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Booklet

Cambridge PRIMARY

Mathematics
Learners Book Samples

Our mission
We further the mission of the University of Cambridge
by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education,
learning and research at the highest international levels
of excellence.

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To progress towards our mission, our strategy has
five main elements:

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Delivering for our customers and authors

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Achievement through excellence


We at Cambridge University Press International Education are driven by a simple imperative:
to work alongside educators and learners to provide individuals with accessible, inspirational
learning resources that lead them to a lifetime of achievement. We are proud to share the goldstandard tradition and contemporary relevance of the University of Cambridge. For us, academic
rigour, innovative thinking and leading edge practices are crucial aspects of delivering the
excellent, fully rounded education that the 21st-century learner demands.
Cambridge University Press is a world-leading international education publisher, providing
educational materials, resources and services to teachers and learners, from ages 3-19, in over
160 countries.
We are a not-for-profi t organisation and follow the core values of the University of Cambridge,
ensuring all of our publishing reects the Cambridge standards around encouraging and
supporting critical thinking, thinking skills, problem solving and creativity.
Through our comprehensive and high-quality print, digital and online resources, we aim to
enable thousands of learners worldwide to advance their learning, knowledge and abilities, and
to successfully pass their exams and assessment criteria.
We work with innovative and aspiring authors with extensive knowledge of the education
market and curriculum developments. Our teachers and learners can expect support and
customer care from a dedicated specialist global team of representatives and agents.
In an ever-changing global educational environment, Cambridge University Press aims to
innovate, inspire and lead the way in educational excellence.

education.cambridge.org

A view from the publisher why


we have commissioned Cambridge
Primary Mathematics
An investigatory approach to learning
the skills of problem solving with an
international focus
Methodology and approach
These resources for primary maths are informed by the most up-to-date teaching
philosophies based on research from around the world. They aim to support
teachers to help all learners become confident and successful mathematicians
through a fun and engaging course. Through an investigatory approach, children
learn the skills of problem solving in the context of the other mathematical
strands in the course (number, handling data, measure and geometry). The
course will encourage learners to be independent thinkers with the confidence to
tackle a wide range of problems and who understand the value and relevance of
their mathematics. Classroom discussion is encouraged to help learners become
good mathematical communicators, to justify answers and to make connections
between ideas.

Components
The Teachers Resources with CD-ROMs pull everything together to fully support teachers
to deliver a complete course. Detailed lesson plans are offered, with additional activities
suggested so you can adapt the lessons to the needs of your students. Strategies on
encouraging mathematical dialogue and advice on formative assessment, differentiation,
vocabulary and prior knowledge and a clear objective mapping grid are provided to help
you plan your teaching. Answers to the questions in the learners book and all photocopiable
sheets required are provided. Everything is also included on a CD in the back for convenience.
The Learners Books contain fun and engaging activities, questions, investigations and games,
presented in an attractive design, that link to the activities in the teachers resource. With nonnative English speakers in mind, great care has been made to ensure language is simple and
vocabulary is defined visually.
The Games Books with CD-ROMs are related to the learning objectives in the teachers
resource chapters and can be used in class or at home. There is advice to teachers on how the
games should be played to get the most out of them and projectable PowerPoint slides give
instructions to the learners. All games boards are included.
We hope you enjoy your sample copy and dont forget to visit
education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary to find out more!
The International Education team

Introducing Cambridge Primary


In addition to our market-leading titles for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge O Level,
Cambridge IGCSE and Cambridge International AS and A Level, we will be publishing an
exciting new maths series for the Cambridge Primary programme Stages 16. This will complete
the learners journey with Cambridge materials from Primary to Pre-University. Cambridge
Primary leads seamlessly into our Cambridge Checkpoint series to support Cambridge Secondary 1.
We are working with Cambridge International Examinations towards endorsement of the
brand new suite of products for English, Mathematics and Science. Cambridge Global English
will not go through the Cambridge endorsement process as it follows the curriculum framework
developed by Cambridge English Language Assesment.

About the Cambridge Primary Curriculum


Cambridge Primary, typically for 511 year olds, gives schools a curriculum framework to develop
skills, knowledge and understanding in younger learners. Cambridge Primary provides guidance
for curriculum development and classroom teaching and learning. It enables teachers to
assess childrens learning as they progress with two optional assessments: Cambridge Primary
Progression Tests and Cambridge Primary Checkpoint.

The Cambridge Primary Maths Initiative


Written for use with the Cambridge Primary Mathematics curriculum framework,
these resources from Cambridge University Press are perfect for schools following
the Cambridge International Examinations curriculum and highly relevant to any
primary school that is looking for a good quality course that covers mathematics
in a fun and engaging way. These resources form part of a new offering called Cambridge
Primary Maths that is a joint venture between Cambridge University Press and Cambridge
International Examinations.
Cambridge Primary Maths is an innovative combination of curriculum and resources designed
to support teachers and learners to succeed in primary mathematics through best-practice
international maths teaching and a problem solving approach.
This online and print-based resource brings together the world-class Cambridge Primary
Mathematics curriculum from Cambridge International Examinations, high-quality publishing from
Cambridge University Press and expertise in online resources from the renowned NRICH team.
Cambridge Primary Maths offers teachers an online tool that maps resources and links to
materials offered through the primary maths curriculum, NRICH and Cambridge Primary
mathematics textbooks and e-books. These resources include engaging online activities, bestpractice guidance and examples of Cambridge Primary Maths in action.
IGCSE is the registered trademark of Cambridge International Examinations.

The Cambridge curriculum is dedicated to helping schools develop learners who are confident,
responsible, reective, innovative and engaged. It is designed to give learners the skills to
problem solve effectively, apply mathematical knowledge and develop a holistic understanding
of the subject.
The Cambridge Primary Maths textbooks will provide best-in-class support for this problemsolving approach, based on pedagogical practice found in successful schools across the world.
The highly regarded NRICH online resources offer development of mathematical thinking and
problem-solving skills.
The benefi ts of being part of Cambridge Primary Maths are:

The opportunity to explore a maths curriculum founded on the values of the University
of Cambridge and best practice in schools

Access to an innovative package of online and print resources that can help bring the
Cambridge Primary Mathematics curriculum to life in the classroom.

Cambridge Primary Maths will be launching in early 2014.


The resources from Cambridge University Press aim to help learners develop good mental
strategies, a solid understanding of the concepts and the links between them and effective
problem solving skills. Learners will become good mathematical communicators and
independent thinkers. They will have the confidence to tackle a wide range of problems and be
encouraged to enjoy and value their mathematical education.

What is in your free sample?


Included you will find a representative sample chapter for three stages of:

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book

There is another sample booklet available titled Mathematics Booklet 2 which has within it
sample chapters for three stages of:

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book

To see samples of all stages as they become available simply visit


education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary

What is in the complete series?


Cambridge Primary Mathematics
Learners Books
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 1 -9781107631311
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 2 -9781107615823
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 3 -9781107667679
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 4 -9781107662698
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 5 -9781107638228
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 6 -9781107618596
Games Books
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 1 - 9781107646407
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107623491
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107694019
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107685420
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107614741
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 6 - 9781107667815
Teachers Resource Books
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 1 -9781107656833
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107640733
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107668898
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107692947
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107658547
Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 6 - 9781107694361

How do I order, find out more and register my interest?


Simply visit education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary for more information on
the series, extended sample material and to pre-order your copies!

Also available for Cambridge Primary


Cambridge Global English*
Learners Books
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 1 - 9781107676091
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 2 - 9781107613805
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 3 - 9781107613843
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 4 - 9781107613638
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 5 - 9781107619814
Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 6 - 9781107621251
Activity Books
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 1 - 9781107655133
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 2 - 9781107613812
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 3 - 9781107613836
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 4 - 9781107613614
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 5 - 9781107621237
Cambridge Global English Activity Book 6 - 9781107626867
Teachers Resource Books
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 1 - 9781107642263
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 2 - 9781107664968
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 3 - 9781107656741
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 4 - 9781107690745
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 5 - 9781107646124
Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 6 - 9781107635814
*Cambridge Global English has not been through the Cambridge endorsement process.

We also have a comprehensive range of materials for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge IGCSE,
Cambridge O Level and Cambridge International AS and A Level.
Simply visit education.cambridge.org for more information on all these series.

How do I order, find out more and register my interest?


Simply visit education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary for more information on
the series, extended sample material and to pre-order your copies!

Also available for Cambridge Primary


Cambridge Primary Science

Learners Books

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 1 - 9781107611382

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 2 - 9781107611399

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 3 - 9781107611412

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 4 - 9781107674509

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 5 - 9781107663046

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 6 -9781107699809

Activity Books

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 1 - 9781107611429

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 2 - 9781107611436

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 3 - 9781107611450

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 4 - 9781107656659

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 5 - 9781107658974

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 6 - 9781107643758

Teachers Resource Books

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 1 - 9781107611467

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107611481

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107611504

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107661516

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107676732

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 6 - 9781107662025

We also have a comprehensive range of materials for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge IGCSE,
Cambridge O Level and Cambridge International AS and A Level.
Simply visit education.cambridge.org for more information on all these series.

Cambridge PRIMARY

Maths

Learners Book

Chapter 8
Measure: capacity

Cherri Moseley
Janet Rees

Capacity

Dr

af

ts

am

pl

Look at these pictures:

Unit 1C Core activity 8.1 Measuring capacity

Ordering capacity
holds most

pl

Which holds most?

Dr

af

ts

am

holds least

Which holds least?

?
Unit 1C Core activity 8.2 Estimating capacity

Cambridge PRIMARY

Maths

Learners Book

2
Chapter 6
Adding and subtracting

Cherri Moseley
Janet Rees

How many ways?

ts

am

pl

There are four sets of numbers below.


Add up the numbers in each set, using number pairs to 10.

Dr

af

Now use a different way to add the


numbers together.
Remember that you should always
get the same total for each set.
Roll a dice to nd a new number to add
to one of the number sets.
Does this change how you add the
numbers in that set together?
2

Unit 1A Core activity 6.1 Adding using number pairs

Hint
Look for doubles or
near doubles, use a
numberline or try
something else.

Hearts and stars


Each card shows one number of a pair.
The
cards are number pairs to 20.
What number is on the other side of each card?
Which cards are missing?

15

am

25

af

ts

18

14

pl

13

Hint
Write a list of
number pairs to
help you.

17

23

Dr

The
cards are number pairs to 30.
What number is on the other side of each card this time?
Which cards are missing?
What is the same about each set?
What is different about each set?
Unit 1A Core activity 6.2 Checking your solutions

Equal machine
The equal machine makes equivalent
calculations.

Vocabulary
equal/equivalent:
have the same value
or amount even if they
look different.

5 2 and 9 2

pl

have the same value


of 7, so they are equal.

am

They are called equivalent.

22 + 9

23 + 4

af

11 + 5

ts

Choose a card to go in to the equal machine.


What might come out?
36 7

13 + 6

9+5

39 + 3
17 8

Dr

What is the longest string of calculations you can make?

Unit 1A Core activity 6.3 Equal and equivalent

Hint
Find the value of
your card rst. Then
nd lots of ways of
making that value.

Cambridge PRIMARY

Maths

Learners Book

6
Chapter 10
Shapes and
geometric reasoning

Emma Low
Mary Wood

Shape
Describing translations

axis: is a reference line;


graphs have a horizontal
axis (x) and a vertical
(y
(y).
axis (y).
co-ordinates: show position
on a grid; they are shown
as pairs of numbers, for
(3,
(3, 1).
example (3, 1).

am

pl

Lets investigate
Nour makes this pattern by repeating the translation
of a triangle.

Vocabulary

Describe to a partner how to make Nours pattern.

ts

Find, or draw, patterns of your own using translations.


Copy the diagram of a quadrilateral onto a square grid.

4
3
2
1

4 3 2 1
1
(3, 1)
2

3
4

translation: moves or slides


an item without rotating it.

Dr

af

Translate the quadrilateral 4 squares to the right.

Which of these pieces ts the hole in


the middle of the jigsaw?

Unit 1C Core activity 10.1 Describing translations

Draw axes from 8 to 8 on squared paper.


Draw a trapezium with co-ordinates (2, 1), (4, 1), (4, 5) and (2, 3). Label it X.
Translate X to a new position following these rules.
(a) to A by translating 3 in the x-direction
(b) to B by translating 6 in the y-direction
-direction
(c) to C by translating 6 in the x-direction and 4 in the y-direction
3
y-direction
(d) to D by translating 7 in the x-direction and 3 in the y-direction

Write down the co-ordinates for shapes A, B, C and D.


Look at the triangles on the grid.

pl

y
8

7
6

am

3
2

ts

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
3 2 1
1
1

2
2

4
4

af

3
3

5
5

6
6

Dr

7
8

Write down the co-ordinates of the 3 vertices of:


(a) triangle A

(b) triangle C

(c) triangle G

(d) triangle F

Use the same grid. Describe the following translations:


(a) A to B

(b) B to C

(c) C to G

(d) A to E

(e) F to E

(f) G to E

(g) D to E

(h) F to G

Unit 1C Core activity 10.1 Describing translations

Vocabulary

Reflecting shapes

reflection: a mirror view.

Lets investigate
This sheet of paper has been
folded once.

image: position of shape


following a reection.

Copy the diagram. Reect the shape in the mirror line.

Hint
is the
mirror line

Dr

af

ts

am

How many lines of symmetry will it have?

pl

Describe the nal shape you


would get if you opened it out.

The shape is cut out as shown.

The diagram shows a shaded square on a grid.

Draw a similar grid and shade in 3 more squares so


the design is symmetrical about both mirror lines.

Unit 1C Core activity 10.2 Reflecting shapes

The line AB is a reection of the line CD in a mirror line.


y
4

3
2

B
C

1
1

4 3 2 1
1

pl

3
4

am

Draw the diagram and mark in the mirror line.

List all the points with whole number co-ordinates that lie on the mirror line.
What do you notice about the co-ordinates of these points?
The diagram shows 3 squares on a co-ordinate grid.
y

ts

3
2
1

2
3

Dr

af

3 2 1
3
1

Decide where to place 2 more squares to make the pattern symmetrical


about the mirror line.
What are the co-ordinates of the vertices of the 2 squares?

(a) Draw a grid with x and y axes from 4 to 4.


Join the point (4, 4) to the origin (0,0).
Reect this line in the y-axis, then reect the line and its image in the y-axis.
What mathematical sign have you made?
(b) Write instructions to make an addition sign using a line and reecting
it in different ways.

Unit 1C Core activity 10.2 Reflecting shapes

Vocabulary

Rotation

rotation: turns an object


about a point.

Draw the image.

am

Continue rotating the triangle twice more.


What shape have you made?

Hint

anti-clockwise: the opposite


direction as hands on a
clock turn.

ts

Investigate rotating similar


You may find tracing
shapes you see during the day.
paper helpful.
Write a report on your ndings.

The hour hand on an analogue


clock points to 10.

af

clockwise: the same


direction as hands
on a clock turn.

pl

Rotate the triangle 90 clockwise about the

Lets investigate
Look at the isosceles triangle
drawn on a grid.

Dr

It turns through 90 clockwise.


What number does it point to?

The diagram shows a trapezium on a square grid.


Copy the shape on squared paper.

Rotate the trapezium 90 clockwise about


point A and draw the image.

Unit 1C Core activity 10.3 Rotation on a grid

The diagram shows an octagon on a 12 by 12 square grid.


Copy the shape onto squared paper.

am

pl

Rotate the octagon 90 clockwise about point A and draw the image.

Look at the shaded shape on the grid.

Dr

af

ts

Rotate the new image 90 clockwise about A again two more times,
each time drawing the image.

y
5
4
3
2
1
A

5 4 3 2 1
1

B 2
3
4
5

The shape is rotated 90 clockwise. Point A stays in the same place


but point B moves. What are the co-ordinates of the image of point B?
Unit 1C Core activity 10.3 Rotation on a grid