . Reforestation Restocking of destroyed forests by planting new trees is called reforestation. Recycling of paper saves energy and water. Contribute to this Revision Note: If you find anything of importance missing from this note. Recycling of paper One ton of papers is made from about seventeen fully-grown trees.com. It helps in checking environmental degradation. Each paper can be recycled three to seven times. email it to us at revision-notes@meritnation.(b) lack of food availability in their original habitats during winters 4.

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