Bujinkan History

The origins of some techniques studied in the Bujinkan are unclear.[2]

Origins
Hatsumi's claimed connection to Ninjutsu is through his teacher Takamatsu Toshitsugu. The Bugei Ryuha aijiten !researched "y a friend of Takamatsu# indicates that Takamatsu's $genealogy includes em"ellishments...to a%%ear older than it actually is$[&][']. (ther researchers "elie)e that there is no historical "asis for the claims that Takamatsu had any link to a ninjitsu lineage.[*][+] ,t is Hatsumi's assertion that Toshitsugu -as %ermitted to co%y the .matsu Tatara scrolls[/] -hich date "ack to /B0[1]and contain many assorted techniques !ranging from killing "y yelling2 and control of -eather2 to fighting techniques and fortification design[3]#. The Bujinkan school claims that Takamatsu's grandfather -as a samurai and a direct descendant of the founder of 4yokko Ryu !and that the 4ikan5ry6 -as %assed to Takamatsu through another source#[/]. (ther arts2 such as Takagi 7oshin Ryu and 8ukishinden Ryu-ere de)elo%ed "y mem"ers of samurai families. Today the Bujinkan claims to incor%orate techniques from the 3 traditions o)erseen "y Hatsumi and other sources[9].

,n 91'& se)eral of the Bujinkan ry6ha -ere mentioned in the 8akutogi no Rekishi !:The History of ;ighting .rts<#.[9=] .lthough details of the ry6ha -ere omitted2 the %u"lication states2 $ even though they are not mentioned in this particular periodical, there are several schools that are well-known for being ‘effective arts’ (jitsuryoku ha). $ .mong the schools listed in this section are 4yokko Ry62 4ikan5ry6 8o%%> jutsu2 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%>2 8ukishin Ryu2 Takagi 7>shin5ry6 ?6tai jutsu and .sayama ,chiden5ry6!-hich is not %art of the Bujinkan@s nine schools "ut -as studied "y Hatsumi )ia Takashi Aeno#.[9=]

Formation of the Bujinkan Organization
The head of the Bujinkan organisation2 Hatsumi2 claims to "e the lineage holder of se)eral ry6ha taught in the Bujinkan2 -hich he claims -ere transferred to him in 93*1 "y his teacher Takamatsu.[99][92][9&][9'] ;rom 93+1 and on-ards2 the Bugei Ryuha aijiten has entries "earing the name of Hatsumi "elo- his teacher Takamatsu for the follo-ing school entriesB 4yokko5ry6 8osshi jutsu2 8ukishinden Ryu2 8ot>5ry6 8o%%>jutsu2 Chinden ;ud>5ry6 akentai jutsu2 Takagi 7>shin5ry6 ?6tai jutsu2 4ikan5ry6 8o%%> jutsu24yokushin5ry6 Nin%> and 8umogakure5ry6 Nin%>.

Yearly themes
Cince 9311 Hatsumi's teaching has focused on a %articular theme each year. This ty%ically means that a s%ecific ry62 or a certain set of techniques from s%ecific ry6 -ill "e taught. Hatsumi announces the years theme2 or focus2 each year at the aikomyosai. e%ending on -hat years a student has studied in ?a%an2 they may find that their focus reflects the themes or schools taught during their time. This is one reason that there are often noticea"le differences in techniques from different teachers inside the Bujinkan. .lthough Nin%o Taijutsu is an o)erall theme of the Bujinkan2 2==1 marked the first time that a Nin%o Taijutsu Ry6 -as the focus of the year. Drior to founding the Bujinkan organiEation and teaching the nine Ry6 collecti)ely !-ith %articular yearly focus#2 Hatsumi a-arded his students rank certificates in indi)idual Ry6. The themes thus far areB • • Theme of 2=99 5 8ihon Ha%%o Theme of 2=9= 5 Rokkon Choujou Theme of 2==3 5 Fu 5 No theme G Talent2 Heart2 0a%acity G Talent2 Coul2 0a%acity Theme of 2==1 5 Togakure5ry6 Nin%> Taijutsu Theme of 2==/ 5 8ukishin Ryu Theme of 2==+ 5 Chinden ;udo Ryu Theme of 2==* 5 4yokko5ry6 8osshi jutsu !Bo and Tachi# Theme of 2==' 5 aishou ?uutai jutsu !Ro%%o58uji5no Biken# Theme of 2==& 5 ?u%%o Cessho Theme of 2==2 5 ?utai jutsu !Takagi 7oshin Ryu# Theme of 2==9 5 8osshi jutsu !4yokko Ryu# Theme of 2=== 5 8o%%o jutsu !8oto Ryu# Theme of 9333 5 8ukishinden Ryu Theme of 9331 5 Chinden ;udo Ryu Theme of 933/ 5 ?ojutsu Theme of 933+ 5 Bokken Theme of 933* 5 Naginata Theme of 933' 5 7ari Theme of 933& 5 Rokushaku"ojutsu Theme of 9332 5 Taijutsu Do-er Theme of 9339 5 C-ord and ?utte Theme of 933= 5 Han"o Theme of 9313 5 Taijutsu and Hea%ons


• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • ainou !. His reasoning -as that the heart is in a constant state of change2 -hereas the soul is %ermanent and unchanging2 and therefore is $essential to the %erson$2 as -as later stated on 4eorge (hashi's home%age[9*] . . . He said that these things -ere going to "ecome a "it of a theme for neIt year[9*]. 'u-taijutsu -hich utiliEes and teaches gra%%ling and thro-ing techniques. The de%th of training in the Bujinkan2 is designed to o%en the eyes of the student to the endless %ossi"ilities and %otential in all situations. Ukemi and Balance Bujinkan Taijitsu seeks to use "ody mo)ement and %ositioning o)er strength in order to defeat the o%%onent. C%ecifically ho-e)er2 the Bujinkan is mostly kno-n for teaching koshi jutsu !joint mani%ulation art#2 ko%%o jutsu !"one mani%ulation art#2 jutai jutsu !thro-ing2 gra%%ling2 ground fighting#2 dakentai jutsu !strikes#2 ha%%o "iken jutsu !)arious modern and traditional -ea%ons#2 and nin%o tactics and strategies !Ninjutsu#.• Theme of 9311 5 Taijutsu No focus -as announced for 2==32 though Hatsumi talked a"out & things -hich are im%ortant for a martial artist2 -hich may "e loosely considered to "e the yearly theme.n more ad)anced training2 uke -ill sometimes a%%ly re)ersal techniques !"#$ kaeshi-wa(a?# to regain "alance disa"le the #ori. 4ood ukemi in)ol)es a roll or "reakfall that is used to a)oid %ain or injury2 such as joint dislocations or thro-s. Cchools The Bujinkan organiEation incor%orates the teachings of nine martial arts lineages kno-n as (ry$ha)B[9+][9/] • • • • • • • • • Togakure5ry6 Nin%> Taijutsu !戸隠流忍法体術# 4yokko ry6 8osshi jutsu !玉虎流骨指術# 8uki Chinden Ry6 Ha%%> Bikenjutsu !九鬼神伝流八法秘剣術# 8oto Ry6 8o%%> jutsu !虎倒流骨法術# Chinden . &aken-tai jutsu utiliEes and teaches strikes2 kicks and "locks. Thro-s holds2 chokes2 locks of the joints are all techniques of taijutsu. (nce learned #aijutsu techniques can "e a%%lied to any situation2 armed or unarmed. .g.[91][93][2=] Roles of the Uke and the Tori Training is "ased %rimarily on t-o %artners %racticing %re5arranged forms ! wa(a# and then ad)ancing to unlimited )ariations of those forms !$Henka$#. #aijutsu is di)ided into su"systems2 daken5taijutsu or the way of attacking the bones and ju5taijutsu or the rela%ed body method. The first le)els of training such as lea%ing2 tum"ling2 %ro%er fall techniques2 "ody conditioning form the "asis for taijutsu2 these techniques are necessary in order to %rogress into other techniques such as the use of tools and -ea%ons.2 an eI%osed side#2 -hile #oriuses %osition and timing to kee% uke off5"alance and )ulnera"le.ll techniques in Bujinkan Taijutsu re)ol)e around getting the o%%onent off "alance -hile maintaining your o-n "alance."ilityGtalent# !okoro !Heart# "tsuwa !0a%acity# Coon after this theme as -as announced2 it -as %ro%osed "y Hatsumi that the second as%ect2 !okoro!Heart#2 "e re%laced "y #amashii !Coul#. This is achie)ed "y mo)ing the o%%onent %er%endicular to his or her -eak line2 the imaginary line dra-n "et-een the o%%onents heels. The Bujinkan does not adhere to any guideline or set of rules to limit action or techniques during training2 as such many of the sta%le res%onses of a student -ould "e ina%%ro%riate in most com%etitions.udo Ry6 akentai jutsu !神伝不動流打拳体術# Takagi 7oshin Ry6 ?6tai jutsu !高木揚心流柔体術# 4ikan Ry6 8o%%> jutsu !義鑑流骨法術# 4yokushin5ry6 Ry6 Nin%> !玉心流忍法# 8umogakure Ry6 Nin%> !雲隠流忍法# Training Bujinkan Bud> Taijutsu %ractice doesn't include %artici%ation in com%etitions or contests2 as the school's training aims to de)elo% the skills to %rotect ones self and others2 through the use of techniques -hich often focus on the disa"ling !"reaking# of the attacker's lim"s and -hich can also %otentially cause their death. "ke continuously seeks to regain "alance and co)er )ulnera"ilities !e. Thus learning to roll and "reak fall effecti)ely is key to safely training in Taijutsu. The "asic %attern is for the recei)er of the technique ! uke# to initiate an attack against the %erson -ho a%%lies the technique 5 the ! tori. Before recei)ing the 3th kyu2 the first rank2 a student must demonstrate the a"ility to smoothly roll in a )ariety of directions -ithout eI%osing the neck to injury. Taijutsu Taijutsu !"ody art2 "ody arts2 art of the "ody# is the system of unarmed defense. "kemi !%&?# refers to the act of recei)ing a technique.

Weapons Hea%ons use is among the 91 disci%lines taught in bujinkanB ">2 jo2 han"o2 yari2 naginata2 shuriken2 kusarigama2 kayaku !the use of firearms2 gun%o-der2 eI%losi)es and %yrotechnics. 4yokushin5ry6 is considered a style of koshijutsu.ighting .ss )oves. *ody + !ick . ?unan taiso is a form of conditioning and %re%aration for the "ody2 all major joints are rotated and stretched in a %ro%er manner -hile %ro%er "reathing and concentration are %racticed. *=15*9/.inja j$hakkei -as often studied along -ith *ugei '$happan !the $91 samurai fighting art skills$#.#ogakure-ry$ . Because of its nature2 any of the techniques can result in %ermanent and major injuries or e)en death.ccording to the Bujinkan martial arts organiEation2 4yokushin5ry6 -as founded in the mid59+th century "y Casaki 4oeman Teruyoshi2 -ho -as also then5s>ke of 4yokko Ryu2 -hich eI%lains similarities "et-een the t-o styles. 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%> is taught today in the BujinkanorganiEation.ccording to the Bugei Ryuha aijiten2 Fasaaki Hatsumi is the lineage holder of 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%>.injutsu 0idensho is a manuscri%t in the %ossession of Fasaaki Hatsumi that is said to document Togakure5ry6.[23] . 3. The Bugei Ryuha aijiten states that the 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%> -as transferred to Fasaaki Hatsumi in the middle of the 2=th 0entury "y his teacher Takamatsu Toshitsugu.ts most %rominent -ea%on is the lasso !nagena-a#. 2. . Fasaaki Hatsumi is the current and 29st s>ke. . The 91 disci%lines areB[&2] 1.[&=] #ogakure ryu . Nin%o "yokushin#ry$ %inp& Fasaaki Hatsumi demonstrating his techniques on the BB0 tele)ision %rogram)ind.lthough details of the ry6ha -as omitted2 the %u"lication states2 :even though they are not mentioned in this particular periodical. eishinteki ky2y2 !s%iritual refinement# #aijutsu !unarmed com"at# !enjutsu !s-ord techniques# *2jutsu !stick and staff techniques# 2jutsu !s%ear techniques# .[2&] !elf rotection This martial art is largely "ased on com"at2 it is used to %rotect oneself from attack and not for com%etition %ur%oses. The document is the %ur%orted origin of the $91 skills of Ninjutsu$2 ho-e)er there is some contro)ersy regarding the lineage of this claim as e)idenced "y the Bugei Ry6ha aijiten. < . The eIercises %romote relaIation2 "lood circulation2 muscle toning2 and fleIi"ility[22] and form a core %art of all training sessions. This source indicates that Hatsumi's Togakure5ryu $genealogy refers to various written records and oral transmissions and there are many points1places where embellishments have been added and people appearing in the genealogy are also made older than they actually are $. Cafety and care is al-ays taken seriously during training sessionsJ -hen %racticing techniques2 one must "e careful to not injure their Ake !%ractice %artner#. "yokushin#ry$ %inp& !$The ?e-eled Heart Cchool$# is taught -ithin the Bujinkan martial arts organiEation. .rts<#2 %.ccording to the Bujinkan2 4yokushin Ryu has sutemi wa(a techniques2 and is more focused on the art and techniques of es%ionage2 rather than fighting. .[&9]. Though some are used in the same -ay "y "oth samurai and ninja2 other techniques -ere used differently "y the t-o grou%s. [9=] .inja '$hakkei2 the eighteen disci%lines !j$hakkei / j$hachi-kei# -ere first stated in the scrolls of #ogakurery$ 戸隠流2 or $Cchool of the Hidden oor$2 allegedly founded during the (ho %eriod !99+9599+2# "y one 'aisuke %ishina !Togakure#2 -ho learned a life )ie.ccording to Bujinkan mem"ers .and techniques !ninjutsu# from 8agakure oshi.[2'][2*][2+][2/][21] .[23] Togakure#ry$ )ain article.n 91'& 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%> -as mentioned in the8akutogi no Rekishi !:The History of .mong the schools listed in this section -as 4yokushin5ry6 Nin%>. 5. there are several schools that are well-known for being ‘effective arts’ (jitsuryoku ha).# hysical conditioning ?unan taiso !junan meaning fleIi"le# is a yogic method of stretching and "reathing [29] "y -hich the Bujinkan %ractitioner may de)elo% and maintain good %hysical condition and -ell "eing. 4.

#enmon !meteorology# 18. stick fighting# techniques.6. .n the Bujinkan a %erson -ho holds the le)el of "et-een 1 dan and 9* dan is often referred to as a shihan.[citation needed] Aniforms and Rankings (yu le)els The Bujinkan >j> has a series of nine ky$ !grades# "elo. The term is also used in the martial art of aikido to distinguish the unarmed fighting techniques from other !e. 'an le)els There are fifteen dan grades in the Bujinkan although only ten are formally recognised. Anlike other ?a%anese martial arts2 such as karate and judo2 unranked !muky$# %ractitioners -ear -hite "elts2 kyu grade %ractitioners2 green "elts2 and those -ith ranks of sh2dan and a"o)e -ear "lack "elts. The %ractitioner's le)el is dis%layed "y the color of the art's em"lem2 called wappen !'()*#2 inscri"ed -ith the kanji $"u$!+# and $jin$ !神#. . This is the test for * dan.%ractitioners ha)e earned menkyo kaiden $licenses of com%lete transmission$ in indi)idual schools.4ntonjutsu !esca%ing and concealment# 17.*2ryaku !tactics# 15. . ui-ren !-ater training# 14. There are four kinds of wappen !3 to 9 ky$2 9 to ' dan2 * to 3 dan2 and 9= to 9* dan# sometimes augmented -ith u% to four sil)er2 gold or -hite stars !called hoshi# a"o)e or around the em"lem2 re%resenting the indi)idual ranks.the le)el of shodan2 starting -ith mukyu!$-ithout grade$# and then from kukyu !3 kyu# to ikkyu !9 kyu#2 -ith 3 kyu "eing the lo-est rank and 9 kyu "eing the highest. !ayakujutsu !%yrotechnics# 10.3h2h2 !es%ionage# 16. Hhereas the ky$1dan ranks are often made %u"lic2 those select %ractitioners -ho ha)e earned menkyo kaiden rarely di)ulge their status2 sometimes e)en "eing reluctant to recogniEe their actual dan ranking to outsiders.aginatajutsu !naginata techniques# 7. Historically2 the -ord taijutsu is often in ?a%an used interchangea"ly -ith jujutsu !as -ell as many other terms# to refer to a range of gra%%ling skills. The study of Tenchijin Ryaku No Faki !The arts of Hea)en Karth and Fan# forms the foundations of 3th 8yu to Chodan !9st an# and com%rises all the fundamental techniques required for ad)anced study after o"taining the Chodan rank. hinobi-iri !stealth and entering methods# 12. . .n ninjutsu2 es%ecially since the emergence of the Ninja mo)ie genre it -as used to a)oid the eI%licitly referring to $ninja$ com"at techniques.fter attaining the rank of ?udan !tenth an# the further fi)e grades u% to fifteenth dan consist of ad)anced study in indi)idual schools or Ryu5ha. . These menkyo kaiden essentially esta"lish that the master %ractitioner has learned all that there is to learn a"out the %articular lineage. . .t -as %re)iously stated that Ten Ryaku No Faki2 0hi Ryaku No Faki and ?in Ryaku No Faki are di)ided amongst the an grades "ut this -as incorrect.*ajutsu !horsemanshi%# 13. This is called sakki.n ?a%an2 it -as once customary for kyu5le)el men to -ear green "elts o)er a "lack gi and -omen to -ear red "elts o)er a %ur%le giJ ho-e)er2 this %ractice has largely "een a"andoned. No-2 "oth male and female Bujinkan %ractitioners -ear green "elts at most ?a%anese d>j>.n some dojos !y$ le)el %ractitioners 5 es%ecially in children's classes 5 -ear colored "elts2 though the actual color of the "elt )aries from %lace to %lace.n addition to the ky$1dan system2 a fe.0ens2jutsu !disguise and im%ersonation# 11. .3hi-mon !geogra%hy# The name of the disci%line of Taijutsu !体術?#2 literally means $"ody skill$ or $"ody art$. hurikenjutsu !thro-ing -ea%ons techniques# 9. shid2shi is entitled to o%en his o-n d2j22 and grade students u% to the le)el of ' dan. . . !usarigamajutsu !kusarigama techniques# 8. (utside of ?a%an2 some countries still follo. %ractitioner -ith the le)el of godan or a"o)e is entitled to a%%ly for a teaching license ! shid2shi menkyo#.g.the green for menGred for -omen custom2 -hile others use green for all %ractitioners. . %ractitioner -ith the le)el of "et-een 9 dan to ' dan may "ecome a licensed $assistant teacher$ ! shid2shi-ho#2 if "acked "y and acting under the su%er)ision of a shid2shi *th to 3thdan or a %erson -ho holds the le)el of 9= dan !j$dan#. .t ' dan !yondan#2 %ractitioners su"mit to a test "efore the s2ke to esta"lish that they are a"le to sense the %resence of danger and e)ade it2 considered to "e a fundamental sur)i)al skill.

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