Lou Andreas-Salomé - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lou Andreas-Salomé (born Louise von Salomé or Luíza Gustavovna Salomé, Russian: Луиза Густавовна Саломе; 12 February 1861 – 5 February 1937) was a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author.[1] Her diverse intellectual interests led to friendships with a broad array of distinguished western thinkers, including Nietzsche, Freud, and Rilke.

Lou Andreas-Salomé

1 Life 1.1 Early years 1.2 Rée, Nietzsche and later life 1.3 Marriage and relationships 1.4 Death 2 Work 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
Lou Andreas-Salomé Born Louise von Salomé 12 February 1861 Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire 5 February 1937 (aged 75) Göttingen, Germany


Nationality Russian

Early years
Lou Salomé was born in St. Petersburg to an army general and his wife. Salomé was their only daughter; she had five brothers. Although she would later be attacked by the Nazis as a "Finnish Jewess," her parents were actually of French Huguenot and Northern German descent.[2] Seeking an education when she was seventeen Salomé persuaded the Dutch preacher Hendrik Gillot, twenty-five years her senior, to teach her theology, philosophy, world religions, and French and German literature. Gillot became so smitten with Salomé that he planned to divorce his wife and marry her. Salomé and her mother went to Zurich, so she could acquire a university education. The journey was also intended to be beneficial for Salomé's physical health; she was coughing up blood at this time.

Rée, Nietzsche and later life
Salomé's mother took her to Rome, Italy when she was 21. At a literary salon in the city, Salomé became acquainted with Paul Rée, an author and compulsive gambler with whom she proposed living in an academic commune. After two months, the two became partners. On 13 May 1882, Rée's friend Friedrich Nietzsche joined the duo. Salomé would later (1894) write a study, Friedrich Nietzsche in seinen Werken, of Nietzsche's personality and philosophy.[3] The three travelled with Salomé's mother through Italy and considered where they would set up their "Winterplan" commune. Arriving in Leipzig, Germany in October, Salomé and Rée separated from Nietzsche after a falling-out between Nietzsche and Salomé, in which Salomé believed that Nietzsche was desperately in love with her. In 1884 Salomé became acquainted with Helene von Druskowitz, the second woman to receive a philosophy doctorate in Zurich.
14/11/2013 12:53 μμ

1 of 4

a street named "Lou-Andreas-Salomé-Weg" (Lou-Andreas-Salomé-Way).[5] A biography in Swedish on Lou Salomé. and the name of the institute for psychoanalysis and psychotherapy "(Lou-AndreasSalomé Institut") commemorate the contributions of this former resident of Göttingen." Friedrich Carl Andreas died of cancer in 1930. Salomé and Andreas remained married from 1887 until his death in 1930. it was a difficult situation for the old man. Friedrich Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud was edited in 2008 on Mita bokförlag by the Swedish author Mirjam Tapper. who was himself quite ill.. remaining his advisor.Wikipedia. After a forty-year marriage marked by illness on both sides and long periods of mutual non-communication. A memorial plaque on the newly renovated ground floor of her home. They met when he was 21.Lou Salomé".[4] also in Lance Olsen's novel Nietzche's Kisses and the Mexican novel by Beatriz Rivas. The title of the book is "Den blonda besten hos Nietzsche . Accounts of many of these are given in her volume Lebensrückblick. at Göttingen. When Nietzsche Wept. Lou Andreas-Salomé ceased to work as a psychoanalyst. among others. Andreas-Salomé. the free encyclopedia http://en. Her urn was laid to rest in her husband's grave in the Friedhof an der Groner Landstraße (Cemetery on Groner Landstrasse) in Göttingen.[6] Death At the age of 74. which also covers her relationship with Paul Rée. Her husband visited her daily.Lou Andreas-Salomé . confidante and muse throughout his adult life. She taught him Russian. the two grew closer. The time without goddesses:La hora sin diosas. in order to read Tolstoy (whom he would later meet) and Pushkin. A few days before her death the Gestapo confiscated her library 14/11/2013 12:53 μμ Lou Andreas-Salomé and her husband Friedrich Carl Andreas (1886) 2 of 4 . the German poet Rainer Maria Rilke. Throughout her married life. and in her weakened condition had to be treated many times in hospital. She had developed heart trouble. were lovers for several years and correspondents until Rilke's death. on whom she wrote an analytical memoir. She also introduced him to patrons and other people in the arts.[7] the psychoanalysts Sigmund Freud and Viktor Tausk. Her relationship with Rilke was particularly close. she and Nietzsche (1882) engaged in affairs or/and correspondence with the German journalist Georg Lebedour. Rée Salomé's life despite her assurances. The distress caused by Salomé's co-habitation with Andreas caused the morose Rée to fade from Left to right.org/wiki/Lou_Andreas-Salomé A fictional account of Salomé's relationship with Nietzsche is described in Irvin Yalom's novel. Marriage and relationships Salomé and Rée moved to Berlin and lived together until a few years before her celibate marriage [6] to linguistics scholar Friedrich Carl Andreas. Sigmund Freud himself recognized this from afar. it was Salome who began calling him Rainer rather than René. Salomé was fifteen years his senior. writing: "this only proves the permanence of the truth [of their relationship]. Despite her opposition to marriage and her open relationships with other men.wikipedia. On the evening of 5 February 1937 she died of uremia (kidney failure) in her sleep. Lou Andreas-Salomé had to undergo a difficult cancer-related operation herself in 1935. Rainer Maria Rilke.

work . which were first published in their original German in 1951. ^ Yalom I (1992) When Nietzsche Wept . The Nation. a study of Ibsen's woman characters and a book on her friend Friedrich Nietzsche. is death. it's only a small portion of the whole. Ma. Whoever reaches into a rosebush may seize a handful of flowers. ^ Andreas-Salomé. 1946-1990.com/1991/05/10/books /books-of-the-times-her-friends-included-nietzsche-rilke-and-freud.med. Friedrich Nietzsche in seinen Werke. 7. as if talking to herself. "Fenitschka . Ruth. 2001 4. a book she wrote during her last years based on memories of her life as a free woman. She was one of the first female psychoanalysts and one of the first women to write psychoanalytically on female sexuality.[10] 1. My Spouse'. Only if we refuse to reach into the bush. and had many books by Jewish authors in her library. Basic Books (http://litmed. an essay admired by Freud. ^ a b Mark M. Anthony (1994). ^ Looking Back:The Memoirs of Lou Andreas-Salome Illustrated. Salomé was a prolific writer. She wrote more than a dozen novels. 300 10.edu/Annotation?action=view& annid=1260) 5.[8] Salomé is said to have remarked in her last days.. 2006. after his death in 1926.org/wiki/Lou_Andreas-Salomé (according to other sources it was an SA group who destroyed the library. plays. because we can't possibly seize all the flowers at once. Rodinka. why?" And in her last hours. She authored a "Hymn to Life" that so deeply impressed Nietzsche that he was moved to set it to music. ISBN 0-226-67712-5. ^ Salomé. and we are left alone. 40-41. before Helene Deutsch..nyu.nytimes.html) 9. ^ http://www.com/mx/ebook/la-hora-sin-diosas-3/ 6. Lou Andreas Salomé 3 of 4 14/11/2013 12:53 μμ . 'My Sister. p. in her book Die Erotik (1911). and essays.eine Ausschweifung and also non-fiction studies such as Henrik Ibsens Frauengestalten (1892). She also edited a memoir on her lifelong close friend and onetime lover. 2003 8. unknown to us. 1894. ^ Angela Livingstone.wikipedia. 440."[9] A comprehensive and well researched account of Salomé's whole life and work is found in Angela Livingstone's "Lou Andreas Salomé". the poet Rainer Maria Rilke. 3. the German town in which she lived her last years. Salomé's literary and analytical studies became such a vogue in Göttingen.britannica. she goes into depth about matters of her faith and her relationships. for instance in her essay on the anal-erotic (1916). July 3. "I have really done nothing but work all my life. Among her works is also her Lebensrückblick. after all. ^ Powell. such as Im Kampf um Gott.Lou Andreas-Salomé . and shortly after her death). had practiced "Jewish science". However. the free encyclopedia http://en. she is reported to have said. or if we spread out our handful of roses as if it were the whole of the bush itself—only then does it bloom apart from us. but no matter how many one holds. ^ Peters. Nevertheless. (http://www.Wikipedia. University of Chicago Press. In her memoirs. The best. that the Gestapo waited until shortly after her death by uremia in 1937 to "clean" her library from works by Jews (she was a pupil of Sigmund Freud and his associate in his creation of psychoanalysis). The pretense for this confiscation: She had been a colleague of Sigmund Freud's. Anderson. "The Poet and the Muse".alfaguara. a handful is enough to experience the nature of the flowers. Under Review: Further Writings on Writers.com/EBchecked/topic/23921/Lou-Andreas-Salome) 2. she had written about the psychology of female sexuality before she ever met Freud. p. p. "If I let my thoughts roam I find no one. ^ Britannica biog (http://www. and wrote several little-known novels.

2001 Salomé. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Constructive Nihilist (http://www. S. Lou: The Freud Journal. New York: Norton. Lou Andreas Salomé: Her life and work. Hildesheim 2010.org/author/Lou_AndreasSalomé_(1861-1937)) at Project Gutenberg Retrieved from "http://en. London: Gordon Fraser. Paris 2000.nytimes. Siegfried Mandel.gutenberg. of Illinois Press (http://www. 2008. Hildesheim 2005. laß uns ziehn!' Literarische Vater-Töchter um 1900. By using this site. Hedwig Dohm. H. 4 of 4 14/11/2013 12:53 μμ . 1996 Salomé. Princeton University Press. F. Champagin: University of Illinois Press Univ. Lou: Friedrich Nietzsche in seinen Werke. L'alliée de la vie. foreword by Walter Kaufmann.org/wiki/Lou_Andreas-Salomé Astor. and Lou Andreas-Salome: Letters. additional terms may apply. August 14.html).uillinois.Lou Andreas-Salomé . Eng. My Spouse: A Biography of Lou Andreas-Salome.edu /f01/salome. Olms. Texas Bookman. ISBN 978-3-487-14252-4 Peters. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. Olms.html). and ed.Wikipedia. a non-profit organization. New York: Norton. Inc. Seuil. Princeton. Works by Lou Andreas-Salomé (http://www. 2005.press. Stéphane: Lou Andreas-Salomé..boaeditions. Nietzsche. Lou: You Alone Are Real to Me: Remembering Rainer Maria Rilke.org/w/index.php?title=Lou_Andreas-Salomé&oldid=577499138" Categories: 1861 births 1937 deaths 19th-century Russian writers 20th-century Russian writers 19th-century women writers 20th-century women writers Russian women writers German women writers German psychoanalysts Russian people of French descent Russian people of Huguenot descent Russian people of German descent Russian people of Danish descent German people of Russian descent People from Saint Petersburg Analysands of Sigmund Freud This page was last modified on 16 October 2013 at 23:36. Rochester: BOA Editions (http://www. 1985 Livingstone. Angela von der Lippe. ISBN 2-02-023087-9 Pechota Vuilleumier. Frau Lou: Nietzsche's Wayward Disciple. Gabriele Reuter..wikipedia. My Sister. tr.. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.. folio biographies. Angela: (1984). Cornelia: Heim und Unheimlichkeit bei Rainer Maria Rilke und Lou AndreasSalomé. Lou Andreas. 2003 Vollmann. 1984 Michaud.Salomé. Cornelia: 'O Vater. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. tr.wikipedia. ISBN 3-487-12873-X Pechota Vuilleumier. Literarische Wechselwirkungen.org/books/youalone. R. The New York Times. Gallimard. the free encyclopedia http://en.com /2005/08/14/books/review/14VOLLMAN. 1968 Freud.. ISBN 978-2-07-033918-1 Binion. 1894.html). William T. Dorian: Lou Andreas-Salomé. 1962 Salomé.