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MINISTRY OF ENERGY
Country Report for Myanmar
Presented by: U Kyaw Nyein Managing Director Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise
the Petroleum Industry was still under the control of BOC till 1963. Ø Apart from BOC. the first foreign oil company. . Brief History of Myanmar Petroleum Industry Ø Myanmar petroleum industry evolved in the 10th century in Yenangyaung area of central Myanmar during the Pagan Dynasty. Ø After WWII. and Ø Thailand on the south-east.1- . 2. Ø China on the north-east. Ø Another giant oil field " Chauk " was discovered in 1902. was established in Yenangyaung. Ø In 1871. Ø In 1886. Since then. some other 30 smaller oil companies were active before WWII. the Petroleum Industry has been entirely operated by Myanmar nationals only. Burmah Oil Company (BOC) which was a British company. Ø The winds of WWII changed the atmosphere of the Myanmar Petroleum Industry abruptly. It has a coastal strip of 2832km facing to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. Ø Laos on the east. Introduction Myanmar has a total area of 676. ROC (Rangoon Oil Company) was established and carried out the refining and marketing. Initially oil was extracted and used from the seepage and then from shallow hand dug wells. The oil wells. equipment and refineries were destroyed in 1942. The population is about 50 million people with an average growth rate of 1.82% per annum.COUNTRY REPORT FOR MYANMAR 1. Ø The Myanmar national oil company was established in 1963 after the Myanmar Government took over the entire petroleum industry from BOC.577 km2 sharing borders with – Ø Bangladesh and India on the north-west. The first Machine-Drilled Well was completed in 1887 and the first Rotary-Drilled Well was introduced in 1922. Ø The first Myanmar crude was exported in 1853.
MOGE was responsible only for upstream activities. v To supply the Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a substitute fuel instead of gasoline for vehicles. . v To supply the domestic natural gas by constructing its own gas pipelines. Energy Policy The Ministry of Energy of the Union of Myanmar has been meticulously pursuing the following energy policy. / v v Myanma Petrochemical Enterprise (MPE) : Refineries/ Fertilizer Plants/ LPG Plant/ Methanol Plant/ etc Myanma Petroleum Products Enterprise (MPPE) :Marketing / distribution of petroleum products. Departmental Heads and Oil and Gas Field General Managers exercise control in their respective departments and fields. Currently. there are three state economic enterprises and one department. v To participate in and oversee the production Sharing Contracts (PSCs) in cooperation with foreign oil companies. upstream and downstream activities were run as one entity.2- . the Directors. Previously. v 4. Under MOE. Starting from 1970.(1954)Ltd and the Myanmar Government. MOGE has about 13. 4 Organization MOGE is headed by the Managing Director.000 employees including 850 management staff. working under the Ministry of Energy (MOE). To promote efficient utilization of energy and impress on energy conservation. v Energy Planning Department (EPD) : Coordinate / negotiate the development program in energy sector. Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) : Oil & gas exploration production / distribution. under whose direction. Upstream Activities Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE). To prevent deforestation caused by excessive use of fuel wood and charcoal.3. Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) is a 100 % State owned Enterprise and has the following basic responsibilities:v To explore and produce oil and gas by using its own resources. was established in 1963 after transactions between the Burma Oil Co. To save nonrenewable energy for future energy sufficiency of the nation. in order to increase the energy production level : Ø Ø Ø Ø To maintain the status of energy independence.
Drilling MINISTRY OF ENERGY 4. Engineering 6. Offshore EXPLORATION & DEVELOPMENT ADMINIADMINISTRASTRATION MATERIAL PLANNING FINANCE OFFSHORE PLANNING DRILLING PRODUCTION ENGINEERING 4. and Delta Basins) have been actively explored for petroleum and the rest are either sparsely explored or not at all explored yet. Exploration & Develop 3.1 ORGANIZATION 1. Out of 14.2 Oil and Gas Fields of Myanmar (Onshore) Hydrocarbon prospects in Myanmar are conveniently evidenced by the long history of petroleum industry. 14 sedimentary basins developed within the territory of onshore Myanmar. only 3 basins (Central Myanmar. Planning 2. Pyay Embayment. Material Planning BOARD OF MANAGING DIRECTOR DIRECTORS 8. Production MYANMA OIL & GAS ENTERPRISE 5. Giant oil fields like Yenangyaung Field (Original Oil-in-Place 700 MMBBL) and Chauk Field (Original Oil-in-Place 500 MMBBL) were discovered over 100 years ago and are still being exploited. CENTRAL MYANMAR PYAY AYEYARWADY DELTA . Finance 9.The following departments headed by the respective directors directly report to the Managing Director: 4. Administration 7. Geologically. All the oil and gas fields are located in these 3 basins.3- .
methanol plant. welllsite accommodation) / Well completion teams / Well repairing teams/ etc. .000 bopd and 120 mmcfd gas from onshore oil and gas fields. After the establishment of the national oil enterprise. which peaked at 11. Very recently. cement factories and other industries by pipelines. commercial oil and gas were discovered in Thargyitaung-Sabe area in central Myanmar and Nyaungdon area in delta. Drilling of appraisal wells are being conducted for field development. ) Currently MOGE is producing about 10. LPG plant.20 million barrels in 1984-85. new oil and gas fields were discovered increasing the yearly production.99 million barrels.4- v v v v v v v v v . oil was extracted mainly from Chauk and Yenangyaung Oil Fields in the Central Myanmar Basin with an annual production of 3. Yebawmi and Indaw areas are actively being conducted by MOGE. Consequently.Prior to 1963. 1 center Rig mobilization fleets / Construction fleets (for wellsite preparation. Oil is sent to the nearest refineries by barges and pipelines. fertilizer plants. access road. The oil and gas fields of Myanmar are listed as follows: Oil & Gas Fields Yenangyaung Ayadaw Chauk Payagon Myanaung Pyay Shwepyitha Pyalo Mann Letpando Peppi Htaukshabin Htantabin Kanni Apyauk Shwegu Kyaukkwet/Letpando Indaing Nyaungdon Thargyitaung Year of Discovery 1887 1893 1902 1959 1964 1965 1967 1969 1970 1974 1976 1978 1980 1985 1991 1994 1995 1996 1999 2001 Remarks Producing Producing Producing Suspended Producing Producing Producing Suspended Producing Produced for 2 years & suspended Producing Producing Suspended Producing Producing Suspended Producing Suspended Producing New discovery MOGE is currently operating its land operations by using the following its own resources handled by Myanmar national employees as follows: Surface geological field parties 4 parties Seismic acquisition party 2 parties Seismic processing center 1 center Magnetic / Gravity party 1 party Pipe laying force (up to 20" pipeline) 1 party Drilling rigs (various capacity 3000'-12500') 18 rigs Workover rigs 13 rigs Research Lab. frontier-explorations in the northern part of Myanmar such as Tanai. The produced gas is transmitted to gas turbines.
3 Production Sharing Contracts (PSC) In order to increase the country's oil and gas production and reserve potential. The pipeline size varies from 6" up to 20". With the promulgation of the Foreign Investment Law and its related procedures in November 1988. it is of key importance for Myanmar to introduce modern technology and foreign investment in addition to MOGE's own efforts.5- . from Kanbauk to Myainggale where a new cement factory is just completed. 4. A total of 46 onshore blocks and 25 offshore blocks for petroleum exploration and production have been apportioned in Myanmar . The current land gas production is being supplied to gas turbines (65%). The gas is being transmitted from offshore Yadana Field through Kanbauk Pipeline Center. urea plants (16%) and the rest goes to cement factories.A total of about 1200miles land pipeline has been laid by MOGE own pipe laying fleet for domestic gas transmission. MOGE has entered into PSC contracts with multinational oil companies since 1989 October for petroleum exploration and production in both onshore and offshore areas. refineries and other industries. Recently 180miles of 20" pipeline was successfully constructed by MOGE's national team.
4. 3 types of PSCs are available. 21 international companies have joined MOGE and signed 33 land PSCs. Exspan Sumatera Focus Energy Prime Resource TG World Block/Field(Area) Mann Field Yenangyaung Field Chauk Field RSF-6 (Mindegyi-Chaungtha) RSF-8 (YEnanma) RSF-5 (Ondwe) MOGE3(Padaukpin. Block Type PSC Open Land Blocks Block Area (sq-miles) B2 C2 D E F G H I J K L M O P Q EP-1 EP-2 EP-3 MOGE-4 MOGE-6 MOGE-7 4 7 9 10 5. Goldwater Westburne PT. New New New Relinguished by PT. Current onshore operating foreign companies Company Myanmar Petroleum ResourcesLtd. such as: v Exploration (EP). v Reactivation of suspended Fields (RSF). 6 7 .Monatkon) Htaukshabin/Kanni Field EP-4 (Mayaman-Pyay West) RSF-2 (Tuyintaung) RSF-3 (Gwegyo-Ngashantaung) IOR-3 (Tetma) A total of 21 EP. Currently 7 PSC companies are working on 12 blocks. 4 RSF and 3 IOR blocks are open for petroleum investment. Exspan New New Myintha area Indaing Myanaung East Nyaunggon-Yedwet Padan Pyay-Pyalo Kanma-Nattaung RSF IOR Htantabin Field Myanaung Field Shwepyitha Field .3.66297 10234 4763 4453 2530 5148 9940 1390 4438 2532 3905 3007 3970 4390 1536 438 519 637 352 1420 185 509 747 984 541 Remarks Relinquished by AMOCO Relinquished by YUKONG Relinquished by IDEMITSU Relinquished by PETRO-CANADA Relinquished by UNOCAL Relinquished by SHELL Relinquished by BHP Relinquished by CROFT Relinquished by KIRKLAND New Relinquished by South Pacific Co. v Improved Oil Recovery (IOR)/Performance Compensation Contract (PCC). Relinquished by Empire Oil Co. Since 1989.1 Onshore PSC In onshore area.
four foreign contractors conducted detailed seismic surveys and 18 wells were drilled including one gas discovery. Current Offshore Operating Companies Companies (Operator) Blocks TOTAL PREMIER DAEWOO M-5 / M-6 M-12 / M-13 / M-14 A-1 A total of 6 blocks in Rakhine Offshore. A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 M-1 M-2 M-3 M-4 M-7 M-8 M-9 M . Since 1990. between 1972 and 1987.11 M .16 M .10 M .4. 9 blocks in Moattama Offshore and 4 blocks in Tanintharyi Offshore are open for petroleum investment. 3 international companies are operating in 6 offshore blocks.7- . a total of 7 international oil companies have signed 15 offshore PSCs.15 M .3.17 Area(sq miles) 1455 2974 3277 4074 3795 3174 4013 3727 3000 4008 5163 4227 4535 5320 2810 5204 5338 5472 Remarks Rakhine Offshore " " " " " Moattama Offshore “ " “ " " " " " Tanintharyi Offshore " " .2 Offshore PSC In Myanmar offshore. From 1974 to 1976. MOGE as an operator had carried out seismic survey over the area of interest and 27 wells have been drilled including Yadana and Badamyar Gas Field discoveries. Currently. Open Offshore Blocks Block Type PSC Block No.
2.3.24 % 28.5 TCF 525 mmcfd 125 mmcfd 31.00 % Onshore Facilities : Pipelines : Start of gas export : Project Cost : Wellhead Platform 1 (7 wells) Wellhead Platform 2 (7 wells) Production Platform Living Quarter Platform Flare Platform Pipeline Center Metering Station 216 miles 36" pipeline (Offshore) 39 miles 36" pipeline (Onshore) 1998 1200mm$ .1 Yadana Gas Project Location Blocks Sellers : : : Buyer : Reserves : Export DCQ : Domestic Gas : Offshore Facilities : Moattama Offshore M-5 / M-6 TOTALFINAELF UNOCAL PTTEP MOGE PTT Plc 6.26 % 25.50 % 15.4.8- .
9- .00 % NIPPON 188.8.131.52 % MOGE 15.66 % PETRONAS 30.17 % PTTEP 14.2 Yetagun Gas Project Location Blocks Sellers : : : Buyer Reserves Export DCQ : : : Tanintharyi Offshore M-12 / M-13 / M-14 PREMIER 26.2 TCF 200 / 400 mmcfd (about 30 bl condensate / mmcf) Drilling Platform (6 wells) Production Platform FSO Pipeline Center Metering Station 126 miles 24" pipeline (Offshore) 43 miles 24" pipeline (Onshore) 2000 about 700MM$ Offshore Facilities: Onshore Facilities: Pipelines : Start of gas export: Project Cost : .00 % PTT Plc 3.2.
Also a fleet of about 300 road tankers are operating through out the country to distribute various kinds of petroleum products. 5. but negotiable. ¨ Accelerated depreciation (25 %) per year is allowed.4. Terms and conditions for different types of PSC blocks are not rigidly fixed. 1 Fertilizer Factory (Sale) (465 MT/D capacity) No. Thank you * * * * * * . MPE Plants Refineries Urea Plants Others No. Reviewing the data together with Myanmar technical staff can be arranged to understand more about the oil and gas prospects of Myanmar. 3 Fertilizer Factory (Kyawzwa) (600 MT/D Capacity) LPG Extraction Plant (Minbu) (24mmcfd gas) Methanol Plant (Seiktha) (450 MT/D capacity) Bitumen Plant (Thanlyin) 2 skit mounted LPG plants (10 & 15mmcfd) ( to be installed) Myanma Petroleum Products Enterprise (MPPE) is responsible for marketing of petroleum products and operating 14 divisional marketing offices. 2 Skid mounted LPG plants are going to be installed very soon. 1 Refinery (Thanlyin) (26000 B/D capacity) No. 4 main terminals. Investment opportunities are ample in the petroleum sector. ¨ Duties on import of petroleum industry-equipment/materials are exempted. ¨ Corporate Tax is 30 % on taxable income. All interested parties are cordially invited to invest in Myanmar. 257 filling stations and 10 aircraft refueling stations. Downstream Activities Myanma Petrochemical Enterprise (MPE) is operating 3 refineries (57. ¨ No export duty levied on export of petroleum. 1 Methanol Plant & 1 Bitumen Plant in the country.3. The following attractive incentives are granted in Myanmar PSC terms. 3 Urea Plants (1270 ton/day).3 Investment Incentives Myanmar now offers an ideal politico-economic environment in addition to its attractive PSC Terms and geological prospectivity. 1 LPG Plant. 2 Refinery (Chauk) (6000 B/D capacity) Petrochemical Complex (Thanbayakan) (25000 B/D capacity) No. ¨ Domestic Market supply is priced at not too far reduced from fair market value. 35 sub-fuel terminals. ¨ Renegotiations clause specifically allows necessary adjustments/ amendments.10 - .000 bl/day). ¨ 3 years Tax Holiday is automatically granted. 2 Fertilizer Factory (Kyun Chaung) (207 MT/D capacity) No. in the event of situations arising not envisaged in the original contract.
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