You are on page 1of 13

10-2007-0087790

(19)(KR)
(12) (A)
(51) Int. Cl.

H01M 8/10 (2006.01)


H01M 8/02 (2006.01)
H01M 4/86 (2006.01)

(11)
(43)

(21)
(22)

10-2005-0115547
20051130
20051130

(71)


575

(72)

428-5

428-5

428-5

428-5

108 1406

(74)

10-2007-0087790
20070829

: 13

(54) , -

(57)
, -
, ,
,
.
,
.

-1-

10-2007-0087790

1.
;
,

;

.

2.
1 ,
, , , 1,4, 1,3-, ,
, , , ,
, A , ,
, , 1,4-, 1,3-
, , ,
, , , , A
, , ,
)
.

3.
1 ,
2 1000nm .

4.
1 ,
(phosphotungstic acid), (phosphomolibdic acid),
(silicotungstic acid), , -Zr(O a1PCHa2OH)a(O b1PCb2Hb4SOb5H)bnH2O(, a1,
a2, a, b1, b2, b4, b5 b 0 14 , n 0 50 ), -Zr(POa1)
(Ha2POa3)a(HO b1PCb2Hb3SOb4H)bnH2O(, a1, a2, a3, a, b1, b2, b3, b4 b 0
14 , n 0 50 ), Zr(O a1PCa2Ha3)aYb(, a1, a2, a3, a b
0 14 ), Zr(O a1PCHa2OH)aYbnH2O(, a1, a2, a b 0
14 , n 0 50 ), -Zr(O a1PCa2Ha3SOa4H)anH2O(, a1, a2, a3, a4 a

-2-

10-2007-0087790
0 14 , n 0 50 ), -Zr(Oa1POH)nH2O(, a1 0 14
), (P2O5)a(ZrO 2)b(, a b 0 14 ) (glass), P2O 5-ZrO 2SiO2 1
.

5.
1 ,
.

6.
1 ,
, , , 1
.

7.
1 ,
1 15%
.

8.
1 ,
1 10 .

9.
1 ,
, , ,
.

10.
, , ,
,

.

-3-

10-2007-0087790

11.
10 ,
65 90 %, 1
15 %, 2 10% .

12.
10 ,
, , , , , ,
, , , , , 1
.

13.
;
, 1 9
- .




[ ]
, -
,
, - .
[ ]
(Fuel cell) , ,
.
, ,
4-10 .
(PEMFC: Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell),
(Direct Oxidation Fuel Cell) .
(DMFC: Direct Methanol Fuel Cell) .

-4-

10-2007-0087790

, ,

.

, , .
, - (Membrane-Electrode
Assembly: MEA) (Separator)( (Bipolar Plate) )
. -
(, "" " " ) ( "" " "
) .
,
, , ,
. , ,
.

,
.
- .

, ,
,
.
, ,
, ,

.
,
, - .
.
,
,
.
, , (ohmic loss) ,

.
50 175
, (extrusion) (casting) . ,
(conductance) ,

-5-

10-2007-0087790
. ,
, 15 20%
. .
,
,
.
.
,
,
.
, , ,
.
,
.
, , ,
, 1,4-, 1,3-, ,
, , ,
, , A , ,
, , 1,4-, 1,3-
, , ,
, , , ,
A , ,
, ) .

. 20 70% .
.
, , .
, (site)
.
2 1000nm , 10 300nm
, 2 nm ,
1000nm .
(phosphotungstic acid), (phosphomolibdic acid),
(silicotungstic acid), , -Zr(O a1PCHa2OH)a(O b1PCb2Hb4SOb5H)bnH2O, -Zr(POa1)
(Ha2POa3)a(HO b1PCb2Hb3SOb4H)bnH2O, Zr(Oa1PCa2Ha3)aYb, Zr(O a1PCHa2OH)aYbnH2O, -Zr(O a1PCa2Ha3SOa4H)
anH2O,

-Zr(O a1POH)nH2O, (P2O5)a(ZrO 2)b (glass), P2O 5-ZrO 2-SiO2

(cation exchanged hetero polyacid)


. , a1, a2, a3, a, b1, b2, b3, b4, b5 b 0 14 , n 0
50 .
, .

-6-

10-2007-0087790

,
. (fumed silica, : Aerosil, Cabo-sil ), , ,
(zeolite, : SAPO-5, XSM-5, AIPO-5, VPI-5 MCM-41 ) .
-(pyrophylite-talc), (montmorillonitel: MMT), (saponite),
(fluorohectorite), (kaolinte), (vermiculit), (laponite), (illite),
(mica), (brittle mica), (tetrasilicic mica) .
100 1 10, 1 3 .
1 , 10
.
1 15% ,
2 5% . 1%
, 15% .

1 10 , 2 5
. 1 , 10
.
.
.

, ,
. , , ,
.
3 33, (equivalent weight: EW) 700 2,000
. , (backbone)
. , 3 33, 700 2,000 .
, , ,
, , , , ,
- 1
, (), (),
, , , (2,2'-m-)5,5'-(poly(2,2'-(m-phenylene)-5,5'-bibenzimidazole) (2,5-)
1 .
, H Na, K, Li, Cs
. H Na NaOH,
, K, Li Cs
. .
10 200 . ,
.
.
, ,
,
,
.

-7-

10-2007-0087790

, , ,
.
65 90 %, 1
15 %, 2 10% , 75 85
%, 2 5%, 2 7% 10 25 %
.
.
.
,
, .
.
; , , ; , 2,2-
-2-, 2,2--2-, 1,1- ; 2--1-[4()]-2--1,2--2--1-(4-)--1
; 2-, 2-, 2-t- ; 2,4-
; , ; ; ; ;
; (2,6-)-2,4,4-, (2,4,6-)-, 2,4,6, -2,4,6- ;
, - (-Amino Acetophenone: Irgacure907,
).
,
100 2 10 . 2
, 10
.
,
N--2-, , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, N-, , , , ,
, , , , 2
.

.
.
, , ,
, , , ,
, . .
.

.

-8-

10-2007-0087790


,
.
, ,
.
- .
, - ;
.
1 - .
1 , - (10) (50)
(50) (20, 20') . (20, 20') (40, 40')
(30, 30') .
- (10), (50) (20) ( )
, (20') ( ) . (20) (40)
(30) , (50)
(20) (20') , (20')
(50) (40') (30')
.
( ) ,
. , , , - , - , - , -M
, --M (M=Ga, Ti, V, Sn, W, Rh, Mo, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu Zn
1 ) 1 .
, CO
, - .
Pt, Pt/Ru, Pt/W, Pt/Ni, Pt/Sn, Pt/Mo, Pt/Pd, Pt/Fe, Pt/Cr, Pt/Co, Pt/Ru/W, Pt/Ru/Mo, Pt/Ru/V, Pt/Fe/Co,
Pt/Ru/Rh/Ni Pt/Ru/Sn/W 1 .
(black) , .
, , , , , , , ,
, .

. (carbon
paper), (carbon cloth), (carbon felt) ((
(metalized polymer fiber) ) ,
.

. ,
, (Fluorinated ethylene propylene),
(polychlorotrifluoroethylene), .
, (microporous layer)
. , , , ,
, , (fullerene), , , (carbon nano-horn)
(carbon nano ring) . ,

-9-

10-2007-0087790
. , ,
, , , , n-
, , , , , N-
. ,
, .
.
- ,
.
- .
, .
- ( ) . -
.
.
,
.
.
, , , .
2 , .
2 ,
,
.
(1)
(3), (5), (3)
(7) .
(5) (9), (9) (11)
. (11) (9)
.
(3) (7)
(13) .
(3) - (17) -
(19,19') , (3) (15)
.
.
.
( 1)
(Aldrich, MW=742) 80%
5% 10% , 6 .
5% 5 .

- 10 -

10-2007-0087790

Nafion 115(125) 100 3% , 0.5M 1 , 100


1 ,
1kV 5 .
5% /H2O/2- , Pt-Ru (black,
, Johnson Matthey, HiSpec 6000) Pt (Johnson Matthey, HiSpec 1000)
.
135 50 kgf/ 3
. .
4 mg/ . ETek ELAT (Diffusion Layer) 3 - .
/ (glass fiber) (gasket)
, 2 , (end)
(single cell) .
( 1)
Nafion 115(125) 100 3% , 0.5M 1 , 100
1 1
.
1 1 , .
BekkTech 60 RH 100%
, 60 - (compartment diffusion cell)
15 % /
.
1 1 (ambient air)
. 1 .

[ 1]

()

(S/cm)

(%)

60

(cm2/sec)

(0.4V, mV/cm2)

130

0.1

10

5.0X107

120

125

0.1

30

2.0X106

100

1 , 1 1 , 1
1 ,
.
1 1 ,
1 60 .

- 11 -

10-2007-0087790

, ,
.


1 - ,
2 .

- 12 -

10-2007-0087790
2

- 13 -