ECE 442 Power Electronics 1

Sinusoidal Pulse-Width Modulation
• In multiple-pulse modulation, all pulses are
the same width
• Vary the pulse width according to the
amplitude of a sine wave evaluated at the
center of the same pulse
ECE 442 Power Electronics 2
Generate the gating signal
2 Reference Signals, v
r
, -v
r

ECE 442 Power Electronics 3
Comparing the carrier and reference signals
• Generate g
1
signal by comparison with v
r

• Generate g
4
signal by comparison with -v
r

ECE 442 Power Electronics 4
Comparing the carrier and reference signals
ECE 442 Power Electronics 5
Potential problem if Q
1
and Q
4
try to turn ON
at the same time!
ECE 442 Power Electronics 6
If we prevent the problem
Output voltage is low when g
1
and g
4
are
both high
ECE 442 Power Electronics 7
This composite signal is difficult to generate
ECE 442 Power Electronics 8
Generate the same gate pulses with one
sine wave
ECE 442 Power Electronics 9
Alternate scheme
ECE 442 Power Electronics 10
rms output voltage
• Depends on the modulation index, M

2
1
p
m
o S S
m
p
V V V
o o
t t
=
¿ = ÷
Where δ
m
is the width of the mth pulse
ECE 442 Power Electronics 11
Fourier coefficients of the output voltage
( ) ( )
2
1
4 3
sin sin sin
4 4 4
1, 3, 5, ..
p
S m m m
n m m
m
V n
B n n
n
n
o o o
o t o
t
=
¿
(
= + ÷ + +
(
¸ ¸
=
ECE 442 Power Electronics 12
Harmonic Profile
ECE 442 Power Electronics 13
Compare with multiple-pulse case for p=5
Distortion Factor is considerably less

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