U.S.

Metro Economies
Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with
Metro Employment Projections

Including International and
State Comparisons
November 2013

Prepared for:

The United States Conference of Mayors
and the Council on Metro Economies and
the New American City
Prepared by:

The United States Conference of Mayors

The United States
Conference of Mayors
Scott Smith
Mayor of Mesa
President

Kevin Johnson
Mayor of Sacramento
Vice President

Stephanie Rawlings-Blake
Mayor of Baltimore
Second Vice President

Michael B. Coleman
Mayor of Columbus
Chair, Council on Metro
Economies and the New
American City

Tom Cochran
CEO and Executive Director

Published by IHS Global Insight (USA), Inc.
Executive and Editorial Offices: 24 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421-3158
© 2013 by IHS Global Insight (USA), Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved.

Printed on Recycled Paper.

d o y o u r part! pleas e recy cl e !

U.S. Metro Economies
Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with
Metro Employment Projections

Including International and
State Comparisons
November 2013

Prepared for:

The United States Conference of Mayors
and the Council on Metro Economies and
the New American City
Prepared by:

The United States Conference of Mayors

METROPOLITAN ECONOMIES AND GROSS METRO PRODUCT
U.S. metropolitan areas are the engines of domestic output and titans of the global
economy. The combined annual gross product of the 10 largest metro areas is greater than
the combined GDP of our 36 least-producing states. The colossal economies of New York
and Los Angeles both produce more than 46 of our states – surpassed only by Florida,
Texas, California and New York. Our metro economies are equally imposing on an
international level: New York, Los Angeles and Chicago – the three largest - produce more
annually than countries such as Sweden, Norway, Poland, Belgium, Argentina and Taiwan.
New York ranks as the 13th largest economy in the world, ahead of Spain, Mexico and South
Korea, which all have GDPs in excess of $1 trillion. Houston ranks 30th and Dallas 32nd, while
Philadelphia, San Francisco and Boston are 40th, 41st and 42nd. Simply put, of the 100
largest economies in the world, 36 of them belong to metropolitan areas of the United
States.
In 2012, total real gross metropolitan product, ("GMP"), grew by 2.5%, expanding in 290
metros, up from 265 in 2011. The metropolitan areas of the Midwest comprised almost half
of the 10 fastest growing metros; Elkhart-Goshen, IN; Columbus, IN; Kokomo, IN; and St.
Joseph, MO, each saw GMP increase by more than 7%. This area of the Midwest is reaping
the benefits of a rebounding manufacturing industry, particularly automakers – new car
registration increased 13.1% to over 14 million in 2012, the highest level observed since
2007. The perpetually booming state of Texas was also well represented on the top ten list;
Midland finished first (14.4% growth), and Odessa (14.1%) and Victoria (8.7%) rounded
out the top ten, and Austin (6.5%) was ranked 11th. Texas was fueled by the surging energy
markets – the average daily oil production in Texas skyrocketed 37.1%.
IHS anticipates the nation's real GDP will expand by 1.7% in 2013, while the GMP growth of
our 363 metros will be slightly less at 1.6% as 244 of the metro areas see positive real GMP
growth. Energy will continue to fuel economic gains, and the metros of Texas will again top
the list of fastest growers; this year they will be joined by Fargo and Bismarck, ND both of
which are benefitting from booming growth around the Bakken Shale play. Those metros
will both see real GMP growth above 5%. Metros in the housing bubble states of California,
Arizona, and Florida will comprise 9 of the top 50 fastest growers – in particular, San
Francisco and San Jose, CA and Tampa, Jacksonville, and Sebastian, FL will all see output
jump by more than 3% this year. Amongst our largest metros, New York and Los Angeles
will see real GMP increase by more than $23.5 billion (2%) and $15.1 billion (2.3%) while
Chicago will see a jump of $6.3 billion (1.3%). Overall, 68 metros will grow by more than
2%, and 161 will increase their output by 1% or more. However, 93 metropolitan areas will
see growth of 1% or less and another 119 are on pace to see real gross metro product
plateau or decline.
Metropolitan areas play a critical role in our nation’s economy and ongoing recovery. In
2012, 92.3% of the jobs added, 89.2% of growth in in real GDP, and virtually all of our
nation’s population gains occurred in metro areas. In 2013, the nation’s metropolitan areas
will contain 86% of total U.S. non-farm employment, 90% of real GDP and 85.7% of our
country’s population. The impact of sequestration, the federal shutdown, and tepid
1

economic growth in Europe has hindered the U.S. economy this year; employment will grow
only 1.5%, real gross product will expand by 1.7% and real income will rise by 1.4% - with
metropolitan areas again providing the vast majority of that growth. In 2014, however,
once the restraints of the government shutdown and sequestration are removed, IHS
anticipates improvements across each of these indicators as metro economies spearhead
economic progress. However, our nation’s recovery is fragile and unemployment remains
elevated. The US economy cannot afford to be stifled or endangered by avoidable, selfmanufactured crises similar to that to which it was exposed to in October.

2

Appendix Tables

IHS Global Insight

Table of Contents
GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT
Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas .......................................... 1
Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP) ........................... 9
Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas and
Gross State Product of U.S. States ...................................................... 23
Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2012
Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States................... 33
Table 5: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product ................... 35
Table 6: Real GMP Growth Rates (Annual Average Percent Change) ........................ 47
Table 7: Total Non-Farm Employment Growth Rates (Annual Percent Change) ......... 55

IHS Global Insight

Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
(US$, Billions)
Rank 2011

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Pittsburgh, PA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO-KS
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Columbus, OH
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Salt Lake City, UT
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA

1

2011

2012

2013

2014

1294.2
732.2
548.5
437.2
425.5
397.0
352.3
331.0
323.3
282.0
260.7
243.8
207.0
199.6
192.3
169.9
167.8
161.8
149.8
138.5
132.5
119.3
117.4
114.4
110.3
109.1
108.1
107.2
103.8
101.5
95.3
92.9
92.6
91.5
87.3
87.2
84.9
84.7
82.1
79.2
74.3
70.9
67.3

1335.1
765.7
571.0
446.9
449.7
418.6
364.0
360.4
336.2
294.0
274.1
258.8
218.5
208.4
201.7
177.4
173.9
167.9
157.3
147.0
136.9
123.6
125.2
119.9
114.0
113.8
111.6
112.8
108.4
106.1
99.7
97.6
95.6
98.7
88.7
92.0
91.1
86.3
85.2
80.7
80.2
74.8
69.5

1379.7
792.4
585.9
455.8
463.7
436.4
373.9
377.2
346.4
304.9
283.4
268.5
228.0
211.0
210.1
182.6
181.2
173.3
162.1
152.6
141.8
126.5
130.5
125.5
115.7
116.6
112.7
116.1
111.2
109.8
102.1
100.3
98.4
103.2
90.4
94.1
95.5
88.4
87.2
82.0
83.0
77.5
71.2

1431.3
827.6
610.4
477.5
488.7
460.9
388.4
395.4
361.4
320.9
296.1
281.0
237.7
218.7
221.0
191.7
191.0
182.2
168.7
160.9
147.1
131.5
137.0
131.5
121.4
121.7
116.1
120.9
115.7
115.6
106.7
105.1
103.3
109.3
94.1
99.0
100.3
92.4
90.2
85.0
86.2
81.5
73.9

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Richmond, VA
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Oklahoma City, OK
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Honolulu, HI
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Tulsa, OK
Rochester, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
New Haven-Milford, CT
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Albuquerque, NM
Madison, WI
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Dayton, OH
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Columbia, SC
Tucson, AZ
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Knoxville, TN
Fresno, CA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Worcester, MA
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
El Paso, TX
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Wichita, KS
Toledo, OH
Akron, OH
Anchorage, AK
Syracuse, NY
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Colorado Springs, CO
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Jackson, MS
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Lexington-Fayette, KY

2

66.6
64.3
61.5
60.3
59.8
59.0
55.9
54.4
50.0
47.3
45.9
45.8
45.6
41.0
40.0
39.4
38.3
38.0
37.9
36.8
35.3
34.3
33.6
33.3
32.6
32.4
32.3
31.4
31.2
30.7
29.7
29.7
29.0
28.8
28.6
28.4
28.3
27.9
27.7
27.5
27.2
27.1
26.5
26.4
24.9
23.9
23.4

70.0
66.7
63.3
63.8
62.3
61.4
59.0
56.6
51.9
47.9
46.9
47.1
47.7
42.5
42.1
40.1
39.1
39.7
38.8
38.0
36.9
34.7
34.4
35.3
34.3
33.4
34.3
32.4
31.9
32.0
30.5
31.0
29.6
30.0
29.4
29.8
29.5
28.6
28.5
28.4
28.0
28.4
27.5
26.9
25.7
24.5
23.9

71.7
68.3
64.3
66.5
65.1
63.2
60.5
57.6
53.1
48.2
47.0
47.2
49.1
42.6
43.9
40.2
39.7
41.5
39.6
39.2
37.9
34.8
35.1
36.8
35.6
34.0
35.2
33.4
32.4
33.0
31.1
31.8
29.8
30.7
29.6
30.4
30.2
29.0
28.7
29.3
28.6
30.0
28.2
27.2
26.4
25.0
24.7

74.4
71.2
66.9
69.4
68.2
66.8
62.8
59.7
55.8
50.3
48.4
48.5
51.1
43.9
45.7
41.8
41.5
43.8
41.5
40.9
39.5
35.9
36.5
38.6
37.3
35.5
37.0
34.8
33.9
34.3
32.2
33.4
31.2
31.8
30.8
31.5
31.1
29.6
29.5
30.8
29.9
31.1
29.5
28.2
27.5
26.1
25.9

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137

Springfield, MA
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Winston-Salem, NC
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Huntsville, AL
Corpus Christi, TX
Lancaster, PA
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Stockton, CA
Peoria, IL
Boulder, CO
Lafayette, LA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Ann Arbor, MI
Spokane, WA
Fayetteville, NC
Fort Wayne, IN
Evansville, IN-KY
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Salinas, CA
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Mobile, AL
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Provo-Orem, UT
Sioux Falls, SD
York-Hanover, PA
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Modesto, CA
Springfield, MO
Green Bay, WI
Montgomery, AL
Lincoln, NE
Charleston, WV
Wilmington, NC
Reading, PA

3

23.2
22.8
22.5
22.5
22.1
21.5
21.4
21.4
20.3
20.2
20.1
20.1
20.1
20.1
20.1
20.0
20.0
19.7
19.5
19.3
19.2
19.0
19.0
18.7
18.6
18.4
18.2
18.0
17.9
17.9
17.3
17.2
16.8
16.7
16.4
16.1
16.0
15.5
15.5
15.5
15.4
15.3
15.3
15.2
15.2
15.1
14.8

24.2
23.3
23.3
23.0
22.2
19.2
22.4
21.7
21.9
21.0
20.9
20.3
20.5
20.7
20.9
20.4
20.5
20.4
21.3
20.3
17.7
19.4
19.9
19.3
19.3
18.7
19.0
18.0
18.6
18.1
17.8
17.6
16.8
17.1
16.8
17.0
16.6
15.8
16.0
16.0
16.2
15.9
15.4
15.9
15.6
15.4
15.2

24.7
23.1
23.6
23.4
22.3
18.2
22.9
21.9
23.1
21.5
21.4
20.6
21.3
21.3
21.5
20.7
20.8
20.8
21.6
21.0
17.2
19.6
20.5
19.7
19.9
18.8
19.5
18.0
18.9
18.6
18.0
17.6
17.0
17.5
16.9
17.7
17.6
16.0
16.5
16.2
16.9
16.3
15.5
16.2
15.8
15.9
15.5

25.5
23.8
24.4
24.3
23.2
18.7
23.9
22.8
24.2
22.3
22.4
21.4
22.5
22.2
22.3
21.5
21.5
21.8
22.3
22.0
17.8
20.4
21.6
20.5
20.7
19.4
20.1
18.7
19.4
19.5
18.8
18.1
17.6
18.2
17.7
18.7
18.3
16.7
17.3
17.0
17.6
17.1
16.0
16.8
16.4
16.6
16.1

138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184

Midland, TX
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Asheville, NC
Cedar Rapids, IA
Lake Charles, LA
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Savannah, GA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Norwich-New London, CT
Tallahassee, FL
Canton-Massillon, OH
Roanoke, VA
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Rockford, IL
Columbus, GA-AL
Salem, OR
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Fargo, ND-MN
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Clarksville, TN-KY
Flint, MI
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Port St. Lucie, FL
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Spartanburg, SC
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Longview, TX
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Amarillo, TX
Gainesville, FL
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Lubbock, TX
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Duluth, MN-WI
Appleton, WI
Charlottesville, VA
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Springfield, IL
Erie, PA
Topeka, KS

4

14.7
14.4
14.4
14.3
14.1
13.8
13.5
13.3
13.3
13.3
13.2
13.1
13.1
12.9
12.8
12.4
12.4
12.3
12.3
12.0
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.7
11.5
11.3
11.3
11.3
11.3
11.1
11.0
10.9
10.7
10.5
10.4
10.3
10.3
10.3
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.0
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.7
9.6

16.2
14.6
15.0
14.8
14.7
14.7
14.1
13.7
13.2
13.4
14.1
13.8
13.4
13.2
13.3
12.8
12.7
12.5
13.2
12.0
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
11.8
11.7
11.1
11.5
11.7
11.2
11.6
11.3
11.4
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.2
10.9
10.4
10.1
10.4
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.0
10.0
9.9

17.5
14.8
15.7
15.1
15.2
15.0
14.3
14.1
13.2
13.7
14.5
14.0
13.6
13.6
13.5
13.0
13.1
12.6
14.1
12.1
12.8
12.6
12.4
12.6
11.9
12.0
11.3
11.8
11.9
11.3
12.1
11.7
11.8
10.9
10.9
10.7
10.2
11.3
10.6
10.0
10.7
10.0
10.5
10.5
10.1
10.1
9.9

18.7
15.4
16.3
15.5
15.7
15.7
14.8
15.0
13.7
14.2
15.0
14.5
14.0
14.0
14.0
13.5
13.6
13.2
15.0
12.7
13.4
13.2
12.8
13.1
12.5
12.4
11.8
12.3
12.4
11.9
12.7
12.2
12.4
11.3
11.4
11.1
10.5
11.7
11.0
10.4
11.2
10.4
11.1
10.9
10.4
10.5
10.2

185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231

Tuscaloosa, AL
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Bellingham, WA
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Rochester, MN
Utica-Rome, NY
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Tyler, TX
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Olympia, WA
Jacksonville, NC
Waco, TX
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Lynchburg, VA
Lafayette, IN
Barnstable Town, MA
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Billings, MT
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Binghamton, NY
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Iowa City, IA
Macon, GA
Yakima, WA
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
St. Cloud, MN
Greeley, CO
College Station-Bryan, TX
Odessa, TX
Florence, SC
Ocala, FL
Columbia, MO
Napa, CA
Gainesville, GA
Greenville, NC
Racine, WI
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Bloomington, IN
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Laredo, TX
Harrisonburg, VA
Casper, WY
Monroe, LA
Morgantown, WV
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL

5

9.6
9.6
9.5
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.2
9.1
9.0
8.8
8.8
8.8
8.5
8.4
8.3
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.0
8.0
7.9
7.8
7.7
7.7
7.6
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.0
7.0
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.5
6.4
6.4

9.7
9.8
9.9
9.9
9.5
10.5
9.7
9.4
9.6
9.4
9.1
9.3
9.0
9.4
9.5
8.7
8.8
8.6
8.5
8.5
8.6
8.2
8.4
8.2
8.1
8.1
8.2
8.1
8.0
7.6
8.2
7.5
7.1
7.3
7.4
6.8
7.3
7.1
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.9
6.7
6.7
6.8
6.7
6.5

9.9
10.1
10.1
10.3
9.8
10.9
10.0
9.3
10.0
9.5
9.2
9.5
9.0
9.7
9.9
8.8
9.0
8.9
8.6
8.6
8.7
8.2
8.7
8.4
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.3
7.9
8.9
7.7
7.4
7.5
7.7
7.0
7.6
7.2
6.8
7.0
7.0
7.2
6.7
6.6
6.9
7.0
6.5

10.4
10.6
10.5
10.8
10.2
11.3
10.4
9.5
10.3
9.9
9.5
9.8
9.3
10.0
10.4
9.0
9.4
9.2
9.0
8.9
8.8
8.4
9.2
8.8
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.9
8.8
8.3
9.4
8.0
7.7
8.0
8.0
7.3
8.0
7.5
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.6
6.9
6.8
7.1
7.3
6.8

232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278

Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Pascagoula, MS
Eau Claire, WI
Santa Fe, NM
State College, PA
Merced, CA
Chico, CA
Medford, OR
Dover, DE
Jefferson City, MO
Terre Haute, IN
Johnson City, TN
Victoria, TX
Joplin, MO
Rocky Mount, NC
Bend, OR
Farmington, NM
Wichita Falls, TX
La Crosse, WI-MN
Las Cruces, NM
Wausau, WI
Wheeling, WV-OH
Abilene, TX
Elizabethtown, KY
Warner Robins, GA
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Alexandria, LA
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Decatur, IL
Bangor, ME
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Pittsfield, MA
Fairbanks, AK
Bismarck, ND
Yuma, AZ
Dalton, GA
Winchester, VA-WV
Rapid City, SD
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Sheboygan, WI
Cheyenne, WY
Jackson, MI
Hattiesburg, MS
Grand Junction, CO
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Redding, CA
Lima, OH

6

6.4
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0

6.6
6.8
6.7
6.3
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.4
6.3
6.0
6.2
6.2
6.6
6.1
6.2
6.2
5.7
6.0
6.1
5.7
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.5
5.4
5.5
5.9
5.4
5.5
5.4
5.5
5.4
5.5
5.4
5.3
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.2

6.7
7.3
6.9
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.4
6.5
6.4
6.1
6.2
6.4
6.9
6.2
6.2
6.4
5.6
6.1
6.2
5.8
6.1
6.2
6.2
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.9
5.5
5.8
5.6
5.4
5.5
6.3
5.2
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.4
5.5
5.3
5.3
5.1
5.3

7.0
7.6
7.2
6.7
6.7
6.9
6.6
6.8
6.5
6.3
6.4
6.6
7.2
6.5
6.4
6.7
5.9
6.3
6.5
6.1
6.4
6.4
6.5
6.1
6.0
5.9
5.9
6.1
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.6
5.6
6.7
5.4
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.9
5.9
5.6
5.8
5.6
5.6
5.3
5.4

279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325

5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9

Janesville, WI
Decatur, AL
Jackson, TN
Albany, GA
Lawton, OK
Flagstaff, AZ
Anderson, SC
Corvallis, OR
Battle Creek, MI
Kingston, NY
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Burlington, NC
El Centro, CA
Owensboro, KY
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Yuba City, CA
Dothan, AL
Dubuque, IA
Bowling Green, KY
Missoula, MT
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Valdosta, GA
Prescott, AZ
Jonesboro, AR
Columbus, IN
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Altoona, PA
Ames, IA
Pueblo, CO
Salisbury, MD
Williamsport, PA
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Ocean City, NJ
Goldsboro, NC
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Idaho Falls, ID
Auburn-Opelika, AL
San Angelo, TX
Ithaca, NY
Johnstown, PA
Glens Falls, NY
Lebanon, PA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Lewiston-Auburn, ME

7

5.2
5.0
5.1
5.0
4.9
5.0
4.9
4.9
5.1
4.8
4.8
5.3
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.6
4.9
4.7
4.8
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.8
4.3
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.3
4.5
4.3
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.2
4.1
4.2
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0

5.3
5.1
5.3
5.1
4.9
5.0
5.0
4.9
5.2
4.8
4.9
5.6
5.0
4.8
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.7
5.0
4.8
4.8
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.7
5.0
4.3
4.7
4.7
4.5
4.3
4.6
4.3
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.6
4.0
4.3
4.4
4.2
4.1
4.3
4.1
4.0
4.1
4.1

5.5
5.3
5.5
5.3
5.0
5.2
5.3
5.1
5.5
4.9
5.1
5.8
5.3
5.1
5.1
5.0
4.9
4.8
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.9
5.3
4.5
4.8
4.9
4.7
4.3
4.8
4.5
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.8
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.2

326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363

3.9
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.0
1.2

Monroe, MI
Logan, UT-ID
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Fond du Lac, WI
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Kokomo, IN
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Lawrence, KS
St. George, UT
Springfield, OH
Mansfield, OH
Sherman-Denison, TX
Cleveland, TN
Muncie, IN
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Morristown, TN
Punta Gorda, FL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Anderson, IN
Sumter, SC
Sandusky, OH
Great Falls, MT
Rome, GA
Pine Bluff, AR
Longview, WA
Danville, VA
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Hot Springs, AR
Cumberland, MD-WV
Carson City, NV
Gadsden, AL
Pocatello, ID
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Palm Coast, FL

8

4.1
3.9
3.8
3.9
3.8
4.0
3.7
3.8
3.7
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.8
3.6
3.5
3.6
3.2
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.0
1.3

4.2
4.0
3.8
4.1
3.8
4.2
3.7
3.8
3.6
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.7
4.0
3.6
3.5
3.8
3.2
3.6
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.1
1.3

4.4
4.2
3.9
4.3
4.0
4.4
3.8
4.0
3.7
4.1
4.0
3.8
3.9
4.2
3.7
3.6
4.0
3.3
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.2
1.4

Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)
(US$, Billions)
Rank Country or Metro Area

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

2012

United States
China
Japan
Germany
France
United Kingdom
Brazil
Russia
Italy
India
Canada
Australia
New York‐Northern New Jersey‐Long Island, NY‐NJ‐PA 
Spain
Mexico
South Korea
Indonesia
Turkey
Netherlands
Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA
Saudi Arabia
Switzerland
Chicago‐Joliet‐Naperville, IL‐IN‐WI 
Sweden
Norway
Poland
Belgium
Argentina
Taiwan
Houston‐Sugar Land‐Baytown, TX
Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV 
Dallas‐Fort Worth‐Arlington, TX
Austria
Iran
South Africa
United Arab Emirates
Venezuela
Colombia
Thailand
Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD 
San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA
Boston‐Cambridge‐Quincy, MA‐NH 
Denmark
9

15,566
8,232
5,960
3,428
2,611
2,480
2,254
2,014
2,013
1,875
1,821
1,541
1,335
1,322
1,178
1,129
878.0
788.0
770.6
765.7
711.0
631.1
571.0
525.7
499.5
489.8
483.4
475.6
474.2
449.7
446.9
418.6
394.1
386.2
384.3
383.8
382.7
369.6
366.0
364.0
360.4
336.2
314.9

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Malaysia
Atlanta‐Sandy Springs‐Marietta, GA
Singapore
Miami‐Fort Lauderdale‐Pompano Beach, FL
Nigeria
Chile
Hong Kong
Seattle‐Tacoma‐Bellevue, WA
Israel
Egypt
Philippines
Greece
Finland
Pakistan
Minneapolis‐St. Paul‐Bloomington, MN‐WI 
Portugal
Ireland
Iraq
Detroit‐Warren‐Livonia, MI
Algeria
Kazakhstan
Phoenix‐Mesa‐Glendale, AZ
Peru
Czech Republic
Qatar
Kuwait
San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA
Ukraine
San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA
Romania
New Zealand
Denver‐Aurora‐Broomfield, CO
Baltimore‐Towson, MD
Portland‐Vancouver‐Hillsboro, OR‐WA 
Vietnam
St. Louis, MO‐IL 
Hungary
Charlotte‐Gastonia‐Rock Hill, NC‐SC 
Pittsburgh, PA
Tampa‐St. Petersburg‐Clearwater, FL
Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO‐KS 
Indianapolis‐Carmel, IN
Bangladesh
Cleveland‐Elyria‐Mentor, OH
Cincinnati‐Middletown, OH‐KY‐IN 
Orlando‐Kissimmee‐Sanford, FL
10

304.7
294.0
276.6
274.1
269.5
268.3
263.2
258.8
257.6
254.1
250.2
249.0
247.4
221.1
218.5
212.3
210.6
209.7
208.4
203.7
203.5
201.7
199.4
196.6
192.4
183.2
177.4
176.3
173.9
170.9
169.5
167.9
157.3
147.0
141.7
136.9
125.5
125.2
123.6
119.9
114.0
113.8
112.8
111.7
111.6
108.4
106.1

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137

Puerto Rico
Columbus, OH
Austin‐Round Rock‐San Marcos, TX
Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA
Morocco
Las Vegas‐Paradise, NV
Libya
San Antonio‐New Braunfels, TX
Slovakia
Nashville‐Davidson‐‐Murfreesboro‐‐Franklin, TN
Milwaukee‐Waukesha‐West Allis, WI
Angola
Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach‐Norfolk‐Newport News, VA‐NC 
Ecuador
Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT
New Orleans‐Metairie‐Kenner, LA
Oman
Cuba
Salt Lake City, UT
Richmond, VA
Providence‐New Bedford‐Fall River, RI‐MA 
Azerbaijan
Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR 
Louisville‐Jefferson County, KY‐IN 
Oklahoma City, OK
Belarus
Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh‐Cary, NC
Sri Lanka
Birmingham‐Hoover, AL
Dominican Republic
Luxembourg
Honolulu, HI
Croatia
Sudan
Omaha‐Council Bluffs, NE‐IA 
Uzbekistan
Bulgaria
Guatemala
Uruguay
Tulsa, OK
Baton Rouge, LA
Buffalo‐Niagara Falls, NY
Rochester, NY
Costa Rica
Slovenia
11

101.0
99.7
98.7
97.6
96.0
95.6
93.0
92.0
91.8
91.1
88.7
87.2
86.3
85.2
84.0
80.7
80.2
78.1
76.3
74.8
70.0
69.5
68.7
66.7
63.8
63.3
63.3
62.3
61.4
59.3
59.0
58.9
57.1
56.6
56.5
55.4
51.9
51.1
51.0
50.2
49.9
47.9
47.7
47.1
46.9
45.6
45.4

138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184

Tunisia
Macao
Albany‐Schenectady‐Troy, NY
Lebanon
Lithuania
Des Moines‐West Des Moines, IA
Kenya
Ghana
New Haven‐Milford, CT
Durham‐Chapel Hill, NC
Syria
Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA
Albuquerque, NM
Serbia 
Madison, WI
Greensboro‐High Point, NC
Panama
Ethiopia
Grand Rapids‐Wyoming, MI
Dayton, OH
Little Rock‐North Little Rock‐Conway, AR
Columbia, SC
Bakersfield‐Delano, CA
Tucson, AZ
Yemen
Turkmenistan
Knoxville, TN
Allentown‐Bethlehem‐Easton, PA‐NJ 
Fresno, CA
Charleston‐North Charleston‐Summerville, SC
Jordan
Worcester, MA
Bahrain
Harrisburg‐Carlisle, PA
Toledo, OH
El Paso, TX
Akron, OH
Wichita, KS
Anchorage, AK
Syracuse, NY
Greenville‐Mauldin‐Easley, SC
Trenton‐Ewing, NJ
Latvia
Tanzania
North Korea
Colorado Springs, CO
Boise City‐Nampa, ID
12

45.1
43.6
42.5
42.4
42.3
42.1
41.3
41.1
40.1
39.7
39.7
39.1
38.8
38.5
38.0
36.9
36.7
36.3
35.3
34.7
34.4
34.3
34.3
33.4
32.8
32.8
32.4
32.0
31.9
31.0
30.9
30.5
30.4
30.0
29.8
29.6
29.5
29.4
28.6
28.5
28.4
28.4
28.4
28.2
28.2
28.0
27.5

185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231

Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME
Bolivia
Jackson, MS
Cameroon
Paraguay
North Port‐Bradenton‐Sarasota, FL
Springfield, MA
Lexington‐Fayette, KY
El Salvador
Cote d Ivoire
Beaumont‐Port Arthur, TX
Poughkeepsie‐Newburgh‐Middletown, NY
Winston‐Salem, NC
Cyprus
Chattanooga, TN‐GA 
Estonia
Manchester‐Nashua, NH
Corpus Christi, TX
Huntsville, AL
Peoria, IL
Uganda
Lancaster, PA
Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria‐Goleta, CA
Cape Coral‐Fort Myers, FL
Zambia
Augusta‐Richmond County, GA‐SC 
Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO 
Afghanistan
Trinidad & Tobago
Scranton‐‐Wilkes‐Barre, PA
Reno‐Sparks, NV
Stockton, CA
Boulder, CO
Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA
Ogden‐Clearfield, UT
Lansing‐East Lansing, MI
Ann Arbor, MI
Spokane, WA
Shreveport‐Bossier City, LA
Fort Wayne, IN
Myanmar
Fayetteville, NC
Davenport‐Moline‐Rock Island, IA‐IL 
Honduras
Reunion
Palm Bay‐Melbourne‐Titusville, FL
Evansville, IN‐KY 
13

26.9
26.6
25.7
25.4
24.6
24.5
24.2
23.9
23.9
23.8
23.3
23.3
23.0
23.0
22.4
22.4
22.2
21.9
21.7
21.3
21.2
21.0
20.9
20.9
20.8
20.7
20.5
20.5
20.5
20.5
20.4
20.4
20.3
20.3
19.9
19.4
19.3
19.3
19.2
19.0
18.7
18.7
18.6
18.6
18.4
18.1
18.0

232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278

Nepal
Botswana
Democratic Rep. of the Congo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Salinas, CA
Lafayette, LA
Brunei Darussalam
Youngstown‐Warren‐Boardman, OH‐PA 
Lakeland‐Winter Haven, FL
Provo‐Orem, UT
Killeen‐Temple‐Fort Hood, TX
Mobile, AL
Sioux Falls, SD
Midland, TX
Springfield, MO
McAllen‐Edinburg‐Mission, TX
Modesto, CA
Lincoln, NE
Green Bay, WI
Georgia
York‐Hanover, PA
Papua New Guinea
Charleston, WV
Montgomery, AL
Wilmington, NC
Reading, PA
Equatorial Guinea
Asheville, NC
Cedar Rapids, IA
Lake Charles, LA
Jamaica
Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA
Pensacola‐Ferry Pass‐Brent, FL
Mozambique
Senegal
Savannah, GA
Canton‐Massillon, OH
Cambodia
Roanoke, VA
Naples‐Marco Island, FL
Iceland
South Bend‐Mishawaka, IN‐MI 
Tallahassee, FL
Rockford, IL
Norwich‐New London, CT
Fargo, ND‐MN 
Atlantic City‐Hammonton, NJ
14

18.0
17.9
17.9
17.9
17.8
17.7
17.6
17.6
17.1
17.0
16.8
16.8
16.6
16.2
16.2
16.0
16.0
15.9
15.9
15.8
15.8
15.8
15.6
15.4
15.4
15.2
15.1
15.0
14.8
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.6
14.5
14.2
14.1
14.1
14.1
13.8
13.7
13.6
13.4
13.4
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.2

279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325

Columbus, GA‐AL 
Salem, OR
Kalamazoo‐Portage, MI
Albania
Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO
Hickory‐Lenoir‐Morganton, NC
Deltona‐Daytona Beach‐Ormond Beach, FL
Namibia
Eugene‐Springfield, OR
Visalia‐Porterville, CA
Martinique
Clarksville, TN‐KY 
Flint, MI
Burlington‐South Burlington, VT
Spartanburg, SC
Mauritius
Port St. Lucie, FL
Longview, TX
San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA
Houma‐Bayou Cane‐Thibodaux, LA
Kennewick‐Richland‐Pasco, WA
Lubbock, TX
Huntington‐Ashland, WV‐KY‐OH 
Amarillo, TX
Elkhart‐Goshen, IN
Nicaragua
Gainesville, FL
Appleton, WI
Chad
Kingsport‐Bristol‐Bristol, TN‐VA 
Gulfport‐Biloxi, MS
Fort Smith, AR‐OK 
Palestinian Authority
Myrtle Beach‐North Myrtle Beach‐Conway, SC
Charlottesville, VA
Duluth, MN‐WI 
Mali
Springfield, IL
Erie, PA
Burkina Faso
Gabon
Bloomington‐Normal, IL
Armenia
Bellingham, WA
Topeka, KS
Crestview‐Fort Walton Beach‐Destin, FL
Rochester, MN
15

12.8
12.7
12.5
12.4
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.2
12.0
11.9
11.8
11.7
11.7
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.4
11.3
11.2
11.1
10.9
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.1
10.0
10.0
10.0
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.7

326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372

Tuscaloosa, AL
Macedonia
Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA
Champaign‐Urbana, IL
Holland‐Grand Haven, MI
Madagascar
Utica‐Rome, NY
Tyler, TX
Waco, TX
Olympia, WA
Bremerton‐Silverdale, WA
Laos
Zimbabwe
Jacksonville, NC
Lafayette, IN
Malta
Lynchburg, VA
Hagerstown‐Martinsburg, MD‐WV 
Barnstable Town, MA
Brownsville‐Harlingen, TX
Billings, MT
Oshkosh‐Neenah, WI
Republic of Congo
Binghamton, NY
Iowa City, IA
Odessa, TX
Waterloo‐Cedar Falls, IA
Bahamas
St. Cloud, MN
Yakima, WA
Macon, GA
Greeley, CO
Haiti
Benin
Tajikistan
College Station‐Bryan, TX
Florence, SC
Napa, CA
Rwanda
Greenville, NC
Columbia, MO
Moldova
Ocala, FL
Racine, WI
Laredo, TX
Bloomington, IN
Saginaw‐Saginaw Township North, MI
16

9.7
9.6
9.6
9.5
9.5
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.3
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
8.8
8.8
8.7
8.6
8.6
8.5
8.5
8.4
8.4
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.0
7.7
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.1
7.1
6.9
6.9
6.9

373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419

Gainesville, GA
Athens‐Clarke County, GA
Monroe, LA
Pascagoula, MS
Eau Claire, WI
Morgantown, WV
Casper, WY
Harrisonburg, VA
Victoria, TX
Sioux City, IA‐NE‐SD 
Kosovo
Panama City‐Lynn Haven‐Panama City Beach, FL
Kyrgyzstan
Merced, CA
Medford, OR
State College, PA
Dover, DE
Chico, CA
Santa Fe, NM
Johnson City, TN
Terre Haute, IN
Bend, OR
Rocky Mount, NC
Mongolia
Joplin, MO
La Crosse, WI‐MN 
Wichita Falls, TX
Jefferson City, MO
Wheeling, WV‐OH 
Abilene, TX
Wausau, WI
Bismarck, ND
Liechtenstein
Elizabethtown, KY
Parkersburg‐Marietta‐Vienna, WV‐OH 
Las Cruces, NM
Bangor, ME
Warner Robins, GA
Alexandria, LA
Farmington, NM
Decatur, IL
Niles‐Benton Harbor, MI
The Republic of Guinea
Niger
Mount Vernon‐Anacortes, WA
Fairbanks, AK
Dalton, GA
17

6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5

420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466

Bermuda
Sheboygan, WI
Rapid City, SD
Blacksburg‐Christiansburg‐Radford, VA
Hattiesburg, MS
Cheyenne, WY
Pittsfield, MA
Winchester, VA‐WV 
Yuma, AZ
Jackson, MI
St. Joseph, MO‐KS 
Lima, OH
Janesville, WI
Grand Junction, CO
Vineland‐Millville‐Bridgeton, NJ
Jackson, TN
US Virgin Islands
Battle Creek, MI
Redding, CA
Decatur, AL
Albany, GA
Guam
Flagstaff, AZ
Anderson, SC
Dubuque, IA
Burlington, NC
Corvallis, OR
Lawton, OK
Owensboro, KY
Kingston, NY
Columbus, IN
Muskegon‐Norton Shores, MI
Texarkana‐Texarkana, TX‐AR
Missoula, MT
El Centro, CA
Bowling Green, KY
Suriname
Mauritania
Yuba City, CA
Dothan, AL
French Guiana
Ames, IA
Jonesboro, AR
Prescott, AZ
Altoona, PA
Barbados
Williamsport, PA
18

5.5
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5

467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513

Valdosta, GA
Hanford‐Corcoran, CA
Grand Forks, ND‐MN 
Pueblo, CO
Sebastian‐Vero Beach, FL
Salisbury, MD
Malawi
Goldsboro, NC
Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL
Ocean City, NJ
San Angelo, TX
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Montenegro
Ithaca, NY
Auburn‐Opelika, AL
Glens Falls, NY
Monroe, MI
Johnstown, PA
Lebanon, PA
Madera‐Chowchilla, CA
Kokomo, IN
Idaho Falls, ID
Lewiston‐Auburn, ME
Fiji
Hinesville‐Fort Stewart, GA
Fond du Lac, WI
Logan, UT‐ID 
St. George, UT
Cleveland, TN
Michigan City‐La Porte, IN
Anniston‐Oxford, AL
Wenatchee‐East Wenatchee, WA
Springfield, OH
Lake Havasu City‐Kingman, AZ
Mansfield, OH
Sherman‐Denison, TX
Lawrence, KS
Swaziland
Morristown, TN
Muncie, IN
Steubenville‐Weirton, OH‐WV
Kankakee‐Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Sumter, SC
Anderson, IN
Andorra
Longview, WA
19

4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3

514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560

Pine Bluff, AR
Rome, GA
Sandusky, OH
Great Falls, MT
Punta Gorda, FL
Togo
Sierra Leone
Eritrea
Danville, VA
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Hot Springs, AR
Cayman Island
Maldives
Cumberland, MD‐WV 
Carson City, NV
Gadsden, AL
Pocatello, ID
Aruba
Danville, IL
Burundi
Lesotho
Central African Republic
Lewiston, ID‐WA 
Bhutan
Cape Verde Islands
Guyana
Somalia
Belize
Djibouti
Palm Coast, FL
East Timor
Saint Lucia
Antigua and Barbuda
Liberia
Solomon Islands
Seychelles
Grenada
Vanuatu
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Gambia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
American Samoa
Western Samoa
Comoros
Guinea‐Bissau
Dominica
20

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5

561
562
563
564
565

Tonga
Micronesia
Anguilla
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1

21

22

Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas
and Gross State Product of U.S. States
(US$, Billions)
Rank State or Metro Area

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

2012

California
Texas
New York‐Northern New Jersey‐Long Island, NY‐NJ‐PA 
New York
Florida
Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA
Illinois
Pennsylvania
Chicago‐Joliet‐Naperville, IL‐IN‐WI 
Ohio
New Jersey
North Carolina
Houston‐Sugar Land‐Baytown, TX
Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV 
Virginia
Georgia
Dallas‐Fort Worth‐Arlington, TX
Massachusetts
Michigan
Washington
Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD 
San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA
Boston‐Cambridge‐Quincy, MA‐NH 
Maryland
Indiana
Minnesota
Atlanta‐Sandy Springs‐Marietta, GA
Tennessee
Miami‐Fort Lauderdale‐Pompano Beach, FL
Colorado
Arizona
Wisconsin
Missouri
Seattle‐Tacoma‐Bellevue, WA
Louisiana
Connecticut
Minneapolis‐St. Paul‐Bloomington, MN‐WI 
Detroit‐Warren‐Livonia, MI
Phoenix‐Mesa‐Glendale, AZ
Oregon
Alabama
San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA
23

2,003
1,397
1,335
1,206
777.2
765.7
695.2
600.9
571.0
509.4
508.0
456.0
449.7
446.9
445.9
433.6
418.6
403.8
400.5
375.7
364.0
360.4
336.2
317.7
298.6
294.7
294.0
277.0
274.1
274.0
266.9
261.5
258.8
258.8
243.3
229.3
218.5
208.4
201.7
198.7
183.5
177.4

43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89

South Carolina
San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA
Kentucky
Denver‐Aurora‐Broomfield, CO
Oklahoma
Baltimore‐Towson, MD
Iowa
Portland‐Vancouver‐Hillsboro, OR‐WA 
Kansas
St. Louis, MO‐IL 
Nevada
Utah
Charlotte‐Gastonia‐Rock Hill, NC‐SC 
Pittsburgh, PA
Tampa‐St. Petersburg‐Clearwater, FL
Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO‐KS 
Indianapolis‐Carmel, IN
Cleveland‐Elyria‐Mentor, OH
District of Columbia
Arkansas
Cincinnati‐Middletown, OH‐KY‐IN 
Orlando‐Kissimmee‐Sanford, FL
Mississippi
Columbus, OH
Nebraska
Austin‐Round Rock‐San Marcos, TX
Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA
Las Vegas‐Paradise, NV
San Antonio‐New Braunfels, TX
Nashville‐Davidson‐‐Murfreesboro‐‐Franklin, TN
Milwaukee‐Waukesha‐West Allis, WI
Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach‐Norfolk‐Newport News, VA‐NC 
Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT
New Mexico
New Orleans‐Metairie‐Kenner, LA
Salt Lake City, UT
Hawaii
Richmond, VA
Providence‐New Bedford‐Fall River, RI‐MA 
West Virginia
Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR 
Delaware
New Hampshire
Louisville‐Jefferson County, KY‐IN 
Oklahoma City, OK
24

176.2
173.9
173.5
167.9
161.0
157.3
152.4
147.0
139.0
136.9
133.6
130.5
125.2
123.6
119.9
114.0
113.8
112.8
111.6
109.8
109.6
108.4
106.1
101.5
99.7
99.6
98.7
97.6
95.6
92.0
91.1
88.7
86.3
85.2
80.7
80.6
80.2
74.8
72.4
70.0
69.5
69.4
66.7
66.0
64.7
63.8
63.3

90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136

Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh‐Cary, NC
Birmingham‐Hoover, AL
Idaho
Honolulu, HI
Maine
Omaha‐Council Bluffs, NE‐IA 
Alaska
Rhode Island
Tulsa, OK
Baton Rouge, LA
Buffalo‐Niagara Falls, NY
Rochester, NY
North Dakota
Albany‐Schenectady‐Troy, NY
South Dakota
Des Moines‐West Des Moines, IA
Montana
New Haven‐Milford, CT
Durham‐Chapel Hill, NC
Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA
Albuquerque, NM
Wyoming
Madison, WI
Greensboro‐High Point, NC
Grand Rapids‐Wyoming, MI
Dayton, OH
Little Rock‐North Little Rock‐Conway, AR
Columbia, SC
Bakersfield‐Delano, CA
Tucson, AZ
Knoxville, TN
Allentown‐Bethlehem‐Easton, PA‐NJ 
Fresno, CA
Charleston‐North Charleston‐Summerville, SC
Worcester, MA
Harrisburg‐Carlisle, PA
Toledo, OH
El Paso, TX
Akron, OH
Wichita, KS
Anchorage, AK
Syracuse, NY
Greenville‐Mauldin‐Easley, SC
Trenton‐Ewing, NJ
Colorado Springs, CO
Boise City‐Nampa, ID
25

62.3
61.4
59.0
58.2
56.6
53.7
51.9
51.9
51.0
47.9
47.7
47.1
46.9
46.0
42.5
42.5
42.1
40.4
40.1
39.7
39.1
38.8
38.4
38.0
36.9
35.3
34.7
34.4
34.3
34.3
33.4
32.4
32.0
31.9
31.0
30.5
30.0
29.8
29.6
29.5
29.4
28.6
28.5
28.4
28.4
28.0
27.5

137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183

Vermont
Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME
Jackson, MS
North Port‐Bradenton‐Sarasota, FL
Springfield, MA
Lexington‐Fayette, KY
Beaumont‐Port Arthur, TX
Poughkeepsie‐Newburgh‐Middletown, NY
Winston‐Salem, NC
Chattanooga, TN‐GA 
Manchester‐Nashua, NH
Corpus Christi, TX
Huntsville, AL
Peoria, IL
Lancaster, PA
Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria‐Goleta, CA
Cape Coral‐Fort Myers, FL
Augusta‐Richmond County, GA‐SC 
Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO 
Scranton‐‐Wilkes‐Barre, PA
Reno‐Sparks, NV
Stockton, CA
Boulder, CO
Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA
Ogden‐Clearfield, UT
Lansing‐East Lansing, MI
Ann Arbor, MI
Spokane, WA
Shreveport‐Bossier City, LA
Fort Wayne, IN
Fayetteville, NC
Davenport‐Moline‐Rock Island, IA‐IL 
Palm Bay‐Melbourne‐Titusville, FL
Evansville, IN‐KY 
Salinas, CA
Lafayette, LA
Youngstown‐Warren‐Boardman, OH‐PA 
Lakeland‐Winter Haven, FL
Provo‐Orem, UT
Killeen‐Temple‐Fort Hood, TX
Mobile, AL
Sioux Falls, SD
Midland, TX
Springfield, MO
McAllen‐Edinburg‐Mission, TX
Modesto, CA
Lincoln, NE
26

27.3
26.9
25.7
24.5
24.2
23.9
23.3
23.3
23.0
22.4
22.2
21.9
21.7
21.3
21.0
20.9
20.9
20.7
20.5
20.5
20.4
20.4
20.3
20.3
19.9
19.4
19.3
19.3
19.2
19.0
18.7
18.6
18.1
18.0
17.8
17.7
17.6
17.1
17.0
16.8
16.8
16.6
16.2
16.2
16.0
16.0
15.9

184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230

Green Bay, WI
York‐Hanover, PA
Charleston, WV
Montgomery, AL
Wilmington, NC
Reading, PA
Asheville, NC
Cedar Rapids, IA
Lake Charles, LA
Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA
Pensacola‐Ferry Pass‐Brent, FL
Savannah, GA
Canton‐Massillon, OH
Roanoke, VA
Naples‐Marco Island, FL
South Bend‐Mishawaka, IN‐MI 
Tallahassee, FL
Rockford, IL
Norwich‐New London, CT
Fargo, ND‐MN 
Atlantic City‐Hammonton, NJ
Columbus, GA‐AL 
Salem, OR
Kalamazoo‐Portage, MI
Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO
Hickory‐Lenoir‐Morganton, NC
Deltona‐Daytona Beach‐Ormond Beach, FL
Eugene‐Springfield, OR
Visalia‐Porterville, CA
Clarksville, TN‐KY 
Flint, MI
Burlington‐South Burlington, VT
Spartanburg, SC
Port St. Lucie, FL
Longview, TX
San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA
Houma‐Bayou Cane‐Thibodaux, LA
Kennewick‐Richland‐Pasco, WA
Lubbock, TX
Huntington‐Ashland, WV‐KY‐OH 
Amarillo, TX
Elkhart‐Goshen, IN
Gainesville, FL
Appleton, WI
Kingsport‐Bristol‐Bristol, TN‐VA 
Gulfport‐Biloxi, MS
Fort Smith, AR‐OK 
27

15.9
15.8
15.6
15.4
15.4
15.2
15.0
14.8
14.7
14.7
14.6
14.1
14.1
13.8
13.7
13.4
13.4
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.2
12.8
12.7
12.5
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.0
11.8
11.7
11.7
11.6
11.5
11.4
11.3
11.2
11.1
10.9
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.2
10.2

231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277

Myrtle Beach‐North Myrtle Beach‐Conway, SC
Charlottesville, VA
Duluth, MN‐WI 
Springfield, IL
Erie, PA
Bloomington‐Normal, IL
Bellingham, WA
Topeka, KS
Crestview‐Fort Walton Beach‐Destin, FL
Rochester, MN
Tuscaloosa, AL
Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA
Champaign‐Urbana, IL
Holland‐Grand Haven, MI
Utica‐Rome, NY
Tyler, TX
Waco, TX
Olympia, WA
Bremerton‐Silverdale, WA
Jacksonville, NC
Lafayette, IN
Lynchburg, VA
Hagerstown‐Martinsburg, MD‐WV 
Barnstable Town, MA
Brownsville‐Harlingen, TX
Billings, MT
Oshkosh‐Neenah, WI
Binghamton, NY
Iowa City, IA
Odessa, TX
Waterloo‐Cedar Falls, IA
St. Cloud, MN
Yakima, WA
Macon, GA
Greeley, CO
College Station‐Bryan, TX
Florence, SC
Napa, CA
Greenville, NC
Columbia, MO
Ocala, FL
Racine, WI
Laredo, TX
Bloomington, IN
Saginaw‐Saginaw Township North, MI
Gainesville, GA
Athens‐Clarke County, GA
28

10.2
10.2
10.1
10.0
10.0
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.7
9.6
9.5
9.5
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.3
9.1
9.0
8.8
8.7
8.6
8.6
8.5
8.5
8.4
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.0
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.3
7.3
7.1
7.1
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8

278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324

Monroe, LA
Pascagoula, MS
Eau Claire, WI
Morgantown, WV
Casper, WY
Harrisonburg, VA
Victoria, TX
Sioux City, IA‐NE‐SD 
Panama City‐Lynn Haven‐Panama City Beach, FL
Merced, CA
Medford, OR
State College, PA
Dover, DE
Chico, CA
Santa Fe, NM
Johnson City, TN
Terre Haute, IN
Bend, OR
Rocky Mount, NC
Joplin, MO
La Crosse, WI‐MN 
Wichita Falls, TX
Jefferson City, MO
Wheeling, WV‐OH 
Abilene, TX
Wausau, WI
Bismarck, ND
Elizabethtown, KY
Parkersburg‐Marietta‐Vienna, WV‐OH 
Las Cruces, NM
Bangor, ME
Warner Robins, GA
Alexandria, LA
Farmington, NM
Decatur, IL
Niles‐Benton Harbor, MI
Mount Vernon‐Anacortes, WA
Fairbanks, AK
Dalton, GA
Sheboygan, WI
Rapid City, SD
Blacksburg‐Christiansburg‐Radford, VA
Hattiesburg, MS
Cheyenne, WY
Pittsfield, MA
Winchester, VA‐WV 
Yuma, AZ
29

6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4

325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371

Jackson, MI
St. Joseph, MO‐KS 
Lima, OH
Janesville, WI
Grand Junction, CO
Vineland‐Millville‐Bridgeton, NJ
Jackson, TN
Battle Creek, MI
Redding, CA
Decatur, AL
Albany, GA
Flagstaff, AZ
Anderson, SC
Dubuque, IA
Burlington, NC
Corvallis, OR
Lawton, OK
Owensboro, KY
Kingston, NY
Columbus, IN
Muskegon‐Norton Shores, MI
Texarkana‐Texarkana, TX‐AR
Missoula, MT
El Centro, CA
Bowling Green, KY
Yuba City, CA
Dothan, AL
Ames, IA
Jonesboro, AR
Prescott, AZ
Altoona, PA
Williamsport, PA
Valdosta, GA
Hanford‐Corcoran, CA
Grand Forks, ND‐MN 
Pueblo, CO
Sebastian‐Vero Beach, FL
Salisbury, MD
Goldsboro, NC
Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL
Ocean City, NJ
San Angelo, TX
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Ithaca, NY
Auburn‐Opelika, AL
Glens Falls, NY
Monroe, MI
30

5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1

372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414

Johnstown, PA
Lebanon, PA
Madera‐Chowchilla, CA
Kokomo, IN
Idaho Falls, ID
Lewiston‐Auburn, ME
Hinesville‐Fort Stewart, GA
Fond du Lac, WI
Logan, UT‐ID 
St. George, UT
Cleveland, TN
Michigan City‐La Porte, IN
Anniston‐Oxford, AL
Wenatchee‐East Wenatchee, WA
Springfield, OH
Lake Havasu City‐Kingman, AZ
Mansfield, OH
Sherman‐Denison, TX
Lawrence, KS
Morristown, TN
Muncie, IN
Steubenville‐Weirton, OH‐WV
Kankakee‐Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Sumter, SC
Anderson, IN
Longview, WA
Pine Bluff, AR
Rome, GA
Sandusky, OH
Great Falls, MT
Punta Gorda, FL
Danville, VA
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Hot Springs, AR
Cumberland, MD‐WV 
Carson City, NV
Gadsden, AL
Pocatello, ID
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID‐WA 
Palm Coast, FL
31

4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.0
1.3

32

Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2012
Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States










Total Gross Metro Product:

Total Gross State Product:

$5.34 trillion

$5.04 trillion

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

33

Is greater
than

>




































Vermont
Wyoming
Montana
South Dakota
North Dakota
Rhode Island
Alaska
Maine
Idaho
New Hampshire
Delaware
West Virginia
Hawaii
New Mexico
Nebraska
Mississippi
Arkansas
District of Columbia
Utah
Nevada
Kansas
Iowa
Oklahoma
Kentucky
South Carolina
Alabama
Oregon
Connecticut
Louisiana
Missouri
Wisconsin
Arizona
Colorado
Tennessee
Minnesota
Indiana

34

Table 5: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product
(US$, Billions)
2012 GMP % of GSP
Alaska

Anchorage, AK 
Fairbanks, AK 
Sum of Metro Areas

$28.62
$5.49
$34.11

55.2
10.6
65.8

$3.77
$4.17
$58.99
$1.00
$5.04
$4.64
$4.28
$2.68
$21.70
$16.78
$15.42
$9.67
$148.15

2.1
2.3
32.1
0.5
2.7
2.5
2.3
1.5
11.8
9.1
8.4
5.3
80.7

$20.05
$8.50
$2.92
$4.54
$34.35
$1.32
$3.27
$1.11
$76.07

18.3
7.8
2.7
4.1
31.4
1.2
3.0
1.0
69.4

$5.00
$3.75
$201.65
$4.53
$33.35
$5.37
$253.66

1.9
1.4
75.6
1.7
12.5
2.0
95.0

$34.27
$6.33
$4.76
$31.89
$4.46
$765.75

1.7
0.3
0.2
1.6
0.2
38.2

Alabama

Anniston‐Oxford, AL 
Auburn‐Opelika, AL 
Birmingham‐Hoover, AL 
Columbus, GA‐AL 
Decatur, AL 
Dothan, AL 
Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL 
Gadsden, AL 
Huntsville, AL 
Mobile, AL 
Montgomery, AL 
Tuscaloosa, AL 
Sum of Metro Areas
Arkansas

Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO 
Fort Smith, AR‐OK 
Hot Springs, AR 
Jonesboro, AR 
Little Rock‐North Little Rock, AR 
Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR 
Pine Bluff, AR 
Texarkana, TX‐Texarkana, AR 
Sum of Metro Areas
Arizona

Flagstaff, AZ 
Lake Havasu, AZ
Phoenix‐Mesa‐Scottsdale, AZ 
Prescott, AZ 
Tucson, AZ 
Yuma, AZ 
Sum of Metro Areas
California

Bakersfield, CA 
Chico, CA 
El Centro, CA 
Fresno, CA 
Hanford‐Corcoran, CA 
Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA 
35

Madera, CA 
Merced, CA 
Modesto, CA 
Napa, CA 
Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA 
Redding, CA 
Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA 
Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria, CA 
Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA 
Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA 
San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA 
San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA 
Salinas, CA 
San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA 
Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA 
San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA 
Stockton, CA 
Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA 
Visalia‐Porterville, CA 
Yuba City, CA 
Sum of Metro Areas

$4.05
$6.45
$16.00
$7.37
$39.08
$5.06
$114.00
$20.94
$97.56
$9.57
$177.41
$173.87
$17.78
$11.31
$20.32
$360.44
$20.39
$14.68
$12.00
$4.66
$1,980.41

0.2
0.3
0.8
0.4
2.0
0.3
5.7
1.0
4.9
0.5
8.9
8.7
0.9
0.6
1.0
18.0
1.0
0.7
0.6
0.2
98.9

$20.33
$28.03
$167.88
$12.43
$7.97
$5.19
$4.39
$246.22

7.4
10.2
61.3
4.5
2.9
1.9
1.6
89.8

$86.34
$80.67
$40.08
$13.22
$220.31

37.7
35.2
17.5
5.8
96.1

$109.79

100.0

$6.34
$52.14
$58.48

9.6
79.0
88.6

$20.91
$12.21
$9.79

2.7
1.6
1.3

Colorado

Boulder, CO 
Colorado Springs, CO 
Denver‐Aurora, CO 
Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO 
Greeley, CO 
Grand Junction, CO 
Pueblo, CO 
Sum of Metro Areas
Connecticut

Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT 
Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT 
New Haven‐Milford, CT 
Norwich‐New London, CT 
Sum of Metro Areas
District of Columbia

Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV  (MSA) 
Sum of Metro Areas
Delaware
Dover, DE

Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD  (MSA) 
Sum of Metro Areas
Florida
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL

36

Gainesville, FL
Jacksonville, FL
Lakeland, FL
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Ocala, FL
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL
Palm Coast, FL
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL
Punta Gorda, FL
Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL
Tallahassee, FL
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Vero Beach, FL
Sum of Metro Areas

$10.45
$62.25
$17.09
$274.11
$13.65
$7.13
$106.12
$1.27
$18.11
$6.48
$14.55
$11.50
$3.20
$24.49
$13.39
$119.93
$4.36
$751.00

1.3
8.0
2.2
35.3
1.8
0.9
13.7
0.2
2.3
0.8
1.9
1.5
0.4
3.2
1.7
15.4
0.6
96.6

$5.02
$6.84
$294.04
$14.01
$3.36
$2.29
$11.75
$5.48
$6.85
$3.97
$8.08
$3.26
$14.11
$4.48
$5.71
$389.26

1.2
1.6
67.8
3.2
0.8
0.5
2.7
1.3
1.6
0.9
1.9
0.8
3.3
1.0
1.3
89.8

$56.56

78.1

$4.54
$14.84
$7.90
$42.13
$4.91
$8.24
$4.02
$4.32

3.0
9.7
5.2
27.6
3.2
5.4
2.6
2.8

Georgia
Albany, GA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Brunswick, GA

Chattanooga, TN‐GA 
Columbus, GA-AL
Dalton, GA
Gainesville, GA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Macon, GA
Rome, GA
Savannah, GA
Valdosta, GA
Warner Robins, GA
Sum of Metro Areas
Hawaii

Honolulu, HI 
Sum of Metro Areas
Iowa
Ames, IA
Cedar Rapids, IA
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Des Moines, IA
Dubuque, IA
Iowa City, IA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD

37

Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Sum of Metro Areas

$8.19
$99.10

5.4
65.0

$27.45
$4.26
$4.02
$1.64
$0.19
$2.67
$40.24

47.1
7.3
6.9
2.8
0.3
4.6
69.1

$9.91
$9.53
$538.11
$2.54
$10.67
$5.67
$3.48
$21.30
$13.31
$9.97
$21.45
$645.93

1.4
1.4
77.4
0.4
1.5
0.8
0.5
3.1
1.9
1.4
3.1
92.9

$3.34
$6.90
$27.96
$1.66
$4.83
$10.53
$15.81
$18.99
$112.75
$4.03
$8.83
$8.28
$3.79
$3.62
$12.63
$6.21
$250.16

1.1
2.3
9.4
0.6
1.6
3.5
5.3
6.4
37.8
1.3
3.0
2.8
1.3
1.2
4.2
2.1
83.8

$52.99
$3.67
$0.19
$9.87
$29.39

38.1
2.6
0.1
7.1
21.2

Idaho
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Idaho Falls, ID
Lewiston, ID-WA
Logan, UT-ID
Pocatello, ID
Sum of Metro Areas
Illinois
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Danville, IL
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Decatur, IL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Peoria, IL
Rockford, IL
Springfield, IL
St. Louis, MO-IL
Sum of Metro Areas
Indiana
Anderson, IN
Bloomington, IN
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Columbus, IN
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Evansville, IN-KY
Fort Wayne, IN
Indianapolis, IN
Kokomo, IN
Lafayette, IN
Louisville, KY-IN
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Muncie, IN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Terre Haute, IN
Sum of Metro Areas
Kansas
Kansas City, MO-KS
Lawrence, KS
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Topeka, KS
Wichita, KS

38

Sum of Metro Areas

$96.11

69.2

$4.74
$17.13
$7.58
$5.79
$2.19
$3.69
$23.91
$55.51
$4.84
$125.38

2.7
9.9
4.4
3.3
1.3
2.1
13.8
32.0
2.8
72.3

$5.70
$47.71
$11.18
$14.72
$17.68
$6.82
$80.24
$19.22
$203.26

2.3
19.6
4.6
6.1
7.3
2.8
33.0
7.9
83.6

$8.59
$315.16
$5.39
$18.57
$24.24
$30.53
$402.48

2.1
78.0
1.3
4.6
6.0
7.6
99.7

$157.27
$2.28
$5.83
$3.23
$4.35
$125.97
$298.92

49.5
0.7
1.8
1.0
1.4
39.7
94.1

$5.71
$4.02
$26.89
$36.62

10.6
7.5
50.1
68.2

$19.31
$5.07
$3.00

4.8
1.3
0.7

Kentucky
Bowling Green, KY
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Clarksville, TN-KY
Elizabethtown, KY
Evansville, IN-KY
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Louisville, KY-IN
Owensboro, KY
Sum of Metro Areas
Louisiana
Alexandria, LA
Baton Rouge, LA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Lake Charles, LA
Lafayette, LA
Monroe, LA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Sum of Metro Areas
Massachusetts
Barnstable Town, MA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)
Pittsfield, MA
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Springfield, MA
Worcester, MA
Sum of Metro Areas
Maryland
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Cumberland, MD-WV
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Salisbury, MD
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Sum of Metro Areas
Maine
Bangor, ME
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Sum of Metro Areas
Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI
Battle Creek, MI
Bay City, MI

39

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Flint, MI
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Jackson, MI
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Monroe, MI
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Sum of Metro Areas

$208.38
$11.71
$35.27
$9.49
$5.32
$12.50
$19.35
$4.15
$4.78
$5.62
$6.86
$0.82
$351.64

52.0
2.9
8.8
2.4
1.3
3.1
4.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.7
0.2
87.8

$8.79
$1.64
$0.91
$0.31
$215.19
$9.75
$8.13
$244.73

3.0
0.6
0.3
0.1
73.0
3.3
2.8
83.0

$7.28
$0.47
$6.03
$6.11
$60.81
$16.24
$5.07
$115.50
$217.51

2.8
0.2
2.3
2.4
23.5
6.3
2.0
44.6
84.0

$10.24
$5.41
$25.74
$5.84
$6.77
$54.00

10.1
5.3
25.4
5.7
6.7
53.2

$8.50
$3.22
$4.77
$16.49

21.0
8.0
11.8
40.8

$15.00
$4.88

3.3
1.1

Minnesota
Duluth, MN-WI
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN
La Crosse, WI-MN
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Rochester, MN
St. Cloud, MN
Sum of Metro Areas
Missouri
Columbia, MO
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Jefferson City, MO
Joplin, MO
Kansas City, MO-KS
Springfield, MO
St. Joseph, MO-KS
St. Louis, MO-IL
Sum of Metro Areas
Mississippi
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Hattiesburg, MS
Jackson, MS
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Pascagoula, MS
Sum of Metro Areas
Montana
Billings, MT
Great Falls, MT
Missoula, MT
Sum of Metro Areas
North Carolina
Asheville, NC
Burlington, NC

40

Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Durham, NC
Fayetteville, NC
Goldsboro, NC
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Greenville, NC
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Jacksonville, NC
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Rocky Mount, NC
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Wilmington, NC
Winston-Salem, NC
Sum of Metro Areas

$116.12
$39.73
$18.69
$4.29
$36.88
$7.31
$12.27
$9.01
$61.39
$6.15
$0.46
$15.40
$22.99
$370.55

25.5
8.7
4.1
0.9
8.1
1.6
2.7
2.0
13.5
1.3
0.1
3.4
5.0
81.3

$5.90
$11.55
$3.49
$20.94

12.8
25.1
7.6
45.5

$15.90
$47.86
$1.22
$64.97

16.0
48.1
1.2
65.3

$21.08
$22.16
$43.24

32.6
34.3
66.8

$3.38
$13.19
$391.57
$4.27
$62.03
$28.41
$5.16
$508.00

0.7
2.6
77.1
0.8
12.2
5.6
1.0
100.0

$38.78
$5.69
$5.74
$6.29
$56.51

48.1
7.1
7.1
7.8
70.1

$2.71
$95.60
$20.40

2.0
71.6
15.3

North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Sum of Metro Areas
Nebraska
Lincoln, NE
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Sum of Metro Areas
New Hampshire
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Sum of Metro Areas
New Jersey
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Atlantic City, NJ
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Ocean City, NJ
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Sum of Metro Areas
New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM
Farmington, NM
Las Cruces, NM
Santa Fe, NM
Sum of Metro Areas
Nevada
Carson City, NV
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Reno-Sparks, NV

41

Sum of Metro Areas

$118.71

88.9

$42.48
$8.25
$47.06
$3.02
$4.15
$4.18
$4.83
$942.79
$23.27
$46.87
$28.45
$9.41
$1,164.75

3.5
0.7
3.9
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
78.2
1.9
3.9
2.4
0.8
96.6

$29.47
$14.08
$89.63
$111.62
$99.69
$34.66
$0.99
$5.22
$3.69
$2.20
$3.26
$3.76
$29.84
$1.96
$2.06
$13.81
$445.94

5.8
2.8
17.6
21.9
19.6
6.8
0.2
1.0
0.7
0.4
0.6
0.7
5.9
0.4
0.4
2.7
87.5

$1.71
$4.86
$63.34
$47.89
$117.80

1.1
3.0
39.4
29.8
73.2

$6.20
$4.86
$12.15
$6.38
$130.13
$12.67
$172.39

3.1
2.4
6.1
3.2
65.5
6.4
86.8

New York
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Binghamton, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Elmira, NY
Glens Falls, NY
Ithaca, NY
Kingston, NY
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Rochester, NY
Syracuse, NY
Utica-Rome, NY
Sum of Metro Areas
Ohio
Akron, OH
Canton-Massillon, OH
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Columbus, OH
Dayton, OH
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Lima, OH
Mansfield, OH
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Sandusky, OH
Springfield, OH
Toledo, OH
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH
Wheeling, WV-OH
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Sum of Metro Areas
Oklahoma
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Lawton, OK
Oklahoma City, OK
Tulsa, OK
Sum of Metro Areas
Oregon
Bend, OR
Corvallis, OR
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Medford, OR
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Salem, OR
Sum of Metro Areas

42

Pennsylvania
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Altoona, PA
Erie, PA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Johnstown, PA
Lancaster, PA
Lebanon, PA
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Pittsburgh, PA
Reading, PA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
State College, PA
Williamsport, PA
York-Hanover, PA
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Sum of Metro Areas

$28.61
$4.53
$9.96
$29.97
$4.10
$20.95
$4.09
$0.79
$246.61
$123.58
$15.21
$20.46
$6.37
$4.49
$15.82
$3.76
$539.31

4.8
0.8
1.7
5.0
0.7
3.5
0.7
0.1
41.0
20.6
2.5
3.4
1.1
0.7
2.6
0.6
89.8

$50.96

100.0

$4.93
$6.70
$31.02
$9.05
$34.30
$7.51
$28.43
$10.17
$11.63
$3.34
$147.08

2.8
3.8
17.6
5.1
19.5
4.3
16.1
5.8
6.6
1.9
83.5

$5.45
$1.03
$16.65
$23.13

12.8
2.4
39.2
54.5

$20.11
$4.19
$3.80
$5.12
$6.25
$7.52
$32.39
$59.53

7.3
1.5
1.4
1.8
2.3
2.7
11.7
21.5

Rhode Island
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Sum of Metro Areas
South Carolina
Anderson, SC
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Columbia, SC
Florence, SC
Greenville, SC
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC
Spartanburg, SC
Sumter, SC
Sum of Metro Areas
South Dakota
Rapid City, SD
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Sioux Falls, SD
Sum of Metro Areas
Tennessee
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Cleveland, TN
Jackson, TN
Johnson City, TN
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Knoxville, TN
Memphis, TN-MS-AR

43

Morristown, TN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN
Sum of Metro Areas

$3.64
$91.07
$233.63

1.3
32.9
84.3

$5.99
$10.68
$98.68
$23.35
$8.50
$7.59
$21.92
$418.62
$29.63
$449.67
$16.79
$6.95
$11.38
$10.88
$16.02
$16.24
$8.22
$4.27
$92.00
$3.68
$3.66
$9.38
$6.60
$9.35
$6.04
$1,296.09

0.4
0.8
7.1
1.7
0.6
0.5
1.6
30.0
2.1
32.2
1.2
0.5
0.8
0.8
1.1
1.2
0.6
0.3
6.6
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.5
0.7
0.4
92.8

$3.73
$19.92
$17.03
$74.81
$3.80
$119.29

2.9
15.3
13.0
57.3
2.9
91.4

$5.43
$10.17
$3.09
$6.67
$2.84
$8.68
$70.03
$13.76
$84.72

1.2
2.3
0.7
1.5
0.6
1.9
15.7
3.1
19.0

Texas
Abilene, TX
Amarillo, TX
Austin-Round Rock, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
College Station-Bryan, TX
Corpus Christi, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
El Paso, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Laredo, TX
Longview, TX
Lubbock, TX
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Midland, TX
Odessa, TX
San Angelo, TX
San Antonio, TX
Sherman-Denison, TX
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Tyler, TX
Victoria, TX
Waco, TX
Wichita Falls, TX
Sum of Metro Areas
Utah
Logan, UT-ID
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Provo-Orem, UT
Salt Lake City, UT
St. George, UT
Sum of Metro Areas
Virginia
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Charlottesville, VA
Danville, VA
Harrisonburg, VA
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Lynchburg, VA
Richmond, VA
Roanoke, VA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC

44

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Winchester, VA-WV
Sum of Metro Areas

$209.86
$5.08
$420.33

47.1
1.1
94.3

$11.67

42.8

$9.89
$9.13
$11.08
$0.39
$3.33
$5.51
$9.28
$16.85
$258.82
$19.26
$3.77
$8.11
$355.40

2.6
2.4
2.9
0.1
0.9
1.5
2.5
4.5
68.9
5.1
1.0
2.2
94.6

$10.38
$4.94
$1.31
$6.72
$3.93
$15.88
$5.21
$5.77
$38.02
$88.71
$3.32
$8.44
$7.07
$5.46
$5.98
$211.14

4.0
1.9
0.5
2.6
1.5
6.1
2.0
2.2
14.5
33.9
1.3
3.2
2.7
2.1
2.3
80.7

$15.58
$0.57
$2.79
$6.13
$6.70
$3.59
$1.24
$1.58
$3.94

22.5
0.8
4.0
8.8
9.7
5.2
1.8
2.3
5.7

Vermont
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Sum of Metro Areas
Washington
Bellingham, WA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Longview, WA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Olympia, WA
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Spokane, WA
Wenatchee, WA
Yakima, WA
Sum of Metro Areas
Wisconsin
Appleton, WI
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Duluth, MN-WI
Eau Claire, WI
Fond du Lac, WI
Green Bay, WI
Janesville, WI
La Crosse, WI-MN
Madison, WI
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Racine, WI
Sheboygan, WI
Wausau, WI
Sum of Metro Areas
West Virginia
Charleston, WV
Cumberland, MD-WV
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Morgantown, WV
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH
Wheeling, WV-OH

45

Winchester, VA-WV
Sum of Metro Areas

$0.30
$42.43

0.4
61.2

$6.69
$5.41
$12.10

17.4
14.1
31.5

Wyoming
Casper, WY
Cheyenne, WY
Sum of Metro Areas

46

Table 6: Real GMP Growth Rates
(Annual percent change)
Rank

2011 2012 2013 2014

U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Midland, TX
Odessa, TX
Pascagoula, MS
Fargo, ND-MN
Bismarck, ND
Sioux Falls, SD
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Cheyenne, WY
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Corpus Christi, TX
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Victoria, TX
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Columbus, IN
Bellingham, WA
Jacksonville, FL
Jonesboro, AR
Asheville, NC
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Greenville, NC
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Springfield, MO
Spartanburg, SC
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Fond du Lac, WI
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Dalton, GA
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Napa, CA
Abilene, TX

47 47

1.6

2.5

1.7

2.5

1.6

2.5

1.6

2.5

6.4
17.1
‐5.6
3.1
3.5
3.1
1.2
‐1.2
2.2
3.3
3.6
3.6
0.3
7.6
4.4
1.5
4.8
‐6.8
0.6
‐0.3
‐0.2
2.5
‐3.5
0.3
3.2
2.7
3.9
1.7
2.3
5.0
4.8
0.1
2.6
1.3
2.1
5.0
0.1
‐1.7
‐0.6
1.3

14.4
14.1
2.4
5.5
8.5
2.3
9.8
2.4
2.8
6.9
5.4
6.5
7.4
2.8
8.7
3.1
9.6
4.2
2.2
3.3
2.8
3.9
2.7
5.2
4.3
5.6
3.9
4.9
3.6
4.1
5.1
0.5
3.8
3.6
3.2
5.3
2.4
1.8
4.4
4.9

7.3
6.4
6.3
5.7
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.1
3.8
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.6

4.4
3.4
3.0
4.6
4.6
2.7
2.9
1.7
1.8
3.1
3.0
4.0
2.9
3.6
1.8
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.8
2.3
2.2
2.4
3.7
2.9
3.7
2.6
3.1
3.1
1.8
2.8
3.7
3.4
2.5
2.9
3.3
3.8
2.8
1.7
2.8
2.0

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87

Cleveland, TN
St. Cloud, MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Provo-Orem, UT
Morgantown, WV
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Winchester, VA-WV
Morristown, TN
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Longview, TX
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Ocean City, NJ
Boulder, CO
Salt Lake City, UT
College Station-Bryan, TX
Ocala, FL
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Columbia, SC
Palm Coast, FL
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Kokomo, IN
St. Louis, MO-IL
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Lubbock, TX
Bend, OR
Spokane, WA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Jackson, TN
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Anderson, IN
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Greeley, CO
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Sheboygan, WI
Columbia, MO
Waco, TX
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Knoxville, TN
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Canton-Massillon, OH

48

4.8 5.3
1.4 4.0
0.5 3.9
3.7 4.5
0.5 2.5
3.3 4.6
2.0 0.6
0.9 3.3
2.9 2.9
‐5.6 7.6
4.9 5.5
2.6 2.6
‐1.3 1.5
3.7 3.7
3.2 4.1
1.1 4.4
‐0.2 0.2
2.8 3.3
1.2 3.2
‐2.8 0.7
1.2 3.1
7.1 8.4
1.4 1.6
1.8 3.0
‐2.7 4.3
0.1 2.9
1.5 1.7
2.9 0.8
1.3 3.1
1.1 1.4
1.2 1.6
1.3 3.5
1.2 0.6
1.7 2.5
4.2 5.3
1.4 3.7
1.5 11.4
1.9 3.7
‐1.3 2.5
4.1 1.6
‐2.0 3.2
2.8 2.9
‐0.3 4.0
0.6 1.1
2.9 1.4
‐1.5 0.8
4.1 4.4

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8

3.6
3.7
2.7
3.6
2.6
2.9
1.9
3.6
2.3
2.1
3.3
3.4
2.0
2.7
3.3
3.1
2.6
3.2
2.9
3.6
2.6
4.7
1.9
3.3
1.9
2.5
1.8
2.7
2.6
1.9
2.0
2.5
2.9
3.2
3.5
3.2
2.0
4.0
1.7
3.2
2.7
3.8
2.1
4.5
2.3
0.8
1.4

88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Battle Creek, MI
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Wilmington, NC
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Salem, OR
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Laredo, TX
Madison, WI
Williamsport, PA
Sumter, SC
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Lake Charles, LA
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Eau Claire, WI
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Altoona, PA
Burlington, NC
Ames, IA
Barnstable Town, MA
Baton Rouge, LA
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Green Bay, WI
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Appleton, WI
San Angelo, TX
Dubuque, IA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Wheeling, WV-OH
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Pueblo, CO
Akron, OH
Fort Wayne, IN
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC

49

1.4 1.8
‐2.0 ‐0.5
‐2.2 4.2
1.3 2.5
2.0 2.3
2.4 0.3
1.1 0.8
‐1.5 0.7
0.6 5.1
‐1.5 2.6
5.8 3.9
2.2 1.6
10.2 5.6
3.5 2.3
1.5 3.2
‐7.2 2.5
1.7 3.3
2.2 2.4
‐1.0 4.3
2.1 2.7
1.2 1.4
1.0 3.4
1.9 2.8
3.3 4.1
0.2 1.6
‐1.7 2.9
2.4 2.6
‐3.1 ‐0.2
‐0.3 1.6
‐1.7 0.7
0.4 2.1
1.7 2.6
0.9 1.7
1.1 1.5
0.2 0.4
1.4 1.1
2.9 3.5
4.4 5.1
0.4 3.2
2.0 2.4
1.9 2.7
0.8 4.5
1.3 1.8
2.2 1.6
1.6 2.5
2.0 2.7
4.2 2.9

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

2.7
2.4
2.8
2.1
2.4
2.8
4.1
1.7
1.7
3.0
3.5
2.6
2.1
2.6
2.1
1.8
2.3
3.8
2.7
3.0
3.0
1.7
2.9
2.1
1.6
2.3
2.7
2.7
1.8
1.6
2.8
2.3
3.0
2.0
2.8
2.7
2.4
1.3
2.9
2.3
2.1
1.2
3.3
1.8
1.0
1.7
3.2

135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181

Yakima, WA
Florence, SC
Goldsboro, NC
Kansas City, MO-KS
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
La Crosse, WI-MN
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Hattiesburg, MS
Lancaster, PA
Columbus, OH
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Jackson, MS
Pittsburgh, PA
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Reading, PA
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Glens Falls, NY
Rochester, MN
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Anderson, SC
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Longview, WA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Richmond, VA
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Port St. Lucie, FL
Hot Springs, AR
Medford, OR
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Wausau, WI
Albuquerque, NM
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Owensboro, KY
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Olympia, WA
Flint, MI
Janesville, WI
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL

50

‐2.9 2.0
‐0.6 3.8
0.3 2.3
1.2 2.5
0.8 1.6
0.8 2.6
‐3.2 5.9
2.1 3.8
0.3 2.0
2.0 1.1
0.5 2.2
‐4.3 0.7
0.7 4.0
‐1.3 2.0
2.9 2.7
1.5 3.1
0.1 1.6
3.5 2.1
0.3 1.7
1.3 1.3
3.9 3.8
‐9.9 ‐0.2
0.7 1.2
‐2.9 3.6
1.0 4.1
4.0 0.5
1.2 2.1
‐4.2 4.1
1.2 1.8
0.0 5.5
0.5 1.9
1.0 3.2
2.2 0.6
0.9 0.4
1.7 2.5
0.5 2.3
2.8 ‐0.6
1.6 2.1
0.0 2.5
0.4 0.8
‐0.7 1.2
1.8 2.7
2.0 2.5
0.4 0.9
2.6 1.8
1.7 3.4
0.9 0.8

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

1.5
2.1
1.4
2.5
1.4
2.4
3.1
1.9
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.0
2.1
2.0
2.5
2.0
2.3
2.0
1.9
2.0
3.2
1.5
2.1
2.6
1.7
2.6
1.8
2.5
3.1
1.3
1.4
1.7
2.1
2.7
1.5
2.4
3.4
1.7
2.6
2.7
1.7
2.3
2.6
0.8
1.9
2.1
2.4

182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228

Lafayette, IN
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Amarillo, TX
Colorado Springs, CO
Brunswick, GA
Sandusky, OH
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Roanoke, VA
Tallahassee, FL
Ann Arbor, MI
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Monroe, MI
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Tucson, AZ
Gainesville, FL
Joplin, MO
Springfield, OH
Toledo, OH
Springfield, MA
Tuscaloosa, AL
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Iowa City, IA
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Cumberland, MD-WV
Worcester, MA
Macon, GA
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Winston-Salem, NC
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Rapid City, SD
Oklahoma City, OK
Cedar Rapids, IA
Honolulu, HI
Stockton, CA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Johnson City, TN
Grand Junction, CO
Racine, WI
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Columbus, GA-AL
Lincoln, NE
Santa Fe, NM

51

4.3
3.0
0.7
2.9
‐0.1
2.4
‐0.5
0.2
‐0.6
1.3
3.6
1.8
1.6
‐0.6
‐1.1
1.5
2.2
0.4
0.0
1.4
3.9
4.6
‐0.2
5.8
0.5
4.1
2.1
0.4
0.9
1.3
1.8
‐1.7
2.8
1.1
3.1
2.6
0.6
2.5
‐1.6
‐1.0
3.0
1.0
0.8
0.2
3.5
2.4
‐0.9

3.3
0.1
1.3
1.3
2.3
‐0.7
0.4
3.1
‐1.0
1.6
0.9
5.3
0.0
2.0
1.4
0.6
1.3
1.4
‐0.6
0.9
2.0
3.2
2.3
‐0.9
‐4.0
1.5
‐0.7
1.2
0.8
0.3
1.8
0.4
0.8
0.7
2.0
2.2
2.2
2.0
1.7
‐0.3
2.3
‐0.2
3.1
‐0.4
0.3
2.2
‐1.2

0.8 2.4
0.8 2.1
0.8 2.4
0.7 2.4
0.7 1.9
0.7 3.1
0.7 2.3
0.7 1.4
0.7 1.7
0.7 2.3
0.7 2.4
0.7 1.8
0.7 2.2
0.6 1.2
0.6 1.7
0.6 2.7
0.6 1.4
0.6 2.2
0.6 1.7
0.6 2.0
0.6 1.5
0.5 1.7
0.5 1.3
0.5 3.2
0.5 2.3
0.5 2.4
0.5 1.4
0.4 ‐1.7
0.4 1.7
0.4 1.8
0.4 0.8
0.4 2.0
0.4 2.6
0.3 1.5
0.3 2.2
0.3 2.1
0.3 1.2
0.3 1.7
0.3 3.0
0.3 2.5
0.3 1.8
0.3 3.0
0.3 2.4
0.3 1.9
0.3 2.3
0.3 1.9
0.2 3.1

229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275

Rockford, IL
Erie, PA
Missoula, MT
Sherman-Denison, TX
Anchorage, AK
Gainesville, GA
Wichita Falls, TX
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
State College, PA
York-Hanover, PA
Tyler, TX
Corvallis, OR
Peoria, IL
Mobile, AL
Bloomington, IN
Savannah, GA
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Jefferson City, MO
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Springfield, IL
Monroe, LA
Merced, CA
Billings, MT
Lima, OH
Logan, UT-ID
St. George, UT
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Fresno, CA
Las Cruces, NM
Bowling Green, KY
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Modesto, CA
Jackson, MI
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Huntsville, AL
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Charleston, WV
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Salinas, CA
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH

52

3.7
5.3
1.1
2.0
0.9
6.0
0.4
0.2
4.5
3.3
1.1
2.3
‐2.2
10.5
1.6
0.4
2.1
0.8
‐1.3
1.1
4.9
‐0.1
1.1
0.4
‐1.0
‐2.6
7.0
4.8
2.7
1.9
‐0.2
‐1.4
‐2.6
1.3
1.3
‐0.3
‐2.1
3.5
0.7
0.6
3.2
0.8
5.5
0.3
1.1
‐3.9
3.0

1.9
1.0
3.9
2.0
2.3
‐1.6
3.1
1.7
2.2
0.0
0.4
1.2
0.7
7.0
‐1.7
2.2
2.4
1.5
‐0.7
0.5
2.7
‐1.6
1.3
‐0.9
3.0
2.2
1.5
2.7
1.0
3.2
1.4
0.6
‐1.4
1.9
‐0.6
0.0
1.7
2.1
‐0.2
1.4
3.1
‐0.1
1.9
1.0
0.2
1.1
1.6

0.2 1.9
0.2 1.7
0.2 1.6
0.2 1.7
0.2 0.2
0.2 3.2
0.2 1.0
0.2 2.9
0.1 1.1
0.1 1.9
0.1 2.0
0.1 2.7
0.1 2.6
0.1 1.5
0.1 1.4
0.1 1.2
0.0 1.8
0.0 2.1
0.0 2.6
0.0 2.0
0.0 1.8
0.0 1.7
0.0 2.9
0.0 0.9
0.0 1.4
0.0 2.8
0.0 1.0
0.0 0.8
‐0.1 3.2
‐0.1 3.9
‐0.1 1.3
‐0.1 2.7
‐0.1 3.5
‐0.1 2.2
‐0.1 2.2
‐0.1 2.1
‐0.1 3.1
‐0.2 2.0
‐0.2 2.3
‐0.2 1.7
‐0.2 ‐0.6
‐0.2 2.1
‐0.3 1.8
‐0.3 1.6
‐0.3 1.9
‐0.3 2.2
‐0.3 1.2

276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322

Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Mansfield, OH
Decatur, AL
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Lynchburg, VA
Lawton, OK
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Harrisonburg, VA
Tulsa, OK
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Bangor, ME
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Albany, GA
Rocky Mount, NC
Clarksville, TN-KY
Syracuse, NY
Rome, GA
Wichita, KS
Flagstaff, AZ
Montgomery, AL
El Paso, TX
Valdosta, GA
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Lebanon, PA
Alexandria, LA
El Centro, CA
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Redding, CA
Johnstown, PA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Elizabethtown, KY
Dover, DE
Chico, CA
Fayetteville, NC
New Haven-Milford, CT
Dothan, AL
Muncie, IN
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Bay City, MI
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Pittsfield, MA
Dayton, OH
Yuba City, CA
Danville, VA
Ithaca, NY

53

1.8
2.1
‐1.1
‐1.8
‐0.4
‐0.8
4.6
2.0
2.5
2.9
0.7
‐1.2
‐1.4
‐1.9
6.8
‐0.7
‐0.3
3.8
0.5
1.1
4.3
‐0.4
‐0.1
1.3
0.9
‐4.5
3.1
8.1
‐0.2
0.6
0.6
7.3
‐0.8
‐2.4
2.6
‐0.3
‐2.0
1.8
4.0
0.5
‐1.6
0.9
1.5
2.6
‐3.0
0.7
‐0.5

‐0.5
1.3
0.9
1.0
0.1
‐2.0
‐1.1
‐0.6
0.3
0.9
1.4
1.5
1.2
1.4
0.4
0.9
1.1
1.4
1.7
‐0.6
0.5
0.9
‐1.5
1.6
‐0.4
0.7
0.0
‐1.9
‐0.2
‐0.5
‐1.5
0.7
1.4
1.3
‐1.0
0.0
‐0.8
2.6
0.6
1.3
‐0.5
0.8
‐0.9
‐0.6
‐0.6
0.0
0.9

‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.8
‐0.8
‐0.8
‐0.8
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐1.0
‐1.0
‐1.0
‐1.0
‐1.0
‐1.0
‐1.1
‐1.1

3.1
0.8
2.5
2.0
0.6
0.7
2.1
1.1
2.4
1.5
1.2
3.3
1.5
1.1
2.8
0.8
2.1
2.4
1.9
1.1
2.6
1.9
2.9
1.1
1.3
3.0
2.5
1.9
1.7
1.2
1.8
2.5
0.3
1.4
1.2
2.0
1.3
0.0
1.2
1.7
1.8
0.8
0.8
1.3
2.4
0.7
0.5

323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363

Terre Haute, IN
Rochester, NY
Gadsden, AL
Great Falls, MT
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Warner Robins, GA
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Pine Bluff, AR
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Topeka, KS
Danville, IL
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Norwich-New London, CT
Evansville, IN-KY
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Punta Gorda, FL
Casper, WY
Carson City, NV
Jacksonville, NC
Prescott, AZ
Farmington, NM
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Idaho Falls, ID
Fairbanks, AK
Binghamton, NY
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Elmira, NY
Kingston, NY
Duluth, MN-WI
Utica-Rome, NY
Pocatello, ID
Lawrence, KS
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Salisbury, MD
Charlottesville, VA
Yuma, AZ
Lafayette, LA
Decatur, IL
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA

54

‐0.4
‐0.6
1.0
1.3
0.0
0.9
2.8
‐2.3
0.6
‐0.3
2.4
0.9
‐1.4
‐3.4
1.8
0.7
1.2
‐0.9
‐1.0
‐0.4
‐1.1
4.9
1.0
0.5
2.4
‐0.7
‐6.0
2.6
2.2
‐1.2
2.0
‐0.9
0.1
‐0.4
0.5
‐3.3
1.7
‐1.4
1.0
2.4
0.9

1.4
0.3
‐1.8
‐0.9
‐2.4
‐0.4
0.4
2.0
1.5
‐1.9
0.3
‐0.5
‐0.9
‐2.2
‐1.7
0.3
‐3.8
3.6
‐2.0
‐0.8
2.5
‐2.2
0.8
‐3.1
0.6
‐0.7
‐1.9
0.5
‐0.3
‐0.5
‐1.9
‐0.4
‐1.7
‐0.7
1.0
1.4
‐0.2
‐0.5
‐8.1
‐0.1
‐11.0

‐1.1 1.4
‐1.1 1.0
‐1.1 1.9
‐1.2 1.7
‐1.2 3.3
‐1.2 2.9
‐1.2 2.7
‐1.2 0.6
‐1.2 1.0
‐1.3 3.1
‐1.3 1.4
‐1.4 1.2
‐1.4 1.0
‐1.4 1.9
‐1.5 2.2
‐1.6 0.8
‐1.6 2.0
‐1.7 0.8
‐1.7 1.6
‐1.7 1.0
‐1.8 1.3
‐1.9 2.1
‐2.0 0.4
‐2.0 2.9
‐2.0 ‐0.5
‐2.1 0.3
‐2.1 1.7
‐2.1 1.9
‐2.1 0.4
‐2.2 0.3
‐2.2 1.5
‐2.2 0.3
‐2.4 1.2
‐2.6 0.8
‐2.8 0.2
‐2.9 ‐2.6
‐3.0 1.6
‐4.2 0.5
‐4.2 1.6
‐4.6 0.9
‐6.2 0.6

Table 7: Total Non-farm Employment Growth Rates
(Annual percent change)
2012-

2013-

2013

2014

U.S
363 Metros

1.5

1.8

1.6

1.8

Midland, TX

6.3
5.2
5.2
4.9
4.4
4.2
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6

3.4
2.5
1.6
1.9
2.7
3.4
2.3
2.6
2.6
3.0
2.2
2.7
2.3
2.5
3.1
2.5
3.1
2.4
2.5
2.3
3.1
2.1
3.2
2.3
4.5
3.2
2.0
3.7
2.0
2.7
1.2
2.2
2.3
3.2
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.8
2.6

Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Odessa, TX
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Winchester, VA-WV
Provo-Orem, UT
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Napa, CA
Salt Lake City, UT
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Cheyenne, WY
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Corpus Christi, TX
Columbus, IN
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Glens Falls, NY
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Pascagoula, MS
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Bismarck, ND
Ocala, FL
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Jonesboro, AR
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Asheville, NC
Spokane, WA
San Angelo, TX
St. George, UT
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Yuba City, CA
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Tuscaloosa, AL
Holland-Grand Haven, MI

55

40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86

Boulder, CO
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Lake Charles, LA
Laredo, TX
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Longview, TX
Jacksonville, FL
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
College Station-Bryan, TX
Morgantown, WV
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Cleveland, TN
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Knoxville, TN
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Waco, TX
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Oklahoma City, OK
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Sioux Falls, SD
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Fond du Lac, WI
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Gainesville, FL
Abilene, TX
Lubbock, TX
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Lafayette, LA
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Barnstable Town, MA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Lafayette, IN
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Flagstaff, AZ
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Wilmington, NC
Port St. Lucie, FL
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Victoria, TX
Greeley, CO

56

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9

2.3
2.6
1.7
3.0
2.1
2.7
2.3
2.0
2.6
2.2
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.8
3.0
1.8
1.3
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.6
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.7
1.9
2.8
2.4
1.7
2.9
1.5
1.5
2.2
1.1
2.2
2.2
1.0
2.2
2.1
2.7
2.5
1.6
2.3
2.4
3.7
0.7
3.3

87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133

Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Ithaca, NY
Ann Arbor, MI
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Idaho Falls, ID
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Springfield, MO
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Stockton, CA
El Centro, CA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Appleton, WI
St. Cloud, MN
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Anderson, IN
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Columbia, SC
Sherman-Denison, TX
Salinas, CA
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Spartanburg, SC
Battle Creek, MI
Baton Rouge, LA
Lancaster, PA
Columbus, OH
Owensboro, KY
Green Bay, WI
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Canton-Massillon, OH
Colorado Springs, CO
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC

57

1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4

2.1
0.9
1.6
1.9
2.0
3.2
2.6
1.4
2.6
2.2
1.2
1.7
2.4
2.8
2.3
1.9
1.3
1.9
1.3
1.7
1.8
2.6
3.1
1.9
1.4
1.6
2.0
2.2
1.8
1.1
2.2
1.6
2.1
1.5
1.5
2.5
1.8
2.7
2.1
1.1
2.6
1.0
1.8
1.1
2.1
1.8
2.5

134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Tulsa, OK
Fresno, CA
Salem, OR
Jacksonville, NC
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Harrisonburg, VA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-W
Macon, GA
Akron, OH
Reading, PA
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Tallahassee, FL
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Amarillo, TX
Redding, CA
Billings, MT
Burlington, NC
Greenville, NC
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
La Crosse, WI-MN
Palm Coast, FL
Bend, OR
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Chico, CA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Yakima, WA
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Lincoln, NE
Richmond, VA
Anchorage, AK
Pittsburgh, PA
Eau Claire, WI
Iowa City, IA
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Logan, UT-ID
Kokomo, IN
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME

58

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
1.4
2.9
1.6
2.0
1.4
1.7
2.3
1.2
1.0
1.8
1.8
1.4
0.6
1.4
2.6
1.4
1.4
2.1
1.8
1.0
2.4
1.1
2.0
2.2
2.5
2.4
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
2.4
1.4
1.7
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.9
1.4
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.1
2.8
1.6

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227

Kansas City, MO-KS
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
El Paso, TX
Flint, MI
Williamsport, PA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Modesto, CA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Jackson, MS
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Fort Wayne, IN
Albuquerque, NM
Sheboygan, WI
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Merced, CA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Sumter, SC
Ocean City, NJ
Toledo, OH
Roanoke, VA
Gainesville, GA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Syracuse, NY
Columbia, MO
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Tyler, TX
Olympia, WA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Gadsden, AL
Clarksville, TN-KY
Jackson, TN
Bowling Green, KY
Rochester, MN
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Janesville, WI
Pueblo, CO
Valdosta, GA
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Tucson, AZ
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Punta Gorda, FL
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Lynchburg, VA
Cumberland, MD-WV
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Winston-Salem, NC

59

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

1.9
1.8
2.0
1.3
1.5
0.9
1.9
1.4
1.5
1.9
1.1
2.2
2.0
1.5
1.4
1.9
1.9
1.2
1.3
0.9
2.3
1.6
0.8
2.9
2.0
2.5
0.8
1.4
1.6
2.0
1.1
1.8
2.0
1.3
1.5
0.9
1.7
1.3
1.1
1.6
2.1
2.0
1.1
0.2
‐0.3
1.4
1.7

228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274

Savannah, GA
Grand Junction, CO
York-Hanover, PA
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Rapid City, SD
Honolulu, HI
Mobile, AL
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Kingston, NY
Ames, IA
Fairbanks, AK
Springfield, IL
Casper, WY
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Reno-Sparks, NV
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Fayetteville, NC
Montgomery, AL
State College, PA
Dover, DE
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Decatur, AL
Jefferson City, MO
Madison, WI
Corvallis, OR
Joplin, MO
Goldsboro, NC
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Wichita, KS
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Santa Fe, NM
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Erie, PA
Bellingham, WA
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Altoona, PA
Wichita Falls, TX
Rochester, NY
Medford, OR
Worcester, MA
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Danville, VA
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA

60

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

1.2
2.3
1.4
1.9
1.8
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.7
0.3
1.7
1.6
0.8
1.6
0.6
1.3
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.9
0.8
1.9
1.1
1.8
1.0
1.4
0.4
1.1
1.6
1.4
0.8
2.2
0.8
1.3
2.3
1.6
1.0
0.8
0.7
1.8
1.1
1.9
0.9
0.9

275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321

Topeka, KS
Anderson, SC
Jackson, MI
Dothan, AL
Rockford, IL
Hattiesburg, MS
Columbus, GA-AL
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Duluth, MN-WI
Missoula, MT
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Lawton, OK
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Lebanon, PA
Dubuque, IA
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Great Falls, MT
Florence, SC
Monroe, MI
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
New Haven-Milford, CT
Farmington, NM
Springfield, MA
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Morristown, TN
Charleston, WV
Utica-Rome, NY
Johnstown, PA
Dayton, OH
Muncie, IN
Hot Springs, AR
Huntsville, AL
Las Cruces, NM
Albany, GA
Terre Haute, IN
Springfield, OH
Elizabethtown, KY
Monroe, LA
Dalton, GA
Pocatello, ID
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Cedar Rapids, IA
Pittsfield, MA

61

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.1
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.2
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3
‐0.3

1.0
1.6
1.3
1.1
0.9
1.6
1.6
0.5
1.2
1.5
0.3
0.8
1.1
0.0
0.7
0.6
0.6
1.0
0.7
1.1
1.8
1.2
1.1
1.4
1.0
1.3
0.5
1.8
1.9
0.7
0.4
0.8
0.9
‐0.1
0.7
2.2
2.1
1.0
0.6
1.2
1.8
0.7
1.3
1.2
1.4
0.7
0.1

322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363

Bay City, MI
Binghamton, NY
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Brunswick, GA
Racine, WI
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Alexandria, LA
Sandusky, OH
Bangor, ME
Wausau, WI
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Prescott, AZ
Evansville, IN-KY
Wheeling, WV-OH
Warner Robins, GA
Rome, GA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Mansfield, OH
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Bloomington, IN
Carson City, NV
Longview, WA
Lawrence, KS
Norwich-New London, CT
Elmira, NY
Lima, OH
Johnson City, TN
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Danville, IL
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Peoria, IL
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach,
Salisbury, MD
Charlottesville, VA
Yuma, AZ
Pine Bluff, AR
Rocky Mount, NC
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Decatur, IL

62

‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.4
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.5
‐0.6
‐0.6
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.7
‐0.8
‐0.8
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐0.9
‐1.0
‐1.1
‐1.1
‐1.1
‐1.1
‐1.2
‐1.2
‐1.3
‐1.4
‐1.5
‐1.9
‐1.9
‐1.9
‐2.2
‐2.2
‐2.6
‐4.2

1.2
0.3
0.8
1.2
2.0
1.4
1.1
2.5
0.9
1.9
0.6
0.8
1.7
1.4
0.7
2.0
1.2
1.7
0.8
1.0
0.6
0.5
1.0
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
1.4
0.7
0.9
1.3
1.5
‐0.4
1.4
0.7
0.1
‐0.1
0.1
‐0.2

The United States
Conference of Mayors

The Council on Metro Economies
and the New American City

1620 Eye Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: 202.293.7330
Fax: 202.293.2352
usmayors.org

1620 Eye Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: 202.861.6712
Fax: 202.293.2352
newamericancity.org

IHS Global Insight
Corporate Headquarters:
1000 Winter Street, Suite 4300N
Waltham, MA 02451-1241
Tel: 781-466-6611
Fax: 781-890-6187

North American Offices:
One Financial Place
1 Adelaide Street East
Suite 2505 P.O. Box 198
Toronto, Ontario, M5C 2V9 Canada
Tel: +1 (416) 360-8885
Fax: +1 (416) 360-0088
150 South Wacker Drive, Suite 780
Chicago, IL 60606
Tel: +1 (312) 236-6747
Fax: +1 (312) 236-5420

530 5th Avenue, 7th Floor
New York, NY 10036-5101
Tel: +1 (212) 884-9500
Fax: +1 (212) 884-9514

3290 W. Big Beaver, Suite 502
Troy, MI 48084
Tel: +1 (248) 614-0040
Fax: +1 (248) 614-0068

800 Baldwin Tower
Eddystone, PA 19022
Tel: +1 (610) 490-4000
Fax: +1 (610) 490-2770

24 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421-3158
Tel: +1 (781) 863-5105
Fax: +1 (781) 860-6332

1 Market Street, Spear Tower,
35th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
Tel: +1 (415) 293-8286
Fax: +1 (415) 293-7647

6033 W. Century Boulevard, Suite 850
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Tel: +1 (301) 670-7393
Fax: +1 (301) 670-4509

1850 M Street, NW,
11th Floor
Washington, DC 20036

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