FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION

EXERCISES FOR ADVANCED STUDENTS

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Caiet de exerci!ii

Exercises for advanced students

Scopul caietului de exerci!ii. Modalit"!i de utilizare.

Caietul de exerci!ii la limba englez", nivel intermediar-avansat, î#i propune s" dea studen!ilor care urmeaz" cursurile Facult"!ii de Comunicare #i Rela!ii Publice în sistemul Înv"!"mânt Deschis la Distan!" (IDD) posibilitatea de a exersa situa!ii comunica!ionale #i terminologia specific" teoriilor comunic"rii. Pentru a avea dreptul de a accede la examenul scris, to!i studen!ii din seriile de avansa!i vor avea obliga!ia de a completa integral caietul de exerci!ii, cu scris de mân", de a îl organiza sub forma unui dosar #i de a îl preda profesorilor în ziua test"rii. Pentru a avea dreptul de a accede la examenul scris, to!i studen!ii din seriile de intermediari vor avea obliga!ia de a completa jum"tate din caietul de exerci!ii (temele 1-7), cu scris de mân", de a îl organiza sub forma unui dosar #i de a îl preda profesorilor în ziua test"rii. Acest caiet va reprezenta numai o condi!ie obligatorie pentru intrarea în examen, nu va constitui parte din nota studentului, care se va ob!ine pe baza testului scris. Fiecare tem" din caiet, ca #i din curs, este conceput" în patru p"r!i, de aproximativ aceea#i m"rime #i importan!" în structura general". Cea dintâi component" este una comunica!ional", cuprinzând exerci!ii de scriere corect" în limba englez", de la prezentare pân" la scrisori oficiale sau interviuri pentru ob!inerea unui post, de la modalit"!i de concepere a unui articol sau interviu pentru un ziar pân" la organizarea unor conferin!e de pres". A doua structur" cuprinde exerci!ii de gramatica limbii engleze, referitoare la verb, cel mai important #i mai dificil subiect de discutat. Partea a treia con!ine cerin!e de compozi!ie pe marginea textelor de comunicare despre componentele comunic"rii, propagand", pres" scris" #i electronic", rela!ii publice, creare de imagine, structura organiza!iei, imaginea politic", imaginea comercial". A patra component" a cursului cuprinde exerci!ii de vocabular uzual la început, pentru ca pe parcurs s" evolueze c"tre probleme mai nuan!ate #i cât mai apropiate de domeniul comunic"rii sociale #i al rela!iilor publice.

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Caiet de exerci!ii

Exercises for advanced students

I. COMMUNICATION – PAST AND FUTURE
1. Describing a person You are on the beach and you see an empty blanket on which there are a few objects spread around. You look at them and you wonder who is the person that owns these objects. And you are waiting for it to appear…The list of objects is the following: some chewing gum, a film, a comb, a belt bag, some car keys, a camera, a picture of two old persons, some sun-tan lotion, a pair of headphones, a mirror, a towel, a pencil, a book, a letter Now use your imagination. In the space given below, try to write a description of this person’s life, answering the questions: Is this person a man or a woman? Where does he/she come from? How old is he/she? What is his/her job? Is he/she married or single? What is he/she doing at the moment? What colour are his/her eyes?

2. Choose one of the following topics and have a dialogue, in the space given below: a. You are strolling downtown. Suddenly you meet an old friend of yours whom you have not seen since you were in elementary school. You are surprised to learn that he has become a millionaire. b. You are walking down the street. Suddenly you see a friend in front of you. You run up to him and say hello, but when he turns around you discover that he is a stranger. c. You are a teacher in the first day of school. Present yourself in front of the class and prompt the conversation with the students.

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the events of the previous evening (come) …………… back to him. 3.Translate into English: 1. iar" Mili s-a m"ritat dup" ginere-meu. when his meal rudely (be) …………… interrupted by a call from his superior. just (finish) …………… his turtle soup and (look) …………… forward to the second dish. I told you we (have) …………… guests at 8 o’clock and Mr. Sir. Ever since he (start) …………… to be anything at all”. and when his eyes (fall) …………… on the reports piled around him. it (strike) …………… him that he (put) …………… on weight recently. 5. popa din Cl"deni. He (have) …………… to pay more heed to his diet in the future. pe a treia a luat-o ginere-meu. dup" ce va fi ie#it dasc"l. cele dou" mai mici iat"-le aici. Copiii se joac" în parc în fiecare zi. Once he (drink) …………… his black coffee. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: 1. 2. 4. pe care m" gândeam s-o m"rit dup" ginere-meu. as he always (do) ……………. dintre care cea mai mare. she really (not know) …………… him. protopopul. care acum e nepotul meu. “How long you (be) …………… with him?” “23 years. apoi am ascultat un concert la radio. e nepotul meu. After all. s-a m"ritat dup" dasc"lul din Strântea. His first thought was the realisation that he (wear) …………… the pinstriped suit. Cooper (think) …………… carefully what to put on. care acum e ctitor la biseric". 5. 3. Prietenii no#tri nu vor veni în vacan!" la noi. 5. Jackson (reply) …………… that he (notice) …………… nothing of the kind. at 9 o’clock that morning and (be) …………… keen on impressing the latter. 4.De ce nu por!i ochelarii? – I-am pierdut. a doua s-a m"ritat dup" Mitrea lui Buduc. Duminica trecut" am scris câteva scrisori. .Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. It (be) …………… for the first time that John and Mary ever (be) …………… so late. Glancing at himself in the mirror. He (go) …………… to his club for supper. 2. Pentru c" s" vede!i domniile voastre: eu am avut #ase fete. It was not until she (say) …………… “yes” that she (wonder) …………… whether she (do) …………… wrong. De când e#ti aici? Am venit azi diminea!" #i de atunci te a#tept. Johnson (be) …………… the first and (smoke) …………… a lot of cigarettes. He asked the butler whether he (notice) …………… anything different about his master the previous night. care s-a n"scut acum. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: Agent Cooper (wake) …………… up at 6 sharp. #i a n"scut pe acest copil. 4. Acest b"iet. (Ioan Slavici – Budulea Taichii) 4 . He (see) …………… M. 6. no matter where he (be) …………… or what he (do) …………… the previous day.

In 1984 the Coca-Cola company introduced a new advertising campaign to promote a soft drink. The theme of the campaign was “Let’s taste new Tab”. 5 . Explain the type of noise which led to the following funny miscommunications: a. During the 1985 Christmas season.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. was referred to as the “Princess of Whales”. The company had to remove the ads at considerable loss. A Seattle newspaper published a commemoration column in which Diana. an 800 (call and win) number was set up so that children could call Santa Claus and tell him what they wanted for Christmas. Unfortunately. d. 7. It is an extension and a successor to the agricultural and industrial civilisation that have determined our ………structure until now. A leading national shoe company premiered this slogan in 1987: “We’ll only sell you the right shoe”. Princess of Wales. Give the synonyms and the antonyms of the following words: source encoding cheap original response noise to initiate to enter to buy to manage 8. Agricultural civilisation was the first to take concrete ………. the phone lines got crossed and the little toddlers were connected to a Las Vegas bookie who dutifully informed them about the betting line on football games. Tab. but on radio and TV people heard “Less taste. When Chevrolet introduced its Nova model in South America they were puzzled by the low sales. Complete the passage with these words: information technologies accumulation unified structure development revolution competition stabilisation global signals productivity worship shape unions labour survival The human race is on the threshold of a new emerging civilisation: the ……… civilisation. c. new Tab”. The commercials on billboards and flies were a success. It was established in fertile alluvial areas in the Middle East from the ………of agricultural production. Someone then pointed out that “no va” was Spanish for “it doesn’t work”. b. e.

S. analyse. declare. Write down the nouns deriving from the following verbs: believe. b. inherit. Its products are ………symbols and images. f. The monuments of the agricultural civilisation are the pyramids and temples and those of the industrial civilisation are factories and skyscrapers. intend. The increasing dependence of agricultural productivity on the sun and manual labour had as result the ………of two social aspects: a religion of sun ……… and a system of agricultural slave ……… Industrial ………provided the means by which industrial civilisation flourished. Using the verbs to declare.U. a declarat r"zboi Iugoslaviei. damage. The information civilisation depends on computer and communication ………. with the free ………of private business. promiss. g. Ave!i bunuri de declarat la vam"? h. e. New society systems emerged. A fost declarat cel mai bun juc"tor al turneului. c. Its origins lay in the natural sciences and the machinery of the industrial ………made this possible. i. lose. because it spreads all over the world in ………form. irritate. suggest. sustain. It aims to the mutual understanding and ………thinking of citizens overriding national interests and deepening different cultures. being thus invisible. to pronounce and to state. it does not take into account soil or city. Vre!i s" face!i o declara!ie acum sau dup" ce v-a!i consultat avocatul? j. agree. comodity markets. 6 . express. parliamentary democracy and labour ……….A. insult.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students fact which assured the ………of Homo sapiens and the ………of large amounts of social surplus. threaten. refer. d. V" declar so! #i so!ie. V" rug"m s" declara!i tot ce #ti!i #i s" nu ascunde!i nimic. correspond. It is global. Faimoasa Declara!ie de Independen!" a Statelor Unite ale Americii a fost proclamat" pe 4 iulie 1776. M" declar cu totul împotriva acestei ac!iuni. Vom declara pozi!ia noastr" presei dup" pronun!area sentin!ei. 9. correct. decide. to proclaim. În urma num"r"rii voturilor el a fost declarat pre#edinte. form. translate the following sentences into English: a. 10.

Which extension do you want? e. Oh. Could we meet some time soon? i. Would morning or afternoon suit you best? j. Write a dialogue beginning from one of the following stories. PROPAGANDA AND PERSUASION 1. the line is busy. a. Who’s calling. You don’t really like the person. I must have dialled the wrong number. The following sentences are taken from phone calls. so you have to quickly find good excuses for not going there. 7 . Suddenly the telephone rings. Good morning. So you phone him/her to comfort the person. can I help you? g. A slight acquaintance calls you on the phone to invite you at a party. please? b. How do you start the conversation and how do you continue it? c. please? h.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students II. You know that a friend of yours is very upset because he/she hasn’t passed an important exam for a scholarship in the United States of America. I’m sorry. f. Imagine the reply before or after each of them. d. c. 2. in the space given below: a. Sorry? Can you repeat. You are at home alone. I’ll put you through. Just a moment. please. Thanks for calling. Sorry. You pick up the receiver and hear a strange voice at the other end of the line… b.

That is why my hands are covered with flour. i. I (not understand) …………… what you (wait) …………… for. 4. Mereu zice c" îmi cump"r" o rochie nou". Another quality of news is proximity. I think it’s raining tonight. during the elections. e. j. h. Sorry I (not fix) …………… the plug yet. d. Resume the following text. I knew she will arrive before long. Translate into English: a). h. I have once studied the guitar for three years. town. Crede c" se comport" foarte frumos. j. but there are common elements that characterise it. I have seen him three days ago. All other things being equal.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. 5. but nobody has come yet. Correct it: a. I am here since three o’clock. The sentences below contain one mistake each. b. b. for example subway riders from Bucharest will 8 . but I just (not find) …………… the time. dar asta s-a întâmplat înainte de accident. De-abia am început s" vorbesc c" m-a #i întrerupt. I don’t know what time we (eat) ……………. c). e). Obi#nuia s" cânte când f"cea du#. A consumer who picks up the evening paper or turns on the afternoon news expects to be told what has happened earlier the same day. I (make) …………… cakes. Psychological proximity is also important. I (mean) …………… to get round to it. Deciding what is newsworthy is not an exact science. I (live) …………… here. g. b). At the meeting Peter (not understand) …………… what (be) …………… decided because too many people (talk) …………… at once. I (think) …………… to buy a new house last year. I was waiting for three hours and a half. f. country. c. A plouat de la 3 la 5. He always forgets people’s names. You are hating this party. The most important feature of a newsworthy event is timeliness. d. 6. Will you have been having dinner out tonight? f. i. because news is new and yesterday’s news is old news. e. in no more than five lines: Out of the millions of things that happen every day. it (depend) …………… when Helen (get) …………… here. When she arrived. but I (change) …………… my mind ever since. I am sorry I (not come) …………… to class lately. extracting the main ideas. because readers and viewers want to learn about their neighbourhood. I supported you at the time because I (feel) …………… you (be) right. News is perishable and stale news is not interesting. print and electronic journalists decide what few things are worth reporting. things from close to home are more newsworthy than news from a foreign country. g. c. I am seeing a rabbit over there. I (work) …………… late in the evenings for this fortnight. I really (enjoy) …………… myself at that moment. d). Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: a.

aceasta începând s" func!ioneze în primii ani de via!". Thus. 7. cel ce d" sens mesajului. atitudinilor. motiva!iilor #i necesit"!ilor oamenilor. stories that arouse emotion in the audience by being ironic. 9 . Anyhow. when the winner of the state lottery gives half of his winnings to the elderly man who sold him the ticket. acest punct de vedere dovedindu-se o grav" eroare care î#i are r"d"cinile în renumita teorie a glon!ului. când eforturile s-au concentrat asupra eficien!ei propagandistice. the more valuable he or she is as a news source. A tax increase. Ini!ial. The last quality we mention is human interest. earthquakes. it becomes newsworthy. a#a cum un glonte urm"re#te o !int" precis". Mai târziu speciali#tii au ajuns la concluzia c" impactul comunic"rii este mai mare dac" se începe cu publicul !int". Typically. s-a considerat logic s" se înceap" cu sursa. these items concern ordinary people who find themselves in circumstances with which the audience can identify. but also dangerous criminals give media coverage. pe m"sur" ce informa!iile primite sunt procesate în contextul credin!elor. as the more important a person. with impact. potrivit c"reia comunicarea este o rela!ie tranzac!ional" între dou" sau mai multe p"r!i între care este schimbat" informa!ia. Mai ales comunicarea în mas" s-a dezvoltat extrem de rapid dup" cel de-al doilea r"zboi mondial. Political leaders. Ast"zi teoria lui Schramm. atunci când copilul înva!" s" preia rolul altuia. transferul de semnifica!ii nu se produce. este comun acceptat".Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students be more interested in a material about the New York subway than the people in the same town not travelling by this means of transport. Dac" cel care comunic" nu în!elege publicul c"ruia i se adreseaz". sports and entertainment figures. Another golden rule is that people are interested in events with consequences on their lives. Capacitatea sursei de a se pune în locul receptorului a fost denumit" empatie. Prominence is another feature. bizarre. Comunicarea scris" sau vorbit" se constituia atunci când cuvintele ce urmau s" constituie mesajul erau selectate #i aranjate pentru a fi emise pe pia!". all these events have consequence and are widely mediatised. sursa (cel care comunic") folose#te o combina!ie de mesaje #i strategii de media pentru a influen!a un public ce trebuie convins. drought. it is not easy to establish what is news. Potrivit acesteia. inflation. tragic. Translate into English: Comunicarea este un cuvânt la mod" azi.

after graduating.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 8. Give the synonyms and the antonyms of the following words: effective careful publicity employee stable adequate ability manager to persuade to extend 9.to the top of your chosen profession? Writing a ……….’s company when it went public and Jeff was able to ………. rapidly and he was able to purchase a warehouse. Acuzatul î#i men!ine declara!ia.? ……….eye to a certain extent”. rented office space and acquired a stock of posters. Ea sus!ine c" so!ul ei ar fi b"tut-o.. Ea tot sus!ine într-una c" ei nu i s-a spus nimic. 10 . Complete the passage with these words. public respected rising reap market fame wealth ambition jet set whizz-kid success best-seller achieve rocketed expanding potential What is success? Achieving a long-held ………. Soon his business was ………. but one has managed to ……….? ………. There are two words in surplus in the table. “It’s difficult to maintain one’s privacy”. Translate the following sentences: Sus!ine c" n-a v"zut nimic. Jeff Johnson was still at university when he realised the ………. “Once you are successful. dar sus!ine acum c" n-a spus nimic.profits to be made from the sale of posters to an eager public. 10. Afirm cu toat" r"spunderea c" n-am v"zut-o la ora respectiv" acolo. ? Earning a million by the time you are twenty five? Joining the ………. He is still only in his mid-twenties. Other shops were opened in different parts of the country and sales ………. which he renovated and used as a centre for his operations. and a ………. Hard-headed businessmen crowded to buy shares in this ……….leader. he says. Afirma!i c" a!i fost martor" la accident cu toate c" a!i fost v"zut" în alt" parte? Sus!ine s" i se pl"teasc" daune în urma accidentului. you have to live in the ……….businessman with a product which is a ………. So. To admirers of his accomplishments he points out that he has had to make sacrifices. $tiu c" minte. Dup" toate acestea v" mai sus!ine!i punctul de vedere? Cotidianul “The Times” sus!ine c" are informa!ii precise cu privire la scandal.the rewards of his hard work by taking time off to buy a house and get married. all this in a very short space of time.means different things to different people. The poster stall he organised every Sunday was regularly surrounded by enthusiasts eager to find something new. he took a loan. a father of two.

the date. We finish/most/it now/and it look/very nice. I/really/look forward/see you again. Do not forget to write down the addresses. It be/very bad condition/and it need/a lot/work. the proper salutation and complimentary close. Love. MASSES OR ELITES? 1. j. You think/you able/come? i. e. As you know/we buy/new house/September.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students III. I be sorry/I not write/such/long time/but I/be very busy. showing that you are very pleased with the services rendered up to now and that you hope they will keep on working like that. Please give me/ring/let/know/you/make it. b. from the following sets of words and phrases. Write a letter to your internet supplier. Dear Diana a. Thank you/much/your letter/arrive/few days ago. f. h. Peter and I/decide/give/house-warming party/May 3rd. d. g. 11 . c. Make all the changes and additions necessary to produce. sentences which together make a complete letter. It be lovely/hear/you. Jenny 2.

She said somebody would announce him. my grandmother. (destroy. Numeroase întreruperi ale curentului electric au fost determinate de vântul extrem de violent. (look. The dog frightens her. (analyse. Did your mother tell you we had left? j. (not live. 5. an electric train. The team is carrying out an interesting experiment. (embroider. Give passive equivalents to the following active sentences: a. in this castle) for 200 years. g. They had been digging the garden for two hours when it started to rain. 3. Au fost recep!ionate apeluri SOS lansate de o nav" aflat" în larg. the little hut. Make passive sentences using the tense required by the adverbials: 1. the furniture) right now. Translate into English: Duminic" noaptea s-a ab"tut asupra Marii Britanii o furtun" puternic". d. 4. She was cooking dinner when he came. 2. into the matter) next week. Au fost înregistrate de asemenea zeci de r"niri u#oare. 4. that junk) this morning. he) when I saw him. i. 6. this tablecloth) when she was a girl. 12 . the problem) tomorrow. (arrange. the explorers) the previous day. (attack. 10. Importante pagube au fost aduse #i unor nave care sta!ionau în porturi. (throw away. little Jimmy) for his birthday. f.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. (congratulate. care a provocat moartea a 5 persoane #i r"nirea grav" a altor 8. They have given him the job he was looking for. 5. They have built three blocks of flats by now. the monkeys. b. c. h. Una dintre victime a fost atins" de un arbore smuls de vânt. Ma#inile sta!ionate pe trotuare au fost purtate de vânt la zeci de metri dep"rtare. the wind) during the storm. (promise. 8. e. Somebody will do justice. 7. 9. You found the door shut.

illegitimate. some being more obvious than others. decision-making will take place at several different levels of management and channels of communication within the organisation will be formalised. timeliness and so on. It can be answered. The struggles which ………to transform the legitimate hierarchies through the legitimating of a still ………art or genre. 13 . rehabilitation. mass communication organisations are highly competitive. That is the reason why small companies unite and form “mega-media concerns”.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. Moreover. The third rule is that mass communication organisations need a great deal of money to operate. This means that mass communication will be the product of a bureaucracy. disdained. are precisely what creates legitimacy by creating belief in the value of the ………in which the value is produced and reproduced. and never satisfactory to the ………who wants a formula. focussed areas of responsibility. so that they have to have strong financial resources in order to penetrate the market. which are ………or neglected by the big holders of educational capital. such as photography or the strip cartoon. What makes a best seller? This is a sixty-four dollar question. humour. Gatekeepers exist in large numbers in all mass communication organisations. having in the same time a great impact over the ………. Another important factor that characterises the mass communicator is the presence of multiple gatekeepers. offer a ………and a revenge to those who. inquirer. popular. Since the audience is the source of profit. Complete the missing words in the following texts: a. try to remove the existing systems. ………. There are certain elements of………appeal. successful. Last but not least. not yet fully legitimate. audience. best seller. These arts. mass communicators compete with each other as they attempt to attract the public. by appropriating them. The consumer is the ultimate source of this profit. information and guidance. Questions:Which are the five characteristics of mass communicators? What is a gatekeeper? Why should mass communication be formalised? Which is the ultimate source of mass communicators? Why do mass communication organisations compete? What are mega-media concerns? 7. characterisation. juvenile suitability. refuge. division of labour. or adventure. ………largely by guess and summarise. but there are various secondary means of financing. A gatekeeper is a person or group which has control over what material eventually reaches the public. sensationalism. Another characteristic of mass communicators is that these organisations exist to make profit. since there is not just one ………audience. Read the following text and then answer the questions: Mass communicators have a set of common characteristics which distinguish them from other groups and institutions. As in most bureaucracies. First of all. Missing words: though. game. The creation of a best seller does not follow an exact ………anymore than does the making of a ………man. as religion. mass communication is produced by complex and formal organisations characterised by specialisation. b. or through the ………of minor or neglected authors. pattern. Missing words: aim. democracy. no single formula could be expected.

Write an essay about soap operas.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 8. Give the synonyms and antonyms of the following words: profit agent extensive irrational popular 14 . 9.

communicate between those with goods and services to sell and those who might benefit from those goods and services. ensure that advertisers do not make false statements about their products. restrict the entry of competitors into the market. it was a ………film. whom the advertisement is intended to appeal 10. attract the attention of people such as pedestrians and motorists. The orchestra and their conductor were given a………at the end of the concert. Although the lead actor and actress were excellent. At the local arts cinema. remind the public the name of the brand. A hoaring is a site for poster advertising which some firms use to j. 11. 8. flatter the target audience by pandering to their self image and making them more receptive to the advertising message. which the advertising message of a television or radio is sung. The Trade Descriptions Acts were passed to l. substantially reduce the cost of the goods to the consumers. 3. Programmes on ………television attract the greatest number of viewers. The advent of satellite television has opened up possibilities for international advertising agencies to i. 4. A jingle is a short tune to e. It wasn’t until the ………fell that the audience voiced their disapproval by hissing and booing. Advertising can be seen as a means to h. Despite being a critical disaster. 9. too. 6. the ………were very well acted. 12. 2. as very little funding was available. and only occasionally dubbed. 5. The target audience is the selection of the population to d. 15 . If manufacturers do not advertise when sales fall they might have to k. If money were not spent on advertising. Join the halves: a. foreign films are usually shown with ………. People who are addicted to a particular ………seldom miss an episode. services. 3. the film was a huge ……… 2. Many manufacturers see advertising as an insurance policy which gives them the opportunity to g. The purpose of much advertising expenditure on established brands is to 1. 8. Some firms spend large sums of money on advertising to c.Complete the sentences with these phrases: standing ovation soap opera supporting roles low-budget prime-time box-office success sub-titles final curtain 1. Ego bait is intended to f. 6. Compared with most American blockbusters. 11. Protect themselves against their own toooptimistic forecasts.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students distinguished revenue demand to gather to conceal 10. 4. advertise throughout the world with a single commercial. 7. 7. Reduce large numbers of their workers. 5. it would give manufacturers the opportunity to b.

E o neîn!elegere care se cere explicat" cât de curând. Încearc" s"-i explici. Oboseala nu explic" totul! 9. Asta explic" de ce n-au venit la timp. 5. to expound. Va trebui s" te explici! 8. 16 . 6. to elucidate. Explic" acest pasaj în mod personal! 7. 1. 4. to explain. acesta va explica sensul întregii ac!iuni. Mâine va !ine o prelegere #i î#i va explica doctrina. using the following verbs and phrasals: to account for. sigur va în!elege. 2. 3.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 12. to interpret. Translate the following sentences. Teoria aceasta trebuie s" fie explicat" în detaliu pentru a fi în!eleas" corect. Adaug" #i o not" explicativ" la scrisoare. 10. Adaug" un comentariu la lucrare.

b. Solicit acest lucru deoarece am absolvit anul universitar anterior cu media ……#i nu domiciliez în aceast" localitate. Dac" aceste abilit"!i sunt de interes pentru firma dumneavoastr". Semn"tura:……………. sunt sudent în anul …… la facultatea …………….: Asistent – Departamentul Rela!ii Publice Am aflat prin intermediul anun!ului ap"rut în ziarul “România liber"” din data de 25 octombrie 1999 despre oportunit"!ile de angajare pe care firma dumneavoastr" de publicitate le ofer" studen!ilor. A# dori s" scot în eviden!" calit"!ile pe care consider c" le posed #i care cred c" vin în întâmpinarea cerin!elor postului oferit de dumneavoastr".Am ob!inut rezultate foarte bune în anii de studiu anteriori.dobândite la cursurile #i seminariile din facultate.. lucrez foarte bine în echip". student în anul ……… la Facultatea ……………… din cadrul Universit"!ii………….Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students IV. v" rog s" îmi aproba!i cazarea în unul din c"minele universit"!ii pentru anul universitar 1999-2000.Cuno#tin!e temeinice de limba englez" #i computer .#tiu s" m" fac u#or în!eles #i reu#esc în multe cazuri s" îi conving pe ceilal!i s" adopte ideile mele. v" voi explica mai am"nun!it de ce consider c" sunt potrivit pentru postul de asistent la Departamentul Rela!ii Publice. Domnule Decan. 17 . Ref. iar perioadele de practic" au constituit începuturile form"rii mele ca viitor specialist în domeniu.Cuno#tin!e teoretice de comunicare social" #i rela!ii publice . sper c" m" ve!i contacta la adresa men!ionat" mai sus. Translate into English a letter of request and a letter of application: a. Subsemnatul ………………….. THE POWER OF THE PRESS 1. V" mul!umesc anticipat. Data:………….dobândite pe perioada liceului #i a anilor de facultate. Dup" cum ve!i vedea din Curriculum Vitae al"turat. În cazul unui interviu. Calit"!i comunica!ionale . Stimate domn.

Rearrange the following paragraphs in the correct order to make up a covering letter. I am writing in order to enquire about the possibility of an opening in your company. and that would involve my knowledge of chemical processes and my foreign language skills. d. I have limitless energy and I am willing to work hard to achieve all the goals of any task I am set. I find the relevant Chinese factories for the buyers. solve problems. Arrange through the telephone an appointment at your dean with the secretary of the faculty. f. c.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2. Make up phone a dialogue or a letter on the following topics: a. I am particularly interested in finding a position that would offer me management training. I have learnt a great deal about the cultural differences in conducting business with Asian and European clients. e. g. b. as I am able to present ideas clearly and concisely to an audience. My long experience of actively participating in committee meetings as a representative of my student unit has given me good presentation skills. Write a polite letter of refusal to take part in the opening ceremony of an organisation. 18 . I would appreciate if you considered meeting or speaking with me within the next two months about the possibility of my working for your company. a. I see my strong points as my ability to lead teams and manage tasks and groups. At the moment I am working part time as an independent agent for Romanian and German importers of Chinese textiles and chemical products. Please find enclosed my CV containing further details of my educational background experience. c. make decisions and open and maintain friendly relationships with people from all walks of life. negotiate for them and translate their contracts into Chinese. My goal is to find a position in an international company and I would be interested in either research and development or marketing and sales. You are a student. Write a letter of thanks for the scholarship offered to you by the board of the faculty. 3. b. The liaison work I have been doing has been challenging. h. Romanian or English. take the initiative.

Supply the correct tense of the verbs in brackets: a. d. a# vede-o #i mai mare. perhaps he would be able to avoid the disaster. g. sora mea nu m-ar fi dat la telefon. dac" închid un ochi. S" fi #tiut ce m" a#teapt". 5. g. Nu fura merele dac" ceilal!i b"ie!i nu-l îndemnau s" o fac". j. I shall be happy if ………………. h. Cu toate astea. j. Dac" din întâmplare nu voi veni la timp. I won the prize unless ………………. i. I would have bought myself a new car in case……………….Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. Dac" a# fi în locul t"u. Dac" ai lua un ziar. În caz c" m-ar fi c"utat. 4. I would take the day off if I (to have) ……………… stomach ache. Translate into English: a. ele toate. e. don’t pull out the choke control. a# face orice mi-ar spune. Dac" ne-am fi oprit acolo. 3. în raport cu mine p"strându-#i propor!iunea. 8. they could have stayed in a hotel. Unless he had told me differently ………………. If it doesn’t rain for months ………………. Complete the following conditional structures: a. I (to stop) ……………… working if I won a lot of money. #i cu cât mai mul!i ochi a# ave. nu m" a#tepta. h. If more governments (to wake up) ………………to what is happening. 2. Even I had run as fast as I could. c. 6. e. i. ai g"si probabil un num"r de cuvinte pe care nu le în!elegi. (Mihai Eminescu – S!rmanul Dionis) 19 . n"scut cu mii de ochi. b. Had I been in your place ………………. d. 9. 5. cu atâta lucrurile toate dimprejurul meu ar p"re mai mari. am fi ajuns înapoi foarte târziu. Perhaps dad wouldn’t have been so surprised if he (to hear) ……………… the boys talking about it. f. Dac" îl vei întreba ce înseamn" pentru el reclama. nu mi-ar p"re nici mai mari. v"d mâna mea mai mic" decât cu amândoi. în jurul unor ar"t"ri colosale. f. nici mai mici decât îmi par azi. …#i tot astfel. If a driver sees a zebra crossing the street ………………. î!i va spune ceva ciudat. vor fi mul!umi!i. I (to miss) ……………… the bus. De a# ave trei ochi. mi-a# fi luat câteva zile de concediu. If I went to visit London. b. 6. I will call the electrician if the lights (to fail) ……………… again. I should have called you if ………………. b. It would be risky if you (to drive) ……………… this old car to Spain. I won’t call you if nothing (to happen)………………. 7. Dac" a# fi fost atât de obosit. c. If they (to change) ……………… more money. If the engine (not to be cold) ………………. nu m-a# fi angajat acolo. I should be rich and successful if………………. ………………. Dac" î!i vei face datoria. 10. 1.

relaxation. Diversion can take many forms. înclina!ii spre anumite obiective (func!ii – a informa/a distra). 20 . permi!ând o comunicare la distan!" în dublu sens (telefonul). natura mesajelor (audiovizuale/textuale). Criteriul cel mai pertinent de a le deosebi const" în modalitatea de comunicare deosebindu-se trei mari familii: mediile autonome. mediile mecanice (telefon. gestica. mass media sunt clasate în categorii. this model posits that audience members have certain needs that are satisfied by using non-media and media sources. emotional release of pent-up emotions and energy. Dup" alte criterii. the media help people avoid certain chores that must be done. including: stimulation. On the other hand. mimica. humans occasionally need to escape from certain activities and they use media not only for relaxation but also for purposes that are best described as withdrawal uses. diversion. mediile pot fi clasificate în: medii de prezentare (vocea. Read and translate the following text and then answer the questions. cu caracter simbolic #i coeficient de creativitate. the functional approach to media is given the general name of the uses-andgratifications model. or escape from the pressures and problems of day-to-day existence. friends and others in our society. The actual needs satisfied by the media are called media gratifications.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. including our need to strengthen our contact with family. cele care folosesc limbajul natural al cuvintelor. în func!ie de câteva criterii: întinderea audien!ei (poten!ial"/efectiv". arhitectura). or seeking relief from boredom or the routine activities of everyday life. care au ca suport de difuziune undele hertziene #i care pot acoperi simultan spa!ii foarte mari (radio. pictura. TV). Translate into English: În general. Cognition means the act of coming to know something. At the individual level. ziare). In its simplest form. corpul. than he or she is using the medium in a cognitive way. withdrawal. Several researchers have classified the various uses and gratifications into a fourfold category system: cognition. care nu au pentru transmitere un suport tehnic specific (c"r!i. mediile de difuziune. and this usage can take several forms: that of conversational currency (media provide a common ground for social conversation) or that of parasocial relationship (the TV set represents a voice in the house for people who might otherwise be alone). people use the mass media to create a barrier between themselves and other people or other activities. local"/na!ional"/interna!ional"). Questions:To what does the “uses and gratifications model” refer? Which are the main gratifications obtained through the media? Which are the basic forms of diversion through media? What is social utility?What is parasocial relationship?What is withdrawal? 8. social utility. TV). fa!a). When a person uses a mass medium to obtain information about something. The media function that addresses this need is called social utility. mediile de intercomunicare. fotografiile. At times. Our knowledge of these gratifications typically comes from surveys that have asked people a large number of questions about how they use media. medii de reprezentare (c"r!ile. Psychologists have also identified a set of social integrative needs. radio. For example.

Write an essay giving your opinion about the role of media in one of the following situations: a. Do the following exercises: a. The audience applauded wildly when the director appeared on the ……… to take his bow. censor. I’ve been watching a fascinating new ………of art programmes. b. 5. The rise and fall of super-stars in music industry (example: Michael Jackson). That jingle from the teabag ad is so ………that I can’t get it out of my head. criticise. who wrote several enthusiastic articles about it. The actors have been ………the play all this week. circulate. (scene/stage) 3. 2. (serie/series) 4. 4.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. cover. Under the Government’s wartime ………rules.Complete each sentence with a word formed from one of these verbs: catch. 2. The tabloids have excellent ………of scandal and sport: the quality papers deal with everything else. The new gallery was given the seal of approval by the Observer’s art ………. The local newspaper’s………fell dramatically when the editor was sacked. Choose the correct word or phrase from the pair in brackets to complete each sentence: 1. b. Roy Richardson is one of the BBC’s veteran cricket……….3. 6. 10. (rehearsing/repeating). Although the play has a large number of ………. (characters/persons) 21 . The image of the president of a country for the citizens (example: the role of media during the Watergate scandal. all newspaper articles had to be checked by officials before being printed. it is comparatively easy to follow the plot. 1. which lately brought to the resignation of president Richard Nixon).

Nici nu am observat când a venit tata.Give the synonyms and antonyms of the following words: to motivate promotion usual satisfying compliance to recruit ability relevant casual skill purposeful link reliance regulation premise 12. 5. 6. you can always switch over to a different ………. If you don’t like that programme. to observe. 10. 22 . Which ………did Marlene Dietrich play in her last film? (role/performance) 8. (channel/canal) 6. What a wondeful ………of “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” that was in the Evening Herald? (critic/review) 11. using the verbs to notice. A observat cineva c" am întârziat? 3. L-am observat de mult. 4. Ai f"cut o observa!ie cam obraznic". 7.Translate into English the following sentences. s" vezi ce face. to perceive and to remark. Am observat imediat toate schimb"rile din camer". Nu observ s" fie vreo diferen!" între desene. The latest television dramatisation was filmed entirely ………in a country village not far from here. 1. L-am observat imediat în acel grup zgomotos.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 5. (in the wild/on location) 7. 9. fii lini#tit. Am observat o u#oar" ezitare în r"spunsul ei. Am observat c" nu mai purta inelul de logodn". 2. Observ"-l cu mult" aten!ie. 8.

de pulovere pentru tineri. V-am fi recunosc"tori dac" a!i face livrarea în termen de 6 s"pt"mâni. If you are interested in buying our merchandise we inform you that……… e.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students V. Letter of ordering Stimate domnule Causio. Your name was given to us by……… c. Translate into English the following letters: a. Am hot"rât s" accept"m reducerea de 15 % #i condi!iile de plat" pe care le dori!i. Lionel Crane Director general 23 . We are looking forward to ……… h. toate culorile #i m"rimile pe care le oferi!i în catalog. please ……… g. Having favourably solved our first offer. Ve!i g"si al"turat documentele de transport #i ordinul de plat" de la Banca Northminster din Birmingham. Complete the following sentences which open and close business letters: a. We kindly entrust you that we are able to settle the matter ……… 2. We are informed that your firm produces………and we would be interested in……… d. We would certainly appreciate ……… k. A#tept"m cu ner"bdare r"spunsul dumneavoastr". Dac" nu ave!i în stoc obiectele solicitate. Nr. Ve!i g"si al"turat comanda noastr". dar insist"m s" rediscut"m ace#ti termeni contractuali în viitorul apropiat. With our best thanks ……… n. v" rug"m s" nu ne trimite!i altele care s" le înlocuiasc". Cu respect. We are very interested in your offer as so ……… f. Enclosed to this letter ……… m. If you agree with our terms. THE NEWSPAPERS AND THE MAGAZINES 1. Our firm is aware that you are exporters of ……… b. You may be sure of ……… l. We thank you for your confidence in us and ……… i. DR4316. we hope ……… j.

Ve!i g"si al"turat o list" cu bunurile disp"rute #i cele deteriorate. Answer the two letters you have translated before.500 £. iar noi vom p"stra stocul intact pân" când vom primi instruc!iunile dumneavoastr". Din cauza deterior"rii cutiilor.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students b. Pentru c" vânzarea s-a f"cut în bani ghia!". Write a reply to another company. v" rug"m s" ne contacta!i urgent pentru a stabili compensa!iile. V" scriu pentru a face o plângere în leg"tur" cu transportul de pulovere pe care l-am primit ieri în urma comenzii noastre din data de 10 martie. Causio. Din documentele pe care ni le-a!i trimis. Choose a topic and write a letter: a. c. answer to the proposal of co-operation of a television station. 24 . Lionel Crane Director general 3. Request for a catalogue from a firm of tapes and cassettes whose products you have seen at a fair. am constatat c" 30 de obiecte au fost furate. b. proposing to co-operate in certain activities. You are the director of an advertising agency. având valoare general" de 1. Cu respect. The items arrived to you very damaged. Write a letter to a larger company in the same field. d. Write a letter of complaint for the products you have ordered from a company of cosmetics. explaining the ways in which you can help them with transport. Letter of complaint Stimate domnule Causio. f. Cutiile în care erau ambalate puloverele erau desf"cute #i p"reau c" s-au rupt în timpul transportului. e. alte câteva obiecte nu mai pot fi vândute ca articole noi. You are the manager of a firm which offers shipment for goods. on behalf of Mr. You are the manager of a small company.

Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. Ai face mai bine s" mergi cu noi. 2. Finish the sentences: It is important that this paper ……… My mother took me to the cinema so that I ……… He didn’t dare ski lest he ……… I wish you ……… I suggest that he ……… 5. c. 7. Replace the Infinitive in brackets with the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive: 1. f. 6. 2. If you were the first man on the moon. 3. Which are your secret wishes? 25 . 4. 5. It is likely that he (to be) ……… awarded a prize. She had rather (to come) ……… with you. b. I asked her if this (to be) ……… what she meant. 1. Whoever they (to be) ……… tell them to wait. M" îndoiesc c" va fi aici pân" mâine. h. 4. You look as if you (to be) ……… tired. 9. Things you would rather do. 10. I should like to have a rest rather than (to join) ……… you on the trip. 5. Mi s-a ordonat s"-mi schimb programul de lucru. i. d. 3. what would you write back home? c. A sugerat s" ne petrecem vacan!a la mare. ea întotdeauna va fi l"udat" de toat" lumea. Prefer s" înv"! totul de la început. Indiferent ce gânde#ti despre mine nu-!i dau rochia mea s-o por!i la bal. j. S-a hot"rât ca proiectul s" fie gata pân" la sfâr#itul lunii. e. Translate into English: a. Mi-e team" s" nu se strice vremea. Conceive a composition on one of the following topics: a. It is high time you (to make up) ……… your mind whether you want to do the job or not. 7. 8. Oriunde ar lucra. k. Chiar dac" ai fi insistat nu l-ai fi convins. You had better (to listen) ……… to me. g. b. Dac" este nevoie putem s" ne oprim acum. I wish you (to learn) ……… better. 6. l. Even though she (to ask) ……… she would not have been given an answer. Ar fi bine s" notezi aceste lucruri ca s" nu le ui!i.

În zilele denumite de guvernul german Festivalul european al tineretului. odat" clamat. de ac!iunea colectiv". (Alexandru Florian – “Elitele "i revolu#ia”. 1999). acest imperativ nu a fost prilej de compromis între personalit"!i sau grup"ri politice aflate în centrul evolu!iilor politice. $i aceasta întrucât. iar sloganul #i-a accentuat repede tr"s"turile luptei staliniste pentru putere. dincolo de clase #i categorii sociale. structurile #i raporturile dintre clasele sociale. Helmut Kohl #i respectiv Gerhard Schroeder. Revolu!ia din decembrie 1989 a adus în spa!iul cultural românesc o problem" pu!in dezb"tut": rolul elitelor în societate. În perioada 5-10 noiembrie. 1/1998). declara doamna Bergmann […]. a fost expresia ofertei reduse de personalit"!i apte s"-#i asume promovarea transform"rii radicale beneficiind. au optat pentru aria învr"jbirii în speran!a de a-#i consolida pozi!iile. transformându-se practic în “Jos Iliescu!”. spontan" sau organisat". articularea structurilor politice democrate #i a societ"!ii civile a focalizat interesul social asupra afl"rii #i impunerii de lideri. Dinamica socio-politic" postdecembrist" a scos la iveal" insuficien!a unui asemenea tip de analiz". orgoliul unora a prevalat în fa!a oportunit"!ilor revolu!iei. tinerii vor asista la numeroase conferin!e privind rolul Berlinului în Europa #i rela!iile Est-Vest. vor lua cuvântul pe 9 noiembrie în Bundestag (camera inferioar" a parlamentului german).Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 8. Dimpotriv". seara. Paradoxal. de-a lungul urmei fostului Zid #i mai ales în fa!a Por!ii Brandenburg. #i autorit"!ile noii capitale a Germaniei reunificate au invitat circa 1000 de tineri din Europa la o s"rb"toare ce va dura mai multe zile #i care va avea punctul culminant pe 9 noiembrie. în afara conota!iilor antiiliesciene. Mihail Gorbaciov #i George Bush. în acela#i timp. de o acceptare social" convenabil". Revolu!ia nu a fost furat" ci a fost ratat". coagularea raporturilor dintre liderii sau promotorii proceselor schimb"rii #i diversitatea structurii sociale ce se înfiripau în societatea deschis" de implozia totalitarismului. 26 . 4 noiembrie. fo#tii pre#edin!i sovietic #i american. Christine Bergmann. care. având ocazia de a-#i face cunoscute opiniile privind edificarea în comun a continentului european. Pentru aniversarea celor zece ani de la c"derea Zidului Berlinului. S" ne amintim de sloganul începuturilor revolu!iei “Avem nevoie de un Havel al nostru”. b. Pân" la acel moment teoria social" #i politic" avusese drept principale !inte grup"rile socio-profesionale. veni!i din Germania #i alte 24 de !"ri europene. vor avea ocazia s" cunoasc" ora#ul #i istoria sa #i s" discute mai ales cu martori direc!i ai c"derii Zidului Berlinului. Diversitatea actorilor politici. aduceau în prim planul reflec!iei sociale nevoia de nuan!are a discursului clasial. ministrul federal german pentru problemele tineretului. unele dintre “elitele” aflate la startul revolu!iei nefiind preg"tite pentru a st"pâni complexitatea partiturii. În plan politic. in “Societate "i cultur!”. (România Liber!. fostul #i actualul cancelar. protagoni#tii reunific"rii germane. Translate into English: a. tineri cu vârste cuprinse între 16 #i 25 de ani.

however. Another important point is the legalisation of the right to publishing. as well as by private persons of legal age. the need to adopt the Latin alphabet. prostitution. The long-awaited day came in 1999 with the adoption of the Press and Media Act (still within the former Soviet Union). national. 2. by Alla Byelostechnik. On its ratification. Now there was more freedom. Read the following text and then answer the questions. This legislative act was in line with the requirements of the respective historical period […]. summer 1996/1997). In the course of establishing a government of law. 27 . the response consisted in threats and accusations aimed at the most intrepid and honest journalists.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. stipulating also the right of the editors to collect information. […] The ongoing political and economic transformations in the Republic of Moldova have induced a process of reorganisation in the sphere of media and in the legal framework of the journalist work. propaganda of war. cruelty. in “Balkan Media. vol. V. It established the freedom of media and the inadmissibility of censorship. the existing problems of multiethnic relations. but the responsibility of the editorial staff and the author for the published information increased as well. the decreasing social status of the language of the most numerous ethnic group in the country. The press is prohibited from disclosure of state secrets. The recent political and social changes disclosed many social cankers: drugs. corruption in the upper levels of government. The lack of media legislation was more than obvious. (“Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press in the Republic of Moldova”. organised crime. There was an urgent need to establish a legal basis for the work of journalists. Nevertheless. race. In recent years. and religious discrimination. The media were the first to sound the alarm. media situation has changed considerably. The act established that media may be founded by government agencies. conditions were set to grant freedom of speech and freedom of press and to give all power structures the opportunity to propagate their views through the mass media. society could not disregard the media. Thus. editors and authors. The legislative vacuum engulfing the sphere of social life was affecting the media as well. lawfully acting parties and organisations. the act came into effect in the Republic of Moldavia. the freedom of press is not absolute. The lack of proper legal regulation in the totalitarian era has made it practically impossible for the media to publish any critical information concerning the upper ruling circles and a whole range of social phenomena. no. The act also regulated the relations between editors and founders. This act eliminated the strict political control over the press and provided acceptable work conditions for the journalists. and violence.

The “News” also blended a large portion of ………. The missing words are the following:horoscopes.and the ……….journalism. Before the penny press.revenue. 28 . penny.lines. Its tabloid size was easier for the people to ……….twenties. and sports were given large chunks of space.press. It was perhaps inevitable that ………..of news collection.realise that they could reach a large segment of potential ……….while reading on buses and ……….and social ……….on... thereby assuring a ………. we can identify four such changes. In short. printed on a page that was about one half the size of a normal newspaper page. The missing words are the following: distribution. prohibition and Al Capone were all ………. roaring. Moreover. most of a newspaper’s economic support came from ………. The ………. handle.. advice to the lovers.newspapers relied significantly more on advertising revenues than did their predecessors. the definition of what constituted ………. journalism. tabloids. they were all richly illustrated with ………. sold for a penny daily. medium. ……….that were prompted by the success of the mass press during the 1833-1860 period. The large circulation of the penny press made ………. short. it abounded with photos and ………. advertisers were greatly attracted to this new ………. Hollywood. topics. the ………. The radio. mass. potential. We should consider the major changes in ………. entertainment..Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students Questions: What changed in the Moldavian legislation concerning media in the beginning of the 90’s? Was it easy for the Moldavian journalists to do their job? What difficulties did they encounter? What were the main provisions of the Press and Media Act of 1990 in Moldova? Was this law all that the journalists needed to protect their work conditions? Do you think it is easy to work as a journalist in a small former communist country? 10. Appearing with the consolidation trend and enjoying a short but lively reign was ……….by purchasing space. all were characterised by two features: they were ………. strips. gossip. caught.that captured national attention. subscription. As a result. photographs. cartoons. buyers. jazz. with its news. b.. techniques. news. the pattern of the newspaper ……….of the popular papers cut across political ……….would reflect the times. the airplane. gossip ………. Comic ……….and the ………. At the end of World War I.. changed the basis of economic support for ………..advertiser of a broadly based audience. subways. The New-York Daily News had a slow start but by 1924 ………. class. writing style was simple and ………. the United States found itself facing a decade of prosperity: the ………. Insert in the blanks the right word: a. The papers that best exemplified jazz journalism all sprang up in New-York between 1919 and 1929. advertisers. readership.. newspapers. newspapers. party.

. C. Translate into English. is called ………. I-a câ#tigat încrederea. magazine regularly who is engaged in publishing. a angajat-o ca secretar" particular". reports to a newspaper who looks through the manuscript of an article. B. obituary leader horoscope review gossip column headline deadline cartoon A. are o cas" mare #i o ma#in" frumoas". critical assessment of a book. 5. 8. is called ………. is called ………. Câ#tig" bine. to gain and to win: a. i. E. A câ#tigat premiul întâi la concursul de informatic". 7. nu se descurc" grozav. d. E un tip interesant.. F. using the verbs to earn. Câ#tig"torii vor primi câte un bilet de c"l"torie gratuit.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 11. is called ………. articles. corrects it. g. G. e. f. j. Finala a fost câ#tigat" la puncte. Î#i câ#tig" existen!a cum poate. 6. editing or working for a newspaper b. H. film leading editorial article regular article about celebrities announcement of a death. suggests changes and prepares it for printing who sets up type for printing who buys a newspaper. a câ#tigat faim" interna!ional" cu inven!ia lui. 1. D. is called ………. Trebuie s" facem ceva s" câ#tig"m timp. c. 12. Supply the suitable words: A person who sends news. h..Do the following exercises: a. Nu câ#tigi nimic dac" nu spui adev"rul.. 2. with a short biography phrase or title at the top of an article humorous or satirical drawing time limit for reporting news prediction of someone’s future according to the sign in the zodiac 29 . Cât câ#tigi la firma aceea? b. 4.. 3. Match the words on the left with the correct definitions.

Present position: ……… 12.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students VI. Education: Institution Faculty of ……… Date: from (month/year): October 19… to (month/year) October 19… Bachelor of Arts Degree(s) or Diploma(s): Institution Faculty of ……… Date: from (month/year): October 19… to (month/year) October 19… Master of Arts in ……… Degree(s) or Diploma(s): Institution University of ……… . 5. Others: . pro-active . 6. Professional Experience Record: Date: from October 19… (month/year) June 19… to (month/year) ………. THE RADIO AND THE TELEVISION 1. Key qualifications: .Faculty of ……… Date: from (month/year): October 19… to (month/year) May 19… Degree(s) or Diploma(s): Post-graduate in ……… 8.……… 10. Romania Location ……… Company ……… Position ……… (what your tasks are) Description 15.dynamic. Other skills: computer literate 11. Years within the firm: ……… 13. Language skills: (Mark 1 to 5 for competence) Language Reading Speaking Writing Romanian Mother tongue English 5 5 5 French 5 4 3 9.……… 14.: +40 ……… 7. 3. 2. Fill in the following CV format: CURRICULUM VITAE 1. Family name: ……… First names: ……… Date of birth: ……… Nationality and Passport No: ROMANIAN . Membership of professional bodies: .……… Civil status: ……… Contact address: ……… tel.good communication/organisational skills 30 . 4.

b. h. 31 . actually. What the interviewer thinks about me in the first minutes will set the tone of the interview. some correct. I can also ask questions regarding the organisation of the company. If the interviewer asks me if I have any negative points or weaknesses I should indicate that I have none. They often fail to do that. h. I could ask the secretary some friendly questions about the organisation. once I am invited to an interview. I should keep my answers as short as possible. Preparation will help me do well. I should mind how I look and sit.” d. d. So I should go from general responses to specifics that indicate my depth of knowledge and interest. 1. b. in case they ask her opinion about me. e. g. f. a. c. some not. by turning a possible negative situation into a positive one. so the interviewer will have time to ask more questions. i. Interview Myths. g. I do not know what the interviewer will ask. 2. e. the proper thing to do is to wait until I hear from the employer.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2. c. My job interview begins as soon as I walk through the office door. Most employers issue invitations to interview by phone. Decide which of them are real tips for success in an interview situation. I should criticise my colleagues or say I find my present work boring and underpaid. Invitations to interviews normally come by letter or telegram. The interviewer is looking for thoughtful answers that indicate some depth on my part. For example. Once I submit my application papers for the job. i. Here are some assumptions about job interviews. As I might be under observation all the time. The interviewer is the only one who can ask questions. While waiting in the office. a. I can predict and prepare for 80% of the questions the interviewer will ask me. I cannot prepare for an interview because: I do not know if I will get an interview. I should say that I am looking for a job which can offer me greater challenge and more opportunities for using my skills. when I discuss salary. It is perfectly acceptable to call the employer within two weeks of submitting my job application materials to ask when I might expect to hear about the final decision. “I tend to neglect my family because I often work too late. I almost have a job. f. If asked why I am leaving my job. Be tactful. you should just sit and wait to be called. ask about hiring decision and close the interview. The most important time of the interview is the last five minutes.

Sigur. trebuie s" o repari. I ………take these pills three times a day. 3. Fill in the blanks with modal verbs: 1. spune el. 8. Eram sigur" c" prietenul meu nu va avea curajul s"-mi spun" ce gânde#te. I‘ll look for him. 3. You can go there if you try. dar de obicei nu m" las" inima s"-i spun. nu este nevoie. mai curând mi-a# citi ziarul decât s" te ascult”. “You ………finish your work before going on holiday”. nu s-ar fi cuvenit s" spun asta. Abia d" cu ochii de mine. May I leave the room now? 4. Must I attend the meeting? 5. 9. You ………smoke cigars. 9. they will ruin your health. You shall go to the university. I expected him to be reasonable. “He didn’t know”: 1. 1. 2. s"-mi schimb cârciuma. nu-mi r"mîne dec"t un singur lucru de f"cut. I want to get thinner. You ………go to Predeal.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. “dar e un lucru pe care trebuie s"-l admit. Fereastra nu se deschide. Stau deseori pe un scaun în cârciuma mea preferat". As the others insist on it you ………as they say. Cât despre mine. you look very tired. Trecuse de miezul nop!ii #i am propus s" plec"m. 32 . Mai bine ai sta acas" pân" te sim!i mai bine. S" r"spund la telefon? 7. Elena e sigur cea mai dr"gu!" fat" din lume!” Rareori m" iart" de povara de a-l asculta. b. 2. 6. Câteodat" îmi vine s"-i zic: “Hei. 3. 7. nu îndr"znesc s"-i spun toate astea lui Tom. s" beau un pahar de bere #i s" citesc ziarul de sear". 8. când Tom î#i trage scaunul lâng" al meu #i începe: “Poate am dreptate. A# prefera s" nu-!i spun ce #tiu despre el. Translate into English: a. 5. but he ………listened to me. Trebuie s" m" duc acolo chiar acum? Nu. Îmi zic doar mie: “Chiar trebuie s" vorbeasc" atât de mult despre ea? De ce uit" c" exist" o limit" a drepturilor prieteniei #i c" prietenii nu ar trebui s" devin" atât de groaznic de plictico#i? Ar trebui s" existe o lege împotriva acestui lucru. Will you come to my place tomorrow? 5. You ……… stop drinking. Rewrite the following sentences beginning with “He said”. or else you will get drunk. 5. $i apoi nici nu m" intereseaz" frumuse!ea Elenei. 6. 10. Îmi pare r"u. 4. b"trâne. You needn’t do such a bad thing. 7. 10. If you ………kindly wait here. I must see him immediately. 4. sau poate gre#esc”. What ………I do? You ………see a doctor about it. 4. You must read this book. What will John do about it? 2. Nu îndr"zni s" le povesteac" prietenilor întâmplarea de team" s" nu râd" de el. de ce s"-l pierzi? 6. “I know I………”. dar el nici nu voia s" aud". Can I come with you? 8. Ar trebui s" te duci la concert. 9. dac" stau s" îl ascult de fiecare dat" c"nd m" duc la c"rcium".

prin impactul direct #i masiv al mesajelor. the airwaves were filled with action and adventure. beginning with 1928. the debut of television was free from confusion about what constituted effective programming. Historians identify four stages in the evolution of broadcast programming. are efecte puternice. when television began its explosive growth. and the first entertainers appeared. then the action-adventure programmes took over. Unlike that of radio. iar pe de alt" parte. experiments and entrepreneurs were unsure about what kinds of programmes people would like to hear. the reconstituted radio programmes dominated the television ratings.Translate the following text and then summarise it in your own words. amalgameaz" sistemele de valori #i criteriile aprecierilor estetice. controversele asupra efectelor mediilor audiovizuale au continuat s" agite spiritele. The third stage of programming lasted from 1945 until the early 1950s. At the beginning of the fourth stage. se subliniaz" adeseori. At the time. Television was perceived as “radio with pictures” and the structure of the industry was modelled on those of radio. 33 . The second period is called “the golden age of radio”. Translate into English: Suscitate de televiziune. în sensul c" este utilizat" de telespectator pentru a-#i confirma opiniile #i valorile existente mai curând decât pentru a le schimba. Radio attracted thousands of personalities from many fields. performers and executives were drawn from radio. The variety show was the most popular programme. the golden age of television. Unele persoane au r"mas obsedate de teama c" televiziunea. Having no precedents.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. Televiziunea. c" aceasta îndepline#te mai curând o func!ie conservatoare. dar ac!ioneaz" preponderent în direc!ia conserv"rii atitudinilor #i valorilor dominante ale sistemului. ducând la degradarea vie!ii culturale. 7. Commercials were brief and discrete. with vaudeville comedy. The first covers the debut of commercial radio in the 1920s.

Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 8. Remember the following words and phrases. to turn over to another channel. wireless set. VHF. it has atmospherics. source. 6. 34 . it looks like the light is actually… … … from one source to another. 4. întârzie aproape de fiecare dat". Fill in the blanks: Motion pictures and … … … are possible because of two… … … of the human perceptional system: the phi phenomenon and the persistence of … … …The phi phenomenon refers to what happens when a person sees one light… … …go out while another one close to the original is illuminated. Try to make sentences with them: Electronic media: radio. Translate they following sentences. hissing. Activities for radio and television: to broadcast. to turn/switch on/off. transistor. to turn down the volume. These are the missing words:quirk. record player. 10. tape-recorder. $i-a f"cut o mul!ime de du#mani din cauza felului s"u arogant de a fi. long. cassette recorder. split. 5. La ultima #edin!". De#i se treze#te foarte devreme. Micii întreprinz"tori au reu#it s" scoat" din s"r"cie numeroase familii americane în secolul trecut. What is wrong with your TV set? Flashing. walkie-talkie. 2. paying attention to the verbs to rise and to raise: 1. 3. dar nu a avut nici un ecou. moving 9. vision. to listen to. distortion of the picture. nimeni nu a ridicat nici o preten!ie referitoare la data urm"toarei întrevederi. Pentru a contracta un împrumut. Ultimul congres al partidului de guvern"mânt #i-a închis #edin!a. 10. stripes on the screen. Ast"zi este tot mai greu s" fii în ton cu moda. 9. the pictures go blank. Wave lengths: short. 7. 8. to be on the air. Se spune c" marile companii americane au ridicat mul!i pre#edin!i la putere. hi-fi/stereo equipment. television. orice firm" trebuie s" prezinte o documenta!ie riguroas". To our eyes. Aceast" persoan" reu#e#te întotdeauna s" se ridice la în"l!imea situa!iei. our eyes continue to see an image for a … … … second after the image has actually disappeared from view. In persistence of vision. M" tem c" aceast" problem" s-a ridicat #i în anii preceden!i. ultra-short. medium.

Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students VII. You took his advice and had a wonderful holiday. Write a note to thank him for his recommendation and describe one or two highlights of the holiday. A friend recently recommended a holiday company for particular destination. 35 . 3. 2. REVISION 1. Mention that you hope to invite her next year to talk about another aspect of the same topic. Write a letter of application to an advertising company which has published in the local newspaper the specifications for the position of copywriter. Write a short letter to Professor Jane Baker of Oxford University to thank her for leading the workshop you organised at the faculty in Bucharest.

He wants to play the piano in order that ………… g. Go change that dress immediately! I insist that ………… i. 5. Probabil c" l-a scris. I am always reading and swimming. Translate into English: Ar trebui s"-l scrie. but Chad had dropped on the sofa as if to show he wished he would make his point. I would like you to clean the blackboard instead of telling jokes. Va putea s"-l scrie. All the more reason then that we should start straight off”. “I must have had the instinct of it. Provide an alternative sentence beginning with the words in bold: a. 2. I go swimming and do a lot of reading. S-ar putea s"-l scrie. He kept observing his companion’s things. “Ah”. Nu era nevoie s"-l scrie. Poate s"-l scrie. I think he should leave at once. I hope she’ll change her mind. c. c. A putut s"-l scrie. It would be better for you not to obey the order. He might even have wished to hint that he would send his own servant to assist. We painted our flat. How about teaching them a lesson? I suppose ………… 7. I will tell him the truth to avoid being punished. What do you usually do in your free time? a. Ar fi putut s"-l scrie. gloves and stick. Strether had now got together hat. 36 . John thinks he knows all the answers. d. 6. Why do you feel so tired now? a. If only………… f. I am being ill so I am receiving treatment. My sister is getting married to a crook. “No – she’s not well. Se poate s"-l fi scris. John wants to play the piano in order to earn money. Va trebui s"-l scrie. Nu i s-a permis s"-l scrie. I’d rather ………… d. You had better ………… j. he might have been judging how quickly they could be packed. I have been swimming and reading a lot. I have been working too much recently. Trebuie s"-l scrie. Why didn’t you tell me first thing in the morning? I wish ………… e. Choose the correct form: 1. b. Translate the following text: Strether hesitated.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. I’ll tell the truth for fear that ………… h. b. I have got a flu. I am swimming and reading a lot. He talks as if ………… c. d. said Chad. Ar fi trebuit s"-l scrie. I’m sorry to have to tell you”. Ar putea s"-l scrie. It’s time ………… b.

could reach c. a. a. don’t c. had last spoken c. wanted to say c. last spoke d. By the time the firemen arrived b. you decided c. you should decide d. When the firemen had arrived When you … … …him again you will surely notice the difference in his appearance. how long it took d. 10. was going to tell d. As you … … …there before.Caiet de exerci!ii 3. might reach I am sorry I haven’t given you a ring. a. had been I … … …her something confidential. weren’t b. has spoken b. 11. b. aren’t to It’s a pity you didn’t come to England. you will end up staying at home. you would have enjoyed every minute of the trip. a. I … … …too busy over the past week. 7. won’t b. I have waited c. a. I have been waiting b. you will decide b. was going to say … … …half of the villa had burnt down. I had been waiting d. was b. has superb taste. how long took Here you are at last! … … …for you for 35 minutes. is tasting superb. a. had been d. This roast … … … a. a. a. 6. must reach b. a. 5. have been c. 8. haven’t been c. By the time the firemen had arrived c. see b. I wonder … … …to make it. When the firemen arrived d. Thank you for the lovely dinner. hadn’t been d. 14. was to tell b. d. 12. wouldn’t d. Exercises for advanced students 4. 9. has been tasting superb. a. how long did it take c. 13. how long it did take b. but I changed my mind. c. for deciding If you … … …decide very soon. I waited He … … …to me about his future plans over a year ago. tastes superb. will see 37 . recently spoke The parties … … …agreement last week if they had had more time. am It is high time … … …where to go this summer. could have reached d. a.

would not d. should have it cut d. 16. did not b. have been told d. think hardly c. doesn’t want c. need have it cut. but now it is too late. ought to c. ought to have to Your hair is very untidy. are going to see d. not to Exercises for advanced students 15. a. should b. can have it cut. wouldn’t think b. You … … …. 17. don’t think d. told b. c. The guests … … …come about seven. 18. 19. I wish John … … …drink so much at every party. didn’t want b. a. am said c. b. a. does not c. 20. have been said I … … …it was a good idea. a. 8. mustn’t think I wonder what the problem is. Discuss in the space given below the ethics of media. 38 .Caiet de exerci!ii c. need cutting. a. should have d. a. wouldn’t d. won’t I … … …that my teeth are in a bad state. are seeing He said he … … …to go to the theatre as he had seen Hamlet three times.

electricienii. la telefon. finan!e sau contabilitate. în scris. 5. în #edin!e. Profesiile necesit" o preg"tire special". comer!. Mecanicul de locomotiv" s-a plâns #oferului de taxi c" are o munc" foarte grea. Oamenii din întreprinderi comunic" în multe feluri: de la om la om. în grupuri neofociale. prin scrisori #i rapoarte. instalatorii #i tâmplarii lucreaz" cu to!ii s" construiasc" o cas". Translate into English: Pu!ine întreprinderi au ca scop comunicarea. Majoritatea întreprinderilor au un alt scop: de a vinde un produs sau serviciu. de a realiza planuri sau de a duce unele politici. 8. Meseriile necesit" munc" manual" calificat". de a satisface o nevoie social". actorii #i actri!ele au f"cut grev" pentru c" nu erau pl"ti!i suficient. întreprinderile consum" enorm de mult timp. dulgherii. La aceste birouri sunt angaja!i func!ionari. Economi#tii sunt specializa!i în management. marketing.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. 7. 2. Regizorul. Translate into English: 1. Zidarii. geamgii. cu ajutorul calculatoarelor sau terminalelor. dactilografe #i secretare. oral. pentru a face toate acestea. 6. Toate aceste metode alc"tuiesc a#a-zisa comunicare verbal". $i totu#i. Avocatul ap"r"rii s-a întâlnit cu avocatul acuz"rii #i cei doi au hot"rât s" cear" schimbarea judec"torului. 10. 39 . energie #i bani comunicând. zugravii. 3. 4. %es"toarea a dus pânza croitoresei care a f"cut o rochie frumoas" #i apoi s-a întâlnit cu p"l"rierul pentru ca acesta s" fac" o p"l"rie potrivit". discu!ii în doi.

3. 2. Write down for or against opinions on one of the following topics: Suggested topics: 1. Write about the rules of a debate. 5. 40 . WHAT IS PUBLIC RELATIONS? 1. Fantasy is worthier than knowledge. Schools destroy the personality. The pen is more powerful than the sword. 4. The engine of society is selfishness. 2. The place of the woman is in the kitchen.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students VIII.

nu m-am a#teptat s" aib" o voce atât de frumoas". I will remember (give) ………… your mother your message. He has decided (become) ………… a mechanic. Nu are nici o scuz" c" a întârziat. I saw them (cross) ………… the street. Se gânde#te s" participe totu#i la acest concurs. 7. 6. 5. I-am cerut s" nu spun" nim"nui ceea ce vedea acolo. Ei au insistat s" m" duc acolo în seara aceea. b. (work) ………… in a café and various other jobs before he took up (write). I meant (tell) ………… you. de p"trunderea tainelor. #i osânda de a înfrânge aceast" sete. Put the verbs in brackets at the correct Infinitive or Gerund: 1. 4. 1. mintea e însetat" de priceperea lucrurilor. 9. 3. I definitely recall (leave) ………… my coat in this room. Will you (come) ………… to the theatre with me? 3. 6. He tried (sell) ………… newspapers. I remember (meet) ………… him at your birthday last year. 10. Le voi permite copiilor s" mearg" la plimbare mâine diminea!". Did you forget (give) ………… him that message? 6. 4. I asked her (repeat) ………… the question.Write about the future plans you have for your life and career. vezi. 10. 5. but I forgot. Mul!umesc c" m-ai ajutat s" g"sesc acest hotel. de care natura n-a fost mul!umit". b. 9. 7. Faptul c" îi #tie numele este surprinz"tor. 2. C". de a tr"i f"r" potolirea ei. He is (return) ………… tomorrow. înseamn" osânda de a ucide în tine tocmai însu#irea cu adev"rat #i cu deosebire omeneasc". 8. 4. Translations: a. We can (wait) ………… for you here. 5. Sunt sigur c" argumentele mele o vor face s" se r"zgândeasc".Al. 5.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. Exercises: a. I like (cycle) …………. 7. 41 . 4. You ought (revise) ………… for your exams this week. L-am sf"tuit s" renun!e la slujba aceea.Br"tescu-Voine#ti – Cele mai vechi amintiri). He stopped (talk) ………… to his former pupils. 2. 9. 8. 3. 2. 10. 8. They were seen (compare) ………… notes. Please stop (interrupt) ………… me in the middle of a sentence. I like (walk) ………… in the rain. This book is too difficult for her (understand) …………. using as many Infinitive and Gerund forms as you can. I’d rather (wait) ………… for you outside. (I. însemna osânda de a te întoarce la una din formele trecute. Put the verbs in brackets at the correct Long or Short Infinitive: 1. Am auzit-o pe Carolina cântând asear" la concert.

The model is source→receiver. Sports. Formative research is used mainly both to learn how the public perceives the organisation and to determine what consequences the organisation has for the public.T. resulting in the counseling of management about policies. not necessarily with a persuasive intent. Gaining mutual understanding is the purpose. theater. 42 . not listening. sought through one-way communication that is often incomplete.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. P. Ivy Lee is the leading historical figure during the model’s period beginning in the 1920s. Professors James E. Competitive business and public relations firms are the primary places of practice today. and business are primary fields of practice today. Research is both formative. Government. Grunig of the University of Maryland and Todd Hunt of Rutgers: The State University of New Jersey have constructed four models of public relations. Communication is viewed as telling. distorted. They explain their models in their 1984 book Managing Public Relations: Press Agentry/Publicity. Two-Way Symmetric. Propaganda is the purpose. and communication is twoway with balanced effects. Research. nonprofit associations. Ivy Lee is the leading historical figure during this model’s early development period from about 1900 into the 1920s. All four models are practiced today. with balanced effects. The model is source→receiver with feedback (←) to the source. or only partially true. is likely to be confined to readability tests or leadership studies. Translate the following text: To aid in understanding the history of formal public relations as well as its practice today. Public Information. Dissemination of information. is the purpose. The model is group→group with feedback (←). and product promotion are the main field of practice today. but the “ideal” one – that in increasing use – is the two-way symmetric model. Barnum was the leading historical figure during this model’s heyday from 1850 to 1900. and evaluative. Scientific persuasion is the purpose and communication is two-way. finding if the object has been met. Two-Way Assymetric. and little if any research is undertaken. Evaluative research is used to measure whether a public relations effort has improved both the understanding publics have of the organisation and that which management has of its publics. if any. helping to plan an activity and to choose objectives. The model is source→receiver.

administration. 13. Targets or goals. 15. 1. 2. 6. To commence or start. dividends. The quality of being reliable and straightforward. frequently. Occurring often. nor to be alarmed should he tarry three or four days. Someone who is able to contribute to a business in a variety of its departments. Opposing or varying 11. expertise. Those who collectively own the equity. To avoid the situation where all the eggs are in one basket. Match the words listed below with the dictionary definitions which follow: shareholders. 3. Part proprietors of a company. strategic. tactical. and the probable time of his return. remuneration. for example. 9. Someone in a position of authority. It is the dusk of an October evening. 5. Specialised skill or knowledge. 19. Wakefield that he is to take the night coach into the country. 22. Imagine a dialogue between Mr. 18. integrity. eminent. Wakefield and his wife in the text below: “Let us now imagine Wakefield bidding adieu to his wife. to look for him at supper on Friday evening. To bring together effectively. He tells her not to expect him positively by the return coach. take-over.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. of votes cast. curtness. 24. while retaining the responsibility for the outcome. diversify. generalist. 8. its object. 14. The decision which concerns using the resources which have been allocated to the best possible effect. arbitrary. delegation. co-ordinate. such as law. compliance. 7. The sort of decision which is not based on facts. 20. a hat covered with an oilcloth. executive. indulgent to his harmless love of mistery. Brevity to the point of rudeness. initiate. A description for salary. He has informed Mrs. The act of giving authority to one’s subordinates.” (“Wakefield”. interrogates him only by a look. An undertaking with a view to profit. She would fain inquire the length of his journey. 43 . 21. but. His equipment is a drab greatcoat. enterprise. an umbrella in one hand and a small port-manteau in the other. 12. The decision which chooses the direction in which the company is going. objectives. Meeting with the set requirements. usually reserved for more senior officers. Having a reputation in a particular branch of business. 4. 25. but at all events. majority. 23. conflicting. by Nathaniel Hawthorne) 8. obligations. More than half. The part of a business concerned with day-to-day problems. The opposite of rights. Payments made to those who own the equity of a company. 16. The situation when a majority of a company’s voting shares are acquired by outsiders. 17. 10. top-boots.

f. Se pare c" o cau!i cu lumânarea. n-am g"sit ce c"utam. rashly autocratically decisively purposefully to concentrate 44 . ce s"-i faci! d. Ei. Using the verbs to look for. Te-am c"utat prin mul!ime dar nu te-am g"sit. Dup" ce l-au c"utat bine prin buzunare i-au dat drumul. sunt sigur" c" l-am pus acolo! b. o s-o încurci! 10. Caut" bine. translate the following sentences into English: a. Find synonyms and opposites for the following words: mobile public to confirm to reveal to distinguish to decline. to seek and to search. g. ai g"sit ce-ai c"utat. O echip" de salvare a #i plecat deja în c"utarea echipajului pierdut. i. h. j.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. La treizeci de ani Buddha a plecat în c"utarea în!elepciunii. Am scotocit toate hârtiile degeaba. Hai s" c"ut"m bine prin toate sertarele. e. Ce cau!i? Pot s" te ajut? c.

but she just smiled. Typically on an away day. sustaining herself with a visit to a drive-in McDonald’s. but she was spared. As the royal limousine drew up outside the burger bar. first to Whittard’s Coffee and Kitchenware store to browse among the utensils. She looked a mite glum. it opened the eyes of both Sovereign and subjects. which included visiting a hospital and a power station. seemed deeply traditional by comparison. 45 . Princess of Wales. Earlier the Queen. the Queen now meets far more ordinary people in everyday situations and far fewer flunkeys. which may yet find employment at Balmoral. The shop presented her with a green glass bowl and some barbecue tools. Being the Queen. Translate the following article from The Times: Alan Hamilton watches the Queen venture into a strange world of trainers and plastic washing-up bowls Those determined to portray the monarch as a people’s Queen could hardly have designed a more populist day out for her yesterday: she spent the morning in Ellesmere Port. there seemed a momentary danger that the Queen might have to go inside to learn the mysteries of Quarter-Pounders and Chicken McNuggets. “I asked if she would like to buy a pair. to come face to face with a sand tiger shark. and no Big Mac passed the royal lips. Mr. The rest of her day. shopping for kitchenware and a pair of trainers. the manageress Katie Bellis said later. But as an exercise in carefully stage-managed window-shopping. where she engaged the manager Darryl Peacock in conversation on the latest in sports shoes. The royal shopping entourage moved on to the Reebok store. she bought neither canvas shoes nor plastic washing-up bowl. the Queen decided to walk. Peacock reported. fortunately there was stout protective glass between them. and to be told that it would cost her £3 to hire a battery wheelchair. the largest in Britain. accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh. Her visit to the Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet Village fitted the new pattern that has emerged to counter criticisms of remoteness that surfaced after the death of Diana. WHO IS THE IMAGE BUILDER? 1. had toured the nearby Blue Planet aquarium. Pausing briefly to talk to members of a shopping motability group.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students IX. “She was fascinated by the plastic bowls. and her meeting was restricted to meeting the staff on the pavement outside. she couldn’t make out what they were made of”. She did take an interest in one sweater which she said Prince Philip might like”.

What sources would you use for obtaining information? d. You are the reporter responsible for the field of public transport at a national newspaper. What steps do you undertake in order to verify the information and to accomplish a complex material? b. Could the description of the Botanical Gardens in Bucharest be a text to be published in an informative newspaper? Why? 46 . Answer the following questions: a. • announcement regarding the closing of hot water for two weeks for maintenance works. Conceive three pieces of information which could be transformed into articles. • announcement regarding the opening of a new subway station. e.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2. Why have you chosen them? f. You receive at the editorial office a press release of the miners in the Jiu Valley. What do you do as a reporter? c. Order according to the importance the following topics discussed at the press conference of the mayor: • critics addressed to the town counsellors of the opposition. Give reasons for your answer. announcing the organisation of a meeting in Bucharest during the next day. You receive an anonymous telephone informing you that the headquarters of an important political party is on fire.

George s-a scuzat spunând c" nu e vina lui. B"trânul ne-a spus c" el nu încuie niciodat" u#a din spate. 2. “I have left my notebook at home”. 4. 5. 6. “These exercises are too difficult for us”. Translate into English: a. 8. “I want to have a look at your homework”. Doris is saying. Peter!”. 9.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. 8. b. Mary said to me. 7. “I know what the teacher will say”. 4. Secretara întreab" dac" trebuie s" bat" la ma#in" toate rapoartele. 5. Pass the following sentences from the Direct to the Indirect Speech: a. Profesorul voia s" #tie cine a participat la olimpiada de matematic". The teacher has said to the pupils. 10. 47 . 3. Mama mi-a atras aten!ia s" nu uit de întâlnire. 1. 6. Elevul l-a înterbat pe director când trebuie s" se prezinte la cabinetul s"u. 3. Func!ionarul ne-a sf"tuit s" citim atent instruc!iunile înainte s" deschidem cutia. 1. “We have never been here before”. “We watched TV last night”. 9. “I am leaving for the seaside tomorrow”. “We haven’t done our homework”. “Behave yourself. 2. “I’d like to go out”. Voia s" #tie de ce prietenii mei au plecat a#a de devreme. John and Tom are saying. Dan is always saying. 10. Profesorul i-a întrebat pe elevi dac" au în!eles lec!ia sau nu. 7. too? 4. Doctorul ne-a spus c" nimeni nu are voie s" vorbeasc" cu pacientul pân" a doua zi. They always say. Where does your father work? Who are your friends? What is your daily programme? What time do you get up in the morning? When did you move to this school? When will you finish school? When did you buy this camera? When are you going to take your first photo? Can they develop your films at the photographer? Do you think the pictures will come out clearly? Will you take pictures of your friends? Will you give me a photo.

bravo! E#ti b"iat cinstit.S" nu mai spui la nimeni.Ai spus la al!ii? . Translate into English the following dialogue.Bine ai f"cut c" l-ai adus. m"i Nicul"i!". .Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students b. c" te aude spunând cum e portofelul #i se scoal" vreunul #i zice c" el l-a pierdut. $i s" #tii c-o s" spui eu p"guba#ului s" te cinsteasc" frumos. pân" nu s-o ivi p"guba#ul. apoi: . auzi? .Auz! . Nici m"tii.Ia ascult".A#a. Domnul #ef tace. then change the text into an Indirect Speech: “Domnul #ef se uit" de mai multe ori. #i dup" o lung" t"cere întreb": . drept la dumneavoastr". parc" a#a te cheam"… .” 48 . f"r" s"-l fi pierdut el. Am venit p-ici pe poteca din dos.La nimeni. când la banii din portofel.Mai era cineva cu tine? .Nimeni. . nici lui tat-tu s" nu le spui pân" nu se arat" p"guba#ul. când la fl"c"u.

emisiunea MUPPETS. este unic". În tehnologia specific" muncii de creare a imaginii. fiind folosit de câte ori se poate. prin selectarea a tot ceea ce. Pentru a vorbi despre o reclam" comercial". Bazânduse pe cunoa#terea valorilor ce întrunesc consensul în cazul publicului standard. for!a #i durata feedbackului. folosind efectul de sinergie. propaganda este negativ". ca #i natura. s" ne-o amintim pe cea a unui produs cu totul nou în România în momentul respectiv. emphasising the main features of the image builder: Creatorul de imagine va încerca.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 5. realisatorii francezi au imaginat un serial ce a pornit de la aceea#i baz" (p"pu#i de un grotesc neagresiv) pentru a evolua spre un spectacol de satir" politic". folosindu-ne de un eventual efect de proximitate. #i la toate nivelele. ori de câte ori i se ofer" posibilitatea. care a intrat în con#tiin!a public" prin racordarea la chipurile unor foarte cunoscu!i fotbali#ti români. acest procedeu se nume#te transferarea imaginii de marc". în memoria afectiv" a publicului standard. p"pu#ile înf"!i#ând personaje reale. A în!eles aceast" lege fundamental" a psihologiei mass media: politicieni sunt cu miile. urmeaz" identificarea imaginilor de marc" cu care ne putem asocia sinergetic sau pe care le putem confisca. 49 . s-a ales purt"torul principal de imagine. politicienii francezi sunt foarte flata!i de interesul pe care îl treze#te persoana lor. intrarea sa în mitologia contemporan". poate trezi un reflex de pl"cere sau de interes. era simbolizat" de trecerea sa în “imaginea” p"pu#ilor din familia MUPPETS. Departe de a se sup"ra. De ce? Foarte simplu. încercând s" profite de suportul de credibilitate oferit de acestea. Din momentul în care s-a stabilit un slogan. Creatorul de imagine a în!eles c" adev"rata consacrare a politicianului. în aparen!". La un cu totul alt nivel de profesionalism. bazat pe imensul succes la public al emisiunii MUPPETS. TROPIKANA. chiar dac". creatorul de imagine poate analiza rapid nivelul de amplitudine al mesajului trimis. în con#tiin!a public". Translate the following text and then make a summary. s"-#i lege mesajul de personaje sau imagini deja intrate în mitologia modern".

slight. inspired. to recollect 6 – to blow out. people are free to work wherever they choose. to set 5 – to remind. One summer night as he (4) in an armchair by the window and tried (5) a detective story. Can you (14) who (15) the light again? 1 – genial. heavy. to vex. diligent. to fasten. to lock. innocent. to switch on. librarian. to stay. There is no …………of labor. they are …………to raise taxes from the population and in doing this they are almost bound to become …………. the door flung open and the lights (6). towering 12 – to jump. to come about. Western governments do not settle for a passive role. The role of government is simply to correct any…………which might develop in the system. difficult. Find appropriate words to complete the following text: In the Western democracies emphasis is laid on the freedom of the individual. barrel-organ. to divine. Her sister doesn’t. large. to put on 8. to play the second fiddle. to have a musical ear. to fancy. is such a lazy boy. to fiddle about. but sometimes his behavior (3) his friends. hard 8 – to happen. to shut. Their parents are very fond of musical instruments. she will never be able to enjoy a musical party. if consumers do not want a particular good or service. to extinguish. big. antiquary. to foretell. to quench. to spring. to bar 14 – to realise. succour the sick and the underprivileged. As for their grandmother. As a result. clever 2 – shop-assistant. well. to remember.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. to puzzle. to turn off. …………make a loss and resources leave the industry. As the owner of a factor of production (his own labor). It was rather (7) for him to realise what (8). hard. He could only (10) and (11) beating of his heart. to recall. powerful. chemist. to face the music. to guess. confectioner 3 – to astound. Only Jimmy. However. a (9) panic seized him. If he wants more of the good than is being …………at the current price. to stir up. the elder brother. However. intense. to bolt. he seeks to obtain as large a …………as possible. to bounce.2). to be as fit as a fiddle. strings. musical conductor. to stand. great 10 – to hear. to bound 13 – to close. to go out 7 – light. to leap. both as a consumer and the owner of resources. 50 . cello. On the other hand. its price fall. Choose the right word to complete the following sentences: Dan was a (1. fierce. to confuse 4 – to sit. To achieve these ends. to find out 15 – to light. Develop the following sentences using the words and phrases given below: She likes all kinds of music. juke box. Rather they take it upon themselves to re-distribute …………income. winds. he will “bid up” the price. to bewilder. to kindle. 7. to be a music fan. to set a poem to music. to listen 11 – strong. generate national wealth and provide for national defense. to upset. to go on. resources are attracted so that …………industry and supply expands. He (12) to his feet and ran (13) the window. to occur. huge. to befall 9 – vast. As a …………he expresses his choice of goods through the price he is willing to pay for them. to key an instrument. easy.

For the time being. e. and they will give self-sufficiency for another couple of decades. te rog. It has North Sea oil and gas. but they do set the standards by which other governments can be judged. So successful have the experiments been that when they eventually run out of oil – as run out of oil they must – they will be switching to an even more durable form of energy. 51 . conduce campania publicitar" foarte eficient. How to do it? Sink wells deep into the earth. h. Perhaps it is unrealistic to expect all governments to play such a positive role in the development of their economy and the long term wellbeing of their people. Oil supplies are finite. Cine a condus aceast" campanie? b. Are stil. L-a condus pân" la reu#ita final". It also has substantial reserves of coal. The government of Saudi Arabia has been making encouraging progress in the development of solar energy. d. c. 10. The problem is to bring up those water supplies from the bowels of the earth. Translate the following sentences: a. g. That should give Britain a breathing space at least until alternative forms of energy are developed. f. Condu-l afar" pe domnul. The world faces an energy crisis in the not so distant future. la gar". Impossible? By no means! Beneath the Arabian Desert lies an enormous water basin. According to some estimates. $tii s" conduci? Atunci condu-m".Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. they have also been working hard to convert the desert to rich agricultural land. te rog. these reserves could last for other 60 years. Not only has the government of Saudi Arabia been working hard to develop solar energy. and what happens when the world’s reserves are exhausted? Britain is comparatively fortunate. Toate aceste urme ne conduc u#or spre f"pta#i. As the water is drawn from the earth. but the situation will not last. it is spread over the crops of wheat and vegetables and of course they flourish in such an environment. i. Read the following passage carefully. seeking water this time instead of oil. j. There is a worldwide search for new sources of energy. Ia-l de mân" #i condu-l s" nu se r"t"ceasc". Echipa gazd" conduce cu dou" goluri la zero. Then give it a title and summarise it in about 100 words. Condu-m" #i arat"-mi ce merit" v"zut pe aici. there are plentiful supplies of oil. Experien!ele acestea sunt greu de condus. Plants they have built in the desert are turning the race of the sun into what can only be described as permanent sources of energy.

Tocmai de aceea am acceptat un prim contact în domeniul meu de activitate. Pentru ca serviciile de administra!ie public" din România s" func!ioneze normal. fac parte din schimburile generale franco-române. Ce impresie v-au l!sat cursan#ii? . . iar întreb"rile ce mi s-au pus au fost foarte interesante. sunt foarte interesat de aceste seminarii. Aceste schimburi.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students X. . la rândul lor. Michel Daynac. cunoa#terea experien!ei franceze este util"” Interviu cu dl. (“Realitatea b!n!#ean!”. . cred eu.Pentru c! a#i avut contacte cu reprezentan#i ai Consiliului Jude#ean Timi". THE ORGANISATION 1. Aceast" conferin!" – improvizat" – la care am participat a fost una cald". .Din punctul meu de vedere. v-a" ruga s! caracteriza#i aceste întâlniri cu autorit!#ile locale. în primul rând. cunoa#terea experien!ei franceze în domeniu a fost. Asta #i dac" !inem seama de similitudinile dintre sistemul administrativ francez #i cel român. mai precis cu viitori speciali"ti în probleme europene. foarte interesant". iar în particular ele sunt posibile datorit" rela!iilor ce exist" între Universitatea din Toulouse #i Consiliul Jude!ean Timi#. privind problemele de dezvoltare economic" local".Impresia l"sat" este una foarte bun". . La o adic". profesor la Universitatea de $tiin!e Sociale din Toulouse .Cum vede#i pe viitor aceast! colaborare? . mai 1995) 52 . s" le spunem.Am venit pentru un seminar organisat de Consiliul Jude!ean Timi#.Apreciez faptul c". a# putea foarte bine analiza anumite probleme c"rora speciali#tii dumneavoastr" le caut" înc" rezolvarea. spune#i-ne cu ce ocazie a#i venit la Timi"oara.În aceast! sear! a#i avut un prim contact cu $coala de Înalte Studii Europene Comparative. participan!ii la aceste seminarii #i contacte au considerat util schimbul de experien!". Translate the following text: “Pentru func!ionarea administra!iei publice din România. seminar care este o parte dintr-o serie mai larg" de seminarii (din care câteva s-au desf"#urat deja).Domnule Daynac.

d). the hypothesis that it would have been organised for the first time. implicitly. What pieces of information asked by the reporter go beyond the topic announced in the title? 53 . What could make interesting the publication of this interview: the topics of this seminar. the fact that it is done with a personality from abroad. c). What else should we have found out from this interview? e). Reformulate the first question and. the fact that something important and with real chances to be applied has been decided on this occasion. b).Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2. the first answer. referring to the text above: a). Reformulate or improve the title. Answer the following questions.

d. b. The rebellious boy was told to …………down to studying by his concerned parents. the boy scouts …………down their tents. The old lady was adamant that her cat should be kept alive. Complete the sentences below with a suitable verb. The company will probably want to publicise the results. The teacher quietly put the book on the table. Rain was gently falling. Rewrite the sentences. The anxious husband …………down the door when he smelt gas coming from the kitchen. h. d. Our snobbish neighbour …………down on us because we aren’t as well off as he is. 4. using a phrasal verb with down. h. j.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. The psychiatric nurse …………down yesterday because of the strain of work. g. 54 . Write down a composition about organisations. When Caroline heard the terrible news. making sure that it fits grammatically into the sentence: a. i. On the last day. e. That irresponsible youth was always …………down his parents until he got married and left home. g. Inflation has been rising steadily since Christmas. Having Bruce to stay has really cheered me up. b. she remained calm. i. f. c. The hypochondriac got a shock the other day when he …………down with flu. to produce the opposite meaning of the words in italics: a. The building society has set up a branch in Warmsley. j. using as many phrasal verbs as you can. the White Tower remained standing. 5. Bill was …………down by the police because he was too short. f. e. Prices of all sportswear are going to be …………by 20%. The insurance underwriter …………down the details of the accident on his notepad. packed their bags and caught the bus home. c. After three days of continuous bombardment. We all stood up when the managing director came in.

it is argued that any decision process involves a collection of individuals and groups who are simultaneously involved in other things. Thus. A more conservative position. however. There is order. We associate action with its consequences. second. Understanding decisions in one arena requires an understanding of how those decisions fit into the lives of participants. The whole process has been described as a kind of funny soccer game: Consider a round. Problems. Some people can throw balls into the game or remove them. it is assumed that events and activities can be ordered in chains of means and ends. multi-goal soccer field on which individuals play soccer. Policies aren’t implemented. is that the ways in which organisations bring order to disorder is less hierarchical and less a collection of means-ends chains that is anticipated by conventional theories. The classic ideas of order in organisations involve two closely related concepts. Thus. Many different people (but not everyone) can join the game (or leave it) at different times. but it is not the conventional order. Solutions seem to have only a vague connection to problems. Disorderliness in organisations has led some people to argue that there is very little order to organisational decision making. Individuals. decisions depend on attention. Actions in one part of an organisation appear only loosely coupled to actions in another. and decision makers fit together because they are available at the same time. it is assumed that organisations are hierarchies in which higher levels control lower levels and in which policies control implementation.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. and important elements of the distribution of attention are exogenous to any specific decision process. Translate into Romanian: Decision-making ordinarily presumes an ordering of the confusions of life. while they are in the game. and participate in making decisions in order to produce intended outcomes. And decision makers seem to wander in and out of decision arenas. Observations of actual organisations suggest a more confusing picture. First. In particular. solutions. consequential relevance arranges the relation between solutions and problems and the participation of the decision makers. sloped. try to kick whatever ball comes near them in the direction of goals they like and away from goals they wish to avoid. 55 . The logic of order is temporal.

namely the board of directors.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. digesting stretching discarding mending A chance sample can often provide information about a larger population. combines. a. The managing director is also chairman of the board of directors. brand. sell. delay. Perhaps the best board is one which contains a ………… of executive and non-executive directors. spent. b. ………… by the shareholders at the annual ………… meeting like the other directors. Since they have ………… the capital. advertising. b. organising market research. marketing. post. directors. For example. buy. appointed. complex. coming. But he will function as a director when the board of directors meets. while others bring their own ………… to expertise to the boardroom. Yet he might also be responsible for the day-to-day ………… of the marketing department. 8. faced. b. Executive directors have the advantage that they are ………… involved with the ………… affairs. Choose the suitable word or phrase: 1. Or perhaps the board would like to ………… the advertising expenditure during the ………… year but the ………… director knows that the company will have to meet some heavy commitments during the ………… months and it would be better to ………… the campaign. many insects grow up by throwing away their skin several times. The market would be profitable for the company. erosion evasion extension eradication All drinks that include saccharin must be marked with a warning label because saccharin may cause cancer. 5. become confined become extinct become infected become deformed Caves are often formed by selective wearing away of cliffs by the sea. 2. c. it is appropriate that they choose the people who are to ………… the company for them. packages medications beverages desserts Like snakes. a. mixture. d. capital. d. actively. prudent genuine random modified 56 . the executive directors will know whether such a ………… of action is practicable. c. Complete the following text about Executive Directors with the words below: A modern business enterprise is often a ………… system requiring a lot of …………. dealing with ………… and generally ensuring that the ………… sales are maximised. d. b. benefit. 3. general. c. d. which is provided by the public when they ………… shares in the company. a. The ………… of managing director also ………… the roles of chief executive with membership of the board and this allows him to act as a vital ………… between the board of directors and their ………… management team. Many of the ………… also have executive responsibilities. company’s. a. d. If the board of directors wish to move in a ………… direction. course. increase. but the ………… director knows that his team of salespeople lack the experience to take advantage of the situation. provided. management. certain. financial. Thus. 4. coming. run. a. Words: link. Most of his time will be ………… on administrative matters. company’s. c. Flamingos were about to have died out until laws were passed to protect them. the board might wish to ………… their products in a particular ………… market. overseas. b. In this way the board has the ………… of some directors who know the practical problems ………… by the business. c. appointed. a marketing director may be a full director of the board.

usually divorced parents with at least one child. and the rest. Au rase selec!ionate. E un tip bine crescut. consists of unmarried people who choose to live together. these varied family types are typical and therefore normal. 6. to rear: 1. 3. Cresc animale din tat" în fiu. se ocup" de mult de cre#terea cailor. Translate the following sentences. ethnic. The most recent government statistics reveal that only about one third of all current American families fit the traditional mold and another third consists of married couples who either have no children or have none still living at home. Today. 10. 7. Trebuie s" cre#tem cantitatea de m"rfuri livrate firmei lor. L-au crescut cu greu. 10. father and their children may be more an American ideal than an American reality. A small percentage. 9. erau foarte s"raci în tinere!e. De ce nu încerci s" cre#ti ceva în gr"dina aceea enorm"? 8. 2. about 20% of the total number of American households are single people. to increase. to raise. Turi#tii s-au prezentat la biroul lor în num"r crescând. about 3% of the total. consisting of a mother. Of course. class and religious customs among different American groups.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. usually women over 65 years of age. are single. Hai s"-l vizit"m. Questions: With what topic is the passage mainly concerned? What does the author imply about the American family? How many single people were identified in the survey? Who generally constitutes a one person household? 57 . Of the final one third. distins #i politicos. to grow. Answer the questions related to the following text: The nuclear family. 5. Apparently. using the verbs to breed. the so-called traditional American family was always more varied than we had been led to believe. Întotdeauna i-am admirat pentru felul cum #i-au crescut copiii. many Americans are achieving supportive relationships in family forms other than the traditional one. e un cunoscut cresc"tor de câini. Vânz"rile din luna aceasta au crescut sim!itor. about 7 %. reflecting the very different racial. 4.

Draft a memorandum to the Personnel Manager explaining the situation.m.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students XI. the Personnel Manager at Alpha. Peter Robinson. You are a member of his team but have arranged to visit a couple of local schools on Friday. hoping to recruit some new clerical staff. You are not sure how long this will take and might not be able to get to the meeting until later. THE IMAGE OF THE POLITICIAN 1. has called for a meeting of his staff next Friday afternoon at 3 p. 58 .

the use of headings and subheadings.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2. precision. the use of title and subject specifications. the Works Manager wants the supervisor to make sure all the welders follow the safety rules in the future. Having received the report on the accident. Taking into account the guidelines for a report (conciseness. He also wants to know the address of the hospital and the visiting hours so he can go and see her. 59 . the use of conclusions and recommendations) you are asked to draft a proper memorandum for him to sign.

Write a newsrelease on the topic of the change of the General Manager in the firm in which you work.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. 60 .

You’ll have to break in! j. and say what it means or might mean: a. 61 . They say they’ll …………in the hostage if the ransom isn’t paid by tomorrow. And after the game’s over. f. If you’d like a lift. You might try Mrs. As soon as he’d …………in the coupon. Write down a composition about the political campaigns. d. Gates can take all in. When you’ve finished writing …………in the test paper to the invigilator. e. c. Here is the hair-dryer. d. Add it where necessary to the following sentences. he went out to post it. Rolf pulled in for petrol at the motorway services. I don’t think poor Mrs. f. making sure that it fits grammatically into the sentence: a. The door was flung open and Gloria burst in. I may …………in for a cup of coffee. Willow across the road. I’ll probably stay in tonight as I’ve got a cold. He …………into the filing cabinet and helped himself to the top secret documents. b. get in! 6. h. g. Complete each of the sentences below with a suitable verb. e. Well. what time does the London to Manchester train …………in? j. I’d like to get out and stretch my legs for a bit. how much do you …………in a week? i. h. b. 5. Have you finished the report? Hand in tomorrow. I give in! I’ll do whatever you like! i. That horse is completely wild. c. I won’t …………in and give you a divorce. please. g. Excuse me. …………in the next layby. You can plug in over there. using as many phrasal verbs as you can. The new clerk needs to be the right sort of person to fit in here.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. Excluding overtime pay. She …………in lodgers. No matter how cruel and offensive you are to me.

cel mai adesea neprofesionist. comunicate. contracomunicate. 62 . Deoarece în !ara noastr" nu exist" înc" o preocupare profesionist" din partea creatorilor de imagine pentru o codare a mesajelor în sensul formul"rii lor corecte #i descifrabile la nivelul filtrului informa!ional. adversitate. obositor #i cu relevan!" mic" pentru publicul standard. în m"sura în care spre filtrul mass-media se îndreapt" elemente componente ale unor fapte politice. replici multiple la prima sau la a doua categorie. expresia simbolic" adecvat". selec!ia se mut" exclusiv în zona de ac!iune a editorilor de programe sau #efilor de sec!ii de la marele ziare. gre#elile din acest domeniu vor avea consecin!e importante. gradul lor de gravitate cre#te. Era timpul în care mass-media difuza. atunci când exist" asemenea inten!ie. Amuzante pentru ziari#tii profesioni#ti. poate utile pentru comentatorii #i anali#tii politici. la limit". În acest caz. din punctul de vedere al creatorului de imagine din România. este c" aceste semnale ale realit"!ii cotidiene îndreptate în flux continuu c"tre filtrul colector al mass-media nu sunt decât arareori pre-elaborate la nivelul imaginii sau. Ei se vor afla în fa!a unei mase enorme de fapte brute ce reprezint" tot atâtea mesaje poten!ial interesante. lipsindu-le îns" forma. ea se realiseaz" haotic. cel mai adesea date simultan #i prezentate publicului în bloc comun. Translate into English: Prima problem" care apare. pentru respectarea principiului echidistan!ei. ele nu produceau din punctul de vedere al creatorului de imagine decât confuzie #i. generând efecte paralizante în con#tiin!a publicului. Problemele devin #i mai complicate.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. S" ne aminitim de perioada nu foarte îndep"rtat" denumit" “era comunicatelor de pres"”.

stock levels 10. with a new product 4. for a meeting 3. În final. N-am reu#it s"-i descop"r numele. using the verbs to detect. h. an optimistic target 7. S-au descoperit urme de vopsea verde pe hainele celui accidentat. Ei. to access (verb) – access (noun) – accessible (adjective). young consumers 8. to pull out of f. i. În cele din urm" s-a descoperit totul #i s-a dat publicit"!ii. s-au descoperit vicii ascunse la elicea cea nou". to pick up c. dup" multe investiga!ii. an opportunity 9. a big order 2. am descoperit totul din relat"rile lor separate. to cut d. ce-ai descoperit. 200.000 $ worth of sales 5. j. to appeal to e. f. to be successful j. S-a descoperit cine îi trimitea scrisorile acelea anonime? g. Complete the expressions by matching the verbs on the left with the appropriate phrase on the right: 1. to clear a. e. your problem 6. Am publicat de curând o lucrare despre epoca marilor descoperiri geografice. One way of extending your vocabulary is by learning to use all the forms of a word. Complete the following table with other parts of speech besides the verb: Verb Noun Noun Adjective Concept Agent to administer administration administrator administrative to supervise to manage to operate to apply to inform to account to maintain to acquire to realise to choose to remember 9. the recession 10. Materialul are unele defecte dar sunt greu de descoperit la prima vedere. e bine sau nu? d. to appreciate h. to discover.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 8. c"r!i vechi #i valoroase. to miss i. b. 63 . to get together g. c. Uite ce am descoperit în pod. to fix b. Translate into English. For example. to find out: a. E mare scandal pe #antier.

they cannot obtain candid shots. we have time for just two more questions”. The essential element of a news conference is news. they go away disgusted. because radio newscasts are aired many times a day. An ignored media outlet may become an enemy. Some organisations provide coffee and possibly sweet rolls for the media guests as a courtesy. or information of minor interest to a limited group instead of news which is relevant to the large audience. more concerned with getting the story than with enjoying social amenities. an editor will know what type of reporter to assign. Letting a conference run down like a tired clock is almost as bad. though.m. they probably won’t send reporters. local news media deadlines are necessary elements of a public relations representative’s work. but some organisations use special delivery methods for major conferences in the belief that the extra impact justifies the additional cost. If the city’s newspaper publishes in the morning. Translate the following text: First comes the question: “Should we hold a news conference or not?”. if they send reporters to a conference that has been called merely to satisfy the host’s sense of self-importance. Knowledge of. as usually is the best practice. A warning: a public relations representative in a city with only an afternoon newspaper who schedules a news conference after that paper’s deadline.m. is about the latest that a television crew can cover and still get the material processed at a comfortable pace for inclusion in a dinner hour show. Deadlines for radio news are less confining than those for newspapers and television. Liquor should not be served at a regular news conference. Others find this gesture unnecessary because most of the newspeople are in a hurry. To do so creates antagonism from the reporters. A conference at 2 p. At some news conferences. 9 or 9:30 a. is a suitable hour. but the chances of getting on a show diminish as the processing time decreases. Frequently the answer should be: “No!”. the physical arrangements should give the photographers operating space without allowing them to obstruct the view of reporters. Notices usually are sent by fax or mail. the practitioner may step forward and say something like “I’m sorry. Another prime goal of news conference sponsors is the early evening news casts on local television stations. yet in time for the news to appear on the early evening television newscasts. At every conference there comes a moment when the reporters run out of questions and the danger of dull repetitions arises. like a person who isn’t asked to a party. makes a grave blunder. and sensitivity to. they resent the fact. The public relations representative serving as backstage timekeeper should avoid cutting off the questioning prematurely. Newspaper editors resent such favoritism to television and have long memories. A speaker may or may not recognise this. What hour is best? This depends upon the local media situation. If free shooting is permitted. Editors complain that they never have enough staff hours available to cover everything they would like to cover. 64 . This time period can be shortened in an emergency. The conference hours suggested for newspapers and television are suitable for radio as well. If the city has only an afternoon newspaper. photographers are given two or three minutes to take their pictures before questioning begins. The invitation should describe the general nature of the material to be discussed so. The next time. or even network TV newscasts if the information isn’t important enough. thus restricted. Their valuable time has been wasted – and it is valuable. If reporters and camera crews presumed that in a conference they have heard propaganda instead of facts. MARKETING 1. is good. So. because this gives the reporter time to write a story before a midday deadline. A final problem in managing a news conference is knowing when to end it. but I know some of you have deadlines to make. Such socialising should be reserved for the press party. Some photographers complain that.m. If not.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students XII. Every news outlet that might be interested in the material should be invited. 6 p.

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Exercises for advanced students

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Exercises for advanced students

2.Exercise: The national headquarters of the Continental Oil Company in Los Angeles. For the past month, a false rumour has been circulating that the company will move its headquarters to Houston. In fact, plans are on the drawing board for a new, larger headquarters building in Los Angeles. The rumour probably started because the company had a managers’ conference in Houston several months ago. This was rumoured to be a high-level meeting to take a look at Houston real estate and decide on a sight for the new headquarters. The rumour is beginning to affect the employee morale in Los Angeles. The president of Continental Oil, upon the advice of public relations council, decides to put the rumour to rest in a speech at the annual employee recognition banquet next week. You are assigned to write the ten-minute speech for the president. Would you include in the speech a direct reference to the rumour? Would you take the opportunity to ridicule the rumour? Write a draft of the speech for the president.

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Caiet de exerci!ii

Exercises for advanced students

3. Conceive tactics of organising a press conference on one of the following topics: a. The board of a university has been reinforced with a series of businessmen. Try to explain the good effects of such a decision to the press. b. The Alpha Company presented in the previous course tries to explain to the press what has happened during the accident at the Welding Section and which are the consequences. c. A firm launches a new product on the market. d. A politician explains why he has chosen to run for a place in the senate. e. A politician explains why he has lost the elections.

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The gardener got angry with the little boy for …………off a branch from the apple tree. rip off steal from or cheat someone. Decide whether the definitions are true or false. Give the correct definition if necessary: 1. 13. be off separate someone from another person 5. live off survive 3. otherwise we’ll miss our bus. 12. switch off stop concentrating 7. 8. scare off frighten someone away 6. We should …………off now. The colonel …………off in mid sentence as soon as he saw the soldier yawning on parade. In all his years as a criminal. round off complete. 6. I wanted to order roast beef but the waiter told me it …………off.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. 5. It’s been years since a bomb …………off in our district. 10. give the finishing touch to 4. That flower …………off beautiful fragrance. Tedd Fellon never once …………off for committing an offence. The judge …………off the accused as it was his first offence. It was a pleasant surprise for Barbara to …………off early from work. 2. We’d better …………off the picnic if it’s going to rain. 7. 11. 3. 68 . see off be present at someone’s departure 10. Complete each of the following sentences with a suitable verb. That cake smells awful! It must have …………off. 5. the cleaning lady …………off while polishing the managing director’s desk. pick off collect a person from a place 2. 6. Write down a marketing plan. set off cause to explode 9. show off make someone feel embarrassed by behaving badly 8. His attempt at winning the singing competition didn’t …………off because he lost his voice the day before. he jumps out of bed. Overcome with tiredness. making sure that it fits grammatically into the sentence: 1. When the alarm …………off every morning at six. 14. 4. 9.

14.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. acest serviciu. c. obvious. 11. overstate. 10. … a trade fair coming up at the end of … 4. 4. d. e. g. f. taking place. conformist. vital. Ce s"-i faci. 13. 2. Cum faci tu maioneza? 12. 2. 17. Ce faci cu pensula aia aici. 9. Ron? Words:a. maverick. h.short-term. L-am f"cut s"-#i taie p"rul. Ce mai faci? 5. M-ai f"cut foarte fericit cu aceast" veste. 69 . Find the words or expressions which are the closest in meaning to the words in italics in the expressions below: 1. A f"cut o gr"mad" de bani. opinion. 4. d. fix. O s" fac tot ce o s" pot. cannot be considered. dar am f"cut-o totu#i. genuine. 6. e. external. 16. arrange. August is out … 5. te rog. Can’t we make it the second weekend…? 7. 10. h. Cine !i-a f"cut rochia asta? 7. Does that include everything? 9. long-term. te rog! 3. is that all inclusive?. …have to settle for September … 3. Bine ai f"cut c" mi-ai spus la timp. trebuie s" te împaci cu situa!ia. superficial. i. minor. 5. Make your own 10 sentences with the verbs to do and to make. j. Translate into English the following sentences. 7. a. 18. B"iatul "sta pare f"cut pentru înot. F"-mi. 3. items. using the verbs to make and to do: 1. unimportant. F"-mi #i mie loc pe sofa lâng" tine. Mi-a fost greu s"-i spun adev"rul. Am f"cut o mare descoperire. …to sort out the details… 10. g. I’ve found the ideal spot… 8. Match the words below with their opposites: 1. M" duc s"-mi fac un permanent. o s" te p"tezi. b. 15. 6. home-grown. There are three issues we need to discuss… 2. 8. agree to. unexpected. f. F"-mi o cafea. 8. b. understate. F"-!i temele #i du-te la joac". travel. location. major. c. 8. 9. What’s your view. Hardly time to get over to London … 6.

2.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students XIII. e. A party negotiates with the ruling party to support its initiatives in Parliament. The trade union of the teachers requires a 30% raise in salary from the Ministry of Education. The representatives of two countries negotiate the end of a conflict. Discuss negotiation techniques related to one of the following topics: a. Comment on the negotiation techniques. d. Two parties negotiate the places in the government in case they win the elections together. 70 . THE IMAGE OF A PRODUCT 1. c. b. The personnel of a research institute requires a variable work hour from the management.

stop arguing. so they decided to …………up. The doctor says Arthur will …………up and about in a couple of days. Match each phrasal verb with the correct definition. but he must have changed his address. l. j. raise your voice. h. confess. summon for military service. 7. liven up. c. Spring term usually …………up just before Easter. settle up. 3. hang up. finish a phone call. not go to bed early. Haven’t you ever considered …………up smoking? 2. flare up. 8. come to a stop (of a vehicle). Come on. make more lively. 12. 4. 4. I tried to …………up Tim when I was in Los Angeles. Complete each of the sentences below with a suitable verb. Let’s …………up! 6. try to cause (trouble). call up. put on smart clothes.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 3. 7. k. The rebels couldn’t win. 10. 71 . We are thinking of …………up a small car hire firm. own up. It mustn’t have been the curdled milk that made him …………up his dinner. 2. i. g. sum up. Conceive arguments for and against advertising. 6. making sure that it fits grammatically into the sentence: 1. 9. e. 5. suddenly become angry. d. 5. speak up. dress up. a. 8. 9. No amount of money can …………up for the damage you’ve done. stay up. admit. b. 3. f. 1.stir up. If you …………up any more of my time. I’ll kick you. draw up. summarise. 10. 11. 5. pay all that is owed. 4.

internet) and give examples of concrete situations.Think of the advantages and disadvantages of each medium (billboards. radio.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 6. 72 . newspapers. magazines. television.

New York.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. I knew that he was a very busy man. I noticed a shadow across the man’s thin face. and it fascinated me.Numai ele sunnt acas"? întreb" Nang. Întâlnirea din p!mânturi) 8. but his eyes were kind. and I would most carefully suggest that he grow whiskers.Cine e ? relu" Nang. I can remember holding it at every angle in order to catch the flickering light from the oil lamp on the dresser. n-a mai venit pe acas" de mult. as I always did before I went to sleep. . according to the model: Friendliness friendly unfriendly Speed Qualification Efficiency Strength Effectiveness Extent Security Sophistication Rain 9. Four months later when I met him at the train station near my home in Westfield. Then I would explain to him the real purpose of my letter. First.E cineva la voi acas"? îl întreb" Nang oprindu-se #i vorbind cu copilul peste um"r. How differennt he looked! That night I could not sleep. Translate into English: . I would tell him that I was eleven years old.P"i cine s" mai fie? se mir" b"iatul #i ad"ug" c" tata e plecat #i c" i-a l"sat singuri. Unde era dus? Copilul r"spunse c" el nu #tia. I had never met him. Copilul spuse c" e vorba de dou" surori ale lui mai mari. I would tell him how wonderful he looked with the shadow that I had seen across his photograph. and that if he had a little girl my age. Summarise and explain the following text: It was the first photograph that I had ever seen. but I felt that I knew him. 73 . I moved the photograph so that the shadow lay perfectly around his hollow cheeks. One evening when I was looking at the photograph. . . apoi î#i ridic" privirea #i spuse c" el trebuie s" a#tepte. acuma nu poate s" m"nânce orezul… (Marin Preda. dar acum ele erau în cas" #i nu puteau s" ias" afar"… De ce? Nu r"spunse în prima clip" la aceast" întrebare. thinking about the letter that I would write. The man in the photograph was unsmiling. he was wearing a full beard. He was so much taller than I had imagined from my tiny photograph. B"iatul d"du din cap afirmativ. c" #tiau cele dou" surori ale lui. Form positive and negative adjectives from the following nouns. she could write to me instead of him.

and the man in the photograph was Abraham Lincoln. to outrage: 1. ai reu#it s" insul!i pe toat" lumea. 10. De ce ai înfruntat-o. “Do you think I look better. Felul t"u de a vedea lucrurile e de-a dreptul jignitor. O insul!i dac" râzi de ea. Nu vreau s" te jignesc. he asked me. to affront. 4. to insult. dar încearc" s" înghi!i aceast" ofens". a#a c" v" voi da în judecat" pentru insult". The whiskers scretched. 7.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students “Ladies and Gentlemen”. 9. he said. to offend. $tiu c" nu e u#or. 2. 6. Nu trebuie s" te sim!i insultat! 74 . Nu pot s" m" las ultragiat de ziarul dumneavoastr". Am considerat o insult" faptul c" nu mi-a adresat nici un cuvânt la petrecere. using the verbs to abuse. nu pot suporta s" fiu v"t"mat #i insultat. My name is Grace Bedell. dar cred c" nu ai dreptate. 8. my little friend?”. Translate into English the following sentences. Accidentul e vina lui. 3. 10. I appear before you that I may see you and that you may see me. #tii c" nu o s" î!i ierte niciodat" a#a o insult" în public. “I have no speech to make and time to make it in.” Then he picked me right up and he kissed me on both cheeks. L-a insultat dar el nu s-a sup"rat. 5.

There can be no freedom without discipline. “All art is useless” (Oscar Wilde). e. b. 75 . a. c.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students XIV. d. A politically and economically united Europe is desirable. REVISION 1. “Religion is the opium of the people” (Karl Marx). Write pro and against discourses on one of the following topics: The national character is largely influenced by climate.

3. Imagine an interview with a person who is in charge with the development of an important event (e.). a demonstration. You are a news reporter for a popular newspaper and have been sent to cover a serious traffic accident. etc. Write an article for your newspaper. a ceremony.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 2.g. 76 .

mai pe urm". Harding having been obliged to assent to this proposition also. 8. Harding’s threat of resignation therefore amounted to nothing and that they were just where they had been before. The reverend crossexaminer went on to say that he was sure Sir Abraham had advised him against it. 3. 13. 5. cerând s" i se aduc" #i un #ervet ud pe care s" #i-l pun" pe frunte. “………”. which. he complained. he said angrily. the Archdeacon concluded by saying decisively that Mr. Harding told the Archdeacon that he had informed Sir Abraham he would resign and that consequently he must do so. The Archdeacon felt sure that Sir Abraham had not advised such a step. Mr. he promised.” (The Warden. “………”. he declared. “………”. ne-a rugat s"-l înso!im într-o înc"pere întunecoas". aceast" întâmplare. unde s-a lungit pe o canapea. “………”. he said complacently. he snapped. “………”. #i eu #i ceilal!i. the Archdeacon expressed his assurance that Sir Abraham must have advised Mr. “………”. 9. Write statements consistent with the verbs and adverbs given and then change them into Indirect Speech: 1. 6. de o migren" cumplit". again. 5. 12. he said fiercely. “………”. Harding said is such a way to his own counsel could be in any way binding on him. cum spunea. “………”. 4. he said passionately. he groaned. “………”. Mr. he said brutally. 10. “………”. Re-write the following text in the Direct Speech: “Mr. “………”. “………”. Pressing home his advantage. Harding agreed that he hadn’t. he said accusingly. cât despre Anghel. “………”. Harding to consult his friends.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 4. 15. Harding could not deny. he gasped. he said sympathetically. Când am repovestit. nimeni n-a reu#it s" ne explice nimic #i de fapt mi-am dat seama c" nici nu regretam realmente c" nu cuno#team cauza tainic" a incidentului. Translate into English: De prisos s" mai spun cât am r"mas de uluit de ceea ce s-a întâmplat în ultimul sfert de or". he retorted. He had simply been there to ask his lawyer’s advice. “………”. and pointed out that nothing Mr. Mr. “………”. 14. by Anthony Trollope) 77 . The Archdeacon couldn’t agree that this was at all necessary. he announced. 2. 6. 11. efortul pe care trebuie s"-l fi f"cut l-a dat gata: cuprins. 7.

The couple a). look through.000 pounds 4. put up with the work. d). John earns quite a lot. The lift has a). pull through. Conman tricks Prince out of 5. Maid caught snooping in ex-PM’s bedroom 3. b). Opposition leader told to cool it 9. putting forward her holiday. turn back. do in somebody. were knocked out. b). Opposition leader catches pneumonia 6. d). puts them off. Jim managed to a). gone down. b). 4. The lift is out of order. c). The climbers had to stop and return home as the weather was so bad. broken up. If you touch my daughter again I will kill you. pulls in a lot. Divina distressed at death of goldfish 7. get through. 10. The parent says he will a). keep back. On the second day of their honeymoon they quarrelled. b). gets in too much. c). Comment upon them. Magician’s trick goes horribly wrong 5. The climbers were forced to a). Dick can’t tolerate this job any longer. Match the phrasal verb headlines with the explanations below. d). b). takes them off. c). Choose one of the four possibilities closest in meaning to the sentences you will see below: 1. c). filled up. John a). take up his job. 5. d).Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 7. hold back. bringing forward her holiday. b). 8. made up. keep up with the work. c). Duke criticises animal rights activists for sabotaging grouse shoot. lays them off. I can’t wait! The speaker is a). fell out. c). c). Customs officers strip search ex-PM by mistake 2. d). Dick can’t a). 6. c). c). come down. I don’t know how Jim survived after that car crash. d). b). broken down. The Howards are decorating their flat at the moment. writes them off. give up his job. Duke orders chauffeur to drive into animal rights supporters 8. b). 9. having her holiday brought forward. 7. b). run down. Prince put up by call girl after being kicked out of Palace 10. 3. take in somebody. pull in somebody. carried out. She likes to imitate people. 2. d). b). ran out. 78 . 8. done up. fill in somebody. d). looking forward to her holiday. b). d). She a). gives in enough. There are two possibilities for each one. go through. brings in a lot. take back. a) LADY DIVINA CUT UP b) KINLOCK TO WRAP UP c) HATCHET’S DRAWERS GONE THROUGH d) DUKE RUNS DOWN ANIMAL RIGHTS SUPPORTERS e) PRINCE TAKEN IN BY PRO 1. I am so pleased my holiday starts tomorrow. The flat is being a). d).

Sociologi. a intr"rii în marea familie a economiilor avansate #i prospere. Hong Kong #i Singapore au demonstrat în jum"tatea a doua a secolului nostru posibilitatea decol"rii economice. ca s"-!i spun pe cine contez. istorici încearc" în zadar alte semne distinctive: spiritualitatea. pa#aportul sau buletinul ei. surpriza s-a produs. Pentru literatur" toate sunt bune. Dar dup" el urmeaz" imediat alt indice. a ie#irii din subdezvoltare. Spune-mi cât produci ca s"-!i spun cine e#ti. $i fiindc" mai r"mânea timp pân" în 2000. dar nu !in loc de criteriul economic. din zona ASEAN: Malaezia. China a adoptat ritmurile de cre#tere ale tigrilor. Mai întâi s" recunoa#tem c" în lume primul indice care este lipit pe fruntea unei !"ri. Comment on the organisation chart and try to apply it at an organisation you are familiar with. spune-mi cum cre#ti.Caiet de exerci!ii Exercises for advanced students 9. Tailanda #i Filipine. creativitatea. rata cre#terii acestui produs. 10. ce rezist" oric"rei dezbateri. Taiwan. este produsul pe cap de locuitor. armonia. Indonezia. 79 . la distan!" de zece-dou"zeci de ani. fericirea. Au urmat tigri mijlocii. universal admis. Translate into English: Cei patru tigri mici ai Asiei: Coreea de Sud. umani#ti. clasificarea absolut" #i final".

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