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INTRODUCTION This report is about to design a schematic line sketch of the proposed system inclusive of the pumps arrangement, and piping, fittings, and valves. Also, the calculation of related properties such as head pump, Hp, energy of pump, Wp and the annual operation costs of system had done on this report. In the final result, there are suggestions of the design of piping system and pump selection used for cooling tower. In the design of cooling tower, the piping size (diameter) are required to be determined and we also have to select the appropriate pumps of the system. We were given a task to solve. There is a fish pond filteration system as shown in figure 1. The flow rate of water is 500L/min. the pump operates 24 hours per day. If the total pipe length is 30m and the loss coefficient for the filter is K = 7.0, we need to find the pipe diameter required for this problem, the pump size and also the required brake horsepower.
ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii)
Gravity taken as, ⁄ Assume the water property is at 20oC ; 1 atm The density taken is, ⁄ The viscosity is, ⁄ Take the relative roughness, There is no pressure difference ; There is no cavitation occur
Properties i) ii) iii) The flow rate of water is at 100% capacity, 500 L/min Loss coefficient for filter Kfilter = 7.0 Total pipe length = 30m
The calculation of the solution : First action that we need to take is convert the flow rate into /s : ( )
OBJECTIVES There are some objectives for doing this assignment. The objectives that we can disscuss are this problem helps student more understand about the pipe system and suitability of pipe for certain condition. Other than that, the students can corporate well with their group’s members. Assumptions i) Flow is steady and incompressible =0
We take the assumption that Reynold’s number for this problem is Based on this Reynold’s number, the fluid flow in this pump is turbulent. And the value of filteration loss is 7.0
127m head value is refered to the apex pump to look for the suitable pump to be used in this fish pond filteration system.0 ) ( ) Continue with the equation : *( ) + .0835 m/s :: Refer to moody chart for the value of f : f = 0.018 The value of f is substitude in the equation : *( ) + =( = + 7. The most suitable that suited with aour head value and flow rate is 50-125 model. the = = D = 0. *( ) + *( ) + V= V= = 0.Re = When the value of the head pump is calculated.