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**How can you prove that
**

ΔGMH ΔTMS? Justify each step.

RP

**Given: M is the midpoint of HS and GT .
**

Prove: ΔGMH ΔTMS

1) M is the midpoint of HS and GT .

1) _______________________________________

2) GM TM

2) _______________________________________

3) HM SM

3) _______________________________________

4) GMH TMS

4) _______________________________________

5) ΔGMH ΔTMS

5) _______________________________________

2. Use the figure at the right. How can you prove that ΔGHI ΔJHI?

**Justify each step.
**

Given: H is the midpoint of GJ .

Prove: ΔGHI ΔJHI

1) H is the midpoint of GJ .

2) GH JH

3) HI HI

4) GI JI

5) ΔGHI ΔJHI

1)

___________________________________________

2)

___________________________________________

3)

___________________________________________

4)

___________________________________________

5)

___________________________________________

ANSWERS

OO

O

**Study this example then complete the proof below in the same way.
**

Given: The figure at the right

Prove:

Explain

Work

**First, list the information that is given
**

directly in the diagram.

Second, use the fact that all right

angles are congruent to each other.

Justify

BQ YQ

A and X

are right .

Given

A X

**All right angles
**

are congruent.

**Next, use the fact that vertical angles are
**

congruent.

AQB XQY

Vertical

Angles

**Finally, determine which theorem can be
**

used to prove the triangles congruent using

the information listed above.

ΔABQ ΔXYQ

**Angle-Angle-Side
**

(AAS) Theorem

**Given: The figure at the right
**

Prove:

Explain

Work

HJ || KL

HL || KJ

HJL KLJ

HLJ KJL

JL LJ

ΔHJL ΔKLJ

Justify

ANSWER:

AND

SF

**There are two sets of note cards below that show how to prove
**

BD is the perpendicular bisector of AE . The set on the left has the

statements and the set on the right has the reasons. Write the

statements and the reasons in the correct order.

Statements

Statements

ANSWER

Reasons

Reasons

**The column on the left shows the steps used to prove that AB ED . Use the
**

column on the left to answer each question in the column on the right

in Right Triangles

Given: C is the

midpoint of AE

and BD

Prove: AB ED

**1. What is the definition of the midpoint of
**

a line segment?

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

**1) C is the midpoint of AB || DE and BD ;
**

AB || DE ; mB = 90

Given

2) AC EC ; BC DC

Definition of midpoint

**2. How do you know that AB || DE and
**

mB = 90?

________________________________

_

3. What does the symbol between

two line segments mean?

________________________________

3) B = D

Alternate Interior Angles Theorem

4) B and D are right angles.

Definition of a right angle

5) ∆ABC ∆EDC

Hypotenuse-Leg (HL) Postulate

4. What does the word interior mean?

________________________________

5. What is the measure of D?

_________________________________

6. What information is necessary to

**apply the HL Postulate?
**

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

6) AB ED

Corresponding parts of congruent

triangles are congruent.

7. What are the corresponding angles

**and sides for ∆ABC and ∆EDC?
**

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

ANC

ANSWER

**A student wanted to prove EB DB given
**

AED CDE and AE CD . She wrote the

statements and reasons on note cards, but they

got mixed up.

**Use the note cards to write the steps in order.
**

1. First, _____________________________________________________________

2. Second, ___________________________________________________________

3. Third, _____________________________________________________________

4. Next, _____________________________________________________________

5. Then, _____________________________________________________________

6. Then, _____________________________________________________________

7. Finally, ____________________________________________________________

UH

ANSWER

**In each of the following three problems, the student made at least one
**

error. Find the error and write the solution correctly.

TR

ANSWER

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