This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
ISSUE 702 | NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Connect with us @
09 5000 613
A Kachin woman from Mung Din Pa village cries at Hpang Hka Kung Church refugee camp in Bahmo on 30 October. Her son, 12, remains missing following a Tatmadaw attack on the village on October 22. Photo: Kaung Htet
After debate, new-look farmers’ law enacted
A number of controversial provisions have been removed in version enacted on October 3, a commodity-purchasing committee has been given a reduced role.
Govt fears backlash over new power prices
Officials fear a hefty rise in the price of electricity announced last week could drive companies to use illicit practices in an effort to cut costs.
Long road ahead for heritage conservation
Several high-proﬁle renovation projects in Yangon are yet to begin as the government has been slow to rubber stamp master plans.
THE PULSE 40
Tatmadaw draws international ﬁre for attack on Mansi village
The United Nations and the United States embassy in Yangon have condemned a recent attack by the Tatmadaw on villages in Kachin State’s Mansi township. Sources in the region say two battalions entered and occupied the villages on October 22 and have blocked residents from leaving – although almost 400 have managed to make it to nearby Bhamo, according to aid groups.
Myanmar art at Singapore Biennale
Two installation artists are well-recieved at the Singapore Biennale for their interpretations on this year’s theme, “If the World Changed.”
PHOTO: KAUNG HTET
Ethnic leaders on path to peace
Representatives from 18 armed ethnic groups drafted and submitted their proposed ceaseﬁre agreement to the government after a landmark confrence in the Kachin state city of Laiza last week. NEWS 4-5
2 THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
THEY DIDN’T REICH THAT...
online editor Kayleigh Long | firstname.lastname@example.org
THE INSIDER: The local lowdown & best of the web
Last week a man sporting a full Nazi uniform was ejected from a British supermarket and the police were called following complaints by fellow shoppers. The man, wearing a black SS ofﬁcer’s uniform complete with a cap and red armband, left before police could arrive at the shop in Cambridge. A local man with mental health problems who is obsessed with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler claimed responsibility for the Halloween incident on Twitter, accusing the Asda supermarket chain of being “a bunch of racists”. Closer to home, in what is believed not to be an isolated incident, Page 2 spotted a man in a Yangon CityMart last week wearing a swastika t-shirt, with the slogan ‘THE FINAL SOLUTION’ emblazoned across his chest. Computer giant Dell has released a statement in response to numerous online complaints that their new Lattitude 6430U computers smelled like cat urine. Online feedback from those who had ordered the machine showed a vast number of people pleased with the computer itself, but a little miffed by its acrid stench. “The machine is great, but it smells as if it was assembled near a tomcat’s litter box. It is truly awful! It seems to be coming from the keyboard.” Some were more extreme. “I want you to know that I killed our one-year-old cat, thinking it was pissing on the computer each night.”
When Myanmar was Burma...
Archival material provided by Pansodan Gallery
May 1972 issue of Socialist propaganda journal Forward. People pose in front of buses that may well still be operating in Yangon.
The Indian High Commission in London has reverted to using typewriters to compose sensitive documents following the NSA scandal. Embassy ofﬁcials revealed sensitive matters are discussed outside the compound, in order to avoid bugging – something staff have described as “tedious”. “Top secret cables are now written on typewriters which cannot be tracked,” Jamini Bhagwati, the Indian High Commissioner to London, told the Times of India. Such protective measures follow the disclosure by the fugitive whistleblower Edward Snowden that America’s National Security Agency had bugged India’s Permanent Mission at the United Nations in New York and its embassy in Washington.
EMBASSIES DUST OFF TYPEWRITERS OVER NSA REVELATIONS
Bobby Soxer for NOW! magazine. Photo: Htet Aung Kyaw ( Studio HAK)
International outcry over latest violence in Kachin State
As ethnic leaders gather in Laiza to talk peace, Tatmadaw comes under ﬁre for attack on village in Mansi
BOTH the United Nations and the United States embassy in Yangon have condemned recent clashes in Kachin State’s Mansi township and have called for an immediate end to hostilities. Sources in the region say two Tatmadaw battalions entered and occupied the villages of Mung Ding Pa and Nam Lim Pa on October 22, exchanging ﬁre with Kachin forces and subsequently blocking residents from leaving. Members of the Kachin Baptist Convention and other aid workers from Bhamo township to the south have attempted to visit the villages only to be turned back by Tatmadaw soldiers stationed on the outskirts. Even before the soldiers arrived, Mung Ding Pa was home to about 400 displaced people, who were suffering from a shortage of medicine and food, a situation the KBC said is likely to worsen now that the village is cut off from local assistance channels. “The US is deeply concerned about ongoing reports of military activity causing displacement of civilians in Kachin State,” the embassy said in an October 29 statement. “Ongoing military operations contradict the government of Burma’s stated responsibility to protect civilians and ensure humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.” The embassy released the statement following ambassador Derek
‘Ongoing military operations contradict the government of Burma’s stated responsiblity to protect civilians.’
US embassy statement
Mitchell’s visit to the Kachin State capital Myitkyina from October 24 to 26. While in Kachin State he met government, military, civil society and religious leaders “to increase the US government’s understanding of the rich history and culture of Kachin State, discuss the state’s current political and humanitarian situation, and exchange views on US policy”, the embassy said. The criticism from the US came just days after UN resident and humanitarian coordinator Ashok Nigam said he was “seriously concerned about the civilians being caught in any crossﬁre, especially children and the elderly”. “Hostilities must cease and access to the displaced people for humanitarian partners be granted immediately as these people are in urgent need of assistance,” he said on October 25. “[A]ll parties [must] respect civilians’ fundamental right to freedom of movement and allow safe passage to their areas of choice.” Sources in nearby Bhamo estimate that about 2000 civilians have been displaced in the Mansi area, and their makeshift camps are cut off from local aid groups. They are facing the same shortages of food, medicine and shelter that are common in many camps, particularly in Kachin Independence Organisation-controlled areas of the state. Though the UN has sent several large aid convoys to assist displaced people in KIO-controlled areas, recent hostilities forced them to cancel a planned trip in September. The new ﬁghting has cast doubts on the possibility of another convoy scheduled for November. “A number of aid convoys [are] scheduled [for November],” including one to Mansi township, conﬁrmed U Aye Win from the UN Information Centre in Yangon. “[But] we still need to be sure that the convoy can travel safely ... Whenever a convoy goes in there’s always [a safety] assessment that has to be done.” Asked about the more pointed tone of the UN’s most recent statement on the conﬂict, U Aye Win said it “is not meant to be harsh, it’s just to show this is an area of serious concern”. “[The IDPs] have been through the rainy season. We’ve got the winter months coming up ... [and]
US embassy a secret listening post: NSA documents
TIM MCLAUGHLIN email@example.com NYAN LYNN AUNG firstname.lastname@example.org THE United States embassy in Yangon is the site of an electronic surveillance facility used to monitor telephones and communications networks, according to media reports citing documents published by Germany’s Der Spiegel on October 29. A map published on Der Spiegel’s website that was leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden listed 90 locations worldwide – including 74 manned facilities, 14 remotely operated facilities and two technical support centres – that are run jointly by the a Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Agency group known as “Special Collection Service”. The map, which was dated to 2010, was taken down from the Der Spiegel website shortly after publication. Information from the map was later republished by the Sydney Morning Herald. It listed Yangon as one of the 74 manned facilities. A spokesperson from the US State Department said that it would not comment on “speciﬁc alleged intelligence activity” and that “the United States gathers foreign intelligence of the type gathered by all nations”. “The United States takes the concerns of the international community seriously and has been regularly consulting with affected partners.” U Ye Htut, a spokesperson for President U Thein Sein, said that he could not comment as he was unaware of the allegations. A number of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw MPs contacted by The Myanmar Times declined to comment on similar grounds. However, a spokesperson from the Political Affairs Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said the ministry was aware of the report and was seeking more information on the alleged facility. The spokesperson said that once more details were known a report would be submitted to the minister for foreign affairs. The map listed Special Collection Service facilities in other Southeast Asian cities, including neighbouring Bangkok, Chiang Mai and the US embassies in Phnom Penh, Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur. Construction of the US embassy in Yangon on University Avenue was completed in July 2007.
A Kachin woman forced to flee Mung Ding Pa village prays at the Hpang Hka Kung Church refugee camp in Bhamo on October 30. Photo: Kaung Htet
the needs of children and the elderly are not being met.” Peace activists last week welcomed the stronger support from the international community but said it should be followed up with action, including greater engagement with the Kachin conﬂict. Daw Khon Ja, a spokesperson for the Kachin Peace Network, called on the UN to initiate the formation of a group to monitor troop movements and other military activities on both sides of the frontlines, citing the Philippines and Aceh in Sumatra, Indonesia, as models for such a taskforce. “Rather than just make statements, they should be stronger ...
They should put more pressure on the government and stop supporting their agenda,” she said. She accused the government of instituting a policy designed to deny aid to relief camps in KIO-controlled areas and said government officials have so far been unwilling to compromise in order to help aid reach camps. Greater international engagement with Kachin civil society would give the Kachin side more leverage in their upcoming negotiations with the government over a proposed nationwide ceaseﬁre, she said. “A negotiation only works if there is some balance of power at the table ... Right now the government has all the power.”
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
The nationwide ceasefire: Ethnic groups s Myanmar’s road to peace agreement, awai
The signing of the nationwide ceaseﬁre will usher in the long-awaited dialogue process aimed at negotiating a political settlement to the country’s decade-old conﬂicts
AUNG NAING OO
OVER the past 20 months, the government has signed peace agreements with 14 non-state armed groups. Talks are continuing with the few groups who have not yet reached agreement. Given Myanmar’s 64-year history of civil war, this is a monumental achievement. Yet many daunting challenges remain on the road to peace. One of these is the urgent need to secure and stabilise these ceaseﬁres in order to enable the peace process to move forward. To this end, the government is attempting something that has never been tried before: a Nationwide Ceaseﬁre Agreement (NCA) including all of the armed groups that have been ﬁghting for political change and greater autonomy in Myanmar. For Myanmar’s political transition to be genuine and enduring it is critical that all stakeholders are involved in the process. The nationwide ceaseﬁre is critical for creating a participatory environment that includes the non-state armed groups. It is important that all sign the NCA in order to bring peace to Myanmar. Armed ethnic groups are meeting this week in Laiza, the headquarters of the Kachin Independence Organisation, to discuss whether they will sign the agreement. The NCA offers both immediate and long-term beneﬁts. On the immediate and practical side, the ceaseﬁre will resolve a nagging provision of the penal code - article 17/1 - that empowers security forces to detain individuals deemed to have come into contact with illegal armed groups. This has stood in the way of building peace in Myanmar. In the long-run, the NCA will contribute to many of the fundamental building blocks of peace, including conﬁdencebuilding measures, comprehensive codes of conduct between the Tatmadaw and ethnic armies, clear demarcation of territory and, above all, joint monitoring mechanisms. The NCA will allow ethnic armed groups to travel freely without weapons across demarcation lines and across the country. They will all be issued ID cards, a process that is already underway for several of the ethnic ceaseﬁre groups. They will have access to the media and the freedom to consult with all stakeholders. The NCA will also allow these groups to establish liaison offices where necessary and, signiﬁcantly, will enable humanitarian actors to deliver assistance to people in conﬂict areas. The NCA is a pragmatic attempt to end all hostilities in what has been a horribly destructive war that is well into its seventh decade. It will consoli-
date previous agreements and is necessary for the peace process to move on to political dialogue, which aims to settle the many grievances ethnic groups hold. Most crucially, the NCA will afﬁrm the commitment of all armed groups, including the Tatmadaw, to peace and to the peaceful settlement of problems that confront Myanmar. Nothing is simple and straightforward in a peace process. For decades, ethnic armed groups have called for a nationwide truce. Ideally, the NCA should fulﬁl this desire. However, there are voices of concern. Some ethnic groups worry that by signing the NCA they will be providing legitimacy and political kudos to the government without getting anything in return. However, the NCA is a mutually-beneﬁcial process. It forges a shared political destiny. It provides both legitimacy and a political way forward for all stakeholders. There will be no repercussions for those who decide not to sign the nationwide ceaseﬁre. Those who participate will not be required to give up their weapons or territory. Nor will the process of political settlement end with
The nationwide ceaseﬁre should be a clarion call for the nation ... to end the history of violence and ﬁnd a path to peace.
the NCA - one of the key fears among the ethnic groups. The agreement is just an important means to move the process forward. If it does not work out, it does not close off other ways forward - it will be possible to go back to the drawing board, or even go back to ﬁghting. Who will sign the NCA? From the government side, it is likely that senior leaders from the government, the hluttaw and the Tatmadaw will be signatories. All armed groups will have the opportunity to sign the document. There may be others, such as opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who will also ink or witness the deal. If it becomes a reality, Nay Pyi Taw intends to invite several international dignitaries, such as the ASEAN secretary general, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair and UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon to the ceremony. Not only will all key stakeholders in Myanmar’s armed conﬂict show their commitment to ending all active military engagement at the ceremony, they will do so in the presence of esteemed members of the international community.
Importantly, the NCA will not be an ultimatum: The possibility will remain open for groups that choose not to sign now to do so at a later date. They can sign at any time. Even if they decide not to sign immediately, they will be invited to the signing ceremony. To maintain the momentum for peace, the government intends to schedule the NCA signing ceremony before the end of 2013. The signing of the nationwide ceaseﬁre will usher in the long-awaited peace dialogue aimed at negotiating an enduring political settlement. The 64-year-old civil war has seriously damaged the relationship that our forbears established through the Panglong Agreement, which they came together and drafted to ensure independence from Britain. Ideally, the NCA is a process of normalising the relationship among their descendents among all ethnic groups. One could see the nationwide ceaseﬁre as the beginning of national reconciliation. Despite all that has been achieved in the past two years, there is still signiﬁcant distrust on the part of the armed ethnic groups toward the peace process. Given Myanmar’s protracted history of violence, abuses and broken promises, this is completely understandable. Blame cannot be placed on anyone for having doubts or concerns. With or without the NCA, there is no doubt that the peace process will go on. All parties, from the president, chief negotiator U Aung Min, the Tatmadaw and leaders of the parliament to the non-state armed groups, have repeatedly demonstrated their commitment to peace. But without cementing ceaseﬁres at this time through the NCA and turning them into durable peace through political dialogue, the peace process is at risk of running into roadblocks. A failure to move forward brings about the risk of moving backwards. Ceaseﬁre violations, of which there have been many over the past two years, can have the devastating effect of turning the clock backward. Beyond the leaders on all sides, the nationwide ceaseﬁre should be a clarion call for the nation of Myanmar and all of its people, especially ethnic minorities, to end the history of violence and ﬁnd a path to peace. The NCA offers a real opportunity for all of the key stakeholders to end hostilities and make peace for the ﬁrst time in Myanmar’s modern history. It will lead to political dialogue. Ultimately, the nationwide ceaseﬁre can represent a turning point for the country, a chance for political leaders on all sides to leave a legacy of peace - a legacy sorely lacking in Myanmar - for the generations to come.
Aung Naing Oo is associate director of the Peace Dialogue Program at the Myanmar Peace Center.
EI EI TOE LWIN
LEADERS of eighteen of Myanmar’s armed ethnic groups drafted and submitted their proposed ceaseﬁre agreement to the government last week in what could be a crucial ﬁnal step before the signing of a nationwide ceaseﬁre if it is accepted. The draft was submitted on November 1 after a three-day summit in the Kachin state city of Laiza. “If government accepts our common agreement, we will sign the ceaseﬁre,” U Khun Okkar , vice general secretary of the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) told members of the media at the end of the conference. The October 30 to November 1 conference in the Kachin Independence Organisation stronghold was the ﬁrst of its kind in more than 60 years, convened to examine a draft ceaseﬁre agreement proposed by the government. The Working Group for Ethnic Coordination (WGEC) and the UNFC also presented their own agreements, but after difficulty ﬁnding common ground a completely new draft was written. According to U Khun Okkar the draft contains nine sections. The government’s proposal contained 15, leading to criticisms that it was unwieldy. “It was very long[the government’s draft], some ethnic leaders found it difficult to understand. So we removed some points,” U Khun Okkar said. The agreement includes basic principles for political dialogue, dealings with the Tatmadaw and the future of ethnic armed groups. Ethnic groups must set a time frame to for political dialogues with the government with 60 days of signing the ceaseﬁre agreement and must begin the political dialogue process within two months of the framework being established. “We will agree to sign if we get a concrete commitment from government for political dialogue. We
have reached a common agreement that guarantees political dialogue first. It’s not difficult to sign the national ceasefire agreement if we get this commitment,” said Dr. Salai Lian Mmumg Sakhong, supreme council member of the Chin National Front. According to U Khun Okkar, all of the armed ethnic groups have agreed to sign the ceaseﬁre at the same time, not individually. “If one group does not sign, they [the government] can use this to launch major offensive the group, so we made a commitment to each other to sign at the same time,” he said.
U Khun Okkar, vice general secretary of the U summit in Laiza. Photo: Boothee
‘It is very important to end the civil wars that have been raging for over 60 years.’
U Khun Okkar Vice general secretary of the UNFC
The government has said it expects to hold a national ceaseﬁre signing ceremony at the end of November in Nay Pyi Taw in front of international and local observers as well as visiting dignitaries. U Khun Okkar and other ethnic leaders said they hoped that the agreement would be quickly accepted by the government, with fears that any delaying could further stall the peace process. “We purposed our agreement to government. We do not know wheth-
submit ceasefire it gov’t response
er the government will accept it or not. If they don’t accept it the peace process will be delayed again,” cautioned U Khun Okkar. Leaders said that they were pleased with President U Thein Sein, parliament and the National League for Democracy’s willingness to work with the armed athnic groups. “We don’t want to make mistakes again. It’s very important to end the civil wars that have been raging for over 60 years. We expect that they [the government] has the same desire are us ,” said U Khun Okkar. The ethnic groups also formed a committee to lead discussions with the government peace negotiation team. The newly formed committee and government peace team are scheduled to meet in Myitkyina from November 4 to 5. Not represented at the conference were the United Wa State Army and National Democratic Alliance Army , a group based at Mong La in eastern Shan State. The UWSA cited health concerns of its chairman Bao Youxiang for its absence. NDAA expressed concerns over a language barrier at the meetings. U Khun Okkar said that there were plans to travel to UWSA and NDAA controlled areas to present the proposed ceaseﬁre agreement to respective group leaders.
ABSDF leader Comrade Than Khae (centre) attends the 25th anniversary ceremony near Laiza on November 1. Photo: Boothee
After 25 years, leader warns fight not yet over for student army
EI EI TOE LWIN email@example.com THE head of the All Burma Student’s Democratic Front has told his soldiers to “ﬁght until the military regime is demolished” in a speech to mark the group’s 25th anniversary. While the ABSDF has signed a ceaseﬁre and several additional agreements, leader Comrade Than Khae said on November 1 he was still wary of the government and, in particular, the military’s inﬂuence over it. “A ceaseﬁre only opens the window to political dialogue,” he said, after receiving a salute from the student army’s marching troops at Janghtaung in Lahkum Bum, near the Kachin Independence Organisation headquarters at Laiza. “We need very cautious about the current situation,” he said, adding that the Tatmadaw continues to play a leading role in politics because of the 2008 constitution. “The current government is an imposter. They try to trick people [into thinking they are democratic] ... The 2008 constitution was not written in accordance with the desire of the people, it does not meet the criteria for a genuine democracy and makes it difﬁcult to build a federal union state.” The ABSDF was established following the 1988 uprising by students who ﬂed the military crackdown. “We have been struggling for democracy for 25 years. During those years we had many bitter experiences, living under very difficult conditions. We never knew how long we would have to ﬁght for,” Comrade Than Khae said. The silver jubilee coincided with the ethnic armed groups’ conference in Laiza, at which leaders of the groups examined the government’s draft nationwide ceaseﬁre agreement. Members of the ABSDF and its allies, including the KIO and Karen National Union, attended the Laiza conference. The ABSDF signed a union-level agreement with a government peace team on August 10, ﬁve days after signing a ceaseﬁre agreement at state-level peace talks. Although Comrade Than Khae said at the peace talks his group believed it is better to solve conﬂict through peaceful means, he told his troops on November 1 that they would “ﬁrmly” retain their arms until they achieved the group achieves its aims. “Negotiation is just one way to solve a problem,” he said. Ethnic armed groups, including the KIO, KNU, Chin National Front and Shan State Army-North, congratulated the ABSDF for its ﬁrm stance on the need for a constitution that guarantees democracy , human rights, equality and self-determination. “We believe that the ABSDF will continue ﬁghting in cooperation with us ethnic groups until we all reach our goals,” said Colonel Zaw Taung of the KIO.
‘Negotiation is just one way to solve a problem.’
Comrade Than Khae ABSDF leader
United Nationalities Federal Council speaks to the media following the three-day
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Revised farmer protection law quietly comes into effect
Few bills have divided opinion as much as the draft farmer protection law. But what did Myanmar’s parliament ﬁnally introduce on October 3?
Photo: Kaung Htet
IT sparked months of noisy debate and was widely criticised by economists, agricultural researchers and even those it was designed to help: Myanmar’s farmers. But when the Protecting Rights and Enhancing Economic Welfare of Farmers Law was ﬁnally approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on October 3, it barely rated a mention in the country’s media. What had become of the draft legislation that economists said could prove as ﬁnancially disastrous as Thailand’s rice-buying program and would do little to help improve the lives of the two-thirds of the population that depend on agriculture? The version enacted last month differs signiﬁcantly from the original draft released by the Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Committee in July. Even the name has been changed to reﬂect its greater emphasis on protecting the rights of farmers, which was a key demand of organisations representing farmers. One major change is the reduced role of the Agricultural Marketing Committee, which has been renamed the Agricultural Product Management Committee (APMC). Where it had a central role in setting minimum prices for agricultural products and even buying commodities at a minimum price – with no limits on how much could be drained from government coffers – it is now only to be established “if required”. Oversight for the committee’s activities, including approval of plans to purchase commodities, has been shifted from the legislature to the government, a move seemingly designed to avoid
SU PHYO WIN
accusations that the committee’s activities are politically motivated. The committee’s role in the original draft had a stronger focus on purchasing agricultural commodities, and some analysts drew parallels with Thailand’s disastrously expensive rice-buying scheme, which was introduced in October 2011 and largely seen as Yingluck Shinawatra’s government attempt to win votes in rural areas. In two years it has seen the Thai government accumulate as much as 18 million tonnes of rice, most of it bought at a 50 percent premium to the international prices. Thailand’s rice exports have subsequently collapsed from 10.7 million tonnes in 2011 to 7 million last year. In August, U Zaw Oo, an executive director of the Myanmar Development Research InstituteCenter for Economic and Social Development, told The Myanmar Times that a price-support scheme for rice is “likely to have a very large negative impact on Myanmar’s ﬁscal situation”. “The government will also have to pay the cost of collecting the rice from across Myanmar, transporting it and storing it. The cost to the government could easily be hundreds of millions of US
dollars per annum from the outset,” he said. Aside from the APMC, the law mandates the creation of a “Leading Committee” comprising representatives of Union Government ministries, as well as “[r]epresentatives from farmer associations and representatives from other appropriate associations”. This committee is broadly responsible for ensuring many of the “protection” elements of the law, which include freedom to cultivate crops of choice, access to affordable credit and provision of insurance for agricultural products. It must also ensure farmers get fair prices and have access to markets for their products, prevent “unfair” conﬁscations of land and provide the technology, capital, machinery and raw materials needed to encourage mechanised farming. One of the leading critics of the original draft, prominent economist U Myint, described many of the changes as positive, particularly those regarding protecting rights of farmers. In an analysis dated September 17, he praised the decision to shift oversight for the APMC to the executive and also to broaden the deﬁnition of a farmer to indirectly include landless agricultural labourers. “The special needs of small-holder farmers and measures to address the land rights issue have also been taken up. These are positive additions to the earlier draft,” said U Myint, who is chief economic adviser to President U Thein Sein. “[O]n the whole the revised draft can be considered to be an improvement over the earlier draft to meet the needs and interests of farmers and in protecting their rights and in enhancing their welfare,” he said. However, he recommended a number of changes that were not acted on by MPs. He criticised the broad deﬁnition of who qualiﬁes for protection under law, saying it could “include middlemen, businesspeople and rich individuals ... Most of these people should not be included in the deﬁnition of farmers who need protection and support by law.” He said the continued presence of “contentious provisions” in the law “shows that a ‘level playing ﬁeld’ has yet to be established in most of the key institutions in Myanmar, both in the public and private sectors”. “Compromises have to be sought and agreed upon among key stakeholders and major powerbrokers in the legislature, the executive and the judiciary, as well as in the business community. Some of these powerful people who occupy responsible positions in the public and private sectors have strong views which are difficult to counter and are often reﬂected in laws and regulations, although there is a general feeling that such views are not in the interest of the country and its people.” One of the most controversial elements of the law is also its most elemental: how it deﬁnes a farmer. Myanmar Farmers’ Network coordinator U Tin Lin Aung was scathing when asked about the current deﬁnition, particularly its inclusion of agribusinesses. “If [businesses] want to draw a law for them, they can. But why are they mixing [businesses]
with farmers?” he said. “And the law doesn’t count for mountainous regions. Does that mean that only farmers in lowland areas are really farmers and the farmers in hilly regions are not farmers?” Ma Nu Nu Aung, a member of 88 Generation student group’s farmers’ affairs committee, said the two main changes to the law were its greater focus on protecting farmers and the introduction of the Leading Committee. She stressed the importance of this committee being inclusive and ensuring farmers are represented. “The Leading Committee comprises representatives of three government ministries and “appropriate associations”. We need to check whether the ‘appropriate’ groups they choose can really do the job. Real farmers need to be represented,” she said.
‘The revised draft can be considered to be an improvement ... to meet the needs and interests of farmers.’
U Myint Economic adviser to President U Thein Sein
Even with the signiﬁcant changes that have been made to the law, it remains unclear whether it can achieve its aims. The bylaws and operating procedures are expected to take at least three months to enact, after which the law will come into effect. One late inclusion to the text that hints at MPs’ uncertainty is the provision that the law can be amended or complemented if it does not really beneﬁt farmers. U Thein Nyunt, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Thingangyun, said the intention of the law is good but it may prove unworkable. “We need to wait and see if it works in reality ... and whether everyone can follow it,” he said. “Personally, I want any enacted law to work from day one, the day it comes into effect.” Joint Bill Committee secretary U Saw Hla Tun said the law’s most important provisions focus on the need for farmers to be able to get a fair price for their products, not to be exploited by brokers and to be able to sell their products freely. Despite its apparent shortcomings, civil society activists who work closely with farmers say the law needs to come into effect as soon as possible. “We can’t say the law is perfect. It was made in an emergency situation and still has many gaps,” said U Thein Aung of Freedom of Burma Lead, which was established in May. “But it can handle most of the problems that farmers are facing at present.” – Additional reporting by Soe Than Lynn, translation by Thiri Min Htun
One killed, five injured at army-run cement factory
NOE NOE AUNG firstname.lastname@example.org ONE worker has been killed and ﬁve others, including a 14-year-old boy, seriously injured in an accident at a cement factory in Kayin State run by army-owned Myanmar Economic Corporation, an engineer from the factory has told The Myanmar Times. The workers were injured while cleaning a blocked pipe at the factory in mid-October. The engineer, who asked not to be named, said the factory’s management decided not to stop production while the maintenance took place - a decision that potentially had fatal consequences for at least one worker. “Senior officials from MEC gave around K3.5 million to the family of the dead worker. And the other injured workers got K300,000 each. Workers who were more seriously injured got more compensation,” the engineer told The Myanmar Times on October 30. “The doctors did not say when the injured workers can leave the hospital [in Hpa-an]. Some are seriously injured and I think they will have to stay in hospital for a long time,” he said. The factory, which is in Myaing Ka Lay village in Hpa-an township, produces up to 4000 tonnes of cement a day. The engineer said the factory manager assigned 15 workers to clean the pipeline. He refused to stop production even after the 14-year-old worker was seriously injured on October 15 when the pipe ruptured, showering the workers with material heated to 315-370 Celsius (600-700 Fahrenheit), the engineer said. On October 17, the same material killed a worker on the spot when the pipe ruptured again, he said. “After the accident, the head of the factory called a meeting and said that he didn’t know that the [14-year-old] worker was underage. He said the worker needed a job to support his family so he let him work,” he said. The state-run New Light of Myanmar said Myaing Ka Lay police station had ﬁled a complaint over the accident. The Myanmar Times could not reach the head of the factory for comment last week.
Two state hotels tendered, again
EI EI THU email@example.com THE Ministry of Hotel and Tourism has conducted a new tender for Thiri Myaing Hotel in Pyin Oo Lwin and Chaungtha New Beach Hotel. The tender was announced in state-run media on October 17. Two bids were received for Thiri Myaing Hotel and six for Chaungtha New Beach Hotel, with the winners announced on October 29. U Zin Min Maung Maung from Good to Go Travels and Tours won the tender for Chaungtha New Beach Hotel by offering K420 million a year for 15 years, while Daw Yamin Cho also got a 15-year contract worth K200 million a year, a Ministry of Hotels and Tourism ofﬁcial told The Myanmar Times last week. The properties were tendered earlier this year but the results were later cancelled, with one source saying the bids failed to meet the ﬂoor price. “The ﬁrst tender [for the two properties] failed because it did not take place according to the tender rules set by the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism,” a ministry official said. Thiri Myaing Hotel was formerly known as Candacraig and is set on 7 acres of gardens. Built in 1904, it was a chummery house for the Bombay Burmah Trading Company during the colonial period and hosted Eric Blair, who would later ﬁnd fame as the writer George Orwell. The Pyin Oo Lwin property and Chaungtha New Beach Hotel were among eight state-owned hotels
Thiri Myaing Hotel, formerly known as Candacraig. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
tendered in June, of which six received bids. These included two other colonial-era hotels in Pyin Oo Lwin, Gandamar Myaing Hotel - formerly known as Croxton - and Nan Myaing Hotel - formerly Craddock Court - as well as Mrauk Oo Hotel and New Kengtung Hotel. Tender winners are unable to demolish existing buildings but can renovate them and also construct new buildings in the hotel compound. The tender for Nan Myaing Hotel has also encountered problems, with the highest bidder, Daw Ban Moe, forced to withdraw in August, two months after the winners were announced. National Trading Co, Ltd - the owner of Orchid City Hall Hotel -
has since taken over the management of Nan Myaing Hotel, which is now under renovation. “Nan Myaing Hotel had three buildings with 32 rooms. Now we only reopened one building with eight rooms … Prices are not much higher than during the last high seasons,” a staff member from Nan Myaing Hotel said. Gandamar Myaing Hotel has been shuttered since shortly after the tender but is not yet under renovation, a staff member said. “[Tender winner] U Tun Tun Win from Malikha Auto Mobile Company hasn’t said yet when we will start to renovate because he is very busy,” she said. “Now just we are just maintaining the site cutting the grass and cleaning the rooms.”
Managing Director and Editor-in-Chief (MTE) Ross Dunkley firstname.lastname@example.org Editor-in-Chief (MTM) – Dr Tin Tun Oo email@example.com Chief Operating Ofﬁcer – Wendy Madrigal firstname.lastname@example.org General Counsel and Deputy Editor-in-Chief – Zaw Myint EDITORIAL email@example.com Editor MTE – Thomas Kean firstname.lastname@example.org Editor MTM – Sann Oo email@example.com Chief of Staff – Zaw Win Than firstname.lastname@example.org Editor Special Publications – Myo Lwin email@example.com Business Editor MTE – Philip Heijmans firstname.lastname@example.org World Editor MTE – Bridget Di Certo email@example.com The Pulse Editor MTE – Manny Maung firstname.lastname@example.org Sport Editor MTE – Tim McLaughlin email@example.com Online Editor MTE – Kayleigh Long firstname.lastname@example.org Chief Sub Editor MTM – Aye Sapay Phyu Business Editor MTM – Tin Moe Aung Property Editor MTM – Htar Htar Khin email@example.com Timeout Editor MTM – Moh Moh Thaw firstname.lastname@example.org Senior Editor MTM – Thet Hlaing News Editor (Mandalay) – Khin Su Wai Head of Translation Dept – Ko Ko Head of Photographics – Kaung Htet Photographers – Boothee, Aung Htay Hlaing, Thiri PRODUCTION email@example.com Art Directors – Tin Zaw Htway, Ko Pxyo MCM PRINTING firstname.lastname@example.org Head of Department – Htay Maung Factory Administrator – Aung Kyaw Oo (3) Factory Foreman – Tin Win ADVERTISING email@example.com Deputy National Sales Directors – Chan Tha Oo, Nay Myo Oo, Nandar Khine, Nyi Nyi Tun Classiﬁeds Manager – Khin Mon Mon Yi classiﬁed@myanmartimes.com.mm ADMIN, FINANCE & IT Finance Manager – Mon Mon Tha Saing ﬁnance@myanmartimes.com.mm HR Manager – Nang Maisy Publisher – Dr Tin Tun Oo, Permit No: 04143 Information Technology Manager – Kyaw Zay Yar Lin DISTRIBUTION & CIRCULATION Circulation & Distribution Director – Jesse Gage firstname.lastname@example.org ADVERTISING & SUBSCRIPTION ENQUIRIES Telephone: (01) 253 642, 392 928 Facsimile: (01) 254 158 email@example.com The Myanmar Times is owned by Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd and printed by MCM Commercial Printing with approval from MCM Ltd and by Shwe Zin Press (0368) with approval from MCM Ltd. The title The Myanmar Times, in either English or Myanmar languages, its associated logos or devices and the contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written consent of the Managing Director of Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd.
ANDREW SELTH firstname.lastname@example.org DAW Aung San Suu Kyi was in Europe last week, where she collected the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought awarded to her by the European Parliament in 1990, shortly after she was placed under house arrest by Myanmar’s military government. While on tour, she spoke to senior ofﬁcials and made public speeches. As she has done on similar trips in the past, she urged world leaders to put pressure on Myanmar’s government to increase the scope and pace of reform. On one issue she has been quite speciﬁc, stating that “the European Union must come out unambiguously on the need to change the constitution”. She has also identiﬁed the armed forces’ “special position” in Myanmar politics as a key problem. This strategy of publicly calling upon foreign governments and international organisations to help her achieve domestic political goals is not new and, in the circumstances, is perhaps to be expected. However, it carries certain risks. Between 1990 and 2010, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi spent about 14 years under house arrest at the order of a ruthless military regime. While incarcerated, she had little scope to exercise her enormous popularity to political advantage inside Myanmar. However, she came to be highly respected outside the country and was able to use her considerable inﬂuence to gain the backing of powerful political ﬁgures, institutions and governments. During this period, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi encouraged her foreign supporters to apply pressure against Myanmar’s military government. Accompanied in many cases by tough political and economic sanctions, they repeatedly called for her release and the release of other political prisoners, as well as recognition by the regime of internationally accepted human rights and the creation of a genuinely democratic government. Since 2011, a new administration has been installed in Nay Pyi Taw, and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been elected to parliament in free and fair by-elections. The armed forces have stepped back from day-to-day government, and the international community is rushing in – some say with indecent haste – with advice and practical assistance. Some issues identiﬁed in the past as obstacles to international engagement no longer seem to be problems. Yet despite these welcome developments, and periodic discussions between her and President U Thein Sein, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi still seems determined to use her international standing to apply external pressure on Nay Pyi Taw. This raises the question of whether such a strategy can deliver Daw Aung San Suu Kyi the outcomes she seeks. Diehard advocates of sanctions still claim that international pressure prompted the paradigm shift in policy that saw the advent of a hybrid civilian-military government in Myanmar and the launch of an ambitious reform program. Yet there is no evidence to support such a view. Indeed, as US and other officials have admitted, sanctions were no more than a “modest inconvenience” to the military regime, while making life more difficult for the civilian population. More to the point, the pressure applied by foreign governments and organisations, and their strong rhetoric, were in some ways counterproductive. By antagonising Myanmar’s military leadership it encouraged their bunker mentality and the development of a garrison state. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s public endorsement of sanctions against her own country and calls for regime change were seen by the generals as unpatriotic, if not treasonable. Nor were incentives to reform any
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Daw Suu’s risky strategy
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi arrives at Stormont Parliament building in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on October 24. Photo: AFP
more successful. As Myanmar’s foreign minister put it in 2002, “Giving a banana to the monkey and then asking it to dance is not the way. We are not monkeys.” Such behaviour on the part of the international community made the intensely nationalistic military leadership even more determined to resist external pressures and set their own agenda for a managed tran-
be counting on U Thein Sein’s government being more responsive to external pressure than the former military regime. Even if the president and those around him were susceptible to such measures, the armed forces leadership is unlikely to be so, and its support is crucial not only for the continuation of the reform process but also for any amendment of the constitution.
This strategy of publicly calling upon foreign governments and international organisations to help her achieve domestic political goals ... carries certain risks.
sition to a new system of government. This is now the widely accepted explanation for the adoption of the regime’s road map toward a “disciplined democracy”. It would be naive to claim that external factors did not play some part in the regime’s thinking, but it is clear that the policy changes seen since the 2010 elections stem largely from internal factors and the government’s interest in modernising Myanmar, not as a result of economic sanctions or foreign threats. Given this conclusion, it is curious that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi seems to Bear in mind too that since 2011. foreign governments and international organisations have embraced U Thein Sein and publicly praised his reform program. Naturally, they have reserved the right to discuss contentious issues like the 2008 constitution. However, the same governments have been anxious not to do or say anything that might interrupt the momentum of the reform process or reduce their newly acquired inﬂuence in Nay Pyi Taw. In any case, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has less inﬂuence on world affairs than in the past. The Myanmar gov-
Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd. www.mmtimes.com Head Office: 379/383 Bo Aung Kyaw Street, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Telephone: (01) 253 642, 392 928 Facsimile: (01) 392 706 Mandalay Bureau: Bld Sa/1, Man Mandalar Housing, 35th Street, between 70th and 71st streets, Yan Myo Lone Quarter, Chan Aye Thar San Township. Tel: (02) 65391, 74585. Fax: (02) 24460 Email: email@example.com Nay Pyi Taw Bureau: No. 10/72 Bo Tauk Htein St, Yan Aung (1) Quarter, Nay Pyi Taw-Pyinmana. Tel: (067) 23064, 23065 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ernment is not the only one that has changed. New administrations elsewhere are less in thrall to her iconic status and more sensitive to accusations of interfering in Myanmar’s internal affairs. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi herself has been criticised for failing to speak out in support of oppressed communities in Myanmar, such as the Muslim Rohingya and the Kachin. It is also surprising that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi would adopt a strategy that seems so much at odds with her current efforts to gain the trust of Myanmar’s generals. As she has acknowledged, the country cannot make the transition to a genuine democracy without the agreement and support of the armed forces. Nor can she become president without a constitutional amendment that is endorsed by the military bloc in parliament. With all this in mind, some observers are asking whether Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s continued requests to the international community to apply pressure on Nay Pyi Taw are doing more harm than good. Whether or not foreign governments respond, such a strategy threatens to harm her already shaky relationship with U Thein Sein. It is also likely to alienate the generals on whom she depends, not only for the realisation her own leadership ambitions but also for the further democratisation of Myanmar.
Andrew Selth is a research fellow at the Griffith Asia Institute. This article first appeared on The Interpreter, a website run by Australian think-tank the Lowy Institute for International Policy.
The big hope in the UMNO ranks
Mukhriz Mahathir’s recent defeat in a campaign for a vice presidential slot has opened the door for Khairy Jamaluddin, 37
But his brutish performance, particularly in his earlier post as home minister, won him few friends and it was clear that he was vulnerable. So it proved last week, when the upstart Mukhriz failed by just eight votes to unseat the powerful Hisham. Had he succeeded, Mukhriz would have been seen as a potential future PM and a ﬁgure around whom the party’s Malay chauvinists and anti-Najib forces could coalesce. Unfortunately for Mukhriz, however, it was probably his ﬁrst and last throw of the dice, for another ﬁgure, younger and far more charismatic, waits in the wings to take over the leadership: Khairy Jamaluddin. Re-elected as head of the party’s youth wing last week, 37-year-old Khairy’s stature among Malays and also Chinese and Indians is higher than that of most other politicians in the land. Muhkriz and the rightwing forces around him will likely regroup and take another shot at Najib, but it is now likely that the PM will survive until Khairy is ready to take over.
OBSERVERS of Malaysia soon realise that the most important elections in the country are not those for parliament, but rather those held every three years for posts in the United Malays National Organisation. Helming the National Front government in Kuala Lumpur, UMNO has always been Malaysia’s dominant party, and its president automatically becomes prime minister. That, at least, has been the case for the past half century. But following setbacks in the last two general elections, the UMNO-led coalition’s unity and future hold on power now look less certain. After the 2008 election, when the Front lost a raft of seats and ﬁve states – including powerhouse Selangor – UMNO’s then-leader, former Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi, was forced out and replaced by Najib Razak.
As the incoming PM, Najib vowed to reunify and reinvigorate the coalition, reverse the election setbacks and win back Selangor. He failed. In last May’s polls, the Front dropped more seats, did not recapture Selangor and, while it retained a majority in parliament, it lost the popular vote. The swords came out for Najib, now 60, and many were sure he would face the same fate as his predecessor Abdullah. The only problem was that UMNO had no obvious credible ﬁgure to take over the leadership. The PM’s deputy, Muhyiddin Yassin, is a dour campaigner who is six years older than Najib and has a somewhat tarnished reputation. Other senior ﬁgures in the party are equally uninspiring. So Najib was able to survive the immediate post-election blues and rally his forces for the more important challenge: UMNO’s party polls on October 19. Of course, all those partymen who were disillusioned with him also had time to look around for a viable and brave candidate willing to take on the PM. First up was the old warhorse, Razaleigh Hamzah, who has been
Had he succeeded, Mukhriz would have been seen as a potential future PM and a ﬁgure around whom the party’s Malay chauvinists and anti-Najib forces could coalesce.
in the wilderness since losing the party leadership to former PM Mahathir Mohamad back in 1987. However, while Razaleigh could have acted as a stalking horse, he was never going to be a credible challenger and so another younger ﬁgure stepped forward: Mukhriz Mahathir. The former veteran PM’s youngest son had already shown himself to be a force in the party by rising to become chief minister of Kedah State. Kedah is Malay heartland territory, and folks there never liked Najib’s early talk of reaching out to the country’s Chinese and Indian minorities, which they viewed as potentially eroding the dominance of the Malays. But Mukhriz, 48, lacked the stature to challenge the PM directly, so he chose to run for one of the three vice presidential posts, all of them held by Najib loyalists. In particular, he targeted Hishammuddin Hussein, the current defence minister, who, until recently, was viewed as Najib’s most likely successor. Like Mukhriz, Hisham is also the son of a former PM, Hussein Onn, as well as being a cousin of Najib.
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Hluttaw hears complaints
SI THU LWIN email@example.com THE Mandalay Region Hluttaw received 94 complaints or petitions from residents this year, most of them related to farmland disputes, court judgments, religious affairs and problems with municipal departments, a hluttaw working committee report says. Committee member U Pyae Win, a representative of Maha Aung Myay 2, said complaints are examined and sent to the relevant government departments, which then make recommendations to the hluttaw. “The hluttaw can then make decisions based on the recommendations from the departments,” U Pyae Win told The Myanmar Times. “But some complaints do not concern the regional hluttaw.” According to a working committee report submitted to the hluttaw during its seventh session, which ran from September 11-26, 46 of the complaints were forwarded to the Regional Government Office, eight were sent to the regional hluttaw, and two were transferred to Regional Attorney General’s Office. Another 38 were still under examination at the time the report was submitted. Moreover, the parliamentary working committee has already submitted a further 54 complaints from Mandalay Region to the hluttaw after receiving them from an Amyotha Hluttaw committee. – Translation by Zar Zar Soe
People’s Forum looks to donors for funding
SHWE YEE SAW MYINT
TRADEMARK CAUTION NOTICE
S.P.A. EGIDIO GALBANI, a company organized under the laws of Italy and having its principal office at Via Togliatti 8, 20066 Melzo (Milano), Italy is the owner and sole proprietor of the following Trademarks:Reg. No. 4/879/2001
Reg.4/880/2001 Used in respect of:- Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats. (International Class 29) Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent intentions of the above marks will be dealt with according to law. Tin Ohnmar Tun & The Law Chambers Ph: 0973150632 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org (For.Domnern Somgiat & Boonma, Attorneys at Law, Thailand) Dated. 4th November, 2013
ORGANISERS of next year’s ASEAN Civil Society Conference and ASEAN People’s Forum are seeking international support to hold the events as the government has indicated it will not help to cover costs. Ko Kyaw Lin Oo, a coordinator with the ASEAN People’s Forum, told The Myanmar Times that about K300 million (about US$310,000) is needed to hold the event, which is scheduled for March 2014. The Civil Society Conference and People’s Forum are held concurrently. Without support from the government, he said, organisers must instead attract money from donors, including potentially those outside the ASEAN region. Representatives from the forum’s organising committee, he said, have already met representatives from the United States and British embassies and aid agencies, such as the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, Swiss Aid and others. “We have not received any agreement from donors to support the funding yet, but they said they will decide after they see our project proposal,” Ko Kyaw Lin Oo said. The event is the ﬁrst of its kind to be held in Myanmar and precedes most of the major ASEAN meetings. Running for three days, it is expected to draw 1200 representatives from Myanmar and regional civil society organisations. Myanmar civil society groups will sub-
mit proposals at the conference regarding issues related to peace, the judiciary, human rights and democracy. A Ministry of Foreign Affairs official told The Myanmar Times that the government does not believe it should provide funding for the event. “I think the government does not need to ﬁnancially support the event because they are an independent organisation and also they have a lot of funding,” ASEAN Affairs Department director general U Aung Lin said. “The government will give them a chance to hold the people’s forum openly, but it’s
‘The government will give them a chance to hold the people’s forum openly, but it’s not likely to provide any money.’
U Aung Lin Ministry of Foreign Affairs ofﬁcial
not likely to provide any money. In the past, other host countries did not provide money for holding the forum.” While the government maintains the event is being arranged independently, directors from the Ministry of Home Affairs’ General Administration Department are leading the coordination process, U Kyaw Lin Oo said. Seventy-three Myanmar civil society groups are also involved in the national organising committee, which has established eight sub-committees
to oversee coordination, programming, information and media, logistics, ﬁnance and other areas. They include representatives from Myanmar, as well as from regional and national organisations throughout ASEAN. “We are working together with our regional friends to organise an inclusive civil society conference and people’s forum that will cover a wide range of themes, including peace, development, justice and democratisation,” said Daw May May Pyone, an executive director of the NGO Gender Group and a member of the event’s steering committee. The ASEAN People’s Forum has been held ﬁve times since 2006: once in Malaysia, twice in Thailand, once in Indonesia and once in Cambodia. It has regularly proven controversial, however, with host governments attempting to stiﬂe discussion. In 2012, two competing people’s forums were held in Phnom Penh prior to the ASEAN Summit: an official event organised by the government and attended by pro-government NGOs, and an unofﬁcial forum that brought together organisations that are more critical of the region’s governments. Organisers said they are hopeful of avoiding many of the problems that have plagued previous people’s forums. “So far we don’t believe there will be any problems,” said U Aung Myo Min, an executive director of Equality Myanmar and one of ﬁve members of the event’s steering committee. “In our previous meeting with ofﬁcials they clearly stated that the ASEAN People’s Forum should be led by civil society organisations, not by the government. They said the government only needs to help coordinate.”
Kachin leader allowed to form party
ETHNIC minority Kachin leaders last week hailed a Union Election Commission decision to allow them to form a political party as a step towards ﬁnding elusive peace. The former military government barred several Kachin parties from taking part in the 2010 general election, denying the ethnic group any genuine representation in the ﬁrst poll in two decades. The only Kachin party contesting the poll was allied with the Union Solidarity and Development Party. With fresh parliamentary polls expected in 2015, state media announced on October 31 that the government had granted permission to create the Kachin State Democracy Party. The group is led by a former vice chairman of the rebel Kachin Independence Organisation, Dr Manam Tu Ja, who welcomed the decision. “The government has been asking political parties to participate in peace dialogue. They talked about allinclusiveness. We all have to give priority to peace now. As we are allowed to form a political party, I think we will have the chance to participate in peace talks,” Dr Tu Ja said by phone. “I think the coming election will be more signiﬁcant than the previous 2010 election,” he added. The approval for the new party came as the country’s various ethnic groups held landmark talks at the Kachin Independence Organisation headquarters at Laiza. – AFP
TRADEMARK CAUTION NOTICE
Ares Trading S.A , a company organized under the laws of Switzerland and having its principal office at Zone Industrielle de I’Ouriettaz, CH-1170 Aubonne, Switzerland is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trade mark :-
Reg. Nos. 4/5384/2008, 4/3389/2011 & 4/8579/2011 Used in respect of : Pharmaceutical preparations, namely preparations for the treatment of immunological diseases and disorders, inflammatory diseases and disorders, endocrinological diseases and disorders, oncological diseases and disorders, neurological diseases and disorders, infertility diseases and disorders, gastroenterological diseases and disorders, metabolic diseases and disorders, pulmonary diseases and disorders, rheumatological diseases and disorders, diabetic and disorders, diabetic disorders and disorders, gentic diseases and disorders, musculoskeletal diseases and disorders. Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent intentions of the above mark will be dealt with according to law. Tin Ohnmar Tun & The Law Chambers Ph:0973150632 Email:email@example.com (For.Ella Cheong LLC, Singapore) Dated. 4th November, 2013
Urban Services Improvement Project Morris & Silvester is a Yangon-based consulting firm specialising in solving problems in a structured, evidence-based and timely manner. Our small but growing team is positively impacting both our private and development sector clients, and Myanmar society. We’re seeking highly motivated Myanmar nationals for an exciting and impactful urban development project commencing in January 2014 in partnership with another reputable global consulting firm. Highly competitive salaries will be offered to university-qualified professionals with 5 or more years of relevant experience for the following positions: • • • • • • Civil engineer / deputy team leader Urban planner Water supply engineer (2 posts) Drainage and flood control engineer Wastewater engineer (2 posts) Mechanical engineer • • • • • • Municipal finance specialist •Economist Institutional development specialist Environment specialist Social development and gender specialist Social safeguard specialist Procurement specialist
Qualified candidates should send an up to date CV and contact details of two referees firstname.lastname@example.org. Applications are accepted until 15 November 2013. Interviews of short-listed candidates will commence the following week. Please email email@example.com if you have questions, including your name, phone number, and the name of the position for which the application is made.
Thanlwin dams harming peace process, says Rivers Network
Ministry of Electric Power planning eight dams on Thanlwin River in Shan, Kayah and Kayin states
Mandalay land concession holders ordered to report to govt
PHYO WAI KYAW firstname.lastname@example.org HLAING KYAW SOE email@example.com BUSINESSPEOPLE granted land concessions in Mandalay Region have been given until November 4 to submit a report on the status of the land holdings to the regional Settlements and Land Records Department. Regional minister for agriculture and livestock U Myint Than told concession holders at a meeting on October 29 that the government wanted to cooperate to ensure land is used properly but also warned them that it would consider taking back land that has not been used. “We believe that those businesspeople who were awarded permits for land are good partners for the development of the agriculture and livestock sector,” U Myint Than said. “We ﬁrstly considered taking action against those who are not in line with the law but … We decided to focus on trying to make these project’s successful instead,” he said. “We will check if the reason [for not developing the land] is strong. But don’t think we will never take action.” Those who received concessions from the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Committee, local authorities and government depart-
HYDROPOWER projects are fuelling armed conﬂict, an environmental expert says. The Burma Rivers Network (BRN) has called on the government to halt hydropower projects on the Thanlwin River in eastern Myanmar, saying the projects threaten not only environmental and social security but also the peace process. The claim was made at an October 29 press conference in Yangon involving organisations like Karen Rivers Watch, Shan Sapawa, Marenni Civil Society Network, Mon Youth Progressive Organisation and Love Salween (Thanlwin) Group, which have been monitoring the impact of planned dams for 10 years.
ton (7110MW). Other dams include Ywarthit (4000MW) in Kayah State and Hatgyi (1360MW) in Kayin State. The Thanlwin River is an international waterway common to China, Myanmar and Thailand. China plans to build 27 dams on the upper reaches of the river. Myanmar’s plans will affect the whole river basin, said Witoon Permponsacharoen from Mekong Energy and Ecology Network. The Myanmar government plans to sell electricity produced from the hydropower projects on the basis of agreements with ﬁve Chinese companies, one Thai company and three Myanmar companies. The ministry says Myanmar will get 15 percent of the electricity from the projects and the right to buy a further 25pc.
Mandalay Region Minister for Agriculture and Livestock U Myint Than meets land concession holders in Mandalay on October 29. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
ments must submit a report on how the land is being used no later than November 4, he said. If entrepreneurs don’t submit a report, the government will deem them to have failed to implement their stated project. Under section 22(c ) of the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law, the state can take back land not used for its stated purpose at the end of the allowed period. U Hlwan Moe, secretary of Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Committee, said it had granted work permits to 193 entrepreneurs
for more than 50,000 acres. The land is being used for agriculture, livestock breeding, mining and other businesses. Entrepreneurs who attended the meeting outlined their difficulties in implementing projects on lands granted by the committee, including conﬂicts with local farmers. “The region government will present the complaints of the entrepreneurs to the chief minister of Mandalay Region,” U Myint Than said. “We will try to settle them quickly.” – Translation by Thiri Min Htun
‘If President U Thein Sein really wants peace, he should stop the dams immediately. ’
Sai Khur Hseng Researcher, Shan Sapawa
At least 50 clashes between armed ethnic groups and the army have broken out because of hydropower projects, and thousands of refugees have ﬂed since the current government came to power, the network said. “These conﬂicts have broken out despite the ceaseﬁres. It is very clear that the Thanlwin dams are fuelling war. If President U Thein Sein really wants peace, he should stop the dams immediately,” said Sai Khur Hseng, an environmental researcher from Shan Sapawa. In March, the army launched an offensive against the Shan State ArmyNorth to force its troops out of bases along the Thanlwin near dam sites in Nong Pha and Man Tong, leading to the displacement of 2000 villagers in Tangyan township, he said. “The army’s border guard force attacked the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army in May to drive them from the Hatgyi dam site. The villagers ﬂed to refugee camps on the Thai border,” said a spokesperson for Karen Rivers Watch. In February, the Ministry of Electric Power issued a statement to parliament about future projects. Officials said feasibility studies had been completed for three projects on the Thanlwin. In August, an official told The Myanmar Times, “The survey is complete for three projects as we are going to build six dams on the river. We are going to sign agreements for the construction of dams and hydropower plants with foreign companies within three months. The construction period can be for four to 10 years depending on the dam size.” The projects in Shan State include Kwanlon, with a capacity of 1400 megawatts, Naungpha (1000MW), Manntaung (200MW) and Main-
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Myanmar to UN rights envoy: ‘Time to say goodbye’
Govt accuses Quintana of overshadowing positive developments with “heaps of negative remarks”
TIM MCLAUGHLIN firstname.lastname@example.org MYANMAR’S top diplomat at the United Nations has dismissed a recent report on the human rights situation in Myanmar as one-sided and called for an end to the special rapporteur’s mandate. “Even highly commended positive developments in the country were dwarfed by heaps of negative remarks,” Myanmar’s permanent representative to the United Nations, U Kyaw Tin, said in a formal response to the report of UN special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, Tomas Quintana. “There is a wise quotation. ‘The optimist sees the donut, the pessimist sees the hole.’ We regret that the way [Mr Quintana] presented is like blaming a donut for its hole.” U Kyaw Tin called for the end to the special rapporteur’s mandate, saying that it was “time to say goodbye” to the position. Mr Quintana submitted his assessment to the UN’s third committee at the General Assembly in New York on October 24. The assessment was based on a 10-day fact-ﬁnding mission to Myanmar from August 11 to 21. The Myanmar government has long criticised the special rapporteurs’ reports as biased, claiming that the foreigners who have held the position are unable to grasp the country’s political and social challenges. Mr Quintana has not been immune from these claims. During his most recent visit he was met at two locations by protesters angry at his previous reports, which they said were overly sympathetic to Muslims. Much of the media coverage of his trip reﬂected similar sentiments. Some of Mr Quintana’s bleakest assessments were about the government’s mishandling of the religious violence in Rakhine State and the ongoing plight of the roughly 140,000 people who have been displaced by the ﬁghting, the majority of whom are Rohyinga Muslims. He referred to the situation in the western state as a “profound crisis”. In refuting these claims, U Kyaw Tin stuck closely to government line, saying that violence in Rakhine was not religious in nature.
A member of the Nationalities Brotherhood Forum speaks at a meeting in Taunggyi, Shan State, in June. Photo: Win Ko Ko Latt
Ethnic parties move forward with 2015 plan
WIN KO KO LATT
THE Union Election Commission has permitted an alliance of 16 ethnic political groups to set up a new party with which they plan to contest the 2015 election. The commission approved the Federal Union Party’s application to form on October 28. The party has been established by members of the Nationalities Brotherhood Forum, which contains most of the country’s major ethnic minority political parties. U Saw Than Myint, one of 16 founding members, said the new party is designed to give the National League for Democracy and Union Solidarity and Development Party competition in majority Burmese areas of the country. “We don’t like the fact that [Bur-
mese] political parties contest in our ethnic minority areas, but we can’t deter them under democracy. So we have formed this new ethnic party to contest in the seven [Burmese] regions,” said U Saw Than Myint, who had to quit from the Shan Nationalities Democratic Party to set up the Federal Union Party. “We’ve already agreed that the central executive committee will feature 25 or 30 members, and 16 parties can be involved proportionally in it,” he said. All major ethnic groups are represented within the new party except for the Kachin. “We are not sure yet whether the Rakhine Nationalities Development Party … and Arakan League for Democracy … will join with us because the two parties recently combined and are planning to register as a new party,” U Saw Than Myint said. RNDP chairman and Amyotha Hluttaw representative U Aye Maung said two members from the RNDP would join the Federal Union Party. He said the new united Rakhine party,
known as the Rakhine National Party, will continue to stand separately. Under Myanmar’s electoral rules, parties are not allowed to merge and individuals cannot be members of more than one political party. However, to skirt this rule, members of the Nationalities Brotherhood Forum reached an agreement in June to maintain their individual parties but to “give’ members to the Federal Union Party. U Aye Maung told The Myanmar Times in March that the Nationalities Brotherhood Forum is aiming to offer a viable alternative to the USDP and NLD. U Saw Than Myint said the party’s organisers have not yet begun planning for the 2015 election but will do so after the central executive committee is ﬁnalised. “Ethnic parties will compete in their respective states, but we haven’t considered how we will contest the Burmese areas,” he said. “Regardless, we will try to win one-third of constituencies in those areas.” – Translation by Zar Zar Soe
‘We regret that the way [Mr Quintana] presented is like blaming a donut for its hole.’
U Kyaw Tin Myanmar’s permanent representative to the United Nations
“The major causes of the communal violence in Rakhine State are deeply rooted in its long history. It was not deliberate targeting of a religion as perceived.” While clearly referring to Islam, U Kyaw Tin did not mention the religion by name in his ﬁve-and-a-half page response. “Wrongful portrayal of the communal clashes as religious violence has caused the spread of violence to elsewhere,” he added. A special rapporteur on the situation of human rights has been appointed to Myanmar since 1992, when Yozo Yokota of Japan held the job. In March, the UN Human Rights council will decide if the mandate, which runs for six years at a time, will be renewed.
TRADEMARK CAUTION NOTICE
Hachette Filipacchi Presse (a French Joint Stock Company),a company organized under the laws of France and having its principal office at 149, rue Anatole France 92534 Levallois- Perret Cedex, France is the owner and sole proprietor of the following Trademark:-
Reg. No. 4/4697/2004 In respect of:General heading including spectacle frames, correcting lenses (optics), spectacle cases, containers for contact lenses, contact lenses, magnifying glasses (optics), spectacles (optics), sunglasses, goggles for sports, instruments containing eyepieces, spectacle glasses, eyewear, eye clips, spectacle chains. (International Class 9) Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent intentions of the above mark will be dealt with according to law. Tin Ohnmar Tun & The Law Chambers Ph: 0973150632 Email:email@example.com (For.Domnern Somgiat & Boonma, Attorneys at Law, Thailand) Dated. 4th November, 2013
New NGO bill ‘best’ law to date: MPs
SOE THAN LYNN
MPs are calling a revised version of the association law a model of democratic law-making, as the Pyithu Hluttaw agreed on October 29 to throw out an earlier draft of the law. The ﬁrst version of the draft law, which was jointly written by the Public Affairs Management Committee and the government, was widely criticised for provisions that would force non-government and civil society organisations to register with the government or face severe punishments. After a series of consultations with civil society leaders, the law has now been rewritten to make registration voluntary, while the punishments have been completely removed. “We redrew it in the interests of the state. It is drawn to meet international standards after asking [advice from] various groups, both Myanmar and foreign,” said U Tin Maung Oo, the secretary of the Pyithu Hluttaw Public Affairs Management Committee and a representative for Shwe Pyi Thar in Yangon. “NGOs have remarked that it is the best law of more than 60 passed by the
hluttaw as Myanmar seeks to build a democratic country,” he told The Myanmar Times. “The main reason they called it the best is that there are no offences or punishments. And we believe that people will also like it because … we drew the bill … after asking the opinion of local organisations.” The law represents a new trend of parliament-drafted laws. In the ﬁrst 18 months of the hluttaw’s establishment, the overwhelming majority of legislation was submitted by the government. U Tin Maung Oo said this distinction was important and affected the outcome of the law. “You can see that laws drafted by MPs are closer [to what the public want] than those made by the government. In the bills made by the min-
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi accepts a letter of acknowledgement for donating to the Free Funeral Service Society (Yangon) in April 2011. Photo: AFP
‘You can see that laws drafted by MPs are closer [to what the public want] than those made by the government.’
U Tin Maung Oo Pyithu Hluttaw representative
istries, we can see they still have a mindset that is stuck in the past. This is something the government needs to try and change.” The revised draft also makes it easier for organisations to register by setting a deadline for the registration body to respond to applications. It also removes restrictions under current laws that ban political party members from joining registered organisations. The current process is costly and can take years depending on the background of the applicants. Under the new law, smaller organi-
sations do not need to pay a registration fee and can even choose not to register at all, while registration has been decentralised from Nay Pyi Taw to township-level offices to speed up the process. “There are some differences between registered and unregistered organisations. A registered organisation can … legally get ﬁnancial support from international donors and can sign a memorandum of understanding. An organisation will be registered within 60 days of submitting an application, and no fee is required,” U Tin Maung Oo said.
On October 29, Pyithu Hluttaw MPs unanimously agreed to throw out the earlier version of the law, known as the Association Bill, and discuss the revised draft, which is called the Association Registration Bill. “[The bill’s] essence and objectives have changed. It has a section to protect people and organisations. There are no offences or punishments,” said U Thein Nyunt, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Thingangyun. “Among the bills submitted to Pyithu Hluttaw, this is one that will really help the reform process.” However, Local Resource Centre program director Ko Hlaing Myat said the latest version of the law “fails to meet the highest international standards achievable” but described it as a “compromise”. The parliament had “responded positively to our demands” following several rounds of negotiations, he said. “In the bill, registration is not compulsory for all associations, and everyone can do social work and be involved in civil society organisations. This law is much better than the current association law from 1988,” he said. He said he was still concerned that the registration is geographically limited and only lasts for ﬁve years, adding that civil society leaders had proposed registration be permanent. – Additional reporting by Shwe Yee Saw Myint, translation by Thiri Min Htun
Govt offers support in exchange for census cooperation
THE government is offering the carrot of regional development to encourage armed ethnic groups to support next year’s census. Minister for Immigration and Population U Khin Yi told reporters last week that the government expects to work with the groups such as the Karen National Union and Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army-South to conduct the census in areas under their control. “We are ready to cooperate. If they will refuse to give [census] responses, they won’t enjoy the beneﬁts and privileges from our development plans. I hope they will understand,” U Khin Yi said on October 29. U Khin Yi reiterated that data from the 2014 census will only be used for regional development. “The government won’t use it to impose taxes, for example, or take any other action like that. It’s very important that everyone answers correctly. “The only aim is to create development, not to try and dominate anyone militarily or politically.” The census will take place over 12 days in March and April 2014, with a population ﬁgure expected to be released within three or four months. All data is expected to be released in early 2015. U Khin Yi said pilot censuses had been conducted in 10 cities and no problems were encountered. “We don’t expect any difficulties for the 2014 census. I’ve visited 10 regions and states so far and will keep continuing to self-administered regions.” In October, a spokesperson for the United Wa State Party said the group had reached an agreement with the government that would see enumerators conduct the census in Wa-controlled areas in March 2014. – Pyae Thet Phyo, translation by Zar Zar Soe
Daw Khin Than Wai feeds her dogs at her home in Pyin Oo Lwin township in late September. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
A life dedicated to saving stray dogs
PHYO WAI KYAW firstname.lastname@example.org HLAING KYAW SOE email@example.com WE arrived at the house in Pyin Oo Lwin right before lunchtime – the dogs’ lunchtime, that is. Howls rose up from more than 100 hungry animals – some running around the compound, others barking or trying to ﬁght one another. At the centre of the swirling mass of teeth and tails was Daw Khin Than Wai, who went about putting food into long bowls, shouting and waving a stick to quiet any who were getting out of hand. For all her mock ferocity, though, Daw Khin Than Wai only shows her real temper when someone tries to interfere with her beloved animals. And while every animal-lover knows it can hard to be patient with one pet, let alone many, they will also understand her response when asked how she can maintain her kindness and attachment to so many at once. “The way I see a dog and want to possess it is the way some people want money when they see it. I can’t explain the way I feel. I can’t stand by if I hear bad news about a dog,” she said. “Dogs are clever like people, just made with different bodies. They cause problems or stay cool. They can also be jealous. They are the same as humans. Besides, they are perceptive to their owners.” For the dozens of dogs living on Thiri Nandar Lane, a branch of the Mandalay-Pyin Oo Lwin road past the airport at Anisakan, about 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest of Pyin Oo Lwin, the “owners” are Daw Khin Than Wai and her two assistants, who look after them each day. It isn’t hard to spot the house that has become an oasis for all manner of man’s best friend. The ﬁrst time we came down the lane on a rainy September day, we were met with three dogs gazing back at us – all the conﬁrmation we needed that we’d found the right place. In all, Daw Khin Than Wai’s property is an oasis for about 150 dogs. Some were sent by owners who were moving away and couldn’t bring the animals with them. Some were sent by those afraid their dogs would be killed or caught by authorities while wandering the streets. And some have always been homeless, some disabled, without anyone else in the world to care for them. “Some people offer us expensive dogs liked Alsatians and terriers. However, we tell them to raise those themselves if they can. Besides, we dogs came with them. By last year they were looking after 80 dogs. Now, it’s nearly twice that number. Daw Khin Than Wai has often dreamed of taking care of so many animals. But it’s also a challenge and not just in terms of the logistics involved in picking up after 150 animals daily with a dustpan. It takes two bags of rice (98 kilograms) and two baskets of frozen chicken and vegetables, weighing about 16kg each, to feed them each day. Cool winter nights require blankets; if the dogs are sick or infected with scabies, as many former strays are, they require medication. “Volunteer doctors have been coming here since last year to give rabies vaccines, which is important for the dogs. They did it for free and I’m very grateful. I also plan injections for female dogs to prevent pregnancies,” Daw Khin Than Wai said. Dr Khin Maung Htwe, a veterinarian from Mandalay who offers the free rabies vaccines, said municipally authorities have a responsibility to ensure towns are not overrun by stray dogs. For donors and doglovers, he said, the issue is difficult to tackle on their own. Indeed, most of U Mg Twan’s monthly pension of K100,000 goes toward his own medicine. Daw Khin Than Wai covers her expenses by buying plots of land and then selling them when the time is right to turn a proﬁt. But it’s a precarious way to make ends meet. “In times that didn’t work, I used to sell my own gold,” she said. “Sometimes I would get worried and think about what would happen if I couldn’t raise [the dogs] any. I would pray and wish for proﬁt from my land.” She hopes that with the sale of her current plot she will be able to deposit the money in the bank and raise the dogs on the interest generated. But there is a limit to how many dogs she, her family and their assistants can look after on their own. In 1990, Mandalay City Development Committee closed a home for stray dogs located at the foot of Mandalay Hill. But it continues to remove stray dogs from the streets – and with nowhere to house them, it destroys them instead. Almost 4000 dogs were killed in 2012-13, something that causes Daw Khin Than Wai deep disappointment. “I once saw a dog that ate poisoned meat and died immediately … That was so bad. I felt deep sorrow when I saw a mother of baby dogs killed that way [with poison],” she said, adding she had also heard of dogs being caught and sent to China for their meat. She said that authorities should ﬁnd homes for the dogs instead of killing them. She also called on other dog-lovers to come together to protect the animals. That way, she added, there would be no need for culling. Despite the burden of nearly single-handedly saving Mandalay’s stray canine population, Daw Khin Than Wai doesn’t accept cash gifts and only lets donors give food for the animals. Out in the yard, the 150 dogs aren’t as difficult to control as you might expect, once you take the time to get to know them as individuals. All the dogs have names – Oppa Gangnam is paralysed; Sit Thami (Daughter of War) is ex-military – and Daw Khin Than Wai said that it is easy to keep them in line by calling them. It’s that attitude – the belief that every animal has a unique identity, whether one of 150 she’s saved or one of thousands still being killed each year by municipal officials or meat-sellers – that best sums up Daw Khin Than Wai’s relationship to her dogs. “Except for the fact that they can’t work and can’t earn a living on their own, they are like us. We should not press them down or bully them,” she said. “They are living things. We could all live a dog’s life in our cycle of rebirths.”
‘The way I see a dog and want to possess it is the way some people want money when they see it.’
Daw Khin Than Wai Owner of more than 150 dogs
have to take care of [disabled and stray] dogs.” Daw Khin Than Wai was already raising 10 dogs when she married her husband, Captain Mg Twan. Now 65, he suffered a stroke four years ago and was paralysed. He never blames her for the dog-centric direction their lives have taken. Indeed, the obsession is a family affair: The pair have two sons and a daughter; one of their sons, Ko Kyaw Min Htike, a restaurant owner, is as crazy about the dogs as his mother. When the family moved to Pyin Oo Lwin from Mandalay in 1998, 25
Chin youth tackle growing drug, alcohol problem
DRUG and alcohol abuse in Chin State is rife, a Chin youth organisation has said ahead of a planned meeting with state government officials this week. The problem has been exacerbated in recent years by the lack of jobs and weak rule of law, the organisation said. Salai David of the Chin Youth Forum Working Committee said the cultivation of poppies and a thriving narcotics trade along the border with India had increased heroin addiction among young people and lowered health and education standards. A number of armed groups roam the border area, including the Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), Khasi rebels and the Naga Army, making policing drug production and trafficking difficult. Manipur and Khasi rebels produce and distribute heroin on the Indian border, conﬁrmed Anthony Kap Khan Khual, spokesperson for the Zomi Congress for Democracy party. “We submitted this case to the president, but he took no action, and heroin
production continues,” he said. Salai Ngepi, a secretary of the Chin National Party, said youth alcohol problems are most prevalent in Haka, Falam and Tlangtlang townships, while production and distribution of heroin is primarily conﬁned to northern Chin State on the border with India. He said the drugs have now spilled over into nearby Kale and Tamu townships in Sagaing Region. “In the past two months, nine young people have died of alcohol poisoning in Falam,” he said. Salai Ngepi said the problem was exacerbated by a lack of clarity over whether the central or regional government should take action. “The authorities don’t understand
‘In the past two months, nine young people have died of alcohol poisoning in Falam [township].’
Salai Ngepi Secretary, Chin National Party
clearly what their duties and responsibilities are,” he said. Both Salai Ngepi and Salai David said unemployment and the stagnant local economy were also partly to blame. The lack of jobs has forced young people to work in the poppy ﬁelds, where they become addicted to opium or heroin, Salai Davi said. The Chin Youth Forum Working Committee plans to raise the issues with state government officials during a meeting on November 6-7 in the state capital Haka. In November and December 2012, the committee held the ﬁrst Chin Youth Forum, at which delegates said cheap alcohol, bars and alcohol advertisements were widespread, increasing alcoholism and harming the local economy. Despite the forum’s efforts to highlight the issue, the Chin state government took no action to stop the illegal import of alcohol, tobacco, or amphetamines from other countries, members of the Chin Youth Forum Working Committee said. Chin State is the least developed region in Myanmar and has been mostly ignored by successive governments over the past 65 years, said Anthony Kap Khan Khual. “Most adults go abroad, leaving only children and old people.”
The view down a main road in Mandalay. Photo: Si Thu Lwin
U Tay Za sponsors MDY water expansion project
A PLAN to ensure 90 percent of Mandalay residents have access to clean water has been approved by the city’s development committee. The “Green City” project will be carried out with the help of Asia Green Development Bank, owned by tycoon U Tay Za. From October 26 to November 5, experts are conducting a preliminary study of 100 households in six townships. The project will continue until February 2014. “‘Green City’ means not only growing more plants, but also cleaning, good drainage, clean water and good sanitation. Four experts have already arrived to conduct the survey,” said Mandalay City Development Committee member U Tun Kyi. Currently, only 70pc of Mandalay residents have access to clean water, but the project would bring that ﬁgure to more than 90pc, U Tun Kyi added. “The survey will ensure that all classes of society are treated equally so they can get right and reasonable answers,” said environmentalist Ko Nyein Chan. – Si Thu Lwin, translation by Zar Zar Soe
New tide gauge to detect tsunamis
AYE SAPAY PHYU firstname.lastname@example.org PROTECTION against tsunamis and tidal surges is to be strengthened in the far south of the country by the installation of a tide gauge on Hainggyi Island, Ayeyarwady Region, next year. The tide gauge, which is to be set up with Japanese assistance, will give advance warning of hazardous conditions, said U Aung Myint Kyi, a staff officer of the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology. It will be the country’s third tide gauge, with others already installed at Sittwe in Rakhine State and Mawlamyine in Mon State. “The Hainggyi Island tide gauge will help us issue early warnings [if there are] high waves, tsunamis or storm surges near coastal areas, and enable DMH stations at Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw to get timely information on tidal changes,”he said. U Aung Myint Kyi said the new tide gauge is part of an end-to-end early warning system project in Rakhine State and Ayeyarwady Region. The system is a collaborative project between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) and the DMH. U Than Soe, a deputy director of RRD, said a survey group had done assessments in 79 village tracts in 10 Ayeyarwady Region townships in preparation for the installation of the early warning system. “Kwa Kwa Lay village in Labutta township was chosen as the pilot project area for the end-to-end early warning system. An advance communications system will be set up in the area. The main objective of the project is to send early warning information to the users as fast as possible,”he said, adding that residents will be trained to use communications equipment provided by JICA.
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Intha day to go ahead despite criticism
INTHA day festivities were expected to take place at Inle Lake over the weekend despite conﬂict between organisers and community groups. An Intha social organisation from the Shan State capital Taunggyi township is working together the Inn National Development Party to hold the event, which will take place from dawn to dusk on November 3 at Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda. Party member U Yae Aye, who is also on the Intha day organising committee, said the event aims to promote solidarity among Intha people and increase cooperation for preserving Inle Lake. He acknowledged that some Intha community groups were unhappy with how the event had been organised. “It is natural to meet with misunderstanding and disagreement when we do something but the important this is how we can compromise,” he said. Civil society leaders from Nyaungshwe and Inle Lake, led by the Justice Movement for Community (JMC), said they planned to organise an Inn tradition exhibition in May rather than join the November 3 event. Daw Yu Hlaing Thin from JMC said the community had been excluded from the planning of Intha day. “Generally it can be said that the authorities and community work together for the event but in reality only three or four representatives from the community were involved and they do not represent all of us,” she said. – Cherry Thein
Factory workers facing slave-like conditions
NOE NOE AUnG
University of London organises higher ed workshop
BRITISH officials have concluded a two-day workshop with Myanmar university professors aimed at “invigorating” Myanmar’s higher education system. The University of London International Programs were discussing possible coordination between Britain and Myanmar at the Parkroyal Hotel on October 28 and 29. This discussion was organised by the University of London, the British Council, the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education and the Quality Assurance Agency, together with Myanmar education officials and professors. “We came to do this workshop mainly to determine and discuss the problems in Myanmar universities. We are supporting and coordinating with the Myanmar government in transforming education,” Kevin Mackenzie, the director of British Council Myanmar, said at a press conference last week. The results of the discussion will feed into the Myanmar government’s Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR). A parliamentary committee is also drafting a bill on higher education policy. “The main reason for the workshop is to ﬁnd out how to improve higher education in Myanmar and how we can support this improvement to transform higher education,” said Tim Gore, director of Global Networks and Communities. The workshop was the third in a series that began at the University of London in April, followed by a second in Yangon in June. “We aim to transform higher education in Myanmar,” said Susana Galvan, director of education at the British Council Myanmar. – Ei Thae Thae Naing and Aung Kyaw Nyunt
SLAVERY persists in Myanmar’s factories, a workers’ rights organisation alleges. Labour Rights Clinic has just issued a report, called Modern Day Slaves, detailing conditions in Yangon’s factories. The October 30 report is based on a survey of more than 1400 workers in 45 factories situation in Yangon Region’s industrial zones. “Most factory workers earn so little, and they don’t even know about taking leave because they don’t have a chance to study, and they don’t dare take time off,” said Ko Yan Naing Htwe of Labour Rights Clinic. “Overtime-related problems abound. We found that owners control workers by paying attendance bonus, but cutting wages if workers take leave, and making them work overtime,” he added. Labour Rights Clinic started their survey in October 2012 after a ﬁvemonth wave of workers’ protests. After a year of research, LRC has found no improvement in working conditions, said Ko Yan Naing Htwe. “They have to work 11 hours a day, six days a week in unsafe, crowded and suffocatingly hot factories. The payment system is so complicated they don’t know how much they are earning,” said LRC’s Ko Chit Oo Maung. Wages include basic pay plus overtime, attendance bonuses and an annual bonus, though the Ministry of Labour has told employers to institute a more transparent payment system that workers can easily understand. The request followed meetings between employers, workers
Taw Win workers protest in downtown Yangon on June 9. Photo: Ko Taik
and officials that followed hundreds of workers’ protests since early 2012. The meetings resulted in a new law on the settlement of labour disputes, which set up groups at various levels to help resolve strikes, with the participation of labour ministry staff. But these measures, and the authority of the Dispute Settlement Arbitration Council, which is empowered to resolve disputes, have yet to prove their effectiveness, said Ko Yan Naing Htwe. “The clearest example concerns the Taw Win timber factory case. It’s been a year since the Dispute Settlement Arbitration Council handed down its ruling in favour of the workers, but the Taw Win company has not yet complied,” he said.
Modern Day Slaves also highlights the difficulties of female workers, including gender discrimination and bullying from managers and supervisors. “Female workers face sexual harassment when they go to their hostels or homes after working overtime. Factories are far away from residential areas, and the lack of street lighting increases the risk for female workers. Most factories do not provide transportation for staff who work late,” said Ko Chit Oo Maung. And Ko Yan Naing Htwe said factory workers have no time to study. “The long working hours leave them no way out by improving themselves.”
Australian universities finding favour
EI THAE THAE NAING
AUSTRALIA is gaining on its rivals as the most popular country for Myanmar students seeking higher education overseas. Streamlined visa procedures and the possibility of a post-graduation two-year work visa have helped double the number of students applying to study Down Under, according to some agencies. Australia’s immigration department introduced the new streamlined visa procedures for international students in March for a range of degrees from BA to PhD, both simplifying the process and offering post-study work arrangements. Provided they meet the other eligibility requirements, graduating students could work in Australia for two years after leaving university.
Annual increase in Myanmar students issued higher education visas to Australia in 2012-13
These measures have helped Australia pull ahead of its rivals in the ﬁeld of international education, the US and the UK, said Daw Thandar, student consultant from Grace Education, an agency for overseas education. “Australia offers guarantees and security that students appreciate. That’s why most students choose Australian universities,” said Daw Thandar. The increase in Myanmar attending university in Australia has partly been fuelled by Australian universities advertising the country’s welcoming attitude to Myanmar students. Some have also offered training to local agencies that deal with overseas education. Figures from Australia’s Department of Immigration and Citizenship show that 310 higher education visas were issued to Myanmar nationals in
2012-13, an increase of 21.6 percent on the 255 visas issued the previous year. The largest increase, however, was recorded in government scholarships, which are mostly issued by Australia’s international aid body, AusAID, with 77 awarded in 2012-13, up from just 23 the previous year. Ma Hnin Pwint Phyu, senior counsellor at Australian Visa and Student Service in Yangon’s Bahan township, said she is conﬁdent the ﬁgures for 2013-14 will show an even stronger increase. “Australian university degrees are internationally recognised, and students could also receive a two-year working visa. Since the streamlined visa procedures were introduced, the number of applications we have submitted has virtually doubled, from about 50 last year to more than 100 so far this year,” Ma Hnin Pwint Phyu said. While Myanmar students are increasingly eyeing Australia, the number of students heading to some other countries has decreased, said U Aung Kyaw San, managing director at Crown Education Centre. He said the United States remains a popular destination with students, particularly because many of its universities offer generous scholarships. “A lot of students are interested in the US and the UK, for example, but they choose Australian universities because the immigration department has a policy to help students after they graduate and there are great opportunities there.” Ko Ko Aung, 19, began a Bachelor of Law/Bachelor of Civil Engineering double degree at the University of New South Wales in July 2012, at a cost of AUS$14,000 a semester. He chose Australia because of the simple university application process and the chance to get “a quality education at an affordable price”. So far he has enjoyed the experience, including meeting other Myanmar students at the university’s Myanmar Student Society. “I ﬁnd studying law here equips me with intellectual skills which can provide me with a decisive advantage in whichever profession I would like to choose,” he said. “Studying law here is deﬁnitely not an easy journey but for those who have a passion about it, I would like to recommend [University of New South Wales] as one of the best places.”
The spirulina production factory at Twin Daung in Budalin township, Sagaing Region. Photo: Douglas Long
Production of rare algae drops
Nearby agricultural canal blamed for upsetting the pH balance of water at Twin Daung
SHWE YEE SAW MYINT email@example.com SPIRULINA production at a volcanic lake in Sagaing Region has decreased by 75 percent this year because of changes to the climate and local ecosystem, prompting fears that the rare algae could disappear altogether from the site unless prompt action is taken. The Ministry of Industry’s Myanmar Pharmaceutical Industries began harvesting natural blooms of spirulina at Twin Daung in 1988. Each year it produces about 150 dry tonnes of spirulina, a blue-green algae that is rich in protein and widely used in traditional medicine. But Dr Min Thein, a chairman of June Pharmaceutical – which makes products from spirulina – and a professor of botany at Mandalay University, said production has hit an alltime low this year. He said he believed the nearby Ye Budalin irrigation canal, which opened in 2006 to provide water to the normally parched dry zone farmland, was responsible. The additional surface water in the area had resulted in Twin Daung being covered in mist during March, which, along with April, is the peak blooming season for spirulina, he said. He made the comments at a workshop to discuss declining spirulina production that was attended by geologists, environmentalists, climatologists and other experts. The uniquely high pH level of the water at Twin Daung’s volcanic lake has enabled the rare spirulina algae to bloom at the mountain, one of change, but we can prevent fresh water coming into the canal, said U Aung Myint, assistant secretary of Renewable Energy Association Myanmar. “We need to protect our natural resource. Myanmar is one of just four places in the world where spirulina occurs naturally. But spirulina algae cannot bloom if the pH level changes, and if we don’t take action it may even disappear in the future,” he said. The nutritional and medicinal properties of spirulina are increasingly gaining international attention, particularly from pharmaceutical companies. The workshop heard that research has shown Myanmar spirulina is more effective than that produced in Germany, another major source of natural spirulina. The workshop heard that while the Ministry of Industry, which operates Myanmar Pharmaceutical Industries, is concerned about the issue, other ministries have declined to get involved. “This problem very much concerns the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry and Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation,” Dr Min Thein said. “But they are not interested in this issue until now – they didn’t even send a representative to this workshop.”
‘Spirulina algae cannot bloom if the pH level changes, and if we don’t take action it may disappear in future.’
U Aung Myint Renewable Energy Association Myanmar
just a handful of natural sites in the world. It is thought that the additional moisture in the air because of the canal has upset the pH balance. While spirulina requires a pH level of about 9, the water coming into the lake has a pH of 7. “We cannot prevent climate
Debate on constitution hits Mandalay
KHIN SU WAI firstname.lastname@example.org CHANGE it, keep it as it is – or scrap it and start from scratch. These are the three positions that people are taking in discussions on the country’s 2008 constitution, a group of former prisoners was told last week. Speaking to the Ex-Political Prisoner Network at its upper Myanmar office in Mandalay, legal expert U Thaw Nay Zaw said the purpose of a constitution is to form a legal basis for people to live peacefully and in freedom and prosperity. “I found three groups with three different perspectives. Some say the ratio of military MPs is too high [at 25 percent of hluttaw seats]. But others point out that the Indonesian constitution allocates 50pc of parliamentary seats to the military. Others still wanted to rewrite the whole constitutional law,” he said on October 19. eligible for the presidency. The rules, in their present form, prevent opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi from becoming president. Other clauses concern the percentage of seats automatically set aside for MPs representing the military and the president’s power to select chief ministers in the states and regions. On July 25, parliament formed a 109-member committee to review the Constitution, including members from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy and President U Thein Sein’s Union Solidarity and Development Party. Each party with an MP in parliament has at least one representative, while military officials are also included. On her trips overseas, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has argued that true democracy cannot come to Myanmar unless the constitution is revised. U Thaw Nay Zaw, who writes on constitutional law and is an assistant lecturer in Mandalay’s Yatanarbon University law department, brieﬂy reviewed the constitutions of 1947 and 1974 and analysed their strengths and weaknesses at the October 19 event. Despite widespread criticism of the present constitution, U Thaw Nay Zaw said it has some “good points”, including the separation of powers between the branches of government and the devolution of some authority to state and region governments. However, it is too hard to amend, lacks detail on some issues and does not guarantee human rights. Higher grade pleader U Khin Mg Oo agreed that despite the criticism the constitution makes some improvements on Myanmar’s earlier constitutions, citing the increased respect for intellectual property rights in the 2008 version.
Pedestrians walk through a flooded street in downtown Yangon on October 15. Photo: Kaung Htet
Thousands displaced after heavy rain
AYE SAPAY PHYU email@example.com ALMOST 40,000 people were displaced by heavy post-monsoon rain in upper Myanmar, and Ayeyarwady and Bago regions in late October, the Department of Relief and Resettlement said last week. Deputy director U Aung Kyaw said more than 38,000 people in Kyaukse township and Nay Pyi Taw in Mandalay Region, Hinthada in Ayeyarwady Region, and Tharyarwady, Taungoo, Yedashe and Oktwin in Bago Region have been displaced by heavy rain since October 28. Most recently, he said, residents were evacuated from Taungoo in Bago Region on October 31 after the Sittoung River exceeded its danger level by about 1.2 metres (4 feet). “Over 2700 families … in Taungoo township were displaced from their houses on October 31, according to the report that we received this morning,” he said on November 1. The Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) issued a ﬂood bulletin on October 31 warning that the Sittoung River was 3.7 feet (1.12m) above its danger level of 6.0m and was forecast to remain above its danger point for the next 48 hours. The water level decreased 6 centimetres on November 1. The meteorology department said new maximum rainfall records were recorded at ﬁve towns in Ayeyarwady and Bago regions and Rakhine and Shan states on October 28. It attributed the heavy rain to the impact of a low-pressure system that crossed the Indian coast on October 25. Ann in Rakhine state received 9.88 inches (251 millimetres) in the 24 hours to 9:30am on October 28, breaking its maximum for October, while on the same day Gwa in the southern part of the state set a new October record with 5.91 inches (150mm). Other new rainfall records were measured at Tharyarwady in Bago Region, which received 5.99 inches (152mm); Zalun in Ayeyarwady Region, with 5.51 inches (140mm); and Pinlaung in Shan State, with 3.98 inches (101mm). The department has forecast 14 to 16 days of rain in upper Sagaing Region and Kachin State in November, and up to 13 days of rain in the remaining states and regions during the month.
The number of events organised in Mandalay to discuss the 2008 constitution during October
In October, at least ﬁve different workshops in Mandalay were held to discuss whether to amend the constitution and, if so, what changes to make. The debate is being conducted as a parliamentary committee conducts a review of the constitution. One key issue concerns restrictions on who is
The Myanmar Education Consortium is a newly established multi-donor trust fund to strengthen civil society actorsin the education sector. The program will initially operate as a programme within Save the Children with the goal of developing a broad constituency of members in the coming years and ultimately establishing an independent, Myanmar-led organisation. The organisation is currently at the start up stage and the chance to develop the strategies of the organisation from the start offer an exciting opportunity to candidates interested in challenging themselves. Save the Children is seeking to recruit the Finance & Grants Manager for Myanmar Education Consortium (MEC). Summary of Key Tasks: • Finance and Grants Manager to join a new and growing Education program within Save the Children which will be providing funding and organizational support to local partners. • C andidates should be able to demonstrate experience in managing grants, supporting and training small local organizations and setting up financial management policies and systems.
Detailed job descriptions for this position will be available at the Save the Children office or www.themimu.info/jobs/index.php. Interested and qualified candidates are requested to send an Application Letter, Curriculum Vitae and Clearance of Criminal Record to: Human Resources Department, Save the Children, Wizaya PlazaFirst Floor, 226 U Wisara Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar(or) firstname.lastname@example.org not later than 5 P.M., 12 Nov 2013 (Tuesday) Phone: 375 791, 375 801, 375 739, 375 796, 375 747, 537 387, 536 732, 537 092 Ext: 111,106 Note: Only short-listed candidates will be contacted
20 THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
ADB grants $60m loan for power
SOE THAN LYNN email@example.com A US$60 million loan could help bring more reliable electricity to the countryside, Minister for Electric Power U Khin Maung Soe told the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on October 30. President U Thein Sein has proposed that the loan, from the Asian Development Bank, be accepted. The minister told parliament that it would be repaid over 24 years at 1.5 percent interest, with an eight-year deferment of 1pc interest. “With the cooperation of both local and overseas private companies, the ministry is seeking to boost electricity supplies to every part of the country. We are also trying to expand electrical power distribution to some areas which are still beyond the reach of electricity,” said minister U Khin Maung Soe. ADB consultants suggest that the project should be focused outside the country’s four highest energy consumption regions of Yangon, Mandalay, Magwe and Sagaing, he said. The regions consume annually about 2 billion electric units, of which about 18pc is wasted, he said, adding that by building new substations, the country can reduce wastage by 4pc, or nearly 98 million electric units. – Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Govt fear backlash over po
An increase in electricity prices set to take affect this week has authorities worried about illegal payments, while indust
illegal users, which is a constant problem,” said U Tun Kwei, chief engineer at the Ministry of Electric Power in Yangon Region. “The changes we’ve announced are quite fair and will not be a burden for the public. But businesspeople and industrial users will have to pay more, which we anticipate will result in more illegal users.” “We need to crack down on illegal electricity use before private investors enter the electricity production and distribution sector,” said U Zeya Thura Mon, chief executive officer of the privately owned Myanmar Central Power Company. Myanmar’s government-subsidised electricity prices are low compared to those of regional countries, and the government is hoping to reduce public spending as it waits for several energy plants to come online. The average cost of producing one unit of electricity from hydropower dams, coal-ﬁred power plants and natural gas-ﬁred plants is K75, for which the government pays a total of K185 billion, or US$191 million, each year to cover both production and distribution, U Tun Kwei said. “Including transmission costs, the ministry should be selling each unit for K125, which means they cannot make a proﬁt even from the latest increase in price,” Zeya Thura Mon said. With only 30pc of the country having access to electricity,
Electricians fix damaged power lines in Yangon. Photo: Staff
AUNG SHIN SI THU LWIN firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com A HEFTY rise in the price of electricity imposed by the government last week could drive companies to use illicit practices to cut costs, ofﬁcials fear. Faced with growing production costs, the Ministry of Electric Power announced last week that this month it would raise electricity rates for households by 43 percent, from K35 to K50 per unit, for every unit used over 100 kilowatt hours. Commercial users, meanwhile, will ﬁnd themselves paying 50pc more, or a total K150, for each unit consumed above 5000 units. The move is intended to reduce public subsidies for electricity and to encourage private investment in the sector. But higher bills could drive more businesses into already rampant fraud, said U Khin Maung Win, deputy director general of the Department of Electric Power. The use of bribery to achieve a more favourable meter reading is said to be widespread. “We are taking action against
CB offers ﬁrst online payment
Tourists visiting Myanmar for the Southeast Asian Games next month will be able to use a Cooperative Bank (CB) card to make online Visa and Mastercard payments, the bank announced last week. Though primarily aimed at foreign visitors, the service can also be used by Myanmar citizens using a Myanmar Payment Union (MPU) card for local payments. – Aye Thidar Kyaw
‘We need to crack down on illegal electricity use before private investors enter the electricity production and distribution sector.’
U Zeya Thura Mon Chief Executive at Myanmar Central Power Company
the new rates are designed to discourage consumers from heavy power usage, though some experts believe the latest move is counterproductive. “In some countries, heavy electricity users get a discounted rate, but here those users already have to pay more, even though we don’t get 24-hour supply,” said U Myint Zaw, vice president of the Myanmar In-
dustrial Association. “Increasing the costs to manufacturers can limit how much the country can produce.” The Ministry of Electric Power under the previous regime revised the electricity price in May 2006 before increasing it to today’s prices in January of last year. The government rolled out an Independent Power Producer system in 2011 to encourage private invest-
BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | firstname.lastname@example.org
AMCHAM launches in Yangon
Heritage rejuvenation efforts slow to come
Exchange Rates (November 1 close)
Euro Malaysia Ringitt Singapore Dollar Thai Baht US Dollar
K1325 K302 K782 K31 K968
K1330 K307 K785 K31.50 K970
wer price rise
rialists say they are unwilling to pay and will soon appeal
Development Committee, told The Myanmar Times that the committee would submit a petition of protest to the union minister asking to delay enforcement of the new rates. He said businesses needed more time “until we are ready to pay the new rate”. The committee has asked the ministry either to delay the introduction of higher fees until early next year, or scrap the idea altogether. The director general reportedly told committee members that the new rates were in line with ASEAN standards, stating that the ministry needed to guarantee a 90pc electricity supply to industries for the summer months, said an industrialist who attended the October 28 meeting. “Many small enterprises are on hold because it’s too expensive to operate, so this new increase will create further losses for them, which only hurts employees in the end,” U Maung Maung Oo, secretary of the Mandalay Industry Development Committee told The Myanmar Times on October 29. Committee statistics show there are more than 1300 companies active in the Mandalay Industrial Zone, 400 of which are considered to be large. The rest are small- and medium-sized enterprises. Ministry statistics show that 224 of 396 of Myanmar’s biggest settlements have access to electricity, but more than 40,000 of the nation’s 60,000 villages do not have access to power.
Myanmar among hardest places to do business says World Bank
PHILIP HEIJMANS email@example.com MYANMAR is among the 10 most difficult countries in the world to do business, the World Bank wrote in its annual report, which was released last week. The bank’s “Doing Business 2014” report, which ranks 189 countries in 10 categories that measure the ease of doing business, placed Myanmar at 182nd, behind Zimbabwe (170th) and Venezuela (181st) and just ahead of the war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo (183rd). The poor ranking comes as Myanmar begins to modernise regulations and legislation to match growing interest from foreign investors. It is the ﬁrst time Myanmar has been included in the report. “The data shows that there is considerable scope for reform, and efforts are underway to improve the country’s business regulations,” World Bank country manager, Kanthan Shankar was quoted in a press release issued to coincide with the report. “By removing bottlenecks to ﬁrm creation and growth, governments can signal the emergence of a more business friendly environment, as has already been done in a large number of economies in the region.” According to the bank, Myanmar ranks last in the world for ease in starting a business, citing a lengthy registration process of 72 days that is spent navigating outdated laws and bureaucratic practices that force entrepreneurs into an average of 11 different registration processes. Minimum capital costs meanwhile remain high, averaging 7016 percent of income per capita, while total expenditures equate to 176.7pc of income per capita. “Economies still require entrepreneurs to deposit capital before registering a business. This amount varies greatly, from 1 euro in Germany to more than US$58,000 in Myanmar,” the report states. The government hopes to make ranking Myanmar 107th in the world when it comes to paying taxes. Nevertheless, Myanmar’s total tax rates remain high at 48.9pc of proﬁt, despite making little revenue from taxes compared to its regional neighbours, the report shows. U Than Lwin, an economist and former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar, said that the ranking systems issued by international ﬁnance institutions do not offer an accurate depiction of one country’s development or potential future progress. “We [Myanmar] are just starting up and this is the time for learning for us. One cannot say what we are as everything will change here in just a few years time, so I am not concerned with the ranking system,” he told The Myanmar Times. The report says Singapore is the easiest country to do business, with Malaysia in 6th, Thailand at 18th and Cambodia at 137th. U Aung Naing Oo, director general for Directorate of Investment and Company Administration, said that despite Myanmar’s poor showing in its “Doing Business” debut, he expects the country’s global ranking to quickly improve. “Myanmar has never been included in this kind of assessment. This is ﬁrst time, so now we can review ourselves based on what we need to improve through these guidelines,” he said. “After next year or two, I think we will rank higher than 182nd overall.” – Additional reporting by Aye Thidar Kyaw
Kanthan Shankar Photo: World Bank
ment in electricity production, especially in areas off the national grid, hoping to produce more power and alleviate shortages. However, takeup in the system has been slow as private producers are unable to sell power at a proﬁt. Industrialists in Mandalay are also contesting the rate increase. U Aung Moe, secretary of the Lighting Team at Mandalay Industry
Proposed increase in electricity prices for heavy users.
it easier to start a business, pledging in August to overhaul the 100-yearold Myanmar Companies Act, which would eliminate some redundancies, while plans are in the works to allow for online registrations. The report states that Myanmar also performed poorly for its ability to enforce contracts, ranking 188th in the world, or second to last, as it takes an average 1160 days, or more than three years, to settle, while the process is expensive – averaging 51.5pc of claims. “The problem for Myanmar is how to materialise the provisions in contracts and how to implement and understand them,” said U Than Maung, senior associate and advocate at law ﬁrm Kelvin Chia Yangon. He also said that while the legal process is hindered by outdated legislation – the Contract Act of 1872 – the laws themselves are only part of the problem. “Most of Myanmar’s businesses go without written contracts – [relying instead on] gentleman’s contracts – so now that we encounter foreign businesses increasingly, we are not in a position to understand or enforce those existing laws,” he said. Myanmar did not break into the top 100 for any of the 10 categories, but the World Bank credited it for its reduction of the corporate income tax rate last year from 30pc to 25pc,
Myanmar’s global ranking for its ability to enforce contracts
Fish exports down
MYAT NYEIN AYE firstname.lastname@example.org DECREASED ﬁsh production from local trawlers this year will lead to shortfall from this year’s revenue target of US$700 million, experts said. U Han Htun, executive vice president of Myanmar Fisheries Federation, said that revenues through the ﬁrst seven months of the ﬁscal year have decreased 9.69 percent to just $298 million compared to the same period last year as trawlers are experiencing higher production costs that are leading to decreased ﬁsh trawls. “This time last year, ﬁsheries export income had reached about $330 million. We are guessing that we will not be able to reach that target,” he said. Domestic prices rose on average $1.5 a kilo this year for all ﬁsh products as shrimp prices increased from K6800 to K8000 a viss (one viss equals 1.6kg or 3.6 pounds), said U Myo Nyunt, general manager of General Food Technology and Industrial (GFTI). “As domestic prices rise because of production costs, raw production is down, and so are our exports,” he told The Myanmar Times. However, the border trade sector is improving compared to last year, said a spokesperson for Yangon Region ﬁsheries department. Of the $298 million in revenues generated this year, domestic ﬁsh sales brought in $143 million while the remainder came from exports. “Most ﬁsheries cannot produce enough ﬁsh to support the export market,” U Htun Aye, joint secretary of the Myanmar Fisheries Products Processors’ and Exporters’ Association said, adding that there are not enough trawlers in the waters. The supply deﬁcit comes in part due to insufficient capital from the local population to build and operate ﬁsheries as larger ﬁrms are uncertain of proﬁtability in the sector, said MFF general secretary U Win Kyaing. In the last year ﬁscal year, Myanmar’s ﬁsheries earned a total $653 million in income.
A trawler holds up his catch at a fishery outside of Yangon. Photo: Staff
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
AMCHAM Myanmar officially commences
PHILIP HEIJMANS email@example.com AMID growing US interest in Myanmar, the American Chamber of Commerce on October 31 held a ceremony launching its Yangon chapter. Presided over by US Ambassador to Myanmar, Derek Mitchell, the opening of the Yangon chapter at the Chatrium Hotel was underpinned by an extensive network of 50 founding members of US and US affiliated companies such as Coca-Cola, Chevron, KPMG, MasterCard and Metlife. “The launch of AMCHAM Myanmar is a signiﬁcant milestone in US commercial engagement,” Mr Mitchell said. In line with the launch, members of the new chapter have elected its ﬁrst president, Unocal Myanmar Offshore Co Ltd president Mariano Vela. “Only one year ago, who would have thought that the case for change here would have been like this,” Mr Vela said in a speech during the event. “I believe this is the right time to increase American presence here.” Myanmar currently does not have a Chamber of Commerce law and therefore AMCHAM Myanmar is unable to operate autonomously, but it will continue with its agenda to perpetuate US business interests under the guidance of the AMCHAM Thailand, said AMCHAM Thailand’s executive director Judy Benn. Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI), said US companies have invested about US$243 million in Myanmar through August.
Khin Khin Zaw and Thinn Naing Oo
Zaw Naing Thein, Supreme International Trading
Judy Benn, US Ambassador Derek Mitchell and Mariano Vela, Unocal US Ambassador Derek Mitchell speaks during the launch of AMCHAM Yangon.
Judy Benn, AMCHAM Thailand
The founding members of AMCHAM Yangon.
William Selig, New Crossroads Asia, Jan Zalewski, Control Risks and Max Talcott, Bower Group
William Greenlee, DFDL, Vimaljit Kaur, Rajah & Tann
‘Death rail’ to be rebuilt
NYAN LYNN AUNG firstname.lastname@example.org MYANMAR’S notorious wartime “Burma Death Railway” is to be rebuilt as a road – as part of a regional scheme to connect ASEAN member states. A section of the route of the proposed Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) Corridor Connectivity project will incorporate the ill-famed route. The project is intended to connect Myanmar with fellow ASEAN members Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, and eventually with regional trading partners China and India. Dr Olarn Chaipravat, Thailand’s Trade Representative, said his government had invested US$750 million to trade with GMS countries and planned to invest $1 billion in 2015. The Thai government hopes to increase its trade with China. Japan, which ordered the building of the railway in 1943 to support its occupying troops in the then Burma, also favours the project.
CBM able to rein in high season currency fluctuations, experts
AYE THIDAR KYAW
Thailand’s planned total investment for GMS countries.
THE implementation of an official foreign currency market this year has brought stability to the national currency, experts said. The Central Bank of Myanmar has been steadily loosening restrictions on currency trades, starting with daily foreign currency auctions in April 2012, but expanding to interbank trades in mid-August. The result, at least while the US dollar is stable in the world market, is that the difference between official and black market rates has rarely broached 1 percent since August, a Central Bank official said. He added that the inﬂux of dollars during peak tourism season – October through April – usually drives the value of the kyat upward as the greenback ﬂoods the market. “We have to responsibly maintain monetary stability because the kyat often appreciates during peak tourism season,” he said.
Matt Davies, Myanmar mission chief at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), told The Myanmar Times by email last week that determining the appropriate exchange rate for Myanmar is difficult given the lack of availability of data and the rapid transformations that are taking place. “Our overall conclusion is that the exchange rate appeared modestly overvalued in 2012 and that the recent depreciation suggests that the exchange rate is moving towards alignment with long-term economic conditions,” he said. In monetary policy area, IMF assistance has been focusing on helping the Central Bank develop basic tools to inﬂuence money growth, a good example of which is the daily currency auctions. Minister of Commerce spokesperson U Win Myint said sudden inﬂuxes of dollars into the market, commonly from peak tourist season or jade and gem auctions, can precipitate rapid strengthening of the kyat. The exchange rate would sometimes rise or fall by K40-50 in November and December when key crops of rice and beans and pulses
A teller exchanges kyat for dollars at a bank in Yangon. Photo: AFP
were harvested. However, the exchange rate has been mostly stable this year and predicted the trend to continue. “I think the dollar’s exchange rate will go down, while commodity prices will rise in coming months,” U Min Ko Oo, general secretary of the
Myanmar Pulses, Beans and Sesame Seed Merchants Association, said. “But I don’t think the exchange rate will change to the degree that it has done in previous years.” The US dollar was selling for about K972 on October 30, down from about K1000 in early July.
“Improved regional connectivity will help ASEAN members to offset the inﬂuence of the big countries,” said Dr Fukunari Kimura, chief economist of ERIA, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. Myanmar needed to promote regional development and set up more industry on its borders in order to strengthen border trade with China, India and Thailand, boosting its export rates, said Mr Yasushi Iwata, ERIA’s general manager said. International funding will support the construction, according to the Ministry of Transportation, Construction and Communication. “We are monitoring progress every year and of the 695 infrastructure projects, 20 percent are now in the implementation stage, while the remaining 80 percent are at the feasibility study level,” said Professor Hidetoshi Nishimura, ERIA’s executive director. Forced labour was used in the construction of the Burma Death Railway. with about 180,000 Asian labourers and 60,000 Allied prisoners of war having worked on it. Of these, about 90,000 Asian labourer and 12,399 Allied POWs died as a direct result of the project. The dead POWs included 6318 British personnel, 2815 Australians, 2490 Dutch, about 356 Americans and a smaller number of Canadians and New Zealanders, Australian historian Lionel Wigmore has written in the past.
Malaysia’s UMW Oil & Gas surges 11% on market debut
Shares in UMW Oil and Gas Corp. gained 10.7 percent on their stock market debut on November 1, after raising US$740 million in Malaysia’s largest initial public offering (IPO) this year. The offshore and drilling services provider closed at 3.10 ringgit, or $0.98, on the Kuala Lumpur exchange, up from its 2.80 ringgit, or $0.89, offer price. – AFP
24 Business IN BRIEF
Tokyo Japan Tobacco to cut 1600 jobs, close factories: media
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Japan Tobacco plans to slash 1600 jobs and close four factories, downsizing domestic cigarette production as sales fall at home, media reports said last week. In a major overhaul, JT will cut about a ﬁfth of its 8900 workforce in its core tobacco business, public broadcaster NHK said. In addition to the job cuts, which the company wants to make through voluntary retirement and other schemes, it will also close four out of nine factories in Japan and reduce the number of its branch ofﬁces from 25 to 15, the broadcaster said, citing unnamed sources. JT, one of the world’s biggest tobacco ﬁrms, whose international brands include Winston and Camel.
Environmentalists call on govt to halt hydropower projects
AUNG SHIN email@example.com AN environmental group has called on the government to halt hydropower projects on the Thanlwin River, claiming they threaten not only environmental and social security, but also the peace process. At an October 29 press conference in Yangon, a member of the Burma Rivers Network (BRN) said the dams were “fuelling war”. BRN members the Karen Rivers Watch, Shan Sapawa, Marenni Civil Society Network, Mon Youth Progressive Organisation and Love Salween [Thanlyin] Group told journalists they had been monitoring the impact of the planned dams for 10 years. At least 50 clashes had occurred between ethnic armed groups and the army because of the projects, and thousands of refugees had ﬂed the ﬁghting since the current government came to power, said the network. “These clashes occurred even when a cease-ﬁre was in place. It’s very clear that the Salween [Thanlyin] dams are fuelling war. If President U Thein Sein really wants peace, he should stop the dams immediately,” said Sai Khur Hseng, an environmental researcher from Shan Sapawa. In March the army launched an offensive to force the Shan State Army (North) out of bases along the Thanlyin near Nong Pha and Man Tong dam sites, leading to the displacement of 2000 villagers in Tangyan, he said. “The army’s border guard force attacked the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army in May to drive them from Hatgyi dam site. The villagers from this area ﬂed to refugee camps on the Thai border,” said a spokesperson for Karen Rivers Watch. In February, the ministry of electric power informed hluttaw of six hydropower projects ready for implementation, and spoke of a feasibility study of three of the projects. A ministry official told The Myanmar Times in August that “the survey is complete in respect of three projects, as we are going to build six dams. We are going to sign an agreement with foreign companies within three months. The construction period could be four to 10 years depending on the size of the dam.” The projects are at Kwanlon, with a capacity of 1400 megawatts, Naungpha with 1000MW, Manntaung (200MW) and Mainton (7110MW) in Shan State, Ywarthit (4000MW) in Kaya State and Hatkyi (1360MW) in Kayin State. The Thanlyin is an international waterway that passes through China, Myanmar and Thailand. China plans to build 27 dams on its section of the river. Myanmar’s dam projects will affect the whole river basin, said Witoon Permponsacharoen of the Mekong Energy and Ecology Network (MEE Net). The Myanmar government plans to sell the electricity produced by the dams. The ministry of electric power will go ahead with the projects after signing agreements with ﬁve Chinese companies, one Thai company and three Myanmar companies. The ministry says Myanmar will receive 15 percent of electricity, and the right to buy a further 25pc.
Budapest Hungary cuts base interest rate to record low 3.40%
‘It’s very clear that the Salween [Thanlyin] dams are fuelling war.’
Sai Khur Hseng Environmental researcher from Shan Sapawa
Hungary’s central bank (MNB) cut its main interest rate last week for the 15th consecutive month to a record low of 3.40 percent in an effort to spark faster economic growth. As in previous months the MNB said Hungary’s low inﬂation outlook, as well as the favourable global market sentiment, supported taking the base rate to a historically low level. The 20-basis-point cut from 3.60pc was largely in line with analyst expectations and continues a long easing cycle begun in August 2012 when the rate was 7.0pc.
Government plans for large port in Mandalay
PHYO WAI KYAW firstname.lastname@example.org HLAING KYAW SOE email@example.com THE government will consider a proposal to develop a giant port in Mandalay that could handle more than six times the current capacity, authorities said. The region’s transport minister, U Kyaw San, said that surveys had already been carried out on the possibility of upgrading the present facilities and if implemented, would occupy a 29,540 square metre dock area for loading and unloading ships. “We will continue examining the possibility of the project till early 2014. There is no port with high-level capacity here, so I hope local people will cooperate,” he said, adding the survey was conducted with the help of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). He said that the 32-acre project, which has not been valuated, would also mean paying “fair compensation” to the seven landowners concerned. Officials said on October 26 that work could start as early as 2015. If the project goes through, the course of the Ayeyarwady River would remain unchanged, and that the enlarged port could handle 600,000 tonnes of goods annually, said U Tin Aung Moe, an official at environmental group Royal Tree Services. “After observing three locations, we found that the area south of Yadanapone dockyard is the most suitable site. Currently, more than 89,000 tons of goods are transported in a year,” he said. Director general U Tun Lwin Oo of the Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems said that the process of transporting goods from Mandalay to Yangon would be faster if the enlarged facility were developed as a container port. The department was also drawing up plans for ports at Bhamo, Mandalay, Pakokku and Myingyan on the Ayeyarwady River, and Monywa and Kalewa along the Chindwin. – Translation by Thiri Min Htun
London London aims to become world’s Islamic ﬁnance hub
British Prime Minister David Cameron said last week London aims to become a top capital of Islamic ﬁnance as the city played host to the ﬁrst World Islamic Forum outside the Muslim world. “Already London is the biggest centre for Islamic ﬁnance outside the Islamic world. And today our ambition is to go further still,” Cameron told more than 1800 political leaders. “I don’t just want London to be a great capital of Islamic ﬁnance in the Western world, I want London to stand alongside Dubai and Kuala Lumpur as one of the great capitals of Islamic Finance anywhere in the world,” he said. – AFP
Proposed area the large-scale port project would inhabit if construction commences.
Mandalay Region Minister for Transport U Kyaw San explains the project to locals and officials. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
Developers eye five star hotel for Yangon
MYAT NYEIN AYE firstname.lastname@example.org SHWE Taung Development Co will partner with Pan Paciﬁc Hotels group in order to build a new 25-storey, ﬁve-star hotel in downtown Yangon. The hotel will be built on Shwe Taung’s New Bogyoke Market site at the corner of Bogyoke Aung San and Shwedagon Pagoda roads, said a Shwe Taung Co press release issued on October 29. Shwe Taung will retain a 60-percent stake in the joint venture agreement, while Pan Paciﬁc will hold 20pc and City Square Ltd the remaining 20pc. “We made a joint venture with Pan Paciﬁc Hotels group for the ﬁve star hotel on October 26,” a Shwe Taung spokesperson said. “We will cooperate for the hotel investment and management,” the spokesperson added. The hotel will include 348 rooms, the press release added. Shwe Taung won the right to develop the site in a Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) tender opened in March 2012. The company signed a joint venture agreement with YCDC for the 6-acre site in May this year. The company will develop a mixed use project on the site that will include a hotel, an office tower, a shopping centre and a serviced apartment complex. The Shwe Taung spokesperson said Pan Paciﬁc Hotels has a good track record in Myanmar. The company plans to upgrade the footbridge connecting the popular Bogyoke Aung San Market and New Bogyoke Market, as well as wants to add a roof and air-conditioning, said Ko Ye Naing, Shwe Taung’s marketing manager. “We will prepare the overpass to be convenient for foreigners and local people, including adding airconditioning,” he said. All of the project’s buildings were designed by Singapore ﬁrm DP Architects. The ﬁrst phase of the project will be a 23-storey office tower and the 25-storey hotel and shopping mall, with the 28-ﬂoor serviced apartment building and another shopping mall planned for phase two.
Job Vacancies for the USAID-funded ACTI-Economic Governance Project
The ACTI-Economic Governance project (the Project) is a USAID-funded project designed to support the Government to draft, analyze, promulgate and implement the array of legal and economic policy reforms and institutional capacity building needed to accomplish the following objectives: • Facilitate meeting commitments under the WTO and ASEAN Economic Community; • Support the trade capacity building needs identified in the U.S. – ASEAN Expanded Economic Engagement (E3) and the U.S. – Burma Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA); • Create a strong and inclusive economic governance foundation for robust, broad-based economicgrowth; • Develop legislation/policies and build capacities in the Government and private sector to implement those reforms effectively through a process that is transparent, inclusive, efficient and accountable; and, • Support private sector organizations, business associations, and other civil society stakeholders to participate in and benefit from greater trade and investment. This 2-year project, with the possibility of extension, is looking to hire the following staff to be based in Yangon: SENIOR POLICY &LEGAL ADVISOR • Assist in developing and implementing appropriate follow-up activities to ensure that reforms are implemented effectively in practice. • Prepare reports and relevant activities. EXPERIENCE/SKILLS: Economics/business policy degree (or equivalent, with foreign education and training a strong plus • English and Burmese fluency, with effective written/ verbal communication skills. • Understanding of economic development, especially in the ASEAN region. • Experience with SME development and civil society capacity building. • Understanding of policy and legal requirements, including relative to theWTO and AEC. • Experience working effectively with government officials and the private-sector business and policy communties. • Strong organizational, project management, administrative, communication, and analytical skills to manage multiple, complicated tasks. • Strong computer skills (word, excel, access, power point). • Ability to work as a member of a team. • Exposure/experience working with donor projects. • At least 5 years of project and/or technical assistance management and facilitation (or equivalent) experience. • Good interpersonal skills, leadership, and results-oriented approach. OFFICE MANAGER Timeframe: on/about December 1, 2013 – December 31, 2015, POSITION SCOPE OF WORK Working closely with the Resident Advisor, the Office Manager will conduct the following tasks: • Have lead responsibility for managing and conducting office activities, including monitoring and purchasing office supplies and equipment, collecting invoices and performing basic bookkeeping functions, making travel arrangements, and supporting office communications with local counterparts and the project’s home office in the United States. • Serve as a liaison between the Government and the Project, assisting both parties in planning and implementing all aspects of the project work plans. • Assist in the preparation of monthly administrative and financial reports, and all other correspondence and administrative tasks. • Organize and maintain up-to-date files of key Project documents (soft and hard filing system). • Keep records of working hours for Project employees, as well as their annual and sick leaves. • Support Project finances, organization of workshops and seminars, and do procurements in line with Project and USAID regulations. • Other duties/special projects as assigned. EXPERIENCE/SKILLS: • University degree, preferably in business administration, finance or accounting. • Effective written/verbal communication skills in English and Burmese. • At least 3 years of administrative and finance experience, preferably on a donor-funded project. • Strong computer skills, including all Windows applications and exposure to accounting software. • Strong organizational skills and ability to work independently, assess priorities, and manage a variety of activities with attention to detail. • Good interpersonal skills, leadership, honestly and results-oriented approach. Send your up-to-date CV with a recent passport-sized photo to: c/o Ms. Judy Ko, Suite 703 Kandawgyi Tower, Kyaikasan Road, Tarmwe Township, Yangon e-mail: email@example.com Deadline for application: Nov. 15, 2013 Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for interview.
‘World’s first’ bitcoin ATM opens in Canada
Curtis Machek, left, uses the world’s first bitcoin ATM at Waves Coffee House on October 29, 2013 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Photo: AFP
Timeframe: on/about January 20, 2014 – December 31, 2015, POSITION SCOPE OF WORK: Working closely with the Resident Advisor, the senior legal advisor will conduct the following tasks: • Provide analysis and insight into the law-making process and legal system. • Conduct analysis of current draft laws and regulations with regard to requirements in the trade agreements and international best practice • Work with counterparts to develop and implement project activities. • Assist in developing and implementing appropriate follow-up activities to ensure that reforms are implemented effectively in practice. • Prepare reports and other background on project activities. • Support, manage and review legal translations. • Help develop capacity building activities for counterparts. EXPERIENCE/SKILLS: • Law or related degree, with foreign law training a plus. • English and Burmese fluency, with effective written/ verbal communication skills. • Understanding of economic development, especially in the ASEAN region. • Understanding of legal requirements in the AEC and WTO preferred. • Experience working effectively with government/legal officials and private law activities. • Deep understanding of the Burmese legislative and regulatory process. • Exposure/experience working with donor programs. • 5+ years of legal analysis experience. • Good interpersonal skills, leadership, and results-oriented approach. ECONOMICS & BUSINESS POLICY ADVISOR Timeframe: on/about January 20, 2014 – December 31, 2015 POSITION SCOPE OF WORK Working closely with the Resident Advisor, the senior economic advisor will conduct the following tasks: • Act as a liaison between the Government, other donor projects and the private sector for the purposes of coordinating, designing and implementing the project’s technical assistance activities. • Provide analysis and insight into the economic and regulatory process and business conditions. • Conduct analysis of current and draft policies and regulations with regard to requirements in the bilateral and multilateral agreements and international best practice. • Work with counterparts todevelop and implement project activities and to increase public understanding and awareness.
THREE young entrepreneurs have opened what they call the world’s ﬁrst ATM able to exchange bitcoins for any official currency. The machine inaugurated last week, delivered to Vancouver in Western Canada by Robocoin, an American manufacturer, stands against a wall of a popular coffee shop, and resembles an ordinary cash ATM. However, instead of cash transactions it swaps Canadian dollars for bitcoins, the virtual currency of the Internet invented in 2008 by an anonymous computer scientist known only by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.
Customers lined up last week to use the ATM, then used their smart phones to buy coffee and muffins at the Waves coffee shop. The ATM is the world’s ﬁrst, said co-owner Mitchel Demeter, a local entrepreneur who started trading in bitcoins several years ago, then earlier this year with two partners set up Bitcoiniacs, a Vancouver storefront money exchange. He and his friends, who were high school students together, said they saw ATMs as a business opportunity. “Nobody had an ATM, everyone was buying and selling on websites,” said Demeter. – AFP
The Fine Print
Legal & tax insight
Behind importing new telecom gear
SEBASTIAN PAWLITA AND KYAW ZAY YA firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com WITH Ooredoo and Telenor having been announced as the winners of the two telecom licences reserved for foreign operators, other companies are trying to get subcontracted. Some companies intend to lease land, build telecom towers on it and then lease the land and towers out to the operators. Others intend to build towers and then sell them to the operators or to a tower company that would lease them out to the operators. Again others simply want to sell equipment. Whatever the scenario, the equipment has to be imported. As a general rule, an importer must be a company incorporated in Myanmar, registered with the Ministry of Commerce as an importer, and be a member of the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI) . Furthermore, the importer must obtain a separate import licence for each shipment of goods that is to enter the country and, once the goods have arrived, conduct customs proceedings. As a matter of practice, foreigninvested companies are not allowed to engage in “international trade”. A foreign company selling, say, telecom equipment, therefore cannot set up a distribution company in Myanmar. The foreign company can, however, sell directly to an operator or a tower company. The import licence must be obtained by that operator or tower company. Foreign companies can set up a subsidiary to build towers in order to sell or lease them to the operators or to other tower companies. An investment permit from the Myanmar Investment Commission (MIC) is required for these activities. The subsidiary can import the equipment needed for the construction of the towers. It must obtain a recommendation letter from the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT). MCIT wants to see the contract between the subsidiary and the operator and a list of the equipment to be imported. With the recommendation letter, the subsidiary should be able to obtain a registration as importer from the Ministry of Commerce and also the separate import licence required for each shipment. The import of goods is subject to customs duty and 5 percent commercial tax. A company operating under an MIC permit may, at the discretion of the MIC, obtain an exemption. However, in the case of telecom equipment, such exemption may require that the operators (Ooredoo and Telenor) have listed this equipment in their application for an MIC permit.
Sebastian Pawlita, Kyaw Zay Ya, Sebastian is a partner and Kyaw an associate at Polastri Wint & Partners Legal & Tax Advisors.
26 THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Save the Children is one of the two designated Principal Recipients (PR) for Myanmar’s New Funded Model (NFM) of The Global Fund Program to fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM). Save the Children is currently seeking to recruit the: (1) Procurement & Supply Chain Management (PSM) Coordinator (Monitoring & Compliance) Summary of Key Tasks • Assess partners’ Procurement and Supply Chain Management (PSM) Systems. • Conduct site-monitoring visit to strength partners’ PSM activities and ensure that partners have adequately followed recommendations. • Support SCI-GFATM PSM team in ensuring that r lated PSM documents are adequately filled and available for audit. (2) Procurement & Supply Chain Management (PSM) Officer (Cargo & Clearance). Summary of Key Tasks • Review and prepare shipping documents for clearing process of International Air & Sea shipments • Follow up in collaboration with CMSD and Custom Department the reception of all cargos. • Monitor transport agent reception and use of adequate transport of all cargos. • Update shipment status weekly and ensure timely settlement of advances Detailed job descriptions for this position will be available at the Save the Children office or www. themimu.info/jobs/index.php. Interested and qualified candidates are requested to send an Application Letter, Curriculum Vitae and Clearance of Criminal Record to: Human Resources Department, Save the Children, Wizaya Plaza-First Floor, 226 U Wisara Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar (or) firstname.lastname@example.org not later than 5 P.M., 08 Nov 2013 (Friday) Phone: 375 791, 375 801, 375 739, 375 796, 375 747, 537 387, 536 732, 537 092 Ext: 111,106 Note: Only short-listed candidates will be contacted
BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | email@example.com
Conservation projects in Yangon face long road ahead
A street level view of the High Court building in Yangon. Photo: Staff
BRIDGET DI CERTO firstname.lastname@example.org SEVERAL high-proﬁle renovation projects for Yangon’s most iconic heritage structures tendered by the state one year ago have yet to begin as the government is slow to rubberstamp master plans, while some development ﬁrms have yet to submit them, officials said. In November last year, the Myanmar Investment Commission chose four ﬁrms to separately convert the state-owned Secretariat, High Court, the State House and Ministry of Railways building into museums, hotels, offices and shops in a highly-publicised bidding process. But the process has moved slowly and there is no telling when those projects will begin, developers said. As a result, hundreds of millions of dollars are being left on the table, while some of those buildings remain closed to the public. U Thein Tun, of Tun Foundation Bank, who was awarded the bid to develop the colonial High Court in Maha Bandoola Garden Street, told The Myanmar Times that he submitted his plans to spend US$250 million to transform the building into a museum ﬁve months ago, but has heard nothing about when construction could begin. “Now I think we are full of delays – it will be another two or three years until the building is done,” he said.
NEW VACANCIES APPLY NOW!
Business Development Manager Marketing Manager Sales and Distribution Manager Brand Manager Logistic Officer Medical Doctor Project Manager Sales Engineer Site Engineer Chief Accountant Accountant HR Manager HR Executive Legal Executive Secretary Passenger Service Agent ( Airline) Receptionist Customer Service
Developers Flying Tiger Engineering, meanwhile, who lodged a successful tender bid in mid-November 2012 to redevelop the State House, near the Yangon international airport, into a luxury hotel and residential accommodation complex, said they too are waiting on the MIC. “We have already submitted our ﬁnal plans and are waiting for approval from the MIC to begin importing materials and machinery,” Flying Tiger Engineering managing director U Thaung Htike Minn told The Myanmar Times. He said that it remains unclear when such approval will be granted despite his ﬁrm having done all in its power to get construction moving. “We needed to agree on a lot of details, do due diligence, feasibility studies to come up with one vision and one solution for the project,” he said. The project comes as a joint venture between Singapore-based DP Architects and an undisclosed hotel operator out of Singapore. Under the MIC arrangement, successful tenders must submit detailed technical design plans for ﬁnal approval before any construction can begin and once ﬁnal approval is granted the development companies have two years to complete renovation works, a demand some experts claim is unreasonable. MIC’s director general, U Aung Naing Oo, said he expected at least one of the projects to be authorised by the end of the
year as they have granted licences for those businesses to operate once construction is completed. “These are potential tourist destinations for the future and can reveal the taste for [Myanmar’s] historic past as well as increase income in the tourism sector.” While plans for the High Court building and State House have been submitted, others are still being ﬁnalised. Cyrus Pun, executive director at Yoma Strategic Holdings, who won the rights to develop the railway headquarters in Yangon, said that plans would have to wait until the ﬁrm is able to ﬁnalise a deal with Hong Kong Shanghai Hotels to co-develop the property. Anawmar Arts Group, who are to develop the Secretariat into a museum, gallery and retail complex, meanwhile still need to conclude contractual negotiations with the regional authorities before they can submit their plans to the MIC, Le Yee Soe, a director of the ﬁrm, said by email. “We already have proposed a draft contract which we had consulted with the legal authorities from the Yangon Region Legislative Council. We expect that the review of the contract by the Yangon Region is ﬁnalising soon and that we will be able to sign with them in the near future,” Neither Anawmar nor Yoma would comment on a timeline to develop their respective projects. – Additional reporting by Philip Heijmans and Htar Htar Khin
The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in Myanmar is inviting qualified candidates to apply for the following positions: Sr. Title and level 1. Accountability Programme Officer (IICA2) 2. Procurement Associate (LICA4) 3. Value for Money (VfM) Consultant (IICA3) 4. Compliance Associate (LICA4) 5. Communications Analyst (LICA5) Duty Station Yangon Yangon Home-based Yangon Yangon Position International National International National National Deadline 4 November 2013 4 November 2013 4 November 2013 8 November 2013 22 November 2013
Beijing China home price rises accelerate in October: survey
No. 851/853 (A/B), 3rd Floor, Room (7/8), Bogyoke Aung San Road, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 229 437, 09 49 227 773, 09 730 94007 Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org www.esearchmyanmar.com www.facebook.com/esearchmyanmar
The benefit package for the above positions includes an attractive remuneration, 30 days annual leave and 10 holidays per year, medical insurance (only for national positions), learning and development opportunities and a challenging working environment with 200 national and international colleagues. All applications must be made through the UNOPS E-recruitment System (https://gprs.unops.org) and click on the post you are interested in applying for. If you have further queries, please contact 95 1 657 281-7 Ext: 149
Chinese home prices rose faster in October than the month before on strong demand and the launch of new housing projects, an independent survey showed last week. Average prices of new homes in 100 major Chinese cities jumped 10.69 percent year-on-year to 10,685 yuan (US$1,753) per square metre, said the China Index Academy, which compiled the survey. – AFP
QUOTE OF THE WEEK
‘These are potential tourist destinations for the future and can reveal the taste for [Myanmar’s] historic past.’
— U Aung Naing Oo, Myanmar Investment Commission
City officlals deﬂect permit delay claims
Zoning plans remain stalled
BRIDGET DI CERTO email@example.com HTAR HTAR KHIN firstname.lastname@example.org A ZONING and land-use plan to protect heritage buildings and Yangon’s most important religious site, Shwedagon Pagoda, remains locked in endless rounds of discussions more than a year after the laws were proposed. Twenty Yangon townships have been earmarked for heritage protection under the as-yetunwritten plans, a Yangon City Development Committee official said last week. “We have recently discussed with organisation partners the drafting of the zoning law and then [once ﬁnalised] we will submit the matter to state authorities,” Department of City Planning and Land Administration deputy head U Toe Aung told The Myanmar Times. However the proposed legislation would need to pass through several echelons of government control including the state president, and the ministry of culture – a process that could take months or years as modern and high-rise development in Yangon continues to skyrocket. “Six months ago we conducted a workshop to discuss [protecting] the views of Shwedagon Pagoda and it surroundings,” U Toe Aung said. Under the draft zoning plan, the popular Dagon area is to have a maximum building height of 62 feet (about 19 metres), or 5-6 storeys. Building heights in the outskirts of the area would be capped at 190 feet above sea level, U Toe Aung said. Development is governed by colonial-era municipal bylaws, which do not provide for building height limits or heritage building protection. Despite this, construction in Dagon and other heritage areas for buildings above these height limitations marches ahead. Yangon Heritage Trust director Daw Moe Moe Lwin told The Myanmar Times an enforceable zoning plan could not come soon enough to protect heritage buildings in downtown and greater Yangon. “There is lots of economic pressure to demolish dilapidated buildings,” Daw Moe Moe Lwin said. The zoning plan and land use strategy would govern height, land usage (retail, residential or industrial) and delineate how much of a plot must be developed. For downtown areas this would be about 90 percent, for outer suburbs like Golden Valley, plot development may be set at 30pc or 40pc of land to maintain the character of these townships. “Exclusive residential areas with large blocks of land and grand houses are being affected by subdivision. This needs protection,” she said. The zoning plan would detail township-speciﬁc parameters for development and renovation, including building-speciﬁc provisions for structures identiﬁed as heritage. In principle, heritage buildings are those built before 1960, she said. “But this is not always based on age,” she said. “If it lacks hisotrical, social or cultural and architectural signiﬁcance, nor has neighbourhood character – aging alone could not be said to be heritage.
The Hitachi building would be taller than the new zoning limits. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
UNFPA Vacancy Notice
Want to be part of a team bringing positive impact directly to families within Myanmar? Join us and you will too, because at UNFPA, everyone counts. Applications are invited from interested Myanmar Nationals for the following positions. Sr. Title and Level 1. National GBV Field Officer, Kachin (SC-9) 2. National GBV Coordinator, Yangon (SC-9) 3. National RH Field Officer, Kachin (SC-9) 4. National GBV Field Officer, Rakhine (SC-9) 5. Programme Assistant, Kachin (SC-5) 6. Programme Assistant, Yangon (SC-5) Type of Contract Service Contract Service Contract Service Contract Service Contract Service Contract Service Contract Duty Station Myitkyina Yangon Myitkyina Sittwe Myitkyina Yangon Deadline 8 November 2013 8 November 2013 8 November 2013 8 November 2013 8 November 2013 8 November 2013
Maximum building height designated for the popular Dagon area.
Applications should be addressed to UNFPA Representative. Attention: International Operations Manager, Room A-07, UNFPA, No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon. Email : myanmar.ofﬁce@unfpa.org For further details, please see the vacancy announcement posted at UN billboard. No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon and also at UNFPA website (http://myanmar.unfpa.org) Applications will be considered only when meeting all requirements set in detailed vacancy announcement.
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
City officials deflect permit delay claims
HTAR HTAR KHIN email@example.com THE Yangon City Development Committee’s (YCDC) building department hit back at claims that it delays issuing permits and does so improperly, during an October 29 press conference. U Maung Maung Zaw, the department’s head, said nearly 50 percent more permits have been issued in 2013 than in 2012. ‘’In the 2012-13 year we issued 2024 low-rise permits and 294 for high-rises,” he said. “For 2013-14, we have already released 2947 low-rise permits and 558 permits for high-rises, so it’s quite clear that we are releasing more permits.” Low-rise buildings are deﬁned as those lower than 3.5-storeys high. “Today, we are giving a clear message about issuing building permits,” he said. “There are 33 townships within Yangon city and our department is responsible for seeing that construction work is done correctly, regardless whether it’s low- or high-rise.” “I’d like to say that YCDC does not delay in giving permits but many developers submit incomplete proposals and blame us when we don’t issue a permit to build,” he said. Developers have publicly voiced their displeasure with the YCDC, claiming that their failure to speedily issue permits to builders has resulted in some projects on Yangon’s outskirts beginning without the necessary documentation. U Maung Maung Zaw said the most common problem with permits is the lack of clarity over land ownership. “Owners who can prove they own the land and lodge applications that have all the correct information will receive a construction permit from YCDC without hesitation,” he said. Low-rise permits are issued in about 45 days, with high-rise permits taking two to three months, he said. He added that the department has mounted a public awareness campaign concerning building permits to educate the city’s residents and developers, with four townships already ﬁnished. “So far we have conducted our campaign in Thingangyun, Hlaing, Mayangone and South Okkalapa townships to convey a clear message and from our department,” he said. U Maung Maung Zaw said the permits are also announced on YCDC’s website and once a builder has received notiﬁcation it can begin building immediately.
A man passes a building in the Rockaways still under construction after Hurricane Sandy on the one year anniversary of the storm on October 29, 2013 in the Queens borough of New York City. Last week marked the one-year anniversary of Hurricane Sandy. Photo: AFP
Turkish tunnel links Europe and Asia
THE world’s ﬁrst sea tunnel connecting two continents was formally opened Turkey last week, fulﬁlling a sultan’s dream 150 years ago in a three-billion-euro mega project driven by the Islamic-rooted government. The 13.6-kilometre (8.5 mile) long tunnel linking Istanbul’s European and Asian sides includes an immersed tube tunnel which officials say is the world’s deepest at 60 metres (nearly 200 feet) below the seabed. The inauguration of the ambitious scheme – dubbed “the project of the century” by the government – coincides with the 90th anniversary of the founding of modern Turkey. “Turkey will celebrate two feasts together,” Transport Minister Binali Yildirim said earlier this month. “We will mark the 90th anniversary of the republic on October 29 and also realise a one-and-a-half century dream of a major rail tunnel project in Istanbul.” The tunnel in the country’s main gateway city is part of a larger “Marmaray” project that also includes an upgrade of existing suburban train lines to create a 76-kilometre (47-mile) line that links the two continents. The idea was ﬁrst ﬂoated by Ottoman sultan Abdoul Medjid in 1860 but technical equipment at the time was not good enough to take the project further. However the desire to build an undersea tunnel grew stronger in the 1980s and studies also showed that such a tunnel would be feasible and cost-effective. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a former mayor of Istanbul, revived the plan in 2004 as one of his mega projects for the bustling city of 16 million people – which also include a third airport, a third bridge across the Bosphorus and a canal parallel to the international waterway to ease traffic. His ambitions were one cause for the massive anti-government protests that swept the country in June, with local residents complaining the premier’s urban development plans were forcing people from their homes and destroying green space. Erdogan’s critics accuse him of bringing forward the inauguration of the Bosphorus tunnel in time for municipal elections in March 2014. The project will not be fully operational immediately and construction is expected to continue for several more years. Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was also present at the official opening ceremony as the Japan Bank for International Cooperation was the main ﬁnancer contributing 735 million euros (US$1 billion) to the project. Construction of the tunnel started in 2004 and had been scheduled to take four years but was delayed after a series of major archaeological discoveries. Some 40,000 objects were excavated from the site, notably a cemetery of some 30 Byzantine ships, which is the largest known medieval ﬂeet. – AFP
‘We will ... realise a one-and-a-half century dream of a major rail tunnel project in Istanbul.’
Binali Yildirim Turkish Transport Minister
Turkish tunnel links Europe and Asia
Pr ce in l Is ds an
SEA OF MARMARA
Kazlicesme Yenikapi Sirkeci
Uskudar 1.4 km
Existing stations New underground stations
56 m deep
Tunnel Under water
Map and cross-section of Istanbul’s new rail tunnel under the Bosphorus. Photo: AFP
Science & Technology 29
Japan electronics firms struggle to regain glory days
A consumer enjoying a game of digital Chin Lone. Photo: Ko Taik
Sea Game Chin Lone Mobile Game introduced in October
AUNG KYAW NYUNT firstname.lastname@example.org JUST in time for next month’s Southeast Asian Games in Nay Pyi Taw, two local companies have produced an online game featuring Myanmar’s oldest sport – caneball, also known as chinlone. Zwenexsys lnternational and Total Gameplay Studio started distributing the game on October 25. The game characters are the SEA game mascots, said U Myint Kyaw Thu, chief technology officer of Total Gameplay. “The Myanmar Chinlone Federation was formed 50 years ago, but the game itself emerged about 1500 years ago,” said U Ye Aung, the federation’s secretary general. The game entails a small group of players keeping a cane ball in the air without using their hands. “We’ve produced many international games. Now we’ve invented a Myanmar game for Myanmar gamers. Other countries that have hosted the Games have invented applications to celebrate the fact, so we did the same,” said U Myint Kyaw Thu. The SEA Games Chinlone game is being distributed by the Android system to iPhone and iPad. It can be installed free in game shops or downloaded from www.totalgameplaystudio. com/chinlone and www.zwenex.com/ chinlone. “The game has a big memory, so it could be a bit slow on some handsets. It should be played by teams, on three levels – easy, easy, medium and hard. I saw it on Facebook,” said Myo Satt, 20, of Bahan township. “I congratulate the makers on the high quality of this game. They have introduced Myanmar chinlone to the world,” he said. “Chinlone is simple, but we appreciate the game because it’s a national sport of Myanmar” said gaming enthusiast Ko Win Naing.
JAPAN’S top electronics ﬁrms on Thursday reported mixed earnings, with Sony slashing its full-year proﬁt outlook while hard-hit Panasonic turned in strong earnings and boosted its annual forecast. The ﬁrms have undergone painful restructuring to stem years of losses as they struggle to keep up in the low-margin television business, while rivals including Apple and South Korea’s Samsung surge ahead in the lucrative smartphone sector.
‘There are still tough times ahead fo Japanese electrionics makers.’
Mr. Koki Shiraishi Analyst for SMBC Securities
Once world-beating Sony booked a net loss of 15.8 billion yen ($160 million) in April-September and cut its forecast for the whole year to March by 40 percent, blaming dwindling sales of digital cameras, personal computers and televisions. However, that was still an improvement on the 40.1 billion yen loss in the same period last year.
The country’s digital camera makers have suffered as consumers increasingly turn to smartphones to snap pictures, while Sony also said its ﬁlm business turned in a weakerthan-expected performance. Company chief Kazuo Hirai has shrugged off pleas to abandon the television unit altogether, while the ﬁrm has also turned down a call by a US hedge fund boss to spin off 20 percent of its entertainment arm to boost proﬁts. In an interview with foreign media this month, Mr. Hirai reaffirmed his plan to keep the entertainment business within the vast conglomerate, calling it “a very vital and important part of Sony Group’s overall strategy”. “It is one of the key pillars of our future growth,” he added. The company is banking on strong holiday sales of its PlayStation 4 games console as rivals Nintendo and Microsoft also jockey for control of a sector worth $44 billion annually. Panasonic, however, said dramatic corporate overhauls and a sharply weaker yen which makes exporters’ goods cheaper overseas – were key factors in helping it crawl back from the abyss after several quarters of swingeing losses. The ﬁrm said it had swung back to proﬁt for the six months to September and doubled its full-year forecast – after combined losses topping $15 billion in the past two ﬁscal years. The company said it earned a
169.3 billion yen ($1.72 billion) net proﬁt in April-September, reversing a net loss of 685.2 billion yen a year earlier. It also said it was on track to earn a 100 billion yen net proﬁt in the year to March. However, Mr. Koki Shiraishi, analyst at SMBC Nikko Securities in Tokyo, warned: “The impact of a weak yen will start disappearing in the second half of the ﬁscal year, which will cut their proﬁt.” He added: “There are still tough times ahead for Japanese electronics makers.” Panasonic has also said it would abandon the consumer smartphone market as it struggles with the tough competition. Its announcement came a day after rival NEC said Wednesday it had slipped into a loss tied to its own exit from the business. In a separate statement Thursday, Panasonic conﬁrmed it would stop production of plasma television screens over the next few months, in line with a broader industry shift away from plasma units. Hitachi and Pioneer also exited the market in recent years. It also said it was buying a 90 percent stake in Turkish electrical ﬁrm Viko Elektrik for about $460 million. Sharp, meanwhile, said Thursday its ﬁrst-half net loss shrank dramatically to $44 million, crediting the improvement to strong demand for its liquid crystal display panels used in smartphones and tablet computers as well as solar panels. – AFP
Brain has specific radar for snakes: study
SNAKES tend to arouse sharp fear in monkeys, apes and humans, and scientists said last week they have found speciﬁc brain cells that ﬁre off a rapid warning for slithery danger. The report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences offers new evidence to support the notion that primates evolved vision skills that enable them see snakes quickly in order survive the threats snakes pose in the jungle. Certain neurons respond “selectively” to images of snakes, and they outpace comparable neurons that react to visuals of faces, hands or geometric shapes, the researchers said. “Snakes elicited the strongest, fastest responses,” said the study, coauthored by Professor Quan Van Le of the University of Toyama and researchers at the University of Brasilia. The research was done using two young macaque monkeys that were born on a national monkey farm in Japan. Researchers said they believe the monkeys had no chance to encounter snakes prior to the experiment. Scientists surgically implanted micro-electrodes in a part of the brain known as the pulvinar, which is involved in visual attention and the fast processing of threatening images. Then they showed the monkeys various color images on a computer screen, including snakes in various positions, threatening monkey faces, pictures of monkey hands and simple shapes like stars or squares. Seeing a snake caused the brain to ﬁre off rapid fear responses that were unparalleled by those seen in reaction to faces, hands or shapes. Researchers found that of about 100 neurons that ﬁred off when presented with at least one of the image types, 40 percent had the largest response to snakes. That was the biggest group, followed by almost 29 percent that were superior at responding to faces. While researchers have long known that primates have an uncanny ability to see snakes even in cluttered surroundings, the latest data adds a new answer to the question of why. “Snakes are largely responsible for the origin of primates. Vision is what separates primates from other mammals. A lot of the structures in our brain are devoted to vision,” said Professor Lynne Isbell, who wrote a book on the topic in 2011 called “The Fruit, the Tree, and the Serpent: Why We See So Well.” “Here is the ﬁrst time that somebody has come along and actually tested some of the predictions in the book and I am really gratiﬁed that it was supported.” – AFP
30 THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
WORLD EDITOR: Bridget Di Certo | email@example.com
Israel jets strike Syria
ISRAEL has reportedly carried out an airstrike on a Syrian military installation to stop a shipment to Hezbollah, as inspectors said Syria’s entire declared stock of chemical weapons has been placed under seal. Saudi-owned Al-Arabiya television said on October 31 that Israel had hit a Syrian air base in Latakia province, targeting a shipment of surface-tosurface missiles destined for the Lebanese Shiite movement. A US official conﬁrmed to AFP that “there was an Israeli strike” but gave no details on the location or the target. Israeli officials refused to comment. “Historically, targets have been missiles transferred to Hezbollah,” which is allied with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, the official said. Al-Arabiya quoted the head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights as saying explosions took place on October 30 near Latakia at an air defence base. In May, Israel carried out two airstrikes inside Syria, and a senior Israeli official told AFP both targets were Iranian weapons destined for Hezbollah. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons reported on October 31 that all of Syria’s chemical weapons were under “tamper proof” seals. “All stocks of chemical weapons and agents have been placed under seals that are impossible to break,” OPCW spokesman Christian Chartier said. “These are 1000 tonnes of chemical agents [which can be used to make weapons] and 290 tonnes of chemical weapons.” The OPCW also said Syria›s chemical arms production equipment had been destroyed. Inspectors had until November 1 to visit all the sites and destroy all production and ﬁlling equipment in accordance with a timeline laid down by the OPCW and a UN Security Council resolution. The resolution, stating that the arsenal must be destroyed by mid-2014, followed a US-Russian deal to avert military strikes on Syria after chemical weapons attacks near Damascus in August. The West blamed those attacks, which killed hundreds, on Assad’s regime, which denied all responsibility and, in turn, blamed rebels. The United States is “increasingly conﬁdent” the chemical arsenal will be eliminated by June 30, Thomas Countryman, a senior State Department official in charge of non-proliferation issues, said. IHS Jane’s hailed the “milestone” but cautioned that the work was far from over, noting that the entire arsenal is still under regime control. – AFP
A relative of one of the 34 Lebanese immigrants who drowned in the handed over to their families in the northern city of Tripoli on Octo north of the country like the Akkar region, were on board an Austra Java. Photo: AFP
To pay or not to pay? Questions on ransoms after French hostages freed
FRANCE’S denials it handed over a huge ransom for the release of four hostages are being met with widespread scepticism, with experts saying such payments are common and may be fuelling kidnappings. The four French hostages, seized by Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in northern Niger in 2010, returned to France last week after more than three years in captivity. French officials have repeatedly denied that a ransom was paid for their release, but sources in Niger and France have told AFP and other media that more than 20 million euros (US$28 million) was paid to AQIM and intermediaries. Quoting a well-placed French source, newspaper Le Monde said the payment came directly from “secret funds allocated to the intelligence services”. Experts said there was little doubt a payment was made. “Governments and companies pay in almost every case,” a former senior French intelligence official said speaking anonymously. “There is always a ransom or an exchange of some sort: money, the release of prisoners, arms deliveries.” The US Treasury undersecretary for terrorism and ﬁnancial intelligence, David Cohen, said last year that “terrorist organisations” had raised more than $120 million in ransom payments in the previous eight years. He told an audience at Chatham House that the amounts of ransom demands were going up and that Europeans were being mainly targeted because of the belief their governments would pay. “AQIM, the Al-Qaeda affiliate that has likely proﬁted most from kidnapping for ransom, has collected tens of millions of dollars through KFR [kidnapping for ransom] operations since 2008,” he said. “It has become increasingly clear that AQIM is using revenues from kidnapping for ransom to expand its reach and inﬂuence.” The Spanish and Italians have also been singled out for allegedly paying ransoms, including a reported 15 million euro payment last year to free two Spaniards and an Italian held in Mali. “There is an established precedent of ransoms being paid to kidnappers ... This primarily involves European governments,” said Geoff Porter, the head of New York-based North Africa Risk Consulting. “If you pay ransoms to kidnappers, then there’s a potential industry in hostage-taking.” The US and Britain have repeatedly raised concerns about such payments, with Britain using its presidency of the G8 this year to push for a ban on ransoms. G8 leaders gathered in Northern Ireland in June signed a deal to “unequivocally reject the payment of ransoms to terrorists” but did not impose a formal ban. British officials said at the time that Al-Qaeda-linked groups around the world had made $70 million from mainly Western hostages over the past two years. A former US ambassador to Mali, Vicki Huddleston, said this year that European governments were “helping AQIM to grow strong, buy weapons and recruit” with ransom payments. “The US gets very angry about this ... Some of the European governments have been seen as softer on this issue,” said Raffaello Pantucci, a senior research fellow in counterterrorism at the Royal United Services Institute. “The long-term effects of this are that, ﬁrst, the groups will probably do it again and second, it gives the organisation money,” he said. Mr Pantucci said that in many cases ransom payments were made not by governments but by employers and family members, making them more difficult to oversee. “Governments don’t control all the reins when it comes to this issue,” he said. Experts said it was easy to understand why many governments want to keep all options on the table when it comes to rescuing hostages. “At the end of the day, it’s awfully difficult to look into the eyes of family members of hostages and say that as a matter of principle we are going to let them die,” Mr Porter said. – AFP
French President Francois Hollande (left) welcomes former French hostage Marc Feret, upon his arrival with three other former hostages at the military airport of Villacoublay outside Paris, on October 30. Photo: AFP
Putin scoops Obama in power poll
UN official left in tears by tales of NK brutality
Beijing police tips for women drivers slammed by critics
Memories still haunt JFK witnesses
JAMES Tague was stuck in traffic in downtown Dallas around noon on November 22, 1963, when he became an eyewitness to history. Then a 27-year-old car salesman, Tague was waiting for John F Kennedy’s motorcade to sweep by. Riding in an open-top Lincoln Continental, the president, ﬂanked by Secret Service bodyguards, waved to the lunchtime crowd, his wife Jacqueline at his side along with Texas Governor John Connally and his spouse. “I noticed a car with ﬂags on the front fender, coming through the crowd,” Mr Tague said ahead of the 50th anniversary of John F Kennedy’s assassination. “That’s where I remembered that I read about Kennedy being in town that day -- and then here comes a pop of a ﬁrecracker,” he said. “It turned out it’s the ﬁrst shot. Then there was a pause and then the crackcrack of two riﬂe shots.” On his right cheek, Mr Tague felt something hit him – a bullet that had ricocheted off the sidewalk, leaving him with a slight wound and no idea what just happened. Within minutes, a deputy sheriff in plainclothes approached Mr Tague and asked what was going on.
James Tague recalls the JFK assassination. Photo: AFP
waters of Indonesia weeps as the coffins of victims are ober 31. Sixty-eight Lebanese, mostly from poor areas in the lia-bound boat when it sank on September 27 off the coast of
“I said I didn’t know, but we noticed that a motorcycle had stopped over by the grassy knoll, and there’s a couple of people talking to the motorcycle policeman,” he said. “We got there just in time to hear this man sobbing: ‘His head exploded. His head exploded.’ And the policeman said: ‘Whose head?’ And he says, ‘The president’s head.’” By then the presidential motorcade had gone, racing the mortally wounded Kennedy to hospital. Along with Mr Connally, who was badly wounded, Mr Tague was the only person injured on a fateful day that still weighs heavily on Americans’ hearts and minds. Pierce Allman, then 29, was program director at WFAA radio when curiosity drove him to go out to see John F Kennedy’s motorcade go by the Texas School Book Depository on Elm Street. “I was standing on the corner, across from the depository building, and here came the motorcade. I waved and said, ‘Welcome to Dallas, Mr President,’” he recalled. Then came the “boom” that Mr Allman says he’ll recognise “for the rest of my life.” “But it didn’t go through my mind [that] this ﬁrst attempt was a shot. It was not the ﬂat-cracked sound of a ri-
Antarctic sanctuary fails
PLANS to create two vast ocean sanctuaries in Antarctica to protect the pristine wilderness failed on November 1 for a third time, with Russia and China blocking the bids, delegates at multi-nation talks said. The proposals for two huge marine protected areas were on the table at the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) meeting in Australia’s Hobart, which brought together 24 countries and the European Union. But the 10-day-long talks ended in disappointment. The nations were unable to agree to a US-New Zealand proposal for a protected zone in the Ross Sea and another by Australia, France and the European Union for a sanctuary off East Antarctica. “The international community came together in Hobart to protect key parts of the Antarctic Ocean – one of the last pristine environments in the world – yet Russia chose to stand in the way,” said Joshua Reichert, executive vice president of US-based Pew Charitable Trusts, which had a delegate inside the talks. Environmentalists said an ocean wilderness that is home to 16,000 known species, including whales, seals, albatrosses, penguins and unique species of ﬁsh, was at stake. CCAMLR – a treaty tasked with overseeing conservation and sustainable exploitation of the Antarctic Ocean, also known as the Southern Ocean – has not yet made any official comment, but the head of the Swedish delegation Bo Fernholm said the outcome was disappointing. “There was sadness,” he said. “We were quite unhappy with the fact that it didn’t go ahead. “That they couldn’t get it through now was a disappointment.” The sanctuaries required the support of all 25 members of CCAMLR to be passed, and despite the scale of the New Zealand-US proposal being reduced, Russia was not won over by either proposal. Another of the official delegations said that China also opposed the East Antarctica plan, but not the Ross Sea one. “The talks have failed. “Russia and China wanted more details, more time. It’s very disappointing,” said the delegate, who did not want to be named. This was the third attempt since 2012 by CCAMLR to protect large areas in the Southern Ocean, and Mr Fernholm said while “substantial discussions” took place, Russia had reservations believed to be related to the limits on ﬁshing. “I think there are some major problems remaining on some of the major things, like how long does a marine protected area need to stay in force, and there were also objections about the size of these marine protected areas,” he added. The US-New Zealand bid for a sanctuary in the Ross Sea, the deep bay on Antarctica’s Paciﬁc side, had been considered the best hope after its size was reduced, with its no-ﬁsh zone to be 1.25 million square kilometres (482,000 square miles). The second proposal called for a 1.6 million square kilometre protected zone off East Antarctica, on the frozen continent’s Indian Ocean side. Protecting those areas could have created what would be one of the largest marine protection areas in the world. – AFP
ﬂe. It was a loud boom sound. It came from in front and directly above,” he said. “I thought at ﬁrst, well, it’s a ﬁrecracker ... and then boom! Second shot ... During the ﬁrst shot I had looked up and on the ﬁfth ﬂoor [of the depository] there were three guys hanging out of the ﬁfth-ﬂoor window and looking up at the sixth ﬂoor. “I looked up at the sixth ﬂoor but things were happening so fast I couldn’t tell you if I saw a riﬂe-bearer or not.” On the second shot, Mr Allman saw John F Kennedy’s hands go up to his neck, and heard Mrs Kennedy screaming. Then came a third shot, and “Kennedy did a violent sideways move.” Phyllis Hall, a young nurse at Parkland hospital, was starting her lunch break when her supervisor cryptically announced that there had been “an accident” in John F Kennedy’s motorcade. Ms Hall worked in the emergency ward four years previously, so when a “gentleman carrying a very big gun” took her by the elbow and said, “We need you back here,” she did not resist. “When we got into Trauma Room One, Mrs Kennedy was standing at the foot of the cart,” she said. “In my estimation, the president was dead on arrival because he was very grayish-blue. He was especially dark blue around his mouth. I felt for vital signs. There were none. I saw no movement. “Just before we stopped the emergency measures, a doctor, a neurosurgeon came down ... He lifted up the piece of hair [from Kennedy’s head] and that’s where I could see that a great amount of brain matter was no longer in the head. “It was all over Jackie. It was on the Connallys and I’m told it was all over the cart.” President John F Kennedy, admitted to Parkland hospital at 12:38pm as patient number 24740, was declared dead at 1:00pm. – AFP
32 World Asia-Paciﬁc
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Indonesian police probing murder discover secret zoo
INDONESIAN police probing the murder of a young woman at a luxury villa stumbled upon a secret collection of exotic animals, including a crossbreed of a lion and tiger, officials said on October 30. Officers made the discovery as they investigated the death of a 23-year-old woman, who had allegedly had her throat slit by a maintenance worker at the property south of the capital Jakarta after she refused his sexual advances. “When police officers arrived at the scene for the body and to arrest the suspect, they discovered a mini zoo,” said Didik Purwanto, chief detective of Bogor district, where the villa is located. Among the animals discovered was a tiger, several species of monkey, Javan peacocks, four Timorese deer, geese and dogs, he said. But the most unusual ﬁnd was the “liger”, a hybrid cross between a male lion and tigress, which typically has the facial features of a lion and faint stripes like those of a tiger. Forestry ministry official Dedi Sunardi, who oversees the agency that seized the animals, said authorities were mulling what to do with the liger. “The liger is a product of human intervention and as far as we know, there are no others in Indonesia, so releasing it into the wild could be problematic,” Mr Sunardi said, adding the other animals would likely be released. Officials did not say how many animals were seized, but local media reported there were more than a dozen. Keeping such animals without a permit is illegal in Indonesia, home to an array of rare species, and permits are usually only given to official zoos and conservation parks, said Mr Purwanto. “We don’t yet know who the owner of the villa is, but it’s unlikely there would be a permit in this situation,” he said. Mr Purwanto added police were currently searching for the owner, who was not at home at the time of the raid. The murder victim had been staying as a guest at the villa when she befriended the maintenance worker, Mr Purwanto said. It came the same day a military tribunal jailed two soldiers for up to 3 months for illegally possessing two stuffed Sumatran tigers and a stuffed bear on the island of Sumatra. – AFP
New dolphin species found in Australia
SCIENTISTS expressed “surprise and delight” on October 31 after a new humpback dolphin species was identiﬁed off northern Australia, with genetic mapping singling out an animal not previously known to science. A global team led by the USbased Wildlife Conservation Society made the discovery after examining almost 200 dead dolphins and tissue specimens from live animals across the four Atlantic, Indian and IndoPaciﬁc ocean areas where humpbacks are known to live. A study of the beak length and number of teeth in 180 skulls from beached and museum specimens, as well as live DNA samples from 235 dolphins, identiﬁed a new species in the humpback, or sousa genus, which frequents waters off northern Australia. “Based on our combined genetic and morphological analyses, there is convincing evidence for at least four species within the genus,” lead author Martin Mendez wrote in the paper, published in the latest edition of the journal Molecular Ecology, adding that this included “a new asyet-unnamed species off northern Australia”. Biologist Guido Parra, a member of the study team from Australia’s Flinders University, said it had long been debated that local humpbacks
Australian humpback dolphins swim off the coast of northern Australia. Photo: AFP
Government wildlife officials confiscate a tiger and other endangered animals kept in a minizoo in a luxury villa in Bogor, west Java. Photo: AFP
were distinct from their more distant cousins but there had been insufficient evidence until now to support the hypothesis. “The unique thing about this study is that in previous debates the data sets were always limited – either purely genetic or based on traditional taxonomic studies,” Mr Parra told AFP. “We were able to actually marry those two – so morphological and genetic – and not only marry those two approaches but also look across the entire (genus) range. “We are very surprised and of course delighted to discover the recognition of a completely new species.” Humpback dolphins have a vast home range stretching from the tip
of Australia all the way to Africa, and are considered native to 40 countries across Asia, Africa and the Paciﬁc. Mr Parra gathered skin biopsy samples from both deceased and live humpbacks off northern Australia for the study, which he said was a “longterm collaborative global project”. Humpback dolphins are so named due to a distinctive hump just below their dorsal ﬁn, which is also uniquely elongated. Infant humpbacks are born a creamy or pearly white similar to a beluga whale and darken to grey as they reach adulthood. They typically grow to eight feet (2.4 metres) in length and live in coastal waters, deltas and estuaries. – AFP
SARS-like viruses jump from bats
SCIENTISTS said on October 30 they had found evidence that SARS-like coronaviruses can jump straight from a type of Chinese bat to humans without the need for an intermediary animal “host”. The ﬁnd has “enormous implications” for public health control, with potentially pandemic viruses present, in bats in China that could cause another outbreak, said the authors of the study published in the journal Nature. “Even worse, we don’t know how lethal these viruses would be if such an outbreak erupted,” co-author Peter Daszak of the EcoHealth Alliance said in a statement. Bats have long been thought to be the origin of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARSCoV) outbreak that killed hundreds of people in Asia 10 years ago, but other SARS-like viruses found in bats lacked the genetic ability to “bind” to human cells for infection. SARS had also been found in civet cats in wildlife markets in China, and many scientists believed they were a necessary intermediary host for the bat virus to mutate into a form able to target humans. “We have found SARS-like coronaviruses in Chinese horseshoe bats that are much more closely related to human SARS and that can use the human cell receptor,” Mr Daszak told AFP by email. “That means they could emerge directly from bats to people anywhere there is contact with this species of Chinese bat, not just in the wildlife markets where civets are also found.” The results underlined the importance of continued surveillance of viruses in bats to preemptively identify ones that could cross species. – AFP
Asia-Paciﬁc World 33
Construction of world’s tallest statue begins in India
INDIAN farmers were urged on October 31 to hand over scraps of metal and tools for the world’s tallest statue, as construction began on what promoters hope will be a wonder of the world. The tribute to Sardar Patel, the ﬁrst home minister of independent India, is set to be twice the size of the Statue of Liberty and four times higher than Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. The metal structure, a pet project of opposition leader Narendra Modi in his home state of Gujarat, will rise 182 metres (600 feet) from an island in the Narmada river when completed in four years’ time. Modi laid the foundation stone on Thursday and urged farmers to donate tools which will be melted down and used in the memorial to a politician nicknamed the “Iron Man of India.” “People come to see the Taj Mahal, ﬂock to America for the Statue of Liberty and France for the Eiffel Tower. Now people from all over the world will come here to see this wonder,” Modi said. “We have asked farmers from every village in India to give old pieces of their agricultural tools, just 200 grams or 400 grams would do,” he added from the site at Kevadia, 170 kilometres (105 miles) from Gujarat’s biggest city Ahmedabad. A metal collection effort covering nearly 700,000 villages across the country will last until January 26 next year. The total cost of the statue is estimated at 25 billion rupees (US$300 million) and will be funded with public funds and private donations. When ﬁnished, it will tower by 54 metres over the 128-metre Spring Temple Buddha in China’s Henan province which is currently the world’s tallest statue. The memorial has strong political undertones as it honours an independence hero who spent his life in the Congress party, the main rival of Mr Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in national elections next year. Mr Modi, the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, suggested earlier this week that Patel, who is from Gujarat, would have made a better leader than India’s ﬁrst prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. – AFP
Chinese teacher orders boy to jump to death
A 10-YEAR-OLD Chinese boy jumped 30 ﬂoors to his death after failing to write a self-criticism letter demanded by his teacher, state media reported October 31. The ﬁfth-grade primary school student had been ordered to write a 1,000-character apology by his teacher for talking in class, China National Radio (CNR) reported on its website, citing a neighbour. The educator allegedly told him to jump out of a building after he failed to complete the task, the report quoted relatives and the neighbour as saying. “Teacher, I can’t do it,” was found written in one of his textbooks, CNR said. “I ﬂinched several times when I tried to jump from the building.” The child smashed into a parked car beneath the ﬂat where his family live, the West China City News reported. His furious relatives posted a banner outside the school in the
A guard stands next to the copy of a 10-year-old child’s last words (right), which translate as “Teacher, I can’t do it. I flinched several times when I tried to jump from the building” , is displayed. Photo: AFP
southwestern city of Chengdu reading: “The teacher forced our kid to jump off the building,” pictures showed October 31. “The police investigation is still
under way,” an official of Jinjiang district, where the incident happened, told AFP, declining to comment further. – AFP
Backlash over Beijing police tips for women
DON’T wear high heels while driving. Make sure you release the handbrake before setting off. And don’t panic if you suddenly realise you’re going the wrong way. Those are some of the suggestions given by the Beijing police department to women drivers in a series of microblog postings that have sparked a backlash among Chinese Internet users who say the tips are sexually discriminatory. “Some women drivers lack a sense of direction, and while driving a car, they often hesitate and are indecisive about which road they should take,” reads one of the suggestions, posted on the police department’s official microblog late on October 29. Women drivers, the posting continues, often discover that “when they’re driving by themselves, they’re not able to ﬁnd the way to their destination, even if they’ve been there many times”. Another posting features a cartoon depicting a confrontation between a police officer and a woman driving a vehicle shaped like a large red high heel shoe. It relates to a story of a woman named Liu who caused an accident and then told a police officer: “I hit the brake, but my shoe got stuck in the car!” “Women drivers, please change into ﬂat shoes when you’re driving,” the posting warns. Another driving tip points out that “while the handbrake is typically used for stopping the car’s movement, quite a few new women drivers often hurriedly get on the road without releasing it”. The posts appeared on the police department’s veriﬁed account, which has nearly six million followers. Women in China are guaranteed equal rights under the law, but conservative social mores often lead to gender discrimination in workplaces, schools and in other areas of modern life. Web users responded with anger at what they condemned as sexual discrimination. “Surely this official microblog is planning to devote its next postings to tips for male drivers?” one user asked. – AFP
TRADE MARK CAUTION
Notice is given that Caterpillar Inc. (a corporation organised under the laws of Delaware, USA) of 100 N.E. Adams Street, Peoria, Illinois 61629, United States of America, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following Trade Marks:-
used in connection with:- “Electrical and electronic apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission, or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers; data processing equipment; measuring and testing apparatus and instruments; monitoring apparatus and displays; diagnostic apparatus and instruments; weighing apparatus and instruments; pressure and temperature indicators, gauges and meters; computer hardware and software; control units; operator interfaces; security equipment; GPS equipment; equipment for remote operation, control, and monitoring of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural and forestry vehicles, equipment, and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment, and off-highway trucks; batteries and battery chargers; cables, conduits, switches; radios; telecommunications equipment; eyeglasses; sunglasses; CD-ROM games; parts and fittings for all of the aforesaid goods included in class 9. Vehicles for earth moving, earth conditioning, construction, material handling, mining, paving, agriculture and forestry; fork lift trucks; pallet movers; locomotives; agricultural tractors; engines for land vehicles; transmissions for land vehicles; structural, repair, and replacement parts for all of the foregoing. Business management and consultation; provision of business information, product distribution and operations management services; logistics consulting services, including supply chain design and management; marketing services; compilation and systemization of information into computer databases; management and compilation of computerized databases; retail rental store services; on-line retail store services; retail store services; providing searchable computer databases, websites, and on-line information services relating to purchasing, renting, financing, repair, and maintenance of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural, and forestry vehicles, equipment, and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment. Financing services; financial management services; issuance of debt securities; investment services; insurance services; credit services; warranty services. Service, maintenance, and repair of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural and forestry vehicles, equipment,
and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment; and control units for the aforementioned; machinery installation, maintenance and repair; rental of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural and forestry vehicles, equipment, and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment; remanufacturing of engines, transmissions, power train components, power generation units, land vehicles, earth moving and conditioning machinery, material handling machinery, agricultural machinery, paving and construction equipment, electronic components of the foregoing, and consumer electronics. Transport; freight brokerage; transport brokerage; freight forwarding; storage of goods; packaging of goods; provision of storage and transportation information; warehousing; travel arrangement; vehicle rental. Computer services; engineering and technical consultation; computer programming; providing online non-downloadable software; design of computerized information systems; testing and inspection of engines and machinery; testing, control, diagnosis, calibration, and monitoring of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural, and forestry vehicles, equipment, and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment, jobsites, machinery fleets, trucks, trucking fleets, and the operation of machinery via computer networks and the internet; remote control and operation of earth moving, earth conditioning, material handling, construction, mining, paving, agricultural, and forestry vehicles, equipment, and machinery, engines, and power generation equipment via computer networks and the internet; data acquisition and analysis via computer networks and the internet; troubleshooting of computer hardware and software”. Declarations of Ownership of the said Marks have been registered in the Office of the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangon being the following:4/4341/2007 4/4342/2007 4/4343/2007 4/4344/2007 4/4345/2007 4/4346/2007 4/5105/2007 4/4347/2007 4/4348/2007 4/4349/2007 4/4350/2007 4/4351/2007 4/4352/2007 4/5107/2007
WARNING is hereby given that any fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks in any manner whatsoever will be dealt with according to Law. Win Mu Tin, M.A.,H.G.P.,D.B.L. for Caterpillar Inc. P.O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Dated: 4 November, 2013
34 World Asia-Paciﬁc
BANGKOK UNITED NATIONS
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Lese majeste prisoner death not foul play: court
A THAI court on October 30 ruled out negligence in the treatment of a grandfather who died in jail of cancer while serving a controversial sentence for defaming the monarchy. Ampon ‘Akong’ Tangnoppakul, considered a “prisoner of conscience” by rights groups, was convicted for sending text messages deemed insulting to the royal family in December 2011 and died in May the following year. The Bangkok Criminal Court, which conducted the inquest because Ampon died in custody, said there was insufficient evidence of negligence. It found that Ampon died due to the spread of liver cancer. Fellow prisoners had told the court that Ampon had not received enough food or health care while he was in jail, a judge said, but concluded that his treatment was in line with other inmates. Ampon’s conviction triggered rare public protests against Thailand’s lese majeste law. Under this law anyone convicted of insulting the king, queen, heir or regent faces up to 15 years in prison on each count. Ampon, who became known in Thailand as “Uncle SMS”, was sentenced to 20 years after pleading not guilty during his trial, one of a series under the royal defamation legislation which critics say is used to stiﬂe free speech. – AFP
UN inquiry chief left in tears by NK brutality
THE head of a UN inquiry into North Korea rights abuses on October 29 told how he had been reduced to tears by witness accounts of people who ﬂed the hardline state. Michael Kirby, a veteran Australian high court judge, said the treatment of women returned to North Korea after already being abused in China had been particularly tough. Fewer North Koreans are getting out of the country, perhaps because of tighter border controls, another rights investigator said. The UN Human Rights Council commission of inquiry has heard evidence in London, Tokyo and Seoul and will be in Washington from October 30. The inquiry has heard harrowing stories of labor camps in the isolated state ruled by Kim Jong-Un as well from relatives of Japanese believed abducted by North Korean agents and families divided since the 195053 Korean War. “Some of the testimony has been extremely distressing,” Mr Kirby, who has also investigated human rights abuses in Cambodia, told a press conference after addressing a UN General Assembly committee. “I am a judge of 35 years experience and I have seen in that time a lot of melancholy court cases which somewhat harden one’s heart. “But even in my own case, there have been a number of the testimonies which have moved me to tears and I am not ashamed to say that. “You would have be a stoneyhearted person not to be moved by the stories that the commission of inquiry has received,” he declared. Mr Kirby said the testimonies “should be seen and they should be considered for the follow up that will be required” by the UN system. All of the testimonies have been put online. The inquiry leader said women “ﬁgure very greatly in testimony” and make up the majority of the North Koreans who have tried to ﬂee the tightly controlled state. “Many of them have left and gone on to China where they are subject to forced marriages, trafficking and other human rights burdens,” he added. But China sends back many who
TRADE MARK CAUTION
Laboratoires Expanscience, a Company incorporated in France, of 10 avenue de l’ Arche, 92400 Courbevoie, France, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 4973/2004 in respect of “Pharmaceutical preparations used in rheumatology”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for Laboratoires Expanscience P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: email@example.com Dated: 4 November 2013
This undated picture, released from North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on October 28, 2013 shows North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (centre) smiling as he sits with Korean People’s Army. Photo: AFP/ KCNA
TRADE MARK CAUTION
HERMES INTERNATIONAL, a Company incorporated in France, of 24, rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré, 75008 PARIS, FRANCE, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks-
Reg. No. 6041/ 2012
are caught and those women “have suffered very grievously,” Mr Kirby said. Sonja Biserko, a member of the commission, said women had been “treated in a most horrible way” in North Korean detention camps. At a public hearing in London last week, Kim Song-Ju told of his four attempts to ﬂee North Korea because of a famine that killed hundreds of thousands of North Koreans during the 1990s. After crossing the icy Tumen river that marks the border with China in March 2006, Kim was caught by Chinese guards and forced back to North Korea. He described beatings in a North Korean detention camp and how he was ordered to search prisoners’ excrement for money they were believed to have swallowed. “The North Korean prison guards were telling us that once you get to this prison you’re not human, you’re just like animals,” he said. He escaped to China on his fourth attempt and went to Britain with the help of missionaries. North Korea has condemned the
UN inquiry as “hostile” and said the witnesses are liars. Mr Kirby said however that the inquiry had gathered “copious evidence” of conditions in labor camps where there was not enough food and many people were kept because they were relatives of inmates. Mr Kirby said the inquiry, which will report to the Human Rights Council in March, had asked North Korea to send a representative who could question the witnesses. Marzuki Darusman, UN special rapporteur on North Korea who is also a member of the inquiry, said meanwhile that 1,041 North Koreans had arrived in South Korea in the ﬁrst nine months of the year, against 1,509 people in all of 2012 and 2,706 people in 2011. “This represents a reversal of the trend of steady increase in the number of annual arrivals since 1998, possibly due to recently tightened border control and increased incidents of refoulement,” Mr Darusman wrote in a statement to the UN General Assembly. Mr Darusman’s report said there had been no change in the dire human rights situation in North Korea. – AFP
Reg. No. 6042/ 2012
Million demand justice as Kenyan rapists are sentenced to ‘cut grass’
OVER a million furious campaigners have signed a petition demanding justice after three men accused of brutally gang raping a Kenyan schoolgirl were ordered to cut grass as punishment. The ferocious attack on the girl and lack of action towards those who carried it out has sparked outrage in the country. The 16-year old girl was reportedly attacked, beaten and then raped by six men as she returned from her grandfather’s funeral in western Kenya in June, before the gang dumped her, bleeding and unconscious, in a deep sewage ditch. On October 29, the number of those who signed an online petitions started by aKenyan woman, Nebila Abdulmelik, and publicised by the campaign group Avaaz topped a million, and was continuing to grow. “Letting rapists walk free after making them cut grass has to be the world’s worst punishment for rape,” Ms Abdulmelik said. “It’s an absolute failure of the entire system and an absolutely shameful response by Kenya’s police.” The victim knew some of the attackers, and three of them were taken by villagers to the local police station, the girl’s mother earlier told Kenyan media. “The three... were only ordered to cut grass around the police camp and set free shortly after,” the girl’s mother told the paper. She is now wheelchair-bound with a broken back, caused either by the beating or by being hurled down into the pit, and also suffered serious internal injuries from the rape. “My wish is to see justice done,” the girl told The Nation newspaper, which ﬁrst reported the story, and has led a campaign including raising funds to cover medical costs. “I want my attackers arrested and punished.” Lawmakers have condemned the attack and subsequent police failures, ordering action to be taken. – AFP
Reg. No. 6043/ 2012 in respect of “All goods in Int’l Classes: 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 34, 35, 38, 41 and 43”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for HERMES INTERNATIONAL P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Dated: 4 November 2013
Nebila Abdulmelik (left) and her colleague look at a copy of the petition. Photo: AFP
International World 35
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that CLIO Co., Ltd. a company organized under the laws of the Republic of Korea (South) and having its principal office at 223-1, Majeong-ri, Jiksan-eup, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea (South) is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:(Reg: No. IV/10015/2013) In respect of: - “Cosmetic soaps, laundry soaps, toothpaste in international class:3” “Toothbrushes in international class: 21” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for CLIO Co., Ltd. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
Executives ‘must have known’ about hacking
Prosecutors begin phone hacking case against former News of the World editors
TOP executives at Rupert Murdoch’s News of the World “must have known” about phone hacking, which was so widespread that three senior news editors have admitted their involvement, British prosecutors said on October 30. They also alleged that Murdoch protegee and ex-News of the World editor Rebekah Brooks authorised large sums to be paid to public officials for information while she edited the tabloid’s sister daily, the top-selling Sun. The long-awaited trial is the ﬁrst time that criminal charges have been put to alleged key players in the hacking scandal, which sent shockwaves through the British establishment. Ms Brooks, 45, is among eight defendants facing charges of phone hacking to bribing officials and concealing evidence. All the defendants deny the allegations against them. She took detailed notes as she sat in the glass-fronted dock last Wednesday next to Andy Coulson, her successor as editor of the News of the World who went on to be communications chief for British Prime Minister David Cameron. Opening the prosecution case at London’s Old Bailey court, lawyer Andrew Edis said there was a wealth of evidence that hacking was widespread at the News of the World. In a surprise announcement, he revealed that three former newsdesk editors – Greg Miskiw, Neville Thurlbeck and James Weatherup – had all pleaded guilty ahead of the trial to conspiring to illegally access voicemails. While this did not necessarily implicate culpability, Mr Edis said the guilty pleas revealed that “there was a conspiracy which involved a signiﬁcant number of people, and it was quite a substantial conspiracy”. “And that may help you to decide now,” he told the jury. “Because those names, they knew. So who else knew?” He argued that Ms Brooks and Mr Coulson, along with the paper’s former managing editor, Stuart Kuttner, must have known about hacking, not least because they controlled the budget, and obtaining hacked information cost a lot of money. Private investigator Glenn Mulcaire, who has previously been jailed for phone hacking, was on a contract worth an estimated £100,000 (US$160,000) a year to dig up stories for the News of the World. “What you are going to have to consider is whether these people were doing their jobs properly, in which case we say they must have known what they were spending the money on,” Mr Edis told the jury of three men and nine women. “They must have known, we say, where these stories came from, otherwise they would never have got into the paper.”
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Radisson Hotels International, Inc., (a Delaware Corporation) a company organized under the laws of U.S.A and having its principal office at Carlson Parkway, P.O. Box 59159, Minneapolis, Minneapolis, 55459-8249, U.S.A. is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: No. IV/3864/2010) in respect of :- “Hotel, bar and restaurant services; services for the reservation of rooms in Int’l Class 43” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Radisson Hotels International, Inc., (a Delaware Corporation) P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
Former News of the World editor Rebeekah Brooks enters a London coutroom last week. Photo: AFP
Charges of conspiring to hack phones have been brought against Ms Brooks, Mr Coulson and Mr Kuttner – who was not in court because of illhealth – as well as former News of the World head of news Ian Edmondson. But Mr Edis stressed the case was about more than just phone hacking, noting that Ms Brooks, Mr Coulson and the News of the World’s royals editor Clive Goodman are also accused of bribing public officials for information. In one instance, Mr Edis alleged that Ms Brooks authorised payments worth £40,000 ($64,000) to a “highly placed” official at the defence ministry while she was editor of The Sun. Mr Coulson, meanwhile, is accused of conspiring with Mr Goodman to pay a Buckingham Palace policeman to obtain copies of royal phone directories in a bid to access information on members of Queen Elizabeth II’s family. The ﬂame-haired Ms Brooks rose from a secretary to become chief executive of Murdoch’s British newspaper
wing News International, which was rebranded News UK after the scandal. But she quit shortly after the paper was shut down in July 2011, after it emerged that the News of the World had hacked the phone of Milly Dowler, a missing teenage girl who was later found murdered. Ms Brooks is accused of trying to hide evidence from the police investigating hacking, along with her husband, racehorse trainer Charlie Brooks, her secretary Cheryl Carter and News International security chief Mark Hanna. More than 100 people have been arrested since the affair began as the police sift through evidence of hacking and corruption – in doing so trying to make up for their initial investigation in 2006 which wrongly concluded that hacking was not a widespread problem. Politicians and the press are still dealing with the fallout from the scandal, which exposed the sharp practices of newspapers and their close ties to politics. – AFP
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that BOON FOODS CO., LTD. a company organized under the laws of Thailand and having its principal office at 88 Moo 6, Phragnamdang, Amphawa, Samut Songkhram 75110, Thailand is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-
(Reg: No. IV/6750/2013)
Sierra Leone introduces FOI law
SIERRA Leone’s parliament on October 28 passed a landmark Freedom of Information law in a move lauded as opening up democracy in the west African country. Information and Communication Minister Alpha Kanu who piloted the bill said it was “in line with government’s reforms to promote and reinforce democracy and good governance as everybody has the right to access information when necessary”. He said that “the procedures to follow or access information shall be done either in English or Krio (a widely used local language) to demand such information from government and other public officials”. Certain information relating to state security would remain classiﬁed, he said. The act also provides for an Information Commissioner “who should hold office for three years and be responsible for the monitoring and making recommendations”, Mr Kanu said. Opposition lawmaker Frank Kposowa welcomed the bill. “Sierra Leone has now joined 95 countries worldwide and (is) eleventh in Africa to enact the law,” he said. Emmanuel Saffa, director of the leading human rights NGO, Society for Democratic Initiative, told AFP: “This is one of the happiest days of my life.” “After ten years of hard work and continuous struggle to push the agenda, we have ﬁnally succeeded,” he said. – AFP
(Reg: No. IV/6751/2013) The above two trademarks are in respect of: “Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastry and confectionery; ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice, almond confectionery, caramels [candy], cereal bars, chocolate, confectionery/ sugar confectionery , ice cream, crackers, custard, fondants [confectionery], fruit jellies [confectionary], liquorice [confectionery], lozenges [confectionery] / pastilles [confectionery], mint for confectionery, chocolate mousses, dessert mousses [confectionery], peanut confectionery, stick liquorice [confectionery], peppermint sweets, puddings, pralines, pastries, marzipan” Cl: 30 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for BOON FOODS CO., LTD. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416
Dated: 4th November, 2013
International World 37
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Taittinger Compagnie Commerciale et Viticole Champenoise a company duly organized under the laws of France Manufacturers and Merchants of 9 Place SaintNicaise, 51100 REIMS, France, registered in the Corporate Registry of Reims under n° R.C.S. 490 341 062 is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark:-
China’s water diversion prompts flood of problems
CHINA is looking to rework nature itself with a gargantuan project to divert water from its lush south to the parched and populous north which will take half a century and tens of billions of dollars to achieve. But when test runs began this year, villagers along the route said the inﬂow polluted their lake, leaving it teeming with silvery rotting ﬁsh carcasses and killing their livelihood. Officials in the eastern province of Shandong rejected their account, but the incident feeds into concerns that the behemoth South-to-North Water Diversion plan may be creating more problems than it solves. The hugely complex geo-engineering project officially began in 2002, is scheduled to take 50 years and 500 billion yuan (US$80 billion) to build, and requires feats including blasting channels through mountains in earthquake zones on the Tibetan plateau. If it works, its three separate routes from different points on the Yangtze river will deliver 45 billion cubic metres (1.6 trillion cubic feet) of water a year across 4350 kilometres (2700 miles) of canals and tunnels to the Beijing area and vast swathes of the north. The region needs the water. With just a ﬁfth of the country’s total supply, northern China supports nearly half the population and economy and two-thirds of the arable land, according to a 2009 World Bank report. China already boasts a long history of water megaprojects, with the Grand Canal stretching from near Shanghai to Beijing ﬁrst dug 2500 years ago and extended over the centuries. The directive for the expanded South-to-North network came from Mao Zedong himself, the project’s ofﬁcial website says. The leader known for big – and often counter-productive – ideas remarked in 1952, “The south has a lot of water. The north has little. If possible, lending some water would be okay”. But troubles abound. Pollution could render the water unusable, long uphill sections will require tremendous energy for pumping, and reservoir construction has displaced communities. Even if the full supply arrives as promised, rising demand in the still growing country could quickly render it insufficient. The greatest pollution threat lies with the eastern route, set to begin carrying water at the end of this year from Jiangsu province to Shandong and a little further north. Built upon existing waterways in China’s highly-developed seaboard, including the Grand Canal, the project risks picking up tainted supplies from
(Reg: No. IV/3856/2010 & IV/10555/2013) in respect of: - “Alcoholic beverages (except beers)” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Taittinger Compagnie Commerciale et Viticole Champenoise P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that WILMAR INTERNATIONAL LIMITED, a company organized under the laws of Singapore and having its principal offices at 56 Neil Road, Singapore 088830, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark:
(Reg: No. IV/7325/2013) in respect of:- “Fertilisers; related chemical products for use in agriculture, horticulture, forestry and industry” Class: 1
A canal used for south-to-north water diversion plan in Nanyang runs through central China’s Henan province. Photo: AFP
start to ﬁnish. “A focal point of the ﬁrst phase of the project is to strengthen pollution control,” the official website says. But in Gupang, a stretch of ramshackle concrete homes, villagers say the water dumped into Dongping lake during a month of test-runs was deadly. The channel itself is picturesque, ﬂanked by walkways and trees, and a billboard proclaims the project will “beneﬁt the country and the people”. But a retired ﬁsh farmer surnamed Pang, 72, says, “The water’s surface was full of ﬁsh and they started to stink. Then they rotted and sank.” Now, the family farms – underwater nets tied to poles that jut out toward the sky – sit unattended. Creaky wooden boats bob nearby, one using a brick as an anchor. Villagers said they had just poured in their annual 50,000 yuan ($8,000) of ﬁsh fry when the wipeout hit in June. Unable to afford replacements, many younger men left to ﬁnd work in the cities. Residents said local authorities dismissed their version of events but gave them 5,000 yuan as compensation
then warned people not to talk about what happened and detained three ﬁshfarmers considered ringleaders. “They won’t let us see him,” the 25-year-old daughter of one of them says, her eyes welling up. The central section, set to start sending water from Hubei province to the Beijing area next year, has forced 350,000 people to relocate. Five rivers feeding that route’s main source, the Danjiangkou reservoir, are “unlikely” to meet cleanliness standards because anti-pollution projects lack funding, the state news agency Xinhua reported in July. The western element traverses the Tibetan plateau and aims to channel water from the Yangtze’s upper reaches to the Yellow river, but poses the biggest construction challenge and will not be ﬁnished for nearly four decades. Experts argue the real solution should be to contain China’s growing thirst, not encourage it. “It’s actually a very prolonged, very tortuous process that probably should have been killed off a long time ago,” says Harvard research fellow Scott Moore. “It would be more effective in the long run to try to tackle the demand side rather than just to try to increase the supply.” But that would require authorities to force industries and the populace to curb both demand and waste. China is inefficient in its use of water, the World Bank says, with twothirds of supply going to agriculture, where irrigation systems have “extensive” losses. The rest largely goes to industry, which recycles only 40 percent, half as much as in developed countries, while urban distribution networks are among the world’s leakiest. The north might have learned to conserve better if it had not anticipated receiving diverted water, says Ma Jun, a prominent Beijing-based environmentalist. He stresses that authorities should view the backup supply as only a stopgap measure to “buy some time”. “I hope this time will be used well,” he says. “Because it won’t last particularly long.” – AFP
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for WILMAR INTERNATIONAL LIMITED, P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that SICHUAN CEMENTHAI MACHINERY CO., LTD. a company organized under the laws of China and having its principal office at Baima, Neijiang, Sichuan Province, P.R. China is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-
(Reg: No. IV/7322/2013)
(Reg: No. IV/7323/2013)
(Reg: No. IV/7324/2013) The above three trademarks are in respect of :“Igniting devices for internal combustion engines; carburetors; sparking plugs for internal combustion engines; fuel conversion apparatus for internal combustion engines; internal-combustion engine (not including the engines of automobiles, tractors, corn combine harvesters, motorcycles, chain saws, steamers); diesel engines; gasoline engines; carburettors; cowlings (parts of machines); engines, other than for land vehicles.” – Class: 7 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for SICHUAN CEMENTHAI MACHINERY CO., LTD. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
In the Industrial Design Caution of ENERGY SUPPORT CORPORATION., published by 14 October 2013, the correct Reg. No. and date for “CUTOUT SWITCH” is 4/4076/2013 (24.4.2013).
38 World International
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Takeda GmbH a company organized under the laws of Germany and having its principal office at Byk-Gulden-Str. 2, 78467 Konstanz, Germany is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:(Reg: Nos. IV/ 7272/2007, IV/3303/2011 & IV/8912/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations; pharmaceutical preparations for gynaecological purposes” (Reg: Nos. IV/ 7270/2007, IV/3304/2011 & IV/8913/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of respiratory diseases.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7278/2007, IV/3308/2011 & IV/8914/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations, antacid preparations.”
Forensic experts, members of the International Commission on Missing Persons and Bosnian workers search for human remains at a mass grave in the village of Tomasica, near the western Bosnian town of Prijedor, on October 28. Photo: AFP
(Reg: Nos. IV/9197/2009 & IV/8915/2013)
(Reg: Nos. IV/5273/2009 & IV/8919/2013) The above two trademarks are in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of respiratory diseases and conditions, anti-inflammatory drugs.” (Reg: Nos. IV/3302/2011 & IV/8916/2013) (Reg: Nos. IV/3301/2011 & IV/8918/2013) The above two trademarks are in respect of:- “Analgesics.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7277/2007, IV/3307/2011 & IV/8917/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations, pharmaceutical preparations for treatment of gastrointestinal diseases for human use.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7273/2007, IV/3305/2011 & IV/8920/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations, pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of hemorrhoids and anorectal diseases.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7276/2007, IV/3300/2011 & IV/8921/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations, pharmaceutical preparations for treatment of gastrointestinal disease for human use; preparation for the treatment of osteoporosis.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7274/2007, IV/3306/2011 & IV/8922/2013) in respect of:- “Medicaments, pharmaceutical preparations.” (Reg: Nos. IV/7275/2007, IV/3299/2011 & IV/8923/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations, chemical products for therapeutic purposes and for health care, dietetic substances for children and the sick.” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Takeda GmbH P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416
New mass graves find raises hope for Bosnians
SUAD Zeric stares expectantly at a corpse exhumed from a gaping, freshly-dug hole where hundreds of Muslims and Croats massacred in the Bosnian war were tossed two decades ago. The body, surrounded by forensic experts, may be his uncle or his cousin, both of whom disappeared in the ethnic-driven mayhem of the 1992-95 conﬂict that followed the breakup of the old Yugoslav federation. “I hope with all my heart that they will be found here,” said the 57-yearold, a survivor of the most notorious Serb-run detention camps set up during the war. The grave was discovered in April in a disused mine in the village of Tomasica in the northwestern region of Prijedor. Exhumation work started in September in what is the biggest mass grave found in the region. “One of my four uncles who were murdered by cowards, Fehim, was discovered here, thank God,” he said in a whisper, his voice breaking with emotion. “Kasim, his son Emsud, my uncle Salih and another, Latif, are still missing,” said Mr Zeric, whose father’s remains were only found a few years ago in another mass grave. The Bosnian, who now lives in the eastern French town of Mulhouse, was held in both the Omarska and Keraterm camps. These, with the Trnopolje camp, formed what became known as the war’s “triangle of horror” from which many detainees never reappeared. Bosnian Serb forces set up the three camps, all in the northwest, at the start of the war, which claimed 100,000 lives and left a legacy of ethnic and political divisions that carry on today. It was photographs of emaciated prisoners at Omarska – reminiscent of Holocaust victims in Nazi death camps – ﬁrst broadcast in the summer of 1992 that shocked the world and drew international attention to the Serb campaign of so-called “ethnic cleansing”. Mr Zeric was detained in May 1992 in Kozarac, near Prijedor, a month after Bosnian Serbs began their siege of Sarajevo. He was ﬁrst sent to Keraterm camp then transferred a week later to Omarska, a site in an old iron mine he describes as “hell”. Later on he was taken to Manjaca, another camp set up by the Bosnian Serb wartime authorities. The grave at Tomasica, which lies 20 kilometres (12 miles) from the city of Prijedor, was discovered by the Bosnian Institute for Missing People based on information from former Bosnian Serb soldiers. The Institute is still searching for 1200 people from the 3000 who went missing in the area during the war. “Since the start of exhumation work, on September 3, we exhumed 240 victims, and among them 170 complete bodies,” the Institute’s spokeswoman Lejla Cengic told AFP. She said incomplete skeletons were those of victims moved from Tomasica to another grave in nearby Jakarina Kosa to try to cover up the crimes. The remains of 373 were exhumed from that grave in 2001, said Ms Cengic, who said the bodies had been shattered by bulldozers used by Bosnian Serb forces during the move. Forensic experts continue to exhume “hundreds of victims” at the Tomasica site, said the spokeswoman, saying it is not only the biggest mass grave found in the region but may become the largest ever found in Bosnia. The biggest gravesite so far was discovered in 2003 in Crni Vrh, in the country’s east, where the remains of 629 people were recovered. Bosnian Serbs took control of the Prijedor region in April 1992, forcing non-Serbs to leave their homes. Families were separated and thousands of people were thrown into detention camps, held in squalid living conditions, many tortured, many executed. In the Prijedor area alone more than 1500 people died in the camps of Omarska, Trnopolje and Keraterm. Twenty years on, some of the bodies at Tomasica are surprisingly practically intact, said forensic expert Mujo Begic. “This is due to the composition of the soil and also because the bodies were very deep. They were found 10 to 12 metres (33-39 feet) under the earth,” he said. Still traumatised by his time in Omarska where he said he was regularly beaten, Mr Zeric, a Muslim, has found peace in his faith. “I will never understand this desire to kill,” he said. “An animal stops when it catches its prey. They [the Serb forces], never had enough of death. I hope that no one else on the planet lives through what we have lived,” he said. – AFP
Belgrade War decorations of Tito’s widow stolen from her grave
War decorations of Jovanka Broz, widow of former Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, were stolen from her grave shortly after she was buried alongside her husband at the weekend, ofﬁcials said October 30. “The disappearance of the decorations of Jovanka Broz was reported to the police,” the Museum of Yugoslav History, which runs the mausoleum of the late communist leader, said in a statement, without elaborating. Police said the ﬁve military decorations were stolen sometime between the funeral and last Wednesday morning. The decorations, which Jovanka Broz received as a member of the Yugoslav anti-fascist partisan movement in World War II, were displayed during the funeral, which was attended by some 4,000 people. Jovanka Broz, who died of heart failure aged 88 on October 20, was buried in the mausoleum House of Flowers in Belgrade, where the communist strongman was laid to rest in 1980.
Warsaw Guantanamo inmate granted ‘victim status’ in Poland
Dated: 4th November, 2013
A third Guantanamo Bay detainee alleged to have been tortured in a secret CIA jail in Poland has been granted formal victim status here, his lawyer said October 30. Poland is one of several European Union members suspected of having hosted secret prisons or “black sites” set up by the US Central Intelligence Agency to hold suspected Al-Qaeda militants after the attacks of September 11, 2001. Lawyers for Yemen citizen Walida Mohammad bin Attash claim he was tortured in 2003 in a secret prison in Poland’s northeastern village of Kiejkuty, before being transferred to Guantanamo. “My client has gained victim status in Poland, which means that we as his legal team have access to the prosecutor’s case ﬁles and can petition the court,” lawyer Mariusz Paplaczyk told AFP. “There’s a high probability that Mr Attash was illegally held and tortured in Poland.” – AFP
International World 39
Putin topples Obama in power ranking
HAVING outfoxed him on Syria, Russian President Vladimir Putin has pipped Barack Obama to the title of the world’s most powerful leader as ranked by Forbes on October 30. It was the ﬁrst time in three years that the US president has dropped to second place on the magazine’s list and came as US-Russia relations slid to a new low. Mr Putin, who has enjoyed 13 years of dominant rule over Russia, was again elected president in March 2012. Mr Obama, on the other hand, has just emerged scathed from an embarrassing 16-day US government shutdown caused by a budget and debt crisis in Washington. “Putin has solidiﬁed his control over Russia, while Obama’s lame duck period has seemingly set in earlier than usual for a two-term president – latest example: the government shutdown mess,” wrote Forbes. In August, Russia granted asylum to former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, wanted in the United States over a mammoth intelligence leak. A month later, Mr Putin played the trump card again by averting Mr Obama’s threatened missile strikes on Syria with a plan for Damascus to hand over chemical weapons. “Anyone watching this year’s chess match over Syria and NSA leaks has a clear idea of the shifting individual power dynamics,” Forbes wrote. The 2013 list of 72 powerbrokers was chosen to reﬂect one for every 100 million lesser mortals on Earth. Third prize went to Chinese President Xi Jinping, who is expected to rule for a decade in which China is set to eclipse the US as the world’s largest economy. Pope Francis made his debut at number four and German Chancellor Angela Merkel rounded out the top ﬁve. Among 13 newcomers were Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-Hee at number 41 and Nigerian billionaire Aliko Dangote, the richest man in Africa, in at number 64. There were 17 heads of state who run nations with a combined GDP of US$48 trillion and 27 CEOs and chairs who control over $3 trillion in annual revenues. Only nine women made the cut despite representing half the world’s population. – AFP
Sandusky victims to get $60 million
PENNSYLVANIA State University announced October 28 a payout of US$60 million for 26 victims abused by convicted child sex offender, American football coach Jerry Sandusky. The settlement comes just over a year after former Penn State American football coach Mr Sandusky was jailed for 30 to 60 years on 45 counts of child sex abuse. Now aged 69, Mr Sandusky is expected to spend the rest of his life behind bars, after being found guilty in court of molesting 10 children between 1994 and 2008. Penn State University said 32 alleged victims had come forward demanding compensation, but that six had their claims rejected. It announced on its website that it had agreed to pay a total of $59.7 million to the other 26. “We hope this is another step forward in the healing process for those hurt by Mr Sandusky and another step forward for Penn State,” said university president, Rodney Erickson. “We cannot undo what has been done, but we can and must do everything possible to learn from this and ensure it never happens again at Penn State.” Mr Sandusky, who coached one of America’s most illustrious college football teams, recruited his young victims through a charity he founded for troubled youths. Eight victims testiﬁed in person, offering graphic testimony about his actions on campus, in hotel rooms and at his home. Another coach told the court he saw Sandusky rape a boy in the showers at Penn State. The case scandalized the United States and tarnished the legacy of the university. – AFP
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that AstraZeneca UK Limited a company organized under the laws of England and having its principal office at 15 Stanhope Gate, London W1Y 6LN, England is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Beiersdorf AG a company organized under the laws of Germany and having its principal office at Unnastrasse 48, D-20253 Hamburg, GERMANY is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/2820/2013) in respect of :- “Pharmaceuticals” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for AstraZeneca UK Limited P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013 (Reg: Nos. IV/3855/2010 & IV/6350/2013) in respect of :- “Cosmetics” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Beiersdorf AG P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416
Dated: 4th November, 2013
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Takeda Pharma A/S, a company incorporated in Denmark and having its principal office at Langebjerg 1, DK-4000, ROSKILDE, DENMARK is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks: -
TRADE MARK CAUTION
NOTICE is hereby given that Revlon (Suisse) S.A. a company organized under the laws of Switzerland and having its principal office at Badenerstrasse 116, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: Nos. IV/2710/2009 & IV/8910/2013) in respect of:- “Pharmaceutical preparations.”
COLORSTAY SOFT & SMOOTH
(Reg: Nos. IV/4834/2005, IV/647/2010 & IV/4240/2013) The said trademark is in respect of:“Cosmetics, makeup, skin care preparations, nail care preparations, and hair care preparations.” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Revlon (Suisse) S.A. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 4th November, 2013
(Reg: Nos. IV/2030/2008 & IV/8911/2013) in respect of:- “Int’l Class 5”: Analgesic preparations.” Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Takeda Pharma A/S P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416
Dated: 4th November, 2013
GERS O FIN N
THE PULSE EDITOR: MANNY MAUNG email@example.com
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Basic yet featured
string “sculptures” lead the viewer to walk the path off the paved road of the park. Embarking on this short journey brings focus, calm, and a few mosquitoes. Institutions often refer to Po Po as a conceptual artist, because of his unorthodox manipulation of everyday materials and choice of location when it comes to the display of an artwork. The works’ effect, like the Road to Nirvana, comes only after introspection from the participant and physical experience. An intimate gathering in Fort Canning Park on the opening night of the exhibition marked the soft launch for his work. Po Po asked an attendee to read out loud a poem by Robert Frost, titled “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” whose famous last lines, “but I have promises to keep, and miles to go before I sleep,” a parallel to Po Po’s path to an enlightened state of being. Artists from all over Southeast Asia exhibiting at the biennale addressed personal histories or regional issues but the artists from Myanmar kept their work intimate and experiential, inviting viewers in who more than likely knew probably very little about the country, its people and its recent transition woes into a democracy. More familiar in Singapore might be a few of the following themes addressed in artworks from the region: the shared history of Singapore and Malaysia, the massacre of the Chinese in Indonesia, the disappearing environments due to heavy industry and the growing consumerism of a globalised economy. Nge Lay and Po Po kept it basic, perhaps based on the assumption that regardless of their intentions, viewers would interpret the artwork based on their understanding of the theme, If the World Changed. In the context of Myanmar, this would likely evoke the country’s transition from isolated pariah state to a member of global community. Instead of focusing on the artists’ reference to their home country, the real challenge lies in a self-reﬂexive questioning of educational systems and current journeys. If the world changed for the better or worse, who would be responsible? The Singapore Biennale 2013 runs until February 2014.
Responding to the them were commissioned to
f the World Changed is this year’s Singapore Biennale theme, asking artists living and working in Southeast Asia how they see the world around them. The approach is particularly suited to the region, considering the pluralities of language, cultures, artistic traditions, and some of the fastest socioeconomic growth witnessed in this region. Though incredibly diverse and unique, as a region, the countries of Southeast Asia share identities: Traumatic periods of political struggle, coveted natural resources and an increasing appetite for commercial consumerism. Some artists chose to address where they or their respective cultures and countries have been, some looked into the future to what will be and still, others recognised that for many people living in the region, the world had not changed very much at all. But no country has experienced change quite like Myanmar has in the past two years. In a rare opportunity for Myanmar artists, their work was commissioned by the Singapore Biennale, speciﬁcally for the event. In two separate installations, Nge Lay and Po Po addressed two topics close to the hearts of people in Myanmar – education and spirituality. Myanmar curator, Aye Ko said, “Nge Lay’s work reﬂects on Myanmar’s poor education system and Po Po is a senior artist with a very strong body of work.” The start of Nge Lay’s project began years ago as part of her interest in the Myanmar children’s education system. Her work investigates whether the rules of government curricula – instilled decades ago into the public education system – encouraged children to think critically or creatively. Her project for the biennale was conceived as part of her work with the Thuye’dan Village art project, a collaboration between 10-12 artists who travel every year to the home village of the internationally exhibited artist and husband of Nge Lay, Aung Ko. Two hours outside of Pyay on the banks of the Ayeyarwaddy River, the village hosts a local monastery, ﬁsherman, cattle and crops. Environmental damage and heavy foreign investment in the area is affecting villagers and their livelihoods. Nge Lay invited visitors and artists to a grade one classroom at the village primary school. There, she swapped brand new school supplies and backpacks with the children in exchange for their own, worn out materials, lesson books, and traditional bags. She photographed the teacher and the classroom; even the teak walls had chalk lessons drawn on. This eventually became her installation at the Singapore Biennale, Sick Classroom. Each of the 26 students from Thuye’dan Village were fashioned in wood, (built together with a village craftsman) uniquely positioned by wearing the classic Myanmar school uniform – white on top, green on the bottom. The teacher was also a wooden statue at the front of the classroom, referring to her notes on the blackboard. The classroom represents a critique on early childhood education in Myanmar and the unknown paths that a child will take to achieve – or fail – to live up to a basic knowledge level subscribed by the government. What is more, local village schools often have no infrastructure for education – state funding does not apply therefore the teachers and students are subjected to a program which has not been updated in decades. Often, the local monasteries must take responsibility to doubly support reading, writing, and recitation. It’s no secret how important Buddhism is to the majority of Myanmar citizens, both as religion and philosophy. Artist Po Po draws on his devotion to Buddhism to help convey the power of meditation to his audience. Fort Canning Park is as close to nature as one can get in central Singapore. The winding paths bring a wanderer through banyans, palms, and landmarks. Perhaps this is why Po Po chose a small, isolated section of this park for his installation, Road to Nirvana. Painted ﬂuorescent green strings are tightly pulled into a twisted half vortex, held by an environmentally friendly metal contraption which hugs the tree, saving any nails from being born into its trunk. These
Artist Po Po shares with his audience, a path to assist in meditation and perhaps event
the pulse 41
poignant: Local artists at Singapore Biennale
me, ‘If the World Changed’, two Myanmar installation artists feature their work at the Singapore Biennale 2013
The artist, Nge Lay, chose to highlight the theme of a waning education system in Myanmar as her project for this year’s Singapore Biennale art exhibition. Photo: Supplied
‘Artist, Po Po’s string “sculptures” lead the viewer to walk the path off the paved road of the park. Embarking on this short journey brings focus, calm, and a few mosquitoes’
ually, the Path to Enlightenment. Photo: Supplied
42 the pulse local
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Forgiveness in the aftermath of tragedy: Filmmaker Valerie Kaur tells her story
ZON PANN PWINT
IKH-AMERICAN ﬁlmmaker Valarie Kaur, who produced the documentary Divided We Fall: Americans in the Aftermath, gave a lecture on building a groundswell for peace at the American Center in Yangon on October 29, narrating her adventures in the wake of 9/11. Kaur is an award-winning ﬁlmmaker, civil rights advocate and interfaith leader who harnesses the power of storytelling around her work. Her documentary captures the stories of relatives and families of the victims of violence against Sikhs in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington of September 11, 2001. She was born and raised in the United States. Her grandfather, a Punjab farmer, had emigrated there in 1913. “I was a 20-year-old college student. I was grieving for the terrible loss of life,” Ms Kaur told The Myanmar Times after her lecture. “I was pretty sad to see acts of violence against Muslims in the wake of September 11 … The sad story of hate crimes across America wouldn’t have been heard in the national news,” she said. On September 11, 2001, she was sitting on the ﬂoor of her parent’s bedroom, watching the twin towers
Valarie Kaur, filmmaker and interfaith advocate, is now screening her work at the American Center in Yangon. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
fall. Within moments, they heard news of hate crimes being committed against Muslims and Sikhs. “I couldn’t face what was brewing outside. I ran to the bedroom and hid for days. I didn’t want to
face the violence directed against people who looked like me,” she said. “I realised the grief of my fellow citizens and the heartache of my community – also a victim of terror,”
she said, resolving to look forward with optimism even in the face of darkness and suffering. With her camera, Kaur drove around the country to ﬁlm these stories. “Like many people who experienced the violence, I felt anger and despair. But I was comforted by the outpourings of support from anonymous people – Christian, Muslim, Jewish and other faiths who stood with me against the violence,” she said. The then 20-year-old student drove from city to city and from temple to temple. She did not shrink from entering places where the blood was still fresh on the ground. Women, men and children told her of their sufferings. At the lecture, she recounted that she met a 30-year-old Sikh American who was turbaned and bearded as she visited Ground Zero. “The young man ran with thousands of other people on the morning of twin towers falling. He told me that a group of people crossed the street shouting ‘terrorist’, telling him to take off his turban. He barely escaped with his life.” Ms Kaur said her life changed when she came across a widow in India, whose husband had been killed in the aftermath of 9/11, and who taught her forgiveness. “I asked her what she would like to tell the American people. I was expecting anger and bitterness. But she asked me to tell them thanks, because when she was at her husband’s funeral in Arizona, thousands of people came to express their support.” Ms Kaur said she had seen how
‘I couldn’t face what was brewing outside. I ran to the bedroom and hid for days. I didn’t want to face the violence directed against people who looked like me’
Valeria Kaur Filmmaker
Myanmar people responded to recent violence against Muslims and she believes her support will help build a groundswell for peace that will help put an end to the violence. “Everyone has the power to bring about peace in Myanmar” she said. “I hope my work will inspire a young generation of Myanmar citizens to achieve peace.”
A book to support the lonely
ZON PANN PWINT firstname.lastname@example.org ON March11, 2011, Japan was struck by a powerful earthquake and tsunami which claimed thousands of lives and whose devastation continues to affect the country. The Japanese people learned some very important things from this catastrophe, as sympathy and assistance ﬂooded in from overseas, an author has told her Myanmar readers. “The disaster caused immeasurable damage to life and property. We received heartfelt sympathy and support from people around the world. We were touched by their warmth,” said Ms Keiko Yokoi, author of a picture book entitled You are the Only One, But Not a Lonely One. Her book was translated into the Myanmar language by Cherry Marlar Thwin, and into English by John McDonald. About 4000 copies have been donated to children in primary schools, monastic schools and orphanages in Yangon, a ceremony to donate the book heard on October 31 at City Hall. The book tells of an ant who envies a beautiful butterﬂy, a zebra, a falcon who can ﬂy high, and a powerful elephant. They all respond that ants are industrious, work together to store food and are safe and secure because they build their own homes. “I wrote the book to share my belief that you are not alone,” Ms Yokoi told The Myanmar Times after the ceremony. “If a child in Myanmar reads this, he or she will have strength enough to face a similar tragedy,” The book, her ﬁrst, was illustrated by Kazuaki Yamada. “I live in Tokyo. I thought about how we should prepare if catastrophe struck, and I began to write three months after the disaster struck,” she said. “All people are the same on earth although their faces are different. I wrote the book with sympathy for anyone who might experience a natural disaster as the Japanese people did.”
Children perform at a book donation ceremony in Yangon on October 31. Photo: Ko Taik
the pulse local 43
Cartoons for the ages
CHIT SU email@example.com SHOWING works that were too funny for the authorities’ taste during the socialist era, the Within Censorship cartoon exhibition is being held at the Culture Bridge Gallery, Pazundaung, from October 30 to November 4. More than 40 cartoonists have contributed to the display, including Shwe Talay. The exhibition assembles cartoons from the socialist era up to 2010. Famous contributors include U Ba Gyan, U Hain Soon, Pe Thein, Thawka, Win Maung, Paw Oo Thet, Can Chon, Bo Maung, Nay Minn, Aung Myo Lwin. Many of the works are famous for not being published – because they were blue-pencilled. Win Aung said, “The censors were not concerned with art. If they thought the government wouldn’t like the cartoon, they would ban it. Since the 2010 election, we have more freedom to create. Anyway, cartoons should be seen in public more.” Cartooning in Myanmar celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2015. Maung Maung Aung, who collects the works of fellow cartoonists Pe Thein, Win Maung and Thawka, said,“The organisers, Ko Kaung Htet and Ko Yaung Naung Oo, invited me to submit my cartoons and my collections of famous old cartoons. It’s amazing that we can now show our work openly.” Maung Maung Aung said he regretted the disappearance of some great cartoons under censorship. Even now, he said, local cartoonists’ livelihood was affected because there was no copyright in Myanmar for cartoons. Myanmar’s earliest cartoons appeared in newspapers. When the policy of the newspapers changed, magazines took over, providing a forum for the artist’s political views. More than 70 cartoons are on display, and are on sale from K30,000 to K600,000. Organiser Ko Yaung Naung Oo said, “We’ve spent the past four years collecting original works of journalism. Many people collect paintings, but not cartoons. Next month, the Culture Bridge Gallery will display the political cartoons of Soe San Win.”
Duo Khin Hlaing (left) and Dain Daung pair up to help struggling comedians in Myanmar. Photo: Greg Holland
Comedians for pensions
NYEIN EI EI HTWE EI EI THU
“COMEDIANS in Myanmar spend all their lives making other people laugh, but they end up being the ones to struggle ﬁnancially in their lives,” says Dain Daung, a popular comedian and chairman of the Myanmar Comedians Association. “We want the comedians who make others happy to happy themselves, and safe in their old age. That’s why we founded the comedian’s association.” The Myanmar Comedians Association, established September 15 this year, have amassed more than 70 comedians in the Yangon and Mandalay Regions. Dain Daung said that most people were unaware just how hard it is for comedians. “There’s a season in Myanmar for Zat Pwe [traditional performances for the whole night by comedy troupes] in winter and summer but from April to October when it’s monsoon season, comedians have no job, so no income,” he said. He said the industry is also typically ageist, and older comedians fall into hard times more easily. It’s also a struggle for their families who may have relied on them as a sole earner.
“We have planned to support retiring comedians with a type of monthly pension and we’re trying to organise fundraising activities to help those who are a bit older.” So far, Dain Daung has donated one square acre in North Dagon Township in Yangon, to build homes for former comedians who are now homeless because they haven’t managed to ﬁnd work. Most recently, the association organised a fund raising football game at Aung San Stadium on October 22, with play against teams made up of comedians from Yangon and Mandalay. The event raised 25 million Kyat for the fund. Khin Hlaing, vice-chairman of Myanmar Comedians Association said they have now opened a bank account in the association’s name. “We Myanmar comedians don’t receive a pension when we’re old and unemployed,” Khin Hlaing said. “But now we can help support each other a little bit, particularly in cases where there may be unforeseen disasters.” But ,he says the fund is not enough to support everyone and the association will also open branches regionally, which can operate as an
umbrella organisation. All comedians are welcome to join and can participate by contributing a monthly fee of K3000 as a member. The chair and organising committee will also rotate every two years by vote from members, Khin Hlaing said. “There is no limit to gender, age, standard or genre of comedian who can join,” he said. “We will support as many as we can.” U Win Naing, a new member to the association says, it’s a relief to know there is some kind of support. “It can be really tough on your own, and I think most of us in the industry have been wanting this for a long time. I think they will be a success.”
Cartoons from the socialist era, up until 2010, are on display at Yangon’s Culture Bridge Gallery. Photo: Zarni Phyo
Myanmar Walt Disney, U Aung Shane passes away, aged 85
CHIT SU firstname.lastname@example.org THE cartoonist, U Aung Shane who was dubbed the Walt Disney of Myanmar, passed away at Yangon General Hospital on October 30 at the age of 85. His body was cremated at Yayway cemetery on November 1. Born in Pathein on August 29, 1928, the cartoonist drew for most of his life, starting his professional career in 1949 and only stopping after he had turned 70-years-old because of his ailing health. Fellow cartoonist Win Aung said that it was a great loss for the creative community. “He was my teacher. I grew up with his cartoons,” Win Aung told The Myanmar Times. “His cartoons reached a wide audience of all ages. He was entertaining me when I was a child and today, I still see children who are inﬂuenced by U Aung Shane’s work.” U Aung Shane’s prestige as a cartoonist was unrivalled. While his work is considered on par with other satirists such as U Pe Thein, U Kyaw San an U Than Kywal, U Aung Shane’s cartoon characters gained popularity after making it into the world of ﬁlm. Maung Maung Aung, a fellow cartoonists, said he hoped U Aung Shane’s work will be recognised as a national credit. “He inﬂuenced so many people. His work deserves to be preserved at the National Museum.”
the pulse local 45
The scavengers of Yangon
Selling garlands of jasmine at Hledan Junction, making kunyah, driving a tri-shaw; all typical activities to be found every dayon the streets of Yangon, but it’s not usually me doing them. For just one day, all that changed when I joined sixty other Yangonites to compete in the city’s fourth annual scavenger hunt.
Yangon scavenger hunters take a break after hours of urban racing. Photo: Ko Pyay Way
HE day started with competitors congregating at the Nawaday Tharlar Gallery in downtown Yangon on October 26. As clues were dispensed to the teams we realised just what a challenge this might be; a photograph of a team member with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi would be worth 90 points, a photo with U Thein Sein could collect 100, but bringing back a dancer from the Pyongyang Koryo restaurant would carry the day with 1000 points. “Oh those clues are a tradition, they’re on there every year,” admitted organiser Maria Fulwiler, when challenged with the assertion that Daw Suu was at the time somewhere in Europe. Still that didn’t deter: there were plenty more as unlikely tasks to set about completing. Some of those tougher tasks actually achieved by participants included securing the business card of someone on the
SDN [Specially Designated National] list and convincing a military officer in full uniform to sing the entire national anthem. Teams of ﬁve to 10 members had three hours to complete as many as possible of the 80 set tasks. Each task would contribute points to the team’s total but competitors had to decide whether it was worth heading up to Inya Lake to ride the Ferris wheel for just ten points when serving a stranger at a petrol station would get you 40 and your picture with an ambulance secured an impressive 75 points. The press room of The Myanmar Times also welcomed scavengers on the hunt for an August back edition that would add 20 points to their collection. “I love these kinds of events that promote meeting new people, doing new things, seeing new parts of the town and getting to know Yangon and its people better” said Maria. “There are some things that you really want
to try here, or people you’d love to talk to but you might feel shy, or you don’t feel you have a good enough reason but the scavenger hunt provides that excuse.” Urban Races like the Yangon scavenger hunt have become a phenomena across Europe and America. Inspired by television programmes such as The Amazing Race, one organisation even holds a tour including a ﬁnal championship race worth $10,000. This “Great Urban Race” also rewards those competitors who raise money for their official charity. As with marathons and long-distance running the challenge is often adopted in the name of fundraising. Unlike marathons or long-distance running, however, these Urban Races are not merely about passing through an unfamiliar environment. Instead, the events see you constantly engaged, sometimes with familiar landmarks and other times on a side-street you might never have visited otherwise.
Some urban races ﬁt the scavenger hunt mould as seen Yangon, with teams navigating the city either identifying checkpoints or completing fun activities but others are more extreme. These involve engaging in adventure sports such as climbing, abseiling, kayaking and tough obstacle courses often located by famous landmarks. These obstacle races ﬁt into a larger trend towards “tough guy” events; endurance sports that push an individual to their limits provide the potential for self-discovery. These “tough guy” challenges have been known to attract competitor ﬁelds as large as 20,000 people. The founder of one of the largest commercial organisations of these events, Spartan Race, suggests that their success is based on the assumption that people have grown bored with traditional races such as marathons or triathlons. Urban racing events also provide far more memories and are interesting to a far wider group of people than a traditional race or sporting event.
While Yangon may not be a likely next stop on this world tour, the experience of this year’s scavenger hunt was met enthusiastically by many local participants as well as expats. A clear consensus of opinion recognised an appreciation for the Myanmar people and their sense of humour. “I kept expecting someone to object, but they just laughed at us,” commented one of the participants, Bart, as he stood there in his tiger suit onesie [dressed appropriately in a Halloween theme]. “Our taxi driver got so into the event, he was translating for us, looking out for clues and pretty much became the tenth member of the team.” Win or lose, it was athoroughly enjoyable day summed up by organiser Bic when she said this day has “reinvigorated our love affair with Yangon.” Who can’t be in love with a city where if you ask nicely and smile politely, the staff at the Governor’s Residence will happily dance the Macarena with you?
MMA considers monitoring system
THE Myanmar Music Association is considering ways in which to implement a system that monitors songs aired on national television and FM radio stations, in order to combat unpaid royalties and piracy. Associate secretary of the research and development department in the MMA, U Kyaw Lin Htein said they were speciﬁcally looking into two different avenues to incorporate a media monitoring system into the MMA. “We have been working with a software company to help us develop a system, but we haven’t decided what,” he said. “We’re also considering a tender process from private companies that may already have suitable software.” FM radio stations, TV channels, ring back tone services for mobile phones and music contests all play songs via a rental system contract with the MMA. U Kyaw Lin Htein says a monitoring system would allow the MMA to track the popularity and uptake of popular songs by audiences, as well as monitor any illegal use of songs that are proprietary owned. He said that by having a media monitoring system to capture the information, contracts and fees will be more streamlined. – Nandar Aung
Fortunes for karaoke
LOCAL singers are invited to sing world-famous songs on air. The “For Tunes” channel, part of MRTV-4, is renewing a program by which young Myanmar amateur singers “cover” international hits. “This can be a great opportunity for young amateur singers who like to sing international songs. We audition them, then hold a vote to select the best. Then we provide backing as they sing in a live show on air,” said Ko Khant Ko Ko Hein, production manager of the channel’s music department. The singers’ performance is also aired on other commercial channels. Would-be cover artists can send their songs to fortuneschannel.fg@ gmail.com or Myanmar Radio and Television office on Pyay Road, using audio CD or MP3 ﬁles. – Nandar Aung
46 the pulse tea break
Edited by Timothy E. Parker
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
HARDWARE STORE By Henry Quarters
ACROSS 1 “Encore presentation” 6 Oven setting 10 Unsightly fruit? 14 Appearance, as in a mirror 15 Top service provider? 16 Welfare state? 17 Pot cleaner 19 Reclusive 20 “The Racer’s Edge” Indy sponsor 21 Sword material 22 Minuscule amounts 23 Classification system for blood 24 Foot twelfth 25 Tax return category 31 Breakdown of societal norms 32 Camel’s South American cousin 33 Poetic music genre 35 Tollbooth approach 36 One way to attain new heights 37 “Lucky Jim” author Kingsley 38 Snap, Crackle or Pop, e.g. 39 Historic city of Tuscany 40 Denizen of a certain sultanate 41 Storm striker 44 Colonel Mustard’s game 45 Inquire 46 Ceremonial Mass plate 48 Purple hue 51 Court evidence, sometimes 54 Mozart’s Trojan princess 55 It may need polishing 57 Place for a warp and a heddle 58 The golden calf, infamously 59 Light, semitransparent fabric 60 Headlight component 61 Infinitesimal 62 Vintage auto DOWN 1 Makes free (of) 2 Discharge, as radiation 3 Hoarse voice quality 4 Disgusted reply 5 Times tosser 6 Infield post 7 Need a massage 8 Ship stabilizer 9 Make a mistake 10 Use a key on 11 Home heating and cooling option 12 “Havana” actress Olin 13 Roman midmonth 18 What the winged woman is holding in the Emmy statuette 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 34 36 37 Foe of Pizarro Peak of perfection Poetic foot Excluding nothing Best-seller category Television personality DeGeneres Russian pancake Physics Nobelist Sir C.V. ___ Tarnish, as a reputation Pub pintful Tire letters Mention in a footnote, say Run ___ (lose selfcontrol) 39 Give the cold shoulder to 40 “Watch closely, now ...” 42 Glistens 43 Wasn’t sturdy 46 Aspirin tablet 47 Tissue softener 48 Calf-length skirt 49 Soon, to Shelley 50 “The ___ Duckling” 51 Place for roasting 52 “Cleopatra” river 53 Author Haley 55 Working out just fine? 56 Definite denials
BY SCOTT ADAMS
BY CHARLES SCHULZ
CALVIN AND HOBBES
BY BILL WATTERSON
Laugh all the way to the bank when you rent this space.
The tea break page is being re-formatted in readiness for our move to a daily cycle. It may look something like this in the future. Our market research shows that a page like this attracts a large number of readers, who loyally read it every day. Ring Marketing Department to book this space permanently and laugh all the way to the bank with the extra business coming in your door.
Telephone us now on +951 392 928
the pulse food and drink 47
Last chance for eggs! T
HIS is the ﬁnal week of the great egg adventures in the kitchen, and on the menu is a grilled asparagus salad with quail eggs. Boiled quail eggs are one of the more popular snacks in Myanmar. It’s very easy to get them at any supermarket or wet market. This salad is a great side dish for a BBQ, or even to have with a main of pasta. For an Asian-style dish, use lime juice instead of cheese. It is a very quick and easy recipe to make, as well as good for the whole family. Even toddlers can pick the boiled quail eggs from the salad. My little one does it all the time. The second recipe is poached eggs. Grab your poach cups! However, no need for breakfast drama if you have forgotten them. Sometimes I add poached eggs to the top of grilled asparagus. The runny egg yolks are so yummy to dip with the asparagus. Some people also use vinegar to poach eggs. GRILLED ASPARAGUS AND QUAIL EGG SALAD (SERVES 6) 2 bunches asparagus 8 quail eggs 1 tablespoon olive oil ¼ cup of any hard cheese PREPARATION Wash asparagus and drain well. Discard the woody parts of asparagus. Add half the olive oil onto a plate and rub it into the asparagus. Grill on an open ﬁre or grill in a pan. Turn the asparagus while grilling. Once cooked through, cool. It should be cooked but be crunchy. Boil the quail eggs in a saucepan over medium heat, keeping them underwater and boiling for one full minute after the water fully boils. Then, discard hot water. Place the eggs in cold water again. Then, peel the shells. Shave any hard cheese and set aside. Cut asparagus into 2-3, even pieces. Halve the quail eggs. On a serving plate, add asparagus, quail eggs, hard cheese and a dash of the remaining olive oil. Salt and add fresh, crushed black peeper for taste. Mix well and eat! POACHED EGGS ON TOAST (SERVES 2) 2 organic eggs 2 slices bread 1 teaspoon shallots Butter PREPARATION Use small heat-proof bowls like ramekins for poaching. Using kitchen paper, rub a bit of butter inside two-thirds of the bowls. This will help the egg slide out more easily after cooking. Gently break open the eggs into the bowls but make sure the egg yolks don’t break. Into a wide saucepan, place the
PHYO’S COOKING ADVENTURE
bowls inside and add cold water to the saucepan. Make sure the water covers about ¾ of the bowls. Boil the water over a high heat. When it starts bubbling, turn the heat to medium and cover the saucepan with a lid and boil for 3 and a half to 4 minutes. When the eggs are ready take them out to cool. Serve on toast. Add salt and freshly crushed black peppers for taste. Garnish with shallots. TIPS The poaching time for the egg will vary depending on the thickness of the saucepan and the level of heat. If you can’t ﬁnd poaching baskets,
the above method will be better and quicker. FOODIE QUOTE “Probably one of the most private things in the world is an egg before it is broken.” – Mary Frances Kennedy Fisher, American food writer. NEXT WEEK Soba noodles
Grilled asparagus and quail egg salad. Photo: Phyo
Poached eggs on toast. Photo: Phyo
Mandalay restaurant in Yangon serves up a feast
MOH MOH THAW email@example.com I often travel down Daw Thein Tin Road in Yangon when I make my way across one side of the city to the other. But I’ve previously never noticed the restaurants lined down the road. When my family organised a catch-up dinner on the full moon night of Thadingyut in this area, I was surprised at how popular the eateries around here were. My father had organised to meet at the family-run restaurant, Mandalay, and I was again surprised when he told me it was Chinese-Muslim fare – one of my favourites. Mandalay opens up into two separate dining areas on a ground ﬂoor building. To the left is the main dining room where most of the patrons choose to sit. The room to the right is smaller and our table because we liked it so much. Another dish we ordered was the Szechuan-style squid curry (K4500). The texture of the squid, which is cooked slowly, seemed to be ﬁrm and yet was soft to chew. I love good food and this particular dish, with its sweet, spicy and sour gravy is the perfect balance. I was delighted with my dinner for the evening. All the dishes were a large portion and the staff were well trained, regularly offering to ﬁll the customer’s plates with more rice. There are no alcoholic drinks served at the restaurant, but there is lassi and other soft drinks available. The only thing that disappointed me was actually the behaviour of the other guests, who were extremely rude and inappropriate toward the wait staff. The night
No(54), Daw Thein Tin Road, Mingalataungnyut township Food: 9 Drink: 6 Atmosphere: 7 X-factor: 6 Service: 8 Value for money: 9 Total Score:
Roast duck in Mandalay sauce. Photo: Moh Moh Thaw
quieter. We chose to sit in the larger area, and while I assumed it was packed because of the Thadingyut holiday, my father assured me that the place was very
Shanghai fish. Photo: Moh Moh Thaw
popular all year-round. The interior of the restaurant is sparsely decorated but very clean. The menu caters for Shanghaistyle and Szechuan-style fare. I felt overwhelmed with the amount of options available and my father helped order, choosing a roast duck in Mandalay sauce (K2000), among a long list of different kinds of roast duck to devour. I thought the order would take awhile to get to our table, but somehow we were served before some other diners near our table, who had placed their orders before us. The meat of roast duck was very moist, but the skin wasn’t cooked crisp like in the traditional Chinese-style that I’m used to. The red gravy cooked with pepper and leek was delicious. We also ordered Shanghai ﬁsh kone baungyi (K6500). The dish involves a rather big ﬁsh the is fried whole and topped with vegetables, cashew nuts and sauce. The sweet ﬂavour from the sauce also has crispy bits of ﬁsh. The dish actually received a round of applause from
was a family affair and we did not need to see such disgusting behaviour from a table of drunken men who were trying to manhandle the waitresses. At least a disgusted look from my husband managed to draw a look of shame from one of the men. – Translated by Thiri Min Htun
Szechuan-style squid curry. Photo: Moh Moh Thaw
48 the pulse socialite
Korean food launch @ Traders hotel Korean Movie Festival
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
Ma Soe, Phillips and Ma Aye
Lee Sang Hack
Nissenken product launch
Soe Pyae Thazin and Pa Le Win Kim Dong-wan
Ma Kyaw Hsu Mon’s wedding
Su Myat Lin
Nay Lin Kyaw
Sato Shi Otake
Junction Center lucky draw
Ma Ei Thu
Bridegroom, bride and guest
Ma Hnin Wut Yi
Chatrium golf competition
Ma Nan and Ma Khine Nilar
Ma Phyu Phyu Soe and Ma Tin Lin Maw
HTC road show
Ko Naing Linn
100 Plus product launch
Thanzin and Yinmon
Maybelline lucky draw
the pulse socialite 49
Myanmar Marketing Committee
Kim andSeok Byeong Choi
‘Mingalabar’ MT’s readers! As the old saying goes: ‘No rest for the wicked. Or for the Socialite.’ On October 24, she attended the opening ceremony of the Korean Movie Festival held at Traders hotel. On that same day, she was seen at the launch of Ruby brand cement launch AND the launch of LG’s new handset at the Chatrium. Up next was celebrating YKKO’s 25th anniversary. That’s a quarter of a century serving soup to the Socialite. She headed back to Traders Café to devour delicious Korean fare before rushing off to office to enjoy the birthday party of her October born colleagues at the office of The Myanmar Times. Saturday 26 October? Even crazier! In the morning, she attended the wedding ceremony of Ma Kyaw Hsu Mon, one of Socialite’s ex-colleagues. Around noon, she was seen at not one, but TWO lucky draw ceremonies at Maybelline’s and Junction center, respectively. That afternoon, Socialite hit a hole-in-one by getting an invite to the award ceremony of Chatrium hotel’s golf competition. After all the excitement, she cooled her heels at an HTC roadshow the following day. See YOU, next week.
Eco Solar light donation ceremony
Ma Nyo NYo Win
Honey and Ko Phyo
Kathryn Mechie and Ko Pyae
Ruby brand cement
Ko Aung Kyaw Myo, Laura Ahrens and Marcelino Ugarte
Ko Wai Myo, Ma Su and Guest
Angel VCD signing
Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein
Nyan Lin Aung
50 the pulse travel
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
DOMESTIC FLIGHT SCHEDULES
YANGON TO NAY PYI TAW Flight Days Dep FMI A1 1,2,3,4,5 7:30 FMI A1 6 8:00 FMI B1 1,2,3,4,5 11:30 FMI A1 7 15:30 FMI C1 1,2,3,4,5 16:30 NAY PYI TAW TO YANGON Flight Days Dep FMI A2 1,2,3,4,5 8:50 FMI A2 6 10:00 FMI B2 1,2,3,4,5 13:00 FMI A2 7 17:00 FMI C2 1,2,3,4,5 18:00 YANGON TO MANDALAY Flight Days Dep YJ 901 2,4,6 6:00 W9 512 3 6:00 YH 917 Daily 6:00 YJ 901 1 6:00 YJ 891 Daily 6:10 Y5 234 Daily 6:15 YH 909 1,2,3,4,5,7 6:15 YH 909 6 6:15 6T 401 Daily 6:20 YJ 901 3,5,7 6:30 K7 222 Daily 6:30 K7 626 1,5 6:45 K7 226 2,4 6:45 YH 921 1 7:00 W9 251 Daily 7:00 YH 831 2,4,6 7:00 YJ 001 1,2,4 7:30 W9 201 1,2,3 7:45 8M 6603 2,4,7 9:00 W9 251 2 10:30 K7 624 Daily 10:30 YJ 201 4 10:30 YJ 751/W9 7751 3,5,7 10:30 YJ 201 1 10:30 YJ 761 2 10:30 YJ 601 6 10:30 YJ 211 5,7 11:00 YJ 201 2 11:00 YJ 761 1,6 11:00 YJ 201 3 11:00 YH 727 1 11:00 YH 729 2,6 11:00 YH 737 3,5,7 11:00 YH 729 4 11:30 6T 807 7 11:30 6T 807 1 12:00 YH 921 4 14:00 K7 224 Daily 14:30 YJ 761 2 14:30 W9 129 1,2,3 14:45 YH 731 Daily 15:00 YJ 005 1,3 15:30 6T 501 Daily 15:30 MANDALAY TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 901 2 6:00 YJ 901 1,4 7:40 YH 832 2,4,6 7:00 Arr 8:30 9:00 12:30 16:30 17:30 YJ 902 6 YH 910 1,3,4,5,7 YH 910 2 Y5 233 Daily YH 918 1,2,3,5,6,7 YJ 891 Daily YH 910 6 YH 922 1 6T 402 Daily YJ 901 5,7 K7 223 Daily W9 201 4,5,6,7 YJ 143/W97143 1,2,3 W9 144 Daily YJ 002 3 W9 201 1,2,3 YJ 001 1,2 YJ 001 4 Y5 132 3,5,6,7 K7 227 2,4 K7 627 1,5 K7 845 2,4,7 YJ 761 2 6T 808 7 6T 808 1 YH 202 4 YJ 202 1,3 YJ 202 2 YJ 202 3 YH 921 4 W9 120 1,3 YJ 212 7 YJ 212 5 YJ 791 2 YJ 602/W9 7602 6 YH 728 1 YJ 762 1,4,6 YH 728 1 W9 129 4,5,6,7 K7 225 Daily YJ 005 1,3 W9 129 1,2,3 YH 732 Daily K7 625 Daily YH 738 3,5,7 8M 6604 2,4,7 YJ 752/W9 7752 5 YJ 752/W9 7752 3 W9 511 2 W9 252 2 YH 730 2,6 YH 730 4 6T 502 Daily 7:40 7:55 7:55 8:10 8:20 8:30 8:35 8:40 8:45 8:50 8:55 9:10 9:20 9:20 9:25 9:25 9:30 9:50 9:30 10:35 10:55 12:50 12:40 13:15 13:45 15:00 15:30 15:30 15:30 15:40 15:45 16:00 16:00 14:30 15:50 16:30 16:35 16:30 16:40 16:50 16:55 16:55 17:10 17:10 17:10 17:20 17:15 17:20 17:30 17:35 17:45 17:45 17:50 9:45 10:00 10:55 9:25 10:15 10:25 10:00 10:05 10:45 10:15 11:00 11:05 10:45 10:45 10:20 11:20 10:25 10:45 10:30 12:00 12:20 16:00 14:05 15:15 15:45 17:05 17:35 17:25 17:35 17:35 17:10 17:25 18:05 15:55 17:15 17:55 18:00 17:55 18:45 19:00 18:45 19:00 19:15 18:35 18:35 18:30 18:40 18:45 19:35 19:00 19:10 19:15 19:55 YJ 601/W9 7601 6 W9 129 4,5,6,7 W9 129 1,2,3 K7 224 Daily YH 731 Daily 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6T 501 Daily 10:30 14:30 14:45 14:30 15:00 6:30 15:30 11:50 17:10 17:25 17:25 17:55 7:50 18:20 YH 505 YJ 751/W9 7751 YJ 761 YH 505 6T 807 YH 737 YH 727 K7 826 6T 807 YH 921 W9 129 W9 129 K7 224 YH 921 YH 731 6T 501 4,6,7 5,7 1,4,6 2 7 3,5,7 1 2,6 1 5 1,2,3 4,5,6,7 Daily 4 Daily Daily 10:30 10:30 11:00 11:30 11:30 11:00 11:00 11:45 12:00 13:00 14:45 14:30 14:30 14:00 15:00 15:30 11:55 11:40 12:10 12:25 13:50 12:25 12:25 13:00 14:20 15:00 15:55 15:40 15:45 16:25 16:25 16:40 Flight YH 634 K7 320 YH 634 YH 634 MYEIK TO YANGON Days Dep 7 11:25 Daily 11:30 3 15:30 1 14:55 Arr 13:25 13:35 17:30 16:55
Arr 9:50 11:00 14:00 18:00 19:00
Arr 7:25 8:05 8:20 7:25 8:15 7:30 7:55 8:35 8:25 8:35 8:40 8:10 8:10 8:40 9:05 8:40 9:20 9:10 10:10 11:55 11:55 11:55 12:25 12:25 12:25 12:35 12:25 12:25 12:55 12:25 13:10 14:00 13:10 13:10 12:55 13:25 15:40 16:35 15:55 16:40 17:10 16:25 17:30
NYAUNG U TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YH 917 Daily 7:35 YJ 891 Daily 7:45 YH 910 6 7:50 6T 401 Daily 7:55 YJ 901 3,5,7 8:05 K7 222 Daily 8:05 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 8:05 YJ 901 1,2,4,6 8:25 YH 634 5 8:35 YH 514 3 8:35 YH 910 1,3,4,5,7 8:40 YH 910 2 9:35 6T 351 5 10:50 YJ 202 4 15:45 YJ 202 1,3 16:15 W9 129 Daily 17:25 W9 129 1,2,3 17:40 K7 225 Daily 17:45 YH 732 Daily 17:55 6T 502 Daily 18:35 YANGON TO MYITKYINA Flight Days Dep K7 844 2,4,7 7:30 W9 251 2 10:30 K7 624 Daily 10:30 YJ 201 1 10:30 YJ 201 4 10:30 YJ 211 5,7 11:00 YJ 201 2,3 11:00 MYITKYINA TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 202 4 13:35 YJ 202 2 14:05 YJ 211 5 14:05 YJ 202 3 14:05 YJ 202 1 14:05 YJ 211 7 14:05 K7 625 Daily 15:40 W9 252 2 16:05 YANGON TO HEHO Days Dep Daily 6:00 Daily 6:10 2 6:15 Daily 6:20 Daily 6:30 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 3 7:00 4,5,6,7 7:30 1,3,5 7:30 1,2,3 7:45 2,3 10:30 1 10:30 1,3, 10:30
Arr 10:15 10:25 10:00 10:45 10:15 11:00 11:10 9:45 10:40 10:40 10:00 10:55 13:55 17:05 17:35 18:45 19:00 19:00 19:15 19:55
YANGON TO THANDWE Flight Days Dep 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 YH 511 5 10:30 YH 511 1 10:30 YH 505 3,4,6,7 10:30 6T 605 Daily 11:15 YH 505 2 11:30 THANDWE TO YANGON Flight Days Dep 6T 632 1,2,3,4,6,7 10:15 YH 512 5 11:35 6T 605 Dailys 12:25 6T 632 5 13:00 YH 512 1 13:05 YH 506 3,4,6,7 13:10 YH 506 2 14:10
Arr 10:00 11:35 13:05 13:10 12:10 14:10
Arr 11:05 13:25 13:25 13:50 13:20 13:50 13:50
Arr 17:05 17:25 18:05 17:35 17:35 17:25 18:35 19:00
HEHO TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YH 910 2 8:40 6T 352 Daily 9:00 YH 918 Daily 9:05 YJ 891 Daily 9:15 6T 402 Daily 9:35 K7 223 Daily 9:45 W9 201 4,5,6,7 9:55 W9 201 1,2,3 10:10 YH 506 3,4,6,7 11:55 YJ 761 2 11:55 YH 506 2 12:55 K7 829 1,3,5 13:50 6T 808 7 14:05 6T 808 1 14:35 W9 120 1,3 15:00 YH 922 5 15:00 YH 514 7 15:30 YH 728 1 15:45 YJ 762 1 15:50 YJ 762 4,6 15:50 W9 129 4,5,6,7 15:55 K7 224 Daily 16:00 W9 129 1,2,3 16:10 YJ 202 2 16:15 YH 731 Daily 16:25 YH 738 3,5,7 16:25 YH 922 4 16:25 YJ 752/W9 7752 5 16:30 6T 501 Daily 16:55 YJ 752/W9 7752 7 17:25 K7 827 2,6 17:25 YANGON TO SIT T WE Flight Days Dep 6T 605 Daily 11:15 6T 611 4,6 14:30 K7 426 Daily 12:30 SIT T WE TO YANGON Flight Days Dep 6T 606 Daily 13:35 K7 427 Daily 14:05 6T 612 4,6 16:15 YANGON TO MYEIK Days Dep Daily 7:00 7 7:00 1 10:30 3 11:00
Arr 10:55 11:10 10:15 10:25 10:45 11:00 11:05 11:20 14:00 14:05 15:00 15:05 15:15 15:45 17:10 16:10 16:40 17:55 18:00 18:00 18:45 19:00 19:00 17:25 19:15 18:35 17:35 18:40 19:55 18:35 18:40
Arr 11:10 12:25 15:00 13:55 13:55 14:00 15:00
Air Bagan Ltd. (W9) Air KBZ (K7)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102 Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport), Fax: 372983
Air Mandalay (6T)
Tel : (Head Ofﬁce) 501520, 525488, Fax: 525937. Airport: 533222~3, 09-73152853. Fax: 533223.
Asian Wings (YJ)
Tel: 951 516654, 532253, 09-731-35991~3. Fax: 951 532333
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Fax: 01 860 4051
Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264, Fax: 652 533.
FMI Air Charter - Sales & Reservations
Tel: (95-1) 240363, 240373 / (+95-9) 421146545
6T = Air Mandalay W9 = Air Bagan YJ = Asian Wings K7 = AIR KBZ YH = Yangon Airways FMI = FMI AIR Charter Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
Arr 7:25 9:45 8:40
YANGON TO NYAUNG U Flight Days Dep YH 917 Daily 6:00 YJ 901 1,2,4,6 6:00 YJ 891 Daily 6:10 YH 909 6 6:15 YH 909 1,3,4,5,7 6:15 YH 909 2 6:15 6T 401 Daily 6:20 K7 222 Daily 6:30 YJ 901 3,5,7 6:30 YH 633 5 7:00 YH 513 3 7:00
Arr 7:35 8:10 7:30 7:50 8:40 9:35 7:40 7:50 7:50 8:35 8:35
Flight YH 917 YJ 891 YH 909 6T 401 K7 222 6T 351 YH 513 W9 201 K7 828 W9 201 YJ 761 YJ 201 W9 119
Arr 9:05 9:00 8:40 9:20 9:30 8:45 9:30 9:40 8:45 9:55 11:40 11:40 11:40
Arr 13:15 15:55 13:50
Arr 15:00 15:25 17:40
Subject to change without notice
Day 1 = Monday 2 = Tuesday 3 = Wednesday 4 = Thursday 5 = Friday 6 = Saturday 7 = Sunday
Flight K7 319 YH 633 YH 633 YH 633
Arr 9:05 9:15 12:45 13:20
the pulse travel 51
INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT SCHEDULES
Flights PG 706 8M 335 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 PG 704 Y5 237 TG 306 YANGON TO BANGKOK Days Dep Daily 7:15 Daily 8:20 Daily 9:50 Daily 10:30 Daily 14:55 Daily 16:30 Daily 18:20 Daily 18:05 Daily 19:45 Arr 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 20:15 19:50 21:40 MANDALAY TO BANGKOK Flights Days Dep TG 782 2,3,5,6,7 9:30 PG 710 1,3,5,7 14:10 Arr 11:55 16:35 Flights KE 471 0Z 769 Flights NH 913 SEOUL TO YANGON Days Dep Daily 18:40 3,6 19:50 TOKYO TO YANGON Days Dep Daily 10:30 Arr 22:30 23:25 Arr 15:30 Arr 23:30 Arr 13:20 Arr 12:15 Arr 13:50
MANDALAY TO DON MUENG Flights Days Dep Arr FD 2761 Daily 12:45 15:00 MANDALAY TO KUNMING Flights Days Dep MU 2030 Daily 14:40 BANGKOK TO YANGON Flights Days Dep 8M 336 Daily 11:30 TG 303 Daily 7:55 PG 701 Daily 8:50 TG 301 Daily 13:00 PG 703 Daily 16:45 TG 305 Daily 17:50 8M 332 Daily 19:15 PG 705 Daily 20:15 Y5 238 Daily 21:10 DON MUENG TO YANGON Flights Days Dep FD 2751 Daily 7:15 FD 2753 Daily 16:35 FD 2755 Daily 11:10 SINGAPORE TO YANGON Flights Days Dep SQ 998/MI 5872 Daily 7:55 3K 585 Daily 9:20 8M 6231 Daily 9:10 8M 232 Daily 13:25 MI 518/MI 5018 Daily 14:20 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 MI 520/SQ 5020 5,7 22:10 TR 2826 2,3,4,5,7 17:00 TR 2826 1,6 13:15 BEIJING TO YANGON Days Dep 2,3,4,6,7 8:05
HONG KONG TO YANGON Flights Days Dep KA 250 1,3,5,7 21:45 KOLKATA TO YANGON Flights Days Dep AI 227 1,5 10:35 DON MUEANG TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep FD 2760 Daily 10:50 KUNMING TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep MU 2029 Daily 13:55
Finding silence and solitude in the Paciﬁc
YANGON TO DON MUENG Flights Days Dep FD 2752 Daily 8:30 FD 2756 Daily 12:15 FD 2754 Daily 17:50 YANGON TO SINGAPORE Flights Days Dep MI 509/SQ 5019 Daily 0:25 8M 231 Daily 8:00 Y5 233 Daily 10:10 SQ 997/MI 5871 Daily 10:25 8M 6232 Daily 11:30 3K 586 Daily 11:30 MI 517/SQ 5017 Daily 16:40 TR 2827 2,3,4,5,7 19:05 TR 2827 1,6 15:35 YANGON TO KUALA LUMPUR Flights Days Dep 8M 501 1,3,6 7:50 AK 1427 Daily 8:30 MH 741 Daily 12:15 MH 743 Daily 15:45 YANGON TO BEIJING Flights Days Dep CA 906 2,3,4,6,7 14:15 YANGON TO GAUNGZHOU Flights Days Dep 8M 711 2,4,7 8:40 CZ 3056 3,6 11:20 CZ 3056 1,5 17:40 YANGON TO TAIPEI Flights Days Dep CI 7916 1,2,3,4,5,6 10:50 YANGON TO KUNMING Flights Days Dep MU 2012 1,3 12:20 MU 2032 2,4,5,6,7 14:40 CA 906 2,3,4,6,7 14:15 YANGON TO CHIANG MAI Flights Days Dep W9 9607 7 14:20 YANGON TO HANOI Flights Days Dep VN 956 1,3,5,6,7 19:10
Arr 10:20 14:05 19:35
Arr 5:00 12:25 14:40 15:05 16:05 16:05 21:15 23:35 20:05
Arr 0:15 8:50 9:40 13:45 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55
Air Asia (FD)
Tel: 251 885, 251 886.
Arr 8:00 17:20 11:45
Air Bagan Ltd.(W9) Air China (CA) Air India
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102 Tel : 666112, 655882. Tel : 253597~98, 254758. Fax: 248175
Arr 11:50 12:50 16:30 20:00
Arr 9:20 10:45 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 23:35 18:25 14:45
Bangkok Airways (PG) Condor (DE)
Tel: 255122, 255 265, Fax: 255119 Tel: + 95 1 -370836 up to 39 (ext : 810)
Tel: 95-1-255320, 255321, Fax : 255329
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Fax: 01 860 4051
Arr 13:15 15:50 22:15
Flights CA 905
Malaysia Airlines (MH)
Tel : 387648, 241007 ext : 120, 121, 122 Fax : 241124
Arr 18:35 18:00 17:35
KAULA LUMPUR TO YANGON Flights Days Dep AK 1426 Daily 6:55 MH 740 Daily 10:05 8M 502 1,3,6 12:50 MH742 Daily 13:30 GUANGZHOU TO YANGON Flights Days Dep CZ 3055 3,6 8:40 CZ 3055 1,5 14:45 8M 712 2,4,7 14:15 TAIPEI TO YANGON Flights Days Dep CI 7915 1,2,3,4,5,6 7:00 KUNMING TO YANGON Flights Days Dep MU 2011 1,3 8:20 CA 905 2,3,4,6,7 12:40 MU 2031 2,4,5,6,7 13:30 CHIANG MAI TO YANGON Flights Days Dep W9 9608 7 17:20 HANOI TO YANGON Flights Days Dep VN 957 1,3,5,6,7 16:35
Myanmar Airways International(8M)
Arr 8:00 11:15 13:50 14:40
Tel : 255260, Fax: 255305
Tel: 255 287~9, Fax: 255 290
Thai Airways (TG)
Tel : 255491~6, Fax : 255223
Vietnam Airlines (VN)
Arr 10:30 16:35 15:50
Fax : 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.
Qatar Airways (Temporary Ofﬁce)
Tel: 01-250388, (ext: 8142, 8210)
FD & AK = Air Asia TG = Thai Airways 8M = Myanmar Airways International Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines PG = Bangkok Airways MI = Silk Air VN = Vietnam Airline MH = Malaysia Airlines CZ = China Southern CI = China Airlines CA = Air China KA = Dragonair Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines IC = Indian Airlines Limited W9 = Air Bagan 3K = Jet Star AI = Air India QR = Qatar Airways KE = Korea Airlines NH = All Nippon Airways SQ = Singapore Airways DE = Condor Airlines MU=China Eastern Airlines BR = Eva Airlines DE = Condor AI = Air India
YANGON TO HO CHI MINH CITY Flights Days Dep Arr VN 942 2,4,7 14:25 17:10 YANGON TO DOHA Days Dep 1,4,5 8:15
Arr 11:30 13:15 13:55
Flights QR 619
YANGON TO PHNOM PENH Flights Days Dep Arr 8M 403 3,6 16:50 19:15 YANGON TO SEOUL Flights Days Dep Arr 0Z 770 4,7 0:35 9:10 KE 472 Daily 23:35 08:05+1 YANGON TO HONG KONG Flights Days Dep KA 251 1,2,4,6 01:10
STEP onto the tarmac at Easter Island’s minuscule airport, holding a copy of The Separate Rose by Pablo Neruda in my hand. Shortly before his death 40 years ago, the Chilean poet visited Easter Island and wrote this slim volume of bittersweet ruminations on travel and mortality. As the American, Chilean, European and Japanese passengers from the plane funnel into the one-story airport terminal here, I recall the words that I’ve just read on the ﬁve-hour ﬂight from mainland Chile, “We all arrive by different streets / by unequal languages, at Silence.” Yes, my fellow travellers and I arrived from different walks of life. But where is the silence that Neruda promised? As the aircraft’s engines whir, I follow the excited chatter of the other travellers to the airport’s arrival hall. Easter Island may be famous for its unique and enigmatic stone statues, but the scene at baggage claim is no different from what I’ve seen at many a tawdry tourist destination around the world, with touts trying to outdo one another to lure me to their establishments. I came all the way here in search of complete solitude, naively fantasising that every moment on Easter Island would be like poetry. I’m crushed. “We get 70,000 visitors coming to this island every year,” says Sergio Rapu Haoa, the amiable owner of my hotel, as we chat in his garden. That number may sound negligible compared with Hawaii’s 7 million. But Hawaii has nearly 1.5 million residents, Rapu points out, while only 6000 call Easter Island home. That means that Easter Island gets more than 11 visitors per resident every year. To provide for the tourists, Rapu says, Easter Island has to constantly bring in cargo ships full of supplies, making the island all the more dependent on the mainland. Rapu fascinates me with his seeming contradictions. A trained archaeologist who has made a signiﬁcant contribution to unearthing the island’s history, he eventually served as provincial governor of Easter Island in the 1980s. But now, at 64, he runs the modest Tupa Hotel overlooking the main town’s cove. I ask him how he reconciles his ambivalence toward tourism with his choice of career as an hotelier. “Very easy,” he replies. “It’s a matter of humanity. You cannot appropriate your culture as only yours; it’s
everyone’s to share. In both archaeology and tourism, you’re dealing with conserving heritage.” Easter Island, or Rapa Nui as it is known in the native language, certainly has an intriguing heritage that needs to be preserved for posterity. It remains a mystery how humans came to set up the world’s most remote settlement, although according to local lore, a Polynesian chief named Hotu Matu’a, inspired by his priest’s dream of “the navel of the earth,” led his family and crew to this 63-squaremile landmass more than 2600 miles (4184km) east of Tahiti. Of course, as an archaeologist, Rapu has a different take: The superb seafarers of the South Paciﬁc could have easily traversed the Paciﬁc in their wooden outrigger canoes, reaching Rapa Nui around 400 AD (though some estimate the date as late as 1200 AD). The islanders prospered on the pristine speck of volcanic land, eventually developing a dazzling civilisation capable of carving, transporting and erecting the island’s famous moai, stone representations of ancestors entrusted with protecting the living. Until Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen named the island after a Christian holiday in 1722, Rapa Nui remained a secret to the outside world. No fewer than 397 moai still lie here in various states of completion, as if all the workers had simply vanished at once. Some are mere sketches, their silhouettes barely etched into the rocky slopes. A few lie on their backs, their elaborate fronts ﬁnished except for the eye sockets; others have already been cut from the bedrock, ready to be pulled upright, while many seem ready to start descending from the hill. Made of tuff, or hardened volcanic ash, many of the gray statues have been largely obscured by centuries of erosion and landslides, with only their heads and their stoic faces exposed to the merciless sun. Their sheer size, which can reach 33 feet in height, is hard to fathom until I walk up close to an upright one and realize that its nose is about the size of my whole body. Though Rano Raraku is one of the most visited sites on the island, all the tour buses have already left. As I amble up and down the slope, the statues obscure the few other visitors. At last, exactly what I came to Rapa Nui for: To be alone with the monoliths and take in the mystery that Neruda called the “kingdom / of the vast solitude, vertical / ruins.” – The Washington Post
HO CHI MINH CITY TO YANGON Flights Days Dep Arr VN 943 2,4,7 11:40 13:25 BANGKOK TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep TG 781 2,3,5,6,7 7:25 PG 709 1,3,5,7 12:00
Arr 8:50 13:20
Flights NH 914
YANGON TO TOKYO Days Dep Arr Daily 21:45 06:50+1
Flights QR 618
DOHA TO YANGON Days Dep Arr 3,4,7 21:05 07:00+1
Subject to change without notice
Day 1 = Monday 2 = Tuesday 3 = Wednesday 4 = Thursday 5 = Friday 6 = Saturday 7 = Sunday
YANGON TO KOLKATA Flights Days Dep AI 228 1,5 14:05
PHNOM PENH TO YANGON Flights Days Dep Arr 8M 404 3,6 20:15 21:40
The mysterious moai statues on Easter Island. Photo: The Washington Post
52 the pulse local
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
A glimpse of maturity amid adolescent yearnings
NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
AQUARIUS | Jan 20 - Feb 18
LEO | Jul 23 - Aug 22 Being at the top imposes its own set of problems and challenges. Concentrate only on the things you want, and keep your mind off the things you don’t want. You must reward yourself, when you achieve even a small success, in anything including breaking a bad habit. Life’s battles don’t always go to the strong or the quick. Believe that success is the result of intelligent efforts. Love needs true heart. VIRGO | Aug 23 - Sep 22 True discipline achieves a balance of diligence, not driving. Your personal discipline needs to be directed and within the limits of necessity should fulﬁl your inner potential. Let yourself have the courage to be patient and the patience to be brave with wit. De-program yourself of negative thinking and inculcate in yourself only positive ideals. Love is not to be satisﬁed with superﬁcial information. LIBRA | Sep 23 - Oct 22 Establish the habit of doing things at the proper time. Make constructive selfcriticism without hesitation. Try to analyse the nature of your difﬁculties and identify the sources of problems in social communication. Don’t clutter your day with successive engagements. Seek advice from old friends around you, who may be qualiﬁed to give something you need. SCORPIO | Oct 23 - Nov 21 Carlyle said, “A great man shows his greatness by the way he treats little men.” A misunderstanding is never ended by argument, but by tact, diplomacy, conciliation and sympathetic desire to grasp the other person’s point of view. Be quick to offer compliments, and school yourself to control your temper. The essence of love is not to forget and neglect. SAGITTARIUS | Nov 22 - Dec 21 Be determined to develop a sharp sense of concentration leading to greater and greater accomplishment in your various roles. You should always judge your performance on the basis of your present achievement and not what you achieved in the past job or yesterday. You have to make those who come in contact with you feel important. Changes in love should be carefully observed. CAPRICORN | Dec 22 - Jan 19 Ordinary mortals should not expect a better score. The winner sees an answer in every problem but the laser sees a problem in every answer. Never fear failure, as the fear of failure will completely destroy you. Great success comes as a result of turning your negatives into positives, and a great life begins with and depends on big dreams. Love needs not selfdeception, but loyalty.
NANDAR AUNG firstname.lastname@example.org WO years after the release of her debut album Moe Ma Myin Lay Ma Myin (Unaware of my surroundings), 20-year-old pop singer and actress Nan Su Yati Soe is back with her second effort, Shae Sat Twar Mhar Pal (Forward). The new 13-track CD contains a mix of electronic dance songs and soft pop compositions – the latter featuring backing instrumentals by veteran rock band Rose of Sharon (formerly known as Metal Zone) – with lyrics focusing on young love. All the songs are original, with 12 different composers contributing to the album. Most of the lyrics are in Myanmar language. Standout dance tunes include the title track “Forward”, written by Myint Moe Aung, and the last song on the album, the contagiously uptempo “Superman”. These songs are likely to appeal to young people who would rather spend time on the dance ﬂoor than worrying too much about lyrical content: “Forward” is a fairly standard girl-loves-boy song, while “Superman” assaults the ears with repetitive English-language words that practically beg listeners to turn off their brains and let their feet take over. By contrast, the soft pop song “Mother’s Peace of Mind” demonstrates a bit more maturity in the lyric department. Backed by mellow guitar, drum and piano music – and accompanied
You must have a sense of harmony distinct from that of your close friends in order to better bring out your self-concept. Revealing your inner intent to the world could be of value. Find acceptable and even likable ways to disclose your true self or your feelings and needs. Though you will have to worry about ﬁnancial security and experience hardship, you can come to view the world as safe and hopeful. PISCES | Feb 19 - March 20 Life presents you with a series of pictures drawn from your intellect and your imaginative creativity. Your highest social duty is to shoulder the burden according to your qualiﬁed management skills. Unexpected problems could threaten your careful attempts at reconciliation and you will become famous accordingly. This is a good time to seek out learning opportunities. Emotional focus can blur clear vision. ARIES | Mar 21 - Apr 19 Keep a disciplined intention to make your right action through determined efforts. You must strongly orient yourself toward people and social communication, to develop yourself in a range of important areas of life. By seeking insight and by being willing, you can gain a great deal of social favour. There can be a slow build-up of resentment on both sides of a relationship, and you will have to transform yourself soon. TAURUS | Apr 20 - May 20
Album cover: Nan Su Yati Soe, Shae Sat Twar Mhar Pal (Forward)
by male singer Shine Wai Yan and a children’s chorus – Nan Su Yati Soe sings about the strong bond between mother and daughter, and expresses her wish that her mother can ﬁnd peace of mind during her lifetime. “Mother’s Peace of Mind” is the type of song that might initially pass unnoticed among the catchy disco tunes on the CD, but it is sure to grow in appeal with repeated listening. Overall, Forward is a better album than Nan Su Yati Soe’s 2011 debut, due in no small part to the more talented backing band, the vastly superior production values
and the slick packaging, which includes a foldout poster and lyric sheet. One aspect that has not changed is Nan Su Yati Soe’s vocal style. There is no question that she is a talented singer who has little trouble holding a tune, but her delivery is often syrupy sweet to the point of sounding like a small child badgering her parents for candy or a new toy. She would do well to develop a stronger, rock-style vocal technique for future albums that would help her achieve new heights as a serious artist who can sing with conviction.
Writer P Moe Nin honoured 130 years on
LWIN MAR HTUN
THE man regarded as the founding father of Myanmar’s ﬁlm industry, P Moe Nin was honoured November 2 in a special ceremony to mark his 130th birthday, which falls on November 5. The Myanmar Motion Picture Organization (MMPO) organised the celebration at the MMPO headquarters in Yangon, where some of Myanmar’s ﬁlm industry and well known writers such as U Chit Oo Nyo gathered. In Myanmar, remembrance ceremonies for long-deceased individuals who made an impact on the culture are commonplace. The weekend event is the ﬁrst time in 20 years, however, that the ﬁlm industry organised in honour of P Moe Nin. The last ceremony for him was held in 1993. “P Moe Nin was the very ﬁrst scriptwriter of the Myanmar ﬁlm industry,” said U Aye Kyuu Lay, Vice President (2) of the MMPO. “He was a really smart writer and also a great director.” At the event, scriptwriters from the ﬁlm industry will read monographs by P Moe Nin and excerpts from his writing, said writer October Aung Gyi. P Moe Nin was born on November 5, 1883 in Thonse in Pegu Province (now called the Bago Region). People regarded him as the father of Burmese short story writing and the modern Burmese novel. He translated various kinds of stories, books,
P Moe Nin honoured. Photo: Archive
and other literary works from English to Myanmar, most notably the 1936 American best seller, How to Win Friends and Inﬂuence People, by Dale Carnegie. P Moe Nin had an auspicious beginning. When he was born, some frozen raindrops had fallen and his parents gave the name “Moe Nin,” literally meaning, frozen raindrop. Shortly thereafter, his family faced crisis. His grandmother was affluent, but the family faced hardship when burglars broke into the family home and their banana crops were destroyed by ﬁre. They never recovered ﬁnancially from the loss and fell into poverty. His childhood life was hard and he and his sister attended a Roman Catholic missionary school. The headmaster, Father Palwa, adopted young Moe Nin and three years later he moved to another school. When he grew older, he joined
the monkhood and it was during this time that he wrote his ﬁrst book called “Logic”. He tried to publish the book, but it was refused when the publisher said his writing contradicted the Buddha’s teaching. He then became a translator and soon published a magazine called Myanmar Mate-Swe (Companion of Myanmar) during World War I. The second attempt at publishing was a success for a short time. That might have been the beginning of a very successful career, but P Moe Nin’s unlucky days weren’t done. Although he had talent and was able to earn a good income, he couldn’t avoid gambling and drugs and fell victim to addiction. During his life, P Moe Nin wrote and translated more than 80 novels and about 700 short stories and articles, such as Nay Nyo Nyo, Hay Ma Won Twe, Da Go Daw and Chit Pan Ngwe. He also wrote many books about self-improvement and some people regarded him as Myanmar’s ﬁrst ‘self-help’ author. He also wrote books that were related to social issues in the family. As a ﬁlmmaker, he could be considered the country’s father of instructional ﬁlms. He made a famous ﬁlm called Myitta Nit Thuya based on his own novel, Love and Liquor. The ﬁlm explored the dangers of addiction. In total, he directed 11 ﬁlms and wrote the script for all. P Moe Nin died in 1940, the result of poor health. In 2002, the Myanmar Writers and Journalists Association reprinted selected books written by P Moe Nin. Most of his books are still being reprinted and sold in Myanmar’s bookshops.
The important thing is to generate stimulating ideas that can spark reciprocal changes in relationships. Pop up continually with exciting schemes and activities. Concern yourself with universal love. Take responsibility for what must be ﬁxed or left behind. Discard your tendency to huddle at home and hide from the world. Sign on for the long run with unconditional love and renew your impression of mental value. GEMINI | May 21 - June 20 Look beyond petty details and fault-ﬁnding to develop a universal compassion and creative solutions for mankind’s ills. You have to struggle with the weight of duty and the social impact of responsibility. Challenge yourself to validate your intellectual values and draw on your high imagination to live up to your capabilities. You will be in a position to reap the rewards of your activity. CANCER | Jun 21 - Jul 22 Even a seemingly minor event can stimulate profound growth. Try to operate on a different level, from the most mundane and external to the most inward and emotional to feel satisﬁed and composed. A family reunion may be a powerful source of strength, prompting a reaction to external social problems. Measure how you’re doing at any given time, for the value of heart.
AUNG MYIN KYAW 4th Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tarmwe township, Yangon. Tel: 09-731-35632, Email: email@example.com
EMBASSIES Australia 88, Strand Road, Yangon. Tel : 251810, 251797, 251798, 251809, 246462, 246463, fax: 246159 Bangladesh 11-B, Than Lwin Road, Yangon. Tel: 515275, 526144, fax: 515273, email: bdootygn@ mptmail.net.mm Brazil 56, Pyay Road, 6th mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 507225, 507251, 507482. fax: 507483. email: Administ.yangon@ itamaraty.gov.br. Brunei 17, Kanbawza Avenue, Golden Velly (1), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 566985, 503978, fax: 512854 email: bruneiemb@ bruneiemb.com.mm Cambodia 25 (3B/4B), New University Avenue Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 549609, 540964, fax: 541462, email: RECYANGON @ mptmail.net.mm China 1, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 221280, 221281, fax: 227019, 228319 Danmark, No.7, Pyi Thu St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17, Fax – 01- 9669516 Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 222886, 222887, email: egye mbyangon@ mptmail. net.mm France 102, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 212178, 212520, email: ambaf rance. rangoun@ diplomatie.fr Germany 9, Bogyoke Aung San Museum Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 548951, 548952, email: info@rangun. diplo.de India 545-547, Merchant St, Yangon. Tel: 391219, 388412, email: indiaembassy @ mptmail.net.mm Indonesia 100, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd, Yangon. Tel: 254465, 254469, 229750, fax: 254468, email: kukygn @ indonesia.com.mm Israel 15, Khabaung Street, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 515115, fax: 515116, email: info@ yangon.mfa.gov.il Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road, Golden Valley, Yangon. Tel: 527100, 527101, fax: 514565, email: ambyang. mail@ esteri.it Japan 100, Natmauk Rd, Yangon. Tel: 549644-8, 540399, 540400, 540411, 545988, fax: 549643 Embassy of the State of Kuwait Chatrium Hotel, Rm: 416, 418, 420, 422, 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe Tsp, Tel: 544500. North Korea 77C, Shin Saw Pu Rd, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 512642, 510205 South Korea 97 University Avenue, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 5271424, 515190, fax: 513286, email: myanmar@mofat. go.kr Lao A-1, Diplomatic Quarters, Tawwin Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 222482, fax: 227446, email: Laoembcab@ mptmail. net.mm Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 220248, 220249, email: mwkyangon@ mptmail.net.mm Nepal 16, Natmauk Yeiktha, Yangon. Tel: 545880, 557168, fax: 549803, email: nepemb @mptmail.net.mm Norway, No.7, Pyi Thu St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp,Yangon. Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17 Fax – 01- 9669516 New Zealand No. 43/C, Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805 Netherlands Diplomatic Mission No. 43/C, Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805 Pakistan A-4, diplomatic Quarters, Pyay Rd, Yangon. Tel: 222881 (Chancery Exchange) Philippines 50, Sayasan Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 558149-151,Email: p.e. firstname.lastname@example.org Russian 38, Sagawa Rd, Yangon. Tel: 241955, 254161, Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia No.287/289, U Wisara Rd, Sanchaung. Tel : 01-536153, 516952. Serbia No. 114-A, Inya Rd, P.O.Box No. 943, Yangon. Tel: 515282, 515283, email: serbemb @ yangon.net.mm Singapore 238, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 559001, email: singemb_ ygn@_ sgmfa. gov.sg Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win Road, Yangon. Tel: 222812, The Embassy of Switzerland No 11, Kabaung Lane, 5 ½ mile, Pyay Rd, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 534754, 512873, 507089. Fax: 534754, Ext: 110 Thailand 94 Pyay Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 226721, 226728, 226824 Turkish Embassy 19AB, Kan Yeik Thar St, Mayangone Tsp,Yangon. Tel : 662992, Fax : 661365 United Kingdom 80 Strand Rd, Yangon. Tel: 370867, 380322, 371852, 371853, 256438, United States of America 110, University Avenue, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 536509, 535756, Fax: 650306 Vietnam Bldg-72, Thanlwin Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 511305 UNITED NATIONS ILO Liaison 1-A, Kanbae (Thitsar Rd), Yankin Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-566538, 566539 IOM 12th Flr, Traders Hotel, 223, Tel: 252560 ext. 5002 UNAIDS 137/1, Thaw Wun Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel : 534498, 504832 UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St, Mayangone tsp. Tel: 666903, 664539. UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739. UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tsp. tel: 546029. UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd, Sanchaung tsp. Tel: 524022, 524024. UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl, Traders Hotel. Tel: 254852, 254853. UNIC 6, Natmauk St., Bahan, tel: 52910~19 UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders Hotel. P.O. Box 1435, Kyauktada. Tel: 375527~32, Email: unicef.yangon@unicef. org, www.unicef.org/myanmar. UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward 7, Mayangone. tel: 01-9666903, 9660556, 9660538, 9660398, 9664539, fax: 651334. email: email@example.com www.unodc.org./myanmar/ UNOPS Inya Lake Hotel, 3rd ﬂoor, 37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. Tel: 951657281~7. Fax: 657279. UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O. Box 650, TMWE Tel: 542911~19, 292637 (Resident Coordinator), fax: 292739, 544531. WFP 3rd-ﬂr, Inya Lake Hotel, 37, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. Tel: 657011~6 (6-lines) Ext: 2000. WHO No. 2, Pyay Rd, 7 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 6504056, 650416, 654386-90. ASEAN Coordinating Of. for the ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force, 79, Taw Win st, Dagon Tsp. Tel: 225258. FAO Myanma Agriculture Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel: 641672, 641673. fax: 641561.
Hotel Yangon 91/93, 8th Mile Junction, Tel : 01-667708, 667688. Inya Lake Resort Hotel 37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 662866. fax: 665537. Golden Hill Towers 24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel: 558556. ghtower@ mptmail.net.mm. Marina Residence 8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630.
YANGON No. 277, Bogyoke Aung San Road, Corner of 38th Street, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 391070, 391071. Reservation@391070 (Ext) 1910, 106. Fax : (951) 391375. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Avenue 64 Hotel No. 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-8631392, 01 656913-9 Chatrium Hotel 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe. tel: 544500. fax: 544400.
ASIa PLaZa HOTEL
No. 205, Corner of Wadan Street & Min Ye Kyaw Swa Road, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar. Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3, 229358 ~ 61, Fax: (95-1) 212854. info@myanmarpandahotel .com http://www. myanmarpandahotel.com PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar 33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 250388. fax: 252478. email: enquiry.prygn@ parkroyalhotels.com parkroyalhotels. com.
17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp. Tel: 650933. Fax: 650960. Email : micprm@ myanmar.com.mmwww. myanmar micasahotel.com
ACCOMMODATIONHOTELS (NaY PYi TaW)
(Nay Pyi Taw)
No.7A, Wingabar Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : (951) 546313, 430245. 09-731-77781~4. Fax : (01) 546313. www.cloverhotel.asia. email@example.com Clover Hotel City Center No. 217, 32nd Street (Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 377720, Fax : 377722 www.clovercitycenter.asia Clover Hotel City Center Plus No. 229, 32nd Street (Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 377975, Fax : 377974
Royal White Elephant Hotel No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar. (+95-1) 500822, 503986. www.rwehotel.com MGM Hotel No (160), Warden Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9. www. hotel-mgm.com Savoy Hotel 129, Damazedi Rd, Kamayut tsp. tel: 526289, 526298, Sedona Hotel Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin. tel: 666900. Strand Hotel 92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377. fax: 289880. Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966. Traders Hotel 223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel: 242828. fax: 242838. Winner Inn 42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 503734, 524387. email: reservation@winner innmyanmar.com Windsor Hotel No.31, Shin Saw Pu Street, Sanchaung. Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 95-1-511216~8, www. hotelwindsoryangon.com Yuzana Hotel 130, Shwegondaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600 Yuzana Garden Hotel 44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp, tel : 01-248944
Reservation Ofﬁce (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township Tel : 951- 255 819~838 Royal Kumudra Hotel, (Nay Pyi Taw) Tel : 067- 414 177, 067- 4141 88 E-Mail: reservation@ maxhotelsgroup.com
Confort Inn 4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd & U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut, tel: 525781, 526872
Reservation Ofﬁce (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township. Tel : 951-255 819-838 Hotel Max (Chaung Tha Beach) Tel : 042-423 46-9, 042-421 33. Email : maxhotelsreservation@ gmail.com
Ambulance tel: 295133. Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022. Police emergency tel: 199. Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764. Red Cross tel:682600, 682368 Trafﬁc Control Branch tel:298651 Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384, 591387. Immigration tel: 286434. Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390 Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605 Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037. Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067407007. Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept) tel: 254563, 370768. Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344. Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9. Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112. HOSPITALS Central Women’s Hospital tel: 221013, 222811. Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807 Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888. Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096. Worker’s Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811. Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809. Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837. Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494, 384495, 379109. Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861, 220416. Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123, 281443, 256131. ELECTRICITY Power Station tel:414235 POST OFFICE General Post Ofﬁce 39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel: 285499. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Yangon International Airport tel: 662811. YANGON PORT Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722 RAILWAYS Railways information tel: 274027, 202175-8.
No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan Rd, Tamwe Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650 Email: reservation@ edenpalacehotel.com
M-22, Shwe Htee Housing, Thamine Station St., Near the Bayint Naung Point, Mayangone Tsp., Yangon Tel : 522763, 522744, 667557. Fax : (95-1) 652174 E-mail : grandpalace@ myanmar.com.mm
ACCOMMODATION LONG TERM
The First Air conditioning systems designed to keep you fresh all day Zeya & Associates Co., Ltd. No.437 (A), Pyay Road, Kamayut. P., O 11041 Yangon, Tel: +(95-1) 502016-18, Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933. Nay Pyi Taw- Tel: 067-420778, E-mail : sales.ac@freshaircon. com. URL: http://www. freshaircon.com
No. 12, Pho Sein Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon Tel : (95-1) 209299, 209300, 209343, 209345, 209346 Fax : (95-1) 209344 E-mail : greenhill@ myanmar.com.mm
REAL ESTATE & PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
Air Con Sales & Service No. 2/1, Than Thu Mar Rd, Thuwunna Junction. Tel : 09-4224-64130
Tel: 09-7349-4483, 09-4200-56994. E-mail: aahappyhomes@ gmail.com, http://www. happyhomesyangon.com
50th Street 9/13, 50th street-lower, Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013 CONSULTING CO WORKING SPACE ENTERTAINMENT
Dance Club & Bar No.94, Ground Floor, Bogalay Zay Street, Botataung Tsp, Yangon.Tel: 392625, 09-500-3591 Email : danceclub. firstname.lastname@example.org
GAS COOKER & COOKER HOODS
Green Garden Beer Gallery Mini Zoo, Karaweik Oo-Yin Kabar.
Marina Residence, Yangon Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109 Beauty Plan, Corner of 77th St & 31st St, Mandalay Ph: 02 72506
Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology
Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2 Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon. Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730 email@example.com www.thuraswiss.com
No. (6), Lane 2 Botahtaung Pagoda St, Yangon. 01-9010003, 291897. info@venturaofﬁce.com, www.venturaofﬁce.com
World’s leader in Kitchen Hoods & Hobs Same as Ariston Water Heater. Tel: 251033, 379671, 256622, 647813
98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 553783, 549152, 09-732-16940, 09-730-56079. Fax: 542979 Email: asiapaciﬁc. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lobby Bar PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel: 250388.
Lemon Day Spa No. 96 F, Inya Road, Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476. E.mail: lemondayspa.2011 @gmail.com
Fully Scoped Services Convenient Location Superb facility Reasonable price 1km from Sakura Tower Tel : 95-1-374851 International Calling Card No.004, Building (B), Ground Floor, Yuzana St, Highway Complex Housing, Kamayut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-230-4379, 09-731-74871~2 Email : email@example.com mm, www.vmgtelecoms.com, www.ytalk.com.mm
Strand Bar 92, Strand Rd, Yangon, Myanmar. tel: 243377.fax: 243393, firstname.lastname@example.org www.ghmhotels.com
WE STARTED THE ADVERTISING INDUSTRY IN MYANMAR SINCE 1991
No. 52, Royal Yaw Min Gyi Condo, Room F, Yaw Min Gyi Rd, Dagon Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 09-425-307-717
One-stop Solution for Sub-station, M&E Work Design, Supply and Install (Hotel, High Rise Building Factory) 193/197, Shu Khin Thar Street, North Okkalapa Industrial Zone, Yangon. Tel: 951-691843~5, 9519690297, Fax: 951-691700 Email: supermega97@ gmail.com. www.supermega-engg.com
Yangon : A-3, Aung San Stadium (North East Wing), Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp. Tel : 245543, 09-73903736, 09-73037772. Mandalay : No.(4) 73rd St, Btw 30th & 31st St, Chan Aye Thar Zan Tsp. Tel : 096803505, 09-449004631.
GEMS & JEWELLERIES
One Stop ENT Center No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135 Email : email@example.com Website : www.witoriyahosptial.com
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org www.jkmyanmar.com (ENG) www.3ec.jp/mbic/ (JPN)
Spa Paragon Condo B#Rm-106, Shwe Hinthar Condo, Corner of Pyay Rd & Shwe Hinthar St, 6½Mile, Yangon. Tel: 01-507344 Ext: 112, 09-680-8488, 09-526-1642.
MYANMAR EXECUTIVE LIMOUSINE SERVICE
M A R K E T I N G & C O M M U N I C AT I O N S
A D V E R T I S I N G
Zamil Steel No-5, Pyay Road, 7½ miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1) 652502~04. Fax: (95-1) 650306. Email: zamilsteel@ zamilsteel.com.mm
SAIL Marketing & Communications Suite 403, Danathiha Center 790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd & Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 211870, 224820, 2301195. Email: admin@ advertising-myanmar.com www.advertising-myanmar. com
HOT LINE: 959 - 402 510 003 • First Class VIP Limousine Car Rental. • Professional English Speaking Drivers. • Full Insurance for your Safety and comfortable journey • Call us Now for your best choice www.mmels.com
Get the Best Pure Natural Gemstones and Jewellery No. 44, Inya Road, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2305811, 2305812. email : info@bestjewels myanmar.com, Bestjewelsmyanmar.com
24 hours Cancer centre No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Township, Yangon. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135
DTDC Courier and Cargo Service (Since 1991) Yangon. Tel : 01-374457 Mandalay. Tel : 09-43134095. www.DTDC.COM, email@example.com Door to Door Delivery!!!
Balance Fitnesss No 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Road, Mayangone Township. Yangon 01-656916, 09 8631392 Email - info@ balanceﬁtnessyangon.com
BEAUTY & MASSAGE
• 150 Dhamazedi Rd., Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 536306, 537805. Email : yangon@ monument-books.com • 15(B), Departure Lounge, Yangon Int’l Airport. • #87/2, Crn of 26th & 27th St, 77th St,Chan Aye Thar Zan Tsp, Mandalay. Tel : (02) 24880. MYANMAR BOOK CENTRE Nandawun Compound, No. 55, Baho Road, Corner of Baho Road and Ahlone Road, (near Eugenia Restaurant), Ahlone Township. tel: 212 409, 221 271. 214708 fax: 524580. email: info@ myanmarbook.com Car Rental Service No. 56, Bo Ywe St, Latha Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-246551, 375283, 09-2132778, 09-31119195. Gmail:nyanmyintthu1983@ gmail.com,
La Source Beauty Spa (Ygn) 80-A, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 512380, 511252 La Source Beauty Spa (Mdy) No. 13/13, Mya Sandar St, Between 26 x 27 & 62 & 63 St, Chanaye Tharzan Tsp,In ning Mandalay. Ope gust Tel : 09-4440-24496. Au La Source Beauty Spa Sedona Hotel, Room (1004) Tel : 666 900 Ext : (7167) LS Saloon Junction Square, 3rd Floor. Tel : 95-1-527242, Ext : 4001 www.lasourcebeautyspa.com
n oo !! ns ns Mo otio m o Pr
Life Fitness Bldg A1, Rm No. 001, Shwekabar Housing, Mindhamma Rd, Mayangone Tsp. Yangon. Ph: 01-656511, Fax: 01-656522, Hot line: 0973194684, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ruby & Rare Gems of Myanamar No. 527, New University Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.
24 hours Laboratory & X-ray No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135
Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.
Duty Free Shops Yangon International Airport, Arrival/Departure Tel: 533030 (Ext: 206/155) Ofﬁce: 17, 2nd street, Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.
illy, Francis Francis, VBM, Brasilia, Rossi, De Longhi Nwe Ta Pin Trading Co., Ltd. Shop C, Building 459 B New University Avenue 01- 555-879, 09-4210-81705 email@example.com
No. 20, Ground Floor, Pearl Street, Golden Valley Ward, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel : 09-509 7057, 01220881, 549478 (Ext : 103) Email : realﬁtnessmyanmar @gmail.com
The Lady Gems & Jewellery No. 7, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2305800, 09-8315555 The Lady Gems & Silk Co operative Business Centre, Room No (32/41), New University Avenue Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-5200726 firstname.lastname@example.org www.thelady-gems.com Your Most Reliable Jeweller
24 Hour International Medical Centre @ Victoria Hospital No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile, Mayangon Township, Yangon, Myanmar Tel: + 951 651 238, + 959 495 85 955 Fax: + 959 651 398 24/7 on duty doctor: + 959 492 18 410 Website: www.leo.com.mm “ One Stop Solution for Quality Health Care “
Floral Service & Gift Shop No. 449, New University Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN. Tel: 541217, 559011, 09-860-2292. Market Place By City Mart Tel: 523840~43, 523845~46, Ext: 205. Junction Nay Pyi Taw Tel: 067-421617~18 422012~15, Ext: 235. Res: 067-414813, 09-49209039. Email : eternal@ mptmail.net.mm
The Natural Gems of Myanmar & Fine Jewellery. No. 30(A), Pyay Road, (7 mile), Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-660397, 354398-9 E-mail : spgmes.myanmar @gmail.com
No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135 Email : email@example.com Website : www.witoriyahosptial.com
22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 660769, 664363.
Floral Service & Gift Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi Rd, Yangon.tel: 500142 Summit Parkview Hotel, tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173 fax: 535376.email: sandy@ sandymyanmar.com.mm.
No. 589-592, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein highway Road. Hlaing Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951645178-182, 685199, Fax: 951-645211, 545278. e-mail: mkt-mti@ winstrategic.com.mm
Bldg-D, Rm (G-12), Pearl Condo, Ground Flr, Kabaraye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 557448. Ext 814, 09-730-98872.
FOAM SPRAY INSULATION
Foam Spray Insulation No-410, Ground Fl,Lower Pazuntaung Rd, Pazun taung Tsp, Yangon.Telefax : 01-203743, 09-5007681. Hot Line-09-730-30825.
International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.
European Quality & Designs Indoor/ Outdoor Furniture, Hotel Furniture & All kinds of woodworks No. 422, FJVC Centre, Ground Floor, Room No. 4, Strand Road, Botahtaung Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 01-202063-4, 09 509-1673 E-mail: contact@ smartdesignstrading.com www.royalbotania.com, www.alexander-rose.co.uk
NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013 THE MYANMAR TIMES REMOVALISTS
No-001-002, Dagon Tower, Ground Flr, Cor of Kabaraye Pagoda Rd & Shwe Gon Dine Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 544480, 09-730-98872.
Open Daily (9am to 6pm) No. 797, MAC Tower II, Rm -4, Ground Flr, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303 sales.centuremyanmar@ gmail.com www.centure.in.th
Quality Chinese Dishes with Resonable Price @Marketplace by City Mart. Tel: 01-523840 Ext.109 Legendary Myanmar Int’l Shipping & Logistics Co., Ltd. No-9, Rm (A-4), 3rd Flr, Kyaung St, Myaynigone, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 516827, 523653, 516795. Mobile. 09-512-3049. Email: legandarymyr@ mptmail.net .mm www.LMSL-shipping.com
Delicious Hong Kong Style Food Restaurant G-09, City Mart (Myay Ni Gone Center). Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 114
Horizon Int’l School 25, Po Sein Road, Bahan Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795, 551796, 450396~7. fax : 543926, email : contact@horizonmyanmar. com, www.horizon.com
City Mart (Marketplace) tel: 523840~43. City Mart (78th Brahch-Mandalay) tel: 02-71467~9. IKON Mart No.332, Pyay Rd, San Chaung. Tel: 535-783, 527705, 501429. Email: sales-ikon@ myanmar.com.mm
Heaven Pizza 38/40, Bo Yar Nyunt St. Yaw Min Gyi Quarter, Dagon Township. Tel: 09-855-1383
EXPATRIATE HEALTH INSURANCE Tel: (09) 40 15 300 73 firstname.lastname@example.org
RISK & INSURANCE SOLUTIONS Tel: (09) 40 15 300 73 email@example.com
Bldg-A2, G-Flr, Shwe Gabar Housing, Mindama Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. email: eko-nr@ myanmar.com.mm Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Indian Fine Dining & Bar Bldg No. 12, Yangon Int’l Compound, Ahlone Road. Tel: 01-2302069, 09-43185008, 09-731-60662. firstname.lastname@example.org
U Min Sein, BSc, RA, CPA.,RL Advocate of the Supreme Court 83/14 Pansodan St, Yangon. tel: 253 273. email@example.com
MARINE COMMUNICATION & NAVIGATION
Relocation Specialist Rm 504, M.M.G Tower, #44/56, Kannar Rd, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 250290, 252313. Mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
World famous Kobe Beef Near Thuka Kabar Hospital on Pyay Rd, Marlar st, Hlaing Tsp. Tel: +95-1-535072
Yangon Int’l School (1) Fully Accredited K-12 International Curriculum with ESL support No.117,Thumingalar Housing, Thingangyun, Tel: 578171, 573149 (2) New Early Childhood Center, Pan Hlaing Golf Estate Housing & U Tun Nyo St, Hlaing Thar Yar. Tel: 687701, 687702
Bath Room Accessories 79-B3/B3, East Shwe Gone Dine, Near SSC Women’s Center, Bahan. Tel : 01-401083, 0973011100, 09-73056736
The Ritz Exclusive Lounge Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Ground Floor, Tel: 544500 Ext 6243, 6244
International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.
Crown Worldwide Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702, 7th Flr Danathiha Centre, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288, 210 670, 227650. ext: 702. Fax: 229212. email: crown email@example.com Kohaku Japanese Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6231
Executive Serviced Ofﬁces
Tel : 01-4413410
Top Marine Show Room No-385, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597
World’s No.1 Paints & Coatings Company
Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd. Islands Safari in the Mergui Archipelago 5 Days, 7 Days, 9 Days Trips Tel: 95 1 202063, 202064 E-mail: info@islandsafari mergui.com. Website: www. islandsafarimergui.com
The Emporia Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp. Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6294
No. (6), Lane 2 Botahtaung Pagoda St, Yangon. 01-9010003, 291897. info@venturaofﬁce.com, www.venturaofﬁce.com
Sole Distributor For the Union of Myanmar Since 1995 Myanmar Golden Rock International Co.,Ltd. #06-01, Bldg (8), Myanmar ICT Park, University Hlaing Campus, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 654810~17.
Road to Mandalay Myanmar Hotels & Cruises Ltd. Governor’s Residence 39C, Taw Win Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 229860 fax: (951) 217361. email: RTMYGN@mptmail.net.mm www.orient-express.com
Schenker (Thai) Ltd. Yangon 59 A, U Lun Maung Street. 7 Mile Pyay Road, MYGN. tel: 667686, 666646.fax: 651250. email: sche firstname.lastname@example.org.
Enchanting and Romantic, a Bliss on the Lake 62 D, U Tun Nyein Road, Mayangon Tsp, Yangon Tel. 01 665 516, 660976 Mob. 09-730-30755 email@example.com www.operayangon.com 1. WASABI : No.20-B, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp,(Near MiCasa), Tel; 09-4250-20667, 09-503-9139 Myaynigone (City Mart) Yankin Center (City Mart) UnionBarAndGrill 42 Strand Road, Botahtaung, Yangon. Tel: 95 9420 180 214, 95 9420 101 854 www.unionyangon.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Water Treatement Solution Block (A), Room (G-12), Pearl Condo, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. Hot Line : 09-4500-59000
Asian Trails Tour Ltd 73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 211212, 223262. fax: 211670. email: res@ asiantrails.com.mm Shan Yoma Tours Co.,Ltd www.exploremyanmar.com
Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg 608, Rm 6(B), Cor of Merchant Rd & Bo Sun Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel: 377263, 250582, 250032, 09-511-7876, 09-862-4563.
22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel 541997. email: leplanteur@ mptmail.net.mm. http://leplanteur.net
Capital Hyper Mart 14(E), Min Nandar Road, Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136. City Mart (Aung San Branch) tel: 253022, 294765. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (47th St Branch) tel: 200026, 298746. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Junction 8 Branch) tel: 650778. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (FMI City Branch) tel: 682323. City Mart (Yankin Center Branch) tel: 400284. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Myaynigone Branch) tel: 510697. City Mart (Zawana Branch) tel:564532. City Mart (Shwe Mya Yar) tel: 294063. City Mart (Chinatown Point) tel: 215560~63. City Mart (Junction Maw Tin) tel: 218159.
Commercial scale water treatment (Since 1997) Tel: 01-218437~38. H/P: 09-5161431, 09-43126571. 39-B, Thazin Lane, Ahlone.
TOP MARINE PAINT No-410, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 09-851-5202
Your Most Reliable & Friendly Real Estate Agency Tel : 09-7308848 01-242370, 394053
International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.
Real Estate Agent Agent fees is unnecessary Tel : 09 2050107, 09 448026156 email@example.com
Good taste & resonable price @Thamada Hotel Tel: 01-243047, 243639-41 Ext: 32
G-01, City Mart (Myay Ni Gone Center). Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 106
G-05, Marketplace by City Mart. Tel: 01-523840 Ext: 105 a drink from paradise... available on Earth @Yangon International Hotel, No.330, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 09-421040512
No. 5, U Tun Nyein Street, Mayangone T/S, Yangon. Tel : 01-660 612, 011 22 1014, 09 50 89 441 Email : lalchimiste. firstname.lastname@example.org
The Global leader in Water Heaters A/1, Aung San Stadium East Wing, Upper Pansodan Road. Tel: 01-256705, 399464, 394409, 647812.
Real Estate Agency
Email : realwin2012@ gmail.com Tel : 09-732-02480, 09-501-8250
Made in Japan Same as Rinnai Gas Cooker and Cooker Hood Showroom Address
Monsoon Restaurant & Bar 85/87, Thein Byu Road, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653.
No. 372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan T/S, Yangon. Tel : 01-380 398, 01-256 355 (Ext : 3027) Email : zawgyihouse@ myanmar.com.mm
VISA & IMMIGRATION
Bld-A2, Gr-Fl, Shwe Gabar Housing, Mindama Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. email: eko-nr@ myanmar.com.mm Ph: 652391, 09-73108896 Sai Khung Noung Real Estate Co., Ltd. Tel : 541501, 551197, 400781, 09-73176988 Email : saikhungnoung email@example.com. www.saikhungnoung.com No.430(A), Corner of Dhamazedi Rd & Golden Valley Rd, Building(2) Market Place (City Mart), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-523840(Ext-309), 09-73208079. INTERNATIONAL MONTESSORI MYANMAR (Pre-K, Primary) 55 (B) Po Sein Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon, Tel: 01-546097, 546761. firstname.lastname@example.org
Ocean Center (North Point), Ground Floor, Tel : 09-731-83900 01-8600056
Get your Visa online for Business and Tourist No need to come to Embassy. #165. 35th Street, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon. Tel: +951 381200, 204020 email@example.com
HOW TO GET A FREE AD
"SCHOLAR Teaching Organization" founded with ME,BE & Master Degree holder with 12 years experience in teaching field. Role and Responsibility: Making the students develop problem solving skills, critical thinking skills and I.Q & E.Q enriching skills, Int'l School (ILBC, Total, MISY, ISY, PISM, Horizon, ISM, network, MIS, MLA, ES4E, DSY RV). All grades, All Subjects ..... Singapore MOE Exams (AEIS, S-AEIS, IGCSE, IELTS, TOFEL..Tr.Daniel Caulin : 09-215-0075. Tr.Bryan :09-4200-70692. GIVE your child the best possible start to life at International Montessori Myanmar (English Education Center), Accredited by IMC Bangkok (Since 1991), Our Montessori curriculum includes: Practical Life Exercises, Sensorial Training. Language Development, Mathematics, Cultural Studies, Botany & Zoology, History, Creative Art, Music and Movement, Cooking, Physical Development, Social & Emotional Development, Learning through play, 55(B), Po Sein Rd, Bahan, Tel: 546097, 546761, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org EXPERIENCE SAT English teacher, who can come to home, needed for 2 International school students. Pls contact 09501-4443, Between 6:00 PM - 7:00 PM. AIR POWER, M & E Engineering Services Pte, Ltd. (Air Con & Electrical - Installation & Services) : 124, Rm 4, Padamya St, Yenatha, Thuwunna. Ph: 01-709-717, 570-086, 09501-4435.
BY FAX : 01-254158 BY EMAIL : classiﬁed@myanmartimes.com.mm, email@example.com BY MAIL : 379/383, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.
HOW TO GET MORE BUSINESS FROM AS LITTLE AS K.5,000.
BUY SPACE ON THESE PAGES CALL: Khin Mon Mon Yi - 01-392676, 392928
willing to learn , who really want to spend the time effectively , who are enthusiastic & interested in learning English speaking then do not hesitate & come & learn at BZM language center . Free of charge. Do not miss the great opportunity. The class will be started on 25th November 2013. Exception :Only female, 15 years old and above, Mon, Tues & Wed - (3 days a week)1 to 3 pm, Teacher Zin Mar Myint, (Got TKT certificate from Cambridge, Gotcertificate from British council ) Rm 53, Bldg 25, Shwe Ohn Pin villa (new) Yankin. Ph: 09-4302-6789. LANGUAGE Proficiency: Effective & Scientific way. Tutor/ Translator/ Interpreter. (Such languages: Hindi/ Sanskrit/ Bengali/ Nepali/ English & Myanmar), R.S. Verma. B.Sc., (Bot), Yangon. (UFL-English), Yangon. Email: rsverma. firstname.lastname@example.org, Ph: 09-730-42604. FOR FOREIGNERS Want to learn Myanmar speaking at your home? Contact : 09-517-9125 FRENCH .a small class for reading .writing. speaking and listening can be inquired. You can practice study or reading skill if you need. French language and civilization get more knowledge for further study. Colledge and University students also study for extra curriculum. Spanish can be in quired. U Thant Zin 28, 3-B, Thatipahtan St, Tamwe. Ph:09-5035350, 09-310-21314. w w w. f a c e b o o k . c o m / shaping the way MYANMAR Car Rental Service. Ph:01-543-942, 09-519-1785, 09-73118957. PROFESSIONAL English Speaking Tour Car Driver Mr. SONNY Car Rental Service [Maw @ AUNG (Mya Mya Aung) Guide or English translator/Interpreter ] !!! I can assist you as your best Tour Car Rental Service. Mr. Sonny: 094200-48040 VIRGIN LAND Tours :Visa Services, Worldwide Air Ticketing, Worldwide Hotel Reservation, All Kind Transportation Rental, Inbound & Outbound Tour Operator, Tour Guide Services , Ph: 01-8610252, 09512-3793, 09-520-2643 GREAT ESCAPE Travels & Tours Our services : (1).FIT tour & Group tour package, (2).Hotel reservation, Guide services, (3).Chinese to Mynamar to Chinese translation service (4). Car rental service (5). Visa Application. Contact person : Kelly Dong : 094301-8077 NYAN MYINT THU Car Rental Service : Ko Nyan Myint Win Kyi (MD) - 56, Bo Ywe St, Latha, Yangon, Myanmar. Ph : 01-246551, 01-375284. ph:09-2132778. email: nyanmyintthu1983@ gmail.com, nmt@nyan myintthucarrental. com, colwinkyi@ gmail. com. Web:www. nyanmyintthucarrental. com
SOFTWARE (POS, Money Changer, Travel & Tour Booking), Cable & Wireless Networking Service (CPE, RT, AP), Hardware & Maintenance Service, Computer Training Service. Contact: 09- 730-75931, email@example.com
NEW BELTA Saloon Car (Model:2008) with English speaking driver who own his car No. 6F/8728 by monthly payment price 5.5 lakhs Kyats only. Contact : Ms Mya Mya Aung : 09-4200-48040, 09-4015-43732.
TEACHING English English for Young Learners and High School Graduates. English for social, study, overseas travel and work. General English course. Qualified and experienced teacher. Using International Syllabuses. Available for small groups or Individuals. Ph: (01) 291679 , 09250136695 WILLINGLY give a helping hand to those who are still difficult to answer ABE question papers of Business Management ( Graduate Diploma) for December exams. Pls contact: 09-4211-07662 GIVE your child the best possible start to life at Int'l Montessori Myanmar (English Education Center) Accredited by IMC Bangkok (Since 1991), Our Montessori curriculum includes: Practical Life Exercises, Sensorial Training, Language Development, Mathematics, Cultural Studies, Botany & Zoology, History, Creative Art, Music and Movement, Cooking, Physical Development, Social & Emotional Development. Learning through play. 55(B), Po Sein Rd, Bahan, Yangon, Tel: 546097, 546761, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org FOR IGCSE (Edexcel & Campridge) & Secondary level Regular tuition classes Home tuition Exam preparation classes All subjects available Contact: 09-508-8683. LCCI,Level I, II & III, MYOB. Ph:09-520-0974 ENGLISH literature & language arts for middle school in touch with SAT. setting.plot.maintheme writing .All kinds of student can be learnt. U Thant Zin, 28,3 B, Thatipahtan St, Tamwe. Ph: 09-5035350,09-3102-1314. w w w. f a c e b o o k . c o m / shaping the way SPECIAL for Maths Algebra I&II, Geometry, Calculus Pre- University Level Tr.Kaung Myat: BE(PE) Ph:09-73142020. TEACHERS who have got Teaching experience in Singapore, Int'l School (primary & seconday levels) AEIS, PSLE, GCSE, SAT, IELTS, TOEFL, English-Myamar Speaking Class for company, Sayar Bryan, (ME) 09-4200-7 0692.
3DS XL - 30000 Kyats. Prices are negotiable. Ph: 09-507-9980". ASUS A42J Intel Core i7 Ram 4GB H.D.D 500GB Garaphic 2GB Price : 435000. Ph : 09-501-6694 SAMSUNG Galaxy S3 LTE (3G/4G LTE Network) 1.5 GHz Processor Quad Core 8MP LED Flash Camera & Camcorder Android™ 4.1 Jelly Bean 4.8" Touchscreen-Super AMOLED™ Plus Display Very good internet speed Brand New. Good Price: 440000 Ks. Negotiable. Ph:09-507-4152.
PEARL Condominium for rent, Kabaaye Pagoda Road, Building (C), good view, 1250 Sqft, 1MB, 1BR, 2AC, 2Heater, Fully furnish, 1800 USD. Room will be vacant on 20 Nov, 2013. Contact: 09-420112828, 09-4211-51862. HTAUK KYANT. (at the junction of Hle Ku & Mhaw Be) : (1)Total 4 arcas land (price for 1 arca land is 2,000,000 per month) (2) 3 No. of warehouses ( price for 1 warehouse is 500,000 per month). This place equipped with water, electricity (3 phase and single phases) and IDD phone. Contact (Dr. Moe Sandar Myint) at 09511-1817,01-214278.
HTC One Silver Color With Original Accessories. Price : 490000. Ph : 093100-8866 MACBOOK Pro 13" Intel Core 2 Duo Ram 4GB H.D.D 750GB Mac OS 10.8.5 + Windown 7 Price : 685000. Ph : 094200-50651 99% NEW SAMSUNG Series 5 Ultra Book Intel Core i5 Ram 8GB H.D.D + SSD Display 13.3 1 Year 6 Month International Warranty. Price : 630000. Ph : 09-501-6694. TOYOTA IQ (2008) 2 Door, Push Start (keyless) Gold Silver colour. prices 135 Lakhs. Ph:09-3335-5535. HUAWEI P1 U9200 white 98%new ,price145000Ks, contact : 09514-7480. MACBOOK Pro 13" Intel Core 2 Duo Ram 4GB H.D.D 750GB Mac OS 10.8.5 + Windown 7. Price : 685000. Ph : 093105-0872 ALPHARD, Mark X, Mark II, Crown. Ph: 09-5188320. MARK II, Regalia (99mdl), 165 lakhs. Ph: 09-518-8320. WIMAX (Bagan). Ph: 0944-800-6520. ENGLISH literature & language arts for middle school in touch with SAT. French class & Spanish can be inquired. U Thant Zin:09-503-5350, 09-3102-1314. www. facebook.com/shaping the way. USED Dell, Acer, ASUS Lenovo, & More Laptops Core i3, i5, i7. Ph : 094500-39844 ORIGINAL 3DS Game Cartridges & accessories - Spirit Camrea: The Cursed Memoir (with box & user guide booklet) 20000 Kyats, Rabbid Rumble (with box & user guide booklet) - 20000 Kyats, Super Street Fighter IV: 3D Edition (with box and user guide booklet) - 24000 Kyats, Monster Hunter 3 Ultimate (with box & user guide booklet) - 30000 Kyats, - Project X Zone (with box and user guide booklet) - 30000 Kyats, 3DS Game Cartridge Holder (24 Slots) - 17000 Kyats, Circle Pad Pro for
SHWE KYIN Slipper shop, Yangon. Ph: 01240966 ext 333, 09515-7156. GUEST Care Hotel : 107(A) Dhamma Zedi Rd, Bahan, Yangon. Tel: 511118, 526902, 527770. Email: reservations@ guestcarehotel.com. www.guestcarehotel. com COFFEE CIRCLES Coffeehouse & Restaurant. Menu: Excellent Coffee (InHouse Roasting), European & Asian Cuisines, Wines, Cocktails, Bakery & Pastry. Open daily: 7:00 am to 12:00 midnight. 107(A) Dhamma Zedi Rd, Bahan, Yangon, Tel: 525157, CoffeeCircles@ gmail.com www. theCoffeeCircles. com Facebook.com/ CoffeeCirclesMyanmar NEO Coffee and Food. Menu: Coffee, Bakery & Food. Open Daily: 9:00 am to 10:00 pm. Junction Square Shopping Center and City Mart@ Thamine Junction, Yangon Facebook.com/ NeoCoffeeandFood
for office and foreigner. Ph: 09-519-7133. MAYANGONE, (131), Cheery St, Thamine, Double Slab (4th Floor) (23 ' x 48'), 1 MBR, 1SR, Dinning Room, Air Con, Refrigenerator, TV Stan. Ph: 09-4293-33333, 01680-699, 687-376. BAHAN , (1)New University Avenue Rd, new condo, 1500sqft, f.f, US$ 3000 (2)New University Avenue condo, 2000 sqft, f.f US$ 3000. Maureen : 09-518-8320. BAHAN, (1)Near Chatrium hotel, condo 1500 Sqft, 2 MBR, 1 SR, 3200 USD. (2).Near Japan Embassy, condo 1200 Sqft, 1 MBR, 2 SR, 1500 USD. (3).Near Sedona hotel, apartment, 1100 Sqft, 1 MBR, 2SR,
A SEASONED account ing prefessional with more than 13 years of experience in various industries. Can provide below services in compliance with international accounting standards. (1)Financial statements preparation (profit & loss) (2) Financial statements/ performance analysis (3)Strategic planing (budgeting/forecasting) (4)Implementation of internal controls (5) Preparation for external auditor (6)Development standardized accounting procedures. Daw Thin Thin Aung, Accounting Consultant , Ph: 094200-90037. WE have Lands for sale suitable for making Industrial buildings in large area. Buyers can Contact Us on 09-450059037. (There is no pay for Agents & Third party ... Warmly welcome the buyers ) WE ARE the one of service Aera 51 group Real - Estate. Who want to buy, sell & rent for house, Condo & Industry zone. Contact ph: 01-293-314, 09-4037-04805.
CASH REWARD for 13" MacBook Pro that was left behind in a taxi on Bor Yar Nyunt Street at 1:30 a.m. on Tuesday October 1st. No questions asked but must include all original data. Pls contact 09-4211-67228 (English & Burmese speaker available.
MYANMAR Language Guide (For Embassy family & others) When you stay in Myanmar, do you want to ask to your children tolearnMyanmar language? Call: 09-514-6505(Christine) SAT score raising classic novels and short stories practice can be asked,it is right to enjoy reading classic and persuaded writing ,critical thinking and world culture.If you are not the student of SAT study. you tried as much as you can to follow the lesson with skill you got good experienced for your .further study. Spanish language can be inquired. U Thant Zin : 09-503-5350 , 01-547442. 28/3B, Thadipahtan St, Tamwe. BZM English language center : I am willing to teach English grammar & speaking . Especially the person who cannot afford the fee. If you are the person who are
BOXING: Do you want to learn international boxing. With properly methods from several ages. Contact: Master high class School cuba boxing, osmarino09@ gmail.com, Phone: 09313-29605, 09-425360719.
Want to Buy
APPLE : Macbook Pro, Macbook Air, iMac, Mac Mini iPhone 5, 4S, 4, iPod 5, 4 iPad 2, 3, 4, Mini Wifi Only & Wifi + 4G, Apple TV, Apple Mouse A.K Mobile Ko Myo San. No 124, 31 St(Middle) Pabedan. Ph: 09-4500-39844. USED Or Brand New Macbook Pro , Macbook Air, iMac, Mac Mini iPad 4 Wifi Only & Wifi + 4G iPhone 5, iPod 5 Samsung S4 HTC One . Ph : 09-501-6694 CHERRY QQ3 (Taxi). Pls contact; 09-4211-31257 WE want to buy Marine Generator operation and maintenance manual books and Marine main engines operation and maintenance manual books(B&W or Yanmar Or UEC , etc..Pls contact 09-518-4314
THE ANY-WAYS Travel & Tours Co : 1225, Pinlon Rd, 35 Ward, North Dagon (Email :- anywaysmyanmar@ gmail.com) was established since early October,2013. The foreign visitors (Tourists, Business or other purpose) are advised to contact us and enjoy our services, such as ticketing,hotel reservation, tour programming, holding seminars,car rental and etc. Welcome anyone contact to Ph : 09-5117890, 01-581878 ASIAN BLISS
PAZUNDAUNG, The Corner of Bogyokr St & Yee Kyaw St, 7 Flr + Pent House, 1700 SQFT, Fully Decorated. Contact: 09519-7133 (1) NEW University Ave Rd, 2F) 45'x60', 3MBR, Ph, 5A/C, 30 lakhs. (2) South Okkalar, Thitsar Rd, 22'x70', RC3 Storey house for showroom, office, 30 Lakhs, (3) New University Ave Rd, New Condo, 1500 sq.ft, 2MB, 1BR, 5A/C Nicely Condo 25 Lakhs, (4) Pearl Condo, 1500 sq.ft, 1MB, 2BR, 4A/C, Ph, for rent 15 Lakhs, Maureen: 09-518-8320. MAYANGONE, (1).9 Mile, A1 St, 3600 Sqft, 2 MBR, 2 SR, USD 3000. (2).7 Mile, 2 RC, 2 MBR, 2 SR, fully furnish, USD 3500. (3).8 Mile, Kabaraye Villa, (2050 Sqft) 3 MBR, fully furnish, USD 3300 (4).9 Mile , Ocean condo, (1300 Sqft),1MBR, 1 SR, fully furnish,USD 1500. Ph: 09-4921-4276. KAMAYUT, YANKIN, (1) Diamond condo, (1250) Sqft, 1 MR, 1 SR, 1500 USD. (2)Near Yankin center, condo, 1250 Sqft, 2 SR, 1 MR, fully furnish, 1600 USD. (3) Near Yankin centre, 2stories, 2 MR, 2 SR, 1500 USD. Ph: 09-4921-4276. INSEIN, Free hold land, 1.5 acre, Price negotiable. Contact.: 09-505-3342 BAHAN : A European Style fully furnished apartment at Pearl Condominium, 12th flr, 1700 sqft. Most modern interior decoration. Fully Air conditioned. Best for foreigners. Rent expected USD 2500 per month. Can also sell for USD 3,50,000. Call owner (English speaking 09508-2244) or (Myanmar speaking 09-735-67890) A CONDO, 7th Floor + Pent House. Bo Chote St & Yee Kyaw St Corner 1700 Sqft, Fully Decorated AC/Hot Water / Lift / Best View. Suitable
fully furnish, 800 USD. (4). Golden velley, 1 storie, 2 MBR, fully furnish, 2500 USD. (5).Golden velley, near pearl condo,3 stories, 3 MBR, 4000 USD. Ph : 09-4921-4276. CLASSIC STRAND, 3 bed 2 bath, 1600 square feet, 8th floor corner unit full riverview. $3800/month. Strand Rd, 5min walk to Hilton/ Center Point offices. jasonwongjp@gmail. com, 09-4211-02223.
THINGANGYUN, NearYangon Int'l School (YIS), ILBC Apartment - First Flr (1,200 Sqft) On Thu Min Ga La Main Rd, . 1MBR, 2SR, 2 Bath Rooms, Kitchen Room, Dining Room, Sitting Room , Nice, Peace Location: Ph-095148138, 01-573881. SOUTHERN DAGON - 18, Land and Good Wood Building for Sales 20 x 60-Aung Min Ga La street(18b)-250 Lakhs, 40 x 60-Aung Min Ga La St (18b)-500 Lakhs, Ready for Staying, Water, Electricity. Selling by the Owner himself: Ph-01573881, 09-514-8138 APARTMENT : Muditor condo (1)Taw Win Construciton. Place: On U Ba Han Rd, Mayangone. Ground Flr Price : 520 lakhs. (nego: + agent fees). Contact Person:Christine 093156-0089 PYIN OO LWIN, Near Kandaw Gyi Park, Land only 0.6 acres . Ph: 01 552282, 09-518-5469. KAMAYUT, Diamond Condo, Pyay Rd, 1400 sq.ft, 1MB, 2BR, Ph: 4A/C, Nice & New Condo. Negotiable: 3700 Lakhs, Maureen: 09-518-8320.
Want to Buy
WE want to buy about (100 ft x 100 ft), (Need to join ownerself), Ph: 09-566-1037.
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
related subject. 2 years experience as Cashier or in the field of finance & administration. Working knowledge of Microsoft Word & Excel. (2) Field Accountant (ReOpen) in Kawthaung, Tanintharyi Region: University degree in Accounting/ Finance or related subject. 3 years experience. Working knowledge of Microsoft Office Word, Excel & good knowledge of computerize accounting. (3)Program Finance Coordinator (Re-Open) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University degree in Accounting/ Finance or related subject. 3 years experience in the field of finance in commercial or public institutions. Good knowledge of computerize accounting, Microsoft Word & Excel. (4)Project Engineer (Food Program) (ReOpen) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University degree in Civil Engineering or equivalent. 5 years experience in community development construction activities. Computer skills including AutoCAD, MS Word & Excel. Knowledge in writing effective proposals. Pls submit resume (clearly identify the post you apply) by post to HR Department, World Vision - Myanmar or in person to application drop-box at No (18), Shin Saw Pu Rd; Ahlone, Sanchaung OP or send to email@example.com Closing date : November 8, 2013. FRENCH Red Cross is seeking Finance, Administration & HR Manager 1 post in Yangon : Myanmar Citizen. Master degree or equivalent in a subject relevant to the position applied for. Computer literacy in both Myanmar & English. Applications (including CV & references) should be submitted to French Red Cross Office not later than 15th November 2013. Finance/ Admini stration/ HR Manager, French Red Cross Office : 42, 1st Flr, Strand Rd, Botahtaung, Yangon. Tel: 09-731-59942, Email : fin.mgr.myanmar. firstname.lastname@example.org MYANMAR Red Cross Society is seeking SHG Development Officer 1 post in Nay Pyi Taw: Any graduate. Effective computer knowledge. Knowledge of English in speaking and writing is an advantage. Red Cross Volunteers are preferable. Pls send applicationi letter, CV and related documents to Myanmar Red Cross Society Head Office. Yazathingaha Rd, Dekkhinathiri, Nay Pyi Taw. Or mrcshrrecruitment@ gmail.com MEDECINS du Monde (MDM) is seeking Accountant 1 post in Pyapon:Universitydegree in finance, accountancy or related feild. 1 year experience in accounting & finance field. Fluency in Myanmar. Fair English both speaking & writing. Good computer skills. Pls submit CV & a cover letter to MDM Country Coordination Office, Yangon, 47-B, Po Sein St, Bahan, Yangon. Email : office.mdmmyanmar@ gmail.com comCall: 09-514-6505 (Christine) A+ HARDWARE Technician. Pls contact Ph: 256-711,256-512, 09-513-4031. ACCOUNTANTS & General Clerks M/F - Urgent Need US$ 1,000/Month, Free Accommodation, Food, Transport Yearly Bonus, Local Allowances, Festival Allowances. To work in Nigeria, Lagos. 25 Myanmar are working there No agent fees, Air Ticket Free, During Vacation with pay CPA or ACCA or M.Ba or B.Com or D.Ma or LCCI. Good for English speaking, Computer skill & MYOB. Ph : 01-573881, 09-5148138. URGENTLY requires a receptionist who can speak English. Pls apply to the following address and e mail. advertising.myanmar@ gmail.com. SAIL Group of Companies Ltd : 790 Corner of Bogyoke Rd and Wadan Rd, Suite 603, Danathiha Center, Lanmadaw, Yangon. Ph: 951-211870, 951224820, 951-660839 BANGKOK AIRWAYS Asia’s Boutique Airline is looking for Reservation & Ticketing Officer: For Nay Pyi Taw Station team: Female or Male, Age under 25. Nationality-Burmese. Good Communication skills. Good command of written & spoken English. Capable of providing excellent customer services. Smart presonality with positive and caring attitude. Qualified and interested applicants are invited to supply a comprehensive CV and submit your application letter to: Walk in interview at Amara Hotel on 03-04, Nov’ 2013 at Nay Pyi Taw. Start on 9 Am to 12 AM. Ph: 09-541-9550. “AUDIER & Partners, a Vietnam-based international law firm with offices in Vietnam, Mongolia and Myanmar is looking to hire business lawyers for its Yangon Office. Profile: Myanmar nationals holding advanced law degrees, minimum 1 year work experience in law firms/government entities, full English proficiency (reading, writing, speaking), computer software proficiency. Pls submit CV to grangerat@ audierpartners.com” NGAPALI BAY Villas & Spa is seeking Spa Manager at 5 star Deluxe Hotel in Ngapali : Management experience within the spa industry 2 years, Ability to meet financial targets, Ability to work under pressure, Excellent grooming standards, Willingness to develop team members and self, Flexibility to respond to a range of different work situations, Ability to work on your own or in teams, Passion for customer service, Knowledge of the local market, Certification from internationally acknowledged institu tions. Apply with an up to date CV & uploaded photo to gm@ ngapalibay.com CENTER for Vocational Training (CVT) is seeking Teacher for Hotel & Gastronomy Profession 1 Post: Interested in wide spectre of the profession related aspect in general. Used to work with a computer (Microsoft Office). Good command in English. Submit an application letter with CV, recent passport photo & Copy of relevance documents to the reception counter or by email before 5th November 2013. 3rd Flr, MRCS Bldg., 42, Strand Rd, Botahtaung, Yangon. Ph : 383676, 09-731-66206, Email: hrcvtmyanmar@gmail. com, cvt.2001.2009@ gmail.com (1) AN Experienced English Teacher (male) is available to teach at the students' residence. Pls call at 44, Athoka St, Natchaung Ward, 3rd Flr - left side), Tamwe, Yangon, Pls ask for Mr.David (after 7pm or before 10am). (2) A licensed your guide, (English/ French) is available for immediate appointment. Pls contact personally, Mr.David, between 9 ~10 am, at 44, Athoka St, Natchaung Ward, Tamwe, Yangon. NESTLE is seeking Sales Trade Development Manager: Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration or relevant educational degree. 5 years' experience in similar position, in FMCG is preferable. Computer literacy & English communication skills. Pls submit complete detailed resume to Nestle Trading (Thailand) Ltd. Flr 11th Centerpoint Towers, 65 Corner of Sule Pagoda Rd & Merchant St, Kyauktada, Yangon, Ph: 09-732-32462. Or Email: zinhnaunga@ nestlemyanmar.com. mm (OR) tztzha@gmail. com ISOLA Garden & cafe restaurant is seeking : Maintenence & Engineering,Assistant Restaurant Manager, Kitchen Helper, Bartender, Cashier, Service staffs (waiter / waitress), Housing Keeping/ Cleaner. Qualification required for the above position: previous work experience in Hotel & restaurant management is preferable, Pleasant, coourtesy & friendly manner when dealing with customers, Good command of English in spoken & written English. Pls submit CV with recent photo, copies of NRC, labor registration card & education certificates to 80, Golden valley 1 Qtr, University Avenue Rd, Bahan. Ph: 532142, 09506-3762. THIRI COSMETICS Co., Ltd. (Mistine) is seeking Software Developer : Degree in IT or related subject. Sound knowledge in Software Development Life Cycle, Relational Database. Sound knowledge in C#. Net, SQL , Crystal Report. 3 years experience in software development (Requirement : Analysis, Coding, Testing ) using the technology specified above. Good to have Knowledge in project management, network & infrastructure, business process management, vendor management, database administration. Ph:01-373001,376245, 09-73154474, 73126761 Ext: 104, 43098643. GRAND PALACE Hotel.is seeking (1). Waiter 4 Posts, (2). Housekeeping 6 Posts, (3).Laundry 4 Posts, (4). Cook 4 Posts, (5). Cook Helper 4 Posts, (6).Security Guard 4 Posts, (7).Maintenance Staff 4 Posts. Pls submit CV to M-22, Shwe Htee Housing, Thamine Station St., Near Bayint Naung Point, Mayangone, Yangon. Ph: 522744, 522763, Email: grandpalace@ myanmar.com.mm GARDEN CITY Hotel Construction is looking for (1)Site Engineer/ Super visor. (2) Civil Engineer. (3) M & E Engineer. (4) Accountant. (5) Interior Designer. Location at Yangon. If you are short listed, we will invite you interview. Salary will consider depend on candidate relevant working experience. 2 to 3 years construction experience required. Email: gardencity03@ gmail.com, Pls submit resume to : 66/67, Ayarwon Yeik Thar, Minnandar St, 1 Htu Par Yone, Thakayta, Yangon, Ph: 558933, 450394. AMARA GROUP Co., Ltd is looking for: (1) Executive Chef 1 Post (Ngapali). (2) Sous Chef 2 Post (Ngapali/ Kalaw). (3)Chef De Partie 1 Post (Kalaw). (4)Pastry Chef 1 Post (Ngapali). (5)Accountant1 Post (Yangon). (6) Spa Therapist 4 Post (Ngapali/ Kalaw). (7) Receptionist 1 Post (Kalaw). (8) Room Attendant 2 Post (Kalaw). (9) Waiter/ Waitress 1 Post (Kalaw). Be part of a young dynamic team & contribute to the hotels success with your expertise & experience. Therefore we offer an interesting work environment, accommodation & an attractive package. We look forward receiving CV in English. Email : hrm@ amaragroupmyanmar. com, Ph: 663347, 652191. No.6, Tayza Rd, Kyan Khin Su Quarter, Mingalardon, Yangon www.amara oceanresort.com, Tel: 663347, 652191. MYANMAR Golden Heart Co., Ltd. is seeking (1) Computer Data Operator - F 1 Post : Age 20-28, Any graduate, more preferable LCCI 3, 1 year Account experiences, Good in accounting software or more preferable in UBS Software, Microsoft Outlook. (2) Sales & Marketing Supervisor - M 3 Posts : Age 23-28. (3) Sales & Marketing Supervisor - M 1 post : (AGTI B-Tech) Age 23-28. For 2 & 3 : Any graduate, 1 year experience in sale & marketing field. (4) Driver - M 1 Post : Age 25 ~ 40. 5 years experience in driving skill. Pls contact with updated CV in English, with one passport photo, copy of labor registration card, NRC card and other supportive documents to 103/104, Kyun Shwe Myaing St, Thuwana, Yangon, Ph : 09-73127269, 09-4211-56774. Email: nilar.vimpex@ gmail.com Closing date :30.11.2013. (1)ENGLISH (speaking , writing) Age 20 ~ 35, for real estate company) M/F 5 posts (2)Chinese (speaking, written) Age 20 ~ 35 - M/F 5 posts (3) Driver, Age 25 ~ 40 - M/F 3 posts. Ph: 09-421177105, 09-4201-14749. CLIENT Servicing Executive - 1 Post. We are looking for a young & outgoing Female to join our Advertising Agency : Enjoys meeting people and have good communication skills. Fluent in oral and written English. Able to work independently and under tight deadlines. Must be a team player. Provides liaison between in-house team and clients. We provide a challenging environment and look forward to meeting suitable candidates for the post. Call : 09-5069346 for an appointment. Salary Negotiable. HORIZON Int'l School is looking for (1).Office secretary - F 1 post : Age under 30. Bachelor’s degree or Diploma in the relevant field. Sufficient work experience. Good command of English. Computer literate. (2). Assistant Teacher - F 2 posts :Age 20 ~ 35. University graduate. Proficient in English. Comfortable working with young learners. Able to devote oneself to teaching. Friendly, enthusiastic & patient. (3).Receptionist - F 1 post :Age under 30. Bachelor’s Degree or Diploma in the relevant field. Good command of English. BENEFITS: Attractive Salary, Lunch is also provided, An opportunity to work for an institution where students have lots of outstanding international achievements, Enhance ment training. Pls bring CV along with a copy of your credentials to 235, Shukinthar Myo Patt Rd, Taketa, Yangon. Ph: 450396, 450397, Closing date : 8 November, 2013. All candidates should be good in communication and interpersonal skills. ASIA LANGUAGE & Business Academy (ALBA) urgently requires part-time English native teacher for our Weekend program. Pls contact: 384055, 376236, 376314.Email: email@example.com OFFICE RECEPTIONIST - F1 Post : Able to speak English fluently & handle phone complaint, Receive & direct telephone messages to the appropriate person, Be respectable, Answer all incoming calls, re-direct calls as appropriate,take message & handle caller’s inquiries, Greet & assist visitors, 1 year experience, Age under 25 (2)Drivers - Can speak English a little, Possess licence ( black or red), Follow traffic rules & regulations & maximum speed limit, 2 years driving experience, Age under 50 (3) Project Admin (Temporary PositionAbout 5-months) : Able to type fluently in both English & Myanmar, Able to use Adobe Photoshop & Page Maker, Able to communicate in English & communicate with government departments & travel around Yangon. Pls submit CV, 2 passport photos, with necessary documents to HR Dept 380, 10 th flr, FMI Center, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan, Yangon or email: khinnyeinaye@ spa.com.mm Closing date : 10.11.2013.
UNICEF Myanmar is seeking Protection Officer (NO-B), based in Yangon Position No. 68495 : University degree in Social Sciences, Law or Child Development, 2 years of relevant experience, Field work experience. Int'ernational experience is a strong asset, Background/familiarity with Emergency, Technical knowledge in the following areas: Strengthening child protection systems; Strengthening partner capacity for protecting children against violence; in emergencies; Management & use of data & indicators in child protection. Fluency in English & Myanmar. Working knowledge of another UN language is an asset. Pls send application with updated CV or Personal History form, educational credentials and references to jobs. firstname.lastname@example.org by 10 November 2013. IOM Int'l Organization for Migration is seeking(1) Project Evaluator in Yangon: Advanced degree in public health, development, or related field. 7 years experience in programme manage ment, research, and/ or evaluation. Excellent writer to technical documents in English. (2)Community Service Provider in Thaton, Mon State: Must have a client-oriented, resultoriented mind-set and uphold the programme values of caring, innovating, partnering, demonstrating compe tence & working for positive change. Able to spend up to 80% of the time travel to remote, hard-to-reach areas to accomplish his/her responsibilities as noted in this TOR. Background in community development programming. Myanmar plus Kayin and/ or Mon language proficiency. Have a valid driver's license & able to drive motorcycle. University degree. Pls submit CV to 318 (A), Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 210588, Email: email@example.com.
A FOREIGN Mission in Yangon is looking for a Secretary (Female), fluent in written/ oral English (minimum 3 years experience). Pls send CV with recent photo to firstname.lastname@example.org
WORLDVIEW Myanmar is seeking for: (1) Video Cameraman (2) Video editor ( 3) Video Program Production Assistant. After the selection and appointment, persons will be given professional training. Persons having journalism & photography back ground are encouraged to apply. Having previous experience in video camera operation and editing or knowledge in electronics will be a plus point. Must be able to communicate in English. Pls send CV & a coverage letter by 7 November, 2013 to: nazrul@ worldviewmyanmar.org MYANMAR Red Cross Society is seeking Community Safety & Resilience (CSR) Coordinator 1 post in Nay Pyi Taw & Yangon: University degree or advanced education, certificate in health/ social science, management or other relevant subject. 3 years experience. Effective both Myanmar & English language skills (Written & Oral). Effective Computer knowledge.
Red Cross Volunteers are preferable. Pls send application letter, CV & related documents to Head Office, Yazathingaha Rd, Dekkhinathiri, Nay Pyi Taw. Or mrcshrrecrutiment@ gmail.com, Closing date: 8.11.2013. MYANMAR Consortium for Community Resilience (MCCR) is seeking (1)Project Impact Assessment Consultancy: Demon strated technical expertise in community based DRR/ resilience programmes or work. Strong working know ledge of inclusive metho dologies. Excellent communication writing & editing skills. (2) Endline KPA Survey Consultancy in Myanmar: Demon strated experience in conducting KAP surveys with participatory approaches. Knowledge of community based DRR/ resilence program mes or work. Pls submit up-to-date CV, proposed methodology (2 pages maximum, including time allocation) & an indication of daily rate to the Consortium Manager: sarah. woodcock@actionaid. org. Closing date: 8th November 2013. SOLIDARITES Int'l (SI) is seeking Speed boat Driver 1 post in Sittwe: 1 year of driving experiences. Basic knowledge of auto mechanic. Ability to communicate in English & Myanmar effectively (and Rakhine is a plus). Must provide a clean criminal background. Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) to Application for Speedboat Driver/ Yangon, - Solidarites Int'l office : 44-A, Tharyarwaddy Lane, Bahan, Yangon or per email: recuritment@ solidarites-myanmar.org WORLD VISION Int'l Myanmar is seeking (1) Community Develop ment Facili tator (Food Program) (ReOpen) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University degree. Prior experience of working in community development preferred. Strong communication skills in English & Myanmar, can speak Kokant language is essential. (2)Commodity Officer (Food Department) (Re-Open) in Yangon : University degree. Excellent computer skills. Good command of Myanmar & English. Detailed oriented, matured, professional & able to maintain confidentiality. (3) Customer Services Coordinator (ReOpen) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University Degree. 2 years experience in the field of customer services in commercial/ public institutions/ INGO. Strong Communi cation skills in English & Myanmar, can speak Kokant language is preferable. (4) Field Coordinator (Food Program) (Re-Open) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University degree. 2 years experience in commodity management & logistics. Pls submit resume (clearly identify the post you apply) by post to HR Department, World Vision Int'lMyanmar or in person to application drop-box at 18, Shin Saw Pu Rd; Ahlone, Sanchaung PO or send to myajobapps@ wvi.org Closing date : November 8, 2013. WORLD VISION Int'l - Myanmar is seeking (1) Cashier cum Bookkeeper (Re-Open) in Konkyan, Shan (North) State: University Degree in accounting/ finance or
Job Advertisement National Banking (Training) Expert The Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is a federal enterprise with worldwide operations. It supports the German Government in international cooperation for sustainable development and in international education work. GIZ currently runs three projects in Myanmar (1) Private Sector Development, (2) Technical and Vocational Education and Training, and (3) Financial Sector Development (FSD). For the FSD project, GIZ is hiring • National Banking (Training) Expert – 1 position • Based in Yangon • Contract period: 1 year with possibility of extension • Starting date : latest February 1st, 2014 In a nutshell, the prospective candidate is expected to be a key link and communication focal point between the GIZ project and the Myanmar counterparts and local partners. This involves in particular administrative support of international project staff but also requires technical knowledge of the banking and financial sector, in particular with respect to training and HCD. Qualifications: • University Degree in Business Administration, Banking or other relevant field; • Minimum of 3 to 5 years working experience in the banking industry or similar field; • Ability to work independently and goal oriented; • Excellent communication, organizational and administration skills; • Working experience in multi-cultural environments is a plus; • Fluent in English and Myanmar language, including technical banking vocabulary; • Very good computer skills (Microsoft Office, email, internet). An established network to key stakeholders in the banking sector is a strong advantage. Application procedure: Please submit your CV, including application letter and contact detail of two referees no later than November 29th2013 to Mr Sebastian Sommer, Advisor Financial Sector Reform: email@example.com For more information on GIZ, please visit www.giz.de Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.
URGENTLY REQUIRED (1).Sales & Marketing Staff/ Supervisor (2).Admin & Office staff (3) .Personal Secretary/ Executive Secretary (4).B.Com ( C PA ) R e c e p t i o n i s t (5).HR Manager (6). Accountant. Every post suitable for Male/ Female and attractive salary. Send CV to christinekhine@gmail.
(1) Sous Chef (2) Demi-Chef (3) Commis de cuisine Resume should be sent together with a recent photo to firstname.lastname@example.org (or) 129, Dhammazedi Road, Yangon. Tel: (01) 526 289, 526 298
THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
A ‘bluffer’s guide’ to the 27th Southeast Asian Games
27TH SEA GAMES MYANMAR 2013
Myanmar shooter Archan competes at the Myanmar Friendship Shooting Tournament in Yangon on October 29. Photo: Myanmar Shooting Federation
Bullseye: Pre-SEA games shooting tournament draws Myanmar’s best
KYAW ZIN HLAING email@example.com SIXTY of Myanmar’s best shooting athletes were on hand to vie for their positions in the upcoming Southeast Asian Games at a tournament last week in North Dagon township. Participants from three teams competed in six shooting events from October 27 to 30 at the Pre-Southeast Asian Games Friendship Shooting Tournament. The top six male and six female shooters from the country will represent Myanmar at the SEA Games in December. “We gained very valuable experience from this competition that will help us prepare for the 27th SEA Games. The competition gives us a chance to scrutinise our shooting athletes’ weaknesses and strengths,” Than Soe, a secretary of the Myanmar Shooting Federation, said. Lay Zar Zar Hlaing Myint was the big winner on the women’s side. She took top honours in the 10 metre air pistol event and in the 25 metre .22 pistol event. In the women’s 50 metre riﬂe prone event Than Than Saw was the winner. Thu Thu Kyaw took second and Aye Aye Thin ﬁnished third. In the men’s 10 metre air pistol competition Archan won gold. Moe Kyaw Kyaw ﬁnished second and Ye Htun Naing ﬁnished third. Mg Kyuu won the men’s 50 metre .22 pistol event. Ye Htun Naung placed second and Nay Htut Aung ﬁnished third. Aung Thura took gold in the 50 metre riﬂe prone event followed by Aung Nyein Ni in second and Lin Aung in third. The team ten metre air pistol male group Team A won the event follow in Team B second and Yangon Sport and Physical Education Academy in third.
WUSHU ﬁrst appeared in the 1991 Games in Manilla, Philippines and has seen international competition at this event nine times since, including all of the six most recent events. Where does it originate? Wushu, literally translates as “Wu” – meaning military or martial and “Shu” – meaning art. Its current form was developed in China in 1949 as part of an attempt by the government to standardise the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts. However earlier attempts to achieve this included a visit to the 1936 Berlin Olympics by the Chinese wushu team to give a demonstration of the martial form. 1936 also saw the sport enter South East Asia when the Chinese wushu delegation was formed to visit the region. In 1958 the Chinese State Physical Culture and Sports Commission compiled the ﬁrst draft of competition rules. This move has caused controversy ever since as some traditional martial artists criticise the move, suggesting that such competition threatens many of the art’s traditional values and leaves the form open to the threat and dangers associated with commercialisation. What’s it all about? The International Wushu Federation says, “Wushutaolu is a set of connecting stylised movements choreographed according to certain laws, embodying the philosophical connotation of attack and defence.” Taolu is the demonstration form of the sport, for wushu is another of the martial arts at the SEA Games that will be competed as both a subjective exhibition sport – one where competitors demonstrate their skills, form and ability and as a direct combat sport, known in this case as Sanda or Sanshou. Traditional Wushu combines both internal styles that focus on qi manipulation and external, those that concentrate on the improvement of muscle and cardiovascular ﬁtness. Taolu requires the competitors to deliver patterns and maneuvers for which the competitors are assessed by a panel of judges. Although some competitions have set requirements, at the higher competitive levels routines are often open for the individual to be creative and highlight their particular strengths and acrobatic abilities. Sanshu competitions incorporate elements of Chinese boxing and wrestling with the combat aspects of wushu. This creates a spectacle that might resemble kickboxing or muay but with a wider use of grabbling techniques. How do you play? Wushu could almost be described as an umbrella term for a sport, such is the variety of events and styles of ﬁghting that will be seen within this competition. Firstly there are the empty handed forms of taolu, then there are numerous categories covering an array of weapons. Changquan; meaning “long ﬁst”, is the most commonly witnessed form of the sport. Requiring great speed, power and ﬂexibility, this form of the event is derived primarily from northern forms of Chinese martial arts. Nanquan on the
Our ‘bluffer’s guide’ to the Southeast Asian Games focuses on those sports that may never make it to the Olympics but whose elite will get their chance to compete for international gold this December. This week we focus on one of the many varieties of combat sport on display in the 2013 SEA Games. In fact this sport literally translated means “martial art.”
majority of the judges to win each round or remove their opponent from the ﬁghting area twice within that round. Talou competitions generally require the artists to adopt at least three key stances as well as eight fighting techniques that are dependent on the style adopted. The jury determining the winner includes three judges assessing the quality of movement, three judges evaluating overall performance and the head judge, plus three evaluating the degree of difficulty. The head judge will subtract deductions for any mistakes from the final score plus add bonus points for any innovative movements witnessed. It is this that has led to wushu competitors are developing aerial techniques such as 540, 720 and even 900 degree jumps and kicks. What should you be saying? “That competitor’s horse stance is excellent.” – A fundamental stance found across nearly all styles of wushu. Resist the temptation to note “that guy brought a gun to a sword fight” when watching two competitors spar in the gun shu and dao shu forms of the event. Where is it played? In 1990 the International Wushu Federation (IWUF) was formed. The same year saw the debut of the wushu as an official competition event at the XI Asian Games in Beijing. Wushu teams from 11 countries and regions participated at that ﬁrst competition. Since then the IWUF has grown to recognise 119 member federations and recently pushed for, was considered but ultimately failed to secure inclusion in the 2020 Olympic Games. How many medals are available? Across the demonstration and combat versions of the sport, at least 20 medals should be up for grabs. What’s the betting? The Philippines Olympic Committee recently announced they expect to ﬁgure prominently the medal table for wushu and are bringing an experience team of wushu artists. The treasurer of the committee also isolated Malaysia, Vietnam and Singapore as the biggest threats to their team’s success. Meanwhile the Jakarta Post has declared that wushu is expected to remain a gold mine for the Indonesian team that topped the medal table last time around. Myanmar secured one gold medal back from the doubles event back in 2011 as well as a number of the minor medal and will no doubt look to improve upon that in the upcoming games. Where will it all happen? Wushu will be hosted at the Wunna Theikdi Indoor Stadium, with the action getting under way on the December 6 and concluding on December 10. Did you know? Before ﬁnding fame on the big screen, actor Jet Li was a ﬁve time national wushu champion in China. Many of his old teammates from the Beijing wushu team have appeared on-screen alongside him.
Skateboarders hope for ministry recognition
THAN NAING SOE firstname.lastname@example.org MEMBERS of the Myanmar Skateboard Association are taking part in a nationwide demonstration tour with hopes of having their sport officially recognised by the Ministry of Sport. The tour follows an August 22 letter that was submitted to the Ministry of Sport to gain formal recognition. According to MSA executive member Ko Thit, the letter was positively received by the ministry and the tour is an effort to spur further interest in the sport. The MSA has given demonstrations in Nay Pyi Taw, Mandalay, Pyin Oo Lwin and Shwe Bo. The educational presentations include skating as well as a video that details the history of the sport. Ko Lwin Latt, another MSA executive member, said that while interest from children and young adults is high in cities that they have visited, their parents are often worried about the safety risks associated with the sport. “Parents worry about their children. They think that if their children skate they will injure their heads or break their legs. Actually, skating is a sport that is good for health if done properly,” he said. Ko Lwin Latt said that part of the group’s work involved educating skateboarders on proper safety equipment and techniques to avoid injury. “We explain how to wear skateboard helmets and pads and explain safety methods to beginners,” he said. Members of the MSA have also been advising builders on the construction of new skateparks, making sure that the parks are up to their standards and safe for skaters. Being officially recognised by the Ministry of Sport would give the MSA the chance to improve their skills and compete in tournaments abroad. “Previously we have competed at in other countries by paying all the expenses ourselves. We want to be part of the sport internationally,” said Ko Lwin Latt. He is hoping that their outreach programs will help shift people’s perception of skateboarders in Myanmar, from public menace to legitimate athletes. “We want to change the views of people who think of us as hooligans.” – Translation by Win Thaw Tar
other hand originates from southern disciplines, nanquan literally translates as ‘southern ﬁst’. This example of the sport is known for low stable stances and intricate hand movements. Less acrobatic than its northern sibling, nanquan requires greater stability and as such generates more power. Taijiquan might be better known to many as “tai chi”, a style known in the west for its slow, relaxed and controlled movements. In competitions it is often combined in a category with taijijian. A form that is based on traditional taijiquan methods, taijijian adds menace to the practice often associated with retirement communities by the addition of a double edged sword. The double edged jian is just one of the short and long weapons available to wushu. Dao shu and gun shu events give competitors the choice delivering changquan style movements with either a dao; a willow-leaf-shaped, curved, onesided blade or the gun” a long staff shaped from white wax wood. At the last games only the men used the dao or gun, the women competed in a joint jian shu and qiang shu competition that again uses the Chanquan style but respectively with a double-edged straight sword or ﬂexible spear with red horse hair attached to the spearhead. The ﬁnal event provides the choice of nandao, a form using the techniques of nanquan whilst in possession of a curved one sided blade or the nangun; the southern cudgel, also used to the methodology of nanquan. The ﬁnal range of events in wushu taolo are the team events; The duilian is a pairs event that demonstrates a choreographed sparring session, with, without or even featuring one artist with a weapon and one without. The jitior group event features a number of artists and is also often accompanied by music. How do you win? The victor of a sanda or sanshou ﬁght is determined either through the accumulation of points over three rounds of two minutes each or by knock out and absolute victory. Points awarded vary according the method of attack and the successfully acquired target. Contact can be made through techniques including punches, kicks, throws and other takedowns plus the reverse spinning techniques. Fighters may grabble but only for a few seconds. Up to ﬁve corner judges determine the points and bouts are controlled by the referee and head judge. A ﬁghter must impress a
Ye Wint Ko skates City Centre Skate Park in downtown Yangon on August 7. Photo: Ko Taik
Matt Roebuck is a sports writer and sports development consultant based in Yangon. He is the author of the book The Other Olympics, published in 2012.
60 THE MYANMAR TIMES NOVEMBER 4 - 10, 2013
SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin | email@example.com
Skateboarders want ministry support
From worst to ﬁrst
HE Boston Red Sox carved up the St. Louis Cardinals 6-1 on October 30, clinching their ﬁrst World Series at home since 1918 and capping a remarkable worst-to-ﬁrst transformation. The Red Sox hadn’t won a World Series at home since Babe Ruth was on their roster and they joined the 1991 Minnesota Twins as the only teams to win the World Series a year after ﬁnishing in last place in their division. “We did it,” said Boston second baseman Dustin Pedroia of the Red Sox four games to two victory in the best-of-seven series. Boston baseball fans rejoiced in the club’s eighth Major League Baseball championship in franchise history, packing the streets around the Fenway Park stadium and spilling out of bars and restaurants onto Boylston Street and Yawkey Way where they danced and sang into the early morning hours. The triumph was particularly sweet and welcome for a city traumatized by the Boston Marathon bombings in April which killed three people and injured more than 260. “God never left his kids alone,” said World Series most valuable player David Ortiz. “This is a city that has been through a lot of situations.” Red Sox general manager John Farrell said the city’s Boston Strong message was taken to heart by the players. “In a time of need, in response to a tragedy I go back to our players understanding their place in this city,” said Farrell. “They get that there’s a civil responsibility that we have wearing this uniform, particularly here in Boston. “The fans, the players and the league have been waiting a long time for a World Series Beantown bash. The last time the Red Sox clinched a title at Fenway Park, a 23-year-old Ruth was an eighth-inning defensive replacement. Fast forward to October 30 where Shane Victorino was the game six hero. Victorino, who missed the previous two games with a back injury, blasted a three-run double in the third inning and Stephen Drew clubbed a solo homer in the fourth for the Red Sox. Victorino hit a three-run double off Cardinals starter Michael Wacha to open the scoring for the Red Sox in the bottom of the third. The right ﬁelder doubled off the left ﬁeld Green Monster wall, which scored Ortiz, Jacoby Ellsbury and Jonny Gomes. Victorino extended Boston’s lead to 6-0 with an RBI single with the bases-loaded in the fourth in front of
Koji Uehara (19) of the Boston Red Sox celebrates with David Ross (3) after defeating the St. Louis Cardinals on October 30 in Boston, Massachusetts. Photo: AFP
Red Sox end 95-year Fenway drought with win over Cardinals
a Fenway crowd of 38,447. Slugger Ortiz tormented the Cardinals all series with a hot bat, ﬁnishing 11-for-16 at the plate in the Series and had seven walks to tie Carlton Fisk’s 1975 club record. “I am back baby,” Ortiz said during the post-game celebration where he was presented with the MVP trophy. St. Louis wasn’t going to give Ortiz a chance to punish them further in game six as they walked him in his ﬁrst three at bats of the contest. Battled-tested Boston starter John Lackey hurled 6 2/3 innings of one run ball, striking out ﬁve and walking none. Japan’s Koji Uehara recorded the ﬁnal out of the contest, striking out St. Louis lead-off hitter Matt Carpenter. Boston has now won three titles in the last 10 years but their previous two came on the road. . – AFP
A fan holds a sign after the Boston Red Sox defeated the St. Louis Cardinals on October 30 in Boston, Massachusetts. Photo: AFP
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.