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Unit 3 Chemistry - Types of Chemical Reaction Lab Directions: For each reaction do the following #1-5: 1.

Perform each reaction 4. classify the type of reaction 2. record your observations, 5. balance equation with states. 3. take pictures for the blog A. Obtain Copper (II) Nitrate and small 50mL beaker. Place a small piece (1.00cm x 1.00cm) of aluminium into the beaker and then pour the Copper solution over the aluminium until it is at least halfway covered by solution. 2. The copper wire turned silver and dull once when added it to the solution. Pieces of the wire flaked off. Ag atoms precipitate out. Solution turned blue. 3.

4. Single Displacement 5. 2AgNO3(aq) + Cu(s)  CuNO3(aq) + 2Ag(s)

B. - Obtain a 50mL beaker, pour about 20mL of D.I. water and a few drops of Phenolphthalein to it, record the pH. - Add about 5.0 mL of 1M NaOH, record the pH w/ pH meter & litmus paper, also test it for electrolytes w/conductivity apparatus. - Wash off the conductivity & pH sensor with D.I. water after you use it or it will corrode!!! - Put a thermometer in the beaker and add 5.0 mL of 2M HCl to the beaker , and measure pH & conductivity & temperature change. 2. Original PH of 5. The temperature went from 23 degrees Celsius to 23.5 degrees Celsius. Final Ph of 14. 3.

4. Neutralization 5. NaOH(aq) + HCL(aq)  NaCl(aq) + H20(l)

C. Pour a small scoop of CaCO3 (about 1-2 grams) into the same beaker from the reaction in section B. 2. The solution bubbled up with a white foam.

3.

4. Decomposition 5. 2HCl(aq) + CaCO3(aq)  CO2(aq) + CaCl2(aq) +H2O

D. Obtain a shiny piece of copper and a pair of tongs, hold the piece of copper up to a flame with tongs. 2. The color of the flame became bright orange when it came in contact with the copper. As the copper burned it started to flake and become a white dullish color. 3.

4. Synthesis 5. 4Cu(s) + O2(g)  2Cu2O(g)

E. Place a small scoop (about 2 grams) of sucrose (C12H22O11) into a crucible and heat it over Bunsen burner. 2. Half of the liquid bubbled up and became a brownish liquid, while the other half remained white. 3.

4. Decomposition 5. C12H22O11(aq)  12CO2(g) + 11H2O(l)

F. Observe the burning Bunsen Burner. 2. It generates an orange and blue flame. 3.

4. Combustion 5. C3H8(g) + 5O2(g)  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)

G. Pour Sodium Iodide into a test tube with around 20mL of DI water. Add Lead (II) Nitrate to the test tube. 2. When we added the Nitrate a yellow liquid appeared and precipitated to the bottom. 3.

4. Double Displacement 5. 2NaI(aq) + Pb(NO3)2(aq)  2NaNO3(aq) + PbI2(s)