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Student _______________
SAVE this sheet. You will need it for the entire chapter.
Complete the chart to find the sample space for rollin two dice. )ie * )ie + + * , 5 . + /+0+1 /*0+1 /,0+1 /0+1 /50+1 /.0+1 * /+0*1 /*0*1 /,0*1 /0*1 /50*1 /.0*1 , /+0,1 /*0,1 /,0,1 /0,1 /50,1 /.0,1 /+01 /*01 /,01 /01 /501 /.01 5 /+051 /*051 /,051 /051 /5051 /.051 . /+0.1 /*0.1 /,0.1 /0.1 /50.1 /.0.1
Complete the chart for an ordinary dec! of cards.
♥ hearts ♦diamonds ♠spades ♣clubs
red
A A A A
* * * *
, , , ,

5 5 5 5
. . . .
2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4
+5 +5 +5 +5
J J J J
Q Q Q Q
K K K K
blac!
Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School
Probability 6 Statistics A7 5.+ 8asic Concepts of Probability +. *. ,. . 5. .. #hat is a sample space9
Student ____________________
#hat are the possible :alues of the probability of an e:ent9 #hen an e:ent is certain to occur0 what is its probability9 #hen an e:ent cannot happen0 what is its probability9 ;f the probability that it will rain is 5.50 what is the probability that it will not rain9 Circle the numbers that could represent the probability of an e:ent. a1 5 b1 +.5 c1 – + d1 55< e1 *=,
2.
E>plain why the followin statement is incorrect.
&he probability of rain tomorrow is +*5<.
A computer is used to randomly select a number between + and *555. )ecide whether the e:ent is a simple e:ent or not. E>plain your reasonin . 3. 4. E:ent A is selectin ,54. E:ent 8 is selectin a number less than *55.
?ist the sample space of each probability e>periment. +5. ++. +*. uessin the last di it in a telephone number uessin the day of the wee! a person was born determinin a person@s rade le:el /40 +50 ++0 +*1 and ender /male0female1.
Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School
)ay + ?ist the outcome/s1 of the e:ent D.E +. ?ist the outcome/s1 of the e:ent D. Construct a tree dia ram to show all possible outcomes.t rains )ay * all three )ay .E +.You are plannin a three$day trip.E +5. Ase the followin tree dia ram to complete the list of possible outcomes /sample space1 and answer the Buestions..days. &ree )ia ram for (ainy )ays Outcomes SSS SS( +.t rains on at least one day. You roll one die and flip a coin.t rains on e>actly one day.. Construct a tree dia ram to show all possible outcomes. You ta!e a BuiC containin three true$false Buestions. +2. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . ?ist the outcome/s1 of the e:ent D.
Students are classified by rade le:el /freshman0 sophomore0 Funior0 senior1 and ender /male0 female1 and eye color /blue0 brown0 reen1. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .+3. Construct a tree dia ram.
C. +*.f you draw one card from a standard dec! of 5* playin cards0 find the followin theoretical probabilities. 8. Clubs )iamonds %earts Spades &otal *5 Ase your data to find the followin e>perimental probabilities. 2. )raw another card and record its suit. . 4. P/club1 G P/heart1 G +5.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. (eplace the card and shuffle the *5 cards. 3. )raw one card and record its suit in the chart below.. A.* 8asic Concepts of Probability Student ____________________ . You are oin to perform an e>periment to estimate the probability of drawin a club0 a diamond0 a heart0 and a spade. 5. . Put aside the remainin cards. +. .. #hat does the Law of Large Numbers tell us about our e>perimental probabilities and the theoretical probabilities9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . P/a club1 G P/a Bueen1 G *. +. P/a blac! card1 G P/a face card1 G Ase a standard dec! of 5* playin cards.. P/diamond1 G P/spade1 G Suppose you had recorded a total of *0555 draws /instead of *51 in your e>periment. ). (epeat the steps until you ha:e recorded a total of *5 draws. Shuffle them well and count out *5 cards without loo!in at them. Clubs )iamonds %earts Spades Iind the theoretical probabilities based on your *5 cards. #hat is the probability of you drawin a club from your *5 cards9 #hat is the probability of you drawin a diamond from your *5 cards9 #hat is the probability of you drawin a heart from your *5 cards9 #hat is the probability of you drawin a spade from your *5 cards9 How0 loo! at your *5 cards. Count the number of cards in each suit. ++.
5. *+. +4.5 . P/doubles1 G . +. +2. . ) C E (e ion A 8 C ) E IreBuency +5 2 ++ 3 4 8 A **. &heoretical probability 23. 27. 26. P/both e:en1 G *4. +3. P/both coins are ali!e1 G P/at least one coin is heads1 G P/both coins are tails1 G P/neither coin is tails1 G +5.$sided dice are rolled. +. P/both coins are heads1 G P/neither coin is heads1 G P/at least one coin is tails1 G P/both coins are different1 G &he results of spinnin a spinner with re ions A0 80 C0 )0 and E are i:en in the table below. P/sum of +*1 G Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . )o you thin! it is eBually li!ely for the spinner to land in any re ion of the spinner9 E>plain.+5 +.. *3. 24. *5.&wo coins are &rial + * Coin + % & Coin * & & flipped *5 times with the . +. +2 +3 +4 *5 & & % & % % & % & & & % % & % & & % Accordin to the data0 find the followin e>perimental probabilities.+. 25. 2 3 4 % % & % & & % % % % & & % & followin +5 ++ & % & & results" +* +. P/one odd and one e:en1 G . P/landin in re ion A1 G P/landin in re ion 81 G P/landin in re ion C1 G P/landin in re ion )1 G P/landin in re ion E1 G E>perimental probability Iind the theoretical probability when two ordinary .
*. &he probability of a student sittin on a des! sometime today is 5. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . white9 ( # &here are si> types of colorin in re istered collies. #hat is the probability that a student chosen at random a1 ha:e Cin ular9 b1 do not ha:e Cin ular9 About 35 had Cingular service About 70 had a different type of service #hen two pin! flowers /(#1 are crossed0 there are four eBually li!ely possible outcomes for the enetic ma!eup of the offsprin " red /((10 pin! /(#10 pin! /#(10 and white /##1.*5. red9 3. .35 J 5. #hat is the probability that a student chosen at randomK a1 wore blue Feans9 b1 did not wear blue Feans9 About 50 wore blue jeans About 60 wore some other type of pants 5. &he Punnett sBuare shows the possible colorin of the offsprin of a trifactored sable merle collie (SsMm) and a trifactored sable collie (Ssmm).f two pin! flowers are crossed0 what is the ( # probability that the offsprin is K . &he probability of choosin si> numbers from + to 5 that match the si> numbers by a state lottery is +=.555555*. . . 8asic Concepts of Probability Student ____________________ Classify the statement as an e>ample of theoretical0 e>perimental0 or subFecti:e probability.03.. pin!9 2.. +. Complete the Punnett sBuare.. Ase the dia ram to answer the Buestion..30.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5.+5. Accordin to company records0 the probability that a washin machine will need repairs durin a si>$year period is 5.
4. #hat is the probability that the S' Sm Sm sm sm SS'm SS'm Ss'm Ss'm Sm SSmm SSmm Ssmm Ssmm s' Ss'm Ss'm ss'm ss'm sm Ssmm Ssmm ssmm ssmm offsprin has the same colorin as one of its parents" Ss'm and Ssmm9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .
+ +. Iind the probability of selectin a numberK +5. 5.5 and . Ase the pie chart to find the probability that a student chosen at random wasK (id e View %i h School +3.years old .years old between .5 years old and o:er Fre uenc! +5 +. +5.years old not between +3 and *5 years old not between *5 and . &he table shows the appro>imate A.years old . 5 . .. *5. Iind the probability that a wor!er chosen at random isK Age +3 to *5 years old *+ to *. Ia:orite 'ath Class a student who li!es Prob 6 Stats best a student who li!es eometry best a student who does not li!e Prob 6 Stats best a student who does not li!e eometry best Algebra # from the 5 rob ! "tats #50 Geometry 35 Algebra $ *555#0 Census.A company selects employees for random dru tests and uses a computer to select employee numbers that ran e from + to +55...5$3A e *4< *+< .< +5< Population 35 and o:er +< Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . +.. less than +5 di:isible by +5 ++. *+.. a e distribution Ase the table to determine the probability of the e:ent.years old 5 to .5$54 . between *+ and *.years old *5 to . +2..years old &he pie chart shows the number of students who reported that their fa:orite math class. +. reater than +5 that is not di:isible by +5 &he distribution shows the number of wor!ers of one company accordin to a e. +*. +4 and under *5$. +4.5 to .S.
S. will be less than . #hat is the probability that a randomly selected person in the A.5 years old9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .S.**. will be at least *5 years old9 #hat is the probability that a randomly selected person in the A.. *.
f a die is rolled one time0 find the probability ofK a1 ettin a c1 ettin a number reater than b1 ettin an e:en number d1 ettin a number less than 2 +5.or 5 . 3. &he probability of rollin two si>$sided dice and ettin a sum reater than nine is +=. .or .dentify !ey words that help you classify each statement as theoretical0 e>perimental0 or subFecti:e probability.. . Student ____________________ /)raw a tree dia ram to help with 7+. &he chance that Corporation A@s stoc! price will fall today is 25<. Accordin to a study0 the probability of a person from the A.55*. 2.. *. bein left handed is ++<..55 probability that a randomly chosen part is defecti:e.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5.1 &ossin three coins and ettin * tails (ollin two si>$sided dice and ettin a sum of . You ha:e a chart to help you with 7*. Accordin to the weather man0 the probability of rain is 5<. . f1 ettin a red card Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .8asic Concepts of Probability ?ist the outcomes of the e:ent. 8ased on research0 a Buality control officer says there is a 5. +.S.f one card is drawn from a dec!0 find the probability of K a1 ettin an ace c1 ettin an ace of diamonds e1 ettin a face card b1 ettin a diamond d1 ettin a . 4. . &he probability of randomly selectin fi:e cards of the same suit /a flush1 from a standard dec! is about 5. 5. #hat type of probability is described9 .
Iind the probability that they will ha:eK a1 all boys c1 at least one boy b1 e>actly two boys d1 at least one child of each ender +.. . )a'cu'ate t%e &robab$'$t! of t%e e(ent an# t%e &robab$'$t! of $ts com&'ement. A couple plans to ha:e three children. "#ent$f! t%e com&'ement of eac% e(ent.raB. .f one person is selected from a class of 5 irls and +5 uys0 find the probability that the person is a irl. A sur:ey found that 53< of Americans thin! that A. +*.S. +. military should be pulled out of . a1 rollin a die and ettin a P/E1G b1 selectin a letter of the alphabet and ettin a consonant P/E1G c1 selectin a day of the wee! and ettin a wee!day P/E1G complement" P/E@1G complement" P/E@1G complement" P/E@1G Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . Construct a tree dia ram and list the sample space.++.f an American is selected at random0 find the probability that he or she will disa ree or ha:e no opinion on the issue .
n how many ways can a si>$Buestion true$false BuiC be answered9 5. Ln the space shuttle0 astronauts eat a meal that consists of a main dish0 a :e etable0 and a dessert. A menu has three choices for salad0 fi:e main dishes0 and two desserts. .f they can choose from ten main dishes0 ei ht :e etable dishes0 and thirteen desserts0 how many different meals are possible9 3.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. %ow many telephone numbers are possible that be in with the prefi> 3. A coin is tossed ei ht times.. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . E:ery person in the A. . %ow many different meals are a:ailable if you select a salad0 a main dish0 and a dessert9 4. must ha:e a uniBue social security number.1 __ __ __ $ __ __ __ __ E>plain why some cities ha:e more than one prefi> number or some states ha:e more than one area code.n how many ways can a si>$Buestion multiple choice test be answered if each Buestion has choices A0 80 C0 and )9 6.5 Countin Principles *. %ow many telephone numbers are possible that be in with an 35. *. %ow many social security numbers are possible9 __ __ __ $ __ __ $ __ __ __ __ +. Student _________________ #hen you use the Iundamental Countin Principle0 what are you countin 9 2. %ow many different outcomes are there9 7. .5 $ __ __ __ __ .59 3. area code9 /35.S.
n how many ways can the letters A0 80 C0 )0 and E be arran ed for a three$ letter security code if letters can be repeated9 2. &he call letters of a radio station must ha:e four letters.n a certain state0 license plate numbers consist of two letters followed by a four$di it number. %ow many different station call letters can be made if repetition is allowed9 *6. %ow many fi:e$di it Cip codes are possible if di its cannot be repeated9 *3. %ow many different codes are a:ailable9 *..**. . %ow many fi:e$di it Cip codes are possible if di its can be repeated but the first di it must be a *9 *4. . %ow many fi:e$di it Cip codes are possible if di its can be repeated9 *2. can not be used9 *+. %ow many different station call letters can be made if repetition is not allowed9 *5. %ow many different license plates can be formed if there are no restrictions9 *7. Ior the same state0 how many different license plates can be formed if the letters L and .n how many ways can the letters A0 80 C0 )0 and E be arran ed for a three$ letter security code if letters can not be repeated9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . . &he first letter must be a M or a #. &he first di it cannot be Cero and the last di it must be odd. &he access code for a car@s security system consists of four di its.
Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. 5.SS. Countin Principles Student _________________ . .n how many distin uishable ways can the letters in '. 5.SS. #hat is the difference between a permutation and a combination9 the number the number the number the number of ways of ways of ways of ways Student _________________ Permutation or Combination9 Show your wor!.2 Countin Principles *. *4P5 S%ow !our wor0.n how many different ways can the offices be filled9 *4. *.PP. .. +5 people can line up in a row for concert tic!ets a four$member committee can be chosen from +5 people fi:e photo raphs can be arran ed on a shelf a person can select 3 son s from +5 a:ailable son s 7. 5N 2. 4. 7.n how many ways can a team of ten players line up in a row to pose for a photo9 .r$te out w%at eac% e/&ress$on means.CS be arran ed9 . A horse race has ei ht entries. . . Irom a pool of fifteen candidates0 the offices of president0 :ice$president0 secretary0 and treasurer will be filled. .5P. .rd students be chosen9 *5. . 3. 6. 6. 2. be arran ed9 Irom a roup of 5 people0 in how many different ways can a Fury of +* people be selected9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .n how many different ways can the horses finish first0 second0 and third if there are no ties9 *2. +3P. . Irom a class of twenty students0 how many different ways can the + st0 *nd0 and . A landscaper wants to plant four oa! trees0 ei ht maple trees0 and si> popular trees alon the border of a lawn. Irom a roup of thirty candidates0 the offices of president0 :ice$president0 secretary0 treasurer0 and historian will be filled.r$te out t%e factor$a' fract$on. &he startin lineup for a baseball team consists of nine players.Hs are possible if di its cannot be repeated9 *. +5N . &here are fi:e steps in:ol:ed in assemblin a certain product.. &hese steps can be performed in any order.. . 4.n how many different ways can the startin lineup be filled for a team of fifteen players9 *3.f mana ement wants to find which order is the least time consumin 0 how many different orders will ha:e to be tested9 +. .n how many ways can the letters A0 80 C0 )0 E0 and I be arran ed for a three$ letter security code if letters can not be repeated9 **.f the trees are e:enly spaced apart0 in how many distin uishable ways can they be planted9 .S&.n how many distin uishable ways can the letters in S&A&. 3N 3. %ow many four$di it P. Each member of the team can play each position.n how many different ways can the offices be filled9 Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. +.
#hich answer is always hi her9 E>plain why you thin! this happens..rd0 and th students be arran ed9 %ow many ways can a roup of .n how many different ways can a roup of si> of the numbers be selected9 *3. *5.*. . *4P4 26. 2*. A piCCa shop offers ei ht toppin s.f no toppin is used more than once0 in how many different ways can a three$toppin piCCa be formed9 *2. . +3P5 55P. soft drin! choices and +5 snac! choices from the :endin machine9 *+. &here are *5 boys on the team. 2. students in a club. Ase a combination to determine how many bas!etball ames must be played in a 4$team lea ue so that each team plays e:ery other team one time. %ow many ways can 5 cards be selected from a standard dec! of 5* cards9 *4. 4..n a repair shop there are 2cars and . )emocrats and . 7. cars and * pic!ups to repair9 *. 25. %ow many ways can . 6. %ow many ways can this roup of .pic!ups. Suppose the Senate of the A. 2. consisted of 53 )emocrats and * (epublicans.r$te out t%e factor$a' fract$on. %ow many different roups of four subFects are possible9 **. .3 Countin Principles 6 Probability *.n how many ways can a mechanic select . %ow many ways can a person select + soft drin! and * snac!s if there are .students be chosen from a class of *5 students if you must be one of the students9 #hat is the probability that you are chosen as a roup member randomly9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. . 24. +. %ow many ways can 5 boys be randomly chosen for today@s bas!etball ame9 *7. %ow many committees consistin of .n order to conduct an e>periment0 four subFects are randomly selected from a roup of *5 subFects. . 3.S. *4C4 23. &here are *. %ow many ways can a teacher choose ten test Buestions from a pool of fifty Buestions9 %ow many ways can a teacher arran e ten test Buestions for a test9 %ow many different ways can a student answer ten true$false test Buestions9 #hat is the probability that a student answers all of the Buestions without e:en readin the Buestions and ets a perfect score9 /%int" how many answer !eys will the teacher ma!e for the test91 %ow many ways can *5 students be arran ed in a list9 Irom a class of *5 students wor!in problems on the board0 how many ways can the +st0 *nd0 .(epublicans could be formed9 .students be chosen from a class of *5 students to wor! problems on the board9 8ecause you are special0 you must be part of the committee. 1se !our ca'cu'ator to e(a'uate eac% e/&ress$on. 22. .representati:es be selected9 *6. A lottery has 5* numbers. Student _________________ 5. +3C5 55C.
%ow many ways can you arran e the letters A % ' & be arran ed9 #hat is the probability that you arran e the letters from problem 7+5 with your eyes closed and spell 'A&% 9 *2. et * blues in my selection9 *7.9 *4. #hat is the probability that . #hat is the probability that someone chooses the P. 23. #hat is the probability that . A cou&'e &'ans to %a(e 3 c%$'#ren. #hat is the probability that . et white in my selection9 *+. et at least + red in my selection9 *. 2*. 24. et one of each color in my selection9 *. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . %ow many ways can you choose a P. #hat is the probability that .H number that be ins with the number + 9 A bag of can#! conta$ns re#2 b'ue2 an# w%$te M3M4s.H number of +*. **. *5.. #hat is the probability that someone chooses the P.. %ow many outcomes are possible9 *6. 2. )onstruct a tree #$agram to s%ow t%e &oss$b'e outcomes for se'ect$ng t%ree can#$es from t%e bag. %ow many outcomes are possible9 #hat is the probability that they ha:e * boys and + irl9 #hat is the probability that they ha:e * irls and + boy9 #hat is the probability that they ha:e at least one boy9 #hat is the probability that they ha:e all one ender9 22. )onstruct a tree #$agram to s%ow t%e &oss$b'e outcomes for t%e gen#er se uences of t%e$r t%ree c%$'#ren.H for your sa:in account that consists of .di its /+$41 9 *3.
&he artist has fi:e choices of colors" red0 yellow0 reen0 blue0 and blac!. 5 F 3.f the artist selects a type of paint and then a color0 how many possibilities will there be9 A teena er has 3 tee shirts0 * belts0 and 5 pairs of Feans. 5 F Student _________________ A customer can order a sundae with :anilla or chocolate ice cream and with or without '6's. . %ow many different license plates are a:ailable if repetition is allowed9 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School 5. 4. &he number of possible sundaes would be si>. &wo soc!s are selected in the dar! without replacement. 2. Construct a tree dia ram0 list all the possible outcomes.f fi:e coins are tossed0 there are +5 possible outcomes. 6. &he first letter must be a #. . a) %ow many outcomes are possible9 b) %ow many outcomes match the e:ent" Dtwo soc!s are the same colorE c) #hat is the probability of reachin into the drawer in the dar! and pullin out two soc!s that are the same color9 #rite out how you obtain your answer for each of the followin situations.4 Countin Principles 5rue or fa'se6 *.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. %ow many different outfits can he wear0 assumin that he must wear a belt to !eep those pants up and !eep that shirt tuc!ed in9 &he password for an e$mail account has to consist of three letters of the alphabet followed by two di its. &he artist has two choices of paint" acrylics and oil. %ow many different passwords can be selected9 Asin the numbers 50 *0 0 . %ow many different numbers can be constructed if repetitions are allowed9 A license plate must ha:e three letters0 followed by three di its. A drawer contains white /#10 Purple /P10 and 8lac! /81 soc!s. . 7. +.0 30 you want to construct a three$di it pass number.
of them be selected for a test$ ride9 .f +. %ow many different possible roups can be formed9 **. *3.drin! choices and +5 snac! choices. A nurse has . do s are entered in a do show0 in how many ways can the Fud es award +st0 *nd0 . *+. %ow many different possibilities do .n a class of 3 uys and . . do s are entered in a do show and 5 are Collies0 2 are Poodles0 and . blac!0 and 5 purple motorcycles be par!ed in a row9 &here are +5 motorcycles in a race0 how many ways can the motorcycles come in +st0 *nd0 and . do s are entered in a do show0 how many ways can .f +.rd0 and th places9 . do s are entered in a do show0 in how many ways can they be arran ed in a row for a picture9 . ha:e if .. *5.n a :endin machine0 there are . *.of them be chosen to circle the show rin for the Fud es9 . irls0 a roup of * uys and + irl is chosen to do a proFect.. want + drin! and * snac!s9 .f +. *2. patients to :isit. A teacher i:es an 3 Buestion true$false BuiC. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .f +. %ow many different ways can she ma!e her rounds if she :isits each patient only once9 %ow many ways can +5 motorcycles can be par!ed in a row9 %ow many distin uishable ways can * blue0 .are Oerman Shepards0 then how many distin uishable ways can they be arran ed in a row for a picture9 ..rd9 &here are +5 motorcycles0 how many ways can . *6. 2. *7.f a student uesses on each Buestion without e:en readin the Buestions0 how many different ways could the BuiC be answered9 %ow many of those ways are correct9 *. *4.
rd place be awarded9 A photo rapher has +. 5 F Show your wor!.photos.photos of . Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . 2. &he photo rapher must choose a roup of . 5 F Student _________________ A club has +* members. %ow many distin uishable arran ements are possible9 )ifferent photo raphers entered +. Ei ht photos are of men and . +. &here are . A student must select fi:e Buestions to answer from a choice of ei ht Buestions. clubs0 2 spades0 . photos are of women. &here are +.*5 ways that a chairperson0 a secretary0 and a treasurer can be selected from these +* members. 5. %ow many different possible roups can be formed9 %ow many ways can +5 cards be arran ed in a row9 You ha:e *5 cards" . %ow many distin uishable ways /accordin to suit1 can they be arran ed in a row9 6.. 5 F 3.photos into a contest. %ow many ways can this be done9 A photo rapher has +.different models. *.+5 Countin Principles 5rue or fa'se6 *. **. %e must choose 5 photos for display in the allery.f se:en obFects are ta!en three at a time0 there would be +5 combinations. 5 F 4.diamonds. hearts0 and .photos. A photo rapher wants to display +. .5 different permutations of the letters D%L??L#E that can be made. &here are 5 ways this can be done. men and * women for a particular display.Probability 6 Statistics A7 5. 7.. &wo are of model A0 fi:e are of model 80 four are of model C0 and three are of model ). .different photos. %ow many ways can +st0 *nd0 and . %ow many ways can this be done9 A photo rapher has +.
f *5 people are playin po!er. *5 5 P 24. . +5N *. 2N *7. . 2 2 P 2*. 55 C*5 Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . 5N *6. 2 C2 #rite the factorial fraction for the followin . 55 *5 P 25. blac! and * red cards from this pile9 E:aluate the followin usin your raphin calculator. 23. %ow many ways are there to determine + st0 *nd0 .n a pile of *5 cards0 you ha:e +* blac! and 3 red cards. 5 C5 22.rd0 th and 5th places players9 *3. 5 5 P 2. *5 C5 26. %ow many ways can 5 cards be selected from a standard dec! of 5* cards9 *4.. &hey earn priCe money if they end up in the top 5 players. %ow many ways can your form a roup of . +N *+.*2. *5.
Show your fraction 6 decimal 6 <. *7. & E S & E S & E S & E S & E S & E S &he probability that it will rain tomorrow is 45<. P/an e:en1 G P/a *1 G Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .Probability (e:iew Probability 6 Countin Principles Student _______________ . **. P/doubles1 G P/sum reater than 51 G You draw one card from a standard dec! of cards. &he probability of pic!in a card and ettin a blac! card is 55<. *3.5. *. *. *4. Your coach wants you to i:e ++5<. 5.. &he probability of a newborn baby bein a boy is 5. *5. rollin one si>$sided die tossin a coin two times determinin the children@s ender for a family of three children /8 or O1 Classify the statement as an e>ample of theoretical probability0 e>perimental probability0 or subFecti:e probability. 7.dentify the sample space of the probability e>periment. *+. 4. Iind the followin theoretical probabilities. &he probability of winnin the lottery is + in +50555. P/heart1 G P/a face card1 G *6. 6. E>plain why that is impossible. . 3.$sided dice. Circle your answer.55. P/sum of 21 G P/pair of e:ens1 G *2. +. &he probability of passin this test is 35< based on your past performance. 2. You roll two . &he probability that interest rates will rise durin the summer is 5.
#hat is the probability that you randomly uess my number9 22. &he results are shown in the followin table.. #hat is the probability that you did not uess my number9 Students were as!ed to identify their fa:orite course in hi h school. &he access code to a security system consists of fi:e di its /5 $41. Ase the table to find the probability that his=her fa:orite class isK 23. 2*. math )'ass 'ath En lish %istory P. *. 26. 25.5 2. 32 5 Permutations 6 Combinations Show how you obtain each answer. %ow many different codes are a:ailable if di its can be repeated9 #hat is the probability of you wal!in up to a stran er@s security system and randomly selectin the correct access code9 &he access code to a house@s security system consists of fi:e di its. not Science not En lish Fre uenc! 43 .A uest$on %as f$(e mu't$&'e7c%o$ce answers. Science 24. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . A student is chosen at random from this roup. #hat is the probability that you uess an incorrect answer9 " wrote #own one number between * an# 2.E. %ow many different codes are a:ailable if the first di it cannot be Cero9 2. history P. #hat is the probability of uessin the correct answer9 2. 3.. 2+.E. 27.
%ow many ender /8$O1 seBuences are possible9 #hat is the probability that the couple has four boys9 32.3*. 33. #hat is the probability of you wal!in up to this stran er@s security system and randomly selectin the correct access code9 A couple plans to ha:e four !ids. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .
%ow many different license plates can be formed if the letter L is not allowed but there are no restrictions on repeatin di its or letters9 A deli:ery route must include stops at 2 cities. 42. 36.n the lottery0 you must select si> numbers from fifty$two numbers to win the bi priCe. boys and * irls. %ow many different routes are possible9 #hat is the probability that the deli:eries are made in DalphabeticalE order based on the city names9 %ow many distin uishable permutations of the letters in the word P(L8A8. 47. 43. 46. 4*. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School . 37. 45. 4. 3. &he numbers do not ha:e to be in a particular order. %ow many ways are there to choose si> numbers from fifty$two numbers9 #hat is the probability that you will win the lottery if you buy one tic!et9 You are ta!in a +5$Buestion true$false test. . %ow many different ways are there to answer the test9 .34. Each automobile license plate consists of a sin le di it /+ – 41 followed by three letters0 followed by three di its /+ – 41. %ow many distin uishable ender seBuences are possible9 %ow many ways can a Fury of four men and four women be selected from twel:e men and ten women9 .f she must be one of the roup members0 how many ways can the roup of .students be selected from a class of *59 SuCy is in this class.f you randomly answer the +5 Buestions without e:en readin the problems0 what is the probability that you will earn a +55 on the test9 %ow many ways can *5 students be arran ed in a list9 #hat is the probability that the *5 students are randomly arran ed and end up in alphabetical order9 %ow many ways can a roup of . 44..be selected from the class9 35.&Y are there9 A couple has 5 !ids – .?. 3+.
%ow many different options do you ha:e9 #hat is the probability of randomly choosin an option with chic!en9 #hat is the probability of randomly choosin an option that has beef and blac! beans9 #hat is the probability of randomly choosin a taco9 57.f she must be the secretary0 how many ways can the officers be selected from the class9 #hat is the probability that SuCy will be randomly selected as one of the officers9 . 55. 4. 56. #hat is the probability that SuCy will be randomly selected as one of the roup members9 %ow many ways can a president0 :ice$president0 secretary0 and treasurer be selected from a roup of *5 students9 SuCy is in this class. At 'oe@s you ha:e some choicesK +1 8urrito0 Puesada0 or &aco *1 Oround 8eef or Chic!en .. )onstruct a tree #$agram. 52. 5*. 53.n a class of *5 students0 there are +* boys and 3 irls. .4+. Elementary Statistics" Picturin the #orld $ Prentice %all Created by &ina 'c(ae for (id e View %i h School .1 8lac! beans or Pinto beans 54. %ow many ways can we select a roup of 5 boys and * irls9 5.