DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONS MOBILE COMPUTING (MC1633) QUESTION BANK 1. Define SAMA. Spread Alo a M!

l"iple A##e$$ i$ a #o%&ina"ion of CDMA and TDMA. T e CDMA &e""er $!i"$ for #onne#"ion orien"ed $er'i#e$ onl( and no" for #onne#"ion le$$ &!r$"( da"a "raffi# &e#a!$e i" re)!ire$ "o pro*ra% &o" $ender and re#ei'er "o a##e$$ differen" !$er$ +i" differen" #ode$. ,. Define CDMA. Code Di'i$ion M!l"iple A##e$$ $($"e%$ !$e #ode$ +i" #er"ain # ara#"eri$"i#$ "o $epara"e differen" !$er$. To ena&le a##e$$ "o " e $ ared %edi!% +i" o!" in"erferen#e. T e !$er$ !$e " e $a%e fre)!en#( and "i%e "o "ran$%i" da"a. T e %ain pro&le% i$ "o find *ood #ode$ and "o $epara"e " i$ $i*nal fro% noi$e. T e *ood #ode #an &e fo!nd " e follo+in* , # ara#"eri$"i# 1.Or" o*onal. ,.A!"oCorrela"ion. -... a" are " e $e'eral 'er$ion$ in CSMA/ T ere are $e'eral 'er$ion$ in CSMA0 " e( are a$ follo+$ a1 non2per$i$"en" CSMA &1 p2per$i$"en" CSMA #1 12per$i$"en" CSMA 3.. a" i$ %ean" &( non2per$i$"en" CSMA/ In0 non2per$i$"en" CSMA0 $"a"ion$ $en$e " e #arrier and $"ar" $endin* i%%edia"el( if " e %edi!% i$ idle.0 if " e %edi!% i$ &!$(0 " e $"a"ion pa!$e$ a rando% a%o!n" of "i%e &efore $en$in* " e %edi!% a*ain and repea"in* " i$ pa""ern.

4.. a" i$ %ean" &( p2per$i$"en" CSMA/ In p2per$i$"en" CSMA $($"e% node$ al$o $en$e " e %edi!%0 &!" onl( "ran$%i" +i" a pro&a&ili"( of p. .i" " e $"a"ion deferrin* "o " e ne5" $lo" +i" " e pro&a&ili"( 12p0 i.e. a##e$$ i$ $lo""ed in addi"ion. 6. . a" i$ SDMA/ Spa#e Di'i$ion M!l"iple A##e$$ 7SDMA1 i$ !$ed for allo#a"in* $epara"ed $pa#e$ "o !$er$ in +irele$$ ne"+or8$. T e &a$i$ for " e SDMA al*ori" % i$ for%ed &( #ell$ and $e#"ori9ed an"enna$ + i# #on$"i"!"e " e infra$"r!#"!re i%ple%en"in* $pa#e di'i$ion %!l"iple5in* 7SDM1 :. . a" i$ FDD/ In FDMA0 " e &a$e $"a"ion and " e %o&ile $"a"ion e$"a&li$ a d!ple5 # annel. T e "+o dire#"ion$0 %o&ile $"a"ion "o &a$e $"a"ion and 'i#e 'er$a are $epara"ed !$in* differen" fre)!en#ie$. T i$ S# e%e i$ #alled Fre)!en#( Di'i$ion D!ple5 7FDD1 ;. . a" are " e , $!& la(er$ in DLC/ Lo*i#al Lin8 Con"rol7LLC1 Media A##e$$ Con"rol7MAC1 <1 . a" i$ E=2NMPA/ Eli%ina"ion (ield >Non Pre2e%p"i'e M!l"iple A##e$$ 7E=2NMPA1 i$ a $# e%e + i# !$e$ $e'eral p a$e$ "o $en$e " e %edi!%. a##e$$ " e %edi!% and for #on"en"ion re$ol!"ion.. Priori"( $# e%e$ #an al$o &e in#l!ded. T i$ i$ a#"!all( !$ed in ?IPERLAN1 $pe#ifi#a"ion. 1@1 . a" do (o! %ean &( Pollin*/ Pollin* i$ a $"ri#"l( #en"rali9ed $# e%e +i" one %a$"er and $e'eral $la'e $"a"ion$. T e %a$"er #an #olle#" " e li$" of $"a"ion$ d!rin* " e

#on"en"ion p a$e and #an poll " e$e $la'e$ a##ordin* "o %an( $# e%e$ li8e ro!nd ro&in0 rando% a##e$$0 re$er'a"ion $# e%e e"#. 111 . a" are " e fo!r "(pe$ of ando'er a'aila&le in ASM/ 1.In"ra ,.In"er -.In"er 3.In"er #ell ?ando'er #ell In"ra BSC ?ando'er BSC In"ra MSC ando'er MSC ?ando'er

1,1 . a" i$ TETRA/ TETRA 7Terre$"rial Tr!n8ed Radio1 $($"e%$ !$e differen" radio #arrier fre)!en#ie$0 &!" " e( a$$i*n a $pe#ifi# #arrier fre)!en#ie$ for a $ or" period of "i%e a##ordin* "o de%and. TETRAB$ are i* l( relia&le and e5"re%el( # eap. 1-1 + a" are " e #a"e*orie$ of Mo&ile $er'i#e$/ C Bearer $er'i#e$ C Tele $er'i#e$ C S!pple%en"ar( $er'i#e$ 131 . a" are " e $er'i#e$ pro'ided &( $!pple%en"ar( $er'i#e$/ C C C C C U$er iden"ifi#a"ion Call redire#"ion Call for+ardin* Clo$ed !$er *ro!p$ M!l"ipar"( Co%%!ni#a"ion

141 . a" are "(pe$ of ?ando'er/ In"ra2#ell ando'er In"er2#ell 0in"ra2 BSC ando'er In"er2BSC0 in"ra2MSC ando'er In"er MSC ando'er 16.. a" i$ %ean" &( APRS/ T e Aeneral Pa#8e" Radio Ser'i#e pro'ide$ pa#8e" %ode "ran$fer for appli#a"ion$ " a" e5 i&i" "raffi# pa""ern$ $!# a$ fre)!en" "ran$%i$$ion of $%all

'ol!%e$. 1:1 . a" are $!&$($"e%$ in ASM $($"e%/ C Radio $!&$($"e%7RSS1 C Ne"+or8 D S+i"# in* $!&$($"e%7NSS1 C Opera"ion $!&$($"e%7OSS1 1;1 . a" are " e infor%a"ion in SIM/ C C C C #ard "(pe0 $erial no0 li$" of $!&$#ri&ed $er'i#e$ Per$onal Iden"i"( N!%&er7PIN1 Pin Unlo#8in* Ke(7PUK1 An A!" en"i#a"ion Ke(7KI1

1<1 Define Nor%al B!r$"/ T e fra%e !$ed for nor%al da"a "ran$%i$$ion +i" in a "i%e $lo" i$ #alled Nor%al B!r$". ,@1 . a" are " e lo*i#al # annel$ in ASM/ C Traffi# # annel7TC?1 C Con"rol # annel7CC?1 ,-1 . a" i$ " e f!n#"ion of Medi!% A##e$$ Con"rol La(er/ T e f!n#"ion$ of Medi!% A##e$$ Con"rol La(er i$ re$pon$i&le for e$"a&li$ e$0 %ain"ain$0 and relea$e$ # annel$ for i* er la(er$ &( a#"i'a"in* and dea#"i'a"in* p ($i#al # annel$. ,31 . a" i$ %ean" &( AEO/ AEO %ean$ Aeo$"a"ionar( or Aeo$(n# rono!$ ear" or&i". AEO $a"elli"e$ a'e a di$"an#e of al%o$" -6@@@ 8% "o " e ear" . E5a%ple$ are al%o$" all TE and radio &road#a$" $a"elli"e$0 %an( +ea" er $a"elli"e$ and $a"elli"e$ opera"in* a$ &a#8&one for " e "elep one ne"+or8. ,41 + a" are " e ad'an"a*e$ of AEO/

T ree AEO $a"elli"e$ are eno!* for a #o%ple"e #o'era*e of al%o$" an( $po" on ear" 0 $ender$ and re#ei'er$ #an !$e fi5ed an"enna$ po$i"ion$0 no adF!$"in* i$ needed. T erefore AEOB$ are ideal for T.E and radio &road#a$"in*. ,61. a" i$ ?ando'er/ T e $a"elli"e i$ " e &a$e $"a"ion in $a"elli"e #o%%!ni#a"ion $($"e%$ and " a" i" $elf i$ %o'in*. So0 addi"ional in$"an#e of ando'er are ne#e$$ar( d!e "o " e %o'e%en" of " e $a"elli"e 1.In"ra Sa"elli"e ando'erG ,.In"er Sa"elli"e ando'er. -.Aa"e+a( ando'er. 3.In"er S($"e% ando'er. ,:1 . a" are " e re*i$"er$ %ain"ained &( " e *a"e+a( of $a"elli"e/ 1.?o%e Lo#a"ion Re*i$"er7?LR1. ,.Ei$i"or Lo#a"ion Re*i$"er7ELR1. -.Sa"elli"e U$er Mappin* Re*i$"er7SUMR1. ,;1Ad'an"a*e$ of MEO U$in* Or&i"$ aro!nd 1@0@@@K%0 " e $($"e% onl( re)!ire$ a do9en $a"elli"e$ + i# i$ %ore " an " e AEO $($"e%0 &!" %!# le$$ " an a LEO $($"e%. F!r" er %ore " e$e $a"elli"e$ %o'e $lo+er rela"i'e "o " e ear" B$ ro"a"ion allo+in* a $i%pler $($"e% de$i*n. Dependin* on " e in#lina"ion a MEO #an #o'er lar*er pop!la"ion$0 " !$ re)!irin* le$$ ando'er$. ,<1 Appli#a"ion$ of Sa"elli"e / Sa"elli"e$ #an &e !$ed in " e Follo+in* Area$ C .ea" er Fore#a$"in* C Radio and TE &road#a$" Sa"elli"e$ C Mili"ar( Sa"elli"e$

C Sa"elli"e$ for Na'i*a"ion -@1 . a" are " e appli#a"ion$ in $a"elli"e$/ C C C C C .ea" er fore#a$"in* $a"elli"e$ Radio D TE &road#a$" $a"elli"e$ Mili"ar( $a"elli"e$ Sa"elli"e$ for na'i*a"ion Mo&ile #o%%!ni#a"ion

-11 . a" are " e ad'an"a*e$ of LEO/ C C C C Da"a ra"e i$ ,3@@ &i"H$ Pa#8e" dela( i$ rela"i'el( lo+ S%aller foo"prin"$ of LEO allo+$ fre)!en#( re!$e Pro'ide i* ele'a"ion$

-,1 Define " e in#lina"ion an*le and peri*ee. T e in#lina"ion an*le i$ defined a$ " e an*le &e"+een " e e)!a"orial plane and " e plane de$#ri&ed &( " e $a"elli"e or&i". An in#lina"ion an*le of @ de*ree$ %ean$ " a" " e $a"elli"e i$ e5a#"l( a&o'e " e e)!a"or. If " e $a"elli"e doe$ no" a'e a #ir#!lar or&i"0 " e #lo$e$" poin" "o " e ear" i$ #alled " e peri*ee. --1 Define " e ele'a"ion an*le and foo"prin". T e ele'a"ion an*le i$ defined a$ " e an*le &e"+een " e #en"re of $a"elli"e &ea% and " e plane "an*en"ial "o " e ear" B$ $!rfa#e. T e foo"2prin" #an &e defined a$ " e area on ear" + ere " e $i*nal$ of " e $a"elli"e #an &e re#ei'ed. -31 Define ?eader #ore. Se'en &("e$ field #on"ain$ " e $i9e$ of " e eader and " e &od(0 " e #on"en" "(pe of " e o&Fe#". Dependin* on " i$ eader infor%a"ion0 " e re#ei'er %a( de#ide if i" a$ eno!* re$o!r#e$7%e%or(0 #p!0 po+er0 di$pla( e"#1 a'aila&le "o de#ode and f!r" er pro#e$$ " e o&Fe#". -41 . a" i$ MSC/

Main Ser'i#e C annel7MSC1 #arrie$ all !$er da"a. e*. a!dio0 %!l"i%edia da"a. -61 . a" i$ FIC/ T e Fa$" Infor%a"ion C annel7FIC1 #on"ain$ Fa$" Infor%a"ion Blo#87FIB1 +i" ,46&i"$ ea# 716 &i" # e#8$!%1. An FIC #arrie$ all #on"rol infor%a"ion + i# i$ re)!ired for in"erpre"in* " e #onfi*!ra"ion and #on"en" of " e MSC. -:1 . a" are " e differen" "(pe$ of di$8/ C A fla" di$8$ C S8e+ed di$8$ C M!l"i di$8$ -;1 . a" are " e *oal$ of DEB/ T e *oal of DEB i$ "o in"rod!#e di*i"al TE &road#a$"in* !$in* $a"elli"e "ran$%i$$ion 7DEB241 #a&le "e# nolo*( 7DEB2#1 and "erre$"rial "ran$%i$$ion 7DEB2:1. -<1 Na%e $o%e of " e for%a"$ $!ppor"ed &( MOT/. I M!l"i%edia and ?(per%edia infor%a"ion #odin* e5per"$ *ro!p7M?EA1 I Join p o"o*rap B $ e5per"$ *ro!p7JPEA1 I A%eri#an $"andard #ode for infor%a"ion in"er# an*e7ASCII1 I Mo'in* pi#"!re$ e5per" *ro!p7MPEA1 I ?(per"e5" %ar8!p lan*!a*e7?TML1 I ?(per"e5" "ran$fer pro"o#ol7?TTP1 I Bi"%ap7BMP1 I Arap i#$ in"er# an*e for%a"7AIF1 3@1 Ai'e $"r!#"!re MOT o&Fe#". :&("e$ 'aria&le $i9e 'aria&le $i9e ?eader #ore ?eader E5"en$ion Bod( ?eader #ore G #on"ain " e $i9e of " e eader and &od( and " e #on"en" "(pe of " e o&Fe#". ?eader E5"en$ion G #on"ain$ addi"ional o&Fe#" andlin* da"a $!# a$ repe"i"ion di$"an#e "o

$!ppor" #a# in*0 $e*%en"a"ion infor%a"ion and priori"( of " e da"a. Bod( G #on"ain$ ar&i"rar( da"a "o &e "ran$%i""ed. 311. a" are differen" in"erlea'in* and repe"i"ion $# e%e$ applied &( DAB "o o&Fe#"$ and $e*%en"$/ 1.O&Fe#" Repe"i"ion. ,.In"erlea'ed O&Fe#"$. -.Se*%en" repe"i"ion. 3.?eader repe"i"ion. 3,1 . a" are " e ad'an"a*e$ of DAB/ 1.DAB #an offer $o!nd in CD li8e )!ali"(. ,.DAB #an !$e $in*le fre)!en#( ne"+or8 + ere all $ender$ "ran$%i""in* " e $a%e radio pro*ra% #an opera"e a" " e $a%e fre)!en#(. -.DAB !$e E?F and U?F fre)!en#( &and$. 3.DAB !$e$ DQPSK %od!la"ion $# e%e. 4.DAB !$er COFDM and FEC. 6.DAB #an "ran$%i" !p "o $i5 $"ereo a!dio pro*ra%%e$ +i" a da"a ra"e of 1<,8&i"H$ ea# . 3-1 . a" i$ o&Fe#" repe"i"ion/ DAB #an repea" o&Fe#"$ $e'eral "i%e$. If an o&Fe#" A #on$i$"$ of fo!r $e*%en"$7A10A,0A-0A31 a $in*le repe"i"ion pa""ern +o!ld &e A1A,A-A3A1A,A-A3A1A,A-A3KK.. 331 . a" i$ EIT/ E'en" Infor%a"ion Ta&le7EIT1 #on"ain$ $"a"!$ infor%a"ion a&o!" " e #!rren" "ran$%i$$ion and $o%e addi"ional infor%a"ion for $e"2"op &o5e$. 341 . a" are " e $er'i#e infor%a"ion $en" &( DEB/ Di*i"al Eideo Broad#a$" Con"ainer$ are &a$i#all( MPEA2, fra%e$. DEB $end$ $er'i#e infor%a"ion. T e$e infor%a"ion are0 1.Ne"+or8 infor%a"ion "a&le7NIT1. ,.Ser'i#e De$#rip"ion Ta&le7SDT1. -.E'en" Infor%a"ion Ta&le7EIT1.

3.Ti%e and Da"e Ta&le7TDT1 361 . a" are " e ad'an"a*e$ of DEB/ 1.Da"a ra"e$ planned for !$er$ are 62-;%&i"H$ for " e do+nlin8 and --21@@8&i"H$ for " e !plin8. ,.Tran$%i""ed alon* +i" TE pro*ra%%e$ and doe$nB " re)!ire addi"ional line$ or ard+are per #!$"o%er. -.Can &e !$ed in re%o"e area$ and de'elopin* #o!n"rie$ + ere " ere i$ no i* &and +id" +ired ne"+or8. 3:1 + a" i$ %ean" &( &ea#on/ A &ea#on #on"ain$ a "i%e$"a%p and o" er %ana*e%en" infor%a"ion !$ed for po+er %ana*e%en" and roa%in*. e.*.0 iden"ifi#a"ion of " e &a$e $"a"ion $!&$($"e%7BSS1 3;1 . a" i$ A#"i'e $#annin*/ A#"i'e $#annin* #o%pri$e$ $endin* a pro&e on ea# # annel and +ai"in* for re$pon$e. Bea#on and Pro&e re$pon$e #on"ain " e infor%a"ion ne#e$$ar( "o Foin " e ne+ BSS. 3<1 . a" i$ Pa$$i'e S#annin*/ Pa$$i'e S#annin* Si%pl( %ean$ li$"enin* in"o " e %edi!% "o find o" er ne"+or8$0 i.e. re#ei'in* " e &ea#on of ano" er ne"+or8 i$$!ed &( " e $(n# roni9a"ion f!n#"ion +i" in an a##e$$ poin" 4@1 + a" i$ " e pri%ar( *oal of IEE ;@,.11/ T e pri%ar( *oal of " e $"andard +a$ " e $pe#ifi#a"ion of a $i%ple0 ro&!$"0 .LAN + i# offer$ "i%e &o!nded and a$(n# rono!$ $er'i#e$ al$o i" $ o!ld &e a&le "o opera"e +i" %!l"iple p ($i#al la(er$.

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