Chapter 6 Exercise 6A

Q. 1.

= 80(30)

1
(ii) mR = __(182)
7
= 26 N

= 2,400 J

(iii) Work = Fs

(i) Work = Fs

Work
(ii) Power = _____
Time
2,400
= ______
10

= 48(30)
= 1,440 J
(iv) F = ma

= 240 W
Q. 2.

⇒ (48 − 26) = 20a

(i) Work = Fs

⇒ a = 1.1 m/s2
Work
(v) Power = _____
Time
1,440
= ______
20

= 200(12)
= 2,400 J
2,400
(ii) Power = ______
8
= 300 W

= 72 W

Q. 3.

Q
Q. 7.
50 N

1
sin A = ___
20
R

120 N

(i) Work = Fs
A

= 120(50)
= 6,000 J
6,000
(ii) Power = ______
60
= 100 W
Q. 4.

5,000 N A 1
— (5,000) = 250 N
20

No acceleration ⇒ T = 500 + 250
= 750 N
Power = Fv
= 750(12)

Power = Fv

= 9,000 W

= 600(20)
Q
Q. 8.

= 12,000 W

R

Q. 5.

P = Fv

10,000 N

⇒ 100,000 = F(5)
⇒ F = 20,000 N
Q. 6.

A

7
24
7
Since tan A = ___, cos A = ___, sin A = ___
24
25
25
R
mR

A
48 N
20g = 196 N

T

500 N

14 N

T

1
5,000 N A — (100,000g) = 19,600 N
60

No acceleration ⇒ T = 19,600 + 10,000
= 29,600 N
Fv ⇒ P = (29,600)(10)
= 296,000 W
= 296 kW

(i) R + 14 = 196
⇒ R = 182 N

1

Q. 9.

Vertical = T sin q

T

R

= 80(0.5)

21 N
A

= 40 N

1
— (50g) = 49 N
10

A

R

No acceleration ⇒ T = 21 + 49
= 70 N

⇒ a = 0.864 m/s

R

800 N

⇒ R = 156 N

1
(iii) mR = __(156) = 52 N
3
F = ma ⇒ (69.28 − 52) = 20a

⇒ v = 5 m/s
(i)

69.28 N

(ii) R + 40 = 196

P = Fv ⇒ 350 = (70)v

Q. 10.

40 N

mR

(iv) Work = Fs

T

= 69.28(0.5)

W

= 34.64 J

T = 800 N

Q 12.
Q.

P = Fv ⇒ P = 800(50)
= 40,000 W

(i)

2,000 N

P = Tv

T

⇒ 500,000 = T(10)

= 40 kW
(ii)
N

F = ma ⇒ (50,000 − 2,000)

T

R
800

⇒ T = 50,000
= 200,000a

1
— (5,000) = 200 N
25

⇒ a = 0.24 m/s2
R

T

0N
9,00

T = 800 + 200 = 1,000

1
—— (200,000g) = 10,000 N
196

P = Fv ⇒ 40,000 = (1,000)v

(ii) P = Tv ⇒ 500,000 = T(20)

⇒ v = 40 m/s
Q. 11.

⇒ T = 25,000 N

(i) Horizontal = T cos q

F = ma

= 80 (0.8660)

⇒ (25,000 − 10,000 − 9,000)

= 69.28 N

= 200,000a
⇒ a = 0.03 m/s2

Q. 13
Q
13.

1
sin q = ___
25

(i)
R

kv 2

⇒ cos q =

30g 624
750g
q
30g

When train attains a speed of 30 m/s
kv2 = 30g
⇒ k(30)2 = 30g

2

⇒ 30k = g

g
⇒ k = ___
30

____

√624
_____
25

(ii)
T

R
kv 2

30g 624

750g

30g

T = kv2 + 30g … maximum speed attained is 20 m/s
g
⇒ T = ___ (20)2 + 30g
30
40
⇒ T = ___ g + 30g
3
130g
⇒ T = _____ N
3
P = Tv

( )

( )

130g
= _____ (20)
3
2,600g
= ______ watts
3
2,600g
(iii) P = ______
3
kv 2

T

At maximum speed

2,600g
P ______
T = kv2 … but T = __
v = 3v
g
2,600g
⇒ ______ = ___ v2
30
3v

( )

⇒ 3v3 = 78,000
⇒ v3 = 26,000
⇒ v = 29.625 m/s

Exercise 6B
Q. 1.

Q
Q. 2.

2
10 m

Standard
position

1

1
__
2

1
M(20)2 + Mg(0) = __ Mv2 + Mg(10)
2
1
⇒ 200 = __v2 + 98
2
____

⇒ v = √ 204

= 14.28 m/s

1

2
R

Standard position

1
__
2

1
M(2)2 + Mg(0) = __M(0)2 + Mgh
2
⇒ 2 = 9.8h
2
⇒ h = ___
9.8
10
= ___ m
49

3

Q. 3.

60° 1 Cos 60° =

1

2

Q. 7.
Q

1

1

1

2

Standard position

2

1
__
2

()

v2

=g

()

1
__

1
mu2 + mgh1 = __mv2 + mgh2
2
2

1
__

1
(0.4)(7)2 + (0.4)g(1) = __(0.4)(0)2 + (0.4)g(h)
2
⇒ 13.72 = 3.92h

= 196

⇒ h = 3.5 m

⇒ v = 14 m/s
Q
Q. 8.

A

2

h = 20 sin 30°
1
= 20 __
2
= 10 m
1
1
__
M(0)2 + Mg(10) = __Mv2 + Mg(0)
2
2
⇒ v2 = 20g

⇒ v = √ g = 3.13 m/s

Q. 5.

m
30°

__

2

20

h

1
1
M(0) + Mg __ = __Mv2 + Mg(0)
2
2

Q. 4.

Since no force, apart from the gravitational
force, does work on the sleigh.

3

1.2
1.3

5m

1
Standard
position

1
__
2

1
M(0) + Mg(0.1) = __Mv2 + Mg(0)
2
⇒ v2 = 0.2g

2

5m

____

⇒ v = √ 0.2g
__

g
= __
5
Q. 6.

1
1
(i) __mu2 + mgh1 = __mv2 + mgh2
2
2
1
1m(14)2 + mg(0.5) = __
⇒ __
m(0)2 + mgh
2
2
… divide by m
⇒ 102.9 = 9.8h
⇒ h = 10.5 m
1
1
(ii) __mu2 + mgh1 = __mv2 + mgh2
2
2
1 2
1m(0)2 + mg(10.5) = __
⇒ __
mv + mg(0)
2
2
…divide by m
v__2
⇒ 102.9 =
2
⇒ v2 = 205.8
⇒ v = 14.35 m/s

4

Standard
position

1

(i) From position 1 to position 2
1
1
__
M(14)2 + Mg(0) = __Mv2 + Mg(5)
2
2
1
⇒ 98 = __v2 + 49
2
⇒ v2 = 98
___

⇒ v = √ 98

__

= 7√ 2 m/s
(ii) From position 1 to position 3
1
1
__
M(14)2 + Mg(0) = __Mv2 + Mg(10)
2
2
1
⇒ 98 = __v2 + 98
2
⇒ v = 0 It will just reach (3)

Q. 9.

a

u m/s

1
(i) K.E. + P.E. = __M(2ga) + Mg(0)
2
= Mga
1
(ii) Mga = __M(0)2 + Mgh
2
⇒h=a
=a

( )

1
1
(iii) Mga = __Mv2 + Mg __a
2
2
⇒ v2 = ga
___

⇒ v = √ ga m/s
Q. 10.
J

M
J

Energy Before

()

}

( )

Margery

}

Johnny

() ( )

3
3
1 3
1
1
1
13
M(0)2 + Mg(0) + __ __M (0)2 + __Mg __ = __Mv2 + Mg __ + __ __M v2 + __Mg(0)
2 2
2
2
2
2
22
2

1
__
2

Energy After

Margery

}

}

Johnny

=

3
3
1
1
⇒ __Mg = __Mv2 + __Mg + __Mv2
4
4
2
2
⇒ Mg = 5Mv2
__


g
⇒ v = __
5
____
9.8
= ___
5

_____

= √ 1.96

= 1.4 m/s

5

Q
Q. 7.

Exercise 6C

M1U1 + M2U2 = M1V1 + M2V2
⇒ (0.15)(200) + (3)(0) = (0.15)(100) + (3)V2

Q. 1.

⇒ V2 = 5 m/s

I = Mv − Mu
= (0.125)(40) − (0.125)(0)
Q
Q. 8.

= 5 Ns
Q. 2.

_____›

M1U1 + M2U2 = (M1 + M2)v2
_›

I = Mv − Mu

____›

____›

(Stake)

+

1(0)

(Hammer)
=

4(0) +

1(V2)

Q
Q. 9.

___›

M1U1 + M2U2 = (M1 + M2)V

(0.1)(200) + M2(0) = (0.1 + M2)10

___›

_›

⇒ 20 = 1 + 10 M2

= (1)(−8j ) − (1)(0)
_›

⇒ M2 = 1.9 kg

= −8j Ns
_›

__›

___›

___›

Q. 10.
Q
_›

M1U1 + M2U2 = (M1 + M2)V
(0.05)U1 + (1.45)(0) = (0.05 + 1.45)(4)

= 4(0 ) − 4(−2j )
_›

⇒ 0.05U1 = 6

= 8j Ns
Q. 4.

__›

⇒ U1 = 120 m/s

___›

I = |Mv − Mu |
Q. 11.
Q

= |(0.1)(0) − (0.1)(8)|
= 0.8 Ns
Q. 5.

__›

2

I = |Mv − Mu |

1
MV12 + Mgh1 = __MV22 + Mgh2
2

1
__
2

= 10 Ns

1
(3)V12 + (3)g(0) = __ (3)(0)2 + (3)(9.8)(10),
2
since it rises 10 m.
⇒ V12 = 196

(i) 4m(12) + m(0) = 5m(v) … divide by m
⇒ 5v = 48
⇒ v = 9.6 m/s
(ii) 5m(12) + nm(0) = (5 + n)m(7.5)
… divide by m
⇒ 60 = 37.5 + 7.5n
⇒ 7.5n = 22.5
⇒ n=3

6

Step 1: Find the speed of the joint mass
after impact.
1
__

___›

= |2(0) − 2(5)|

Q. 6.

_________

500
= ____ = 12.9 m/s
31

(Stake)

(i) l = Mv − Mu

(ii) l = Mv − Mu

_

10
⇒ |v2 | = ___ √402 + 302
31

⇒ V2 = 8 m/s
__›

_›

_

M1U1 + M2U2 = M1V1 + M2V2

_›

_›

__›


10
⇒ v = ___(40j + 30j )
31

= 15 Ns

(Hammer)

____›

⇒ 3.1v2 = 40i + 30j

()

⇒ 4(2)

_›

(0.1)400i + (3)(10j ) = (0.1 + 3)v2

1
1
= __ (20) − __(−40)
4
4

Q. 3.

____›

_____›

⇒ V1 = 14 m/s
Step 2: To find speed of the bullet before
impact:
M1U1 + M2U2 = (M1 + M2)V
(0.1)U1 + (2.9)(0) = (0.1 + 2.9)(14)
⇒ U1 = 420 m/s

Exercise 6D
Q. 1.

Let b = the new common acceleration
of the particles.

(i) Let a = the common acceleration of the
particles during the first second.

T
b

T
5g
a

5g − T = 5b

5g

5g − T = 5a

Equation 3
T

Equation 1

b
T

3g
a

T − 3g = 3b

g

Equation 4

Adding equations 3 and 4 we get:
T−g=a

Equation 2

Adding equations 1 and 2 we get:
4g = 6a

2g = 8b
1
⇒ b = __g m/s2
4
⇒ The distance travelled in the 2nd second
is given by

2
__

⇒ a = g m/s2
3
After 1 second, the distance travelled
by the 5 kg particle will be given by
1
s = ut + __at2
2
1 2
⇒ s = (0)(1) + __ __g (1)2
2 3
1
⇒ s = __g m
3

( )

1
s = ut + __at2
2
1
1
1 __
__
⇒ s = g (1) + __ 4g (1)2
2
2
5
⇒ s = __g m
8

( )

Q.
Q 2. Let a = the common acceleration of the
particles during the first 3 seconds.

(ii) Firstly, we must calculate the speed just
before the 2 kg mass is picked up:

T

( )

2
v = u + at = 0 + __g (1)
3
2
__
= g m/s
3
m1u = m2v

)

(

a
5g

5g − T = 5a

( )

2
⇒ 6 __g = 8v
3

Equation 1
T

⇒ 8v = 4g
1
⇒ v = __g m/s
2

a

… speed directly
after 2 kg mass
is picked up.

2g

T − 2g = 2a

Equation 2

7

Adding equations 1 and 2 we get:
3g = 7a
3
⇒ a = __g m/s2
7
After 3 seconds, the speed of each particle
will be given by

Q
Q. 3.

(i) Let a = the common acceleration of the
particles during the first 2 seconds.
T
a

v = u + at

( )

3
⇒ v = 0 + __g (3)
7
9
__
⇒ v = g m/s
7
At this point, the 2 kg mass picks up a
particle of mass 4 kg.

10g

10g − T = 10a

Equation 1

T

m1u = m2v

( )

a

9
⇒ 7 __g = 11v
7

3g

⇒ 9g = 11v
9
⇒ v = __ g m/s … speed directly after
11
4 kg mass is picked
up.
Let b = the new common acceleration of
the particles.
T
b
5g

5g − T = 5b

Equation 3
T
b
6g

T − 6g = 6b

Equation 4

Adding equations 3 and 4 we get:
−g = 11b
1
⇒ b = −__ g m/s2
11
⇒ The distance travelled by the 5 kg mass
before stopping is given by
v2 − u2
s = ______
2a

( )
( )

2

9
81g2
____
02 − __ g
11
121
⇒ s = _________ = ____
2g
__
1
__
2− g
11
11
81g2 11 81
= _____ × ___ = ___g m
2g 22
121

8

T − 3g = 3a

Equation 2

Adding equations 1 and 2 we get:
7g = 13a
7
⇒ a = __ g m/s2
13
After 2 seconds, the distance travelled
by the 10 kg particle will be given by
1
s = ut + __at2
2

( )

1 7
⇒ s = (0)(2) + __ __ g (2)2
2 13
14
⇒ s = __ g m
13
(ii) Firstly, we must calculate the speed just
before the 2 kg mass is picked up:

( )

7
v = u + at = 0 + __ g (2)
13
14
= __ g m/s
13
m1u = m2v

( )

14
⇒ 13 __ g = 15v
13
⇒ 15v = 14g
14
⇒ v = __ g m/s
15

… speed
directly
after 2 kg
mass is
picked up.

Let b = the new common acceleration of
the particles.

Adding equations 1 and 2 we get:
4g = 6a
2
⇒ a = __g m/s2
3

T

After 2 seconds, the 5 kg mass hits the
table. The 1 kg mass now behaves like a
projectile.

b
10g

10g − T = 10b

Firstly, we must find the speed of the
two particles just as the 5 kg mass hits
the table.
2
u = 0, a = __g, t = 2
3
v = u + at

Equation 3
T
b

( )

2
⇒ v = 0 + __g (2)
3

5g

T − 5g = 5b

4
⇒ v = __g m/s
3

Equation 4

Now, examine the motion of the 1 kg
mass after the 5 kg mass hits the table:
4
u = __g, a = −g, v = 0
3
v2 − u2
______
s=
2a
16g2
0 − ____
9
⇒ s = _______
−2g

Adding equations 3 and 4 we get:
5g = 15b
1
⇒ b = __g m/s2
3
⇒ The distance travelled in the next
2 second period is given by
1
s = ut + __at2
2

( )

8
⇒ s = __g m
9

( )

14
1 1
⇒ s = __ g (2) + __ __g (2)2
2 3
15

(ii) The 1 kg mass falls back down. When
the string becomes taut, the speed will
once again be _43g m/s.

38
⇒ s = __ g m
15
Q. 4.

(i) Let a = the common acceleration of the
particles during the first 2 seconds.

Using Conservation of Momentum for
the system, we have:
m1u1 + m2u2 = (m1 + m2)v

T

( )

4
⇒ (1) __g + (5)(0) = 6v
3

a

4
⇒ 6v = __g
3

5g

5g − T = 5a

T

Q. 5.
Q
a

g

T−g=a

2
⇒ v = __g m/s
9

Equation 1

Equation 2

… speed at which 5 kg
mass begins to rise.

Part 1: Motion of 2 kg falling mass:
u = 0, a = g, s = 1
________
v = √ u2 + 2as
________
⇒ v = √ 02 + 2g(1)
__
⇒ v = √ 2g m/s

9

Part 2: Coalescence of 2 kg masses:
m1u1 + m2u2 = (m1 + m2)v
___
⇒ 2√2g + 8(0) = 10v
___

√ 2g
⇒ v = ____
5

m/s

… speed at which
connected particles
start to move.

Part 3: Calculate acceleration of system
(which should be negative):

Q
Q. 6.

(i) Motion of 1 kg mass while falling:
u = 0, s = 2.5, a = g
_______
v = √ u2 + 2as
_________
⇒ v = √ 0 + 2g(2.5)
__
⇒ v = √ 5g
= 7 m/s
Conservation of momentum once string
becomes taut:
m1u1 + m2u2 = (m1 + m2)v

T
a

⇒ (1)(7) + (2)(0) = 3v
7
⇒ v = __ m/s
3
(ii) Motion of system:

6g

T

T − 6g = 6a

Equation 1
a
2g

T
a
4g

T − 2g = 2a

Equation 1

T

4g − T = 4a

Equation 2

a

Adding equations 1 and 2 gives
−2g = 10a
1
⇒ a = −__g m/s2
5
Part 4: Upward motion of 6 kg mass:
__
2g

1
u = ___ , a = −__g, v = 0
5
5
2
2
v −u
s = ______
2a
2g
0 −___
25
⇒ s = ______
2g
___

5
2g
5
__
=
× __
25
2g
1
= __ m
5
= 20 cm

10

g

g−T=a

Equation 2

Adding equations 1 and 2 we get:
−g = 3a
1
⇒ a = −__g m/s2
3
Consider subsequent motion of 1 kg mass:
7
1
u = __, a = −__g, v = 0
3
3
v2 − u2
______
s=
2a
49
0 − ___
9
_______

3
5
49
= ___ × ___ = __ m
2g
2g
9
6
– ___
3
Since the motion of the system began
with the 1 kg mass being 1 m from the
table, it follows that the 1 kg mass will
not reach the table.

⇒s=