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PURPOSE OF MANUAL
The purpose of this manual is to give a brief, but inclusive introductory course to the great sport of amateur boxing. Amateur boxing parallels life in many respects. It’s important that you learn and grow every day. The coach or boxer who thinks he knows all there is to know or doesn’t want to take the time to learn, will never achieve his full potential. Even we do not claim to have all of the answers. In order for amateur boxing to become more popular, it is the job of all coaches to stress fundamentals, particularly those pertaining to defense. A boxing match is meant to be a contest of skill rather than power, brute force or toughness. It is extremely important to remember that amateur boxing should be fun. The more fun you can make it, the more participants you will have and the more frequently they will workout. The surest way to make boxing fun is to keep it safe. This can be accomplished by teaching the fundamentals depicted in this manual and by using proper safety equipment.
WHAT IS AMATEUR BOXING?
Amateur boxing is a very positive sport as well as a terrific way to combat juvenile delinquency. It is completely different from professional boxing in its goals, objectives, scoring and equipment. Amateur boxing can be an excellent source of conditioning for the high school athlete during the off-season. It also provides the option for a youngster who is not involved in school sports programs or does not desire to participate in team sports. Amateur boxing can also provide a young person with the opportunity to satisfy the basic human need of recognition in a positive manner. All too often this need is met through delinquent behavior. In amateur boxing, points are scored by landing clean blows, regardless of their power. A power punch that knocks an opponent down scores the same as a left jab. Consequently, a boxer’s goal should be to outbox his opponent by landing numerous clean, effective blows rather than going for a knockout that may not happen. When properly coached and supervised, amateur boxing can be an extremely fulfilling and beneficial experience for young people. It can be used as a vehicle to instruct sportsmanship, the value of conditioning and a positive release of frustrations and energies, in addition to building self-confidence and character.
IS AMATEUR BOXING SAFE?
The safety of amateur boxing has been well documented. The 1998 National Safety Council ranked boxing 71st in sports injuries, well below mainstream sports like wrestling, football, baseball, soccer and even bowling. Most of the negative publicity about the sport centers around professional boxing, when, in fact professional boxing is much different than amateur boxing. No other amateur sport takes more precautions, in regard to safety, than amateur boxing. Amateur boxers must receive a physical examination before and after each competition. Special protective equipment is mandatory for each competition. The primary directive of all amateur referees is the safety of the boxers. In addition, all competition gloves and headgear contain exact combinations of shock-absorbing foams to reduce the impact of a blow. Every possible precaution is taken to keep amateur boxing safe.
this is only half the game. he will never improve. all attention and effort has to be dedicated to the safety of the boxer. Sparring is practice boxing. As your new boxer progresses. To put new kids in the ring to “see how tough they are” is insane and is an injustice to the sport. delivery of a left jab and straight right hand. Offense and defense should be taught hand-in-hand. you’ve lost the boxer. heavybag. After the offensive fundamentals are learned. Remember boxing is supposed to be fun—fighting for your life isn’t. The purpose of sparring is to work on fundamentals. Learn from other coaches. 3 . Defense should be practiced each workout session just like hitting the heavybag. it is time to start sparring. Teach them offense and defense and require them to attain a level of proper conditioning before putting them in the ring. the more fun boxing is. in condition and concentrates on his boxing. and implement them into your program. Otherwise. If you put two new boxers together. The less you get hit. have attained a desirable level of conditioning and are able to go three rounds. The experienced boxer should lightly strike the new boxer when he makes mistakes. move on to the basic defensive fundamentals. TEACH YOUR BOXERS THE FOUR C’S OF AMATEUR BOXING: – Coachability: A boxer must have the mental discipline to take instruction that he receives and incorporate it into his boxing style. speed bag and double end bag. – Conditioning: It is impossible to learn if a boxer is too tired to concentrate on new techniques. you’ll have a brawl on your hands. either physically or psychologically. each new boxer should spar with a more experienced boxer who can control both himself and the action. You’ll have better developed boxers and a higher number of participants by taking this approach. Sparring means instructive boxing. Although much of the available equipment is geared towards offense. No one will learn anything. – Concentration: If a boxer has the ability to block out everything and concentrate on the task at hand. advanced offensive and defensive techniques can be taught and sparring can be adjusted to meet his needs. After your boxers have a working knowledge of offense and defense. First of all. their tricks of coaching and conditioning. Putting inexperienced youngsters in the ring before they’re ready will harm a novice boxer. and someone could get hurt. There is nothing to practice if you haven’t been taught anything. Any coach that puts a new or inexperienced boxer in the ring to spar before teaching him the fundamentals of offense and defense has no business coaching. This cannot be accomplished unless the sparring session is properly controlled. he will improve rapidly. Beginning fundamentals should include proper stance. he will be a champion. Teach and make your boxers work on defense. assign each boxer a partner to practice on each other’s defense. He should encourage the new boxer to work on his left jab and mobility. The worst coach is one that thinks he knows all there is to know. Most amateur bouts are won and lost due to conditioning. – Champion: If a boxer is coachable. Attention should be given to the proper position of hands and elbows. Either way. If a club has too many boxers for the coaches to work with individually.THE PROPER WAY TO COACH AMATEUR BOXING In order for the sport of boxing to thrive in the future. These basics should be practiced nightly while going through the normal workout routine: shadowboxing.
When your opponent leaves himself open. Joe Frazier: Going after your opponent. sticking and moving. This is what the boxer wants you to do so that he can step back out of your punching range and stick you in the nose with his educated left jab. All too often a boxer working longer than two minute rounds conditions his body to work at 80% of its physical potential. Currently. Work on your fundamentals. Unfortunately. keeping constant pressure on him. explosive action. particularly the cardiovascular system. This style is necessary to develop the skills of a good stick-and-move boxer. Muhammad Ali: Boxing. In order to be prepared for this situation. hit and move out before you get hit. Move in. in amateur boxing. Your better. fire a quick combination and then get out of his punching range. which is adequate and keeps the coach and boxers from getting burned out. bouts are four rounds in duration. books and programs that cover these and many other topics. CONDITIONING IS 80% OF AMATEUR BOXING The following is a recommended workout schedule. bobbing. for quick. depending on physical makeup. In and Out: This is probably the most effective of all styles because of the way amateur bouts are judged. get close and then unleash a barrage of punches. more dedicated boxers should have their own heavybag at home so that shadowboxing. working the heavybag or the double end bag. should be working on no more than a two minute clock and working at 100% effort. Unfortunately. and should be encouraged as additional methods of training for your boxers: Boxing Aerobics Swimming Circuit Training Weight Lifting. In this case. you must work on all three of the following styles when you are shadowboxing. temperament and agility. you may not have time to make your opponent “fight your fight”. in amateur boxing. The key is to train at the same duration as competition and at 100% intensity. Success in competition is directly proportionate to the amount of effort that is put into training. His punches should land short and your jab should connect. Constant pressure and not hitting until you are very close to your opponent is key. when 100% is needed in competition. 3. Each boxer. moving in with hands held high. 4 . due to its short duration. Most gyms are open only three nights a week. The idea is simple—move in. DO NOT punch while you are moving in. Training should be conducted at a rapid pace to train the body. 2. 1.CONDITIONING THROUGH TRAINING Training is essential preparation for providing the strength and endurance needed for boxing. he is not prepared for it. To complement the gym work. it would be to your advantage to do what may not normally be your style. will develop a style which he feels comfortable with. step out of his punching range and then slide in and hit. heavybag work and running can be conducted when the gym is closed. A boxer should train for the same duration in which he is going to compete. weaving and slipping punches. Both open and novice boxers (an athlete who has less than 10 bouts). The following list of exercise programs and cross-training sports will greatly increase the conditioning and cardiovascular levels of your athletes. When your opponent gets set to punch. which does not leave time for “feeling out” your opponent or pacing yourself. an aspiring champion must workout two or three additional days of the week. don’t just go through the motions. Nautilus *Ringside offers several videotapes. When your opponent moves in. step back or sidestep and throw your left jab. Remember.
Don’t just hit the bag. As the boxer’s level of ability improves with each bag. At that point. 40 lb. It can also be used to practice slipping punches. Again. Frazier the second round and then work on the “In and Out” in the third. Act like the bag can hit back. It will force you to punch harder. Hit it 25 times with each hand. be sure you have a good pair of gloves. bags. To protect the 26 small. delicate bones of the hand. as with the heavybag. Remember that flexibility is just as important as power. You should complete three rounds of rope jumping. so don’t forget your defense. Don’t just go through the motions of hitting the bag. Learn the double hit movement. 10 or 12 ounce gloves will be used. It does not make sense to train with lighter gloves than that. 5 . Your arms need to be conditioned for what will be used in competition. back. SPEED BAG This light bag does wonders to improve arm endurance and hand-eye coordination. You can work on different styles and opponents. 2. The heavybag and double end bag should be hit with large bag gloves for two reasons: 1. In competition. Always jump on a padded surface. SHADOWBOXING This is a great way to begin your workout. remove some air (about 25%) from the bag and hit it. Hit it once with each hand. The idea is to spar against an imaginary opponent. The heavybag develops punching power and speed. Rotate on your bags. Imagine that you are working against Ali the first round. JUMP ROPE A quality speed rope is necessary to condition the legs and develop the cardiovascular endurance. A flexible muscle is less likely to cramp or pull. they have a variety of heavybags: 70 lb. All new boxers should have their program laid out for them so that they have guidelines to follow and know what to do each day they get to the gym. legs. you must pretend that the double end bag can hit back. HEAVYBAG Before you begin any bag work. — — — — Warm-up 5 minutes Stretching 10 minutes 3 Rounds of Shadowboxing 3-4 Rounds of Sparring (twice a week) — 3 Rounds of the Heavybag — 3 Rounds of the Double End Bag — 3 Rounds of the Jump Rope — 3 Rounds on the Punch Mitts or Coach Spar Mitts — 3 Rounds on the Speed Bag — Abdominal Exercises and Stretching 20 minutes Each round should last two minutes with up to one minute rest in between. increase the intensity of the workout until the athlete can go non-stop for three rounds. work hard and the speed bag can be a valuable tool. abdomen. Make your jab work like a well-oiled piston and throw combinations in bunches of five to seven punches. DOUBLE END BAG The primary purpose of this bag is to work on your jabs and quick combinations.BASIC PROGRAM WARM-UP It is very important that all athletes take at least 10 to 15 minutes to thoroughly stretch ALL of the major muscle groups (arms. At most clubs. etc. Jumping on concrete is too easy and bad for your legs. bags. One hand injury can end a career. water bags and uppercut bags. For a variation. Alternate these routines. Work it. you’ll know that your boxer is in shape! Ringside offers a complete line of both heavybags and double end bags. Each one responds differently when punched just like each of your opponents will box differently.) before working out. Slip these imaginary punches and counter.
always try to work on a new punch. PUNCH MITTS AND DRILL EQUIPMENT FOR COACHES PUNCH MITTS There is a large selection of punch mitts available today. COACH SPAR MITTS These mitts were designed specifically by Ringside to give the coach the ability to teach both offense and defense at the same time. Basically. Ringside has a complete line of punch mitts to help you come up with the mitt that best fits your program. add more punches. a different move or defense technique. Many of the mitts have specific uses. SUPER BODY PROTECTOR The Super Body Protector provides the coach with a whole new training option. Continue to add punches and movement as they improve. This ability to work on defense and offense at the same time makes these mitts a must for every gym. Learn to love to spar. Start by throwing a jab at about half speed at your athlete. you can still work on a variety of techniques such as body attack. while others do the basic job of providing the boxer with a target. By missing punches you can evaluate if you are exercising proper balance. The protection provided to the coach by the Super Body Protector means you can work on the forgotten art of body punching without worrying about taking a pounding. Boxing can only be learned through boxing. Missing punches also takes more energy and consequently will aid in your conditioning. He/she should slip the punch or catch the punch and counter with a jab or straight right. These mitts are padded so that the coach can “catch” the punches just like regular punch mitts. try moving a little. As they improve. As the boxer gets better at this. With some of the mitts available (Coach Spar Mitts). Punch mitts can be used to work on certain combinations. Start your new boxers with basic left/right combinations. There are many other great training devices available from Ringside that a coach can use to give just the right look to any particular workout. 6 . When they master this. Now his athlete can work on body punches during punch mitt drills. the punch mitts are an offensive target that the coach or trainer can control to help a boxer work on different offensive skills. Never spar just to be sparring. SPARRING When you commence sparring. It provides a heavily padded target that the coach can move and adjust to fit the specific techniques he is working on.DRILL WORK Drill work is a great way to work on specific techniques in a controlled situation. If you’re sparring with someone of lesser ability. increase the speed until you are imitating an actual punch. you can also help your boxers work on defense. to learn proper footwork and even defense. This much more effectively stimulates a real opponent. PUNCH SHIELD This device is a great way to work on offensive techniques with even the heaviest hitter. The aspect that makes these mitts different is that they also give the coach the ability to “tap” the boxer back when he makes a mistake. defense or even offense by making your punches slightly miss their mark (your sparring partner).
Lay on back. Next. 2. ADDITIONAL TRAINING As previously stated. Keep in mind that you are training for amateur boxing. but remember that your real amateur boxing workout is the sprint routine. Switch ankle and knee positions. Do the following exercises religiously. Do this on both sides and then lay face down. Warm-up by stretching out. Below are a few brief abdominal exercises. Jog a mile or so to warm-up. alternate elbows to knee. A couple of basic drills follow. Bend your legs and lie directly in front of a partner. then return it to a horizontal position. Ringside also offers books and videos that expand on the different workouts you can do with the medicine ball. This details. After you have completed your intense sprint program. · Junior Division Age 10-11 1 Minute · Intermediate Division Age 12-13 1 ½ Minutes · Senior Division Age 14-15 2 Minutes · Novice Division Age 16-20 2 Minutes · Open Division Age 21 or over. USA Boxing has produced a book called “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing”. bring knees up to chest. 2. if done properly. explosive. legs back to floor. Lay flat on back. a ring post or any hook. 2 Minutes Novice Champ Then rest for one minute and repeat this process three times. Lay flat on back. alternate elbows to knees. Plant your legs firmly and rapidly hand the medicine ball off to each other in a circular fashion. Slowly return your head to its starting position. He will mimic your movement and throw it back. Focus on rotating and twisting at the waist to gain torque in your punches. to become proficient. An instruction guide is included with each of these neck-strengthening devices when ordered from Ringside.Running is an excellent means of conditioning for boxing. The exercises it employs are the same as the Wrap Around Neck Strengthener only they’re done from a standing position. For a more comprehensive running program. This unique cable-system can be attached to a door knob. Bring a stopwatch or watch with a second hand to time yourself. deliberate fashion with 15-20 repetitions per side. 1. The Ringside Neck Strengthener incorporates cables to utilize resistance training which has proven to be extremely effective. DO ALL UNTIL YOU GET A GOOD BURN! 1. it is a good idea to finish up with a jog of any length you desire. The Wrap Around Neck Strengthener is convenient and very effective. 3. put ankle of one foot on opposite knee. the key is training your body for quick. This weighted training device is used by laying flat on the floor. Lay flat on back with legs in air at right angle to upper body. an intense interval running program. but in reality they are very weak in this area. Each exercise should be performed in a controlled. Stand back to back with a partner. hands behind head. Begin on your back and bend your head forward until your chin touches your chest. you should be covering more ground during your sprint. Hold the medicine ball against your chest while lying on your back. Roadwork should be done as follows: 1. 2. among other aspects of training. Lift your head until it is vertical to the floor. knees up. Sit-up and at the top of the movement throw the medicine ball to your partner. 2. roll over to your side and lift your head to touch your ear. Again. Exercising the neck is of extreme importance. knees up. Lay on back. a boxer needs to train more than three days a week. intensive action. 1. elbows behind head. not crosscountry running or marathon racing.EXERCISES STOMACH Most boxers look like they have strong stomach muscles. pump legs in bicycle fashion touching elbow to opposite knee. 3. 7 . Now comes the workout—Sprint for the same amount of time you will be boxing. 4. NECK This is the most under-worked area on a boxer’s body and must be strengthened to protect a boxer’s head from rotating in a violent nature when hit with a good shot. 5. “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing” is available from Ringside and should be a part of every coach and boxer’s library. alternate elbows to knees. When you start to get in shape. hands behind head. The medicine ball is a valuable tool in conditioning the stomach. A more complete guide to medicine ball workouts is provided free of charge with any Ringside Medicine Ball purchase.
Moving left or right is accomplished by stepping sideways with the foot of the direction you wish to move. if you want to move left.ELBOWS IN FRONT OF BODY: This will protect your body against body punches. move the left leg first and pick up the distance with the right foot. you will be susceptible to right hands. whenever your feet are together. Plus. 4. Your left knee should be bent for balance. A good technique for raising the left shoulder is to bend the right knee. particularly your left shoulder. Use it. the hands should be returned to their on-guard position as quickly as possible to protect the head. If not. Make it work so that your weight is evenly distributed. FOOTWORK: Place your left foot and left shoulder out front. Also. Your feet should be the length of a normal step apart. Take your time and learn them well. Also having the elbows in front of the body is the proper position from which to throw punches and also to block uppercuts. keeping to left elbow down and turning the forearm so that the knuckles land in a horizontal position. Your feet must also remain apart for purpose of balance. 2.BASIC FUNDAMENTALS In order to be a competent boxer. and your feet should be pointing toward your opponent. 8 . forward with your right foot and leg when the jab is thrown. it will cause your hands to be positioned in front of your head. which should then make the left higher. but more importantly. 3. It is a waste of energy. Do not get into the bad habit of bringing your feet together after you throw punches. This actually lowers the right shoulder. If you are keeping a jab in your opponents face. This will allow for full rotation of the shoulders and hips when throwing the right hand. BASIC OFFENSE LEFT JAB This is the most important punch in boxing. you must master the basic fundamentals. Power is possible by slightly pushing the body. If you move backward. he will have to concern himself with defense which will afford him less time to work on his offense (hitting you in the nose). move the left foot to the left and then bring over the right foot.HANDS IN FRONT OF HEAD: Your hands should always be held at cheek level to protect the head against your opponent’s blows. Every advanced move or technique is based on having solid fundamentals. It also puts you in the proper defensive position to guard against the right hand. when you move forward. For instance. The purpose of the left jab is to keep your opponent on the defense and to accumulate points. in addition to using it to control the bout. If you move forward. don’t drag your right foot. Do the opposite to move right. The arms from the elbow to the fist must be in a vertical (straight up and down) position at all times. You can use the jab to disrupt your opponent’s rhythm and timing. This is the ideal defensive position. you’re susceptible to being either hit or pushed off balance. Make sure the left shoulder is always higher than the right. The left jab is thrown by extending the left hand and arm fully. 1. Speed is derived by keeping the elbow down and snapping the arm forward at the elbow joint. move the right foot back and then move the left foot after. This is the most important step in amateur boxing. THROW PUNCHES STRAIGHT OUT AND BRING STRAIGHT BACK TO HEAD: When punches are thrown. It is extremely important that your left shoulder is “out front” or pointing towards your opponent.
Keep your elbow down. 5. Doing so will afford your opponent the opportunity to gauge your speed and time your punches. Snap the arm forward at the elbow joint. Throw the right from the face and bring the right elbow up to about shoulder level. it should not be used unless your opponent is within punching range. 6. The left knee should be bent for balance. 1. you will be a good boxer. Return the right immediately to the head. Unless you are using the jab for probing purposes. 1. Push the left shoulder forward by pushing from the floor with the right foot. 9 . 3. Work on the jab until your left arm almost falls off. Dot not move your right elbow when throwing the left. If you can develop a solid left jab. 2. 2. Take a whole week in the gym and throw only this punch. 4. STRAIGHT RIGHT For the beginner. 3. whipping your right shoulder forward and pivoting the hips. Your power will be derived by pushing and pivoting the right foot. 4. 5. How to jab is as important as knowing when to jab. The right is normally thrown after the left jab.THE KEYS TO THE LEFT JAB ARE: Throw it from the head. Don’t throw it just to be doing something. this will be your power punch because it is delivered with the weight of the body. Return the jab back to the head as quickly as you throw it out.
have him pick up the pace to simulate the real thing. inside of the opponent’s left jab. 2. allowing the right to pass safely by. It calls for exact timing and judgment. Be sure to keep your hands in front of your head as a backup system and also that you will not be cautioned for head-butting. SLIPPING: This involves avoiding a blow without actually moving the body out of range. DEFENSE AGAINST THE LEFT JAB 1. Have your partner throw punches in slow motion while you block them. THE CATCH: The left jab is caught in the palm of the open right glove (catcher’s mitt). Keeping the left hand in proper position in front of the head should block most rights. To be effective. The outside slip is relatively safe because you are slipping away from the right hand. OUTSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at the knees and dropping the upper body forward and to the right. After the technique is mastered. Your head should end up directly over your left knee. The two basic slips are outside and inside. Always take your catcher’s mitt with you when you slip as a backup system INSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at the knees and dropping the upper body forward to the left. DUCK OR SLIP: Drop the upper body and head forward and to the left.BASIC DEFENSE These basic defensive maneuvers should be practiced over and over with a teammate so that they eventually become a reflex action. outside of your opponent’s left hand. Be sure to keep up resistance in your right hand so you don’t hit yourself. This is a somewhat dangerous move because you are moving into your opponent’s right hand. The purpose of slipping is to avoid the blow and maintain the position to counter. Let it come to you. 2. 10 . it must be executed so that the blow is escaped by only the smallest margin. Do not reach out for the jab. DEFENSE AGAINST THE STRAIGHT RIGHT 1.
DEFENSE AGAINST UPPERCUTS 1. but when thrown correctly it can be extremely effective. 1.ADVANCED TECHNIQUES THE LEFT HOOK The left hook is the most difficult punch to learn correctly. · DEFENSE TO THE LEFT HOOK 1. 2. Use the left foot and hip to pivot or turn your body while bringing up the elbow to a horizontal position. 2. 5. This is usually thrown from a close position after a left jab or a right hand. Ducking: Bend your upper body forward from the waist and dip both knees allowing your head to drop underneath the hook. be sure not to take your eyes off your opponent. Return to the “on guard” position. kept in front of your head and body. UPPERCUTS 1. The hook is most often thrown with: Palm In: With this hook. 3. While ducking. 2. Your arm should be in a half-bent position and should not dip below the waistline. 4. Forearm Block: Cover the right side of your head with your right arm and touch your ear with your right glove. These are usually thrown from the inside with the right after closing the distance with a left jab or hook. The forearm should be parallel to the ground when the hook lands. The most effective defense is merely stepping back out of range. 11 . only when actual openings are present. This is somewhat difficult to master. Block with your hands and forearms. Keep your left knee bent for balance. the palm of the hand faces your body. It should never be used as a lead punch. 6.
it is necessary to advance quickly. straight right to the chin and a left hook to the chin. Straight right to the chin and a left hook to the body. Left jab to the chin and a straight right to the body. 2. Double or triple left jab to the chin. BASIC COMBINATIONS 1. DRAWING. COMBINATIONS This is a series of blows delivered in a natural sequence so that an opening may result. straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin. As a combination is thrown. Straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin. 12. Straight right to chin and a left hook to the chin. 6.FEINTING. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the body. duck. In feinting. 3. Your hands must be kept in front of your head or a foul for butting will be called. . 8. such as advancing quickly. draw. ARM FEINTS: This includes simply appearing to punch a specific area with one hand and then doing the opposite. It is especially effective when moving an opponent to work off his chest and cut off the punching room. Left jab to the chin. 4. 2. 10. Hooking off the jab—left jab to the chin and a left hook to the chin. Left jab to the chin followed by a left jab to the body. Left jab to the chin. to create openings. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the chin. SHELLING UP This simply means to completely cover your head and body so that no vulnerable area is exposed. 12 INFIGHTING This is the art of boxing at close range. 13. dropping your knees or pivoting your shoulders. 5. 1. so that a counter attack can be executed. hands. SHELLING-UP AND INFIGHTING FEINTING Feinting is a characteristic of the advanced boxer. body and legs in a single effort to deceive the opponent. 7. DRAWING Drawing is similar to feinting. 9. weave. some part of the body or head is left unprotected in order to entice the opponent into throwing a specific blow. or feint. 11. Left jab to the body followed by a left jab to the chin.BODY FEINTS: This includes making various movements with the body to check your opponent’s reaction. while in drawing. slip. To obtain the inside position. straight right to the chin (the old one-two). It requires using the eyes. the punches should increase in intensity so that the later blows have more power. Left jab to the chin. an opening is created.
2. HOW TO BOX A SLUGGER 1. PUZZLE THE OPPONENT BY A VARIETY OF MANEUVERS. don’t jump around and make unnecessary movements. 2. Nothing makes up for good physical conditioning. Sidestep and stick with the left jab followed by a right when possible. If the rusher gets close. IF A BLOW IS MISSED OR YOU ARE OFF-BALANCE. If you are hurt. Keep your right hand in proper defensive position to catch the jab. 10. not your hands. Remain there if you are successful. All south-paws have very powerful straight left hands. KNOW THE FUNDAMENTALS. If you wait. Make him come to you 2. 2. RING STRATEGY 1. 2. 7. 4. Fight with your head.RING GENERALSHIP Ring generalship is a general plan of strategy thought out in advance of the bout which attempts to nullify the opponent’s strength and take advantage of his weakness. NEVER FORGET THAT YOUR OPPONENT IS AS TIRED AS YOU ARE. There will be many chances to use them. Outthink your opponent. Keep your right hand (catcher’s mitt) ready to catch his big left hand if he throws it. APPEAR CONFIDENT AT ALL TIMES. Continually force your opponent and try to corner him on the ropes so that close range can be attained. 2. otherwise move out quickly. If you are tense. RELAX. Use it often. Rarely do the same thing twice in succession. Always circle to your left. When the south-paw throws a jab. BE IN CONDITION. 9. 3. slip to his left and counter with a left hook. 5. COVER UP AND PROTECT YOURSELF . Don’t lead. HOW TO BOX A TALL OPPONENT 1. shell up and move in. 3. HOW TO BOX A JABBER 1. It also means having the ability to adapt one’s style to that of the opponent. 11. 3. Slip or duck the jab and move in to counter to the body or head. 4. 12. 13. PUNCH WHEN YOUR OPPONENT IS IN RANGE. 13 . WHENEVER YOUR OPPONENT GETS SET TO HIT . you expend energy. 3. 8. Keep moving. Remember the left hook is the most effective weapon against a south-paw. Move in quickly and launch a sudden attack. A tall opponent is probably accustomed to having opponents come to him. USE YOUR HEAD. MOVE. away from the left hand. move in fast and hit. you will be punched. To stand in one spot means you are an easy target. don’t show it. 6. HOW TO BOX A SOUTH-PAW (LEFT HANDED BOXER) 1. However. Make the south-paw come to you. CARRY YOUR HANDS HIGH AT ALL TIMES. KEEP MOVING. Move out quickly and don’t slug. and you will out-box him. HOW TO BOX A RUSHER 1. giving him no punching room. If he won’t come to you. Don’t let your opponent get set. THE LEFT HAND IS THE SAFEST LEAD.
wear a predominantly red uniform. If you have been assigned to the red corner. LOSING WEIGHT Generally speaking. No holding. “You are what you eat”. Try to avoid eating large amounts of red meat. Avoid processed foods that are full of chemicals such as potato chips. 4. vegetables and low calorie meats. The following are a few of these things. A high carbohydrate diet with a fair amount of protein and low fat is a real plus. A boxer should eat balanced meals of meat. Never. fruits and whole grain breads and cereals. shuffling your feet or dropping your hands. Because boxing is so vigorous. Drink a large amount of water to replenish lost liquids and to clean out your system. poultry. etc. Eat fruits. 12. Do not fast. 11. most snacks. etc. EVER showboat. 5. wear predominantly blue. This will make you and your punches easier for the judge to identify. 3. When an opponent is knocked down. When you come into the ring. it is advisable that a daily vitamin supplement be used. Sugar is a poison to the body. 13. Your opponent wants you to display bad sportsmanship for his advantage. ice cream. Eat more fish. No hitting with the open glove. and your body will usually tell you that limit. 4. Remember that points are scored on boxing ability. Judges will look for certain things that can influence their vote. not on the power of the punches. The judges do not like it and will vote against you.Bringing your weight down must be done gradually. 2. fish. Always exercise sportsman-like conduct even if your opponent calls your mother a name. HOW TO WIN AN AMATEUR BOUT Amateur bouts are judged by trained officials who are counting the number of effective blows that are landed. not in one week. but never cocky. No kidney punches. Judges like and favor boxers who have a classic style of keeping their hands up and moving gracefully. chicken and turkey. proceed to the furthest neutral corner. such as talking to your opponent. An eight second rest is given when a boxer appears hurt. There is a limit to how far you can go. No hitting below the belt or behind the head. 7.DIET The proper diet for a boxer would be much like the proper diet for a wrestler or sprinter. 14 . Smile and nod to them. appear confident. 10. No moving in on an opponent unless your hands are in front of your head. No holding and hitting. Adelle Davis. BASIC RULES 1. Act like you know what you’re doing and try to achieve eye contact with the judges. Protect yourself at all times. but the factor of human nature should still be considered. Never talk to the referee of your opponent during the bout. 9. you will be better off boxing in the lowest possible weight class so that you might have a power and strength advantage. 2. No hitting on the break 6. 8. 1. Keep its use to a minimum level. vegetables. If you are boxing out of the blue corner. a famous nutritionist said it best. 3. No intentional spitting out of your mouthpiece.
The other design differences are just a matter of preference. and at the same time will force the arms to work harder because of the added weight. The lace-up design is the traditional glove design that requires someone to lace the glove and tie it on the boxer. TRAINING GLOVES 1.PROPER EQUIPMENT FOR AMATEUR BOXING Generally speaking. it is more economical in the long run to buy the best equipment that will provide both safety and durability. The elastic wrist design is much . There are several brands and designs on the market. The sizes usually range from 14 oz. visibility and fit for you. Inc. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT Fightgear. Someone with a lot of boxers or a limited number of sparring gloves should consider this time saver. The best headgear is constructed of leather. Be sure that you get the most protective headgear you possible can. The headgear should fit snug so that it doesn’t shift on your head during your workout. Compare products and talk to other boxers and coaches before you spend your money. An intelligent coach will always recommend Ringside. The different designs are basically divided into two distinct groups—lace-up and elastic. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Safety Training Gloves (lace or elastic) International Style Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Heavy-Hitter Gloves Contender Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Junior Safety Training Gloves TRAINING HEADGEAR This is a VITAL piece of personal equipment! The entire purpose of the headgear is to protect that fragile little computer that sits on your shoulders. to 18 oz. 1 (800) 684-0544 15 RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Bag Gloves—Super Bag Gloves—Power Bag Gloves—Contender Super Bag Gloves 2. This difference refers to the way the glove is put on the boxer. The heavier gloves will naturally provide a greater level of protection. It should also be designed for good visibility without compromising protection. so be sure to try to find the best protection. BAG GLOVES: It is important that the gloves you use to hit the bags or work punch mitts will provide you with optimal protection for your hands. simpler and quicker for a coach to put on the athlete. That way you will condition your arms to handle the weight of competition gloves. They should also be comparable in weight to the gloves that you compete in. SPARRING GLOVES: Sparring Gloves come in many different sizes and designs.
You can get them with the regular firm fill or with a soft fill that provides a two-inch foam liner in the bag to reduce wear and tear on your hands. It is also possible to get heavybags from Ringside that are custom filled to your preference. but in the long run it will last much longer. In addition. DOUBLE END BAGS This bag is great for developing hand/eye coordination. this is probably one of the most effective teaching tools in any gym. combinations. The idea that buying quality is best applies here just as it did with the personal gear. Make sure that you get a bag that will hold up to your workout needs. A good canvas heavybag is usually tough enough for the normal workout. The smaller double end bags are faster and more difficult to hit. The smaller the bag. so start out with the larger one. they will still get a great workout on the original bag. If you aren’t able to drill into your floor to mount a double end bag. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Double End Bag—Double Double End Bag—Filled Double End Bag HEAVYBAGS You can find many different heavybags in an assortment of weights. but we will try to give you a general idea of the basics found in most gyms. There are large assortments of different bags on the market today. It’s called “The Rock”. so you will want to start out with a larger bag and then as you get the hang of it. Again. this is a matter of preference. Because the bag bounces back when you hit it. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Canvas Heavybag—Leather Heavybag—Powerhide Heavybag—Water Bags—Headhunter Bag Free Standing Heavybag SPEED BAGS 1. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE X-Small Speed Bag (5”x8”) Small Speed Bag (6”x9”) Medium Speed Bag (7”x10”) Large Speed Bag (7”x11”) 16 . Many of the bigger (or better funded) gyms use leather heavybags. the faster it moves. sizes and materials. All in all. It provides a very solid. The leather bag represents a larger initial investment. and accuracy. and it can be confusing. hand speed. Speed Bags: Here again. stable mount for your double end bag without having to be mounted to anything. You can also custom order bags to different weights. Try to remember that they all do the same job. there are a variety of sizes and shapes available to cater to your workout. Most gyms use canvas heavybags because they are less expensive. Even after your athletes graduate to the smaller bags.GYM EQUIPMENT The ideal combination of equipment that you need for your gym will depend on your own specific program. Ringside has a great product that you can use to anchor the bottom of the bag. and then you can look to specialized bags as you identify your individual training needs. you can also practice your defensive techniques with this bag. you can go to a smaller size. Here again. Try to stick to the basics in the beginning. there are a large variety of brands and sizes available so you will need to decide on the one that is best for you. heavybags can be ordered unfilled so that you can save money and fill the bag to your own specifications.
RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Pro-Swivel—Super Swivel—Traditional Pro-Swivel 3. Make sure that you have a stable wall to mount it on.2. Some are designed for speed while others are made to change bags or platforms easier. Because there is a lot of vibration that occurs during the normal use of this piece of equipment. It is also important that they be long enough to protect the wrist. punch mitts are a very effective and necessary tool There are many more great tools that are all explained for any gym. This product gives your athlete the RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT ability to actually throw body punches at the body. They should have a thick. the Slip Stick for mobility and defense. The added option of teaching defense makes these mitts a real plus for your gym. techniques and conditioning. 17 . Speed Bag Platforms: The most important feature of a speed bag platform is stability. Speed Bag Swivels: The selection of swivels on the market provide for many different specific needs and jobs. Light Punch Mitts—Air Mitts COACH SPAR MITTS We discussed the advantages of Coach Spar Mitts for your workout. They are used to work on offensive in detail in our catalog. punches. This is very important if you Traditional Punch Mitts—Panther Punch Mitts—Ultra have a gym with a large number of boxers. Economical Model Speed Bag Platform Ultimate Classic Speed Bag Platform ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT PUNCH MITTS Some additional equipment that you will find very helpful includes the Maize Ball for learning to slip As we mentioned in an earlier section of the manual. SUPER BODY PROTECTOR This piece of equipment is very helpful for teaching body punching without the coach suffering the consequences. foam padded target area with a secure glove on the back to provide stability. Another RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT important feature of a good platform is the ability to FROM RINGSIDE adjust the height easily. it is a good idea to check your platform often for loose nuts and bolts. Try to find the best design for you that will provide for speed. durability and proper action. The FROM RINGSIDE use of the Heavy Hitter Pad will help protect you from Professional Model Speed Bag Platform Middleweight Model Speed Bag Platform even the biggest punches. and the Heavybag Attachment for more punching options.
There are also chest protectors that aid in the defense against chest blows and help protect the sternum. The competition headgear and assortment of mouthpieces available today is robes are some of the things overwhelming. Your personal needs will determine what works best for you.PERSONAL EQUIPMENT RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE WIPSS Jaw Joint Protector—Super Guard The Shock Doctor—Black Beauty Double Guard—Single Guard HANDWRAPS This is probably the most important piece of equipment any boxer ever uses. Ringside offers a you need. There are several styles available. there are 26 small. Many styles and designs provide a large variety of personal protection needs. The Female GroinAbdominal Protector provides additional coverage for women’s hips and kidneys. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Classic Handwraps—Ultimate Handwraps Mexican Handwraps—Junior Handwraps GROIN PROTECTOR The “cup” is another vital piece of equipment. and they take a huge amount of impact during every workout. You may want to consult your dentist for complete line of personal some advice. delicate bones in every human hand. The number one health reason that a boxer quits boxing is a hand injury. but also the hips and upper abdomen. Others are for smaller hands. Ringside also offers specific protectors for women. Also very important to the safety of the boxer is a Things like shoes. too. As indicated earlier. so don’t rush into a mouthpiece you may consider as you purchase until you are sure it provides the protection progress. Some are slightly elastic. trunks. Some of the larger designs not only protect the groin and the lower abdomen. Handwraps are the first line of defense against injury. you will probably want to expand MOUTHPIECES on your personal gear as well as your competition gear. catalog. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic No Foul Protector—No Foul Protector—Groin Abdominal Protector—Mexican Style No Foul Protector—Female No Foul Protector ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT As you become more proficient in this sport. 18 . properly fitted and protective mouthpiece. Talking to more experienced boxers can equipment in our latest give you some good input on the subject.
ALSO AVAILABLE FROM RINGSIDE ARE THESE AND OTHER OUTSTANDING TITLES: 1. #RTV JOHN BROWN’S RINGSIDE TRAINING SERIES ESTABLISHED BOXING PROGRAMS Fortunately there are many and their love of the sport which are programs in this country that allow the backbone of the program. President of Ringside. Have your team run collectively in some benefit 10K races all wearing team T-shirts and running as a group. especially if you have a good size team. “SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS” Ringside offers an extensive library of educational video programs for coaches and boxers. National programs.HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR BOXERS Make club T-shirts available for all members to purchase. It is these volunteers Jim Beasley 316-663-6942 John Brown. Ringside Conditioning Video Call 1-877-4-BOXING or go online at www. It is good for your boxers to appreciate the fact that there are many who are less fortunate and need help. It is a superlative program amateur boxing is USA Boxing focused on developing young talent. Boxers. boxer participation at many different levels. Great Trainers Video Series 2. draws on over 40 years of experience in the sport to share numerous. 19 . Expanding on traditional routines and entirely new techniques. which is responsible for the rules and regulations of the sport. to these and other amateur boxing National Junior Olympics. It creates pride and is good advertising for the program. USA The following is a list of programs Boxing sponsors the annual with people to contact in reference National Boxing Championships. March of Dimes. Weight Training for the Boxer 3. so consequently it is necessary to set up a schedule of matches for your competitive boxers to motivate them to stay in shape. like any other athletes. All of these activities are geared to instill in your boxers the fact that through work. Olympic and PanAmerican Game Trials and USA BOXING Operation Gold and offers 1750 East Boulder Street scholarships to deserving boxers. The country is divided NATIONAL SILVER GLOVES into 18 regions. Etc.ringside. How long would football players practice if there were no games scheduled? Another good idea. This is a multi-tape series that will help anyone interested in the fight game to gain a good foundation and full understanding of the principles of boxing. diligence and pride. cutting-edge approaches to training. Each of the 10 John Brown Ringside Training videos concentrates on one aspect of training that is essential to building a complete boxer. Colorado 80909 Phone: 719-578-4506 USA Boxing is headquartered at the Olympic Training Center in NATIONAL JUNIOR Colorado Springs and has a staff OLYMPICS of professionals that are supported Sonny Duncan 719-520-6507 by a large national network of volunteers.com to order or request a 180-page catalog full of boxingrelated instructional videos and books. Sports Festival. all goals and objectives can be attained—a very important lesson to learn. each with a Ray Rodgers 501-225-7998 chairman and are further dissected into 60 associations each also with NATIONAL GOLDEN GLOVES a chairman. Colorado Springs. persistence. is to support several local charities such as Muscular Dystrophy. need goals and objectives to aim for. Ringside covers the basics and moves into advances boxing techniques. Set up a program in which your boxers receive a free club jacket or warm-up after participating in a required number of bouts—ten to fifteen is a good number to strive for. The Silver Gloves Program is the premiere event for 10-15 year-old The national governing body of boxers. It is also great public relations for the club. the John Brown/Ringside Training Series is undoubtedly the most innovative boxing instruction program in the industry. RINGSIDE TRAINING INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS THE REAL Beginning with the first tape in the series.
THIS MULTI-PIECE PACKET IS AN IDEAL RESOURCE FOR ANSWERING PROSPECTIVE BOXER’S QUESTIONS. but for you. 2. From the beginning fundamentals to proper use of equipment. along with a 180-page RINGSIDE Boxing Equipment Catalog THE FIRST-EVER. how to attract new boxers and coaches and how to run a successful program.) Manual One—How to Start a Boxing Program: Includes a step by step guide to building a club from the ground up. 5. this complete manual has been compiled from years of research. we at RINGSIDE are providing it at no charge. generating funds for travel and managing gym expenses.) Manual Five—Ringside Boxing Manual: The ideal guidebook for coaches and boxers. CAUTIOUS PARENT’S FEARS AND HESITANT SUPPORTERS DOUBTS. It also provided a general outline that includes several informative concepts and valuable ideas.) Manual Two—Funding and Running a Boxing Program: Covers the basic economics of building a gym.) Flyer One—Why Boxing?: The psychological and social benefits of boxing are enormous.If you’ve ever wondered… “HOW TO START AND RUN A BOXING GYM” Thousands of hours. countless dollars and painstaking research have gone into compiling this unprecedented promotional tool! Information this valuable would normally cost hundreds of dollars. promoters and gym owners. Why all youth should look to boxing as a athletic outlet is explained in this informational brochure. Your answers are here! COMPLETE PACKAGE INCLUDES: 1. 7. .) Manual Four—Amateur Boxing IS Safe: Provides a myriad of facts and statistics that demonstrate the safe nature of boxing and how it compares to more popular. RUN. 4.) Manual Three—USA Boxing’s Fundraising Program: This booklet focuses on raising money. MOST COMPREHENSIVE PACKAGE ON ALL IT TAKES TO START. ideas on how to finance your athletes. 6. hardworking coaches. 3. MAINTAIN AND PROMOTE A BOXING PROGRAM. scholastically supported sports. team activities and special tips for fundraising.) Flyer Two—A Guide for the Beginning Boxer: A handout for parents and prospective athletes that provides answers to the most often asked questions and what to expect from participating in the sport IT’S ABSOLUTELY FREE! Call now for this unequaled package. It is an invaluable booklet for anyone with an interest in the sport of boxing.
com to order “the best in boxing!” STRENGTH IN NUMBERS .call for a free catalog: 1-877-4. or go online at www.boxing (877-426-9464).ringside.