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Concrete Technology

Concrete Technology


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Published by eskinderm

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Published by: eskinderm on Aug 12, 2009
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1) Hydration of Silicates

Since the heat of hydration is proportional to the rate
of hydration reaction, initially most of the heat is generated
by C3S. As described in earlier paras, although the products
of reaction are same in both the cases, i.e. C-S-H gel and
Ca(OH)2, yet quality wise, C2S is considered superior to C3S
because it requires less water for reaction and produces
more C-S-H, less Ca(OH)2 and less heat. All the four
parameters are favourable for good quality of concrete as
compared to C3S. The C3S require 24% water by weight of
cement whereas C2S requires only 21% water for complete
hydration. In addition to this, the density and the quality of
gel formed by C2S is also superior. Therefore higher
percentage of C2S is desirable in cement

2) Hydration of C3A

C3A reacts very fast with water forming a compound
C3AH6 which triggers flash set in the cement. Since it is not
desirable that cement should set immediately, the quantity of
C3A in the cement has to be controlled. For this purpose,
gypsum is generally added at the time of grinding of clinkers.
Hydrated calcium aluminate (C3AH6) doesn’t contribute
anything to the strength of cement.

3) Hydration of C4AF

C4AF is a minor constituent of cement which reacts
with water and produce C3FH6 or hydrated calcium ferrite. Its
volume is insignificant and it doesn’t contribute to strength.

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