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:

: . . .
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2,5

24 2009

,
, 12,00m, HEB550, 6,0m,
1. 2,0kN/m2 3,0kN/m2.
, 2 L200.100.14, 400mm,
,
650 22 8.8
180mm 400mm ( 2).
S355.
:
1) ,
.
2) -
.
3) .

,
, 3,
240. UPN
. 240,
20
8.8. :
4) . ,
. L,
maxM=qL2/8 R=10/8qL.
5) - ( ).
, (170mm) .
6) .
,
.

1:

2:

3:

4:

2009

: 6,0m
: 6,0m2,0kN/m2=12kN/m
: 6,0m3,0kN/m2=18kN/m
: 1,3512kN/m+1,5018kN/m=43,20kN/m
maxM=qL2/8=43,20kN/m(12,0m)2/8=777,6kNm=77760kNcm
maxV= qL/2=43,20kN/m12,0m/2=259,20kN
1.


fy
35,5kN / cm 2
Vc ,Rd = Vpl,Rd = A vz
= 88,72cm 2
= 1818,40kN >VEd=259,20kN ()
3 0
3 1,00

HE550, :
Iz=13080cm4 w =8856000cm6
L=1200cm
Wpl,y=5591cm3 I=600,3cm4
:
G=8077kN/cm2
k=kw=1,00
(
C1=1,132, C2 =0,459, C3 =0,525
)
( )
z=550mm/2=275mm=27,5cm
(.=..)
zs=0
( )
zj=0
zg=z-zs =27,5cm
:
0 ,5

2 z k I w (kL T ) 2 GI T

2
Mcr = C1
+
+ (C 2 z g C 3 z j ) (C 2 z g C 3 z j ) =

(kL T ) 2 k w I z
2 z

2 21000
= 1,132

kN

13080 cm 4
cm 2

(1,0 1200 cm) 2

0 ,5

kN

2
4

(
1
,
0

1200
cm
)

8077

600
,
3
cm
2
6

2
1,0 8856000 cm

2
cm
(0,459 27 ,5) =

+
+ (0,459 27 ,5)

4
kN
1
,
0

13080 cm

2 21000
13080 cm 4

cm

=97581,50kNcm
:
Wpl,y f y
5591cm 3 35,5kN / cm 2
=
= 1,43 >0,20,
LT =
M cr
97581,50kNcm
h/b=550/300=1,83<2, a, LT=0,405.
() :
fy
35,5kN / cm 2
Mb,Rd = LT Wpl,y
= 0,405 5591cm 3
= 80384 ,60kNcm >MEd=77760kNcm ()
M1
1,0

: . . .
-1
. . . . . .



2.

2009

:
Af
0,60 3,80cm 2 80kN / cm 2
Fv ,Rd = n v ub m Fv ,Rd = 1
m = 145,9 m > 259,20kN
1,25
M2
259,20kN
= 1,78
145,9
222 ( 8.8).
m=


mine1 = 1,2do =1,224mm=28,8 mm
minp1 = 2,2do= 2,224mm=52,8 mm
mine2 = 1,2do =1,224mm=28,8 mm

maxe1 = 40mm+4t = 40+414mm=96mm
maxp1 = min(14t;200mm)=min(1414,0mm;200mm)=min(196mm;200mm)=196mm
maxe2 = 40mm+4t = 40+414mm=96mm
:
28,8 mm < e1=70mm < 96mm
52,8 mm < p1=130mm < 196mm
28,8 mm < e2=37,5mm < 96mm
6 .

:
70mm
e

p
130mm
1 80kN / cm 2
1 f
;
;
;1 = {0,97;1,55;1,57;1}=0,97
=min 1 ; 1 ; ub ;1 =min
3 24mm 3 24mm 4 51kN / cm 2
3d o 3d o 4 fu

e
37,5mm

1,7;2,5 = min{2,68;2,5}=2,50
k1=min 2,8 2 1,7;2,5 =min 2,8
d
24
mm

Fb,Rd = n

k 1 fu dt min
2,50 0,97 51kN / cm 2 2,2cm 1,4 cm
=6
=1828,42kN>259,20kN ()
1,25
M2

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-2
. . . . . .



3.

2009

: e x =

2 18cm 9cm
= 4,26cm
40cm + 2 18cm

t (40cm) 3
+ 2 18cm t (20cm) 2 = 19733t(cm 4 )
12
2 t (18cm) 3
Iz =
+ 40cm t (4 ,26cm) 2 + 2 18cm t (9cm 4 ,26cm) 2 = 2506,7 t(cm 4 )
12
Iy =

I p = I y + I z = 19733t + 2506,7 t = 22239,7t(cm 4 )


: =(40+218)t=76t(cm2)
: Ed,b=1/2VEds=1/2259,20(20-4,26)=2039,9kNcm
s .
:
M w ,Ed
2039,9kNcm
1,83
Ed,y =
z max =
20cm =
kN / cm 2
4
Ip
t
22239,7 t(cm )
Ed,z =

M w ,Ed
Ip

y max +

VEd
2039,9kNcm
259,20kN 4,67
(18 4,26)cm +
=
kN / cm 2
=
4
2
A
t
22239,7 t(cm )
76 t(cm )

:
Ed = ( Ed,x ) 2 + ( Ed,y ) 2 f vw.d =

fu
3 M2 w

1,83 2 + 4 ,67 2
5,01
51,0kN / cm 2
kN / cm 2 =
kN / cm 2
= 26,17kN / cm 2 t 0,19cm = 1,9mm
t
t
3 1,25 0,90
t=3mm < 0,7tmin=0,714mm=9,8mm

4.


maxM=qL2/8=43,20kN/m(6,0m)2/8=194,40Nm=19440kNcm
maxR=10qL/8=324kN

240 :
Wpl,y=1053cm3 I=102,7cm4
Iz=3923cm4
w =486900cm6 L=600cm
,
C1, C2, C3 :
C1=1,0, C2 =0, C3 =1,0
z=-240mm/2=-120mm=-12cm
zg=z-zs=-12cm
.
:
0 ,5

2 z k I w (kL T ) 2 GI T

+
+ (C 2 z g C 3 z j ) (C 2 z g C 3 z j ) =
Mcr = C1
2
2 k I

(kL T ) w z
z

0 ,5
kN
4
kN

2
4
3923
cm

2 21000
2
(
1
,
0
600
cm
)
8077
102
,
7
cm

1,0 486900 cm6


cm 2
cm2
= 1,0

+
=
4
2
kN
4
(1,0 600 cm)

1,0 3923cm
2 21000
3923
cm

cm2
=50066,30kNcm

: . . .
-3
. . . . . .



:
Wpl,y f y
1053cm 3 35,5kN / cm 2
LT =
=
= 0,86 >0,20,
M cr
50066 ,30kNcm

2009

h/b=240/240=1,00<2, a, LT=0,76.
() :
fy
35,5kN / cm 2
Mb,Rd = LT Wpl,y
= 0,76 1053cm 3
= 28409,94kNcm >MEd=19440kNcm
M1
1,0

5.

:
.
C1, C2 C3 .
.

m=(130-10)/2-0,8r=50-0,821=43,20mm
n=min{emin ; 1,25m}=min{55mm; 1,2543,20mm}=54mm
2

Mpl,2,Rd=Mpl,1,Rd= 0,25l eff ,1 t f f y / M0 = 0,25 17,0cm (1,7cm) 2

35,5kN / cm 2
= 436,0kNcm
1,00


k A f
0,90 2,45 80kN / cm 2
= 564 ,50kN NEd = 324kN
Ft ,Rd = m 2 s ub = 4
1,25
M2

4Mpl,1,Rd
4 436kNcm
FT ,1,Rd =
=
= 403,7kN > NEd = 324kN
m
4 ,32cm

2M pl,2,Rd + n Ft ,Rd
2 436kNcm + 5,4 cm 564 ,50kN
=
FT ,2 ,Rd =
= 403,3kN > N Ed = 324kN
m+n
4 ,32cm + 5,4 cm

FT ,3,Rd = Ft ,Rd = 564 ,50kN NEd = 324kN
6.

,
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-4
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