Chapter 3 Exercise 3A

Q. 1.

1
(i) sy = 28(3) + __(−9.8)(3)2
2
= 39.9 m

(iii) Velocity after 4 seconds: Find vx and
vy when t = 4
vx = 56

(ii) Let H = maximum height

vy = 56 − g(4)

uy = 28, ay = −9.8,

= 16.8

vy = 0, s = H

__›

∴ 0 = (28)2 + 2(−9.8)H
∴0 = 784 − 19.6H

vx = 70

1
sy = 105t − __ gt2
2

=0

40
⇒ t = 0 OR t = ___
7
40
At t = ___, sx = 21t
7
40
= 21 ___
7
= 120 m

(i) Need vx and vy when t = 10
vx = 70

( )

Q. 2.

Q
Q. 3.

sx = 70t

(iii) sy = 0
⇒ 28t −

_›

vy = 105 − gt

∴ H = 40
4.9t2

_›

⇒ v = 56i + 16.8j m/s

v2 = u2 + 2as

vy = 105 − g(10) = 7
_›

__›

_›

⇒ v = 70i + 7j
Magnitude

vx = 56

________

__›

|v | = √702 + 72

vy = 56 − gt

= 70.35 m/s

sx = 56t

1
sy = 56t − __gt2
2

Direction

(i) Let H = maximum height
uy = 56, ay = −9.8,

q

vy = 0, sy = H
v2 = u2 + 2as
∴ 0 = (56)2 + 2(−9.8)H
∴0 = 3,136 − 19.6H

sy = 0

(ii) Range: sx when sy = 0

1
⇒ 105t − __gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 210t − gt2 = 0

sy = 0

1
⇒ 56t − __gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 112t − gt2 = 0

⇒ t(210 − gt) = 0

Point of
Projection

Time of
Flight

Time of
Flight

}

Point of
Projection

}

= 640 m

}

}

112
t = ____
g

[ ]

210
t = ____
g

⇒t=0

⇒ t(112 − gt) = 0

112
⇒ Range = 56 ____
g

[ ]

(ii) Range: sx when sy = 0

∴ H = 160 m

⇒t=0

1
7
tan q = ___ = ___
70 10
1
⇒ q = tan−1 ___ = 5.71°
10

[ ]

210
⇒ Range = 70 ____
g

= 1,500 m

1

Q. 4.

(i) sy = 21t − 4.9t2

Direction

= 22.4

91
tan q = ___
70
13
= ___
10

⇒ 7t2 − 30t + 32 = 0
⇒ (7t − 16)(t − 2) = 0
16
t = ___
7

OR

_›

= 52.43°
(ii) Range: sx when sy = 0

_›

∴ v = 14i + 0j
Q. 5.

sy = 0

1
⇒ 140t − __ gt2 = 0
2

(i) uy = 49, ay = −9.8,
vy = 0, sy = H

⇒ 280t − gt2 = 0

v2 = u2 + 2as

⇒ t(280 − gt) = 0

(49)2

+ 2(−9.8)H

4.9

=

[ ]

150
____

= 2,000 m

7

150
At t = ____, sx = 70t
7

Q
Q. 7.

( )

vy = 28 − gt

= 1,500 m

sx = 20t
1
sy = 28t − __ gt2
2

vy = 49 − (9.8)(6)
_›

__›

vx = 20

150
= 70 ____
7
(iii) vx = 10
= −9.8

Time of
Flight

280
Range = 70 ____
g

⇒ 105t − 4.9t2 = 0
t=

Point of
Projection

(i) Need sy when t = 3

_›

1
= 28(3) − __ g(9)
2
= 39.9 m

∴ v = 10i − 9.8j m/s
vx = 70

(ii) Need vx and vy when t = 4

vy = 140 − gt

vx = 20

sx = 70t

vy = 28 − g(4)

1
sy = 140t − __ gt2
2

= −11.2
__›

(i) Need to find vx and vy when t = 5

_›

______________

= 22.92 m/s

_›

⇒ v = 70i + 91j
Magnitude

_________

|v | = √ 702 + 912
= 114.8 m/s

2

_›

⇒ Speed = √ 202 + (−11.2)2

vy = 140 − g(5) = 91

__›

_›

⇒ v = 20i − 11.2j

vx = 70
__›

}

(ii) sy = 0

t = 0 OR

280
t = ____
g

⇒t=0

∴ H = 122.5 m

105
____

}

∴0=

Q. 6.

[ ]

13
⇒ q = tan−1 ___
10

t=2

(ii) When it is at its greatest height,
vy = 0 and vx = 14, as always.
__›

q

Q 8.
Q.

(i) vy = 0
⇒ 35 − 9.8t = 0
35
⇒ t = ___
9.8
25
= ___
7

(ii) vy = 10.5

Q. 11.
Q

⇒ 35 − 9.8t = 10.5
24.5
⇒ t = ____
9.8
5
= __
2
(iii) vy = −10.5
⇒ 35 − 9.8t = − 10.5
45.5
⇒ t = ____
9.8
65
= ___
14

vx = 100
vy = 98 − gt
sx = 100t

1
sy = 98t − __ gt2
2
(i) Need to find t when sy = 470.4
1
⇒ 98t − __ gt2 = 470.4
2
⇒ 98t − 4.9t2 = 470.4
⇒ 4.9t2 − 98t + 470.4 = 0
⇒ t2 − 20t + 96 = 0

(iv) Midway between (ii) and (iii) is
5
65
_
__
2 + 14
______

2

Q. 9.

25
= ___ = (i) QED
7

⇒ t = 8, t = 12
(ii) Find vx and vy when t = 8

sy = −490

vx = 100

⇒ − 4.9t2 = −490
⇒ t = 10

vy = 98 − g(8)

At t = 10, sx = 200t

= 19.6

= 200(10)
= 2,000 m
Q. 10.

⇒ (t − 8)(t − 12) = 0

(i) vy = 0

__›

_›

____________

⇒ Speed = √ 1002 + 19.62
= 102 m/s

⇒ 98 − 9.8t = 0

Find vx and vy when t = 12

⇒ t = 10
(ii) At t = 10, sx = 10t
= 10(10)
= 100 m
sy = 98t − 4.9t2

vx = 100
vy = 98 − g(12)
= −19.6
__›

_›

_›

= 98(10) − 4.9(100)

⇒ v = 100i − 19.6j

= 490 m

⇒ Speed = √ 1002 + (−19.6)2

__›

_›

_›

∴ r = 100i + 490j m
Q. 12
Q
12.

_›

⇒ v = 100i + 19.6j

_______________

= 102 m/s

vx = 8
vy = 28 – gt

_____________

√82 + (28 – gt)2 = 10

⇒ 64 + (784 – 56gt + g2t2) = 100

⇒ g2t2 – 56gt + 748 = 0
2,401
2,744
⇒ ______ t2 – ______ t + 748 = 0
5
25
2
⇒ 2,401t – 13,720t + 18,700 = 0

________________________

t=

2

13,720 ± 13,720 – 4(2,401)(18,700)
__________________________________

110
t1 = ____ s
49

2(2,401)

170
t2 = ____ s
49

3

75
R = ___ m
7
75
___
sx =
7
75
___
⇒t=
70
15
= ___
14
3
__

Exercise 3B
Q. 1.

4

2__
1__
(i) cos a = ___
, sin a = ___
√5 _
√5
___›

__

_›

__

u = 7√ 5 cos ai + 7√ 5 sin aj
_›

_›

= 14i + 7j

( )

⇒ 7t −

4.9t2

=0
7
t = ___
4.9

⇒ t = 0 OR

( )

10
= ___
7
At t =

= 1.875 m
Q.
Q 4.

, sx = 14t

⇒ t = 0 OR

( )

10
= 14 ___
7
= 20 m
Q. 2.

_›

___›

()

( )

40
= 3 ___
49

_›

120
= ____ = R, the range
49
1
24
__
___
∴ R=
m
5
49
24
24
When is sx = ___? When 3t = ___
49
49
8
⇒ t = ___
49
8
8
64
At t = ___, sy = 4 ___ − 4.9 ______
49
49
2,401
32
64
= ___ − ____
49 490
128
= ____
245

_›

()

3
4
= 35 __ i + 35 __ j
5
5
_›

_›

40
4
t = ___ = ___
4.9 49

40
At t = ___, sx = 3t
49

u = 35 cos q i + 35 sin q j
_›

sy = 0
⇒ 4t − 4.9t2 = 0

10
___
7

( )

15
15
225
At t = ___, sy = 7 ___ − 4.9 ____
14
14
196
= 7.5 − 5.625

(ii) sy = 0

= 28i + 21j
sy = 10

⇒ 21t − 4.9t2 = 10

( )

⇒ 49t2 − 210t + 100 = 0
⇒ t = 0.546 (OR 3.740)
At t = 0.546,
vx = 28 and vy = 21 − 9.8t

(

)

= 21 − 9.8(0.546)
= 15.65

_›

__›

_›

∴ v = 28i + 15.65j

_____________

__›

⇒ |v | = √ 282 + (15.65)2

1
R
5

= 32.08 m/s
Q. 3.

By symmetry, it will reach the same height
4
4
when sx = __R. The time will be __ of the
5
5
32
4 40
time of flight = __ ___ = ___ s
5 49
49

sy = 0

( )

⇒ 7t − 4.9t2 = 0
⇒ t = 0 OR
At t =

t=

7
___
4.9

=

10
___
7

10
___
7

, sx = 10t

( )

10
= 10 ___
7
100
____
=
m
7

4

= R, the range

7R

Q. 5.
Q

(a) (7t + 50)(t − 10)
(b) sy = −350
⇒ 14t − 4.9t2 = −350
⇒ 7t2 − 20t − 50 = 0
⇒ (7t + 50)(t − 10) = 0
⇒ t = 10

50
(t = −___ is rejected)
7

⇒ 49t2 − 490t − 784 = 0

At t = 10, sx = 10t
= 10(10)

⇒ t2 − 10t − 16 = 0

= 100 m
Q. 6.

⇒ t = 11.4

1
sy = 49t − __(9.8)t2 = 0
2
∴ 49t − 4.9t2 = 0

Q. 10.
Q

()

= 30

t = 10

uy = 50 sin q

at t = 10, sx = 50t

Q. 7.

()

= 50(10)

4
= 50 __
5

= 500 m

= 40
vx = 30

(i) uy = 14, ay = −9.8,
sy = H, vy = 0

vy = 40 − gt
sx = 30t

v2 = u2 + 2as

1
sy = 40t − __ gt2
2

∴ 0 = (14)2 + 2(−9.8)H

_

∴ H = 10 m

[

]

_

__›


1
(i) r = 30ti + 40t − __gt2 j
2

3
3
(ii) __H = __ H(10)
4
4
= 7.5
sy = 7.5

_›

_›

= 30ti + (40 − 4.9t2)j m
(ii) vx = 30
vy = 40 − g(1) = 30.2

⇒ 14t − 4.9t2 = 7.5

Q. 8.

ux = 50 cos q
3
= 50 __
5

∴ t(49 − 4.9t) = 0
∴ t = 0 OR

(−1.4 is rejected)

_›

__›

_›

⇒ 49t2 − 140t + 75 = 0

⇒ v = 30i + 30.2j m/s

⇒ (7t − 5)(7t − 15) = 0
5
15
⇒ t = __ OR ___
7
7

Magnitude

___________

__›

|v | = √302 + 30.22
= 43 m/s

sy = −82.5

Direction

⇒ 8t − 4.9t2 = −82.5

30.2
tan q = ____
30

⇒ 49t2 − 80t − 825 = 0
330
⇒ t = 5 OR −____
98
At t = 5, sx = 12t

30.2
⇒ q = tan−1 ____
30
= 45°

= 12(5)

(iii) Range: sx when sy = 0

= 60 m

sy = 0

⇒ −4.9t2 = −78.4

1
⇒ 40t − __gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 80t − gt2 = 0

⇒ t2 = 16

⇒ t(80 − gt) = 0

Q. 9. (i) sy = −78.4

⇒t=4

_›

_›

_›

= 84.868 i + 49j
sy = −78.4
⇒ 49t −

4.9t2

= −78.4

}

_›

(ii) u = 98 cos 30°i + 98 sin 30°j

80
t = ___
g

⇒t=0

}

___›

q

Point of
Projection

Time of
Flight

( )

80
Range = 30 ___
g

= 245 m

5

Q. 11.

sx = 12t

1
sy = kt − __gt2
2
sx = 30 when sy = 9.375

⇒ 12t = 30
5
⇒ t = __
2
when kt − 4.9t2 = 9.375

()

()

5
52
⇒ k __ − 4.9 __ = 9.375
2
2
5k 245 75
⇒ ___ − ____ = ___
2
8
8
⇒ 20k − 245 = 75
⇒ 20k = 320 ⇒ k = 16
Q. 12.

ux = u cos a

uy = u sin a

vx = u cos a
vy = u sin a − gt
sx = ut cos a

1
sy = ut sin a − __ gt2
2
(i) Greatest height: sy when vy = 0

OR

vy2 = uy2 + 2aysy
0 = (u sin a)2 + 2(−g)H

vy = 0

u2 sin2 a
∴ H = _______
2g

⇒ u sin a − gt = 0
u sin a
⇒ t = ______
g

(

)

(

u sin a
u sin a
1 ______
__
⇒ Greatest height = u ______
g sin a − 2 g g

)

2

u2 sin2 a
u2 sin2 a _______

⇒ Greatest height = _______
g
2g
2u2 sin2 a − u2 sin2 a
⇒ Greatest height = __________________
2g
2
2
u sin a
⇒ Greatest height = _______
2g
(iii) u = 70 and Greatest height = 125

(ii) Range: sx when sy = 0

4,900 sin2 a
⇒ __________ = 125
2g

sy = 0

1
⇒ ut sin a − __gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 2ut sin a − gt2 = 0
⇒ t(2u sin a − gt) = 0
2u sin a
t = _______
g

Point of
Projection

(

)

Time of
Flight

2u sin a
⇒ Range = u _______
cos a
g

6

⇒ a = 45°

}

}

⇒t=0

⇒ 250 sin2 a = 125
1
⇒ sin2 a = __
2
1
___
⇒ sin a = __
√2

2u2 sin a

cos a
⇒ Range = ____________
g

( )( )

1__ ___
1__
9,800 ___
2
2


⇒ Range = _____________
9.8
= 500 m

Q. 13.

u2 sin2 a
_______
2g

2u2 sin a cos a
= ____________
g

⇒ tan a = 4
⇒ a = 76°
Q. 14.

Let the speed of projection = u and the angle of projection = a
ux = u cos a

uy = u sin a

vx = u cos a
vy = u sin a − gt
sx = ut cos a

1
sy = ut sin a − __ gt2
2
Maximum height: sy when vy = 0

OR

vy2 = uy2 + 2aysy
∴ 0 = (u sin a)2 + 2(−g)H

vy = 0
⇒ u sin a − gt = 0
u sin a
⇒ t = ______
g
u sin a
u sin a
1 ______
__
⇒ Maximum height = u ______
g sin a − 2 g g

(

(

)

u2 sin2 a
∴ H = _______
2g

)

2

u2 sin2 a _______
u2 sin2 a
⇒ Maximum height = _______

g
2g
2u2 sin2 a − u2 sin2 a
⇒ Maximum height = __________________
2g
u2 sin2 a
_______
⇒ Maximum height =
2g
Range: sx when sy = 0
sy = 0

1
⇒ ut sin a − __ gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 2ut sin a − gt2 = 0
⇒ t(2u sin a − gt) = 0
2u sin a
t = _______
g

Point of
Projection

}

}

⇒t=0

(

)

Time of
Flight

2u sin a
⇒ Range = u _______
cos a
g
2u2 sin a

cos a
⇒ Range = _____________
g
Maximum Height = 2(Range)

(

u2 sin2 a
2u2 sin a cos a
⇒ ________ = 2 _____________
g
2g

)

⇒ sin2 a = 8 sin a cos a
⇒ sin a(sin a − 8 cos a) = 0
⇒ sin a = 0

sin a − 8 cos a = 0

… divide by cos a

⇒ tan a − 8 = 0
⇒ tan a = 8
⇒ a = tan−1 8
= 83°

7

Q. 15.

u2 sin2 a
(i) ________ = 3.6 .… 1
2g
2u2 sin a cos a
____________
g

784 sin 2a
⇒ __________ = 40
9.8
1
⇒ sin 2a = __
2

= 19.2 .… 2

Dividing 1 by 2
3
tan a
⇒ _____ = ___
4
16
3
⇒ tan a = __
4
3
⇒ sin a = __
5
Putting this result into 1 gives

Q
Q. 17.

⇒ 2a = 30° OR

150°

⇒ a = 15° OR

75°

u2 sin2 a
H = ________
2g
100 sin2 a
⇒ 2.5 = _________
19.6
⇒ sin2 a = 0.49

( ) = 3.6

9
u2 ___
25
______

⇒ sin a = 0.7

19.6

Q.
Q 18.

⇒ u2 = 196

u2 sin2 45°
H = _________
2g

⇒ u = 14 m/s
u2
(ii) Rmax = __
g
=
Q. 16.

196
____
9.8

As in Q. 18(iii), a = 45°

=

= 20 m

()

u2 _12
_____
2g

u2
= ___
4g

(i) 30°, 150°

u2 sin 2(45°)
R = ___________
g

u2 sin 2a
(ii) R = ________
g

u2
= __
g

= 40

Therefore, H : R = 1 : 4
Q. 19
Q
19.

(i) Let T = time of flight
∴ PT = 60

.… I

1
and QT − __(9.8)T2 = 0
2

When it is at greatest height
vy2 = uy2 + 2aysy
0 = Q2 + 2(−9.8)(5.625)
∴ 110.25 = Q2
∴ Q = 10.5
Put this into II :

10.5T − 4.9T2 = 0
15
∴ T = ___
7

Put this into I :

( )

15
P ___ = 60
7
∴ P = 28

15
(ii) The greatest distance = 7 × ___
7
= 15 m

8

.… II

Q. 20.

Let the angle of projection = a
ux = u cos a

uy = u sin a

vx = u cos a
vy = u sin a − gt
sx = ut cos a

1
sy = ut sin a − __gt2
2
Greatest height: sy when vy = 0
vy = 0
⇒ u sin a − gt = 0
u sin a
⇒ t = ______
g

(

(

)

u sin a
u sin a
1 ______
__
⇒ Greatest height = u ______
g sin a − 2g g
u2 sin2 a _______
u2 sin2 a

⇒ Greatest height = _______
g
2g
2
2
2u sin a − u2 sin2 a
⇒ Greatest height = __________________
2g
u2 sin2 a
_______
⇒ Greatest height =
2g

)

2

Range: sx when sy = 0
sy = 0

1
⇒ ut sin a − __gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 2ut sin a − gt2 = 0
⇒ t(2u sin a − gt) = 0
2u sin a
t = _______
g

Point of
Projection

}

}

⇒t=0

(

)

Time of
Flight

2u sin a
⇒ Range = u _______
cosa
g
2u2

sin a cos a
⇒ Range = ____________
g
Greatest height
_____________
Range

2
= __
7

⇒ 2(Range) = 7(Greatest height)

(

) (

2u2 sin a cos a
u2 sin2 a
⇒ 2 ____________
= 7 ________
g
2g

)

2g
… multiply by ___2
u

⇒ 8 sin a cos a = 7 sin2 a
⇒ sin a(8 cos a − 7 sin a) = 0
⇒ sin a = 0

8 cos a − 7 sin a = 0

… divide by cos a

⇒ 8 − 7 tan a = 0
8
⇒ tan a = __
7
8
⇒ a = tan−1 __
7
= 49°

()

9

Exercise 3C
Q. 1.

___

____

uy = √24g sin A

ux = √ 24 g cos A
____

u = √24g

vx = √24g cos A
____

11
3

A

vy = √ 24g sin A − gt

16

____

sx = √ 24g t cos A

____
1
sy = √ 24g t sin A − __ gt2
2
___›
11
sx = 16 when sy = ___
3
____

⇒ √ 24g t cos A = 16
⇒t=

sin A
_____
cos A

____

1
__

√24g t sin A − 2 gt2 =

when

16
__________
____

√24g cos A

= tan A

11
___

1
______

3

[

cos2 A

]

[

= 1 + tan2 A

]

____
256
16
1
11
____
sin A − __g _________
= ___
⇒ √ 24g __________
2A
2
3
24g
cos
24g
cos
A

16
11
⇒16 tan A − ___(1 + tan2 A) = ___
3
3
⇒ 48 tan A − 16 − 16 tan2 A = 11
⇒ 16 tan2 A − 48 tan A + 27 = 0

… let x = tan A

⇒ 16x2 − 48x + 27 = 0
⇒ (4x − 9)(4x − 3) = 0
3
9
⇒ x = __ OR x = __
4
4
3
9
⇒ tan A = __
OR tan A = __
4
4
⇒ A = 66° OR
Q. 2.

__

ux = √ g cos A
__

__

uy = √ g sin A

vx = √g cos A
__

A
1
2

__

sx = t√g cos A

__
1
sy = t√ g sin A − __ gt2
2
1
sx = __
when
2
__
1
⇒ t√ g cos A = __
when
2
__ 1
⇒ t = _________
2√ g cos A

1
4

√g

vy = √ g sin A − gt

10

A = 37°

1
sy = __
4
__

t√ g sin A −

[

sin A
______
1
__
2

gt2

]

=

1
__

cos A

1
_____

= tan A

cos2A

4

[

]

= 1 + tan2 A

__
1
1
1
__ 1
g sin A − __ g ________
= __
⇒ _________

4
2 4g cos2 A
2√ g cos A

1
1
1
⇒ __tan A − __(1 + tan2 A) = __ … multiply by 8.
4
2
8
⇒ 4 tanA − 1 − tan2 A = 2

⇒ tan2 A − 4 tan A + 3 = 0

… let x = tan A

⇒ x2 − 4x + 3 = 0
⇒ (x − 3)(x − 1) = 0
⇒ x = 3 OR

x=1

⇒ tan A = 3 OR

tan A = 1

⇒ A = 72° OR
Q. 3.

___

___

ux = 4√ 2g cos A

uy = 4√ 2g sin A

___

vx = 4√ 2g cos A
___

___

sx = 4t√ 2g cos A

A
O

___

sy = 4t√ 2g sin A −

1
__
2

14

4√2g

vy = 4√ 2g sin A − gt

sx = 8

A = 45°

8

gt2
sin A
_____

when sy = 14

___

⇒ 4t√ 2g cos A = 8

when

___

⇒ t√ 2g cos A = 2

___
1
4t√2g sin A − __ gt2 = 14
2

___ 2
⇒ t = _________
√2g cos A

[

cos A

___ 2
4 _________
√2g cos A

]

1
_____

= tan A

___

cos2A

1
__

√2g sin A − 2 g

[

= 1 + tan2 A

2
_______
g cos2 A

]

= 14

⇒ 8 tan A − (1 + tan2 A) = 14
⇒ tan2 A − 8tan A + 15 = 0

x2

… let x = tan A

− 8x + 15 = 0

⇒ (x − 5)(x − 3) = 0
⇒x=5
⇒ tan A = 5

OR

x=3

OR tan A = 3

⇒ A = 79° OR

A = 72°

We get the time of flight by letting sx = 8

(Flight ends when it hits the target)
1
___
Firstly, look at the particle fired at an angle A where tan A = 5 ⇒ cos A = ____
26

___
⇒ 4t√ 2g cos A = 8
___

⇒ t√ 2g cos A = 2

___ 2
⇒ t = _________
√2g cos A
__

√[ ]
√√

2 _____
1
= __
g cos A
__

2 ___
= __
g 26
___

52
= ___
g = 2.3 s
1
___
Secondly, look at the particle fired at an angle A where tan A = 3 ⇒ cos A = ____
10

__
2 _____
1
t = __
g cos A

√[ ]
√√ √
__

=

___

___

20
___
g 10 = g = 1.4 s

2
__

11

Q. 4.

__

__

ux = 70√ 5 cos A

uy = 70√ 5 sin A

__

vx = 70√ 5 cos A
__

vy = 70√ 5 sin A − gt
__

70√5 m/s

sx = 70t√ 5 cos A
__

sy = 70t√ 5 sin A −

1
__
2

910 m

gt2

(i) sx = 700

when

__

70t√ 5 cos A = 700

__
1
70t√5 sin A − __gt2 = 910
2

when

700
__
⇒ t = __________
70√ 5 cos A
__10
⇒ t = ________
√5 cos A

A
700 m

sy = 910

sin A
_____

cos2A

= tan A

cos A

1
_____

[

]

[

= 1 + tan2 A

]

__
100
1
__10
= 910
⇒ 70 ________
√5 sin A − __ g _______
2 5 cos2 A
√5 cos A

⇒ 700 tan A − 10g(1 + tan2 A) = 910
⇒ 700 tan A − 98 − 98 tan2 A = 910
⇒ 98 tan2 A − 700 tan A + 1,008 = 0 … divide by 14
⇒ 7 tan2 A − 50 tan A + 72 = 0 … let x = tan A
⇒ 7x2 − 50x + 72 = 0
⇒ (7x − 36)(x − 2)
36
⇒ x = ___ OR x = 2
7
36
⇒ tan A = ___ OR tan A = 2
7
⇒ x = 79° OR x = 63°
36
7
______
(ii) First particle is fired at an angle A where tan A = ___ ⇒ cos A = _______
7
1,345

Time of Flight: Let sx = 700

(flight ends when it hits the target)

__

⇒ 70t√ 5 cos A = 700
__

⇒ t√ 5 cos A = 10
__10
⇒ t = ________
√5 cos A
__

=

2√ 5
_____
cos A
__

= 2√5

[

______

√1,345
_______
7

]

= 23.43 s

1__
Second particle is fired at an angle A where tan A = 2 ⇒ cos A = ___
√5
Time of Flight: Let sx = 700
__

⇒ 70t√ 5 cos A = 700
__

⇒t=

2√ 5
_____
cos A

= 2√ 5

__

[ ]

__

√5
___
1

= 10 s

(iii) 23.43 − 10 = 13.43

12

⇒ 13.5 seconds elapses between 1st and 2nd hit to the nearest half second.

Q. 5.

(

___›

⇒ tan2 A + 1 = sec2 A
__

_›

__

(

)

⇒ 350 tan a − 98 sec2 a = 210

_›

⇒ 25 tan a − 7 sec2 a = 15

(b) u = 35√ 5 cos a i + 35√ 5 sin a j
__

⇒ 25 tan a − 7(tan2 a + 1) = 15

sx = 35√ 5 cos at = 350

⇒ 25T − 7T2 − 7 = 15

350
__
⇒ t = __________
35√ 5 cos a

(where T = tan a)

⇒ 7T2 − 25T + 22 = 0

__10
= ________
√5 cos a
__10
At t = ________
√5 cos a

(

__

sy = 35√ 5 sin at − 4.9t2

⇒ (7T − 11)(T − 2) = 0
11
⇒ tan a = ___ OR 2
7
7
____
⇒ cos a = _____
√170

OR

__10
N
Now t = ________
√5 cos a
10 ___
= ___ √34 s OR
7

= 210

Q. 6
Q
6.

)

__
100
__10
⇒ 35√ 5 sin a ________
− 4.9 _______
= 210
5 cos2 a
√5 cos a

(a) sin2 A + cos2 A = 1 [ ÷ cos2 A ]

1__
___

√5

)

10 s

B
Bullet
ll t
1
Angle of projection is a where tan a = __
2
2__
1__
___
___
⇒ cos a =
and sin a =
√5
√5
__

ux = 70√ 5 cos a

( )

__
2__
= 70√ 5 ___
√5
= 140
__

uy = 70√ 5 sin a

( )

__
1__
= 70√ 5 ___
√5

= 70
vx = 140
vy = 70 − gt
sx = 140t

1
sy = 70t − __ gt2
2
Bullet will strike fighter when bullet has travelled 210 m vertically, i.e. when sy = 210.
1
70t − __ gt2 = 210
2
⇒ 4.9t2 − 70t + 210 = 0

7t2

… divide by 0.7

− 100t + 300 = 0

⇒ (7t − 30)(t − 10) = 0
30
⇒ t = ___, t = 10 … bullet will strike fighter on the way up
7
30
___
⇒t=
s
7

13

Q. 7.

Bullet
(i) Let the angle of projection be a.
ux = vx = 35 cos a = 28 … must match the speed of the bird
4
⇒ cos a = __
5
3
__
⇒ tan a =
4
3
⇒ a = tan−1 __
4
uy = 35 sin a
3
= 35 __
5
= 21
1
⇒ sy = 21t − __ gt2
2

()

Bullet will reach bird when sy = 5.6
⇒ 21t − 4.9t2 = 5.6
⇒ 4.9t2 − 21t + 5.6 = 0

… divide by 0.7

⇒ 7t2 − 30t + 8 = 0
⇒ (7t − 2)(t − 4) = 0
2
⇒ t = __, t = 4
7
2
__
⇒t= s
7
Q. 8.

… bullet will strike bird on the way up

(i) ux = 35 cos A
uy = 35 sin A
x = sx = 35t cos A

1
y = sy = 35t sin A − __ gt2
2
250y = 250(tan A)x − (1 + tan2 A)x2

(

)

1
⇔ 250 35t sin A − __ gt2 = 250(tan A)(35t cos A) − (1 + tan2 A)(35t cos A)2
2
⇔ 8,750t sin A − 1,225t2 = 8,750 tan A cos A − (1 + tan2 A)(1,225t2 cos2 A)

(

)

1
⇔ 8,750 sin A − 1,225t2 = 8,750 sin A − ______
(1,225t2 cos2 A)
cos2 A
⇔ 8,750 sin A − 1,225t2 = 8,750 sin A − 1225t2 QED
(ii) 250y = 250(tan A)x − (1 + tan2 A)x2

… let x = 40 and y = 20

⇒ 5,000 = 10,000 (tan A) − (1 + tan2 A)(1,600)
⇒ 1,600 tan2 A − 10,000 tan A + 6,600 = 0
⇒ 8 tan2 A − 50 tan A + 33 = 0
⇒ (4 tan A − 3)(2 tan A − 11) = 0
3
11
⇒ tan A = __, tan A = ___
4
2

14

… divide by 200

Will reach target when x = 40
3
tan A = __
4

11
tan A = ___
2

4
⇒ cos A = __
5

2
2__
____
⇒ cos A = _____
= ____
√125 5√5
2__
⇒ x = 35t____
5√ 5
= 40

()

4
⇒ x = 35t __
5
⇒ = 40

14t
__ = 40
⇒ ___
√5
__
20√ 5
_____
⇒t=
s
7

⇒ 28t = 40
10
⇒ t = ___ s
7
Q. 9.

⇒ Passes over wall after 1 second.
18.375 m

50.96 m/s
q

sx = 47 – 04t

... let t = 1

⇒ sx = 47.04 m

5
5
12
tan q = ___ ⇒ cos q = ___ and sin q = ___
12
13
13

Now find sx when sy = 18.375 to find

( 13 ) = 47.04
5
u = 50.96 sin q = 50.96( ) = 19.6
13

sy = 18.375

ux = 50.96 cos q = 50.96

12
___

___

y

vcx = 47.04

⇒ 19.6t – 4.9t2 = 18.375 ... divide by 4.9
⇒ 4t – t2 = 3.75

vy = 19.6 – 9.8t

⇒ t2 – 4t + 3.75 = 0 ... multiply by 4

sx = 47.04t
sy = 19.6t –

horizontal displacements of the two possible
walls of height 18.375 m.

⇒ 4t2 – 16t + 15 = 0

4.9t2

Passes over a wall 14.7 m high on its
upward path.

⇒ (2t – 3)(2t – 5) = 0
3
⇒ t = __ OR
2

5
t = __
2

3
... let t = __
2

Find sx when sy = 14.7 to find the

sx = 47.04t

horizontal displacement of the first wall.

⇒ sx = 70.56

sy = 14.7

70.56 – 47.04 = 23.52

⇒ 19.6t – 4.9t 2 = 14.7
⇒ 4t –

t2

=3

... divide by 4.9

⇒ Second wall must not be less than
23.52 m from first wall.

⇒ t2 – 4t + 3 = 0

sx = 47.04t

⇒ (t – 1)(t – 3) = 0

sx = 117.6

⇒ t = 1 OR

t=3

5
... let t = __
2

117.6 – 47.04 = 70.56
⇒ Second wall must not be more than
70.56 m from first wall.

15

Q. 10.

(i) Let initial velocity = u and let the angle of projection be q
ux = u cos q

uy = u sin q

sx= ut cos q

1
sy= ut sin q – __gt2
2
sx= 27 and sy= 0 when t = 3
⇒ 3u cos q = 27

and

3u sin q – 44.1 = 0

⇒ u cos q = 9 Equation 1

⇒ u sin q = 14.7 Equation 2

⇒ Horizontal component of initial velocity = 9
Vertical component of initial velocity = 14.7
(ii) Need to find sy when sx = 5.4

(iii) Need to find vx and vy when t = 0.6

⇒ 9t = 5.4

vx = 9

⇒ t = 0.6

vy = 14.7 – gt

sy = 14.7t – 4.9t2

= 14.7 – 9.8(0.6)

... let t = 0.6

⇒ sy = 14.7(0.6) – 4.9(0.6)2
= 7.056 m

... height of wall

__›

= 8.82
_›

_›

v = 9i + 8.82j
__›

Speed = |v |
__________

= √ 92 + 8.822
= 12.6 m/s

Q. 11.

____

(ii) u = √ 20g

(i) sx=ut
1
sy = –__gt2
2

= 14 m/s

sy = –0.1 when sx = 2
ut = 2

vy = –gt

2
⇒ t = __
u

( )

1 4
⇒ __ g __2 = 0.1
2 u
2g
⇒ ___2 = 0.1
u
⇒ u2 = 20g
____

⇒ u = √ 20g m/s

2
____
= _____
√20g

16

1
= __ s
7

()

1
= –9.8 __
7

2
... let t = __
u

1
– __gt2 = –0.1
2

2
t = __
u

(iii) vx = 14

= –1.4
__›

_›

_›

v = 14i – 1.4j
__›

____________

Speed = |v |= √ 142 + (–1.4)2
= 14.07 m/s

Q. 12.

(i) vx = u cos a
vy = u sin a – gt
sx = ut cos a

1
sy = ut sin a – __ gt2
2
Range: sx when sy = 0
1
ut sin a – __ gt2 = 0
2
⇒ 2ut sin a – gt2 = 0

Point of
Projection

}

}

⇒ t(2u sin a – gt) = 0
2u sin a
⇒t=0
t = _______
g

[

Time of
Flight

]

2u sin a
2u2 sin a cos a
____________
⇒ Range = u _______
cos
a
=
g
g
_›

_›

(ii) Passes through 3i + j

⇒ sx = 3 when sy = 1

1
⇒ ut cos a = 3 when ut sin a – __gt2 = 1
2
3
3
9
1 ________
______
__
⇒ t = ______
u cos a ⇒ u u cos a sin a – 2g u2 cos2 a = 1
9g
⇒ 3 tan a – ____2 ( 1 + tan2 a ) = 1
2u

[

[

]

]

⇒ 6u2 tan a – 9g ( 1 + tan2 a ) = 2u2
⇒ 2u2( 3 tan a – 1 ) = 9g ( 1 + tan2 a )
9g( 1 + tan2 a )
⇒ 2u2 = _____________
3 tan a – 1
__›

__›

Passes through i + 3j
⇒ ut cos a = 1
1
⇒ t = ______
u cos a

sx = 1 when sy = 3

1
ut sin a – __gt2 = 3
2

when

[

]

[

]

1
1 ________
1
__
u ______
u cos a sin a – 2g u2 cos2 a = 3
g
⇒ tan a – ____2( 1 + tan2 a ) = 3
2u

[

9g( 1 + tan2 a )
... 2u2 = ____________
3 tan a – 1

]

3 tan a – 1 (
⇒ tan a – g _____________
1 + tan2 a ) = 3
9g( 1 + tan2 a )
3 tan a – 1
⇒ tan a – _________ = 3
9

... multiply by 3

⇒ 9 tan a – 3 tan a + 1 = 27
⇒ 6 tan a = 26
13
⇒ tan a = ___
3

... as required

17

3
13
____
____
⇒ cos a = _____
and sin a = _____
√178
√178
169
9g 1 + ____
9g( 1 + tan2 a ) ___________
9g + 169g 178g
9
____________
2
=
= __________ = _____
2u =
3 tan a – 1
13 – 1
12
12

(

)

( ) (√ ) (√ )
178g
_____

Range =

2u2 sin a cos a

____________

g

3
Q. 13. sin q = __
5
4u
ux = u cos q = ___
5
4u
___
vx =
5
3u
vy = ___ –gt
5
4u
___
sx = t
5
3u __
1
___
sy = t – gt2
5
2
sx = 240

Q. 14.
Q
1

=

13
_____
____

3
_____
____

12
178
178
___________________
g

13
= ___ m
4
4u
___

4
cos q = __
5
3u
uy = u sin q = ___
5

5

t = 240

300
⇒ t = ____
u

[ ]

⇒ u = 70 m/s

(i) B
Bullet
ll

T
Target

__

vx = 70 cos q

vx = 42√ 2 cos 45° = 42

vy = 70 sin q – gt

vy = 42√ 2 sin 45° = 42

sx = 70t cos q

sx = 42t

__

1
sy = 70t sin q – __gt2
2

sy = 42t + 10

If bullet is to hit target, then x-velocities must match
42 3
cos q = ___ = __ ⇒
70 5

4
tan q = __
3

(ii) Hits target when y-displacements match
1
4
⇒ 70t sin q – __gt2 = 42t + 10 ... sin q = __
5
2
4 1
⇒ 70t __ – __gt2 = 42t + 10
5 2

()

⇒ 56t – 4.9t2 = 42t + 10
⇒ 4.9t2 – 14t + 10 = 0
⇒ 49t2 – 140t + 100 = 0
⇒ (7t – 10)(7t – 10) = 0
10
⇒ t = ___ seconds
7

( )

10
Horizontal distance = sx = 42t = 42 ___ = 60 m
7

18

]

⇒ u2 = 4,900

when sy = 90

⇒ 70 cos q = 42 ⇒

[

300 __
1 9,0000
3u ____
– g _______
= 90
⇒ ___
2
5 u
u2
441,000
⇒ 180 – ________
= 90
u2
441,000
⇒ ________
= 90
u2