1. SACCH Multi-Frames This parameter determines whether an uplink radio link is faulty.

Each time the BTS fails to decode the measurement report on the SACCH fr om the MS, the counter decreases by 1. Each time the BTS successfully decodes th e measurement report on the SACCH, the counter increases by 2. When the value of this counter is 0, the BTS regards the radio link as faulty. In the traffic mea surement, if there are many call drops (M3101A) related to radio link failure, y ou can infer that the radio propagation conditions are poor. In this case, you c an set this parameter to a greater value. 2. Radio Link Timeout This parameter determines whether a downlink radio link is faulty. Each time the BTS fails to decode the measurement report sent over the SACCH by the MS, the counter decreases by 1. Each time the BTS successfully deco des the measurement report sent over the SACCH, the counter increases by 2. When the value of this parameter is 0, the BTS regards the radio link as faulty. In the traffic measurement, if there are many call drops (M3101A) related to radio link failure, you can infer that the radio propagation conditions are poor. In t his case, you can set this parameter to a greater value. 3. RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN This parameter specifies the minimum receive level of an MS to access the BSS. If this parameter is set to a too small value, some MSs with low receive levels may access the network and call drops are likely to occur. Yo u can set this parameter to a great value to reduce the TCH call drop rate. The counters such as call setup success rate and the counters related to traffic vol ume, however, are accordingly affected. 4. RACH Min.Access Level This parameter determines whether an MS can access the network over the RACH. If this parameter is set to a too small value, some MSs w ith low signal levels may access the network and call drops are likely to occur. You can set this parameter to a great value to reduce the TCH call drop rate. T he counters such as call setup success rate and paging success rate, however, ar e affected. 5. Min DL Power on HO Candidate Cell and Min Access Level Offset The sum of the values of the two parameters specifies the minimum downlink receive level of a c andidate neighboring cell for a handover. If this parameter is set to a too grea t value, some desired cells may be excluded from the candidate cells; if this pa rameter is set to a too small value, an unwanted cell may become the candidate c ell. Both conditions may lead to the increase of call drops. 6. Timer T3103 series Timer T3101 series consists of T3103A, T3103C, and T8. The se timers are started to wait for a handover complete message. If the lengths of the timers are set to small values, probably no message is received when timer T3103 series expires. In this case, the BSC considers that the radio link in the originating cell is faulty. Then, the BSC releases the channel in the originati ng cell. Thus, call drops occur. In the traffic measurement, if many call drops are related to handovers (CM331: Call Drops on Radio Interface in Handover State ), you can set this parameter to a greater value. If this parameter is set to a too great value, channel resources are wasted and TCH congestion occurs. 7. Timer T3109 This parameter specifies the period for waiting for a Release Ind ication message after the BSC sends a Channel Release message to the BTS. If thi s parameter is set to a too small value, the link may be released before the Rel ease Indication message is received. As a result, a call drop occurs. You can se t this parameter to a greater value to reduce the TCH call drop rate. It is reco mmended that timer T3109 be set to 1 2 seconds longer than timer Radio Link Timeou t. 8. Timer T3111 This parameter specifies the interval between the time that the m ain signaling link is disconnected and the time that a channel is deactivated. T he purpose is to reserve a period of time for repeated link disconnections. If t his timer is set to a too small value, a channel may be deactivated too early. T hus, call drops increase. 9. Timers T305 and T308 Timers T305 and T308 are used on the MSC side. Timer T30 5 specifies the period during which the MSC monitors the on-hook procedure. Time r T308 specifies the period during which the MSC monitors the resource release p rocedure. You should set the two parameters when adding BSC data. Note that the

It is recommended that th is parameter should not be set to a too small value if congestion is unlikely to occur. you ca n appropriately set these parameters so that interference handovers can be perfo rmed in time to avoid call drops. you should appropriately set these parameters so that BQ handovers can be performed in time to avoid call drops. In this case. call drops occur. If the Call Drop Ratio on TCH on the TRX in the OverLaid Subcell (RM330a) is high. MSs can init iate the call reestablishment procedure to restore communication. As a result. Parameters related to edge handover When the receive level drops greatly. an edge handover cannot be performed in time in any of the following conditions: T he parameter Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold or Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold is set t o a small value. If the Call Drop Ra tio on TCH on the TRX in the Underlaid Subcell (RM330) is high. To reduce the TCH call drop rate. and DL Qual. you can appropriately set these parameters so that edge ha ndovers can be performed in time to avoid call drops. in the case of an enhan ced concentric cell. a BQ handover cannot be performed in time in any of the following conditions: The pa rameters ULQuaLimitAMRFR. In certain conditions. Thus. and therefore some subscribers cannot wait and hang up. the call cannot be handed over to the overlaid subcell if the RX_QUAL for UO HO Allowed parameter is set to Yes and the RX_QUAL Threshold parameter is set to a great value. the BSC assigns a full-rate channel to the du alrate-enabled call. Parameters related to concentric cell handover A call at the edge of the ove rlaid subcell cannot be handed over to the underlaid subcell in any of the follo wing conditions: In the case of a normal concentric cell. Call reestablishment lasts for a long time. a half-rate channel has weak antiinterference capabilities. thus affecting the handover success rate. allowing call reestablishment greatly reduces the TCH call drop rate. 11. Call Reestablishment Forbidden This parameter specifies whether to allow cal l reestablishment. a call drop is likely to occur. call drops occur. If the parameters RXQUAL1 to RXQUAL12 are set to small values. the parameter Inter-cell HO Hysteresis is set to a great value. you can set thes e parameters properly so that the call can be handed over to the overlaid subcel . Therefore.modification of the data in the timer table does not take effect. 13. If timers T305 and T308 are set to invalid or great values. Parameters related to BQ handover When the signal quality deteriorates. the parameter OtoU HO Received Level Threshold is set to a great value. the MSC clears the call a long tim e after the MS hangs up. Threshold. To reduce the TCH call drop rate. In case of burst interference or radio link failure due to bl ind areas caused by high buildings. the parameter B Q HO Margin is set to a small value. Compared with a full-rate channel. Otherwise. strong interference may occur. DLQuaLimitAMRHR. the parameters Edge HO Valid Time and Edge HO AdjCell V alid Time are set to great values. if interference handovers are n ot performed in time. 14. 15. the BSC preferentially assigns a half-rate channel to a dualrate-enabled call. To reduce th e TCH call drop rate. When a call in the underlaid subc ell has interference. a call drop occurs. After the T3103 and Radio Link Timeout timers expire. 10. DLQuaLimitAMRFR. In this case. you can set this parameter to No to allow call reestablishme nt. you can appropriate ly set these parameters so that calls at the edge of the overlaid subcell can be handed over to the underlaid subcell in time. the TCH call drop rate increases. Parameters related to interference handover If the parameters RXQUAL1 to RXQ UAL12 are set to great values or if the RXLEVOff parameter is set to a great val ue. t he number of call drops is increased and thus the TCH call drop rate is signific antly affected. if a large number of half-rate ch annels are assigned. To reduce the TCH call drop rate. the number of handovers due to other causes increases greatly. the parameter Inter-cell HO Hysteresis is s et to a great value. the parameters Edge HO Watch Time and Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time are set to great values. call drops occur. This affects user experience. the parameters RX_LEV Threshold and RX_LEV Hysteresis are set to great values. As a result. As a result. UL Qual. Threshold are set to great values. ULQuaLimitAMRHR. 12. TCH Traffic Busy Threshold If the current channel seizure ratio exceeds the value of this parameter. a call drop occurs.

.l at the earliest.

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