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1. Investigatory Method a.

Laboratory Technique Originally, the laboratory method was used to designate a teaching procedure in the physical sciences that uses experimentation with apparatus and materials to discover or verify facts and to study scientific relationships. Later, the laboratory method was used, not only in the physical sciences but also in home economics and manual arts. There are two types of laboratory method namely, the experimental and observational. The experimental type aims to train students in problem-solving with incidental acquisition of information and motor skills. The emphasis is on discovery, original procedure, analysis, and solution of problems. In the observational type, the acquisition of facts is the dominant aim. Activities under this type include visits to museums, exhibits, and art galleries, watching demonstrations, listening to lectures and going on field trips. b. Problem-solving Technique Problem-solving is the purposeful activity that will remove a difficulty or perplexity through a process of reasoning. The essential steps of problem-solving are: 1) recognition and statement of the problem originating in the perplexing situation, 2) statement of hypothesis- inspection and proposal of solution or solutions, 3) critical evaluation of suggested solution, and 4) verification of accepted solution. Recognition and Statement of the Problem. Students will probably not be able to recognize the problem without the teachers guidance. They raise the problem, the teacher must set the stage. Statement of Hypothesis. The teacher should assist the students by directing their observation to related data and recalling past experiences that have a bearing on the problem. It will be better if the pupils were to state the problems themselves. Critical evaluation of suggested solution. This steps involves organization of facts, principles and ideas pertinent to the problem, selecting a hypothesis and trying it out, gathering data through reading and observing, etc., evaluating the solution and forming a conclusion. Verification of Accepted Solution. The last step is checking or verifying results and applying these, if necessary. The teacher also aids the students in learning how to check or verify summarize results. Exercises or problems must be provided by the teacher for practical application of the understanding gained.