Ctr/ C3 19.10.11 NOTAREA PROMISIUNII UNILATERALE DE VANZARE IN CARTEA FUNCIARA [notarea PUV in CF] Cand PUV ar !a "#\$ !

NB.\$. Da!a ' \$(\$ 1 r!\$ta dr &t%' d "&t\$%n \$n ( n(%' r (&\$n. DVand da!a t% !%)& r\$E / &a!t%' d "&t\$%n .a: da!a '\$t\$. In (!2\$)#* # n +\$!\$ar%' \$(\$ r 3 r0a dr &t%' d a a!! &ta (a% n% "+ rta \$r 0"!a#\$'a ) nt\$n%ta d &r")\$t nt \$n +a0"ar a (a* \$ar a! (t dr &t ( n%) (t drept de optiune '#%(. PAC !" #\$ %P &!N\$ 'P%( E(t " n"t\$%n !ar t\$n d TAC DEF. S&r d "( #\$r d dr &t%' # n +\$!\$ar%'%\$ %n \$ &r")\$(\$%n\$ d a !"ntra!ta !ar (t %n dr &t d !r anta (%# !"nd\$t\$ &%r &"t (tat\$0a* dr &t%' # n +\$!\$ar%'%\$ d\$n PO (t %n drept potestativ  &r\$n )an\$+ (tar a '%\$ %n\$'at ra'a d 0"\$nta* # n +\$!\$ar%' &"at )"d\$+\$!a " (\$t%at\$ =%r\$d\$!a ! \$' a+ !t a3a & &r")\$t nt. D)a "#'\$.< ( \$n(!r\$ dr &t%' d proprietate \$n CF> #: da!a '\$t\$. • • PUV.at d &arat* CF rad\$3a \$n(!r\$ r a (\$ &r")\$t nt%' \$n\$t\$a' ra)an &r"&r\$ tar. (a \$t\$ 0and da!a t% 0 \$ d"r\$ (a !%)& r\$E PO.< \$' +a! &r"&r\$ tar (\$ & t ) \$%' .a= a3a (a " ) nt\$na 45 (&r d "( #\$r d PU* &t !ar !"n(\$)ta)ant%' &r")\$t nt%'%\$ n% &r (%&%n (\$ !"n(\$)ta)ant%' (a% 'a !tr &r")\$(* \$n !a3%' PO !"n(\$)ta)ant%' &r")\$t nt%'%\$ 'a &a!t este dat si pt contractul care face obiectul pactului) a. E(t !"ntra!t%' &r\$n !ar " &arta / PROMITENT / ( an. Da!a # n +\$!\$ar%' \$(\$ 1 r!\$ta "&t\$%n a \$n ( n(%' a!! &tar\$\$ "+ rt \$* &r\$n a! a(ta &r")\$t nt%' d 0\$n vanzator \$ar # n +\$!\$ar%' d 0\$n cumparator. 3 .\$%' (t !a(t\$. PO d\$+ ra d (\$)&'a "+ rta \$r 0"!a#\$'a &t !a* \$n t\$)& ! "+ rta (t %n a= %n\$'at ra'* PO (t %n contract* # n +\$!\$ar%' +\$\$nd d a!"rd !a* 'a d\$(&"3\$t\$a (a* (a +\$ ) nt\$n%ta "+ rta \$r 0"!a#\$'a +a!%ta d &r")\$t nt (\$ "#'\$.a= a3a +ata d BENEFICIAR (a ) nt\$na 'a d\$(&"3\$t\$a (a " "+ rta \$r 0"!a#\$'a &t " an%)\$ta & r\$"ada d t\$)&. r\$\$ "+ rt \$ (a% da!a 'a(a (a 1&\$r t r) n%' PO +ara a a!! &ta "+ rta 45 CV n% ( \$n!2 \$ (\$ #%n%' ra)an \$n &atr\$)"n\$%' &r")\$t nt%'%\$. DM%'t%) (!* \$t\$ da% 10 ' \$ !a (t\$ dra. incheierea acelui ctr nu presupune si o noua manifestare de vointa din partea promitentului .and%@( %n "r\$ \$n (!2\$)# 'a " !"ntra&r (tat\$ . Da!a "+ rta ar !a "#\$ !t 1 CV  POV.\$%' (t !a(t\$. C"n(\$)ta)ant%' & !ar &r")\$t nt%' \$' da !% &r\$0\$r 'a PO &r\$0 (t (\$ "+ rta & !ar &r")\$t nt%' ( an.at d r !'a)ant* &r"n%ntar a . !"n(\$)ta)ant%' &r")\$t nt%'%\$ !2\$0a' a3a !% " 0an3ar (\$ )a\$ n 0"\$ d"ar d !"n(\$)ta)ant%' # n +\$!\$ar%'%\$. a! a(ta (t " d\$+ r nta ( nt\$a'aCCC.%t (a \$)\$ 0\$n3\$ da!a % 0r a%E .

S&r d "( #\$r d PU* !and ' . /!1 2tunci c.a d 'a a! (t art\$!"' !% !"nd\$t\$a !a d r".a' ad validitatem a !tr !ar a +a!%t "#\$ !t%' &a!t%'%\$. 'a CV* "#\$ !t%' a'!at%\$t d\$n #%n (\$ &r t !+ 19F?.nzare asupra unui bun individual determinat. 7.t -i declara*ia de acceptare trebuie . 1--?.at d 'a a! (t t 1t* PO antr n a3a !2\$ar (\$ \$)&'\$!\$t " !'a%3a d \$na'\$ na#\$'\$tat !% &r\$0\$r 'a #%n%' ! +a! "#\$ !t%' !"ntra!t%'%\$ &t !ar (@a +a!%t &a!t%' d !\$ ( 0"r a&'\$!a d\$(&. /#1 &reptul de op*iune se radiaz+ din oficiu dac+ p. aceea a expir+rii termenului de op*iune nu se poate dispune de bunul care constituie obiectul pactului.ns+ numai pentru o durat+ de cel mult (4 de ani -i dac+ exist+ un interes serios -i legitim.nd pactul are ca obiect drepturi tabulare.n+ la expirarea termenului de op*iune nu s%a . 1 (t " n"r)a (%&' t\$0a d 0"\$nta d !\$ &art\$' &"t d r".nso*it+ de dovada comunic+rii sale c+tre cealalt+ parte.l . E1. 1* \$ntr%!at 0an3ar a '%!r%'%\$ a't%\$a (t 0a'a#\$'a* 1--? a'\$n.at"r\$%* \$n +"r)a a%t nt\$!a. Art. -9F / -99 !% &r\$0\$r 'a !'a%3a d \$na'\$ na#\$'\$tat .t pactul de op*iune.nscris o declara*ie de exercitare a op*iunii. 6 . Condi*ii. .-.n cartea funciar+. a'\$n. art.ntre data .ncheie.ndirii bunului. .n forma prev+zut+ de lege pentru contractul pe care p+r*ile urm+resc s+ . dreptul de op*iune se noteaz+ . Ca (\$ PU* PO t# (a !%&r\$nda t"at ' ) nt ' !"ntra!t%'%\$ ! +a! "#\$ !t%' &a!t%'%\$. dup+ caz. A!! &tar a (t (%&%(a +"r) \$ a%t nt\$! !and &a!t%' ar !a "#\$ !t !%)&arar a %n%\$ \$)"#\$' !+. #omeniu de aplicare /11 Prin conven*ie sau testament se poate interzice . Pactul de op*iune privind contractul de v+nzare /11 3n cazul pactului de op*iune privind un contract de v. A!t%' d 1 r!\$tar a "&t\$%n\$\$ d !atr # n +\$!\$ar &r\$n a!! &tar a "+ rt \$ ) nt\$n%t d &r")\$t nt (t (\$ ' (%&%( !"nd\$t\$ \$ d +"r)a ' .nstr+inarea unui bun.D !\$ \$n a! (t (\$t%at\$\$ PO &"at +\$ !2\$ar contract bilateral.ar a (a +\$ 1&r (a.ncepe s+ curg+ de la data dob. Clauza de inalienabilitate.3NCC. C+. C+ art. Da!a &art\$' n% a% d r".ncheierii pactului -i data exercit+rii op*iunii sau. . /01 2t. PO &t V %n%\$ \$)"#\$' tr #%\$ \$n!2 \$at d !\$* "#'\$. c. 5ermenul . . 19F? a'\$n. a \$)&%n " an%)\$ta +"r)a &t !tr ! %r) a3a a +\$ \$n!2 \$at &r\$n a!! &tar a &a!t%'%\$ d !atr # n +\$!\$ar* a! a(ta !"nd\$t\$ d +"r)a ( \$)&%n (\$ PO \$n(%(\$ \$ntr%!at PO \$n!"r&"r a3a (\$ "+ rta d !"ntra!t ! +a! "#\$ !t%' &a!t%'%\$.ncheiate .

ea este opozabil+ -i creditorilor anteriori ai dob.n*eleas+ .ndepline-te condi*iile de opozabilitate. /01 Ne.n+ la proba contrar+. 3n contractele cu titlu oneros. regulile prev+zute pentru dob.-/ Condi*ii de opozabilitate /11 Clauza de inalienabilitate nu poate fi invocat+ .t -i ter*ul.n conven*iile din care se na-te obliga*ia de a transmite .ntregului contract dac+ a fost determinant+ la ./!1 &ob.n cazul . /(1 3n cazul . caracterul determinant se prezum+.nstr+ineze dec. .ncheiat cu nerespectarea clauzei. sunt aplicabile. S&r d "( #\$r d PU* PO n% &"at +\$ \$n &r\$n!\$&\$% (an!t\$"nat &r\$n &r"n%ntar a %n \$ . p. /01 5ransmiterea bunului pe cale de succesiune nu poate fi oprit+ prin stipularea inalienabilit+*ii.l lipse-te pe beneficiarul clauzei de inalienabilitate de dreptul de a pretinde daune%interese proprietarului care nu se conformeaz+ acestei obliga*ii.t .ntr%un contract cu titlu gratuit. /!1 Pentru opozabilitate.n care clauza de inalienabilitate a fost prev+zut+ . clauza de inalienabilitate trebuie s+ fie supus+ formalit+*ilor de publicitate prev+zute de lege.nc+lc+rii clauzei de inalienabilitate de c+tre dob. dac+ prin lege nu se prevede altfel. /!1 2t. . dac+ este cazul. pot s+ cear+ anularea actului de .nditorul poate fi autorizat de c+tre instan*+ s+ dispun+ de bun dac+ interesul care a "ustificat clauza de inalienabilitate a bunului a disp+rut sau dac+ un interes superior o impune.t dac+ este valabil+ -i . /(1 Clauza de inalienabilitate este sub.ncheierea acestuia.n mod corespunz+tor.nditorilor bunului sau a creditorilor proprietarului care s%a obligat s+ nu . /#1 3n cazul bunurilor mobile.n viitor proprietatea c+tre o persoan+ determinat+ sau determinabil+. /#1 Nu pot fi supuse urm+ririi bunurile pentru care s%a stipulat inalienabilitatea.< !ar (a (%#(t\$t%\$ !"n(\$)ta)ant%' &r")\$t nt%'%\$* & ntr% !a* \$nd\$+ r nt d !"nd%\$ta &r")\$t nt%'%\$ d%&a \$n!2 \$ r a &a!t%'%\$* # n +\$!\$ar%' &"at +"r)a !tr ! +a! "#\$ !t%' &a!t%'%\$ &r\$n a!t%' (a% %n\$'at ra'. 7 . dac+ inalienabilitatea s%a stipulat .ntr%un contract atrage nulitatea . c.-0 Sanc*iunile pentru nerespectarea clauzei de inalienabilitate 81: 3nstr+in+torul poate s+ cear+ rezolu*iunea contractului .ndeplinirea condi*iilor de opozabilitate nu .nstr+in+torul.nditor. c.nstr+inare subsecvent .mpotriva dob.ndirea propriet+*ii prin posesia de bun+%credin*+. /#1 Nulitatea clauzei de inalienabilitate stipulate .n favoarea acestuia. .nditorului.t timp clauza produce efecte.

A! a(ta "#'\$.D\$n )") nt ! n% (t n ! (ar %n n"% !"n(\$)ta)ant a' &r")\$t nt%'%\$ 45 n% (%#(t\$t%\$r a '%\$ &r\$n . In !a3%' PO* !%) 1&\$ra TO* CF "#'\$. - .a'\$n.* da!a "+ rta n% a +"(t a!! &tata &ana 'a 1&\$rar a '%\$* !tr ! +a! "#\$ !t%' &a!t%'%\$ n% ( &"at +"r)a.'%n\$ d 'a 1&\$rar a t r) n%'%\$ &t \$n!2 \$ r a !tr. A! (t t r) n (t d decadere & ntr% dr &t%' &"t (tat\$0 a' # n +\$!\$ar%'%\$* a. n ! (ara n\$!\$ Ca (\$ PU* PO && !% n ! (\$tat Ǝ %n\$ t r) n (\$ an%) t r) n%' \$n !ar "+ rta +a!%ta d &r")\$t nt ra)an \$r 0"!a#\$'a (\$ \$n !ar !tr ( &"at +"r)a &r\$n r\$d\$!ar a "&t\$%n\$\$ d !atr # n +\$!\$ar.<. 90.ata (a rad\$ 3 &a!t%'. C% &r\$0\$r 'a )") nt%' rad\$ r\$\$ d\$n "+\$!\$%* 'a PU* CF n% rad\$a3a d\$n "+\$!\$% &r")\$(\$%n a d !at d%&a 1&\$rar a ! '"r .at\$ ( a&'\$!a \$n(a da!a &ana 'a 1&\$rar a t r) n%'%\$ d "&t\$%n 8TO:* # n +\$!\$ar%' n% ("'\$!\$ta & #a3a d !'arat\$ \$ d "&t\$%n (\$ a d"0 3\$\$ !")%n\$!ar\$\$ \$ !atr &r")\$t nt* \$nta#%'ar a dr &t%'%\$ ! %r) a3a a +\$ d"#and\$t &r\$n !tr &t !ar (@a +a!%t &a!t%'.at\$ d rad\$ r d\$n "+\$!\$% a &a!t%'%\$ a(t+ ' n"tat.\$.6 t 3a I* &ispos prezentului art se aplica prin asemanare si pactelor de optiune notate in CF 45 da!a t r) n%' &a!t%'%\$ n% a +"(t r (&\$n(* CF r (&\$n. ! r r a d n"tar 8G: S\$ \$n !a3%' PO* B\$r"%' d Cart +%n!\$ara 8BCF: ar " "#'\$. Ca (\$ PU* PO !% &r\$0\$r 'a !tr !ar a% !a "#\$ !t tran(+ r%' (a% !"n(t\$t%\$r a %n"r dr &t%r\$ r a' \$)"#\$'\$ar * (%&%( n"tar\$\$ \$n CF &t "&"3a#\$'\$tat +ata d t rt3\$. In t ) \$%' art. Da!a &art\$' n% a% (ta#\$'\$t t r) n%'* !a (\$ \$n !a3%' PU* "r\$!ar d\$n ' ( &"at adr (a \$n(tant \$ d =%d !ata &t !a a! a(ta d\$n %r)a (a \$' (ta#\$' a(!a \$n +%n!t\$ d \$)&r =%rar\$ r ' 0ant .

Dr &t%' 'a a!t\$%n !% &r\$0\$r 'a "#t\$n r a %n \$ a( ) n a . Da!a "#'\$.ata* (a% n% a\$ #an\$\$ n ! (ar\$ t!. In a! (t !a3* d\$n !tr ( nat &t +\$ !ar d\$n &art\$* "#'\$. C"ntra!t%' &r\$n !ar +\$ !ar d\$ntr &art\$ ( "#'\$. OBS. PU* PO (\$ PS ( n%) (! (\$ antecontracte d "ar ! pre7atesc incheierea CV. Natura acestei obligatii6 A FACE Utilitate: La n"tar n% &"t\$ \$n!2 \$a CV !% &r\$0\$r 'a %n \$)"#\$'* n"tar%' ar n 0"\$ d 1tra( d CF !ar n ! (\$ta \$n &r a'a#\$' !ada(tr%. Cand !tr &r")\$( ar !a "#\$ !t dr &t%r\$ ta#%'ar 84 r a' \$)"#\$'\$ar : 45 (ta#\$'\$r a t r) n%'%\$ (t n ! (ara (\$ &t n"tar a \$n CF a dr &t%'%\$ d !r anta a' &r")\$t nt%'%\$ / !%)&arat"r.at\$a d a \$n!2 \$a \$n 0\$\$t"r !tr &r")\$(* !ar \$ "#'\$.\$#\$'a (\$ %n%' d\$n &r")\$t nt\$ r +%3a (a \$(\$ 1 !%t a! a(ta "#'\$. da!a \$n t ) \$%' 0r %n%\$a d\$n a! (t ant !tr &art a ! ar a0 a &"3\$t\$a cumparatorului a &'at\$t an%)\$t (%) * ' ( !"n(\$d ra* \$n '\$&(a d (t\$&%'at\$ !"ntrara* avans d\$n &r t%' 0an3ar\$\$ ! +a! "#\$ !t%' ant !"ntra!t%'%\$. F .P1%2&S&!N\$A S&NA"A32A &CA #\$ 4AN5A1\$ S& C!2PA1A1\$ 'PS46C( DEF.at\$a d a \$n!2 \$a !tr &r")\$( a d 0 n\$t 1\$. luni 84 t r) n special d & 1t: d 'a data 'a !ar !"ntra!t%' ar +\$ tr #%\$t (a +\$ \$n!2 \$at. Sa% n% a\$ t"at +"r)a'\$tat\$' . OBS. D a! a* da!a &art\$' n% a% (ta#\$'\$t &r\$n !"ntra!t%' d PSV t r) n%' \$n !ar 0a +\$ \$n!2 \$at !tr &r")\$(* "r\$!ar d\$n ' 0a &%t a ! r \$n(tant \$ d =%d !ata (a +\$1 3 a! (t t r) n \$n +!t d \$)&r =%rar\$ d +a&t relevante la data incheierii promisiunii.a !atr ! a'a'ta (a \$n!2 \$ %n CV.at\$ 45 ! 'a'a't &r")\$t nt &"at ! r \$n(tant \$ d =%d !ata (a &r"n%nt " .< !ar (a (%#(t\$t%\$ !tr &r")\$(.< ( &r (!r\$ \$n t r) n%' d &r (!r\$&t\$ 1t\$n!t\$0a d .at\$\$' & r+ !t (%nt n%' 45 dr &t%r\$' d !r anta a' &art\$'"r tr #%\$ a+ !tat d %n t r) n 1t\$n!t\$0 &ana 'a !ar "r\$!ar d\$n ' \$\$ &"at &r t\$nd ! ' \$'a't (a \$n!2 \$ !tr &r")\$(.at\$\$ \$\$ !"r (&%nd %n dr &t d !r anta "#\$(n%\$t. O#'\$.

at \$n 9007. 1?69 n% 0\$3 a3a d"ar t r n%r\$ a. A! (t art\$!"' n% \$n(t\$t%\$ %n DP an%) !\$ d"ar (ta#\$' (! r . L . Art. !"!"ntra!tant%'. da!a 0"r t r n%' (\$ !"&r"&r\$ tar%' (\$ 0 !\$n\$\$* ar &r + r\$nta !"&r"&r\$ tar%'. 1 r!\$ta d%&a \$n!2 \$ r a 1 CV \$n ' . O data ! !tr a +"(t \$n!2 \$at* ' ) nt ' '%\$ ( nt\$a' t# !")%n\$!at preemptorului !ar ar 'a d\$(&"3\$t\$ %n t r) n \$n !ar (a d !\$da da!a \$(\$ 0a 1 r!\$ta (a% n% DP r + 'a !tr ! \$@a +"(t !")%n\$!at. C"n+ ra t\$t%'ar%'%\$ &"(\$#\$'\$tat a d a !%)&ara %n #%n !% &r\$"r\$tat +ata d a't & r("an .r\$!"' . 76/9?* a#r".at%ra !% #%n%' r + 'a !ar a Pt r (& !tar a DP* %n a( ) n a !tr t# \$n!2 \$at (%# conditia suspensiva a neexercitarii dreptului de preemptiune de catre titularul sau. D&0 a' &r r". terenurile din fondul forestier in proprietate privata se pot vinde cu respectarea in ordine a &P coproprietarilor si vecinilor. !")#\$n * 0a!\$* "\$* )\$ \$* !a\$n\$\$ !ar &a3 (! "\$' t!. D&0 a' &r\$n!\$&\$%'%\$ libertatii contractuale* DP ar %n !ara!t r 1! &t\$"na' &t !a &r (%&%n " limitare a '\$# rtat\$\$ 0an3at"r%'%\$ d a@(\$ a' . 19#:%1. NCC instituie 9 dr &t%r\$ d &r )&t\$%n . a (a% (t\$&%'at\$\$' !"ntra!t%a' &r\$n !ar a +"(t \$n(t\$t%\$t n% &r 0ad a't r .' ) ntar . care se exercit+ potrivit 2rt. n ra'a a DP \$n art.#1\$P !" #\$ P1\$\$2P &!N\$ '#P( DEF. 78&)U6 NCC &r 0 d " r .at\$0 \$ &r"&r\$ tar%'%\$ d a d\$(&%n =%r\$d\$! d #%n%r\$' (a' * DP (t " 1! &t\$ &t !a n% &"at (ta#\$'\$ '\$# r \$n +a0"ar a !%\$ (a d\$(&%na d a! (t #%n%r\$.\$)%' =%r\$d\$! .a' (\$ (t\$&%'at\$\$' !"ntra!t%a' &r\$n !ar ( (ta#\$' (! dr &t%r\$ d &r )&t\$%n (%nt (%&%( %n \$ (tr\$!t \$nt r&r tar\$ (\$ a&'\$!ar\$. n ra' a' "r\$!ar%\$ dr &t d &r )&t\$%n !% &r\$0\$r 'a !ar ' . 1F30@1F60. 9. 1. 8/90 #reptul de preemp*iune: 2renda-ul are drept de preemp*iune cu privire la bunurile agricole arendate. In &r\$n!\$&\$%* DP !+ NCC ( +"(t \$n(t\$t%\$t. DP !% &r\$0\$r 'a t r n%r\$' a. Dreptul comun.\$' (& !\$a' &r 0ad a't 70 dr &t%r\$ d &r )&t\$%n .r\$!"' !\$ (\$ #%n%r\$ a. ? .9#4. Art.r\$!"' d\$n 1tra0\$'an* !+ L. Regim juridic. Inr%!at (t exceptional (%# a! (t 9 a(& !t * d\$(&"3\$t\$\$' ' .%'\$. E1. 1F60 ( r + ra 'a dr &t%' conventional d &r )&t\$%n > a! (t a 9 (%nt le7ale. 1F6-.

rad\$a3a* Da!a &r )&t"r%' n% +a! n"t\$+\$!ar a \$n t r) n 45 \$n(!r\$ r a dr &t%'%\$ !%)&arat"r%'%\$ ( !"n("'\$d a3a r tr"a!t\$0 \$ar n"tar a DP ( rad\$a3a. Da!a (@a +a!%t a! a(ta n"tar * !%)&arat"r%' #%n%'%\$ \$(\$ &"at \$n(!r\$ dr \$n CF dar n%)a\$ (%# !"nd\$t\$a (%(& n(\$0a !a \$n t r) n d <. 0an3at"r%' "#'\$. 8victiunea 4 "r\$! t%'#%rar (%+ r\$ta d !%)&arat"r \$n 1 r!\$t\$%' dr &t%'%\$ !%)&arat. zile d 'a !")%n\$!ar a !atr &r )&t"r a \$n!2 \$ r\$\$ &r\$n !ar (@a d\$(&%( \$n(!r\$ r a* &r )&t"r%' (a n% n"t\$+\$! BCF d"0ada !"n( )nar\$\$ &r t%'%\$ 'a d\$(&"3\$t\$a 0an3at"r%'%\$.%# a(!a & t rt%' d #%na !r d\$nta &t EVICTIUNEA !a%3ata '%\$ &r\$n 1 r!\$tar a dr &t%'%\$ &r )&t"r%'%\$.at !a* 'a 1 r!\$tar a &r )&t\$%n\$\$* (a &'at a(!a &r t%' \$nt .ra'.at (a \$' d (&a.In '\$&(a &r 0 d r\$'"r (a% (t\$&%'at\$\$'"r (& !\$a' * a! (t t r) n (t d 8. Dat"r\$ta a! (t"r ! r\$nt * 1 r!\$tar a %n%\$ DP !"n+ r\$t &r\$n ' . zile da!a #%n%' ! +a! "#\$ !t%' !tr (t )"#\$' (\$ d <. Da!a DP (@a na(!%t &r\$n !"n0 nt\$ 45 (t (%&%( n"tar\$\$ \$n CF &t "&"3a#\$'\$tat +ata d t rt\$. Cand &r )&t"r%' +a! a! a(ta n"t\$+\$!ar \$n t r) n* dr &t%' !%)&arat"r%'%\$ ( &r )&t"r%' +\$\$nd \$n (!2\$)# \$n(!r\$( !a t\$t%'ar a' dr &t%'%\$ ! a +a!%t "#\$ !t%' CV. 9 . Cand DP ( 1 r!\$ta* !tr d\$ntr 0an3at"r (\$ t rt n% &r"d%! n\$!\$ %n + !t* !% " (\$n. zile &t \$)"#\$' . A! a(ta a d"%a ! r\$nta 84d"0ada !"n( )nar\$\$ &r t%'%\$ !"ntra!t%'%\$: ( a&'\$!a (\$ !and &r\$n !tr \$n!2 \$at !% t rt%'* 0an3at"r%' \$@a a!"rdat t rt%'%\$ 1/5 t r) n d &'ata> a! (t t r) n n% &r"+\$ta &r )&t"r%'%\$ !ar "#'\$.%ra EHCEPTIE. (t %n act juridic 1\$A" &t !a 0a'a#\$'a d"ar \$n("t\$ta d remiterea efectiva a sumei ce constituie pretul. Cand &r )&t"r%' d !\$d (a \$(\$ 1 r!\$t &r )&t\$%n a r + 'a !tr ! \$@a +"(t !")%n\$!at* ' t# !a \$n t r) n ' ) nt\$"nat (a !")%n\$! 0an3at"r%'%\$ d !\$3\$a (a !a (\$ d"0ada !"n( )nar\$\$ &r t%'%\$ !"ntra!t%'%\$ 8CCC NB:. DP (t %n dr &t a' &r )&t"r%'%\$> ' &r 1\$(ta CV.

Ind\$0\$3\$#\$' ! DP " drept patrimonial* &t !a (t 0a'%a#\$' \$n #an\$* '\$)\$tand dr &t%' d &r"&r\$ tat a(%&ra #%n%'%\$ !% &r\$0\$r 'a !ar a +"(t \$n(t\$t%\$t. pt bunurile mobile din patrimoniul cultural : 45 DP ' .at%ra !% \$ntr . T )&"rar 6. arendas. D !\$* !+.a d 'a !ara!t r%' 0\$a. 'a &! Drept incesibil. DP ' . %! Intr%!at (t dr &t &"t (tat\$0* da!a a +"(t \$n(t\$t%\$t &r\$n !"n0 nt\$ * DP 4 "#'\$. #! DP este ca natura juridica un drept potestati\$ &t !a \$n 1 r!\$tar a (a* &r )&t"r%' &"at !a* &r\$n )an\$+ (tar a (a d 0"\$nta* 1&r\$)ata \$n +"r) ' ! r%t d ' . D&0 ) ta+"r\$!* &r )&t"r%' ( (%#r". vecin.a' \$n(t\$t%\$t d ' . D&0 t 2n\$!* ( d (+\$\$nt a3a d +a&t dr &t%r\$' !%)&arat"r%'%\$ (\$ ( na(! dr &t%r\$' &r )&t"r%'%\$. Dr &t%' !"n0 nt\$"na' d &r )&t\$%n (t %n dr &t intuitu personae 45 \$n &r\$n!\$&\$% n% &"at +\$ ! dat &r\$n a!t \$ntr 0\$\$> &t !a%3a d )"art &"at +\$ tran()\$( )"(t n\$t"r\$'"r d"ar !and &art\$' d r".%'a* dr &t%' !"n0 nt\$"na' d &r )&t\$%n )"art a &r )&t"r%'%\$. DP !a (\$ !%) n% ar +\$ 1\$(tat. '! DP " drept indi\$i(ibil 45 n% &"at +\$ 1 r!\$tat d !at \$n ' .at"r\$% un drept temporar* &t !a &r\$n !"n0 nt\$\$ n% ( &"t \$n(t\$t%\$ '\$)\$tar\$ & r& t% a' dr &t%'%\$ d &r"&r\$ tat .a d 'a r . 10 . In! (\$#\$' 7. r* ( (t\$n.a \$n dr &t%r\$' !%)&arat"r%'%\$. 1F60* d r .a' n% &"at +\$ tran()\$( d !at \$)&r %na !% a! a(ta !a'\$tat (\$ d"ar !and a! a(ta !a'\$tat &"at +\$ tran()\$(a. Part\$' &"t d r". art.%'a* &r 0a3and a't t r) n. r. stat . Dar &"(\$#\$' !a \$n ! \$ 7 an\$ DP !"n0 n\$t (a n% ( (t\$n. Patr\$)"n\$a' 9. \$n !"n(\$d rar a %n \$ an%)\$t !a'\$tat\$ 8coproprietar.CARACTERELE JURIDICE ALE DP 1. (a% !"ntra!t* \$n!'%(\$0 \$n +"r)a r a'a* (a (!2\$)# " (\$t%at\$ =%r\$d\$!a ! \$\$ a+ !t a3a & 0an3at"r (\$ & !%)&arat"r* \$n ( n(%' d (+a(%rar\$\$ !tr \$n!2 \$at \$ntr \$* (\$ \$n!2 \$ r a %n%\$ n"% !tr \$n !ar ' &r \$a &"3\$t\$a !%)&arat"r%'%\$ !ar \$\$ !"n+ ra ra&"rt%r\$ =%r\$d\$! !% 0an3at"r%'.%' #%n ! a +a!%t "#\$ !t%' !"ntra!t%'%\$ &t !ar ( 0r a a +\$ 1 r!\$tat. Da!a a! (t a't t r) n (t 5 7 an\$ 45 d%rata '%\$ ( r d%! de drept 'a 7 an\$ d 'a data !"n(t\$t%\$r\$\$. 1 r!\$t n\$!\$"data 45 !and n% Ǝ CV 45 ( (t 0\$a. P"t (tat\$0 3.

11 .

%r* \$' &"at !2\$ar (%&ra 0a'%a.n concurs cu al*i titulari ai unor drepturi conven*ionale de preemp*iune< 19 . %! Cand e.a' !% ! ' )a\$ )ar &r t "+ r\$t \$n !adr%' a! (t \$ '\$!\$tat\$\$. E1.n concurs cu al*i titulari ai unor drepturi legale de preemp*iune< c1 dac+ bunul este imobil.i .n cartea funciar+. S+at%' &t &r )&t"r. prin acelasi contract se mai \$and si alte bunuri ale \$an(atorului pt un singur pret D r . &r )&t"r%'* !and 0a'% a3a* tr #%\$ (a +\$ at nt !a (a n% &\$arda d !\$ t# (a 0a'% 3 #%n%' +\$1 !at (t 0a'"ar a (a (a%* &t a +\$ (\$.n care mai mul*i titulari -i%au exercitat preemp*iunea asupra aceluia-i bun. (%&ra 0a'%ar a #%n%'%\$.nt.%'\$' d 'a !"n!%r(%' d\$ntr &r )&t"r\$ !+ art.nd acesta se afl+ .\$% \$n !ar \$n(t (a (ta#\$' a(!a +a&t%' !a 0a'"ar a t r n%'%\$ +"r (t\$ r (t d 17I> dar da!a &r )&t"r%' a 'a(at (a ( (!%r.n concurs cu titulari ai unor drepturi conven*ionale de preemp*iune< b1 cu titularul dreptului legal de preemp*iune ales de v.nz+tor. contractul de v.nd se afl+ .ercita dreptul DP ( 1 r!\$ta \$n !"nd\$t\$\$' C &r !\$0  \$n &r\$n!\$&\$%* &r )&t"r%' tr #%\$ (a &art\$!\$& 'a '\$!\$tat\$a &%#'\$!a (\$ (a "+ r %n &r t )\$n\$) .ncheiat6 a1 cu titularul dreptului legal de preemp*iune.nd se afl+ . O&t\$%n a ' .\$%\$t"r%'%\$ n% (t \$n"! nta  !a!\$ &r )&t"r%' (t %n & r("na= n d"rt. Pe langa bunul in legatura cu care s-a instituit preemptiunea.DREPTUL DE PREE)PTIUNE IN ANU)ITE *ITUATII *PECIALE ! +an(area silita a bunului in legatura cu care se e.ista mai multi titulari ai DP cu pri\$ire la acelasi bun si \$or sa isi e. atunci c. 1F36 @ Concursul dintre preemptori /11 3n cazul . Van3at"r%' (\$ !%)&arat"r%' !"n(\$d ra !a n% 8d\$n )") nt ! &ad%r a (t &'a)an%' 0 rd a' &atr\$ \$  : (\$ !a t r n%' +"r (t\$ r ar " 0a'"ar d 70 I.a t r) n%' d 30 3\$' +ara a +\$ "+ r\$t &r t%' V 45 d !ad d\$n DP 45 #%n%' ra)an 'a !%)&arat"r.%r CV !% &r\$0\$r 'a a)# ' &ar! ' (\$ +\$1 a3a &r t%' 'a 10 )\$\$* &r )&t"r%' a&r !\$a3a !a t r n%' +"r (t\$ r 4 10I d\$n &r t%' 0an3ar\$\$. !.ercita DP in legatura cu acelasi contract R . ( a&'\$!a r .nscris .r\$!"'* (\$ \$n!2 \$ %n (\$n.nzare se consider+ . S+at. c. Da!a n% t\$@a\$ 1 r!\$tat DP \$n t r) n* &aC  45 '\$t\$.%'a* \$n a! a(ta (\$t%at\$ DP ( &"at 1 r!\$ta \$n )"d 0a'a#\$' da!a &r )&t"r%' "+ ra " &art d\$n &r t%' 0an3ar\$\$ d\$r !t &r"&"rt\$"na'a !% 0a'"ar a #%n%'%\$ ! +a! "#\$ !t%' dr &t%'%\$ (a% d &r )&t\$%n . Cand 0an3at"r%' ar 9 t r n%r\$ a'at%rat * +"r (t\$ r (\$ a.%'\$. cu titularul dreptului conven*ional de preemp*iune care a fost mai . atunci c.

o parte d+ celeilalte. 13 . 9.n concurs cu al*i titulari ai unor drepturi conven*ionale de preemp*iune. atunci c.\$#\$' 'a data \$n!2 \$ r\$\$ !"ntra!t%'%\$.nd acesta se afl+ .ncheierii contractului. /11 &ac+. !nilateral / d t r)\$na "#'\$. A(\$. /!1 =rice clauz+ care contravine prevederilor alin.nd neexecutarea provine de la partea care a primit arvuna.nd arvuna. P r)\$t d n%ntar a !tr &r\$n!\$&a' 4 AR+UNA PENALI1AT0ARE 8d\$(!%ta#\$' : AR+UNA C0N/IR)AT0RIE = !+ 1766. C%N 1AC !" #\$ A14!NA 'CA( DEF. D !\$ ar0%na !"n+\$r)at"r\$ r &r 3\$nta +%n!t\$a d dr &t !")%n a ar0%n \$. o sum+ de bani sau alte bunuri fungibile. /11 este considerat+ nescris+. dup+ caz. 2tunci c. restituit+. Accesoriu = ( \$n!2 \$ +\$ \$n 0 d r a 1 !%tar\$\$* +\$ &t a ( & r)\$t d n%ntar a %n%\$ a't !tr* &r\$n!\$&a'.ns+ opta pentru executare sau pentru rezolu*iunea contractului -i repararea pre"udiciului potrivit dreptului comun. re*in. C"ntra!t a!! ("r\$% &r\$n !ar " &"art 'a %n !"ntra!t &r\$n!\$&a' da ! ' \$'a't &art\$ 'a a! 'a(\$ !"ntra!t &r\$n!\$&a' %n%' (a% )a\$ )%'t 81/5: #%n%r\$ +%n. 3.\$#\$' \$n (!"&%' 1 !%tar\$\$ !tr &r\$n!\$&a' (a% a' &"(\$#\$'\$tat\$\$ d a@' d n%nta. la momentul .nd data cert+ cea mai veche. /#1 Creditorul obliga*iei neexecutate poate .at\$\$ d"ar \$n (ar!\$na &art\$\$ !ar a &r\$)\$t #%n%r\$' +%n. C+ 1766* da!a !tr &r\$n!\$&a' a +"(t 1 !%tat* !and (t 1 !%tat d &art a !ar a &r\$)\$t ar0%a* a tr #%\$ \$)&%tata a(%&ra &r (tat\$\$'"r (a' .\$#\$' ! +"r) a3a "#\$ !t%' (a%. /UNCTII 1. cealalt+ parte poate declara rezolu*iunea contractului -i poate cere dublul acesteia. cu titularul dreptului conven*ional de preemp*iune av. . 1eal / ( \$n!2 \$ 0a'a#\$' d"ar &r\$n r )\$t r a #%n%r\$'"r +%n. Da!a a +"(t 1 !%tat d &art a !ar a dat ar0%na* a ar dr &t%' !a ar0%na (a \$\$ +\$ r (t\$t%\$ta. cu titlu de arvun+.d1 dac+ bunul este mobil. /!1 &ac+ partea care a dat arvuna nu execut+ obliga*ia f+r+ "ustificare. cealalt+ parte poate declara rezolu*iunea contractului. 9.n caz de executare arvuna trebuie imputat+ asupra presta*iei datorate sau.%ra 1 !%tar a !tr &r\$n!\$&a' 4 AR+UNA C0N/IR)AT0RIE = !+ 1766. CARACTERE JURIDICE 1.

r 3"'%t\$%n a !% da%n @\$nt r ( .)at\$! * !r d\$t"r%' "#'\$. D !\$ !%)&arat"r%' 0a +\$ !"n(\$d rat a@(\$ +\$ 1 !%tat "#'\$.at\$\$' \$30"rat d\$n !tr &r\$n!\$&a' !% + !t%' r d%! r\$\$ \$nt\$nd r\$\$ a! (t"ra d\$n %r)a. Tr #%\$ n a&arat (a ( &r !\$3 3 1&r ( !a !% t\$t'% d ar0%na* a't+ ' ( !"n(\$d ra avans.\$#\$':* ( &"at !")& n(a !% %na d\$n "#'\$.at\$ \$ n 1 !%tat D!%'&a#\$'E &"at &r t\$nd %r)at"ar ' (an!t\$%n\$. 1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta \$n nat%ra 1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta &r\$n !2\$0a' nt 3. 1. O#'\$. Cand !tr &r\$n!\$&a' (t 1 !%tat* ! ' !ar a &r\$)\$t ar0%na (t "#'\$. La \$n!2 \$ r a CV* B \$\$ da '%\$ A 100 ' \$ !% t\$t'% d ar0%na.at\$\$' a(%)at &r\$n !tr &r\$n!\$&a' (\$ n% ar =%(t\$+\$!ar &t a! a(ta n 1 !%tar 45 ! a'a'ta &art &"at d !'ara r 3"'%t\$%n a !tr r t\$nand ar0%na.at\$a !%)&arat"r%'%\$ d a &'at\$ &r t%'* !% !"nd\$t\$a !a ar0%na (a +\$ a0%t !a "#\$ !t " (%)a d #an\$. Cand A n% &r da #%n%' '%\$ # 45 A tr #%\$ (a \$\$ d a '%\$ B 900 ' \$ (\$ B d !'ara r 3"'%t\$%n a. 9.at\$\$' 45 100 ' \$ ( !"n(\$d ra a0an(. A / CV / B.\$)%'%\$ d dr &t !")%n a' r 3"'%t\$%n\$\$ !% da%n @\$nt r &t &r =%d\$!\$%' !a%3at efectiv &r\$n d (+\$\$ntar a !tr !a + !t a' n 1 !%tar\$\$ n =%(t\$+\$!at d !atr ! a'a'ta &art .at\$ \$ n 1 !%tat &"at "&ta (\$ & ntr% a ! r 1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta \$n nat%ra a "#'\$. Cand ( \$n!2 \$ %n CA* ( \$n'"!%\$ (t ! a d @a d"%a "&t\$%n 8  1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta &r\$n !2\$0a' nt:> ' n% )a\$ &"at ! r (\$ 1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta &r\$n !2\$0a' nt* \$n +"r)a &%ra> !2\$0a' nt%' \$n a! (t !a3 (t r &r 3 ntat d d !'arar a r 3"'%t\$%n\$\$ (\$ r (t\$t%\$r a ar0%n \$ (a% a d%#'%'%\$ ar0%n \$ (a% r 3"'%t\$%n a (\$ n r (t\$t%\$r a ar0%n \$* d%&a !a3.at (a " r (t\$t%\$ .Cand ! ' !ar a dat ar0%na n% \$(\$ 1 !%ta "#'\$.at\$a (a d r (t\$t%\$r * \$ntr%!at ar !a "#\$ !t #%n%' ! a !"n(t\$t%\$t ar0%na 8+%n.at\$ \$ r (& !t\$0 (\$ &t a ! r a&'\$!ar a r . Da!a atat A !at (\$ B \$(\$ 1 !%ta "#'\$. E1. Da!a B n% &'at (t * A &"at ! r 1 !%tar a (\$'\$ta a &r t%'%\$ (a% &"at d (+\$\$nta !tr d !'arand r 3"'%t\$%n a (\$ &a(tr a3a 100 ' \$. Cand ! ' !ar a &r\$)\$t ar0%na n% \$(\$ 1 !%ta n =%(t\$+\$!at "#'\$. E1.at\$a 0an3at"r%'%\$ d a " r (t\$t%\$ ( !")& n( a3a !% "#'\$. 16 . In !tr (\$na'a. Cand !%)&arat"r%' a dat 0an3at"r%'%\$ ar0%na 'a \$n!2 \$ r a CV* "#'\$.at\$\$' a(%)at &r\$n !tr &r\$n!\$&a' 45 ! a'a'ta &art &"at d !'ara r 3"'%t\$%n a ! rand dublul arvunei da!a &art\$' n% a% &r 0a3%t a't multiplu. In t"at !a3%r\$' * !r d\$t"r%' "#'\$. Pr\$)a (\$ a tr \$a "&t\$%n ra)an 0a'a#\$' .at\$a d a &'at\$ &r t%' !and &'at (t d"ar d\$+ r nta d\$ntr (%)a !ar r &r 3 nta &r t%' (\$ (%)a ! !"n(t\$t%\$( ar0%na.

NCC \$n(t\$t%\$ n"t\$%n a d arvuna penalizatoare / t r) n \$)&r"&r\$% &t !a n% & na'\$3 a3a n\$)\$!  @ \$n art 1767. Da!a n% )a ra3.nd contractul . D\$n!a \$)\$ 0\$n NCC &t 100 ' \$. St\$n.n. C ' ! a &r\$)\$t ar0%na r (t\$t%\$ * d !\$* d"ar ! a ! a &r\$)\$t. AR+UNA PENALI1AT0ARE / +%n!t\$a 9 P r)\$t %n \$a d\$n &art\$' !"ntra!t%'%\$ &r\$n!\$&a' (a% a)# '"r &art\$ (a d n%nt %n\$'at ra' a! (t !"ntra!t.aranta 1 !%tar a !tr &r\$n!\$&a' (\$ n% ! a d a ( & r)\$t ra3.and\$r r + r\$t"r 'a %n !tr ar %n !ara!t r 1! &t\$"na'* !and ar0%na ar r"'%' d a !"n+ r\$ %n a( ) n a dr &t* a! (t r"' tr #%\$ (a r 3%'t neindoielnic din vointa partilor.and\$t* \$\$ da% '%\$ D\$n!a NCC \$na&"\$ (\$ D\$n!a &a(tr a3a ! \$ 10 ' \$.at\$\$' . Intr%!at dr &t%' d ra3. r a %n \$ "#'\$.at\$a '%\$ d a@)\$ da 10 ' \$ !% "#'\$. Da!a )@a) ra3.\$#\$' ! a'!at%\$ (! ar0%na !"n(t\$t%\$ %n pret al exercitarii dreptului de denuntare unilaterala a contractului principal.C+. C+ d"!tr\$n \$.and\$ (\$ )a &"at 1 !%ta (\$'\$t.and (!* \$\$ )a\$ &'at (! '%\$ D\$n!a d"ar 90 ' \$ (\$ &a(tr 3 !"d%'. dup+ caz. (\$ functie de dezicere* de razgandire. 8>9.and (!* \$n !a3%' \$n !ar \$' +r%n3ar (! (\$ n% \$)\$ &'a! . In a! a(ta (\$t%at\$ * #%n%r\$' +%n. poenitentiala. E1. (. trebuie s+ restituie dublul celei primite. Da!a n% \$\$ da% ! \$ 90 ' \$* 'a t r) n%' d d !ad r )\$ ( (t\$n. Art. 1estituirea arvunei 2rvuna se restituie c.)at\$! .at\$a ) a d a@\$ da 90 d ' \$ (\$ ( r d%! "#'\$.n contract este stipulat expres dreptul uneia dintre p+r*i sau dreptul ambelor p+r*i de a se dezice de contract. E% da% 10 ' \$ (\$ \$)\$ r 3 r0 dr &t%' !a d%&a " (a&ta)ana (a )a ra3. dr &t%' d a )a )a\$ ra3. 8>9> Arvuna penalizatoare &ac+ . E' ar tr #%\$ (a \$)\$ r (t\$t%\$ 10 ' \$ dar ( !")& n( a3a "#'\$.nceteaz+ din cauze ce nu atrag r+spunderea vreuneia dintre p+r*i. Next6 obiectul CV 17 .and\$r aCCC Da!a r + r\$t"r 'a " J d #an\$ &'at\$ta 'a \$n!2 \$ r a %n%\$ !tr Ǝ " \$nd"\$a'a !% &r\$0\$r 'a t\$t'%' !% !ar a +"(t &r data* a n% ( !"n(\$d ra ar0%na !\$* &ana 'a \$n'at%rar a \$nd"\$ '\$\$* a 0a +\$ !"n(\$d rata avans d\$n &r t. Art. Da!a Ǝ \$nd"\$a'a a(%&ra r"'%'%\$ ar0%n \$ ( 0a !"n(\$d ra !a ar +%n!t\$a d a . cel care denun*+ contractul pierde arvuna dat+ sau.at\$\$ ( nt\$a' d\$n !tr &r\$n!\$&a' &r\$n \$)&"(\$#\$'\$tat a +"rt%\$ta d 1 !%tar t\$n d t "r\$a r\$(!%'%\$ 'a !tr (\$na'a.

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